The FarAboveAll translation of the Westminster Leningrad Codex edition of the Old Testament / Tanakh

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Version 0.27, 3 November, 2017

Joshua  

Joshua Chapter 1 

1And it came to pass after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, that the Lord spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' servant, and he said, 2“Moses my servant is dead. So now, arise, cross this Jordan, you and the whole of this people, to go into the land which I am giving to them – to the sons of Israel. 3Every place that the sole of your foot is going to step on, I have given to you, as I said to Moses. 4From the desert and this Lebanon as far as the great river – the River Euphrates – all the land of the Hittites, and as far as the Great Sea in the west shall be your territory. 5No man will be able to stand confronting you for all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I shall be with you: I will not desert you and I will not forsake you. 6Be strong and take courage, for you will enable this people to inherit the land about which I swore to their fathers that I would give it to them. 7Just be strong and take great courage to ensure to do all the law which Moses my servant commanded you. Do not deviate from it to the right or to the left, so that you act wisely in every place you go. 8This book of the law shall not recede from your mouth, and you will meditate on it day and night, so that you ensure to act according to everything written in it, for then you will cause your way to prosper, and then you will act wisely. 9Have I not commanded you? Be strong and take courage. Do not be terrified and do not be afraid, for the Lord your God is with you in every place you go.” 10Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people and said, 11“Pass through the middle of the camp and command the people, and say, ‘Prepare provisions for yourselves, for in three days' time you will be crossing this Jordan to go and take possession of the land which the Lord your God is giving you, to take possession of it.’ ” 12And Joshua spoke to the Reubenites and the Gadites, and half of the tribe of Manasseh, and said, 13“Remember the word which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, when he said, ‘The Lord your God is giving you rest, and he has given you this land.’ 14Your women, your little ones and your cattle will remain in the land which Moses gave you on this side of the Jordan, but you will cross over armed before your brothers – all warriors in the army – and you will help them, 15until the Lord gives rest to your brothers, as to you, and they too take possession of the land which the Lord your God is giving them, and you return to the land of your possession, and you take possession of it, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave you on this side of the Jordan in the east.” 16And they answered Joshua and said, “Everything you have commanded us, we will do, and everywhere you send us, we will go. 17Just as we obeyed Moses in everything, so we will obey you, but let the Lord your God be with you, as he was with Moses. 18Any man who rebels against your pronouncement and does not hear your words in anything you command us will be put to death, but be strong and take courage.”

Joshua Chapter 2 

1And Joshua the son of Nun sent out two spies secretly from Shittim, and he said, “Go and look at the land, and Jericho.” And they departed and came to the house of a prostitute woman whose name was Rahab, and they lodged there. 2And it was reported to the king of Jericho, and they said, “Look, some men from the sons of Israel came here tonight, to investigate the land.” 3And the king of Jericho sent men to Rahab, who said, “Bring out the men who came to you – who came to your house – because they came to investigate all the land.” 4But the woman took the two men and hid them, and said this, “The men came to me, but I did not know where they were from. 5When the gate was about to close in the dark, the men went out. I do not know where the men went. Pursue them quickly, because you will catch up with them.” 6Then she brought them up onto the roof and hid them with flax stalks which had been laid out by her on the roof. 7So the men pursued them on the road to Jordan, at the fords, and the gate was closed after the pursuers had gone out after them. 8Then before they lay down, she came up to them on the roof, 9and she said to the men, “I know that the Lord has given you the land, and that dread of you has fallen on us, and that all the inhabitants of the land have become disheartened before you. 10For we have heard how the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea in front of you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites who were across Jordan – to Sihon and to Og – whom you obliterated. 11When we heard it, our hearts fainted and no man's spirit held up in him any more because of you, for the Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath. 12So now, please swear to me by the Lord, since I have acted kindly to you, that you in turn will act kindly to the house of my father, and that you will give me a sign of truth, 13and that you will let my father and my mother live, and my brothers and my sister, and all that they have, and that you will save ourselves from death.” 14And the men said to her, “May our life take the place of yours to die, providing you do not betray this affair of ours, and it will come to pass, when the Lord gives us the land, that we will act kindly and truly to you.” 15Then she let them down by a rope through the window, for her house was built into the wall of circumvallation, as she lived in the circumvallation. 16And she said to them, “Go to the mountain, so that those pursuing you do not come across you, and hide there for three days until the pursuers return, and afterwards you can go your way.” 17Then the men said to her, “We are in the clear with this oath of yours which you had us swear. 18Look, we are coming into the land. Bind this line of scarlet thread to the window by which you let us down and gather your father and your mother and your brothers, and the whole household of your father with you into the house. 19And it will be the case that anyone who comes out of the doors of your house to the outside will have his blood on his head, but we will be in the clear, but the blood of anyone who is with you indoors will be on our head if we lay a hand on him. 20But if you inform about this matter of ours, we will be clear from your oath which you had us swear.” 21And she said, “As your words are, so shall it be.” And she sent them off and they departed, and she bound the scarlet line to the window. 22So they departed and came to the mountain, and they remained there for three days, until the pursuers had returned. And the pursuers searched on all the route but they did not find them. 23Then the two men returned, and came down from the mountain, and crossed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and they recounted to him all the things that had befallen them. 24And they said to Joshua, “Because for his part the Lord has given us the whole land in our hand, so for their part all the inhabitants melted away at our presence.”

Joshua Chapter 3 

1Then Joshua got up early in the morning, and they moved from Shittim, and they came to the Jordan – he and all the sons of Israel – and they lodged there before they crossed over. 2And it came to pass after three days that the officers passed through the camp. 3And they commanded the people and said, “When you see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests – the Levites – bearing it, you will move from your place and follow it. 4But there will be a distance of about two thousand cubits between you and it. Do not approach it, so that you know the route you are taking, for you have not crossed by this route in times past.” 5And Joshua said to the people, “Sanctify yourselves, for tomorrow the Lord will perform wonders in your midst.” 6Then Joshua spoke to the priests, and said, “Bear the ark of the covenant and cross over ahead of the people.” So they bore the ark of the covenant and went ahead of the people. 7Then the Lord said to Joshua, “This day I shall begin making you great in the eyes of the whole of Israel, so that they know that as I was with Moses, so I will be with you. 8And now, command the priests who bear the ark of the covenant, and say, ‘When you arrive at the edge of the water of the Jordan, stand in the Jordan.’ ” 9And Joshua said to the sons of Israel, “Come near, this way, and hear the words of the Lord your God.” 10And Joshua said, “This is how you will know that God is alive in your midst, and that you will definitely dispossess the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Hivite and the Perizzite and the Girgashite and the Amorite and the Jebusite at your advance. 11Behold the ark of the covenant. The Lord of the whole earth is crossing before you in the Jordan. 12And now, take for yourselves twelve men from the tribes of Israel – one man for each tribe. 13And it will come to pass, when the soles of the feet of the priests who bear the ark of the Lord – the Lord of the whole earth – come to rest in the water of the Jordan, the water of the Jordan will be cut off – the water coming down from above – and it will stand still as one mass.” 14And it came to pass, when the people moved from their tents to cross the Jordan, with the priests bearing the ark of the covenant ahead of the people, 15and when the bearers of the ark came to the Jordan, and the feet of the priests bearing the ark were dipped in the edge of the water, while the Jordan was full up to all its banks – all the days of the harvest-time – 16that the water which came down from above stood still. It rose as one bank, very far from the city of Adam, which is beside Zarethan, and the water that descended into the Arid Sea – the Dead Sea – failed, and was cut off, and the people crossed over opposite Jericho. 17Then the priests who were bearing the ark of the covenant of the Lord stood still on the dry land in the middle of the Jordan, firmly, and all Israel crossed on dry land, until the whole of the people had completed crossing the Jordan.

Joshua Chapter 4 

1And it came to pass, when all the people had finished crossing the Jordan, that the Lord spoke to Joshua and said, 2“Take for yourselves twelve men from the people, one man from each tribe, 3and command them, and say, ‘Take for yourselves from here – from the middle of the Jordan, from the standing place of the priests' feet – twelve stones to set up. So take them across with you, and set them down in the lodging place where you lodge tonight.’ ” 4Then Joshua called for the twelve men whom he had appointed from the sons of Israel, one man from each tribe, 5and Joshua said to them, “Cross in the presence of the ark of the Lord your God to the middle of the Jordan, and let each man lift up one stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Israel, 6so that this will be a sign in your society, for your sons will ask about it in the future and say, ‘What is the relevance of these stones to you?’ 7And you will say to them that the water of the Jordan was cut off ahead of the ark of the covenant of the Lord. When it crossed the Jordan, the water of the Jordan was cut off, and these stones are a memorial to the sons of Israel, age-abidingly.” 8And the sons of Israel did so, as Joshua had commanded, and they took twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan, as the Lord has said to Joshua, corresponding to the number of the tribes of the sons of Israel, and they took them across with them to the lodging place, and they set them down there. 9And Joshua set up twelve stones in the middle of the Jordan, under the standing place of the feet of the priests who bore the ark of the covenant, and they have been there up to this day. 10And the priests who bore the ark stood in the middle of the Jordan until the whole event was finished which the Lord had commanded Joshua to say the people, according to everything that Moses had commanded Joshua. And the people hastened and crossed over. 11And it came to pass, when all the people had finished crossing, that the ark of the Lord and the priests crossed over in the presence of the people. 12And the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh crossed over armed in the presence of the sons of Israel, as Moses had said to them. 13About forty thousand armed men in the army crossed over before the Lord, to war at the desert tracts of Jericho. 14On that day the Lord magnified Joshua in the eyes of the whole of Israel, and they feared him as they feared Moses, all the days of his life. 15And the Lord spoke to Joshua, and said, 16“Command the priests, who bear the ark of the testimony, that they are to come up out of the Jordan.” 17So Joshua commanded the priests, and he said, “Come up out of the Jordan.” 18And it came to pass when the priests who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord came up out of the Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were pulled up onto dry land, that the water of the Jordan returned to its place, and it ran as in times past on all its banks. 19And the people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and they encamped in Gilgal, at the eastern end of Jericho. 20And Joshua set up in Gilgal those twelve stones which they had taken from the Jordan. 21And he spoke to the sons of Israel, and said, “When your sons ask their fathers about the stones in the future, and say, ‘What do those stones mean?’ – 22you will inform your sons and say, ‘Israel crossed this Jordan on dry land, 23because the Lord your God dried up the water of the Jordan in front of you until you had crossed, as the Lord your God did to the Red Sea, which he dried up before us, until we had crossed, 24so that all the peoples of the world would know the power of the Lord, that it was strong, so that you might fear the Lord your God always.’ ”

Joshua Chapter 5 

1And it came to pass when all the kings of the Amorites who were on the western side of the Jordan, and all the kings of the Canaanites who were beside the sea, heard that the Lord had dried up the water of the Jordan in the presence of the sons of Israel until we had crossed, that their hearts melted away, and they no longer had any inward mettle in them in the face of the sons of Israel. 2At that time the Lord said to Joshua, “Make yourselves knives of rock, and circumcise again the sons of Israel – a second time.” 3So Joshua made himself knives of rock and he circumcised the sons of Israel at the Hill of Foreskins. 4And this is the circumstance of Joshua circumcising all the people who came up from Egypt, the males: all the men of war had died in the desert on the way when they had come out of Egypt, 5because all the people who came out had been circumcised, but none of the people born in the desert on the way when they had come out of Egypt were circumcised. 6For the sons of Israel went for forty years in the desert until all the people – the men of war who came out of Egypt, who did not obey the voice of the Lord – were finished off, those to whom the Lord swore that he would not show them the land about which the Lord had sworn to their fathers that he would give it to us, a land flowing with milk and honey. 7And he raised up their sons in their place, and it was they whom Joshua circumcised, because they were uncircumcised, because they did not circumcise them on the way. 8And it came to pass, when all the people had finished being circumcised, that they remained in their place in the camp, until they had recovered. 9And the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I rolled the reproach of Egypt away from you.” And he called that place Gilgal, as it is called up to this day. 10And the sons of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and they held the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, in the arid tracts of Jericho. 11And they ate from the past produce of the land, on the day after the Passover, unleavened bread and roasted corn, on this very day. 12And the manna ceased on the day after when they ate from the past produce of the land, and the sons of Israel had no more manna, and they ate from the produce of the land of Canaan in that year. 13And when Joshua was in Jericho, he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was a man standing opposite him, with his sword unsheathed in his hand. And Joshua went up to him and said to him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” 14And he said, “Not the latter, because I have come now as the commander of the army of the Lord.” Then Joshua fell with his face to the ground and worshipped, and he said to him, “What does my Lord say to his servant?” 15And the commander of the army of the Lord said to Joshua, “Take your shoe off your foot, for the place which you are standing on is holy.” And Joshua did so.

Joshua Chapter 6 

1Now Jericho was shut and closed up because of the sons of Israel. No-one came out and no-one went in. 2And the Lord said to Joshua, “Look, I have put Jericho, and its king, in your hands, valiant warriors though they be. 3And you will circle round the city – all the men of war. Go around the city once, and so you will do for six days. 4And seven priests will bear seven far-sounding ramshorns before the ark, and on the seventh day you will circle round the city seven times, and the priests will blow the ramshorns. 5And it will come to pass, when you draw out a far-reaching sound on the horn, when you hear the sound of the ramshorn, that all the people will utter a great shout, and the wall of the city will collapse, and the people will go up, each man forwards.” 6Then Joshua the son of Nun called for the priests, and he said to them, “Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests take up seven far-sounding ramshorns before the ark of the Lord.” 7And they said to the people, “Cross over and encircle the city, and let the armed man cross over before the ark of the Lord.” 8And it came to pass as Joshua spoke to the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven far-sounding ramshorns, before the Lord, crossed over and sounded the ramshorns, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord followed them. 9And he who was armed went before the priests who sounded the ramshorns. And the rearguard followed the ark, and they went sounding the ramshorns. 10Then Joshua commanded the people and he said, “Do not shout and do not let your voices be heard, and let nothing be uttered from your mouth until the day when I say to you, ‘Shout’, then you will shout.” 11So the ark of the Lord circled round the city by going round once, and they came back to the camp, and they lodged at the camp. 12Then Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the Lord, 13while seven priests were bearing seven far-sounding ramshorns before the ark of the Lord, walking and sounding the ramshorns, and whoever was armed went before them, and the rearguard followed the ark of the Lord, and they sounded the ramshorns as it went. 14And they circled round the city on the second day once, then they returned to the camp. So they did for six days. 15And it came to pass on the seventh day that they rose early at the break of dawn and circled round the city seven times, as was the custom, except that on that day it was seven times that they circled round the city. 16And it came to pass the seventh time, that the priests sounded the ramshorns, and Joshua said to the people, “Shout! For the Lord has given you the city. 17And the city shall become a cursed place to the Lord, it and everyone in it, except that Rahab the prostitute shall live – she and all those with her at home – because she hid the two scouts whom we sent. 18And indeed, you must be on your guard with the cursed place, so that you do not become a cursed person, and you take anything from the cursed place, and make the camp of Israel become a cursed site, and cause it sorrow. 19And all silver and gold and articles of copper and iron are holy to the Lord. They will go into the Lord's treasury.” 20Then the people shouted and sounded the ramshorns, and it came to pass that when the people heard the sound of the ramshorn, the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall collapsed, and the people went up into the city, each man forwards, and they captured the city. 21And they obliterated everything in the city, both man and woman, both child and old man, including oxen and sheep and donkeys, with the edge of the sword. 22But Joshua had said to the two men who spied on the land, “Go to the house of the prostitute woman and bring the woman out from there with all those belonging to her, as you swore to her.” 23So the young men who did the spying went in and brought Rahab out, and her father and her mother, and her brothers, and all that belonged to her. And they brought out all her family members and set them down outside the camp of Israel. 24Then they burnt the city with fire, and everything that was in it, except that they put the silver and gold and the articles of copper and iron in the treasury of the house of the Lord. 25And Joshua let Rahab the prostitute live, and the household of her father, and everyone that belonged to her, and she has been living in the midst of Israel to this day, because she hid the scouts whom Joshua sent out to spy out Jericho. 26And Joshua adjured them at that time, and he said, “Cursed is the man before the Lord who arises and builds this city – Jericho. He will lay the foundations at the cost of his firstborn, and he will install gates at the cost of his younger son.” 27And the Lord was with Joshua, and his fame was spread all over the land.

Joshua Chapter 7 

1But the sons of Israel acted treacherously in the cursed place, and Achan the son of Carmi the son of Zabdi the son of Zerah of the tribe of Judah, took goods from the cursed place, and the anger of the Lord was kindled against the sons of Israel. 2Then Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai which is conglomerate with Beth-aven to the east of Beth-el, and he spoke to them, and said, “Go up and spy out the land.” So the men went up and spied out Ai. 3Then they returned to Joshua and said to him, “Do not have all the people go up. Have about two thousand or about three thousand men go up and strike Ai. Do not weary all the people there, for they are few.” 4So about three thousand men from the people went up, but they fled from the men of Ai. 5And the men of Ai struck down about thirty-six men, and they pursued them from the front of the gate as far as Shebarim, and they struck them on the way down, and the heart of the people melted away and became water. 6Then Joshua tore his clothes and fell face down towards the ground before the ark of the Lord until the evening – he and the elders of Israel – and they cast up dust onto their heads. 7And Joshua said, “Alas, my Lord the Lord, why did you so specially have this people cross over the Jordan to deliver us into the hand of the Amorite to destroy us? So if only we had been contented to live on the other side of the Jordan. 8Please, Lord*, what shall I say, now that Israel has retreated at the presence of its enemies? 9And the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land have heard, and they will surround us and cut off our name from the earth. Then what will you do about your great name?” 10At this the Lord said to Joshua, “Get yourself up. Why is it that you have fallen face down? 11Israel has sinned and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them, and they have also taken goods from the cursed place, and they have also stolen, and they have also lied, and they have put them in their boxes. 12So the sons of Israel will not be able to stand in the presence of their enemies, and they will retreat in the presence of their enemies, because they have been made an object of cursing. I will not be with you any more if you do not eradicate the cursed object from your midst. 13Arise, sanctify the people and say, ‘Sanctify yourselves for tomorrow, for this is what the Lord God of Israel says, «There is a cursed object in your midst, O Israel. You will not be able to stand against your enemies until you have removed the cursed object from your midst. 14Now you will approach in the morning by your tribes, and it will be the case that the tribe which the Lord convicts will approach by families, and the family which the Lord convicts will approach by households, and the household which the Lord convicts will approach by men. 15And it will be the case that he who is convicted of the cursed object will be burned with fire – him and everything he has – because he has transgressed the Lord's covenant, and because he has committed a foolish act in Israel.» ’ ” 16So Joshua arose early in the morning and he gathered Israel together by their tribes, and the tribe of Judah was convicted. 17So he had the family of Judah approach, and he convicted the family of Zarhi. Then he had the family of Zarhi approach by men, and Zabdi was convicted. 18Then he had his household approach by men, and Achan the son of Carmi the son of Zabdi the son of Zerah of the tribe of Judah was convicted. 19Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, do accord honour to the Lord God of Israel and make confession to him and tell me, please, what you have done. Do not conceal anything from me.” 20Then Achan answered Joshua and said, “Indeed I have sinned against the Lord God of Israel, and I did such and such. 21When I saw among the spoil a fine mantle from Shinar, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a bar of gold whose weight was fifty shekels, I coveted them and I took them, and now they are hidden in the ground inside my tent, with the silver under it.” 22Then Joshua sent out messengers, and they ran to the tent, and there it was hidden in his tent, with the silver under it. 23Then they took the goods from the interior of the tent, and they brought them to Joshua and to all the sons of Israel, and they laid them out before the Lord. 24And Joshua took Achan the great grandson of Zerah, and the silver, and the mantle, and the bar of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his ox and his donkey and his sheep and his tent and everything he had, while all Israel was present with him, and they brought them up to the Valley of Achor. 25And Joshua said, “Why have you caused us trouble? The Lord will cause you trouble this day.” Then all Israel stoned him, and they burned them with fire, and they stoned them. 26And they raised a great heap of stones over him, which is there up to this day, and the Lord relented from the fury of his anger. For this reason he called that place the Valley of Achor, as it is up to this day.

Joshua Chapter 8 

1Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear and do not be afraid. Take all the military people with you, and arise and go up to Ai. Look, I have delivered the king of Ai into your hand, with his people and his city and his land. 2Do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, but you may take as booty its spoils and its cattle for yourselves. Ambush the city behind it.” 3So Joshua arose with all the military people to go up to Ai, and Joshua selected thirty thousand men, valiant warriors, and he sent them out by night. 4And he commanded them, and he said, “Look, you are ambushing the city behind the city. Do not go very far from the city, but all of you be prepared. 5And I and all the people who are with me will approach the city, and it will be the case that they will come out against us as the first time, and we will flee before them. 6And they will come after us until we have drawn them away from the city, for they will say, ‘They are fleeing before us as the first time’, and we will flee before them. 7Then you will arise from the ambush and take possession of the city, and the Lord your God will deliver it into your hand. 8And it will be the case that when you capture the city, you will set the city on fire. You will act according to the word of the Lord. Look, I have commanded you.” 9So Joshua sent them off, and they went to the ambush, and they remained between Beth-el and Ai to the west of Ai, while Joshua lodged that night among the people. 10Then Joshua got up early in the morning and he reviewed the people, then he and the elders of Israel went up before the people to Ai. 11And all the military people who were with him went up and approached it, and they came opposite the city, and they encamped to the north of Ai. Now there was a valley between them and Ai. 12And he took about five thousand men and stationed them as an ambush between Beth-el and Ai to the west of the city. 13And they stationed the people – the whole camp which was to the north of the city – and their trap to the west of the city, while Joshua went into the valley that night. 14And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it, that the men of the city quickly got up and went out to confront Israel in war – he and all his people at the appointed time, before the arid tract – but he did not know that there was an ambush for him behind the city. 15Then Joshua and all Israel acted as if beaten by them, and they fled in the direction of the desert. 16Then all the people who were in the city were called upon to pursue them. So they pursued Joshua, and they were drawn out of the city. 17And not a man remained in Ai or Beth-el who did not come out after Israel, and they left the city open, and they pursued Israel. 18And the Lord said to Joshua, “Point the spear in your hand towards Ai, for I will deliver it into your hand.” So Joshua pointed the spear in his hand towards the city. 19Then the ambush arose quickly from its place, and they started to run as he pointed his hand, and they came to the city and captured it, and they quickly set the city on fire. 20And the men of Ai turned round, and looked, and what they saw was the smoke of the city rising into the sky, and they did not have the ability to flee one way or another, and the people who were fleeing to the desert turned on the pursuer. 21And Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had captured the city, and that the smoke of the city was rising, and they turned round and attacked the men of the city. 22Then the others came out of the city towards them, and Israel had them in a pincer, with some on one side and some on the other side, and they struck them down until they had not left a remnant or escapee. 23But they took the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua. 24And it came to pass when Israel had finished killing all the inhabitants of Ai in the open land in the desert in which they had chased them, and where they had all fallen by the edge of the sword until they had been destroyed, that all Israel returned to Ai, and they struck it with the edge of the sword. 25And all those that fell on that day, both men and women, were twelve thousand – the whole population of Ai. 26And Joshua did not retract his hand with which he pointed the spear until he had obliterated all the inhabitants of Ai, 27except that Israel took the spoils of the cattle and the booty of that city, according to the word of the Lord with which he had commanded Joshua. 28Then Joshua burned Ai and made it an age-abiding mound – a desolation up to this day. 29And he hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening time, and as the sun set, Joshua commanded that they should take his corpse down from the tree, and cast it into the entrance gate of the city, and raise up a great heap of stones, which is there up to this day. 30Then Joshua built an altar to the Lord God of Israel at Mount Ebal, 31as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the sons of Israel, as is written in the book of the law of Moses – an altar of pure stones, which no-one has used iron on – and they offered burnt offerings to the Lord on it, and they sacrificed peace-offerings. 32And he wrote there on the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the sons of Israel. 33And all Israel and its elders and officers and its judges stood on either side of the ark, opposite the priests – the Levites who bear the ark of the covenant of the Lord – the foreigner as well as the native citizen, half of them facing Mount Gerizim and half of them facing Mount Ebal, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded at the start, so as to bless the people of Israel. 34And after that he read all the words of the law, the blessing and the curse, according to everything that was written in the book of the law. 35There was no word in everything which Moses commanded which Joshua did not read in the presence of the whole convocation of Israel, including the women and the children and the foreigner who walked in their midst.

Joshua Chapter 9 

1And it came to pass that when all the kings who were across the Jordan heard it, in the mountain ranges and the low lying land, and along all the coast of the Great Sea opposite Lebanon – the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite – 2that they joined up together to wage war on Joshua and on Israel unanimously. 3And the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, 4and they for their part acted craftily, and they set out and pretended to be travellers, and they took worn-out sacks for the donkeys, and worn-out skin bottles for the wine, which were torn and mended, 5and they wore shoes that were worn out and patched up on their feet, and they had worn-out clothes on them, and all the bread of their provision was stale and speckled with mould. 6And they came to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, and they said to him and to the men of Israel, “We have come from a distant land, so make a covenant with us now.” 7And the men of Israel said to the Hivite, “It could be that you dwell in my midst. So how can I make a covenant with you?” 8And they said to Joshua, “We are your servants”, and Joshua said to them, “Who are you and where do you come from?” 9And they said to him, “Your servants have come from a very distant land, because of the name of the Lord your God, for we have heard of his fame and everything that he did in Egypt, 10and everything he did to the two kings of the Amorites who were across the Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon and Og king of Bashan, who was in Ashtaroth. 11And our elders and all the inhabitants of our land spoke to us, and said, ‘Take provisions in your hand for the journey and go and meet them, and say to them, «We are your servants, so now make a covenant with us.» ’ 12This is our bread. We stocked up with it hot from our houses when we departed to go to you, but now look, it is dry and it has become speckled with mould. 13And these are our wine bottles which we filled when they were new, but look, they have become torn, and these clothes and shoes of ours are worn out from the great length of the journey.” 14And the men took some of their provisions, but they did not ask for the Lord's pronouncement. 15And Joshua made peace with them, and he made a covenant with them to let them live, and the chiefs of the congregation swore it to them. 16Then it transpired after three days, after they had made a covenant with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they lived in their midst. 17Then the sons of Israel travelled and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah and Beeroth and Kirjath-jearim. 18So the sons of Israel did not attack them, because the chiefs of the congregation had sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel. And the whole congregation complained about the chiefs. 19And all the chiefs said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel, so now we cannot touch them. 20This is what we will do with them, as we let them live, so that there will not be anger on us on account of the oath which we swore to them.” 21And the chiefs said to them, “They shall live ....” And they became hewers of wood and drawers of water for the whole congregation, as the chiefs told them. 22So Joshua called them and spoke to them, and he said, “Why did you deceive us, saying, ‘We are very distant from you’, whilst you live in our midst? 23So now, you are cursed, and none of you shall be discharged from being a servant or hewers of wood or drawers of water for the house of my God.” 24Then they answered Joshua and said, “It is because it was definitely told to your servants what the Lord your God commanded Moses his servant, that he would give you all the land, and destroy all the inhabitants of the land before you, and we were very afraid of you for our lives, so we did this thing. 25So now, here we are in your hands. Do to us what is right and proper in your sight to do.” 26So he did so to them, and he spared them from the hand of the sons of Israel, and they did not kill them. 27And Joshua appointed them hewers of wood and drawers of water on that day, to the congregation and for the altar of the Lord, as it is up to this day, at the place which he would yet choose.

Joshua Chapter 10 

1And it came to pass when Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard that Joshua had captured Ai and had obliterated it – that as he did to Jericho and its king, so he did to Ai and its king – and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were in their midst, 2that they were very afraid, for Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and it was larger than Ai, and all its men were warriors. 3So Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent messengers to Hoham king of Hebron, and to Piram king of Jarmuth, and to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, and said, 4“Come up to me and help me, and we will attack Gibeon, because it has made peace with Joshua and the sons of Israel.” 5So five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon gathered together and went up – they and all their companies – and they encamped against Gibeon, and waged war on it. 6Then the men of Gibeon sent messengers to Joshua, to the camp in Gilgal, and they said, “Do not let your support for your servants fail. Come up to us quickly and save us and help us, because all the kings of the Amorites – the inhabitants of the mountain range – are gathered up against us.” 7So Joshua went up from Gilgal – he and all the military people with him – and all the valiant warriors. 8And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them, for I have delivered them into your hand. Not a man of them will stand before you.” 9And Joshua immediately went to them; he went up from Gilgal all night. 10And the Lord routed them before Israel, and he struck them with a great blow in Gibeon, and he pursued them on the ascent road to Beth-horon, and he struck them down as far as Azekah and as far as Makkedah. 11And it came to pass as they fled from Israel, while they were on the descent of Beth-horon, that the Lord cast great stones at them from heaven, as far as Azekah, and they died. There were more that died by the hailstones than they whom the sons of Israel killed with the sword. 12Then Joshua spoke to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorite before the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel,

“Sun in Gibeon, stand still,

And moon too,

At the Valley of Ajalon.

13And the sun stood still,

And the moon stood in place,

Until a people had been avenged on their enemy.”

Is it not written in the book of the upright?

“And the sun stood in place

Half way across the sky,

And did not hasten to set

For a complete day.”

14And there was nothing like that day, before it or after it, in that the Lord obeyed man, for the Lord fought for Israel. 15Then Joshua returned, as did all Israel with him, to the camp in Gilgal. 16And those five kings fled, and they hid in a cave at Makkedah. 17But it was reported to Joshua as follows, “The five kings have been found hiding in a cave at Makkedah.” 18Then Joshua said, “Roll large stones across the entrance to the cave and appoint men over it to guard them. 19But don't you stay. Pursue your enemies and attack the rear. Do not let them go to their cities, for the Lord your God has delivered them into your hand.” 20And it came to pass when Joshua and the sons of Israel had finished striking them down with a very great blow, until they had been finished off, that the remnant escaped from them and went to the fortified cities. 21Then all the people returned to the camp – to Joshua – Makkedah being secure, and no-one criticized any of the sons of Israel. 22Then Joshua said, “Open the entrance to the cave and bring out to me those five kings from the cave.” 23And they did so, and they brought those five kings to him from the cave – the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24And it came to pass, when they had brought these kings out to Joshua, that Joshua called for every man of Israel and said to the leaders of the men of war who had gone with him, “Approach, place your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they placed their feet on their necks. 25Then Joshua said to them, “Do not fear and do not be afraid. Be strong and take courage, for so the Lord will do to all your enemies with whom you are waging war.” 26And after that Joshua struck them and killed them, and he hung them on five trees, and they were hanging on the trees until the evening. 27And it came to pass, at the time of sunset, that Joshua gave command, and they took them down from the trees and they cast them into the cave where they had hidden, and they placed large stones at the cave entrance, which are there to this very day. 28And Joshua captured Makkedah that day, and he struck it with the edge of the sword, including its king. He obliterated them, along with every person in it. He did not leave a remnant remaining, and he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho. 29Then Joshua and all Israel with him crossed from Makkedah to Libnah, and he fought against Libnah. 30And the Lord delivered that too into Israel's hand, and its king, and they struck it with the edge of the sword, along with every person in it. They did not leave a remnant remaining in it, and they did to its king as they did to the king of Jericho. 31Then Joshua and all of Israel with him crossed from Libnah to Lachish, and they encamped against it and they fought against it. 32And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, and they captured it on the second day, and they struck it with the edge of the sword, along with every person in it, just as everything they did to Libnah. 33Then Horam king of Gezer went up to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him and his people, not leaving him a remnant remaining. 34Then Joshua and all Israel with him crossed from Lachish to Eglon, and they encamped against it and they fought against it. 35And they captured it on that day, and they struck it with the edge of the sword, along with every person in it. On that day they obliterated it, just as everything they did to Lachish. 36Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron, and they fought against it, 37and they captured it, and they struck it with the edge of the sword, and its king, and all its cities, and every person in it. They did not leave a remnant remaining, just as everything they did to Eglon. And they obliterated it along with every person who was in it. 38Then Joshua and the whole of Israel with him returned to Debir, and they fought against it. 39And they captured it and its king, and all its cities, and they struck them with the edge of the sword, and they obliterated every person in it. They did not leave a remnant remaining. Just as they did to Hebron, so they did to Debir and its king, and as they did to Libnah and its king. 40And Joshua struck the whole land – the mountain range, the south and the low lying land and the ravines – and all their kings. He did not leave a remnant remaining, and he obliterated every breathing creature, as the Lord God of Israel had commanded. 41And Joshua struck them from Kadesh-barnea to Gaza, and all the land of Goshen to Gibeon. 42And Joshua captured all these kings and their land in one go, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. 43Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to the camp in Gilgal.

Joshua Chapter 11 

1And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard of this, that he sent messengers to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron and to the king of Achshaph, 2and to the kings to the north, in the mountain range, and to those in the arid tract to the south of Chinneroth and in the low lying land, and in the heights of Dor to the west, 3and to the Canaanite to the east and to the west, and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Jebusite in the mountain range, and the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh. 4And they came out, as did all their companies with them – a numerous people which is like the sand on the sea-shore in multitude – with horses and chariots in very great number. 5And all these kings met, and they departed and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel. 6And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them, for tomorrow at about this time I will be making all of them fallen men before Israel. You will hamstring their horses and you will burn their chariots with fire.” 7Then Joshua and all the military people with him came against them suddenly at the waters of Merom, and they attacked them. 8And the Lord delivered them into Israel's hand, and they struck them and they pursued them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and as far as the Valley of Mizpeh in the east. And they struck them without leaving them a remnant remaining. 9And Joshua did to them as the Lord had told him. He hamstrung their horses and he burned their chariots with fire. 10Then at that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor. And he struck its king with the sword, for Hazor in the past was the head of all these kingdoms. 11And he struck every person that was in it with the edge of the sword. He obliterated it. No breathing creature remained, and he burned Hazor with fire. 12And Joshua captured all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, and he struck them with the edge of the sword. He obliterated them as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13But Israel did not burn any of the cities which stood on their mound, except for Hazor alone, which Joshua burned. 14And the sons of Israel took as spoil for themselves all the booty of these cities, and the cattle, but they struck every person with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them. They did not leave any breathing creature remaining. 15As the Lord had commanded Moses his servant, so Moses had commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He did not omit anything of all that the Lord commanded Moses. 16And Joshua took all this land – the mountain range and all the south and all the land of Goshen, and the low lying land and the desert tract and the mountain range of Israel and its low lying land, 17from Mount Halak which goes up to Seir, to Baal-gad in the Valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon, and he captured all their kings, and he struck them and killed them. 18Joshua waged war with all these kings for many days. 19There was no city which made peace with the sons of Israel except the Hivites – the inhabitants of Gibeon. They took everything in the war. 20For it was from the Lord that their hearts should be hardened to engage in battle with Israel, so as to obliterate them, so that they should not be shown any mercy, for it was so as to destroy them, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 21And Joshua came at that time and cut the Anakites off from the mountain range, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab and from every mountain of Judah, and from every mountain of Israel. Joshua obliterated them with their cities. 22No Anakites remained in the land of the sons of Israel, except that they remained in Gaza, in Gath and in Ashdod. 23And Joshua took all the land according to everything the Lord had said to Moses. And Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war.

Joshua Chapter 12 

1Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel struck and whose land they took possession of across the Jordan on the east, from the River Arnon up to Mount Hermon and all the arid tract in the east: 2Sihon king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon, who ruled from Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, and from the river, and from half of Gilead to the River Jabbok, the border of the sons of Ammon, 3and the arid tract up to the Sea of Chinneroth to the east, and as far as the Arid Sea – the Dead Sea – to the east, the road to Beth-jeshimoth, and to the south below Ashdoth-pisgah, 4and the territory of Og, king of Bashan, who was of the remnant of the Rephaim, who lived in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, 5and who ruled at Mount Hermon and in Salcah and in all Bashan up to the border with the Gershonites and the Maachathites, and half of Gilead, to the border of Sihon the king of Heshbon. 6Moses the servant of the Lord and the sons of Israel struck them, and Moses the servant of the Lord gave it as a possession to the Reubenites and the Gadites and half of the tribe of Manasseh. 7And these are the kings of the land, whom Joshua and the sons of Israel struck across the Jordan to the west, from Baal-gad in the Valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak which goes up to Seir, which Joshua gave to the tribes of Israel as a possession, according to their divisions, 8in the mountain range and in the low lying land, and in the arid tracts and in the ravines, and in the desert, and in the south – the land of the Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite: 9the king of Jericho, one, the king of Ai which is alongside Beth-el, one, 10the king of Jerusalem, one, the king of Hebron, one, 11the king of Jarmuth, one, the king of Lachish, one, 12the king of Eglon, one, the king of Gezer, one, 13the king of Debir, one, the king of Geder, one, 14the king of Hormah, one, the king of Arad, one, 15the king of Libnah, one, the king of Adullam, one, 16the king of Makkedah, one, the king of Beth-el, one, 17the king of Tappuah, one, the king of Hepher, one, 18the king of Aphek, one, the king of Lasharon, one, 19the king of Madon, one, the king of Hazor, one, 20the king of Shimrom-meron, one, the king of Achshaph, one, 21the king of Taanach, one, the king of Megiddo, one, 22the king of Kadesh, one, the king of Jokneam of Carmel, one, 23the king of Dor of the heights of Dor, one, the king of the nations of Gilgal, one, 24the king of Tirzah, one. All the kings came to thirty-one.

Joshua Chapter 13 

1Now Joshua was old and advanced in years, and the Lord said to him, “You have become old and advanced in years, but very much of the land remains to be taken possession of. 2This is the land which remains: all the regions of the Philistines, and all Geshuri, 3from Sihor which is before Egypt up to the border of Ekron to the north, which is reckoned to the Canaanites, five barons of the Philistines: the Gazathites and the Ashdodites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites and the Ekronites; also the Avites. 4From the south: all the land of the Canaanites and Mearah of the Sidonians to Aphek, to the border of the Amorites, 5and the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon to the east, from Baal-gad under Mount Hermon to the approach of Hamath. 6As for all the inhabitants of the mountain range, from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim – all the Sidonians – I will dispossess them before the sons of Israel. You just assign it to Israel as an inheritance, as I have commanded you. 7And now, divide this land to be an inheritance for the nine tribes and half of the tribe of Manasseh. 8With them the Reubenites and the Gadites received their inheritance which Moses gave them across Jordan on the east, as Moses the servant of the Lord gave them, 9from Aroer which is on the bank of the River Arnon and the city which is at the middle section of the river, and all the plain of Medeba to Dibon, 10and all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon and as far as the border of the sons of Ammon, 11and Gilead and the territory of the Geshurites and the Maachathites and all of Mount Hermon and all Bashan as far as Salcah, 12and all the kingdom of Og in Bashan who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. It is he who was left from the remainder of the Rephaim, whom Moses struck and dispossessed.” 13But the sons of Israel did not dispossess the Geshurite and the Maachathite, and Geshur and Maachath dwell in the midst of Israel up to this day. 14But he did not give an inheritance to the tribe of Levi. The fire-offerings of the Lord God of Israel are their inheritance, as he has said to them. 15And Moses gave the tribe of the sons of Reuben their inheritance according to their families. 16And they had the territory from Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, and the city which is at the middle section of the river, and all the plain as far as Medeba, 17namely Heshbon and all its cities which are on the plain, Dibon and Bamoth-baal and Beth-baal-meon, 18and Jahazah and Kedemoth and Mephaath, 19and Kirjathaim and Sibmah and Zareth-shahar in the mountain range of the valley, 20and Beth-peor and Ashdoth-pisgah and Beth-jeshimoth, 21and all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses struck, with the chiefs of Midian – Evi and Rekem, and Zur and Hur and Reba, princes of Sihon – inhabiting the land. 22And the sons of Israel killed by the sword Balaam the son of Beor, the diviner, among those who were defeated by them. 23And the border of the sons of Reuben was the Jordan – as a natural border. This was the inheritance of the sons of Reuben according to their families – their cities with their villages. 24And Moses gave an inheritance to the tribe of Gad – to the sons of Gad – according to their families. 25And their border was at Jaazer and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the sons of Ammon as far as Aroer which is before Rabbah, 26and from Heshbon to Ramath-mizpeh and Betonim, and from Mahanaim up to the border of Debir, 27and in the valley, Beth-aram and Beth-nimrah, and Succoth and Zaphon – the remainder of the kingdom of Sihon, king of Heshbon – the Jordan and a border up to the end of the Sea of Chinnereth across the Jordan, to the east. 28This was the inheritance of the sons of Gad according to their families – the cities and the villages. 29And Moses gave inheritance to the half-tribe of Manasseh, and to the half-tribe of the sons of Manasseh it belonged, according to their families. 30And their border was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the villages of Jair which were in Bashan: sixty towns. 31And half of Gilead and Ashtaroth and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan were given to the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh – to one half of the sons of Machir by their families. 32These are what Moses gave as an inheritance in the arid tracts of Moab across the Jordan, east of Jericho. 33But to the tribe of Levi Moses did not give any inheritance. The Lord God of Israel is their inheritance, as he said to them.

Joshua Chapter 14 

1And these are the places which the sons of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun distributed as an inheritance, with the paternal heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel. 2Their inheritance was by lot, as the Lord had commanded through the intermediacy of Moses, it being for the nine and a half tribes. 3For Moses gave the inheritance of the two and a half tribes across the Jordan, but he did not give the Levites any inheritance among them. 4For Joseph's sons became two tribes – Manasseh and Ephraim. But they did not give a portion to the Levites in the land, except cities to inhabit and pasture lands belonging to them, for their cattle and for their property. 5As the Lord commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did, and they divided up the land. 6Then the sons of Judah approached Joshua in Gilgal, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said to him, “You know the word which the Lord spoke to Moses the man of God concerning me and concerning you in Kadesh-barnea. 7I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land, and I reported back to him, in accordance with my heart. 8But my brothers who went up with me caused the heart of the people to melt away, but I followed the Lord my God fully. 9And Moses swore on that day, and said, ‘The land which your foot has trodden on will certainly be yours as an inheritance, and your sons', age-abidingly, for you have fully followed the Lord my God.’ 10And now, look, the Lord has kept me alive, as he said forty-five years ago, since when the Lord spoke this word to Moses, when Israel was walking in the desert, and now, look, I am eighty-five years old today. 11Today I am still as strong as on the day when Moses sent me. As my strength was then, so my strength is now, in battle and in ordinary affairs. 12So now, give me this mountain, of which the Lord spoke on that day, for you heard on that day that the Anakites were there, with great fortified cities, but that if the Lord was to be with me, I would dispossess them, as the Lord had said.” 13Then Joshua blessed him, and he gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as an inheritance, 14which is why Hebron came to belong to Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite as an inheritance, up to this day – because he fully followed the Lord God of Israel. 15And the name of Hebron was previously Kirjath-arba, after Arba, who was the great man of the Anakites. And the land rested from war.

Joshua Chapter 15 

1And the lot of the tribe of the sons of Judah, according to their families, was to the border of Edom – the Zin desert to the south, at the southern end. 2And their border to the south was from the end of the Dead Sea, from the inlet which faces south. 3And it went out from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim, and it crossed over towards Zin, and it went up from the south to Kadesh-barnea, and it crossed Hezron and went up to Adar, and it went round to Karkaa. 4And it crossed to Azmon and went out to the River of Egypt, and the border at the sea was its extreme end. This will be your southern border. 5And the border to the east was the Dead Sea, up to the end of the Jordan, and the border in the northern corner is from the sea inlet at the end of the Jordan. 6And the border went up to Beth-hogla, and it crossed over in the north to Beth-arabah, and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. 7And the border went up to Debir from the Valley of Achor, and northwards, turning towards Gilgal, which is opposite the ascent of Adummim, which is to the south of the river, and the border crossed to the water of En-shemesh, and its extremities were at En-rogel. 8And the border went up the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to the slope of the Jebusite to the south, that is Jerusalem. And the border went up to the summit of the mountain which faces the Valley of Hinnom on the west, which is at the northern end of the Valley of the Rephaim. 9And the border was drawn from the summit of the mountain to the source of the water of Nephtoah, and it went out to the cities of Mount Ephron, and the border was drawn to Baalah, that is Kirjath-jearim. 10Then the border went round from Baalah westwards to Mount Seir, and it crossed to the side of Mount Jearim on the north, that is Chesalon, and it went down to Beth-shemesh, and it crossed over to Timnah. 11And the border went out to the side of Ekron towards the north, then the border was drawn to Shicron, and it crossed over to Mount Baalah, and it went out to Jabneel, and the extremities of the border were at the sea. 12And the border to the west went to the Great Sea – as a natural border. This is the border of the sons of Judah round about, according to their families. 13And to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a share in the midst of the sons of Judah according to the pronouncement of the Lord to Joshua: Kirjath-arba (Arba was the father of Anak), that is Hebron. 14And Caleb dispossessed the three sons of Anak of that place: Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai – the offspring of Anak. 15And he went up from there to the inhabitants of Debir. Now the name of Debir was previously Kirjath-sepher. 16Then Caleb said, “Whoever attacks Kirjath-sepher and captures it, to him I will give Achsah my daughter as a wife.” 17Then Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's brother, captured it, and he gave him Achsah his daughter as a wife. 18And it came to pass when she came to him that she persuaded him to ask for a field from her father. So she dismounted from her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What is the matter?” 19And she said, “Give me a blessing, for you have given me the land of the south, so give me springs of water.” Then he gave her the upper springs and the lower springs. 20This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Judah, according to their families. 21And the cities from the boundary of the tribe of the sons of Judah to the border of Edom in the south were Kabzeel and Eder and Jagur, 22and Kinah and Dimonah and Adadah, 23and Kedesh and Hazor and Ithnan, 24Ziph and Telem and Bealoth, 25and Hazor-hadattah and Kerioth and Hezron which is Hazor, 26Amam and Shema and Moladah, 27and Hazar-gaddah and Heshmon and Beth-palet, 28and Hazar-shual and Beer-sheba and Bizjothjah, 29Baalah and Iim and Azem, 30and Eltolad and Chesil and Hormah, 31and Ziklag and Madmannah and Sansannah, 32and Lebaoth and Shilhim and Ain and Rimmon – all the cities came to twenty-nine in number with their villages. 33In the lowland: Eshtaol and Zoreah and Ashnah, 34and Zanoah and En-gannim, Tappuah and Enam, 35Jarmuth and Adullam, Socoh and Azekah, 36and Sharaim and Adithaim and Gederah and Gederothaim – fourteen cities with their villages; 37Zenan and Hadashah and Migdal-gad, 38and Dilean and Mizpeh and Joktheel, 39Lachish and Bozkath and Eglon, 40and Cabbon and Lahmas and Kithlish, 41and Gederoth, Beth-dagon and Naamah and Makkedah – sixteen cities with their villages; 42Libnah and Ether and Ashan, 43and Jephthah and Ashnah and Nezib, 44and Keilah and Achzib and Mareshah – nine cities with their villages; 45Ekron with its satellites and its villages; 46from Ekron westwards: all that were next to Ashdod with their villages, 47Ashdod, its satellites, and its villages, Gaza, its satellites and its villages, as far as the River of Egypt and the sea – the border – as a natural border; 48and in the mountain area: Shamir and Jattir and Socoh, 49and Dannah and Kirjath-sannah, which is Debir, 50and Anab and Eshtemoh and Anim, 51and Goshen and Holon and Giloh – eleven cities with their villages; 52Arab and Rumah and Eshean, 53Janim and Beth-tappuah and Aphekah, 54and Humtah and Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, and Zior – nine cities with their villages; 55Maon, Carmel and Ziph and Juttah, 56and Jezreel and Jokdeam and Zanoah, 57Cain, Gibeah and Timnah – ten cities with their villages; 58Halhul, Beth-zur and Gedor, 59and Maarath and Beth-anoth and Eltekon – six cities with their villages; 60Kirjath-baal which is Kirjath-jearim and Rabbah – two cities with their villages; 61in the desert: Beth-arabah, Middin and Secacah, 62and Nibshan and the city of Salt and En-Gedi – six cities with their villages. 63But as for the Jebusites – the inhabitants of Jerusalem – the sons of Judah are not able to dispossess them, and the Jebusites have been dwelling with the sons of Judah in Jerusalem up to this day.

Joshua Chapter 16 

1And the lot of Joseph's sons came out as from the Jordan to Jericho, to the water of Jericho to the east – the desert which rises from Jericho at Mount Beth-el. 2And it came out as from Beth-el to Luz, and it crossed over to the border of Archi, to Ataroth. 3And it went down to the west, to the border of Japhleti as far as the border of Lower Beth-horon, and as far as Gezer, and its limits were at the sea. 4And the sons of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim inherited it. 5And the border of the sons of Ephraim according to their families was assigned, and the border of their inheritance was to the east, in Ashtaroth-addar as far as Upper Beth-horon. 6And the border went out westwards to Michmethath in the north, and the border went round to the east to Taanath-shiloh, and it passed it on the east, proceeding to Janohah. 7And it went down from Janohah to Ataroth and Naarath, and it reached Jericho, and it went out to the Jordan. 8The border goes from Tappuah westwards to the River Kanah, and its limits are at the sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Ephraim according to their families. 9And the separate cities of the sons of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the sons of Manasseh – all the cities with their villages. 10But they did not dispossess the Canaanite who was living in Gezer, and the Canaanite lived in the midst of Ephraim, as it is up to this day, and they were under tribute service.

Joshua Chapter 17 

1And there was the lot for the tribe of Manasseh, because he was Joseph's firstborn, the lot for Machir Manasseh's firstborn, the father of Gilead, for he was a man of war, and he had Gilead and Bashan. 2And the sons of Manasseh who remained had a lot according to their families: for the sons of Abiezer and for the sons of Helek, and for the sons of Asriel, and for the sons of Shechem, and for the sons of Hepher, and for the sons of Shemida. These were the sons of Manasseh the son of Joseph – the males – according to their families. 3But Zelophehad the son of Hepher the son of Gilead the son of Machir the son of Manasseh did not have any sons, but only daughters, and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. 4And they came into the presence of Eleazar the priest and of Joshua the son of Nun, and of the leaders, and they said, “The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers.” And he gave them an inheritance according to the pronouncement of the Lord, among their father's brothers. 5And the portions of Manasseh fell, ten of them in number, apart from the land of Gilead and Bashan which are across the Jordan. 6For the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons, and the land of Gilead was for the remaining sons of Manasseh. 7And the border of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath, which is in front of Shechem, and the border went to the right, to the inhabitants of En-tappuah. 8Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah itself up to Manasseh's border was for the sons of Ephraim. 9And the border went down to the River Kanah southwards – towards the river. These cities were for Ephraim in the midst of the cities of Manasseh, and Manasseh's border was to the north of the river, and its limits were at the sea. 10To the south it was Ephraim's and to the north it was Manasseh's. And the sea was its border, and they met with the territory of Asher in the north, and with that of Issachar in the east. 11And Manasseh had in Issachar's territory and in Asher's territory: Beth-shean and its satellites, and Ibleam and its satellites, and the inhabitants of Dor and its satellites, and the inhabitants of En-dor and its satellites, and the inhabitants of Taanach and its satellites, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its satellites – the three highlands. 12But the sons of Manasseh could not dispossess these cities, and the Canaanites resolved to dwell in this land. 13And it came about that when the sons of Israel became strong, they put the Canaanites under tribute, but they did not dispossess them at all. 14Then the sons of Joseph spoke with Joshua and said, “Why have you given me as an inheritance one lot and one portion, whilst I am a numerous people inasmuch as so far the Lord has blessed me?” 15And Joshua said to them, “If you are a numerous people, get moving up into the woodland and reclaim land for yourself there, in the land of the Perizzite and the Rephaim, for Mount Ephraim is too confined for you.” 16Then the sons of Joseph said, “The mountain is not sufficient for us, but all the Canaanites who live in the valley area have iron chariots, both they of Beth-shean and its satellites, and they of the Valley of Jezreel.” 17Then Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph – to Ephraim and to Manasseh – and he said, “You are a numerous people and you have great strength. You will not have just one lot. 18For you will have a mountain, for it is woodland, and you will reclaim it, and its limits will belong to you, for you will dispossess the Caaanite, although they have iron chariots and although they are strong.”

Joshua Chapter 18 

1Then the whole congregation of the sons of Israel was convened at Shiloh, and they set up the tent of contact there. And the land was subdued before them. 2Now there remained among the sons of Israel those who had not been apportioned their inheritance – seven tribes. 3And Joshua said to the sons of Israel, “How long will you be slack in going to take possession of the land which the Lord God of your fathers has given you? 4Appoint yourselves three men per tribe, and I will send them, and they will get up and walk around the land, and document it according to their inheritance, and then they will come to me. 5And they will divide it into seven portions. Judah will remain in his territory in the south, and the house of Joseph will remain in their territory to the north. 6And you will document the land as seven portions, and report to me here, and I will cast lots for you here before the Lord our God. 7For the Levites do not have a portion in your midst, for the Lord's priesthood is their inheritance, and Gad and Reuben and half of the tribe of Manasseh received their inheritance across the Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave them.” 8Then the men got up and departed, and Joshua commanded those who went to document the land, and he said, “Go and walk around the land and document it, then return to me and I will cast lots for you here in the presence of the Lord in Shiloh.” 9So the men departed and crossed the land and documented it by cities in seven portions in a book. Then they came back to Joshua at the camp at Shiloh, 10and Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh, in the presence of the Lord, and Joshua apportioned the land there to the sons of Israel according to their divisions. 11And the lot of the sons of Benjamin came up according to their families, and the territory of their lot came out as between the sons of Judah and the sons of Joseph. 12And their border in the northern quarter was from the Jordan, and the border went up to the side of Jericho in the north, then it went up to the mountain range westwards, and its limits were at the desert at Beth-aven. 13The border then crossed over from there to Luz, to the slope of Luz, going south, that is to Beth-el, then the border went down to Ataroth-adar at the mountain which is south of Lower Beth-horon. 14And the border was drawn, and it went round the western quarter southwards from the mountain which is before Beth-horon, southwards, and its limits were at Kirjath-baal, that is Kirjath-jearim, a city of the sons of Judah. This is the western quarter. 15And the southern quarter was from the end of Kirjath-jearim, and the border went out westwards, and it went out to the water-source of Nephtoah. 16And the border went down to the end of the mountain range which is by the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, which is in the Valley of the Rephaim to the north. And it went down the Valley of Hinnom to the side of Jebusi on the south, and it went down to En-rogel. 17And it was drawn from the north, and it went out to En-shemesh, and it went out to Geliloth, which is opposite the ascent to Adummim, then it went down to the stone of Bohan, the son of Reuben. 18And it crossed over to the side opposite Arabah to the north, and then descended to Arabah itself. 19And the border crossed the side of Beth-hoglah northwards, and the limits of the border were at the inlet of the Dead Sea to the north and at the southern end of the Jordan. This is the southern border. 20And the Jordan formed its border in the eastern quarter. This was the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin according to their enclosing borders, according to their families. 21And the cities which belonged to the tribe of the sons of Benjamin according to their families were: Jericho and Beth-hoglah and the Valley of Keziz, 22and Beth-arabah and Zemaraim and Beth-el, 23and Avim and Parah and Ophrah, 24and Chephar-haammoni and Ophni and Gaba – twelve cities with their villages; 25Gibeon and Ramah and Beeroth, 26and Mizpeh and Chephirah and Mozah, 27and Rekem and Irpeel and Taralah, 28and Zelah, Eleph and Jebusi – that is Jerusalem – Gibeath, Kirjath – fourteen cities with their villages. This was the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin according to their families.

Joshua Chapter 19 

1And the second lot came out for Simeon – for the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families – and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the sons of Judah. 2And they had as their inheritance Beer-sheba and Sheba and Moladah, 3and Hazar-shual and Balah and Azem, 4and Eltolad and Bethul and Hormah, 5and Ziklag and Beth-marcaboth and Hazar-susah, 6and Beth-lebaoth and Sharuhen – thirteen cities with their villages, 7and Ain, Remmon, and Ether and Ashan – four cities with their villages, 8and all the villages that are around these cities, up to Baalath-beer and Ramath of the south. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families. 9The inheritance of the sons of Simeon came from the portion of the sons of Judah, for the portion of the sons of Judah was too great for them, and the sons of Simeon received an inheritance within their inheritance. 10Then the third lot came up, for the sons of Zebulun, according to their families, and the border of their inheritance was up to Sarid. 11And their border went up to the west, and to Maralah, and it reached Dabbasheth, and it reached the river which is before Jokneam. 12And it came back from Sarid eastwards, towards the sunrise, to the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it went out to Daberath and it went up to Japhia. 13And from there it crossed eastwards, towards the sunrise, to Gittah-hepher and Ittah-kazin, and it went out to Remmon-methoar, and to Neah. 14And the border went round it to the north at Hannathon and its limits were at the Valley of Jiphthah-el, 15and Kattath and Nahalal and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem – twelve cities with their villages. 16This was the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun according to their families – these cities with their villages. 17The fourth lot came out for Issachar – for the sons of Issachar according to their families. 18And their border was towards Jezreel and Chesulloth and Shunem, 19and Hapharaim and Shihon and Anaharath, 20and Rabbith and Kishion and Abez, 21and Remeth and En-gannim and En-haddah and Bath-pazzez. 22And the border reached Tabor and Shahazumah and Beth-shemesh, and the limits of their border were at the Jordan – sixteen cities with their villages. 23This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Issachar according to their families – the cities with their villages. 24Then the fifth lot came out, for the tribe of the sons of Asher, according to their families. 25And their border was at Helkath and Hali and Beten and Achshaph, 26and Alammelech and Amad and Misheal, and it reached Carmel to the west, and to Shihor-libnath. 27And it came back eastwards to Beth-dagon, and it reached Zebulun and the Valley of Jiphthah-el to the north of Beth-emek and Neiel, and it went out to Cabul on the left hand side, 28and Ebron and Rehob and Hammon and Kanah, as far as Great Sidon. 29And the border returned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre, then the border returned to Hosah. And its limits to the west were from the region of Achzib. 30And Ummah and Aphek and Rehob – twenty-two cities with their villages. 31This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families – these cities with their villages. 32The sixth lot came out for the sons of Naphtali – for the sons of Naphtali according to their families. 33And their border was from Heleph and from Allon at Zaanannim and Adami, Nekeb and Jabneel, up to Lakum. And its limits were at the Jordan. 34And the border returned westwards to Aznoth-tabor, and it went from there to Hukkok, and it adjoined the territory of Zebulun in the south, and it adjoined the territory of Asher in the west, and of Judah at the Jordan towards the sunrise. 35And it took in the fortified cities of Ziddim, Zer and Hammath, Rakkath and Chinnereth, 36and Adamah and Ramah and Hazor, 37and Kedesh and Edrei and En-hazor, 38and Iron and Migdal-el, Horem and Beth-anath and Beth-shemesh – nineteen cities with their villages. 39This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali according to their families – the cities with their villages. 40The seventh lot came out for the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families, 41and the territory of their inheritance was Zorah and Eshtaol and Ir-shemesh, 42and Shaalabbin and Ajalon and Jethlah, 43and Elon and Thimnathah and Ekron, 44and Eltekeh and Gibbethon and Baalath, 45and Jehud and Bene-berak and Gath-rimmon, 46and Me-jarkon and Rakkon with the border opposite Japho. 47And the border of the sons of Dan went out from them, and the sons of Dan went up and fought against Leshem and captured it, and they struck it with the edge of the sword, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it, and they called Leshen Dan, after the name of Dan their father. 48This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families – these cities with their villages. 49And they finished inheriting the land according to its borders, and the sons of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun in their midst. 50They gave him the city which he had asked for, according to the pronouncement of the Lord: Timnath-serah on Mount Ephraim, and he built the city and dwelt in it. 51These were the inheritances which Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun, and the chief men of the fathers caused the tribes of the sons of Israel to inherit by lot in Shiloh before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of contact, and they finished dividing the land.

Joshua Chapter 20 

1Then the Lord spoke to Joshua and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘Appoint for yourselves the cities of refuge, about which I have told you through the intermediacy of Moses, 3so that a manslayer can flee there – one who strikes a person by accident, unintentionally – and they will be a refuge for you from the avenger of blood. 4And he will flee to one of these cities, and he will stand at the entrance gate of the city, and relate his case in the audience of the elders of that city, and they will absorb him in the city with them, and give him a place, and he will dwell with them. 5And if the avenger of blood pursues him, they will not deliver the manslayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbour unintentionally not having hated him in the past. 6And he shall dwell in that city until he stands before the congregation in judgment, until the death of the high priest who is in office in those days. Then the manslayer will return and go to his city and to his house – to the city from which he fled.’ ” 7So they sanctified Kedesh in Galilee at Mount Naphtali, and Shechem at Mount Ephraim, and Kirjath-arba – that is Hebron – at the mountain of Judah. 8And across the Jordan east of Jericho they appointed Bezer in the desert, in the plains of the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead, of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan of the tribe of Manasseh. 9These were the cities appointed for all the sons of Israel and for the foreigner temporarily resident in their midst, for them to flee there – anyone striking a person accidentally – so that he does not die at the hand of the avenger of blood, up to when he stands before the congregation.

Joshua Chapter 21 

1Then the paternal heads of the Levites approached Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun, and the paternal heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel. 2And he spoke to them in Shiloh in the land of Canaan, and he said, “The Lord gave commandment through the intermediacy of Moses to give us cities to inhabit with their pasture lands for our cattle.” 3So the sons of Israel gave the Levites their due from their own inheritance, according to the instruction of the Lord – these cities with their pasture lands. 4And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites, and the sons of Aaron the priest – members of the Levites – had from the tribe of Judah and from the tribe of the Simeonites and from the tribe of Benjamin, by lot, thirteen cities. 5And to the sons of Kohath who remained – from the families of the tribe of Ephraim and from the tribe of Dan and from the half-tribe of Manasseh – ten cities were given by lot. 6And to the sons of Gershon, from the families of the tribe of Issachar and from the tribe of Asher, and from the tribe of Naphtali, and from the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities were given by lot. 7To the sons of Merari, according to their families, from the tribe of Reuben and from the tribe of Gad and from the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities were given. 8So the sons of Israel gave the Levites these cities with their pasture lands, as the Lord had commanded through the intermediacy of Moses, by lot. 9And from the tribe of the sons of Judah and from the tribe of the sons of Simeon, they gave these cities which he specified by name. 10And the sons of Aaron, according to the families of the Kohathites, of the sons of Levi, had what follows, because they had the first lot, 11and they were given Kirjath-arba, Arba being the father of Anak, that is Hebron, in the mountain range of Judah, and its pasture lands around it, 12but the fields of the city and its courtyards were given to Caleb the son of Jepunneh as his possession. 13So they gave the sons of Aaron the priest as a city of refuge for the manslayer Hebron and its pasture lands, and Libnah and its pasture lands, 14and Jattir and its pasture lands, and Eshtemoa and its pasture lands, 15and Holon and its pasture lands, and Debir and its pasture lands, 16and Ain and its pasture lands, and Juttah and its pasture lands, and Beth-shemesh and its pasture lands – nine cities from these two tribes. 17And from the tribe of Benjamin: Gibeon and its pasture lands, and Gibeah and its pasture lands, 18Anathoth and its pasture lands and Almon and its pasture lands – four cities. 19All the cities of the sons of Aaron, the priests, came to thirteen cities with their pasture lands. 20And the families of the sons of Kohath – the remaining Levites of Kohath's sons – had cities by their lot from the tribe of Ephraim. 21And they gave them as a city of refuge for the manslayer: Shechem and its pasture lands at Mount Ephraim, and Gezer and its pasture lands. 22And Kibzaim and its pasture lands, and Beth-horon and its pasture lands – four cities. 23And from the tribe of Dan, Eltekeh and its pasture lands, Gibbethon and its pasture lands, 24Aijalon and its pasture lands, and Gath-rimmon and its pasture lands – four cities. 25And from the half-tribe of Manasseh, Taanach and its pasture lands, and Gath-rimmon and its pasture lands – two cities. 26All these cities amount to ten, with their pasture lands, given to the families of the sons of Kohath who remained. 27And to the sons of Gershom they gave, from the families of the Levites, from the half-tribe of Manasseh, as a city of refuge for the manslayer, Golan in Bashan and its pasture lands, and Beeshterah and its pasture lands – two cities – 28and from the tribe of Issachar: Kishon and its pasture lands, Dabareh and its pasture lands, 29Jarmuth and its pasture lands, En-gannim and its pasture lands – four cities. 30And from the tribe of Asher: Mishal and its pasture lands, and Abdon and its pasture lands, 31Helkath and its pasture lands, and Rehob and its pasture lands – four cities. 32And from the tribe of Naphtali, as a city of refuge for the manslayer: Kedesh in Galilee and its pasture lands, and Hammoth-dor and its pasture lands, and Kartan and its pasture lands – three cities. 33All the cities of the Gershonites according to their families amount to thirteen cities with their pasture lands. 34And to the families of the sons of Merari – the remaining Levites – they gave from the tribe of Zebulun: Jokneam and its pasture lands, Kartah and its pasture lands, 35Dimnah and its pasture lands, Nahalal and its pasture lands – four cities. 36And from the tribe of Reuben: Bezer and its pasture lands, and Jahazah and its pasture lands, 37Kedemoth and its pasture lands, and Mephaath and its pasture lands – four cities. 38And from the tribe of Gad, as a city of refuge for the manslayer: Ramoth in Gilead and its pasture lands, and Mahanaim and its pasture lands, 39Heshbon and its pasture lands, Jaazer and its pasture lands – all the cities amount to four. 40All the cities of the sons of Merari according to their families – those who remained from the families of the Levites – had as their lot twelve cities. 41All the cities of the Levites among the possessions of the sons of Israel amounted to forty-eight cities with their pasture lands. 42These cities were city by city with their pasture lands around each – so it was for all these cities. 43And the Lord gave Israel all the land about which he had sworn that he would give it to their fathers, and they took possession of it and they dwelt in it. 44And the Lord gave them rest round about, according to everything he had sworn to their fathers, and no man could stand before them from any of their enemies: the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45And not a word failed of all the good words which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel – it all came about.

Joshua Chapter 22 

1Then Joshua called for the Reubenites and the Gadites and half of the tribe of Manasseh, 2and he said to them, “You have kept everything Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, and you have obeyed me in everything I have commanded you. 3You did not forsake your brothers during these many days up to this day, and you have kept the charge of the body of commandments of the Lord your God. 4And now the Lord your God has given your brothers rest, as he told them, and now, turn and get going to your tents and to the land of your possession which Moses the servant of the Lord has given you across the Jordan. 5But be very much on your guard to carry out the body of commandments and the law which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you – to love the Lord your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cling to him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.” 6And Joshua blessed them and dismissed them, and they went to their tents. 7Now Moses had given an inheritance to half the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, and Joshua gave the other half of it an inheritance with their brothers, across the Jordan to the west. And also when Joshua sent them off to their tents, he blessed them. 8And he spoke to them and said, “Return to your tents with great riches and very much cattle, with silver and gold and copper and iron and very many clothes. Divide the spoil of your enemies with your brothers.” 9So the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the sons of Israel, from Shiloh which is in the land of Canaan, to go to the land of Gilead, to the land of their possession which they became possessors of, according to the pronouncement of the Lord through the intermediacy of Moses. 10And they came to the regions of the Jordan which are in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an altar there – at the Jordan, an altar of grand appearance. 11And the sons of Israel heard it said, “Look, the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh have built an altar opposite the land of Canaan in the regions of the Jordan, opposite the sons of Israel.” 12And when the sons of Israel heard it, the whole congregation of the sons of Israel assembled at Shiloh to go up against them in battle. 13And the sons of Israel sent Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to half of the tribe of Manasseh, to the land of Gilead, 14and ten leading people with him – one leading person individually per paternal house – for each of the tribes of Israel, and each was a head of their paternal house, which the thousands of Israel have. 15And they came to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to half of the tribe of Manasseh, to the land of Gilead, and they spoke with them and said, 16“This is what the whole congregation of the Lord says, ‘What is this treacherous thing that you have treacherously done against the God of Israel, in turning away today from following the Lord, in building yourselves an altar – in rebelling today against the Lord? 17Is the iniquity of Peor a small matter to us, from which we have not cleansed ourselves up to this day, when there was a plague in the congregation of the Lord? 18But you have turned away today from following the Lord, and it has come about that you are rebelling against the Lord today, and tomorrow he will become angry with the whole congregation of Israel. 19And even if the land of your possession is unclean, do cross over to the land of the Lord's possession where the Lord's tabernacle dwells, and come into a possession in our midst, and do not rebel against the Lord, and do not rebel against us, by building yourselves an altar, other than the altar to the Lord our God. 20Did not Achan the son of Zerah deal treacherously with an accursed thing, so that there was anger on the whole congregation of Israel? And he did not die in his iniquity on his own.’ ” 21Then the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh answered and said to the heads of thousands of Israel, 22“The Lord God of gods – the Lord God of gods – he knows, and he knows Israel, whether they are in rebellion or whether they are in treachery against the Lord, (do not save us on this day,) 23in building ourselves an altar, in turning away from following the Lord. And whether it was to offer on it a burnt offering and a meal-offering, or whether it was to sacrifice peace-offerings on it, the Lord will inquire, 24or whether it is not out of concern, for a reason, that we made this thing, and said, ‘In the future your sons will speak to our sons and say, «What is the connection between you and the Lord God of Israel? 25For the Lord has put a border between us and you, you sons of Reuben and you sons of Gad – the Jordan. You have no part in the Lord.» ’ So your sons will stop our sons from fearing the Lord. 26So we said, ‘Let us now undertake to build an altar, but not for a burnt offering and not for sacrifice. 27For it is a testimony between us and you and our generations after us to carry out the Lord's service before him with our burnt offerings and with our sacrifices and with our peace-offerings, so that your sons will not say in the future to our sons, «You have no part in the Lord.» ’ 28So we said, ‘It will be the case that when they speak to us and to our generations in the future, that we will say, «See the edifice – an altar to the Lord – which our fathers made, not for a burnt offering and not for sacrifice, but it is a testimony between us and you.» ’ 29May it be far from us to rebel against the Lord, and to turn away today from following the Lord in building an altar for a burnt offering, for a meal-offering or for a sacrifice other than the altar to the Lord our God which is before his tabernacle.” 30Then Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the congregation and the heads of thousands of Israel who were with him heard the words which the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the sons of Manasseh said, and they were happy with it. 31Then Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Manasseh, “Today we know that the Lord is in our midst, and that you have not committed such a treacherous act with the Lord. You have now delivered the sons of Israel from the hand of the Lord.” 32Then Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the leaders, came back from the sons of Reuben and from the sons of Gad, from the land of Gilead to the land of Canaan, to the sons of Israel, and they reported back to them. 33And the sons of Israel were happy with the matter, and the sons of Israel blessed God, and they did not speak of going up against them in battle to ruin the land which the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad were living in. 34And the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad called the altar Testimony, for it was a testimony between us, that the Lord is God.

Joshua Chapter 23 

1And it was the case after many days, after the Lord had given Israel rest from all their enemies round about, that Joshua had become old and advanced in years, 2and Joshua called all Israel – its elders and its heads and its judges and its officers – and he said to them, “I have become old; I am advanced in years, 3and you have seen everything that the Lord your God has done to all these nations before you, for it is the Lord your God who fights for you. 4See how I have assigned these remaining nations to you as an inheritance to your tribes, from the Jordan, with all the nations which I cut off, with the Great Sea in the west. 5And it is the Lord your God who drives them back at your presence and who dispossesses them in front of you, so that you inherit their land as the Lord your God has said to you. 6So be of very good courage to keep and do everything that is written in the book of the law of Moses, so not to depart from it to the right or to the left, 7and not to go among these nations – these that remain with you – and you shall not mention the name of their gods, and you shall not adjure by them, and you shall not serve them, and you shall not worship them. 8But rather, cling to the Lord your God, as you have done so far. 9For the Lord has dispossessed great and powerful nations before you, and as for you, no man has withstood you up to this day. 10One man from you will pursue a thousand, for it is the Lord your God who is fighting for you, as he has said to you. 11So be very much on your guard for your lives to love the Lord your God. 12For if you turn back at all and cling to the remnant of these nations – these that remain with you – and intermarry with them, and you go into them, and they into you, 13then know for certain that the Lord your God will not continue to dispossess these nations before you, and that they will be a trap and a snare and a scourge to you in your sides, and as thorns in your eyes, until you perish from this good land which the Lord your God has given you. 14And look, I am going the way of the whole of the earth today, but you have known with all your heart and with all your soul that not one word has failed from all the good words which the Lord your God has spoken concerning you – everything has come about for you; not one word of it has failed, 15and it will come to pass, that just as every good word that the Lord your God spoke to you has come about with you, so shall the Lord bring upon you every bad word until he has destroyed you in this good land which the Lord your God has given you, 16in your transgression of the covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, if you depart and serve other gods and bow down to them, so that the Lord's anger is kindled against you, and you quickly perish from the good land which he has given you.”

Joshua Chapter 24 

1Then Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel in Shechem, and he called for the elders of Israel and for its heads and for its judges and for its officers, and they stood before God. 2And Joshua said to all the people, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘Your fathers dwelt across the river in time past – Terah the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor – and they served other gods, 3but I took your father Abraham from the far side of the river and I led him through all the land of Canaan, and I multiplied his seed and I gave him Isaac. 4And to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau, and to Esau I gave Mount Seir to possess, while Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. 5And I sent Moses and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt with what I did in their midst, and afterwards I brought you out. 6And I brought your fathers out of Egypt, and you came to the sea, whereupon Egypt pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen at the Red Sea. 7And they cried out to the Lord, and he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and he brought the sea over them, and it covered them, and your eyes saw what I did in Egypt, and you dwelt in the desert for many days. 8And I brought you to the land of the Amorite who dwelt across the Jordan and they fought you, and I delivered them into your hand, and you took possession of their land, and I destroyed them before you. 9Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, rose up and fought against Israel, and he sent men and called for Balaam the son of Beor to curse you. 10But I was not willing to hear Balaam, and he thoroughly blessed you, and I delivered you out of his hand. 11Then you crossed the Jordan and went to Jericho, and the lords of Jericho fought against you – the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Hivites and the Jebusites – and I delivered them into your hand. 12And I sent out wasps before you, and they drove them out before you – two kings of the Amorites – not by your sword and not by your bow. 13And I gave you land which you did not toil on, and cities which you did not build, and you dwell in them, and you are eating from vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant.’ 14So now, fear the Lord and serve him in sincerity and in truth, and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the river, and in Egypt, and serve the Lord. 15And if it is bad in your sight to serve the Lord, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve, either the gods which your fathers served, which were on the other side of the river, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are dwelling, but as for me and my household, we will serve the Lord.” 16And the people answered and said, “Far be it from us to forsake the Lord, to serve other gods. 17For the Lord is our God, who brought us and our fathers up from the land of Egypt, from the house of slavery, and who performed in our sight these great signs, and guarded us along all the way we went, and among all the peoples through whose midst we crossed. 18And the Lord drove out all the nations before us, including the Amorites inhabiting the land, so we in turn will serve the Lord, for he is our God.” 19Then Joshua said to the people, “You are not able to serve the Lord, for he is a holy God, and he is a jealous God; he will not endure your transgressions or your sins. 20If you forsake the Lord and serve strange gods, he will turn and do you harm and make an end of you, after doing you good.” 21Then the people said to Joshua, “Not that, for we will serve the Lord.” 22Then Joshua said to the people, “You are witnesses to yourselves, for you have chosen the Lord, to serve him.” And they said, “We are witnesses.” 23Joshua said, “And now, put away the strange gods which are in your midst, and extend your heart to the Lord God of Israel.” 24And the people said to Joshua, “We will serve the Lord our God and we will obey him.” 25Then Joshua made a covenant with the people on that day, and he set up for them a statute and a judicial system in Shechem. 26And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and he took a large stone, and he set it up there under the oak tree at the sanctuary of the Lord. 27Then Joshua said to all the people, “Look, this stone will be a witness to us, for it has heard all the words of the Lord which he spoke with us, and it will be a witness to you, lest you deny your God.” 28Then Joshua sent the people away – each one to his inheritance. 29And it came to pass after these things that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being one hundred and ten years old. 30And they buried him in the territory of his inheritance at Timnath-serah, which is at Mount Ephraim, to the north of Mount Gaash. 31And Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua and who knew all the work of the Lord which he had done for Israel. 32And they buried Joseph's bones which the sons of Israel had brought up from Egypt, in Shechem, in a parcel of land which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for a hundred kesitahs, and they became an inheritance of the sons of Joseph. 33Then Eleazar the son of Aaron died, and they buried him at the hill of Phinehas his son which had been given to him at Mount Ephraim.

Judges  

Judges Chapter 1 

1And it came to pass after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel inquired of the Lord and said, “Who will go up for us against the Canaanite first, to fight against them?” 2And the Lord said, “Judah will go up. Behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.” 3Then Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Go up with me into my lot, and we will fight against the Canaanite, and I in turn will go with you into your lot.” And Simeon went with him. 4So Judah went up, and the Lord delivered the Canaanite and the Perizzite into their hand, and they struck them down in Bezek – ten thousand men. 5And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, and they fought against him, and they struck the Canaanites and the Perizzites down. 6And Adoni-bezek fled, but they pursued him, and captured him, and they cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7And Adoni-bezek said, “Seventy kings have had their thumbs and their big toes cut off, and they have picked up the pieces under my table. As I did, so God has requited me.” And they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there. 8Then the sons of Judah fought in Jerusalem, and captured it, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and they set the city on fire. 9And afterwards the sons of Judah came down to fight the Canaanite, who inhabited the mountain range, and the south, and the lowland. 10And Judah went against the Canaanite who was living in Hebron, (now the name of Hebron was previously Kirjath-arba) and they struck down Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai. 11Then he went from there to the inhabitants of Debir. Now the name of Debir was previously Kirjath-sepher. 12And Caleb said, “Whoever attacks Kirjath-sepher and captures it, to him I will give Achsah my daughter as a wife.” 13Then Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, captured it, and he gave him Achsah his daughter as a wife. 14And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask for a field from her father. So she dismounted from her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What is the matter?” 15And she said to him, “Give me a blessing, for you have given me the land of the south, so give me springs of water.” Then Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs. 16And the sons of the Kenite, Moses' father-in-law, went up from the city of palm trees with the sons of Judah to the desert of Judah which is in the south of Arad, and they departed and dwelt with the people. 17Then Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanite who dwelt in Zephath, which they obliterated, and they called the city Hormah. 18And Judah captured Gaza and its territory, and Ashkelon and its territory and Ekron and its territory. 19And the Lord was with Judah, and he gained possession of the mountain, but he could not dispossess the inhabitants of the valley, because they had iron chariots. 20And they gave Caleb Hebron, as Moses had said, and they dispossessed the three sons of Anak from there. 21But the sons of Benjamin did not dispossess the Jebusite – the inhabitant of Jerusalem – and the Jebusite has been dwelling with the sons of Benjamin in Jerusalem up to this day. 22And the house of Joseph also went up against Beth-el, and the Lord was with them. 23And the house of Joseph spied out Beth-el. Now the name of the city was previously Luz. 24And the observers saw a man coming out of the city, and they said to him, “Please show us the entrance to the city, and we will deal with you graciously.” 25And he showed them the entrance to the city, whereupon they struck the city with the edge of the sword, but they let the man and all his family go. 26Then the man went to the land of the Hittites, and he built a city, and he called it Luz – that is its name up to this day. 27And Manasseh did not dispossess Beth-shean and its satellites, or Taanach and its satellites, or the inhabitants of Dor and its satellites, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its satellites, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its satellites. And the Canaanites resolved to dwell in this land. 28And it came about that when Israel became strong, they put the Canaanite under tribute, but they did not dispossess them at all. 29And Ephraim did not dispossess the Canaanite who was living in Gezer, and the Canaanite dwelt in their midst in Gezer. 30Zebulun did not dispossess the inhabitants of Kitron or the inhabitants of Nahalal, and the Canaanite dwelt in their midst, and they came under tribute. 31Asher did not dispossess the inhabitants of Accho or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab or of Achzib or of Helbah, or of Aphik or of Rehob. 32And the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, as inhabitants of the land, because they did not dispossess them. 33Naphtali did not dispossess the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, and they dwelt among the Canaanites as inhabitants of the land, but the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath came under tribute to them. 34And the Amorites squeezed the sons of Dan into the mountain range, for they did not let them come down into the valley. 35And the Amorites resolved to dwell on Mount Heres in Aijalon and in Shaalbim, but the power of the house of Joseph was greater, and they came under tribute. 36And the border of the Amorites was from the ascent of Akrabbim, from the rock and above.

Judges Chapter 2 

1Then the angel of the Lord went up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, “I will bring you up from Egypt, and I will bring you to the land which I swore to your fathers, for I said, ‘I shall never break my covenant with you. 2And you shall not make a covenant with the inhabitants of this land. You will demolish their altars.’ But you have not obeyed me. What is this you have done? 3So I also said, ‘I shall not drive them out before you, and they will be snares to you, and their gods will be a trap to you.’ ” 4And it came about, as the angel of the Lord spoke these words to all the sons of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice and wept. 5And they called that place Bochim, and they made a sacrifice there to the Lord. 6Then Joshua dismissed the people, and the sons of Israel each went to their inheritance to take possession of the land. 7And the people served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great work of the Lord which he had done for Israel. 8Then Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, aged one hundred and ten years. 9And they buried him in the territory of his inheritance, in Timnath-heres at Mount Ephraim to the north of Mount Gaash. 10And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers, and another generation arose after them, who had not known the Lord, nor the work that he did for Israel either. 11And the sons of Israel did wrong in the sight of the Lord, and they served the Baalim. 12And they forsook the Lord God of their fathers who brought them out of the land of Egypt, and they followed other gods, from the gods of the peoples which were around them, and they bowed down to them, and they provoked the Lord to anger. 13And they forsook the Lord, and they served Baal and images of Astarte. 14And the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of plunderers, and they plundered them, and he sold them into the hand of their enemies round about, and they could no longer stand against their enemies. 15Everywhere they went, the hand of the Lord was against them, to their detriment, as the Lord had said, and as the Lord had sworn to them, and they were greatly straitened. 16But the Lord raised up judges, who saved them from those who were plundering them. 17But they did not obey their judges either, for they played the harlot with other gods, and they bowed down to them, and they quickly departed from the way their fathers had gone, in that those obeyed the Lord's commandments, but these did not do so. 18And when the Lord raised up judges to them, the Lord was with the judge, and he saved them from the hands of their enemies all the days of the judge, because the Lord had pity, because of their lamentation on account of those who oppressed them and those who tyrannized them. 19And it would come to pass at the death of the judge, that they would revert and corruptly deviate from the way of their fathers, in following other gods, in serving them and in bowing down to them. They did not desist from their deeds or their stubborn way, 20so the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he said, “Since this people has transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and they have not obeyed me, 21I in turn will not continue to dispossess anyone before them, from the nations which Joshua left when he died, 22in order to test Israel through them, as to whether they are keeping the way of the Lord, by walking in these ways as their fathers kept them, or not.” 23For the Lord had left those nations alone, not quickly dispossessing them. And he did not deliver them into Joshua's hand.

Judges Chapter 3 

1And these are the nations which the Lord left alone, in order to test Israel through them – all those who did not know all the wars of Canaan – 2but in order for the generations of the sons of Israel to know – to teach them war – just those who had not known them previously, they are: 3five barons of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and the Hivites who lived at the mountain range of Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon to the approach to Hamath. 4Now they were to test Israel, by means of them, so as to know whether they would obey the Lord's commandments which he commanded their fathers through the intermediacy of Moses. 5And the sons of Israel dwelt in the midst of the Canaanites, the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites. 6And they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and they gave their daughters to their sons, and they served their gods. 7And the sons of Israel did wrong in the eyes of the Lord, and they forgot the Lord their God, and they served the Baalim and the phallic parks. 8And the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim, king of Aramaea of Mesopotamia, and the sons of Israel served Chushan-rishataim for eight years. 9And the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord, and the Lord raised up a saviour to the sons of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. 10And the spirit of the Lord came on him, and he judged Israel, and he went out to battle, and the Lord delivered Chushan-rishathaim king of Aramaea into his hand, and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim. 11Then the land was quiet for forty years, then Othniel the son of Kenaz died. 12The sons of Israel then did wrong in the sight of the Lord again, and the Lord strengthened Eglon king of Moab against Israel, because they had done wrong in the sight of the Lord. 13And he recruited the sons of Ammon and Amalek, and they set off and struck Israel, and they took possession of the city of palm trees. 14Then the sons of Israel served Eglon king of Moab for eighteen years. 15And the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord, and the Lord raised up a saviour to them, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjaminite, a left-handed man, and the sons of Israel sent a gift through his agency to Eglon king of Moab. 16And Ehud made himself a sword with two edges, a short-cubit in length, and he girded it under his garments at his right thigh. 17And he offered the gift to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man. 18And it came to pass, when he had finished offering the gift, that he sent the people who bore the gift out. 19And he returned from the quarry which was in Gilgal and he said, “I have a secret message for you, O king.” And he said, “Shush.” And all the people standing around him went out away from him. 20Then Ehud went to him, and while he was sitting in an upper cool room which was for himself only, Ehud said, “I have a message from God to you.” And he got up from his seat. 21Then Ehud shot out his left hand and took his sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly. 22And even the handle went in after the blade, and the fat closed in around the blade, because he did not draw the sword out of his belly, and it came out at his rectum. 23Then Ehud went out through the porch, and he closed the doors to the upper room behind him, and locked them. 24When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and they found the doors of the upper room locked, and they said, “Surely he is covering his feet in the upper cool room.” 25And they waited until they were ashamed, and contrary to expectation, he didn't open the doors to the upper room, so they took the key and opened it, and what they saw was that their master had fallen to the ground dead. 26And Ehud fled while they delayed, and he crossed over the quarry and escaped to Seirath. 27And it came to pass when he arrived, that he sounded the ramshorn at Mount Ephraim, and the sons of Israel came down with him from the mountain, and he was in front of them. 28And he said to them, “Pursue following me, because the Lord has delivered your enemies – Moab – into your hand.” So they went down following him and they captured the fords of Jordan for crossing to Moab, and they did not allow any man to cross. 29And they struck Moab at that time – about ten thousand men – all brawny and all valiant men, and not a man escaped. 30So Moab was humiliated on that day by the power of Israel, and the land was quiet for eighty years. 31And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, and he struck the Philistines – six hundred men – with an ox-goad. And he too saved Israel.

Judges Chapter 4 

1Then the sons of Israel did what was wrong in the eyes of the Lord again, but Ehud was dead. 2And the Lord sold them into the hand of Jabin, king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor, the commander of whose army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth of the Gentiles. 3And the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord, for he had nine hundred iron chariots, and he oppressed the sons of Israel severely for twenty years. 4Now Deborah was a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, and she was judging Israel at that time, 5and she was sitting under the palm tree of Deborah – between Ramah and Beth-el at Mount Ephraim – and the sons of Israel went up to her for justice. 6And she sent for and called for Barak the son of Abinoam in Kedesh-naphtali, and she said to him, “Did not the Lord God of Israel command you and say, ‘Go and seize Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun. 7And I will draw Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, to you at the River Kishon, with his chariot fleet and his multitude, and I will deliver him into your hands’?” 8Then Barak said to her, “If you go with me, I will go, but if you don't go with me, I won't go.” 9Then she said, “I will willingly go with you, but you will not have the honour of the expedition which you are going on, for the Lord will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman.” Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10Then Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali together in Kedesh, and ten thousand men went up in his footsteps, and Deborah went up with him. 11And Heber the Kenite, who had parted from the Kenites, one of the sons of Hobab, Moses' father-in-law, pitched his tent at the oak at Zeanaim which is next to Kedesh. 12And it was reported to Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor. 13So Sisera called up the whole of his chariot fleet – nine hundred iron chariots – and all the people who were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles to the River Kishron. 14Then Deborah said to Barak, “Arise, for this is the day on which the Lord has delivered Sisera into your hand. Will not the Lord go out before you?” So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. 15And the Lord routed Sisera and all his chariot fleet and the whole of his camp, by the edge of the sword before Barak, but Sisera descended from his chariot and fled on foot. 16And Barak pursued the chariot fleet and the camp as far as Harosheth of the Gentiles, and the whole of Sisera's camp fell at the edge of the sword – not even one remained. 17And Sisera fled on foot to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite, for there was peace between Jabin king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and she said to him, “Turn in, my lord, turn in to me. Do not be afraid.” So he turned in to her, into her tent, and she covered him with a blanket. 19And he said, “Please give me a little water to drink, for I am thirsty.” And she opened a flask of milk and let him drink, and she covered him. 20And he said to her, “Stand at the entrance to the tent, and make sure if a man comes and asks you, and says, ‘Is there a man here?’, that you will say, ‘No.’ ” 21Then Jael Heber's wife took a tent peg, and she took a mallet in her hand, and she went to him stealthily, and she drove the peg into his temple, and it penetrated the ground, while he was slumbering, and was weary. And he died. 22And what happened was that when Barak was pursuing Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and she said to him, “Come and I will show you the man you are looking for.” So he went to her and there was Sisera fallen down dead, with the peg in his temple. 23So God humiliated Jabin king of Canaan on that day before the sons of Israel. 24And the force of the sons of Israel was ongoing and severe against Jabin king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.

Judges Chapter 5 

1And Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam sang on that day, and said,

2“For the effecting of deliverance in Israel,

When the people were willing,

Bless the Lord.

3Hear, O kings;

Give ear, O princes.

I myself shall sing to the Lord;

I shall sing psalms

To the Lord God of Israel.

4Lord, when you went out from Seir

When you marched from the open country of Edom,

The earth trembled,

And not only did the heavens drip

But the thick clouds also precipitated water.

5Mountains flowed on account of the Lord –

Sinai here did

On account of the Lord God of Israel.

6In the days of Shamgar

The son of Anath,

In the days of Jael,

They avoided the highways,

And those that went on travels

Went by twisting ways.

7Leadership ceased in Israel

– It ceased –

Until I Deborah arose,

When I arose as a mother in Israel.

8It chose new gods,

Then there was war at the gates.

Was a shield seen

– Or a spear –

Among the forty thousand in Israel?

9My heart turned

To the legislators of Israel,

Those who were willing

Among the people.

Bless the Lord.

10Riders on white she-asses,

You who sit in judgment,

And you who walk on the road,

Speak!

11At the sound of archers

Between water troughs

There they celebrate

The righteous deeds of the Lord –

The righteous deeds

Of his leadership in Israel.

That is when the people of the Lord

Went down to the gates.

12Awake, awake, Deborah!

Awake, awake; utter a song.

Arise, Barak!

And make your captivity captive,

O son of Abinoam.

13At that time he gave dominion

Over the nobility of the people

To a survivor.

The Lord gave me dominion

Over warriors.

14From Ephraim came their root

Against Amalek.

And after you came Benjamin,

Among your peoples.

From Machir, legislators came down.

And from Zebulun,

They that hold out the rod

Of the recording scribe.

15But my princes among Issachar were with Deborah.

And as was Issachar, so was Barak.

He was sent to the valley on foot.

Among the divisions of Reuben,

Great were the impressions on the heart.

16Why did you dwell

Between the sheepfolds,

So as to hear

The bleating of the flocks?

Among the divisions of Reuben,

Great were the searchings of the heart.

17Gilead dwelt across the Jordan,

And why did Dan dwell in ships?

Asher stayed on the coast of the seas,

And dwelt in its creeks.

18Zebulun is a people

Who despised mortal danger.

Naphtali likewise

In the heights

Of the open countryside.

19Kings came and fought,

Then the kings of Canaan fought

In Taanach by the water of Megiddo.

They did not take

Any spoils of silver.

20They fought from heaven;

The stars fought

Against Sisera from their courses.

21The River Kishon swept them away,

The river of the ancients,

The River Kishon.

My own self was to tread there in strength.

22Then the tracks of cavalry were imprinted

At the prancing, the prancing

Of his mighty ones.

23‘Curse Meroz’,

Said the angel of the Lord,

‘Curse its inhabitants vehemently,

For they did not come

To the Lord's help,

To the Lord's help

Against the warriors.’

24May Jael be the most blessed of women

– The wife of Heber the Kenite –

May she be the most blessed

Of women in the tent.

25He asked for water;

She gave him milk;

In a bowl for the nobility

She offered buttermilk.

26Her hand reached for the peg

And her right hand for the workmen's hammer,

And she hammered Sisera.

She crushed his head

And dashed and pierced his temple.

27He sank down and fell

And lay down between her feet.

He sank down and fell between her feet.

Where he sank down,

There he fell down,

Slain.

28Sisera's mother peered through the window,

And cried aloud through the latticework,

‘Why is his chariot delayed in coming?

Why is the clattering noise of his chariots

Late?’

29Her princesses in their wisdom answered;

She even responded in her own words,

30‘Have they not found,

And are they not dividing, the spoil?

A maiden or two per headcount of a man,

Spoil of dyed garments for Sisera,

Spoil of dyed garments with embroidery,

Dyed double-sided embroidery

For the necks of the spoil-takers.’

31May all your enemies perish that way,

O Lord,

But let those who love him

Be like the sun

Rising in its strength.”

And the land was quiet for forty years.

Judges Chapter 6 

1Then the sons of Israel did wrong in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord delivered them into the hand of Midian for seven years. 2And Midian's grip on Israel tightened. Because of Midian, the sons of Israel made themselves tunnels in the mountains, and caves, and fortresses. 3And it came to pass when Israel had sown seed, that Midian came up, as did Amalek and the easterners, and they came up against them. 4And they encamped against them, and they destroyed the produce of the land as far as when you come to Gaza. And they did not leave any means of livelihood in Israel, neither sheep, nor oxen, nor donkeys. 5For they and their cattle would come up, with their tents. They would come like locusts in multitude, they and their camels being innumerable, and they came to the land to destroy it. 6And Israel was brought very low on account of Midian, and the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord. 7And it came to pass, when the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord because of Midian, 8that the Lord sent a prophet to the sons of Israel, and he said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I brought you up out of Egypt, and I brought you out of the house of slavery. 9And I delivered you from Egypt's grip and from the grip of all who were oppressing you, and I drove them out before you, and I gave you their land. 10And I said to you, «I am the Lord your God. Do not fear the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living», but you did not obey me.’ ” 11Then the angel of the Lord came and sat under the terebinth tree which was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abi-ezrite, while Gideon his son was threshing wheat in the wine press, to hide it from the Midianites. 12And the angel of the Lord appeared to him, and said to him, “The Lord is with you, you valiant warrior.” 13And Gideon said to him, “O my Lord, please, if the Lord is present with us, then why has all this befallen us? And where are all his wonders which our fathers told us about, when they said, ‘Did the Lord not bring us up out of Egypt?’ And now the Lord has forsaken us and delivered us into the hand of Midian.” 14And the Lord turned to him and said, “Go in this strength of yours, and save Israel from Midian's grip. Have I not sent you?” 15Then he said to him, “Please, Lord*, by what means shall I save Israel? Look, my family is the most reduced in the tribe of Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father's house.” 16And the Lord said to him, “When I am with you, you will be able to strike Midian as one man.” 17And he said to him, “If now I have found grace in your sight, do perform a sign for me, to show that it is you talking to me. 18Please do not depart from here until I come to you and bring out my meal-offering, and I deposit it before you.” And he said, “I will stay until you return.” 19Then Gideon departed and prepared a kid of the goats and an ephah of flour's worth of unleavened loaves. He put the meat in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and he brought it out to him under the terebinth tree and he offered it. 20Then the angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened loaves, and deposit them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so. 21And the angel of the Lord held out the end of the staff which was in his hand, and he touched the meat and the unleavened loaves, and fire went up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened loaves. Then the angel of the Lord departed out of his sight. 22And Gideon saw that it was the angel of the Lord, and Gideon said, “Alas, O Lord, the Lord, because I have seen the angel of the Lord face to face.” 23And the Lord said to him, “Peace be to you, do not be afraid, you shall not die.” 24Then Gideon built an altar to the Lord there, and he called it Jehovah-shalom, as it is up to this day, still there in Ophrah of the Abi-erzerites. 25And it came to pass that night that the Lord said to him, “Take your father's bull of the oxen, and the second bull which is seven years old, and demolish the altar of Baal which your father has, and cut down the phallic park which goes with it. 26And build an altar to the Lord your God on the top of this fortress at the pile of material, and take the second bull and make a burnt offering with the wood of the phallic park which you cut down.” 27Then Gideon took ten men from his servants, and did what the Lord had said to him, and it so happened that as he was afraid of the house of his father and the men of the city – of doing it by day – that he did it by night. 28Then when the men of the city got up early in the morning, what they saw was that the altar of Baal had been demolished, and the phallic park which went with it had been cut down, and the second bull had been offered as a burnt offering on the altar which had been built. 29And they said to each other, “Who has done this thing?” And they looked into it and inquired, and they said, “Gideon the son of Joash has done this thing.” 30And the men of the city said to Joash, “Bring your son out and he will die, because he has demolished the altar of Baal and because he has cut down the phallic park which went with it.” 31But Joash said to everyone who was standing against him, “Will you defend Baal? Or will you save him? Let him who would defend him be put to death while it is morning. If he is a god, let him defend himself, because someone has demolished his altar.” 32And he called him Jerubbaal on that day, and he said, “Let Baal defend himself, because that man has demolished his altar.” 33Then all the Midianites and Amalekites and the easterners gathered together, and went across and encamped in the Valley of Jezreel. 34And the spirit of the Lord clothed Gideon, and he sounded the ramshorn, and Abiezer was called to assembly after him. 35And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, and they too were called to assembly, following him. And he sent messengers to Asher and Zebulun and Naphtali, and they went up to meet them. 36Then Gideon said to God, “If you are saving Israel through my intermediacy, as you have said, 37here I am ready to put the fleece of wool on the threshing floor, to see whether there will be dew on the fleece only and dryness on all the ground, so that I know that it is through my intermediacy that you will save Israel, as you have said.” 38And it was so, and he rose early on the next day, and he wrung the fleece out, and extracted dew from the fleece – a full bowl of water. 39Then Gideon said to God, “Do not let your anger be kindled against me, and I will speak just once. Please let me do the test just once with the fleece. Let the fleece only be dry, and let there be dew on all the ground.” 40And God did so on that night, and there was dryness for the fleece only, and on all the ground there was dew.

Judges Chapter 7 

1Then Jerubbaal – that is Gideon – and all the people who were with him arose early and encamped at the source of Harod, while Midian had his camp to the north, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2And the Lord said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for me to deliver Midian into their hands, in case Israel vaunt themselves against me, and say, ‘My own ability saved me.’ 3So now, please proclaim in the audience of the people and say, ‘Whoever is fearful or trembling should return and go back quickly from Mount Gilead.’ ” And twenty-two thousand of the people returned, but ten thousand remained. 4And the Lord said to Gideon, “The people are still too many. Bring them down to the water and I will filter them out for you there. And it will be the case that of whomever I say to you, ‘This man will go with you’, he will go with you, and everyone of whom I say to you, ‘This man will not go with you’, he will not go.” 5So he led the people down to the water, and the Lord said to Gideon, “Everyone who laps the water with his tongue, as a dog laps, set him aside, and also everyone who kneels down to drink.” 6And the number of those who lapped with their hands to their mouth was three hundred men, and all the rest knelt down to drink the water. 7Then the Lord said to Gideon, “I will save you by the three hundred men who lapped, and I will deliver Midian into your hand. So let all the people go to their own place.” 8So the people took provisions in their hand, with their ramshorns, and he sent every man of Israel away to his tent, but he kept hold of the three hundred men. Now Midian had his camp below in the valley. 9And it came to pass that night that the Lord said to him, “Get up and go down to the camp, for I have delivered it into your hand. 10But if you are afraid to go down, you and Phurah your servant-boy go down to the camp. 11And you will hear what they are saying, and afterwards your hands will be strengthened, and you will go down to the camp.” So he and Phurah his servant-boy went down to the edge of the armed men who were in the camp. 12And Midian and Amalek and all the easterners were lying in the valley, like locusts in multitude, and their camels were countless, like the sand which is on the sea-shore in abundance. 13Then Gideon came, and what he heard was a man telling his colleague a dream, and he said, “Look, I have had a dream, and what I saw was a loaf of barley bread tumbling into Midian's camp, and it came up to the tent and struck it and it fell down, and turned it upside down, so the tent fell down.” 14And his colleague answered and said, “This is nothing other than the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel. God has delivered Midian and all his camp into his hand.” 15And it came to pass, when Gideon heard the account of the dream, and its interpretation, that he worshipped and went back to Israel's camp, and said, “Arise, for the Lord has delivered Midian's camp into your hand.” 16Then he divided the three hundred men into three contingents, and he put ramshorns in each one's hand, and empty jars, with lamps inside the jars, 17and he said to them, “Look at me and act accordingly, and when I come to the edge of the camp, whatever I do, so you do. 18When I sound the ramshorn – I and everyone who is with me – then you also sound the ramshorn yourselves, all around the camp, and say, ‘For the Lord and for Gideon.’ ” 19Then Gideon and the one hundred men who were with him came to the edge of the camp at the start of the middle night-watch – they had only just put the watchmen on duty – and they sounded the ramshorns and broke the jars which were in their hands. 20So the three contingents sounded the ramshorns and broke the jars, and they held the lamps in their left hand and the ramshorns to sound in their right hand, and they shouted, “A sword for the Lord and for Gideon.” 21And each man stood on the spot round about the camp, but all the camp itself ran shouting out and fled. 22And the three hundred men sounded their ramshorns, and the Lord set every man's sword against his colleague, and this throughout the camp, and the camp fled to Beth-shittah of Zererath, to the border of Abel-meholah, as far as Tabbath. 23Then the men of Israel and Naphtali and Asher and all of Manasseh were mobilized and they pursued Midian. 24Then Gideon sent messengers throughout Mount Ephraim, who said, “Go down against Midian, and capture their water-rich area as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan.” Then every man of Ephraim was mobilized, and they captured the water-rich area as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan. 25And they captured two of Midian's commanders, Oreb and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb on the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb in the wine vat of Zeeb, and they pursued Midian, and they brought the head of Oreb and of Zeeb to Gideon across the Jordan.

Judges Chapter 8 

1And the men of Ephraim said to him, “What is this thing you have done to us in not calling us, because you went to fight against Midian.” And they argued with him vehemently. 2And he said to them, “What have I done now compared to you? Are not the gleanings of Ephraim better than the whole wine crop of Abiezer? 3God delivered Midian's commanders into your hands – Oreb and Zeeb – and what was I able to do compared to you?” Then their temper against him subsided, when he said these words. 4Then Gideon came to the Jordan. He and the three hundred men who were with him crossed over, weary but pursuing. 5And he said to the men of Succoth, “Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following in my footsteps, for they are weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.” 6But the commanders of Succoth said, “Are the palms of the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hands, so that we should give your army bread?” 7Then Gideon said, “That is why, when the Lord delivers Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will thrash your flesh with the desert thorn bushes and with the briars.” 8Then he went up from there to Penuel and spoke similarly to them, and the men of Penuel answered him in the same way as the men of Succoth answered. 9And he also spoke to the men of Penuel and said, “When I return in peace, I will demolish this tower.” 10Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their camps were with them – about fifteen thousand men – all those who remained from the whole camp of the easterners. And those who fell were one hundred and twenty thousand men who drew the sword. 11And Gideon went up the road to the tent-dwellers to the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked the camp, although the camp was secure. 12And Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued them, and he captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and he routed the whole camp. 13Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle before sunrise. 14And he took a boy-servant of the men of Succoth, and he questioned him, and the boy described the chief men of Succoth to him, and its elders – seventy-seven men. 15Then Gideon went to the men of Succoth, and he said, “Here are Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you reproached me and said, ‘Are the palms of the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hands, so that we should give your weary men bread?’ ” 16And he took the elders of the city, and the desert thorn bushes, and the briars, with which he gave the men of Succoth a lesson. 17And he demolished the tower of Penuel, and he killed the men of the city. 18And he said to Zebah and Zalmunnah, “What kind of men were they that you killed at Tabor?” And they answered, “As you are, so were they. Each one had the appearance of the king's sons.” 19Then he said, “They were my brothers – my mother's sons. As the Lord lives, if you had let them live, I would not kill you.” 20And he said to Jether his firstborn, “Arise and kill them.” But the lad did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, for he was still only a lad. 21Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, “You arise and fall on us. For as a man is, so is his valour.” Then Gideon arose and killed Zebah and Zalmunnah, and he took the crescent ornaments which were on the camels' necks. 22And the men of Israel said to Gideon, “You rule over us – in turn you and your son and your grandson – for you have saved us from the hand of Midian.” 23But Gideon said to them, “I shall not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you. The Lord will rule over you.” 24And Gideon said to them, “Let me ask you a request. Give me every man's earring which he has as his spoil.” For they had golden earrings, for they were Ishmeelites. 25And they said, “We will certainly give them.” And they spread out a garment, and each man cast there his earring which he had as his spoil. 26And the weight of the golden earrings which he requested was one thousand seven hundred shekels of gold, apart from the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple clothes which were on the kings of Midian, and apart from the necklaces which were on the camels' necks. 27And Gideon made these things into an ephod, and he put it in his city, in Ophrah, and the whole of Israel went whoring after it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his household. 28So Midian was subdued before the sons of Israel, and they did not assert themselves any more, and the land was quiet for forty years in the days of Gideon. 29Then Jerubbaal the son of Joash departed and he dwelt in his house. 30And Gideon had seventy sons – those who came from his thighs – for he had many wives. 31And his concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he gave him the name Abimelech. 32And Gideon the son of Joash died at a good old age, and he was buried in the grave of Joash his father, the Abi-ezrite, in Ophrah. 33And it came to pass, when Gideon died, that the sons of Israel went whoring after the Baalim again, and they made Baal-berith their god. 34And the sons of Israel did not remember the Lord their God who saved them from the hand of all their enemies round about. 35Nor did they deal kindly with the house of Jerubbaal – Gideon – for all the good which he did with Israel.

Judges Chapter 9 

1Then Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem, to his mother's brothers, and he spoke to them and to the whole family of his mother's father's house, and he said, 2“Please speak in the audience of all the lords of Shechem, and say, ‘What is better for you: seventy men to rule over you – all of Jerubbaal's sons – or for one man to rule over you? And remember that I am your bone and your flesh.’ ” 3So his mother's brothers spoke concerning him all these words in the audience of all the lords of Shechem, and their heart inclined towards Abimelech, for they said, “He is our brother.” 4And they gave him seventy pieces of silver from the house of Baal-berith, with which Abimelech hired some idle and reckless men, and they followed him. 5And he went to his father's house, to Ophrah, and he killed his brothers – the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men – on one stone, but Jotham, Jerubbaal's youngest son, was left remaining, because he hid himself. 6And all the lords of Shechem, and the whole house of Millo, gathered together, and departed, and made Abimelech king by the oak which had been set up in Shechem. 7And it was reported to Jotham, and he departed and stood on the summit of Mount Gerizim, and he raised his voice and called out and said to them, “Listen to me, you lords of Shechem, so that God may listen to you. 8The trees went purposefully to anoint a king over them, and they said to the olive tree, ‘Reign over us.’ 9But the olive tree said to them, ‘Should I give up my fatness, by which through me they honour God and men, and should I go to be promoted over the trees?’ 10Then the trees said to the fig tree, ‘You come and reign over us.’ 11But the fig tree said to them, ‘Should I give up my sweetness and my good produce, and go to be promoted over the trees?’ 12Then the trees said to the vine, ‘You come and reign over us.’ 13But the vine said to them, ‘Should I give up my new wine which cheers up God and men, and go and be promoted over the trees?’ 14Then all the trees said to the blackthorn, ‘You come and reign over us.’ 15And the blackthorn said to the trees, ‘If you truly anoint me as king over you, come and put your trust in my shadow; and if you do not, let fire come out of the blackthorn and devour the cedars of Lebanon.’ 16So now, if you acted truthfully and with integrity when you made Abimelech king, and if you acted correctly with Jerubbaal and with his house, and if you dealt with him according to his just deserts, 17in that my father fought for you, and put his life in jeopardy, and saved you from Midian's grip, 18(and you have risen up against the house of my father today, and you have killed his sons – seventy men – on one stone, and you have made Abimelech, his maid's son, king over the lords of Shechem, because he is your brother), 19so if you have dealt truthfully and with integrity with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, rejoice in Abimelech and let him also rejoice in you.” 20But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech and consume the lords of Shechem and the house of Millo, and let fire come from the lords of Shechem and the house of Millo and consume Abimelech. 21Then Jotham fled and bolted, and he went to Beer, and he lived there because of Abimelech his brother. 22And Abimelech was prince over Israel for three years. 23Then God sent an untoward spirit between Abimelech and the lords of Shechem, and the lords of Shechem acted treacherously against Abimelech, 24so that the violence against the seventy sons of Abimelech should come to a head, and to lay their blood on Abimelech their brother, because he killed them, and on the lords of Shechem, because they abetted him in killing his brothers. 25And the lords of Shechem set up men in ambush against him on the summits of the mountains, and they robbed everyone who came across them on the road, and it was reported to Abimelech. 26Then Gaal the son of Ebed and his brothers came and crossed over to Shechem, and the lords of Shechem put their trust in him. 27And they went into the fields and harvested their vineyards, and trod the grapes, and held thanksgiving celebrations, and went to the house of their god, and ate and drank, and cursed Abimelech. 28And Gaal the son of Ebed said, “Who is Abimelech and who is Shechem that we should serve him? Is he not the son of Jerubbaal? And is not Zebul his officer? Serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem. So why should we serve this one? 29And if only this people was in my power! Then I would remove Abimelech.” And he said to Abimelech, “Increase your army and come out!” 30And when Zebul the chief officer of the city heard the words of Gaal the son of Ebed, his anger was kindled. 31And he sent messengers to Abimelech craftily, and said, “Look, Gaal the son of Ebed and his brothers are coming to Shechem, and what they are doing is stirring up the city against you. 32So now, arise by night, you and the people who are with you, and set an ambush in the countryside. 33So what you should do is, in the morning, when the sun rises, get up early and invade the city, and when he and the people with him come out against you, do to him whatever is fitting.” 34So Abimelech and all the people who were with him arose at night and lay in ambush against Shechem, in four contingents. 35Then when Gaal the son of Ebed came out and stood at the entrance of the gate of the city, Abimelech and the people with him arose from the ambush. 36And when Gaal saw the people, he said to Zebul, “Look, a people is coming down from the summits of the mountains.” But Zebul said to him, “You are mistaking the shadow of the mountain for men.” 37Then Gaal spoke yet again and said, “Look, a people is coming down from the height of the land, and one contingent is coming by the way of the oak of Meonenim.” 38Then Zebul said to him, “Where is your mouth now, with which you might say, ‘Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him?’? Is this not the people whom you rejected? Come on out now and fight them!” 39Then Gaal came out before the lords of Shechem, and fought against Abimelech. 40And Abimelech pursued him, and he fled before him, and many fell wounded up to the entrance of the gate. 41And Abimelech lived in Arumah, and Zebul drove out Gaal and his brothers, stopping them from living in Shechem. 42And it came to pass on the next day when the people went out into the fields that it was reported to Abimelech. 43And he took his people and divided them into three contingents, and he lay in ambush in the fields, and he looked and what he saw was the people coming out of the city. And he rose up against them and struck them. 44And Abimelech and the contingents which were with him made an onslaught, and they took up position at the gate of the city, and two contingents made an onslaught against everyone in the fields and struck them down. 45And Abimelech fought in the city all that day, and he took the city, and he killed the people who were in it, and he demolished the city and sowed it with salt. 46Then when all the lords of the tower of Shechem heard it, they went to the watchtower of the house of El-berith. 47And it was reported to Abimelech that all the lords of the tower of Shechem had gathered together. 48Then Abimelech went up to Mount Zalmon – he and all the people who were with him – and Abimelech took axes in his hand and cut off a bough from one of the trees, and he lifted it up and put it on his shoulder, and he said to the people who were with him, “What you have seen me do, hurry up and do the same as me.” 49So all the people also each cut off a bough, and they followed Abimelech, and they put them against the watchtower, and with them they set fire to the watchtower, and all the men of the tower of Shechem also died – about a thousand men and women. 50Then Abimelech went to Thebez, and he encamped at Thebez, and he captured it. 51Now there was a strong tower inside the city, and all the men and women and all the lords of the city fled there, and they closed it behind them, and they went up onto the roof of the tower. 52And Abimelech went to the tower, and he attacked it, and he approached the entrance of the tower to set it on fire. 53And a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and it crushed his skull. 54And he quickly called the servant-lad carrying his equipment, and he said to him, “Draw your sword and kill me, so that they do not say about me, ‘A woman killed him.’ ” So his servant thrust him through, and he died. 55And when the men of Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, each man went to his place. 56So God requited Abimelech's wickedness which he committed against his father, in killing his seventy brothers. 57And God requited all the wickedness of the men of Shechem on their head, and the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal came upon them.

Judges Chapter 10 

1Then after Abimelech was gone, Tola the son of Puah the son of Dodo arose to save Israel – a man of Issachar – and he lived in Shamir at Mount Ephraim. 2And he judged Israel for twenty-three years, then he died and was buried in Shamir. 3And after him Jair the Gileadite arose, and he judged Israel for twenty-two years. 4And he had thirty sons who rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, and they call them the villages of Jair up to this day, which are in the land of Gilead. 5Then Jair died, and he was buried in Camon. 6Then the sons of Israel again did what was wrong in the eyes of the Lord, and they served the Baalim, and images of Astarte, and the gods of Aramaea, and the gods of Sidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the sons of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines. And they forsook the Lord, and did not serve him. 7And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of the Philistines and the hand of the sons of Ammon. 8And they crushed and oppressed the sons of Israel in that year – for eighteen years all the sons of Israel who were on the other side of the Jordan in the land of the Amorites who were in Gilead. 9Then the sons of Ammon crossed the Jordan to fight against both Judah and Benjamin, and the house of Ephraim, and Israel was in a serious straight. 10And the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord and said, “We have sinned against you, because we have both forsaken our God and we have served the Baalim.” 11Then the Lord said to the sons of Israel, “Is it not from Egypt and from the Amorites and from the sons of Ammon and from the Philistines that I saved you? 12And when the Sidonians and Amalek and Maon oppressed you, you cried out to me, and I saved you from their hand. 13But you forsook me and you served other gods. That is why I shall not save you again. 14Go and cry out to the gods that you have chosen. Let them save you in the time of your distress.” 15Then the sons of Israel said to the Lord, “We have sinned. Deal with us in whatever way is right in your sight, but please deliver us this day.” 16Then they removed the gods of the foreigners from their midst, and they served the Lord, and he became impatient over Israel's suffering. 17Then the sons of Ammon were mobilized, and they encamped at Gilead. And the sons of Israel gathered and encamped in Mizpeh. 18And the people – the officers of Gilead – said to each other, “Who is the man who will start fighting the sons of Ammon? He will be the head of all the inhabitants of Gilead.”

Judges Chapter 11 

1Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a valiant warrior, and he was the son of a harlot woman, and it was Gilead who begot Jephthah. 2And Gilead's wife bore him sons, and his wife's sons grew up and drove Jephthah out, and they said to him, “You will not inherit anything in our father's house, for you are the son of another woman.” 3At this Jephthah fled from his brothers, and he dwelt in the land of Tob, and some idle men gathered around Jephthah and went out with him. 4And it came to pass after a number of days that the sons of Ammon fought against Israel. 5And it so happened as the sons of Ammon were fighting against Israel, that the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah from the land of Tob. 6And they said to Jephthah, “Come and be our leader, and let us fight against the sons of Ammon.” 7Then Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Have you not hated me and driven me out of my father's house? So why have you come to me now that you are in a strait?” 8And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, “This is why we have now turned to you: for you to come with us and fight against the sons of Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.” 9Then Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “If you are bringing me back to fight against the sons of Ammon, when the Lord has delivered them before me, then I will be your head.” 10Then the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, “May the Lord hold us to account if we do not act according to your words.” 11Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people appointed him to be head over them and a leader, and Jephthah spoke all his words before the Lord in Mizpeh. 12Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of the sons of Ammon and said, “What is the issue between me and you that you should come to me to fight in my land?” 13And the king of the sons of Ammon said to Jephthah's messengers, “Because Israel took my land when it came up from Egypt, from Arnon to the Jabbok and up to the Jordan. So now, give it back in peace.” 14Then Jephthah sent messengers again to the king of the sons of Ammon, 15and he said to him, “This is what Jephthah says. Israel did not take the land of Moab or the land of the sons of Ammon, 16for when it came up from Egypt, Israel went into the desert, to the Red Sea, and it came to Kadesh. 17Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom and said, ‘Please let me cross your land.’ But the king of Edom did not consent. And it also sent messengers to the king of Moab, but he was not willing and Israel stayed in Kadesh. 18And it went into the desert, and it went round the land of Edom and the land of Moab, and it came to the land of Moab from the sunrise direction, and they encamped across the Arnon, but they did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon is the border of Moab. 19Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites – the king of Heshbon – and Israel said to him, ‘Please let us cross through your land to our place.’ 20But Sihon did not trust Israel to cross its territory, and Sihon gathered all his people and encamped at Jahaz, and did battle with Israel. 21And the Lord God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into Israel's hand, and they struck them, and Israel took possession of all the land of the Amorites who lived in that land. 22So they took possession of all the territory of the Amorites, from the Arnon to the Jabbok, and from the desert to the Jordan. 23So now that the Lord God of Israel has dispossessed the Amorites before his people Israel, will you then take possession of it? 24Is it not so, that whatever Chemosh your god takes possession of for you, you take possession of? And everything that the Lord our God takes possession of before us, we take possession of? 25So now, are you really any better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? Did he strive vehemently with Israel, or did he fight fiercely against them? 26When Israel dwelt in Heshbon and its satellites, and in Aroer and its satellites, and in all the cities alongside the Arnon, for three hundred years, why did you not deliver these places, at that time? 27And I have not committed any offence against you, but you are doing wrong with me in fighting me. May the Lord the judge judge today between the sons of Israel and the sons of Ammon.” 28But the king of the sons of Ammon did not favourably receive the words of Jephthah which he had sent to him. 29Then the spirit of the Lord came on Jephthah, and he crossed Gilead and Manasseh and he crossed Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he crossed over to the sons of Ammon. 30Then Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and he said, “If you will make a point of delivering the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31then it will be the case that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon will be the Lord's, or I will offer it as a burnt offering.” 32Then Jephthah crossed over to the sons of Ammon to fight against them, and the Lord delivered them into his hand. 33And he struck them from Aroer to where one approaches Minnith – twenty cities – and as far as Abel-keramim, with a very great blow, and the sons of Ammon were humiliated before the sons of Israel. 34Then Jephthah went to Mizpeh, to his house, and what should happen but his daughter came out to meet him, with timbrels and dancing, and moreover, she was an only child – besides her he had neither son nor daughter. 35And it came to pass when he saw her that he tore his clothes, and he said, “Alas, my daughter, you have brought me very low, and you have joined those who cause me sorrow, for I have opened my mouth to the Lord, and I cannot reverse it.” 36Then she said to him, “My father, have you opened your mouth to the Lord? Do to me according to what was uttered from your mouth, since the Lord has taken vengeance for you on your enemies, on the sons of Ammon.” 37And she said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me – leave me alone for two months, and I will go up and down on the mountains and bewail my virginity, I and my companions.” 38And he said, “Go.” And he sent her off for two months. So she went – she and her companions – and she bewailed her virginity on the mountains. 39Then it came to pass after two months that she returned to her father, and he performed with her his vow which he had made, and she did not know a man, and it became a statute in Israel. 40On these days, as they recur, the daughters of Israel go to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite, for four days per year.

Judges Chapter 12 

1Then the men of Ephraim were called together, and they crossed over to the north, and they said to Jephthah, “Why did you cross over to fight the sons of Ammon, without calling us to go with you? We will burn your house with fire on you.” 2Then Jephthah said to them, “I was a man in contention – I and my people – with the sons of Ammon, to a great extent, and I called out to you, but you did not deliver me out of their hand. 3And when I saw that you were not delivering me, I risked by life, and I went across to the sons of Ammon, and the Lord delivered them into my hand. So why have you come up this day to fight against me?” 4Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead and fought against Ephraim, and the men of Gilead struck Ephraim down, for the latter had said, “You are fugitives of Ephraim, Gilead within Ephraim within Manasseh.” 5And Gilead captured Ephraim's fords of the Jordan, and it came to pass that when the fugitives of Ephraim said, “Let me cross”, the men of Gilead said, “Are you an Ephraimite?” If he said, “No”, 6then they said to him, “Kindly say Shibboleth”, and if he said, “Sibboleth”, and did not articulate to pronounce it correctly, then they took him and killed him at the fords of the Jordan. And at that time forty-two thousand men of Ephraim fell. 7And Jephthah judged Israel for six years, then Jephthah the Gileadite died, and he was buried in the cities of Gilead. 8Then after him, Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel. 9And he had thirty sons and thirty daughters whom he sent out. And he brought thirty daughters from outside for his sons, and he judged Israel for seven years. 10Then Ibzan died, and he was buried in Bethlehem. 11And after him Elon the Zebulonite judged Israel, and he judged Israel for ten years. 12Then Elon the Zebulonite died, and he was buried in Aijalon in the land of Zebulun. 13Then after him Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite judged Israel. 14And he had forty sons and thirty grandsons who rode on seventy ass colts, and he judged Israel for eight years. 15Then Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and he was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim at the mount of the Amalekite.

Judges Chapter 13 

1Then the sons of Israel again did what was wrong in the eyes of the Lord, and the Lord delivered them into the hand of the Philistines for forty years. 2And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the Danite family, and his name was Manoah, and his wife was barren, and she had not given birth. 3And the angel of the Lord appeared to the woman and said to her, “Look now, you are barren and you have not given birth, but you will conceive and bear a son. 4So now, please be on your guard, and do not drink wine or strong drink, and do not eat anything unclean. 5For you are about to conceive, and you will bear a son, and no razor will pass over his head, for the boy will be a Nazarite of God from the womb, and he will begin to save Israel from the hand of the Philistines.” 6Then the woman went and spoke to her husband, and she said, “A man of God has come to me, and his appearance was as the appearance of an angel of God – most awesome – and I did not ask him where he was from and he did not tell me his name. 7And he said to me, ‘You are about to conceive and you will bear a son. So now, do not drink wine or strong drink, and do not eat anything unclean, for the boy will be a Nazarite of God from the womb to the day of his death.’ ” 8Then Manoah entreated the Lord and said, “O Lord*, please – the man of God whom you sent – may he please come to us again and teach us what we are to do with the boy who is to be born.” 9And God heeded Manoah, and the angel of God came again to the woman while she was sitting down in a field, when Manoah her husband was not with her. 10And the woman hastened and ran and told her husband, and she said to him, “Look, the man who came to me the other day has appeared to me again.” 11So Manoah got up and followed his wife and came to the man and he said to him, “Are you the man who spoke to the woman?” And he said, “Yes I am.” 12Then Manoah said, “May your words now come to pass. What is the boy's duty to be, and his function?” 13And the angel of the Lord said to Manoah, “Let her be on her guard about everything I have said to her. 14She shall not consume anything that comes from the grape vine, nor drink any wine or strong drink, nor eat anything unclean. Let her keep everything I have commanded her.” 15Then Manoah said to the angel of the Lord, “Please let us detain you, and we will prepare a kid of the goats for you.” 16But the angel of the Lord said to Manoah, “If you detain me, I shall not eat your food, but if you would offer a burnt offering, you shall offer it to the Lord.” For Manoah did not know that he was the angel of the Lord. 17Then Manoah said to the angel of the Lord, “What is your name, so that when your words come to pass, we can honour you.” 18Then the angel of the Lord said to him, “Why do you ask me my name, when it is Wonderful?” 19Then Manoah took a kid of the goats and a meal-offering, and he offered them on the rock to the Lord, and a wondrous thing was done while Manoah and his wife were watching. 20And it came to pass, as the flame went up from the altar towards heaven, that the angel of the Lord went up in the flame of the altar, while Manoah and his wife were watching, and they fell with their face down to the ground. 21And the angel of the Lord did not appear again to Manoah or to his wife, so Manoah knew that he was the angel of the Lord. 22And Manoah said to his wife, “We will certainly die, for we have seen God.” 23But his wife said to him, “If it had pleased the Lord to kill us, he would not have accepted a burnt offering or a meal-offering from our hands, and he would not have shown us all these things, and at this time he would not have informed us of such things.” 24And the woman bore a son, and she called him Samson, and the boy grew up, and the Lord blessed him. 25And the spirit of the Lord began to motivate him in the camp of Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Judges Chapter 14 

1Then Samson went down to Timnath, and he saw a woman in Timnath, one of the daughters of the Philistines. 2And he went up and told his father and his mother and said, “I have seen a woman in Timnath, one of the daughters of the Philistines, so now, get her for me to be my wife.” 3But his father and his mother said to him, “Is there not a woman among the daughters of your brothers and all my people, that you should go and take a wife from the uncircumcised Philistines?” But Samson said to his father, “Get her for me, for she is right in my eyes.” 4Now his father and his mother did not know that this was from the Lord, for he was seeking occasion against the Philistines, for at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel. 5Then Samson and his father and his mother went down to Timnath, and they came to the vineyards of Timnath, and what he came across was a lion cub roaring at him. 6But the spirit of the Lord descended on him, and he tore it apart as one tears a kid of the goats apart, yet there was nothing in his hand, but he did not tell his father or mother what he had done. 7Then he went down and spoke to the woman, and she was right in Samson's eyes. 8Then after a number of days he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion, and what he saw was a swarm of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion. 9And he took some of it in his palms, and went eating as he was walking, and he went to his father and mother, and he gave them some, and they ate it, but he did not tell them that he had taken the honey from the carcase of the lion. 10Then his father went down to the woman, and Samson held a feast, for so the young men would do. 11And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they took thirty of their friends who accompanied him. 12Then Samson said to them, “Let me pose you a riddle. If you can plainly tell me the solution in the seven days of the feast, and solve it, then I will give you thirty linen undergarments and thirty suits of clothing. 13But if you cannot tell me, then you must give me thirty linen undergarments and thirty suits of clothing.” And they said to him, “Tell us your riddle, and we will listen to it.” 14And he said to them,

“Food came out of that which eats,

And out of that which is strong

Came out sweetness.”

And they could not solve the riddle for three days. 15Then it came to pass on the seventh day that they said to Samson's wife, “Entice your husband to tell us the solution to the riddle, or else we will burn you and your father's house with fire. Did you invite us so as to dispossess us or not?” 16Then Samson's wife wept at him and she said, “You just hate me and you do not love me. You posed the riddle to the sons of my people, but you have not told me its solution.” Then he said to her, “Look, I have not told my father or my mother, so am I supposed to tell you?” 17Then she wept at him in the week in which they held the feast, and it came to pass on the seventh day that he told her, because she distressed him. Then she told the sons of her people. 18Then on the seventh day the men of the city said to him before the sun set,

“What is sweeter than honey,

And what is stronger than a lion?”

Then he said to them, “If you had not ploughed my heifer, you would not have solved my riddle.” 19Then the spirit of the Lord descended on him, and he went down to Ashkelon and struck down thirty of its men, and took their spoil, and gave the suits of clothing to those who had solved the riddle, and his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house. 20And a friend of his, who had befriended him, had Samson's wife.

Judges Chapter 15 

1Then it came to pass after many days, in the days of the wheat harvest, that Samson visited his wife with a kid of the goats, and he said, “I will go to my wife, into the room.” But her father would not let him go in. 2And her father said, “I have solemnly declared that you definitely hated her, and I gave her to your friend. Is not her younger sister prettier than she? Please have her instead of her.” 3Then Samson said concerning them, “This time I am more innocent than the Philistines, although I am doing them harm.” 4Then Samson went and took three hundred foxes, and he took torches, and he orientated them tail to tail, and he put one torch between the two tails in between them. 5And he set the torches on fire and released them in the Philistines' cornfields, and he burnt a stack of corn and also standing corn, and also an olive grove. 6And the Philistines said, “Who did this?” And they said, “Samson the son-in-law of the Timnite, for he took his wife and gave her to his friend.” Then the Philistines went up and burnt her and her father with fire. 7And Samson said to them, “As you have done this, I will surely avenge myself on you, and only afterwards will I cease.” 8And he struck them down in the leg and in the thigh with a great assault, and he went down and sat in a cleft in the rock of Etam. 9And the Philistines came up and encamped in Judah and spread out in Lehi. 10And the men of Judah said, “Why have you come up against us?” And they said, “We have come up to capture Samson, to do to him what he has done to us.” 11Then three thousand men from Judah went down to the cleft in the rock of Etam, and they said to Samson, “Do you not know that the Philistines rule over us? What is this that you have done to us?” And he said to them, “As they have done to me, so I have done to them.” 12And they said to him, “We have come down to bind you up and to deliver you into the hands of the Philistines.” Then Samson said to them, “Swear to me that you will not attack me yourselves.” 13But they spoke to him and said, “No, rather we will certainly bind you up and deliver you into their hand, but we will certainly not kill you.” And they bound him with two new ropes, and they brought him up out of the rock. 14He came to Lehi, and the Philistines sounded an alarm to confront him, but the spirit of the Lord descended on him, and the ropes which were around his arms became like flax burning in a fire, and his bonds melted from around his hands. 15Then he found a fresh donkey's jawbone, and he stretched out his hand and took hold of it, and he struck down one thousand men with it. 16Then Samson said,

“With an ass's jawbone

– A heap, a pair of heaps –

With an ass's jawbone

I struck down a thousand men.”

17And then, when he had finished speaking, he threw the jawbone away, and he called that place Ramath-lehi. 18And he was very thirsty, and he called on the Lord and said, “You have now put this great salvation in the hand of your servant, but now I will die of thirst, and I will fall into the hands of the uncircumcised.” 19Then God split open the hollow which is in Lehi, and water came out, and he drank, and his spirit returned, and he revived, and for that reason he called it En-hakkore, which is in Lehi, up to this day. 20And he judged Israel in the days of the Philistines, for twenty years.

Judges Chapter 16 

1Then Samson went to Gaza and he saw a harlot there, and he went in to her. 2It was reported to the Gazans as follows, “Samson has come here.” Then they surrounded and ambushed him all night at the city gate, and they kept quiet all night, and said, “At morning light we will kill him.” 3And Samson lay down until midnight, then he arose at midnight, and he seized the doors of the city and the two gateposts, and he wrenched them out with the bolt, and he put them on his shoulders, and he brought them up to the top of the mountain which is opposite Hebron. 4And it came to pass after that, that he fell in love with a woman at the Brook of Sorek, and her name was Delilah. 5Then the barons of the Philistines went up and said to her, “Entice him and see what his great strength is due to, and by what means we can prevail over him, so that we can bind him to subdue him, and we will each give you one thousand one hundred pieces of silver.” 6So Delilah said to Samson, “Do tell me what your great strength is due to, and by what means you can be bound to subdue you.” 7And Samson said to her, “If they bind me with seven fresh cords which have not dried up, then I will become weak and I will become like any other man.” 8Then the barons of the Philistines brought up to her seven fresh cords which had not dried, and she bound him with them. 9And an ambush was present in collusion with her in the room, and she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” But he broke the cords as one breaks a thread of flax when one makes it touch fire, and the cause of his strength was not known. 10Then Delilah said to Samson, “Look, you have mocked me, and told me lies. Now do tell me how you can be bound.” 11Then he said to her, “If indeed they bind me with new ropes with which no work has been done, then I will become weak and become like any other man.” 12So Delilah took new ropes and bound him with them, and she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” And the ambush was present in the room, but he broke them from around his arms like a thread. 13Then Delilah said to Samson, “Up to now you have mocked me and told me lies. Tell me how you can be bound.” And he said to her, “If you weave the seven braids of my head with a web.” 14She did so and she fastened it with a peg. And she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” Then he awoke from his sleep and pulled out the peg for the woven work and the web. 15Then she said to him, “How can you say, ‘I love you’, when your heart is not with me? That is three times you have mocked me and not told me what your great strength is due to.” 16And it came to pass that she distressed him with her words every day, and urged him, so that he was inwardly grieved to death. 17And he told her all his heart, and he said to her, “No razor has gone over my head, for I have been a Nazarite of God from my mother's womb. If I am shaved, then my strength will depart from me and I will become weak, and I will be like any other man.” 18And Delilah saw that he had told her all his heart, and she sent word, and called for the barons of the Philistines, and she said, “Come up this time.” For he had told her all his heart. And the barons of the Philistines came up to her, and they brought up the silver in their hands. 19And she made him sleep on her knees, and she called for a man, and she had him shave the seven braids of his head, then she began to oppress him, and his strength departed from him. 20And she said, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” And he awoke from his sleep, and he said, “I will go out as at other times and rouse myself.” But he did not know that the Lord had departed from him. 21Then the Philistines seized him, and gouged out his eyes, and they brought him down to Gaza, and they bound him in fetters, and he became a millstone worker in the prison. 22And the hair of his head began to grow after he had been shaven. 23Then the barons of the Philistines gathered to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and for rejoicing, and they said, “Our god has delivered Samson our enemy into our hands.” 24And the people saw him, and they praised their god, for they said,

“Our god has delivered our enemy into our hands

– The one who made our land desolate

And who increased the number of our casualties.”

25And it came to pass because their heart was cheerful, that they said, “Call for Samson, and he will be sport for us.” So they called for Samson from prison, and he was sport before them, and they placed him between the columns. 26And Samson said to the boy who held him by the hand, “Let me feel the columns by which the building is held up, so that I can lean on them.” 27And the building was full of men and women, and all the barons of the Philistines were there, and there were about three thousand men and women on the roof, watching the sport with Samson. 28And Samson called out to the Lord, and he said, “My Lord the Lord, do remember me and strengthen me just this once, O God, so that I will be avenged with one act of vengeance on the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29And Samson took hold round the two central columns to which the building fixed, and he exerted force against them, one by his right hand, and one by his left hand. 30And Samson said, “I myself will die with the Philistines.” And he stretched out in strength, and the building fell on the barons and on all the people in it, and those there who died – whom he killed in his death – were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31Then his brothers and the whole household of his father went down and took him and brought him up, and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the grave of Manoah his father. And he had judged Israel for twenty years.

Judges Chapter 17 

1Now there was a man from Mount Ephraim, and his name was Micah. 2And he said to his mother, “Regarding the one thousand one hundred pieces of silver which were taken from you, when you then cursed and also spoke in my ears: here is the silver; I have it with me – I took it.” And his mother said, “Blessed are you, my son, by the Lord.” 3And he gave the one thousand one hundred pieces of silver back to his mother, and his mother said, “I had specifically sanctified the silver to the Lord from my own resources for my son, to make an engraved image and a cast image. But now I will give it back to you.” 4But he returned the silver to his mother. And his mother took two hundred pieces of silver, and gave them to the silversmith, and he made them into an engraved image and a cast image, and they were in Micah's house. 5And the man Micah had a house of gods, and he made an ephod and amulets, and he appointed one of his sons to be his priest. 6In those days there was no king in Israel – each man did what was right in his own eyes. 7And there was a lad from Bethlehem-judah of the family of Judah, and he was a Levite, and he was staying there. 8And the man went from the city – from Bethlehem-judah – to stay wherever he could find a livelihood, and he came to Mount Ephraim, to Micah's house, in making his way. 9And Micah asked him, “Where have you come from?” And he said to him, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem-judah, and I am moving around to stay wherever I find a livelihood.” 10Then Micah said to him, “Stay with me and be a father and a priest to me, and I will give you ten pieces of silver per year and a suit of clothes and your food.” And the Levite went in. 11And the Levite was willing to stay with the man, and the lad became to him like one of his sons. 12And Micah appointed the Levite, and the lad became his priest, and he was in Micah's house. 13And Micah said, “Now I know that the Lord will be favourable to me, because I have the Levite as a priest.”

Judges Chapter 18 

1In those days there was no king in Israel, and in those days the Danite tribe was looking for an inheritance to dwell in, because up to that time no inheritance had fallen to it among the tribes of Israel. 2And the sons of Dan sent five men from their family – from their borders, valiant men – from Zorah and Eshtaol to spy out the land and to search it out, and they said to them, “Go and search out the land.” And they came to Mount Ephraim, to Micah's house, and they lodged there. 3They were with Micah's household, and they recognized the voice of the Levite lad, and they went aside there and said to him, “Who brought you here, and what are you doing in this place, and what is your business here?” 4And he said to them, “Micah offered me this and that and hired me, and I became his priest.” 5Then they said to him, “Kindly ask God so that we may know whether our way on which we are going will be prosperous.” 6And the priest said to them, “Go in peace. Your way on which you are going is before the Lord.” 7And the five men departed, and they came to Laish, and they saw the people inside it, dwelling in security, in the manner of the Sidonians, being quiet and secure, with no-one who possessed authority accusing anyone of any shame in the land. And they were far from the Sidonians, and they had no business with any man. 8Then they came to their brothers in Zorah and Eshtaol, and their brothers said to them, “What news have you?” 9And they said, “Arise, and let us go up against them, for we have seen the land, and we have seen that it is very good. But you are silent. Do not be slack in going to enter in and to take possession of the land. 10As you arrive, you will come to a self-confident people. And the land is very wide, for God has delivered it into your hands – a place where there is no lack of anything in the land.” 11Then six hundred men of the Danite family, girded with weapons of war, moved from there – from Zorah and Eshtaol, 12and they went up and encamped at Kirjath-jearim in Judah, which is why they call that place Mahaneh-dan up to this day. Its location is behind Kirjath-jearim. 13And they crossed from there to Mount Ephraim, and they went up to Micah's house. 14Then the five men who had gone to spy out the land of Laish spoke and said to their brothers, “Did you know that there is an ephod and amulets in these houses, and an engraved image and a cast image? So now, decide what you are going to do.” 15Then they turned aside to there, and they went to the house of the Levite lad – to Micah's house – and they asked him how he was. 16And the six hundred men, girded with their weapons of war, who were from the sons of Dan, stood at the entrance gate. 17And the five men who had gone to spy out the land went up and went in there. They took the engraved image and the ephod and the amulets and the cast image, while the priest stood at the entrance gate, with the six hundred men girded with weapons of war. 18So these men went to Micah's house, and they took the engraved image of the ephod, the amulets and the cast image. And the priest said to them, “What are you doing?” 19And they said to him, “Be silent, and put your hand to your mouth, and come with us, and be a father and a priest to us. Is it better for you to be a priest to the house of one man or for you to be a priest to a tribe and family in Israel?” 20Then the priest's heart was glad, and he took the ephod and the amulets and the engraved image, and he went among the people. 21Then they turned around and departed, and they put the little ones and the cattle and the precious things before them. 22When they had moved away from Micah's house, the men who were in the houses which were near Micah's house mobilized themselves and caught up with the sons of Dan. 23And they called out to the sons of Dan, who turned round and said to Micah, “What is the matter with you that you should mobilize yourself like this?” 24And he said, “You have taken my gods which I made, and the priest, and have departed. So what remains for me, and what is this that you say to me, ‘What is the matter with you?’?” 25And the sons of Dan said to him, “Do not let your voice be heard with us in case any embittered men attack you and you gather yourself and the people of your household with the dead.” 26Then the sons of Dan went their way and Micah saw that they were stronger than he, so he turned round and went back to his house. 27So they took what Micah had had made, and the priest whom he had, and they came to Laish, to a quiet and self-confident people, and they struck them down with the edge of the sword, and they burnt the city with fire. 28And there was no deliverer, because it was far from Sidon, and they had no dealings with any man, and it was in the valley which belongs to Beth-rehob. Then they built up the city and dwelt in it. 29And the called the city Dan after their father Dan who was born to Israel, but the name of the city at first was Laish. 30And the sons of Dan set up the engraved image for themselves, whilst Jonathan the son of Gershon the son of Manasseh – he and his sons – became priests to the Danite tribe up until the day when the land became captive. 31And they set up for themselves Micah's engraved image which he had had made for all the time when the house of God was in Shiloh.

Judges Chapter 19 

1And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a Levite man staying on the far side of Mount Ephraim, and he took for himself a concubine woman from Bethlehem-judah. 2And his concubine played the harlot on him, and she went from him to her father's house, to Bethlehem-judah, and she was there for a year and four months. 3Then her husband as it were arose and went after her to speak kindly to her, to bring her back, and his servant-lad was with him, with a pair of donkeys. And she brought him into her father's house, and when the young lady's father saw him, he was pleased at meeting him. 4And his father-in-law as it were – the father of the young lady – kept him with him and he stayed with him for three days, and they ate and drank and they lodged there. 5And it came to pass on the fourth day that they got up early, and he arose to go, but the father of the young lady said to his son-in-law, “Refresh your heart with a bit of food, and afterwards you can go.” 6So they stayed and ate – both of them together – and they drank, and the father of the young lady said to the man, “Please be willing to lodge and let your heart be cheerful.” 7But the man got up to go, but his father-in-law put pressure on him, and he lodged there again. 8And he arose early to go on the fifth day, but the father of the young lady said, “Do refresh your heart. And they waited until the day turned noon.” And the two of them ate. 9Then the man got up to go – he and his concubine and his servant-lad – but his father-in-law, the father of the young lady, said to him, “Look, the day is declining so as to draw towards evening. Please lodge; see how the day is declining. Lodge here, and let your heart be cheerful, and get up early tomorrow for your journey, and go to your tent.” 10But the man was not willing to lodge, and he got up and departed and came to opposite Jebus – that is Jerusalem – and with him were the pair of donkeys, saddled, and his concubine was also with him. 11They were near Jebus when the day was very much in decline, and the servant-lad said to his master, “Please go and let us turn aside to this city of the Jebusites and lodge in it.” 12But his master said to him, “We will not turn aside to a stranger's city where there aren't any sons of Israel, but we will cross to Gibeah.” 13And he said to his servant-lad, “Come, and we will approach one of the places, and we will lodge in Gibeah or in Ramah.” 14Then they crossed over, and proceeded, and the sun set on them beside Gibeah, which is Benjamin's. 15And they turned aside there to go and lodge in Gibeah. When he arrived there, he sat in a city street, for no-one would receive them indoors to lodge. 16Now there was an old man coming from his work – from the field – in the evening, and the man was from Mount Ephraim, and he was staying in Gibeah, but the men of the place were Benjaminites. 17And he raised his eyes, and he saw the traveller in a city street, and the old man said, “Where are you going and where do you come from?” 18And he said to him, “We are crossing from Bethlehem-judah to the far side of Mount Ephraim. I am from there. And I went to Bethlehem-judah, and I am going to the house of the Lord, but no-one will receive me in their house. 19We have not only straw and also fodder for our donkeys, but I also have bread and wine, and for your maidservant, and the servant-lad, whom you can reckon with your servants. There is no lack of anything.” 20And the old man said, “Peace to you. Only let all your needs be my responsibility, and do not lodge in the street.” 21And he brought him into his house, and he fed the donkeys, and they washed their feet, and they ate and drank. 22While they were making their hearts merry, what happened was some men of the city – good-for-nothing men – surrounded the house, and knocked on the door, and spoke to the old man who was master of the house, and they said, “Bring out the man who went into your house so that we may know him.” 23And the man who was master of the house came out and said to them, “No, my brothers, please do not act wickedly, because this man has come into my house. Do not do this foolish thing. 24Here is my virgin daughter, and this man's concubine. Let me bring them out, and rape them, and do to them what is right in your eyes, but do not do this immoral thing to this man.” 25But the men were not willing to listen to him, and the man took hold of his concubine and brought her outside to them, and they knew her, and they abused her all night until morning, and they let her go when dawn came. 26And the woman came at daybreak and fell down at the door of the house of the man where her master was, until daylight. 27And her master rose in the morning, and opened the doors of the house and went out to go his way, what he saw was the woman who was his concubine fallen down at the entrance to the house with her hands on the threshold. 28And he said to her, “Get up and let's go.” But no-one answered. Then he took her on his donkey. Then the man got up and went back home. 29And when he came to his house, he took a knife, and he took hold of his concubine, and he cut her in pieces by her bones – into twelve pieces – and he dispersed her into every territory of Israel. 30And it came to pass that everyone who saw it said, “Nothing like this has happened or has been seen from the day the sons of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt, up to this day. Consider it, deliberate, and speak out.”

Judges Chapter 20 

1Then all the sons of Israel went out, and the congregation assembled in unanimity from Dan to Beer-sheba and the land of Gilead, to the Lord in Mizpeh. 2And the key men of all the people – of all the tribes of Israel – stood up in the convocation of the people of God, four hundred thousand infantrymen, who drew the sword. 3Now the sons of Benjamin heard that the sons of Israel had gone up to Mizpeh. And the sons of Israel said, “Explain how this wickedness came about.” 4And the Levite, the husband of the murdered woman, answered and said, “I and my concubine arrived in Gibeah, which belongs to Benjamin, to lodge there. 5And the inhabitants of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house on me by night. They intended to kill me and they raped my concubine and she died. 6So I took hold of my concubine, and I cut her in pieces and I dispersed her into all the country of the inheritance of Israel, for they committed depravity and immorality in Israel. 7Behold, you are all sons of Israel. Give your verdict and counsel here.” 8And all the people arose unanimously and said, “Not one of us will go to his tent, and not one of us will turn in to his house. 9For now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah, against it, by lot: 10we will take ten men per hundred from all the tribes of Israel, and one hundred per thousand, and one thousand per ten thousand, to take provisions for the people, for them to do to Gibeah of Benjamin when they arrive there what they deserve for all the immorality which they did in Israel.” 11So every man of Israel gathered against the city, unanimously, in league. 12And the tribes of Israel sent men throughout all the tribes of Benjamin, and they said, “What is this evil act which has taken place among you? 13So now, hand over the good-for-nothing men who are in Gibeah so that we can put them to death and eradicate evil from Israel.” But the sons of Benjamin were not willing to comply with their brothers, the sons of Israel. 14Then the sons of Benjamin gathered together in Gibeah from the cities so as to go out to war against the sons of Israel. 15And the sons of Benjamin were counted on that day, from the cities, as twenty-six thousand men who drew the sword, apart from the inhabitants of Gibeah, who were counted: seven hundred choice men. 16From all this people, there were seven hundred choice men who were left-handed. Each of these could sling a stone at a hair and not miss. 17And each man of Israel was counted, apart from Benjamin: four hundred thousand men who drew the sword. All these were men of war. 18And they arose and went up to Beth-el, and they inquired of God, and the sons of Israel said, “Which of us should go up first into battle against the sons of Benjamin?” And the Lord said, “Judah will go up first.” 19Then the sons of Israel arose in the morning and encamped against Gibeah. 20And the men of Israel went out to battle against Benjamin, and the men of Israel drew themselves up for battle with them in Gibeah. 21And the sons of Benjamin went out from Gibeah and dispatched twenty-two thousand men of Israel to the ground on that day. 22But the people – the men of Israel – encouraged themselves and drew up for battle again in the place where they had drawn up on the first day. 23And the sons of Israel went up and wept before the Lord until evening, and they inquired of the Lord and said, “Should I again engage in battle the sons of Benjamin my brother?” And the Lord said, “Go up against him.” 24And the sons of Israel engaged the sons of Benjamin on the second day. 25And Benjamin came out from Gibeah to confront them on the second day, and they dispatched another eighteen thousand among the sons of Israel to the ground, all these drawing the sword. 26Then all the sons of Israel went up with all the people, and they came to Beth-el, and they wept, and they sat there before the Lord, and they fasted on that day until evening, and they offered burnt offerings and peace-offerings before the Lord. 27Then the sons of Israel inquired of the Lord for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days, 28and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron was standing before it in those days, and he said, “Should I yet again go out to battle with the sons of Benjamin my brother, or should I cease?” And the Lord said, “Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver him into your hand.” 29Then Israel placed men in an ambush around Gibeah. 30And the sons of Israel went up against the sons of Benjamin on the third day, and they drew up against Gibeah as on previous occasions. 31And the sons of Benjamin came out to confront the people, and they were drawn away from the city, and they began to strike down some of the people dead as on previous occasions, on the highways, one of which goes up to Beth-el, and one to Gibeah in the field – about thirty men of Israel. 32Then the sons of Benjamin said, “They are defeated at our advance as at first.” But the sons of Israel said, “Let us flee and draw them away from the city to the highways.” 33And every man of Israel arose from his place, and they drew up in Baal-tamar, and Israel's ambush burst out of its place – out of the scrubland of Gibeah. 34And ten thousand choice men from all Israel came opposite Gibeah, and the battle was heavy, but they did not know that a calamity was about to hit them. 35And the Lord struck Benjamin before Israel, and the sons of Israel dispatched twenty-five thousand one hundred men of Benjamin on that day – all these drew the sword. 36And the sons of Benjamin saw that they had been defeated, and that the men of Israel had only given way to Benjamin because they relied on the ambush which they had placed in Gibeah. 37And the ambush hastened and invaded Gibeah, and the ambush drew up and struck all the city with the edge of the sword. 38Now there was an agreed signal between the men of Israel and the ambush: they would make smoke rise profusely from the city. 39When the men of Israel retreated in the battle, Benjamin began to strike some dead among the men of Israel, about thirty men, for they said, “Surely he has been defeated before us, as in the first battle.” 40But when the rising signal began to rise from the city – a column of smoke – Benjamin turned round, and what he saw was that the whole city was going up into the sky. 41Then the men of Israel turned round, and the men of Benjamin were terrified, because they saw that a calamity had struck them. 42And they turned in front of the men of Israel to the road to the desert, but the battle caught up with them, and Israel dispatched whoever was from the cities in their midst. 43They surrounded Benjamin, they pursued him, they trod him down with ease all the way to just outside Gibeah on the east. 44And eighteen thousand men of Benjamin fell – all of these being valiant men. 45Then they turned and fled to the desert, to the rock of Rimmon, and Israel gleaned five thousand of their men on the highways, and they pursued them to Gidom, and they struck down two thousand of their men. 46And all the fallen of Benjamin amounted to twenty-five thousand men who drew the sword on that day – all of these being valiant men. 47And they turned and fled to the desert, to the rock of Rimmon – six hundred men – and they stayed at the rock of Rimmon for four months. 48So the men of Israel turned on the sons of Benjamin and struck them down with the edge of the sword from the entire city, including the cattle and everything found there. And they also set all the cities they found on fire.

Judges Chapter 21 

1And the men of Israel swore in Mizpeh and said, “None of our men will give his daughter to Benjamin as a wife.” 2And the people came to Beth-el and stayed there until the evening, before God, and they lifted up their voices and wept with great weeping. 3And they said, “Why, O Lord God of Israel, did this happen in Israel, for one tribe of Israel to be visited today?” 4And it came to pass on the next day that the people got up and built an altar there and offered burnt offerings and peace-offerings. 5And the sons of Israel said, “Who is there in the convocation of all the tribes of Israel who has not come up to the Lord?” For a great oath had taken place against whoever did not come up to the Lord in Mizpeh, namely, that he should certainly be put to death. 6And the sons of Israel felt compassion for Benjamin their brother, and they said, “Today, one tribe of Israel was cut off. 7What shall we do for wives for them that remain? For we have sworn by the Lord not to give them any of our daughters as wives.” 8And they said, “What single person is there in the tribes of Israel who did not come up to the Lord in Mizpeh?” And they ascertained that no-one had come up to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the convocation. 9For the people had been counted, and it was seen that there was no man there of the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead. 10Then the congregation sent twelve thousand of the valiant men there, and they commanded them and said, “Go and strike down the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead with the edge of the sword, including the women and little ones. 11And this is what you will do: you will destroy every male and every woman who has known intercourse with a male.” 12And of the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead they found four hundred virgin girls who had not known a man by intercourse with a male, and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh which is in the land of Canaan. 13And the whole congregation sent word and spoke to the sons of Benjamin who were at the rock of Rimmon, and proclaimed peace to them. 14And Benjamin returned at that time, and they gave them the women whom they had let live from the women of Jabesh-gilead, but that was not sufficient for them. 15And the people had compassion on Benjamin, for the Lord had caused a rupture in the tribes of Israel. 16And the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who remain? For the women have been obliterated from Benjamin.” 17And they said, “Benjamin must have an inheritance for the escaped remnant, so that a tribe is not wiped out from Israel. 18But we cannot give them wives from our daughters, because the sons of Israel have sworn and said, ‘Cursed is he who gives a wife to Benjamin.’ ” 19And they said, “Look, there is a festival to the Lord on these days when they occur, in Shiloh, which is north of Beth-el to the east of the highway which goes up from Beth-el to Shechem, and to the south of Lebonah.” 20And they commanded the sons of Benjamin and said, “Go and set an ambush in the vineyards. 21And watch, and this is the plan, when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in the dances, then you come out of the vineyards and seize each one a wife for yourselves from the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. 22And it will come to pass that if their fathers or their brothers come, to contest this with us, we will say to them, ‘Be gracious to us with them, because we did not take for each man his wife in battle, and because you are by no means giving them to them now, whereby you would incur guilt.’ ” 23And the sons of Benjamin did so, and they took wives according to their number from the dancers whom they snatched away, and they departed and returned to their inheritance, and they built cities and lived in them. 24And the sons of Israel walked away from there at that time – each man to his tribe and his family – and each man went out to his inheritance. 25In those days there was no king in Israel; each man did what was right in his own eyes.

1 Samuel  

1 Samuel Chapter 1 

1Now there was a certain man from Ramathaim-zophim, from Mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite, 2and he had two wives. The name of the first was Hannah and the name of the second was Peninnah. And Peninnah had children, but Hannah did not have any children. 3And this man went up from his city every year to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh, where Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests to the Lord were. 4And the day came when Elkanah made his sacrifice, and he gave portions to Peninnah his wife, and to each of her sons and her daughters. 5And to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had closed her womb. 6And her rival provoked her dreadfully, so as to torment her, for the Lord had closed her womb. 7And just as he did this from year to year, every time she went to the house of the Lord, so she for her part provoked her, and she wept and would not eat. 8And Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why are you crying, and why will you not eat, and why does your heart grieve? Am I not better to you than ten sons?” 9Then Hannah got up after they had eaten in Shiloh and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat at the gatepost of the temple of the Lord. 10But she was very bitter, and she prayed to the Lord, and wept profusely. 11And she made a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if only you would make a point of attending to the affliction of your maidservant, and would remember me and not forget your maidservant and give your maidservant progeny, then I would give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor would pass over his head.” 12And it came to pass that she was praying intensively before the Lord when Eli observed her mouth. 13Now Hannah was speaking in her heart – only her lips were moving and her voice was not heard – and Eli thought she was drunk. 14And Eli said to her, “How much longer will you keep getting drunk? Put your wine well away from you.” 15But Hannah answered and said, “It's not that, my lord. I am a hard-pressed woman, and I have not drunk any wine or strong drink, but I have poured out my heart before the Lord. 16Do not take your handmaid for a good-for-nothing girl, for it is with a lot of grievance and frustration on my part that I have spoken so far.” 17Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace and may the God of Israel grant your request which you have asked him for.” 18And she said, “May your maidservant find grace in your eyes.” And the woman went her way and ate, and her expression was no longer dejected. 19And they got up early in the morning and worshipped before the Lord, then they returned and went to their home in Ramah, and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. 20And it came to pass in the course of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she called him Samuel, “Because”, she said, “I asked for him from the Lord.” 21And the man, Elkanah, and all of his household, went up to offer the yearly sacrifice and that of his vow to the Lord. 22But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “Not until the young boy is weaned, and then I will bring him, and he will appear in the presence of the Lord, and he will stay there indefinitely.” 23And Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what is right in your sight. Stay until you have weaned him, only may the Lord establish his word.” So the woman stayed and suckled her son until she had weaned him. 24Then when she had weaned him she took him up with her, with three bulls and one ephah of flour and a bottle of wine, and she brought him to the house of the Lord in Shiloh, when he was just a boy. 25And they slaughtered the bull, and they brought the boy to Eli. 26And she said, “Please, my lord, as you yourself live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing with you here, praying to the Lord. 27I prayed for this boy, and the Lord granted my request which I asked for from him. 28And I have also made him over to the Lord for all his days. He was a request made to the Lord” And he worshipped the Lord there.

1 Samuel Chapter 2 

1And Hannah prayed and said,

“My heart exults in the Lord,

My horn has been raised by the Lord,

My mouth has become broad over my enemies,

For I have rejoiced in your salvation.

2There is no-one holy like the Lord,

For there is no-one besides you,

Nor is there any rock

Like our God.

3Do not speak profusely in lofty words,

Nor let insolence issue from your mouth,

For the Lord is a God of knowledge

And by him deeds are weighed.

4The bows of heroes are shattered,

But those who once stumbled

Are girded with strength.

5The once satiated have hired themselves out for bread,

But the hungry are no more so.

Even the barren has borne seven,

Whereas she who had many sons is languishing.

6The Lord kills and makes alive,

He brings down to the grave and raises up.

7The Lord disinherits and enriches,

He abases as well as exalts.

8He raises up the poor from the dust,

And elevates the needy from the dung heap,

To house them with princes,

And to give them a throne of honour.

For the pillars of the earth are the Lord's

And on them he has set the world.

9He will keep the feet of the man of his grace,

But the wicked will be destroyed in darkness,

For man will not prevail by force.

10As for the Lord, his adversaries will be broken;

He will thunder against them in heaven.

The Lord will judge the ends of the earth,

And give strength to his king,

And raise the horn of his messiah.”

11Then Elkanah went to Ramah, to his house. And the boy was serving the Lord before Eli the priest. 12But Eli's sons were good-for-nothing – they did not know the Lord. 13And it was the custom of the priests with the people that when any man offered a sacrifice, the priest's servant-boy would come while the meat was cooking, with a three-pronged fork in his hand. 14And he would plunge it into the pan or the cauldron or the kettle or the pot. Everything that the fork brought up, the priest would take for himself. So they did with all Israel which went there, to Shiloh. 15Also, before they burned the fat, the priest's servant-boy would come and say to the man who was making a sacrifice, “Give the meat to the priest to roast. And he will not accept cooked meat from you, but rather, raw.” 16And if the man said to him, “Be sure they burn the fat straightaway, then take for yourself whatever your heart desires”, then he would say to him, “No, for you must give it now, and if you do not, I will take it by force.” 17And the young man's sin was very great before the Lord, for the men loathed the Lord's offering. 18But Samuel served before the Lord – a boy girded with an ephod of fine linen. 19And his mother would make him a little coat, and bring it up to him each year when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and he said, “May the Lord appoint you seed from this woman in return for the granted request, the boy who has been made over to the Lord.” Then they went home. 21Then the Lord visited Hannah, and she conceived, and bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy, Samuel, grew up in fellowship with the Lord. 22Now Eli was very old, and he heard everything that his sons did to the whole of Israel, and that they lay with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of contact. 23And he said to them, “Why are you doing such things? For I hear about your bad behaviour from all of this people. 24No, my sons, for it is not a good report that I hear about you, making the Lord's people transgress. 25If a man sins against another, then God will judge him, but if a man sins against the Lord, who will pray for him?” But they would not heed their father, and consequently the Lord wished to put them to death. 26And the boy, Samuel, kept growing and was approved of by both the Lord and men. 27And a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Was I not clearly revealed to the house of your father when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house? 28And did I not choose him from all the tribes of Israel to be a priest to me? – to offer on my altar, to burn incense, to wear the ephod before me, and did I not allocate all the fire-offerings of the sons of Israel to your father's house? 29Why are you recalcitrant about my sacrifice and my meal-offering which I commanded in my dwelling place, and why have you honoured your sons more than me by making yourselves fat with the beginning of all the offerings of my people Israel?’ 30Therefore the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I have explicitly said to your house and to the house of your father that they should walk before me age-abidingly. And now’, says the Lord, ‘far be it from me, for I will honour those who honour me, and those who despise me will be held in contempt. 31Behold, the days are coming when I will cut off your arm and the arm of the house of your father, so that there will not be an old man in your house. 32And you will see distress in my dwelling place, in everything regarding which it has been treating Israel well, and there will not be an old man in your house at any time. 33But I will not cut anyone of yours off from my altar when I waste your eyes away and wear your heart down, and at every increase in your house, men will die. 34And this will be the sign to you, which will come on your two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas. On one day the two of them will die. 35And I will raise up a faithful priest to myself, who will act according to what is in my heart and in my soul, and I will build a faithful house for him, and he will walk before my anointed at all times. 36And it will come to pass that everyone who remains in your house will come to bow down before him for an agorah of silver and a loaf of bread, and will say, «Admit me, please, to one of the priestly offices, so that I may eat a piece of bread.» ’ ”

1 Samuel Chapter 3 

1And Samuel the boy served the Lord before Eli, and the word of the Lord was precious in those days, and visions were infrequent. 2And it came to pass at that time when Eli was lying down in his place, and his eyes had begun to become dim, and he could not see, 3and before the lamp of God went out, while Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord where the ark of God was, 4that the Lord called out to Samuel. And he said, “Here I am”, 5and he ran to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you have called me.” But he said, “I didn't call you. Lie down again.” So he went back and lay down. 6Then the Lord called him again: “Samuel.” And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you have called me.” But he said, “I did not call you, my son. Lie down again.” 7Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, and it was before the word of the Lord had been revealed to him. 8And the Lord called Samuel again – a third time. And he got up and went to Eli, and said, “Here I am, for you have called me.” And Eli understood that the Lord had been calling the boy. 9And Eli said to Samuel, “Go and lie down, and it will be the case that if he calls you, you will say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’ ” So Samuel went back and lay down in his place. 10And the Lord came and stood there and called as the previous times, “Samuel, Samuel.” And Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant is listening.” 11And the Lord said to Samuel, “I am about to do something in Israel at which the two ears of everyone who hears it will tingle. 12On that day I will fulfil everything against Eli which I have spoken against his house. I will make a start and I will bring it to its conclusion. 13For I have told him that I am about to judge his house age-abidingly for the iniquity which he has known about, for his sons are cursing God, but he has not admonished them. 14Therefore I have sworn to the house of Eli that the iniquity of the house of Eli will certainly not be expiated by sacrifice or offering age-abidingly.” 15And Samuel lay down until the morning, when he opened the doors of the house of the Lord, but Samuel was afraid to tell the vision to Eli. 16And Eli called for Samuel and said, “Samuel, my son”, and he said, “Here I am.” 17And he said, “What is the thing which he has said to you? Please do not conceal it from me. May God do such-and-such to you and add such-and-such if you conceal from me anything of the whole thing which he said to you.” 18So Samuel told him all the words, and did not conceal anything from him. And he said, “It is the Lord. May he do what is right in his sight.” 19And Samuel grew up, and the Lord was with him, and he did not let any of his words fall on the ground. 20And all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel had been confirmed as a prophet of the Lord. 21Then the Lord appeared again in Shiloh, for the Lord was revealed to Samuel in Shiloh with the word of the Lord.

1 Samuel Chapter 4 

1And Samuel's word came to all of Israel, and Israel went out to war against the Philistines, and they encamped at Eben-ezer, whereas the Philistines encamped in Aphek. 2And the Philistines lined themselves up against Israel, and the war spread, and Israel was defeated when confronting the Philistines, who struck down about four thousand men in battle-array in the field. 3And the people went to the camp, and the elders of Israel asked, “Why has the Lord defeated us today when confronting the Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the Lord from Shiloh, so that it comes right in among us and saves us from the hand of our enemies.” 4So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought from there the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts – with him dwelling between the cherubim – and Eli's two sons were there with the ark of the covenant of God, Hophni and Phinehas. 5And it came to pass when the ark of the covenant of the Lord came to the camp that all Israel raised a loud shout, and the land was in commotion. 6And the Philistines heard the sound of the shouting, and they said, “What is this sound of loud shouting in the camp of the Hebrews?” And they became aware that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp. 7And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp.” And they said, “Woe to us, because it wasn't like this in the past. 8Woe to us. Who can deliver us from the hand of these great gods? They are the gods which struck Egypt with every kind of blow in the desert. 9Strengthen yourselves and become men, you Philistines, so as not to become servants to the Hebrews, in the way they were servants to you, and become men, and fight.” 10And the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and each fled to his tents, and the blow was very heavy, and thirty thousand of Israel's infantry fell. 11And the ark of God was taken, and Eli's two sons died – Hophni and Phinehas. 12Then a Benjaminite ran from the battle-line and came to Shiloh on that day, with his clothing torn and earth on his head. 13And when he arrived, he saw Eli sitting on a seat at the side of the road keeping a look out, for his heart was trembling about the ark of God, and when the man came and gave a report in the city, all the city shouted out. 14And Eli heard the sound of the shouting, and he said, “What is this sound of commotion?” And the man quickly came and told Eli. 15Now Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were unable to focus, and he could not see. 16And the man said to Eli, “I am the one who has come from the battle-line, and I fled from the battle-line today.” And he said, “What was the outcome, my son?” 17And the messenger replied and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there was a great massacre among the people, and also your two sons died, Hophni and Phinehas, and the ark of God was captured.” 18And it came to pass when he mentioned the ark of God, that he fell from his seat backwards through the side of the gate, and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. And he had judged Israel for forty years. 19And his daughter-in-law, Phinehas's wife, was pregnant and was on the point of giving birth when she had heard the report of the ark of God being captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead. Then she sank down and gave birth, for her labour pains had come on over her. 20And at the time of her death, the women standing around her said to her, “Do not be afraid, for you have given birth to a son.” But she did not answer and she did not lay it to heart. 21And she called the boy I-chabod, and said, “The glory has been removed from Israel with the ark of God being captured”, and because of her father-in-law and her husband. 22And she said, “The glory has been removed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”

1 Samuel Chapter 5 

1So the Philistines captured the ark of God, and they brought it from Eben-ezer to Ashdod. 2And the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it to the house of Dagon, and they set it up next to Dagon. 3But when the Ashdodites got up early next day, what they saw was that Dagon had fallen face down to the ground before the ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon and restored him to his position. 4Then they got up early on the next day and saw that Dagon had fallen face down to the ground before the ark of the Lord, and Dagon's head and the two palms of his hands had been cut off at the threshold – only the trunk of Dagon was left to him. 5For this reason the priests of Dagon and none of those who come to the house of Dagon have been treading on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod up to this day. 6And the hand of the Lord became very heavy on the Ashdodites, and he devastated them, and he struck them – the people of Ashdod and its outskirts – with haemorrhoids. 7And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was like that, they said, “The ark of the God of Israel will not stay with us, for his hand has been harsh on us and on Dagon our god.” 8So they sent word and had all the barons of the Philistines gather with them and they asked, “What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?” And they said, “The ark of the God of Israel shall be returned to Gath.” And they returned the ark of the God of Israel. 9Then it came to pass after they had returned it that the hand of the Lord came on the city with very great turmoil, and he struck the men of the city, both great and small, and haemorrhoids broke out on them. 10Then they sent the ark of God to Ekron, and it came to pass when the ark of God arrived at Ekron that the Ekronites shouted out and said, “They have brought the ark of the God of Israel back to me to kill me and my people.” 11And they sent word and had all the barons of the Philistines gather, and they said, “Send the ark of the God of Israel away and have it return to its place, so that it does not kill me and my people” for there was a deadly turmoil in the whole of the city – the hand of God was very heavy there. 12And the men who did not die were struck with haemorrhoids, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.

1 Samuel Chapter 6 

1And the ark of the Lord was in the Philistines' country for seven months. 2Then the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, and they said, “What should we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us in what way we should send it to its place.” 3And they said, “If you send the ark of the God of Israel back, do not send it back empty, but certainly return a guilt-offering to him, then you will be healed and it will be known to you why his hand would not depart from you.” 4And they said, “What is the guilt-offering which we should render to him?” And they said, “As the number of barons of the Philistines is: five golden haemorrhoids and five golden mice, for there was one plague on all, including your barons. 5And you shall make images of your haemorrhoids and images of your mice which infested the land, and you shall give honour to the God of Israel so that maybe he will relax his grip on you and on your god and on your land. 6Why should you harden your heart in the way Egypt and Pharaoh hardened their heart? When he dealt forcefully with them, did they not let them go and they departed? 7So now, take and make one new wagon and two dairy cows on which no yoke has been put, and you will attach the cows to the wagon and bring their calves back home, leaving them behind. 8And you will take the ark of the Lord and you will put it on the wagon, and put the golden items which you are giving to him in return as a guilt-offering, in a box alongside it, and you will send it and it will go. 9And you will see whether it goes up by the way of his border to Beth-shemesh, because then it was him who did this great evil to us, but if not, then we will know that it was not his hand which struck us, and that it was a coincidence that happened to us.” 10And the men did this, and they took two dairy cows and they attached them to the wagon, and they confined their calves at home. 11And they put the ark of the Lord and the box and the golden mice and the images of their tumours on the wagon. 12And the cows went straight down the road, on the road to Beth-shemesh, and they went on the one highway, lowing as they went, and they did not turn to the right or left, while the barons of the Philistines followed them up to the border of Beth-shemesh. 13And at Beth-shemesh they were reaping the wheat harvest in the valley, and they lifted up their eyes and saw the ark, and they rejoiced at seeing it. 14And the wagon came to the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite, and it stopped there, where there is a large stone, and they chopped up the wood of the wagon and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord. 15Then the Levites brought the ark of the Lord down, and the box which was with it, in which were the golden items, and they put them on the large stone. And the men of Beth-shemesh offered burnt offerings and offered sacrifices to the Lord on that day. 16And the five barons of the Philistines saw it and went back to Ekron on that day. 17And these are the golden tumours which the Philistines returned as a guilt-offering to the Lord: for Ashdod, one; for Gaza, one; for Ashkelon, one; for Gath, one; for Ekron, one. 18And the golden mice were in number as all the cities of the Philistines, belonging to the five barons, from fortified city to unwalled village, including the great meadow above which they placed the ark of the Lord, a place as it is up to this day, in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite. 19Then he struck down the men of Beth-shemesh, because they looked in the ark of the Lord, and among the people he struck down seventy men, and fifty thousand men, and the people mourned, for the Lord had inflicted a severe blow on the people. 20And the men of Beth-shemesh said, “Who can stand before this holy Lord God, and to whom will it go up away from us?” 21And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim and said, “The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord. Come down and bring it up to where you are.”

1 Samuel Chapter 7 

1So the men of Kirjath-jearim came and brought the ark of the Lord up and they brought it to the house of Abinadab on the hill, and they sanctified Eleazar his son for him to keep the ark of the Lord. 2And it came to pass on a day when the ark remained in Kirjath-jearim, that much time passed, and twenty years went by, and the whole house of Israel lamented before the Lord. 3Then Samuel spoke to the whole house of Israel and said, “If you are returning to the Lord with all your heart, remove the foreign gods from your vicinity, including the images of Astarte, and prepare your heart for the Lord and serve him alone, and may he deliver you from the hand of the Philistines.” 4So the sons of Israel removed the images of Baal and the images of Astarte and served the Lord only. 5Then Samuel said, “Assemble all of Israel in Mizpeh, and I will pray to the Lord for you.” 6So they assembled in Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it before the Lord, and they fasted on that day, and they said there, “We have sinned against the Lord.” And Samuel judged the sons of Israel in Mizpeh. 7And the Philistines heard that the sons of Israel had assembled in Mizpeh, and the barons of the Philistines went up against Israel, and when the sons of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines. 8And the sons of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not refrain in silence from crying out to the Lord our God on behalf of us, so that he saves us from the hand of the Philistines.” 9Then Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered it as a complete burnt offering to the Lord, and Samuel cried out to the Lord on behalf of Israel, and the Lord answered him. 10And Samuel was performing the burnt offering when the Philistines approached to wage war on Israel, but the Lord made it thunder on the Philistines with a loud sound on that day, and he routed them, and they were struck down before Israel. 11And the men of Israel went out from Mizpeh and pursued the Philistines, and struck them down as far as below Beth-car. 12Then Samuel took a stone, and put it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called it Eben-ezer, and he said, “Up to this point the Lord has helped us.” 13So the Philistines were defeated and they did not come into Israel's territory again, and the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines for all Samuel's days. 14And the cities which the Philistines had captured from Israel returned to Israel, from Ekron to Gath, and Israel rescued its borders from the hand of the Philistines, and there was peace between Israel and the Amorite. 15And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. 16And each year he went round Beth-el and Gilgal and Mizpeh, and he judged Israel in all these places. 17And his final stop was to Ramah, for that is where his house was, and he judged Israel there, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

1 Samuel Chapter 8 

1And it came to pass when Samuel was old, that he appointed his sons as Israel's judges. 2And the name of his elder son was Joel, and the name of his second one was Abiah, and they were judges in Beer-sheba. 3But his sons did not walk in his way, and they turned aside after unjust gain, and they accepted bribes, and they misapplied justice. 4And all the elders of Israel gathered and came to Samuel in Ramah. 5And they said to him, “Look, you are old, but your sons don't walk in your ways. Now then, appoint us a king to judge us like all the Gentiles.” 6But the matter was wrong in Samuel's sight, when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the Lord. 7And the Lord said to Samuel, “Heed the people – everything they say to you – for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me reigning over them, 8like all their deeds which they have perpetrated from the day when I brought them up out of Egypt up to this day, and they have abandoned me and served other gods, and so they are doing to you too. 9So now, heed them, but nevertheless testify solemnly against them and tell them about the administration of the king who will reign over them.” 10And Samuel spoke all the words of the Lord to the people who were asking him for a king. 11And he said, “This will be the administration of the king who will reign over you: he will take your sons and appoint them in his interest in his chariot fleet and his cavalry, and some of them will run before his chariot fleet. 12And he will appoint himself commanders of a thousand and commanders of fifty, and men to plough his fields and to reap his harvest and to make his armaments and his chariot equipment. 13And he will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers. 14And he will take your best fields and vineyards and olive groves, and he will give them to his servants. 15And he will tithe your seed and your vineyards and give them to his courtiers and his servants. 16And he will take your menservants and your maidservants and your best young men, and your donkeys, and engage them in his work. 17He will tithe your sheep, and you will become his servants. 18And you will cry out on that day because of your king whom you chose for yourselves, but the Lord will not answer you on that day.” 19But the people refused to heed Samuel, and they said, “No, on the contrary, we will have a king over us. 20And we too will be like all the Gentiles, and our king will judge us, and he will go out before us and fight our wars.” 21And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he spoke them in the audience of the Lord. 22And the Lord said to Samuel, “Heed them and appoint them a king.” Then Samuel said to the men of Israel, “Depart, each of you, to your city.”

1 Samuel Chapter 9 

1Now there was a Benjaminite whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjaminite who was a valiant warrior. 2And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a fine young man, and there was no man among the sons of Israel who was better than him. He was taller than any of the people from his shoulders upwards. 3And the donkeys of Kish, Saul's father, got lost, and Kish said to Saul his son, “Take one of the servant-lads with you and get up and go and look for the donkeys.” 4And he crossed over at Mount Ephraim and he crossed into the land of Shalisha, but they did not find them, and they crossed into the land of Shalim, but they were not there. Then he crossed into the land of the Benjaminites, but they did not find them. 5And they came into the land of Zuph, and Saul said to his servant-lad who was with him, “Come, let us return in case my father stops worrying about his donkeys and worries about us.” 6And he said to him, “Look now, there is a man of God in this city, and the man is honoured. Everything he says absolutely comes to pass. Now let's go there; maybe he can tell us the way which we should go.” 7Then Saul said to his servant-lad, “Well look, we will go, but what shall we bring for the man, for we have run out of bread, and there is no gift to bring to the man of God. What do we have?” 8And the servant-lad answered Saul again, and he said, “Look, here is a quarter shekel of silver in my hand. I will give it to the man of God and he will tell us our way.” 9Previously in Israel, this is what a man said when he went to inquire of God, “Come, let us go to the seer”, for he who is called a prophet today was previously called a seer. 10And Saul said to his servant-lad, “Your proposal is fine. Come on, let's go.” So they went to the city where the man of God was. 11As they went on the way up to the city, they found some girls on their way out to draw water, and they said to them, “Is the seer here?” 12And they answered them and said, “There is – here ahead of you. Go quickly now, because he came to the city today, for there is a sacrifice today for the people, on the raised site. 13As soon as you go into the city, you will find him before he goes up to the raised site to eat, for the people will not eat until he comes, because he will bless the sacrifice. After that, those invited will eat, so go up now, for at this time of day you will find him.” 14So they went up to the city, and as they went into the city, it so happened that Samuel was coming out towards them to go up to the raised site. 15Now the Lord had informed Samuel privately one day before Saul came, and he had said, 16“At about this time tomorrow I will send a man from the land of Benjamin to you, and you will anoint him as leader over my people Israel, and he will deliver my people from the hands of the Philistines, for I have seen my people, for their cry has come to me.” 17So Samuel saw Saul, and the Lord affirmed to him, “Here is the man concerning whom I said to you, ‘This man will rule my people.’ ” 18Then Saul drew near to Samuel inside the gated area and said, “Please tell me, where is the seer's house?” 19Then Samuel answered Saul and said, “I am the seer. Come up before me to the raised site, and you will eat with me today, and I will send you on your way in the morning, and I will tell you everything that is on your heart. 20And as for your donkeys which you lost three days ago, do not concern yourself with them, for they have been found. And for whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not for you and for the whole house of your father?” 21And Saul answered and said, “Am I not a Benjaminite, from the smallest of the tribes of Israel, and is not my family the lowliest of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? So why have you spoken to me in this way?” 22Then Samuel took Saul and his servant-lad, and brought them to the reception room, and gave them a place at the head of those invited, of whom there were about thirty. 23And Samuel said to the cook, “Serve the portion which I gave to you, about which I said to you, ‘Keep it aside.’ ” 24So the cook brought up the leg and what was on it and placed it before Saul. And Samuel said, “Here is what was reserved. Put it in front of you and eat, for it has been kept for you for this occasion, when I said, ‘I have invited the people.’ ” So Saul ate with Samuel on that day. 25Then they went down from the raised site to the city, and he spoke with Saul on his roof-top. 26And they got up early, and as it was dawning Samuel called to Saul on the roof-top and said, “Get up and I will see you off.” So Saul got up and the two of them went out, he and Samuel, into the open. 27And as they were going at the edge of the city, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant-lad to move on ahead of us” – and he moved on – “but you stand still now and I will proclaim the word of God to you.”

1 Samuel Chapter 10 

1And Samuel took the flask of oil and poured it on his head, and kissed him, and he said, “Is it not the case that the Lord has anointed you as leader over his inheritance? 2When you depart from me today, you will find two men at Rachel's tomb, at the border of Benjamin's territory at Zelzah, and they will say to you, ‘The donkeys which you went to look for have been found, and look, your father dropped the matter of the donkeys and became concerned for you, and said, «What can I do for my son?» ’ 3And you will pass on from there, and go further on, and when you arrive at the oak tree of Tabor, there three men will meet you, going up to God in Beth-el, one leading three goat-kids, and one carrying three loaves of bread, and one carrying a skin-bottle of wine. 4And they will ask you how you are, and they will give you two loaves of bread, and you will take them from them. 5After that you will come to the hill of God where there are garrisons of Philistines, and it will come to pass when you arrive there at the city that you will meet a company of prophets coming down from the raised site, and in front of them will be a lute and drum and harp, and they will prophesy. 6And the spirit of the Lord will come over you and you will prophesy with them, and you will be turned into another man. 7And it will come to pass when these signs come on you, that you will do whatever presents itself to you, for God is with you. 8And you will go down before me to Gilgal, and look, I am coming down to you to make burnt offerings, and to offer peace sacrifices. You will wait for seven days for me to come to you, and I will make known to you what you will do.” 9And it came to pass that when he turned his back to depart from Samuel that God replaced his heart by a different one, and all these signs came about on that day. 10And when they came there – to the hill – it so happened that a group of prophets came towards him, and the spirit of God descended on him and he prophesied among them. 11And it came to pass that everyone who had known him for some time looked and saw that he prophesied with the prophets, and the people said to one another, “What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?” 12And a man from there answered and said, “And who is their father?” Because of that it became a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?” 13Then he finished prophesying, and he went to the raised site. 14Then Saul's uncle said to him and to his servant-lad, “Where did you go?” And he said, “To look for the donkeys. And when we saw that they weren't around, we went to Samuel.” 15And Saul's uncle said, “Please tell me, what did Samuel say to you?” 16And Saul said to his uncle, “He emphatically told us that the donkeys had been found.” But he did not tell him about the matter of the kingdom which Samuel had spoken about. 17Meanwhile Samuel called the people together to the Lord in Mizpeh. 18And he said to the sons of Israel, “The Lord God of Israel says this, ‘I brought Israel up from Egypt and I delivered you from the grip of Egypt and the grip of all the kingdoms which were oppressing you. 19But you today have rejected your God who saves you from all your troubles and adversities, and you have said to him, «So appoint a king over us.» And now stand before the Lord according to your tribes and according to your thousands.’ ” 20And Samuel had all the tribes of Israel approach, and the tribe of Benjamin was selected. 21Then he had the tribe of Benjamin approach according to its families, and the family of Matri was selected, and Saul the son of Kish was selected. And they looked for him, but he was not found. 22Then they inquired of the Lord again, “Has the man come here yet?” And the Lord said, “Look, he has hidden among the equipment.” 23So they ran and took him from there, and he stood among the people, and he was taller than any of the people from his shoulders upwards. 24And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see whom the Lord has chosen? For there is no-one like him among all the people.” And all the people shouted and said, “May the king live.” 25And Samuel told the people the decision on the kingship, and he wrote it in a book and deposited it before the Lord. Then Samuel sent all the people away – each one to his home. 26And Saul went home to Gibeah, and with him went the army whose heart God had motivated so to do. 27But the riff-raff said, “How can this man save us?” And they despised him and did not bring him any offering. But he remained silent.

1 Samuel Chapter 11 

1Then Nahash the Ammonite went up and encamped against Jabesh-gilead. And all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, “Make a covenant with us and we will serve you.” 2And Nahash the Ammonite said to them, “On this condition I will make a covenant with you: that I gouge out every right eye of yours and make it a reproach on all Israel.” 3And the elders of Jabesh said to him, “Give us seven days and we will send envoys to every territory of Israel, and if we don't have anyone to save us, we will come out to you.” 4And the envoys came to Gibeah of Saul and they spoke the words in the audience of the people. And all the people raised their voice and wept. 5And it so happened that Saul came following the cattle from the field, and Saul said, “What is the matter with the people making them weep?” And they told him the words of the men of Jabesh. 6Then the spirit of God came on Saul when he heard these words, and his anger was very much kindled. 7And he took a yoke of oxen and divided them in pieces and sent them to every territory of Israel by the hand of envoys and said, “As for anyone who does not come out behind Saul and behind Samuel, so shall it be done to his oxen.” And the fear of the Lord fell on the people, and they came out in unison. 8And he counted them in Bezek, and the sons of Israel were three hundred thousand in number, and the men of Judah came to thirty thousand. 9And they said to the envoys who came, “This is what you will say to the men of Jabesh-gilead, ‘Tomorrow in the heat of the sun, you will have salvation.’ ” So the envoys went back and reported it to the men of Jabesh, and they rejoiced at it. 10And the men of Jabesh said, “Tomorrow we will go out to you and you will do for us whatever is right in your sight.” 11And it came to pass on the next day that Saul arranged the people in three contingents, and they went into the camp during the morning-watch, and they struck the Ammonites down until the heat of the day. And it came to pass that those remaining were scattered, and no two among them remained together. 12And the people said to Samuel, “Who is it that said, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ Give us the men so we can put them to death.” 13Then Saul said, “No-one shall be put to death on this day, for today the Lord accomplished salvation in Israel.” 14And Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go to Gilgal and renew the kingship there.” 15So all the people went to Gilgal and made Saul king there before the Lord at Gilgal, and they offered peace-sacrifices there before the Lord, and Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

1 Samuel Chapter 12 

1And Samuel said to the whole of Israel, “Look, I have given heed to your voice – everything you have said to me – and I have appointed a king over you. 2So now, look, the king walks before you, but I have grown old and become grey-haired, but here are my sons with you, and I have walked before you from my youth up to this day. 3Here I am – testify against me in the presence of the Lord and in the presence of his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Or whose donkey have I taken? Or whom have I oppressed? Whom have I maltreated? Or from whose hand have I received a bribe to turn a blind eye with it? – and I will restore it to you.” 4And they said, “You have not oppressed us and you have not maltreated us, and you have not taken anything from anyone's hand.” 5And he said to them, “The Lord is a witness to you, and his anointed is a witness on this day that you have not found anything in my hand.” And each said, “He is a witness.” 6Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who made Moses and Aaron and who brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. 7And now, stand there and let me join issue with you before the Lord about all the righteous acts of the Lord which he did with you and with your fathers, 8when Jacob went to Egypt, and your fathers cried out to the Lord, and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, and they brought your fathers out of Egypt, and settled them in this place. 9But they forgot the Lord their God, so he sold them into the hand of Sisera, the commander of the army of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them. 10Then they cried out to the Lord and each said, ‘We have sinned, for we have left the Lord and served the images of Baal and images of Astarte, but save us now from the hand of our enemies and we will serve you.’ 11And the Lord sent Jerubbaal and Bedan and Jephthah, and Samuel and delivered you from your enemies round about, and you lived in security. 12And when you saw that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon had come against you, you said to me, ‘No, for a king will reign over us’, although the Lord your God is your king. 13And now here is the king whom you chose, whom you asked for, and you see that the Lord has appointed a king over you. 14If you fear the Lord and serve him and heed his voice and do not resist the Lord's instructions, then both you and the king who reigns over you will be in the wake of the Lord your God. 15But if you don't listen to the voice of the Lord, and you rebel against the instructions of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord will be against you and against your fathers. 16Now too, stand and see this great proceeding which the Lord is about to do before your eyes. 17Is it not the wheat-harvest today? I will call out to the Lord and he will produce rolls of thunder and rain, so be aware and see that your wickedness which you have committed is great in the eyes of the Lord in asking for a king for yourselves.” 18Then Samuel called out to the Lord, and the Lord produced rolls of thunder and rain on that day, and all the people feared the Lord and Samuel greatly. 19And all the people said to Samuel, “Pray to the Lord your God on behalf of your servants that we don't die, for we have added to all our sins a wicked thing in asking for a king for us.” 20And Samuel said to the people, “Do not fear – you have all done this wrong, but do not depart from following the Lord and serve the Lord with all your heart. 21And you shall not depart, for that would be to follow vain things which will not be of benefit and will not save you, for they are vain things. 22For the Lord will not abandon his people, for the sake of his great name, for the Lord is willing to make you his people. 23Also as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by stopping praying on your behalf. And I will teach you the right and upright way. 24But fear the Lord and serve him in truth with all your heart, for see how he has done great things with you. 25But if you for your part decidedly act wickedly, both you and your king will perish.”

1 Samuel Chapter 13 

1Saul was one year old when he started to reign, and he reigned over Israel for two years. 2And Saul chose for himself three thousand men from Israel, and there were two thousand men with Saul in Michmash and at the mountain of Beth-el, and one thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin, and he sent each of the rest of the people to his tent. 3And Jonathan attacked the Philistines' garrison which was in Geba, and the Philistines heard about it, and Saul blew the ramshorn throughout all the land, and he said, “Let the Hebrews hear.” 4And all Israel heard it said, “Saul has defeated the Philistines' garrison, and also Israel has become odious among the Philistines.” And the people were called together behind Saul in Gilgal. 5And the Philistines gathered to fight against Israel – thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people like the sand on the sea-shore in profusion – and they came up and encamped at Michmash, to the east of Beth-aven. 6And the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, for the people were distressed, and the people hid in caves and in thorn bushes and in rocks and in watchtowers and in pits. 7And the Hebrews crossed the Jordan, to the land of Gad and Gilead, whereas Saul was still in Gilgal, and all the people were trembling behind him. 8And he waited seven days, for the time which Samuel had said, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people dispersed away from him. 9Then Saul said, “Bring me a burnt offering and a peace-offering.” And he performed a burnt offering. 10And it came to pass when he had finished offering the burnt offering that he saw Samuel coming, and Saul went out to meet him to bless him. 11And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people had dispersed away from me, and that you had not come after the appointed number of days, and that the Philistines were assembled in Michmash, 12I then said, ‘Now the Philistines will descend on me in Gilgal, and I have not entreated the Lord.’ Then I constrained myself and offered a burnt offering.” 13At this Samuel said to Saul, “You have acted foolishly. You have not kept the commandments of the Lord your God which he commanded you, for the Lord would have now appointed your kingdom over Israel age-abidingly. 14But now your kingdom will not stand. The Lord has sought a man for himself according to his heart, and the Lord will command him as leader of his people, for you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.” 15Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul counted the people who were present with him – about six hundred men. 16Then while Saul and Jonathan his son and the people who were present with them were living in Geba of Benjamin, the Philistines encamped at Michmash. 17And the fighting force came out from the Philistines' camp in three contingents. One contingent turned into the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, 18and one contingent turned into the road to Beth-horon, and one contingent turned into the road to the border which overlooks the Valley of Zeboim, going towards the desert. 19Now there was no blacksmith to be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines had said, “Prevent them, in case the Hebrews make swords or spears.” 20So all Israel went down to the Philistines for each to sharpen his ploughshare and his coulter and his axe and his mattock. 21And there was a file for the mattocks and coulters and for the three-pronged pitchfork, and the axes, and to sharpen the goad. 22And it came to pass on the day of war that no sword or spear was to be found in the hand of all the people who were with Saul and Jonathan, but with Saul and Jonathan his son themselves each item was to be found. 23And the Philistines' garrison went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Samuel Chapter 14 

1Then it came to pass on a certain day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to his servant-lad carrying his arms, “Come, let us cross to the Philistines' garrison which is beyond this place.” And he did not tell his father. 2And Saul remained at the edge of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree which is in Migron, and the people who were with him were about six hundred in number. 3And Ahiah the son of Ahitub, the brother of I-chabod the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli the priest of the Lord in Shiloh, wearing the ephod, remained there, and the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. 4Now between the passes which Jonathan undertook to cross to the Philistines' garrison was a precipice on each side of the pass, and the name of one side was Bozez, and the name of the other side was Seneh. 5And one precipice was a sheer edge to the north, facing Michmash, and the other was to the south, facing Geba. 6And Jonathan said to the servant-lad who was carrying his arms, “Come, and let us cross to the garrison of these uncircumcised. Perhaps the Lord will act for us, for the Lord is not under any constraint to save by means of many or few.” 7And his arms-bearer said to him, “Do everything that is in your heart. Be resolute – here I am with you according to your intention.” 8And Jonathan said, “Look, we will cross over to the men and reveal ourselves to them. 9If they say this to us: ‘Wait until we have come to you’, then we will stay on the spot and we will not go up to them. 10But if they say this: ‘Come up to us’, then we will go up, for then the Lord has delivered them into our hand, and this will be a sign to us.” 11And the two of them revealed themselves to the Philistines' garrison, and the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of their holes where they hid themselves.” 12And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his arms-bearer, and they said, “Come up to us and we will make a thing known to you.” And Jonathan said to his arms-bearer, “Go up behind me, for the Lord has delivered them into Israel's hand.” 13So Jonathan went up on his hands and feet with his arms-bearer behind him. And they fell before Jonathan, and his arms-bearer killed them behind him. 14And the first attack which Jonathan and his arms-bearer made was on about twenty men in the narrow space of about half a furrow which a yoke of oxen would plough in a field. 15And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. The garrison and the fighting force also trembled, and the land shook, and it was a tremendous trembling. 16And Saul's watchmen in Gibeah of Benjamin looked and saw a crowd melt away this way and that way. 17Then Saul said to the people who were with him, “Count now, and see who has gone away from us.” So they counted, and it turned out that Jonathan and his arms-bearer were absent. 18And Saul said to Ahiah, “Bring the ark of God here”, for at that time the ark of God was with the sons of Israel. 19And it came to pass, while Saul was speaking to the priest, that the noise in the Philistines' camp became louder and louder, and Saul said to the priest, “Stay your hand.” 20And Saul and all the people with him assembled and went to the battle, and saw that each man's sword was against his neighbour, and there was very great confusion. 21And even the Hebrews who had been in favour with the Philistines for some time, who had gone up with them in the camp, in the surroundings, re-joined Israel, which was with Saul and Jonathan. 22And when every man of Israel who had been hiding in Mount Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, they too joined in pursuing them in the battle. 23And the Lord saved Israel on that day, and the battle moved across to Beth-aven. 24But the men of Israel were distressed on that day, and Saul adjured the people and said, “Cursed be the man who eats bread before this evening, so that I may be avenged of my enemies.” So none of the people tasted any bread. 25And the whole country went to a wood, and there was honey all over the terrain. 26And when the people came to the wood, they saw that there was a supply of honey, but no-one brought his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. 27But Jonathan had not heard his father adjuring the people, and he poked with the end of the stick which was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes saw a vision. 28And a man from the people reacted and said, “Your father solemnly adjured the people and said, ‘Cursed be the man who eats bread today.’ ” And the people became faint. 29And Jonathan said, “My father has caused the land sorrow. Look now, for my eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey. 30How much better it would have been if only the people had eaten today from the spoil of their enemies which they found! For would there not now have been a greater defeat of the Philistines?” 31And they struck the Philistines down on that day from Michmash to Aijalon, but the people were very faint. 32And the people acquired spoil, and they took sheep and oxen and calves, and they slaughtered them on the ground, and the people ate them with the blood. 33And they reported it to Saul and said, “Look, the people are sinning against the Lord by eating with the blood.” And he said, “You have dealt treacherously. Roll a large stone up to me this day.” 34And Saul said, “Disperse among the people and say to them, ‘Let each man bring his ox or each man bring his sheep, and slaughter them here and eat them, and do not sin against the Lord by eating with the blood.’ ” So all the people brought their ox in their hand that night, and they slaughtered them there. 35And Saul built an altar to the Lord. He began with this one in building altars to the Lord. 36And Saul said, “Let us go down after the Philistines at night and plunder them until the light of the morning, and let us not leave a man among them remaining.” And they said, “Do whatever is right in your sight.” And the priest said, “Let us draw near here to God.” 37And Saul inquired of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the hand of Israel?” But he did not answer him on that day. 38Then Saul said, “Come over here, all you princes of the people, and know and see what this sin today consisted of. 39For as the Lord, the saviour of Israel, lives, even if it is Jonathan my son, he will surely die.” But there was no-one among all the people who answered him. 40And he said to the whole of Israel, “You be on one side, and Jonathan and I will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what is right in your sight.” 41Then Saul said to the Lord God of Israel, “Give the verdict of the Thummim.” And Jonathan and Saul were indicted, whereas the people were exonerated. 42Then Saul said, “Draw the lot between me and Jonathan my son.” And Jonathan was indicted. 43Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him and said, “I did indeed taste a little honey with the end of my staff which is in my hand, and in consequence I will die.” 44And Saul said, “May God do this and add more otherwise, for you will surely die, Jonathan.” 45And the people said to Saul, “Must Jonathan die, who achieved this great salvation in Israel? Far be it – as the Lord lives – no hair from his head shall fall to the ground, for he acted with God on this day, so the people delivered with Jonathan, and he did not die.” 46Then Saul withdrew after the encounter with the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place. 47And Saul took the kingship over Israel, and he fought against all his enemies round about, against Moab, and against the sons of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines, and he caused harm to all who confronted him. 48And he acted valiantly and he struck Amalek down, and delivered Israel from the hand of those who plundered it. 49And Saul's sons were Jonathan and Ishui and Malchi-shua, and as for, the names of his two daughters, the name of the elder was Merab and the name of the younger was Michal. 50And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz, and the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. 51And Kish was Saul's father, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. 52And the war against the Philistines was fierce, for all Saul's days, and when Saul saw any heroic man or any valiant man, he gathered him to himself.

1 Samuel Chapter 15 

1And Samuel said to Saul, “The Lord has sent me to anoint you as king over his people, over Israel, so now, listen to the voice of the words of the Lord. 2The Lord of hosts says this, ‘I have examined what Amalek did to Israel, how he took a position on the way when Israel came up out of Egypt. 3Now go and strike Amalek down, and obliterate everything of his, and do not show mercy to him, and put to death both men and women, both child and baby, both ox and sheep, both camel and donkey.’ ” 4And Saul summoned the people and counted them in Telaim – two hundred thousand infantrymen and ten thousand men of Judah. 5And Saul came to the city of Amalek and he contended with him in the ravine. 6And Saul said to the Kenites, “Go, depart, go down away from the Amalekites, so that I don't destroy you with them, for you acted kindly towards all the sons of Israel when they came up out of Egypt.” And the Kenites departed and went away from Amalek. 7And Saul attacked the Amalekites from Havilah to where you come to Shur which is opposite Egypt. 8And he captured Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, but he obliterated all the people by the edge of the sword. 9But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, and the cattle, and the second best of them, and the fatted lambs, and all the goods, for they were not willing to obliterate them. But they obliterated all the despised artisanry, and it was all melted down and they obliterated it. 10Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel, and said, 11“I regret making Saul king, for he has turned away from following me, and he has not fulfilled my words.” And it infuriated Samuel, and he cried out to the Lord all night. 12And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, and the matter was reported to Samuel with the words, “Saul came to Carmel, and behold, he set up a landmark for himself, and went round the perimeter, and passed across, and went to Gilgal.” 13Then Samuel went to Saul and said to him, “Saul, be blessed by the Lord. I have fulfilled the word of the Lord.” 14And Samuel said, “Now what is this sound of sheep in my ears, and the sound of oxen which I hear?” 15And Saul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites, because the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen in order to sacrifice to the Lord your God, but we have obliterated the remainder.” 16And Samuel said to Saul, “Stop, and I will tell you what the Lord said to me last night.” And he said to him, “Speak.” 17Then Samuel said, “Is it not so, that when you were unimportant in your own sight, you became the head of the tribes of Israel, and that the Lord anointed you as king over Israel? 18And the Lord sent you on an expedition and said, ‘Go and obliterate the sinners – the Amalekites – and fight them until you have finished them off.’ 19So why did you not obey the Lord, for you swooped on the spoil, and did wrong in the sight of the Lord?” 20And Saul said to Samuel, “I maintain that I have obeyed the Lord, and I went on the way which the Lord sent me, and I brought Agag the king of the Amalekites, and I obliterated the Amalekites. 21But the people took sheep and oxen from the spoil – the firstlings of the condemned animals to sacrifice to the Lord your God in Gilgal.” 22Then Samuel said,

“The Lord's pleasure in the offering of sacrifices

Is as that of obeying the Lord's voice.

Look, to obey is better than a sacrifice,

And heeding him is better than the fat of rams.

23For rebellion is as the sin of divination,

And stubbornness is as the wickedness of amulets.

Since you have rejected the word of the Lord,

He has rejected you as king.”

24Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the utterance of the Lord and your words, for I feared the people and I obeyed them. 25So now, please forgive my sin and turn back to me and I will worship the Lord.” 26But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not turn back to you, for you rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you from being king over Israel.” 27Then when Samuel turned to depart, he grasped the hem of his coat, and it tore. 28Then Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel away from you today, and he has given it to a compatriot of yours who is better than you. 29And moreover the perpetual one of Israel will not lie and will not relent, for he is not a man to relent.” 30Then he said, “I have sinned. Now honour me, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel, and turn back with me and I will worship the Lord your God.” 31Then Samuel turned back to Saul, and Saul worshipped the Lord. 32And Samuel said, “Bring me Agag the king of the Amalekites.” Then Agag came to him winsomely, and Agag said, “Surely the bitterness of death has gone.” 33But Samuel said,

“As your sword has bereaved women,

So your mother will be bereaved among women.”

And Samuel hacked Agag in pieces before the Lord in Gilgal. 34Then Samuel went to Ramah, and Saul went up to his house in Gibeah of Saul. 35And Samuel did not see Saul any more until the day of his death, for Samuel mourned for Saul, and the Lord regretted having made Saul king over Israel.

1 Samuel Chapter 16 

1And the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, whereas I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided myself with a king from among his sons.” 2Then Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears of it, he will kill me.” And the Lord said, “Take a calf with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ 3And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will make known to you what you must do, and anoint for me him whom I tell you.” 4And Samuel did what the Lord had told him, and he went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the city trembled at meeting him, and they said, “Is it in peace that you have come?” 5And he said, “It is in peace, to sacrifice to the Lord, that I have come. Sanctify yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice.” And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and he invited them to the sacrifice. 6And it came to pass when they came, that he saw Eliab, and he said, “Surely his anointed is before the Lord.” 7But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not consider his appearance and the height of his stature, for I have rejected him, for it is not a matter of how man sees it, for man sees with his eyes, but the Lord looks at the heart.” 8Then Jesse called for Abinadab, and they brought him for review before Samuel, but he said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” 9And Jesse brought Shammah for review, but he said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” 10So Jesse brought his seven sons before Samuel for review, and Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11And Samuel said to Jesse, “Do these lads complete the number?” And he said, “The youngest still remains, and there he is tending the sheep.” Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Send for him and get him, for we will not wend our way until he comes here.” 12So he sent for him and brought him. Now he was red-haired with handsome eyes and of fine appearance, and the Lord said, “Get up, anoint him, for this is him.” 13So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in full view of his brothers, and the spirit of the Lord came on David from that day on. Then Samuel arose and went to Ramah. 14And the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord alarmed him. 15And Saul's servants said to him, “It is apparent that an evil spirit of God is alarming you. 16Please let our lord tell your servants before you to seek a man who is skilled in playing the harp, and it will come to pass when there is an evil spirit of God on you, that he will play music plucking with his hand and you will feel better.” 17Then Saul said to his servants, “Provide me, then, with a man who is good at playing music, and bring him to me.” 18And one of the servant-lads answered and said, “Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite who is skilled in playing music and who is a valiant warrior and a man of war, and with common sense and who is a man of handsome appearance, and the Lord is with him.” 19So Saul sent messengers to Jesse, who said, “Send me David your son who is with the sheep.” 20Then Jesse took a donkey, and bread and a skin-bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and he sent them under the charge of David his son to Saul. 21And David came to Saul and stood before him, and Saul liked David a lot and he became his arms-bearer. 22And Saul sent a messenger to Jesse to say, “Please let David stand before me, for he has pleased me.” 23And it came to pass when the spirit of God was on Saul, that David took the harp and played it plucking it with his hand, and Saul had relief and felt better, and the evil spirit departed from him.

1 Samuel Chapter 17 

1Then the Philistines mobilized their battalions for war, and they were assembled in Shochoh which is in Judah, and they encamped between Shochoh and Azekah in Ephes-dammim. 2And Saul and the men of Israel assembled and encamped in the Valley of Elah, and they drew up for war against the Philistines. 3Now the Philistines were stationed on one side of the mountain, and Israel was stationed on the other side of the mountain, and there was a valley between them. 4And a duellist went out from the Philistines' camps, whose name was Goliath, from Gath, and his height was six cubits and a span. 5And there was a copper helmet on his head, and he wore scaled armour, and the weight of his armour was five thousand shekels of copper. 6And he had copper leg-armour on his legs, and a copper javelin between his shoulders. 7And his spear was an arrow like a weaver's beam, and the point of his spear weighed six hundred iron shekels, and his shield-bearer went in front of him. 8And he stood and called to the regiments of Israel and said to them, “Why have you come out to draw up for war? Am I not a Philistine, and you Saul's servants? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down against me. 9If he is able to fight with me, and he strikes me down, then we will be your servants, but if I prevail over him and strike him down, then you will be our servants and you will serve us.” 10And the Philistine said, “I defy the regiments of Israel this day. Give me a man and let us fight together!” 11And Saul and the whole of Israel heard these words of the Philistine, and they were very fearful and afraid. 12Now David was the son of this Ephrathite man from Bethlehem Judah whose name was Jesse, who had eight sons, going about his affairs, and the man was becoming old among men in the days of Saul. 13And the eldest three sons of Jesse went behind Saul to battle, and the names of his three sons who went to battle were Eliab the firstborn, and his second-born Abinadab, and the third one, Shammah. 14And David was the youngest, and the three eldest went behind Saul. 15And David departed and returned from Saul to tend his father's sheep at Bethlehem. 16And the Philistine approached early in the morning and in the evening, and he took a stand for forty days. 17Meanwhile Jesse said to David his son, “Please take this ephah of roasted corn and these ten loaves to your brothers, and bring them quickly to the encampment for your brothers. 18And bring these ten slices of cheese to the commander of a thousand, and bid your brothers good fortune, and take their pledge.” 19And Saul and they and every man of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines. 20And David rose early in the morning and left the sheep to a guardian, and loaded up and departed as Jesse had commanded him, and he arrived at the entrenchment, and the army was going out to the opposing regiment, and they sounded a call to battle. 21And Israel drew up its lines, as did the Philistines – regiment against regiment. 22And David left his equipment behind him in the hands of his equipment-guardian, and he ran to the regiment, and when he arrived, he asked his brothers how they were faring. 23And just as he was speaking with them, the duellist came up, whose name was Goliath the Philistine from Gath, from the caves of the Philistines, and he spoke similar words to the previous ones, and David heard them. 24And when they saw the man, all the men of Israel fled from him and were very afraid. 25Now the men of Israel had said, “Have you seen this man who has come up, for he comes to defy Israel, and the king would make the man who could strike him down rich with great wealth, and would give him his daughter, and would make his father's house free in Israel.” 26And David spoke to the men who were standing with him and said, “What will be done for the man who strikes this Philistine down, and removes the reproach from Israel, for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, for he has defied the regiments of the living God?” 27And the people spoke to him as described above and said, “So shall it be done for the man who strikes him down.” 28And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men, and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, “Why is it that you have come down, and to whom have you left those few sheep in the desert? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart, for you came down to watch the battle.” 29Then David said, “What have I done now? Isn't there business to attend to?” 30And he turned away from him towards someone else, and spoke in the same way, and the people answered him in a similar way to the first time. 31And when the words which David spoke were heard, they reported them in Saul's presence, and he fetched him. 32And David said to Saul, “Do not let anyone's heart sink because of him. Your servant will go and fight against this Philistine.” 33Then Saul said to David, “You cannot go to this Philistine to fight against him, for you are a lad, whereas he has been a warrior from his youth.” 34Then David said to Saul, “Your servant was a shepherd among the sheep for his father, and a lion came, and a bear, and took a sheep from the flock. 35And I went out after it and struck it down and delivered the sheep from its mouth, and it rose up against me, but I seized its beard and struck it down and killed it. 36Your servant struck down both the lion and the bear, and this uncircumcised Philistine is like one of them, for he has defied the regiments of the living God.” 37And David said, “The Lord who delivered me from the grip of the lion and from the grip of the bear will deliver me from the grip of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord will be with you.” 38Then Saul clothed David with his livery, and put a copper helmet on his head, and put armour on him. 39And David girded his sword on his livery and set about walking, for he had not practised with it, and David said to Saul, “I can't walk in these things, for I have not practised with them” So David took them off. 40And he took his staff in his hand, and he chose five smooth stones from the brook and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had and in his satchel. And his catapult was in his hand, and he approached the Philistine. 41Then the Philistine came, getting closer and closer to David, and the man who bore the shield went before him. 42And the Philistine looked and saw David, and he despised him, because he was a lad, and red-haired, and with an elegant appearance. 43And the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, in that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44And the Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the sky and to the wild animals.” 45And David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with your sword and your spear and with your javelin, but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the ranks of Israel, whom you have defied. 46This day the Lord will deliver you up into my hand, and I will strike you down, and I will remove your head from you, and I will give the corpses of the Philistines' camp this day to the birds of the sky and to the wild animals of the land, and all the land will know that Israel has a God. 47And this whole convocation will know that it is not by sword or by spear that the Lord saves, for the battle is the Lord's, and he will deliver you into our hands.” 48And it came to pass that the Philistine arose and walked and approached David, and David hastened and ran to the ranks towards the Philistine. 49And David put his hand in his bag and took a stone from there, and catapulted it, and he struck the Philistine on his forehead, and the stone penetrated into his forehead, and he fell to the ground face down. 50So David prevailed over the Philistine with a catapult and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him, while there was no sword in David's hand. 51Then David ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and he cut his head off with it. And the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, and they fled. 52Then the men of Israel and Judah rose up and shouted and pursued the Philistines to where you come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the Philistines' casualties fell along the way to Shaaraim and to Gath and to Ekron. 53Then the sons of Israel returned from ardently pursuing the Philistines, and they pillaged their camps. 54And David took the Philistine's head, and brought it to Jerusalem, and he put his equipment in his tent. 55And when Saul saw David coming out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of his army, “Whose son is this young man, Abner?” And Abner said, “I swear by your own life, O king, I do not know.” 56And the king said, “You ask whose son the lad is.” 57Then when David returned from striking the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul, with the Philistine's head in his hand. 58And Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David said, “The son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”

1 Samuel Chapter 18 

1And it came to pass when he had finished speaking to Saul that Jonathan's deepest feelings were bound to David's deepest feelings, and Jonathan loved him as his own self. 2And Saul took him on that day, and did not let him return to his father's house. 3Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own self. 4And Jonathan took off his coat which was on him, and he gave it to David, and his livery, and even his sword and even his bow and even his girdle. 5And David went out to everywhere that Saul sent him, and he acted prudently. And Saul appointed him over the warriors, and he was popular with all the people, and also with Saul's servants. 6And it came to pass, as they were coming in when David was returning from striking the Philistine, that the women came out from all the cities of Israel to sing, and with dancing, converging on Saul the king, with drums and rejoicing and triangles. 7And the women who played sang in turns and said,

“Saul has struck down his thousands,

But David his tens of thousands.”

8And Saul became very angry, and this matter displeased him, and he said, “They have credited David with tens of thousands, whereas they have only credited me with thousands. And what more will he have but the kingdom?” 9And Saul viewed David malevolently from that day on. 10And it came to pass on the next day that an evil spirit from God came on Saul, and he prophesied inside the house, while David was playing music plucking with his hand, as on other days, and there was a spear in Saul's hand. 11And Saul threw the spear, and said, “I will strike David down against the wall.” But David dodged him twice. 12And Saul feared David, for the Lord was with him, but from Saul he had departed. 13Then Saul removed him from his presence, and appointed him as his commander of a thousand, and went out and came before the people. 14And David was prudent in all his ways, and the Lord was with him. 15And Saul saw that he was very prudent, and he was afraid of him. 16And all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in in their presence. 17And Saul said to David, “Here is my elder daughter Merab. I will give her to you as a wife, but be a warrior to me and fight the Lord's wars.” And Saul said to himself, “Don't let my hand be on him, but let the hand of the Philistines be on him.” 18Then David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be the king's son-in-law?” 19But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter was to be given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife. 20But Michal Saul's daughter loved David, and they told Saul, and he approved of the matter. 21And Saul said, “I will give her to him, and she will be a snare to him, and the hand of the Philistines will be on him.” And Saul said to David, “Make it so that I am a father-in-law through both daughters today.” 22And Saul commanded his servants and said, “Speak to David secretly and say, ‘It is apparent that the king is pleased with you. And all his servants like you, so now, marry into the king's family.’ ” 23So Saul's servants spoke these words to David privately, to which David said, “Is it a light matter in your sight to marry into the king's family, seeing I am a poor and insignificant man?” 24And Saul's servants reported back to him and said, “David said such and such.” 25Then Saul said, “This is what you will say to David: ‘The king has no wish for a dowry, but rather for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, so as to be avenged on the king's enemies.’ ” But Saul intended to cause David to fall at the hand of the Philistines. 26And his servants told David these things, and David approved of the matter, to marry into the king's family. And before the days were completed, 27David arose, and set off, he and his men, and he struck two hundred men of the Philistines down, and David brought their foreskins, and they presented them to the king so as to marry into the king's family. Then Saul gave him Michal his daughter to be his wife. 28And Saul saw and knew that the Lord was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him. 29And Saul became even more afraid of David, and Saul became more hostile to David day by day. 30Then the commanders of the Philistines came out, and it came to pass that whenever they came out, David was more prudent than any of Saul's servants, and he was greatly esteemed.

1 Samuel Chapter 19 

1And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all the servants about how to kill David, but Jonathan Saul's son liked David very much. 2And Jonathan spoke to David and said, “Saul my father is looking for a way to kill you, so now, please, beware in the morning, and live in a secret place and hide. 3Meanwhile I will go out and stand at my father's side in the field where you are, and I will speak about you to my father, and I will see what happens and I will tell you.” 4And Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father, and he said to him, “Let the king not sin against his servant David, for he has not sinned against you, and because his deeds have been very good for you, 5and he put his life in his hand and struck the Philistines, and the Lord performed a great act of salvation for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced, so why should you sin against innocent blood in killing David gratuitously?” 6And Saul heeded Jonathan, and Saul swore, “As the Lord lives, he will certainly not be put to death.” 7Then Jonathan called for David, and Jonathan told him all these things, and Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he would be in his presence as previously. 8And there was war again, and David went out and fought the Philistines, and he dealt them a severe blow, and they fled from his presence. 9Then an evil spirit from the Lord came on Saul, when he was sitting at home with his spear in his hand, and David was playing music, plucking with his hand, 10and Saul tried to strike David against the wall with the spear, but he dodged Saul, who struck the spear into the wall. And David fled and escaped that night. 11Then Saul sent agents to David's house, to watch him and to kill him in the morning, but Michal his wife told David and said, “If you do not save yourself tonight, you will be put to death tomorrow.” 12And Michal lowered David through a window, and he departed and fled and escaped. 13And Michal took the amulets and put them on the bed, and she put the goat's hair pillow at its head-end, and covered it with a garment. 14Now Saul had sent agents to seize David, and she said, “He is ill.” 15Then Saul sent agents to watch David, and he said, “Bring him up to me in the bed, so that I can kill him.” 16When the agents came, what they saw was the amulets on the bed and the goat's hair pillow at its head-end. 17Then Saul said to Michal, “Why have you deceived me like this and let my enemy go, so he has escaped?” And Michal said to Saul, “He said to me, ‘Let me go. Why should I kill you?’ ” 18So David fled and escaped, and went to Samuel in Ramah, and he told him everything that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel departed and stayed in Naioth. 19And it was reported to Saul as follows, “Look, David is in Naioth in Ramah.” 20Then Saul sent agents to seize David, and they saw the company of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing by, having been appointed over them, and the spirit of God came on Saul's agents, and they also prophesied. 21And they reported this to Saul, and he sent other agents, but they also prophesied. So Saul sent agents again – a third group – but they also prophesied. 22Then he also went to Ramah, and came to the big well which is in Sechu, and inquired and asked, “Where are Samuel and David?” And the person said, “He is in Naioth in Ramah.” 23So he went there, to Naioth in Ramah, and the spirit of God came on him too, and he prophesied as he went, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24And he too took his clothes off, and he too prophesied before Samuel, and lay naked all that day and all night. This is why they say, “Is Saul also among the prophets.”

1 Samuel Chapter 20 

1Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and he came and said in Jonathan's presence, “What have I done and what is my iniquity and what is my sin before your father that he should seek my life?” 2And he said to him, “Far be it – you will not die. Look, my father will not do anything great or small without informing me, and why should my father hide this matter from me? It is not the case.” 3And David swore again and said, “Your father certainly knows that you like me, and he has said to himself, ‘Don't let Jonathan know this, in case he is grieved’, but as the Lord lives and as you yourself live, there is just a step between me and death.” 4And Jonathan said to David, “Whatever your inclination dictates, I will do for you.” 5And David said to Jonathan, “Look, it is the new moon tomorrow, and I really ought to be sitting with the king to dine, but let me go and I will hide in the country until the third evening. 6If your father misses me at all, say, ‘David made a point of asking leave of me to dash off to Bethlehem his city, because there is an annual sacrifice there for all the family.’ 7If he replies with this, ‘That's all right’, then your servant will have peace, but if it infuriates him at all, know that he intends evil. 8And act graciously towards your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the Lord with you, and if there is any iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why then should you bring me to your father?” 9Then Jonathan said, “Far be it from you, for if I were at all aware that my father intended evil to come on you, would I not tell you about it?” 10Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me about it if your father answers you harshly?” 11And Jonathan said to David, “Come, let's go out into the field.” So the two of them went out into the field. 12And Jonathan said to David, “O Lord God of Israel, when I investigate my father at this time tomorrow and up to the third evening, if he is well-disposed to David, and I do not send a report to you and inform you, 13may the Lord so do to Jonathan and more. But if my father decides to do harm to you, then I will inform you, and let you go, and you can go in peace, and the Lord be with you, as he was with my father. 14And let it not be while I am still alive that you do not show me the Lord's kindness, in which case I would die. 15And do not ever cut your kindness off from my house, nor when the Lord cuts David's enemies off, each one from the face of the earth.” 16So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David and said, “May the Lord require these things from the hand of David's enemies.” 17Then Jonathan adjured David in his love for him, for he loved him with his deepest feelings. 18And Jonathan said to him, “Tomorrow is new moon. You will be missed, because your seat will be unoccupied. 19And when you have spent three days over there, come down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the previous occasion of intrigue, and remain at the stone of Ezel, 20and I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as if I were practising shooting at a target. 21And look, I will send a lad, and say, ‘Go and find the arrows.’ If I specifically say to the lad, ‘Look, the arrows are short of you; take them’, then come, for you have peace and there is no issue, as the Lord lives. 22But if I say this to the youth, ‘Look the arrows are beyond you’, then go, for the Lord will have sent you away. 23And as for the matter which we have spoken about, you and I, look, the Lord is between you and me age-abidingly.” 24So David hid in the field, and the new moon came, and the king sat at the meal to dine. 25And the king sat in his seat as on previous occasions, on a seat at a wall, and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat at Saul's side, and David's place was unoccupied. 26But Saul did not say anything untoward on that day, for he said, “It is some incident – he is unclean – it is that he is not clean.” 27And it came to pass on the next day of the month – the second – that David's place was unoccupied, and Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why did the son of Jesse not come either yesterday or today to the meal?” 28Then Jonathan replied to Saul, “David made a point of asking me for leave to go to Bethlehem. 29And he said, ‘Please let me go, for we have a family sacrifice in the city, and the one who commanded me to attend is my brother. So now, if I have found grace in your eyes, let me slip away, please, and I will see my brothers.’ That is why he has not come to the king's table.” 30And Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse and rebellious woman, am I not aware that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? 31For as long as the son of Jesse is alive on the ground, neither you nor your kingdom will be established, so now, send men and bring him to me, for he is destined for death.” 32Then Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, “Why should he die? What has he done?” 33Then Saul threw his spear at him so as to strike him. So Jonathan knew that it had been determined on the part of his father to kill David. 34And Jonathan got up from the table in furious anger, and did not eat any food on the second day of the month, for he grieved for David, for his father had put him to shame. 35And it came to pass in the morning that Jonathan went out into the field, to the place agreed with David, and a little lad was with him. 36And he said to his servant-lad, “Run and find me the arrows which I shoot.” So the lad ran, and he shot an arrow beyond him. 37And the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, and Jonathan called to the lad and said, “Isn't the arrow further on from you?” 38And Jonathan called to the lad, “Quick, hurry, don't stand around.” So Jonathan's servant-lad picked up the arrow and came back to his master. 39And the lad wasn't aware of anything, but Jonathan and David knew the purpose. 40Then Jonathan gave his equipment to his servant-lad and said to him, “Go and take it to the city.” 41The lad departed, and David came up from the southern side, and fell face down, and bowed three times, and they kissed each other, and they wept with one another, with David doing it profusely. 42Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, inasmuch as we have both sworn in the name of the Lord, saying, ‘The Lord will be between me and you and between my seed and your seed age-abidingly.’ ”

1 Samuel Chapter 21 

1And he got up and departed, and Jonathan went to the city. 2And David arrived in Nob, and he went to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech was afraid at meeting David, and he said to him, “Why are you on your own, and why is no-one with you?” 3And David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has charged me with a matter, and he said to me, ‘No-one must know anything about the mission which I am sending you on, and what I have charged you with. And I have appointed servants to go to such and such a place.’ 4And now, what is at your disposal? Hand me five loaves or whatever is available.” 5And the priest answered David and said, “There is no ordinary bread at my disposal. There is only holy bread, which you can have if the servant-lads really have kept themselves from women.” 6Then David answered the priest and said to him, “Indeed women have been withheld from us for several days since I went out, and the lads' equipment is holy, and it was a secular journey, so how much more will it be sanctified today by the vessel containing it.” 7Then the priest gave him the holy bread, for there was no bread there other than showbread, which was removed from the Lord's presence, so it was necessary to put hot bread out on the day it was taken away. 8Now there was there on that day a man from Saul's servants, retained in the Lord's presence, and his name was Doeg the Edomite, the foreman of Saul's shepherds. 9And David said to Ahimelech, “And is there no spear or sword at your disposal here? For I took neither my sword nor my equipment in my hand, for it was an urgent matter of the king's.” 10Then the priest said, “Here is the sword of Goliath the Philistine whom you struck down in the Valley of Elah, wrapped in a garment behind the ephod. If you want to take it for yourself, take it, for there is nothing other than that here.” And David said, “There is nothing like it. Give it to me.” 11And David arose and fled from Saul on that day, and went to Achish the king of Gath. 12And Achish's servants said to him, “Isn't this David, the king of the land? Wasn't it to him that they sang in turns with dancing, and said,

‘Saul struck his thousands,

But David his tens of thousands.’ ”

13And David laid these things to heart, and he was very afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 14And he changed his character in their sight, and he pretended to be mad under their charge, and he scratched on the doors of the gate, and he let spittle run down onto his beard. 15And Achish said to his servants, “Look, you can see that the man is mad. Why are you bringing him to me? 16Do I lack madmen, so that you should bring this one to behave madly with me? Shall this man come into my house?”

1 Samuel Chapter 22 

1So David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam, and his brothers and all his father's household heard it, and they went down to him there. 2And everyone who was distressed, and every who had a debt, and everyone who was embittered gathered around him, and he became a prince over them, and they were with him – about four hundred men. 3And David went from there to Mizpeh in Moab, and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and my mother come out to be with you, until I know what God is going to do with me.” 4And he led them into the presence of the king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the days while David was in the citadel. 5Then the prophet Gad said to David, “You shall not dwell in the citadel. Go and betake yourself to the land of Judah.” So David departed, and he came to the forest of Hareth. 6And Saul heard about it, because David had been informed on, including the men who were with him, while Saul was sitting in Gibeah under the tamarisk tree in Ramah, and his spear was in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him. 7And Saul said to his servants who were standing around him, “Now listen, you Benjaminites. Will the son of Jesse really give all of you the fields and vineyards? Will he make you all commanders of a thousand and commanders of a hundred? 8For you have all conspired against me, and no-one informed me about my son allying himself with the son of Jesse, and none of you is grieving for me, or has been informing me that my son has incited my servant against me setting an ambush on this day.” 9And Doeg the Edomite, who had been appointed over Saul's servants, answered and said, “I have seen the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 10And Ahimelech inquired of him from the Lord, and he gave him provisions, and he gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.” 11Then the king sent an envoy to call Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, the priest, and all his father's household – the priests who were in Nob – and they all came to the king. 12And Saul said, “Now listen, son of Ahitub.” And he said, “Here I am, my lord.” 13And Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in giving him bread and a sword, and in inquiring for him of God, for him to rise up against me, ambushing me on this day?” 14And Ahimelech answered the king and said, “Rather, who among all your servants is faithful like David, who is the king's son-in-law, who goes at your bidding and is honoured in your house?” 15Is it today that I began to inquire of God for him? Far be it from me. May the king not lay anything to the charge of his servant or of anyone of my father's house, for your servant is not aware of any of this, in a big or small way. 16Then the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all the house of your father.” 17Then the king said to the runners who were standing around him, “Turn on them and kill the Lord's priests, for their hand is also with David, and because they knew that he had fled, but they did not inform me.” But the king's servants were not willing to stretch out their hand to attack the Lord's priests. 18Then the king said to Doeg, “You turn on them and attack the priests.” Then Doeg the Edomite turned on them and he attacked the priests, and on that day he killed eighty-five men bearing an ephod of fine linen. 19And he struck Nob, the city of the priests, with the edge of the sword, both men and women, both children and babies, and oxen and donkeys and sheep with the edge of the sword. 20But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub escaped, whose name was Abiathar, and he fled to join David. 21And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the Lord's priests. 22Then David said to Abiathar, “I knew on that day when Doeg the Edomite was there that he would certainly tell Saul. I have been involved in all the loss of life in your father's house. 23Stay with me, do not fear, for he who seeks my life seeks your life, so that you are a watchman with me.”

1 Samuel Chapter 23 

1And they reported to David and said, “Look, the Philistines are fighting in Keilah, and they are plundering the threshing floors.” 2Then David inquired of the Lord and said, “Should I go and strike these Philistines?” And the Lord said to David, “Go and strike the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3Then David's men said to him, “Look, we here in Judah are afraid, and how much more so if we go to Keilah, to the ranks of the Philistines.” 4So David inquired again of the Lord, and the Lord answered him and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah, for I am delivering the Philistines into your hand.” 5Then David and his men went to Keilah and fought the Philistines, and carried their cattle away, and struck a great blow on them. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. 6And it came to pass when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David in Keilah, that he came down with the ephod in his hand. 7And it was reported to Saul that David had arrived in Keilah, and Saul said, “God has consigned him to my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town with gates and a bolt.” 8And Saul called all the people up to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men. 9Now David knew that Saul was devising evil against him, and he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.” 10And David said, “O Lord God of Israel, your servant has reliably heard that Saul is attempting to come to Keilah to destroy the city on account of me. 11Will the inhabitants of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? Will Saul come down as your servant has heard? O Lord God of Israel, do tell your servant.” And the Lord said, “He will come down.” 12Then David said, “Will the inhabitants of Keilah deliver me and my men up into Saul's hand.” And the Lord said, “They will deliver you up.” 13So David arose, as did his men – about six hundred men – and they went out of Keilah and wandered around wherever they could wander around. And it was reported to Saul that David had escaped from Keilah. So he stopped going out. 14Meanwhile David stayed in the desert, in strongholds, and he stayed in the mountain in the desert of Ziph, while Saul sought him all the time, but God did not deliver him into his hand. 15And David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life, while David was in the desert of Ziph in a wood. 16And Jonathan, Saul's son, arose and went to David, to the wood, and encouraged him in God. 17And he said to him, “Do not be afraid, for the hand of Saul my father will not find you, and you will reign over Israel, and I will be second to you. And Saul my father knows this.” 18And the two of them made a covenant before the Lord, and David stayed in the wood, but Jonathan went to his home. 19Then some Ziphites came up to Saul, to Gibeah, and said, “Isn't David hiding with us in the fortresses in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is to the south of Jeshimon? 20So now, in accordance with all your heart's desire, O king, to come down, do come down, and it will be up to us to deliver him into the king's hand.” 21At this Saul said, “Blessed are you to the Lord, for you have had compassion on me. 22Go now and keep preparing, and find out and observe his whereabouts and where he treks, and who has seen him there, for I have been told that he acts very craftily. 23So observe and find out about all the hiding places where he hides, and come back to me with confirmation, and I will go with you, and it will come to pass, if he is in the land, that I will seek him among the all the thousands of Judah.” 24So they arose and went to Ziph before Saul, whereas David and his men were in the desert of Maon, in the arid tract to the south of Jeshimon. 25And Saul and his men went to search for him, and it was reported to David, who then went down to the rock and stayed in the desert of Maon. And Saul heard of it, and he pursued David in the desert of Maon. 26And Saul went to one side of the mountain, whereas David and his men were on the other side of the mountain. Then David became alarmed, intending to flee from Saul, while Saul and his men were surrounding David and his men, in order to capture them. 27Then a messenger came to Saul and said, “Hurry and go, for the Philistines have invaded the land.” 28So Saul returned from pursuing David, and he went to confront the Philistines, which is why they call that place Sela-hammahlekoth.

1 Samuel Chapter 24 

1Then David went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of En-gedi. 2And it came to pass when Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, that they reported to him and said, “Look, David is in the desert of En-gedi.” 3Then Saul took three thousand men, chosen from the whole of Israel, and he went to seek David and his men in the area of the rocks of the mountain goats. 4And they came to the sheepfolds on the way, and there was a cave there, and Saul went in to cover his feet. Now David and his men were stationed at the sides of the cave. 5And David's men said to him, “Behold the day about which the Lord told you, when he said, ‘Behold, I am giving you your enemy in your hand, and you can do to him as is good in your sight.’ ” Then David arose and cut the skirt of Saul's coat in secret. 6And it came to pass after that, that David's heart pained him, because he had cut the skirt of Saul's coat. 7And he said to his men, “Far be it from me with the Lord that I should do this thing to my lord, to the Lord's anointed, to lay my hand on him, for he is the Lord's anointed.” 8And David restrained his men with these words, and he did not allow them to rise up against Saul. And Saul arose from the cave and went on his way. 9Then David arose after that and he came out of the cave and he called after Saul and said, “My lord the king.” Then Saul looked behind him and David bowed face down and prostrated himself. 10And David said to Saul, “Why do you listen to the words of a man who says, ‘Look, David is trying to harm you’? 11Look, your eyes have seen this day that the Lord handed you over to me in the cave, and one would have said to kill you, but my eye spared you, and I said, ‘I will not lay my hand on my lord, for he is the Lord's anointed.’ 12And, my father, look, and see the skirt of your coat in my hand, for when I cut the skirt of your coat, I did not kill you. Know and see that there is no evil or transgression in my hand, and that I have not sinned against you, yet you hunt me down to take my life. 13May the Lord judge between me and you, and may the Lord avenge me on you, but my hand will not be on you. 14As the proverb of the ancients says, ‘Wickedness proceeds from the wicked’, but my hand will not be on you. 15After whom has the king of Israel gone out? Whom are you pursuing? A dead dog? A single flea? 16And may the Lord be a judge and judge between me and you, and may he see and contend my cause and acquit me from your charge.” 17And it came to pass when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, “Is this your voice, my son David?” And Saul raised his voice and wept. 18And he said to David, “You are more righteous than I am, for you have repaid me good, whereas I repaid you evil. 19And you have shown me today that you have done good to me – that when the Lord delivered me up into your hand, you did not kill me. 20For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him cheerily go on his way? So may the Lord repay you with goodness, because of what you did with me on this day. 21And now, look, I know that you will certainly reign and that the kingdom of Israel will be established under your authority. 22So now, swear to me by the Lord that you will not cut my seed off after me, and that you will not obliterate my name from the house of my father.” 23Then David swore to Saul, and Saul went to his house, and David and his men went up to the stronghold.

1 Samuel Chapter 25 

1When Samuel died, the whole of Israel gathered and mourned for him, and they buried him in his house in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the desert of Paran. 2And a man in Maon, whose business was at Carmel, a man who was very wealthy, who had three thousand sheep and one thousand goats, was busy with the shearing of his sheep at Carmel. 3And the man's name was Nabal, and the name of his wife was Abigail, and the woman was very intelligent and attractive in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in his actions, and he was a Calebite. 4Now David heard in the desert that Nabal was shearing his sheep, 5and David sent servant-lads, and David said to the servant-lads, “Go up to Carmel and go to Nabal, and ask him how he is in my name. 6And say this to the man who lives well, ‘Peace to you and peace to your household, and peace to all of yours. 7Well now, I have heard that you have shearers, and now as for your shepherds who were with us, we have not put them to shame, and they didn't lack anything all the time they were at Carmel. 8Ask your servant-lads and they will tell you, and may the servant-lads find favour in your sight, for we have come on a good day. Please give what you can afford to your servants and to your son David.’ ” 9So David's servant-lads went there, and they spoke to Nabal in line with all these words in David's name, and paused. 10Then Nabal answered David's servants and said, “Who is David and who is the son of Jesse? Nowadays there are many servants who break away from their master. 11So should I take my bread and my water, and my meat which I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men when I don't know where they are from?” 12Then David's servant-lads turned back to their way and returned, and when they had arrived, they told him about all these things. 13At this David said to his men, “Let each man gird on his sword.” And each man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword, and about four hundred men went up behind David, and two hundred remained with the equipment. 14But one of the servant-lads told Abigail, Nadab's wife, and said, “Look, David sent messengers from the desert to bless our lord, but he reacted aggressively to them. 15But the men were very good to us, and we were not treated contemptuously, and we did not lack anything all the time we associated with them, when we were in the countryside. 16They were a wall to us, both night and day, all the time when we were with them tending the sheep. 17So now, decide and see what you will do, for evil has been resolved against our lord and on all his house, and he is too useless to speak to.” 18Then Abigail acted quickly, and took two hundred loaves and two wineskins of wine, and five prepared sheep, and five seahs of parched grain, and one hundred measures of raisins, and two hundred cakes of pressed figs, and she put them on the donkeys. 19And she said to her servant-lads “Go across in front of me, and you will see me coming behind you.” But she did not tell Nabal her husband. 20And it came to pass as she was riding on a donkey that she came down to the hiding place in the hill, and along came David and his men, coming down towards her, and she met them. 21And David said, “Surely it was in vain that I kept everything of this man's in the desert – and nothing of his went missing – but he requited me with evil for good. 22May God do such to David's enemies and add more if I leave anyone, of all who belong to him, who urinates against a wall alive until morning.” 23Then when Abigail saw David, she quickly dismounted from the donkey and fell face down before David and bowed to the ground. 24And she fell at his feet and said, “My lord, let the iniquity be on me, and let your handmaid speak a word in your ear, and listen to the words of your handmaid. 25May my lord not pay attention to this useless man, to Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. Nabal is his name, and folly accompanies him, and I am your handmaid who did not see my lord's servant-lads whom you sent. 26So now, my lord, as the Lord lives, and as your being lives, since the Lord has prevented you from embarking on bloodshed, and from your own ability giving you victory, and now may your enemies who are seeking my lord's harm be as Nabal. 27And now, may this gift, which your handmaid has brought for my lord, be given to the servant-lads who are following at my lord's feet. 28Please forgive your handmaid's transgression, for the Lord will certainly make my lord a secure house, for my lord is fighting the Lord's wars, and evil has not been found in you in all your days. 29But a man has arisen to pursue you and to seek your life, but my lord's life is wrapped up in the bundle of life with the Lord your God, but as for the life of your enemies, he will sling it out as from the cradle of a sling. 30And it will come to pass that the Lord will do for my lord all the good he has spoken about concerning you, and he will appoint you as leader over Israel. 31And don't let this be an unsettling matter to you, or a disconcerting affair to my lord, whether it is about shedding blood for no reason, or my lord giving himself victory, and may the Lord do good to my lord, and may you remember your handmaid.” 32Then David said to Abigail, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel who has sent you to me today. 33And blessed is your conduct and blessed are you in that you have stopped me on this day from embarking on bloodshed, and from my own ability giving me victory. 34But as the Lord God of Israel lives, who has prevented me from harming you, for unless you had hastened in coming to me, Nabal would certainly not have had anyone who urinates against a wall left to him by morning light.” 35And David took what she had brought him from her hand, and he said to her, “Go up to your house in peace. Look I have heeded you and I have granted your request.” 36Then Abigail went to Nabal, and she saw that he was holding a banquet in his house like the king's banquet, and Nabal's heart was merry, and he was very drunk, and she didn't tell him anything great or small until morning light. 37Then it came to pass in the morning, when the effects of the wine had gone from Nabal, that when his wife told him these things, his heart died within him and he became like stone. 38And it came to pass after ten days that the Lord struck Nabal and he died. 39And David heard that Nabal had died, and he said, “Blessed be the Lord who has vindicated me from Nabal's stand, and has saved his servant from harm, and the Lord has turned Nabal's harm back on his head.” Then David sent men to tell Abigail that he would take her to be his wife. 40And David's servants came to Abigail at Carmel, and they spoke to her and said, “David has sent us to you to take you to be his wife.” 41Then she arose and bowed with her face to the ground, and said, “Here I am as your handmaid, as a servant-girl to wash the feet of my lord's servants.” 42Then Abigail made haste and arose and rode on a donkey, with her five servant-girls walking at her feet, and she followed David's messengers, and she became his wife. 43And David took Ahinoam from Jezreel, and both of them became his wives. 44And Saul gave Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish who was from Gallim.

1 Samuel Chapter 26 

1Then the Ziphites came to Saul in Gibeah and said, “Isn't David hiding in the hill of Hachilah opposite Jeshimon?” 2And Saul arose and went down to the desert of Ziph, and with him were three thousand men – young men of Israel – to seek David in the desert of Ziph. 3And Saul encamped at the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon on the way there. Now David was living in the desert, and he saw that Saul had come after him in the desert. 4So David sent spies, and found out that Saul had indeed come. 5Then David arose and went to the place where Saul had encamped, and David saw the place where Saul was stationed, with Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army, with Saul located in a circumvallation of wagons, with the people encamped around him. 6And David reacted and spoke to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, the brother of Joab, and said, “Who will go down with me, to Saul, to the camp?” And Abishai said, “I will go down with you.” 7So David and Abishai went to the people by night, and they saw Saul lying asleep in the circumvallation of wagons, with his spear stuck in the ground at his head-end and Abner and the people lying around him. 8Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand today, so now I will strike him, if I may, with a spear and the ground, in one go, and I will not need to do it to him a second time.” 9But David said to Abishai, “Do not dispatch him, for who can lay his hand on the Lord's anointed and be held guiltless?” 10And David said, “As the Lord lives, let rather the Lord strike him, or let his day come when he dies, or let him go down to battle and perish. 11Far be it from me with the Lord that I should lay my hand on the Lord's anointed, so now, take, would you, the spear which is at his head-end, and the water-flask, and let us go our way.” 12So David took the spear and the water-flask from Saul's head-end, and they went their way, and no-one saw, and no-one knew, and no-one woke up, for they were all asleep, for a deep sleep from the Lord had fallen on them. 13Then David crossed to the opposite side, and stood on the peak of the mountain at a distance, the distance between them being large. 14And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner and said, “Do you not answer, Abner?” And Abner answered and said, “Who are you who has called out to the king?” 15And David said to Abner, “Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? So why have you not kept guard over your lord the king? For one of the people came to dispatch your lord the king. 16This thing that you have done is not right – as the Lord lives – for you deserve death, in that you did not keep guard over your lord the Lord's anointed. So now, look for the king's spear and water-flask which were at his head-end.” 17And Saul recognized David's voice, and he said, “Is this your voice, my son David?” And David said, “It is my voice, my lord the king.” 18Then he said, “Why is it that my lord pursues his servant, because what have I done, and what wrong is to my charge? 19So now, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the Lord has stirred you up against me, let him smell an offering. But if they are the sons of men, they are accursed before the Lord, for they drove me out today from joining the Lord's inheritance, and they said, ‘Go and serve other gods.’ 20So now, don't let my blood fall to the ground in the presence of the Lord, for the king of Israel came out to seek a single flea, like one chasing a partridge in the mountains.” 21Then Saul said, “I have sinned. Return, my son David, for I will not harm you any more, because my life was valued in your sight this day. Look, I have acted foolishly, and I have erred very greatly.” 22Then David answered and said, “Here is the spear, O king. Now let one of the lads come across and fetch it. 23And the Lord will render to each his righteousness and his faithfulness, in that the Lord delivered you into my hand today, but I was not willing to lay my hand on the Lord's anointed. 24And look, just as your life was valued in my sight this day, so my life will be valued in the Lord's sight, and he will deliver me from all adversity.” 25Then Saul said to David, “Blessed are you, my son David. You will both accomplish much and prevail strongly.” Then David went his way, and Saul returned to his place.

1 Samuel Chapter 27 

1And David said in his heart, “One of these days I will be eliminated by Saul. There is nothing better for me than to cleanly escape to the land of the Philistines, then Saul will desist from searching for me any more in every territory of Israel, and I will escape from his clutches.” 2So David arose, and he crossed over, as did the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, the king of Gath. 3And David resided with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each with his household, David and his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the former wife of Nabal, the Carmelitess. 4And it was reported to Saul that David had fled to Gath, and he did not search for him any more. 5And David said to Achish, “Would you, if I have found grace in your eyes, let me be given a place in one of the country towns, and I will stay there, for why should your servant stay in the royal city with you?” 6And Achish gave him Ziklag on that day, which is why Ziklag belongs to the kings of Judah as it is up to this day. 7And the number of days that David stayed in the country of the Philistines was for a year and four months. 8Then David and his men went up and invaded the Geshurites and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites, for they from ancient times had been the inhabitants of the land as you go to Shur as far as the land of Egypt. 9And David attacked the land, and he did not leave a man or a woman alive, and he took sheep and oxen and donkeys and camels and clothes, then returned, and went to Achish. 10And Achish said, “Whom did you raid today?” And David said, “The south of Judah and the south of the Jerahmeelites, and the south of the Kenites.” 11And David did not leave a man or a woman alive to bring a report to Gath, and he said, “It is in order that they do not report on us and say, ‘This is what David did and this has been his custom all the days that he has been living in the countryside of the Philistines.’ ” 12And Achish believed David, and said, “He has acted utterly odiously with his own people – with Israel – and he will become my servant perpetually.”

1 Samuel Chapter 28 

1And it came to pass in those days that the Philistines assembled their battalions for battle, to fight against Israel, and Achish said to David, “You will be well aware that you will be going out with me in the battalion, you and your men.” 2And David said to Achish, “Yes, for you are aware of what your servant will do.” And Achish said to David, “That is why I will make you my bodyguard permanently.” 3Now Samuel was dead, and the whole of Israel mourned for him, and they buried him in Ramah – in his own city. And Saul had removed the necromancers and the wizards from the land. 4And the Philistines assembled and came and encamped at Shunem, while Saul assembled the whole of Israel and encamped at Gilboa. 5And Saul saw the Philistines' camp, and he became afraid and his heart trembled a lot. 6So Saul inquired of the Lord, but the Lord did not answer him, either in dreams, or by the Urim, or by the prophets. 7And Saul said to his servants, “Find me a woman necromancer, and I will go to her, and I will inquire of her.” Then his servants said to him, “There is a woman necromancer in En-dor.” 8So Saul disguised himself, and he put other clothes on, and he set off – he and two men with him – and they came to the woman by night. And he said, “Divine for me by necromancy, please, and bring up for me him whom I say to you.” 9And the woman said to him, “Look, you know what Saul did when he cut the necromancers and the wizards off from the land, so why are you laying a snare to my life, to have me killed?” 10Then Saul swore to her by the Lord and said, “As the Lord lives, no incrimination will be made against you in this matter.” 11And the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?” And he said, “Bring Samuel up for me.” 12Then when the woman saw Samuel, she shouted in a loud voice, and the woman spoke to Saul and said, “Why have you deceived me, for you are Saul.” 13And the king said to her, “Don't be afraid, but what did you see?” And the woman said to Saul, “I saw gods ascending from the earth.” 14And he said to her, “What was its form?” And she said, “An old man came up, and he was enveloped in a robe.” And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed face down and prostrated himself. 15Then Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you stirred me up to make me come up?” And Saul said, “I am very much in a strait, for the Philistines are fighting me, and God has departed from me, and he no longer answers me, either by the intermediacy of the prophets or in dreams, so I called you up to inform me about what I should do.” 16Then Samuel said, “But why should you ask me, when the Lord has departed from you, and he has become your enemy? 17And the Lord did for his part as he had said through my intermediacy, and the Lord tore the kingdom from your hand and gave it to your compatriot David. 18As you did not obey the voice of the Lord, and you did not execute the fury of his anger on Amalek, the Lord has done this thing to you this day. 19And the Lord has also delivered Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me, and the Lord will also deliver Israel's camp into the hand of the Philistines.” 20Then Saul quickly fell down at full length to the ground, and he was very afraid at Samuel's words. Moreover there was no strength in him, for he had not eaten bread all day and all night. 21And the woman came up to Saul, and she saw that he was very alarmed, and she said to him, “Look, your maidservant has obeyed you, and I my put my life in my hand and I heeded your words which you spoke to me. 22So now, please will you comply with your maidservant, and I will place before you a piece of bread, and eat so you have strength when you go on your way.” 23But he refused and said, “I will not eat”, but his servants and also the woman urged him, and he complied with them and got up from the ground and sat on the couch. 24Now the woman had a fatted calf at the house, and she went quickly and sacrificed it, and took flour and kneaded it and baked it into unleavened bread. 25And she served it to Saul and his servants, and they ate, and they arose and departed on that night.

1 Samuel Chapter 29 

1And the Philistines assembled all their battalions in Aphek while Israel was encamping at the fount which is in Jezreel. 2And the barons of the Philistines crossed over in hundreds and in thousands, and David and his men crossed over at the rear with Achish. 3And the commanders of the Philistines said, “What are these Hebrews doing here?” And Achish said to the commanders of the Philistines, “Is this not David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel who has been with me all these days or all these years, in whom I have not found anything amiss from the day when he arrived up to this day.” 4But the commanders of the Philistines were angry with him, and the commanders of the Philistines said to him, “Send the man back so he returns to his place where you appointed him to be, so he does not go down to battle with us and will not be an adversary of ours in the battle. And on what grounds should this man ingratiate himself to his master? Is he not one of the heads of those men? 5Is this not David, whom they eulogized with dances, saying,

‘Saul struck down his thousands,

But David his tens of thousands.’ ”

6Then Achish called for David and said to him, “As the Lord lives, you are surely upright, and it was good in my sight that you should associate with me in the battalion, for I have found no fault in you from the day you came to me up to this day, but you are unwelcome in the sight of the barons. 7So now, return and go in peace and do not do what is wrong in the sight of the barons of the Philistines.” 8Then David said to Achish, “Well what have I done and what have you found in your servant from the day that I was first in your presence up to this day, that I should not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?” 9And Achish answered and said to David, “I know that you are good – in my sight like an angel of God. But the commanders of the Philistines have said, ‘He shall not go up with us into the battle.’ 10So now, get up early in the morning with your lord's servants who came with you, and when you have got up early in the morning and you have light, depart.” 11So David got up early – he and his men – to depart in the morning, so as to return to the land of the Philistines, and the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

1 Samuel Chapter 30 

1Then it came to pass as David and his men were going to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites spread out towards the south and towards Ziklag, and they attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire. 2And they took the women who were in it captive, both small and great. They did not kill anyone, but they drove them along as they went their way. 3And David and his men came to the city, and what they saw was that it had been burned with fire, and their women and their sons and their daughters had been taken captive. 4And David and the people who were with him raised their voices and wept until they didn't have any strength to weep. 5Now David's two wives had been taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail who had been the wife of Nabal the Carmelite, 6and David was very distressed, for the people intended to stone him, for all the people were inwardly bitter – each man about his son and about his daughters – but David gathered strength through the Lord his God. 7And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring the ephod up to me”, and Abiathar brought the ephod up to David. 8And David inquired of the Lord and said, “Should I pursue this battalion? Will I catch up with them?” And he said to him, “Pursue, for you will certainly catch up with them and certainly bring deliverance.” 9So David and the six hundred men who were with him set out and came to the Besor stream, whereas the rest stayed behind. 10And David was in pursuit, he and four hundred men, whereas two hundred men who had become too exhausted to cross the Besor stream stayed behind. 11And they found an Egyptian man in the field, and they took him to David, and they gave him bread, and he ate, and they gave him water to drink. 12And they gave him a slice of a cake of dried figs and two raisin cakes, and he ate, and his spirit returned to him, for he had not eaten bread and he had not drunk water for three days and three nights. 13And David said to him, “To whom do you belong? And where are you from?” And he said, “I am an Egyptian youth, the servant of an Amalekite man, but my master left me, because I came sick three days ago. 14We raided the south of the Cherethites' territory, and Judah's territory, and the south of Caleb's territory, and we burned Ziklag with fire.” 15And David said to him, “Will you lead me down to this battalion?” And he said, “Swear to me by God that you definitely will not kill me, and that you definitely will not deliver me up into the hand of my master, and I will lead you down to this battalion.” 16So he led him down, and he saw that there were people scattered over the whole expanse of the land, eating and drinking and celebrating all the great spoil which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. 17And David attacked them from dawn to evening the day after, and no-one escaped from them except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled. 18So David recovered everything that the Amalekites had taken, and David recovered his two wives. 19And no-one whether small or great was left to them, neither sons nor daughters, nor any spoil, nor anything which they had taken away. David recovered everything. 20And David took all the sheep and oxen. They drove in front of that livestock and they said, “This is David's spoil.” 21Then David went to the two hundred men who had become too exhausted to follow David, whom they had stationed at the Besor stream. And they went out to meet David and to meet the people with him, and David approached the people and asked them how they were. 22And every evil or good-for-nothing man from the men who went with David answered and said, “Since they did not go with me, we will not give them any of the spoil which we have recovered, except for each man's wife and his sons, for them to take away and depart.” 23But David said, “You shall not do this, my brothers, with what the Lord has given us, for he protected us, and he delivered the battalion which came against us into our hands. 24And who will heed you in this matter? For the share of him who went down to battle will be as the share of him who stayed with the equipment. They will share it out together.” 25And it came to pass from that day on that he made it a statute and a regulation for Israel, as it is up to this day. 26Then David came to Ziklag, and he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his neighbour, and he said, “Here is a gift for you from the spoil of the Lord's enemies.” 27He sent it to those in Beth-el, and to those in Ramoth of the south, and to those in Jattir, 28and to those in Aroer, and to those in Siphmoth, and to those in Eshtemoa, 29and to those in Rachal, and to those in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to those in the cities of the Kenites, 30and to those in Hormah, and to those in Bor-ashan, and to those in Athach, 31and to those in Hebron, and to all the places which David frequented – he and his men.

1 Samuel Chapter 31 

1Then the Philistines fought against Israel, and the men of Israel fled from the Philistines, and they fell as casualties on Mount Gilboa. 2And the Philistines hotly pursued Saul and his sons, and the Philistines struck down Jonathan and Abinadab and Malchi-shua, Saul's sons. 3And the war went heavily against Saul, and the archers – men of the bow – hit him, and he was wounded by the archers. 4And Saul said to his arms-bearer, “Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, so that these uncircumcised men do not come and thrust me through or ill-treat me.” But his arms-bearer was not willing to do so, because he was very afraid. So Saul took his sword and fell on it. 5Then when his arms-bearer saw that Saul had died, he too fell on his sword and died with him. 6So Saul and his three sons died, as did his arms-bearer, and all his men together on that day. 7And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley and on the other side of the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled, and that Saul and his sons had died, they left the cities and fled, and the Philistines came and lived in them. 8And it came to pass on the next day when the Philistines came to strip the fallen, that they found Saul and his three sons lying fallen at Mount Gilboa. 9And they cut his head off and stripped his weaponry, and sent messengers into the land of the Philistines round about to bring the good news to the house of their idols and to the people. 10And they put his weaponry in the house of images of Astarte, and they fastened his corpse to the wall of Beth-shan. 11And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of it – of what the Philistines had done to Saul – 12every valiant man arose and went all night and took down Saul's corpse and his sons' corpses from the wall of Beth-shan, and they went to Jabesh and burnt them there. 13And they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh. And they fasted for seven days.

2 Samuel  

2 Samuel Chapter 1 

1And it came to pass after Saul's death that David returned from attacking the Amalekites, and David stayed in Ziklag for two days. 2And it came to pass on the third day that there was a man who had come from Saul's camp, whose clothes were torn, and there was soil on his head, and when he came to David, he fell to the ground and prostrated himself. 3And David said to him, “Where have you come from?” And he said to him, “I have escaped from Israel's camp.” 4Then David asked him, “What happened? Do please tell me.” And he said that the people had fled from the battle and that many of the people had fallen and died, and that Saul and Jonathan his son had also died. 5Then David asked the lad who had told him, “How did you come to know that Saul and Jonathan died?” 6And the lad who was informing him said, “Completely by chance I was on Mount Gilboa when I saw Saul leaning on his spear, while the chariot fleet and the horsemen were hotly pursuing him. 7And he turned round and saw me, and he called for me, and I said, ‘Here I am.’ 8Then he said to me, ‘Who are you’, and I said to him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ 9Then he said to me, ‘Come up to me please and kill me, for a seizure has taken hold of me, although my life is still in me.’ 10So I went up to him and killed him, for I knew that he would not live after his fall, and I took the crown which was on his head and the bracelet which was on his arm, and I have brought them to my lord here.” 11Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, as did all the men who were with him. 12And they mourned and wept and fasted until the evening, for Saul and Jonathan his son, and for the Lord's people, and for the house of Israel, for they had fallen by the sword. 13Then David asked the lad who was informing him, “Where are you from?” And he said, “I am the son of a foreigner, an Amalekite.” 14And David said to him, “How come you did not fear to stretch out your hand to dispatch the Lord's anointed?” 15And David called one of the lads and said, “Come up and strike him.” And he struck him and he died. 16Then David said to him, “May your blood be on your head, for your mouth testified against you, when you said, ‘I have killed the Lord's anointed.’ ” 17And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son, 18and he gave the order to teach the sons of Judah archery – look, it is written in the Book of Jasher –

19“The gazelle – Israel – lies slain on your heights.

How the mighty have fallen!

20Do not report it in Gath,

Do not proclaim it in the open places of Ashkelon,

Lest the daughters of the Philistines should rejoice,

Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised should exult.

21May there be no dew on the mountains of Gilboa,

And may there be no rain on you,

Nor on the fields for offerings,

For there the shield of heroes was abandoned –

The shield of Saul without the anointing of oil.

22From the blood of the slain,

From the fat of the heroes

Jonathan's bow did not fall back,

And Saul's sword did not return empty.

23Saul and Jonathan were loved and were delightful in their lives,

And they did not part in their death.

They were swifter than eagles;

They were stronger than lions.

24O daughters of Israel, weep for Saul,

Who clothed you in scarlet with delights,

Who set ornaments of gold on your clothing.

25How the heroes have fallen in the midst of the battle!

Jonathan was slain on your heights.

26I am distressed about you, my brother Jonathan.

You were very much a source of pleasure to me.

Your love for me was more wondrous

Than the love of women.

27How the heroes have fallen

And the weapons of war have perished.”

2 Samuel Chapter 2 

1Then it came to pass after that, that David inquired of the Lord and asked, “Should I go up into one of the cities of Judah?” And the Lord said to him, “Go up.” Then David said, “Where should I go up to?” And he said, “To Hebron.” 2So David went up there, as did his two wives Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail who had been the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 3And David brought up his men who were with him, each one and his household, and they lived in the cities of Hebron. 4And the men of Judah came, and they anointed David as king over the house of Judah. And they gave a report to David and said, “It is the men of Jabesh-gilead who buried Saul.” 5Then David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-gilead and he said to them, “Blessed are you to the Lord, because you did this kind act with your lord, with Saul, when you buried him. 6So now, may the Lord act kindly and in truth with you, and I too will recompense you this good deed, because you did this thing. 7And now, may your hands be strengthened, and may you become valiant men, for your lord, Saul, is dead, and moreover the house of Judah has anointed me as king over them.” 8But Abner the son of Ner, a commander of Saul's army, took Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, and brought him across to Mahanaim. 9And they made him king of Gilead, and of the Ashurites and of Jezreel, and of Ephraim and of Benjamin and of all of Israel. 10Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, was forty years old when he reigned over Israel, and he reigned for two years, but the house of Judah was behind David. 11And the number of days that David was king over the house of Judah in Hebron was seven years and six months. 12And Abner the son of Ner went out, as did the servants of Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 13And Joab the son of Zeruiah and David's servants went out, and met them at the pool of Gibeon so that they were all together, and they sat with one group on one side of the pool and one group on the other side of the pool. 14And Abner said to Joab, “Let the lads get up and make sport for us.” And Joab said, “Let them get up.” 15So the twelve in number of Benjamin and Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, arose and crossed over, as did twelve of David's servants. 16And each took hold of his neighbour's head, and thrust his sword into his neighbour's side, and they fell down together, and that place is called Helkath-hazzurim, which is in Gibeon. 17And the war was very severe on that day, and Abner was defeated, as were the men of Israel, by David's servants. 18And the three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab and Abishai and Asahel. Now Asahel was swift-footed like one of the gazelles in the field. 19And Asahel pursued Abner, and he did not turn aside to go to the right or to the left in going after Abner. 20Then Abner turned round and he said, “Are you Asahel himself?” And he said, “I am.” 21And Abner said to him, “Turn aside to your right or to your left, and take hold of one of the lads and take his spoil.” But Asahel was not willing to deviate from going after him. 22And Abner went on to say to Asahel, “Give up coming after me. Why should I strike you to the ground, and how would I face Joab your brother?” 23But he refused to give up, and Abner struck him with the back of a spear in the abdomen, and the spear came out behind him, and he fell there and died on the spot. And it came to pass that everyone who came to the place where Asahel fell and died stood still. 24And Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and the sun was setting when they came to the hill of Ammah which faces Giah on the way to the desert of Gibeon. 25And the Benjaminites assembled themselves behind Abner and became one battalion, and they stood on the top of a certain hill. 26And Abner called to Joab and said, “Will the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter in the end? So how much longer will you not tell the people to stop going after their brothers?” 27And Joab said, “As God lives, if you had not spoken, then the people would have been led up from this morning onwards, each one pursuing his brother.” 28Then Joab sounded the ramshorn, and all the people stood still, and they didn't pursue Israel any longer, and they didn't continue fighting any longer. 29Then Abner and his men walked through the arid tract all that night, and they crossed the Jordan, and they walked through all of Bithron, and they arrived in Mahanaim. 30And Joab returned from going after Abner, and he assembled all the people. Now nineteen men of David's servants were missing, as was Asahel. 31But David's servants had struck the Benjaminites and Abner's men, and three hundred and sixty men had died. 32And they carried Asahel away, and buried him in his father's sepulchre, which is in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men walked all night, then dawn broke on them in Hebron.

2 Samuel Chapter 3 

1And the war between the house of Saul and the house of David was long, but David became stronger and stronger, whereas Saul's house became weaker and weaker. 2And various sons were born to David in Hebron, and his eldest was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess. 3And his second eldest was Chileab, by Abigail the former wife of Nabal the Carmelite. And the third was Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai, the king of Geshur. 4And the fourth was Adonijah, the son of Haggith, and the fifth was Shephatiah, the son of Abital. 5And the sixth was Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. 6Then it came to pass while the war was going on being between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner was becoming stronger in the house of Saul. 7Now Saul had had a concubine, and her name was Rizpah the daughter of Aiah. And Ish-bosheth said to Abner, “Why have you gone in to my father's concubine?” 8And Abner became very angry about Ish-bosheth's words, and he said, “Am I a dog's head, who is for Judah? Today I will show kindness to the house of Saul your father, towards his brothers and towards his friends, and I won't deliver you up into the hand of David, although you have charged me with an iniquity against the woman today. 9May God so do to Abner if I am guilty, and may he so add to him, for as the Lord has sworn to David, so I will do for him, 10in transferring the kingdom from the house of Saul and in setting up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan's territory up to Beer-sheba.” 11And he could not answer Abner a word any more, for fear of him. 12And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf to say, “Whose is the land?” and to say, “Make your covenant with me, and you will see that my hand is with you, to round up the whole of Israel to you.” 13And David said, “Good, I will make a covenant with you, but I will ask one thing of you, namely, ‘You shall not see my face unless and until you bring Michal Saul's daughter when you come to see my face.’ ” 14So David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, to say, “Give me my wife Michal whom I betrothed to myself for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines.” 15And Ish-bosheth sent men, and he took her from her husband Phaltiel the son of Laish. 16And her husband went with her, weeping as he went, following her to Bahurim. But Abner said to him, “Depart; go back.” So he went back. 17And Abner's position was under consideration with the elders of Israel as he had said, “In times past you were requesting David as king over you. 18So now, act, for the Lord has spoken to David, and said, ‘By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines and from the hand of all their enemies.’ ” 19And Abner also spoke privately to Benjamin, and Abner also went to speak privately to David in Hebron everything that was right in the sight of Israel and in the sight of the whole house of Benjamin. 20So Abner came to David in Hebron, and twenty men were with him, and David held a feast for Abner and for the men who were with him. 21And Abner said to David, “Let me get up and go and gather the whole of Israel to my lord the king, and they will make a covenant with you, and you will reign over everyone your heart desires.” And David let Abner go, and he went in peace. 22Then along came the servants of David and Joab from the battalion, and they brought much spoil with them, and Abner was not with David in Hebron, for he had let him go and he had gone in peace. 23Then when Joab and the whole army which was with him had arrived, they spoke to Joab and said, “Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he let him go, and he went in peace.” 24Then Joab went to the king and said, “What have you done? Look, Abner came to you. Why is it that you have let him go, and he has simply gone? 25You know Abner the son of Ner – that he came to deceive you and to get to know your comings and goings and to get to know everything you are doing.” 26And Joab left David's company, and he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the well of Sirah, without David knowing. 27So Abner returned to Hebron, and Joab took him aside inside the gate to speak to him quietly, and he struck him there in the abdomen, and he died for the blood of Asahel Joab's brother. 28And after that, David heard about it, and he said, “I and my kingdom are age-abidingly innocent before the Lord of the blood of Abner the son of Ner. 29May it fall on Joab's head and on all his father's house, and may there not fail to be one with a pathological discharge, or a leper, or one holding a staff, or falling by the sword, or lacking bread in the house of Joab.” 30So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because he had killed Asahel their brother in Gibeon in the war. 31And David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes and gird on sackcloth, and mourn for Abner.” And King David walked behind the funeral bier. 32And they buried Abner in Hebron, and the king raised his voice and wept at Abner's grave, and all the people wept. 33So the king lamented over Abner, and he said,

“Did Abner die as a fool dies?

34Your hands were not bound,

And your feet were not fettered.

You fell as one falls before the iniquitous.”

And all the people wept for him again. 35And all the people came to give David bread while it was still day, but David swore and said, “May God so do to me and more besides if I taste bread or anything else before the sun sets.” 36And all the people showed respect, and it was right in their eyes. Everything that the king did was right in the eyes of all the people. 37And all the people and all Israel knew on that day that it was not an initiative from the king to kill Abner the son of Ner. 38And the king said to his servants, “Do you not know that a commander and a great man has fallen on this day in Israel? 39And I am faint today, although anointed king, and these men – the sons of Zeruiah – are too harsh for me. May the Lord requite him who commits wickedness according to his wickedness.”

2 Samuel Chapter 4 

1When Saul's son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, his hands sank, and all Israel was agitated. 2Now Saul's son had two men who were commanders of battalions. The name of one was Baanah and the name of the other was Rechab – the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, of the sons of Benjamin, for Beeroth was also reckoned to Benjamin. 3And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and dwelt there, as they are up to this day. 4And Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son who was lame in his legs. He was five years old when the report of Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel, and his foster mother took him away and fled, and it came to pass in her haste to flee, that he fell and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth. 5And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite – Rechab and Baanah – departed and they arrived as the day was becoming hot, at the house of Ish-bosheth, and he was lying on a bed at midday. 6And they went into the house as if they were customers for wheat, and they struck him in the abdomen, and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped. 7For they went into the house while he was lying on his bed in his bedroom and struck him, and killed him, and removed his head, and took his head, and departed through the arid tract all night. 8And they brought Ish-bosheth's head to David in Hebron, and they said to the king, “Here is the head of Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul your enemy who sought your life, and the Lord avenged my lord the king this day on Saul and his seed.” 9But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and he said to them, “As the Lord lives, who redeemed my life from all adversity, 10when the one reporting to me said, ‘Look, Saul is dead’ – when he was bringing good news in his eyes – I seized him and killed him in Ziklag, which was me giving him good news. 11How much more is it like that when wicked men have killed a righteous man in his house on his bed? So now, should I not require his blood from yourselves and eradicate you from the land?” 12Then David commanded his servant-lads, and they killed them, and they cut off their hands and feet, and hanged them over the pool in Hebron, and they took Ish-bosheth's head and buried it in Abner's sepulchre in Hebron.

2 Samuel Chapter 5 

1And all of the tribes of Israel came to David, in Hebron, and they spoke, and said, “Here we are; we are your bone and your flesh. 2Throughout the past when Saul was king over us, it was you who brought Israel out and led it in. And the Lord said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will be a leader over Israel.’ ” 3And all the elders of Israel came to the king in Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David as king over Israel. 4David was thirty years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for forty years. 5In Hebron he reigned over Judah for seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned for thirty-three years over all Israel and Judah. 6Then the king and his men went to Jerusalem, to the Jebusites, who were inhabiting the land, and they spoke to David and said, “You shall not come here unless you can remove the blind and the lame”, and they said, “David shall not come here.” 7But David captured the stronghold of Zion, which is the City of David. 8And on that day, David said, “Whoever strikes a Jebusite and gets to the waterfall and strikes the lame and the blind – who hate David's existence – ....” For this reason they say, “The blind and the lame shall not enter the house.” 9And David resided in the citadel, and he called it the City of David. And David built around it, from the Millo inwards. 10And David continued to become greater, and the Lord God of hosts was with him. 11And Hiram the king of Tyre sent envoys to David, and cedar wood and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a house for David. 12And David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel. 13Then David took some more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he had arrived there from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David. 14And these are the names of those born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua and Shobab and Nathan and Solomon, 15and Ibhar and Elishua and Nepheg and Japhia, 16and Elishama and Eliada and Eliphelet. 17And when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David as king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David, but David heard about it, and he went down into the citadel. 18And the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the Valley of the Rephaim. 19And David asked the Lord and said, “Should I go up against the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hand?” And the Lord said to David, “Go up, for I will certainly deliver the Philistines into your hand.” 20So David went to Baal-perazim, and David struck them there, and said, “The Lord has dispersed my enemies before me, like an outpouring of water”, which is why he called that place Baal-perazim. 21And they abandoned their idols there, and David and his men removed them. 22But the Philistines came up yet again and they spread themselves out in the Valley of the Rephaim. 23And David inquired of the Lord. And he said, “You shall not go up. Surround them at their rear and advance on them opposite the balsam trees. 24And it will come to pass when you hear the sound of marching in the crowns of the balsam trees that you will then act decisively, for then the Lord will go out before you to strike the Philistines' battalion.” 25And David did this as the Lord had commanded him, and he struck the Philistines from Geba to the approach to Gazer.

2 Samuel Chapter 6 

1And David again gathered every young man in Israel – thirty thousand of them. 2And David arose and proceeded, with all the people who were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring the ark of God up from there, where a name – the name of the Lord of hosts who resides between cherubim above him – is called on. 3And they loaded the ark of God onto a new wagon, and removed it from Aminadab's house, which was in Gibeah. Now Uzzah and Ahio, Abinadab's sons, were driving the new wagon, 4and they removed it from Abinadab's house which was in Gibeah, travelling with the ark of God, with Ahio walking in front of the ark. 5Now David and the whole house of Israel were playing music before the Lord on all kinds of instruments of cypress wood, and on harps and on lutes and with drums and with sistrums and with cymbals, 6when they came to Nachon's threshing floor, and Uzzah stretched out his hand to the ark of God, and held on to it, because the oxen were destabilizing it. 7At this the Lord's anger was kindled against Uzzah, and God struck him down there for his nonchalance, and he died there with the ark of God. 8And it grieved David that the Lord had burst out against Uzzah, and he called that place Perez-uzzah, as it is up to this day. 9And David feared the Lord on that day, and he said, “How will the ark of the Lord come to me?” 10And David was not willing to have the ark of the Lord brought to him at the City of David, and David had it diverted to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. 11So the ark of the Lord remained in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite for three months, and the Lord blessed Obed-edom and all his household. 12And it was reported to David with the words, “The Lord has blessed the household of Obed-edom, and everything he has, on account of the ark of God.” So David went and brought the ark of God up from the house of Obed-edom to the City of David with joy. 13And it came to pass when the bearers of the ark of the Lord had taken six steps, that he sacrificed an ox and a fatted calf. 14And David leapt with all his might before the Lord, and David was girded with an ephod of fine linen. 15So David and the whole house of Israel brought the ark of the Lord up with shouting and with the sound of the ramshorn. 16And as the ark of the Lord was arriving in the City of David, Michal Saul's daughter was peering out of the window, and she saw King David leaping and bounding before the Lord, and she despised him in her heart. 17And they brought the ark of the Lord, and they put it in its place inside the tent which David had pitched for it, and David offered burnt offerings and peace-offerings before the Lord. 18And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace-offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of hosts. 19And he distributed to all the people and the whole multitude of Israel, to both men and women – to each one – a leavened loaf of bread, and a portion of roast beef, and a pressed raisin cake. Then all the people went home. 20When David returned to bless his household, Michal Saul's daughter came out to meet David and said, “How dignified the king of Israel was today, who exposed himself today in the sight of the maidservants of his menservants, like an empty-headed person deliberately exposing himself.” 21And David said to Michal, “I did it before the Lord who chose me rather than your father and rather than all his house in appointing me a leader over the people of the Lord – over Israel – and I will play before the Lord. 22And I will be more contemptible than this, and I will be lowly in my own eyes, but with the maidservants with whom you spoke I shall be honoured.” 23And Michal, Saul's daughter, did not have a child up to the day of her death.

2 Samuel Chapter 7 

1And it came to pass when the king was sitting in his house, and the Lord had given him rest on all sides from all his enemies, 2that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I am sitting in a house of cedars, but the ark of God is residing behind a sheet.” 3And Nathan said to the king, “Whatever is in your heart, go and do, for the Lord is with you.” 4And it came to pass on that night that the word of the Lord came to Nathan, and said, 5“Go and say to my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Will you build me a house for me to dwell in? 6For I have not dwelt in a house from the day when I brought the sons of Israel up out of Egypt, up to this day, and I have been going about in a tent and in a tabernacle. 7Everywhere where I have gone about among all the sons of Israel, have I spoken a word with the one of the tribes of Israel which I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, ‹Why have you not built me a house of cedar?›?» ’ 8So now, this is what you will say to my servant, to David, ‘This is what the Lord of hosts says, «I took you out of the pasture, from looking after the sheep, to be a leader over my people, over Israel. 9And I was with you everywhere you went, and I cut off all your enemies at your advance, and I made your name great, like the name of the great men who are on the earth. 10And I will appoint a place for my people – for Israel – and I will plant them there, and they will dwell right there, and they will no longer shudder, and the unrighteous will no longer afflict them as at first. 11And ever since the day when I appointed judges over my people Israel, I have given you rest from all your enemies. And the Lord has told you that the Lord will make a house for you. 12When your days are fulfilled and you lie with your fathers, I will raise up your seed after you, who will come from your loins, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He will build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom age-abidingly. 14I will be a father to him, and he will be a son to me, and when he acts iniquitously, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the beatings of the sons of Adam. 15But my kindness will not depart from him, as when I withdrew it from Saul, whom I removed from you. 16And your house and your kingdom will be immutable age-abidingly before you. Your throne will be confirmed age-abidingly.» ’ ” 17According to all these words, and according to all of this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. 18And King David came and sat before the Lord and said, “Who am I, my Lord the Lord, and who constitutes my house, that you should have brought me here? 19And was this just a small matter in your sight, my Lord the Lord? And moreover you spoke to the house of your servant from afar, and is this man's right, my Lord the Lord? 20And what more can David say to you? For you know your servant, my Lord the Lord. 21It was for the sake of your word and according to your heart that you performed all this great thing, and made it known to your servant, 22which is why you are great, my Lord the Lord, for there is none like you and there is no God except for you in anything which we have heard with our ears. 23And who is like your people, like Israel, one nation on the earth, which God proceeded to redeem to himself as a people, and to establish a name for himself, and to perform for you a great deed and awesome things, for your land, on account of your people whom you redeemed to yourself from Egypt – the nations and their gods? 24And you have established your people for yourself, Israel as your people age-abidingly. And you, O Lord, have become their God. 25So now, O Lord God, establish the word which you spoke concerning your servant and concerning his household age-abidingly, and act as you have spoken. 26And may your name be magnified age-abidingly, by people saying, ‘O Lord of hosts, God over Israel’, and may the house of your servant David be established before you. 27For you, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, have informed your servant, saying, ‘I will build you a house’, which is why your servant has found it in his heart to pray this prayer to you. 28So now, my Lord the Lord, you are God and your words will come true, and you have spoken this good thing to your servant. 29So now, be willing to bless the house of your servant, for it to be before you age-abidingly, because you, my Lord the Lord, have spoken, and from your blessing the house of your servant will be blessed age-abidingly.”

2 Samuel Chapter 8 

1And it came to pass after that, that David attacked the Philistines and subdued them, and David took the metropolis from the Philistines' control. 2And he attacked Moab, and allotted them in a line, making them lie down on the ground, and he allotted two groups, one to be put to death and one numerous group to be preserved alive. So Moab became David's servants and tribute-bearers. 3And David attacked Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to regain control of the river. 4And David captured from him one thousand seven hundred horsemen and twenty thousand infantrymen. And David hamstrung all the horses of the chariot fleet, but he allowed one hundred of its chariots to remain. 5Then Aramaea of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, but David struck down twenty-two thousand men in Aramaea. 6And David stationed garrisons in Aramaea of Damascus, and Aramaea became David's servants and tribute-bearers, and the Lord sustained David everywhere he went. 7And David took the golden shields which Hadadezer's servants had, and he brought them to Jerusalem. 8And King David took a very great quantity of copper from Betah and from Berothai, Hadadezer's cities. 9And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole of Hadadezer's army, 10Toi sent Joram his son to King David to ask him for peace and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Hadadezer had been a man at war with Toi. And in his hand were items of silver and items of gold and items of copper. 11Them too King David consecrated to the Lord with the silver and the gold which he had consecrated from all the nations which he had conquered, 12from Aramaea, and from Moab, and from the sons of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek, and from the booty of Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 13And David gained a reputation when he returned from defeating Aramaea in the Valley of Salt – eighteen thousand men. 14And he stationed garrisons in Edom – in the whole of Edom he stationed garrisons – and all of Edom became David's servants, and the Lord sustained David everywhere he went. 15So David reigned over all of Israel, and David would execute judgment and justice to all his people. 16And Joab the son of Zeruiah was in charge of the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Alihud was state secretary. 17And Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was the scribe. 18And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in charge of the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and the sons of David were priests.

2 Samuel Chapter 9 

1And David said, “Is there still anyone who remains of the house of Saul, so I can show kindness to him on account of Jonathan?” 2Now there was a servant of the house of Saul, and his name was Ziba, and they summoned him to David. And the king asked him, “Are you Ziba?” And he said, “Your servant.” 3And the king said, “Is there no longer a man of the house of Saul, so that I may show the kindness of God to him?” And Ziba said to the king, “There is still Jonathan's son, who is lame in the feet.” 4And the king said to him, “Where is he?” And Ziba said to the king, “Well now, he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel in Lo-debar.” 5And King David sent for him, and he took him from the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo-debar. 6So Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul came to David, and he fell face down and prostrated himself. And David said, “Mephibosheth.” And he said, “Here is your servant.” 7And David said to him, “Don't be afraid, for I will certainly show you kindness, on account of Jonathan your father. And I will restore to you all of the field of Saul your father, and you will always eat bread at my table.” 8And Mephibosheth prostrated himself and said, “What is your servant, that you should turn to a dead dog such as me?” 9And the king called for Ziba, Saul's servant-lad and he said to him, “Everything which was Saul's or of any of his house, I have given to your master's son. 10And you will till the ground for him, you and your sons and your servants, and you will bring the produce in. So your master's son will have bread, and he will eat it, and Mephibosheth your master's son will always eat bread at my table.” Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants. 11And Ziba said to the king, “Everything that my lord the king commands his servant, your servant will do.” Then David added, “So Mephibosheth will eat at my table like one of the king's sons.” 12And Mephibosheth had a small son whose name was Micha. And the whole household of Ziba were servants to Mephibosheth. 13And Mephibosheth lived in Jerusalem, because he always ate at the king's table. And he was lame in both his feet.

2 Samuel Chapter 10 

1And it came to pass after this that the king of the sons of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his place. 2And David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash in the way his father showed me kindness.” And David sent word to comfort him through his servants about his father. And David's servants arrived in the land of the sons of Ammon. 3But the officials of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Does David honour your father, in your opinion? For he has sent consolers to you. Is it not to investigate the city and to spy on it, and to overthrow it, that David has sent his servants to you?” 4And Hanun seized David's servants, and shaved off half of their beards, and cut their garments down the middle as far as their buttocks, and sent them away. 5When people told David, he sent servants to meet them, for the men had been very much put to shame. And the king said, “Stay in Jericho until your beards grow, and then return.” 6Then when the sons of Ammon saw that they had become odious to David, the sons of Ammon contacted and hired the Aramaeans of Beth-rehob, and the Aramaeans of Zoba – twenty thousand infantry and one thousand men from King Maachah, and twelve thousand men from Ish-tob. 7And when David heard of it, he sent Joab and the whole army of warriors. 8And the sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle order at the gate entrance, and the Aramaeans of Zoba and Rehob and Ish-tob and Maachah were in the field by themselves. 9And when Joab saw that there was a battlefront against him ahead of him and behind, he made a selection of all the young men in Israel, and he drew them up to confront the Aramaeans. 10And he placed the remainder of the people in the hand of Abishai his brother, who drew up to confront the sons of Ammon. 11And he said, “If the Aramaeans are too strong for me, then you will come to my rescue, and if the sons of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will go to rescue you. 12Be strong and let us be strengthened for our people and for the cities of our God, and may the Lord do what is right in his sight.” 13Then Joab and the people who were with him advanced to the battle against the Aramaeans, and they fled from his presence. 14Then when the sons of Ammon saw that the Aramaeans had fled, they fled from Abishai, and they went to the city, and Joab returned from the sons of Ammon, and he went to Jerusalem. 15But when the Aramaeans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together. 16And Hadadezer sent messengers and had the Aramaeans who were on the far side of the river come out. So their forces came, with Shobach the commander of Hadadezer's army at their head. 17And it was reported to David, and he gathered the whole of Israel, and he crossed the Jordan and went to Helam. And the Aramaeans drew up to confront David, and they fought against him. 18And the Aramaeans fled from Israel, and of the Aramaeans David killed seven hundred chariot crew, and forty thousand horsemen, and he struck Shobach the commander of his army, and he died there. 19And when all the kings – servants of Hadaezer – saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them, and the Aramaeans were afraid of coming to the rescue of the sons of Ammon any more.

2 Samuel Chapter 11 

1And it came to pass in the new year, at the time when the messengers go out, that David sent out Joab and his servants with him and all Israel, and they ravaged the sons of Ammon, and they besieged Rabbah. But David remained in Jerusalem. 2And it came to pass one evening that David arose from his bed and walked around on the roof of the king's house, and from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very good-looking. 3And David sent a servant and inquired about the woman. And the servant said, “Is this not Bath-sheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” 4And David sent messengers, and took her, and she came to him, and he lay with her. Then she purified herself from her uncleanness, and returned to her house. 5And the woman conceived, and she sent word, and she told David, and said, “I am pregnant.” 6Then David sent word to Joab, and said, “Send Uriah the Hittite to me.” So Joab sent Uriah to David. 7And Uriah came to him, and David asked about Joab's welfare and the welfare of the people, and the course of the war. 8And David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” So Uriah went out of the king's house, and a meal from the king went out after him. 9But Uriah lay at the entrance to the king's house with all his master's servants, and he did not go down to his house. 10And they reported it to David as follows, “Uriah has not gone down to his house.” Then David said to Uriah, “Have you not come from a journey? Why have you not gone down to your house?” 11And Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah remain in booths, and my master Joab and my master's servants are encamped in the open field, so should I go to my house and eat and drink and lie with my wife? Not on your life or on the life of your being will I do this thing.” 12And David said to Uriah, “Stay here to-day as well, and tomorrow I will send you off.” So Uriah stayed in Jerusalem on that day and on the next day. 13Then David called him, and he ate in his presence, and drank, and he made him drunk, but he went out in the evening to lie on his couch with his master's servants, and he did not go down to his house. 14And it came to pass in the morning that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15And he wrote in the letter as follows, “Place Uriah in the front line of the fiercest battle, and withdraw behind him so that he is struck and dies.” 16And it came to pass when Joab was keeping watch over the city, that he put Uriah in the place where he knew that the most valiant warriors were. 17And the men of the city came out and fought Joab, and some of the people and of David's servants fell, and Uriah the Hittite also fell there and died. 18And Joab sent word and reported all the events of the war to David. 19And he commanded the messenger as follows, “When you have finished telling the king all the events of the war, 20and if it should come to pass that the king's anger is aroused, and he says to you, ‘Why did you approach the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall? 21Who struck Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? Didn't a woman drop an upper millstone on him from the wall, and did he not die in Thebez? Why did you approach the wall?’ – then you will say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is also dead.’ ” 22And the messenger departed and arrived and told David everything that Joab had sent him for. 23And the messenger said to David, “The men prevailed over us and came out against us in the field when we were up against them at the gate entrance. 24And the archers shot at your servant from the wall, and some of the king's servants died, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is also dead.” 25Then David said to the messenger, “This is what you will say to Joab, ‘Don't let this matter be hurtful in your eyes, for the sword consumes this way and that way. Intensify your battle against the city and demolish it.’ And bid him strength.” 26And Uriah's wife heard that Uriah her husband had died, and she lamented for her husband. 27And when the period of mourning had passed, David sent for her, and added her to his household, and she became his wife, and she bore him a son. But the thing that David had done was evil in the Lord's sight.

2 Samuel Chapter 12 

1Then the Lord sent Nathan to David, and he came to him, and he said to him, “There were two men in a certain city, one rich and one poor. 2The rich man had very many sheep and cattle, 3but the poor man didn't have anything except one small lamb which he had bought and reared, and it grew up together with him and with his sons. It ate from his plate and drank from his cup, and lay in his bosom, and it became like a daughter to him. 4And a traveller came to the rich man, but he spared taking anything from his own flock and herd, and preparing it for the guest who had come to him, and he took the poor man's lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.” 5And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the Lord lives, the man who did this is deserving of death. 6And he will repay the lamb fourfold, since he did this thing and because he did not show pity.” 7Then Nathan said to David, “You are the man. This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from Saul's hand. 8And I gave your lord's house and your lord's wives into your bosom, and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah. And if you had little of anything, I increased it for you left right and centre. 9Why have you despised the word of the Lord in doing evil in his sight? You have struck Uriah the Hittite down with the sword, and you have taken his wife to be your wife. And you killed him by the sword of the sons of Ammon. 10So now, the sword will not depart from your house age-abidingly, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’ 11This is what the Lord says, ‘I am about to stir up evil against you from your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes, and I will give them to your neighbour, and he will lie with your wives in the sight of this sun. 12For you acted in secret, but I will do this thing in the presence of all Israel and in the presence of the sun.’ ” 13Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.” And Nathan said to David, “However, the Lord has transferred your sin; you will not die for it, 14except that because you have thoroughly mocked the Lord in this matter, the son born to you will certainly die.” 15Then Nathan went to his house, and the Lord struck the child whom Uriah's wife had borne to David, and he became ill. 16And David pleaded with God about the boy, and David fasted, then he went indoors and spent the night lying on the ground. 17And the elders of his house got up and went to him to lift him up from the ground, but he was not willing, and he did not eat bread with them. 18Then it came to pass on the seventh day that the child died, but David's servants were afraid to tell him that the child had died, because they said, “Look, when the child was alive, we spoke to him, but he did not heed us, so how can we say to him, ‘The child has died’? He would then do something wrong.” 19But David saw that his servants were whispering to each other, and David realized that the child had died, and David asked his servants, “Has the child died?” And they said, “He has died.” 20Then David arose from the ground, and washed and anointed himself, and changed his robe, and went to the house of the Lord and worshipped. Then he went to his house and asked for bread and they served it to him and he ate. 21And his servants said to him, “What is this thing that you have done? While the child was alive, you fasted and wept, but when the child died, you got up and ate bread.” 22And he said, “When the child was still alive, I fasted and wept, for I said, ‘Who knows whether the Lord will have compassion on me and the child will live?’ 23But now that he is dead, why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me.” 24And David comforted Bath-sheba his wife, and he went to her and lay with her, and she bore a son, and he called him Solomon. And the Lord loved him. 25And David sent word through the intermediacy of Nathan the prophet, and he called him Jedidiah, because of the Lord. 26And Joab fought in Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, and he captured the royal city. 27And Joab sent messengers to David and he said, “I have fought in Rabbah, and moreover I have captured the city of water. 28So now, gather the rest of the people and encamp against the city and capture it, so that it is not me who captures the city and it becomes called after my name.” 29And David gathered all the people, and he went to Rabbah, and he fought against it, and he captured it. 30And he took their king's crown from his head, and its weight was a talent of gold with a precious gemstone, and it was placed on David's head. He also brought a great deal of the city's spoil, 31and he brought out the people who were in it, and he assigned them to work with the saw, and with iron threshing boards and with iron axes, and he moved them to brickworks. And he did likewise to all the cities of the sons of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

2 Samuel Chapter 13 

1And it came to pass after that, that Absalom, David's son, had a beautiful sister, whose name was Tamar, and Amnon, David's son, loved her. 2And Amnon was stressed to the point of making himself ill on account of Tamar his sister, for she was a virgin, but it seemed difficult in Amnon's sight to do anything with her. 3But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab the son of Shimeah, David's brother, and Jonadab was a very clever man. 4And he said to him, “Why are you so dejected, O son of the king, every morning? Will you not tell me?” And Amnon said to him, “I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.” 5Then Jehonadab said to him, “Lie on your bed and pretend to be ill, and when your father comes to see you, say to him, ‘Could Tamar my sister come and give me bread to eat, and prepare the food in my sight, so that I may see it and eat from her hand.’ ” 6So Amnon lay down and pretended to be ill, and the king came to see him, and Amnon said to the king, “Could Tamar my sister come in and make two cakes before my eyes, and I will eat from her hand.” 7So David sent servants to Tamar's home who said, “Please go to the home of Amnon your brother and make him a meal.” 8So Tamar went to the home of Amnon her brother, and he was laid up, and she took the dough and kneaded it, and made cakes in his presence, and cooked the cakes. 9And she took the frying pan, and poured it out in his presence, but he refused to eat, and Amnon said, “Send every man away from me.” So every man went out away from him. 10Then Amnon said to Tamar, “Bring the food into the room and I will eat from your hand.” So Tamar took the cakes which she had made and brought them to Amnon her brother in the room. 11But when she served them for him to eat, he took hold of her and said to her, “Come and lie with me, my sister.” 12But she said to him, “No, my brother, do not violate me, for such a thing is not done in Israel. Do not do this dishonourable thing. 13For where would I rid myself of my shame? And you would be like one of the dishonoured in Israel. So now, please, speak to the king, for he will not hold me back from you.” 14But he would not heed her, and he was stronger than her, and he violated her and lay with her. 15Then Amnon hated her with a very great hatred, for his hatred with which he hated her was greater than the love with which he had loved her, and Amnon said to her, “Get up and go.” 16And she said to him, “There is no reason to do this wicked thing, in sending me away, which is greater than the other thing which you did to me.” But he would not listen to her. 17And he called for his servant-lad, who served him, and he said, “Send this woman away from me, outside, and bolt the door after her.” 18Now she was wearing a long striped tunic, for that was the kind of robe which the king's virgin daughters wore. And his servant took her outside and bolted the door after her. 19And Tamar took ash and put it on her head, and she tore the long striped tunic which she was wearing, and she put her hand on her head, and she went around wailing. 20And Absalom her brother asked her, “Has Aminon your brother been with you? Well now, my sister, keep quiet about it; he is your brother. Do not take this matter to heart.” But Tamar remained solitary in the house of Absalom her brother. 21And King David heard all these things, and it greatly infuriated him. 22And Absalom did not speak with Amnon on bad or good terms, because Absalom hated Amnon, because of the fact that he had violated Tamar his sister. 23Then it came to pass after two full years when they were shearing for Absalom in Baal-hazor, which is Ephraim's, that Absalom invited all the king's sons round. 24And Absalom went to the king and said, “Look now, they are shearing for your servant. Please let the king and his servants come along with your servant.” 25But the king said to Absalom, “No, my son, let's not all go, so that we are not burdensome to you.” Then Absalom pressed him. However, the king was not willing to go, but he blessed him. 26And Absalom said, “Not you then. But do let Amnon my brother go with us.” But the king said, “Why should he go with you?” 27But Absalom pressed him, and he let Amnon go with him, and all the king's sons. 28And Absalom commanded his servant-lads and said, “Now watch for when Amnon is light-hearted with wine, and when I say to you, ‘Strike Amnon’, you will kill him. Do not be afraid; have I not commanded you? Be strong and be bold.” 29And Absalom's servant-lads did to Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and each rode on his mule, and they fled. 30And it came to pass while they were on the road, that the rumour came to David as follows, “Absalom has struck down all the king's sons, and not one of them remains.” 31And the king arose and tore his clothes and lay on the ground, and all his servants stood with torn clothes. 32But Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, reacted and said, “Don't let my lord say that they have killed all the lads who are the king's sons, for only Amnon is dead, for this was plotted by Absalom from the day when Amnon violated Tamar his sister. 33So now, don't let my lord the king take anything to heart, saying, ‘All the king's sons have died’, for only Amnon is dead.” 34And Absalom fled, and the young lad who kept watch lifted up his eyes and saw that there was a large number of people following him on the road at the side of the mountain. 35And Jonadab said to the king, “Look, the king's sons have come. It is according to your servant's word.” 36And it came to pass when he had finished speaking, that indeed the king's sons came, and they raised their voices and wept, and the king and all his servants also wept very profusely. 37And Absalom fled and went to Talmai the son of Ammihud the king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day. 38So Absalom fled and went to Geshur, and he was there for three years. 39And David the king's whole being longed to go out to Absalom, because he had been consoled about Amnon, for he was dead.

2 Samuel Chapter 14 

1And Joab the son of Zeruiah became aware that the king's heart was towards Absalom. 2And Joab sent messengers to Tekoah, and he brought a wise woman from there, and he said to her, “Pretend to mourn, would you, and dress in mourning clothes, and do not anoint yourself with oil, so that you are like a woman who has been mourning for one deceased for many days now. 3And go to the king and speak to him with these words ....” And Joab put the words in her mouth. 4And the Tekoan woman spoke to the king, and she fell face down to the ground, and prostrated herself, and she said, “O king, help.” 5And the king said to her, “What is the matter?” And she said, “I am truly a widow and my husband has died. 6And your maidservant had two sons, and the two of them argued in the field, and there was no-one to separate them, and one struck the other and killed him. 7And look what happened: the whole family rose up against your maidservant and said, ‘Give us the one who struck his brother down, so we can put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed. And we will also destroy the heir.’ And so they would extinguish the burning coal which remains to me, so not establishing a name or a remnant to my husband on the face of the earth.” 8Then the king said to the woman, “Go to your house and I will issue commands concerning you.” 9Then the Tekoan woman said to the king, “O my lord the king, let the iniquity be on me and my father's house, and let the king and his throne be guiltless.” 10And the king said, “If anyone speaks to you, then have him brought to me and he shall no longer unsettle you.” 11And she said, “Do let the king remember the Lord your God by not giving free rein to the avenger of blood to destroy, so that they do not destroy my son.” And he said, “As the Lord lives, not a hair of your son will fall to the ground.” 12And the woman said, “Do let your maidservant speak a word to my lord the king.” And he said, “Speak.” 13And the woman said, “Now why did you scheme like this against the people of God, and with the king not speaking on this matter he is guilty, in that the king has not brought his banished son back. 14For we will certainly die – we are like water being poured onto the ground, which cannot be gathered up, and God is not partial, but he designs ways by which he who is banished is not banished from him. 15But now that I have come to speak these words to my lord the king – for the people frighten me – your maidservant said to herself, ‘Let me then speak to the king; perhaps the king will act on the case of his maidservant. 16For the king will hear me, so delivering his maidservant from the hand of the man intent on eliminating me and my son together from an inheritance from God.’ 17Then your maidservant said, ‘Do not let the words of my lord the king be to no effect, for my lord the king is like an angel of God in assessing good and evil.’ And may the Lord your God be with you.” 18Then the king answered and said to the woman, “Please do not conceal anything from me which I am asking you about.” And the woman said, “Let my lord the king speak.” 19And the king said, “Is Joab's hand with you in all this?” And the woman answered and said, “By your own life, my lord the king, no-one can possibly deviate to the right or to the left from anything that my lord the king has said, for your servant Joab did command me, and he put all these words in the mouth of your maidservant. 20Your servant Joab did this thing so as to raise the issue in a roundabout way and my lord is wise as if with the wisdom of an angel of God in knowing everything on earth.” 21Then the king said to Joab, “Here you are, I have settled this matter, so go and bring the lad, Absalom, back.” 22At this Joab fell face down and prostrated himself, and blessed the king, and Joab said, “Today your servant knows that I have found favour in your sight, O my lord the king, in that the king has acted on the concern of his servant.” 23Then Joab arose and went to Geshur and brought Absalom to Jerusalem. 24And the king said, “Let him wend his way to his house, but don't let him see my face.” So Absalom wended his way to his house, but he did not see the king's face. 25Now in all Israel there wasn't a man so highly celebrated for his good looks as Absalom – there was no blemish on him from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head, 26and when he shaved his head – and it was at the end of each year that he would shave it, for it was heavy on him, so he shaved it – he weighed the hair of his head: two hundred shekels according to the king's weight. 27And three sons were born to Absalom, and one daughter whose name was Tamar. She was a woman of beautiful appearance. 28And Absalom resided in Jerusalem for two full years and he did not see the king's face. 29And Absalom contacted Joab, in order that he might send Joab to the king, but he was not willing to come to him. So he contacted him again – a second time – but he was not willing to come. 30So he said to his servants, “Look, there is an estate of Joab's next to mine, where he has barley. Go and set it on fire.” So Absalom's servants set the estate on fire. 31At this Joab arose and went to Absalom at his house, and he said to him, “Why have your servants set my estate on fire?” 32And Absalom said to Joab, “Look, I contacted you and said, ‘Come here and let me send you to the king with the words, «Why have I come from Geshur? It would have been better for me to still be there.» ’ So now, let me see the king's face, and if there is any iniquity in me, let him put me to death.” 33Then Joab went to the king and told him this. Then the king called for Absalom, and he came to the king, and he prostrated himself to him face down before the king. And the king kissed Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 15 

1And it came to pass after that, that Absalom acquired chariots and horses and fifty men who ran before him. 2And Absalom rose early and stood at the side of the road at the gate. And whenever any man who had a dispute was about to go to the king for a pronouncement, Absalom would call to him and ask, “From which town are you?” And he would reply, “Your servant is from one of the tribes of Israel.” 3And Absalom would say to him, “Look, your contentions are right and proper, but you do not have anyone from the king to hear you.” 4And Absalom would say, “If only I were appointed a judge in the land! Then everyone who has a dispute or a lawsuit would come to me and I would do him justice.” 5And it would come to pass when a man approached to prostrate himself to him, that he would stretch out his hand and take hold of him and kiss him. 6And Absalom acted in this way towards all of Israel that came to the king for judgment, and Absalom stole the heart of the men of Israel. 7And it came to pass after forty years that Absalom said to the king, “Please let me go to pay my vow in Hebron which I made to the Lord. 8For your servant made a vow when I lived in Geshur in Aramaea, and said, ‘If the Lord decidedly brings me back to Jerusalem, then I will serve the Lord.’ ” 9And the king said to him, “Go in peace.” So he arose and went to Hebron. 10Then Absalom sent spies among all the tribes of Israel, and said, “When you hear the sound of the ramshorn, you will say, ‘Absalom reigns in Hebron.’ ” 11And Absalom went with two hundred men from Jerusalem, who were called up but who went in their naivety, and didn't know anything. 12And Absalom sent Ahithophel the Gilonite, an adviser to David, from his city – from Giloh – while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was powerful, and the people who were with Absalom became more and more numerous. 13Then an informant came to David and said, “The heart of the men of Israel is behind Absalom.” 14At this David said to all his servants who were with him in Jerusalem, “Get up and let us flee, for we won't be left with a survivor in confronting Absalom. Get going quickly or he will quickly catch up with us and bring disaster on us and strike the city with the blade of the sword.” 15And the king's servants said to the king, “Whatever my lord the king chooses to do, here we are as your servants.” 16And the king departed, and all his household went in his footsteps, and the king left the ten concubine ladies to keep the house. 17So the king departed with all the people in his footsteps, and they stopped at a remote house. 18And all his servants crossed over next to him, as did all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites – six hundred men who had followed in his footsteps from Gath – crossed over alongside the king. 19And the king said to Ittai the Gittite, “Why are you going with us? Go back to your people and stay with the king, for you are a foreigner and an exile from your place. 20You arrived yesterday, so should I cause you to wander around today in going with us? For I am going wherever I may go. Go back and take your brothers back. May kindness and truth be with you.” 21But Ittai answered the king and said, “As the Lord lives and as my lord the king lives, wherever my lord the king may be – whether in death or in life – there your servant will certainly be.” 22But David said to Ittai, “Go and cross back over.” So Ittai the Gittite crossed back over, with all his men and all the children who were with him. 23And the whole land wept with a loud voice, and all the people crossed over, and the king crossed over at the Kidron Brook, and all the people crossed over along the road through the desert. 24And there were also Zadok and all the Levites with him, carrying the ark of the covenant of God, and they put the ark of God down, and Abiathar offered burnt offerings, until all the people from the city had finished crossing over. 25And the king said to Zadok, “Take the ark of God back to the city. If I find grace in the Lord's eyes, he will bring me back and show me it and his dwelling place. 26But if he says this, ‘I do not take pleasure in you’, then here I am; let him do to me whatever is right in his sight.” 27And the king said to Zadok the priest, “Are you a seer? Go back to the city in peace, with Ahimaaz your son and Jonathan Abiathar's son – your two sons with you. 28Look, I will wait at the crossings in the desert until word comes from you to inform me.” 29So Zadok and Abiathar brought the ark of God back to Jerusalem, and they stayed there. 30And David went up by the ascent of the Olives, weeping as he went up, with his head covered, and he went barefoot. And of all the people who were with him, each one covered his head, and they went up weeping as they did so. 31Then David received a report which said, “Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom.” And David said, “O Lord, please frustrate Ahithophel's plan.” 32Then when David was going to the summit where he worshipped God, it so happened that Hushai the Archite came towards him with his tunic torn and soil on his head. 33And David said to him, “If you come over with me, you will be a burden to me. 34But if you go back to the city and say to Absalom, ‘O king, I will be your servant; I was your father's servant, and as I was then, so now I am your servant’, then you will frustrate Ahithophel's plan for me. 35For will not Zadok and Abiathar the priests be there with you? And it will come to pass that you will tell Zadok and Abiathar the priests of anything you hear from the king's house. 36Moreover their two sons are there with them – Ahimaaz Zadok's and Jonathan Abiathar's – and you will send word to me through their intermediacy of everything you hear.” 37So Hushai David's friend went to the city, and Absalom arrived in Jerusalem.

2 Samuel Chapter 16 

1Then when David had moved on a little from the summit, he saw Ziba, Mephibosheth's servant-lad coming towards him, and a pair of donkeys pack-saddled with two hundred loaves of bread on them and one hundred cakes of raisins and one hundred summer fruits and a skin-bottle of wine. 2And the king said to Ziba, “What are these things of yours?” And Ziba said, “The donkeys are for the king's household to ride on, and the bread, and the summer fruits are for the lads to eat, and the wine is for anyone weary in the desert to drink.” 3Then the king said, “And where is your master's son?” And Ziba said to the king, “Well now, he is staying in Jerusalem, for he said, ‘Today the house of Israel will restore my father's kingdom to me.’ ” 4And the king said to Ziba, “Look, everything which was Mephibosheth's is yours.” And Ziba said, “I am humbled in that I find grace in your sight, my lord the king.” 5Then when David was approaching Bahurim, he saw a man of the family of the house of Saul coming out from there, whose name was Shimei the son of Gera, cursing incessantly as he came out. 6And he threw stones at David and all King David's servants, and at all the people, and at all the warriors, to the right and to the left. 7And this is what Shimei said in his cursing, “Come out, come out, you man of blood and useless man. 8The Lord has requited you all the blood of the house of Saul in whose place you have reigned, but the Lord has put the kingdom in the house of Absalom your son, and here you are in your plight, because you are a man of blood.” 9At this Abishai the son of Zeruiah said to the king, “Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Please let me go over and remove his head.” 10But the king said, “What does it matter to me and to you, you sons of Zeruiah, if he curses and if the Lord has said to him, ‘Curse David’? So who can say, ‘Why have you done this?’?” 11And David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “Look, my son who came out of my inward parts is seeking my life. So now, how much more may this Benjaminite? Leave him to curse, for so the Lord has said to him. 12It may be that the Lord will look with his eye and that the Lord will render me good for that man's cursing this day.” 13And David and his men went on their way, while Shimei went on the mountain flank opposite him, cursing as he went and throwing stones at him, and throwing soil. 14And the king and all the people who were with him arrived tired, and he refreshed himself there. 15And Absalom and all the people – men of Israel – arrived in Jerusalem, and Ahithophel was with him. 16And it came to pass when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, went to Absalom, that Hushai said to Absalom, “May the king live, may the king live.” 17And Absalom said to Hushai, “That is your gracious courtesy with your friend. Why have you not gone with your friend?” 18And Hushai said to Absalom, “No, for my loyalty is to whomever the Lord chooses, and this people, and every man of Israel. I will be for him and I will stay with him. 19And secondly, whom should I serve? Should it not be in the presence of his son? As I have served in the presence of your father, so I will be in your presence.” 20Then Absalom said to Ahithophel, “Give your advice as to what we should do.” 21And Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Go in to your father's concubines whom he has left to keep the house, and all Israel will hear that you have become abhorrent to your father, and the hands of all those who are with you will be strengthened.” 22Then they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and Absalom went in to his father's concubines in the sight of the whole of Israel. 23And Ahithophel's advice which he gave in those days was as when a man asks for the word of God. So was all Ahithophel's advice, both to David and to Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 17 

1And Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Let me select twelve thousand men and I will arise and pursue David tonight. 2And I will come upon him when he is tired and weak in the hands, and I will frighten him, and all the people who are with him will flee. But I will strike the king only. 3And I will cause all the people to return to you. The man whose life you seek is key to everyone returning. All the people will be at peace.” 4And the proposal was sound in Absalom's eyes and the eyes of all the elders of Israel. 5Then Absalom said, “Please also call Hushai the Archite, and let us hear what he has to say as well.” 6And when Hushai came to Absalom, Absalom spoke to him and said, “Ahithophel put this proposal forward. Should we carry out his proposal? If not, you speak up.” 7At this, Hushai said to Absalom, “The advice which Ahithophel gave is not good on this occasion.” 8And Hushai said, “You know your father and his men – how valiant they are, and how embittered they are in spirit, like a bear bereaved of young in the wild, and your father is a man of war, and he will not pass the night with the people. 9Look, he is now hidden in one of the pits or in one of the hiding places, and it would come to pass when some of those among them fell at the start, that one hearing it would say, ‘There was a massacre among the people who were following Absalom.’ 10And even he who is a soldier, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, will utterly melt, for all Israel knows that your father is valiant, as are the soldiers who are with him. 11So I advise that all Israel be solidly gathered around you, from Dan to Beer-sheba, like the sand which is by the sea in abundance, and that you go to battle in person. 12And we will come upon him in one of the places where he is found, and we will descend on him as the dew falls on the ground, and not even one of all the men who are with him will remain. 13And if he is concentrated in a city, then all Israel will bring ropes against that city, and we will drag it to the river until not so much as a grain is found there.” 14At this Absalom and every man of Israel said, “The advice of Hushai the Archite is better than the advice of Ahithophel.” So the Lord ordained to frustrate the good advice of Ahithophel in order that the Lord should bring demise on Absalom. 15And Hushai said to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, “Ahithophel advised Absalom and the elders of Israel such and such, and I myself advised such and such. 16So now, send word quickly for them to tell David and say, ‘Do not spend the night tonight in the arid tracts of the desert, but rather cross right over so that the king and all the people who are with him are not swallowed up.’ ” 17Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz were stationed in En-rogel, and a servant-girl came and told them, and they proceeded to tell King David, because the others could not be seen going to the city. 18But a lad saw them, and he told Absalom, so the two of them went on quickly and came to the house of a man in Bahurim, who had a well in his courtyard, and they went down into it. 19And the woman took and spread a cover over the mouth of the well, and she strewed crushed grain over it, and nothing was made known. 20And when Absalom's servants came to the woman at the house, they said, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?” And the woman said to them, “They have crossed the brook.” Then they searched, but did not find anyone, and they returned to Jerusalem. 21And it came to pass after they were gone that they came up out of the well, and departed, and reported to King David, and they said to David, “Get up and cross the water quickly, for Ahithophel gave advice against you in such and such a way.” 22So David got up, and did all the people with him, and they crossed the Jordan. By morning light not as much as one had failed to cross the Jordan. 23Then when Ahithophel saw that his advice had not been carried out, he saddled his donkey and arose and went to his house – to his city – and gave instructions to his household, and strangled himself, and died, and he was buried in his father's grave. 24Then David went to Mahanaim, and Absalom crossed the Jordan – he and every man of Israel with him. 25And Absalom appointed Amasa in charge of the army as Joab's counterpart. Now Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Ithra, the Israelite who went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, the sister of Zeruiah the mother of Joab. 26And Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead. 27And it came to pass when David arrived in Mahanaim that Shobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, and Machir the son of Amiel from Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim, 28all brought bedding and basins and crockery and wheat and barley and flour and roasted corn and beans and lentils and roasted lentils, 29and honey and buttermilk, and sheep and cows' cheese, to David and the people who were with him, for sustenance, for they had said, “The people are hungry and weary and thirsty in the desert.”

2 Samuel Chapter 18 

1And David took stock of the people who were with him, and he appointed commanders of a thousand and commanders of a hundred over them. 2And David sent out one third of the people under Joab's charge, and one third under the charge of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and one third under the charge of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said to the people, “I too will certainly go out with you.” 3But the people said, “You will not go out, for if we have to flee, they will not pay attention to us, and if half of us die, they will not pay attention to us, but you are now like ten thousand of us, and you are better placed if you are available to us to help from the city.” 4And the king said to them, “I will do whatever is right in your eyes.” And the king stood next to the gate, while all the people went out in hundreds and in thousands. 5And the king ordered Joab and Abishai and Ittai and said, “Deal gently with the young man Absalom for me.” And all the people heard when the king gave orders to all the commanders about Absalom. 6And the people went out into the country to confront Israel, and the battle took place in the forest of Ephraim. 7And the people of Israel were defeated there by David's servants, and there was a great massacre on that day – twenty thousand dead. 8And the battle there was spread out over the face of all the land, and the forest consumed the people in greater numbers than the sword consumed on that day. 9And Absalom happened to be confronted by David's servants, and Absalom was riding on a mule, and the mule went under a thicket of large terebinth trees, and his head became stuck in a terebinth tree, and he was lodged between the sky and the ground, while the mule which was under him passed on. 10And a certain man saw him, and he told Joab, and he said, “Look, I have seen Absalom hanging in a terebinth tree.” 11And Joab said to the man who told him, “Well, if you saw him, then why did you not strike him down on the spot to the ground? And I would have been obliged to give you ten pieces of silver and a girdle.” 12Then the man said to Joab, “Even if I were to feel the weight of one thousand pieces of silver in my hand, I would not stretch out my hand against the king's son, because the king gave commandment, with us hearing, to you and Abishai and Ittai, when he said, ‘Be on your guard – let no-one harm the lad Absalom.’ 13Otherwise I would have committed a dishonesty against his very self, and nothing can be concealed from the king, and you would have taken a stand against me.” 14Then Joab said, “I can't wait around with you like this”, and he took three spears in his hand, and he drove them into Absalom's heart while he was still alive in the heart of the terebinth tree. 15And the ten youths who bore Joab's equipment surrounded Absalom and struck him and killed him. 16Then Joab sounded the ramshorn, and the people stopped pursuing Israel, for Joab spared the people. 17And they took Absalom and threw him in a large pit in the forest, and they erected a very large pile of stones over him, and all Israel fled, each to his tent. 18For in his life Absalom had taken and erected for himself the pillar which is in the King's Valley, for he said, “I do not have a son to remember my name.” And he called the pillar after his name, and it is called the Memorial of Absalom up to this day. 19Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said, “Let me run and bring the good news to the king, for the Lord has done him justice by delivering him from the hand of his enemy.” 20But Joab said to him, “You will not be a bringer of good news today, but you will bring the good news another day. So today you will not bring good news, because the king's son is dead.” 21Then Joab said to Cushi, “Go and tell the king what you have seen.” And Cushi prostrated himself to Joab and ran. 22Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok spoke again to Joab and said, “However it may be, do let me run as well after Cushi.” And Joab said, “Why should you run, my son, when you will have no good news coming in?” 23He replied, “However it may be, I will certainly run.” And he said to him, “Run.” Then Ahimaaz ran by the route of the adjacent tract, and he overtook Cushi. 24Now David was sitting between the two gates when the look-out went onto the gate roof above the wall, and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was a man running on his own. 25And the look-out called out and told the king. And the king said, “If he is on his own, there will be good news in his mouth.” And he came nearer and nearer. 26Then the look-out saw another man running, and the look-out called to the gatekeeper and said, “There is another man running on his own.” And the king said, “He too is bringing good news.” 27Then the look-out said, “I make out the gait of the first one to be the gait of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.” And the king said, “He is a good man and he will come with good news.” 28And Ahimaaz called out and said to the king, “Peace”, and he prostrated himself to the king with his face to the ground. And he said, “Blessed be the Lord your God who has delivered up the men who lifted up their hand against my lord the king.” 29At this the king asked, “Is the lad Absalom all right?” And Ahimaaz said, “When Joab sent the king's servant and your servant, I saw a great commotion, but I did not know what it was.” 30Then the king said, “Stand aside here.” So he stood aside. 31And it was then that Cushi came, and Cushi said, “Let my lord the king receive good tidings, for the Lord has done you justice today delivering you from the hand of all those who rose up against you.” 32Then the king said to Cushi, “How is the lad Absalom?” And Cushi said, “May the enemies of my lord the king and all those who rise up against you to do harm, be as the lad is.”

2 Samuel Chapter 19 

1And the king was upset, and he went up into the attic room of the gate and wept. And this is what he said as he walked around, “My son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! If only I had died instead of you! Absalom my son, my son.” 2And it was reported to Joab as follows, “Look, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom.” 3So the victory on that day became mourning to all the people, for the people heard what was said on that day: “The king is grieved about his son.” 4And on that day the people were stealthy in coming to the city, as a people who are put to shame are stealthy when they flee in battle. 5And the king covered his face, and the king would cry out in a loud voice, “My son Absalom, Absalom, my son, my son!” 6Then Joab came to the king at home and said, “You have put shame on the faces of all your servants today, who saved your life today, and the lives of your sons and your daughters, and the life of your wives and the lives of your concubines, 7through love for those who hate you, and by hating those who love you, for you declared today that your commanders and servants mean nothing to you. For I learnt today that if Absalom had lived and we had all died today, then that would have been all right in your sight. 8So now, arise and go out, and speak encouragingly to your servants, for I swear by the Lord that if you do not go out, not a single man will pass the night in association with you tonight. And that would be worse for you than all the evil which has come on you from your youth up to now.” 9So the king arose and sat at the gate, and they reported it to all the people and said, “Look, the king is sitting at the gate.” And all the people came before the king, but Israel had fled – each man to his tents. 10And all the people were at strife among all the tribes of Israel, saying, “The king saved us from the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us from the hand of the Philistines, but now he has fled from the land away from Absalom. 11But Absalom whom we anointed over us has died in battle, so now, why are you silent about bringing the king back?” 12Then King David sent word to Zadok and Abiathar the priests as follows, “Ask the elders of Judah this, ‘Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house, whereas the talk of all Israel has come to the king – to his house? 13You are my brothers – you are my bone and my flesh, so why are you the last to bring the king back?’ 14And to Amasa you will say, ‘Aren't you my bone and my flesh? May God do this to me and add more if you are not the commander of the army before me all the time instead of Joab.’ ” 15And he turned the heart of every man of Judah unanimously, and they sent word to the king, “Come back, you and all your servants.” 16So the king came back, and when he had come as far as the Jordan, Judah went to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over the Jordan. 17And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjaminite, who was from Bahurim, quickly went down with the men of Judah to meet King David. 18And a thousand Benjaminite men were with him, as was Ziba, the servant-lad of Saul's household, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him, and they proceeded across the Jordan before the king. 19And a ferry crossed over to take the king's household across, and to do what was right in his sight. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king when he crossed the Jordan. 20And he said to the king, “My lord, do not impute iniquity to me, and do not recollect how your servant acted iniquitously on the day when my lord the king departed from Jerusalem, with the king taking it to heart. 21For your servant knows that I have sinned, but look, I have been the first to come of the whole house of Joseph, in coming down to meet my lord the king.” 22But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, “Will Shimei not be put to death for this, for he cursed the Lord's anointed?” 23However, David said, “What concern is it to me or to you, you sons of Zeruiah, that you should be an adversary of mine today? Will any man in Israel be put to death today? For am I not aware that today I am king over Israel?” 24Then the king said to Shimei, “You will not die.” And the king swore it to him. 25Then Mephibosheth, Saul's son, went down to meet the king, not having attended to his feet, and not having attended to his beard, and not having washed his clothes from the day the king departed until the day when he came back in peace. 26And it came to pass when he went to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said to him, “Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth?” 27And he answered, “My lord the king, my servant dealt treacherously with me, for your servant said, ‘I will saddle the donkey for myself, and I will ride on it, and I will go with the king’, for your servant is lame. 28But he went around slandering your servant to my lord the king. But my lord the king is like an angel of God, so do what is right in your sight. 29For all my father's household was nothing but dead men before my lord the king, but you placed your servant among the diners at your table, so what more do I have by way of justification or in crying out any more to the king?” 30Then the king said to him, “Why are you still talking about your affairs? I have said, ‘You and Ziba share the estate.’ ” 31Then Mephibosheth said to the king, “Let him even take it all, now that my lord the king has come to his house in peace.” 32Now Barzillai the Gileadite was one who had gone down from Rogelim and crossed the Jordan with the king, so as to escort him across the Jordan. 33And Barzillai was very old – eighty years old – and he had sustained the king during his stay in Mahanaim, for he was a very great man. 34And the king had said to Barzillai, “You cross over with me, and I will sustain you with me in Jerusalem.” 35But Barzillai said to the king, “How many are the days of the years of my life? For am I to go up with the king to Jerusalem? 36I am eighty years old today. Can I distinguish between what is good and bad? Or can your servant taste what I eat and what I drink? Or can I still hear the sound of men singing and women singing? So why should your servant be any further burden to my lord the king? 37Let your servant cross over the Jordan with the king for a short distance, but why should the king recompense me with this recompense? 38Do let your servant return so that I die in my city with the grave of my father and my mother. And look, here is your servant Chimham. Let him cross over with my lord the king, and do for him what is right in your sight.” 39Then the king said, “Chimham will cross over with me, and I will do what is right in your sight for him, and I will do for you whatever you request of me.” 40So all the people crossed the Jordan, and the king crossed over, and the king kissed Barzillai and blessed him. Then Barzillai returned to his place. 41And the king crossed over to Gilgal, and Chimham crossed over with him, and all the people of Judah conducted the king across, as did half the people of Israel also. 42And it so happened that all the men of Israel came to the king, and they said to the king, “Why have our brothers – the men of Judah – stolen you and conducted the king and his household over the Jordan, and all David's men with him?” 43And every man of Judah would answer the Israelite and say, “The king is closely related to me, so why should this matter anger you? Have we in any way eaten at the king's expense, or has he favoured us in any way?” 44And the Israelite would answer the man of Judah and say, “I constitute ten of the king's limbs, and so I am more associated with David than you are, so why did you despise me when it wasn't my first concern to bring my king back?” So the words of the man of Judah were harder than the words of the Israelite.

2 Samuel Chapter 20 

1And there happened to be a good-for-nothing man there, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjaminite, and he blew the ramshorn, and he said,

“We have no part in David,

And we have no inheritance in the son of Jesse.

Every man to his tents, O Israel!”

2And every Israelite went up after Sheba the son of Bichri, turning away from David. But each man of Judah clung to his king, from the Jordan to Jerusalem. 3And David arrived at his house in Jerusalem, and the king took the ten concubine women whom he had left to keep the house, and he put them in a guarded house and sustained them, but he did not go in to them, and they were confined until the day of their death, in lifelong widowhood. 4And the king said to Amasa, “Call up the men of Judah for me, within three days, then you present yourself here.” 5So Amasa went to call Judah up, but he took longer than the time that David had appointed him. 6Then David said to Abishai, “Now Sheba the son of Bichri will do us more harm than Absalom. You take your lord's servants and pursue him so that he does not find fortified cities for himself and elude us.” 7So Joab's men and the Cherethites and the Pelethites and all the valiant warriors went out after him, and they departed from Jerusalem to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri. 8They were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, and Amasa went in front of them. And Joab was girded up; his clothing was his livery, and on him was a girdle for a sword, fastened at his waist in its sheath. But as he went forwards, the sword fell out. 9And Joab said to Amasa, “How are you, my brother?” And Joab's right hand took hold of Amasa's beard, so as to kiss him. 10But Amasa did not advert to the sword which was in Joab's hand, and he struck him with it in the abdomen, and he spilt his innards onto the ground. And Joab did not repeat the strike on him, and he died. Then Joab and Abishai his brother pursued Sheba the son of Bichri. 11And one of Joab's servant-lads was standing in his vicinity, and he said, “Whoever is content with Joab and whoever is for David, follow Joab!” 12While Amasa was rolling in blood in the middle of the road, the man saw that all the people were stopping, so he moved Amasa from the road to the field, and he threw a garment over him when he saw that everyone coming to him was stopping. 13When he had removed him from the road, every man passed by, following Joab, to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri. 14And he passed through all the tribes of Israel, to Abel and Beth-maachah, and all the Berites. And they were assembled and they went after him all the more keenly. 15And when they arrived and besieged Sheba in Abel in Beth-maachah, they raised up a rampart against the city, and it stood against the fortification, and all the people who were with Joab worked on breaking up the wall to bring it down. 16Then a wise woman called out from the city, “Listen, listen. Please say to Joab, ‘Come up here and I will speak to you.’ ” 17And he came up to her, and the woman asked, “Are you Joab?” And he said, “I am.” Then she said to him, “Listen to the words of your maidservant.” And he said, “I am listening.” 18And she spoke and said, “They used to have a saying in the past, and say, ‘They will set store on asking in Abel, and that is how they concluded the matter.’ 19I am one of those of Israel who are peaceable and faithful. You are attempting to massacre a city – and a metropolis – in Israel. Why should you swallow up the Lord's inheritance?” 20And Joab answered and said, “Far, far be it from me that I should swallow it up or that I should destroy it. 21The matter is not like that, but a man from Mount Ephraim – Sheba the son of Bichri is his name – has set himself against the king – against David. Just hand him over, and I will depart from the city.” And the woman said to Joab, “Behold, his head is to be thrown over the wall to you.” 22Then the woman went to all the people in her wisdom, and they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri and threw it to Joab. And he sounded the ramshorn, and they dispersed from the city – each to his tents – and Joab returned to Jerusalem, to the king. 23And Joab was in charge of the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in charge of the Cherethites and of the Pelethites. 24And Adoram was in charge of the taxes, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the secretary of state. 25And Sheva was the scribe, and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests. 26And also Ira the Jairite was a priest of David's.

2 Samuel Chapter 21 

1Then there was a famine in David's days for three years, year after year, and David appealed to the Lord. And the Lord said, “It is on account of Saul and on account of the house of blood, because he killed the Gibeonites.” 2So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not the sons of Israel, but the remainder of the Amorites, and the sons of Israel had sworn peace to them, but Saul had tried to strike them down in his zeal for the sons of Israel and Judah. 3And David asked the Gibeonites, “What should I do for you, and by what means can I make atonement?” They then blessed the Lord's inheritance, 4and the Gibeonites said to him, “I do not have a demand for silver or gold with Saul or with his house, nor do we have a demand to kill any man in Israel.” And he said, “Whatever you say, I will do for you.” 5And they said to the king, “The man who was exterminating us and who schemed against us, that we should be destroyed, so as not to have a place in any of the territory of Israel – 6let seven men from his sons be given to us, and we will impale them to the Lord in Gibeah of Saul, the Lord's chosen one.” And the king said, “I will give you them.” 7But the king spared Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, on account of the Lord's oath which was between them – between David and Jonathan the son of Saul. 8So the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of the sister of Michal, Saul's daughter, whom she bore to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite. 9And he handed them over to the Gibeonites, and they impaled them on the mountain before the Lord, and the seven of them fell together, and they were put to death in the days of the harvest, at its start, at the beginning of the barley harvest. 10And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took some sackcloth, and spread it out for herself at the rock at the beginning of the harvest, until water from the sky flowed over them, and she did not let the birds of the sky rest on them by day, or the wild animals by night. 11And it was reported to David – what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, Saul's concubine did. 12And David went to get Saul's bones and the bones of Jonathan his son from the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead, who stole them from the square of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them on the day when the Philistines struck Saul down in Gilboa. 13And he brought Saul's bones up from there, and the bones of Jonathan his son, and they gathered the bones of those who were impaled. 14And they buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son in Benjamin's land, in Zelah, in the grave of Kish his father. And they did everything that the king commanded. And God was prevailed on for the land after that. 15Then the Philistines had another war with Israel, and David went down, as did his servants with him, and he fought the Philistines, and David became fatigued. 16And Ishbo-benob, who was among the offspring of Rapha, the weight of whose spear was three hundred copper weights, and who was newly girded up, stated his intention to strike David. 17But Abishai the son of Zeruiah helped him, and struck the Philistine and killed him. Then David's men swore to him and said, “You shall no longer come out with us to battle, so that you do not snuff out Israel's lamp.” 18And it came to pass after this that there was another war in Gob with the Philistines, when Sibbechai the Hushathite struck down Saph, who was among the offspring of Rapha. 19Then there was another war in Gob with the Philistines, and Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, struck the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 20And there was another war in Gath, and there was a man of great stature, the fingers of whose hands and the toes of whose feet were six apiece – twenty-four in number – and he too had been born to Rapha. 21And when he showed contempt for Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah, David's brother, struck him down. 22These four were born to Rapha in Gath, and they fell at the hand of David and at the hand of his servants.

2 Samuel Chapter 22 

1And David spoke the words of this song to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from Saul's hand. 2And he said,

“The Lord is my rock and my fortress,

And my deliverer,

3The God of my rock;

I will put my trust in him.

– My shield and the horn of my salvation,

My high stronghold and my refuge,

My saviour.

You save me from violence.

4I will call on the praiseworthy Lord,

And I will be saved from my enemies.

5For the breaker-waves of death surrounded me,

And the onslaughts of the reprobate alarmed me;

6The tightening grip of the grave encompassed me,

Deadly snares confronted me.

7When I was in a strait

I called on the Lord,

And I called to my God,

And he heard my voice from his temple,

And my cry reached his ears.

8And the earth shook and trembled,

The foundations of heaven quaked, and shook,

Because he was furious.

9Smoke went up in his nostrils,

And fire from his mouth came devouring;

Coals were kindled by him.

10And he stretched out the heavens, and descended,

And thick darkness was under his feet.

11And he rode on a cherub and flew,

And was seen on the wings of the wind.

12And he set darkness around him as canopies;

There were accumulations of water

And the thick clouds of the upper skies.

13At the brightness ahead of him

Were fiery coals blazing away.

14The Lord causes thunder from heaven,

And the Most High sounds his voice.

15And he sent his arrows,

And scattered them,

And lightning,

And routed them.

16Then channels of water appeared,

The foundations of the world were revealed,

At the Lord's rebuke –

At the blast of the wind from his nostrils.

17He sent help from on high,

And he took hold of me;

He drew me out of great waters.

18He delivered me from my strong enemy,

From those who hate me,

For they were stronger than I was.

19They confronted me on my day of distress,

But the Lord became a support for me,

20And he brought me out into a wide place;

He delivered me

Because he delighted in me.

21The Lord recompensed me according to my righteousness;

According to the cleanness of my hands

He rewarded me.

22For I have kept the ways of the Lord,

And I have not committed wickedness against my God.

23For his whole body of injunctions was before me,

And I did not depart from any of his statutes.

24And I was perfect towards him,

And I kept myself from iniquity.

25And the Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness

– According to my cleanness

Before his eyes.

26With the kind, you will act kindly;

With the perfect warrior, you will act in perfection.

27With the pure, you will act in purity,

But with the perverse, you will act in a convoluted way.

28And you save an afflicted people,

But your eyes are against those who are haughty;

You bring them low.

29For you O Lord are my lamp,

And the Lord brightens my darkness.

30For through you I can run through a battalion;

Through my God I can leap over a wall.

31As for God, his way is perfect.

The word of the Lord has been refined.

He is a shield to all who trust in him.

32For who is God apart from the Lord?

And who is a rock

Apart from our God?

33God is my mighty fortress,

Who directs his perfect way,

34Who makes my feet like those of hinds,

And stands me on my heights,

35Who teaches my hands the skills of war,

So a copper bow can be drawn by my arms.

36And you gave me the shield of your salvation,

Whilst your action makes me great.

37You enlarged my step under me,

And my ankles did not slip.

38I pursued my enemies,

And destroyed them,

And I did not return

Until I had made an end of them.

39And I consumed them and I crushed them,

So that they could not get up,

And they fell under my feet.

40And you girded me with valour for war,

You brought down my opponents under me.

41And you gave me the neck of my enemies

– Those who hate me –

And I cut them down.

42They looked,

But there was no saviour;

They looked to the Lord,

But he did not answer them.

43And I pulverized them like the dust of the ground,

I ground them fine like the filth of the streets,

And I trod them under foot.

44And you delivered me from the contentions of my people,

You kept me at the head of nations.

A people that I did not know

Will serve me.

45Foreigners will feign obedience to me.

At bidding coming to their ear,

They will be obedient to me.

46Foreigners will fade away;

They will be wrenched out of their confines.

47How the Lord lives,

And my rock is blessed,

And the God of the rock of my salvation is exalted

48– The God who gives me vengeance,

And subjugates peoples under me,

49And who extricates me from my enemies.

You also raise me up above those who rise up against me;

You rescue me from the man of violence.

50That is why I will praise you,

O Lord, among the nations,

And I will sing psalms to your name.

51He magnifies acts of salvation of his king,

Also showing kindness to his anointed –

To David and to his seed,

Age-abidingly.”

2 Samuel Chapter 23 

1Now these are the last words of David,

The utterance of David the son of Jesse,

And the utterance of the man raised up high,

The anointed of the God of Jacob,

Which are the pleasantness of the songs of Israel.

2“The spirit of the Lord spoke through me,

And its word was on my tongue.

3The God of Israel said

– The rock of Israel spoke to me –

‘A ruler over men shall be just,

A ruler shall have fear of God.

4And he will shine like morning light

When the sun rises,

On a morning without clouds,

At the brilliance after rain

On the grass shooting up out of the ground.’

5But my house is not like that with God,

Yet he has appointed an age-abiding covenant for me,

Ordered in all matters and secure,

For it is all my salvation and all my desire,

For shall he not make it spring up?

6But the good-for-nothing is like a thorn bush;

All of them are cast out,

For they are not taken up in a hand.

7But if a man touches them,

Let him be furnished with iron,

And the shaft of a spear.

And they will be utterly burned up

By the fire on the spot.”

8These are the names of David's warriors: Josheb Basshebeth the Tachmonite, a head of the third rank – he is Adino the Eznite, famed for the eight hundred whom he killed at one time. 9And after him came Eleazar the son of Dodi the Ahohite among the three warriors with David when they defied the Philistines who had assembled there for war, when the men of Israel had gone up to battle. 10He arose and struck the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand stuck to the sword. And the Lord effected a great salvation on that day, and the people came back after him only to collect spoil. 11And after him came Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines assembled into a battalion, and there was there a parcel of land in a field full of lentils, and the people fled from the presence of the Philistines. 12But he took his stand in the middle of the parcel of land, and he saved it, and he struck the Philistines, and the Lord brought about a great salvation. 13And three of the thirty heads went down and came at harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, while the battalion of the Philistines encamped in the Valley of the Rephaim. 14And David was then in the stronghold, whereas the garrison of the Philistines was at that time in Bethlehem. 15And David had a longing, and said, “Who will give me a drink of water from the cistern in Bethlehem, which is at the gate?” 16And the three warriors broke through into the Philistines' camp, and drew water from the cistern in Bethlehem which is at the gate, and they carried it, and brought it to David, but he was not willing to drink it, and he poured it out to the Lord. 17And he said, “Far be it from me, O Lord, that I should do this. Is this not the blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?” So he was not willing to drink it. The three warriors did these things. 18And Abishai the brother of Joab the son of Zeruiah was a head of the third rank, and he raised his spear against three hundred who were struck down by him, and he had fame among the three. 19Was he more honoured than the three? Now he became their commander, but he did not equal the three. 20And there was Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of many exploits, from Kabzeel. He struck down two men of Ariel of Moab, and he went down and struck a lion inside a pit on a snowy day. 21And he struck down an Egyptian man, who was of fine appearance, and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear, and he went down against him with a staff, and he wrenched the spear from the Egyptian's hand, and killed him with his spear. 22Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did these things, and he had fame among the three warriors. 23He was more honoured than the thirty, but he was not equal to the three, and David appointed him to his council. 24Asahel the brother of Joab was among the thirty, as were Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite, 26Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, 27Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite, 28Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, 29Heleb the son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah, of the sons of Benjamin, 30Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash, 31Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 32Eliahba the Shaalbonite; the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, 34Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 35Hezro the Carmelite, Paari the Arbite, 36Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 37Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, arms-bearers of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 38Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 39Uriah the Hittite – all thirty-seven of them.

2 Samuel Chapter 24 

1And the Lord's anger was again kindled against Israel, and he stirred David up against them and said, “Go and count Israel and Judah.” 2And the king said to Joab, the commander of the army, who was with him, “Go and cover the ground of all the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba, and count the people, so that I know the number of the people.” 3But Joab said to the king, “Now may the Lord your God add to the people, some here and some there, a hundred times over, with the eyes of my lord the king observing it. But why does my lord the king delight in this matter?” 4But the king's decision was firm towards Joab and towards the commanders of the army, so Joab and the commanders of the army went out before the king to count the people – Israel. 5And they crossed the Jordan and encamped at Aroer, to the right of the city, this being in the middle of the ravine of Gad and towards Jaazer. 6And they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim-hodshi. Then they came to Dan-jaan and round towards Sidon. 7And they came to the fortification of Tyre and all the cities of the Hivites and the Canaanites, and they went out towards the south of Judah to Beer-sheba. 8And they went up and down in all the land, and after nine months and twenty days they came to Jerusalem. 9And Joab gave the number of the census of the people to the king, and Israel consisted of eight hundred thousand soldiers who drew the sword, and Judah consisted of five hundred thousand men. 10Then David's heart cut him up after he had counted the people, and David said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in that I did this. So now, O Lord, please remit the iniquity of your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 11And when David arose in the morning, the word of the Lord came to Gad the prophet, David's seer, as follows, 12“Go and say to David, ‘This is what the Lord says, «I have three things to impose on you. Choose one of them, and I will do it to you.» ’ ” 13So Gad went to David and told him and said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come in your land, or three months of you fleeing from your adversaries as they pursue you, or should there be three days of pestilence in your land? Now be aware of them and consider what answer I should give to him who sent me.” 14Then David said to Gad, “I am very much in a strait. Let us, then, fall into the hand of the Lord, for his mercies are great, and don't let me fall into the hand of man.” 15So the Lord caused a pestilence in Israel, from the morning to the appointed time. And from Dan to Beer-sheba seventy thousand of the people died. 16But when the angel stretched out his hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord grieved over the harm, and he said to the angel who was to destroy the people, “Enough now, stay your hand.” And the angel of the Lord was at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. 17Then when David saw the angel who struck the people, he spoke to the Lord and said, “I see that I have sinned and that I have been iniquitous, but as for these sheep, what have they done? Let your hand, then, be against me and the house of my father.” 18And Gad came to David on that day, and he said to him, “Go up and set up an altar to the Lord at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19So David went up according to Gad's words as the Lord had commanded. 20And when Araunah looked out and saw the king and his servants coming across to him, Araunah went out and prostrated himself to the king face down. 21And Araunah said, “Why has my lord my king come to his servant?” And David said, “To purchase the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the Lord, so that the plague on the people stops.” 22Then Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever is right in his sight. See the oxen for the burnt offering and the threshing boards and equipment to go with the oxen for wood.” 23Araunah the king gave it all to the king, and Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God accept you graciously.” 24Then the king said to Araunah, “No, for I insist on buying it from you for its value, and I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God at no cost.” And David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25And David built an altar to the Lord there, and he offered burnt offerings and peace-offerings, and the Lord was prevailed upon for the land, and the plague on Israel stopped.

1 Kings  

1 Kings Chapter 1 

1Now when King David was old, becoming advanced in years, they covered him with clothes, but he didn't become warm, 2and his servants said to him, “Let us seek for my lord the king a girl, a virgin, who will stand before the king and be a companion to him, and lie in his bosom, and my lord the king will become warm.” 3So they sought a pretty girl in all the territory of Israel, and they found Abishag the Shunammite, and they brought her to the king. 4And the girl was very pretty, and she became a companion to the king, and she attended to him, but the king did not know her. 5Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself and said, “I will reign”, and he organized for himself a chariot and horsemen and fifty men to run before him. 6And his father never criticized him, saying, “Why have you done this?” Moreover he was very handsome in appearance. Now Haggith had borne him after Absalom. 7And there were dealings with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they supported Adonijah. 8But Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and Nathan the prophet and Shimei and Rei and the warriors who were attached to David were not with Adonijah. 9And Adonijah sacrificed sheep and cattle and fatted calves at the Crawling Stone which is by En-rogel, and he invited all his brothers – the king's sons – and all men of Judah who were the king's servants. 10But he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the warriors or Solomon his brother. 11And Nathan spoke to Bath-sheba, Solomon's mother, and said, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith is reigning, and David our lord does not realize it? 12So now, depart and please let me give you some advice, and save your life and your son Solomon's life. 13Depart and go to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord the king, swear to your maidservant and say «Solomon your son will reign after me, and he will sit on my throne?» So how come Adonijah is reigning?’ 14While you are still speaking there with the king, you will see that I will come after you and complement your words.” 15So Bath-sheba went to the king, to the room where he was, and the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was attending to the king. 16And Bath-sheba bowed and prostrated herself to the king, and the king said, “What do you want?” 17And she said to him, “My lord, you swore by the Lord your God to your maidservant and said ‘Solomon your son will reign after me, and he will sit on my throne.’ 18But now look, Adonijah is reigning, although, my lord the king, you do not now realize it. 19And he has sacrificed oxen and calves and sheep in abundance, and invited all the king's sons, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the commander of the army, but he did not invite Solomon your servant. 20And now, my lord the king, the eyes of the whole of Israel are on you, for you to tell them who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21Otherwise it will be the case that when my lord the king lies with his fathers that I and my son Solomon will be seen as failures.” 22And behold, while she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 23And they told the king, and they said, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And he came before the king and prostrated himself to the king face down. 24And Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah will reign after me and he will sit on my throne?’ 25For he came down today and sacrificed oxen and fatted calves and sheep in abundance, and he invited all the king's sons and the commanders of the army, and Abiathar the priest, and there they are eating and drinking in his presence, and they said, ‘May Adonijah the king live!’ 26But he did not invite me, your selfsame servant, or Zadok the priest, or Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, or Solomon your servant. 27Was this event instigated by my lord the king, yet without you informing your servants who would sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?” 28Then King David answered and said, “Call for Bath-sheba to come to me.” And she came before the king, and before the king she stood. 29And the king swore, and said, “As the Lord lives, who redeemed my person from all adversity, 30for just as I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel, and said ‘Solomon your son will reign after me, and he will sit on my throne instead of me’, so I will perform it this day.” 31At this Bath-sheba bowed face down and prostrated herself to the king and said, “May the lord King David live age-abidingly.” 32And King David said, “Summon Zadok the priest to me, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” And they came before the king. 33And the king said to them, “Take your lord's servants with you, and mount Solomon my son on my she-mule, and take him down to Gihon, 34and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet will anoint him there as king over Israel, and you will sound the ramshorn and say, ‘May King Solomon live!’ 35Then you will go up after him, and he will come and sit on my throne, and he will reign instead of me, for I have appointed him to be a leader over Israel and over Judah.” 36And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen. May the Lord God of my lord the king say likewise. 37As the Lord has been with my lord the king, may he so be with Solomon, and may he make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David.” 38So Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites went down and mounted Solomon on King David's she-mule, and they led him to Gihon. 39Then Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent, and he anointed Solomon, and they sounded the ramshorn, and all the people said, “May King Solomon live!” 40And all the people went up after him, and the people played pipes and rejoiced greatly, so that the earth was sundered at the sound of them. 41And Adonijah heard about it, as did all his guests who were with him, and when they had finished eating, and Joab heard the sound of the ramshorn, he asked “Why is the town in an uproar?” 42While he was still speaking, they saw Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest come. And Adonijah said, “Come in, for you are a valiant man, and bring good news.” 43And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, “Actually, our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44And the king has sent Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and the Cherethites and the Pelethites with him, and they mounted him on the king's she-mule. 45And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him as king in Gihon, and they went up from there rejoicing, and the town became boisterous – that is the sound which you heard. 46And moreover Solomon has sat on the royal throne. 47And also the king's servants have come to bless our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God favour Solomon's name more than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne.’ Then the king bowed on his couch. 48And the king said this, ‘Blessed be the Lord God of Israel who has provided one to sit on my throne while my eyes see it.’ ” 49And all Adonijah's guests were afraid, and they arose, and each went his own way. 50And Adonijah feared Solomon, and arose, and departed, and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51And it was reported to Solomon as follows, “Look, Adonijah fears King Solomon, and in fact he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘May Solomon swear to me today that he certainly will not put his servant to death by the sword.’ ” 52Then King Solomon said, “If he will be a man of integrity, not a hair will fall to the ground, but if malignity is found in him, he will die.” 53Then Solomon sent a company and they brought him down from the altar, and he came and bowed to King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your home.”

1 Kings Chapter 2 

1And the days of David approached when he would die, and he commanded Solomon his son and said, 2“I am going the way of the whole earth, so be resolute and be manly. 3And keep the charge of the Lord your God, by walking in his ways and keeping his statutes, his commandments and his regulations and his testimonies, as is written in the law of Moses, in order that you may act wisely in everything you do and everywhere you turn, 4in order that the Lord may establish his word which he spoke to me when he said, ‘If your sons keep their way in walking before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul’ – as he said – ‘not a man of yours shall be cut off from the throne of Israel.’ 5And you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me – what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner and to Amasa the son of Jether – whom he killed, and he adopted a course of warlike bloodshed in peacetime, and he applied the blood of war to his girdle around his waist and to his shoes on his feet. 6And you must act according to your wisdom, but do not let his grey hair go down to the grave in peace. 7But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite and let them be present among those who eat at your table, for they similarly came up to me when I fled from Absalom your brother. 8And look, Shimei the son of Gera the Benjaminite from Bahurim is with you, who cursed me with a pernicious curse on the day when I went to Mahanaim, but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by the Lord and said, ‘I will definitely not put you to death by the sword.’ 9But now, do not acquit him, for you are a wise man, and you know what you will do to him, but bring his grey hair down to the grave with blood.” 10And David lay with his fathers, and he was buried in the City of David. 11And the days for which David reigned over Israel amounted to forty years. In Hebron he reigned for seven years, and in Jerusalem he reigned for thirty-three years. 12And Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom became very well-established. 13Then Adonijah the son of Haggith went to Bath-sheba, Solomon's mother. And she said, “Is your visit in peace?” And he said, “Yes, in peace.” 14And he said, “I have a matter to discuss with you.” And she said, “Tell me.” 15And he said, “You know that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel had me in view to reign, but the kingdom took a turn and fell to my brother, for it was his from the Lord. 16And now, I have one request which I am asking of you. Do not turn me away.” And she said to him, “Carry on.” 17And he said, “Please ask King Solomon not to turn you away, and to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife.” 18And Bath-sheba said, “Very well, I will speak on your behalf to the king.” 19So Bath-sheba went to King Solomon to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah, and the king got up to meet her, and he bowed to her, then he sat on his throne, and he had a seat placed for the king's mother, and she sat on his right hand side. 20And she said, “I am asking you for a small request. Do not turn me away.” And the king said to her, “Ask it, my mother, for I will not turn you away.” 21And she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as his wife.” 22And King Solomon answered and said to his mother, “And why are you asking for Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Then ask for the kingdom for him, for he is my elder brother, both for him and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.” 23And King Solomon swore by the Lord and said, “May God do this to me and add more, if Adonijah has not spoken these words at the expense of his life. 24And now, as the Lord lives, who established me and seated me on the throne of David my father, and who made me a house as he said he would, so Adonijah will be put to death today.” 25And King Solomon sent a force under the authority of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he fell on him and he died. 26And the king said to Abiathar the priest, “Go to Anathoth, to your estate, for you deserve to die, but on this day I will not have you killed, because you have carried the ark of my Lord the Lord before David my father, and because you have been afflicted by everything that my father was afflicted by.” 27So Solomon ousted Abiathar from being a priest to the Lord, so fulfilling the word of the Lord which he spoke at the house of Eli in Shiloh. 28And the report came to Joab, for Joab had gravitated towards Adonijah, although he had not gravitated towards Absalom, and Joab fled to the tent of the Lord and held on to the horns of the altar. 29And it was reported to King Solomon that Joab had fled to the tent of the Lord, and there he was at the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehioada, and said, “Go and fall on him.” 30When Beniah arrived at the tent of the Lord, he said to him, “This is what the king says, ‘Come out.’ ” But he said, “No, for I will die here.” Then Benaiah reported back to the king and said, “Joab said this and he answered me this way.” 31Then the king said to him, “Do as he said, and fall on him, and bury him, and requite the innocent blood which Joab shed of my and my father's house. 32And the Lord will requite his blood on his head, because he fell on two men more righteous and better than he is, and he killed them by the sword, but my father David was not aware of it, namely Abner the son of Ner, commander of the army of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, commander of the army of Judah. 33And their blood will rebound onto Joab's head and onto the head of his seed age-abidingly, whereas David and his seed and his house and his throne will have peace age-abidingly from the Lord.” 34So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and fell on him, and killed him, and he was buried at his house in the desert. 35Then the king appointed Benaiah the son of Jehoiada instead of him over the army, and the king appointed Zadok the priest instead of Abiathar. 36And the king sent word and called for Shimei, and he said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and live there, and do not go out from there, moving around. 37For know without doubt that it will be the case that on the day when you go out and cross the Kidron Brook you will certainly die – your blood will be on your head.” 38And Shimei said to the king, “The arrangement is good. As my lord the king has spoken, so your servant will do.” And Shimei lived in Jerusalem for many days. 39But it came to pass after three years, that two of Shimei's servants fled to Achish the son of Maachah, the king of Gath. And they reported it to Shimei and said, “Look, your servants are in Gath.” 40Then Shimei saddled his donkey and went to Gath, to Achish, to seek his servants. So Shimei set off, and he fetched his servants from Gath. 41And it was reported to Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had returned. 42So the king sent men and called for Shimei and said to him, “Did I not adjure you by the Lord and testify to you and say, ‘Know without doubt that on the day when you go out and move around that you will certainly die’, and you said to me, ‘The arrangement which I have heard is good.’ 43So why did you not heed the oath to the Lord and the commandment which I gave you?” 44And the king said to Shimei, “You know all the evil which your heart is conscious of, which you did to David my father. And the Lord has requited your evil on your head. 45And King Solomon is blessed, and the throne of David will be established before the Lord age-abidingly.” 46And the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and fell on him, and he died, and the kingdom became established through the authority of Solomon.

1 Kings Chapter 3 

1Then Solomon contracted intermarriage with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he took Pharaoh's daughter and brought her to the City of David, until he had finished building his house, and the house of the Lord and the wall around Jerusalem. 2Nevertheless the people would sacrifice on idolatrous raised sites, because a house to the name of the Lord had not been built until those days. 3But Solomon loved the Lord, walking in the statutes of David his father, except that he would sacrifice and burn incense on the idolatrous raised sites. 4And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great idolatrous raised site. Solomon offered a thousand burnt offerings on that altar. 5And in Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream at night, and God said, “Ask what you want me to give you.” 6And Solomon said, “You acted with much kindness towards your servant my father David when he walked before you in truth and righteousness, and uprightness of heart with you, and you maintained this great kindness towards him, and you have given him a son who is sitting on his throne on this very day. 7So now, O Lord my God, you have made your servant king instead of David my father, but I am a small child and I do not know comings and goings. 8And your servant is in the midst of your people whom you chose, a numerous people who can not be numbered or counted for abundance. 9So give your servant a heart fit to hear cases at law in judging your people, to discern good from evil, for who is able to judge this substantial people?” 10And the words were approved of in the sight of Lord*, in that Solomon had asked for this thing. 11And God said to him, “Since you have asked for this thing, and you did not ask for a long life, and you did not ask for riches, did not ask for the life of your enemies, but you asked for understanding in hearing cases at law, 12look, I have done according to your words – look, I have given you a wise and astute heart, such as never was before you, and such as never will arise after you. 13And I have also given you what you didn't ask for, both riches and honour, whereby no man among kings will be like you all your days. 14And if you walk in my ways, by keeping my statutes and my commandments, as David your father did, then I will prolong your days.” 15Then Solomon woke up and realized that it was a dream, and he went to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of Lord*, and he made burnt offerings, and he made peace-offerings, and he held a feast for all his servants. 16Then two prostitutes came to the king and stood before him. 17And one woman said, “Oh my lord, I and this woman live in the same house, and I gave birth, with her in the house. 18And it so happened on the third day after me giving birth, that this woman also gave birth, and we were together; there is no-one else with us in the house – just the two of us in the house. 19But this woman's son died at night because she lay on top of him. 20And she got up in the middle of the night and took my son from me while your maidservant was asleep, and she laid him in her bosom, while she laid her dead son in my bosom. 21And when I arose in the morning to breastfeed my son, I realized that the child was dead, but I examined him in the morning and saw that he was not my son, whom I had given birth to.” 22Then the other woman said, “No, for it is my son who is alive and your son who is dead.” And the former said, “No, for it is your son who is dead, and my son who is alive.” And so they spoke before the king. 23Then the king said, “One says, ‘This is my son who is alive, and your son is dead’, whereas the other says, ‘No, for it is your son who is dead, and my son who is alive.’ ” 24Then the king said, “Fetch me a sword.” So they brought a sword before the king. 25Then the king said, “Divide the living child into two, and give half to one woman and half to the other.” 26At this the woman whose son was the one who was alive spoke to the king, for her tender affections flared up for her son, and she said, “Please, my lord, give her the baby who is alive, and don't kill him at any event.” But the other said, “Neither I nor you will have him, divide him up.” 27Then the king answered and said, “Give the baby who is alive to her, and do not kill him under any circumstances. She is his mother.” 28And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had given and they feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to execute justice.

1 Kings Chapter 4 

1So King Solomon was king over all Israel. 2And these are the ministers whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok the priest; 3Elihoreph and Ahiah the sons of Shisha, who were scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud the secretary of state, 4and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, who was over the army, and Zadok and Abiathar who were priests, 5and Azariah the son of Nathan who was in charge of the officials, and Zabud the son of Nathan who was priest and friend to the king, 6and Ahishar who was in charge of the household, and Adoniram the son of Abda who was in charge of taxation. 7And Solomon had twelve officials over all Israel, who sustained the king and his household. Each had to sustain him for one month per year. 8And these are their names: Ben-hur in Mount Ephraim, 9Ben-dekar in Makaz and in Shaalbim and Beth-shemesh and Elon-beth-hanan, 10Ben-hesed in Aruboth, who had Sochoh and all the land of Hepher, 11Ben-abinadab, in all the heights of Dor, whose wife was Taphath Solomon's daughter, 12Baana the son of Ahilud who had Taanach and Megiddo and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, and to beyond Jokmoam, 13Ben-geber in Ramoth-gilead, who had the villages of Jair, the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead, having the district of Argob, which is in Bashan – sixty large cities with a wall and copper bolt, 14Ahinadab the son of Iddo in Mahanaim, 15Ahimaaz in Naphtali, who also took a daughter of Solomon's as his wife, Basmath, 16Baanah the son of Hushai in Asher and in Aloth, 17Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah in Issachar, 18Shimei the son of Elah in Benjamin, 19Geber the son of Uri in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon, the king of the Amorites, and Og the king of Bashan, and he was the only official who was in the land. 20Judah and Israel were many – like the sand which is by the sea in multitude – eating and drinking and rejoicing.

1 Kings Chapter 5 

1And Solomon was ruler over all the kingdoms in the land of the Philistines from the river up to the border with Egypt. They brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life. 2And Solomon's revenue per day was thirty cors of fine flour and sixty cors of barley flour, 3ten fatted oxen and twenty herding oxen and one hundred sheep, apart from deer and gazelles and roe deer and fatted poultry. 4For he had control of all this side of the river, from Tiphsah to Gaza, of all the kings on this side of the river. And he had peace in all quarters round about. 5And Judah and Israel lived securely, each man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan to Beer-sheba, all Solomon's days. 6And Solomon had forty thousand horse stables for his chariot fleet, and twelve thousand horsemen. 7These officials sustained King Solomon and everyone who came to King Solomon's table – each official in his month – and they did not neglect anything. 8They brought barley and straw for the farm horses and for the swift horses, to the place where these were, each according to his duty. 9And God gave wisdom to Solomon, and very great insight and broad understanding, like the sand which is on the sea-shore. 10And Solomon's wisdom increased beyond the wisdom of all the eastern people and beyond all the wisdom of Egypt. 11And he became wiser than any man, than Ethan the Ezrahite and Heman, and Chalcol and Darda the sons of Mahol, and his fame was present in all the nations round about. 12And he spoke three thousand proverbs, and his songs amounted to one thousand and five. 13And he spoke about trees, from the cedar which is in Lebanon to the hyssop which comes out of a wall, and he spoke about cattle and about birds and about reptiles and about fish. 14And people came from all the nations to hear Solomon's wisdom – from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom. 15And Hiram the king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, for he had heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father, because Hiram was friendly to David at all times. 16And Solomon sent word to Hiram and said, 17“You know how my father David could not build a house to the name of the Lord his God, because of the wars which surrounded him until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet. 18And now the Lord my God has given me rest round about; there is no adversary and there is no harmful conflict. 19And look, I intend to build a house to the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord spoke to David my father when he said, ‘It is your son, whom I will put on your throne in place of you, who will build the house to my name.’ 20So now, command that they cut cedars from Lebanon for me, and my servants will be with your servants, and I will give you the wages of your servants according to whatever you specify, for you know that among us there is no man who knows how to cut trees like the Sidonians.” 21And it came to pass when Hiram heard Solomon's words that he was very pleased and he said, “Blessed be the Lord today who has given David a wise son over this great people.” 22And Hiram sent word to Solomon and said, “I have heard what you sent me. I will carry out all your wishes concerning cedar trees and cypress trees. 23My servants will bring them down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will have them laid on rafts to go by sea to the place you notify me of, and I will unload them there, and you will take them away, and you will carry out my wish by giving bread to my household.” 24So Hiram gave Solomon cedar wood and cypress wood – as much as he wanted. 25And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand cors of wheat as food for his household, and twenty cors of beaten oil. This is what Solomon gave Hiram year by year. 26And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he had said to him, and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a covenant. 27And Solomon raised a workforce with a levy on all Israel, and the workforce consisted of thirty thousand men. 28And he sent them to Lebanon – ten thousand for a month in shifts. For a month they were in Lebanon and for two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the workforce. 29And Solomon had seventy thousand burden bearers and eighty thousand hewers at the mountain, 30besides Solomon's appointed officials who were over the craftsmanship – three thousand three hundred of them – who had authority over the people who carried out the artisanry. 31And the king commanded that they should quarry large stones, and costly stones, so as to lay the foundation of the house with hewn stones. 32And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and the Giblites carved and prepared the wood and the stones to build the house.

1 Kings Chapter 6 

1And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the exodus of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, of Solomon's reign over Israel, that he built the house to the Lord. 2And the house which King Solomon built to the Lord was sixty cubits in length and twenty cubits in width and thirty cubits in height. 3And the porch in front of the temple of the house was twenty cubits in length across the width of the house, and its width was ten cubits in front of the house. 4And he made overhanging sealed windows for the house. 5And he built a side-structure against the wall of the house around it alongside the walls of the house round about, belonging to the temple and the place of address. And he built rows of side-rooms round about. 6The lowest storey was five cubits in width and the middle one was six cubits in width and the third one was seven cubits in width, for he made the house with overhanging storeys round about on the outside, so that they would not join flush to the walls of the house. 7Now the construction of the house was with whole stones, pre-fashioned for transport, so no hammers or axe or any iron implement was heard in the house during its construction. 8The door to the middle row of side-rooms was on the right hand side of the house, and one went up by spiral steps to the middle storey and from the middle storey to the third one. 9So he built the house and completed it, and he panelled the house with boards, including the suites of rooms, with cedar. 10And he built the side-structure against all the house. Its height was five cubits, and it was joined to the house by beams of cedar. 11And the word of the Lord came to Solomon, as follows, 12As regards this house which you are building, if you walk in my statutes and execute my judgments and keep all my commandments by walking in them, then I will establish my word with you which I spoke to David your father, 13and I will dwell among the sons of Israel, and I will not leave my people Israel.” 14And Solomon built the house and completed it. 15And he built the walls of the house on the inside with cedar panelling. From the ground level of the house up to ceiling height he overlaid the walls with wood on the inside, and he overlaid the floor of the house with panels of cypress. 16And he built twenty cubits of the sides of the house with panels of cedar from ground level up as far as the walls, and he built them for it on the inside, for the place of address – the holy of holies. 17And the house was forty cubits in length – that is the temple in front. 18And the cedar of the house inside was carved into knobs and blossoming flowers, Everything was cedar – there was no stone to be seen. 19And he prepared the place of address inside the house on the inside, for putting the ark of the covenant of the Lord there. 20And in front of the place of address was a space of twenty cubits in length and twenty cubits in width and twenty cubits in height, and he overlaid it with seamless gold, and he overlaid the altar of cedar. 21And Solomon overlaid the house inside with seamless gold, and he fixed a golden chain in front of the place of address, which he had overlaid with gold. 22And he overlaid the whole house with gold, so that the whole was completed, and he overlaid with gold the whole altar which is for the place of address. 23And in the place of address he made two cherubim of olive tree wood, which were ten cubits tall. 24And the size of one wing of a cherub was five cubits, and the size of the other wing of a cherub was five cubits – ten cubits from the ends of its wings to the end of its wings. 25And the second cherub was ten cubits across; the two cherubim had the same size and the same shape. 26The height of one cherub was ten cubits, and so was the other cherub. 27And he placed the cherubim in the inner house, and they spread the wings of the cherubim out, and the wing of one touched the wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall, and their wings in the centre of the house touched wing against wing. 28And he overlaid the cherubim with gold. 29And on all the walls of the house round about he made carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and buds of flowers, on the inside and on the outside. 30And he overlaid the floor of the house with gold on the inside and on the outside. 31And he made the entrance to the place of address with doors of olive tree wood, as well as the lintel and doorposts, making the set of five parts. 32So the two doors were of olive tree wood, and he made carvings on them of cherubim and palm trees and buds of flowers, and he overlaid them with gold, and he overlaid the cherubim and the palm trees with gold. 33And similarly he made the entrance to the temple – the doorposts, from olive tree wood, a set of four parts – 34and the two doors were of cypress wood. The two leaves of the first door were hinged and the two leaves of the second door were hinged. 35And he carved the cherubim and the palm trees and the buds of flowers, and he covered them with gold which was smoothed over what was carved. 36And he built the inner courtyard with three rows of hewn stone and a row of hewn cedar beams. 37In the fourth year the house of the Lord was founded, in the month of Ziv. 38And in the eleventh year, in the month of Bul – that is the eighth month – the house was completed in all its aspects and with all its features. So he built it in seven years.

1 Kings Chapter 7 

1And Solomon built his own house in thirteen years, and he completed all of his house. 2And he built the house of the Forest of Lebanon. Its length was one hundred cubits, and its width was fifty cubits, and its height was thirty cubits, on four rows of cedar columns, and there were hewn beams of cedar on the columns. 3And it was panelled with cedar above and on the sides which rested on the forty-five columns – fifteen per row. 4And there were three rows of overhanging windows, with window light paired with window light three times over. 5And all the entrances and doorposts were square and protruding, and at the front was window paired with window three times over. 6And he made a colonnaded portico. Its length was fifty cubits, and its width was thirty cubits. And another portico was in the front of it, with columns and steps in front of it. 7Then he made a hall for the throne where he judged – the hall of judgment. And it was installed with cedar on the floor from wall to wall. 8And his house where he stayed had another court inside the hall, which was of similar design. And he made a house like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter whom Solomon took as his wife. 9All of these were of expensive stone, according to the required dimensions of hewn stone, sawn with a saw, for the inside and the outside, and they were from the foundation to the coping stones, and on the outside up to the great court. 10So it was founded in large and expensive stones – stones of ten cubits and stones of eight cubits. 11And above were expensive stones – hewn stones and cedar according to the required dimensions. 12And the great surrounding court was of three rows of hewn stone, and a row of hewn beams of cedar, and so it was both for the inner court of the house of the Lord and for the hall of the house. 13And Solomon sent men to bring Hiram from Tyre. 14He was the son of a widow, of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a coppersmith, and he was filled with wisdom and skill and knowledge in making all kinds of artisanry in copper. And he came to King Solomon, and he made all his artisanry. 15And he fashioned the two copper columns, and the height of each column was eighteen cubits, and a thread of twelve cubits would go around the each column. 16And he made two capitals to go on top of the columns, cast in copper. The height of one capital was five cubits, and the height of the other capital was five cubits. 17And he made trellises – lattice work with tassels – a work in chains for the capitals which were on top of the columns – seven for one capital and seven for the other capital. 18And he made the columns, and two rows around one trellis to cover the capitals which were on top of the pomegranates, and he did likewise for the second capital. 19And the capitals which were on top of the columns were made in the fashion of the lilies in the hall – four cubits of them, 20as were the capitals of the two columns – both above and opposite the protrusion which was in front of the trellis – and there were two hundred pomegranates in rows all around on the second capital. 21And he erected the columns for the hall of the temple, and when he had erected the right hand column, he called it Jachin, and when he had erected the left hand column, he called it Boaz. 22And on top of the columns was the lily work. And the column work was completed. 23And he made the cast artificial sea, ten cubits in diameter, circular all round, and its height was five cubits, and a cord of thirty cubits would fit round it. 24And below its rim encircling it all around were hemispheres, ten to the cubit, encircling the artificial sea. There were two rows of hemispheres, cast integrally. 25It stood on twelve oxen – three facing northwards, and three facing westwards, and three facing southwards, and three facing eastwards. And the artificial sea rested on them, above, and all their posteriors were facing inwards. 26And its thickness was a hand's breadth, and its rim was in the style of the rim of the bud of a lily flower. It held two thousand baths in volume. 27And he made ten copper stands. Each stand was four cubits in length and four cubits in width, and three cubits in height. 28And this was the style of the stand. They had borders, and borders between sections. 29And on the borders which were between the sections were lions and oxen and cherubim, and on the sections was an upward facing support. And the space under it was for lions and oxen, with wreaths, work facing down. 30And each stand had four copper wheels, and copper axles, and its four bearing surfaces for them, below the laver. The bearing surfaces were cast and were opposite each wreath. 31And its aperture on the inside of the capital and what was above it was one cubit, and the aperture was round, like the base work, a cubit and a half, and at its aperture were carvings and unrounded square borders. 32And the four wheels below the borders, and the axles of the wheels, were in the stand, and the height of each wheel was one and a half cubits. 33And the construction of the wheels was like the construction of a wagon wheel: their axles and their rims and their spokes and their hubs were all cast. 34And the four axle bearing surfaces were at the four corners of each stand. Its bearing surfaces were integral to the stand itself. 35At the top of the stand was a cylinder half a cubit high, all the way around, and on top of the stand were its handles and its rim which were integral to it. 36And he engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the tablets, on its handles and on its borders, according to the space on each, and wreaths around it. 37In this way he made ten stands, identical in casting and size and form. 38And he made ten copper lavers. Each laver held forty baths. Each laver was four cubits long. There was one laver on each of the ten stands. 39And he put five of the stands on the right hand side of the house and five on the left hand side of the house, and he put the artificial sea on the right hand side of the house in the southern part of the eastern side. 40And Hiram made the lavers and the shovels and the sprinkling-basins. And Hiram finished making all the artisanry which he made for King Solomon for the house of the Lord: 41the two columns and the bowls at their capitals, which are at the top of the two columns, and the two trellises to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were on top of the columns, 42and the four hundred pomegranates for the two trellises – two rows of pomegranates to each trellis, to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were on top of the columns, 43and the ten stands and the ten lavers on the stands, 44and the single artificial sea and the twelve oxen under the artificial sea, 45and the pots and the shovels and the sprinkling basins, and all this equipment which Hiram made for King Solomon for the house of the Lord in polished copper. 46The king cast them in the tract of the Jordan, in the thickly overgrown land between Succoth and Zarethan. 47And Solomon left all the equipment alone, because of its very great abundance, and the weight of the copper was not investigated. 48And Solomon made all the equipment which was for the house of the Lord: the golden altar and the golden table on which the showbread is put, 49and the five lampstands on the right, and the five on the left, in front of the place of address – they were of seamless gold – and the flower and the lamps and the golden tongs, 50and the vials and the snuffers, and the sprinkling basins and the ladles and the firepans – of seamless gold – and the hinges for the doors of the inner house, to the holy of holies, and for the doors of the temple building – again of gold. 51All the artisanry which King Solomon made for the house of the Lord was completed, and Solomon brought in the holy articles of David his father, and he put the silver and the gold and the equipment in the treasuries of the house of the Lord.

1 Kings Chapter 8 

1Then Solomon convened the elders of Israel – all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the paternal families of the sons of Israel – to King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the City of David, which is Zion. 2So every head man of Israel was convened to King Solomon in the month of Ethanim at the festival time – that is in the seventh month. 3So all the elders of Israel came, and the priests carried the ark. 4And they brought the ark of the Lord up, and the tent of contact, and all the holy equipment which was in the tent. And it was the priests and Levites who brought it up. 5Then King Solomon, and the whole congregation of Israel which was assembled with him, sacrificed with him before the ark, sheep and oxen which could not be numbered and could not be counted for abundance. 6And the priests brought the ark of the covenant of the Lord to its place – to the place of address of the house, to the holy of holies – under the wings of the cherubim, 7for the cherubim stretch out their wings towards the place of the ark, and the cherubim cover the ark and its staves from above. 8And they extended the staves such that the ends of the staves were visible from the sanctuary in front of the place of address, but they were not visible outside. And they have been there up to this day. 9There was nothing in the ark except the two stone tablets which Moses deposited there in Horeb, when the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel when they came out of the land of Egypt. 10Then it came to pass when the priests came out of the sanctuary that a cloud filled the house of the Lord. 11And the priests could not stand to serve because of the cloud, because the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord. 12Then Solomon said,

“The Lord said that he would dwell

In thick clouds.

13I have conscientiously built

A dwelling place for you,

An age-abiding abode

For you to reside in.”

14Then the king turned round and blessed the whole convocation of Israel, and the whole convocation of Israel was standing 15as he said, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel who spoke by his own mouth to David my father, and who accomplished it, when he said, 16‘From the day when I brought my people Israel out of Egypt, I did not select a city from any of the tribes of Israel to build a house for my name to be there, but I chose David to be over my people Israel.’ 17And it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of the Lord God of Israel. 18But the Lord said to David my father, ‘Inasmuch as it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well, for it was in your heart. 19However it is not you who will build the house, but your son who will come from your loins who will build the house for my name.’ 20And the Lord fulfilled his word which he had spoken, and I arose in the place of David my father, and I sat on the throne of Israel, as the Lord had said, and I built the house for the name of the Lord God of Israel. 21And I laid out a place for the ark there, where the covenant of the Lord is, which he made with our fathers when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.” 22And Solomon stood before the Lord's altar opposite the whole convocation of Israel, and he stretched out his hands towards heaven, 23and he said, “O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like you, in heaven above or on the earth below – you who keep the covenant and kindness with your servants who walk before you with all their heart – 24in that what you said to your servant – David my father – you kept for him, for you spoke with your mouth and you have accomplished it, as it is today. 25So now, O Lord God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father what you said to him when you said, ‘No-one of your line sitting on the throne of Israel will be cut off before me, provided your sons keep their way by walking before me, as you have walked before me.’ 26And now, O God of Israel, please may your words which you spoke to your servant David my father be upheld. 27For will God truly dwell on earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain you, so how much less this house which I have built? 28But you have considered the prayer of your servant and his supplication, O Lord my God, in hearing the shout and the prayer which your servant is praying before you today, 29that your eyes may be open night and day to this house – to this place of which you said, ‘My name will be there’ – so as to hear the prayer which your servant will pray facing this place. 30And do hear the supplication of your servant and your people Israel, who will pray facing this place, and do hear in the place where you are seated, in the heavens, so do hear and forgive. 31Whenever a man sins against his neighbour, and an oath is imposed on him, so as to adjure him, and the oath comes before your altar in this house, 32then hear in heaven and take action, and judge your servants, in condemning the wicked, in bringing his way back on his head, and in justifying the just, in rewarding him according to his righteousness. 33When your people Israel are struck down in confrontation with an enemy because they have sinned against you, and they return to you and confess your name, and pray and make supplications to you in this house, 34then do hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel, and bring them back into the land which you gave to their fathers. 35When the heavens are shut and there is no rain, because they have sinned against you, then they will pray facing this place, and they will confess your name, and they will turn back from their sin when you oppress them. 36And do hear in heaven, and do forgive the sin of your servants and your people Israel, and do teach them the right way in which they will walk, and do give rain on your land which you have given to your people as an inheritance. 37If there is a famine in the land, if there is a pestilence, if there is a blight or mildew, locusts, or caterpillars, if their enemy besieges them in the land at their gates, if there is any affliction or any sickness, 38then for every prayer and every supplication which any man, or the whole of your people Israel, may have, because each man will know the reason for the affliction of his heart, he will stretch his hands towards this house. 39Then do hear in heaven, the abode where you reside, and do forgive and take action and repay each man according to all his ways, whose heart you know, for you alone know the heart of all the sons of Adam, 40so that they may fear you for all the days that they live on the surface of the land which you have given to our fathers. 41And also concerning the stranger who is not of your people Israel, but who has come from a distant land for the sake of your name 42(for they will hear of your great name and your strong hand, and your outstretched arm): he will come and pray facing this house. 43Do hear in heaven, the abode of your residence, and act according to everything that the stranger calls on you about, so that all the peoples of the earth may know your name – to fear you – as your people Israel does, and to know that your name is called on at this house which I have built. 44When your people go out to war against their enemy by the way which you send them, they will pray to the Lord in the direction of the city which you have chosen, and of the house which I have built for your name. 45And do hear in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and do execute judgment for them. 46When they sin against you – for there is no man who does not sin – and you are angry with them, and you deliver them to the enemy, and their captors take them captive to the land of the enemy, be it far or near, 47then when they have a change of heart in the land in which they have been taken captive, and repent, and make supplications to you in the land of their captors and say, ‘We have sinned and committed iniquity and behaved wickedly’, 48and they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies who took them captive, and they pray to you in the direction of their land which you gave their fathers – the city which you have chosen, and of the house which I have built for your name, 49then do hear in heaven – the abode of your residence – their prayer and their supplication, and do execute judgment for them. 50And do forgive your people who have sinned against you in all their transgressions with which they have transgressed against you, and do grant them compassion in the presence of their captors, and they will have compassion on them. 51For they are your people and your inheritance whom you brought out of Egypt, out of the middle of an iron furnace, 52so that your eyes should be open to the supplications of your servant and to the supplication of your people Israel in hearing them whenever they call out to you. 53For you have separated them to yourself as an inheritance from all the peoples of the earth, as you said through the intermediacy of Moses your servant, when you brought our fathers out of Egypt, O my Lord the Lord.” 54And it came to pass when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he arose from his position before the Lord's altar, from kneeling, and he held his hands stretched out to heaven. 55And he stood and blessed the whole convocation of Israel in a loud voice and said, 56“Blessed be the Lord who has given rest to his people Israel in accordance with everything he has spoken. Not one thing has failed from all his good words which he spoke through the intermediacy of Moses his servant. 57May the Lord our God be with us as he was with our fathers. May he not leave us and may he not forsake us, 58while we incline our heart to him, so that we walk in all his ways and keep his commandments and his statutes and his pronouncements which he commanded our fathers. 59And may these words of mine with which I have made supplications before the Lord be close to the Lord our God day and night, so that he executes the justice of his servant and the justice of his people Israel as a daily matter, 60to the intent that all the peoples of the earth should know that the Lord is God: there is no other. 61And may your heart be sincere with the Lord our God in walking in his statutes and in keeping his commandments, as on this day.” 62And the king and all of Israel with him offered a sacrifice to the Lord. 63And Solomon offered the peace sacrifice, which he offered to the Lord – twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. And the king and all the sons of Israel dedicated the house of the Lord. 64On that day the king sanctified the inside of the court which was in front of the house of the Lord, for it is there that he made the burnt offering and the meal-offering and offered the fat of the peace-offerings, because the copper altar which was before the Lord was too small to hold the burnt offering and the meal-offering and the fat of the peace-offerings. 65And at that time Solomon and all Israel with him celebrated the festival – a large convocation, from the approach to Hamath to the River of Egypt – before the Lord our God, for seven days and seven days, that is for fourteen days. 66On the eighth day he dismissed the people, and they blessed the king, and they went to their tents happy and in good spirits because of all the good which the Lord had done to David his servant and to Israel his people.

1 Kings Chapter 9 

1And it came to pass when Solomon had finished building the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all Solomon's wishes which he took delight in doing, 2that the Lord appeared to Solomon a second time – as when he appeared to him in Gibeon. 3And the Lord said to him, “I have heard your prayer and your supplication which you made before me. I have sanctified this house which you have built to establish my name there age-abidingly, and my eyes and my heart will be there continually. 4And as for you, if you walk before me as your father David walked, wholeheartedly and in integrity, in doing everything that I have commanded you, if you keep my statutes and my pronouncements, 5then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel age-abidingly, as I expounded to your father David when I said, ‘Not a man of your line shall be cut off from the throne of Israel.’ 6But if you turn away from me at all, you or your sons, and do not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, and you go your way and serve other gods and worship them, 7then I will cut Israel off from the face of the land which I have given them, and I will cast the house which I have sanctified for my name out of my sight, and Israel will be the subject of taunting and jeering among all the nations. 8And this house will have been exalted, but everyone passing by it will be astonished and will whistle, and they will say, ‘Why has the Lord done this to this land and to this house?’ 9And they will say, ‘Because they forsook the Lord their God who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and they adhered to other gods and worshipped and served them – that is why the Lord has brought all this trouble on them.’ ” 10And it came to pass after twenty years when Solomon had built the two houses – the house of the Lord and the king's house – 11with Hiram the king of Tyre having assisted Solomon with cedar trees and with cypress trees and with gold, having met all his desire, that King Solomon then gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. 12And Hiram departed from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him, but they were not pleasing to him. 13And he said, “What are these cities which you have given me, my brother?” And he called them the land of Cabul, as they are called up to this day. 14And Hiram sent one hundred and twenty talents of gold to the king. 15And this was the reason for the tax which King Solomon raised: in order to build the house of the Lord and his own house and the Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor and Megiddo and Gezer. 16Pharaoh the king of Egypt had gone up and captured Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and had killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and had given it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife. 17Then Solomon rebuilt Gezer and Lower Beth-horon, 18and Baalath and Tamar in the desert, in the land, 19and all the storehouse cities which Solomon had, and the cities with chariot fleets, and the cities with horsemen, and the ambitions of Solomon which he aspired to build in Jerusalem and Lebanon and in every land under his rule. 20On all the people who remained from the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, who were not of the sons of Israel, 21on their sons who remained after them in the land, whom the sons of Israel were not able to obliterate, Solomon imposed tribute service, which is in force up to this day. 22But Solomon did not make any of the sons of Israel bondmen, for they were warriors, and his servants, and his ministers, and his officers, and the commanders of his charioteers and his horsemen. 23These were the senior officials of those appointed over Solomon's operations – five hundred and fifty who managed the people who were engaged in the work. 24But Pharaoh's daughter came up from the City of David to her house which he had built for her, and only then did he build the Millo. 25And Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace-offerings three times in the year, on the altar which he had built to the Lord, and he burned incense with them, and it was before the Lord, and he completed the house. 26And King Solomon built a fleet of ships in Ezion-geber, which is joint with Eloth on the coast of the Red Sea in the land of Edom. 27And Hiram sent his servants by ship – seafarers who knew the sea – with Solomon's servants, 28and they arrived in Ophir, and he took gold from there – four hundred and twenty talents of it – and they brought it to King Solomon.

1 Kings Chapter 10 

1And when the queen of Sheba heard the report of Solomon – what he had done for the name of the Lord – she came to test him with riddles. 2And she came to Jerusalem with a very large retinue of camels bearing fragrances, and a very large quantity of gold, and precious stones. And she came to King Solomon, and told him everything that was on her heart. 3And Solomon answered all her points raised – nothing was inexplicable to the king, which he could not tell her. 4So the queen of Sheba saw all Solomon's wisdom, and the house which he had built, 5and the food at his table, and the seated assembly of his servants, and the standing assembly of his attendants, and their apparel, and his butlers, and his ascent by which he went up to the house of the Lord. And it took her breath away. 6And she said to the king, “The report which I heard in my country about your affairs and your wisdom was true. 7But I did not believe those things until I came and my eyes saw them, and it turns out that half was not told me, and you have exceeded the wisdom and prosperity which I heard of in the report. 8Blessed are your men, blessed are these servants of yours who stand before you continually, who hear your wisdom. 9Blessed be the Lord your God who has been favourably disposed to you in setting you on the throne of Israel, in the Lord's age-abiding love for Israel, who has appointed you as king to execute justice and righteousness.” 10And she gave the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold, and very many fragrances and precious stones, and such fragrances as the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon never arrived again for their abundance. 11And also Hiram's fleet, which transported gold from Ophir, brought from Ophir a very large quantity of almug wood and precious stones. 12And the king made from the almug wood auxiliary equipment for the house of the Lord and for the king's house, and harps and lutes for the singers. Never again did such almug wood arrive, nor has it been seen, up to this day. 13And King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all her desire which she asked for, in addition to what he gave her according to the means of King Solomon. Then she took her leave and went back to her country with her servants. 14And the weight of the gold which accrued to Solomon in one year was six hundred and sixty six talents of gold, 15apart from what he obtained from travelling folk and trade with merchants and all the kings of Arabia and the potentates of the land. 16And King Solomon made two hundred shields of alloyed gold. Six hundred shekels of gold went in each shield, 17and he made three hundred bucklers of alloyed gold. Three manehs of gold went in each buckler, and the king put them in the house of the Forest of Lebanon. 18And the king made a large ivory throne, and he overlaid it with pure gold. 19There were six steps up to the throne, and the throne had a round canopy extending from its back, and armrests on each side of the seat, and two lions stood beside the armrests. 20And twelve lions stood there on the six steps – six on each side. Nothing had been made like it in any of the kingdoms. 21And all King Solomon's tableware for drinking was of gold, and all the articles of the house of the Forest of Lebanon were of seamless gold. Nothing was of silver – it was not regarded in Solomon's days as anything special. 22But the king had the fleet of Tarshish on the sea with Hiram's fleet. Once every three years the Tarshish fleet came transporting gold and silver, ivory and monkeys and peacocks. 23And King Solomon became greater than all the kings of the earth, in riches and in wisdom. 24And all the earth would seek an audience with Solomon, so as to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart. 25And they each brought their gift – articles of silver and articles of gold, and garments, and weaponry and fragrances, horses and mules – an event which took place year in year out. 26And Solomon assembled a chariot fleet and horsemen, and he had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, and he led them into the chariot cities, whereas some were with the king in Jerusalem. 27And the king made silver commonplace in Jerusalem like stones in their abundance, and he made cedars like sycamores which are in the lowlands in abundance. 28And the origin of Solomon's horses was that they were from Egypt, and the company of the king's merchants obtained the company of animals at a price. 29And a chariot went up and departed from Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for one hundred and fifty, and so they dispatched them through their agency to all the kings of the Hittites and to the kings of Aramaea.

1 Kings Chapter 11 

1Now King Solomon loved many foreign women, including Pharaoh's daughter, Moabite-, Ammonite-, Edomite-, Sidonian- and Hittite women, 2from the nations about which the Lord had said to the sons of Israel, “Do not have intercourse with them, and they shall not have intercourse with you. They will surely dispose your heart towards their gods.” Yet Solomon cleaved to them in love. 3And he had seven hundred wives who were princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart aside. 4So it came to pass in the time of Solomon's old age, that his wives turned his heart towards other gods, and his heart was not sincere with the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father was. 5And Solomon went after Astarte, the goddess of the Sidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 6And Solomon did evil in the sight of the Lord, and he did not fully follow the Lord as David his father did. 7Then Solomon built an idolatrous raised site to Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, at the mountain which faces Jerusalem, and to Molech, the abomination of the sons of Ammon. 8And he did this for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods. 9And the Lord became angry with Solomon, for he had turned his heart away from being with the Lord God of Israel who had appeared to him twice. 10For he had commanded him concerning this matter, not to go after other gods. But he did not keep what the Lord had commanded him. 11And the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this is the way with you, and you have not kept my covenant or my statutes which I commanded you, I will tear your kingdom asunder from you, and give it to your servant. 12But in your days I will not do it, for the sake of your father David. It is from the hand of your son that I will tear it apart. 13Nevertheless, I will not tear all your kingdom away. I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen.” 14And the Lord incited as an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite, who was of the seed of the king in Edom. 15For it had come to pass when David was in Edom, when Joab the commander of the army came up to bury the fallen, that he struck down every male in Edom. 16For Joab remained there for six months, as did the whole of Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom. 17And Hadad had fled – he and some Edomite men from his father's servants with him – and headed for Egypt, when Hadad was a small boy. 18And they went up from Midian, and they came to Paran, and they took some men from Paran with them, and they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he gave him a house, and ordered food for him, and he gave him land. 19And Hadad found much grace in Pharaoh's eyes, and he gave him his wife's sister as his wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen-consort. 20And Tahpenes' sister bore him Genubath his son, and Tahpenes weaned him in Pharaoh's house, and Genubath was in Pharaoh's house among Pharaoh's sons. 21When Hadad heard in Egypt that David had lain with his fathers, and that Joab the commander of the army had died, Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Let me go and I will go to my country.” 22But Pharaoh said to him, “What do you lack with me that you should be here requesting to go to your country?” And he replied, “Nothing, but let me go anyway.” 23God also incited as an adversary against him Rezon the son of Eliadah, who had fled from Hadadezer his master, the king of Zobah. 24And he recruited some men. Now he had been commander of a troop when David killed them. Then they went to Damascus and stayed in it, and they reigned in Damascus. 25And he was an adversary of Israel all Solomon's days, alongside the harm which Hadad did, and he detested Israel, and he reigned over Aramaea. 26And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite from Zereda, a servant of Solomon's, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow, revolted against the king. 27And this is the reason why he revolted against the king: Solomon had built the Millo and closed the breach in the City of David his father. 28Now the man Jeroboam was a valiant warrior, and Solomon had seen that the young man was resourceful, and he had appointed him to every duty in the house of Joseph. 29And it came to pass at that time that Jeroboam departed from Jerusalem, and Ahijah the Shilonite prophet found him on his journey, and he had put a new cloak on, and the two of them were alone in the countryside, 30and Ahijah seized the new coat which was on him and tore it into twelve shreds. 31And he said to Jeroboam, “You keep ten shreds, for this is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from Solomon's hand and give to you the ten tribes. 32And one tribe will be for him, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which I chose out of all the tribes of Israel, 33because they have deserted me and have worshipped Astarte, the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the sons of Ammon, and they have not walked in my ways when they should have observed what is right in my sight – both my statutes and my pronouncements – as David his father did. 34But I will not take the whole kingdom from his control, for I will appoint him as a prince all the days of his life, for the sake of my servant David whom I chose, who kept my commandments and my statutes. 35So I will take the kingdom from his son's control and give you it – the ten tribes. 36But I will give one tribe to his son, so that my servant David may continually have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city which I chose for myself to place my name there. 37And I will take you, and you will reign over everyone whom your heart desires, and you will be king over Israel. 38And it shall come to pass, if you heed everything that I command you, and you walk in my ways, and you do what is right in my eyes, in keeping my statutes and my commandments, as my servant David did, then I will be with you, and I will build you a steadfast house as I built for David, and I will give you Israel. 39But because of this I will afflict David's seed, but not incessantly.’ ” 40Then Solomon looked for a way to kill Jeroboam, and Jeroboam arose and fled to Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt, and he was in Egypt until Solomon's death. 41And as for the rest of Solomon's affairs, and everything he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of Solomon? 42And the period for which Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over the whole of Israel was forty years. 43And Solomon lay with his fathers and was buried in the City of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in place of him.

1 Kings Chapter 12 

1And Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel went to Shechem to make him king. 2And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard it, when he was still in Egypt, where he had fled from King Solomon – so Jeroboam was living in Egypt – 3that they sent messengers and called for him. And Jeroboam came, as did the whole convocation of Israel, and they spoke to Rehoboam, and said, 4“Your father made our yoke heavy, but lighten now the hard work imposed by your father, and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.” 5And he said to them, “Go, and come back to me in three days' time.” So the people went away. 6Then King Rehoboam consulted with the elders who had stood in the presence of Solomon his father when he was alive, and he said, “How do you advise me to reply to this people?” 7And they spoke to him and said, “If today you will be a servant to this people, and will serve them, and answer them and speak pleasing words to them, then they will be your servants all the time.” 8But he ignored the advice of the elders who had advised him, and he consulted the children who had grown up with him, who stood in his presence. 9And he said to them, “What do you advise that we reply to this people who spoke to me and said, ‘Lighten the yoke which your father put on us’?” 10And the children who had grown up with him spoke to him and said, “Say this to this people who spoke to you, and said, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but you lighten it on us’ – say this to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father's waist. 11And now, my father burdened you with a heavy yoke, but I will add to your yoke. My father chastened you with whips, but I will chasten you with scorpions.’ ” 12Then Jeroboam came to Rehoboam, as did all the people, on the third day, as the king had spoken when he said, “Come back to me on the third day.” 13And the king answered the people harshly, and ignored the advice of the elders who had advised him. 14And he spoke to them according to the advice of the children, and said, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke. My father chastened you with whips, but I will chasten you with scorpions.” 15And the king did not listen to the people, because it was a turn of events from the Lord, in order to establish his word which the Lord had spoken through the intermediacy of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 16And the whole of Israel saw that the king had not heeded them, and the people replied to the king and said,

“What part have we with David?”

And, “There is no inheritance in the son of Jesse.

Off to your gods, O Israel.

Now you see to your own house, David.”

Then Israel went off to their tents. 17But as for the sons of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. 18Then when King Rehoboam sent Adoram who was in charge of the tax, all Israel stoned him and he died, and King Rehoboam scrambled to board a carriage to flee to Jerusalem. 19So Israel revolted against the house of David, as it is up to this day. 20Then it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, that they sent messengers and called him to the congregation, and made him king over all Israel. There was no-one in favour of the house of David, except for the tribe of Judah alone. 21Then when Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he convened the whole house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin – one hundred and eighty thousand young men – who were about to wage war, to fight against the house of Israel, so as to restore the kingdom to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. 22And the word of God came to Shemaiah, a man of God, and said, 23“Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, the king of Judah, and to the whole house of Judah and Benjamin and the rest of the people, and say, 24‘This is what the Lord says, «Do not go up and do not fight against your brothers, the sons of Israel. Go back, each one to his house, because this matter has been brought about by me.» ’ ” And they heeded the word of the Lord and turned back, so going according to the word of the Lord. 25Meanwhile Jeroboam built Shechem on Mount Ephraim, and he resided in it, and he went out from there and built Penuel. 26But Jeroboam said in his heart, “The kingdom will return now to the house of David. 27If this people goes up to make sacrifices in the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, then the people's heart will return to their lord – to Rehoboam the king of Judah – and they will kill me, and return to Rehoboam the king of Judah.” 28Then the king consulted, and he made two golden calves, and he said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Behold your gods, O Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.” 29And he put one in Beth-el, and he placed the other in Dan. 30And this matter became a source of sin, and the people went into the presence of one of themthe one in Dan. 31And he made an elevated idolatrous temple, and he appointed priests from the common people who were not the sons of Levi. 32And Jeroboam instituted a festival in the eighth month on the fifteenth day of the month, like the festival which is in Judah, and he made a burnt offering on the altar. This is what he did in Beth-el in sacrificing to the calves which he had made, and he appointed in Beth-el priests of the idolatrous raised sites which he had made. 33So he made burnt offerings on the altar which he had made in Beth-el on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, in the month when he devised on his own initiative that he should institute a festival for the sons of Israel. So he made burnt offerings on the altar with burning of incense.

1 Kings Chapter 13 

1Then it so happened that a man of God came from Judah with the word of the Lord to Beth-el, while Jeroboam was standing at the altar about to burn incense. 2And he called out at the altar with the word of the Lord and said, “O altar, O altar, this is what the Lord says, ‘Behold, a son is to be born in the house of David, and his name will be Josiah, and he will sacrifice on you the priests of the idolatrous raised sites who now burn incense on you, and man's bones will burn on you.’ ” 3And on that day he performed a miracle and said, “This is the miracle which the Lord has pronounced. Behold, the altar will split apart and the ashes on it will be poured out.” 4And it came to pass when the king heard the word of the man of God, who had called out at the altar of Beth-el, that Jeroboam stretched out his hand over the altar and said, “Seize him.” But his hand which he had stretched out over it withered, and he was not able to retract it. 5And the altar was split, and the ash was poured out from the altar, as a miracle which the man of God performed with the word of the Lord. 6Then the king reacted and said to the man of God, “Plead with the Lord your God, please, and pray for me that my hand may be restored to me.” And the man of God pleaded with the Lord, and the king's hand was restored to him, and it became as it was at first. 7And the king said to the man of God, “Come home with me and dine, and I will give you a gift.” 8But the man of God said to the king, “Even if you were to give me half of your house, I would not go with you, and I would not eat bread or drink water in this place. 9For that is what the Lord commanded me by his word when he said, ‘You shall not eat bread and you shall not drink water and you shall not return by the way you came.’ ” 10So he went by another way, and did not return by the way by which he came to Beth-el. 11Now a certain elderly prophet lived in Beth-el, and his son came and told him the whole proceeding which the man of God had carried out on that day in Beth-el – the words which he spoke to the king – and they told them to their father. 12Then their father said to them, “Which way did he go?” For his sons had seen which way the man of God, who had come from Judah, went. 13And he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled the donkey for him, and he rode on it. 14And he went after the man of God, and found him sitting under a terebinth tree, and he said to him, “Are you the man of God who has come from Judah?” And he said, “I am.” 15Then he said to him, “Come home with me and eat bread.” 16But he said, “I am not able to return with you and to go with you, and I shall not eat bread, and I shall not drink water with you in this place. 17For the word to me, by the word of the Lord, was, ‘You shall not eat bread and you shall not drink water there. You shall not return by going back by the way you came.’ ” 18Then he said to him, “I too am a prophet like you, and an angel has spoken to me by the word of the Lord and said, ‘Bring him back with you to your house, and he will eat bread and drink water.’ ” But he was lying to him. 19And he returned with him and ate bread in his house and drank water. 20Then it came to pass while they were sitting at the table that the word of the Lord came to the prophet who had brought him back, 21and he called out to the man of God who had come from Judah, and said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Since you have been disobedient to the utterance of the Lord, and have not kept the commandment which the Lord your God commanded, 22but you went back, and you have eaten bread and drunk water in a place for which he said to you, «Do not eat bread and do not drink water there», your corpse will not enter into the sepulchre of your fathers.’ ” 23And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread and after he had drunk, that he saddled the donkey for him – for the prophet whom he had brought back – 24and as he was travelling, a lion came across him on the way and killed him, and his corpse was discarded on the road, but the donkey stood next to it, and the lion stood next to the corpse. 25Then it so happened that some men were passing by, and they saw the corpse discarded on the road and the lion standing next to the corpse, and they went away, and reported it in the city in which the elderly prophet lived. 26And the prophet who had brought him back when he was on his way heard it, and he said, “It is the man of God who was disobedient to the utterance of the Lord, and the Lord gave him over to the lion, and it tore him to pieces and killed him, according to the word of the Lord who had spoken to him.” 27Then he spoke to his sons and said, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled it. 28Then he set out and found his corpse which had been discarded on the road, with the donkey and the lion standing beside the corpse. The lion did not eat the corpse, and it did not tear at the donkey. 29Then the prophet took the corpse of the man of God, and he placed him on the donkey and brought him back, and the elderly prophet went to the city to mourn for him and to bury him. 30And he placed his corpse in his grave, and they mourned for him, saying, “Alas, my brother.” 31Then it came to pass after he had buried him, that he spoke to his sons and said, “On my death, bury me in the grave in which the man of God is buried. Place my bones next to his bones. 32For the words will surely come to pass which he called out by the word of the Lord at the altar which was in Beth-el and in all the temples of the idolatrous raised sites which were in the cities of Samaria.” 33After this affair Jeroboam did not turn back from his evil way, and he returned and appointed priests for the idolatrous raised sites from the common people. He installed whoever wished it, who then became priests of the idolatrous raised sites. 34And this affair became the sin of the house of Jeroboam, and was cause to destroy it and to obliterate it from the face of the earth.

1 Kings Chapter 14 

1At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell ill. 2And Jeroboam said to his wife, “Arise, please, and disguise yourself so that they won't know that you are Jeroboam's wife, and go to Shiloh. You will see that Ahijah the prophet is there. He is the one who told me that I would become king over this people. 3And take with you ten loaves and cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will become of the child.” 4And Jeroboam's wife did so, and she arose and went to Shiloh, and she went to Ahijah's house, but Ahijah could not see because his eyes were unable to focus because of his old age. 5But the Lord said to Ahijah, “Look, Jeroboam's wife is coming to ask you for an oracle about her son, because he is ill. You will say this and that to her, and it will be the case that when she comes, she will be concealing her identity.” 6And it came to pass when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet as she came in at the door, that he said, “Come in, O wife of Jeroboam. Why are you concealing your identity? But I have been commissioned with something severe for you. 7Go and say to Jeroboam, ‘This is what the Lord God of Israel says, «Seeing that I exalted you from among the people, and I appointed you a prince over my people Israel, 8and I split the kingdom from the house of David, and gave it to you, but that you were not like my servant David who kept my commandments and who walked after me with all his heart in doing only what is right in my sight, 9and seeing that you acted more wickedly than all who were before you, and you went on to make yourself other gods and castings, so provoking me to anger, and seeing that you cast me behind your back, 10so I for my part am about to bring evil on the house of Jeroboam, and I will cut off from Jeroboam everyone who urinates against a wall, leaving it shut off and abandoned in Israel, and I will clear the house of Jeroboam out, as one clears dung out until it has gone. 11Dogs will eat him of Jeroboam's house who dies in the city, and the birds of the sky will eat him who dies in the field, for the Lord has spoken.» ’ 12So you arise and go to your home. As your feet enter the city, the child will die. 13And all Israel will mourn for him, and they will bury him, but only he of Jeroboam's house will go to the grave, because a good thing has been found in him towards the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam. 14But the Lord will raise up a king for himself over Israel, who will cast off the house of Jeroboam on this very day. And what is more – right now. 15So the Lord will strike Israel, as a reed is driven about in the water, and he will drive Israel out from this good land which he gave to their fathers, and scatter them on the other side of the river, because they have constructed their phallic parks, provoking the Lord to anger. 16And he will deliver up Israel on account of Jeroboam's sins which he committed, and because he caused Israel to sin.” 17Then Jeroboam's wife arose and departed and went to Tirzah. And as she went in over the threshold of the house, the child died. 18And they buried him, and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken through the intermediacy of his servant Ahijah the prophet. 19And as for the rest of the affairs of Jeroboam, who waged war and who reigned, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 20And the period for which Jeroboam reigned was twenty-two years, and he lay with his fathers. And Nadab his son reigned in place of him. 21Meanwhile Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the Lord chose out of all the tribes of Israel to establish his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. 22And Judah did evil in the Lord's sight, and they provoked him to jealousy more than anything that their fathers did, in their sins which they committed. 23And they too constructed for themselves idolatrous raised sites and idolatrous statues and phallic parks on every high hill and under every leafy tree. 24And there were also male prostitutes in the land. They committed all the abominations of the Gentiles whom the Lord had driven out before the sons of Israel. 25And it came to pass in the fifth year of King Rehoboam that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem. 26And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's house. And he took everything away, and he took away all the golden shields which Solomon had made. 27Then King Rehoboam made shields of copper instead of them, and he committed them to the care of the captains of the couriers who guarded the entrance to the king's house. 28And it was the case that every time the king went to the house of the Lord, the couriers carried them, and then brought them back to the repository of the couriers. 29And as for the rest of the affairs of Rehoboam, and everything he did – are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 30And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. 31And Rehoboam lay with his fathers, and he was buried with his fathers in the City of David. And his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his place.

1 Kings Chapter 15 

1Now in the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam the son of Nebat, Abijam became king over Judah. 2He reigned for three years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 3And he walked in all the sins of his father which he did before him, and his heart was not sincere with the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father was. 4For it was for David's sake that the Lord his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem in raising up his son after him and to establish Jerusalem, 5because David did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, and did not depart from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life, except in the incident of Uriah the Hittite. 6And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. 7And as for the rest of the affairs of Abijam, and everything he did – are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam. 8And Abijam lay with his fathers, and they buried him in the City of David, and Asa his son reigned in his place. 9And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Asa reigned as king of Judah. 10And he reigned in Jerusalem for forty-one years, and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 11Now Asa did what was right in the Lord's sight, as David his father did. 12And he ejected the male prostitutes from the land, and he removed all the idols which his father had made. 13And as for Maachah his mother too, he excluded her from being queen consort because she had made a monstrosity for the phallic park. And Asa cut her monstrosity down and burnt it at the Kidron Brook. 14But the idolatrous raised sites were not removed, yet Asa's heart was sincere with the Lord all his days. 15And he fetched his father's holy articles, and the holy articles of the house of the Lord – silver and gold and equipment. 16And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. 17And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and he built Ramah, in order to prevent traffic to and from Asa king of Judah. 18And Asa took all the silver and the gold which remained in the treasuries of the house of the Lord and the treasuries of the king's house, and he committed them to the care of his servants. And King Asa sent them to Ben-hadad the son of Tabrimon the son of Hezion, the king of Aramaea, who was living in Damascus, and said, 19There is a covenant between me and you as there was between my father and your father. Look, I have sent you a gift – silver and gold. Go and break your covenant with Baasha king of Israel so that I am rid of him.” 20And Ben-hadad heeded King Asa, and he sent the commanders of his forces against the cities of Israel, and he attacked Ijon and Dan and Abel-beth-maachah, and all of Cinneroth over all the land of Naphtali. 21And when Baasha heard about it, he discontinued building Ramah, and he lived in Tirzah. 22And King Asa made a proclamation to the whole of Judah – no-one was exempt – and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timbers, with which Baasha had been building it. And King Asa built Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah with them. 23And the rest of all the affairs of Asa, and all his bravery, and everything he did, and the cities which he built – are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? Except that in the time of his old age, he had a disorder in his feet. 24And Asa lay with his fathers, and he was buried with his fathers in the City of David his father, and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his place. 25And Nadab the son of Jeroboam became king over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel for two years. 26And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and he walked in the way of his father, and in his sin, in that he caused Israel to sin. 27And Baasha the son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar conspired against him, and Baasha attacked him in Gibbethon, which the Philistines had held. So Nadab and the whole of Israel besieged Gibbethon. 28And Baasha killed Nadab in the third year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned in his place. 29And it came to pass while he reigned that he struck the whole house of Jeroboam down until he had eradicated it – no-one of Jeroboam's family with breath remained – according to the word of the Lord which he spoke through the intermediacy of his servant Ahijah the Shilonite, 30because of the sins of Jeroboam which he committed, and because he caused Israel to sin by his provocative behaviour by which he provoked the Lord God of Israel. 31And the rest of the affairs of Nadab, and everything that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 32And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all the time. 33In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha the son of Ahijah became king over the whole of Israel in Tirzah, and he reigned for twenty-four years. 34And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and he walked in the way of Jeroboam and his sin by which he caused Israel to sin.

1 Kings Chapter 16 

1Then the word of the Lord came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying, 2“Although I raised you up from the dust and made you a prince over my people Israel, you have walked in the way of Jeroboam and caused my people Israel to sin, so provoking me with their sins. 3Now I am about to eject Baasha and his house and make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 4Dogs will eat whoever of Baasha's house dies in the city, and the birds of the sky will eat whoever of his house dies in the field.” 5And the rest of the affairs of Baasha and what he did, and his bravery, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 6And Baasha lay with his fathers, and he was buried in Tirzah, and Elah his son reigned in his place. 7And so through the intermediacy of Jehu the son of Hanani the prophet, the word of the Lord duly came about against Baasha, and against his house, both for all the evil which he did in the sight of the Lord – in provoking him, in the undertakings of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam – and because he struck Nadab down. 8In twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha became king over Israel in Tirzah, for two years. 9And his servant Zimri, commander of half of his chariot fleet, conspired against him, when he was in Tirzah drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza who was in charge of the house in Tirzah. 10And Zimri came and struck him and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned in his place. 11And it came to pass when he started to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he struck the whole house of Baasha down – he did not leave him anyone who urinates against a wall, neither his kinsmen-redeemers nor his entourage. 12So Zimri eliminated the whole house of Baasha according to the word of the Lord which he spoke to Baasha through the intermediacy of Jehu the prophet, 13for all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, which they committed in causing Israel to sin, by provoking the Lord God of Israel with their idols. 14And the rest of the affairs of Elah, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 15In the twenty seventh year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned for seven days in Tirzah, and the people encamped against Gibbethon, which the Philistines had held. 16And the people who were encamped heard reports saying, “Zimri has conspired and even struck the king down.” And all Israel made Omri, who was an army commander, king of Israel on that day in the encampment. 17Then Omri and all Israel with him went up from Gibbethon, and they besieged Tirzah. 18And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city had been captured, that he went to the palace of the king's house, and burned the kings house down, with fire, on top of himself, and he died, 19for his sin which he committed by doing evil in the sight of the Lord, by walking in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin, which he committed by causing Israel to sin. 20And the rest of the affairs of Zimri, and his conspiracy which he made, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 21Then the people of Israel were divided in two – half of the people were in favour of making Tibni the son of Ginath king, and half were in favour of Omri. 22And the people who were in favour of Omri prevailed over the people who were in favour of Tibni the son of Ginath, and Tibni died, and Omri reigned. 23In the thirty-first year of Asa king of Judah, Omri became king over Israel for twelve years. He reigned for six years in Tirzah. 24And he purchased Mount Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver, and he built on the mountain, and he called the city which he had built after Shemer, the lord of Mount Samaria. 25And Omri did evil in the Lord's sight, and he was worse that all those who were before him. 26And he walked in every way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin with which he caused Israel to sin, by provoking the Lord God of Israel with their idols. 27And the rest of the exploits of Omri which he undertook, and his brave acts which he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 28And Omri lay with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and Ahab his son reigned in his place. 29And Ahab the son of Omri became king over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of Asa king of Judah, and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria for twenty-two years. 30And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the Lord – more than everyone who was before him. 31For it really was insufficient for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and he took as his wife Jezebel, the daughter of Ethbaal the king of the Sidonians, and he went his way and served Baal, and worshipped him. 32And he set up an altar to Baal in the house of Baal which he built in Samaria. 33And Ahab made the phallic park, and Ahab did more to provoke the Lord God of Israel than all the kings of Israel who were before him. 34In his days Hiel, a Beth-elite, built Jericho. He founded it paid for by Abiram his firstborn, and he set up its gates paid for by Segub his younger son, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken through the intermediacy of Joshua the son of Nun.

1 Kings Chapter 17 

1And Elijah the Tishbite, an inhabitant of Gilead, said to Ahab, “As the Lord God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, there certainly will not be any dew or rain for the coming years, but it will be according to my word.” 2And the word of the Lord came to him, and said, 3“Depart from here and turn to the east, and hide at Cherith Brook which is on the opposite side of the Jordan. 4And it will come to pass that you will drink from the brook, and I have commanded the ravens to sustain you there.” 5So he departed according to the word of the Lord, and he went away and stayed at the Cherith Brook which is at the side of the Jordan. 6And the ravens would bring him bread and meat in the morning, and bread and meat in the evening, and he drank from the brook. 7And it came to pass after several days that the brook dried up, for there had been no rain in the land. 8And the word of the Lord came to him and said, 9“Arise and go to Zarephath, which is subservient to Sidon, and stay there. Look, I have instructed a widow there to sustain you.” 10So he arose and went to Zarephath, and he arrived at the entrance to the city, and what he saw was a widow there gathering wood, and he called out to her and said, “Please get me a little water in a cup for me to drink.” 11Then as she went to get it, he called out to her, “Please bring a piece of bread for me with you.” 12And she said, “As the Lord your God lives, I certainly do not have any cake, except a handful of flour in a jar, and a little oil in a jug, and you see that I am gathering a couple of sticks, so that I can go and prepare it for myself and for my son, so we can eat it and die.” 13Then Elijah said to her, “Do not be afraid. Go off and do what you have said, but make me a small cake from it first, and bring it out to me, and afterwards make something for yourself and your son. 14For this is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘The jar of flour will not become exhausted, and the jug of oil will not run out before the Lord gives rain over the ground.’ ” 15Then she went and did according to Elijah's words, and she and he and her household ate from it for many days. 16The jar of flour did not become exhausted, and the jug of oil did not run out, according with the word of the Lord which he spoke through the intermediacy of Elijah. 17Then it came to pass after these things that the son of the woman who was the mistress of the household became ill, and his illness was so serious that there was no breath left in him. 18And she said to Elijah, “What have I got to do with you, O man of God? Have you come to bring my iniquity to remembrance and kill my son?” 19And he said to her, “Give me your son.” And he took him from her bosom, and he took him up to the upstairs room where he stayed, and he laid him on his bed. 20And he called on the Lord and said, “O Lord my God, have you really done harm to the widow with whom I am lodging, by killing her son?” 21And he stretched out over the child three times, and he called out to the Lord, and said, “O Lord my God, please may the life of this child return within him.” 22And the Lord heeded Elijah, and the child's life returned within him, and he lived. 23Then Elijah took hold of the child and brought him down from the upstairs room into the main house, and he gave him to his mother. And Elijah said, “Look, your son is alive.” 24And the woman said to Elijah, “Now I really know that you are a man of God, and the word of the Lord in your mouth is true.”

1 Kings Chapter 18 

1And it came to pass after many days that the word of the Lord came to Elijah, in the third year, saying, “Go and show yourself to Ahab, and I will give rain over the ground.” 2So Elijah went to show himself to Ahab. Now the famine was severe in Samaria. 3And Ahab called for Obadiah who was in charge of the house. And Obadiah feared the Lord greatly. 4And it came to pass, when Jezebel cut the Lord's prophets off, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them – fifty men to a cave – and sustained them with food and water. 5And Ahab said to Obadiah, “Go into the land, to all the sources of water, and to all the brooks. Maybe we will find pasture and we will be able to revive our horses and mules, and won't have to cull our cattle.” 6Then they divided up the land, so as to cover it. Ahab went by one road on his own, while Obadiah went by another road on his own. 7And it came to pass while Obadiah was on the road that, as it happened, Elijah came towards him, and he recognized him, and he fell face down and said, “Is it really you, my lord Elijah?” 8And he said to him, “I am. Go and say to your lord, ‘Behold, Elijah is here.’ ” 9And he said, “In what way have I sinned that you should hand your servant over to Ahab, so as to put me to death? 10As the Lord your God lives, there is certainly no nation or kingdom to which my lord has not sent scouts to search for you, and they have said, ‘He is not there.’ And he made the kingdom or the nation swear that they had not found you. 11And now you say, ‘Go and say to your lord, «Behold, Elijah is here.» ’ 12And it will come to pass, when I depart from you, while the spirit of the Lord takes you to somewhere I don't know, while I have gone to tell Ahab, and when he doesn't find you, that he will kill me. And your servant has feared the Lord from my youth. 13Was it not reported to my lord, what I did when Jezebel killed the Lord's prophets, when I hid one hundred men of the Lord's prophets, in groups of fifty men to a cave, and I sustained them with food and water? 14Yet now you say, ‘Go and say to your lord, «Behold Elijah is here» ’, and he will kill me.” 15Then Elijah said, “As the Lord of hosts lives, in whose presence I stand, I will certainly show myself to him today.” 16Then Obadiah went to meet Ahab, and he told him, and Ahab went to meet Elijah. 17And it came to pass when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, “Are you the one who is causing sorrow to Israel?” 18And he said, “I have not caused Israel sorrow, but rather you have, and the house of your father, in that you have forsaken the Lord's commandments and have walked after the idols of Baal. 19So now, send men to gather the whole of Israel to me at Mount Carmel, including Baal's prophets – four hundred and fifty of them – and the prophets of the phallic park – four hundred of them – who eat at Jezebel's table.” 20And Ahab sent men to all the sons of Israel, and he gathered the prophets at Mount Carmel. 21Then Elijah approached all the people and said, “How long will you flit between two positions? If the Lord is God, follow him. And if Baal is, follow him.” And the people didn't answer him anything. 22Then Elijah said to the people, “I alone have remained a prophet to the Lord, but the prophets of Baal are four hundred and fifty in number. 23So let them give us two bulls, and they can choose one bull and divide it in pieces, and put it on wood, but they will not apply fire, and I will attend to the other bull, and I will put it on the wood, but I will not apply fire. 24And you will call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of the Lord, and it will be the case that the god who answers with fire is God.” And all the people answered and said, “The proposal is good.” 25Then Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose the first bull and attend to it first, for you are many, and call on the name of your god, but do not apply fire.” 26So they took the bull which they selected and they attended to it, and they called on the name of Baal from morning to noon, saying, “O Baal, answer us”, but there was no voice and no-one answering. And they leapt over the altar which he had made. 27And it came to pass at noon that Elijah mocked them and said, “Call out in a loud voice, for he is a god. Either he is in conversation, or he is in seclusion, he is on a journey, or perhaps he is asleep and will wake up.” 28So they called out in a loud voice, and they made incisions on themselves according to their custom, with swords and with spears, until they had shed blood over themselves. 29Then it came to pass when noon had passed, that they prophesied until the time of the meal-offering, but there was no voice, and no-one answering, and no attention paid. 30Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come near to me.” And all the people came near to him, and he repaired the altar of the Lord which had been demolished. 31And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the Lord had come, saying, “Your name will be Israel.” 32And he fashioned the stones into an altar in the name of the Lord, and he dug a trench around the altar with the capacity of about two seahs of seed. 33And he arranged the wood and he divided the bull in pieces, and he put them on the wood. 34Then he said, “Fill four jars with water, and pour it on the burnt offering and on the wood.” And he said, “Do it again.” And they did it again. Then he said, “Do it a third time.” And they did it a third time. 35And the water ran around the altar, and he also filled the trench with water. 36And it came to pass, when the meal-offering was offered, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, let it be known today that you are God in Israel, and I am your servant, and that it will be by your words that I will have done all these things. 37Answer me, O Lord, answer me, so that this people may know that you are the Lord God and that it is you who will have turned their heart back.” 38Then the Lord's fire fell down and consumed the burnt offering, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water which was in the trench. 39And all the people saw it, and they fell face down and said, “The Lord is God; the Lord is God.” 40And Elijah said to them, “Seize the prophets of Baal. Do not let any of them escape.” So they seized them, and Elijah brought them down to the Kishon Brook, and slaughtered them there. 41And Elijah said to Ahab, “Go up and eat and drink, for there is the sound of a large quantity of rain.” 42So Ahab went up to eat and drink, and Elijah went up to the peak of Carmel, and he bent down facing the ground, and put his head between his knees. 43And he said to his servant-lad, “Go up now and look in the direction of the sea.” So he went up, and he looked, and he said, “There is nothing there.” Then he said, “Do it again, seven times.” 44And it came to pass on the seventh time that he said, “There is a small cloud like a man's palm arising out of the sea.” And he said, “Go up and say to Ahab, ‘Harness your chariot and go down, and may the rain not stop you.’ ” 45And it came to pass meanwhile that the sky darkened with clouds, and there was wind, and there was heavy rain. And Ahab was riding, and going to Jezreel. 46And the hand of the Lord was on Elijah, and he girded up his loins and ran before Ahab to where one enters Jezreel.

1 Kings Chapter 19 

1And Ahab told Jezebel everything that Elijah had done, and everything about how he had killed all the prophets by the sword. 2Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah to say, “May the gods do this and add to it if at this time tomorrow I don't make your life like one of their lives.” 3Then when he saw the message, he arose and fled for his life, and he arrived in Beer-sheba, which belongs to Judah. And he left his servant-lad there, 4while he went into the desert – a day's journey – and he came and sat under a broom shrub. And he asked for his life to end, and he said, “It is enough now, O Lord. Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers.” 5Then he lay down and fell asleep under a broom shrub, and what then happened was that an angel touched him and said to him, “Get up and eat.” 6And he looked, and there was at his head-end a stone-baked cake and a jug of water. And he ate and drank, and lay down again. 7And the angel of the Lord touched him a second time, and said, “Get up and eat, for otherwise the journey will be too much for you.” 8So he got up and ate and drank and proceeded in the strength of that food for forty days and forty nights to Horeb, the mountain of God. 9And he went to the cave there and spent the night there, and it so happened that the word of the Lord came to him, and he said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 10And he said, “I have been extremely zealous for the Lord God of hosts, but the sons of Israel have forsaken your covenant. They have demolished your altars and they have killed your prophets by the sword, and I remain on my own, and they are trying to take my life.” 11And he said, “Go out and stand at the mountain before the Lord.” And what happened next was that the Lord passed by, and a strong and powerful wind chipped away at the mountains and shattered rocks before the Lord. But the Lord was not in the wind. And after the wind there was an earthquake. But the Lord was not in the earthquake. 12And after the earthquake came fire, but the Lord was not in the fire. And after the fire came a quiet, faint voice. 13And it came to pass, when Elijah heard it, that he covered his face with his cloak and went out and stood at the entrance to the cave, and what happened was that a voice came to him and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 14And he said, “I have been extremely zealous for the Lord God of hosts, but the sons of Israel have forsaken your covenant. They have demolished your altars and killed your prophets by the sword, and I remain on my own, and they are trying to take my life.” 15Then the Lord said to him, “Go and return to your way in the desert towards Damascus, and when you arrive, anoint Hazael as king over Aramaea. 16And anoint Jehu the son of Nimshi as king over Israel, and anoint Elisha the son of Shaphat from Abel-meholah as a prophet in your place. 17And it will happen that Jehu will kill him who escapes from Hazael's sword, and that Elisha will kill him who escapes Jehu's sword. 18But I have retained seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which did not bow to Baal, and every mouth which did not kiss him.” 19So he departed from there, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, while he was ploughing with twelve pairs of oxen in front of him, he being with the twelfth, and Elijah crossed over to him and cast his cloak over him. 20And he left the oxen and ran after Elijah and said, “Please let me kiss my father and my mother, then I will follow you.” Then he said to him, “Go, and come back. For what have I done to you?” 21So Elisha went back, leaving him behind, and took the pair of oxen, and sacrificed them, and cooked their meat over the equipment to go with the oxen. And he gave some to the people, and they ate. Then he arose and followed Elijah, and served him.

1 Kings Chapter 20 

1And Ben-hadad king of Aramaea assembled all his forces, and there were thirty-two kings with him, and cavalry and a chariot fleet, and he went up and besieged Samaria and waged war against it. 2And he sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel, to the city, 3and he said to him, “This is what Ben-hadad says, ‘Your silver and your gold is mine, and your wives and your fair sons are mine.’ ” 4At this the king of Israel replied and said, “As you say, my lord the king. I and everything I have are yours.” 5Then the messengers returned and said, “This is what Ben-hadad says, ‘Although I sent messengers to you to say, «You shall give me your silver and your gold and your wives and your sons» 6nevertheless at this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you, and they will search your house and the houses of your servants, and they will lay their hands on every object of yours that is pleasing to the eye and take it away.’ ” 7Then the king of Israel called for all the elders of the land and said, “Kindly be aware and observe how this man is seeking a pretext for aggression, for he has sent to me for my wives and my sons and my silver and my gold, and I did not withhold them from him.” 8Then all the elders and all the people said to him, “Do not heed him and do not comply.” 9So he said to Ben-hadad's messengers, “Say to my lord the king, ‘I will do everything that you charged your servant to do the first time, but I cannot do this thing.’ ” Then the messengers departed and reported back to him. 10Then Ben-hadad sent word to him and said, “May the gods do this to me and add more if the dust of Samaria is sufficient for all the people following in my footsteps to have a handful of it.” 11At this the king of Israel replied and said, “Say, ‘Don't let him who girds himself boast like him who ungirds himself.’ ” 12And it came to pass when he heard these words, while he was drinking – he and the kings in the out-houses – that he said to his servants, “Fall into rank.” So they fell into rank against the city. 13Now it so happened that a certain prophet approached Ahab king of Israel and said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Have you seen all this large mass of people? I am about to deliver them into your hand today, and you will know that I am the Lord.’ ” 14Then Ahab said, “By means of whom?” And he said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘By means of the youths serving the governors of the provinces.’ ” Then he said, “Who will start the war?” And he said, “You will.” 15Then he counted the youths serving the governors of the provinces, and there were two hundred and thirty-two of them, and after them he counted all the people – all the sons of Israel – and it came to seven thousand. 16Then they went out at noon, while Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the out-houses, he and the kings – thirty-two kings helping him. 17So the youths serving the governors of the provinces went out first, and Ben-hadad sent scouts, and they reported back to him and said, “Some men have come out from Samaria.” 18And he said, “If they have come out for peace, take them alive, or if they have come out for war, take them alive.” 19So these youths serving the governors of the provinces went out of the city, with the army which was behind them. 20And each man struck down his opposite man, and the Aramaeans fled, and Israel pursued them, but Ben-hadad king of Aramaea escaped on a horse with horsemen. 21And the king of Israel went out and attacked the cavalry and the chariot fleet, and he dealt Aramaea a severe blow. 22Then the prophet approached the king of Israel and said to him, “Go and be encouraged, but be wary and watch out with what you do, for in the new year the king of Aramaea will come up against you.” 23And the servants of the king of Aramaea said to him, “Their god is a god of the hills, which is why they were stronger than us, but if we fight them on the plain, we will certainly be stronger than them. 24And do this thing: remove each king from his position and appoint governors in their place. 25And recruit an army for yourself like the army which fell away from you, with a horse for a horse and a chariot for a chariot, and let us fight them on the plain, and we will certainly be stronger than them.” And he heeded their proposal and did so. 26And it came to pass at the new year that Ben-hadad mobilized the Aramaeans, and he went up to Aphek for the war with Israel. 27And the sons of Israel were mobilized and given supplies, and they went to confront them, and the sons of Israel encamped opposite them, like two little flocks of goats, whereas the Aramaeans filled the land. 28Then the man of God approached and spoke to the king of Israel and said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Since the Aramaeans have said, «The Lord is a god of the hills, and he is not a god of the valleys», I will deliver all this large mass of people into your hand, and you will know that I am the Lord.’ ” 29And they encamped opposite each other for seven days, then it came to pass on the seventh day that the war broke out, and the sons of Israel struck the Aramaeans down – one hundred thousand foot soldiers in one day. 30And the remainder fled to Aphek, to the city, and the wall fell on the remaining twenty-seven thousand men, and Ben-hadad fled, and went to the city in an inner room. 31And his servants said to him, “Look now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings. So let's put sackcloth round our waist and cords on our head and go out to the king of Israel – perhaps he will let you live.” 32So they girded themselves with sackcloth around their waist, and cords on their heads, and they went to the king of Israel and said, “Your servant Ben-hadad says, ‘Please let me live.’ ” And he said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.” 33At this the men were enchanted and were quick to confirm what was asked about him, and they said, “Your brother Ben-hadad is alive.” And he said, “Go and fetch him.” Then Ben-hadad came out to him, and he had him go up into the chariot. 34Then Ben-hadad said to him, “I will restore to you the cities which my father captured from your father, and you will be able to establish suburbs for yourself in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria.” Then Ahab said, “I will send you off with a covenant.” And he made a covenant with him and sent him off. 35Then a certain man from the sons of the prophets said to a colleague of his by the word of the Lord, “Please strike me.” But the man refused to strike him. 36Then he said to him, “Since you have not heeded the voice of the Lord, it will transpire that when you depart from me, a lion will strike you.” And when he left his company, a lion found him and struck him. 37Subsequently he found another man, and he said, “Please strike me.” And the man struck him and wounded him in the process. 38Then the prophet departed and stood in the street waiting for the king, having disguised himself with ash around his eyes. 39And it came to pass as the king was passing by that he shouted out to the king and said, “Your servant went out to the heart of the battle, and it so happened that a man turned aside and brought a man to me and said, ‘Guard this man. If he in any way goes missing, then your life will be forfeited for his life, or else you will weigh me out a talent of silver.’ 40And the way things went, your servant was busy here and there, and he was gone.” Then the king of Israel said to him, “Your sentence will be as you yourself have specified.” 41Then he quickly removed the ash from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized him, for he was one of the prophets. 42And he said to him, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Since you let the man go out of your hand, whom I had condemned, your life will be forfeited for his life, and your people for his people.’ ” 43Then the king of Israel went to his house, sullen and resentful. And he went to Samaria.

1 Kings Chapter 21 

1And it came to pass after these things that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard which was in Jezreel, next to the palace of Ahab, king of Samaria, 2and Ahab spoke to Naboth and said, “Give me your vineyard, so it can be my vegetable garden, for it is nearby my house, and I will give you a better vineyard than it in exchange for it. Or if it meets with your approval, I will give you its value in money.” 3But Naboth said to Ahab, “Far be it from me and from the Lord to give you the inheritance of my fathers.” 4At this Ahab went to his house sullen and resentful on account of the words which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him, when he said, “I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers”, and he lay on his bed and he turned his face away, and he did not eat any bread. 5But Jezebel his wife came to him and said to him, “What is this sullen spirit you have? And you aren't eating any bread.” 6And he said to her, “It is because I was speaking to Naboth the Jezreelite, and I said to him, ‘Give me your vineyard for money, or if you prefer, I will give you a vineyard in exchange for it.’, and he said, ‘I will not give you my vineyard.’ ” 7At this Jezebel his wife said to him, “Do you exercise kingship over Israel or not? Get up and eat bread and cheer up. I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.” 8And she wrote communiqués in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the communiqués to the elders and to the nobles who were in his city, who lived alongside Naboth. 9And she wrote the communiqués as follows “Call for a fast, and place Naboth in front of the people. 10And place two good-for-nothing men opposite him, who will testify against him and say, ‘You have cursed God and the king’, and they will carry him out and stone him, and he will die.” 11And the men of the city – the elders and the nobles who lived in his city – did according to what Jezebel sent to them, according to what was written in the communiqués which she had sent to them. 12They called for a fast and placed Naboth in front of the people. 13And the two good-for-nothing men came and sat opposite him, and the good-for-nothing men testified against him – Naboth – in the presence of the people and said, “Naboth cursed God and the king.” Then they brought him outside the city and stoned him and he died. 14Then they sent word to Jezebel and said, “Naboth has been stoned and has died.” 15And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned and had died, that Jezebel said to Ahab, “Arise, inherit the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite who refused to give it to you for money, for Naboth is not alive, but dead.” 16And it came to pass when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab arose to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite to inherit it. 17And the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite and said, 18“Arise and go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, who is in Samaria. Look, he is in Naboth's vineyard, where he has gone down to inherit it, 19and speak to him and say, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Have you committed murder, and have you also received the inheritance?» ’ And you will speak to him and say, ‘This is what the Lord says, «In the place where the dogs licked Naboth's blood, the dogs will lick your blood – yours too.» ’ ” 20Then Ahab said to Elijah, “Have you found me, my enemy?” And he said, “I have found you, because you have sold yourself, in doing evil in the sight of the Lord. 21Now I am about to bring evil on you, and to eradicate you, and I will cut off from Ahab whoever urinates against a wall, leaving him shut off and abandoned in Israel. 22And I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasa the son of Ahijah, because of the anger to which you have provoked me and because you have caused Israel to sin.” 23And the Lord also spoke to Jezebel and said, “The dogs will eat Jezebel at the fortification of Jezreel. 24Dogs will eat whoever of Ahab's house dies in the city, and birds of the sky will eat whoever dies in the field.” 25There was no-one anything like Ahab, whom Jezebel his wife incited, who sold himself in doing evil in the sight of the Lord. 26And he acted most abominably in walking after the idols, like everything which the Amorites did, whom the Lord dispossessed before the sons of Israel. 27And it came to pass when Ahab heard these things, that he tore his clothes and put sackcloth on his flesh and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went around slowly. 28The word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite and said, 29“Have you seen how Ahab has humbled himself before me? Since he has humbled himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days. In his son's days, I will bring the evil on his house.”

1 Kings Chapter 22 

1And they passed three years without a war between Aramaea and Israel. 2Then it came to pass in the third year that Jehoshaphat king of Judah came down to the king of Israel, 3and the king of Israel said to his servants, “Do you know that Ramoth in Gilead is ours, and we have been keeping quiet, refraining from taking it from the hand of the king of Aramaea.” 4And he said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go to war with me to Ramoth-gilead?” And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people are as your people, my horses are as your horses.” 5And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please consult the word of the Lord today.” 6And the king of Israel gathered the prophets – about four hundred men – and asked them, “Should I go to war against Ramoth-gilead or should I refrain?” And they said, “Go up, and the Lord* will deliver it into the king's hand.” 7And Jehoshaphat said, “Is there no other prophet of the Lord here for us to inquire of him?” 8And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is one more man from whom one can consult the Lord, but I hate him, for he does not prophesy good about me, but evil: Micaiah the son of Imlah.” And Jehoshaphat said, “Let the king not say suchlike.” 9Then the king of Israel called for a certain eunuch, and he said, “Bring Micaiah the son of Imlah quickly.” 10And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were each sitting on his throne, dressed in royal clothes in a threshing hall at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying in their presence. 11And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah had made himself some iron horns, and he said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘With these you will butt the Aramaeans until you have finished them off.’ ” 12And all the prophets prophesied likewise and said, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and have success, and the Lord will deliver it into the king's hand.” 13Then the messenger who had gone to fetch Micaiah spoke to him and said, “These are, then, the unanimously favourable words of the prophets to the king. Now may your words be similar to the pronouncement of any of them, and speak favourably.” 14But Micaiah said, “As the Lord lives, rather, it is what the Lord says to me that I will speak.” 15And when he went to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go up to Ramoth-gilead to war, or should we refrain?” And he said, “Go up and have success, and the Lord will deliver them into the king's hand.” 16Then the king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you not to tell me anything except the truth in the name of the Lord?” 17Then he said, “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains like sheep which do not have a shepherd, and the Lord said, ‘These do not have a master. Let them all return to their homes in peace.’ ” 18At this the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn't I tell you that he wouldn't prophesy good about me, but evil?” 19And Micaiah said, “So hear the word of the Lord. I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, with the whole host of heaven standing in attendance to him on his right and on his left. 20And the Lord said, ‘Who will entice Ahab to go up and attack Ramoth-gilead?’ And one said this, and another said that. 21And a spirit went out and stood before the Lord, and it said, ‘I will entice him.’ And the Lord said to it, ‘By what means?’ 22And it said, ‘I will go out and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ And he said, ‘You may entice him, and indeed you will be able to. Go out and do so.’ 23So now you see that the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these prophets of yours, and the Lord has pronounced evil concerning you.” 24Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah approached and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and said, “Which way did the spirit of the Lord pass from me when I spoke to you?” 25And Micaiah said, “You will see just that on that day when you go into an inner room to hide.” 26And the king of Israel said, “Seize Micaiah and take him back to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son, 27and say, ‘This is what the king says, «Put this man in prison and feed him on baneful bread and water until I come in peace.» ’ ” 28Then Micaiah said, “Whether you will come back at all in peace, the Lord has not pronounced on through me.” And he said, “Pay heed, all you peoples.” 29Then the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead. 30And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “It is time to disguise oneself and go into the battle, but you wear your royal clothes.” And the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle. 31And the king of Aramaea instructed his chariot fleet commanders – thirty-two of them – and said, “Do not fight with small or great except the king of Israel only.” 32Then it came to pass when the chariot fleet commanders saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “Surely he is the king of Israel”, and they turned aside towards him to do battle. But Jehoshaphat shouted out, 33and it came to pass when the commanders of the chariot fleet saw that he was not the king of Israel, that they stopped pursuing him. 34Meanwhile a man drew his bow in his innocence, and hit the king of Israel through the joints between the armour plates. And he said to his chariot driver, “Steer and get me out of the battle theatre, for I have been wounded.” 35And the battle intensified on that day, and the king was propped up in the chariot in front of the Aramaeans, and he died in the evening, and blood from the wound poured out over the inside of the chariot. 36And the outcry spread in the camp at sunset as follows, “Every man to his city – every man to his land.” 37So the king died, and he arrived in Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria. 38And the chariot was washed out at the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked his blood, and the prostitutes washed there, according to the word of the Lord which he spoke. 39And the rest of the affairs of Ahab, and everything he did, and the ivory house which he built, and all the cities which he built, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 40And Ahab lay with his fathers, and Ahaziah his son reigned in his place. 41And Jehoshapat the son of Asa became king over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42And Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for twenty-five years. And the name of his mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. 43And he walked in every way of Asa his father; he did not deviate from it, doing what is right in the Lord's sight. 44But the idolatrous raised sites were not removed. The people were still sacrificing and burning incense in the idolatrous raised sites. 45And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel. 46And as for the rest of the affairs of Jehoshaphat, and his bravery which he showed, and how he fought – are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 47And he eradicated from the land the rest of the male prostitutes who remained in the days of Asa. 48And there was no king in Edom – no-one was appointed as king. 49And Jehoshaphat built ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they did not go, because the ships were broken up in Ezion-geber. 50Then Ahaziah the son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships.” But Jehoshaphat declined the offer. 51And Jehoshaphat lay with his fathers, and with his fathers he was buried, in the City of David his father, and Jehoram his son reigned in his place. 52And Ahaziah the son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel for two years. 53And he did evil in the Lord's sight, and he walked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat who caused Israel to sin. 54And he served Baal and worshipped him, and he provoked the Lord God of Israel to anger, as it was with everything his father did.

2 Kings  

2 Kings Chapter 1 

1Now Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. 2And Ahaziah fell through the window in his upper room in Samaria and was wounded, and he sent messengers, and said to them, “Go and inquire of Baal-zebub the god of Ekron whether I will survive this injury.” 3Then the angel of the Lord said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Arise and go up to meet the king of Samaria's messengers, and say to them, ‘Is it for want of God in Israel that you are going to consult with Baal-zebub the god of Ekron? 4So this is what the Lord says, «You shall not come down from the bed onto which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.» ’ ” And Elijah departed. 5Then when the messengers returned to Ahaziah, he said to them, “What have you returned for?” 6And they said to him, “A man came up to meet us, and he said to us, ‘Go, return to the king who sent you and say to him, «This is what the Lord says, ‹Is it for want of God in Israel that you are sending messengers to inquire of Baal-zebub the god of Ekron? That is why you shall not come down from the bed which you went up into, but you shall surely die.› » ’ ” 7Then he said to them, “What were the characteristics of the man who came up to meet you and told you these things?” 8And they said to him, “A hairy man, girded with a leather belt round his waist.” And he said, “He is Elijah the Tishbite.” 9Then he sent a commander of fifty to him, with his fifty men, and he went up to Elijah, and there he was sitting on the top of the mountain. And he said to him, “You man of God, the king says, ‘Come down.’ ” 10To this Elijah answered and said to the commander of fifty, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty.” And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. 11Then Ahaziah sent again – another commander of fifty and his fifty men – and he addressed Elijah and said, “You man of God, this is what the king says, ‘Come down quickly.’ ” 12To this Elijah answered and said to them, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty.” And fire of God came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. 13Then he sent again – a commander of a third fifty with his fifty men – and the third commander of fifty went up and arrived there, and knelt down opposite Elijah, and appealed to him and said, “O man of God, please let my life and the life of these fifty servants of yours be considered valuable in your sight. 14Look, fire came down from heaven and consumed the first two commanders of fifty and their fifty men, so now, let my life be considered valuable in your sight.” 15Then the angel of the Lord said to Elijah, “Go down with him; do not be afraid of him.” So he arose and went down with him to the king. 16And he said to the king, “This is what the Lord says, ‘It is because you sent messengers to consult Baal-zebub the god of Ekron, as if for want of God in Israel, to consult his word, that you will not come down from your bed onto which you have gone up, but you will surely die.’ ” 17And he did die, according to the word of the Lord which Elijah spoke, and Jehoram reigned in his place, in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, because Ahaziah did not have a son. 18And the rest of the exploits of Ahaziah which he undertook, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?

2 Kings Chapter 2 

1And it came to pass when the Lord took Elijah up to heaven in a storm, that Eljiah was walking with Elisha from Gilgal. 2And Elijah said to Elisha, “Stay here please, for the Lord has sent me to Beth-el.” But Elisha said, “As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I certainly will not leave you.” So they both went down to Beth-el. 3And the sons of the prophets who were in Beth-el came out to Elisha and said to him, “Are you aware that the Lord is about to take your master away from your company today.” And he said, “I am well aware of it; you keep quiet.” 4Then Elijah said to him, “Elisha, stay here, please, for the Lord has sent me to Jericho.” But he said, “As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I certainly will not leave you.” So they both went to Jericho. 5And the sons of the prophets who were in Jericho approached Elisha and said to him, “Are you aware that the Lord is about to take your master away from your company today.” And he said, “I am well aware of it; you keep quiet.” 6Then Elijah said to him, “Stay here, please, for the Lord has sent me to Jordan.” But he said, “As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I certainly will not leave you.” So they both went there. 7And fifty men from the sons of the prophets went out and stood opposite them from a distance, while the two of them stood at the Jordan. 8Then Elijah took his cloak and folded it up and struck the water with it, and it parted this way and that way, and the two of them crossed on dry land. 9And it came to pass, as they were crossing, that Elijah said to Elisha, “Ask what I should do for you before I am taken away from you.” And Elisha said, “Please let there be twice your spirit in me.” 10Then he said, “You have made a weighty request. If you see me being taken away from you, it will be so for you. But if not, it will not come to pass.” 11And it came to pass as they were walking and talking that a chariot of fire and horses of fire appeared, and divided the two of them, and Elijah ascended to heaven in the storm. 12And Elisha was watching, and shouting, “My father, my father, the chariot of Israel and its horsemen”, when he no longer saw it. And he took hold of his clothes and tore them in half. 13And he picked up Elijah's cloak which fell off him, and returned, and stood on the bank of the Jordan. 14And he took Elijah's cloak which had fallen off him, and struck the water, and said, “Where is the Lord God of Elijah? And the man himself?” And he struck the water, and it parted this way and that way, and Elisha crossed over. 15And the sons of the prophets who were in Jericho, opposite, saw him and said, “The spirit of Elijah has rested on Elisha.” Then they came to meet him, and prostrated themselves to him on the ground. 16And they said to him, “Look now, with your servants there are fifty men – soldiers. Please let them go and seek your master, in case some wind from the Lord has carried him away and deposited him on one of the mountains or in one of the valleys.” And he said, “Do not send them.” 17But they pressed him to an embarrassing extent, and he said, “Send them.” So they sent fifty men, and they searched for three days, but they did not find him. 18And when they returned to him, he was staying in Jericho, and he said to them, “Did I not say to you, ‘Don't go’?” 19Then the men of the city said to Elisha, “Now you see that the housing in the city is good, as my lord can see, but the water is bad and the ground is barren.” 20And he said, “Fetch me a new plate, and put salt in it.” So they fetched him that. 21Then he went out to the water-source, and he cast the salt there, and said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘I will make this water wholesome – there will no longer be death and barren ground from it.’ ” 22And the water was made wholesome, as it has been up to this day, according to the words of Elisha which he spoke. 23Then he went up from there to Beth-el, and as he was going up on the road, some small boys came out of the city and mocked him, and said to him, “Up you go, bald man, up you go, bald man.” 24And he turned round, and saw them, and cursed them in the name of the Lord, and two bears came out of the wood and tore them apart – forty-two children. 25And he went from there to Mount Carmel, and from there he returned to Samaria.

2 Kings Chapter 3 

1And Jehoram the son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned for twelve years. 2And he did evil in the Lord's sight, but not like his father or like his mother, and he removed the statue of Baal which his father had made. 3But he clung to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin – he did not depart from them. 4Now Mesha the king of Moab was a herdsman, and he handed over to the king of Israel one hundred thousand fatted lambs, and one hundred thousand rams for wool. 5But it came to pass when Ahab died that the king of Moab rebelled against Israel. 6And King Jehoram went out from Samaria on that day, and counted all of Israel. 7And he went along and sent messengers to Jehoshaphat and said, “The king of Moab has rebelled against me. Will you go to war against Moab with me?” And he said, “I will go up. I am as you are, and my people are as your people, and my horses are as your horses.” 8And he said, “Which way shall we go up?” And he said, “By the way of the desert of Edom.” 9So the king of Israel and the king of Judah and the king of Edom moved, and they circled round for seven days, but there wasn't any water for the camp or for the beasts of burden which followed in their footsteps. 10And the king of Israel said, “Alas, for the Lord has called out these three kings to deliver them into the hand of the king of Moab.” 11But Jehoshaphat said, “Is there no prophet of the Lord here, so we can consult the Lord through him?” Then one of the king of Israel's servants replied and said, “Elisha the son of Shaphat, who poured water on Elijah's hands, is here.” 12Then Jehoshaphat said, “He has the word of the Lord.” So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him. 13And Elisha said to the king of Israel, “What have I to do with you? Go to your father's prophets and to your mother's prophets.” But the king of Israel said to him, “No, for the Lord has called out these three kings to deliver them into the hand of Moab.” 14Then Elisha said, “As the Lord of hosts lives, before whom I stand, if it were not that I respect Jehoshaphat king of Judah, I certainly would not look at you or glance at you. 15But as it is, bring me a musician, and it will come to pass that as the musician is playing music, the hand of the Lord will be on him.” 16And he said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Make many cisterns which feed off this watercourse’, 17for this is what the Lord says, ‘you will not see wind and you will not see rain, yet that watercourse will be filled with water, and you will drink, as will your cattle, and your beasts of burden.’ 18And this is easy in the Lord's sight, and he will deliver Moab into your hands. 19And you will attack every fortified city and every strategic city, and you will fell every good tree, and you will block all sources of water, and you will ravage every fine plot of land.” 20And it came to pass in the morning when the meal-offering was made, that there was water coming from the direction of Edom, and the land was filled with water. 21And all of Moab heard that the kings had come up to wage war against them, and people were called up from all who could gird themselves and of higher rank, and they stood at the border. 22And they got up early in the morning as the sun was rising over the water, and the Moabites saw water on the opposite side, as red as blood. 23And they said, “It is blood. The kings must have been cut to pieces, and they must have struck each other down. And now, Moab, off to the spoil!” 24And they went to Israel's camp, but Israel arose and attacked the Moabites, and they fled from their presence, and the Israelites shouted against them, and they attacked Moab itself. 25And they demolished the cities, and each man hurled his stone at every fine plot of land, and filled it in, and they blocked every source of water, and they felled every good tree, until they had only left the stones at Kir-harasheth. But the slingers surrounded it and attacked it. 26Then when the king of Moab saw that the war was too strongly against him, he took seven hundred men with him who drew the sword, to break through to the king of Edom, but they could not do it. 27Then he took his firstborn son who would have reigned in his place, and offered him as a burnt offering on the wall. And there was great wrath against Israel, and they departed from it and returned to the land.

2 Kings Chapter 4 

1And a certain woman from the wives of the sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha and said, “Your servant my husband has died, and you know that your servant feared the Lord, but a creditor has come to take my two children to be his slaves.” 2Then Elisha said to her, “What should I do for you? Tell me what you have in the house.” And she said, “Your maidservant does not have anything in the house except a flask of oil.” 3And he said, “Go and ask for crockery from those round about – from every neighbour of yours – empty pots and pans, and do not ask for a few. 4And when you come back in, close the door after you and after your sons, and pour your oil out into all those pots and pans, and put that which is full away.” 5And after she had departed from him and had closed the door after her, and after her sons, they brought the pots and pans to her, and she did the pouring. 6And it came to pass when the pots and pans had been filled, that she said to her son, “Bring another pot to me.” But he said to her, “There aren't any more pots.” And the oil held out. 7Then she came and told the man of God, and he said, “Go and sell the oil and pay your debt, and you and your sons live from the rest.” 8And it came to pass on the day when Elisha crossed over to Shunem, where a high-ranking woman was, that she urged him to eat bread, and it was the case that every time he passed by, he turned aside there to eat bread. 9And she said to her husband, “Look, please, I know that he is a holy man of God, who is always calling in on us. 10Let us make a small walled upper room, and put a bed and table and chair and lampstand for him there, so that when he comes to us, he can turn in there.” 11And it came to pass on a day when he came there, that he turned in to the upper room, and he lay there, 12and he said to Gehazi his servant-lad, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her, and she stood before him. 13And Elisha said to Gehazi, “Now say to her, ‘Look, you have taken all this care over us. What can we do for you? Is there a reason to speak to the king on your behalf? Or the commander of the army?’ ” And she said, “I live among my people.” 14And Elisha said, “What can we do for her?” And Gehazi said, “Truly, she does not have a son, and her husband is old.” 15And he said, “Call her.” So he called her and she stood at the entrance. 16And he said, “At this time next year, you will be embracing a son.” But she said, “No, my lord, O man of God, don't deceive your maidservant.” 17And the woman conceived, and bore a son, at that time in the next year, which was what Elisha had said to her. 18And the child grew up, and the day came when he went out to his father – to the reapers. 19And he said to his father, “My head, my head!” And he said to the servant-lad, “Take him to his mother.” 20So he took him, and brought him to his mother, and he sat on her knees until noon, then he died. 21Then she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door on him, and went out. 22And she called her husband, and said, “Would you please send for one of the servant-lads for me, and one of the donkeys, and I will hasten to the man of God and return.” 23And he said, “Why are you going to him today? It isn't a new month and it isn't a Sabbath.” And she said, “It is for our welfare.” 24So she saddled the donkey and said to her servant-lad, “Drive it and get going. Don't stop riding for me unless I tell you.” 25So off she went, and she came to the man of God at Mount Carmel, and it came to pass when the man of God saw her approaching, that he said to Gehazi his servant-lad, “Look, it is that Shunammite. 26Now run to meet her and ask her, ‘Are you well, and is your husband well, and is the child well?’ ” And she said, “We are well.” 27Then she came to the man of God at the mountain, and held onto his feet, and Gehazi approached to thrust her away, but the man of God said, “Leave her alone, for she is feeling very bitter, but the Lord has hidden the matter from me and has not told me about it.” 28Then she said, “Did I ask my lord for a son? Didn't I say, ‘Don't deceive me’?” 29Then Elisha said to Gehazi, “Gird up your loins and take my staff in your hand and go. If you come across a man, do not greet him, and if a man greets you, do not answer him. Then lay my staff on the child's face.” 30Then the boy's mother said, “As the Lord lives and as you yourself live, I certainly will not leave you.” And he arose and followed her. 31So Gehazi crossed over before them, and he laid the staff on the boy's face, but there was no sound and no responsiveness. So he went back to meet Elisha, and reported to him and said, “The boy did not awaken.” 32Then Elisha went to the house, and it was clear that the boy was dead, laid out on his bed. 33And he went in, and closed the door behind both of them, and prayed to the Lord. 34Then he went up and lay on the child and positioned his own mouth to his mouth, and his own eyes to his eyes, and his own hands to his hands, and he leant over him, and the child's flesh warmed up. 35Then he returned and paced up and down in the house, and went up and leant over him. Then the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes. 36Then he called Gehazi and said, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her and she came to him. And he said, “Lift your son up.” 37And she went in and fell at his feet, and bowed face to the ground. Then she lifted her son up and went out. 38Then Elisha returned to Gilgal, and there was a famine in the land, and the sons of the prophets were sitting in front of him. And he said to his servant-lad, “Put the large pot on the fire and cook a stew for the sons of the prophets.” 39And one of them went out into the countryside to gather some herbs, and he came across a desert gourd and gathered its fruit filling his pockets. And he came back and sliced them into the pan of stew, but they did not know about it. 40And when they had poured it out for the men to eat, it came to pass that when they ate the stew, they shouted and said, “There is death in the pot, O man of God.” And they could not eat it. 41Then he said, “Then bring flour.” And he threw it into the pot and said, “Pour it out for the people so that they can eat.” And there was nothing unsavoury in the pot. 42Subsequently a man came from Baal-shalisha, who brought for the man of God bread from the firstfruits – twenty barley loaves and some produce of his best field – in his bag. And Elisha said, “Give them to the people so that they may eat.” 43But his attendant said, “What? Am I to serve this to a hundred people?” And Elisha said, “Serve it to the people so that they may eat, for this is what the Lord says, ‘They will eat and have some left over.’ ” 44Then he served it to them, and they ate, and they had some left over, according to the word of the Lord.

2 Kings Chapter 5 

1Now Naaman, a commander of the army of the king of Aramaea, was an important man before his master, and high-ranking, because through him the Lord had given victory to Aramaea. And the man was a valiant warrior, but a leper. 2And the Aramaeans had gone out in troops, and had taken a young girl from the land of Israel captive, and she was in the presence of Naaman's wife. 3And she said to her mistress, “If only my master was in the presence of the prophet who is in Samaria. Then he would relieve him of his leprosy.” 4And someone came and told his master and said, “The girl from the land of Israel said such and such.” 5At this the king of Aramaea said, “Get going, get moving, for I will send a communiqué to the king of Israel.” And he went away and took in his hand ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten sets of clothes. 6And he brought the communiqué to the king of Israel, which said, “Now when this communiqué comes to you, you will see that I have sent my servant Naaman to you for you to relieve him of his leprosy.” 7Then it came to pass when the king of Israel read the communiqué, that he tore his clothes and said, “Am I God, able to kill and make alive? For this man is instructing me to relieve a man of his leprosy. Well be aware then, and see how he is looking for a pretext against me.” 8But it came to pass when Elisha the man of God heard that the king of Israel had torn his clothes, that he sent word to the king to say, “Why did you tear your clothes? Kindly let him come to me, and he will know that there is a prophet in Israel.” 9So Naaman came by horse and chariot and stood at the entrance to Elisha's house. 10And Elisha sent a messenger to him, who said, “Go and wash seven times in the Jordan, and your flesh will be restored to you, and become clean.” 11But Naaman became angry and went off and said, “Look, I said to myself, ‘Surely he will come out and stand and call on the name of the Lord his God, and will wave his hand over the place, and will relieve the leper. 12Are not the Abana and Pharpar – rivers of Damascus – better than all the water of Israel? Can I not wash in them and become clean?’ ” And he turned and went off in fury. 13But his servants approached him and spoke to him and said, “My father, if the prophet had spoken some great thing to you, would you not have done it? So how much more should you because he said to you, ‘Wash and become clean’?” 14So he went down and dipped himself in the Jordan seven times, according to the word of the man of God, and his flesh was restored like the flesh of a small boy, and he became clean. 15And he went back to the man of God – he and all his entourage – and he came and stood before him and said, “Look, then, I know that there is no God in the whole world except in Israel. So now, please accept a gift from your servant.” 16But Elisha said, “As the Lord lives, before whom I stand, I certainly will not accept anything.” And although he pressed him to accept it, he refused. 17Then Naaman said, “So can't just a burden's worth of soil as borne by a pair of mules be given to you? For your servant will no longer make a burnt offering or sacrifice to other gods – only to the Lord. 18May the Lord forgive your servant in this matter, when my master goes into the house of Rimmon to bow down there, and he leans on my arm, and I bow in the house of Rimmon. When I bow in the house of Rimmon, may the Lord please forgive your servant in this matter.” 19And Elisha said to him, “Go in peace.” Then when he had gone short distance away from him, 20Gehazi, the servant-lad of Elisha the man of God said, “Look, my master has declined that from Naaman this Aramaean we should receive from his hand what he brought. As the Lord lives, I will run after him and obtain something from him.” 21So Gehazi pursued Naaman, and when Naaman saw him running after him, he alighted from his chariot, so as to meet him, and he said, “Is all well?” 22And he said, “All is well. My master has sent me to say, ‘Look, just now, two young men from Mount Ephraim came to me, from the sons of the prophets. Would you give them a talent of silver and two sets of clothes?’ ” 23And Naaman said, “Willingly; take two talents.” So he pressed him, and Naaman bound up two talents of silver in two bags, and two sets of clothing, and he gave them to two of his servant-lads, and they presented Gehazi with them. 24Then when Gehazi arrived in the Ophel, he received it all from their hand, and he laid it up in his house. Then he saw the men off, and they departed. 25But when he came and stood before his master, Elisha said to him, “Where have you come from, Gehazi?” And he said, “Your servant did not go anywhere in particular.” 26But he said to him, “Did not my heart sink when the man turned round in his chariot to meet you? Is it a time to receive money and to receive clothes, or olive yards or vineyards or sheep or cattle or menservants or maidservants? 27Now Naaman's leprosy will cling to you and to your seed age-abidingly.” And he departed from his presence leprous like snow.

2 Kings Chapter 6 

1And the sons of the prophets said to Elisha, “Just look, the place where we live in your company is too confined for us. 2So please let us go to the Jordan, and let us each take from there a tree, and let us make ourselves a place to live there.” And he said, “Go.” 3And one said, “Would you be willing to go with your servants?” And he said, “I will go with you.” 4So he went with them and they came to the Jordan, and they cut the trees down. 5And it came to pass when one was felling a tree, that the axe-head fell into the water. And he shouted out, and said, “Oh no, my lord, and it was borrowed.” 6Then the man of God said, “Where did it fall?” And he showed him the place. Then he cut off some wood, and threw it there, and he caused the axe-head to float. 7And he said, “Pick it up.” So he stretched out his hand and took hold of it. 8Then when the king of Aramaea was waging war against Israel, he consulted with his servants and said, “My encampment is to be in such and such a place.” 9And the man of God sent word to the king of Israel as follows, “Beware of passing by this place, for that is where the Aramaeans are coming down.” 10Then the king of Israel sent spies to the place which the man of God had told him of, and had warned him about, and where he had been cautious, not just once or twice. 11And the king of Aramaea's heart was disturbed about this matter, and he called his servants and said to them, “Can you not tell me who it is among us who is collaborating with the king of Israel?” 12Then one of his servants said, “It's not that, my lord the king, but Elisha the prophet who is in Israel tells the king of Israel the things which you speak in your bedroom.” 13To this he said, “Go and see where he is, and I will send men to capture him.” And it was reported back to him as follows, “Look, he is in Dothan.” 14Then he sent horses and chariots and a large force there, and they came by night and surrounded the city. 15And when a servant of the man of God arose early, he went out, and what he saw was that a force was surrounding the city – both cavalry and chariots – and his attendant said to him, “Alas, my lord. How do we act now?” 16But he said, “Do not fear, for there are more with us than with them.” 17And Elisha prayed and said, “O Lord, please open his eyes so that he may see.” And the Lord opened the lad's eyes so that he might see, and what he saw was the mountain brimming with horses, and chariots of fire around Elisha. 18And when they had come down to him, Elisha prayed to the Lord and said, “Please strike this people with blindness.” And he struck them with blindness according to Elisha's word. 19Then Elisha said to them, “This is not the right way and this is not the right city. Follow me and I will lead you to the man whom you are seeking.” Then he led them to Samaria. 20And it came to pass when they arrived in Samaria that Elisha said, “O Lord, open the eyes of these people so that they may see.” And the Lord opened their eyes so that they might see, and what they saw was that they were in Samaria. 21Then the king of Israel said to Elisha when he saw them, “Should I attack them? Should I attack them, my father?” 22And he said, “You shall not attack. Should you attack those whom you have taken captive by your sword and by your bow? Serve them bread and water so that they may eat and drink, and may go to their master.” 23So he gave them a grand feast, and they ate and drank, and he sent them off, and they went back to their master. And the Aramaean marauding bands did not come into the land of Israel again. 24And it came to pass after that, that Ben-hadad king of Aramaea gathered all of his camp and went up, and besieged Samaria. 25And there was a severe famine in Samaria, and there they were besieging it, until a donkey's head was worth eighty pieces of silver, and a quarter cab of dove's dung was worth five pieces of silver. 26And it came to pass that when the king of Israel went across on the wall, a woman shouted out to him and said, “Save us, my lord the king!” 27And he said, “If the Lord will not save you, from where am I to save you? Is it from the threshing floor or from the wine vat?” 28And the king said to her, “What is the matter?” And she said, “This woman said to me, ‘Give us your son to eat today, and we will eat my son tomorrow.’ 29So we cooked my son and ate him. Then I said on another day, ‘Give us your son for us to eat’, but she has hidden her son.” 30And it came to pass when the king heard the woman's words, that he tore his clothes, and he crossed over the wall, and the people looked, and they saw sackcloth on his body as an undergarment. 31And he said, “May God so do to me and more besides if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat remains on him today.” 32Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him, when the king sent a man away, and before the messenger had come to him, he said to the elders, “Have you seen how this son of a murderer has sent someone to remove my head? Look, when the messenger comes, shut the door and pin him to the door. Is not the sound of his master's feet right behind him?” 33While he was still speaking with them, it so happened that the messenger came down to him and said, “Just see this evil from the Lord! Why should I wait for the Lord any longer?”

2 Kings Chapter 7 

1But Elisha said, “Hear the word of the Lord. This is what the Lord says, ‘At about this time tomorrow, a seah of fine flour will be sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for shekel at the gate of Samaria.’ ” 2Then the king's adjutant, with the king leaning on his arm, answered the man of God and said, “Even if the Lord were to make hatches in the sky, would this pronouncement come to pass?” But he said, “Behold, you are about to see it with your own eyes, but you will not eat any of it.” 3Now there were four lepers at the entrance to the gate, and they said to each other, “Why are we sitting here until we die? 4If we say, ‘Let us go to the city’, and there is a famine in the city, then we will die there. But if we sit here, then we will also die. So now, let's fall away to the Aramaean camp. If they let us live, we will live, and if they kill us, we will die.” 5And they arose in the darkness to go to the Aramaean camp, and to the perimeter of the Aramaean camp they came, and what should they see but there was no-one there. 6For the Lord* had caused the Aramaeans' camp to hear the sound of chariots and the sound of cavalry, and the sound of a large force, and they said to each other, “Look, the king of Israel has hired the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Egypt against us, to come against us.” 7And they arose and fled in the darkness, and they abandoned their tents and their horses and their donkeys. The camp was left as it was, and they fled for their lives. 8So these lepers arrived at the perimeter of the camp, and they went into a certain tent, and ate and drank and took silver and gold from there, and clothes, and went away, and hid them, and came back, and went to another tent, and took things from there, and went away, and hid them. 9And they said to each other, “It's not honest what we are doing. This day is a day of good news, and we are keeping quiet. If we wait until the light of the morning, we will meet with a charge against us. So now, come on, let's go and tell the king's house.” 10And they went, and they called for the city gatekeeping staff, and they reported to them and said, “We went to the Aramaeans' camp, and what should we see but that there was no-one there, or the sound of a man, except for a bound horse and a bound donkey, and tents left as they were.” 11Then the gatekeeping staff called for and told the people inside the king's house. 12And the king got up in the night and said to his servants, “Let me tell you what the Aramaeans have done to us. They know that we are starving, and they have gone out of the camp to hide in the countryside, and have said, ‘When they come out of the city, we will take them alive and go into the city.’ ” 13To this one of his servants answered and said, “Let them take five of the horses which remain – which remain in the city. Here they are just like the whole population – Israel – which has remained in the city. Here they are just like the whole population of Israel who are perishing. Let us send them and see what happens.” 14So they took two chariots and their horses, and the king sent them to the Aramaeans' camp, and he said, “Go and see.” 15And they went after them as far as the Jordan, and what they saw was that the whole road was full of clothes and weapons which the Aramaeans had discarded in their haste. Then the messengers returned and reported to the king. 16Then the people went out and plundered the Aramaeans' camp, and it came to pass that a seah of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for a shekel, according to the word of the Lord. 17Then the king appointed the adjutant on whose arm he leant to be in charge of the gate, but the people trampled on him at the gate, and he died, as the man of God had said, who had spoken when the king came down to him. 18So it came to pass as the man of God had said to the king, when he said, “There will be two seahs of barley sold for a shekel, and a seah of fine flour for a shekel at about this time tomorrow at the gate of Samaria”, 19when the adjutant responded to the man of God and said, “Even if the Lord were to make hatches in the sky, would such a pronouncement come to pass?” and when Elisha said, “Behold, you will see it with your own eyes, but you will not eat any of it there.” 20And that is what happened to the adjutant, and the people trampled on him at the gate, and he died.

2 Kings Chapter 8 

1Then Elisha spoke to the woman whose son he had revived and said, “Arise and go, you and your household, and live wherever you can, for the Lord has called a famine, and moreover it is coming to the land for seven years.” 2So the woman arose and acted according to the words of the man of God, and she and her household departed, and she lived in the land of the Philistines for seven years. 3And it came to pass after seven years that the woman returned from the land of the Philistines and set off to appeal to the king about her house and her field. 4Meanwhile the king was speaking to Gehazi the servant-lad of the man of God, saying, “Please tell me all the great deeds which Elisha has performed.” 5And it came to pass as he was relating to the king the fact that he had revived the dead, that along came the woman whose son he had revived, appealing to the king about her house and her field. And Gehazi said, “My lord the king, this is the woman and this is her son whom Elisha revived.” 6And the king questioned the woman, and she recounted it to him. And the king gave her a eunuch official and said, “Restore to her everything that is hers, and all the produce of her field, from the day she left the country up to now.” 7Subsequently Elisha went to Damascus, and Ben-hadad the king of Aramaea was ill, and it was reported to him as follows, “The man of God has come here.” 8Then the king said to Hazael, “Take a gift in your hand and go to the man of God, and inquire of the Lord through him, and ask whether I will survive this illness.” 9So Hazael went to meet him, and he took a gift in his hand, and all the best produce of Damascus – the burden of forty camels – and he arrived and stood before him and said, “Your son Ben-hadad, king of Aramaea, has sent me to you asking, ‘Will I survive this illness?’ ” 10And Elisha said to him, “Go and say, to him, ‘You will certainly survive.’ But the Lord has shown me that he will certainly die.” 11And he stared inscrutably, and he did so for an embarrassingly long time, and the man of God wept. 12Then Hazael said, “Why is my lord weeping?” And he said, “Because I know what harm you will do to the sons of Israel. You will consign their fortifications to fire, you will kill their young men by the sword, you will dash their children to the ground, you will split their pregnant women open.” 13To this Hazael said, “Then what is your servant – a dog, that he should do this formidable thing?” And Elisha said, “The Lord has shown me that you will be king over Aramaea.” 14Then he departed from Elisha and went to his master. And the king said to him, “What did Elisha say to you?” And he said to him, “He said to me, ‘You will certainly survive.’ ” 15And it came to pass on the next day that he took a coarse cloth and dipped it in water and stretched it out over his face and he died. And Hazael reigned in his place. 16In the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab the king of Israel, when Jehoshaphat was king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat started to reign as king of Judah. 17He was thirty-two years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for eight years in Jerusalem. 18And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as the house of Ahab did, for his wife was Ahab's daughter, and he did what was wrong in the eyes of the Lord. 19But the Lord was not willing to bring ruin on Judah, for the sake of David his servant, according to how he had told him that he would give him a lamp to his sons continually. 20In his days Edom rebelled against Judah's control, and they appointed a king over themselves. 21And Joram crossed over to Zair, and with him was the whole chariot fleet, and it came to pass that he arose in the night and attacked Edom which was surrounding him, and the chariot commanders, and the people fled to their tents. 22Subsequently Edom rebelled against Judah's control, as it is up to this day. Then Libnah rebelled, at that time. 23And the rest of the affairs of Joram, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 24So Joram lay with his fathers, and with his fathers he was buried, in the City of David, and Ahaziah his son reigned in his place. 25In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah started to reign. 26Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for one year in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri the king of Israel. 27And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and he did what was wrong in the eyes of the Lord, like the house of Ahab, for he was the son-in-law of the house of Ahab. 28And he went to war with Joram the son of Ahab against Hazael king of Aramaea in Ramoth-gilead, and the Aramaeans struck Joram. 29And King Joram returned to recover in Jezreel from the blows which the Aramaeans dealt him in Ramah when he fought Hazael the king of Aramaea. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel because he was ill.

2 Kings Chapter 9 

1And Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the prophets and said to him, “Gird up your loins and take this flask of oil in your hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead. 2And when you arrive there, visit Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi there, and go in and appoint him from among his brothers, and take him to an inner room. 3And take the flask of oil, and pour it on his head and say, ‘This is what the Lord says, «I have anointed you as king over Israel» ’, then open the door and flee and do not wait around.” 4So the young man – the young prophet – went to Ramoth-gilead. 5And when he arrived, what he saw was the commanders of the army in session, and he said, “I have a matter for you, commander.” And Jehu said, “For whom, out of all of us?” And he said, “For you, commander.” 6Then he got up and went inside, and he poured the oil on his head, and said to him, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I have anointed you as king over the people of the Lord – over Israel. 7And you will attack the house of Ahab your master, so that I am avenged of the blood of my servants the prophets and the blood of all the Lord's servants at the hand of Jezebel. 8And the whole house of Ahab will perish, and I will cut off everyone of Ahab's house who urinates against a wall, leaving him shut off and abandoned in Israel. 9And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah. 10And dogs will eat Jezebel in a plot of land in Jezreel, and there will be no-one to bury her.’ ” Then he opened the door and fled. 11But Jehu came out to his master's servants, and one said to him, “Are you all right? Why did this madman come to you?” And he said to them, “You know the man and his oratory.” 12But they said, “Nonsense! Kindly tell us properly.” So he said, “He said such and such to me and said, ‘This is what the Lord says, «I have anointed you as king over Israel.» ’ ” 13Then they acted quickly, and each one took his cloak and laid it to be under him on the flight of steps, and they sounded the ramshorn and said, “Jehu has become king.” 14And Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. Now Joram had been guarding Ramoth-gilead – he himself and all Israel – against Hazael king of Aramaea. 15But King Jehoram had returned to recover in Jezreel from the blows which the Aramaeans dealt him when he fought against Hazael king of Aramaea. And Jehu said, “As long as you are alive, do not let anyone escape from the town to go to report it in Jezreel.” 16Then Jehu went by chariot to Jezreel, for Joram was lodging there. And Ahaziah king of Judah had gone down to see Joram. 17Now the look-out was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and he saw Jehu's large company as he came, and he said, “I can see a large company.” And Jehoram said, “Take a rider and send him to meet them, and say, ‘Do we have peace?’ ” 18So the horserider went to meet him, and he said, “This is what the king says, ‘Do we have peace?’ ” And Jehu said, “What have you got to do with peace? Get behind me.” And the look-out gave a report and said, “The messenger went to them but did not come back.” 19Then he sent a second horserider, and he went to them and said, “This is what the king says, ‘Peace.’ ” But Jehu said, “What have you got to do with peace? Get behind me.” 20And the look-out reported it and said, “He went up to them, but did not come back. And as for their driving – the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi – he is driving madly.” 21Then Jehoram said, “Harness it.” So they harnessed his chariot, and Jehoram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out to confront Jehu, and they encountered him in the grounds of Naboth the Jezreelite. 22And it came to pass, when Jehoram saw Jehu, that he said, “Do we have peace, Jehu?” And he said, “What peace is there as long as there are the harlotries of Jezebel your mother and her many sorceries?” 23At this Jehoram changed course and fled, and said to Ahaziah, “This is treason, Ahaziah.” 24Then Jehu took up the bow and hit Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow came out from his heart, and he collapsed in his chariot. 25Then Jehu said to Bidkar his adjutant, “Pick him up and throw him down in the grounds of Naboth the Jezreelite, for remember how you and I were riding alongside each other in pursuit of Ahab his father, and how the Lord laid this burden on him, 26when he said, ‘I most certainly saw the blood of Naboth and the blood of his sons last night’, the Lord says, ‘and I will requite you in these grounds’, the Lord says. So now, pick him up and throw him down on these grounds, according to the word of the Lord.” 27When Ahaziah king of Judah saw it, he fled by the garden house road. And Jehu pursued him, and he said, “Strike him down too in the chariot.” This was at the ascent to Gur, which is contiguous with Ibleam. Then he fled to Megiddo and died there. 28Then his servants brought him by chariot to Jerusalem, and they buried him in his tomb with his fathers in the City of David. 29And it was in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab that Ahaziah became king over Judah. 30Then Jehu went to Jezreel, and when Jezebel heard it, she applied eye-shadow to her eyes and styled her head of hair and peered through the window. 31And when Jehu arrived at the gate, she said, “Did Zimri, who killed his master, have peace?” 32And he raised his face to the window and said, “Who is with me? Who?” And two or three eunuchs peered at him. 33Then he said, “Dispatch her.” And they dispatched her, and some of her blood was spattered on the wall and on the horses, and he trampled on her. 34And he went in and ate and drank, and he said, “Please dispose of this cursed woman and bury her, for she is the daughter of a king.” 35So they went away to bury her, but they found nothing of her except her skull and the feet and the palms of her hands. 36When they went back and told him, he said, “It is the word of the Lord which he spoke through the intermediacy of his servant Elijah the Tishbite when he said, ‘Dogs will eat Jezebel's flesh on the plot of land in Jezreel. 37And Jezebel's corpse will be like dung on the surface of the field in the plot of land in Jezreel, so that people won't be able to say, «This is Jezebel.» ’ ”

2 Kings Chapter 10 

1Now Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria, and Jehu wrote communiqués and sent them to Samaria, to the elder officials of Jezreel, and to the foster parents of Ahab's family, reading as follows, 2“And now, when this communiqué reaches you, your master's sons being with you, and who have got chariots and horses, and a fortified city and weaponry, 3select the best and most eligible of your master's sons and set him on his father's throne, and fight for your master's house.” 4At this they were very afraid, and they said, “Look, two kings didn't withstand him, so how are we to withstand him?” 5And he who was in charge of the house, and he who was in charge of the city, and the elders, and the foster parents, sent word to Jehu and said, “We are your servants, and we will do everything you say to us. We will not appoint anyone king. Do what is right in your sight.” 6Then he sent a communiqué a second time, which said, “If you are for me, and will comply with me, take the heads of the men who are the sons of your master, and come to me at this time tomorrow in Jezreel.” Now the king's sons were seventy in number, being with high-ranking men of the city who were bringing them up. 7And it came to pass, when the communiqué reached them, that they took the king's sons, and killed the seventy men, and put their heads in baskets, and sent them to him in Jezreel. 8And the messenger arrived and reported it to him and said, “We have brought the heads of the king's sons.” And he said, “Leave them in two heaps at the entrance to the gate until morning.” 9And it came to pass in the morning that he went out and stood and said to all the people, “You are righteous. Admittedly, I conspired against my master and killed him, but who killed all these? 10Be aware therefore that nothing of the word of the Lord which the Lord spoke about the house of Ahab will fall to the ground, and that the Lord has done what he said through the intermediacy of his servant Elijah.” 11So Jehu struck down all those of the house of Ahab in Jezreel who remained, and all his high-ranking men, and his acquaintances, and his priests, until no survivor was left to him. 12Then Jehu arose and departed, and he went to Samaria. And on the way he was at a shepherd's shearing house. 13And Jehu came across the brothers of Ahaziah king of Judah, and he said, “Who are you?” And they said, “We are Ahaziah's brothers, and we have come down to greet the sons of the king and the sons of the queen consort.” 14Then he said “Take them alive.” So they took them alive and slaughtered them in the pit at the shearing house – forty-two men – and he didn't leave any of them remaining. 15Then he departed from there and came across Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming towards him, and he greeted him and said to him, “Are your intentions good, just as I am well-disposed to you?” And Jehonadab said, “They are.” Then Jehu said, “If they are, give me your hand.” And he gave him his hand, and he hauled him into the chariot. 16And he said, “Come with me and see my zeal for the Lord.” So they transported him in his chariot. 17And he arrived in Samaria, and he struck down all those of Ahab's house who remained in Samaria, until he had destroyed it, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken to Elijah. 18Then Jehu gathered all the people and said to them, “Ahab served Baal a little, but Jehu will serve him much more. 19So now, tell all the prophets of Baal, and all his servants, and all his priests, to come to me. No-one must be absent, for I have a great sacrifice to Baal. Anyone who is absent shall not live.” But Jehu did this as a ploy in order to eliminate Baal's servants. 20Then Jehu said, “Announce a solemn assembly to Baal.” So they proclaimed it. 21And Jehu sent word throughout all Israel, and all those who served Baal came, and there was no-one left behind who did not come. So they came to the house of Baal, and the house of Baal was filled cheek by jowl. 22And he said to the outfitter, “Bring out vesture for all the servants of Baal.” So he brought out vesture for them. 23Then Jehu and Jehonadab the son of Rechab went into the house of Baal, and he said to the servants of Baal, “Search, and see if there are any of the servants of the Lord with you here, rather than servants of Baal only.” 24Then when they went to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings, Jehu stationed eighty men outside, and said, “For any man who escapes from the men whom I have brought into your hands, it will be a life for a life.” 25And it came to pass, when he had finished making the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the infantrymen and the brigadiers, “Go in and strike them down. Let no-one come out.” So they struck them down with the blade of the sword. Then the infantrymen and the brigadiers disposed of them and went down to the citadel of the house of Baal. 26And they brought out the statues of the house of Baal and burned them. 27And they demolished the statue of Baal, and they demolished the house of Baal, and they made it a cess-pool as it has been up to today. 28So Jehu destroyed Baal in Israel, 29except that Jehu did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin, from the golden calves which were in Beth-el and in Dan. 30And the Lord said to Jehu, “Since you have acted well in doing what is right in my sight, since you have done to the house of Ahab everything that was in my heart, your descendants of the fourth generation will sit on the throne of Israel.” 31But Jehu did not observe walking in the law of the Lord God of Israel with all his heart. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam who caused Israel to sin. 32In those days the Lord began to chip away at Israel, and Hazael attacked them at every border of Israel, 33from the Jordan in the east – all the land of Gilead, the Gadites and the Reubenites and the Manassites – from Aroer which is on the River Arnon, and Gilead and Bashan. 34And the rest of the affairs of Jehu, and everything he did, and all his bravery, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 35And Jehu lay with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria, and Jehoahaz his son became king in his place. 36And the days for which Jehu reigned over Israel amounted to twenty-eight years in Samaria.

2 Kings Chapter 11 

1But Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, when she saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal seed, 2but Jehosheba the daughter of King Joram, the sister of Ahaziah, had taken Joash the son of Ahaziah and had stolen him away from the king's sons who were killed – him and his nurse – to the bedroom, and they had hidden him from Athaliah, so he was not killed. 3And he was with her in the house of the Lord, hidden for six years, while Athaliah reigned over the land. 4Then in the seventh year Jehoiada sent for the commanders of a hundred over the special guard and over the infantry, and took them along, and convened them in the house of the Lord, and he made a covenant with them, and made them swear an oath in the house of the Lord. Then he showed them the king's son. 5And he instructed them and said, “This is the operation which you will carry out. One third of you will come on the Sabbath and keep guard at the king's house. 6And one third will be at the Sur Gate, and one third will be at the gate behind the infantry, and you will keep guard of the house from any abduction. 7And you will be in two divisions. All who go out on the Sabbath will keep guard of the house of the Lord, defending the king. 8And you will form a circle round the king, each man having his weapons in his hand, and anyone coming into the ranks will be put to death. And accompany the king as he goes out and comes in.” 9And the commanders of a hundred did everything that Jehoiada the priest commanded, and each one took his men – those who were to come on the Sabbath with those who were to go out on the Sabbath – and they went to Jehoiada the priest. 10And the priest gave the commanders of a hundred the spears and shields which had belonged to King David, which were in the house of the Lord. 11And the infantrymen stood, each with his weapons in his hand, from the right hand side of the house to the left hand side of the house, and around the altar and the house in defence of the king. 12Then he brought the king's son out, and he put the crown on him, and he gave him the testimony, and they made him king and anointed him, and clapped their hands and said, “May the king live.” 13And when Athaliah heard the sound of the infantry and the people, she went to the people and to the house of the Lord. 14And she looked, and what she saw was the king standing at a column, according to the custom, with officials and trumpet players in attendance to the king, and all the people of the land rejoicing and blowing trumpets. At this Athaliah tore her clothes and shouted, “A conspiracy, a conspiracy!” 15Then Jehoiada the priest instructed the commanders of a hundred who were in charge of the army, and he said to them, “Bring her out, away from the ranks, and kill anyone who follows her with the sword.” For the priest has said, “Don't let her be put to death in the house of the Lord.” 16So they laid hands on her as she went in the direction of the horse entrance to the king's house, and she was put to death there. 17And Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the king and the people, to be a people to the Lord, and between the king and the people. 18And all the people of the land went to the house of Baal and demolished it. They smashed up his altars and his images, and they killed Mattan, Baal's priest, in front of the altars. Then the priest organized duties over the house of the Lord. 19And he took the commanders of a hundred and the special guard, and the infantry, and all the people of the land, and they brought the king down from the house of the Lord, and they went by the route of the Gate of the Infantry to the king's house, and he sat on the kings' throne. 20And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was undisturbed. So they killed Athaliah by the sword at the king's house.

2 Kings Chapter 12 

1Joash was seven years old when he started to reign. 2In the seventh year of Jehu, Joash started to reign, and he reigned for forty years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Zibiah from Beer-sheba. 3And Joash did what was right in the sight of the Lord all his days in which Jehoiada the priest taught him, 4except that the idolatrous raised sites were not removed. The people would still sacrifice and burn incense on the idolatrous raised sites. 5And Joash said to the priests, “All the money from the sacred donations which is brought into the house of the Lord is money passing under the counting rod. Each person brings a voluntary amount of money according to his valuation or whatever sum arises in the heart of a man to bring to the house of the Lord. 6Let the priests take money, each one from his acquaintances, and let them repair the breaches in the house – all of them – wherever a breach is found.” 7But it came to pass in the twenty-third year of king Joash, when the priests had not repaired the breach in the house, 8that King Joash called for Jehoiada the priest and the other priests, and said to them, “Why are you not repairing the breach in the house? So now, do not take money from your acquaintances, but spend it on the breach in the house.” 9Then the priests agreed not to accumulate money from the people, and so failing to repair the breach in the house. 10And Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in its lid, and put it next to the altar, on the right as one enters the house of the Lord. And the priests who kept the door put all the money which was brought into the house of the Lord there. 11And it came to pass, when they saw that the amount of money in the chest was large, that the king's scribe and the high priest went up and put it in bags, and counted the money which was present in the house of the Lord. 12And they paid the money which had been weighed out to those who carried out the work, who had been appointed over the house of the Lord, and they spent it on carpenters and builders who worked on the house of the Lord, 13and on wall-builders and hewers of stone, and to buy wood and hewn stones, so as to repair the breach in the house of the Lord, and on everyone who went out for the sake of the house, to repair it. 14But no silver bowls, snuffers, basins, trumpets, or any utensils of gold or any utensils of silver were made for the house of the Lord from the money which was brought to the house of the Lord, 15because they gave it to those doing the work, and they repaired the house of the Lord by means of it. 16And they did not hold the men to account to whom they handed the money, to give to those doing the work, because they acted faithfully. 17No money as a guilt-offering or money as a sin-offering was brought into the house of the Lord; that was for the priests. 18Then Hazael king of Aramaea went up and waged war against Gath, and captured it. And Hazael resolved to go up against Jerusalem. 19At this Joash king of Judah took all the holy articles which Jehoshaphat and Jehoram and Ahaziah his fathers, kings of Judah, had sanctified, and his own holy articles, and all the gold present in the treasuries of the house of the Lord and in the house of the king, and sent it all to Hazael the king of Aramaea. Then he went up away from Jerusalem. 20And the rest of the affairs of Joash, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 21And his servants arose and made a conspiracy, and struck Joash down at the house of Millo, which extends down to Silla. 22And Jozabad the son of Shimeath and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, struck him down, and he died. And they buried him with his fathers in the City of David, and Amaziah his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings Chapter 13 

1In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah the king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and did so for seventeen years. 2But he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. He did not depart from it. 3And the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael the king of Aramaea, and into the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael all the time. 4And Jehoahaz supplicated the Lord, and the Lord heard him, for he saw the oppression Israel was under, because the king of Aramaea was oppressing them. 5And the Lord gave Israel a saviour, and they escaped the hegemony of Aramaea, and the sons of Israel dwelt in their tents as they had done previously. 6But they did not depart from the sins of the house of Jeroboam who caused Israel to sin. He walked that way. And moreover the phallic park remained standing in Samaria. 7For he did not leave a people to Jehoahaz except for fifty horsemen and ten chariots and ten thousand foot soldiers, because the king of Aramaea had destroyed them, and made them like dust to tread on. 8And the rest of the affairs of Jehoahaz and everything he did, and his bravery, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 9And Jehoahaz lay with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria, and Joash his son reigned in his place. 10In the thirty-seventh year of Joash king of Judah, Joash the son of Jehoahaz started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and did so for sixteen years. 11And he did evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not depart from any of the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin – he walked that way. 12And the rest of the affairs of Joash, and everything he did, and his bravery with which he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 13And Joash lay with his fathers, and Jeroboam sat on his throne, and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. 14And Elisha became ill with an illness of his, of which he would die. And Joash king of Israel went down to him and wept beside him and said, “My father, my father, the chariot of Israel and its horsemen.” 15And Elisha said to him, “Fetch a bow and arrows.” So he fetched him a bow and arrows. 16Then he said to the king of Israel, “Place your hand on the bow.” So he placed his hand there, and Elisha put his hands on the king's hands. 17Then he said, “Open the window to the east.” So he opened it. Then Elisha said, “Shoot.” So he shot. Then he said, “It is an arrow of the Lord's salvation, and an arrow of salvation from Aramaea, and you will strike the Aramaeans down in Aphek, until you have annihilated them.” 18Then he said, “Take the arrows.” So he took them. Then he said to the king of Israel, “Strike the ground.” So he struck it three times, then stopped. 19Then the man of God became angry with him, having told him to strike it five or six times. And he said, “If you hand done what I said, then you would have struck the Aramaeans down until you had annihilated them. But now you will strike the Aramaeans just three times.” 20Elisha then died and they buried him. But the troops of Moab were to come into the land with the arrival of the new year. 21Then it came to pass as they were burying a man that, as it happened, they saw the troop, and when they deposited the man in Elisha's tomb, as he went in, the man touched Elisha's bones, and he revived, and arose to his feet. 22And Hazael king of Aramaea oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. 23But the Lord was gracious to them, and he showed them mercy, and turned to them for the sake of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and was unwilling to bring ruin on them. So he has not banished them from his presence up to now. 24And Hazael king of Aramaea died, and Ben-hadad his son reigned in his place. 25Then Joash the son of Jehoahaz retook the cities from the grip of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, who had taken them from the control of Jehoahaz his father in the war. Joash attacked him three times and regained the cities of Israel.

2 Kings Chapter 14 

1In the second year of Joash the son of Jehoahaz king of Israel, Amaziah reigned, the son of Joash king of Judah. 2He was twenty-five years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Jehoaddin from Jerusalem. 3And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, but not like David his father. He acted in a similar way to everything his father Joash did. 4However, the idolatrous raised sites were not removed. The people were still sacrificing and burning incense on the idolatrous raised sites. 5And it came to pass as the kingdom became stronger under his control that he struck down those servants of his who had struck down the king who was his father. 6But he did not kill the sons of those who struck him down, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, whom the Lord commanded and said, “Fathers shall not be put to death on account of their sons, and sons shall not be put to death on account of their fathers, but each person shall die for his own sin.” 7He attacked Edom in the Valley of Salt, defeating ten thousand men, and he captured Selah in the war, and he called it Joktheel, as it is up to this day. 8Then Amaziah sent messengers to Joash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu, king of Israel, to say, “Come, let us see each other face to face.” 9Then Joash king of Israel sent a reply to Amaziah king of Judah, and said, “The thistle which was in Lebanon has sent word to the cedar which was in Lebanon and said, ‘Give your daughter to be my son's wife’, and a wild animal which was in Lebanon passed by and trampled on the thistle. 10You have thoroughly defeated Edom, but your heart has exalted you. Be honoured and stay at home, for why should you embroil yourself in trouble, and fall in war, you and Judah with you?” 11But Amaziah did not heed it, and Joash king of Israel went up, and they looked at each other face to face – he and Amaziah king of Judah – in Beth-shemesh which belongs to Judah. 12And Judah was defeated in confrontation with Israel, and everyone fled to his tent. 13And Joash king of Israel seized Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash the son of Ahaziah, in Beth-shemesh, and they went to Jerusalem. And he demolished the wall of Jerusalem at the Gate of Ephraim, as far as the Corner Gate – four hundred cubits of wall. 14And he took all the gold and the silver and all the equipment which were present in the house of the Lord, and in the treasuries of the king's house. And he took hostages, and returned to Samaria. 15And the rest of the exploits of Joash which he undertook, and his bravery, and the fact that he fought against Amaziah the king of Judah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 16And Joash lay with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his place. 17And Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, lived for fifteen years after the death of Joash the son of Jehoahaz king of Israel. 18And the rest of the affairs of Amaziah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 19But they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish. But they sent forces after him to Lachish, and they killed him there. 20And they bore him on horses, and he was buried in Jerusalem with his fathers in the City of David. 21And all the people of Judah took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in place of his father Amaziah. 22He built Elath, and restored it to Judah after the previous king had lain with his fathers. 23In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel became king in Samaria and was so for forty-one years. 24And he did evil in the Lord's sight, and he did not depart from any of the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 25He restored the border of Israel from the access to Hamath to the Dead Sea according to the word of the Lord God of Israel, which he spoke through the intermediacy of his servant Jonah the son of Amittai the prophet who was from Gath-hepher. 26For the Lord had seen that the affliction of Israel was very bitter, unceasingly and unremittingly, and there was no-one helping Israel. 27And the Lord had not said that he would wipe the name of Israel out from under heaven, and he saved them through the agency of Jeroboam the son of Joash. 28And the rest of the affairs of Jeroboam, and everything he did, and his bravery with which he fought, and the fact that he restored Damascus and Hamath of Judah to Israel, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 29And Jeroboam lay with his fathers, with the kings of Israel, and Zachariah his son reigned in place of him.

2 Kings Chapter 15 

1In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Azariah the son of Amaziah king of Judah started to reign. 2He was sixteen years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for fifty-two years. And his mother's name was Jecholiah from Jerusalem. 3And he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, like everything that Amaziah his father did. 4However, the idolatrous raised sites were not removed. The people were still sacrificing and burning incense on the idolatrous raised sites. 5And the Lord struck the king, and he became a leper up to the day of his death, and he stayed in the infirmary, and Jotham the king's son was in charge of the house, judging the people of the land. 6And the rest of the affairs of Azariah, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 7And Azariah lay with his fathers, and with his fathers in the City of David they buried him. And Jotham his son reigned in his place. 8In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah king of Judah, Zachariah the son of Jeroboam started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and he did so for six months. 9And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, as his fathers did. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 10And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and struck him down in public, and killed him, and reigned in place of him. 11And as for the rest of the affairs of Zachariah, they are to be seen written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 12That was the word of the Lord which he spoke to Jehu when he said, “Your descendants to the fourth generation will sit on the throne of Israel.” And it was so. 13Shallum the son of Jabesh started to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah, and he reigned for a full month in Samaria. 14Then Menahem the son of Gadi from Tirzah went up and came to Samaria and struck Shallum the son of Jabesh down in Samaria, and killed him, and he reigned in place of him. 15And as for the rest of the affairs of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, they are to be seen written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 16Then Menahem attacked Tiphsah and everyone in it, and its territories by Tirzah. Because it did not open up, he attacked it, and he ripped all its pregnant women open. 17In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of Judah, Menahem the son of Gadi started to reign over Israel, and did so for ten years in Samaria. 18And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat who caused Israel to sin, all his days. 19Pul, king of Assyria, came to the land, and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, so that he would have the support to strengthen his grip on the kingdom. 20And Menahem raised the money with a levy on Israel, on all valiant warriors, to give it to the king of Assyria – fifty shekels of silver per person – then the king of Assyria returned and did not stay there in the land. 21And the rest of the affairs of Menahem, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 22And Menahem lay with his fathers, and Pekahiah his son reigned in his place. 23In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and did so for two years. 24And he did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 25And Pekah the son of Remaliah, an adjutant of his, conspired against him, and struck him down in Samaria, in the palace of the king's residence, with Argob and with Arieh, and with him fifty men from the sons of the Gileadites. And he killed him, and reigned in place of him. 26And as for the rest of the affairs of Pekahiah, and everything he did, they are to be seen written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 27In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and he did so for twenty years. 28And he did evil in the sight of the Lord. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 29In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, came and captured Ijon and Abel-beth-maachah and Janoah and Kedesh and Hazor and Gilead and Galilee, and all the land of Naphtali, and he deported them to Assyria. 30Then Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck him down and killed him, and reigned in his place, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah. 31And as for the rest of the affairs of Pekah, and everything he did, they are to be seen written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 32In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel, Jotham the son of Uzziah started to reign as king of Judah. 33He was twenty-five years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for sixteen years. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok. 34And he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, like everything that Uzziah his father did. 35However, the idolatrous raised sites were not removed. The people were still sacrificing and burning incense on the idolatrous raised sites. He built the upper gate to the house of the Lord. 36And the rest of the exploits of Jotham which he undertook, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 37In those days the Lord started sending Rezin the king of Aramaea, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, against Judah. 38And Jotham lay with his fathers, and with his fathers he was buried, in the City of David his father, and Ahaz his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings Chapter 16 

1In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham started to reign as king of Judah. 2Ahaz was twenty years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for sixteen years in Jerusalem. But he did not do what was right in the eyes of the Lord his God like David his father. 3And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and he made even his own son pass over fire, like the abominations of the Gentiles whom the Lord dispossessed before the sons of Israel. 4And he sacrificed and burned incense on the idolatrous raised sites, and on the hills, and under every luxuriant tree. 5Then Rezin king of Aramaea and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to war, and they besieged Ahaz, but could not do battle. 6At that time Rezin king of Aramaea restored Elath to Aramaea, and he drove the Jews out of Elath, and Aramaeans came to Elath and lived there, as they do up to this day. 7And Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, and said, “I am your servant and your son. Come up and save me from the grip of the king of Aramaea, and the grip of the king of Israel, who are rising up against me.” 8And Ahaz took the silver and the gold which were present in the house of the Lord and in the treasuries of the king's house, and he sent a bribe to the king of Assyria. 9And the king of Assyria heeded him, and the king of Assyria went up to Damascus and took possession of it, and exiled the population to Kir, and he killed Rezin. 10Then King Ahaz went to meet Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria in Damascus, and he saw the altar which was in Damascus, and King Ahaz sent Urijah the priest a drawing of the altar and its design in all its detail. 11And Urijah the priest built the altar. According to everything that Ahaz had sent from Damascus, so Urijah the priest made it, ready for when King Ahaz would come from Damascus. 12And when the king came back from Damascus, the king saw the altar, and the king went up to the altar and made a burnt offering on it. 13And he made his burnt offering and his meal-offering, and he poured his libation, and he sprinkled the blood of his peace-offerings on the altar. 14And he brought the copper altar which is before the Lord up from the front of the house between the altar and the house of the Lord, and put it to the side of the altar to the north. 15And King Ahaz commanded him – Urijah the priest – and said, “Burn the morning burnt offering and the evening meal-offering and the king's burnt offering, and his meal-offering, and the burnt offering for all the people of the land, and their meal-offering, and their libations, on the big altar, and sprinkle all the blood of the burnt offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice on it. And the copper altar will be for me to consider.” 16And Urijah the priest acted according to everything that King Ahaz commanded him. 17And King Ahaz cut the edging of the bases off and removed it from them, and he took down both the laver and the artificial sea from the copper oxen which were under it, and he put it on the stone paving. 18And he altered the covered veranda for the Sabbath, which they had built adjoining the house and the king's outer entrance to go to the house of the Lord on account of the king of Assyria. 19And the rest of the exploits of Ahaz which he undertook, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 20And Ahaz lay with his fathers, and with his fathers he was buried, in the City of David. And Hezekiah his son reigned in place of him.

2 Kings Chapter 17 

1In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, Hoshea the son of Elah started to reign over Israel in Samaria, and did so for nine years. 2And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, but not like the kings of Israel who were before him. 3Shalmaneser the king of Assyria came up against him, and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him a gift. 4And the king of Assyria discovered a conspiracy by Hoshea, because he had sent messengers to So the king of Egypt, and had not brought a present up to the king of Assyria, as was the custom year by year, so the king of Assyria detained him and bound him in prison. 5Then the king of Assyria went up throughout all the land, and he went up to Samaria, and besieged it for three years. 6In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria and deported Israel to Assyria, and relocated them in Halah and in Habor by the River Gozan and the cities of Media. 7And it came to pass that the sons of Israel sinned against the Lord their God who brought them up from the land of Egypt – from being under the control of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, 8and had walked in the statutes of the nations which the Lord had dispossessed before the sons of Israel, and the statutes of the kings of Israel which they had instituted. 9And the sons of Israel did things secretly, things which were dishonest, against the Lord their God, and they built themselves idolatrous raised sites in all their cities, from the watchman's tower to the fortified city. 10And they set up idolatrous images and phallic parks on every high hill and under every luxuriant tree. 11And they burned incense there on all the idolatrous raised sites, like the Gentiles, whom the Lord had driven into exile at their advance, and they did evil things, so that they provoked the Lord. 12And they served idols concerning which the Lord had said, “You shall not do this thing.” 13And the Lord testified to Israel and to Judah through the intermediacy of every prophet of his – every seer – and said, “Come back from your evil ways and keep my commandments and my statutes according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent you through the intermediacy of my servants the prophets.” 14But they did not heed it, but they stiffened their necks like the necks of their fathers who did not believe in the Lord their God. 15And they rejected his statutes and his covenant which he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them, and they went after idolatry, and became idolatrous, and went after the Gentiles who were around them, concerning whom the Lord had commanded them not to act like them. 16And they forsook all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made themselves cast imagery – two calves. And they made a phallic park, and they worshipped every celestial body, and served Baal. 17And they made their sons and their daughters pass through fire, and they made divinations, and used enchantment, and gave themselves over to do evil in the sight of the Lord, so that they provoked him to anger. 18And the Lord became very irate with Israel, and he removed them from his presence. None remained except the tribe of Judah alone. 19But neither did Judah keep the commandments of the Lord their God, and they walked in the statutes of Israel which they had instituted. 20And the Lord rejected all the seed of Israel, and he afflicted them, and he delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until he had banished them from his presence. 21For he had torn Israel away from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king, and Jeroboam directed Israel away from following the Lord, and he caused them to commit a great sin. 22And the sons of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he committed, and did not depart from it, 23to such an extent that the Lord removed Israel from his presence, as he had said through the intermediacy of all his servants the prophets, and Israel was deported from its land to Assyria, as it is up to this day. 24And the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon and from Cuthah and from Ava and from Hamath and Sepharvaim, and he relocated them in the cities of Samaria instead of the sons of Israel, and they took possession of Samaria, and lived in its cities. 25And it came to pass at the start of when they lived there, that they did not fear the Lord, and the Lord sent lions against them which would kill them. 26Then they spoke to the king of Assyria and said, “The Gentiles whom you have deported and relocated in the cities of Samaria do not know the custom of the God of the land, and he has sent lions against them, and there they are killing them, because they do not know the custom of the God of the land.” 27Then the king of Assyria gave a command and said, “Take one of the priests there, whom you deported from there, and let them go and live there, and let him teach them the custom of the God of the land.” 28So one of the priests whom they had deported from Samaria came and stayed in Beth-el, and he would teach them how they should fear the Lord. 29But each nation would make its own gods, and place them in the house on the idolatrous raised sites which the Samaritans had made. Each nation would do this in their cities where they were living. 30And the men from Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men from Cuth made Nergal, and the men from Hamath made Ashima. 31And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their sons in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech the god of the Sepharvaim. 32But they feared the Lord, yet made themselves priests of the idolatrous raised sites from their common people, and they officiated for them in the house representing the idolatrous raised sites. 33They feared the Lord, yet they served their own gods in the manner of the nations from where the Assyrians had deported them. 34Up to this day they have been acting according to their original customs. They do not fear the Lord and they do not act according to their statutes and according to their customs, or according to the law, or according to the commandment which the Lord commanded the sons of Jacob to whom he gave the name Israel. 35And the Lord made a covenant with them and commanded them, and said, “You shall not fear other gods and you shall not worship them, and you shall not serve them, and you shall not sacrifice to them. 36For it is the Lord who brought you up out of the land of Egypt, with great power and with an outstretched arm, whom you shall fear, and it is him whom you shall worship, and it is to him that you shall sacrifice. 37And it is the statutes and the principles and the law and the body of commandments which he wrote for you which you shall keep by observing them every day, and you shall not fear other gods. 38And you shall not forget the covenant which I made with you, and you shall not fear other gods. 39But it is the Lord your God whom you shall fear, and he will deliver you from the grip of all your enemies.” 40But they did not heed it, but rather acted according to their former customs. 41And these nations feared the Lord, but they served their carved images, as did both their sons and their grandsons. They acted as their fathers did, and do so up to this day.

2 Kings Chapter 18 

1And it was in the third year of Hoshea the son of Elah king of Israel that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz started to reign as king of Judah. 2He was twenty-five years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Abi the daughter of Zachariah. 3And he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, like everything that David his father did. 4He removed the idolatrous raised sites, and he smashed up the standing images, and he cut down the phallic park, and he crushed the copper serpent which Moses had made, for up to those days the sons of Israel had been burning incense to it, and he called it the Copper Serpent. 5He trusted in the Lord God of Israel, and there was no-one after him like him among all the kings of Judah, nor among those who were before him. 6And he clung to the Lord; he did not turn away from him and he kept his commandments which the Lord had commanded Moses. 7And the Lord was with him. In whatever he set out to do, he was prudent, and he rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. 8He attacked the Philistines as far as Gaza and its territories, from the watchmen's tower to the fortified city. 9And it came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiah – that is the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Elah king of Israel – that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. 10And they captured it after three years. In the sixth year of Hezekiah – that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel – Samaria was captured. 11And the king of Assyria deported Israel to Assyria, and he conducted them to Halah and Habor by the River Gozen and in the cities of Media, 12because they did not give heed to the Lord their God, and they transgressed his covenant – everything that Moses the Lord's servant commanded – and did not give heed and did not do it. 13Then in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, went up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. 14And Hezekiah king of Judah sent a messenger to the king of Assyria in Lachish to say, “I have been wrong. Leave me; I will bear whatever you impose on me.” And the king of Assyria imposed on Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. 15And Hezekiah gave all the silver which was present in the house of the Lord and in the treasuries of the king's house. 16At that time Hezekiah stripped the doors of the Lord's temple and the lintels which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave the proceeds to the king of Assyria. 17And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and the chief eunuch and the chief butler from Lachish to King Hezekiah with a sizeable army to Jerusalem, and they went up and arrived in Jerusalem, and when they had gone up and arrived, they stood at the conduit at the upper pool, which is at the aqueduct to the washer's site. 18And they called out to the king, and Eliakim, Hezekiah's son, who was in charge of the house, came out to them, as did Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the state secretary. 19And the chief butler said to them, “Kindly say to Hezekiah, ‘This is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says, «What is this object of trust in which you trust? 20You have said – but it is vain talk – ‹I have counsel and wherewithal for war.› Now in whom have you trusted? For you have rebelled against me. 21Now look, you have put your trust in this buckled reed staff – in Egypt – and if a man leans on it, it slips into his hand and pierces it. Such is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who trust in him. 22And if you say to me, ‹We trust in the Lord our God›, is that not he whose raised sites and whose altars Hezekiah has removed, and who said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‹It is before this altar that you will worship in Jerusalem›?» ’ 23So now, please enter into a contract with my lord the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses if you are able to provide yourself with riders on them. 24And how can you decline the offer of a governor among the least of my lord's servants and entrust yourself to Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25Now did I come up without the Lord against this place, to bring it to ruin? The Lord said to me, ‘Go up against this land and bring it to ruin.’ ” 26Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah and Shebna and Joah said to the chief butler, “Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, for we understand it, and do not speak to us in Judaean, it being intelligible to the people who are on the wall.” 27Then the chief butler said to them, “Is it to your master and to you that my lord has sent me to speak these words? Is it not to the people sitting on the wall, in that they will have to eat their excrement and drink their urine with you?” 28Then the chief butler stood up and called out in a loud voice in Judaean, and spoke and said, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria. 29This is what the king says, ‘Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you from Sennacherib's grip. 30And do not let Hezekiah persuade you to trust in the Lord, saying, «The Lord will certainly deliver us, and this city will not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.» ’ 31Do not listen to Hezekiah, for this is what the king of Assyria says, ‘Make things a blessing in partnership with me, and come out to me, then let each man eat from his vine, and each man from his fig tree, and let each man drink water from his cistern, 32until I come to take you to a land like your own land – a land of corn and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, and land of fresh olive oil and honey – and live and do not die, and do not listen to Hezekiah, for he will entice you, saying, «The Lord will deliver us.» 33Have the gods of the nations ever delivered anyone's land from the grip of the king of Assyria? 34Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and Ivah? Now have they delivered Samaria from my grip? 35Who are there among all the gods of the various countries who have delivered their country from my grip? So will the Lord deliver Jerusalem from my grip?’ ” 36And the people became silent and did not answer him a word, for the king's commandment was, “Do not answer him.” 37Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph, the state secretary, went to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and told him the chief butler's words.

2 Kings Chapter 19 

1And it came to pass when King Hezekiah heard it, that he tore his clothes and covered himself in sackcloth, and went to the house of the Lord. 2And he sent Eliakim, who was in charge of the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests – having covered themselves in sackcloth – to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz. 3And they said to him, “This is what Hezekiah says, ‘This day is a day of anguish and chastening and indignity, for the sons have arrived at the stage of breaking out of the womb, but there isn't the strength to give birth. 4Perhaps the Lord your God will have heard all the words of the chief butler, whom the king of Assyria, his master, sent to defy the living God, and will condemn the words which the Lord your God has heard, so you will take up a prayer for the remnant which is found.’ ” 5And when King Hezekiah's servants came to Isaiah, 6Isaiah said to them, “This is what you will say to your master, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Do not be afraid of the words which you have heard, because the servants of the king of Assyria have vilified me. 7I am about to put in him a certain spirit, and he will hear a rumour, and will return to his country, and I will bring him down by the sword in his own country.» ’ ” 8Then the chief butler returned and found the king of Assyria at war with Libnah, for he had heard that he had moved from Lachish. 9And when he heard about Tirhakah, the king of Ethiopia, when they said, “Look, he has gone out to wage war with you”, he sent messengers again to Hezekiah to say, 10“This is what you will say to Hezekiah king of Judah: say, ‘Do not let your God in whom you trust deceive you, when he says, «Jerusalem will not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.» 11Look, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the countries, in obliterating them. So will you be delivered? 12Have the gods of the nations delivered them – nations which my fathers brought to ruin: Gozan and Haran and Rezeph and the sons of Eden who were in Thelasar? 13Where is the king of Hamath or the king of Arpad or the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena or Ivah?’ ” 14And Hezekiah took the communiqués from the hand of the messengers and read them, and he went up to the house of the Lord, and Hezekiah spread them before the Lord. 15And Hezekiah prayed before the Lord and said, “O Lord God of Israel who dwells between the cherubim, you alone are the God of all the kingdoms of the earth. You made heaven and the earth. 16Incline, O Lord, your ear and hear; open O Lord, your eyes and see, and hear the words of Sennacherib who sent him to vilify the living God. 17Indeed, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid the nations and their land waste, 18and they have put their gods in a fire – although they are not gods, but the product of man's hands, wood and stone – and they have destroyed them. 19So now, O Lord our God, please save us from his grip, so that all the kingdoms of the earth will know that you are the Lord God, and only you.” 20Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent word to Hezekiah as follows, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I have heard what you have prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria.’ 21These are the words which the Lord spoke concerning him:

‘The virgin daughter of Zion despises you,

Derides you;

The daughter of Jerusalem

Shakes her head at you.

22Whom have you defied and vilified,

And against whom have you raised your voice?

Well, you have lifted your eyes haughtily

Against the holy one of Israel.

23Through your messengers you have defied the Lord*

And said, «By the chariots of my chariot fleet

I have ascended to the heights of mountains,

In the remote parts of Lebanon,

And I will cut down the tallest of its cedars,

And the choice of its cypresses,

And I will come to its remotest abode

In its Carmel forest.

24I have dug wells and drunk foreign water,

And by my expeditions

I have caused all the channels to places under siege

To dry up.»

25Have you not heard from long ago

That I made this?

– That in ancient days, I formed it?

I have brought it about now,

And it is so that you should reduce fortified cities

To desolate heaps of stones.

26And their inhabitants were powerless.

They were afraid and were put to shame;

They were wild vegetation and grassy verdure,

Wild grass on rooftops,

And blight on standing corn.

27Now I have known your way of life

And your coming and going,

And your rage against me.

28Because your rage against me and your wantonness

Have come up to my ears,

I will put my hook in your nose

And my bridle in your lips,

And I will turn you back to the road

By which you came.

29And this will be a sign to you:

This year you will eat the produce of spilt grain,

And in the second year, the produce of self-sown grain,

But in the third year,

Sow and reap and plant vineyards,

And eat their fruit.

30And the remnant of the house of Judah which remains

Will again strike root downward,

And yield fruit upward.

31For the remainder will go out from Jerusalem,

As will a remnant from Mount Zion.

The zeal of the Lord

Will perform this.’

32Therefore, this is what the Lord says concerning the king of Assyria,

‘He shall not come to this city,

And he shall not shoot an arrow there,

And he shall not advance on it with a shield,

And he shall not raise an earthwork against it.

33He will return by the road on which he comes,

And he shall not come to the city’,

Says the Lord,

34‘And I will defend this city,

So as to save it,

For my own sake

And for the sake of David my servant.’ ”

35And it came to pass on that night that the angel of the Lord went out and struck down one hundred and eighty-five thousand men in the Assyrians' camp, and when people arose in the morning, they saw that they were all dead corpses. 36So Sennacherib king of Assyria moved off and departed, and returned, and stayed in Nineveh. 37And it came to pass while he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer struck him down with the sword, and they escaped to the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings Chapter 20 

1In those days Hezekiah became mortally ill, and Isaiah the son of Amoz, the prophet, came to him and said to him, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Give your last orders to your household, for you are going to die, and you will not live.’ ” 2The he turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord and said, 3I implore you, O Lord, do remember how I have walked before you in truth, and with a sincere heart, and how I have done what is right in your sight.” And Hezekiah wept with great weeping. 4And it came to pass when Isaiah had not yet gone out of the city centre that the word of the Lord came to him as follows, 5“Go back and say to Hezekiah the leader of my people, ‘This is what the Lord God of David your father says, «I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. I am about to cure you. On the third day, go up to the house of the Lord. 6And I will add fifteen years to your days, and I will deliver you and this city from the grip of the king of Assyria, and I will defend this city, for my own sake and for the sake of David my servant.» ’ ” 7And Isaiah said, “Take a cake of pressed figs.” And they took one, and they put it on the inflammation, and he recovered. 8Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “What is the sign that the Lord will cure me, and that I will go up to the house of the Lord on the third day?” 9And Isaiah said, “This is your sign from the Lord, for the Lord will perform the pronouncement which he spoke. Shall the sundial shadow go forwards ten degrees or go back ten degrees?” 10And Hezekiah said, “It is easy for the shadow to advance ten degrees, but not that the shadow should go back ten degrees.” 11Then Isaiah the prophet called out to the Lord. And he made the shadow go back by the number of degrees which were how much it had fallen back with Ahaz – ten degrees backwards. 12At that time Berodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a gift to Hezekiah, because he had heard that Hezekiah had become ill. 13And Hezekiah attended to them and showed them all his spice house, the silver and the gold and the fragrances, and the good quality oil, and his armoury, and everything that was present in his treasuries. There was nothing that Hezekiah did not show them in his house and in all his realm. 14Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah and said to him, “What did these men say, and where have they come to you from?” And Hezekiah said, “They have come from a distant land, from Babylon.” 15And he said, “What did they see in your house?” And Hezekiah said, “They saw everything in my house. There is nothing which I didn't show them in my treasuries.” 16Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord. 17‘Behold, the days are coming when everything in your house, and which your fathers have treasured up, up to this day, will be carried away to Babylon. Nothing will remain’, says the Lord, 18‘and he will take away some of your sons who will descend from you, whom you will beget, and they will be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’ ” 19Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of the Lord which you have spoken is right.” And he said, “Isn't that the case, if there will be peace and truth in my days?” 20And as for the rest of the affairs of Hezekiah, and all his bravery, and the fact that he made the pool and the conduit, and brought water to the city, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 21And Hezekiah lay with his fathers, and Manasseh his son reigned in place of him.

2 Kings Chapter 21 

1Manasseh was twelve years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for fifty-five years. And his mother's name was Hephzi-bah. 2And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, like the abominations of the nations which the Lord dispossessed before the sons of Israel. 3And he rebuilt the idolatrous raised sites which Hezekiah his father had destroyed, and he set up altars to Baal, and he made a phallic park like what Ahab the king of Israel had made, and he worshipped every celestial body, and served them. 4And he built altars in the house of the Lord, where the Lord had said, “I will establish my name in Jerusalem.” 5And he built altars to every celestial body in the two courtyards of the house of the Lord. 6And he made his son pass through fire, and he divined by clouds and used enchantment, and engaged in necromancy and wizardry. He was profuse in doing evil in the sight of the Lord, so that he provoked him. 7And he set up the phallic carved image which he had made, in the house concerning which the Lord had said to David and to Solomon his son, “I will set up my name age-abidingly in this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel. 8And I will not chase Israel around again from the land which I gave their fathers, but only if they take care to do everything which I have commanded them, and to act in accordance with all the law which my servant Moses commanded them.” 9But they did not take heed, and Manasseh led them astray, to act worse than the nations which the Lord had destroyed before the sons of Israel. 10Then the Lord spoke through the intermediacy of his servants the prophets and said, 11“Since Manasseh king of Judah has committed these abominations and has done more evil than everything the Amorites did before him, and also caused Judah to sin through his idols, 12this is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I am about to bring evil on Jerusalem and Judah, such that the two ears of all who hear it will tingle. 13And I will stretch the measuring line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab over Jerusalem, and I will wipe Jerusalem out as one wipes a dish – one wipes it and turns it upside down. 14And I will abandon the remainder of my inheritance, and I will deliver them into the hand of their enemies, and they will be spoil and plunder to all their enemies, 15because they have done evil in my sight, and have been provoking me, from the day when their fathers came out of Egypt up to this day.’ ” 16And Manasseh also shed very much innocent blood, until he had filled Jerusalem from one end to the other, apart from his sin whereby he caused Judah to sin by doing evil in the sight of the Lord. 17And as for the rest of the affairs of Manasseh, and everything he did, and his sin which he committed, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 18And Manasseh lay with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his house, in the garden of Uzza, and Amon his son reigned in his place. 19Amon was twenty-two years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for two years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz from Jotbah. 20And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, like what his father Manasseh did. 21And he walked in the whole way in which his father walked, and he served the idols which his father had served, and worshipped them. 22And he abandoned the Lord God of his fathers, and did not walk in the way of the Lord. 23And Amon's servants conspired against him, and they killed the king in his home. 24Then the people of the land struck down all the conspirators against King Amon, and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his place. 25And the rest of the exploits of Amon which he undertook, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 26And they buried him in his grave in the garden of Uzza, and Josiah his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings Chapter 22 

1Josiah was eight years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for thirty-one years. And the name of his mother was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah from Boscath. 2And he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, and he walked in every way of David his father, and he did not deviate to the right or left. 3And it came to pass, in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah the son of Meshullam the scribe to the house of the Lord, and said, 4“Go up to Hilkiah the high priest and count the money which has been brought into the house of the Lord, which the doorkeepers have collected from the people. 5And let them pay it to those doing the work – those charged with the house of the Lord – and let them give it to those doing the work on the house of the Lord, to repair the breach in the house 6– to the craftsmen and the builders and the wall-builders – and to buy wood and hewn stone, to refurbish the house. 7But don't let the money which they are paid be a matter of them being held to account, because they are acting faithfully.” 8And Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it. 9Then Shaphan the scribe went to the king, and reported to the king and said, “Your servants have poured out the money which was present in the house, and have paid it to those doing the work who were charged with the house of the Lord.” 10And Shaphan the scribe explained to the king and said, “Hilkiah the priest gave me a book.” And he read it in the king's presence. 11And it came to pass when the king heard the words of the book of the law, that he tore his clothes. 12And the king gave orders to Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Micaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king's servant, and he said, 13“Go and consult the Lord on behalf of me and on behalf of the people and on behalf of all Judah concerning the words of this book which was found, for the fury of the Lord which has been kindled against us is great, because our fathers did not heed the words of this book, that we should do everything written concerning us.” 14So Hilkiah the priest and Ahikam and Achbor and Shaphan and Asahiah went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah the son of Harhas the vestry keeper, and she was resident in Jerusalem in the second quarter, and they spoke to her. 15And she said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘Say to the man who sent you to me, 16«This is what the Lord says, ‹I am about to bring evil on this place and on its inhabitants – all the words of the book which the king of Judah read – 17because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense to other gods, so as to provoke me with every work of their hands, and my fury has been kindled in this place, and it will not be extinguished.› » 18And to the king of Judah who sent you to consult the Lord, this is what you shall say, «This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‹As for the things which you have heard, 19on account of your contrition and the fact that you have humbled yourself before the Lord, in that you have heard what I have spoken in relation to this place and in relation to its inhabitants, that it will be a desolation and a curse, and that you have torn your clothes and wept before me, so I for my part have heard you›, the Lord says, 20‹which is why I am about to gather you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace, and your eyes will not see all the evil which I am bringing on this place.› » ’ ” And they reported it to the king.

2 Kings Chapter 23 

1Then the king sent word, and they assembled all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem before him. 2And the king went up to the house of the Lord, as did every man of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests and the prophets and all the people, both small and great, and he read, with them hearing, all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the Lord. 3And the king stood at the column, and he made a covenant before the Lord, to walk after the Lord and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and with all his soul, to uphold the words of this covenant, which were written in this book. And all the people committed themselves to the covenant. 4And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest and the second rank priests and the doorkeepers to bring out of the temple of the Lord all the equipment made for Baal and the phallic park and for every celestial body, and he burnt them outside Jerusalem in the cornfields of Kidron, and he took their ashes to Beth-el. 5And he put an end to the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed, and he burned incense on the idolatrous raised sites in the cities of Judah and the vicinity of Jerusalem, and he put and end to those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and to the moon and to the constellations of the zodiac and to every celestial body. 6And he brought the phallic image out of the house of the Lord, to outside Jerusalem, to the Kidron Brook, and he burnt it at the Kidron Brook, and ground it to dust, and threw its dust on the graves of the common people. 7And he demolished the houses of the male prostitutes which were in the precinct of the house of the Lord, where the women would weave canopies for the phallic image. 8And he brought all the priests from the cities of Judah, and he defiled the idolatrous raised sites where the priests burned incense, from Geba to Beer-sheba. And he demolished the idolatrous raised sites at the gates which were at the entrance gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which was on a man's left at the city gate. 9But the priests of the idolatrous raised sites did not go up to the Lord's altar in Jerusalem, for instead they ate unleavened bread among their brothers. 10And he defiled Topheth, which is in the Valley of the Sons of Hinnom, so that no-one could make his son or his daughter pass through fire for Molech. 11And he removed the horses which the kings of Judah had furnished for the sun, from the entrance to the house of the Lord to the office of Nathan-melech the eunuch, which is in the suburbs, and he burnt the chariots of the sun with fire. 12And the king demolished the altars which were on the roof, by the upper room of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courtyards of the house of the Lord. Then he ran from there and threw their ashes on the Kidron Brook. 13And the king defiled the idolatrous raised sites which were facing Jerusalem, which are to the right of the Mount of Ruination, which Solomon king of Israel built to Astarte, the abomination of the Sidonians, and to Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, and to Milcom the abomination of the sons of Ammon. 14And he smashed the idolatrous statues, and he cut down the phallic parks, and he filled their place with men's bones. 15And he also demolished the altar which was in Beth-el, the idolatrous raised site which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin had made – both that altar and the raised site. And he burned the idolatrous raised site and ground it to dust, and he burned the phallic park. 16Then Josiah turned and saw the graves which were there in the mountain, and he sent a workforce and took the bones from the graves and burned them on the altar, and defiled it, according to the word of the Lord which the man of God read – the man who read these things. 17And at one point he said, “What is this monument I see?” And the men of the city said to him, “The grave of the man of God who came from Judah and read these things which you have done concerning the altar of Beth-el.” 18And he said, “Leave him alone; let no man touch his bones.” So they spared his bones – the bones of the prophet who came from Samaria. 19And Josiah also removed all the houses of the idolatrous raised sites which were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made, so as to cause provocation, and he dealt with them in the same way as all the operations which he carried out in Beth-el. 20And on the altars he sacrificed all the priests of the idolatrous raised sites which were there, and burned the human bones on them. Then he returned to Jerusalem. 21Then the king commanded all the people and said, “Celebrate the Passover to the Lord your God, as is written in the book of this covenant.” 22For Passover had not been celebrated like this since the days of the judges who judged Israel, not in all the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah. 23But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah this Passover was celebrated to the Lord in Jerusalem. 24And Josiah also eradicated the necromancers and the wizards and the amulets and the idols and all the abominations which had appeared in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, in order to establish the words of the law which were written in the book which Hilkiah the priest had found in the house of the Lord. 25And there had not been any king like him before him, who returned to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses, and after him there arose no-one like him. 26But the Lord did not relent from his great and furious anger because his anger had been kindled against Judah on account of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked him. 27And the Lord said, “I will also remove Judah from my presence, as I removed Israel, and I will reject this city which I chose – Jerusalem – and the house of which I said, ‘My name will be there.’ ” 28And the rest of the affairs of Josiah, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 29In his days, Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt came up against the king of Assyria at the River Euphrates, and King Josiah went to confront him, but the king of Egypt killed Josiah in Megiddo when he saw him. 30And his servants conveyed him by chariot, dead, from Megiddo, and they brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in place of his father. 31Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for three months. And the name of his mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. 32And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, like everything that his fathers did. 33And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bonds in Riblah, in the land of Hamath when he was reigning in Jerusalem. And he imposed a tax on the land of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 34Then Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king, in the place of Josiah his father, and he changed his name to Jehoiakim, and he took Jehoahaz and he went to Egypt, and he died there. 35And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but he assessed the land so as to give the money according to Pharaoh's command. He exacted silver and gold from each man according to his assessment, from the people of the land, to give it to Pharaoh-nechoh. 36Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah from Rumah. 37And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, like everything that his fathers did.

2 Kings Chapter 24 

1In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon campaigned, and Jehoiakim became his servant for three years, then he turned away and rebelled against him. 2Then the Lord sent Chaldean troops against him, and troops of the Aramaeans, and troops of Moab, and troops of the sons of Ammon, and he sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord which he spoke through the intermediacy of his servants the prophets. 3Indeed this came on Judah according to the command of the Lord, to remove it from his presence, on account of Manasseh's sins, according to everything he did. 4And in particular the innocent blood which he shed – how he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood – which the Lord was not willing to forgive. 5And as for the rest of the affairs of Jehoiakim, and everything he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 6And Jehoiakim lay with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place. 7And the king of Egypt did not come out of his land any more, because the king of Babylon had captured territory from the River of Egypt up to the River Euphrates – everything that used to belong to the king of Egypt. 8Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he started to reign, and he reigned for three months in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan from Jerusalem. 9And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, like everything his father did. 10At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon campaigned against Jerusalem, and the city came under siege. 11And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants besieged it. 12Then Jehoiachin king of Judah went out in subjection to the king of Babylon, he and his mother and his servants and his officials and his eunuchs, and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. 13And he brought out of there all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house, and he cut up all the golden equipment which Solomon the king of Israel had made to go in the temple of the Lord, according to the word of the Lord. 14And he deported the whole of Jerusalem, and all the officials and all the valiant warriors – ten thousand deportees – and every craftsman and blacksmith. No-one remained except the poor of the people of the land. 15And he deported Jehoiachin to Babylon, and he led the king's mother and the king's wives and his eunuchs and the princes of the land into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon. 16And he deported all the soldiers – seven thousand of them – and craftsmen and blacksmiths – a thousand of them. All were warriors and professionals in war, and the king of Babylon took them in exile to Babylon. 17And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his uncle king instead of him, and he changed his name to Zedekiah. 18Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he started to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem for eleven years. And the name of his mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. 19And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, like everything that Jehioakim did. 20For it was on account of the wrath of the Lord that this happened in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had banished them from his presence. Then Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Kings Chapter 25 

1And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon – he himself and all his army – came against Jerusalem, and he encamped against it, and they built a wall of circumvallation around it. 2And the city came under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. 3On the ninth day of the month, the famine in the city became severe, and there was no bread for the people of the land. 4And the city was breached, and all the warriors fled at night through the gate between the two walls which were alongside the king's garden, while the Chaldeans were alongside the city around it. And the king went by the road through the arid plain. 5Then the Chaldean army pursued the king, and they caught up with him in the arid tracts of Jericho, and all his army dispersed themselves away from him. 6And they caught the king, and they brought him up to the king of Babylon in Riblah, and they passed sentence on him. 7And they slaughtered Zedekiah's sons in his sight, and blinded Zedekiah's eyes, and they bound him in fetters, and they brought him to Babylon. 8And in the fifth month on the seventh day of the month, that is the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan the chief guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem, 9and he burnt the house of the Lord and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and he burnt every high-ranking person's house with fire. 10And the whole army of the Chaldeans, who were under the head of the guard, demolished the walls of Jerusalem surrounding it. 11And Nebuzaradan the head of the guard deported the rest of the people who remained in the city, and the defectors who had defected to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the population. 12But the head of the guard left some of the poor of the land to be vine-growers and ploughmen. 13And the Chaldeans broke up the copper columns of the house of the Lord, and the plinths, and the copper artificial sea which was in the house of the Lord, and they carried the copper taken from them to Babylon. 14And they took the pots and the shovels and the snuffers and the ladles and all the copper equipment with which they served. 15And the head of the guard took the firepans and the sprinkling basins which were of solid gold and which were of solid silver. 16As for the two columns, the one artificial sea, and the plinths which Solomon had made for the house of the Lord, the copper of all this equipment was of inestimable weight. 17The height of the first column was eighteen cubits, and the capital on it was of copper, and the height of the capital was three cubits, and the trellis and pomegranates on the capital around it were all of copper, and the second column had the same features in regard to the trellis work. 18And the head of the guard took Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second most senior priest, and the three gatekeepers, 19and from the city he took one eunuch who was in charge of the warriors, and five men from those who attended to the king, who were present in the city, and the scribe who was commander of the army, who mobilized the people of the land, and sixty men from the people of the land who were present in the city. 20And Nebuzaradan the head of the guard took them and led them to the king of Babylon in Riblah. 21Then the king of Babylon struck them down and killed them in Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was deported from its land. 22And as for the people who remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon left, he appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan over them. 23Then when all the officers of the forces – they and the men – heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah, they went to Gedaliah in Mizpah, as did Ishmael the son of Nethaniah and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maachathite – they and their men. 24And Gedaliah swore to them and to their men, and he said to them, “Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Stay in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and things will go well for you.” 25But it came to pass in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal seed came, with ten men accompanying him, struck Gedaliah down and he died, and likewise the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him in Mizpah. 26Then all the people, both small and great, including officers of the forces, arose and went to Egypt, because they were afraid of the Chaldeans. 27And it came to pass in the thirty-seventh year of the deportation of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the year when he started to reign, gave Jehoiachin his liberty from being in prison. 28And he spoke some welcome words to him, and appointed his throne above the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon. 29And he changed his prison clothes, and he ate food regularly in his presence all the days of his life. 30And as for his meals, a regular meal was given to him by the king as a day-to-day matter all the days of his life.