The FarAboveAll translation of the Westminster Leningrad Codex edition of the Old Testament / Tanakh

This is the FarAboveAll English translation of the Westminster Leningrad Codex (version 4.18), obtained from the Groves Center. This document contains the English translation text only, without notes. Please refer to the introduction, the Hebrew and Aramaic source text and the English translation and notes at www.FarAboveAll.com.

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Version 0.27, 3 November, 2017


Genesis  

Genesis Chapter 1 

1In the beginning God created heaven and earth. 2But the earth became desolate and deserted, and there was darkness over the surface of the deep. Now the spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the water, 3and God said, “Let there be light.” And there was light, 4and God saw that the light was good. Then God made a division between the light and the darkness, 5and God called the light day, whereas the darkness he called night. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – day one. 6Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the water, and let it divide one mass of water from another mass of water”, 7and God made the expanse and divided the water which was below the expanse from the water which was above the expanse. And so it came about, 8and God called the expanse sky. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the second day. 9Then God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And so it came about, 10and God called the dry land earth, whereas the accumulation of water he called seas. And God saw that it was good. 11Then God said, “Let the earth produce grass, herbaceous vegetation bearing seed, and the fruit-bearing tree which produces fruit according to its species, which has its own intrinsic seed, on the earth.” And so it came about, 12and the earth produced grass, herbaceous vegetation bearing seed according to its species, and the tree producing fruit, which has its own intrinsic seed according to its species. And God saw that it was good. 13Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the third day. 14Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky, to divide the day from the night, and let them be as signs and for appointed times and for days and years, 15and they will serve as lights in the expanse of the sky, to shine on the earth.” And so it came about, 16and God made the two great lights, the greater light as a ruler of the day and the smaller light as a ruler of the night, and also the stars. 17And God put them in the expanse of the sky to shine on the earth, 18and to rule by day and by night, and to divide light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the fourth day. 20Then God said, “Let the waters teem with aquatic animals, with living beings, and let birds fly above the earth, over the expanse of the sky”, 21and God created the great sea-monsters, and every living being that creeps, which the water teems with, according to their species, and all the winged fowl according to their species. And God saw that it was good. 22And God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.” 23Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the fifth day. 24Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living beings according to their species, cattle and reptiles and beasts of the earth, according to their species.” And so it came about, 25and God made the beasts of the earth according to their species, and the cattle after their species, and all the reptiles of the ground according to their species. And God saw that it was good. 26Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness, and they will subdue the fish of the sea and the birds of the sky, and the cattle, and the whole earth, and every reptile that crawls on the earth.” 27So God made man in his image. He created him in the image of God. Male and female he created them. 28And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth, and subjugate it, and subdue the fish of the sea and the birds of the sky, and every animal that creeps over the earth.” 29Then God said to them, “Look, I have given you all vegetation bearing seed which is on the surface of the whole earth, and every tree which has fruit of the tree in it bearing seed. It will be for food for you, 30and for every beast of the earth, and for all birds of the sky, and for every reptile on the earth which has the breath of life in it; all green vegetation is for food.” And so it came about. 31And God saw everything that he had made, and the result was that it was very good. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the sixth day.

Genesis Chapter 2 

1So heaven and the earth were completed with all their array. 2And on the seventh day God had finished his workmanship which he executed. Now he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done, 3and God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, for on it he rested from all his workmanship which God had created in making it. 4These are the genealogies of heaven and the earth when they were created, on the day when the Lord God made the earth and heaven, 5and every wild shrub before it was on the earth, and all wild vegetation before it had sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain onto the earth, and there was no man to till the ground. 6But a vapour would come up from the earth and it watered the whole surface of the ground. 7So the Lord God formed man from the dust from the ground and blew the breath of life into his nostrils and the man became a living soul. 8Then the Lord God planted a garden in Eden in the east, and put the man there whom he had created. 9And the Lord God caused to grow up from the ground every tree that is attractive to look at and good for food, and the tree of life in the middle of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. 10Now a river goes out from Eden to water the garden, and from there it divides itself and has become four spring sources. 11The name of the first is Pison; it is the one which goes round the whole land of Havilah where there is gold. 12And the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and onyx there too. 13And the name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes round all the land of Cush. 14And the name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes east to Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. 15And the Lord God took the man and set him down in the garden of Eden to tend it and to keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man and said, “You can freely eat from every tree of the garden, 17but you shall not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, for on the day that you eat from it, you will surely die.” 18And the Lord God said, “It is not right for man to be on his own. I will make him a helper as his counterpart.” 19Now the Lord God had formed from the ground every wild animal and all birds of the sky, and he brought them to the man to see what he would call them, and whatever the man called each living being, that was its name. 20And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the sky and to every wild animal, but no helper was found for man as his counterpart. 21Then the Lord God caused a slumber to fall on the man, and he fell asleep, and he took one of his ribs, and closed the flesh after it. 22Then the Lord God built the rib which he had taken from the man into a woman, and brought her to the man. 23And the man said,

“This time it is bone from my bones

And flesh from my flesh.

This one will be called woman,

For from man she was taken.”

24On account of this a man will leave his father and his mother, and he will cleave to his wife, and they will become one flesh. 25Now the two of them were naked – the man and his wife – but they were not ashamed.

Genesis Chapter 3 

1Now the serpent was more cunning than all the other wild animals which the Lord God had made, and he said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” 2Then the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat from the fruit of the trees of the garden, 3but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it, and you shall not touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4Then the serpent said to the woman, “You certainly will not die. 5For God knows that on the day when you eat from it, your eyes will be opened, and you will become like God, knowing good and evil.” 6Then the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was an object of pleasure to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable for imparting wisdom, and she took some of its fruit and ate it, and gave some to her husband also, who was with her, and he ate it. 7And the eyes of both of them were opened, and they became aware that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8Then they heard the voice of the Lord God as he was walking about in the garden in the breeze of the day. And the man hid himself, as did his wife, from the presence of the Lord God in the midst of the trees of the garden. 9Then the Lord God called out to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” 10And he said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I am naked, and I hid myself.” 11Then he said, “Who has told you that you are naked? Have you eaten from the tree which I commanded you not to eat from?” 12Then the man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me – she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.” 13Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate it.” 14At this the Lord God said to the serpent,

“Because you have done this,

You are more cursed than all the cattle

And than all the wild animals.

You will go on your belly

And eat dust all the days of your life.

15And I will put enmity between you and the woman,

And between your seed and her seed.

It will crush your head,

But you will crush it in the heel.”

16To the woman he said,

“I will greatly increase your labour pains

And your childbirth.

In pain you will give birth to sons,

And your desire will be to your husband,

And he will rule over you.”

17And to the man he said,

“Because you have heeded the voice of your wife,

And eaten from the tree

About which I commanded you by saying,

‘You shall not eat from it’,

The ground is cursed because of you.

In sorrow you will eat from it

All the days of your life.

18And it will cause thorns and brambles to spring up to you,

And you will eat the vegetation of the field.

19By the sweat of your face you will eat bread,

Until you return to the ground,

For from it you were taken

– For you are dust –

And to dust you will return.”

20And the man called his wife Eve, for she became the mother of everyone living. 21Then the Lord God made coats of skin for the man and for his wife, and he clothed them. 22Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, in knowing good and evil, and now, lest he should stretch out his hand and also take anything from the tree of life, and eat it, and live age-abidingly ....” 23And the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden to till the ground from which he had been taken. 24So he drove the man out and stationed the cherubim and a flaming sword which rotated at the east of the Garden of Eden to guard the way to the tree of life.

Genesis Chapter 4 

1And Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived, and she bore Cain, and she said, “I have got a man – the Lord.” 2Then she gave birth again, to his brother, Abel. Now Abel became a shepherd of small cattle, whereas Cain became a tiller of the ground. 3And it came to pass, after a number of days, that Cain brought some fruit of the ground as an offering to the Lord. 4And Abel also brought an offering, from the firstlings of his small cattle, and from their fat. And the Lord looked upon Abel and his offering with favour. 5But he did not look upon Cain and his offering with favour, and it infuriated Cain greatly, and he became crestfallen. 6And the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you infuriated and why are you crestfallen? 7If you do well, is there not exaltation? And if you do not do well, a sin-offering is lying at the door, and its desire is towards you, and you may rule over it.” 8Then Cain spoke to Abel his brother, and it came to pass while they were in the field that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him. 9At this the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” And he said, “I don't know. Am I my brother's keeper?” 10Whereupon he said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground. 11So now you are more cursed than the ground which opened its mouth to receive the blood of your brother at your hand. 12When you till the ground, it will not give you its vigour any more; a nomad and a fugitive you will be on the earth.” 13Then Cain said to the Lord “My iniquity is too great to bear. 14Look, you have driven me out today from the face of the ground, and I will be hiding from your presence. And I have become a nomad and a fugitive on the earth, and it will come to pass that anyone who finds me will kill me.” 15Then the Lord said to him, “That is why anyone who kills Cain will have vengeance taken on him seven times over.” And the Lord put a sign on Cain so that no-one who found him should strike him. 16So Cain departed from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod to the east of Eden. 17And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived, and bore Enoch, and he became a builder of a city, and he called the city after the name of his son, Enoch. 18Then Irad was born to Enoch, and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methusael, and Methusael begot Lamech. 19Now Lamech took for himself two wives; the name of one was Adah and the name of the other was Zillah. 20And Adah bore Jabal. He became the father of those who live in tents and have cattle. 21And the name of his brother was Jubal. He became the father of all those who play the harp and flute. 22And Zillah also gave birth, to Tubal-cain, a sharpener of all copper and iron cutters. And the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah. 23And Lamech said to his wives,

“Adah and Zillah,

Hear my voice.

You wives of Lamech,

Listen to my saying,

For I have killed a man to my wounding,

And a youth to my scarring.

24Inasmuch as Cain will be avenged seven times over,

So Lamech will be seventy-seven times.”

25Then Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son, and she called him Seth, “For,” she said, “God has appointed me another seed instead of Abel, because Cain killed him.” 26And to Seth also a son was born, and he called him Enos. At that time people began to call on the name of the Lord.

Genesis Chapter 5 

1This is the book of the genealogy of Adam, on the day God created Adam. In the likeness of God he made him. 2Male and female he created them, and he blessed them, and he called them Adam on the day of their being created. 3And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his likeness, as an image of himself, and he called him Seth. 4Then the days of Adam after begetting Seth were eight hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. 5So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died. 6And Seth lived one hundred and five years and begot Enos. 7Then Seth lived eight hundred and seven years after begetting Enos, and he begot sons and daughters. 8So all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died. 9And Enos lived ninety years and begot Cainan. 10Then Enos lived eight hundred and fifteen years after begetting Cainan, and he begot sons and daughters. 11So all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years, and he died. 12And Cainan lived seventy years and begot Mahalaleel. 13Then Cainan lived eight hundred and forty years after begetting Mahalaleel, and he begot sons and daughters. 14So all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died. 15And Mahalaleel lived sixty-five years and begot Jared. 16Then Mahalaleel lived eight hundred and thirty years after begetting Jared and he begot sons and daughters. 17So all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died. 18And Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years and begot Enoch. 19Then Jared lived eight hundred years after begetting Enoch, and he begot sons and daughters. 20So all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years, and he died. 21And Enoch lived sixty-five years and begot Methuselah. 22Now Enoch walked with God for three hundred years after begetting Methuselah, and he begot sons and daughters. 23So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 24And Enoch walked with God, and disappeared, for God had taken him. 25And Methuselah lived one hundred and eighty-seven years and begot Lamech. 26Then Methuselah lived seven hundred and eighty-two years after begetting Lamech, and he begot sons and daughters. 27So all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he died. 28And Lamech lived one hundred and eighty-two years, and he begot a son. 29And he called him Noah, and said, “This son will give us relief from our labour and from the toil of our hands – from the ground which the Lord cursed.” 30Then Lamech lived five hundred and ninety-five years after begetting Noah, and he begot sons and daughters. 31So all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy-seven years, and he died. 32And Noah was five hundred years old when he begot Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Genesis Chapter 6 

1And it came to pass when man began to increase on the surface of the ground that daughters were born to them, 2and the sons of God saw man's daughters – how good-looking they were – and they took wives to themselves from everyone they chose. 3And the Lord said, “My spirit will not strive with man age-abidingly in his waywardness. He is flesh, and his days will be one hundred and twenty years.” 4There were Nephilim on the earth in those days, and after that too, when the sons of God went into the daughters of man who bore them offspring. They are the heroes who since antiquity have been men of renown. 5And the Lord saw that man's evil on the earth was great, and every conception of the thoughts of his heart was nothing but evil all day long. 6And the Lord grieved over having made man on the earth and he was distressed in his heart. 7And the Lord said, “I will wipe man that I created off the face of the earth – both man and beast and reptile and birds of the sky, for I am grieved over having made them.” 8But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. 9This is the lineage of Noah. Noah was a righteous man; he was pure in his genealogy. Noah walked with God. 10And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. 11Now the earth became corrupt before God, and the earth became full of violence. 12And God looked at the earth and saw that it had become corrupt, for all flesh had gone a corrupt way on the earth. 13Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is full of violence because of them. So I am about to bring ruin on them with the earth. 14Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. You shall make the ark in cells and you shall cover it inside and outside with pitch. 15And this is how you will make it: the length of the ark will be three hundred cubits. Its width will be fifty cubits, and its height will be thirty cubits. 16You will make a skylight for the ark and finish it one cubit projecting above, and you will make a door to the ark on the side of it. You will make it with a lower, a second and a third deck. 17And as for me, I am about to bring a flood of water on the earth, to bring to ruin all flesh on it that has the breath of life in it under heaven. Everything that is on the earth will expire. 18And I will set up my covenant with you, and you will go into the ark – you, and your sons, and your wife, and your sons' wives with you. 19And you will bring two of every species of every living thing of all flesh into the ark to preserve them alive with you – male and female they shall be – 20of birds according to their species, and of cattle according to their species, and of all reptiles of the ground according to their species. Two of everything will come to you to preserve them alive. 21And you are to take with you all kinds of food that are eaten, and gather it up, and it will be food for you and for them.” 22And Noah did it. Everything that God commanded him, he duly carried out.

Genesis Chapter 7 

1And the Lord said to Noah, “Go, you and all your household, into the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation. 2From every clean beast, take along seven and seven, the male and its mate. And from the beasts which are not clean, a pair, the male and its mate. 3Also from the birds of the sky, take seven and seven, male and female, to preserve seed alive on the face of all the earth. 4For in seven days' time I will be sending rain over the earth, for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe out every living thing which I made from the face of the earth.” 5And Noah did everything that the Lord commanded him. 6Now Noah was six hundred years old when the flood took place with water over the earth. 7And Noah and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives went with him into the ark because of the water of the flood. 8Those from the clean beasts, and from the beasts which are not clean, and from the birds, and everything that creeps on the ground 9came two by two to Noah into the ark, male and female, as God had instructed Noah. 10And it came to pass after seven days that the floodwater came over the earth. 11In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month – on this day – all the founts of the great deep were split open, and the floodgates of heaven were opened. 12And the rain came over the earth for forty days and forty nights. 13On this very day Noah went into the ark, as did Shem and Ham and Japheth, Noah's sons, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them. 14They and all the wild animals according to their species, and all the cattle according to their species and all the reptiles which creep on the earth according to their species, and all the birds according to their species – all fowl of every wing. 15So they came to Noah, to the ark, two by two, from all the kinds of flesh in which there is the breath of life. 16And those that came were male and female; from every kind of flesh they came, as God had instructed him. Then the Lord closed up after him. 17And the flood took place for forty days on the earth, and the water increased and bore up the ark, and it was lifted up above the earth. 18And the water gained strength, and increased greatly over the earth, while the ark went on the surface of the water. 19And the water gained greater and greater strength over the earth, and all the high mountains which are below all the heavens were covered. 20The water grew to fifteen cubits upwards, and it covered the mountains. 21And all flesh which creeps over the earth expired, with birds and with beasts and with animals, and with all aquatic life which teems on the earth, and all mankind. 22Everything that had the breath of the spirit of life in its nostrils, everything which was on dry land, died. 23And he wiped out every living thing which was on the surface of the earth, both man and beasts and reptiles and the birds of the sky. And they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those with him in the ark remained. 24And the water held sway over the earth for one hundred and fifty days.

Genesis Chapter 8 

1And God remembered Noah and all the livestock and all the beasts that were with him in the ark, and God caused a spirit to pass over the earth, and the waters abated. 2And the founts of the deep were closed off, as were the floodgates of heaven, and the rain was held back from the heavens. 3And the water receded from the earth, and kept receding, and the water diminished after one hundred and fifty days. 4Then the ark came to rest on the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat. 5And the water kept on diminishing until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first day of the month the summits of the mountains were seen. 6Then it came to pass after forty days that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made, 7and he sent out a raven, and it kept going out and coming back again until the water dried up on the earth. 8And he sent out a dove to see if the water had ebbed away on the surface of the ground. 9But the dove did not find a resting place for the sole of its foot, and it came back to him – to the ark – for there was water over the surface of the whole earth. And he stretched out his hand and took it and brought it in, into the ark. 10And he waited for another seven days, and again he sent out the dove from the ark. 11And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, there was a fresh olive leaf in its mouth. So Noah knew that the water had ebbed away from the surface of the earth. 12And he waited for another seven days, and sent out the dove, and it did not come back to him again. 13And it came to pass in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, that the water dried up from the earth, and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked around, and what he saw was that the surface of the ground had become dry. 14And in the second month on the twenty-seventh day of the month the earth became dry. 15And God spoke to Noah and said, 16“Go out of the ark, you and your wife, and your sons, and your sons' wives with you. 17Bring out with you all the livestock which is with you, the specimens from all the kinds of flesh, on the birds and on the beasts and on all the reptiles which creep on the earth, so that they may teem on the earth, and be fruitful and increase on the earth.” 18So Noah came out, as did his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him. 19All the livestock, all the reptiles and all the birds, everything that creeps on the earth, according to their families, came out of the ark. 20Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and he took sacrificial victims from all the clean beasts and from all the clean birds, and made burnt offerings on the altar. 21And the Lord smelled the sweet fragrance, and the Lord said in his heart,

“I will not curse the ground again because of man,

For the imagination of the heart of man is evil from his youth on,

And I will not strike everything living again,

As I have done,

22As long as all the days of the earth

– Seed time and harvest time,

And cold and hot,

And summer and winter,

And day and night –

Do not cease.”

Genesis Chapter 9 

1And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase and fill the earth. 2And fear of you and dread of you will be innate to all the animals of the earth, and to all the birds of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the ground, and to all the fish of the sea. They have been delivered into your hand. 3Every reptile that lives will be food for you, like the green vegetables. I have given you everything. 4But you shall not eat flesh with its source of life – its blood. 5And I will surely require your blood, in return for lives you take. At the hand of every animal I will require it, and at the hand of man, at the hand of each man's brother, I will require the life of man.

6As for him who sheds the blood of man,

By man his blood will be shed,

For in the image of God he made man.

7As for you,

Be fruitful and increase and teem on the earth

And increase on it.”

8Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him and said, 9“As for me, I am about to set up my covenant with you and with your seed after you, 10and with every living thing which is with you, with birds, with cattle, with all earthly life, with you, both everything that came out of the ark and all earthly life. 11And I will set up my covenant with you, that no more will all flesh be cut off by the water of a flood, and there will not be a flood any more bringing the earth to ruin.” 12And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant which I give between myself and you and with all living beings which are with you, for age-abiding generations. 13I put my bow in the clouds and it will be a sign of a covenant between myself and the earth. 14And it will come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow will appear in the cloud. 15And I will remember my covenant which is between myself and you, and with all living beings – with all flesh – and there will not be any floodwater any more to bring all flesh to ruin. 16And the bow will be in the cloud, and I will see it, so as to remember the age-abiding covenant between God and all living beings with all flesh that is on the earth.” 17And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have set up between myself and all flesh which is on the earth.” 18Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth. And Ham is the father of Canaan. 19These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated. 20Then Noah took up being a cultivator of the ground, and he planted a vineyard. 21And he drank from the wine and became drunk, and he uncovered himself inside his tent. 22Now Ham the father of Canaan saw the nakedness of his father, and he told his two brothers outside. 23So Shem and Japheth took a mantle and put it on both of their shoulders and walked backwards and covered the nakedness of their father, while their faces were directed backwards, and they did not see the nakedness of their father. 24Then Noah awoke from his wine stupor and knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25And he said,

“Cursed be Canaan.

He shall be a servant of servants

To his brothers.”

26And he said,

“Blessed be the Lord God of Shem,

And may Canaan be his servant.

27May God enlarge Japheth

And may he dwell in the tents of Shem,

And may Canaan be his servant.”

28And Noah lived for three hundred and fifty years after the flood. 29So all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years, and he died.

Genesis Chapter 10 

1Now this is the lineage of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth, and sons and daughters were born to them after the flood. 2The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras. 3And the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah. 4And the sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim. 5From these the coastlands of the Gentiles were separated into their lands, each one according to his language, by their families in their nations. 6And the sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Phut and Canaan. 7And the sons of Cush were Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and Raamah and Sabtechah. And the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. 8And Cush begot Nimrod. He started to become mighty in the land. 9He became a mighty hunter before the Lord. On account of that there is a saying, “Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon and Erech and Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar. 11From that land Asshur emerged, and he built Nineveh and Rehoboth city and Calah, 12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah. This is the great city. 13And Mizraim begot Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim, 14and Pathrusim and Casluhim from whom the Philistines and the Caphtorites emerged. 15And Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16and the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite, 17and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite, 18and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite. Then afterwards the families of the Canaanites spread out. 19And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon as one goes to Gerar as far as Gaza, as one goes to Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboim, as far as Lasha. 20These were the sons of Ham by their families, by their languages, in their territories, in their nations. 21And to Shem also offspring were born. He is the father of all the sons of Eber the brother of Japheth the elder. 22The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arphaxad and Lud and Aram. 23And the sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. 24And Arphaxad begot Salah, and Salah begot Eber. 25And by Eber two sons were begotten. The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth became divided, and the name of his brother was Joktan. 26And Joktan begot Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah 27and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah, 28and Obal and Abimael and Sheba, 29and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab. All of these were the sons of Joktan, 30and their dwelling place was from Mesha as one goes to Sephar, the mountain of the east. 31These were the sons of Shem by their families, by their languages, in their territories, by their nations. 32These were the families of the sons of Noah by their family histories in their nations, and from these the nations separated off on the earth after the flood.

Genesis Chapter 11 

1Now the whole earth was of one language and one vocabulary. 2And it came to pass as they migrated eastwards that they found a valley in the land of Shinar and dwelt there. 3And they said to each other, “Come on, let's make bricks and fire them thoroughly.” And they had bricks for stone, and they had bitumen for mortar. 4And they said, “Come on, let's build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the sky, and make ourselves a reputation, so that we are not scattered over the surface of all of the earth.” 5Then the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of Adam had built. 6And the Lord said, “Behold, there is one people and one language for all of them, and this is what they have undertaken to do. Now nothing that they devise will be infeasible for them to do. 7Come now, let us go down and confound their language there, so that one will not understand the language of another.” 8So the Lord scattered them from there over the surface of the whole earth, and they stopped building the city. 9For that reason they called it Babel, because the Lord confounded the language of the whole earth there, and from there the Lord scattered them over the surface of the whole earth. 10This is the lineage of Shem. Shem was one hundred years old when he begot Arphaxad, two years after the flood. 11Then after he begot Arphaxad, Shem lived for five hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. 12And Arphaxad lived for thirty-five years and begot Salah. 13Then after he begot Salah, Arphaxad lived for four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. 14And Salah lived for thirty years and begot Eber. 15Then after he begot Eber, Salah lived for four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. 16And Eber lived for thirty-four years and begot Peleg. 17Then after he begot Peleg, Eber lived for four hundred and thirty years, and he begot sons and daughters. 18And Peleg lived for thirty years and begot Reu. 19Then after he begot Reu, Peleg lived for two hundred and nine years, and he begot sons and daughters. 20And Reu lived for thirty-two years and begot Serug. 21Then after he begot Serug, Reu lived for two hundred and seven years, and he begot sons and daughters. 22And Serug lived for thirty years and begot Nahor. 23Then after he begot Nahor, Serug lived for two hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. 24And Nahor lived for twenty-nine years and begot Terah. 25Then after he begot Terah, Nahor lived for one hundred and nineteen years, and he begot sons and daughters. 26And Terah lived for seventy years and begot Abram, Nahor and Haran. 27This is the lineage of Terah. Terah begot Abram, Nahor and Haran, and Haran begot Lot. 28But Haran died before Terah his father in his native land, in Ur of the Chaldees. 29And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram's wife was Sarai and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of Iscah. 30Now Sarai was barren – she did not have any offspring. 31And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot Haran's son, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, the wife of Abram his son, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldees to go to the land of Canaan, and they went as far as Haran and dwelt there. 32And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years. Then Terah died in Haran.

Genesis Chapter 12 

1Then the Lord said to Abram,

“Get going out of your land

And your native country

And from your father's house

To the land which I will show you.

2And I will make you a great nation,

And I will bless you

And make your name great,

And you must become a blessing.

3And I will bless those who bless you,

But I will curse him who reviles you.

But all the families of the earth

Will be blessed through you.”

4Then Abram set off as the Lord had told him, and Lot went with him. Now Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. 5And Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their property which they had accumulated, and the livestock which they had acquired in Haran, and they set off to go to the land of Canaan, and into the land of Canaan they came. 6And Abram crossed through the land to the place of Shechem, to the oaks of Moreh, but the Canaanite was then in the land. 7Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “I will give this land to your seed.” At this he built an altar there to the Lord who had appeared to him. 8Then he moved from there to a mountain to the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent with Beth-el to the west and Ai to the east, and he built an altar there to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord. 9Then Abram moved on, and kept on moving southwards. 10Then there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down to Egypt to stay there, for the famine in the land was severe. 11And it came to pass, as he got near entering Egypt that he said to Sarai his wife, “Look, I ask you, I know that you are a beautiful woman in appearance, 12and it will be the case that when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife’, and they will kill me and keep you alive. 13Say, would you, that you are my sister so that it will go well with me on your account, and I myself will live because of you.” 14And it came to pass, when Abram went to Egypt, that when the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful, 15and Pharaoh's princes saw her, and commended her to Pharaoh. And the woman was taken to Pharaoh's house. 16And it went well with Abram on her account, and he had sheep and cattle and donkeys and menservants and maidservants and she-asses and camels. 17Then the Lord afflicted Pharaoh with great plagues, along with his household, because of the matter of Sarai, Abram's wife. 18So Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife? 19Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?’, so that I took her for her to be my wife? So now, here is your wife. Take her and go.” 20And Pharaoh gave his men instructions concerning him, and sent him off with his wife and everything that was his.

Genesis Chapter 13 

1So Abram went up from Egypt – he and his wife and everything that was his – as did Lot with him, to the south. 2Now Abram was well-endowed with cattle, with silver and with gold. 3And he went on his journeys from the south as far as to Beth-el, to the place where his tent was at the start, between Beth-el and Ai, 4to the place of the altar which he had made at the start, and Abram called on the name of the Lord there. 5And Lot also, who went with Abram, had sheep and oxen and tents, 6and the land did not support them living together, for their property was considerable, and they could not live together. 7And there arose a dispute between the shepherds of Abram's livestock and the shepherds of Lot's livestock, while the Canaanite and the Perizzite were already dwelling in the land. 8Then Abram said to Lot, “Please don't let there be a dispute between me and you, or between my shepherds and your shepherds, for we are kinsmen. 9Is not all the land before you? Separate yourself from me, would you. If you go to the left, then I will go to the right, and if you go to the right, then I will go to the left.” 10At this Lot lifted up his eyes and saw the whole tract of the Jordan – that all of it was a well-watered area – (before the Lord had brought Sodom and Gomorrah to ruin) like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt as one goes to Zoar. 11So Lot chose the whole tract of the Jordan for himself, and Lot moved eastwards, and they separated from each other. 12Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan whereas Lot dwelt among the cities of the tract of land and lived in tents as far as Sodom. 13Now the men of Sodom were evil and sinners against the Lord to a great degree. 14And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot had been separated from him, “Raise your eyes now and look, from the place where you are, northwards and southwards and eastwards and westwards. 15For all the land which you see I will give you, and to your seed, age-abidingly. 16And I will make your seed like the dust of the earth, such that if a man can count the dust of the earth, then your seed will be able to be counted too. 17Arise and walk about in the land, in its length and in its breadth, for I will give it to you.” 18And Abram lived in a tent, and he arrived at, and dwelt in, the oak woods of Mamre, which are in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

Genesis Chapter 14 

1Now it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of nations, 2that they made war on Bera king of Sodom, and Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemebar king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 3All these joined forces at the Valley of the Siddim, which is the Salt Sea. 4For twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5And in the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and attacked the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emites in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites in their Mount Seir, up to El-paran which is by the desert. 7Then they returned and came to En-mishpat, which is Kadesh, and attacked all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who were living in Hazezon-tamar. 8And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela which is Zoar came out and arrayed themselves in battle against them in the Valley of Siddim, 9against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar – four kings against five. 10Now the Valley of Siddim consisted of bitumen pit after bitumen pit, and the king of Sodom and of Gomorrah fled and fell there, and the rest fled to a mountain. 11And they took all the property of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their food, and went away. 12And they took Lot, the son of Abram's brother who dwelt in Sodom, and his property, and went their way. 13Now an escapee came and told Abram the Hebrew about it, while he was living in the oak woods of Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner, and they were party to a covenant with Abram. 14And when Abram heard that his brother had been taken captive, he led out his trained men, born in the household – three hundred and eighteen of them – and they pursued them as far as Dan. 15And he divided himself against them at night – he and his servants – and attacked them and pursued them to Hobah which is to the left of Damascus. 16And he recovered all the property, and he also recovered Lot his brother and his property, and also the women and the people. 17Then the king of Sodom came out to confront him, after he had returned from attacking Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, to the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King. 18And Melchizedek the king of Salem brought out bread and wine. Now he is a priest to the Most High God. 19And he blessed him and said,

“Blessed be Abram to the Most High God

Who possesses heaven and earth.

20And blessed be the Most High God

Who has disarmed your adversaries by your hand.”

And he gave him a tithe of everything. 21And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people but keep the property.” 22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “As I raise my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth, 23I most certainly will not take as much as a thread or a shoe-latchet, or anything that is yours, so that you cannot say, ‘I made Abram rich’, 24except for what the lads have eaten, and the contingent of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol and Mamre – they may take their portion.”

Genesis Chapter 15 

1After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision and said, “Do not fear, Abram. I am your shield and very much your reward.” 2Then Abram said, “My Lord, Lord, what will you give me, for I go childless, and the superintendent of my house is Eliezer of Damascus.” 3And Abram said, “Look, you have not given me any seed, and look, a member of my household staff will inherit from me.” 4Then what happened was that the word of the Lord came to him and said, “This man will not inherit from you, but it is rather he who will come out of your inward parts who will inherit from you.” 5And he brought him outside and said, “Just look up to the sky and count the stars, if you can count them.” And he said to him, “So shall your seed be.” 6And he believed the Lord, and he imputed it to him as righteousness. 7And he said to him, “I am the Lord who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give you this land, for you to inherit it.” 8At this he said, “My Lord, Lord, by what token will I know that I will inherit it?” 9And he said to him, “Take for me a three-year-old cow-calf and a three-year-old goat-kid, and a three-year-old ram, and a turtle-dove and a young pigeon.” 10So he took all these together and cut them in pieces down the middle, and put each piece opposite its counterpart, but he did not cut the birds up. 11Then the birds of prey descended on the carcases, but Abram drove them away. 12Now the sun was on the point of setting, and a slumber fell on Abram, and what happened was that dread – a great darkness – fell on him. 13And he said to Abram, “Know with certainty that your seed will be outsiders in a land which is not theirs, and they will serve them; and they will afflict them for four hundred years. 14But also that I will judge the people whom they serve, and after that they will go out with considerable property. 15And you will go to your fathers in peace – you will be buried in a good old age. 16And the fourth generation will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not full so far.” 17Then as the sun set, a thick darkness came on, and then there appeared a furnace of smoke and a fiery flame which passed between these pieces. 18On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your seed I have given this land, from the River of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates, 19and the Kenites and the Kenizzites and the Kadmonites 20and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Rephaim 21and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Girgashites and the Jebusites.”

Genesis Chapter 16 

1Now Sarai, Abram's wife, had not given birth of anyone to him, and she had an Egyptian maidservant whose name was Hagar. 2And Sarai said to Abram, “Look now, the Lord has prevented me from giving birth. So go into my maidservant. Perhaps I will be built up from her.” And Abram heeded Sarai. 3So Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maidservant, after the passing of ten years of Abram dwelling in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband to be his wife. 4And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And she saw that she had conceived, and her mistress was made light of in her eyes. 5Then Sarai said to Abram, “My injuriousness be upon you. I gave my maidservant into your bosom, and she saw that she had conceived, and I am made light of in her eyes. May the Lord judge between me and you.” 6To this Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your maidservant is in your hand. Do to her what is right in your sight.” Then Sarai oppressed her and she fled from her presence. 7But the angel of the Lord found her at a source of water in the desert, at the source on the road to Shur. 8And he said, “Hagar, Sarai's maidservant, where have you come from and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from Sarai my mistress.” 9Then the angel of the Lord said to her, “Go back to your mistress and submit yourself under her hands.” 10Then the angel of the Lord said to her, “I will very much increase your seed, and they will not be able to be counted for their abundance.” 11Then the angel of the Lord said to her,

“You see that you are pregnant,

And you will give birth to a son,

And you will call him Ishmael,

Because the Lord has heard your affliction.

12And he will be a wild ass of a man;

His hand will be against everyone

And everyone's hand will be against him,

And he will dwell alongside all his brothers.”

13And she called the Lord who had been speaking to her, “You are the God of a vision.” For she said, “Can I still see, right here, after my vision?” 14That is why they call the well Beer-lahai-roi. It is located between Kadesh and Bered. 15And Hagar gave birth to a son to Abram, and Abram called his son whom Hagar had borne Ishmael. 16Now Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael to Abram.

Genesis Chapter 17 

1And when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before me and be with integrity, 2and I will perform my covenant between myself and you, and I will increase you very greatly.” 3Then Abram fell face down, and God spoke with him and said, 4As for me, behold, my covenant is with you, and you will become the father of a multitude of nations. 5And you will no longer be called Abram, but your name will be Abraham, for I will make you the father of a multitude of nations. 6And I will make you extremely fruitful and I will constitute you as nations, and kings will come out of you. 7And I will set up my covenant between myself and you and your seed after you for their generations, as an age-abiding covenant, so as to be God to you, and to your seed after you. 8And I will give you and your seed after you the land in which you are resident – the whole of the land of Canaan – as an age-abiding possession, and I will be God to them.” 9Then God said to Abraham, “And you shall keep my covenant, you and your seed after you, for their generations. 10This is my covenant which you shall keep between myself and you, and with your seed after you: for all males among you to be circumcised. 11And you will be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and it will be a sign of a covenant between me and you. 12And at eight days old, every male among you will be circumcised in your generations, whether born in the household or bought for money, including any foreigner who is not of your seed. 13He who is born in your household and he who is bought for your money absolutely must be circumcised, and my covenant will be in your flesh as an age-abiding covenant. 14And as for any uncircumcised male, whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised – that person will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.” 15Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you will not call her Sarai, but her name will be Sarah. 16And I will bless her, and I will also give you a son by her, and I will bless her, and she will give rise to nations; kings of peoples will spring up from her.” 17Then Abraham fell face down and laughed, and said in his heart, “Will a child be born to a one-hundred-year-old, and will Sarah who is ninety years old give birth?” 18And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael would live before you!” 19And God said, “Nevertheless, Sarah your wife will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac, and I will set up my covenant with him, as an age-abiding covenant to his seed after him. 20But as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and I will make him fruitful, and make him numerous to a very great degree. He will beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. 21But I will set up my covenant with Isaac whom Sarah will bear to you, at this time of year in another year.” 22Then he finished speaking with him, and God went up away from Abraham. 23So Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all those born in his household, and all those bought for his money – every male among the men of Abraham's household – and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin on that very day, as God had told him. 24And Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26On that very day Abraham and Ishmael his son were circumcised, 27as were all the men of his household – born in the household or bought for money from a foreigner – they were circumcised with him.

Genesis Chapter 18 

1Then the Lord appeared to him in the oak woods of Mamre, while he was sitting at the entrance of his tent in the heat of the day. 2And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was three men standing in his vicinity, and when he saw them, he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed down to the ground. 3And he said, “Lord*, please, if I have found grace in your eyes, please do not pass by, away from your servant. 4Do let a little water be fetched and wash your feet and rest under the tree, 5and let me fetch a bit of food and refresh your hearts, and afterwards you can pass on, for that is why you came across to your servant.” Then they said, “Do so, as you have said.” 6So Abraham hurried to his tent, to Sarah, and said, “Quickly prepare three seahs of fine flour, knead it, and make bread-cake.” 7Meanwhile Abraham ran to the cattle and took a calf that was tender and good and gave it to the servant-lad, and he quickly cooked it. 8Then he took butter and milk and the calf which he had cooked, and set it before them, and he stood by them under the tree, while they ate. 9And they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “Here she is, in the tent.” 10Then he said, “I will certainly return to you at this time next year, and you will see that Sarah your wife will have a son.” Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him. 11And Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in days, and it had ceased to be with Sarah the way it is with women. 12And Sarah laughed inwardly and said, “Will I have the pleasure, having grown old, my lord being old too?” 13And the Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Will I really give birth, when I am so old?’ 14Is anything too stupendous for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, in the season of life, and Sarah will have a son.” 15Then Sarah spoke falsely and said, “I did not laugh”, for she was afraid. But he said, “No, you did laugh.” 16Then the men got up from there and peered down at the landscape of Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them on their way. 17Then the Lord said, “Do I conceal from Abraham what I do, 18considering Abraham will definitely be a great and powerful nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through him? 19For I know him, in that he will command his sons and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord, to exercise justice and judgment, in order that the Lord may bring over Abraham what he has told him.” 20And the Lord said, “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very serious, 21I will just go down and see whether what they have done is completely in accordance with their cry which has come to me, and if it is not so, I will know.” 22Then the men wended their way from there and went to Sodom, while the Lord was still standing in the presence of Abraham. 23Then Abraham approached and said, “Will you really destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24Suppose there are fifty righteous inside the city. Would you really destroy it and not bear with the place for the sake of fifty righteous inside it? 25Far be it from you to do such a thing, to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that it would be the same for the righteous and the wicked – far be it from you. Would the judge of the whole earth not execute justice?” 26Then the Lord said, “If I find fifty righteous in Sodom, inside the city, then I will bear with the whole place for their sakes.” 27Then Abraham responded and said, “Look, now that I have undertaken to speak to the Lord*, although I am but dust and ashes, 28suppose that fifty righteous should fall short by five, would you bring the whole city tp ruin for want of five?” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin if I find forty-five righteous there.” 29Then he spoke yet again to him and said, “Suppose forty are found there.” And he said, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.” 30Then he said, “Oh, do not let the Lord* be angry, and let me speak. Suppose thirty are found there.” And he said, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.” 31Then he said, “Look, now that I have undertaken to speak to the Lord*, suppose twenty are found there.” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin for the sake of the twenty.” 32Then he said, “Oh, do not let the Lord* be angry, and I will speak just this one time. Suppose ten are found there.” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin for the sake of the ten.” 33Then the Lord went away when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham went back to his place.

Genesis Chapter 19 

1Then two angels came to Sodom in the evening, while Lot was sitting at Sodom's gate, and Lot saw them and got up to meet them, and bowed his face to the ground. 2And he said, “Look, if you would, my lords, turn aside, if you would, to the house of your servant and lodge here, and wash your feet and get up early and go your way.” But they said, “No, for we can lodge in the street.” 3But he urged them strongly, and they turned aside to him, and came to his house, and he prepared a feast and baked unleavened bread for them and they ate it. 4But before they reclined, men from the city – men from Sodom – surrounded the house, both youths and old men: all the people from its limits. 5And they called out to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we may know them.” 6Then Lot went out to them, to the entrance, and shut the door after him. 7And he said, “My brothers, do not, please, do any wrong. 8Look now, I have my two daughters who have not known a man. Let me, bring them out to you, would you, and you do what is right in your eyes, but do not do anything to these men, for there is a reason why they have come to the protection of my roof.” 9But they said, “Move away”, and they said, “This one came to stay and he is determined to judge. Now we will deal worse with you than with them.” Then they pressed the man – Lot – greatly and drew near so as to break down the door. 10At this the men stretched out their hand and brought Lot in to them into the house, and shut the door, 11and they struck the men who were at the entrance to the house with blindness, both small and great, and they struggled to find the entrance. 12Then the men said to Lot, “Who else is with you here? Get any son-in-law, or sons or daughters of yours and everyone whom you have in the city out of the place, 13for we are about to bring this place to ruin, for their cry has become great before the Lord, and the Lord has sent us to bring it to ruin.” 14Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who had taken his daughters in marriage and said, “Get up and get out of this place, for the Lord is about to bring the city to ruin.” But he was regarded as a joker in the eyes of his sons-in-law. 15And as dawn arose, the angels urged Lot and said, “Get up, take your wife and your two daughters who are present here so that you are not destroyed in the city's iniquity.” 16But he took his time, and the men took him by the hand, and his wife by the hand, and his two daughters by the hand, in the Lord's mercy to him, and brought him out, and set him down outside the city. 17And it came to pass as they took them outside that one said, “Escape to save your life; do not look behind you, and do not stay at any adjacent tract. Escape to the mountain so that you are not destroyed.” 18Then Lot said to them, “May it not be so, Lord*. 19Look now, your servant has found grace in your sight, and you have been very kind in how you have dealt with me, in keeping me alive, but I cannot escape to the mountain, in case evil comes upon me and I die. 20Look, please, this city is nearby to flee to, and it is small. Do let me escape there. Is it not small, so that I will live?” 21And he said to him, “Very well, I also grant you this by not overthrowing the city of which you have spoken. 22Escape there quickly, for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” This is why he called the city Zoar. 23The sun had risen on the city when Lot arrived in Zoar. 24Then the Lord rained sulphur and fire on Sodom and on Gomorrah, from the Lord from heaven. 25And he overthrew those cities, and the whole adjacent tract, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and the vegetation of the ground. 26But his wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt. 27And Abraham rose early in the morning and went to the place where he had stood in the presence of the Lord. 28And he peered out over the landscape of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all the landscape of the adjacent tract, and looked, and what he saw was the smoke of the land going up like the smoke of a furnace. 29And it came to pass after God had brought the cities of the tract of land to ruin that God remembered Abraham, and he sent Lot from the scene of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot had lived. 30And Lot went up from Zoar and lived in the mountain, as did his two daughters with him, for he was afraid to live in Zoar, and he lived in a cave – he and his two daughters. 31Then the firstborn daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old and there is not a man in the land to come into us after the manner of the whole earth. 32Come, let us give our father wine to drink and lie with him, and we will preserve seed from our father.” 33So they gave their father wine to drink on that night, and the firstborn came and lay with her father, while he was unaware of that she was lying with him or of her getting up again. 34And it came to pass on the next day that the firstborn daughter said to the younger, “Look, last night I lay with my father. Let us give him wine to drink tonight as well, and you come and lie with him, and we will preserve seed from our father.” 35So that night too they gave their father wine to drink and the younger daughter got up and lay with him, while he was unaware that she was lying with him or of her getting up again. 36And the two daughters of Lot conceived from their father, 37and the firstborn daughter gave birth to a son, and called him Moab. He is the father of Moab to this day. 38And the younger daughter also gave birth to a son, and called him Ben-ammi. He is the father of the sons of Ammon up to this day.

Genesis Chapter 20 

1When Abraham moved on from there to the land of the south, he dwelt between Kadesh and Shur, and stayed in Gerar. 2And Abraham said about Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” Then Abimelech the king of Gerar sent servants and took Sarah. 3But God came to Abimelech in a dream at night and said to him, “Look, you are as good as dead on account of the woman whom you have taken, for she is married to a husband.” 4But Abimelech had not come near to her and he said, “Lord*, will you kill a people even if it is righteous? 5Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister?’ And she herself also said, ‘He is my brother.’ I did this in the integrity of my heart and in the innocence of my hands.” 6At this God said to him in a dream, “I too know that you did this in the integrity of your heart, so I – my very self – restrained you from sinning against me. That is why I did not let you touch her. 7So now, return the man's wife to him, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you shall live, but if you do not return her, know that you will certainly die, along with everyone who is yours.” 8Then Abimelech got up early in the morning and called all his servants and related all these things in their audience, and the men became very fearful. 9And Abimelech called for Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us, and in what way have I sinned against you, that you should bring a great punishment for sin on me and my kingdom? You have done things to me which ought not to be done.” 10Then Abimelech said to Abraham, “What did you have in view when you did this thing?” 11And Abraham said, “It is because I said to myself, ‘There is surely no fear of God in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife.’ 12And she really is my sister; she is the daughter of my father but not the daughter of my mother. And she became my wife. 13And it came to pass when God made me move out of my father's house that I said to her, ‘This is a favour for you which you will do for me: in every place to which we go, say of me, «He is my brother.» ’ ” 14Then Abimelech took sheep and cattle and menservants and maidservants and gave them to Abraham, and returned Sarah his wife to him. 15And Abimelech said to him, “Behold, my land is before you. Dwell where it is good in your sight.” 16And to Sarah he said, “Look, I have given a thousand pieces of silver to your brother. Look, he is a covering of the eyes to all who are with you, and with everyone.” And so she was reproved. 17Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed the breach with Abimelech and his wife and his maidservants, and they gave birth. 18For the Lord had utterly shut up every womb in the house of Abimelech because of the case of Sarah the wife of Abraham.

Genesis Chapter 21 

1Then the Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as he had said. 2And Sarah conceived and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the time of year which God had told him. 3And Abraham called his son who was born to him, whom Sarah had borne to him, Isaac. 4And Abraham circumcised Isaac his son when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him. 5Now Abraham was a hundred years old when Isaac his son was born to him. 6And Sarah said, “God has made me a laughing matter. Everyone who hears will laugh about me.” 7And she said, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah will suckle sons – for I have given birth to a son in his old age.” 8So the child grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day when Isaac was weaned. 9Then Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian woman, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking, 10and she said to Abraham, “Drive this maidservant and her son out, for the son of this maidservant will not have any inheritance with my son – with Isaac.” 11But the matter was very hurtful in Abraham's eyes, because of his son. 12But God said to Abraham, “Don't let it be hurtful in your eyes concerning the lad or your maidservant. As for everything that Sarah says to you, heed her, for your seed will be called in Isaac. 13But I will make the son of the maidservant a nation too, for he is your seed.” 14Then Abraham got up early in the morning and took bread and a skin-bottle of water and gave them to Hagar, putting them on her shoulder, and he took the child, and sent her away. And she departed and wandered in the desert of Beer-sheba. 15Then the water from the skin-bottle ran out, and she threw the child under one of the shrubs. 16And she went and sat down by herself opposite at about a bow-shot's distance, for she said, “Let me not see the death of the child.” And she sat opposite and raised her voice and wept. 17But God heard the voice of the lad, and the angel of God called out to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not be afraid, because God has heard the voice of the lad, where he is. 18Get up and take the lad up and take hold of him with your hand, for I will make him a great nation.” 19Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water, and she went and filled the skin-bottle with water, and gave the lad some to drink. 20And God was with the lad, and he grew up, and he dwelt in the desert, and became great as an archer. 21And he dwelt in the desert of Paran, and his mother took a wife from the land of Egypt for him. 22And it came to pass at that time that Abimelech and Phichol the commander of his army spoke to Abraham and said, “God is with you in everything you do. 23So now, swear to me by God here that you most certainly will not act falsely towards me or my progeny or my posterity, and that according to the kindness which I have shown you, you will show me the same, and with the land in which you dwelt.” 24And Abraham said, “I swear it.” 25Then Abraham reproved Abimelech on the issue of a well of water which Abimelech's servants had seized possession of. 26And Abimelech said, “I don't know who did this thing, and you haven't told me either, and I didn't hear about it until today either.” 27Then Abraham took sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech and the two of them made a covenant. 28And Abraham placed seven ewe-lambs of the flock on their own, 29at which Abimelech said to Abraham, “What are they – these seven ewe-lambs which you have placed on their own?” 30To which he said, “They are so that you may take the seven ewe-lambs from my hand in order for it to be a testimony to me that I dug this well.” 31For this reason he called the place Beer-sheba, because the two of them swore there. 32And they made a covenant in Beer-sheba, and Abimelech and Phichol the commander of his army arose and returned to the land of the Philistines. 33And he planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and he called on the name of the Lord there – the age-abiding God. 34And Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for many days.

Genesis Chapter 22 

1Then it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham”, and he said, “Here I am.” 2And he said, “Now take your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and get going to the land of Moriah, and offer him up there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I will tell you.” 3So Abraham got up early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two servant-lads with him, and Isaac his son, and chopped pieces of wood for the burnt offering and got up and went to the place which God had told him. 4On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from a distance. 5Then Abraham said to his servant-lads, “You remain here with the donkey, but I and the lad will go over there and worship, and we will come back to you.” 6And Abraham took pieces of wood for the burnt offering, and loaded them onto Isaac his son, and took fire and a knife in his hand. And the two of them went together. 7Then Isaac spoke to Abraham his father, and said, “My father”, and he said, “Here I am, my son.” Then he said, “Here are the fire and the pieces of wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” 8And Abraham said, “God will provide himself with the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two of them went together. 9And they came to the place which God had said, and Abraham built an altar there, and he arrayed the pieces of wood, and bound Isaac his son, and put him on the altar, on top of the pieces of wood. 10And Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife, to slay his son. 11Then the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham.” And he said, “Here I am.” 12And he said, “Do not stretch out your hand to the lad, and do not do anything to him, for now I know that you are a fearer God, for you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me.” 13Then Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and there was a ram behind him caught in a thicket by its horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14And Abraham called that place Jehovah-jireh, as it is said today, “In the mountain of the Lord, provision will be made.” 15Then the angel of the Lord called out from heaven to Abraham a second time, 16and said, “By myself I have sworn, says the Lord, because you have done this thing and did not withhold your son – your only son – 17that I will greatly bless you and greatly increase your seed, like the stars of the sky and like the sand which is on the sea-shore, and your seed will inherit the gate of its enemies. 18And all the nations of the earth will be blessed through your seed, because you have obeyed me.” 19Then Abraham returned to his servant-lads, and they got up and they went together to Beer-sheba. And Abraham remained in Beer-sheba. 20And it came to pass after these things that it was reported to Abraham as follows, “Behold, Milcah also has borne sons to Nahor your brother: 21Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, 22and Chesed and Hazo and Pildash and Jidlaph and Bethuel.” 23Now Bethuel begot Rebekah. Milcah bore these eight to Nahor the brother of Abraham, 24and his concubine, whose name was Reumah, also gave birth, to Tebah and Gaham and Thahash and Maachah.

Genesis Chapter 23 

1Now Sarah's life was for one hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of Sarah. 2And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan, and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her. 3Then Abraham arose from looking at the sight of his deceased and he spoke to the sons of Heth and said, 4“I am an outsider and a temporary resident with you. Give me a burial plot amid you, so that I may bury my dead out of my sight.” 5At this the sons of Heth answered Abraham and said to him, 6“Hear us, my lord. You are a mighty prince in our midst. Bury your dead in a choice burial place of ours. No-one will withhold his burial place from you, stopping you from burying your dead.” 7Then Abraham arose and bowed to the people of the land – to the sons of Heth. 8And he spoke to them and said, “If you have the willingness to let me bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and make request on my behalf with Ephron the son of Zohar, 9for him to give me the cave of Machpelah which he has, which is at the end of his field, for him to give it to me against full payment – a burial place as a possession in your midst.” 10Now Ephron was dwelling among the sons of Heth, and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the audience of the sons of Heth – of all those who had come to the gate of his city, and he said, 11“No, my lord; hear me. I will give you the field and the cave which is in it. I will give it to you. In the sight of the sons of my people I hereby give it to you to bury your dead.” 12And Abraham bowed before the people of the land. 13Then he spoke to Ephron in the audience of the people of the land and said, “If only you would hear me, I will give money for the field. Take it from me and let me bury my dead there.” 14Whereupon Ephron answered Abraham and said to him, 15“My lord, hear me. The land is worth four hundred shekels of silver. What is that between me and you? So bury your dead.” 16Then Abraham complied with Ephron, and Abraham weighed out to Ephron the money which he had specified, in the audience of the sons of Heth: four hundred shekels of silver, current to the merchant. 17So Ephron's field, which is at Machpelah, which is before Mamre – the field and the cave which was in it, and all the trees which were in the field, which were within all its boundary around it – was confirmed 18as Abraham's, as his purchase, in the eyes of the sons of Heth, with all those who had come to the gate of his city. 19And after that, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan. 20And the field was confirmed, including the cave which is in it, as Abraham's, as a burial place, as an acquisition from the sons of Heth.

Genesis Chapter 24 

1Now Abraham was old – he was advanced in days – and the Lord blessed Abraham in everything. 2And Abraham said to his senior household servant who was in charge of everything that he had, “Please put your hand under my thigh, 3and I will adjure you by the Lord God of heaven and the God of the earth, not to get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites in whose midst I dwell, 4but rather that you will go to my land and my native place to get a wife for my son, for Isaac.” 5And the servant said to him, “What if the woman will not be willing to follow me to this land? Should I under any circumstances bring your son back to the land which you departed from?” 6Then Abraham said to him, “Be careful not to bring my son back there. 7The Lord God of heaven who took me from my father's house and from my native land, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, and who said, ‘To your seed I will give this land’ – he will send his angel before you and you will get a wife for my son from there. 8And if the woman is not willing to follow you, you will be absolved from this oath of mine, only you shall not bring my son back there.” 9So the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master and swore to him on this matter. 10Then the servant took ten camels from his master's camels and departed, with all his master's wealth in his hand, and arose and went to Mesopotamia, to Nahor's city. 11And he made the camels kneel outside the city at the water well at evening time, at the time when the women who draw water come out. 12And he said, “Lord God of my master Abraham, please bring it about before me today, that you act kindly with my master Abraham. 13Look, I am standing at a source of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water. 14So let it come to pass that the girl to whom I say, ‘Please tilt your pitcher so that I may drink’, and she says, ‘Drink, and I will give your camels water to drink too’, that you will have appointed her for your servant, for Isaac, and that by that I will know that you have acted kindly towards my master.” 15And this came to pass before he had finished speaking, and what happened was that out came Rebekah, who was born to Bethuel the son of Milcah the wife of Nahor the brother of Abraham, with her pitcher on her shoulder. 16And the girl was very good-looking, a virgin, for no man had known her, and she came down to the source and filled her pitcher, and came up. 17Then the servant ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a little water from your pitcher to drink.” 18And she said, “Drink, my lord.” And she acted quickly and lowered her pitcher onto her hand and gave him water to drink. 19Then when she had finished giving him water to drink, she said, “I will draw water for your camels too, until they finish drinking.” 20And she acted quickly and emptied her pitcher into the trough and ran to the well again to draw water, and drew it for all his camels. 21And the man was astonished at her, and was dumbfounded in knowing whether the Lord had made his journey successful or not. 22And it came to pass, when the camels had finished drinking, that the man took a golden earring of half a shekel in weight, and two bracelets of gold of ten shekels in weight for her hands. 23And he said, “Whose daughter are you? Do tell me, is there room in your father's house for us to lodge there?” 24And she said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah whom she bore to Nahor.” 25And she said to him, “We also have plenty of straw and fodder and also room to lodge.” 26Then the man bowed his head and worshipped the Lord. 27And he said, “Blessed be the Lord God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his kindness and truth towards my master. As for me, the Lord has led me along the way to the house of my master's brothers.” 28Then the girl ran and told her mother's household these things. 29Now Rebekah had a brother whose name was Laban, and Laban ran to the man outside, to the water-source. 30And it came to pass, when he saw the ring and the bracelets on his sister's hands, and when he heard the account of Rebekah his sister, who said, “The man spoke to me like this”, that he went to the man, and there he was, standing with the camels at the water-source. 31And he said, “Come, you who are blessed of the Lord. Why should you stand outside, when I have prepared the house, and there is a place for the camels.” 32Then the man came to the house and untied the camels, and gave straw and fodder to the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him. 33And he set a meal before him to eat, and he said, “I will not eat until I have explained my mission.” And he said, “Explain it.” 34And he said, “I am Abraham's servant. 35And the Lord has blessed my master very much and he has become great, and he has given him sheep and cattle and silver and gold and menservants and maidservants and camels and donkeys. 36And Sarah my master's wife has given birth to a son to my master, after her old age, and he has given him everything he has. 37And my master has made me swear, and he said, ‘You shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell. 38You absolutely must go to the house of my father and to my family to get a wife for my son.’ 39Then I said to my master, ‘What if the woman will not follow me?’ 40And he said to me, ‘The Lord before whom I walk will send his angel with you and will make your journey successful and you will get a wife for my son from my family and the household of my father. 41Then you will be absolved from my oath – when you go to my family. For if they do not give you a wife, you will be absolved from my oath.’ 42When I came to the source today, I said, ‘Lord God of my master Abraham, if you would make my journey which I am going on successful, 43when I am standing at a source of water, let it be so that the virgin who comes out to draw water, and I say to her, «Please give me a little water from your pitcher», 44and she says to me, «Both you drink and I will also draw water for your camels», that she is the woman whom the Lord has appointed for my master's son.’ 45Then before I had finished speaking in my heart, behold, Rebekah came out with her pitcher on her shoulder, and came down to the source and drew water, and I said to her, ‘Please give me some water to drink.’ 46And she quickly lowered her pitcher from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I will also give your camels water to drink’, so I drank, and she also gave the camels water to drink. 47Then I asked her and said, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ And she said, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor whom Milcah bore to him.’ Then I put the earring on her face and the bracelets on her hands. 48Then I bowed the head and worshipped the Lord and I blessed the Lord God of my master Abraham who has led me along the way of truth to get the daughter of my master's brother for his son. 49And now, if you will deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me, and if not, tell me, and I will turn to the right or to the left accordingly.” 50Then Laban and Bethuel answered and said, “The matter has originated from the Lord. We cannot speak bad or good to you. 51Look, Rebekah is before you. Take her and go, and she shall be the wife of your master's son, as the Lord has spoken.” 52And it came to pass, when Abraham's servant heard their words, that he worshipped the Lord facing the ground. 53Then the servant brought out articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothes, and gave them to Rebekah, and he gave valuable items to her brother and to her mother. 54Then they ate and drank – he and the men who were with him – and they lodged there, and arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me off to my master.” 55But her brother and her mother said, “Let the girl stay with us for ten days or so, and after that she can go.” 56Then he said to them, “Do not delay me, considering that the Lord has made my journey successful. Send me off and I will go to my master.” 57Then they said, “We will call the girl and ask her opinion.” 58So they called Rebekah and said to her, “Will you go with this man?” And she said, “I will go.” 59So they sent Rebekah their sister off, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his men. 60And they blessed Rebekah and said to her,

“You are our sister.

Become thousands times ten thousand,

And may your seed inherit

The gate of those who hate it.”

61Then Rebekah arose, as did her maidservants, and they rode on the camels and followed the man. So the servant took Rebekah and departed. 62Now Isaac was coming back from a trip to the well of Lahai-roi, for he dwelt in the land of the south. 63And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the approach of evening, and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was camels coming. 64And Rebekah lifted up her eyes and saw Isaac, and she dismounted from the camel. 65Then she said to the servant, “Who is that man coming across in the field towards us?” And the servant said, “He is my master.” Then she took her veil and covered herself. 66And the servant recounted to Isaac all the things that he had done. 67Then Isaac brought her to the tent of his mother Sarah, and he took Rebekah, and she became his wife, and he loved her, and Isaac was comforted after his mother had gone.

Genesis Chapter 25 

1Then Abraham took a wife again, and her name was Keturah. 2And she bore him Zimran and Jokshan and Medan and Midian and Ishbak and Shuah. 3And Jokshan begot Sheba and Dedan, and the sons of Dedan became the Asshurim and the Letushim and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian were Ephah and Epher and Hanoch and Abidah and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah. 5But Abraham gave everything he had to Isaac. 6Nevertheless to the sons of Abraham's concubines Abraham gave presents, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he was still alive, eastwards, to the land of the east. 7And these were the days of the years of the life of Abraham which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years. 8And Abraham expired and died at a good old age, old and satisfied, then he was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave at Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre 10– the field which Abraham bought from the sons of Heth. There Abraham was buried, as was Sarah his wife. 11And it came to pass after the death of Abraham that God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac dwelt near the well of Lahai-roi. 12This is the lineage of Ishmael the son of Abraham, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's maidservant, bore to Abraham. 13Now these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their genealogy: the firstborn of Ishmael was Nebajoth, then Kedar and Adbeel and Mibsam, 14and Mishma and Dumah and Massa, 15Hadad and Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. 16These were the sons of Ishmael, and those were their names by their villages and by their castles – twelve princes of their nations. 17And these were the years of the life of Ishmael: one hundred and thirty-seven years, and he expired and died, and he was gathered to his people. 18And they dwelt from Havilah to Shur, which is alongside Egypt as you go to Assyria, and he fell alongside all his brothers. 19Now this is the lineage of Isaac the son of Abraham. Abraham begot Isaac, 20and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah the daughter of Bethuel the Aramaean from Padan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramaean, as his wife. 21And Isaac entreated the Lord on behalf of his wife, for she was barren, and the Lord was entreated by him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22And the sons struggled together inside her, and she said, “If it is like this, why is it this way with me?” And she went to inquire of the Lord. 23And the Lord said to her,

There are two nations in your womb,

And two peoples will be separated from your belly.

And one people will prevail over the other people,

And the elder will serve the younger.”

24And her days to when she should give birth were completed, and it was the case that there were twins in her womb. 25And the first came out red-haired – all over him was a cloak of hair – and they called him Esau. 26And after that his brother came out, and his hand was holding on to Esau'a heel, and they called him Jacob. And, Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them. 27And the boys grew up, and Esau became a man skilled in hunting, a man of the open land, whereas Jacob was a straightforward man, living in tents. 28Now Isaac loved Esau because of his appetite for game, but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29On an occasion Jacob had made a broth, when along came Esau from the open land, and he was tired, 30and Esau said to Jacob, “Please give me some of that very red broth to eat, for I am weary”, which is why he is called Edom. 31Whereupon Jacob said, “Sell me today your birthright.” 32Then Esau said, “Look, I am going to die. So what good is a birthright to me?” 33And Jacob said, “Swear to me this day.” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. 34The Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil broth, and he ate, and drank, and got up, and went off. So Esau despised his birthright.

Genesis Chapter 26 

1Then a famine came in the land, besides the first famine which was in the days of Abraham, and Isaac went to Abimelech the king of the Philistines in Gerar. 2And the Lord appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt. Dwell in the land which I tell you. 3Stay in this land and I will be with you, and I will bless you, for I will give you and your seed all these lands, and I will establish my oath which I swore to Abraham your father. 4And I will make your seed numerous like the stars of the sky, and I will give your seed all these lands, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through your seed, 5because Abraham obeyed me and kept my ordinance, my commandments, my statutes and my laws.” 6So Isaac stayed in Gerar. 7Then the men of the place asked him about his wife, and he said, “She is my sister”, for he was afraid to say, “my wife,” in case, he thought, “the men of the place kill me for Rebekah, for she is good-looking.” 8Then it came to pass that a long time went by for him there, and Abimelech the king of the Philistines peered out of a window and looked out and what he saw was Isaac playing with Rebekah his wife. 9And Abimelech called for Isaac and said, “Surely it is the case that she is your wife. So how come you said, ‘She is my sister’?” And Isaac said to him, “Because I said to myself, ‘In case I die because of her.’ ” 10Then Abimelech said, “What is this you have done to us? One of the people nearly laid with your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us.” 11Then Abimelech gave commandment to all the people and said, “Anyone who touches this man or his wife will certainly be put to death.” 12Then Isaac sowed in that land, and obtained in that year a hundredfold return, and the Lord blessed him. 13And the man became great, and kept becoming greater, until he had become very great. 14And he had sheep in his possession, and cattle in his possession, and a large body of servants. And the Philistines envied him, 15and the Philistines blocked up all the wells which his father's servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father, and filled them with soil. 16Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Depart from us, for you have become much stronger than us.” 17So Isaac departed from there, and encamped at the watercourse of Gerar and stayed there. 18Then Isaac again dug the wells of water which they had dug in the days of Abraham his father and which the Philistines had blocked up after the death of Abraham, to which he gave names, after the names which his father had given them. 19So Isaac's servants dug in the dry watercourse and found there a well of running water. 20But the shepherds of Gerar quarrelled with Isaac's shepherds and said, “The water is ours”, and they called the well Esek, because they strove with him. 21And they dug another well, and they quarrelled over that one too, and called it Sitnah. 22Then he moved from there and dug another well, which they did not quarrel over, and he called it Rehoboth, and said, “For now the Lord has given us room and we shall be fruitful in the land.” 23Then he went up from there to Beer-sheba. 24And the Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of Abraham your father. Do not be afraid, for I am with you, and I will bless you and I will increase your seed because of Abraham my servant.” 25Then he built an altar there and called on the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent there, and Isaac's servants dug a well there. 26Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, with Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the commander of his army. 27And Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, seeing you detest me, and sent me away from you?” 28To which they said, “We have clearly seen that the Lord was with you, and we said, ‘Let there be now oath between us – between us and you – and let us make a covenant with you, 29that you absolutely won't do us any harm, and that you will act as when we only did you good and when we sent you off in peace’, and now you are blessed by the Lord.” 30Then he held a banquet for them and they ate and drank. 31And they got up early in the morning and they swore to each other, and Isaac sent them off, and they departed from him in peace. 32Then it came to pass on that day that Isaac's servants came and told him about the well which they had dug, and they said to him, “We have found water.” 33And he called it Shebah, which is why the name of the town is Beer-sheba up to this day. 34Now Esau was forty years old when he took as a wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 35But they became a source of grief to Isaac and Rebekah.

Genesis Chapter 27 

1And it came to pass when Isaac was old that his eyesight was failing, and he called Esau his elder son and said to him, “My son”, and he said to him, “Here I am.” 2And he said, “Look now, I am old and I do not know the day of my death. 3So now, take up your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the countryside and hunt game for me. 4And make a tasty meal the way I like it and bring it to me for me to eat, so that my whole being can bless you before I die.” 5Now Rebekah was listening when Isaac was speaking to Esau his son. Then when Esau had gone to the countryside to hunt for game to bring, 6Rebekah spoke to Jacob her son and said, “Look, I have heard your father speaking to Esau your brother, saying, 7‘Bring me game and make a tasty meal for me to eat and I will bless you before the Lord before my death.’ 8So now, my son, obey me with what I am commanding you. 9Go now to the flock and get me two good kids of the goats from there, and I will make from them a tasty meal for your father the way he likes it. 10Then you will bring it to your father and he will eat, so that he blesses you before his death.” 11Then Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, “Look, Esau my brother is a hairy man, whereas I am a smooth man. 12Maybe my father will feel me, and I will be a mocker in his sight, and I will bring a curse on myself and not a blessing.” 13Then his mother said to him, “May your curse be on me, my son, but obey me and go and get me the goats.” 14So he went and got them and brought them to his mother, and his mother made the tasty meal the way his father liked it. 15Then Rebekah took the finest clothes which she had in the house of Esau her elder son, and clothed Jacob her younger son with them. 16And she put the skins of the kids of the goats on his hands and around the smoothness of his neck. 17And she put the tasty meal and bread which she had made in the hand of Jacob her son. 18And he went to his father and said, “My father”, and he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?” 19And Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done what you told me. Get up now, and sit and eat my game, so that your whole being can bless me.” 20Then Isaac said to his son, “How come you have been so quick in finding it, my son?” And he said, “Because the Lord your God made it happen before me.” 21The Isaac said to Jacob, “Come near, would you, and I will feel you, my son, to see if you really are my son Esau or not.” 22So Jacob came near to Isaac his father, and he felt him, and he said, “The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are Esau's hands.” 23And he did not recognize him, for his hands were like the hairy hands of Esau his brother, and he blessed him, 24and he said, “Are you really my son Esau”, and he said, “Yes, I am.” 25And he said, “Serve me some of my son's game, and I will eat it, so that my whole being can bless you.” So he served it to him, and he ate, and he brought him wine and he drank. 26And Isaac his father said to him, “Come close, would you, and kiss me, my son.” 27So he came close and kissed him, and he smelled the smell of his clothing, and he blessed him, and he said,

“See, the smell of my son

Is as the smell of the countryside

Which the Lord has blessed.

28So may God give you the dew of heaven

And the fatness of the earth,

And abundance of corn and new wine.

29Nations will serve you

And peoples will bow down to you;

Be master over your brothers,

And the sons of your mother will bow down to you.

Those who curse you will be cursed,

And those who bless you will be blessed.”

30And it came to pass, when Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had only just left the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came back from his hunting. 31And he also made a tasty meal and brought it to his father, and he said to his father, “Let my father get up and eat his son's game, so that your whole being can bless me.” 32Then Isaac said to him, “Who are you?” And he said, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.” 33Then Isaac trembled, trembling very greatly, and said, “Who was it then who hunted game and brought it to me, which I ate all of before you came, and I blessed him, and he will be duly blessed.” 34When Esau heard his father's words, het let out a very loud and bitter cry, and said to his father, “Bless me too, my father.” 35But he said, “Your brother came deceitfully and took your blessing.” 36And he said, “Isn't this why he is called Jacob? For he has supplanted me twice now. He has taken my birthright, and now he has gone and taken my blessing.” And he said, “Haven't you reserved a blessing for me?” 37Then Isaac answered and said to Esau, “Look, I have appointed him master over you, and I have assigned all his brothers as servants to him, and I have sustained him with corn and new wine. So then, what can I do for you, my son?” 38At this Esau said to his father, “Is your blessing just a single one, my father? Bless me, me too, my father.” And Esau raised his voice and wept. 39Then Isaac his father answered and said to him,

“Behold, your dwelling place will be the fatness of the land

And benefiting from the dew of heaven above.

40And you will live by your sword,

And serve your brother,

But it will come to pass

That as you roam around,

You will break off his yoke from your neck.”

41At this Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said in his heart, “The days of mourning for my father are approaching, and I will kill Jacob my brother.” 42But the words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah, so she sent for and called Jacob her younger son and said to him, “Look, Esau your brother is consoling himself over you, plotting to kill you. 43So now, my son, obey me, and get up and flee to Laban my brother in Haran. 44And stay with him for several days until your brother's fury subsides 45– until your brother's anger recedes from you and he forgets what you did to him – and I will send for you and take you back from there. Why should I be bereaved of the two of you on one day.” 46Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am fed up with my life because of the daughters of Heth. If Jacob were to take a wife from the daughters of Heth like these – from the daughters of the land – what purpose would my life have?”

Genesis Chapter 28 

1The Isaac called for Jacob, and blessed him, and gave him commandment, and said to him, “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan. 2Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother's father, and take a wife from there, from the daughters of Laban your mother's brother.

3And may God Almighty bless you,

And make you fruitful and increase you,

So that you become a people who are a convocation.

4And may he give the blessing of Abraham

To you and to your seed with you,

So that you inherit the land you are staying in,

Which God gave to Abraham.”

5Then Isaac sent Jacob off, and he went to Padan-aram, to Laban the son of Bethuel the Aramaean, the brother of Rebekah the mother of Jacob and Esau. 6And Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and had sent him to Padan-aram to get himself a wife from there, when he blessed him, and commanded him, saying, “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan”, 7and that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and went to Padan-aram. 8And Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan were considered bad in the eyes of Isaac his father, 9so Esau went to Ishmael and took Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael the son of Abraham, the sister of Nabajoth, as wife along with his other wives. 10So Jacob went out from Beer-sheba and went to Haran. 11And he arrived at the place and lodged there, because the sun was setting, and he took some of the place's stones and placed them as a pillow, and lay down in that place. 12And he had a dream and what he saw was a ladder placed on the earth, whose top reached to heaven, and he also saw that the angels of God were ascending and descending by it. 13And behold, the Lord was standing by it and he said, “I am the Lord God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. I will give the land on which you are lying to you and to your seed. 14And your seed will become as the dust of the earth, and you will forge your way westwards and eastwards, and northwards and southwards, and through you all the families of the earth will be blessed, and through your seed. 15And look, I am with you, and I will guard you everywhere you go, and I will bring you back to this land, for I will not leave you until I have carried out what I have told you.” 16Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “The Lord is certainly in this place, yet I did not know it.” 17And he was afraid, and he said, “How fearful this place is. This is nothing but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.” 18The Jacob got up early in the morning and took the stone which he had placed as his pillow, and set it up as a pillar, and poured oil on top of it. 19And he called that place Beth-el, but the name of the city was initially Luz. 20Then Jacob made a vow and said, “If God will be with me and keep me on this way which I am going, and give me bread to eat and clothing to wear, 21and I return in peace to the house of my father, the Lord will be my God, 22and this stone which I have set up as a pillar will be the house of God, and I will rigorously give you a tenth of everything you give me.”

Genesis Chapter 29 

1Then Jacob got going again and went to the land of the easterners. 2And he looked and what he saw was a well in the field, and there were three flocks of sheep there lying by it, because it was from that well that they gave the flocks to drink, and there was a large stone on the opening of the well. 3When all the flocks had gathered there, the shepherds rolled away the stone from the opening of the well and gave the sheep drink, then they put the stone back on the opening of the well in its place. 4And Jacob said to them, “My brothers, where are you from?” And they said, “We are from Haran.” 5Then he said to them, “Do you know Laban the son of Nahor?” And they said, “Yes, we know him.” 6He then said, “Is he well?” and they said, “Yes, he is well. And look, Rachel his daughter is coming with the sheep.” 7But he said, “Look, it is still high day. It is not the time for gathering the cattle. Give the sheep drink and go to tend them.” 8They then said, “We can't do that until all the flocks have been gathered, and they roll away the stone on the opening of the well; then we give the sheep drink.” 9While he was still speaking with them, Rachel came with the sheep which her father had, for she was a shepherdess. 10And it came to pass when Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, that Jacob approached and rolled the stone away from the opening of the well, and gave drink to the sheep of Laban the brother of his mother. 11Then Jacob kissed Rachel and raised his voice and wept, 12and when Jacob told Rachel that he was the brother of her father, and that he was Rebekah's son, she ran and told her father. 13And it came to pass when Laban heard the report of Jacob his sister's son that he ran to meet him and embraced him and kissed him, and brought him into his house. And he told Laban all these things. 14Then Laban said to him, “You are simply my bone and my flesh.” And he stayed with him for a full month. 15Then Laban said to Jacob, “Are you not my brother? So should you work for nothing? Tell me what your wages should be.” 16Now Laban had two daughters. The name of the elder one was Leah and the name of the younger one was Rachel. 17And Leah's eyes were pale, but Rachel was of an attractive figure and beautiful in appearance. 18Now Jacob loved Rachel, and he said, “I will serve you for seven years, for Rachel your younger daughter.” 19And Laban said, “It is better that I give her to you than that I give her to another man. Remain with me.” 20So Jacob worked for seven years for Rachel, and they were only like a few days in his sight, with his love for her. 21Then Jacob said to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my days have been fulfilled, so that I may go in to her.” 22Then Laban gathered all the men of the place and gave a banquet. 23And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter and brought her to him, and he went in to her. 24And Laban had given her Zilpah his maidservant – to Leah his daughter, as a maidservant. 25Then it transpired in the morning that she was in fact Leah. And he said to Laban, “What is this you have done to me? Did I not work for you for Rachel? So why have you deceived me?” 26To which Laban said, “It is not done like that in our place, to give the younger before the firstborn. 27Fulfil seven years and we will give you her as well in return for the work you will do for me, for another seven years besides.” 28So Jacob did so, and fulfilled these seven years for her, and he gave him Rachel his daughter as a wife. 29Then Laban gave Rachel Bilhah his maidservant, as a maidservant for her. 30And he also went in to Rachel, and he loved Rachel too, more than Leah, and he worked another seven years besides for him. 31Now when the Lord saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren. 32And Leah conceived and bore a son, and she called him Reuben, for, she said, “Because the Lord has considered my affliction, for now my husband will love me.” 33And she conceived again and bore a son, and she said, “Because the Lord has heard that I am hated, and has given me this one too.” And she called him Simeon. 34And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Now this time my husband will bond with me because I have borne him three sons”, which is why she called him Levi. 35And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “This time I will thank the Lord”, which is why she called him Judah. Then she stopped bearing.

Genesis Chapter 30 

1And Rachel saw that she had not borne to Jacob, and Rachel became jealous of her sister, and she said to Jacob, “Give me sons, and if there aren't any, I am dead.” 2At this Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel, and he said, “Am I in place of God who has held back fruit of the womb from you?” 3Then she said, “Look, here is my maidservant Bilhah. Go in to her and she shall bear on my knees, and I too will obtain sons through her.” 4And she gave him Bilhah her maidservant as a wife, and Jacob went in to her, 5and Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son. 6And Rachel said, “God has judged me and also heard my voice and given me a son”, which is why she called him Dan. 7Then Bilhah Rachel's maidservant conceived again and bore a second son to Jacob. 8And Rachel said, “I have wrestled with mighty wrestlings with my sister, and have also prevailed”, so she called him Naphtali. 9Then when Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she took Zilpah her maidservant and gave her to Jacob as a wife. 10And Zilpah Leah's maidservant bore Jacob a son. 11And Leah said, “This is by good fortune.” And she called him Gad. 12Then Zilpah, Leah's maidservant, bore a second son to Jacob. 13And Leah said, “This is with my happiness, for the daughters will pronounce me happy.” And she called him Asher. 14Now Reuben went out in the days of the wheat harvest and found some mandrakes in a field and brought them to Leah his mother. And Rachel said to Leah, “Please give me some of your son's mandrakes.” 15But she said to her, “Is it a small thing that you should take my husband and then take my son's mandrakes too?” And Rachel said, “Here is why he will lie with you tonight: in return for your son's mandrakes.” 16Then Jacob came back from the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and she said, “You will go in to me, for I have expressly hired you with my son's mandrakes.” And he lay with her that night. 17And God hearkened to Leah, and she conceived, and bore Jacob her fifth son. 18And Leah said, “God has given me my hire, because I gave my maidservant to my husband.” And she called him Issachar. 19Then Leah conceived again, and she bore her sixth son to Jacob. 20And Leah said, “God has endowed me with a good dowry. This time my husband will dwell with me because I have borne him six sons.” And she called him Zebulun. 21And after that she bore a daughter, whom she called Dinah. 22Then God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her and opened her womb. 23And she conceived and bore a son, and she said, “God has taken my reproach away.” 24And she called him Joseph, and she said, “The Lord will add another son to me.” 25And it came to pass, when Rachel bore Joseph, that Jacob said to Laban, “Send me off, and I will go to my place and my land. 26Give me my wives and my children for whom I worked for you, and I will go, for you know the work I did for you.” 27Then Laban said to him, “If now I have found grace in your eyes, stay, for I have observed how the Lord has blessed me because of you.” 28Then he said, “Specify your wages to me and I will give them.” 29And he said to him, “You know how I have worked for you, and how your cattle was with me. 30For it was little that you had before my time, but it increased greatly, and the Lord blessed you in my tracks, but now, when will I for my part gain anything for my household?” 31Then he said, “What shall I give you.” And Jacob said, “Don't give me anything except do this thing for me, and I will again tend your sheep and guard them: 32I will go through all your small cattle today, removing from them all the speckled and spotted sheep, and all the brown sheep among the lambs, and the spotted and speckled ones among the goats, and they will be my wages. 33And what is my right will give its testimony to me in the future, when it comes before you concerning my wages. Everything that is not speckled or spotted among the goats, or brown among the lambs, will be considered stolen by me.” 34To this Laban said, “Agreed. Let it be according to your word.” 35So on that day he removed the striped and spotted he-goats, and all the speckled and spotted she-goats, and every one that had some white on it, and all brown ones among the sheep, and he put them under his sons' care. 36Then he fixed a distance of three days' journey between himself and Jacob, while Jacob tended Laban's sheep which were left over. 37Then Jacob got himself a moist white-poplar rod, and an almond tree one, and a plane tree one, and he peeled off the white strippings on them, making the white part on the rods bare. 38And he placed the rods which he had peeled in the channels, in the water-troughs, so that they were before the sheep when the sheep came to drink, and they became ruttish when they came to drink. 39So the sheep became ruttish at the rods, and the sheep gave birth to striped and speckled and spotted young. 40And Jacob separated the lambs, and he matched the sheep with a view to striped young, and he matched all the brown ones with white sheep, and put his own flocks on their own, and did not put them with Laban's sheep. 41And it came to pass, whenever the strong sheep were to become ruttish, that Jacob put the rods before the eyes of the sheep in the channels, for them to become ruttish by the rods. 42But with the sheep that were weak, he did not put them out, and the weak sheep were for Laban and the strong ones for Jacob. 43So the man gained wealth most exceedingly, and he acquired many sheep and maidservants and menservants and camels and donkeys.

Genesis Chapter 31 

1Then he heard the words of Laban's sons, who said, “Jacob has taken everything that our father had, and he has acquired all this glory from what our father had.” 2And when Jacob saw Laban's face, it was clear that it was not favourable to him as it had been in the past. 3And the Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers and to your native land, and I will be with you.” 4Then Jacob sent a messenger and called for Rachel and Leah to come to the field, to his sheep. 5And he said to them, “I can see from your father's face that he is not favourable to me, as in the past, but the God of my father has been with me. 6And you know that I have served your father with all my might, 7but your father deceived me and changed my wages ten times, but God has not allowed him to be to my detriment. 8If he said this, ‘Your wages will be the speckled ones’, then all the small cattle gave birth to speckled ones, and if he said this, ‘You wages will be the striped ones’, then all the small cattle gave birth to striped ones. 9So God delivered your father's cattle and gave it to me. 10And it came to pass at the time of the small cattle becoming ruttish that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and what I saw was that the he-goats mounting the flock were striped and speckled and dappled. 11And the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob’, and I said, ‘Here I am.’ 12And he said, ‘Lift up your eyes now and look. All the he-goats mounting the flock are striped, speckled and dappled, for I have seen everything that Laban is doing to you. 13I am the God of Beth-el where you anointed a pillar – where you made a vow to me. Now arise and depart from this land and return to your native land.’ ” 14Then Rachel and Leah answered and said to him, “Do we still have a portion of inheritance in our father's house? 15Aren't we considered foreigners to him, for he has sold us and has quite completely spent our money. 16But all the wealth which God has transferred from our father is ours and our sons', so now, do everything which God said to you.” 17So Jacob arose and lifted his sons and his wives onto the camels. 18And he drove all his cattle and all his property that he had acquired – his acquisition of cattle which he acquired in Padan-aram – so as to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan. 19Now when Laban went to shear his sheep, Rachel stole the amulets which belonged to her father. 20Then Jacob broke Laban the Aramaean's heart by not telling him that he was fleeing. 21So he fled, with all that were his, and arose and crossed the river and made for Mount Gilead. 22And it was reported to Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled, 23at which he took his brothers with him and pursued him on a journey of seven days, and caught up with him at Mount Gilead. 24Then God came to Laban the Aramaean in a dream at night and said to him, “Be careful in speaking with Jacob, whether what you say is good or bad.” 25And Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent at the mountain, and Laban pitched his with his brothers, at Mount Gilead. 26And Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done, breaking my heart by making off with my daughters like captives of the sword? 27Why did you flee secretly and act furtively towards me and not tell me, so that I could send you off in joy with songs and drum- and harp-music? 28And you did not let me kiss my sons and daughters. Now you have acted foolishly in so doing. 29It is in my power to do you harm, but the God of your father spoke to me last night and said, ‘Take care in speaking good or bad with Jacob.’ 30But as it is, you have gone off without more ado, because you really longed for your father's household. But why have you stolen my gods?” 31Then Jacob answered and said to Laban, “I fled secretly because I was afraid, for I said to myself that you would snatch away your daughters from me. 32Whoever you find your gods with shall not live. Ascertain for yourself before our brothers what I have here and take what is yours.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them. 33And Laban went into Jacob's tent, and Leah's tent, and the tent of the two maidservants, but did not find anything. Then he came out of Leah's tent and went into Rachel's tent. 34Now Rachel had taken the amulets and put them in the saddle of the camel, and she sat on them, and Laban rummaged through the whole tent, but did not find them. 35And she said to her father, “Do not let my lord be angry because I cannot rise in your presence, for it is the way of women with me.” And he searched, but did not find the amulets. 36Then Jacob became angry and he quarrelled with Laban, and Jacob reacted and said to Laban, “What is my transgression, and what is my sin that you should pursue me so ardently? 37When you rummaged through all my baggage, what did you find of any of your household items? Put it here before my brothers and your brothers so they can arbitrate between the two of us. 38For twenty years I was with you. Your ewes and your goats did not miscarry, and I did not eat the rams of your flock. 39I didn't bring you anything savaged by wild animals – I suffered the loss of it. You demanded it of me, whether anything with me got stolen by day or by night. 40My circumstances were that by day dryness consumed me, and cold by night, and my sleep eluded my eyes. 41This was my lot for twenty years in your house. I worked for you for fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your small cattle, and you changed my wages ten times. 42If I had not had the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the fear of Isaac, then you would have sent me away empty-handed now. God has seen my affliction and the weariness of my hands, and he censured you last night.” 43Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters and the sons are my sons, and the small cattle is my small cattle, and everything you see is mine. Now what can I do for these daughters of mine today, or for their sons whom they have borne? 44So now, come, let us make a covenant, you and I, and it will be a testimony between you and me.” 45Then Jacob took a stone and erected it as a pillar. 46And Jacob said to his brothers, “Gather some stones”, and they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there on the heap. 47And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed. 48And Laban said, “This heap is a testimony between you and me today.” That is why he called it Galeed, 49and Mizpah, in that he said, “May the Lord keep watch between you and me, for one shall be hidden from the other, 50that you most certainly will not oppress my daughters, and that you most certainly will not take wives in addition to my daughters. There is no man with us. See, God is a witness between you and me.” 51Then Laban said to Jacob, “Here is this heap and here is the pillar, which I cast between you and me. 52This heap is a testimony, and the pillar is a testimony, that I will not cross this heap to you and that you will not cross this heap to me, nor this pillar, with harmful intentions. 53The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor judge between us – the God of their father.” And Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac. 54And Jacob offered a sacrifice, on the mountain, and he invited his brothers to eat bread, and they ate bread and spent the night on the mountain. 55Then Laban got up early in the morning and kissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Laban then departed and returned to his place.

Genesis Chapter 32 

1And Jacob went his way, and the angels of God met him. 2And when he saw them, Jacob said, “This is God's encampment”, and he called that place Mahanaim. 3Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4And he instructed them and said, “Here is what you will say to my lord, to Esau, ‘This is what your servant Jacob says, «I have dwelt with Laban and I stayed there until now. 5And I have acquired oxen and donkeys and sheep and menservants and maidservants. And I have sent to inform my lord to find grace in your eyes.» ’ ” 6Then the messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother, to Esau, and he also is coming to meet you, and there are four hundred men with him.” 7At this Jacob was very afraid, and he was in a strait, and he divided the people who were with him into two, and also the sheep and the oxen and the camels, into two detachments. 8And he said, “If Esau comes against one detachment and attacks it, then the remaining detachment will be in a position to escape.” 9And Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your land and to your native country and I will deal well with you’, 10I am of little account compared to all the acts of kindness and all the faithfulness which you have shown to your servant, for with my staff I have crossed this Jordan, but now I have become two detachments. 11Please deliver me from the hand of my brother – from the hand of Esau – for I am afraid of him, that he comes and attacks me, and a mother with her sons. 12And you have said, ‘I will certainly deal well with you, and I will make your seed like the sand of the sea which cannot be counted for its abundance.’ ” 13And he lodged there that night, then he took from what he could afford as a gift to Esau his brother: 14two hundred goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15thirty milk-giving camels and their young, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she-asses and ten foals. 16And he handed them over to his servants, each herd apart, and said to his servants, “Cross over before me and leave a space between one herd and another.” 17And when he instructed the first, he said, “When Esau my brother meets you, and questions you, saying, ‘Who do you belong to and where are you going, and whose are these animals in front of you?’ – 18you will say, ‘They are your servant's, Jacob's. It is a present sent to my lord, to Esau. And look, he himself is behind us.’ ” 19Then he instructed the second one too, and the third, and all those following the flocks, and said, “With these words you will speak to Esau, when you encounter him. 20And you will say, ‘Here is your servant Jacob too, behind us.’ ” For he said, “I will appease him with the gift going ahead of me, and after that I will see his face; maybe he will treat me benevolently.” 21So the gift went across in front of him, while he lodged that night in the encampment. 22Then he got up that night and took his two wives and his two maidservants and his eleven boys and crossed the ford of Jabbok. 23And he took them and brought them across the brook, and took what he had across. 24But Jacob remained alone, and a man wrestled with him, until dawn arose. 25And he saw that he could not prevail over him; and he touched his hip-bone socket, so Jacob's hip-bone became dislocated as he wrestled with him. 26And he said, “Let me go, for dawn has arisen.” But he said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.” 27And he said to him, “What is your name?” To this he said, “Jacob.” 28He then said, “You shall not be called Jacob any more, but Israel, for you have wrestled with God, and with men, and have prevailed.” 29Then Jacob asked him and said, “Please tell me your name.” To this he said, “Why are you asking my name like this?” And he blessed him there. 30And Jacob called the place Peniel, “For,” he said, “I have seen God face to face, and my life was preserved.” 31Then the sun rose on him, as he crossed through Penuel, and he limped on his thigh, 32which is why the sons of Israel do not eat the thigh sinew which is on the thigh joint, up to this day, because he struck Jacob on the thigh joint in the thigh sinew.

Genesis Chapter 33 

1Then Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was Esau coming, and with him were four hundred men, and he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two maidservants. 2And he put the maidservants and their children in front and Leah and her children behind, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 3And he crossed over before them, and bowed down to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. 4And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell around his neck, and kissed him, and they wept. 5And he lifted up his eyes and saw the women and the children, and he said, “Who are these of yours?” And he said, “The children whom God has been so gracious as to give your servant.” 6Then the maidservants approached – they and their children – and they bowed down. 7Then Leah approached too, with her children, and they bowed down, and after that Joseph and Rachel approached, and bowed down. 8And he said, “Who are all this troop which I have met?” And he said, “They are to find grace in your eyes, my lord.” 9Then Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.” 10But Jacob said, “No, please, if now I have found grace in your eyes, then take my gift from my hand, for it is because of it that I saw your face looking like the face of God, when you were pleased with me. 11Do take my blessing which has been brought to you, for God has been gracious to me, and because I have everything.” And he pressed him, and he accepted it. 12And he said, “Let us move on and get going, and I will go in front of you.” 13Then he said to him, “My lord knows that the children are tender, and that the flocks and dairy cattle are with me, and if they overdrive them for just one day, all the flocks will die. 14Do let my lord go in front of his servant, and I will proceed at a gentle pace, at the speed of the cattle which are in front of me, and at the speed of the children, until I have come to my lord in Seir.” 15And Esau said, “Let me station some of the people who are with me with you.” And he said, “Why have I found grace in the eyes of my lord like this?” 16Then Esau returned on that day, taking the road back to Seir, 17while Jacob moved to Succoth and built himself a house there, and made booths there for his cattle, which is why he called the place Succoth. 18Then Jacob arrived safely in the city of Shechem which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram. And he encamped in front of the city. 19And he bought a parcel of land where he had pitched his tent, from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem, for one hundred kesitahs. 20And he erected an altar there, and called it El-elohe-Israel.

Genesis Chapter 34 

1Now Dinah, Leah's daughter, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 2And Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, a prince of the land, saw her, and he took her, and slept with her, and violated her. 3And his desire was fixed on Dinah, Jacob's daughter, and he was in love with the girl, and he spoke kindly to the girl. 4And Shechem spoke to Hamor his father and said, “Get me this girl for a wife.” 5And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter while his sons were with the cattle in the field, and Jacob kept silence until they came in. 6Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him. 7Then Jacob's sons came back from the field when they heard about it, and the men were aggrieved, and they became very much incensed that he had done a dishonourable thing in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, for such a thing is not done. 8And Hamor spoke with them and said, “About Shechem my son – his whole being craves for your daughter. Be so good as to give her to him as a wife. 9And let us exchange in marriage. Give us your daughters, and take our daughters for yourselves. 10And dwell with us, and the land will be before you. Live in it and trade in it and have your interest in it.” 11Then Shechem said to her father and her brothers, “If I find grace in your eyes, then I will give you whatever you say to me. 12Specify a large dowry and gift for me to give, and I will give it according to what you say to me, but give me the girl as a wife.” 13Then Jacob's sons answered Shechem and Hamar his father deceitfully, and they spoke so because he had defiled Dinah their sister. 14And they said to them, “We cannot do this thing, giving our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it is a contemptible thing to us. 15But we can agree on this with you: if you become like us, in every male being circumcised, 16then we will give you our daughters, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. 17But if you do not comply with us in being circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go our way.” 18And their words were pleasing in Hamor's sight, and the sight of Shechem the son of Hamor. 19And the lad did not delay in doing the thing, because he took delight in Jacob's daughter. Now he was held in more honour than all the household of his father. 20Then Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their city, and spoke to the men of their city, and said, 21“These men are peaceable towards us and they will dwell in the land and trade in it. And as for the land, behold, it is very wide before them. We will take their daughters to ourselves as wives, and we will give our daughters to them. 22But the men have agreed this with us: to dwell with us, to become one people, if we have ourselves circumcised – every male – as they are circumcised. 23Their cattle and their possessions and all their livestock, are they not then ours? Just let us agree with them, and they will dwell with us.” 24And all those who went out to the gate of his city heard Hamor and Shechem his son, and all the males were circumcised – everyone who went out to the gate of his city. 25And it came to pass on the third day while they were sore, that two of Jacob's sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, each took his sword and went to the city confidently, and killed every male. 26And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house and left. 27The sons of Jacob went to the slain men and stripped the city, because they had defiled their sister. 28And they took their sheep and their oxen and their donkeys and whatever was in the city, and they took whatever was in the field. 29And they captured and stripped all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their women, and everything that was in the house. 30But Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have caused me trouble, by making me odious to the inhabitants of the land, to the Canaanite and the Perizzite, whereas I am few in number, and they could gather together against me, and attack me, and I and my household would be destroyed.” 31But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?”

Genesis Chapter 35 

1Then God said to Jacob, “Arise and go up to Beth-el and live there, and make an altar there to God who appeared to you when you were fleeing from Esau your brother.” 2Then Jacob said to his household and to everyone who was with him, “Remove the foreign gods which are in your midst and cleanse yourselves and change your garments. 3Then let us arise and go up to Beth-el and I will make an altar there to God who answered me on the day when I was in a strait, but he was with me on the way I went.” 4So they gave Jacob all the strange gods which were in their possession, and the rings which were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under the terebinth tree which was near Shechem. 5And they moved on, and a fear of God came upon the cities which were around them, so they did not pursue the sons of Jacob. 6Then Jacob arrived at Luz which is in the land of Canaan – it is Beth-el – he and all the people who were with him. 7And he built an altar there, and called the place El-beth-el, for God had revealed himself to him there when he was fleeing from his brother. 8Then Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried under Beth-el, under the oak tree, and he called it Allon-bachuth. 9Now God had appeared to Jacob again as he was coming from Padan-aram, and he blessed him. 10And God had said to him, “Your name is Jacob; your name will no longer be Jacob, but your name will be Israel.” And he called him Israel. 11And God said to him, “I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and increase. A nation and a convocation of nations will come from you, and kings will come out of your loins. 12I will give you the land which I gave to Abraham and to Isaac, and I will give the land to your seed after you.” 13Then God ascended away from him, at the place where he spoke with him. 14Jacob then erected a pillar at the place where he spoke with him, a stone pillar, and he poured out a libation on it and poured oil on it. 15And Jacob called the place where God had spoken to him Beth-el. 16Then they moved on from Beth-el, and there was just a small stretch of land to go to arrive at Ephrath, when Rachel gave birth, and had difficulty in her labour. 17And it came to pass as she was having difficulty in her labour, that the midwife said to her, “Do not be afraid, for this is also a son of yours.” 18And it came to pass, as her life was departing – for she was dying – that she called him Ben-oni, but his father called him Benjamin. 19Then Rachel died, and she was buried at the road to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem. 20And Jacob erected a pillar at her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel's grave to this day. 21Then Israel moved on, and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Edar. 22And it came to pass, while Israel was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine, and Israel heard it. Now Jacob's sons were twelve in number. 23Leah's sons were Jacob's firstborn, Reuben, then Simeon and Levi and Judah and Issachar and Zebulun. 24Rachel's sons were Joseph and Benjamin. 25And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maidservant, were Dan and Naphtali. 26And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's maidservant, were Gad and Asher. These were Jacob's sons who were born to him in Padan-aram. 27Then Jacob came to Isaac his father in Mamre at Kirjath-arba – that is Hebron – where Abraham and Isaac dwelt. 28And the days of Isaac amounted to one hundred and eighty years. 29Then Isaac expired and died, and was gathered to his people, being old and full of days, and Esau and Jacob his sons buried him.

Genesis Chapter 36 

1This is the lineage of Esau. He is Edom. 2Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, 3and Bashemath, Ishmael's daughter, the sister of Nebajoth. 4And Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz, and Bashemath bore Reuel. 5And Aholibamah bore Jeush and Jaalam and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 6And Esau took his wives and his sons and his daughters and all the people of his household, and his cattle and all his livestock and all his property which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he went to a land away from Jacob his brother. 7For their property was too much for them to live together, and the land of their residence could not support them because of their cattle. 8And Esau dwelt at Mount Seir. Esau is Edom. 9Now this is the lineage of Esau, the father of Edom in Mount Seir. 10These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau. 11And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho and Gatam and Kenaz. 12And Timna was a concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Adah the wife of Esau. 13And these were the sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife. 14And these were the sons of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife. And she bore Jeush and Jaalam and Korah to Esau. 15These were the chieftains of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz Esau's firstborn were Chieftain Teman, Chieftain Omar, Chieftain Zepho, Chieftain Kenaz, 16Chieftain Korah, Chieftain Gatam, Chieftain Amalek. These were the chieftains descending from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were Adah's sons. 17And these were the sons of Reuel the son of Esau: Chieftain Nahath, Chieftain Zerah, Chieftain Shammah, Chieftain Mizzah. These were the chieftains descending from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Bashemath the wife of Esau. 18And these were the sons of Aholibamah, Esau's wife: Chieftain Jeush, Chieftain Jaalam, Chieftain Korah. These were the chieftains descending from Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife. 19These were the sons of Esau, and these were their chieftains. He is Edom. 20These were the sons of Seir the Horite – the inhabitants of the land: Lotan and Shobal and Zibeon and Anah, 21and Dishon and Ezer and Dishan. These were the chieftains of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom. 22And Lotan's sons were Hori and Hemam, and Lotan's sister was Timna. 23These were Shobal's sons: Alvan and Manahath and Ebal, Shepho and Onam. 24And these were Zibeon's sons: Veajah and Anah – he is Anah who found the hot springs in the desert when he was tending the donkeys for Zibeon his father. 25And these were the sons of Anah: Dishon; and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. 26And these were the sons of Dishan: Hemdan and Eshban and Ithran and Cheran. 27These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan and Zaavan and Akan. 28These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. 29These were the chieftains of the Horites: Chieftain Lotan, Chieftain Shobal, Chieftain Zibeon, Chieftain Anah, 30Cheiftain Dishon, Chieftain Ezer, Chieftain Dishan. These were the chieftains descending from Hori, constituting their chieftains in the land of Seir. 31And these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the sons of Israel. 32And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. 33Then Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in place of him. 34Then Jobab died, and Husham from the land of Temani reigned in place of him. 35Then Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who struck Midian down in the countryside of Moab, reigned in place of him, and the name of his city was Avith. 36Then Hadad died, and Samlah from Masrekah reigned in place of him. 37Then Samlah died, and Saul from Rehoboth-upon-the-river reigned in place of him. 38Then Saul died and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in place of him. 39Then Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in place of him, and the name of his city was Pau, and the name of his wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-zahab. 40And these are the names of the chieftains of Esau by their families and by their places, by their names: Chieftain Timnah, Chieftain Alvah, Chieftain Jetheth, 41Chieftain Aholibamah, Chieftain Elah, Chieftain Pinon, 42Chieftain Kenaz, Chieftain Teman, Chieftain Mibzar, 43Chieftain Magdiel, Chieftain Iram. These were the chieftains of Edom by their dwelling places in the land of their possession, which is Esau, the father of Edom.

Genesis Chapter 37 

1And Jacob dwelt in the place of residence of his father in the land of Canaan. 2This is the genealogy of Jacob. Joseph was seventeen years old and was tending the flock with his brothers, and he was just a lad with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives. And Joseph brought a bad report of them to their father. 3Now Israel loved Joseph the most of all his sons because he was the son of his old age to him, and he made him a long-sleeved gown. 4And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him, and they could not speak peaceably to him. 5Then Joseph had a dream and told it to his brothers, and they hated him all the more. 6And he said to them, “Do listen to this dream which I have had. 7There we were binding sheaves in the middle of the field, and what happened was that my sheaf arose and stood up even, and there were your sheaves encircling it, and they bowed down to my sheaf.” 8At which his brothers said to him, “Are you really going to reign over us, or really going to rule over us?” And they hated him still more because of his dreams and because of his words. 9Then he dreamt again and had another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, “Look, I have had a dream again, and there were the sun and the moon and eleven stars bowing down to me.” 10And he told it to his father and to his brothers, and his father rebuked him, and said to him, “What is this dream you have had? Am I and your mother and your brothers really going to bow down to you to the ground?” 11And his brothers were envious of him, but his father kept the account under consideration. 12Then his brothers went to tend their father's flocks in Shechem. 13And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers tending flocks in Shechem? Come, and I'll send you to them.” And he said, “Here I am.” 14And he said to him, “Please go and see how your brothers are doing, and how the flock are doing and report back to me.” And he sent him from the Valley of Hebron, and he went to Shechem. 15And a man came across him seeing that he was wandering in a field, and the man asked him and said, “What are you looking for?” 16And he said, “I am looking for my brothers. Tell me, would you, where are they tending the flocks?” 17And the man said, “They have moved on from here, for I heard them saying, ‘Let's go to Dothan.’ ” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them in Dothan. 18And they saw him from a distance, and before he approached them, they plotted against him to kill him. 19And they said to each other, “Look, Mister Dreamer himself is coming. 20So now, come on, let's kill him and throw him into one of the pits, and we will say, ‘A wild animal has eaten him’, and we will see what becomes of his dreams.” 21But Reuben heard, and delivered him from their hands, and said, “Let us not fatally strike him.” 22And Reuben said to them, “Do not shed blood. Throw him in this pit which is in the desert, and do not lay hands on him”, so as to deliver him from their hands, to take him back to his father. 23And it came to pass when Joseph came to his brothers that they stripped Joseph of his gown – his long-sleeved gown which was on him – 24and took hold of him and threw him into the pit. Now the pit was empty – there was no water in it. 25And they sat down to eat bread, and lifted up their eyes and looked around, and what they saw was a company of Ishmeelites coming from Gilead. And their camels were carrying spices and balsam and labdanum on their way to take it down to Egypt. 26And Judah said to his brothers, “What good is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 27Come, let's sell him to the Ishmeelites, and our hand will not be on him, for he is our brother – he is our flesh.” And his brothers acquiesced. 28And the Midianite merchants passed by, and hauled him up and brought Joseph up out of the pit. And they sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver. They then brought Joseph to Egypt. 29Then Reuben returned to the pit, and when he saw that Joseph wasn't in the pit, he tore his clothes. 30And he returned to his brothers and said, “The lad isn't there. And as for me, where can I go?” 31Then they took Joseph's gown, and killed a buck of the goats, and dipped the gown in the blood. 32And they took the long-sleeved gown with them and brought it to their father, and said, “We found this. So examine whether the gown is your son's or not.” 33And he identified it and said, “It is my son's gown. A wild animal has eaten him. Joseph must have been torn apart.” 34And Jacob tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son for many days. 35Then all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted, and he said, “I will go down to my son – to the grave – mourning.” And his father wept for him. 36And the Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh's courtier, the head executioner.

Genesis Chapter 38 

1And it came to pass at that time that Judah went down leaving his brothers and turned aside to an Adullamite man whose name was Hirah. 2And Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man there, his name being Shuah. And he took her, and went in to her, 3and she conceived, and bore a son, and he called him Er. 4And she conceived again and bore a son and she called him Onan. 5And she conceived yet again and bore a son, and she called him Shelah, and he was in Chezib when she bore him. 6And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar. 7Now Er Judah's firstborn was evil in the sight of the Lord and the Lord killed him. 8And Judah said to Onan, “Go into your brother's wife and marry her as brother-in-law of the deceased and raise up seed to your brother.” 9But Onan knew that the seed would not be counted as his, and it came to pass when he went to his brother's wife, that he spilt it on the ground, so as not to give seed to his brother. 10And what he did was evil in the eyes of the Lord, and he killed him too. 11Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, “Remain a widow in the house of your father until my son Shelah is grown up,” for he said, “I am concerned that he too may die like his brothers.” So Tamar went and stayed in the house of her father. 12And many days went by, and the daughter of Shua, Judah's wife, died. And Judah was comforted, and he went up to those who shear his sheep – he and Hirah his friend the Adullamite – to Timnath. 13And it was reported to Tamar as follows, “Look, your father-in-law is going up to Timnath to shear his sheep.” 14And she took off her widow's clothes which were on her, and screened herself with a veil, and covered herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnath, for she had seen that Shelah had grown up but that she had not been given to him as a wife. 15And Judah saw her, and thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face. 16And he turned aside to her on the way and said, “Come on now, I will go in to you”, for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, “What will you give me if you go in to me.” 17And he said, “I will send you a kid from the flock.” Then she said, “All right if you give me security until you have sent it.” 18And he said, “What is the security that I should give you?” And she said, “Your seal and your ribbon and your staff that is in your hand.” Then he gave them to her and went in to her and she conceived by him. 19Then she got up and went back and took off her veil that was on her and put her widow's clothes on. 20And Judah sent a kid of the goats via his friend the Adullamite, to recover the security from the woman. But he could not find her. 21And he asked the men of her place, and said, “Where is the prostitute who was in Enaim by the road?” And they said, “There hasn't been a prostitute around here.” 22So he returned to Judah and said, “I could not find her, and moreover the local men said, ‘There hasn't been a prostitute around here.’ ” 23Then Judah said, “Let her take it any time, so that we do not come to be held in disdain. After all, I sent this kid, but you could not find her.” 24Then it came to pass, after three months, that it was reported to Judah as follows: “Tamar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot, and moreover, she has become pregnant with her harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burnt.” 25She was brought out, and she sent for her father-in-law, and said, “I became pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” And she said, “Please identify whose this seal and ribbons and staff are.” 26And Judah recognized them, and said, “She is more righteous than I am, for this is because I did not give her to Shelah my son.” And Judah did not know her any more. 27And it came to pass at the time when she gave birth that there were twins in her womb. 28And it came to pass when she gave birth, that one put out a hand, and the midwife took hold of it and tied a scarlet band round his hand, and said, “This came out first.” 29Then it came to pass as he withdrew his hand, that what happened was that his brother came out, and she said, “How you broke out! May the breaking out be upon you!” And he called him Pharez. 30And afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand the scarlet band was, and he called him Zarah.

Genesis Chapter 39 

1So Joseph was brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, Pharaoh's official, the head executioner, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmeelites who had brought him down there. 2And the Lord was with Joseph, and he became a prosperous man, and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian. 3And his master saw that the Lord was with him, and how the Lord made everything he did prosper in his hand. 4So Joseph found grace in his eyes, and he served him, and he appointed him over his household, and put everything he had under his charge. 5And it came to pass from when he had appointed him in his house and over everything he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian's household because of Joseph, and the blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had in the house and in the field. 6And he left everything he had in Joseph's hand, and he did not know anything about his personal affairs except the food he ate. Now Joseph was well-proportioned and good-looking, 7and it came to pass after these things that his master's wife raised her eyes to Joseph, and said, “Lie with me.” 8But he refused, and said to his master's wife, “Look, my master does not know what is in the house delegated to me, and he has put everything he has under my authority. 9There is no-one greater in this house than me, and he has not withheld anything from me except you, because you are his wife, so how can I do this great evil, and sin against God?” 10And it kept happening that when she spoke to Joseph day by day, he would not consent with her to lie with her and to be with her. 11And it came to pass around this time that he went to the house to do his business, and there were none of the men of the household there in the house. 12And she took hold of him by a garment of his and said, “Lie with me.” And he left his garment in her hand and fled and went outside. 13Then it came to pass when she saw that he had left a garment of his in her hand, and had fled outside, 14that she called the men of her household and spoke to them and said, “Look, he has brought a Hebrew man to us to mock us. He came to me to lie with me, and I shouted with a loud voice, 15and it happened that when he heard that I was raising my voice and calling out, that he left his garment with me and fled and went outside.” 16And she kept his garment at her side until his master returned to the house. 17And she spoke to him with these words and said, “The Hebrew servant whom you brought to us came to me to mock me. 18And it came to pass when I raised my voice and called out that he left his garment with me and fled outside.” 19And it came to pass when his master heard his wife's words which she spoke to him, when she said, “These are the things which your servant did to me”, that he became angry. 20And Joseph's master took hold of him and put him in prison – a place where the king's prisoners were imprisoned – and he was there in the prison. 21But the Lord was with Joseph, and he extended kindness to him, and gave him grace in the eyes of the chief prison officer. 22And the chief prison officer put all the prisoners who were in the prison under Joseph's authority. He was in control of everything that they did there. 23The chief prison officer didn't oversee anything that was in his charge, because the Lord was with him, and the Lord made whatever he did prosper.

Genesis Chapter 40 

1And it came to pass after these things that the king of Egypt's butler and baker did wrong to their master, to the king of Egypt. 2And Pharaoh became angry with his two courtiers, with the head butler and with the head baker. 3And he put them under guard, in the house of the head executioner, in the prison – the place where Joseph was imprisoned. 4And the head executioner put Joseph in charge of them. And he officiated over them, and they were under guard for many days. 5And the two of them had a dream – each his own dream, on one night, each according to the interpretation of his dream – the king of Egypt's butler and baker who were prisoners in the prison. 6When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw them, and there they were, looking gloomy. 7And he questioned Pharaoh's courtiers who were with him under guard in the house of his master, and said, “Why are your expressions so downcast today?” 8And they said to him, “We have had a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.” Then Joseph said to them, “Are not interpretations a matter for God? Please tell me them.” 9And the head butler told Joseph his dream and said to him, “In my dream, there was a vine before me. 10And on the vine were three branches, and as it bloomed its blossom arose and its fruit ripened into grapes. 11And Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, and I pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and I put the cup in Pharaoh's hand.” 12Then Joseph said to him, “This is the interpretation of it. The three branches are three days. 13In three days' time, Pharaoh will lift your head and reinstate you in your office and you will put Pharaoh's cup in his hand as was the former custom when you were his butler. 14Nevertheless, remember me who was with you, when it is going well for you, and do me a favour, would you, and mention me to Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house. 15For I was brought here most furtively from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have not done anything warranting that they should put me in the pit.” 16And when the chief baker saw that he had correctly interpreted it, he said to Joseph, “I too was in a dream of mine, and there were three baskets of white bread on my head. 17In the upper basket were all kinds of food for Pharaoh – baker's fare – and the birds were eating them from the basket on my head.” 18Then Joseph responded and said, “This is the interpretation of it. The three baskets are three days. 19In three days' time Pharaoh will lift your head off you and hang you on a tree, and the birds will eat away at your flesh on you.” 20And it came to pass on the third day, Pharaoh's birthday, that he held a banquet for all his servants, and he lifted the head of the head butler and of the head baker among his servants. 21And he restored the head butler to his office of butler, who put the cup in Pharaoh's hand. 22But he hanged the head baker, as Joseph had interpreted for them. 23But the head butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.

Genesis Chapter 41 

1And it came to pass after two years' time, that Pharaoh had a dream, and there he was, standing at the river. 2And what he saw was seven cows coming up out of the river, of fine appearance and with healthy flesh, and they grazed on the reeds. 3And he then saw seven other cows coming up out of the river after them, of bad appearance and lean in flesh, and they stood alongside the other cows on the bank of the river. 4Then the cows of bad appearance and lean in flesh ate the seven cows which were of fine appearance and healthy. Then Pharaoh awoke. 5Then he fell asleep and dreamt a second time, and what he saw was seven ears of corn coming up on one stalk, healthy and good. 6Then what he saw was seven lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind, growing up after them. 7And the lean ears of corn swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears of corn. Then Pharaoh awoke, and realized that it was a dream. 8And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was disturbed and he sent for and called all the sacred scribes of Egypt, and all its wise men. And Pharaoh related his dream to them, but there was no interpreter of them to Pharaoh. 9Then the head butler spoke with Pharaoh and said, “I remember my sins today. 10Pharaoh became angry with his servants and he put me under guard in the house of the head executioner – me and the head baker. 11And we had a dream one night, I and he. Each of us dreamt according to the interpretation of his dream. 12And there was with us a Hebrew youth, a servant of the head executioner, and we told him our dreams and he interpreted them for us. He gave the interpretation of each one's dream. 13And it came to pass after he had interpreted for us, that so it came about. Pharaoh restored me to my office, but hanged him.” 14Then Pharaoh sent for and called for Joseph, and whisked him out of the pit. Then he shaved himself and changed his clothes, and went to Pharaoh. 15And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream and there is no interpreter of it, and I have heard about you, that you know how to interpret a dream.” 16Then Joseph answered Pharaoh and said, “It is outside my competence. God will answer Pharaoh with peace.” 17Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream, there I was standing on the bank of the river, 18and what I saw was seven cows coming up out of the river, with healthy flesh and of fine appearance, and they grazed on the reeds. 19Then what I saw was seven other cows coming up after them, poor and of very bad appearance and lean in flesh – I have never seen anything like them in the whole land of Egypt for badness. 20Then the lean and bad cows ate the seven former and healthy cows. 21And they went inside them, but it could not be perceived that they had gone inside them, and their appearance was as bad as it was at first. Then I awoke. 22And I saw in my dream that there were seven ears of corn coming up on one stalk, full and good. 23Then what I saw was seven hard and lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind growing up after them. 24And the lean ears of corn ate the seven good ears of corn. And I told it to the sacred scribes, but there was no-one who could explain it to me.” 25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh's dream is a unity. God has told Pharaoh what he is about to do. 26The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears of corn are seven years. The dream is a unity. 27The seven lean and bad cows coming up after them are seven years, and the seven lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind will be seven years of famine. 28This is the account which I have spoken to Pharaoh. What God is about to do, he has shown Pharaoh. 29Behold, seven years of great abundance are coming in the whole land of Egypt. 30Then seven years of famine will arise after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will waste away the land. 31And the abundance will not be felt in the land on account of that famine afterwards, for it will be very severe. 32And as for the dream being repeated to Pharaoh, with him dreaming twice, that is because the matter is fixed with God, and God is making haste to carry it out. 33So now let Pharaoh discern a wise and prudent man and appoint him over the land of Egypt. 34Let Pharaoh do this and appoint overseers over the land, and take a fifth of the yield of the land in the seven years of abundance. 35And let them gather all the food of those good years that are coming and store corn under Pharaoh's administration – food in the cities – and guard it. 36And the food will be a stockpile for the land, for the seven years of famine which will take place in the land of Egypt, so that the land is not cut down in the famine.” 37And the procedure was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants. 38And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can anyone else like this be found – a man in whom the spirit of God is?” 39And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Consequent to God making all this known to you, there cannot be a prudent and wise man like you. 40You will be over my house, and at your behest the whole of my people will be regulated. Only in the throne will I be greater than you.” 41And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have appointed you over the whole land of Egypt.” 42Then Pharaoh took his ring off his finger and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen, and put a golden chain round his neck. 43And he had him ride in his second chariot, and they cried out before him, “Bow the knee.” And he appointed him over the whole land of Egypt. 44And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent, no man in the whole land of Egypt will lift his hand or his foot.” 45And Pharaoh called Joseph Zaphnath-paaneah, and he gave him Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On as a wife. And Joseph went out over the land of Egypt. 46Now Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and Joseph went out from Pharaoh's presence and passed through the whole land of Egypt. 47And the land yielded produce by handfuls in the seven years of abundance. 48And he gathered all the food of the seven years which elapsed in the land of Egypt, and he put food in the cities; he put the food of the city fields, which were around it, inside the city itself. 49And Joseph stored corn like the sand of the sea, a very large amount, until he stopped counting, for there was no counting it. 50And before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph, sons whom Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On bore to him. 51And Joseph called the first one Manasseh, “For,” he said, “God has caused me to forget all my sorrow and the whole household of my father.” 52And he called the second one Ephraim, “For,” he said, “God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.” 53Then the seven years of abundance which came to pass in the land of Egypt came to an end. 54And the seven years of famine started to come, as Joseph had said, and there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55And when all the land of Egypt was hungry, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread, and Pharaoh said to the whole of Egypt, “Go to Joseph and do what he tells you.” 56And the famine came over the whole face of the land, and Joseph opened up everything in it, and sold it to Egypt. And the famine became severe in the land of Egypt. 57And the whole continent came to Egypt, to Joseph, to buy grain, for the famine was severe in the whole continent.

Genesis Chapter 42 

1When Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at each other?” 2And he said, “Look, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy us some from there, so we live and don't die.” 3So Joseph's brothers went down, the ten of them, to buy corn from Egypt. 4But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his brothers, for he said, “I am concerned in case misfortune should befall him.” 5So Israel's sons came to buy grain among those who came, for the famine came to the land of Canaan. 6Now Joseph was the governor over the land; he was the seller of grain to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brothers came, and they bowed down to him with the face to the ground. 7And Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but he feigned not recognizing them, and spoke harshly with them, and said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.” 8And Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 9And Joseph remembered the dreams which he had had about them, and he said to them, “You are spies. You have come to look at the vulnerability of the land.” 10And they said to him, “Not so, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food. 11We are all the sons of one man; we are upright – your servants are not spies.” 12Then he said to them, “No, for you have come to look at the vulnerability of the land.” 13Then they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers; we are the sons of one man, in the land of Canaan, and it is the case that the youngest is with our father today, and one of us is not to be found.” 14Then Joseph said to them, “As for what I said to you when I said, ‘You are spies’, 15this is the means by which you will be put to the test: by the life of Pharaoh, you will not depart from here unless your youngest brother comes here. 16Send one of you to bring your brother, but you will be kept in prison, and your words will be put to the test to see if you are truthful, and if not, by the life of Pharaoh, it will show that you are spies.” 17And he rounded them up under guard for three days. 18And Joseph said this to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for I fear God. 19If you are upright, let one of your brothers be kept imprisoned in the prison building you are in, while you go and bring grain for the famine of your households. 20And bring your youngest brother to me, and your words will be proved true, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21And they said to one another, “Doubtless we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us and we did not take any notice. That is why this distress has come upon us.” 22Then Reuben answered them and said, “Did I not say this to you when I said, ‘Do not sin against the lad’? But you did not listen, and look, his blood is duly required.” 23And they did not know that Joseph was listening, for there was an interpreter between them. 24And he turned aside from them, and wept, and returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from them, and bound him before their eyes. 25And Joseph gave orders to fill their vessels with corn, and to restore each one's money in his sack, and to give them provision for the journey. This is what he did with them. 26So they lifted their grain onto their donkeys and departed from there. 27Then when one opened his sack to give fodder to his donkey at an inn, he saw his money, and there it was at the opening of his bag, 28and he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned to me, and here it really is, in my bag.” And their heart fainted, and they trembled, and said to each other, “What is this that God has done to us?” 29And they came to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan, and told him everything that had happened to them, and said, 30“The man who is lord of the land spoke harshly with us and considered us spies on the land. 31And we said to him, ‘We are upright; we are not spies. 32We are twelve brothers, the sons of our father. One of us is not to be found, and the youngest is with our father in the land of Canaan today.’ 33Then the man who is lord of the land said to us, ‘Here is how I will know that you are upright. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take relief for the famine of your households and go, 34and bring your youngest brother to me, so that I know that you are not spies – that you are upright. Then I will give you back your brother and you can trade in the land.’ ” 35And it came to pass when they emptied their sacks that for each one there was his money-purse in his sack, and they saw their money-purses, they and their father, and they were afraid. 36Then Jacob their father said to them, “You have bereaved me: Joseph is not to be found, and Simeon is not around, and you want to take Benjamin away. All these things are against me.” 37Then Reuben spoke to his father and said, “You can kill my two sons if I do not bring him to you. Put him in my charge and I will bring him back to you.” 38But he said, “My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he alone remains, and if misfortune were to befall him on the way you are going, then you would bring my old age down to the grave in grief.”

Genesis Chapter 43 

1And the famine was severe in the land. 2And it came to pass, when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back and buy us a little food.” 3Then Judah spoke to him and said, “The man solemnly testified to us and said, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ 4If you let our brother go with us, we will go down and buy you food. 5But if you don't let him go, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ” 6Then Israel said, “Why have you treated me so badly by telling the man that you had another brother?” 7And they said, “The man persistently asked about us and our family and said, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you got a brother?’ And we answered him in accordance with these things. How could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” 8Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will get up and go, and we will live and not die, neither us, nor you, nor our little ones. 9I will be security for him. You can require it from my hand if I do not bring him back to you, and set him before you, for I would be in sin before you all my days. 10For if it wasn't for us delaying then we would have been back by now twice over.” 11Then Israel their father said to them, “If it is like this, then do this: take some of the select produce of the land in your vessels and take a gift down to the man – a little balsam and a little honey, spicery and myrrh, nuts and almonds. 12And take double money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money that was restored in the opening of your bags – perhaps it was a mistake. 13And take your brother and get up and go back to the man. 14And may God Almighty give you favour before the man, and let you go with your other brother and with Benjamin. And as for me, if I am bereaved, I am bereaved.” 15So the men took this present and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin, and they got up and went down to Egypt, and they stood before Joseph. 16And Joseph saw Benjamin with them, and said to him who was over his house, “Bring the men into the house, and butcher meat and prepare it, for the men will dine with me at noon.” 17Then the man did what Joseph had said, and brought the men into Joseph's house. 18And the men were afraid when they were brought into Joseph's house, and they said, “It is because of the matter of the money which was restored in our bags at the start that we have been brought in, to rush upon us and fall upon us and take us as slaves, and our donkeys.” 19And they approached the man who was over Joseph's house and spoke to him at the door of the house, 20and they said, “Please, my lord, we really only came down from the start to buy food. 21And we came to an inn, and we opened our bags, and what we saw was that each man's money was in the opening of his bag – our money in full weight – and we have brought it back in our hand. 22And we have brought more money down in our hand to buy food. We don't know who put our money in our bags.” 23And he said, “Peace to you. Do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your bags. Your money came to me.” Then he brought Simeon out to them. 24Then the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet, and he gave their donkeys fodder. 25Meanwhile they prepared their gift, until Joseph came out at noon, for they had heard that they would eat bread there. 26Then when Joseph came home, they brought the present for him which was in their hand into the house and they bowed down to him to the ground. 27And he asked them how they were, and said, “Is your elderly father whom you spoke of well? Is he still alive?” 28And they said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” And they bowed the head and bowed down. 29And he raised his eyes, and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother, and he said, “Is this your youngest brother about whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “God be gracious to you, my son.” 30Then Joseph made haste, for he burned with feelings of compassion towards his brothers, and he needed to weep, and he went into a room and wept there. 31Then he washed his face, and went out, and restrained himself, and said, “Serve bread.” 32And they served him on his own, and them on their own, and the Egyptians who ate with him on their own, for the Egyptians cannot eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians. 33And they sat before him, the firstborn in the firstborn's place, and the youngest in the youngest's place, and the men looked at each other with astonishment. 34And he had helpings served to them in his presence, and Benjamin's helping was five times bigger than the helping of any of them, and they drank and became inebriated with him.

Genesis Chapter 44 

1Then he instructed him who was over his house and said, “Fill the men's bags with food, as much as they can carry, and put money in each one's opening of his bag. 2But put my goblet, the silver goblet, in the opening of the bag of the youngest, and the money for his grain.” And he acted according to the words which Joseph had spoken. 3The morning dawned and the men were sent off – they and their donkeys. 4They went out of the city, and had not gone far, when Joseph said, to him who was over his house, “Get up and pursue the man and catch up with them, and say to them, ‘Why have you requited me bad for good? 5Is not this what my master drinks from? And doesn't he keenly divine with it? You have done wrong in what you have done.’ ” 6So he caught up with them and said these things to them. 7And they said to him, “Why does my lord say these things? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing as this. 8Look, we brought the money which we found in the opening of our bags back to you from the land of Canaan, so how could we steal silver or gold from the house of your lord? 9Let him among your servants who is found with it die, and let the rest of us too become servants to my lord.” 10And he said, “Let it duly be so now, according to your words. He who is found with it will be my servant, but the rest of you will be clear.” 11Then they made haste and each one brought his bag down to the ground, and each one opened his bag. 12And he searched, starting with the oldest, and finishing with the youngest, and the goblet was found in Benjamin's bag. 13And they tore their clothes, and each loaded his luggage on his donkey, and they returned to the city. 14And Judah and his brothers returned to Joseph's house, and he was still there, and they fell down to the ground before him. 15And Joseph said, “What is this deed you have done? Were you not aware that a man like me keenly divines?” 16And Judah said, “What can we say to my lord? What can we speak and how can we justify ourselves? God has found the iniquity of your servants. Here we are as servants to my lord, both we and he in whose hand the goblet was found.” 17Then he said, “Far be it from me to do that. The man in whose hand the goblet was found – he will be my servant, but you go up in peace to your father.” 18Then Judah approached him and said, “Please, my lord, let your servant speak a word in my lord's ears. Do not become angry with your servant, for you are like Pharaoh. 19My lord asked his servants and said, ‘Have you got a father or brother?’ 20And we said to our lord, ‘We have an elderly father, and a small child of his old age, but his brother is dead, and he alone remains to his mother, and his father loves him.’ 21And you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me, and let me set my eye on him.’ 22And we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, he will die.’ 23But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 24So it was that we went up to your servant our father and told him the words of my lord. 25And out father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 26And we said, ‘We cannot go down unless our youngest brother is with us, because we cannot see the man's face if our youngest brother is not with us.’ 27And your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore two sons to me. 28And one went out from me, and I said, «He must have been torn apart», and I have not seen him up to now. 29And you have taken this one too from my presence, and if any misfortune should befall him, you would bring my old age down to the grave in a bad way.’ 30So now, if I go to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, while one's life is bound up with the other's life, 31it would happen that when he saw that the lad was not there, he would die, and your servants would bring the old age of your servant our father down to the grave in grief, 32for your servant became security for the lad with my father, and said, ‘If I do not bring him to you, I will be in sin to my father all my days.’ 33So now, please let your servant stay instead of the lad, as a servant to my lord, and may the lad go up with his brothers. 34For how can I go up to my father if the lad is not with me? Otherwise, I would see the harm that would come upon my father.”

Genesis Chapter 45 

1Then Joseph could not restrain himself regarding all those standing around him, and he called out “Have everyone go out from my presence.” Then no-one was standing with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. 2Then he raised his voice with weeping, and the Egyptians heard it, and Pharaoh's household heard it. 3And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?” And his brothers could not answer him, for they were alarmed at his presence. 4Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Come close to me.” And they came close. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother whom you sold to Egypt. 5So now, do not be grieved, and do not be angry with yourselves for selling me here, for God sent me here before you as a means of preserving life. 6For it has been two years of famine in the land, and there are still five years to go in which there is no ploughing or harvest. 7And God sent me before you to establish you as a remnant in the land and to preserve you alive with great deliverance. 8So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God, and he appointed me to be a father to Pharaoh, and a master over all his house, and a ruler over all the land of Egypt. 9Make haste and go up to my father and say to him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says. God has appointed me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me and do not stay around. 10And you will live in the land of Goshen, and you will be near to me, you and your sons and your grandsons, and your sheep and your cattle and everything that is yours. 11And I will sustain you there, for there are still five years of famine, so that you don't become destitute – you and your household and everyone belonging to you.’ 12And look, your eyes see, as do my brother Benjamin's eyes, that it is my mouth that is speaking to you. 13And tell my father about all my glory in Egypt, and everything you have seen, and make haste to bring my father down here.” 14And he fell around the neck of Benjamin his brother and wept, and Benjamin wept around his neck. 15And he kissed all his brothers, and wept against them, and after that his brothers spoke with him. 16And the report was heard in Pharaoh's house, where they said, “Joseph's brothers have come.” And it was a good thing in Pharaoh's eyes and in the eyes of his servants. 17And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Tell your brothers to do this: ‘Load your beasts of burden and do a round trip to the land of Canaan, 18and take your father, and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the goodness of the land of Egypt, and eat the fat of the land.’ 19And you are commanded to do this: get yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt, for your little ones, and your wives, and bring your father, and come here. 20And don't let your eye grieve over your goods, for the goodness of all the land of Egypt is yours.” 21So the sons of Israel did this and Joseph gave them wagons according to Pharaoh's bidding and he gave them provisions for the journey. 22He gave all of them individually changes of clothing, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothing. 23And this is what he sent to his father: ten donkeys carrying some of the goodness of Egypt, ten she-asses carrying corn and bread and food for his father for the journey. 24So he sent his brothers off, and they departed, and he said to them, “Do not be perturbed on the way.” 25And they went up from Egypt and came to the land of Canaan, to Jacob their father. 26And they told him about it, and said, “Joseph is still alive”, and that he was ruler over all the land of Egypt. At this his heart became frigid, for he did not believe them. 27And they told him all Joseph's words which he had spoken to them, and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived. 28And Israel said, “It is great that my son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

Genesis Chapter 46 

1So Israel travelled with all his belongings, and arrived at Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 2And God spoke to Israel in nightly visions, and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” 3And he said, “I am God, the God of your father. Do not be afraid of going down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. 4I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will bring you up again without fail. And Joseph will put his hand on your eyes.” 5Then Jacob got up from Beer-sheba, and Israel's sons lifted Jacob their father and their little ones and their wives into the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to transport him. 6And they took their cattle and their property which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt – Jacob and all his seed with him. 7He brought his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his seed, to Egypt. 8And these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt – of Jacob and his sons. Jacob's firstborn was Reuben. 9Reuben's sons were Hanoch and Pallu and Hezron and Carmi. 10And Simeon's sons were Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Shaul the son of the Canaanite woman. 11And Levi's sons were Gershon, Kohath and Merari. 12And Judah's sons were Er and Onan and Shelah and Pharez and Zarah, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul. 13And Issachar's sons were Tola and Puvah and Job and Shimron. 14And Zebulun's sons were Sered and Elon and Jahleel. 15Those were Leah's sons whom she bore to Jacob in Padan-aram, with Dinah his daughter. The total headcount of his sons and daughters was thirty-three. 16And Gad's sons were Ziphion and Haggi, Shuni and Ezbon, Eri and Arodi and Areli. 17And Asher's sons were Jimnah and Jishvah and Jishvi and Beriah and Serah their sister. And Beriah's sons were Heber and Malchiel. 18Those were the sons of Zilpah whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. And she bore these to Jacob – sixteen people. 19The son's of Rachel, Jacob's wife, were Joseph and Benjamin. 20And progeny were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt, where Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On bore Manasseh and Ephraim to him. 21And Benjamin's sons were Bela and Becher and Ashbel, Gera and Naaman, Ehi and Rosh, Muppim and Huppim and Ard. 22Those were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob. The total headcount was fourteen. 23And Dan's sons were: just Hushim. 24And Naphtali's sons were Jahzeel and Guni, Jezer and Shillem. 25Those were the sons of Bilhah whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bore those to Jacob. The total headcount was seven. 26The total headcount of Jacob's family which came to Egypt – who issued from his thighs – excluding the wives of Jacob's sons – the total headcount – was sixty-six. 27And Joseph's sons who were born to him in Egypt were two people. The total headcount of the house of Jacob that came to Egypt was seventy. 28And he sent Judah on ahead of him to Joseph, so as to direct him to Goshen. And they came to the land of Goshen. 29Then Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet Israel his father at Goshen, and presented himself to him and fell around his neck, and wept while still around his neck. 30And Israel said to Joseph, “I could die now, after seeing your face, for you are still alive.” 31Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘My brothers and the house of my father who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 32And the men are shepherds, for they are cattle-farmers, and they have brought their sheep and cattle and everything of theirs with them.’ 33And it will come to pass when Pharaoh calls you and says, ‘What are your occupations?’ 34– that you will say, ‘Your servants have been cattle-farmers from our youth up to now, both we and our fathers’, so that you may dwell in the land of Goshen, for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians.”

Genesis Chapter 47 

1So Joseph came and told Pharaoh and said, “My father and my brothers and their flocks and the oxen and all their belongings have arrived from the land of Canaan, and here they are in the land of Goshen.” 2And he took five men from his collection of brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. 3And Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What are your occupations?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and our fathers.” 4And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to stay temporarily in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants' flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan, so now, please, let your servants stay in the land of Goshen.” 5Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph and said, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 6The land of Egypt is before you. Install your father and your brothers in the best part of the land and let them stay in the land of Goshen, and if you know of any mighty men among them, appoint them as officials over the cattle that is mine.” 7Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and set him before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 8And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the days of your life?” 9And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of my course of life are one hundred and thirty years. The days of the years of my life have been few and bad, and they have not reached the days of the years of the life of my fathers in comparison with the days of their course of life.” 10Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from Pharaoh's presence. 11And Joseph installed his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best part of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. 12So Joseph sustained his father and his brothers and the whole household of his father, with bread, taking account of the number of little ones. 13And there was no bread in the whole of the land, for the famine was very severe, and the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan became weary because of the famine. 14And Joseph collected all the money that was to be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, in exchange for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money to Pharaoh's house. 15Then the money from the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan came to an end, and all of Egypt came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence, when money has run out?” 16And Joseph said, “Give me your cattle and I will give you bread in exchange for your cattle, if the money has run out.” 17So they brought their cattle to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread for horses and for small cattle and for bovine cattle and for donkeys, and he sustained them with bread in exchange for all their cattle in that year. 18Then that year came to an end and they came to him in the second year and said to him, “We will not hide the fact from our lord that our money has run out, as have our stocks of cattle which have gone to my lord. Nothing remains before my lord except our body and our land. 19Why should we die in your sight, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for bread so that we and our land become subservient to Pharaoh, and give us seed so that we live and do not die and the land does not become desolate.” 20Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for each man in Egypt sold his field, for the famine was severe over them, and the land became Pharaoh's. 21And as for the people, he moved them to the cities, from one end of the territory of Egypt to the other end, 22except that he did not buy the priests' land, for the priests had a statute from Pharaoh, and they ate by virtue of their statute which Pharaoh had given them, which is why they did not sell their land. 23Then Joseph said to the people, “Look, today I have bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Here is seed for you, so sow the land. 24And it will be the case that you will give one fifth of the produce to Pharaoh, whilst four fifths will be for yourselves, seed for the field, and for your food, and for those in your houses, and for your little ones to eat.” 25And they said, “You have kept us alive. May we find grace in the eyes of my lord, and we will be servants to Pharaoh.” 26So Joseph made it a statute up to this day over the land of Egypt: a fifth part is for Pharaoh, except that the priests' land alone was not Pharaoh's. 27And Israel remained in the land of Egypt in the land of Goshen, and they had their interest in it, and they were fruitful, and they increased greatly. 28And Jacob lived for seventeen years in the land of Egypt, and the days of Jacob – the years of his life – were one hundred and forty-seven years. 29And when Israel's days were approaching when he would die, he called for his son, for Joseph, and said to him, “If now I have found grace in your sight, put your hand now under my thigh and do with me what is kind and true: please do not bury me in Egypt. 30And I will lie with my fathers, so bring me out of Egypt and bury me in their tomb.” And he said, “I will act according to your words.” 31And he said, “Swear to me.” And he swore to him, and Israel bowed on the head of his bed.

Genesis Chapter 48 

1And it came to pass after these things that they said to Joseph, “Look, your father is ill.” And he took his two sons with him, Manasseh and Ephraim. 2And they told Jacob and said, “Look, your son Joseph has come to you.” And Israel perked up and sat up on his bed. 3Then Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me in Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, 4and said to me, ‘I am about to make you fruitful, and I will increase you and make you a convocation of people, and I will give this land to your seed after you as an age-abiding possession.’ 5And now, your two sons who were born to you in the land of Egypt, before I came to you in Egypt – Ephraim and Manasseh – are mine. They will be mine like Reuben and Simeon. 6And your offspring that you beget after them will be yours. They will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance. 7And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died when with me in the land of Canaan on the journey when there was just a little way to go to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.” 8Then when Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, “Who are these?” 9And Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons whom God has given me here.” And he said, “Please bring them to me and I will bless them.” 10Now Israel's eyes had become dim with old age, and he could not see, so he brought them near to him and kissed them and embraced them. 11And Israel said to Joseph, “I didn't think I would see your face, but look, God has shown me your seed too.” 12Then Joseph took them off his knees and he bowed with his face to the ground. 13Joseph then took the two of them, Ephraim on his right, to the left of Israel, and Manasseh on his left, to the right of Israel, and brought them near him. 14And Israel stretched out his right hand and put it on Ephraim's head, he being the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh's head, acting discerningly with his hands, for Manasseh was the firstborn. 15And he blessed Joseph and said,

“God, before whom my fathers walked,

Abraham and Isaac,

The God who has been a shepherd to me

From since ever I was

Up to this day

16– The angel who redeems me from all evil –

May he bless the lads,

And may my name and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac

Be what they are called after,

And may they teem for abundance

In the heart of the land.”

17And Joseph saw that he had put his right hand on Ephraim's head, and it was wrong in his sight, and he took hold of his father's hand to remove it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18And Joseph said to his father, “Not like that, my father, for this one is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.” 19But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a people, and he too will become great, but his younger brother will become greater than him, and his seed will become the fulness of the nations.” 20And he blessed them on that day, and said, “In you Israel will give blessing and say, ‘May God make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh.’ ” And he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 21And Israel said to Joseph, “Look, I am dying, but God will be with you and he will bring you back to the land of your fathers. 22And I have given you one portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.”

Genesis Chapter 49 

1Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather round and I will tell you what will happen to you in the last days.

2Assemble and listen,

You sons of Jacob,

And listen to Israel your father.

3Reuben, you are my firstborn,

My strength and the beginning of my vigour

– A profusion of high-standing and a profusion of power.

4As unrestrained as water,

Do not overflow,

For you went up to your father's bed,

Then you defiled it.

He went up to my couch.

5Simeon and Levi are brothers –

Vessels of violence by their swords.

6Let my being not enter into their counsel.

Let my honour not be united with their convocation,

For in their anger they killed a man,

And for their pleasure they hamstrung an ox.

7Cursed be their anger,

For it was fierce,

And their wrath,

For it was harsh.

I will divide them in Jacob

And scatter them in Israel.

8Judah, as for you,

Your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on your enemies' neck,

And the sons of your father will bow down to you.

9Judah is a lion's cub.

From the prey, my son, you went up.

He crouched, he lay like a lion,

And like a great lion

– Who dares to arouse him?

10The sceptre will not depart from Judah,

Nor the statute maker from between his legs,

Until Shiloh comes,

And obedience of the nations

Will be to him.

11Binding his ass-colt to the vine,

And his young of a she-ass to the choice vine,

He washed his clothes in wine

And his garment in the juice of grapes.

12The red of his eyes will be from wine,

And the white of his teeth will be from milk.

13Zebulun will dwell at the coast of the sea,

And he will be a coast-line for ships.

And his border will be up to Sidon.

14Issachar is a well-built ass,

Lying between two folds.

15And he saw that the resting place was good,

And that the land was pleasant.

So he set his shoulder to bear the burden,

And became a tribute-paying servant.

16Dan will judge his people,

As one of the tribes of Israel.

17Dan will become a serpent on the way

– An adder on the road –

That bites the heels of a horse,

So the rider falls off backwards.

18O Lord,

I have put my hope in your salvation.

19As for Gad,

A troop will press on him,

But he will press on the heel.

20From Asher comes his rich bread,

And he will supply royal delicacies.

21Naphtali is a hind let loose,

Who bears words of beauty.

22Joseph is a fruitful bough,

A fruitful bough at a water-source,

With branches where each shoots over a wall.

23The archers provoked him

And shot at him

And hated him.

24But his bow remained in place firmly,

And the strength of his hands was with agility,

From the hands of the mighty one of Jacob,

From where the shepherd comes

– The stone of Israel.

25It is from the God of your father

Who will help you,

And with the Almighty

Who will bless you with heavenly blessings above,

Blessings from the deep which lies below

– Blessings of the breasts and womb.

26The blessings of your father

Have been mightier than the blessings of my parents,

Extending to the limits of the age-old hills.

They will be for Joseph's head

And for the crown of the head of the Nazarite

Among his brothers.

27Benjamin is a wolf

Which will tear quarry apart.

In the morning he will eat prey

And in the evening he will divide spoil.”

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them. And he blessed them. He blessed them individually, each according to his blessing. 29And he instructed them, and said to them, “I am being gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave which is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30in the cave which is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, the field which Abraham bought from Ephron the Hittite as an acquisition for a burial ground. 31That is where they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. That is where they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife. And that is where I buried Leah. 32It is the field, and the cave which is in it, which were acquired from the sons of Heth.” 33Then Jacob finished instructing his sons, and he drew back his feet into the bed, and expired and was gathered to his people.

Genesis Chapter 50 

1And Joseph fell on his father's face and wept for him and kissed him. 2Then Joseph instructed his servants the doctors to embalm his father. So the doctors embalmed Israel. 3And his forty days were fulfilled, for so the days of embalming are fulfilled, and the Egyptians wept for him for seventy days. 4Then when the days of his being wept for had passed, Joseph spoke to the house of Pharaoh and said, “If I have now found grace in your eyes, please have a word in Pharaoh's ear and say, 5‘My father adjured me and said, «Look, I am dying. Bury me over there in the tomb which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan.» So now let me go up and bury my father, and I will come back.’ ” 6Then Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he adjured you.” 7So Joseph went up to bury his father, and all Pharaoh's servants went up with him – the elders of his household – and all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8as did all the household of Joseph, and his brothers, and the household of his father. They only left their little ones and their small cattle and their bovine cattle behind in the land of Goshen. 9And both chariots and horsemen went up with him, and the company was very large. 10And they came to the threshing floor in Atad, which is across the Jordan, and mourned there with a great and very grave mourning, and he held lamentation for his father for seven days. 11And the inhabitants of the land – the Canaanites – saw the lamentation at the threshing floor of Atad, and they said, “This is a great lamentation for Egypt.” That is why he called it Abel-mizraim, which is across the Jordan. 12So his sons did for him as he had instructed them. 13And his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, a field which Abraham had bought as an acquisition for a burial place, from Ephron the Hittite, opposite Mamre. 14Then Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers, and all those who had gone up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father. 15Then when Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph hates us, and fully requites us with all the evil which we did to him?” 16And they sent messengers to Joseph with a commission to say, “Your father gave a command before his death and said, 17‘Say this to Joseph, «Please forgive now the transgression of your brothers and their sin, for they did you wrong.» ’ So now, do forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18And his brothers also went and fell down before him and said, “Here we are as your servants.” 19Then Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God? 20While you were devising evil against me, God devised that it should be for good, so as to make it a means of preserving a great people alive this day. 21So now, do not be afraid. I will sustain you and your little ones.” Then he comforted them and spoke kindly to them. 22Then Joseph dwelt in Egypt – he and his father's household – and Joseph lived for one hundred and ten years. 23And Joseph saw the sons of the third generation of Ephraim. Also, the sons of Machir, Manasseh's son, were born at Joseph's knees. 24And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am dying, but God will assuredly visit you and bring you up from this land to the land which he swore about to Abraham and to Isaac and to Jacob.” 25And Joseph charged the sons of Israel solemnly and said, “God will assuredly visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.” 26Then Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

Exodus  

Exodus Chapter 1 

1Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt. Each man and his household came with Jacob: 2Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah, 3Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin, 4Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5And the number of all the people who came out of Jacob's thighs was seventy people, while Joseph was in Egypt. 6And Joseph died, as did all his brothers and all that generation, 7but the sons of Israel were fruitful and they abounded and increased and became strong in number to a very great extent, and the land was filled with them. 8And a new king arose over Egypt who had not known Joseph, 9and he said to his people, “Look, the people of the sons of Israel is more numerous and stronger than we are. 10Come on, let us act wisely with them so that they don't increase, for it might be that a war befalls us, and they might for their part be a reinforcement to those that hate us, and fight us, and go up from the land.” 11And they appointed tribute-masters over them, in order to afflict them with their burdens, and they built cities of storehouses for Pharaoh, Pithom and Raamses. 12But the more they afflicted them, the more they increased and the more they expanded, and they felt revulsion at the sons of Israel. 13Then the Egyptians made the sons of Israel serve with rigour, 14and they made their lives bitter with hard work, work with mortar and bricks and all kinds of outdoor work. All their work which they imposed on them was with rigour. 15Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, the name of one of whom was Shiphrah, and the name of the other was Puah, 16and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, you will see the sex by the presence or absence of the testicles. If it is a son, you will kill him, but if it is a daughter, she will live.” 17But the midwives feared God, and did not do what the king of Egypt said to them, and they let the children live. 18Then the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing and let the children live?” 19And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “It is because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are lively, and before the midwife comes to them, they have given birth.” 20And God treated the midwives well, and the people increased and became very strong. 21Then it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he built up the people into family house lines. 22Then Pharaoh commanded all his people and said, “As for every son born, cast him into the river, but let every daughter live.”

Exodus Chapter 2 

1Now a man from the house of Levi went out and took Levi's daughter as a wife, 2and the woman conceived and bore a son, and saw that he was fair, and hid him for three months. 3But when she could no longer keep him hidden, she took a reed ark for him and impregnated it with bitumen and pitch, and put the child in it, and put it in the bulrushes by the bank of the river, 4while his sister stood at a distance to see what would be done to him. 5Then Pharaoh's daughter came down to wash in the river, and her maidservants went to the riverside, and she saw the ark in among the bulrushes, and she sent a maidservant of hers to get it. 6And she opened it, and saw the child, and what she saw was a boy crying, and she had compassion on him, and she said, “This is one of the Hebrews' children.” 7Then his sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, “Shall I go and call for a nurse for you from the Hebrew women to suckle the child for you?” 8And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Yes, go.” So the maiden went and called for the child's mother. 9And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Take this child away and suckle him for me, and I will give you your recompense.” So the woman took the child and suckled it. 10And the child grew, and she brought it to Pharaoh's daughter, and it was a son to her, and she called him Moses, and said, “For I drew him out of the water.” 11And it came to pass in those days that Moses grew up and went out to his brothers, and he saw their burdens, and he saw an Egyptian man striking a Hebrew man – one of his brothers. 12Then he looked to one side and to the other side and when he saw that there was no man there, he struck the Egyptian, and buried him in the sand. 13Then he went out on the second day, and there were two Hebrew men quarrelling, and he said to the one in the wrong, “Why are you striking your colleague?” 14To which he said, “Who appointed you a commander and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian?” At this Moses was afraid, and he said to himself, “Obviously, the incident has become well known.” 15When Pharaoh heard about this incident, he wanted to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh's presence, and he dwelt in the land of Midian, and dwelt by the well. 16Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to give their father's flocks drink. 17Then the shepherds came and drove them away, but Moses arose and saved them, and gave their flocks drink. 18And they went to Reuel their father, and he said, “How come you have come so quickly today?” 19And they said, “An Egyptian man rescued us from the hand of the shepherds, and he also went so far as to draw water for us, and gave our flocks water.” 20Then he said to his daughters, “So where is he? Why did you leave the man? Invite the man to eat bread.” 21And Moses was willing to dwell with the man, and he gave Zipporah his daughter to Moses as a wife. 22And she bore him a son, and he called him Gershom, for, he said, “I was a foreigner in a foreign land.” 23And it came to pass in that long period that the king of Egypt died, but the sons of Israel sighed with the workload, and cried out, and their outcry went up to God because of the workload. 24And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. 25And God looked to the interests of the sons of Israel, and God acknowledged the situation.

Exodus Chapter 3 

1Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, when he drove the flock to the hinder part of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, Horeb, 2and the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a fiery flame from the middle of the bush, and he looked, and what he saw was a bush burning in the fire, but the bush was not being consumed. 3And Moses said, “I will just turn aside and look at this great spectacle, so as to see why the bush isn't burnt up.” 4And the Lord saw that he had turned aside to look, and God called out to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses.” And he said, “Here I am.” 5Then he said, “Do not come near here. Take your shoes off your feet, for the place which you are standing on is holy ground.” 6And he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid of looking at God. 7And the Lord said, “I have clearly seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and heard their cry on account of their taskmasters, for I know their pains. 8And I have come down to deliver them from Egypt's grip, to bring them up from that land to a good and wide land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. 9So now, what has happened is that the cry of the sons of Israel has come to me, and I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10So now, go, and I will send you to Pharaoh, and bring my people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.” 11Then Moses said to God, “Who am I that should go to Pharaoh and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?” 12And he said, “Be assured that I will be with you, and this will be a sign to you, that I have sent you: when you bring the people out of Egypt, you will serve God on this mountain.” 13Then Moses said to God, “Look, when I go to the sons of Israel and I say to them, ‘The God of your fathers sent me to you’, they will say to me, ‘What is his name?’ What should I say to them?” 14And God said to Moses, “I am what I am”, and he said, “This is what you shall say to the sons of Israel: ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ” 15Then God spoke again to Moses: “This is what you will say to the sons of Israel, ‘The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob has sent me to you.’ This is my name age-abidingly, and this is my memorial from generation to generation. 16Go, and gather the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord God of your fathers appeared to me, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and said, «I have certainly visited you and that which has been done to you in Egypt. 17And I have said, ‹I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite, and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.› » ’ 18And they will comply with you, and both you and the elders of Israel will go to the king of Egypt and say to him, ‘The Lord God of the Hebrews has met up with us, so now, kindly let us go three days' journey into the desert, so we can sacrifice to the Lord our God.’ 19And I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, and not so with a strong hand. 20But I will stretch out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in its midst, and after that, he will let you go. 21And I will give this people grace in the eyes of Egypt, and it will be the case that when you go, you will not go empty-handed. 22And a woman will ask from her neighbour, and from her that is staying in her house, for items of silver and items of gold, and clothes, and you will put them on your sons and on your daughters, and you will despoil Egypt.”

Exodus Chapter 4 

1Then Moses answered and said, “But what if they do not believe me, and do not comply with me? For they will say, ‘The Lord did not appear to you.’ ” 2Then the Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” And he said, “A rod.” 3He then said, “Throw it onto the ground.” So he threw it onto the ground, and it became a serpent, and Moses fled from its presence. 4Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand and seize it by its tail.” So he stretched out his hand and seized it, and it became a rod in his palm. 5Do this so that they may believe that the Lord God of their fathers – the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has appeared to you.” 6And the Lord said furthermore to him, “Just put your hand in your bosom.” So he put his hand in his bosom, and took it out, and what he saw was that his hand was leprous like snow. 7And he said, “Put your hand back in your bosom.” So he put his hand back in his bosom, and took it out of his bosom, and what he saw was that it was restored like his flesh. 8“And it will come to pass, if they do not believe you, and do not heed the first sign, then they will believe the last sign. 9And it will come to pass that if they don't even believe these two signs, and do not comply with you, that you will take some water from the river and pour it on dry land, and the water which you took from the river will become blood on the dry land.” 10Then Moses said to the Lord, “Please, Lord*, I am not eloquent, nor was I yesterday or the day before, nor have I been since you spoke to your servant, for I am inarticulate and tongue-tied.” 11But the Lord said to him, “Who put a mouth in man? Or who makes a man mute or deaf or sighted or blind? Do not I, the Lord? 12So now, go, and I will be with your mouth, and I will instruct you as to what you will say.” 13Then he said, “Please Lord*, send, would you, someone suitable for you to send.” 14At this the Lord's anger was kindled against Moses, and he said, “Is not Aaron your brother, the Levite? I know that he can speak fluently, and moreover here he is coming out to meet you, and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. 15And you will speak to him, and you will put the words in his mouth, and I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and I will instruct you as to what you are to do. 16And he will speak to the people for you, and he will be a mouth for you to have, and you will be to him as if you are God. 17Now take this rod in your hand, with which you will perform the signs.” 18Then Moses departed and returned to Jether his father-in-law, and he said to him, “Let me go, would you, and I will return to my brothers who are in Egypt and see if they are still alive.” Then Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” 19Then the Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go and return to Egypt, for all the men who tried to kill you have died.” 20Then Moses took his wife and his sons, and mounted them on a donkey, and returned to the land of Egypt. And Moses took the rod of God in his hand. 21And the Lord said to Moses, “As you go to return to Egypt, have in view all the miracles which I have put in your power and perform them before Pharaoh, and I will harden his heart, and he will not let the people go. 22And you will say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Israel is my son, my firstborn. 23And I say to you, ‹Let my son go so that he can serve me.› And if you refuse to let him go, be aware that I will kill your son, your firstborn.» ’ ” 24And it came to pass, on the journey, at the inn, that the Lord met him, and purposed to kill him. 25But Zipporah took a sharp stone and excised her son's foreskin, and flung it at his feet, and said, “What a bridegroom of blood you are to me!” 26Then the Lord left off from him. Then she said, “A bridegroom of blood in matters of circumcision.” 27Then the Lord said to Aaron, “Go to meet Moses in the desert.” So he went, and met him at the mount of God, and kissed him. 28And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord who had sent him, and all the signs with which he had commissioned him. 29So Moses went, as did Aaron, and they gathered all the elders of the sons of Israel together. 30And Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses, and he performed the signs in the sight of the people. 31And the people believed, and they heard that the Lord had visited the sons of Israel, and that he had seen their affliction, and they bowed down and worshipped.

Exodus Chapter 5 

1And afterwards Moses and Aaron came and said to Pharaoh, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘Let my people go, so that they may celebrate a festival to me in the desert.’ ” 2To this Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord that I should take notice of him in letting Israel go? I do not know the Lord and I will not let Israel go either.” 3Then they said, “The God of the Hebrews has appeared to us. Please let us go three days' journey into the desert for us to sacrifice to the Lord our God, so that he does not assail us with pestilence or with the sword.” 4Whereupon the king of Egypt said to them, “Why should Moses and Aaron disrupt the people from their works? Go back to your tasks.” 5And Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you have made them stop their tasks.” 6And on that day Pharaoh gave orders to the taskmasters over the people, and his foremen, and said, 7“You will no longer give the people straw for making the bricks as previously. They must go and gather straw for themselves. 8But you will impose on them the same quantity of bricks which they were making previously. Do not reduce it, for they are lazy, which is why they are shouting out, saying, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’ 9Let the workload on the men be heavy, and let them work on it, and do not let them pay attention to vain words.” 10Then the taskmasters of the people went out, as did their foremen, and they spoke to the people and said, “This is what Pharaoh says. ‘I am not giving you straw. 11You must go and get straw for yourselves from wherever you can find it, yet none of your work is to be reduced at all.’ ” 12Then the people dispersed all over the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. 13And the taskmasters pressed them and said, “Complete your work – the daily routine – as when there was straw.” 14And the foremen of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had appointed over them, were beaten, while they said, “Why have you not completed your assignment to make bricks today in the same way as previously?” 15Then the foremen of the sons of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh and said, “Why are you dealing this way with your servants? 16Straw is not given to your servants, yet they say to us, ‘Make bricks’, and look, your servants are beaten, but it is your people's fault.” 17And he said, “You are lazy, lazy, which is why you say, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord.’ 18So now, go and work, but straw will not be given to you, but you will deliver the required quantity of bricks.” 19And the foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in a bad light when he said, “You will not reduce the quantity of your bricks in the daily routine.” 20Then they confronted Moses and Aaron, who were standing where they would meet them as they departed from Pharaoh, 21and they said to them, “May the Lord look into you and judge you, in that you have made us odious in Pharaoh's sight, and his servants' sight, with him putting a sword in their hand to kill us.” 22Then Moses returned to the Lord and said, “O Lord*, why have you brought harm on this people? Why have you sent me like this? 23For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in your name, he has brought harm on this people, and you haven't by any means delivered your people.”

Exodus Chapter 6 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “You will now see what I will do to Pharaoh, for with a strong hand he will let them go, and with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 2And God spoke to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord, 3and I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, and my name is the Lord, but I was not known to them in that character. 4And I will also set up my covenant with them, by giving them the land of Canaan – the land of their domicile where they were resident. 5And I have also heard the groaning of the sons of Israel whom the Egyptians are forcing to work, and I have remembered my covenant. 6Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the Lord and I will bring you out from under the burdens of Egypt, and I will deliver you from their works, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 7And I will take you to myself as a people, and I will be God to you, and you will know that I am the Lord your God who brought you out from being under the burdens of Egypt. 8And I will bring you to the land where I raised my hand swearing to give it to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob, and I will give it to you as a possession, as I am the Lord.’ ” 9So Moses spoke like that to the sons of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses on account of their impatience and the harsh work. 10Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 11“Go and speak to Pharaoh the king of Egypt and say that he is to let the sons of Israel go from his land.” 12Then Moses spoke in the presence of the Lord and said, “Look, the sons of Israel have not listened to me, so how will Pharaoh listen to me, and I have an impediment in my speech.” 13Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, and gave them instructions regarding the sons of Israel and Pharaoh the king of Egypt, so as to bring the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt. 14These are the heads of the households of their fathers. The sons of Reuben Israel's firstborn were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the families of Reuben. 15And the sons of Simeon were Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Shaul the son of the Canaanite woman. These were the families of Simeon. 16And these are the names of the sons of Levi, by their genealogy: Gershon and Kohath and Merari. And the years of the life of Levi were one hundred and thirty seven years. 17The sons of Gershon were Libni and Shimei according to their families. 18And the sons of Kohath were Amram and Izhar and Hebron and Uzziel. And the years of Kohath's life were one hundred and thirty-three years. 19And the sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the families of Levi by their genealogies. 20And Amram took Jochebed his aunt as his wife, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the years of Amram's life were one hundred and thirty-seven years. 21And the sons of Izhar were Korah and Nepheg and Zichri. 22And the sons of Uzziel were Mishael and Elzaphan and Zithri. 23And Aaron took Elisheba the daughter of Amminadab, Naashon's sister as his wife, and she bore him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 24And the sons of Korah were Assir and Elkanah and Abiasaph. These were the families of the Korhites. 25And Eleazar the son of Aaron took one of Putiel's daughters as his wife, and she bore him Phinehas. These were the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families. 26They are the Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt by their companies.” 27They are the ones who told Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring out the sons of Israel from Egypt. They are Moses and Aaron. 28And it came to pass on the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the Land of Egypt, 29that the Lord spoke to Moses and said, “I am the Lord. Tell Pharaoh the king of Egypt everything that I say to you.” 30Then Moses said before the Lord, “Look, I have an impediment in my speech, so how will Pharaoh listen to me?”

Exodus Chapter 7 

1And the Lord said to Moses, “Look, I have appointed you as God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother will be your prophet. 2You will speak everything that I command you, and Aaron your brother will speak to Pharaoh, and he will let the sons of Israel go from his land. 3And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and I will increase my signs and miracles in the land of Egypt, 4but Pharaoh will not hearken to you, and I will place my hand on Egypt, and bring my companies out – my people the sons of Israel – from the land of Egypt, with great judgments. 5And the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord when I stretch out my hand over Egypt, and bring the sons of Israel out from their midst.” 6And Moses and Aaron did this. What the Lord commanded them, they did. 7Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh. 8And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 9“When Pharaoh speaks to you and says, ‘Produce a miracle for yourselves’, you will say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and throw it in front of Pharaoh’, and it will become a serpent.” 10So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and did so – as the Lord had commanded – and Aaron threw his rod in front of Pharaoh and in front of his servants, and it became a serpent. 11Then Pharaoh for his part called for the wise men and the sorcerers, and they did this too – the magicians of Egypt with their enchantments – likewise. 12And they each threw their rod, and they became serpents, but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods. 13And Pharaoh's heart hardened, and he would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said. 14And the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh's heart is unimpressionable – he refuses to let the people go. 15Go to Pharaoh in the morning and you will see that he is going out to the water, and you will stand where you will meet him on the bank of the river, and take in your hand the rod which changed into a serpent. 16And you will say to him, ‘The Lord God of the Hebrews sent me to you to say, «Let my people go, so they can serve me in the desert», but look, you have not complied up to now. 17This is what the Lord says, «Here is how you will know that I am the Lord. I am about to strike the water which is in the river with the rod which is in my hand so that it turns to blood, 18and the fish that are in the river will die, and the river will stink, and Egypt will be at a loss to drink water from the river.» ’ ” 19Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the water of Egypt, over their rivers, over their channels, over their pools and over every accumulation of their water, and they will become blood, and there will be blood in all the land of Egypt, and in vessels of wood and in channels of stone.’ ” 20And Moses and Aaron did so, as the Lord had commanded, and he raised his rod and struck the water which was in the river, in Pharaoh's sight, and his servants' sight, and all the water which was in the river turned to blood. 21And the fish which were in the river died, and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink water from the river, and there was blood in all the land of Egypt. 22But the magicians of Egypt did likewise with their secret arts, and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not hearken to them, as the Lord had said. 23Pharaoh then turned and went back to his house, and he did not pay attention to this either. 24And all Egypt dug around the river for water to drink, because they could not drink from the river-water. 25And seven days passed after the Lord struck the river.

Exodus Chapter 8 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Let my people go so that they can serve me. 2And if you refuse to let them go, look, I will strike all your territory with frogs. 3And the river will teem with frogs, and they will come up and come into your house and into your bedroom and into your bed and into the house of your servants and to your people and into your ovens and into your kneading-basins. 4And the frogs will come up to you and to your people and to all your servants.» ’ ” 5Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the rivers, over the channels and over the pools and bring up frogs over the land of Egypt.’ ” 6So Aaron stretched out his hand over the water of Egypt and brought up the frogs and they covered the land of Egypt. 7And the magicians did likewise with their secret arts, and brought up frogs over the land of Egypt. 8Then Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron and said, “Entreat the Lord to remove the frogs from me and from my people, and I will let the people go, and they can sacrifice to the Lord.” 9Moses then said to Pharaoh, “Specify to me when I should entreat for you and for your servants and for your people, to eliminate the frogs from you and from your houses. Only in the river will they remain.” 10And he said, “Tomorrow.” And he said, “It will be according to your word so that you will know that there is no-one like the Lord our God. 11And the frogs will depart from you and from your houses and from your servants and from your people. Only in the river will they remain.” 12Then Moses and Aaron departed from Pharaoh, and Moses cried out to the Lord about the matter of the frogs which he had imposed on Pharaoh. 13And the Lord acted according to Moses' words, and the frogs died off in the houses and in the courtyards and in the fields. 14And they piled them up in heaps and heaps, and the land stank. 15But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said. 16And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become lice over all the land of Egypt.’ ” 17So they did so, and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck the dust of the ground, and it became lice, on man and on cattle. All the dust of the earth became lice over all the land of Egypt. 18Then the magicians acted likewise with their secret arts, to produce lice, but they could not. And the lice were on man and on the cattle. 19Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “It is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh's heart hardened, and he did not hearken to them, as the Lord had said. 20And the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh – you will see that he has gone out to the water – and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Let my people go, so they can serve me. 21For if you don't let my people go, I am ready to send the gadfly on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses, and the houses of Egypt will be full with the gadfly, and also the ground they are on. 22But on that day I will set the land of Goshen apart, on which my people stand, so that there will be no gadfly there, so that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of the land. 23And I will put a sign of redemption between my people and your people. This sign will take place tomorrow.» ’ ” 24And the Lord did so, and a heavy swarm of gadflies came on Pharaoh's house and on his servants' house and all over the land of Egypt. The land was ravaged because of the gadfly. 25Then Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, “Go. Sacrifice to your God in the land.” 26But Moses said, “It is not right to do it like that, for we will sacrifice what is an abomination to the Egyptians to the Lord our God. If we sacrifice what is an abomination to the Egyptians in their sight, will they not stone us? 27We will go three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice to the Lord our God, according to what he says to us.” 28Then Pharaoh said, “I will let you go so you can sacrifice to the Lord your God in the desert, but do not go all that far away. And entreat on my behalf.” 29Then Moses said, “Behold, I am about to depart from you and I will entreat the Lord and the gadfly will depart from Pharaoh, from his servants and from his people tomorrow, but don't let Pharaoh be deceptive any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.” 30Then Moses departed from Pharaoh and entreated the Lord. 31And the Lord acted according to Moses' word, and the gadfly departed from Pharaoh and from his servants and his people. Not one remained. 32But Pharaoh hardened his heart this time too, and did not let the people go.

Exodus Chapter 9 

1And the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord God of the Hebrews says: «Let my people go so that they may serve me. 2For if you refuse to let them go, and you still hold on to them, 3you will see the hand of the Lord on your cattle which is in the field – on the horses and on the donkeys, on the camels and on the oxen and on the sheep – a very severe pestilence. 4And the Lord will distinguish between Israel's cattle and Egypt's cattle, and nothing at all of what belongs to the sons of Israel will die.» ’ ” 5And the Lord fixed a time and said, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this thing in the land.” 6And the Lord did this thing on the next day, and all the cattle of Egypt died, but of the sons of Israel's cattle, not one animal died. 7And Pharaoh sent out observers, who saw that not as much as one animal of Israel's cattle had died. But Pharaoh's heart became hardened and he did not let the people go. 8And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take along handfuls of furnace-ash and Moses will sprinkle it towards the sky in Pharaoh's sight. 9And it will become fine dust over all the land of Egypt, and it will become festering boil pustules on man and on cattle in all the land of Egypt.” 10So they took the furnace-ash and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses sprinkled it towards the sky, and it became festering boil pustules on man and on cattle. 11And the magicians could not stand in Moses' presence on account of the boils, because there were boils on the magicians and on all Egypt. 12Then the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he didn't hearken to them, as the Lord has said to Moses. 13And the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord God of the Hebrews says, «Let my people go so that they may serve me. 14For this time I am about to send all my plagues into your heart and on your servants, and on your people, in order that you may know that there is no-one like me in all the world. 15For now I will put my hand out and strike you and your people with a pestilence, and you will be cut off from the earth. 16But it is for this purpose that I have put you in place, in order to show you my power, and in order to declare my name in all the earth. 17Do you still set yourself in opposition to my people in not letting them go? 18Look, at this time tomorrow I will rain down very heavy hail, such as there has never been in Egypt from the day when it was founded up to now. 19So now, send servants and bring your cattle to safety, and everything you have in the field. It will hail on every man and animal that is found in the field and is not gathered in, indoors, and they will die.» ’ ” 20He who feared the word of the Lord among Pharaoh's servants made his own servants and his cattle take refuge in the houses, 21whereas he who did not heed the word of the Lord left his servants and his cattle in the field. 22And the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand towards the sky, and there will be hail in all the land of Egypt, on man and on the cattle and on all the vegetation of the field in the land of Egypt.” 23So Moses stretched out his rod towards the sky, and the Lord sent noises and hail, and fire came to the ground, and the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt. 24And there was hail, and fire taking hold in the hail; it was very heavy, and there had never been anything like it in all the land of Egypt since when it became a nation. 25And the hail struck all the land of Egypt – everything in the field, both man and cattle – and the hail struck all the vegetation of the field, and broke every tree of the countryside. 26Only in the land of Goshen, where the sons of Israel were, was there no hail. 27And Pharaoh sent servants, and called for Moses and for Aaron, and said to them, “I have sinned this time; the Lord is righteous, and I and my people are the wicked ones. 28Entreat the Lord that it should be enough of almighty noises and hail, and I will let you go, and you will not stay any longer.” 29Then Moses said to him, “When I go out of the city, I will stretch out my hands to the Lord. The noises will cease and the hail will be no more, so that you may know that the earth is the Lord's. 30But as for you and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear the Lord God.” 31And the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was showing green ears of corn and the flax was in flower, 32but the wheat and spelt were not struck, for they were late in growing. 33Then Moses departed from Pharaoh and the city, and stretched out his hands to the Lord and the noises and the hail stopped, and the rain was not poured down onto the earth. 34But when Pharaoh saw that the raining down had stopped, both the hail and the noises, he sinned again, and he hardened his heart – he and his servants. 35So Pharaoh's heart became hardened, and he did not let the sons of Israel go, as the Lord had said, through the intermediacy of Moses.

Exodus Chapter 10 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and his servants' hearts, in order that I may show these signs of mine in his full view, 2and in order that you may relate in your son's and your grandson's ear what I have performed in Egypt, and my signs which I showed among them, so that you may know that I am the Lord.” 3So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the Lord God of the Hebrews says, ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go so that they may serve me. 4For if you refuse to let my people go, you will find me bringing locusts into your territory tomorrow. 5And they will cover the landscape, and one will not be able to see the land, and they will devour the remainder of the remnant that remains to you from the hail, and they will devour every tree springing up to you in the countryside. 6And they will fill your houses and all your servants' houses and the houses of the whole of Egypt, such as your fathers and your grandfathers never saw from the day they came into being on the earth up to this day.’ ” Then he turned and departed from Pharaoh. 7Then Pharaoh's servants said to him, “How long will we have this as a snare to us? Let the men go and serve the Lord their God. Do you still not acknowledge that Egypt is being destroyed?” 8Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh and he said to them, “Go. Serve the Lord your God. But who exactly are those that are to go?” 9Then Moses said, “We will go with our young ones and with our old ones, with our sons and with our daughters. With our sheep and with our cattle we will go, for we have a festival to the Lord.” 10Then he said to them, “Let it be so. The Lord be with you when I let you and your little ones go. Look out, for evil is ahead of you. 11But it will not be quite like that. Just let the men go and serve the Lord, for that is what you are requesting.” Then he drove them out from Pharaoh's presence. 12Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch your hand out over the land of Egypt for the locusts, so that they come up over the land of Egypt and devour all the vegetation of the land – everything that the hail has left.” 13So Moses stretched his rod out over the land of Egypt, and the Lord set an east wind in motion in the land, all that day and all night. Then morning came, and the east wind brought the locusts. 14And the locusts came up over the whole land of Egypt, and they settled on all the territory of Egypt. It was very severe; before it there had never been such a locust plague as this, and after it there never will be such a one. 15And they covered the landscape of the whole land, and the land became dark, and they devoured all the vegetation of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left, and no greenery remained on the trees at all, nor on the vegetation of the countryside in all the land of Egypt. 16Then Pharaoh hastened to call for Moses and for Aaron, and he said, “I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. 17So now, forgive my sin, just this time, and entreat the Lord your God that he removes just this deadly thing from me.” 18And he departed from Pharaoh and entreated the Lord. 19At which the Lord turned it to a very strong westerly wind, and it carried away the locusts and drove them to the Red Sea. Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 20Then the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart and he did not let the sons of Israel go. 21And the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand towards the sky and let there be darkness over the land of Egypt, and they will have to grope in the dark.” 22So Moses stretched out his hand towards the sky and a thick darkness came over all the land of Egypt for three days. 23One person could not see another, and no-one could get up from the spot where he was for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwelling places. 24Then Pharaoh called for Moses and said, “Go. Serve the Lord, but let your sheep and oxen be left behind, but your little ones can also go with you.” 25Then Moses said, “You must also hand our animals over to us for sacrifices and burnt offerings for us to perform them to the Lord our God. 26And our cattle must also go with us: not a hoof shall remain, for we must take some from it to serve the Lord our God, and we won't know what to serve the Lord with until we arrive there.” 27Then the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he was not willing to let them go. 28And Pharaoh said to him, “Go away from me. Watch out: do not see my face any more, for on the day when you see my face, you will die.” 29To this Moses said, “Thus you have spoken. I will not see your face any more.”

Exodus Chapter 11 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will completely drive you right out from here. 2Now speak in the audience of the people to the intent that every man asks from his neighbour, and every woman from her neighbour, for items of silver and items of gold.” 3And the Lord put an attitude of grace towards the people in Egypt's sight. Moreover Moses was a very great man in the land of Egypt, in the eyes of Pharaoh's servants and in the eyes of the people. 4And Moses said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘At about midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt, 5and every firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from Pharaoh's firstborn who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the maidservant who sits at the millstones, and every firstborn of the cattle. 6And there will be a great outcry in all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been in the past, and such as will not take place again. 7But with all the sons of Israel, not a dog will point its tongue at anything whether man or cattle, in order that you may know that the Lord has made a distinction between Egypt and Israel.’ 8And all these servants of yours will come down to me and pay homage to me, saying, ‘Go out, you and all the people who are under your authority.’ Then after that I will go out.” Then he left Pharaoh in furious anger. 9Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not hearken to you, in order that my miracles may be increased in the land of Egypt.” 10So Moses and Aaron performed all these miracles in Pharaoh's presence, and the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go from his land.

Exodus Chapter 12 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron in the land of Egypt and said, 2“This month is the start of months to you. It is the first of the months of the year to you. 3Speak to the whole congregation of Israel and say that on the tenth day of this month they must each take their lamb – one per house of their fathers – a lamb per house. 4And if the house is too small to afford a lamb, then it and its neighbour which is most like that house in headcount will take a lamb and you will each be attributed to the shared lamb in accordance with those eating from it. 5It shall be a perfect one-year-old male of yours. You will take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6And it will be an animal kept for you until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole convocation of the congregation of Israel will slaughter it in the evening. 7They will take some of its blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they will eat it. 8And they will eat the meat tonight, roasted on a fire, and unleavened bread, and they will eat it with bitter herbs. 9Do not eat any of it raw, or boiled in water at all, but rather roasted on a fire, its head with its legs and with its innards. 10Do not leave any of it remaining until the morning, and whatever of it would remain until morning, burn up in a fire. 11And this is how you shall eat it: with your loins girded and with your shoes on your feet, and with your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it with haste. It is the Lord's Passover. 12And I will pass through the land of Egypt tonight, and I will strike every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and cattle, and I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt, as I am the Lord. 13And the blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and I will see the blood, and I will pass over you, and there will not be any destructive blow on you when I strike in the land of Egypt. 14And this day will be a memorial for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival to the Lord throughout your generations. You will celebrate it as an age-abiding statute. 15You will eat unleavened bread for seven days. Right on the first day you will remove leaven from your houses, for if anyone eats leavened bread, then that person will be cut off from Israel, this being in force from the first day to the seventh day. 16On the first day you will hold a holy convocation and on the seventh day you will hold a holy convocation. No work will be done on them, except that food needs to be eaten by everyone; that alone is what can be done by you. 17And you will keep the days of the unleavened bread, for on this very day I will have brought your companies out of the land of Egypt, and you will keep this day throughout your generations, as an age-abiding statute. 18In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 19For seven days no leaven will be found in your houses, for if anyone eats anything leavened, then that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, this applying to the foreigner and the native of the land. 20You will eat nothing leavened; in all of the places where you live, you will eat unleavened bread.” 21Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Select and take a lamb for yourselves according to your families and slaughter the Passover. 22And take a bundle of hyssop, and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and apply it to the lintel and to the two doorposts with the blood which is in the basin, and not one of you will go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23And the Lord will pass through so as to strike Egypt, and he will see the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, and the Lord will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike there. 24And you will observe this injunction as a statute of yours and of your sons, age-abidingly. 25And it will come to pass, when you come to the land which the Lord will give you, as he has said, that you will keep this service. 26And it will come to pass, when your sons say to you, ‘What is this service of yours?’ – 27that you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Passover to the Lord when he passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt, when he struck Egypt but saved our houses.’ ” Then the people bowed and worshipped. 28Then the sons of Israel departed and did this. As the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they carried it out. 29And it came to pass at midnight that the Lord struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from Pharaoh's firstborn, who sat on his throne, to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 30And Pharaoh got up at night – he and all his servants and all of Egypt – and there was loud shouting in Egypt, for there was no house where there wasn't someone dead. 31Then he called for Moses and for Aaron at night, and said, “Get up and go away from my people, both you and the sons of Israel, and go and serve the Lord according to what you said. 32Take also your sheep and your cattle as you said, and go, and bless me too.” 33And Egypt was resolved concerning the people to be quick in sending them out of the land, for they said, “Otherwise we are all dead.” 34And the people carried their dough from their kneading-troughs before it was leavened, on their shoulder, bound up in their clothes. 35And when the sons of Israel acted according to Moses' word, and they asked Egypt for items of silver and items of gold, and clothes, 36the Lord put favour towards the people in Egypt's sight, and they granted their requests, and they plundered Egypt. 37And the sons of Israel moved from Rameses to Succoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, excluding children. 38But a large number of assorted foreigners went up with them, as did sheep and cattle – livestock in a very considerable quantity. 39And they baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into unleavened cakes, for it was not leavened, for they had been driven out of Egypt and could not delay, and had not prepared any food for themselves. 40Now the time of the stay of the sons of Israel when they stayed in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years, 41and it came to pass, after four hundred and thirty years, and it was on the very same day, that all the companies of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42It is a night of observance to the Lord when he brought them out of the land of Egypt. This night of the Lord's is an observance to all the sons of Israel throughout their generations. 43And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover. No foreigner will partake of it. 44But as for every servant who was bought for money, and whom you have circumcised, in that case he shall partake of it. 45No temporary resident or hired servant shall partake of it. 46It will be eaten in one house. You shall not bring any meat out from the house outside, and you shall not break any bone in it. 47Every congregation of Israel will celebrate it. 48And if a foreigner should stay with you and celebrate the Lord's Passover, all males belonging to him must be circumcised, and then he shall approach to celebrate it, and he will be like a native of the land, but no uncircumcised person shall partake of it. 49There will be one law for the native and the foreigner staying with you. 50And all the sons of Israel did what the Lord has commanded Moses and Aaron – so they did.” 51And it came to pass on this very day that the Lord brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt in their companies.

Exodus Chapter 13 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Sanctify to me every firstborn, that opens any womb, among the sons of Israel, among man and among cattle; he is for me.” 3So Moses said to the people, “Remember this day when you came out of Egypt, from a house of slavery, for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from there. And nothing leavened is to be eaten. 4Today you are coming out, in the month of Abib. 5And it will come to pass that the Lord will bring you to the land of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, the land about which he swore to your fathers that he would give it to you – a land flowing with milk and honey – and you will perform this service in this month. 6You will eat unleavened bread for seven days, and on the seventh day it is a festival to the Lord. 7Unleavened bread will be eaten for seven days, and nothing leavened will be seen in your possession, and no leaven will be seen in your possession in all your territory. 8And you will explain it to your son on that day and say, ‘It is for this reason: the Lord did this for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9And it will be as a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, so that the Lord's law may be in your mouth, for the Lord brought you out of Egypt with a strong hand. 10So you will keep this statute in its due time on these days when they occur. 11And it will come to pass that the Lord will bring you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and he will give it to you. 12And you will set everyone who opens the womb aside for the Lord, and every first offspring from cattle which you will have. The males are the Lord's. 13You will redeem every first offspring from a donkey with a lamb. If you do not redeem it, you will break its neck. And you will redeem every human firstborn among your sons. 14And it will come to pass when your son asks you in the future and says, ‘What is this?’ that you will say to him, ‘With a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of a house of slavery. 15And it came to pass that he hardened Pharaoh about letting us go, and Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of cattle, which is why I sacrifice to the Lord everything that opens the womb – the males – but I redeem every firstborn of my sons.’ 16And it will be as a sign on your hand, and as phylacteries between your eyes, for the Lord brought us out of Egypt by the strength of his hand.” 17And it came to pass, when Pharaoh let the people go, that God did not lead them through the way of the Philistines (for that was nearby), but God said, “No, in case the people have regrets when they see war and return to Egypt.” 18So God led the people round through the way in the desert – the Red Sea – and the sons of Israel went up from the land of Egypt armed. 19And Moses took Joseph's bones with him, for he had made a point of adjuring the sons of Israel, when he said, “God will definitely visit you, and you will bring my bones with you from here.” 20Then they moved from Succoth and encamped at Etham, at the edge of the desert. 21And the Lord would go in front of them by day, in a column of cloud, to lead them along the way, and by night in a column of fire to give them light, for going by day and by night. 22He did not withdraw the column of cloud by day, nor the column of fire by night, in front of the people.

Exodus Chapter 14 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Say to the sons of Israel that they must turn and encamp before Pi-hahiroth between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon. You will encamp opposite it at the sea. 3And Pharaoh will say to the sons of Israel, ‘They are confused in the land; the desert has cut them off.’ 4And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them, and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and through all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.” And they did so. 5And it was reported to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and Pharaoh's heart and that of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, “What is this that we have done? For we have let Israel go from serving us.” 6So he harnessed his chariot and took his people with him, 7and he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, with crews of three on each of them. 8And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the sons of Israel, while the sons of Israel were going out by a high hand. 9And the Egyptians pursued them and they caught up with them when they were encamping by the sea. Every horse and chariot of Pharaoh and its riders and his army was in Pi-hahiroth before Baal-zephon. 10And Pharaoh approached, and the sons of Israel lifted up their eyes, and what they saw was Egypt coming after them, and they were very afraid, and the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord. 11And they said to Moses, “Is it for want of graves in Egypt that you have taken us to die in the desert? What is this you have done to us, bringing us out of Egypt? 12Isn't this the concern which we told you in Egypt, when we said, ‘Leave us alone and let us serve Egypt, for it is better for us to serve Egypt than that we die in the desert.’ ” 13At this Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand up and observe the Lord's salvation, which he will effect for you today, for as for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you will never see them again. 14And the Lord will fight for you, and you will keep quiet.” 15And the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me? Say to the sons of Israel that they should move on. 16And you lift up your rod, and stretch your hand out over the sea, and divide it, so that the sons of Israel can go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 17And as for me, I am about to harden the Egyptians' hearts, and they will come after them, and I will be glorified by means of Pharaoh and all his army, his chariot fleet and his horsemen. 18And Egypt will know that I am the Lord when I am glorified by means of Pharaoh, his chariot fleet and his horsemen.” 19Then the angel of God, who goes ahead of Israel's camp, moved and went behind them, and the column of cloud moved from in front of them and stood behind them, 20and it went between Egypt's camp and Israel's camp, and it became cloud and darkness, but it lit up the night. And one did not approach the other all night. 21Then Moses stretched his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to recede with a strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land. And the water was divided, 22and the sons of Israel went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, and the water was a wall to them on their right and on their left. 23Meanwhile the Egyptians pursued them and came after them – every horse of Pharaoh's, his chariot fleet and his horsemen – into the middle of the sea. 24And it came to pass in the morning watch that the Lord peered at the Egyptian troops through the column of fire and cloud, and routed the Egyptian troops. 25And he caused their chariot-wheels to come off, so that they drove them with difficulty, and Egypt said, “I will flee from Israel's presence, for the Lord is fighting for them in Egypt.” 26Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch your hand out over the sea, and the water will return over Egypt, over its chariot fleet and over its horsemen.” 27So Moses stretched his hand out over the sea, and the sea returned at the break of morning to its normal state, while the Egyptians were fleeing towards it, and the Lord tossed the Egyptians about in the middle of the sea. 28Then the water returned and covered the chariot fleet and the horsemen in all Pharaoh's forces which came after them in the sea. Not a single one of them remained. 29But the sons of Israel went on dry land in the middle of the sea, and the water was a wall to them on their right and on their left. 30So the Lord saved Israel from Egypt's grip on that day and Israel saw Egypt dead on the sea-shore. 31And Israel saw the great power which the Lord exerted in Egypt, and the people feared the Lord and they believed in the Lord and in Moses his servant.

Exodus Chapter 15 

1Then Moses and the sons of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and they spoke and said,

“I will sing to the Lord,

For he is highly exalted.

He has thrown horse and its rider into the sea.

2The Lord is my strength and my melody,

And he became salvation to me.

This is my God,

And I will prepare a dwelling for him,

The God of my father,

And I will extol him.

3The Lord is a man of war;

The Lord is his name.

4He cast Pharaoh's chariots and his army into the sea,

And the elite of his crews of three

Sank in the Red Sea.

5The depths covered them;

They descended into the depths like a stone.

6Your right hand, O Lord,

Has become glorious by power.

Your right hand, O Lord,

Has crushed the enemy.

7And in the wealth of your splendour

You demolished those rising up against you.

You sent your fury

Which consumed them like stubble.

8And by the breath of your nostrils

The water heaped up;

The liquid stood like a mound;

The depths solidified in the heart of the sea.

9The enemy said, ‘I will pursue,

I will catch up with them.

I will share out the spoil;

My fervour will be satisfied on them.

I will draw my sword;

My hand will disinherit them.’

10You blew with your wind,

The sea covered them;

They sank like lead

In mighty waters.

11Who is like you

Among the gods, O Lord?

Who is like you?

Glorious in holiness,

Fearfully praiseworthy,

Performing wondrously.

12You stretched out your right hand;

The earth swallowed them up.

13In your kindness you have led the people

Whom you redeemed.

You have guided them by your strength

To your holy dwelling place.

14The nations will hear about it

And will tremble.

Writhing has seized

The inhabitants of Philistia.

15Then the chieftains of Edom will be terrified;

As for the mighty ones of Moab,

Trembling will seize them.

All the inhabitants of Canaan will melt away.

16Dread and fear will descend on them;

By the magnificence of your arm

They will be dumbfounded like a stone,

Until your people cross over, O Lord,

Until the people you have purchased

Cross over.

17You will bring them in and plant them

At the mountain of your inheritance,

A place established for you to dwell in,

Which you, O Lord have made,

A sanctuary, O Lord*

Which your hands have established.

18The Lord will reign

Age-abidingly and timelessly.

19For Pharaoh's cavalry with his chariot fleet and his riders went into the sea, but the Lord caused the water of the sea to return over them, whereas the sons of Israel went on dry land in the middle of the sea.” 20Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took a drum in her hand, and all the women went out following her with drums and dancing. 21And Miriam intoned to them,

“Sing to the Lord

For he is most exalted.

He cast horse and its rider

Into the sea.”

22Then Moses moved Israel from the Red Sea and they went out to the desert of Shur, and they went for three days in the desert, but did not find water. 23And they came to Marah, but could not drink the water of Marah, for it was bitter, which is why it is called Marah. 24The people then complained about Moses and they said, “What will we drink?” 25And he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord pointed out a piece of wood to him, which he threw into the water, and the water became freshwater. He established for them a statute and a law there, and tested them there, 26and he said, “If you carefully obey the Lord your God, and do what is right in his sight, and hearken to his commandments and keep all his statutes, then I will not lay on you any of the diseases which I laid on Egypt, for I am the Lord your healer.” 27Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date palm trees, and they encamped there by the water.

Exodus Chapter 16 

1Then they moved from Elim, and the whole congregation of the sons of Israel came to the Sin Desert which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month when they were coming out of the land of Egypt. 2And the whole congregation of the sons of Israel complained about Moses and Aaron in the desert. 3And the sons of Israel said to them, “If only we could die at the Lord's hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat at the meat pot, when we ate bread to our fill, for you have brought us out into this desert to kill the whole of this convocation by starvation.” 4Then the Lord said to Moses, “You will see how I rain down bread for you from heaven, and the people will go out and collect a day's worth per day so that I may test them as to whether they walk in my law or not. 5And it will come to pass on the sixth day that they will prepare what they bring back and it will be double what they collect on an ordinary day.” 6Then Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, “When evening comes, you will know that the Lord brought you out of the land of Egypt. 7And in the morning you will see the Lord's glory, because he has heard your complaining about the Lord. But as for us, what are we that you should complain about us?” 8And Moses said, “You will see this when the Lord gives you meat to eat in the evening, and bread in the morning to your fill, because the Lord has heard your complaints which you bring against him, but what are we? Your complaints are not against us, but against the Lord.” 9Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, ‘Come near before the Lord, for he has heard your complaints.’ ” 10Then it came to pass when Aaron was speaking to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they turned their gaze to the desert, and they saw that the glory of the Lord had appeared in the cloud. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 12“I have heard the complaints of the sons of Israel. Speak to them and say, ‘In the evening you will eat meat, and in the morning you will have your fill of bread, and you will know that I am the Lord your God.’ ” 13And it came to pass in the evening that quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14Then the layer of dew evaporated and revealed a flaky dust on the surface of the desert, dust like a hoarfrost on the ground. 15And when the sons of Israel saw it, they said one to another, “It is manna”, for they did not know what it was. Then Moses said to them, “This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat. 16This is what the Lord commands: ‘Collect it – each one according his nutritional requirement – an omer per head for the number of people you are. Everyone is to take what is needed for those in his tent.’ ” 17So the sons of Israel did this and collected it – some a lot and some a little. 18And they measured it in omers, and he who had gathered a lot had no surplus, and he who had gathered a little had no lack. Each man gathered according to his nutritional requirement. 19Then Moses said to them, “Let no-one keep any of it over until the morning.” 20But they did not heed Moses, and some men kept some of it over until the morning, and it harboured worms, and it stank, and Moses became angry with them. 21So they collected it every morning, each man according to his nutritional requirement, then the sun would become hot and it would melt. 22And it came to pass on the sixth day that they collected double the amount of bread – two omers per omer. And all the leading people of the congregation came and told Moses. 23And he said to them, “This is what the Lord has spoken: ‘Tomorrow is a high Sabbath – a holy Sabbath to the Lord.’ Bake what you want to bake; cook what you want to cook, and store up until morning everything that is left over as a stock.” 24So they stored it until the morning, as Moses instructed them, and it did not become foul-smelling, nor were there worms in it. 25And Moses said, “Eat it today, for it is the Lord's Sabbath. Today you will not find it in the countryside. 26You will collect it for six days, but on the seventh day – the Sabbath – there will not be any.” 27And it came to pass on the seventh day that some people went out to collect it, but they did not find any. 28Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 29See that the Lord has given you the Sabbath, which is why he is giving you bread for two days on the sixth day. Let everyone stay in his place; let no-one go from his place on the seventh day.” 30So the people rested on the seventh day. 31And the house of Israel called it manna, and it is like coriander seed, being white, and its taste is like cake kneaded with honey. 32Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord commanded: ‘Fill an omer of it, as a stock for your future generations so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the desert, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’ ” 33And Moses said to Aaron, “Take an urn and put a full omer of manna in it and place it before the Lord as a preserved item for your future generations.” 34As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the testimony as a preserved item. 35And the sons of Israel ate the manna for forty years, until they came to inhabited land. They ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36An omer is a tenth of an ephah.

Exodus Chapter 17 

1Then the whole congregation of the sons of Israel moved from the Sin Desert in their moves at the instruction of the Lord, and they encamped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. 2And the people argued with Moses and said, “Give us water to drink”, whereupon Moses said to them, “Why are you arguing with me? Why are you testing the Lord?” 3So the people thirsted for water there, and the people complained to Moses and said, “Why is it that you have brought us up out of Egypt to kill me and my sons and my cattle with thirst?” 4And Moses cried out to the Lord and said, “What should I do with this people? A little longer and they will be stoning me.” 5And the Lord said to Moses, “Go across in front of the people, and take some of the elders of Israel with you, and take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go. 6You will see that I am standing before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you will strike the rock, and water will come out of it, and the people will drink.” So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7And he called the place Massah and Meribah, on account of the arguing of the sons of Israel and on account of their testing the Lord, when they said, “Is the Lord in our midst or not?” 8Then Amalek came and fought against Israel in Rephidim. 9And Moses said to Joshua, “Select men for us and go out to fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will be standing on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.” 10And Joshua did as Moses had said to him, to fight against Amalek, while Moses and Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11And it was the case that when Moses lifted up his hand, Israel prevailed, but when he let his hand drop, Amalek prevailed. 12And Moses' hands became heavy, so they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat on it, and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side and one on the other side, so his hands were steady until the sun set. 13So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people by the blade of the sword. 14And the Lord said to Moses, “Write this down as a memorial in a book, and recite it in Joshua's ears, for I will thoroughly wipe out the memory of Amalek under heaven.” 15Then Moses built an altar, and called it “The Lord is my Banner”. 16And he said, “Because there is a hand on the throne of the Lord, the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”

Exodus Chapter 18 

1When Jethro the priest of Midian Moses' father-in-law, heard everything that God had done for Moses and for Israel his people – that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt – 2Jethro Moses' father-in-law then took Zipporah Moses' wife back after her being sent away, 3and her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gershom, because he had said, “I was a foreigner in a foreign land”, 4and the name of the other was Eliezer, because he had said, “The God of my father is present as my help and he delivered me from Pharaoh's sword.” 5Then Jethro Moses' father-in-law came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the desert where he was encamped at the mountain of God, 6and he said to Moses, “I, Jethro your father-in-law, have come to you, as have your wife and her two sons with her.” 7And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and he bowed and kissed him, and each asked how the other was, and they went to the tent. 8And Moses told his father-in-law everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and to Egypt for the sake of Israel, and all the hardship which they had met with on the way and how the Lord had delivered them. 9And Jethro rejoiced at all the good which the Lord had done to Israel in delivering them from Egypt's grip. 10And Jethro said, “Blessed is the Lord who delivered you from Egypt's grip and from Pharaoh's grip – who delivered the people from being in the grip of Egypt. 11Now I know that the Lord is greater than any of the gods, for it is apparent in the matter where they acted insolently against them.” 12And Jethro Moses' father-in-law took a burnt offering and sacrifices to God, and Aaron came, as did all the elders of Israel, to eat bread before God with Moses' father-in-law. 13And it came to pass on the next day that Moses sat down to judge the people, and the people stood before Moses from the morning until the evening. 14And Moses' father-in-law saw everything that he was doing with the people, and he said, “What is this business that you are doing for the people? Why are you sitting on your own while all the people are standing opposite you from morning to evening?” 15And Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people have come to me to consult God. 16If they have an issue, they come to me and I judge between a man and his neighbour, and I make God's statutes and his laws known.” 17Then Moses' father-in-law said to him, “The thing you are doing isn't right. 18You will utterly exhaust yourself, both you and this people which is with you, for the procedure is too burdensome for you; you cannot do it on your own. 19So now listen to me. I will advise you, and may God be with you. Be before the people yourself opposite God, and bring the cases to God, 20and instruct them in the statutes and the laws and make known to them the way which they should go, and the things which they should do. 21But select from all the people men of valour, who fear God, men of truth who hate dishonest gain, and appoint over the people men in charge of a thousand, men in charge of a hundred, men in charge of fifty and men in charge of ten. 22And they will judge the people all the time, and it will be the case that they will bring every major issue to you, but these men will judge every minor matter, and it will relieve you and they will bear the burden with you. 23If you do this thing, and God so instructs you, you will be able to cope and also all this people will be able to go to their place in peace.” 24And Moses concurred with his father-in-law and he did everything he said. 25So Moses selected men of valour from the whole of Israel, and appointed them as heads over the people: men in charge of a thousand, men in charge of a hundred, men in charge of fifty and men in charge of ten. 26And they judged the people all the time, but they brought any difficult matter to Moses, whereas they judged every minor matter themselves. 27Then Moses let his father-in-law go, and he went his way to his land.

Exodus Chapter 19 

1In the third month after the exodus of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Sinai desert. 2And they travelled from Rephidim and came to the Sinai Desert, and they encamped in the desert. And Israel encamped there opposite the mountain. 3Then Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said, “This is what you will say to the house of Jacob, and will tell the sons of Israel. 4‘You have seen what I did to Egypt, when I lifted you up on the wings of eagles and brought you to me. 5So now, if you will rigorously obey me and keep my covenant, you will be a special acquisition of mine above all the nations, for the whole earth is mine. 6And you will be a kingdom of priests to me, and a holy nation.’ These are the things which you will speak to the sons of Israel.” 7Then Moses came back and called the elders of the people, and he set before them all these things which the Lord had commanded him. 8Then all the people answered together and said, “We will do everything that the Lord has said.” Moses then reported the words of the people to the Lord. 9And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you, and that they may believe you age-abidingly.” Moses then told the words of the people to the Lord. 10And the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and sanctify them today and tomorrow, whereby they must wash their clothes. 11And be prepared for the third day, for on the third day, the Lord will descend in the sight of all the people to Mount Sinai. 12And restrict the people round about and say, ‘Be careful not to go up into the mountain or to touch its edge. Everyone who touches the mountain will certainly be put to death. 13Let no hand touch it, otherwise he will certainly be stoned, or shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the horn is sounded then they will go up into the mountain.” 14Then Moses came down from the mountain to the people, and he sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes. 15And he said to the people, “Be prepared; do not approach your wife for three days.” 16And it came to pass on the third day while it was morning that there were sounds and lightning flashes and a dense cloud at the mountain, and a very loud sound of a ramshorn, and all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17Then Moses brought the people out from the camp to meet God, and they stood at the bottom of the mountain. 18And Mount Sinai was smoke all over, because the Lord had descended onto it with fire, and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled greatly. 19And when the sound of the ramshorn resounded very loudly, Moses spoke, and God answered him with a voice. 20And the Lord descended onto Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain, and the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. 21And the Lord said to Moses, “Go down and testify to the people not to break through to the Lord to see him, whereby many of them would fall down dead. 22And let the priests who also approach the Lord sanctify themselves, in case the Lord breaks out against them.” 23Then Moses said to the Lord, “The people will not be able to come up to Mount Sinai, for you testified to us and said, ‘Delimit the mountain and sanctify it.’ ” 24And the Lord said to him, “Go, go down and come up, you and Aaron with you, but do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the Lord, in case he breaks out against them.” 25So Moses went down to the people and spoke to them.

Exodus Chapter 20 

1Then God spoke all these things and said, 2“I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of a house of slavery. 3You shall not have any other gods besides me. 4You shall not make yourself any engraved image or any image of what is in heaven above or of what is on the earth below, or of what is in the water below the surface of the earth. 5You shall not worship them and you shall not serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the sons and on those of the third generation, and on those of the fourth generation, of those who hate me, 6and showing kindness to thousands, to those who love me and to those who keep my commandments. 7You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him who takes his name in vain innocent. 8Remember the Sabbath day, to sanctify it. 9For six days you shall work and carry out all your business, 10but the seventh day is the Lord your God's Sabbath. You shall not do any work on itneither you nor your son nor your daughter, neither your manservant nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your foreigner who is within your gates. 11For in six days the Lord made heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything that is in them, and on the seventh day he rested, which is why the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and sanctified it. 12Honour your father and your mother, in order that your days may be long on the land which the Lord your God is giving you. 13You shall not commit murder. 14You shall not commit adultery. 15You shall not steal. 16You shall not give a false testimony against your neighbour. 17You shall not covet your neighbour's house; you shall not covet your neighbour's wife, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything which is your neighbour's.” 18And all the people experienced the thunderings and the flames with the sound of the ramshorn and the mountain smoking, and when the people saw it, they were perturbed, and they stood at a distance. 19And they said to Moses, “You speak with us, and we will listen, but don't let God speak with us, so that we don't die.” 20Then Moses said to the people, “Don't be afraid, for God has come in order to test you, and so that fear of him should be prominent in your minds, so that you do not sin.” 21So the people stood at a distance, but Moses approached the thick cloud where God was. 22And the Lord said to Moses, “This is what you will say to the sons of Israel: ‘You have seen that I spoke with you from heaven. 23You shall not make gods of silver competing with me, nor shall you make yourselves gods of gold. 24You shall make me an altar of earth and you shall sacrifice your burnt offerings on it, and your peace-offerings, and your sheep, and your oxen. Everywhere where I cause my name to be remembered I will come to you and bless you. 25And if you make me an altar of stone, you shall not build it with hewn stones, for if you apply your cutting tool to it, you defile it. 26And you shall not go up to my altar by steps, so that your nakedness is not exposed at it.’

Exodus Chapter 21 

1And these are the principles of justice which you will set out before them. 2If you acquire a Hebrew servant, he will serve for six years, then in the seventh year, he will go out free, without any claim on him. 3If he comes on his own, he will go out on his own; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife will go out with him. 4If his master gives him a wife, and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children will be her master's and he will go out on his own. 5If the servant positively says, ‘I love my master, my wife and my sons; I will not go out free’, 6then his master will bring him to the representatives of God, then he will bring him to the door or to the doorpost, and his master will bore through his ear with an awl, and he will serve him indefinitely. 7And if a man sells his daughter as a maidservant, she will not go out as menservants go out. 8If she is bad in the sight of her master who appointed her to himself, then he will have her redeemed. He shall not have authority to sell her to a foreign nation in his deceitful dealing with her. 9And if he appoints her for his son, he will deal with her according to the custom for daughters. 10If he takes another woman to wife, he shall not diminish her food and clothing and marital rights. 11If he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out without claim on her, without financial consequences. 12He who strikes a man so that he dies shall certainly be put to death. 13But if he did not deliberately kill him, but God caused him to cross paths with him, then I will make you a place to which he can flee. 14But when a man is incensed against his neighbour to the point of deliberately killing him, you will take him from my altar to be put to death. 15And he who strikes his father or his mother will certainly be put to death. 16And he who abducts a man and sells him, or if a man is found in his power, he will certainly be put to death. 17And he who curses his father or his mother will certainly be put to death. 18And if men argue, and a man strikes his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but becomes bed-ridden, 19then if he recovers and can walk about outside with his stick, then he who struck him will be acquitted, except that he will compensate him for his time recovering, and he will see to a complete recovery. 20And if a man strikes his manservant or his maidservant with a stick, and he dies when under his charge, he will certainly be avenged. 21But if after a day or two he can stand, he will not be avenged, because he is his source of income. 22And if men quarrel and strike a pregnant woman and her unborn baby miscarries, but there is no further injury, he will certainly be punished according to what the husband of the woman imposes on him, and he will pay in the presence of the judges. 23If there is further injury, you will impose life for life, 24an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot, 25a burn for a burn, a wound for a wound, scarring for scarring. 26If a man strikes his manservant's eye or his maidservant's eye, and ruins it, he shall let him go free as compensation for his eye. 27If he knocks out a tooth of his manservant's or a tooth of his maidservant's, he will let him go free as compensation for his tooth. 28And if an ox butts a man or a woman and he dies, the ox will certainly be stoned and its flesh will not be eaten, and the owner of the ox will be innocent. 29But if the ox had been prone to butting for some time and it had been solemnly stated to its owner but he did not keep it securely, and the ox killed a man or a woman, it shall be stoned, and also its owner shall be put to death. 30If bail is imposed on him, then he must make the bail payment for his life according to everything that was imposed on him. 31Whether it butts a son or butts a daughter, the matter will be dealt with for him according to this law. 32If the ox butts a manservant or a maidservant, the owner shall give thirty shekels of silver to the servant's master and the ox will be stoned. 33And if a man opens up a pit or a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or donkey falls into it, 34the owner of the pit shall pay money in compensation to its owner, and the dead animal will be his. 35And if a man's ox butts a neighbour's ox and it dies, he shall sell the ox that is alive, and they will divide the proceeds of it, and they will also share the dead animal. 36But if it was known that the ox had been prone to butting for some time, and its owner had not kept it securely, he shall certainly pay an ox for an ox and the dead ox will be his.

Exodus Chapter 22 

1If a man steals an ox or sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the sheep. 2If a burglar is caught breaking in and is struck down and dies, the striker has no guilt of bloodshed. 3If the striker does it in broad daylight he is guilty of bloodshed. The burglar must repay, and if he does not have the means, he will be sold for his burglary. 4If the stolen goods are plainly found in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, alive, he shall repay double. 5If a man consumes the produce of a field or vineyard, or sends his cattle in, and it feeds in the fields of another person, on the best part of his field or the best part of his vineyard, he shall pay compensation. 6If a fire breaks out and spreads to thorns and a stack of corn or the field is consumed, he who lit the fire will certainly pay compensation for the fire-damage. 7If a man gives his neighbour money or goods to keep for him, and they are stolen from the man's house, if the thief is found, he shall repay double. 8If the thief cannot be found, the owner of the house will approach the representatives of God to see whether he laid his hand on his neighbour's property or not. 9For every criminal matter, for an ox, for a donkey, for a sheep, for an item of clothing, for any lost item which someone claims to be his, the dispute between the two of them will come to the representatives of God. The one the representatives of God condemn will pay double to his neighbour. 10If a man gives his neighbour a donkey or an ox, or a sheep, or any cattle to keep for him, and it dies or is wounded, or is rustled with no-one seeing it, 11an oath to the Lord will be made between the two of them, that he did not lay his hand on his neighbour's property, and its owner will accept it and the other will not have to pay. 12But if it was evidently stolen from him he will compensate its owner. 13If it has been badly mauled, let him bring the mauled animal as evidence, and he will not have to pay. 14And if a man borrows anything from his neighbour and it becomes wounded or dies, when the owner of it is not present, he will certainly pay compensation. 15If the owner of it is present, he shall not pay; if he is a hired labourer, it is a matter of his hire arrangements. 16If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed and lies with her, he will certainly purchase her as his wife with a dowry. 17If her father resolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall weigh out silver according to the dowry of virgins. 18You shall not let a sorceress live. 19Everyone who lies with cattle will certainly be put to death. 20He who sacrifices to any gods except the Lord alone will be solemnly executed. 21You shall not maltreat a foreigner or oppress him, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 22You shall not ill-treat any widow or orphan. 23If you nevertheless ill-treat him, considering how he would doubtlessly cry out to me, I will certainly hear his crying out, 24and my anger will be kindled, and I will kill you by the sword, and your wives will become widows, and your sons orphans. 25If you lend money to my people – to the poor in your society – you shall not be as it were a lender at interest to him, and you shall not impose interest on him. 26If you take your neighbour's clothing in a pledge at all, you shall return it to him by sunset. 27For it is his only covering – clothing for his skin. Otherwise, with what can he lie down? And it will be the case that if he cries out to me, I will hear him, for I am gracious. 28You shall not despise the representatives of God, nor curse a leader among your people. 29You shall not be late in offering your full produce or your extracted liquids. You shall give me the firstborn of your sons. 30This is what you shall do with your ox and your sheep. It shall be seven days with its mother, then on the eighth day you shall give it to me. 31And you will be holy men to me, and you shall not eat flesh mauled in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.

Exodus Chapter 23 

1You shall not raise a false report. Do not join the wicked in being a false witness. 2You shall not be a follower of the powerful in wicked deeds, and you shall not testify in a dispute by leaning towards the powerful so perverting the course of justice. 3Neither shall you favour the needy in his dispute. 4If you come across your neighbour's ox or donkey which is straying, you shall return it to him without fail. 5If you see the donkey of someone who hates you lying under its burden, and you would decline to help it, you shall certainly help it. 6You shall not pervert the course of justice for the poor man among you in his dispute. 7Avoid false statements, and do not kill the innocent and righteous, for I will not pronounce the wicked righteous. 8And you shall not accept a bribe, for the bribe blinds the sighted and subverts the words of the righteous. 9And you shall not oppress the foreigner, for you know the feelings of the foreigner, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 10Now for six years you shall sow your land and gather its produce, 11but in the seventh year you shall leave it uncultivated and leave it fallow, so that the poor among your people may eat, and the wild animals can eat what they leave. So shall you also do with your vineyard and your olive grove. 12For six days you can do your business, but on the seventh day you shall rest, in order that your ox and your donkey should rest, and the son of your maidservant and the foreigner should be refreshed. 13And you shall take heed of everything that I have said to you, and you shall not make mention of the name of other gods – it shall not be heard from your mouth. 14Three times per year you shall hold a festival to me. 15You shall keep the Festival of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread as I commanded you, at the set time in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt, and none shall see my face empty-handed; 16and the Festival of the Harvest, the firstfruits of your labours, that which you sow in the field; and the Festival of the Ingathering, at the end of the year, when you gather your produce from the field. 17Three times per year all your male population shall appear in the presence of the Lord, the Lord. 18You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread, and the fat of my festival shall not remain until the morning. 19You shall bring the prime firstfruits of your land to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not cook a goat-kid in its mother's milk. 20Behold, I am sending an angel out before you to keep you on the way and to bring you to the place which I have prepared. 21Be circumspect with him and obey him. Do not provoke him, for he will not pardon your transgression, for my name is central to him. 22But if you diligently obey him and do everything that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will be an adversary to your adversaries. 23For my angel will go in front of you and bring you to the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Canaanite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, and I will annihilate them. 24You shall not worship their gods, and you shall not serve them, and you shall not do what they do, but you will utterly demolish them and thoroughly shatter their stone images. 25Rather, you will serve the Lord your God, and he will bless your bread and your water, and I will remove any sickness from your community. 26You will not miscarry or be infertile in your land; I will fill the number of your days. 27I will send dread of myself ahead of you, and I will rout all of any nation which you come to, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs to you. 28And I will send wasps in front of you and they will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite and the Hittite before you. 29I will not drive them out before you in one year, so that the land does not become a desolation, and wild animals increase against you. 30Little by little I will drive them out before you, until you increase in number and inherit the land. 31And I will set your border from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines and from the desert up to the river, for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand and you will drive them out before you. 32You shall not make a covenant with them or with their gods. 33They will not dwell in your land, so that they do not make you sin against me, for if you were to serve their gods, it would be a snare to you.”

Exodus Chapter 24 

1Then he said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from a distance. 2And Moses alone shall approach the Lord, but they shall not approach; the people shall not go up with him.” 3Moses then came and told the people all the Lord's words, and all the injunctions, and all the people answered unanimously and said, “We will do all the things which the Lord has said.” 4And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord, and he got up early in the morning and built an altar under the mountain, and twelve pillars to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5And he sent youths of the sons of Israel to offer burnt offerings and to offer peace sacrifices of bulls to the Lord. 6Then Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and he sprinkled half of the blood on the altar. 7And he took the book of the covenant, and he read it in the audience of the people. And they said, “We will do and obey everything the Lord has said.” 8Then Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant which the Lord has made with you concerning all these things.” 9Then Moses went up, as did Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. 10And they saw the God of Israel, and under his feet was a kind of artefact of clear sapphire, and like the sky itself in purity. 11And he did not lay his hand on the noble men of the sons of Israel, and they beheld God, and they ate and drank. 12Then the Lord said to Moses, “Come up the mountain to me and be there, and I will give you the slabs of stone and the law and the commandments which I have written so as to instruct them.” 13And Moses arose, as did his servant Joshua, and Moses went up the mountain of God. 14But he said to the elders, “Wait for us here until we return to you, and look, Aaron and Hur are with you. Let whoever has an issue approach them.” 15Then Moses went up the mountain, and a cloud covered the mountain. 16And the glory of the Lord rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days, then he called to Moses on the seventh day from within the cloud. 17And the appearance of the glory of the Lord was as a consuming fire on the summit of the mountain, in the sight of the sons of Israel. 18And Moses went inside the cloud, and he went up the mountain, and Moses was on the mountain for forty days and forty nights.

Exodus Chapter 25 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Tell the sons of Israel to bring me a heave-offering. You shall take my heave-offering from every man whose heart wills it. 3And this is the heave-offering which you shall take from them: gold and silver and copper, 4and blue and purple and scarlet material, and fine linen and goat's hair, 5and rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins and acacia wood, 6and lamp-oil, fragrances for anointing-oil and for aromatic incense, 7onyx gemstones, and stones for setting in the ephod and the breastplate. 8And they shall make me a sanctuary, so that I may dwell in their midst, 9according to everything that I am showing you – the model of the tabernacle and the model of all its equipment – and that is how you shall make it. 10And make an ark of acacia wood, two and a half cubits in length and one and a half cubits in width and one and a half cubits in height. 11And you will overlay it with pure gold; you will overlay it inside and outside, and you will make a golden edge on it all round. 12And you will cast four golden rings for it, and you will put them on its four corner-posts, with two rings on one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. 13And you shall make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. 14And you will pass the poles through the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark by means of them. 15The poles will be through the rings of the ark; they shall not be removed from it. 16And you will put the testimony which I will give you in the ark. 17And you will make an atonement cover of pure gold, two and a half cubits in length and one and a half cubits in width. 18And you will make two cherubim of gold; you will make them as beaten work at the two ends of the atonement cover. 19And make one cherub at one end and one cherub at the other end. Make the cherubim from the atonement cover at its two ends. 20And the cherubim will be with wings spread upwards, covering the atonement cover with their wings, and they will face each other. The faces of the cherubim will be directed towards the atonement cover. 21And you will put the atonement cover on the ark from above, and you will put the testimony which I will give you in the ark. 22And I will be known to you there, and I will speak with you from above the atonement cover, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the testimony, and tell you everything that I command you for the sons of Israel. 23And you shall make a table from acacia wood, two cubits in length and a cubit in width, and one and a half cubits in height, 24and you will overlay it with pure gold, and you will make a golden edge for it to go around it. 25And you will make it a rim a hand-breadth wide, all around, and you will make a golden edge for the rim all around. 26And you will make four golden rings for it, and you will put the rings on the four corners which are at its four legs. 27And the rings will be joined to the rim, as receptacles for the poles by which to carry the table. 28And you will make the poles of acacia wood, and you will overlay them with gold, and the table will be carried by means of them. 29And you will make its dishes and spoons and bowls and vials by which libations are poured. You will make them of pure gold. 30And you will place showbread on the table before me always. 31And you will make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand will be made as beaten work – its main stem and its branches. Its cups, its knobs and its flowers will diverge from it. 32And there will be six branches coming out of its sides – three branches of the lampstand from one of its sides and three lampstand branches from the other side. 33There will be three almond-shaped cups on one branch, with a knob and a flower; and three almond-shaped cups on another branch, with a knob and a flower. This is how it will be for the six branches coming out of the lampstand. 34And in the main stem of the lampstand there will be four almond-shaped cups with its knobs and its flowers. 35And there will be a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it and a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it and a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it, this being for the six branches which come out of the lampstand. 36Their knobs and their branches will be integral to it. All of it will be work beaten from one piece of pure gold. 37And you will make its seven lamps; and one will light the lamps and it will give light straight forwards. 38And its tongs and snuff-dishes shall be of pure gold. 39From one talent of gold he shall make it, with all these accessories. 40And see that you make them according to the model of them which you were shown on the mountain.

Exodus Chapter 26 

1And you will make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, with blue and purple and scarlet dye; you will make them with cherubim, as the work of a damask weaver. 2The length of one curtain will be twenty-eight cubits, and the width four cubits per curtain. There will be one size for all the curtains. 3There will be five curtains joined one to another, then five curtains joined one to another. 4And you will make loops of blue material on the hem of one curtain, at the edge with the adjoining one, and you will do likewise on the hem of the last curtain, at the second join. 5You will make fifty loops on one curtain, and you will make fifty loops on the edge of the curtain which is at the second join, so that the loops hold each other together. 6And you will make fifty clasps of gold, and you will join the curtains to each other by the clasps so that the tabernacle becomes a unity. 7And you will make curtains of goat's hair, as a tent over the tabernacle. You will make eleven such curtains. 8The length of one curtain will be thirty cubits, and the width four cubits per curtain. There will be one size for the eleven curtains. 9And you will join five curtains separately, and six curtains separately, and you will fold the sixth curtain double towards the front of the tent. 10And you will make fifty loops on the hem of one curtain – the last one to the adjoining one – and fifty loops on the hem of the other adjoining curtain. 11And you will make fifty copper clasps, and bring the clasps through the loops so that you join the tent up so that it becomes a unity. 12And the superfluous part of the curtains of the tent which remains – the half curtain which remains – will be draped over at the back of the tabernacle. 13And the cubit on one side and the cubit on the other side of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent will be draped over at the side of the tabernacle on each side to cover it. 14And you will make the covering for the tent from rams' skins dyed red, with a covering from badgers' skins above it. 15And you will make the boards for the tabernacle from acacia wood, to be standing vertically. 16The length of one board will be ten cubits, and the width of one board will be one and a half cubits. 17Two tenons per board will each be joined to its counterpart. This is how you shall make it for all the boards of the tabernacle. 18And you will make twenty boards for the tabernacle on the south side, south-facing. 19And you will make forty silver sockets to go under the twenty boards – two sockets under one board for its two tenons, and two sockets under another board for its two tenons. 20And the second side of the tabernacle – the north side – will have twenty boards. 21And you will make forty silver sockets for them, two sockets under one board and two sockets under another board. 22And for the flank of the tabernacle to the west you will make six boards. 23And you will make two boards for the corners of the tabernacle on its flanks, 24and they will be coupled from below, and they will be perfectly aligned up to the top of it, to a ring. The two of them will be made this way; they will be at the two corners. 25And there will be eight boards and their silver sockets – sixteen sockets – two sockets under one board and two sockets under another board. 26And you will make bolts of acacia wood: five bolts for the boards of one side of the tabernacle, 27and five bolts for the boards of the second side of the tabernacle, and five bolts for the boards of the side of the tabernacle on the west flank. 28And the middle bolt inside the boards will pass from end to end. 29You will overlay the boards with gold, and you will make their rings from gold, as receptacles for the bolts, and you will overlay the bolts with gold. 30So you will set up the tabernacle according to its blueprint which you were shown on the mountain. 31And you will make a veil of blue, purple and scarlet thread and fine twined linen – the work of a damask weaver. It will be made with cherubim. 32And you will put it on four acacia wood columns, overlaid with gold, with their golden hooks on four silver sockets. 33And you will put the veil under the clasps, and you will bring the ark of the testimony there inside the veil, and the veil will be a demarcation for you between the holy place and the holy of holies. 34And you will put the atonement cover on the ark of the testimony in the holy of holies. 35And you will put the table outside the veil, and the lampstand opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle, and you will put the table on the north side. 36And you will make a screen for the door of the tent from blue and purple and scarlet thread, and fine twined linen, the workmanship of an embroiderer. 37And you will make five columns of acacia wood for the screen, and you will overlay them with gold, and their hooks will be of gold, and you will cast five copper sockets for them.

Exodus Chapter 27 

1And you will make an altar of acacia wood, five cubits in length and five cubits in width. The altar will be square, and its height will be three cubits. 2And you shall make its horns on its four corners. The horns will be integral to it, and you will overlay it with copper. 3And you shall make its pans for removing ashes from it, and its shovels, and its basins, and its forks, and its firepans. You shall make all its equipment from copper. 4And you will make it a grate, a meshed artefact of copper, and you shall make four copper rings on the mesh at its four corners. 5And you shall put it below the ledge of the altar, underneath, and the mesh will extend up to half the size of the altar. 6And you shall make poles for the altar – poles of acacia wood – and you will overlay them with copper. 7And its poles will be brought through the rings, so the poles will be at the two sides of the altar for carrying it. 8You shall make it hollow with panels. As it was shown to you on the mountain, so they shall make it. 9And you will make the courtyard of the tabernacle. On the south side, facing south, the courtyardwill have drapes of fine twined linen. It will be one hundred cubits in length for one side. 10And you will make its twenty columns and their twenty copper sockets, and hooks for the columns and their silver connectors. 11And similarly you shall make for the northern side over its length drapes for a length of one hundred cubits, and its twenty columns, and their twenty copper sockets, and the hooks for the columns, and their silver connectors. 12And the width of the courtyard on the western side with drapes will be fifty cubits, with their ten columns and their ten sockets. 13And the width of the courtyard on the eastern side will be fifty cubits. 14And there will be fifteen cubits of drapes on the side with their three columns and their three sockets. 15And on the other side there will be fifteen cubits of drapes with their three columns and their three sockets. 16And for the gate of the courtyard there will be a screen of twenty cubits of blue and purple and scarlet thread and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer, and their four columns and their four sockets. 17All the columns around the courtyard will be connected by silver. Their hooks will be of silver but their sockets will be of copper. 18The length of the courtyard will be one hundred cubits, and its width will be fifty by fifty, and its height will be five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets will be of copper. 19All the equipment of the tabernacle used in all its service, and all its pegs and all the pegs of the courtyard will be of copper. 20And you will command the sons of Israel, and they will bring you pure beaten olive oil for the lamp, to be offered up as a perpetual light. 21In the tent of contact outside the veil which is at the ark of the testimony, Aaron and his sons will arrange it from evening to morning before the Lord. It is an age-abiding statute for their generations with the sons of Israel.

Exodus Chapter 28 

1Have Aaron your brother join you, and his sons with him, coming from the sons of Israel, for him to serve as a priest to me: Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons. 2And you will make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for splendour. 3And you will speak to all the skilled men whom I have filled with a spirit of wisdom, and they will make Aaron's garments, to sanctify him for him to serve as a priest to me. 4And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate and an ephod and a robe and a chequered tunic, a turban and a girdle. So they will make holy garments for Aaron your brother and for his sons for him to serve as a priest to me. 5And they will take the gold, and the blue and purple and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, 6and they will make the ephod from the gold and blue and purple and scarlet thread and the fine twined linen, the work of a damask weaver. 7It will have two shoulder-pieces joined to its two ends, so it will be joined up. 8And the embroidered belt of his ephod, which goes over it, will be of similar workmanship to it, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet threads and fine twined linen. 9And you will take two onyx gemstones, and you will engrave the names of the sons of Israel on them, 10– six of their names on one gemstone and the six remaining names on the second gemstone according to their lineage. 11You will engrave the two gemstones with the work of a gemstone engraver, with the engravings of a signet, with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall set them in golden bezels. 12And you shall put the two gemstones on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod as memorial gemstones to the sons of Israel, and Aaron will wear their names in the presence of the Lord on his two shoulder-pieces as a memorial. 13And you shall make bezels of gold, 14and two chains of pure gold; you shall make them as edgings, as wreathed work, and you will put the wreathed chains on the bezels. 15And you will make a breastplate of judgment, the work of a damask weaver. You shall make it like the work of the ephod. You shall make it of gold and blue and purple and scarlet thread, and fine twined linen. 16It shall be square and doubled; its length will be a span and its breadth will be a span. 17And in it you will set the gemstones to be inserted as four rows of gemstones; there will be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald. That is the first row. 18And the second row will consist of chrysoprase, sapphire and diamond. 19And the third row will consist of ligure, agate and amethyst. 20And the fourth row will consist of chrysolite, onyx and jasper. They will be set in gold when they are set. 21And the gemstones will be above the names of the sons of Israel – twelve of them over their names – the engravings being as a signet. Each one will be with its name for the twelve tribes. 22You will make edging chains on the breastplate, wreathed work of pure gold. 23And you will make two golden rings on the breastplate, and you will put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate. 24And you will put the two golden wreaths on the two rings at the ends of the breastplate. 25And you will put the two ends – the two wreaths – in the two bezels, and you will put them on the shoulder-piece of the ephod on the front of it. 26And you will make two golden rings and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on its hem which is on the side of the ephod facing inwards. 27And you will make two golden rings and put them on the two shoulder-pieces of the ephod underneath, at the front of it, opposite its join, above the embroidered belt of the ephod. 28And they shall bind the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a thread of blue yarn, to be above the embroidered belt of the ephod, so the breastplate does not become displaced from the ephod. 29And Aaron will wear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgment, over his heart, when he goes into the holy place, as a memorial before the Lord continually. 30And you will put the Urim and Thummim on the breastplate of judgment, and they will be over Aaron's heart when he comes before the Lord, and Aaron will bear the judgment of the sons of Israel on his heart before the Lord continually. 31And you will make the robe of the ephod entirely from blue material. 32And there will be an opening for his head in the middle of it. There will be a hem to its opening around it, the workmanship of a weaver. It will be like the opening of a coat of mail, so that it does not tear. 33And you will make on its edges pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet thread, around its edgings, and golden bells inside them all around. 34A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, on the edgings of the robe all around. 35And it will be on Aaron for him to minister in, and his voice will be heard when he comes into the holy place before the Lord, and when he goes out, he will not die. 36And you will make a shining plate of pure gold, and you will engrave on it an engraving as for a signet, ‘Holiness to the Lord.’ 37And you will display it with a blue thread so that it is on the turban, and it will be at the front of the turban. 38And it will be on Aaron's forehead, and Aaron will carry away the iniquity of the holy things which the sons of Israel will sanctify with all their holy gifts, and it will always be on his forehead, so that they may be pleasing before the Lord. 39And you will weave the linen tunic, and you will make a linen turban, and you will make a girdle, the workmanship of an embroiderer. 40And you will make tunics for Aaron's sons, and you will make them girdles and high headgear for glory and splendour. 41And you will put them on Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, and you will anoint them and consecrate them, and you will sanctify them so that they may serve as priests to me. 42And make them fine linen trousers to cover naked flesh. They will be from the loins to the thighs. 43And they will be on Aaron and on his sons when they come into the tent of contact, or when they approach the altar to serve in the holy place, so that they do not bear iniquity and die. It will be an age-abiding statute for him and his seed after him.

Exodus Chapter 29 

1And this is the procedure which you will carry out for them to sanctify them for serving as priests to me. Take a bull-calf of the oxen and two rams without blemish, 2and unleavened bread and unleavened thin cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers basted with oil. You shall make them from fine wheat flour. 3And you will put them in one basket, and you will offer them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams. 4And you will have Aaron and his sons approach the entrance to the tent of contact, and you will wash them with water. 5And you will take the garments and you will clothe Aaron in the tunic and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod itself, and the breastplate, and you will gird it on him, with the embroidered belt of the ephod. 6And you will put the turban on his head, and you will put the holy crown on the turban. 7And you will take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him. 8And you will have his sons approach, and you will clothe them in tunics, 9and you will gird them with a girdle – Aaron and his sons – and you will bind high headgear on them, and it will be for their priesthood, as an age-abiding statute. So you will consecrate Aaron and his sons. 10And you will bring up the bull in front of the tent of contact, and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the bull's head. 11And you will slaughter the bull before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of contact. 12And you will take some of the blood of the bull, and you will put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and you will pour all the blood onto the base of the altar. 13And you will take all the fat covering the innards, and the great lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat which is on them, and you will burn them on the altar. 14And you will burn the flesh of the bull and its hide and its dung with fire outside the camp. It is a sin-offering. 15And you will take one ram, and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the head of the ram. 16And you will slaughter the ram, and you will take its blood, and you will sprinkle it on the altar all around, 17and you will divide the ram into its sections, and you will wash its innards and its legs, and you will put them on its sections and on its head. 18And you will burn the whole of the ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord – a sweet fragrance. It is a fire-offering to the Lord. 19And you will take the second ram, and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the head of the ram. 20And you will slaughter the ram, and you will take some of its blood, and put it on Aaron's right ear lobe and on the right ear lobe of his sons, and on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot, and you will sprinkle the blood on the altar all around. 21And you will take some of the blood which is on the altar, and some anointing oil, and you will sprinkle it on Aaron and on his garments and on his sons and on the garments of his sons with him, so that he, and his garments, and his sons, and the garments of his sons with him become holy. 22And you will take from the ram the fat and the tail and the fat covering the innards and the great lobe of the liver and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and the right front leg, for it is a ram for the sacrifice of consecration, 23and one loaf of bread, and one thin cake of oiled bread, and one wafer from the basket of unleavened breadstuff which is before the Lord, 24and you will put it all in the palms of Aaron's hands and the palms of his sons' hands, and you will wave them as a wave-offering before the Lord. 25And you will take them from their hands and you will burn them on the altar with the burnt offering, as a sweet fragrance before the Lord. It is a fire-offering to the Lord. 26And you will take the breast of the consecrated ram which Aaron has, and you will wave it as a wave-offering before the Lord, and it will be a portion for you. 27And you will sanctify the breast of the wave-offering and the leg of the heave-offering, which will be waved and which will be heaved, taken from the consecrated ram, from what is Aaron's and from what is his sons'. 28And it will be an age-abiding statute to Aaron and his sons, from the sons of Israel, for it is a heave-offering, and there will be a heave-offering from the sons of Israel among their peace sacrifices – their heave-offering to the Lord. 29And Aaron's holy garments will be for his sons after him, in which to be anointed and in which his sons are to be consecrated. 30For seven days the priest will wear them – after him it being one of his sons – when he goes into the tent of contact to serve in the holy place. 31And you will take the consecrated ram and cook its flesh in the holy place. 32And Aaron and his sons will eat the ram's flesh, and the bread that is in the basket, at the entrance to the tent of contact. 33And they will eat them, because atonement is made by them, to consecrate the priests – to sanctify them – and no foreigner will eat these things, for they are holy. 34And if any flesh is left over from what is consecrated or from the bread by the morning, then you will burn what is left in fire. It shall not be eaten, for it is holy. 35And you will do this for Aaron and for his sons – according to everything that I have commanded you. You will consecrate them for seven days. 36And you will offer a bull as a sin-offering each day for atonement, and you will expiate sin on the altar as you make atonement on it, and you will anoint it to sanctify it. 37For seven days you will make atonement on the altar, and sanctify it, and the altar will be a holy of holies. Anyone who touches the altar will be holy. 38And this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one-year-old lambs per day perpetually. 39One lamb you will offer in the morning and the second lamb you will offer in the evening, 40with a tenth measure of fine flour mixed with beaten oil – a quarter of a hin – and a libation of a quarter of a hin of wine for the first lamb, 41and you will offer the second lamb in the evening, in the same way as the offering of the morning, and you will offer it in accordance with its libation as a sweet fragrance, a fire-offering to the Lord. 42It is a perpetual burnt offering for your generations at the entrance to the tent of contact before the Lord, which is where I will meet you to speak to you there. 43And I will meet the sons of Israel there, and it will be sanctified by my glory. 44And I will sanctify the tent of contact, and the altar, and I will sanctify Aaron and his sons for serving as priests to me. 45And I will dwell among the sons of Israel and I will be their God. 46And they will know that I am the Lord their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, for me to dwell in their midst. I am the Lord their God.

Exodus Chapter 30 

1And you will make an altar for burning incense. You will make it from acacia wood. 2Its length will be one cubit and its width will be one cubit; it will be square, and its height will be two cubits. Its horns will be integral to it. 3And you will overlay it with pure gold – its roof and its walls around it, and its horns – and you will make a golden edge for it all around. 4And you will make two golden rings for it below its edge on the two flanks. You will make them on the two sides, and they will be receptacles for the poles with which to carry it. 5And you will make poles of acacia wood, and you will overlay them with gold. 6And you will put it in front of the veil which is at the ark of the testimony, before the atonement cover which is at the ark of the testimony, which is where I will meet you. 7And Aaron will burn aromatic incense on it; every morning when he adjusts the lamps he will burn it. 8When Aaron lights the lamps in the evening, he will burn incense on it. It is a perpetual incense ordinance before the Lord for your generations. 9You shall not offer extraneous incense, nor such a burnt offering or meal-offering, and you shall not pour a libation on it. 10And Aaron will make atonement on its horns once per year, with the blood of the sin-offering for atonements. Once per year he will make atonement on it for your generations It is a holy of holies to the Lord.” 11Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 12“When you hold a census of the sons of Israel according to the count of them, let each one give an atonement-offering for his life to the Lord when they are counted, so that there is no plague among them when they are counted. 13This is what everyone who passes through the counting will give: half a shekel according to the holy shekel. A shekel is twenty gerahs. The half shekel will be a heave-offering to the Lord. 14Everyone who passes through the counting from twenty years old and above will give the Lord's heave-offering. 15The rich man will not give more – and the poor man will not give less – than half a shekel, when you give the Lord's heave-offering to atone for your lives. 16And you will receive the atonement money from the sons of Israel, and you will put it towards the work of the tent of contact, and it will be a memorial to the sons of Israel before the Lord to atone for your lives.” 17Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 18“And you will make a copper laver and its copper pedestal for washing, and you will put it between the tent of contact and the altar, and you will put water there. 19And Aaron and his sons will wash their hands and their feet in it. 20When they go to the tent of contact, they will wash with water so that they don't die, or when they approach the altar to serve by burning incense as a fire-offering to the Lord. 21So they will wash their hands and their feet so that they do not die, and it will be an age-abiding statute to them – to him and to his seed – in their generations.” 22Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 23“Take some prime spices, five hundred shekels of fine myrrh, and half as much of cinnamon spice, two hundred and fifty shekels, and two hundred and fifty shekels of calamus fragrance, 24and five hundred shekels of cassia, according to the holy shekel, and one hin of olive oil. 25And you will make it as a holy anointing-oil, a formulated ointment, the pharmacist's product. It will be a holy anointing-oil. 26And you will anoint the tent of contact with it, and the ark of the testimony, 27and the table and all its equipment, and the lampstand and its equipment, and the incense altar, 28and the burnt offering altar and all its equipment, and the laver and its pedestal. 29And you will sanctify them and they will be a holy of holies. Anyone touching them will be sanctified. 30And you will anoint Aaron and his sons and sanctify them for officiating as priests to me. 31And you will speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘This will be a holy anointing oil to me for your generations. 32It shall not be poured on man's flesh, and you shall not make anything like it in its composition; it is holy; it will be holy to you. 33Anyone who prepares anything like it, or who puts any of it on a foreigner, will be cut off from his people.’ ” 34Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get yourself some spices and resin and onycha and galbanum, spices and pure frankincense. They will be in equal parts. 35And you will make it as formulated incense, the product of the pharmacist, salted, pure, and holy. 36And you will grind some of it very fine, and you will put some of it in front of the ark of the testimony in the tent of contact where I will meet you. It will be a holy of holies to you. 37And the incense which you will make, you will not make in its composition for yourselves. It will be your holiness to the Lord. 38Anyone who makes anything like it to produce a scent with it will be cut off from his people.”

Exodus Chapter 31 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Look, I have called Bezaleel by name, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3and I have filled him with the spirit of God in wisdom and understanding, and knowledge of all craftsmanship, 4to make designs, to work in gold and in silver and in copper, 5and in lapidary work, in setting gemstones, and in wood-sculpting, to make all kinds of artisanry. 6And as for me, look, I have appointed with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan. And I have put wisdom in the heart of every skilled person, and they will make everything that I have commanded you to make – 7the tent of contact and the ark for the testimony and the atonement cover which goes on it, and all the equipment of the tent, 8and the table and its equipment and the pure lampstand and all its equipment and the incense altar, 9and the burnt offering altar and all its equipment, and the laver and its pedestal, 10and the garments for officiating, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons for officiating as priest, 11and the anointing oil and the aromatic incense for the holy place. They will do according to everything that I have commanded you.” 12Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 13“And speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘You will be sure to keep my Sabbaths, for it is a sign between me and you for your generations, to know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14So you shall keep the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. He who profanes it will surely be put to death; for as for anyone who does work on it, that person will be cut off from the midst of his people. 15For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day, it is a Sabbath of holy sabbatic observance to the Lord. Anyone who does work on the Sabbath day shall surely be put to death.’ 16So the sons of Israel will keep the Sabbath, in celebrating the Sabbath, in their generations as an age-abiding covenant, 17between me and the sons of Israel. It is an age-abiding sign, for in six days the Lord made heaven and the earth, then on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.” 18Then when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, he gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony – tablets of stone – written on by the finger of God.

Exodus Chapter 32 

1But when people saw that Moses had delayed in coming down from the mountain, the people assembled to Aaron and said to him, “Get up and make us gods which will go before us. For as for this man Moses – who brought us up out of the land of Egypt – we do not know what has become of him.” 2Then Aaron said to them, “Break off the golden earrings which are on the ears of your wives, your sons and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3So all the people broke off the golden rings which were on their ears, and they brought them to Aaron. 4And he took them from their hands, and he fashioned them with an engraving tool, and he had them make them into a cast calf, and they said, “These are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.” 5And Aaron saw it, and he built an altar in front of it, and Aaron called out and said, “Tomorrow is a festival to the Lord.” 6Then they got up early on the next day and made burnt offerings and presented peace-offerings, and the people sat to eat, and they drank, and they arose to make sport. 7And the Lord said to Moses, “Go, go down, for your people whom you brought up out of the land of Egypt have acted perversely. 8They have quickly departed from the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a cast calf and have worshipped it and sacrificed to it and have said, ‘These are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt.’ ” 9Then the Lord said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and the conclusion is that it is a stiff-necked people. 10So now, leave me, and my anger will be kindled against them, and I will consume them, but I will make you a great people.” 11But Moses pleaded with the Lord his God, and said, “Why, O Lord, should your anger be kindled against your people whom you brought up out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a strong hand? 12Why should the Egyptians speak and say, ‘He brought them out malevolently, to kill them in the mountains and to obliterate them from the face of the earth’? Relent from the fury of your anger and change your mind about the evil to your people. 13Remember Abraham, Isaac and Israel your servants to whom you swore by yourself and said to them, ‘I will increase your seed like the stars of the sky and I will give to your seed all this land of which I have spoken, and they will inherit it age-abidingly.’ ” 14At this the Lord changed his mind about the evil which he had said he would do to his people. 15Then Moses turned and went down the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand – the tablets inscribed on both sides – on each side they were inscribed. 16And the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets. 17Meanwhile Joshua heard the sound of the people as they shouted, and he said to Moses, “There is the sound of war in the camp.” 18And he said,

It is not the sound of shouting in bravery,

And it is not the sound of shouting in defeat;

I hear the sound of singing.”

19Then it came to pass as he was approaching the camp that he saw the calf and dancing, and Moses' anger was kindled, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and he broke them below the mountain. 20And he took the calf which they had made and burnt it in fire, and ground it to fine dust, and sprinkled it on the surface of the water, and gave it to the sons of Israel to drink. 21And Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you? For you have brought a great sin on them.” 22And Aaron said, “Do not let your anger be kindled, my lord. You know the people, how they walk in wickedness. 23And they said to me, ‘Make us gods who will go before us, for as for this man Moses – who brought us up out of the land of Egypt – we don't know what has happened to him.’ 24And I said to them, ‘Whoever has got gold, let them break it off.’ And they gave it to me, and I threw it in the fire, and this calf came out.” 25And Moses saw the people, how they were unrestrained, for Aaron had left them to their devices, to the detriment caused by those who rose up. 26Then Moses stood at the camp gate and said, “Whoever is for the Lord, come to me.” And all the sons of Levi gathered round him. 27And he said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘Let every man put his sword to his thigh, and pass through and come back, from gate to gate in the camp, and let every man kill his brother, and let every man kill his neighbour, and let every man kill his kin.’ ” 28Then the sons of Levi acted according to Moses' word, and on that day about three thousand men of the people fell. 29Then Moses said, “Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, for a man is against his son and against his brother, so that he gives you a blessing today.” 30And it came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin, so now I will go up to the Lord – perhaps I can atone for your sin.” 31So Moses returned to the Lord and said, “Please, this people has committed a great sin, and have made themselves gods of gold. 32And now, if you will forgive their sin ... ; but if not, please blot me out of your book which you have written.” 33Then the Lord said to Moses, “It is he who sins against me whom I will blot out of my book. 34And now, go, lead the people to where I have told you. Behold, my angel will go before you, and on the day of my visitation, I will visit their sin on them.” 35And the Lord struck the people because they had made the calf which Aaron had let be made.

Exodus Chapter 33 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Depart, move up from here, you and the people which you brought up out of the land of Egypt to the land which I swore to Abraham and to Isaac and to Jacob and said, ‘I will give it to your seed.’ 2And I will send an angel before you, and I will drive the Canaanite, the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite out 3to a land flowing with milk and honey, for I will not go up in your midst, for you are a stiff-necked people, so that I do not obliterate you on the way.” 4When the people heard this bad piece of news, they mourned, and no-one put any ornament on. 5Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to the sons of Israel, ‘You are a stiff-necked people. In one moment I will come up into your midst and obliterate you. So now, take your ornaments off and I will know what I will do to you.’ ” 6So the sons of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by Mount Horeb. 7And Moses took the tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and called it the tent of contact, and it came to pass that everyone who was seeking the Lord would come out to the tent of contact, which was outside the camp. 8And it came to pass when Moses came out to the tent that all the people arose, and everyone stood at the entrance to his own tent, and they watched Moses until he had gone into the tent. 9And it came to pass when Moses had gone into the tent that a column of cloud descended and stood at the entrance to the tent, and he spoke with Moses. 10And all the people saw the column of cloud standing at the entrance to the tent, and all the people arose and worshipped – each one at the entrance to his tent. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his neighbour, and he returned to the camp, but his attendant Joshua the son of Nun, a lad, did not move from the inside of the tent. 12Then Moses said to the Lord, “Look, you say to me, ‘Bring this people up’, but you have not made known to me whom you will send with me, yet you said, ‘I know you by name, and also you have found grace in my sight.’ 13So now, please, if I have found grace in your sight, please make your way known to me so that I may know you, in order that I may find grace in your sight. And have in view that this nation is your people.” 14And he said, “My presence will go with you, and I will give you rest.” 15And he said to him, “If your presence does not go with us, do not lead us up from here, 16for by what means would it be known then that I have found grace in your sight, I and your people? Is it not in that you go with us, and we are distinguished – I and your people – from every other people which is on the face of the earth?” 17And the Lord said to Moses, “I will do this thing also, which you have said, for you have found grace in my sight, and I know you by name.” 18Then he said, “Please show me your glory.” 19And he said, “I will bring all my goodness on your course and I will make proclamation in the name of the Lord before you, and I will show grace to whom I will show grace, and I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy.” 20But he said, “You will not be able to see my face, for man does not see me and live.” 21And the Lord said, “Here is a place with me, and you shall stand on the rock. 22And it will come to pass, when my glory passes across, that I will place you on a cleft in the rock, and I will cover you with my hand, until I have passed through. 23Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back, but my face will not be seen.”

Exodus Chapter 34 

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Hew out for yourself two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on the tablets the words which were on the first tablets which you broke. 2And be ready in the morning and go up in the morning to Mount Sinai and present yourself to me there on the summit of the mountain. 3And no-one shall go up with you, and moreover let no-one be seen anywhere on the mountain, nor shall sheep or cattle graze near that mountain.” 4So he hewed out two stone tablets like the first ones, and Moses got up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai as the Lord had commanded him, and he took the two stone tablets in his hand. 5Then the Lord descended in a cloud and stood with him there and made proclamation in the name of the Lord. 6And the Lord passed by above him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and abundant in kindness and truth, 7maintaining kindness to thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who certainly does not pronounce innocent, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on sons and grandsons up to the third and fourth generations.” 8Then Moses was quick to bow down to the ground, and he worshipped. 9And he said, “Please, if I have found grace in your sight, O Lord*, please let the Lord* go in our midst, for it is a stiff-necked people, but you will pardon our iniquity and our sin and you will acquire us as an inheritance.” 10Then he said, “Look, I am about to make a covenant. In the presence of all your people, I will perform wonders which have not been produced in all the earth or among any of the nations, and all the people in whose midst you are will see the work of the Lord, for it is a fearful thing which I am about to do with you. 11Observe what I am about to command you today, and you will see that I will drive out the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite away from you. 12Beware that you do not make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land which you are going into, in case it becomes a snare in your midst. 13For you will demolish their altars and break up their stone images, and cut down their phallic parks. 14For you shall not worship any other god, for the Lord has the name ‘Jealous’. He is a jealous God. 15Beware that you do not make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they go whoring after their gods and sacrifice to their gods, or someone invites you and you eat from his sacrifice, 16or you take their daughters for your sons, and their daughters go whoring after their gods, and make your sons go whoring after their gods. 17You shall not make yourself cast gods. 18You shall observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you will eat unleavened bread as I commanded you, at the fixed time in the month of Abib, for you came out of Egypt in the month of Abib. 19Everyone who opens the womb is mine, as is all male cattle of yours which opens the womb, whether ox or sheep. 20And you will redeem a donkey which opens the womb with a sheep, and if you do not redeem it, you will break its neck. You will redeem every firstborn of your sons, so that none shall see my face empty-handed. 21For six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you will desist; whether in time of ploughing or in time of harvest, you will desist. 22And you will observe the Festival of Weeks, at the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of the Ingathering in the cycle of the year. 23Three times a year all your males will see the face of the Lord, the Lord God of Israel. 24For I will dispossess nations before you, and I will broaden your border, and no-one will want your land when you go up to see the face of the Lord your God three times per year. 25You shall not slaughter anything for the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, and the sacrifice of the Festival of the Passover shall not remain until the morning. 26You shall bring the beginning of the firstfruits of your land to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not cook a goat-kid in its mother's milk.” 27Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these things down for yourself, because it is according to these things that I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28And he was there with the Lord for forty days and forty nights. He did not eat bread and he did not drink water, and he wrote the words of the covenant on the tablets, the ten commandments. 29And it came to pass when Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the testimony in Moses' hand as he came down from the mountain, that Moses did not know that the skin of his face was shining from talking with him. 30And Aaron, and all the sons of Israel, saw Moses, and it was apparent that the skin of his face was shining, and they were afraid to approach him. 31And Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders in the congregation returned to him, and Moses spoke to them. 32And after that, all the sons of Israel approached, and he commanded them everything that the Lord had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. 33Then Moses finished speaking with them and he put a covering over his face. 34Then when Moses came before the Lord to speak with him, he removed the covering until he went out. Then he went out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he had been commanded. 35And the sons of Israel saw Moses' face, for the skin of Moses face was shining. Then Moses put the cover back over his face, until he went to speak with him.

Exodus Chapter 35 

1Then Moses convened the whole congregation of the sons of Israel and said to them, “These are the words which the Lord commanded us to do. 2For six days you shall do work, but on the seventh day you will have a holy Sabbath of sabbatic observance to the Lord. Everyone who does work on it will be put to death. 3You shall not light a fire in any of your dwelling places on the Sabbath day.” 4Then Moses spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel and said, “This is what the Lord commanded and said, 5‘Take from your company a heave-offering to the Lord, let everyone who is willing in his heart bring it – the Lord's heave-offering – gold and silver and copper, 6and blue and purple and scarlet material, and fine linen and goat's hair, 7and rams' skins dyed red and badgers' skins and acacia wood, 8and oil for the lamp, and fragrances for anointing oil and for aromatic incense, 9and onyx gemstones and set gemstones for the ephod and for the breastplate. 10And let every skilled man among you come and make everything that the Lord commanded: 11the tabernacle, its tent and its covering, its clasps, its boards and its bolts, its columns and its sockets, 12the ark and its poles, the atonement cover and the screening veil, 13the table and its poles and all its equipment, and the showbread, 14the lampstand for illumination and its equipment and its lamps, and the oil for light, 15and the incense altar and its poles, and the anointing oil, and the aromatic incense, and the screen at the entrance, for the entrance to the tabernacle, 16the altar for the burnt offering and the copper grate which goes with it, its poles and all its equipment, the laver and its pedestal, 17the drapes for the courtyard, its columns and its sockets and the screen to the gate of the courtyard, 18the pegs of the tabernacle and the pegs of the courtyard and their guy-lines, 19the garments of the office so as to serve in the holy place – the holy garments of Aaron the priest and his sons' garments – so as to officiate as a priest.’ ” 20Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel left Moses' presence, 21and every man who so felt moved in his heart and everyone whose spirit so impelled him, brought the Lord's heave-offering for the artisanry of the tent of contact and for all its work and for the holy garments. 22And the men came with the women – everyone who was willing in his heart – and brought a nosering, an earring, a finger-ring or a bracelet or any item of gold. And as for every man who made a wave-offering of gold to the Lord, 23and every man with whom blue, purple and scarlet material, and fine linen, and goat's hair and rams' skins dyed red and badgers' skins was available, he brought these things. 24Everyone who made a heave-offering of silver or copper brought the Lord's heave-offering, and everyone with whom acacia wood was available for any artisanry in the work brought it. 25And every woman skilled in handiwork spun and brought yarn – the blue and purple and scarlet yarn and the fine linen. 26And all the women who felt moved in their heart with skill spun the goat's hair. 27And the leaders brought the onyx gemstones and the gemstones to be set in the ephod and the breastplate, 28and the fragrances, and the oil for the lamp, and oil for anointing, and aromatic incense. 29Every man and woman whose heart impelled them to bring any of the materials which the Lord had commanded to make through the intermediacy of Moses, all such sons of Israel brought a freewill-offering to the Lord. 30Then Moses said to the sons of Israel, “Look, the Lord has called Bezaleel the son of Uri the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah by name, 31and has filled him with the spirit of God in wisdom and understanding and in competence in every kind of craftsmanship, 32and to devise designs to make in gold and in silver and in copper, 33and in shaping of gemstones to set and in carving wood to use in any craftsmanship by design. 34And he has put it in his heart to teach, his and that of Aholiab the son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan. 35He has filled them with skill to make all the artisanry – the engraver and artisan and embroiderer in blue and purple and scarlet material and fine linen, and the weaver – the makers of all the artisanry and the producers of designs.”

Exodus Chapter 36 

1Then Bezaleel and Aholiab started work, as did every skilful man in whom the Lord had put wisdom and understanding, so that they would know how to make all the artisanry of the work of the holy place, according to everything that the Lord had commanded. 2And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab and every skilful man in whose heart the Lord has put wisdom – everyone whose heart had impelled him to launch into the artisanry and to make it. 3And they took from Moses all the heave-offering which the sons of Israel had brought for the artisanry of the work of the holy place, with which to make it, and they brought an additional freewill-offering to him each morning. 4And all the skilled men who were making all the artisanry of the holy place came, each one from his work which they were doing. 5And they spoke with Moses and said, “The people are bringing more than enough for the work of the artisanry which the Lord commanded them to make.” 6Then Moses gave the commandment, and they caused word to be passed around in the camp and said, “Don't let any man or woman make any more contribution to the heave-offering of the holy place.” So the people were restrained from bringing anything more. 7And the materials were sufficient for them, for all the artisanry, to make it, and there was surplus. 8And all the skilled men among those making the artisanry made the tabernacle, ten curtains, fine twined linen, and blue and purple and scarlet material. As for the cherubim, it was with the work of a damask weaver that he made them. 9The length of one curtain was twenty-eight cubits, and the width was four cubits for one curtain. There was one size for all the curtains. 10Then he joined the five curtains one to another, and he joined another five curtains one to another. 11And he made loops of blue material on the hem of one curtain at the joining edge, and he did so at the hem of the last curtain, at the second join. 12He made fifty loops in one curtain and he made fifty loops on the edge of the curtain which was at the second join, and the loops held each other together. 13And he made fifty golden clasps, and he joined one curtain to another with the clasps, and the tabernacle became a unity. 14And he made curtains of goat's hair for the tent over the tabernacle; he made eleven of these curtains. 15The length of one curtain was thirty cubits, and the width of one curtain was four cubits, and the eleven curtains were of one size. 16And he joined the five curtains separately, and the six curtains separately. 17And he made fifty loops on the hem of the last curtain at the join, and he made fifty loops on the hem of the other adjoining curtain. 18And he made fifty copper clasps to join the tent up into a unity. 19And he made a covering for the tent from rams' skins dyed red, and a covering from badgers' skins above it. 20And he made the boards for the tabernacle from acacia wood, standing vertically. 21The length was ten cubits per board and the width of one board was one and a half cubits. 22Two tenons per board were each joined to its counterpart. That is how he made it for all the boards of the tabernacle. 23So he made the boards for the tabernacle – twenty boards – on the south side, south-facing. 24And he made forty silver sockets to go under the twenty boards – two sockets under one board for its two tenons and two sockets under another board for its two tenons. 25And for the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side, he made twenty boards, 26and their forty silver sockets, two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. 27And he made six boards for the flanks of the tabernacle on the west. 28And he made two boards for the corners of the tabernacle on the flanks. 29And they were coupled from below, and they were perfectly aligned up to the top of it, to a ring. He made the two of them this way for the two corners. 30And there were eight boards and their silver sockets – sixteen sockets – two sockets each time under one board. 31And he made bolts of acacia wood – five for the boards on one side of the tabernacle, 32and five bolts for the boards on the second side of the tabernacle, and five bolts for the boards of the tabernacle on the western flank. 33And he made the middle bolt to pass inside the boards from end to end. 34And he overlaid the boards with gold, and he made their rings of gold, as receptacles for the bolts, and he overlaid the bolts with gold. 35And he made the veil in blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twined linen – the work of a damask weaver. He made it with cherubim. 36And he made four acacia columns for it and he overlaid them with gold, and he made their golden hooks, and he cast four silver sockets for them. 37And he made a screen for the entrance to the tent, from blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer, 38and its five columns and their hooks, and he overlaid their capitals and their connecting rods with gold, and he made their five sockets of copper.

Exodus Chapter 37 

1And Bezaleel made the ark from acacia wood; its length was two and a half cubits and its width was one and a half cubits and it height was one and a half cubits. 2And he overlaid it with pure gold on the inside and on the outside, and made an edge round it from gold. 3And he cast four golden rings for it at its four corners, with two rings for one of its sides, and two rings for its second side. 4And he made poles of acacia wood and he overlaid them with gold. 5And he brought the poles through the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark. 6And he made the atonement cover from pure gold. Its length was two and a half cubits and its width was one and a half cubits. 7And he made two cherubim of gold; he made them as beaten work at the two ends of the atonement cover. 8He made one cherub on one end and one cherub on the other end. He made the cherubim coming from the atonement cover at its two ends. 9And the cherubim were with wings spread above, covering the atonement cover with their wings, and they faced each other. The faces of the cherubim were directed towards the atonement cover. 10And he made the table of acacia wood. Its length was two cubits and its width was one cubit and its height was one and a half cubits. 11And he overlaid it with pure gold and he made a golden edge around it. 12And he made a rim a hand-breadth high around it, and he made a golden edge to the rim around it. 13And he cast four golden rings for it, and he put the rings on the four corners which were at its four legs. 14The rings were joined to the rim as receptacles for the poles by which to carry the table. 15And he made the poles of acacia wood and he overlaid them with gold, by which to carry the table. 16And he made the equipment which goes on the table – its dishes and its spoons and its bowls and the vials by which libations are poured. They were of pure gold. 17And he made the lampstand from pure gold, as beaten work he made the lampstand – its main stem and its branches. Its cup, its knob and its flowers diverged from it. 18And six branches came out of its sides – three branches of the lampstand on one side of it and three branches of the lampstand on the other side of it. 19There were three almond-shaped cups on one branch, with a knob and a flower; and three almond-shaped cups on the another branch with a knob and a flower. That is how it was for the six branches coming out of the lampstand. 20And in the main stem of the lampstand there were four almond-shaped cups with its knobs and its flowers. 21And he made a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it, and a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it, and a knob under the two branches where they diverge from it, this being for the six branches which come out of it. 22Their knobs and branches were integral to it; all of it was one piece of beaten work of pure gold. 23And he made its seven lamps and its tongs and its snuff-dishes of pure gold. 24From a talent of pure gold he made it, with all its accessories. 25And he made the incense altar from acacia wood. Its length was one cubit and its width was one cubit. It was square, and its height was two cubits. Its horns were integral to it. 26And he overlaid it with pure gold – its roof and its walls around it and its horns. And he made a golden edge for it all around. 27And he made two golden rings for it below its edge on its two flanks, on its two sides, as receptacles for the poles by which to carry it. 28And he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold. 29And he made the holy anointing oil and the pure aromatic incense, the product of a pharmacist.

Exodus Chapter 38 

1And he made the burnt offering altar from acacia wood. Its length was five cubits and its width was five cubits. It was square, and its height was three cubits. 2And he made its horns on its four corners. Its horns were integral to it and he overlaid it with copper. 3And he made all the equipment for the altar – the pans and the shovels and the basins and the forks and the firepans. He made all its equipment from copper. 4And he made a grate for the altar – a meshed copper artefact – under its ledge, underneath, extending up to half way. 5And he cast four rings on the four ends of the copper grate, as receptacles for the poles. 6And he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with copper. 7And he brought the poles through the rings on the sides of the altar in order to carry it by them. He made it hollow with panels. 8And he made the copper laver and its copper pedestal, from the mirrors of the women-servants who served at the entrance to the tent of contact. 9And he made the courtyard on the southern side, facing south. The drapes of the courtyard were of fine twined linen, one hundred cubits long. 10Their columns were twenty in number, and their twenty sockets were of copper, and the hooks of the columns and their connecting rods were of silver. 11And on the northern side, for one hundred cubits, there were their twenty columns and their twenty sockets of copper, and the hooks of the columns and their connecting rods were of silver. 12And on the western side there were drapes for fifty cubits, and their ten columns and their ten sockets, and the hooks of the columns and their connecting rods were of silver. 13And the eastern side, facing east, was fifty cubits long. 14There were fifteen cubits of drapes on the side, and their three columns and their three sockets. 15And on the second side, on each side of the gate of the courtyard were fifteen cubits of drapes and their three columns and their three sockets. 16All the drapes around the courtyard were of fine twined linen. 17And the sockets of the columns were of copper, and the hooks of the columns and their connecting rods were of silver, and their capitals were overlaid with silver, and all the columns of the courtyard were connected by silver. 18And the screen of the gate of the courtyard was the work of an embroiderer in blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twined linen. And its length was twenty cubits, and the height across its width was five cubits, agreeing with the drapes of the courtyard. 19And their four columns and their four sockets were of copper, and their hooks were of silver, and the overlaying of their capitals and their connecting rods was of silver. 20And all the pegs of the tabernacle and of the courtyard around it were of copper. 21These are the things appointed for the tabernacle – the tabernacle of the testimony – which was appointed through Moses' instruction for the work of the Levites, through the authority of Ithamar, the son of Aaron the priest. 22And Bezaleel the son of Uri the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah made everything that the Lord commanded Moses. 23And with him was Aholiab the son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, an engraver and an artisan and an embroiderer in blue and purple and scarlet material and in fine linen. 24As for all the gold that was used for the artisanry, in all the artisanry of the holy place, the gold of the wave-offering was twenty-nine talents and seven hundred and thirty shekels according to the holy shekel. 25And the silver of those who were counted in the congregation amounted to one hundred talents and one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels according to the holy shekel. 26A bekah per head – half a shekel – according to the holy shekel, for everyone who passes through to be counted, from twenty years old and above, for six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty of them. 27And the one hundred talents of silver were for casting the sockets of the holy place and the sockets of the veil – one hundred sockets for one hundred talents – a talent per socket. 28And from the one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels, he made hooks for the columns and he overlaid their capitals and he connected them together. 29And the copper for the wave-offering amounted to seventy talents and two thousand four hundred shekels. 30And from it he made the sockets of the entrance to the tent of contact and the copper altar and the copper grate which belonged to it, and all the equipment of the altar, 31and the sockets of the courtyard round about, and the sockets of the gate of the courtyard, and all the pegs for the tabernacle, and all the pegs for the courtyard round about.

Exodus Chapter 39 

1And from the blue and purple and scarlet material they made the garments of office to serve in the holy place, and they made the holy garments which were for Aaron, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 2And they made the ephod from gold, and from blue and purple and scarlet material and from fine twined linen. 3And they beat the plates of gold thin, and they cut lengths of thread to work into the blue material, and into the purple material, and into the scarlet material, and into the linen. It was the work of an artisan. 4They made joined up shoulder-pieces for it. At its two ends it was joined up. 5And they made the embroidered belt of his ephod with which it went, with similar workmanship to it, of gold, blue and scarlet threads and fine twined linen, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 6And they made the onyx gemstones enclosed in golden bezels, engraved with the engravings of a signet, with the names of the sons of Israel. 7And he put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, as memorial gemstones to the sons of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 8And he made the breastplate, the work of a damask weaver, like the workmanship of the ephod, in gold and blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twined linen. 9It was square; they made the breastplate double. Its length was a span and its width was a span, folded double. 10And they set four rows of gemstones in it: a row of ruby, topaz and emerald. That was the first row. 11And the second row consisted of chrysoprase, sapphire and diamond. 12And the third row consisted of ligure, agate and amethyst. 13And the fourth row consisted of chrysolite, onyx and jasper, enclosed in bezels of gold for setting them. 14And the gemstones were above the names of the sons of Israel – twelve of them over their names – the engravings being as on a signet, each one with its name for the twelve tribes. 15And they made edging chains on the breastplate – wreathed work of pure gold. 16And they made two golden insets, and two golden rings, and they put the two rings at the two ends of the breastplate, 17and they put the two golden wreaths on the two rings at the ends of the breastplate. 18And they put the two ends – the two wreaths – in the two insets, and they put them on the shoulders of the ephod at the front of it. 19And they made two golden rings, and they put them on the two ends of the breastplate on its edge which was on the side of the ephod facing inwards. 20And they made two golden rings, and they put them on the two shoulders of the ephod underneath, at the front, at its seam, above the embroidered belt of the ephod. 21And they bound the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue thread, so that it was above the embroidered belt of the ephod, and so that the breastplate would not become displaced from the ephod, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22And he made the robe of the ephod – the workmanship of a weaver – entirely from blue material. 23And the opening of the robe in the middle of it was like the opening of a coat of mail, with a hem to the opening all around, so that it would not tear. 24And at the edgings of the robe they made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, finely twined. 25And they made bells of pure gold, and they put the bells inside the pomegranates on the edgings of the robe all around inside the pomegranates. 26A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate on the edgings of the robe all around, to serve with, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 27And they made the tunics of fine linen – the workmanship of a weaver – for Aaron and his sons, 28and the turban of fine linen, and the ornamental high headgear of fine linen, and the linen trousers of fine twined linen, 29and the girdle of fine twined linen and blue and purple and scarlet material – the workmanship of an embroiderer – as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30And they made the shining plate of the holy crown, of pure gold, and they wrote on it in the engraved writing of a signet, “Holiness to the Lord”. 31And they put a blue thread on it to go on the turban, high up, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 32And all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of contact was finished, and the sons of Israel made it according to everything that the Lord had commanded Moses – so they made it. 33And they brought the tabernacle to Moses – the tent and all its equipment – its clasps, its boards, its bolts, and its columns and its sockets, 34and its covering of rams' skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers' skins and the veil of the screen, 35the ark of the testimony and its poles and the atonement cover, 36the table and all its equipment, and the showbread, 37the pure lampstand and its lamps – lamps in their arrangement – and all its equipment and oil for the light, 38and the golden altar and anointing oil, and the aromatic incense, and the screen at the entrance to the tent, 39the copper altar and the copper grate which belongs to it, its poles and all its equipment, and the laver and its pedestal, 40the drapes for the courtyard, it columns and its sockets, and the screen to the gate of the courtyard, and its guy-lines and its pegs and all the equipment for the work of the tabernacle for the tent of contact, 41the garments for officiating, for serving in the holy place – the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons to officiate as priests. 42The sons of Israel did all the work according to everything that the Lord had commanded Moses. 43And Moses saw all the artisanry, and the result was that they had made it as the Lord had commanded – so they had made it. And Moses blessed them.

Exodus Chapter 40 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“On the first day of the month, in the first month, you will set up the tabernacle of the tent of contact, 3and you will put the ark of the testimony there, and you will cover the ark with the veil. 4And you will bring the table and arrange it in its proper arrangement, and you will bring the lampstand and you will light its lamps. 5And you will put the golden incense altar in front of the ark of the testimony, and you will put the screen of the entrance to the tabernacle in place. 6And you will put the burnt offering altar in front of the entrance to the tabernacle of the tent of contact. 7And you will put the laver between the tent of contact and the altar, and you will put water in it. 8And you will lay the courtyard out all around, and you will put up the screen to the gate of the courtyard. 9And you will take the anointing oil and you will anoint the tabernacle and everything that is in it, and you will sanctify it and all its equipment, and it will become holy. 10And you will anoint the burnt offering altar and all its equipment, and you will sanctify the altar, and the altar will become a holy of holies. 11And you will anoint the laver and its pedestal and you will sanctify it. 12And you will bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of contact, and you will wash them with water. 13And you will clothe Aaron in the holy garments, and you will anoint him and sanctify him, and he will officiate as a priest to me. 14And you will bring his sons and clothe them in tunics. 15And you will anoint them as you anointed their father, and they will officiate as priests to me, and their anointing will be for them to have an age-abiding priesthood in their generations.” 16And Moses did everything that the Lord commanded him – so he did. 17And it came to pass in the first month, in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was set up. 18So Moses set up the tabernacle and he installed its sockets, and he inserted its boards and inserted its bolts, and erected its columns. 19And he pitched the tent over the tabernacle, and he put the screen of the tent over it – on top – as the Lord had commanded Moses. 20And he took the testimony and put it in the ark, and he inserted the poles alongside the ark, and he put the atonement cover over the ark, on top. 21And he brought the ark to the tabernacle, and he put the veil of the covering in place, and he covered the ark of the testimony, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22And he put the table in the tent of contact on the side of the tabernacle to the north, outside the veil. 23And he arranged bread on it in its proper arrangement before the Lord as the Lord had commanded Moses. 24And he placed the lampstand in the tent of contact opposite the table on the side of the tabernacle to the south. 25And he lit the lamps before the Lord as the Lord had commanded Moses. 26And he placed the golden altar in the tent of contact in front of the veil. 27And he burnt aromatic incense on it, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 28And he put the screen at the entrance to the tabernacle. 29And he put the burnt offering altar at the entrance to the tabernacle of the tent of contact, and offered on it the burnt offering and the meal-offering, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30And he placed the laver between the tent of contact and the altar, and he put water in it for washing. 31And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet with it. 32When they came to the tent of contact and when they approached the altar, they washed, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 33And they set up the courtyard round about the tabernacle and the altar, and he put the screen of the gate of the courtyard in place, and Moses finished the work. 34Then a cloud covered the tent of contact, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 35And Moses could not go into the tent of contact, because the cloud stayed on it. And the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 36And when the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle, the sons of Israel moved in all their journeyings. 37But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not move, until the day when it was taken up. 38For the cloud of the Lord was on the tabernacle by day, and there was fire in it by night, in the sight of the whole house of Israel, in all their journeyings.

Leviticus  

Leviticus Chapter 1 

1And the Lord called out to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of contact, and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If any of you bring an oblation to the Lord, you can bring your oblation from your cattle, from your oxen, or from your flock. 3If a man's oblation is a burnt offering from the oxen, he will offer a male without blemish; he will offer it at the entrance to the tent of contact, willingly before the Lord. 4And he will lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on his behalf to atone for him. 5And he will slaughter the bull-calf before the Lord; and the sons of Aaron – the priests – will offer the blood, and they will sprinkle the blood all around on the altar which is at the entrance to the tent of contact. 6Then he will skin the burnt offering and cut it in pieces. 7And the sons of Aaron the priest will put fire on the altar, and they will arrange wood on the fire. 8And the sons of Aaron – the priests – will arrange the pieces, the head and the fat, on the wood which is on the fire, which is on the altar. 9And he will wash the innards and the legs with water, and the priest will burn the whole on the altar, as a burnt offering, a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 10And if his oblation is from the flock, from the sheep or from the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer a male without blemish. 11And he shall slaughter it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron's sons the priests will sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. 12And he will cut it in pieces, including its head and its fat, and the priest will arrange them on the wood which is on the fire which is on the altar. 13And he will wash the innards and the legs with water, and the priest will offer the whole, and he will burn it on the altar. It is a burnt offering – a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 14And if the burnt offering for his oblation to the Lord is from birds, he will make the oblation from turtle-doves or from young pigeons. 15And the priest will bring it to the altar, and he will wring its head off and burn it on the altar, and its blood will be wrung out on the wall of the altar. 16And he will remove its crop with its feathers and cast it to the side of the altar on the east, to the place of the ashes. 17And he will split it at its wings, but he will not separate the parts, and the priest will burn it on the altar, on the wood which is on the fire. It is a burnt offering – a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord.

Leviticus Chapter 2 

1And if anyone brings an oblation of a meal-offering to the Lord, his oblation shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil on it, and he shall put frankincense on it. 2And he will bring it to Aaron's sons – the priests – and he will take a handful of it, of its fine flour, and of its oil, with all its frankincense, and the priest will burn it as its memorial on the altar, a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 3And the residue of the meal-offering is for Aaron and for his sons. It is a holy of holies of the Lord's fire-offerings. 4And if you bring an oblation of a meal-offering baked in an oven, unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers mixed with oil, 5or if your oblation is a meal-offering on the baking tray, it shall be of unleavened fine flour mixed with oil. 6You will break it into pieces, and you will pour oil on it. It is a meal-offering. 7And if your oblation is a meal-offering of the frying pan, it will be made from fine flour with oil. 8And you will bring the meal-offering which is made from these things to the Lord, and you will bring it to the priest, and he will bring it up to the altar. 9And the priest will take up the memorial-offering from the meal-offering, and he will burn it on the altar. It is a fire-offering, a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 10And the residue of the meal-offering is for Aaron and his sons. It is a holy of holies of the Lord's fire-offerings. 11No meal-offering which you offer to the Lord may be made leavened, for you will not burn any leaven or any honey with any fire-offering to the Lord. 12As regards the oblation of the firstfruits, you shall offer them to the Lord, but they will not be burnt on the altar as a sweet fragrance. 13And every oblation of your meal-offering will be seasoned with salt. For you shall not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking in your meal-offering. You shall offer salt in every oblation of yours. 14And if you bring an offering of the firstfruits to the Lord, you shall offer green ears of corn roasted in the fire, ground corn of the plantation, as the offering of your firstfruits. 15And you will put oil on it, and you will put frankincense on it; it is a meal-offering. 16And the priest will burn a memorial of it, from its ground corn and from its oil, with all its frankincense – a fire-offering to the Lord.

Leviticus Chapter 3 

1And if his oblation is a peace sacrifice, or if he is offering from the oxen, whether it is male or female, he will offer a specimen without blemish before the Lord. 2And he will lay his hand on the head of his oblation, and he will slaughter it at the entrance to the tent of contact, and Aaron's sons the priests will sprinkle the blood on the altar round about. 3And he will make an offering from the peace sacrifice – a fire-offering to the Lord. As for the fat which covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, 4and the two kidneys, and the fat which is on them, which is at the loins, and the caul which is on the liver and on the kidneys, he will remove them. 5And Aaron's sons will burn it on the altar, on top of the burnt offering which is on the wood which is on the fire – a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 6And if his oblation is from the flock, as a peace sacrifice to the Lord, he will offer a male or female, without blemish. 7If it is a lamb that he offers as his oblation, he shall offer it before the Lord. 8And he will lay his hand on the head of his oblation, and he will slaughter it in front of the tent of contact, and Aaron's sons will sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. 9And he will make an offering from the peace sacrifice – a fire-offering to the Lord. As for its fat and the whole of its tail at its spine, he will remove them and the fat covering the innards and all the fat that is on the innards, 10and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the caul on the liver and on the kidneys. He will remove them. 11And the priest will burn it on the altar – the bread of a fire-offering to the Lord. 12And if his oblation is a goat, he will offer it before the Lord. 13And he will lay his hand on its head, and slaughter it before the tent of contact, and Aaron's sons will sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. 14And he will offer his oblation from it – a fire-offering to the Lord. As for the fat covering the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, 15and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the caul on the liver and on the kidneys, he will remove them. 16And the priest will burn them on the altar – the bread of a fire-offering – as a sweet fragrance. All fat is the Lord's. 17It is an age-abiding statute for your generations, in all your dwellings: you shall not eat any fat or any blood.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 4 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘Anyone who commits sin in a sin of ignorance in any of the Lord's commandments, which are prohibitions, but he does it, in respect of any one of them, 3or if the anointed priest sins, incurring the guilt of the people, then he shall make an offering for his sin which he has committed, of a bull-calf of the oxen without blemish, to the Lord as a sin-offering, 4and he will bring the bull to the entrance of the tent of contact before the Lord, and he will lay his hand on the head of the bull, and he will slaughter the bull before the Lord. 5And the anointed priest will take some of the blood of the bull and bring it to the tent of contact. 6And the priest will dip his finger in the blood, and he will sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord in front of the veil of the holy place. 7And the priest will put some of the blood on the horns of the aromatic incense altar before the Lord which is at the tent of contact, and he will pour out all the blood of the bull on the base of the burnt offering altar which is at the entrance to the tent of contact. 8And as for all the fat of the bull of the sin-offering, he will remove from the bull the fat covering the innards and all the fat on the innards. 9And as for the two kidneys, and the fat which is on them, and which is on the loins, and the caul on the liver and on the kidneys, he will remove it. 10As they are removed from the ox of the peace sacrifice, so the priest will burn them on the burnt offering altar. 11And as for the hide of the bull and all its flesh, on its head and on its legs, and its innards and its dung, 12he will bring the whole bull out to outside the camp, to a clean place, to the deposition site for ashes, and he will burn it on wood with fire. It is at the deposition site for ashes that it shall be burned. 13And if the whole congregation of Israel commits a sin of ignorance, and the matter is kept hidden from the eyes of the convocation, and they commit any one of all the prohibited acts of the Lord, things which are not to be done, and they become guilty, 14and the sin by which they have sinned becomes known, then the convocation will offer a bull-calf of the oxen as a sin-offering, and they will bring it before the tent of contact. 15And the elders of the congregation will lay their hands on the bull's head before the Lord, and the priest will slaughter the bull before the Lord. 16And the anointed priest will bring some of the bull's blood to the tent of contact. 17And the priest will dip his finger in some of the blood, and he will sprinkle it seven times before the Lord, in front of the veil. 18And he will put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before the Lord, which is in the tent of contact, and he will pour all the blood onto the base of the altar of the burnt offering which is at the entrance to the tent of contact. 19And he will remove all the fat from it, and burn it on the altar. 20And he will deal with the bull. As he deals with the bull of the sin-offering, so he will deal with it. And the priest will atone for them, and it will be forgiven them. 21And he will take the bull outside the camp, and he will burn it as he burns the first bull. It is the sin-offering of the convocation. 22If a leading man sins through ignorance and commits any one of all the prohibited acts of the Lord his God, things which are not to be done, and he becomes guilty, 23or his sin which he committed is made known to him, then he will bring as his oblation a kid of the goats, a male without blemish, 24and he will lay his hand on the head of the goat, and he will slaughter it in the place where one slaughters the burnt offering before the Lord. It is a sin-offering. 25And the priest will take some of the blood of the sin-offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the burnt offering altar, and he will pour its blood on the base of the burnt offering altar. 26And he will burn all its fat on the altar like the fat of the peace sacrifice, and the priest will atone for it – for his sin – and it will be forgiven him. 27And if anyone from the people of the land sins with a sin of ignorance by him committing any one of the prohibited acts of the Lord, things which are not to be done, and he becomes guilty, 28or his sin by which he sinned is made known to him, then he will bring as his oblation a female kid of the goats without blemish, for his sin by which he sinned, 29and he will lay his hand on the head of the sin-offering, and he will slaughter the sin-offering in the place of the burnt offering. 30And the priest will take some of the blood on his finger, and he will put it on the horns of the burnt offering altar, and he will pour all its blood on the base of the altar. 31And he will remove all its fat, as the fat is removed from the peace sacrifice, and the priest will burn it on the altar as a sweet fragrance to the Lord, and the priest will atone for him, and it will be forgiven him. 32And if he brings a lamb as his oblation, as a sin-offering, he will bring a female without blemish. 33And he will lay his hand on the head of the sin-offering, and he will slaughter it as a sin-offering in the place where he slaughters the burnt offering. 34And the priest will take some of the blood of the sin-offering on his finger, and he will put it on the horns of the burnt offering altar, and he will pour all its blood out onto the base of the altar. 35And he will remove all its fat, as the fat is removed from the lamb of the peace sacrifice, and the priest will burn it on the altar with the Lord's fire-offerings. So the priest will atone for him – for his sin by which he sinned – and it will be forgiven him.

Leviticus Chapter 5 

1And a person who sins in that he hears the sound of cursing, and he is a witness or he sees it, or he learns of it, if he does not report it, he shall bear his iniquity. 2Or a person who touches any unclean thing, either a carcase of an unclean animal, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of an unclean reptile, and it has escaped his notice, then he is unclean and guilty. 3Or if he touches a man's uncleanness, in any uncleanness of his by which he is defiled, and it has escaped his notice, then he comes to know that he is guilty, 4or if a person who swears by speaking rashly with his lips about doing wrong or doing good, according to everything man rashly speaks with an oath, and he is unaware of it, then he comes to know that he is guilty of any one of these offences, 5then it shall come to pass when he is consciously guilty of one of these things and confesses that he has sinned against it, 6that he shall bring his guilt-offering to the Lord for his sin whereby he sinned: a female from the flock, a ewe or a she-goat kid, as a sin-offering, and the priest will make atonement for him regarding his sin. 7And if the expense of a lamb is out of his reach then he shall bring for his guilt which he incurred two turtle-doves or two young pigeons to the Lord: one for a sin-offering and one for a burnt offering. 8And he will bring them to the priest, and he will offer the one which is a sin-offering first, and he will wring its head at its neck, and he will not divide it. 9He will then sprinkle some of the blood of the sin-offering on the wall of the altar, and the remainder of the blood will be wrung out on the base of the altar. It is a sin-offering. 10And he will perform the burnt offering with the second one according to the prescribed way, and the priest will make atonement for him because of his sin which he committed, and it will be forgiven him. 11And if his means do not extend to two turtle-doves or to two young pigeons, then he that sinned will bring as his oblation a tenth of an ephah of fine flour, as a sin-offering. He shall not put oil on it and he shall not put frankincense on it, for it is a sin-offering. 12And he will bring it to the priest, and the priest will take a handful of it, as a memorial of it, and he will burn it on the altar, with the Lord's fire-offerings. It is a sin-offering. 13And the priest will make atonement for him, for the sin which he committed against one of these things, and it will be forgiven him, and it will be for the priest as a meal-offering.’ ” 14And the Lord spoke to Moses, and said, 15“If anyone commits a trespass and sins through ignorance against the Lord's holy things, then he will bring his guilt-offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your valuation, in silver shekels according to the holy shekel, as the guilt-offering. 16And he will pay for having sinned in respect of the holy thing, and he will add a fifth to it, and he will give it to the priest, and the priest will make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt-offering, and it will be forgiven him. 17And if a person sins and does any one of all the Lord's prohibited acts, which are not to be done, and he did not know, and he becomes consciously guilty, then he will bear his iniquity. 18And he will bring a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your valuation for a guilt-offering, to the priest, and the priest will make atonement for him, for his sin of ignorance which he committed in ignorance, and was not aware of it, and it will be forgiven him. 19It is a guilt-offering for whoever has in any way incurred guilt with the Lord.”

Leviticus Chapter 6 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“If a person sins and commits a trespass against the Lord, and lies about something to his neighbour in a matter of safe deposit or safe keeping with a pledge, or in a matter of plunder, or if he has oppressed his neighbour, 3or if he finds a lost item and lies about it, or swears falsely about any one of all the things that a man does, so as to sin in them, 4then it shall come to pass, in that he sinned and is guilty, that he will return the booty which he plundered, or the gain which he gained by oppression, or the item in safe deposit which was deposited with him, or the lost item which he found. 5Or in any matter where he swore falsely, he will repay it, the original sum, adding a fifth to it, and he will give it to him whose it is, on the day of his guilt-offering. 6And he will bring his guilt-offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, by your valuation, as a guilt-offering, to the priest. 7And the priest will make atonement for him before the Lord, and it will be forgiven him, for anything at all that he does by which he incurs guilt.” 8Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 9“Command Aaron and his sons, and say, ‘This is the procedure for the burnt offering. It is the burnt offering on the hearth of the altar, kept alight all night until the morning, as the fire of the altar burns on it. 10And the priest will wear a fine linen garment, and he will wear fine linen trousers on his flesh. And he will take up the ashes produced when the fire consumes the burnt offering on the altar, and he will put them alongside the altar. 11Then he will take his clothes off, and put other clothes on, and he will take the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. 12And the fire of the altar will be kept burning on it – it will not be extinguished – and the priest will burn wood on it every morning, and he will arrange the burnt offering on it, and he will burn the fat of the peace-offering on it. 13A continual fire will burn on the altar; it shall not be extinguished. 14And this is the procedure for the meal-offering: that Aaron's sons should offer it before the Lord, in front of the altar. 15And he will take up a handful of it – of the fine flour of the meal-offering including its oil – and all the frankincense, which are to go with the meal-offering, and he will burn them on the altar, a sweet fragrance, a memorial of it, to the Lord. 16And Aaron and his sons will eat the remainder of it. It will be eaten as unleavened loaves in the holy place; they will eat it in the courtyard of the tent of contact. 17It will not be baked leavened. I have given it as their portion of my fire-offerings. It is a holy of holies like the sin-offering and the guilt-offering. 18Every male among Aaron's children will eat it. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations concerning the Lord's fire-offerings. Everyone who touches them shall be holy.’ ” 19And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 20“This is the oblation of Aaron and his sons which they will offer to the Lord, on the day when the man is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour of the meal-offering, perpetually, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening. 21It will be made on a baking tray with oil; you will bring it when it has been mixed. You will offer baked items of the meal-offering baked in pieces as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 22And the anointed priest in place of him, from his sons, will make it. It is an age-abiding statute of the Lord. It shall be completely burnt. 23And every meal-offering of the priest will be a complete burnt offering; it shall not be eaten.” 24Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 25“Speak to Aaron and his sons and say, ‘This is the procedure for the sin-offering. At the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, the sin-offering will be slaughtered before the Lord. It is a holy of holies. 26The priest who offers it as a sin-offering will eat it. It will be eaten in a holy place, in the courtyard of the tent of contact. 27Everyone who touches its flesh will be holy. And when any of its blood is splashed on the garment, you will wash that which was splashed on it in the holy place. 28And the earthenware vessel in which it is boiled will be broken, or if it is boiled in a copper vessel, then it will be scoured and rinsed with water. 29Every male among the priests will eat it. It is a holy of holies. 30But no sin-offering of which blood is brought to the tent of contact to make atonement in the holy place will be eaten; it will be burned by fire.

Leviticus Chapter 7 

1And this is the procedure for the guilt-offering. It is a holy of holies. 2In the place where they slaughter the burnt offering, they will slaughter the guilt-offering, and he will sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. 3And he will offer all its fat – the tail and the fat covering the innards. 4And as for the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the caul that is on the liver, and on the kidneys: he will remove them. 5And the priest will burn them on the altar as a fire-offering to the Lord. It is a guilt-offering. 6Every male among the priests will eat it. It will be eaten in the holy place. It is a holy of holies. 7As the sin-offering is, so is the guilt-offering. They have one procedure. The priest who makes atonement with it will have it. 8And the priest who offers the burnt offering of any man will have the skin of the burnt offering which he offers. It is for the priest. 9And every meal-offering that is baked in an oven, and everything prepared in a frying pan or on a baking tray will be for the priest who offers it. 10And every meal-offering mixed with oil, and dry, will be for all Aaron's sons, one as another. 11And this is the procedure for the sacrifice of the peace-offering which he will offer to the Lord. 12If he offers it as a thank-offering, he will offer with the thank-sacrifice unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers coated with oil, and fine flour well stirred for cakes mixed with oil. 13He will make his oblation with cakes of leavened bread with the sacrifice of his thankful peace-offering. 14And out of this he will offer one particular part of the whole oblation, a heave-offering to the Lord. It will be for the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace-offering. 15And the meat of the sacrifice of the thankful peace-offering will be eaten on the day of his oblation – he shall not save any of it until the morning. 16And if the sacrifice of his oblation is a vow or freewill-offering, it shall be eaten on the day when he offers his sacrifice, and on the next day, when the remainder of it shall be eaten. 17And the remainder of the meat of the sacrifice will be burned by fire on the third day. 18And if any of the meat of his sacrifice of a peace-offering is eaten at all on the third day, it will not be accepted. It will not be imputed to the one offering it – it will be an abomination, and any person eating any of it will bear his iniquity. 19And any meat that comes into contact with any unclean thing will not be eaten; it will be burned with fire. And as for meat in general, every clean person may eat meat. 20But anyone who eats any of the meat of the peace sacrifice which is the Lord's, while in a state of uncleanness, that person will be cut off from his people. 21And anyone who touches anything unclean, by the uncleanness of man, or unclean cattle, or any unclean abomination, and then eats any of the meat of the peace sacrifice which is the Lord's, that person will be cut off from his people.’ ” 22And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 23“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘You shall not eat any fat of an ox or a lamb or a goat. 24But the fat of a carcase and the fat of a savaged animal can be used for any purpose, but you certainly will not eat it. 25For anyone who eats fat from the animal which he offered as a fire-offering to the Lord – that person who so eats will be cut off from his people. 26And you will not eat any blood in any of your dwellings, either of birds or of cattle. 27As for any person who eats any blood – that person will be cut off from his people.’ ” 28And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 29“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘He who offers his peace sacrifice to the Lord shall bring his oblation to the Lord from his peace sacrifice animal stock. 30His hands shall bring the Lord's fire-offerings; he will bring the fat on the breast with the breast in order to wave it as a wave-offering before the Lord. 31And the priest will burn the fat on the altar, and the breast will be for Aaron and his sons. 32And you will give the right leg to the priest as a heave-offering from your peace sacrifices. 33He of the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace sacrifice and the fat will have the right leg as a portion. 34For as regards the breast of the wave-offering and the leg of the heave-offering, from the peace sacrifices, I have made an election from the sons of Israel and given these things to Aaron the priest and his sons, as an age-abiding statute with the sons of Israel. 35This is the anointing of Aaron and the anointing of his sons, by the Lord's fire-offerings on the day when he had them approach, to serve as priests to the Lord, 36which the Lord commanded, that they should be given an age-abiding statute for their generations, on the day when he anointed them, chosen from the sons of Israel. 37This is the procedure for the burnt offering, the meal-offering, and the sin-offering, and the guilt-offering, and the consecration, and the sacrifice of the peace-offering, 38which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai on the day when he commanded the sons of Israel to offer their oblations to the Lord in the Sinai desert.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 8 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the clothes, and the oil for anointing, and a bull for the sin-offering, and two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread, 3and assemble the whole congregation at the entrance to the tent of contact.” 4And Moses did as the Lord had commanded him, and the congregation was assembled at the entrance to the tent of contact. 5Then Moses said to the congregation, “This is the thing which the Lord commanded us to do.” 6And Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water. 7And he put the tunic on him, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and he put the ephod on him, and girded him with the embroidered belt of the ephod, and bound it on to him. 8And he placed the breastplate on him, and he put Urim and Thummim on the breastplate. 9And he put the turban on his head, and on the turban facing forwards he put the shining plate of gold – the holy crown – as the Lord had commanded Moses. 10And Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything that was in it, and sanctified those things. 11And he sprinkled some of it on the altar, seven times, and he anointed the altar and all its equipment, and the laver, and its pedestal, so as to sanctify them. 12And he poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and he anointed him, so as to sanctify him. 13And Moses brought Aaron's sons forward, and clothed them with tunics, and girded them with girdles, and bound high headgear on them, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 14And he presented the bull of the sin-offering, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bull of the sin-offering. 15And he slaughtered it, and Moses took the blood and put it on the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and he expiated the altar, and he poured the blood on the base of the altar, and he sanctified it to atone for it. 16And he took all the fat which is on the innards, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and Moses burnt it in the altar. 17And he burnt the bull, and its hide, and its flesh, and its dung, with fire, outside the camp, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 18And he brought the ram of the burnt offering forward, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. 19And Moses slaughtered it and sprinkled its blood on the altar round about. 20And he cut the ram up into pieces, and Moses burnt the head, and the pieces, and the fat, 21and he washed the innards and the legs with water, and Moses burnt the whole of the ram on the altar. It was a burnt offering as a sweet fragrance. It is a fire-offering to the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22And he brought up the second ram forward, the ram of the consecration, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. 23And Moses slaughtered it and took some of its blood and put it on the tip of Aaron's right ear and on his right thumb, and on his right hand big toe. 24And he brought Aaron's sons forward, and Moses put some of the blood on the tip of their right ears and on their right thumbs and on their right hand big toes, and Moses sprinkled the blood on the altar round about. 25And he took the fat and the tail, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat and the right hand front leg. 26And he took one unleavened cake and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, from the basket of unleavened bread which is before the Lord, and he put them on the items of fat and on the right hand front leg, 27and he put it all on Aaron's hands, and on his sons' hands, and he waved them as a wave-offering before the Lord. 28And Moses took them from their hands and burnt them on the altar with the burnt offering. They were a consecration as a sweet fragrance. It was a fire-offering to the Lord. 29And Moses took the breast, and he waved it as a wave-offering before the Lord. Moses' portion was from the ram of consecration, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30And Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar, and he sprinkled it on Aaron and on his garments, and on his sons and on his sons' garments with him, and he sanctified Aaron, his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him. 31And Moses said to Aaron and his to sons, “Boil the meat at the entrance to the tent of contact, and there you will eat it, and the bread which is in the consecration basket, as I commanded, when I said, ‘Aaron and his sons will eat it.’ 32And you will burn the remainder of the meat and bread with fire. 33And you will not go out of the entrance of the tent of contact for seven days, until the day of fulfilment of your consecration days, because for seven days he will consecrate you.” 34The way he acted on this day was what the Lord had commanded to be done, so as to atone for you. 35“And you will stay at the entrance to the tent of contact day and night for seven days, and you will keep the Lord's charge, so that you do not die, for so I have been commanded.” 36And Aaron and his sons did all the things which the Lord had commanded through the intermediacy of Moses.

Leviticus Chapter 9 

1And it came to pass on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel. 2And he said to Aaron, “Get a calf, a young bull of the oxen as a sin-offering, and a ram as a burnt offering, both without blemish, and offer them before the Lord. 3And speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘Take a buck from the goats as a sin-offering and a one-year-old calf and lamb, all without blemish, as a burnt offering, 4and an ox and a ram as a peace-offering to sacrifice before the Lord, and a meal-offering, mixed with oil. For today the Lord will appear to you.’ ” 5And they took what Moses commanded to the front of the tent of contact, and the whole congregation drew near and stood before the Lord. 6And Moses said, “This is the thing that the Lord has commanded you to do. And the glory of the Lord will appear to you.” 7And Moses said to Aaron, “Draw near to the altar and perform your sin-offering and your burnt offering and atone for yourself and for the people, and perform the people's oblation and atone for them as the Lord has commanded.” 8And Aaron drew near to the altar, and he slaughtered the calf of the sin-offering which was for himself. 9And Aaron's sons brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood, and he put it on the horns of the altar, and he poured the blood onto the base of the altar. 10And he burned the fat and the kidneys and the caul from the liver from the sin-offering on the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 11And he burned the flesh and the skin with fire outside the camp. 12And he slaughtered the burnt offering, and Aaron's sons presented the blood to him, and he sprinkled it on the altar round about. 13And they presented the burnt offering to him, in its pieces, and the head, and he burnt it on the altar. 14And he washed the innards and the legs, and he burned them with the burnt offering on the altar. 15And he offered the people's oblation, and he took the goat of the sin-offering which was for the people, and he slaughtered it and offered it as a sin-offering like the first one. 16And he offered the burnt offering, and performed it according to the prescribed way. 17And he burnt the meal-offering, and filled his hand with it, and he offered it on the altar, besides the burnt offering of the morning. 18And he slaughtered the ox and the ram, the peace sacrifice, which was for the people. And Aaron's sons presented the blood to him, and he sprinkled it on the altar round about. 19And they presented the fatty parts from the bull and from the ram, the tail and the covering and the kidneys and the caul of the liver. 20And he put the fatty parts on the breasts, and he burnt the fatty parts on the altar. 21And Aaron waved the breasts and the right hand front leg as a wave-offering before the Lord, as Moses commanded. 22And Aaron lifted up his hand to the people and blessed them, and he came down from performing the sin-offering and the burnt offering and the peace-offering. 23Then Moses and Aaron went to the tent of contact, then they came out and blessed the people. Then the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. 24And fire went out from the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the fatty parts on the altar and all the people saw it, and they shouted, and they fell face down.

Leviticus Chapter 10 

1Subsequently Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu each took their censer, and put fire in them, and put incense on it, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he had not commanded them. 2At this fire went out from the Lord and consumed them, and they died before the Lord. 3Then Moses said to Aaron, “This is what the Lord spoke about, when he said,

‘I will be sanctified among those who draw near to me,

And I will be glorified in the presence of all the people.’ ”

And Aaron was silent. 4Then Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel, Aaron's uncle, and he said to them, “Come near and carry your brothers from the front of the holy place to outside the camp.” 5So they came near and carried them in their tunics to outside the camp as Moses had told them. 6Then Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar his sons, “Do not shave your heads, and do not rip the seam of your clothes, so that you do not die, and he becomes angry with the whole congregation. And as for your brothers: let the whole house of Israel bewail the conflagration with which the Lord burned them. 7And you will not go out of the entrance to the tent of contact, so that you do not die, for the anointing oil of the Lord is upon you.” And they acted according to Moses' word. 8Then the Lord spoke to Aaron and said, 9“Do not drink wine or strong drink, either you or your sons with you, when you come to the tent of contact, so that you do not die. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations, 10and to make a distinction between what is holy and what is profane, and between what is unclean and what is clean, 11and to teach the sons of Israel all the statutes which the Lord has spoken to them through the intermediacy of Moses.” 12And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar his remaining sons, “Take the meal-offering which remains from the fire-offerings of the Lord and eat it, unleavened, beside the altar, for it is a holy of holies. 13And you will eat it in a holy place, for it is a statute for you and a statute for your sons – one of the fire-offerings of the Lord – for so I have been commanded. 14And you will eat the breast of the wave-offering and the front leg of the heave-offering in a clean place, you and your sons and your daughters with you, for they have been given as a statute for you and as a statute for your sons, among the sacrifices of peace-offerings of the sons of Israel. 15They will bring the front leg of the heave-offering and the breast of the wave-offering, with the fire-offerings of fatty parts, to wave as a wave-offering before the Lord, and it will be an age-abiding statute for you and for your sons, as the Lord has commanded.” 16And Moses carefully sought the goat for the sin-offering, but he found out that it had already been burned, and he became angry with Eleazar and with Ithamar, Aaron's remaining sons, and said, 17“Why did you not eat the sin-offering in the holy place? For it is a holy of holies. He gave it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to atone for them before the Lord. 18Look, its blood has not been brought to within the holy place; you must definitely eat it in the holy place as I commanded.” 19And Aaron said to Moses, “Look, they offered their sin-offering and their burnt offering before the Lord today, and things like this have befallen me. If I had eaten the sin-offering today, would it have been acceptable in the Lord's eyes?” 20And Moses heard it, and it was accepted in his sight.

Leviticus Chapter 11 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said to them, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘These are the animals which you may eat of all the fauna which is on the earth. 3Everything among fauna that divides the hoof and is cloven-footed and chews the cud, you may eat. 4But these are what you shall not eat of the cud-chewers, or of those that divide the hoof: the camel, for it chews the cud, but it does not divide the hoof; it is unclean to you. 5And the rock hyrax, for it is a chewer of the cud, but it does not divide the hoof; it is unclean to you. 6And the hare, for it is a chewer of the cud, but it does not divide the hoof; it is unclean to you. 7And the pig, for it divides the hoof and is cloven-footed, but it does not chew the cud; it is unclean to you. 8You shall not eat of their flesh, and you shall not touch their carcases; they are unclean to you. 9This is what you may eat of everything that is in the water: everything that has fins and scales in the water – in the seas and in the rivers. You may eat them. 10But as for everything that does not have fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, both everything that teems in the water, and every living being that is in the water; they are an abomination to you. 11And they will be an abomination to you; you shall not eat any of their flesh, and you will abhor their carcases. 12Everything that does not have fins and scales in the water is an abomination to you. 13And you will abhor the following from the bird kingdom; they must not be eaten – they are an abomination: the eagle, the ossifrage and the osprey, 14and the vulture, and the kite, after its kind, 15and every raven after its kind, 16and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-gull, and the hawk after its kind, 17and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, 18and the common owl, and the pelican, and the little vulture, 19and the stork and the heron after its kind, and the hoopoe, and the bat. 20Every teeming flying creature which goes on four feet is an abomination to you. 21But this is what you may eat of every teeming flying creature which goes on four feet, which has legs above its feet by which to leap over the ground. 22The following of them you may eat: the locust after its kind, and the migratory locust after its kind, and the short-horned grasshopper after its kind and the long-horned grasshopper after its kind. 23And every teeming flying creature which has four legs is an abomination to you, 24and you would make yourself unclean with those; anyone who touches their carcase becomes unclean until the evening. 25And anyone who carries any carcase of theirs will wash his clothes, for he will be unclean until the evening. 26This applies to all cattle dividing the hoof or not cloven-footed, and not chewing the cud. They are unclean to you; anyone touching them is unclean. 27And every animal that walks on its paws of all animals walking on four feet will be unclean to you. Anyone who touches their carcase will be unclean until the evening. 28And whoever touches their carcases will wash his clothes and will be unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you. 29And these are the unclean to you among creeping creatures which creep on the ground: the mole, the mouse, the tortoise after their kind. 30The lesser lizard, the chameleon, the greater lizard, and the mole rat, the shrew. 31They are unclean to you among every creeping animal. Anyone who touches them when they are dead will be unclean until the evening. 32And as for anything on which any of them fall when they are dead, it will become unclean, whether it is any wooden utensil or item of clothing or skin or sackcloth or any item that is used for work. It will be brought to water and it will be unclean until evening, then it will be clean. 33And any earthenware vessel into which any of them fall – everything that has them inside it – will be unclean and you will break it. 34Any food which is eaten on which water comes will be unclean, and any drink which is drunk from any such vessel will be unclean. 35And anything on which any of their carcases fall will become unclean. Whether an oven or a stove, it must be broken. They are unclean and they will be unclean to you. 36But a fount and a cistern – a storage area for water – is clean. But anyone who touches their carcase will be unclean. 37And if any of their carcases fall on any seed for sowing, which will be sown, it is clean. 38But if any water is put on the seed, and any of their carcases have fallen on it, it is unclean to you. 39And if any of the cattle which are food for you dies, anyone who touches its carcase will be unclean until the evening. 40And whoever eats from its carcase will wash his clothes and he will be unclean until the evening, and whoever carries its carcase will wash his clothes and will be unclean until the evening. 41And every creeping thing that creeps over the earth is an abomination. It is not to be eaten. 42As for everything that goes on its belly, and everything that goes on four legs, and everything that has many legs – every creeping thing that creeps on the earth – you shall not eat them, for they are an abomination. 43Do not make yourselves abominable by any creeping thing that creeps and do not make yourselves unclean by them, so that you become unclean by them. 44For I am the Lord your God, and you will sanctify yourselves, and you shall be holy, for I am holy, and you will not make yourselves unclean with any creeping thing that crawls on the earth. 45For I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Egypt, to be God to you, and you shall be holy, for I am holy. 46This is the law of cattle and birds and every living thing which moves in the water and of every creature that creeps on the earth, 47so as to make a distinction between unclean and clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that shall not be eaten.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 12 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘If a woman conceives and gives birth to a male, she will be unclean for seven days. She will be unclean as for the days of the sickness of her menstrual impurity. 3And on the eighth day, the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. 4Then she shall remain for thirty-three days in the blood of her purification. She shall not touch any holy thing, and she shall not go to the sanctuary until the completion of the days of her purification. 5And if she gives birth to a female, she will be unclean for two weeks, as in her menstrual impurity, and she will remain for sixty-six days in the blood of her purification. 6And when the days of her purification have been completed, for a son or for a daughter, she will bring to the priest a one-year-old lamb as a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or a turtle-dove, as a sin-offering, at the entrance to the tent of contact. 7And he will offer it in the presence of the Lord, and he will atone for her, and she shall be clean of the issue of her blood. This is the law of her who gives birth to a male or a female. 8And if she cannot afford a lamb, she will take two turtle-doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and one for a sin-offering, and the priest will atone for her and she will be clean.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 13 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 2“A man who has in the skin of his flesh a swelling or scurf or a bright spot, or who has in the skin of his flesh an affliction of leprosy, will be brought to Aaron the priest, or to one of his sons, the priests. 3And the priest will examine the affliction in the skin of his flesh, and if the hair of the afflicted area has turned white, and the profile of the afflicted area is deeper than the skin of his flesh, then it is an affliction of leprosy, and the priest will look at him and pronounce him unclean. 4And if it is a white bright spot in the skin of his flesh, and the profile of it is not deeper than the skin, and its hair has not turned white, then the priest will close the afflicted area up for seven days. 5Then on the seventh day the priest will examine him, and if the affliction is stable in his view, and the affliction has not spread in the skin, then the priest will close it up for a second period of seven days. 6Then the priest will examine him on the seventh day a second time, and if the affliction is dull and the affliction has not spread in the skin, then the priest will pronounce him clean. It is just scurf, and he will wash his clothes and be clean. 7But if the scurvy area has a definite spread in the skin after it has been examined by the priest as to whether it is clean, then he will be examined again by the priest. 8And the priest will make an examination, and if the scurvy area has spread on the skin, then the priest will pronounce him unclean: it is leprosy. 9If there is an affliction of leprosy with a man, he shall be brought to the priest. 10And the priest will look, and if there is a white swelling in the skin, and it has turned the hair white, and there is an indication of raw flesh in the swelling, 11then it is dormant leprosy in the skin of his flesh, and the priest will pronounce him unclean. He will not close it up, for he is unclean. 12And if the leprosy spreads extensively in the skin, and the leprosy covers all the skin with an affliction, from his head to his feet, at every visual examination by the priest, 13then the priest will look, and if the leprosy covers all his flesh, then he will pronounce the affliction clean. It has all turned white and he is clean. 14But on the day when raw flesh is seen on him, he will be unclean. 15And the priest will examine the raw flesh and pronounce him unclean. The raw flesh is unclean. It is leprosy. 16Or if the raw flesh changes back and turns white, then he will go to the priest. 17And the priest will examine him, and if the affliction turns white, then the priest will pronounce the afflicted area clean; he is clean. 18And if there is any ulcer in the skin of any flesh, and it heals, 19and in the place of the ulcer there is a white swelling or a bright spot, reddish white, then it will be examined by the priest. 20And the priest will examine it, and if its profile is lower than the skin and its hair has turned white, then the priest will pronounce him unclean. It is the affliction of leprosy which has flared up at the ulcer. 21And if the priest examines it and if there is no white hair on it, and it is not lower than the skin, and it is dull, then the priest will close it up for seven days. 22And if it spreads extensively in the skin, then the priest will pronounce him unclean; it is an affliction. 23But if the bright spot remains in its place and does not spread, then it is an inflammation of the ulcer, and the priest will pronounce him clean. 24Or if there is a fire burn in the skin of his flesh, and there is an indication of the burn – a bright spot that is reddish white or just white – 25then the priest will examine it, and if the hair has turned white at the bright spot, and its profile is deeper than the skin, then it is leprosy; it has flared up at the burn. And the priest will pronounce him unclean. It is an affliction of leprosy. 26But if the priest examines him and if there is no white hair at the bright spot, and it is not lower than the skin, and it is dull, then the priest will close it up for seven days. 27Then the priest will examine it on the seventh day. If it has spread at all in the skin then the priest will pronounce him unclean: it is an affliction of leprosy. 28But if the bright spot remains in place, and does not spread on the skin, and it is dull, it is a swelling of the burn, and the priest will pronounce him clean, for it is an inflammation of the burn. 29Now if a man or woman has an affliction on the head or the chin, 30then the priest will examine the afflicted area, and if its profile is deeper than the skin, and there is thin yellow hair in it, then the priest will pronounce him unclean: it is scall, a leprosy of the head or chin. 31But if the priest looks at the affliction of the scall, and if its profile is not deeper than the skin, and there is no black hair in it, then the priest will close up the affliction of the scall for seven days. 32Then the priest will examine the afflicted area on the seventh day, and if the scall has not spread, and there is no yellow hair in it, and the profile of the scall is not deeper than the skin, 33then he will shave himself, but he will not shave the scall, and the priest will close up the scall for seven days a second time. 34Then the priest will examine the scall on the seventh day, and if the scall has not spread in the skin, and its profile is not deeper than the skin, then the priest will pronounce him clean, and he will wash his clothes and be clean. 35But if the scall has spread at all in the skin after his cleansing, 36then the priest will examine it, and if the scall has spread in the skin, then the priest will not look for the yellow hair; he is unclean. 37But if in his sight the scall is stable, and black hair grows on it, then the scall is healing; he is clean and the priest will pronounce him clean. 38And if a man or woman has bright spots on the skin of their flesh – white bright spots – 39then the priest will examine them, and if there are dull white bright spots in the skin of their flesh, then it is a case of freckles that grow in the skin; he is clean. 40And if a man loses hair on the head, he has become bald; he is clean. 41And if his head loses hair from the part of his head towards the front, he is front-receding bald; he is clean. 42But if there is a reddish white affliction in his bald area or his front-receding bald area, it is leprosy developing on his bald area or his front-receding bald area. 43And the priest will examine him, and if there is a reddish white swelling of an affliction on his bald area or the front-receding area, with the profile of leprosy of the skin of the flesh, 44then he is a leprous man; he is unclean. The priest will certainly pronounce him unclean; his affliction is on his head. 45The clothes of him who is leprous – who has an affliction – will be ripped at the seam, and his head will be made bare, and he will cover his upper lip, and he will call out, ‘Unclean, unclean.’ 46All the time that the affliction is on him, he will be unclean. He is unclean; he will live alone; his dwelling will be outside the camp. 47And as for the garment that has the affliction of leprosy – either in a woollen garment or in a flaxen garment – 48whether in the warp or the woof of the flax or the wool or in hide or in any processed hide, 49if the affliction in the garment is greenish or reddish, whether in hide or warp or woof or any hide product: it is an affliction of leprosy and it will be shown to the priest. 50And the priest will examine the affliction, and he will close up the afflicted item for seven days, 51then he will examine the afflicted item on the seventh day, to see if the affliction has spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof or in the hide or in anything which is made from hide into a product: the affliction is a rankling leprosy; it is unclean. 52And he will burn the garment, whether it is in the warp or the woof or in the wool or in the flax or in any product of hide that the affliction is, for it is rankling leprosy: it will be burned by fire. 53And if when the priest looks, if the affliction has not spread in the garment or in the warp or woof or in any hide product, 54then the priest will command that they wash the thing which has the affliction in it, and that they shut it up for seven days a second time. 55Then the priest will examine it after the afflicted item has been washed, and if the affliction has not changed its profile and the affliction has not spread, it is unclean. You will burn it with fire. It is inward ravaging as it becomes worn thin or threadbare. 56And if when the priest examines it, it is seen that the afflicted area is dull after it has been washed, then he will tear it out from the garment or from the hide or from the warp or from the woof. 57But if it still appears in the garment or in the warp or the woof of in any hide product, it is flaring up; you will burn the thing that has the affliction in it with fire. 58And as for the garment or warp or woof or any hide product which you wash, where the affliction goes away from it, it will be washed a second time, and it will be clean. 59This is the procedure for the affliction of leprosy in a garment of wool or flax, either in the warp or in the woof or in any product from hide, for it being pronounced clean or unclean.”

Leviticus Chapter 14 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“This will be the procedure for him who is leprous, on the day of his cleansing. Now he will be brought to the priest, 3and the priest will go outside the camp, and the priest will examine him, and if the affliction of leprosy has healed in the leper, 4then the priest will command that two birds are taken for him that is having himself cleansed, live and clean ones, and cedar wood, and scarlet material and hyssop, 5and the priest will command that one bird be killed in an earthenware vessel over running water. 6As for the living bird, he will take it and the cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, and he will dip them, and the bird that is alive, in the blood of the bird that was killed, above running water. 7And he will sprinkle it on him who is having himself cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and he will pronounce him clean, and he will release the bird that is alive into the open field. 8And he that is having himself cleansed will wash his clothes, and he will shave all his hair, and wash himself in water, and he will be clean. And after that he will go to the camp and he will stay outside his tent for seven days. 9And it will come to pass on the seventh day that he will shave all his hair – his head and his chin and his eyebrows. So he will shave off all his hair, and he will wash his clothes and wash his body in water, and he will be clean. 10Then on the eighth day he will take two young rams without blemish, and one young ewe, one-year-old, without blemish, and three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for the meal-offering, mixed with oil, and one log of oil. 11And the priest who performs the cleansing will place the man who is having himself cleansed and them before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of contact. 12And the priest will take one young ram and he will offer it as a guilt-offering, and the log of oil, and he will wave them as a wave-offering before the Lord. 13And he will slaughter the young ram in the place where he slaughters the sin-offering and the burnt offering, in the holy place, for the guilt-offering is as the sin-offering to the priest. It is a holy of holies. 14And the priest will take some of the blood of the guilt-offering, and the priest will put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is having himself cleansed, and on his right thumb and on his right hand big toe, 15and the priest will take some of the log of oil, and he will pour it in the palm of the priest's left hand. 16And the priest will dip his right finger in the oil which is in his left palm, and he will sprinkle some of the oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 17And the priest will put some of the remainder of the oil which is in his palm on the tip of the right ear of him who is having himself cleansed, and on his right thumb, and on his right hand big toe, with the blood of the guilt-offering. 18As for the remainder of the oil in the priest's palm, he will put it on the head of him who is having himself cleansed, and the priest will atone for him before the Lord. 19And the priest will perform the sin-offering, and he will atone for him who is having himself cleansed from his uncleanness, and afterwards he will slaughter the burnt offering. 20And the priest will perform the burnt offering and the meal-offering on the altar, and the priest will atone for him, and he will become clean. 21But if he is poor and he cannot afford it, he will take a lamb as a guilt-offering, as a wave-offering, to atone for him, and one tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a meal-offering, and a log of oil, 22and two turtle-doves or two young pigeons as he is able to afford, and one will be a sin-offering and the other a burnt offering. 23And he will bring them on the eighth day of his cleansing to the priest at the entrance to the tent of contact before the Lord. 24And the priest will take the lamb of the guilt-offering and the log of oil, and the priest will wave them as a wave-offering before the Lord. 25And he will slaughter the lamb of the guilt-offering, and the priest will take some of the blood of the guilt-offering, and he will put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is having himself cleansed, and on his right thumb, and on his right hand big toe. 26And the priest will pour some of the oil into the priest's left palm. 27And the priest will with his right finger sprinkle some of the oil which is in his left palm seven times before the Lord. 28And the priest will put some of the oil which is in his palm on the tip of the right ear of him who is cleansing himself, and on his right thumb, and on his right hand big toe, at the place of the blood of the guilt-offering. 29And as for the remainder of the oil which is in the priest's palm, he will put it on the head of him who is having himself cleansed, to atone for him before the Lord. 30And he will perform the offering of one of the turtle-doves or young pigeons, whatever he can afford. 31He will offer whatever he can afford, one as a sin-offering and one as a burnt offering with a meal-offering, and the priest will atone for him who is having himself cleansed before the Lord. 32This is the procedure for him who has the affliction of leprosy who cannot afford the animals of his cleansing procedure.” 33Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 34“When you go into the land of Canaan which I am giving you as a possession, if I inflict an affliction of leprosy on a house in the land of your possession, 35then he whose house it is will go and tell the priest, and say, ‘An affliction seems to have appeared on my house.’ 36And the priest will command that they empty the house before the priest comes to examine the affliction, so that nothing in the house becomes unclean, and after that the priest will go and examine the house. 37And he will examine the affliction, and if the affliction is in the walls of the house, in greenish or reddish hollows, and its profile is recessed in the wall, 38then the priest will go out of the house to the entrance of the house, and he will close the house for seven days. 39Then the priest will return to the house on the seventh day, and he will examine it, and if the affliction has spread in the walls of the house, 40then the priest will command that they remove the stones that have the affliction in them and they will cast them out of the city in an unclean place. 41And he will have the house scraped inside all around, and they will pour out the dust which they scrape off outside the city in an unclean place. 42And they will take other stones, and they will bring them in place of those stones, and he will take other powder and he will plaster the house. 43And if the affliction returns, and flares up in the house after he has removed the stones, and after he has scraped the house and after application of the plaster, 44then the priest will come and he will examine it, and if the affliction has spread in the house, it is a rankling leprosy. It is unclean. 45Then he will demolish the house, its stones and its beams, and all the plaster of the house, and he will take it outside the city to an unclean place. 46And whoever goes into the house all the time that he shut it up will be unclean until the evening. 47And whoever lies in the house will wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house will wash his clothes. 48But if the priest comes, as he must, and examines it, and if the affliction has not spread in the house after the house has been plastered, then the priest will pronounce the house clean, for the affliction has been cured. 49And to expiate the house he will take two birds and cedar wood, and scarlet material, and hyssop. 50And he will kill one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water. 51And he will take the cedar wood and the hyssop and the scarlet material and the bird that is alive, and he will dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed, and in the running water, and he will sprinkle it on the house seven times. 52And he will expiate the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop and with the scarlet material. 53And he will release the living bird outside the city in the open field, and he will atone for the house, and it will be clean. 54This is the procedure for every affliction of leprosy and of scall, 55and of leprosy of a garment and of a house, 56and of a swelling, and of scurf and of a bright spot, 57to teach when a thing is unclean and when a thing is clean. This is the procedure for leprosy.”

Leviticus Chapter 15 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘As for every man who has a discharge from his flesh, his discharge means he is unclean. 3And this will be his uncleanness in his discharge, whether his flesh emits his discharge or his flesh seals up his discharge, it is his uncleanness. 4Every bed on which he who has the discharge lies will be unclean, and every item of furniture on which he sits will be unclean. 5And anyone who touches his bed will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 6And anyone who sits on any item of furniture on which he who has a discharge sits will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 7And anyone who touches the flesh of him who has the discharge will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 8And if he who has the discharge spits on someone clean, the latter will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 9And every carriage-seat on which he who has a discharge rides will be unclean. 10And anyone who touches anything that has been under him will be unclean until the evening, and anyone who carries them will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 11And everyone whom he that has the discharge touches, who does not rinse his hands with water, will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 12And any earthenware object which he who has the discharge touches will be broken, and every wooden implement will be washed with water. 13And when he with a discharge is cleansed of his discharge, he will reserve to himself seven days for his cleansing, and he will wash his clothes and he will wash his body with running water and he will be clean. 14And on the eighth day he will get himself two turtle-doves or two young pigeons, and he will come before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of contact, and he will give them to the priest. 15And the priest will make offerings with them, one as a sin-offering and one as a burnt offering, and the priest will atone for him before the Lord for his discharge. 16And if semen is emitted from a man, he will wash all his body with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 17And every garment and every hide product which has semen on it will be washed with water, and it will be unclean until the evening. 18And as for a woman with whom a man lies with an emission of semen, they will wash themselves with water, and they will be unclean until the evening. 19And if a woman has a discharge, and her discharge is of blood, in her flesh, she shall be in her menstrual separation for seven days, and anyone touching her will be unclean until the evening. 20And everything that she lies on in her menstrual separation will be unclean, and everything she sits on will be unclean, 21and anyone who touches her bed will wash his clothes, and will wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 22And anyone who touches any item of furniture that she sits on will wash his clothes and he will wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 23And if it is on the bed or on the item of furniture which she sits on, when he touches anything, he will be unclean until the evening. 24And if a man actually lies with her, then her menstrual impurity will be upon him, and he will be unclean for seven days, and all the bed he lies on will be unclean. 25And if with any woman a discharge of her blood flows for many days not in the time of her menstrual separation, or if it discharges beyond the time of her menstrual separation, all the days of her unclean discharge will be as the days of her menstrual separation. She is unclean. 26Any bed that she lies on on any of the days of her discharge will be as the bed of her menstrual separation to her, and every item of furniture on which she sits will be unclean, as with the uncleanness of her menstrual separation. 27And anyone who touches them will become unclean and he will wash his clothes and he will wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 28And when she has been cleansed of her discharge, she will reserve herself seven days, and after that she will be clean. 29And on the eighth day, she will take two turtle-doves or two young pigeons, and she will bring them to the priest at the entrance to the tent of contact. 30And the priest will offer one of them as a sin-offering and the other as a burnt offering. And the priest will atone for her before the Lord, for her unclean discharge. 31And you will separate the sons of Israel from their uncleanness, so that they do not die in their uncleanness, by them making my tabernacle, which is in their midst, unclean. 32This is the procedure for him who has a discharge and for him from whom semen is emitted, so as to become unclean by it, 33and of her that is sick in her period, and of him who has a discharge, for male or female, and for the man who lies with an unclean woman.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 16 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they made an offering before the Lord and died, 2and the Lord said to Moses, “Speak to Aaron your brother, and don't let him come at just any time to the holy place inside the veil, into the presence of the atonement cover which is over the ark, so that he does not die, for I will appear over the atonement cover in a cloud. 3Aaron will come to the sanctuary with this: with a bull-calf of the oxen for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. 4He will wear a holy linen tunic, and linen trousers will be over his body, and he will gird himself with a linen girdle, and he will wear a linen turban. They are holy garments, and he will wash his body with water and he will put them on. 5And he will take from the congregation of the sons of Israel two goat bucks for a sin-offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 6And Aaron will offer the bull of the sin-offering which is for himself, and he will atone for himself and for his household, 7and he will take the two goat bucks and stand them before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of contact. 8And Aaron will cast lots for the two goat bucks. Now one lot is for the Lord. One lot is for the scapegoat. 9And Aaron will offer the goat buck on which the lot fell to the Lord, and he will perform the sacrifice of it as a sin-offering. 10But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat will be stood before the Lord alive, to atone for himself, by dismissing it as a scapegoat into the desert. 11And Aaron will offer the bull of the sin-offering which is for himself, and he will atone for himself and for his household, and he will slaughter the bull of the sin-offering which is for himself. 12And he will take a censer full of burning coals from the altar before the Lord, with his hands full of aromatic incense ground fine, and he will bring it inside the veil, 13and he will put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of the incense will cover the atonement cover which is above the testimony, so that he does not die. 14And he will take some of the blood of the bull, and he will sprinkle it with his finger on the surface of the atonement cover towards the east, and he will sprinkle some of the blood in front of the atonement cover with his finger seven times. 15And he will slaughter the goat buck of the sin-offering which is for the people, and he will bring its blood inside the veil, and he will do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and he will sprinkle it on the atonement cover and in front of the atonement cover. 16And he will atone for the holy place because of the uncleanness of the sons of Israel, and because of their transgressions with all their sins, and he will do likewise for the tent of contact which remains with them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17And there will be no-one at the tent of contact when he goes to make atonement in the holy place until he comes out and has atoned for himself and for his household and for the whole convocation of Israel. 18And he will go out to the altar which is before the Lord, and he will atone for it, and he will take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat buck's blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about. 19And he will sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and he will cleanse it, and sanctify it from the uncleanness of the sons of Israel. 20And he will finish atoning for the holy place and the tent of contact and the altar, and he will bring up the goat buck that is alive. 21And Aaron will lay both his hands on the head of the goat buck that is alive, and he will confess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel, and all their transgressions, in all their sins, and he will put them on the head of the goat buck, then he will release it by the hand of a man fit for it into the desert. 22And the goat buck will bear on itself all their iniquities to an isolated land. So he will release the goat buck into the desert. 23And Aaron will come to the tent of contact, and he will take off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the holy place, and he will deposit them there. 24And he will wash his body with water in the holy place, and he will put his clothes on, then he will go out, and he will perform the sacrifice of his burnt offering and the burnt offering for the people, and he will atone for himself and for the people. 25And he will burn the fat of the sin-offering on the altar. 26And he who releases the goat buck as a scapegoat will wash his clothes and wash his body with water, and after that he will come to the camp, 27and he will bring the bull of the sin-offering and the goat buck of the sin-offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, out to outside the camp, and they will burn their skin and their flesh and their dung with fire. 28And he who burns them will wash his clothes, and he will wash his body with water, and after that he will come to the camp. 29And it will be an age-abiding statute to you in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month. You will humble yourselves and you will not do any work – neither a native nor the foreigner who is living among you. 30For on this day the priest will make atonement for you, to cleanse you. You shall be clean from all your sins before the Lord. 31It is a Sabbath of sabbatic observance to you, and you will humble yourselves. It is an age-abiding statute. 32And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall install to officiate as priest in place of his father, will make atonement, and he will put the linen garments on – the holy garments. 33And he will atone for the holy sanctuary, and he will atone for the tent of contact and the altar, and he will atone for the priests, and for all the people of the convocation. 34And this will be an age-abiding statute to you, to atone for the sons of Israel – for all their sins – once a year.” And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.

Leviticus Chapter 17 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘This is the word which the Lord commanded when he said, 3«As for any man of the house of Israel who slaughters an ox or lamb or goat in the camp, or who slaughters one outside the camp, 4and does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of contact to offer it as an oblation to the Lord before the Lord's tabernacle, blood will be imputed to that man; he has shed blood, and that man will be cut off from the midst of his people, 5in order that the sons of Israel bring their sacrifices which they have been sacrificing in the open field, and bring them to the Lord, to the entrance of the tent of contact, to the priest, and that they sacrifice them as peace sacrifices to the Lord. 6Then the priest will sprinkle the blood on the Lord's altar at the entrance to the tent of contact, and he will burn the fat as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 7And they will no longer make their sacrifices to the demons which they go whoring after. This will be an age-abiding statute to them in their generations.» ’ 8And you will say to them, ‘Any man from the house of Israel, and from the foreigners who dwell in their midst, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice, 9but does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of contact, for it to be made to the Lord, that man will be cut off from his people. 10And as for any man from the house of Israel, or from the foreigners who dwell in their midst, who consumes any blood, I will oppose that person who consumes blood and I will cut him off from the midst of his people. 11For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have appointed it for you on the altar, to atone for your lives, for it is the blood which atones for the life.’ 12That is why I have said to the sons of Israel, ‘None of you will consume blood, nor will the foreigner who dwells among you consume blood.’ 13So as for any man of the sons of Israel and of the foreigners who dwell in their midst, who hunts for a live catch, or birds which are eaten, he will pour out its blood and cover it with dust. 14For the life of all flesh is its blood which is for its life. So I said to the sons of Israel, ‘You will not consume the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood; anyone who consumes it will be cut off.’ 15And as for anyone who eats a carcase of natural death or a savaged carcase, among native people or foreigners, he will wash his clothes and wash himself with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. Then he will be clean. 16But if he does not wash his clothes or does not wash his body, then he will bear his iniquity.”

Leviticus Chapter 18 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘I am the Lord your God. 3You will not act according to the practices of the land of Egypt in which you lived, and you will not act according to the practices of the land of Canaan to which I am bringing you. You shall not walk in their statutes. 4You will act in accordance with my regulations and you will keep my statutes, by walking in them. I am the Lord your God. 5And you will keep my statutes and my regulations, which a man shall do and live by. I am the Lord. 6No man will approach any kinsman of the flesh to uncover nakedness. I am the Lord. 7You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father or the nakedness of your mother: she is your mother; you shall not uncover her nakedness. 8You shall not uncover the nakedness of the wife of your father: it is the nakedness of your father. 9As for the nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or born away from home, you shall not uncover their nakedness. 10As for the nakedness of your son's daughter or your daughter's daughter, you shall not uncover their nakedness, for they are your nakedness. 11As for the nakedness of the daughter of your father's wife – your father's offspring – she is your sister; you shall not uncover her nakedness. 12And you shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's sister: she is your father's kin. 13You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister, for she is your mother's kin. 14You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's brother; you shall not approach his wife: she is your aunt. 15You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law: she is your son's wife; you shall not uncover her nakedness. 16You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother's wife: it is your brother's nakedness. 17You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, nor will you take her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter to uncover her nakedness: they are her kin; it is lewdness. 18And you will not take a woman to wife in addition to her sister, which would cause strife in uncovering her nakedness as well as the first one's, while she is still alive. 19And you will not approach a woman in her time of being set apart for her menstrual impurity, uncovering her nakedness. 20And you shall not lie in intercourse with your fellow citizen's wife, so being defiled by her. 21And you shall not let any of your seed impregnate prostitutes of Molech, and you shall not profane the name of your God. I am the Lord. 22You shall not lie with a man as in the act of lying with a woman. It is an abomination. 23And you shall not let your intercourse be with any animal, so defiling yourself with it, and a woman shall not stand before an animal so that it copulates with her; it is a perversion. 24Do not defile yourselves with any of these, for the Gentiles are defiled by all of these, whom I am casting out before you. 25And the land is defiled, and I will visit it for its iniquity, and the land will vomit up its inhabitants. 26And you will keep my statutes and my regulations, and you will not commit any of these abominations – neither the native nor the foreigner who is living in your midst. 27For the men of the land who were before you committed all these abominations, and the land has become defiled, 28so that the land does not vomit you up for your defiling of it, as it vomited up the nation which was before you. 29For as for anyone who commits any of the abominations, the individuals who commit them will be cut off from the midst of their people. 30And you will keep my charge not to engage in any abominable statutes which were committed before you, and you will not defile yourselves with them. I am the Lord your God.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 19 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘You will be holy, for I, the Lord your God, am holy. 3Every man shall fear his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths. I am the Lord your God. 4Do not turn to idols, nor make yourselves cast gods. I am the Lord your God. 5And if you offer a peace sacrifice to the Lord, you will offer it for your acceptance. 6It will be eaten on the day of your sacrifice, and on the next day. Then what remains up to the third day will be burned with fire. 7And if it is eaten at all on the third day, it is a foul thing – it will not be accepted. 8And he who eats it will bear his iniquity, for he has profaned the holiness of the Lord, and that person will be cut off from his people. 9And when you reap the harvest of your land, you will not completely reap the corners of your field, and you will not glean gleanings of your harvest. 10And you will not re-harvest your vineyard, and you will not glean fallen fruit of your vineyard: you will leave them for the poor and for the foreigner. I am the Lord your God. 11You will not steal, and you will not deceive, and you will not lie to one another. 12And you will not swear in my name falsely, so profaning the name of your God. I am the Lord. 13You shall not defraud your neighbour, and you will not plunder him, and you will not keep the wages of a hired labourer with you until the morning. 14You shall not curse the deaf, and you shall not put a stumbling block before the blind. And you will fear your God. I am the Lord. 15You shall not commit injustice in judgment; you shall not show partiality before the poor, nor show honour before the great: you shall judge your fellow citizen in righteousness. 16You shall not go around slandering among your people. You shall not threaten to draw your neighbour's blood. I am the Lord. 17You shall not hate your brother in your heart, you will certainly reprove your fellow citizen, and you will not countenance him in sin. 18You will not take revenge and you will not bear a grudge against the sons of your people, and you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am the Lord. 19You shall keep my statutes; you shall not breed your cattle across species; you will not sow your field with diverse species, and no garment of diverse interwoven threads will come on you. 20And if a man lies in intercourse with a woman who is a bondmaid betrothed to a man, and she has not been redeemed at all and no freedom has been granted to her, then they will be scourged. They shall not be put to death, for she has not been made free. 21And he will bring his guilt-offering to the Lord, to the entrance of the tent of contact – the ram of a guilt-offering. 22And the priest will atone for him with the ram of the guilt-offering before the Lord for his sin which he committed, and his sin which he committed will be forgiven him. 23And when you go into the land, you will plant all kinds of trees for food, but you will regard their fruit as uncircumcised – you will wait three years during which they will be uncircumcised to you and not eaten. 24But in the fourth year all their fruit will be a holy object of praise to the Lord. 25And in the fifth year you will eat its fruit, and it will increase its produce to you. I am the Lord your God. 26You shall not eat it with blood; you shall not use enchantment and you shall not divine by clouds. 27You shall not cut round the sides of your head, and you shall not spoil the sides of your beard. 28And you shall not make a cutting in your flesh for the soul, and you shall not put an inscribed mark on yourselves. I am the Lord. 29Do not profane your daughter by letting her become a prostitute, and do not let the land fall into whoredom, whereby the land would be full of lewdness. 30Keep my Sabbaths, and fear my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 31Do not turn to the soothsayers, and do not seek wizards, whereby you would be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God. 32You shall rise before the aged, and respect the old, and you will fear your God. I am the Lord. 33And if a foreigner is resident in your land, you shall not oppress him. 34The foreigner resident among you will be as a native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 35Do not commit injustice in judgment, or in dry measure, in weights or in liquid measure. 36You shall have just balances, just weights, a just ephah and a just hin. I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37And you will keep all my statutes and all my regulations, and you will do them. I am the Lord.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 20 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“And to the sons of Israel you will say, ‘Any man of the sons of Israel or of the foreigners who are dwelling in Israel who gives any of his seed to Molech will certainly be put to death. The people of the land will stone him. 3And I will set my face against that man, and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, because he has given some of his seed to Molech, so as to defile my sanctuary and to profane my holy name. 4And if the people of the land turn a blind eye to that man when he gives his seed to Molech, so that they do not put him to death, 5then I will set my face against that man and his family, and I will cut him off, and all those libertines who follow him in committing prostitution in following the practices of Molech in the midst of their people. 6And as for any person who turns to the soothsayers or the wizards, to go whoring after them, I will set my face against that person and I will cut him off from the midst of his people. 7And you will sanctify yourselves, and you will be holy, for I am the Lord your God. 8And you will keep my statutes, and you will do them. I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 9For any man who curses his father or his mother will certainly be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother; his blood will be on him. 10And as for a man who commits adultery with the wife of a man – who commits adultery with the wife of his neighbour – the adulterer and adulteress will certainly be put to death. 11And a man who sleeps with his father's wife has uncovered the nakedness of his father. The two of them will certainly be put to death: their blood is upon them. 12And as for a man who sleeps with his daughter-in-law, the two of them will certainly be put to death; they have committed a perversion. Their blood will be upon them. 13And as for a man who lies with a male as in the act of lying with a woman, they have both committed an abomination; they will certainly be put to death; their blood is upon them. 14And if a man takes a wife and her mother, it is lewdness; they will burn him and them with fire, so that there will be no lewdness in your midst. 15A man who lies with an animal will certainly be put to death, and you will kill the animal. 16And if any woman approaches any animal so that it copulates with her, then you will kill the woman and the animal. They will certainly be put to death; their blood is upon them. 17And if a man takes his sister – the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother – and sees her nakedness, and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace, and they will be cut off in the sight of the sons of their people, for he has uncovered the nakedness of his sister: he will bear his iniquity. 18And if a man lies with a woman ailing in her menstrual sickness, and uncovers her nakedness, he has exposed her source of bleeding, and she has uncovered the source of her bleeding, and the two of them will be cut off from their people. 19And you will not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister or your father's sister, for he would be making his kin bare; they will bear their iniquity. 20And any man who sleeps with his aunt-in-law has uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they will bear their sin; they will die childless. 21And any man who takes his brother's wife – it is an unclean thing – he has uncovered his brother's nakedness: they will be childless. 22And you shall keep all my statutes and all my regulations, and you will do them, so that the land, which I am bringing you to, to inhabit it, does not vomit you up. 23And do not walk in the statutes of the people whom I am driving out before you, for they do all these things, and I abhor them. 24And I said to you, «You will inherit their land, and I will give it to you, to inherit it, a land flowing with milk and honey.» I am the Lord your God who divided you from the various peoples. 25And you will make a distinction between clean animals and unclean ones, and between unclean birds and clean ones, and you will not make yourselves abominable with animals or birds or with anything that creeps on the earth, which I have divided off for you to regard as unclean. 26And you will be holy to me, for I the Lord am holy, and I have divided you off from the various peoples to be mine. 27And any man or woman among them who is a soothsayer or wizard will certainly be put to death. They will stone them; their blood is upon them.’ ”

Leviticus Chapter 21 

1And the Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them, ‘No-one shall defile himself by a dead person among his people, 2except by his kin, closely related to him, by his mother and his father, and by his son and by his daughter and by his brother, 3and by his virgin sister, closely related to him, who has not had a husband: by her he may be defiled. 4A master of the people shall not defile himself, so as to profane himself. 5They shall not shave themselves bald on their head, and they shall not shave the corner of their beard, and they shall not make any incision in their flesh. 6They shall be holy to their God, and they shall not profane the name of their God, for they offer the Lord's fire-offerings – the bread of their God – and they shall be holy. 7They shall not take a prostitute or a profane woman to wife; they shall not take a woman who has been divorced from her husband, for he is holy to his God. 8And you will sanctify him, for he offers your God's bread. He will be holy to you, for I the Lord who am sanctifying you am holy. 9And as for the daughter of a man who is a priest, if she profanes herself by committing whoredom, she is profaning her father; she will be burned by fire. 10And as for the high priest among his brothers on whose head anointing oil is poured, and whom he consecrated to wear the garments, he shall not lay his head bare, and he shall not rip the seam of his clothes. 11And he will not go to any dead person. He shall not defile himself with his father or mother. 12And he shall not go out of the sanctuary, and he shall not profane the sanctuary of his God, for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him. I am the Lord. 13And he shall take a wife who is in her virginity. 14As for a widow, or a divorced woman or a profane prostitute, he will not take any of these, but he will take to wife a virgin from his people. 15And he will not profane his seed among his people, for I am the Lord who sanctifies him.’ ” 16And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 17“Speak to Aaron and say, ‘Any man of your seed in their generations who has a blemish shall not approach to offer the bread of his God. 18For no man who has a blemish shall approach, neither a blind man, nor a lame man, nor a man mutilated in the nose, nor with an overgrown body part, 19nor a man who has a fracture in the foot or a fracture in the hand, 20or anyone hunchbacked, or emaciated, or with cataracts in his eye, or scurvy or scabby or with crushed testicles. 21No man of the seed of Aaron the priest who has a blemish shall approach to offer the Lord's fire-offerings: he has a blemish; he shall not approach to offer the bread of his God. 22He may eat of the bread of his God, of the holy of holies, and of the holy things, 23but he will not go to the veil, and he will not approach the altar, for he has a blemish, and he must not profane my sacred places, for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’ ” 24Then Moses spoke to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel.

Leviticus Chapter 22 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to Aaron and to his sons, and tell them that they should separate themselves from the holy things of the sons of Israel, and not profane my holy name, inasmuch as they are sanctifying things to me. I am the Lord. 3Say to them, ‘In your generations, every man of any of your seed who approaches the holy things which the sons of Israel are sanctifying to the Lord, who is in an unclean state, that person will be cut off from my presence. I am the Lord. 4Any man of the seed of Aaron who is leprous or with a discharge shall not eat in the holy places until he is clean, and whoever touches any person who is unclean, or a man from whom semen is emitted, 5or a man who touches any reptile by which one is defiled, or a man by whom he is defiled – by any uncleanness of his – 6the person who has touched him will be unclean until the evening, and will not eat of the holy things, but he will wash his body with water. 7And when the sun has set, he will be clean, and after that he will partake of the holy things, for it is his bread. 8He shall not eat from a carcase or savaged animal, which would defile him. I am the Lord. 9And they will keep my charge, so as not to bear sin on its account, and die in it, if they have profaned it. I am the Lord who sanctifies them. 10And no foreigner will eat any holy thing; no resident with the priest, nor a hired labourer will eat any holy thing. 11But if a priest buys a person as a purchase with his own money, that person may eat of it, as may anyone born in his house; they may partake of his bread. 12Neither will a priest's daughter, if she is wife to a foreigner, partake of the heave-offering of the holy things. 13And as for the daughter of a priest who becomes a widow, or is divorced, or has no offspring, she will return to the house of her father, as in her youth. She will partake of her father's bread, and no foreigner will eat it. 14And if a man eats a holy thing in ignorance, then he will add one fifth to it, and give the holy thing to the priest. 15And they will not profane the holy things of the sons of Israel, which they heave to the Lord. 16Nor shall they cause them to bear iniquity, entailing guilt, which they would if they were to eat their holy things, for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’ ” 17Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 18“Speak to Aaron and to his sons, and to all the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘Any man of the house of Israel or of foreign residents in Israel who offers his oblation according to all their vows, or according to all their freewill-offerings which they make to the Lord as a burnt offering, 19let him offer for your acceptance, a male without blemish, among the oxen, sheep, or goats. 20You shall not offer any animal that has a blemish, for it will not be accepted on your behalf. 21And if a man offers a peace sacrifice to the Lord, to fulfil a vow or as a freewill-offering, it will be an animal without blemish from the oxen or the sheep offered for acceptance; there will not be any blemish in it. 22As for animals suffering blindness, or which are fractured or lacerated, or which have a cyst, or scurvy, or scabs – you will not offer these to the Lord, and you will not make a fire-offering of any of them to the Lord on the altar. 23A bull or a lamb with anything overgrown or undergrown you may offer as a freewill-offering, but it will not be accepted for a vow. 24And you will not offer to the Lord any animal that is bruised or crushed or castrated or with anything cut off, and you shall not offer it in your land. 25And you will not offer the bread of your God from the hand of a foreigner, for any of these offerings, for they are inherently defiled – there is a blemish in them. They will not be accepted for you.’ ” 26Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 27“A bull or a lamb or a goat, when it is born, will be kept for seven days with its mother, but from the eighth day onwards it will be accepted as an oblation of a fire-offering to the Lord. 28And you shall not kill both a bull or a sheep and its young in one day. 29And when you offer the sacrifice of a thank-offering to the Lord, you will make the sacrifice for your acceptance. 30It must be eaten on that very day; do not leave any of it until the morning. I am the Lord. 31And you shall keep my commandments, and carry them out. I am the Lord. 32And you will not profane my holy name, and I will be sanctified among the sons of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctifies you, 33who brought you out from the land of Egypt, to be God to you. I am the Lord.”

Leviticus Chapter 23 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The festival times of the Lord which you convoke – the holy convocations – these are my festival times. 3For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day it is a Sabbath of sabbatic observance – a holy convocation. You shall do no work; it is the Lord's Sabbath in all your dwellings. 4These are the Lord's festival times – the holy convocations which you will convoke at their appointed time. 5In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, it is the Lord's Passover. 6And on the fifteenth day of this month it is the Lord's Festival of the Unleavened Bread. You shall eat unleavened bread for seven days. 7On the first day you will have a holy convocation – you shall not do any kind of work. 8And you will offer a fire-offering to the Lord for seven days, and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation: you shall not do any kind of work.’ ” 9Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 10“Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I am giving you, and you reap its harvest, then you will bring the first sheaf of your harvest to the priest. 11And he will wave the sheaf before the Lord for your acceptance. On the day after the Sabbath the priest will wave it. 12And on the day when you wave the sheaf, you will carry out the sacrifice of a lamb without blemish, one-year-old, as a burnt offering to the Lord, 13and its meal-offering: two tenths of an ephah of fine flour, mixed with oil – a fire-offering to the Lord – a sweet fragrance, and its wine libation, a quarter of a hin. 14But you will not eat bread or parched corn, or fresh grain, until this very day – until you have brought the oblation to your God. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations in all your dwelling places. 15And you will keep count: from the day after the Sabbath, from the day you bring the sheaf for the wave-offering, there shall be seven complete Sabbaths. 16Up to the day after the seventh Sabbath you will count fifty days, then you will offer a new meal-offering to the Lord. 17You will bring from your dwelling places bread for the wave-offering – two loaves – two tenths of an ephah. They will be of fine flour; they will be baked with leaven; they are the firstfruits for the Lord. 18And you will offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish, one-year-old, and one bull-calf of the oxen, and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their meal-offerings and their libations. It is a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 19And you will perform the sacrifice of one buck of the goats as a sin-offering, and two one-year-old lambs as a peace sacrifice. 20And the priest will wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave-offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They will be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21And on this same day you will convoke the festival; you will have a holy convocation. You will do no kind of work. It is an age-abiding statute in all your dwelling places for your generations. 22And when you reap the harvest of your land, you will not completely reap the corners of your field as you reap, and you will not glean the gleanings of your harvest. You will leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the Lord your God.’ ” 23Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 24“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you will have a high Sabbath – a memorial of trumpet blowing – a holy convocation. 25You will do no kind of work and you will offer a fire-offering to the Lord.’ ” 26And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 27“Also on the tenth day of this seventh month, it is the day of atonement. You will hold a holy convocation and you will humble yourselves, and you will offer a fire-offering to the Lord. 28And you will not do any work on this particular day, for it is the day of atonement to atone for you before the Lord your God. 29For any person who is not humbled on this particular day will be cut off from his people. 30And as for any person who does any work on this particular day, I will destroy that person from the midst of his people. 31You shall not do any work. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations in all your dwelling places. 32It is a Sabbath of sabbatic observance for you, and you will humble yourselves. On the ninth day of the month, in the evening, from evening to evening you will celebrate your Sabbath.” 33Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 34“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month, it is the Festival of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 35On the first day there will be a holy convocation. You shall not do any kind of work. 36For seven days you will make a fire-offering to the Lord. On the eighth day you will hold a holy convocation, and you will offer a fire-offering to the Lord; it is a solemn assembly; you shall do no kind of work. 37These are the Lord's festival times which you will convoke – holy convocations – to offer a fire-offering to the Lord: a burnt offering and a meal-offering, a sacrifice and libations; the duty of a day on its day, 38besides the Lord's Sabbaths, and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill-offerings which you give to the Lord. 39But on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather the produce of the land, you will celebrate the Lord's festival for seven days; on the first day there will be a high Sabbath and on the eighth day there will be a high Sabbath. 40And on the first day, you will take for yourselves the fruit of a tree of honour: palm-branches, and a bough of a thick tree, and willows of the stream, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41And you will celebrate it as a festival to the Lord for seven days of the year. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations; you will celebrate it in the seventh month. 42You will dwell in tabernacles for seven days; every native in Israel will dwell in tabernacles, 43so that your generations know that I made the sons of Israel dwell in tabernacles when I brought them out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.’ ” 44And Moses related the festival times of the Lord to the sons of Israel.

Leviticus Chapter 24 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Command the sons of Israel to bring to you pure beaten olive oil for the lamp, to have a lamp burn continually, 3outside the veil of the testimony in the tent of contact. Aaron will set it up, to be from evening to morning before the Lord continually. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations. 4He will set up the lamps on the pure lampstand to be before the Lord continually. 5And you will take fine flour, and you will bake it making twelve cakes. Each cake will consist of two tenths of an ephah. 6And you will place them in two rows, six per row, on the pure table before the Lord. 7And you will put pure frankincense on the row, and it will be bread of a memorial – a fire-offering to the Lord. 8On every Sabbath day he will set it up before the Lord perpetually; it is an age-abiding covenant with the sons of Israel. 9And it will be for Aaron and his sons, and they will eat it in a holy place, for it is a holy of holies to him among the Lord's fire-offerings. It is an age-abiding statute.” 10Then a son of an Israelite woman who was the son of an Egyptian man went out into the midst of the sons of Israel, and the son of the Israelite woman and an Israelite man quarrelled in the camp. 11And the son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the name, and cursed it, and they brought him to Moses. Now the name of his mother was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri of the tribe of Dan. 12And they kept him in a guarded room, for a verdict to be determined for them according to the pronouncement of the Lord. 13Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 14“Bring him who cursed to outside the camp, and let all those who heard place their hands on his head. And the whole congregation will stone him. 15And you will speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘Any man who curses his God will bear his sin. 16And any blasphemer of the name of the Lord will certainly be put to death. The whole congregation will certainly stone him. It is the same for a foreigner as for a native; if he blasphemes the name he will be put to death. 17And any man who takes the life of any man will certainly be put to death. 18And anyone who takes the life of a farm animal will repay it: a life for a life. 19And as for a man who inflicts physical harm on his fellow citizen, as he did, so it will be done to him. 20A fracture for a fracture, and eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. As he inflicts physical harm on a man, so it will be inflicted on him. 21And he who strikes a farm animal will repay it, and he who fatally strikes a man will be put to death. 22There will be one regulation for you – as for a foreigner, so it will be for a native, for I am the Lord your God.’ ” 23So Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and they brought him who had cursed to outside the camp, and they stoned him. And the sons of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Leviticus Chapter 25 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you go to the land which I am giving you, the land will rest for a Sabbath for the Lord. 3For six years you will sow your field and for six years you will prune your vineyard and gather its produce, 4but in the seventh year, it will be a Sabbath of sabbatic observance for the land – the Lord's Sabbath. You shall not sow your field and you will not prune your vines. 5You shall not reap spilt grain of your harvest and you will not harvest the grapes of your unpruned vine. It will be a year of sabbatical observance for the land. 6And the Sabbath of the land will be the means of food for you – for you and for your servant and for your maidservant and for your hired servant and for your lodger who dwells with you. 7Also your cattle, and the animals in your land will have all its produce to eat. 8And you will count yourself seven Sabbaths of years – seven years seven times over – and you will have the days of seven Sabbaths of years: forty-nine years. 9Then you will make proclamation with a ramshorn as a rallying sound in the seventh month on the tenth day of the month on the day of atonement. You will make a proclamation with a ramshorn in all the land. 10And you will sanctify the fiftieth year, and you will proclaim liberty in the land to all its inhabitants. It will be your Jubilee, and every man among you will return to his possession, and every man among you will return to his family. 11It is Jubilee; it will be in the fiftieth year for you. You will not sow, you will not reap spilt grain in it, nor will you harvest the unpruned vines in it. 12For it is Jubilee. It will be holy to you; in it you will eat from the produce of the field. 13In this Jubilee year, every man among you will return to his possession. 14And if you sell an item to your fellow citizen, or buy from your fellow citizen, let no man extort his brother. 15You will buy from your fellow citizen at a value in inverse proportion to the number of years after Jubilee; he will sell to you at a value in inverse proportion to the number of years of income to run. 16The more the number of years, the more you may increase its price, and the less the number of years, the more you will reduce its price, for he will sell it to you according to the number of years of income to run. 17And no-one may extort his fellow citizen, and you will fear your God, for I am the Lord your God. 18And you will observe my statutes, and you will keep my regulations, and carry them out, and you will dwell in the land in safety. 19And the land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill, and you will dwell in safety in it. 20And when you say, «What will we eat in the seventh year, seeing we won't be sowing, and we won't be reaping our produce?» 21I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year, and it will produce the produce of three years. 22And you will sow in the eighth year, and eat from the old produce, until the ninth year – until its produce comes. You will eat old stored produce. 23And the land will never be sold, for the land is mine, for you are foreigners and lodgers with me. 24And in all the land of your possession, you will exercise redemption of the land. 25If your brother becomes poor, and sells part of his possession, and his kinsman redeemer comes to him, then he can redeem the thing sold by his brother. 26And if a man does not have a redeemer, but he can afford it and he finds enough money for the redemption, 27then he will calculate the years of the item he has sold, and he will return the outstanding value to the man to whom he sold it, and it will return to his possession. 28And if he cannot afford sufficient to have it returned to himself, then the item sold will be in the possession of him who bought it until the Jubilee year, then it will expire in the Jubilee and it will return to his possession. 29And if a man sells a residential house in a walled city, then the right of redemption of it will be for one complete year from its sale. The right of redemption of it will be for those days. 30But if it is not redeemed within the elapsing of a complete year, then the house in the walled city will be established indeterminately for him who bought it, for his generations. It will not expire in the Jubilee. 31But houses in villages which do not have a surrounding wall will be considered as the fields of the land: such will be subject to redemption and will expire in the Jubilee. 32But as for the cities of the Levites – the houses of the cities in their possession – the Levites have an age-abiding right of redemption. 33And whoever of the Levites makes a redemptive claim on anything, then the sale of the house will expire, as will the city in his possession, in the Jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel. 34And the pasture fields of their cities will not be sold, for they are their age-abiding possession. 35And if your brother becomes poor, and loses his wealth, being of your community, then you will support him: foreigner or lodger, he will live with you. 36Do not take interest or profit from him, and fear your God, and your brother will live with you. 37Do not lend him money at interest, nor give food for a profit. 38I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God. 39And if your brother among you becomes poor, and is sold to you, you shall not make him do the work of a servant. 40He will be as a hired worker or as a lodger with you. He will work for you until the Jubilee year. 41Then he will go out from you, he and his sons with him, and he will return to his family, and he will return to the possession of his fathers. 42For they are my servants, whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. They will not be sold as a servant is sold. 43You shall not rule over him with rigour, and you will fear your God. 44As for your manservant and your maidservant who will be yours, from the Gentiles who are around you, from them you may buy a manservant or a maidservant, 45and also from the sons of the lodgers who live with you. From them you can buy servants, and from their families which are with you, whom they beget in your land, and they will be your property. 46And you will receive them as an inheritance, for your sons after you, to inherit them as a possession. You will put them to work age-abidingly, but as for your brothers, the sons of Israel – a man in relation to his brother – you will not rule over him with rigour. 47And if a foreigner – a temporary resident with you – becomes wealthy, and your brother alongside him becomes poor, and he sells himself to the foreigner, a temporary resident alongside you, or to the household of a foreign family, 48after he has sold himself, he will have a right of redemption: one of his brothers may redeem him. 49Alternatively his uncle or his cousin may redeem him, or anyone of his kin in blood relation to him from his family may redeem him, or if he can afford it, he may redeem himself. 50And he will calculate with him who bought him, from the year when he was sold to him to the year of the Jubilee, and the price of him being sold shall be according to the number of years. It will be with him as the number of days of a hired servant. 51If there are still many years to run, he will repay according to them for his redemption a large part of the sum for which he was bought. 52But if there remain few years until the year of the Jubilee, then he will calculate for himself; he will repay for his redemption according to his years to run. 53He will be with him as a hired servant from year to year. He will not rule over him with rigour in your sight. 54And if he is not redeemed by these means, he will go out in the Jubilee year – he and his sons with him. 55For the sons of Israel are servants to me; they are my servants, whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Leviticus Chapter 26 

1You shall not make idols for yourselves, and you shall not set up a fashioned image or a statue for yourselves, and you shall not place any stone sculpture in your land at which to worship, for I am the Lord your God. 2You shall keep my Sabbaths and fear my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 3If you walk in my statutes and keep my commandments and do them, 4then I will give you your rain in its seasons, and the land will yield its produce, and the tree of the field will yield its fruit. 5And your threshing season will last until the vintage, and the vintage will last until the sowing season, and you will eat your bread to satiety, and you will dwell in safety in your land. 6And I will give you peace in the land, and you will lie down, and there will be no-one to make you afraid, and I will rid the land of evil beasts and the sword will not pass through your land. 7And you will pursue your enemies and they will fall to the sword before you. 8And five of you will pursue a hundred of them, and a hundred of you will pursue ten thousand of them, and your enemies will fall to the sword before you. 9And I will turn to you, and make you fruitful, and make you increase, and I will set up my covenant with you. 10And you will eat old produce of a previous season, and bring out the old on account of the new to go in. 11And I will put my tabernacle in your midst, and my being will not loathe you. 12And I will walk around in your midst, and I will be your God, and you will be my people. 13I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, saving you from being their slaves, and I broke the bars of your yoke, and I enabled you to walk upright. 14But if you do not heed me, and do not do all these commandments, 15and if you reject my statutes, or if your being loathes my regulations, so as not to carry out all my commandments, so that you break my covenant, 16then I for my part will do this to you: I will visit you with dread, with tuberculosis, and with burning fever, consuming the eyes and wasting the body, and you will sow your seed in vain, and your enemies will eat it. 17And I will set my face against you, and you will be struck down before your enemies, and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no-one is pursuing you. 18And if you will not hear me even after these things then I will punish you more – seven times for your sins. 19And I will break your stiff pride, and I will make your sky as iron and your earth as copper. 20And your strength will be expended in vain, and your land will not yield its produce, and the tree of the land will not yield its fruit. 21And if you walk in opposition to me, and are not willing to hear me, then I will add a blow to you, seven times, according to your sins. 22And I will send the wild animals on to you, and they will bereave you of children, and they will destroy your cattle, and reduce you, and your roads will be desolate. 23And if despite these things you will not be corrected by me, and you walk in opposition to me, 24then I too will walk in opposition to you, and I for my part will strike you seven times for your sins. 25And I will bring a sword over you, avenging the cause for vengeance of the covenant, and when you are gathered in your cities, I will send a plague into your midst, and you will be given up into the hand of the enemy. 26When I break your supply of bread, and ten women bake your bread in one oven, and they dispense your bread by weight, you will eat, but you will not be satisfied. 27And if despite this you will not hear me, and you walk in opposition to me, 28then I will walk with you in angry opposition, and I for my part will punish you seven times for your sins. 29And you will eat the flesh of your sons, and you will eat the flesh of your daughters, 30and I will destroy your idolatrous raised sites, and I will cut off your sun-images, and I will put your carcases on the carcases of your idols, and my being will abhor you. 31And I will make your cities a desolation, and I will devastate your sanctuaries, and I will not smell your sweet fragrance. 32And I will devastate the land, and your enemies who inhabit it will be astonished at it, 33and I will scatter you among the Gentiles, and I will draw the sword after you, and your land will become a scene of devastation, and your cities will become a desolation. 34Then the land will take pleasure in its Sabbaths, all the days of its devastation, and you will be in a land of your enemies. Then the land will rest and take pleasure in its Sabbaths. 35It will rest for all the days of its devastation – the time for which it didn't rest on your Sabbaths when you were dwelling in it. 36And as for those that remain among you, I will bring faintness into their hearts, in the lands of their enemies, and the sound of a leaf being driven about will pursue them, and they will flee as when fleeing from the sword, and they will fall when there is no-one pursuing. 37And a man will stumble against his brother as if running away from the sword when no-one is pursuing, and you will not have the ability to make a stand before your enemies. 38And you will perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies will devour you. 39And those of you who remain will waste away in their iniquity in the lands of your enemies, and they will also waste away in the iniquities of their fathers with them. 40Then they will confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their treachery, when they dealt treacherously against me, and also when they walked in opposition to me. 41And I in turn walked in opposition to them, and I brought them into the land of their enemies, to see whether then their uncircumcised heart would be humbled, and whether they would accept their iniquity. 42But I will remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and I will also remember my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land. 43Yet the land will be forsaken by them, and it will take pleasure in its Sabbaths, while it is desolate because of them, and they will accept their iniquity, because and for the reason that they rejected my regulations, and their being loathed my statutes. 44But despite even this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, and I will not loathe them to the point of making an end of them, so breaking my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God. 45And for them I will remember the covenant with their ancestors when I brought them out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the Gentiles, to the intent that I would be God to them. I am the Lord.’ ” 46These are the statutes and the regulations and the laws which the Lord instituted between himself and the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai through the intermediacy of Moses.

Leviticus Chapter 27 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘Concerning anyone who makes a special vow, when you value people dedicated to the Lord, 3then as regards your valuation of a male from twenty years old to sixty years old, your valuation will be fifty silver shekels according to the holy shekel. 4And if it is for a female, your valuation will be thirty shekels. 5And if it is for a five-year-old to a twenty-year-old, then your valuation for a male will be twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels. 6And if the person is from a month old to five years old, then your valuation of a male will be five silver shekels, and for a female your valuation will be three silver shekels. 7And if the person is from sixty years upwards, if it is a male, then your valuation will be fifteen shekels, and for a female, ten shekels. 8Now if he is too poor for your valuation, then he will be presented before the priest, and the priest will value him. The priest will value him according to what the vower can afford. 9And if it is cattle from which men offer an oblation to the Lord, everything from which he gives to the Lord will be holy. 10He shall not change it and he shall not exchange it – neither good for bad nor bad for good – and if he does after all exchange cattle for cattle, the original and its exchange will be holy. 11And if it is any unclean cattle from which no oblation is made to the Lord, then he will place the cattle before the priest, 12and the priest will value it as to whether it is good or bad. According to your valuation, O priest, so it will be. 13And if he redeems it at all, then he will add a fifth to your valuation. 14And if a man consecrates his house to be holy to the Lord, then the priest will value it, as to whether it is good or bad. As the priest values it, so it shall stand. 15And if he who consecrates it redeems his house, then he will add a fifth to the sum of your valuation, and it will be his. 16And if a man consecrates land he owns to the Lord, then your valuation will be according to the seed it yields: a homer of barley seed to fifty shekels of silver. 17If he consecrates his land in the Jubilee year, it will stand according to your valuation. 18But if he consecrates his land after the Jubilee, then the priest will calculate for him the sum according to the remaining years up to the Jubilee year, and there will be a deduction from your valuation. 19And if he who consecrates it redeems the land at all, he will add one fifth of the sum of your valuation to it, and it will be confirmed as his. 20And if he does not redeem the land, and if he sells the land to another man, it will not be redeemed any more. 21And the land will be holy to the Lord when it goes out in the Jubilee, as dedicated land: his possession will belong to the priest. 22And if anyone consecrates to the Lord a purchased field which is not land originally owned by him, 23then the priest will calculate for him the value of your valuation to the Jubilee year, and he who consecrates it will give your valuation on that day as a holy thing to the Lord. 24In the Jubilee year the land will return to him from whom he bought it – to him whose possession it is in the land. 25And all your valuing will be according to the holy shekel; there will be twenty gerahs to the shekel. 26But as for a firstling that is born to the Lord among the cattle, no man will consecrate it, whether it is an ox or a lamb, it is the Lord's. 27And if it is from unclean cattle, then he will ransom it according to your valuation, and he will add a fifth of it to it. And if it is not redeemed, it will be sold at your valuation. 28But every dedication that a man dedicates to the Lord, from anything he has, whether a man or cattle or land in his possession – it shall not be sold and it shall not be redeemed. Every dedication is a holy of holies to the Lord. 29No dedication which is dedicated by man will be redeemed, under penalty of certainly being put to death. 30And every tithe of the land, whether from seed of the land or from fruit of the tree, is the Lord's. It is holy to the Lord. 31And if a man redeems anything at all of his tithe, he will add a fifth to it. 32And as for every tithe of oxen or sheep, everything that passes under the staff, a tenth of it will be holy to the Lord. 33He shall not search out whether it is good or bad, and he will not exchange it. And if he does after all exchange it, then it will be the case that both it and the exchange will be holy. It will not be redeemed.’ ” 34These are the commandments with which the Lord charged Moses concerning the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

Numbers  

Numbers Chapter 1 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses in the Sinai desert in the tent of contact on the first day of the second month in the second year since they came out of the land of Egypt, and said, 2“Hold a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel according to their families, according to their paternal house, for the number of the names of every male according to their headcount. 3From twenty years old and upwards – everyone who could serve in the army in Israel – you and Aaron will count them according to their armies. 4And one man per tribe will be with you: he who is the chief man of his paternal house. 5And these are the names of the men who will stand with you: for Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur. 6For Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 7For Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 8For Issachar, Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 9For Zubulun, Eliab the son of Helon. 10For the sons of Joseph: for Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; for Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 11For Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni. 12For Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 13For Asher, Pagiel the son of Ocran. 14For Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 15For Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan.” 16These are those called out from the congregation, the leading men from the tribes of their fathers. They are the heads of the families of Israel. 17So Moses and Aaron took those men who were specified by their names, 18and they assembled the whole congregation on the first day of the second month, and they declared their genealogy according to their families, by their paternal house, according to the number of their names, from twenty years old and upwards, according to their headcount. 19As the Lord commanded Moses, so he counted them in the Sinai desert. 20And for the sons of Reuben, the eldest son of Israel, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names of their headcount – every male from twenty years old and above, everyone who could serve in the army – 21those of them counted in the tribe of Reuben came to forty-six thousand five hundred. 22For the sons of Simeon, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, those of his men counted, by the number of their names according to their headcount – every male from twenty years old and above, everyone who could serve in the army – 23those of them counted in the tribe of Simeon came to fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 24For the sons of Gad, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 25those of them counted in the tribe of Gad came to forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 26For the sons of Judah, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 27those of them counted in the tribe of Judah came to seventy-four thousand six hundred. 28For the sons of Issachar in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 29those of them counted in the tribe of Issachar came to fifty-four thousand four hundred. 30For the sons of Zebulun, in their generations according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 31those of them counted in the tribe of Zebulun came to fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 32For the sons of Joseph, for the sons of Ephraim, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 33those of them counted in the tribe of Ephraim came to forty thousand five hundred. 34For the sons of Manasseh, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 35those of them counted in the tribe of Manasseh came to thirty-two thousand two hundred. 36For the sons of Benjamin, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 37those of them counted in the tribe of Benjamin came to thirty-five thousand four hundred. 38For the sons of Dan, in their genealogy, according to their families, according to their paternal house by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 39those of them counted in the tribe of Dan came to sixty-two thousand seven hundred. 40For the sons of Asher, in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 41those of them counted in the tribe of Asher came to forty-one thousand five hundred. 42The sons of Naphtali in their genealogy according to their families, according to their paternal house, by the number of their names from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army – 43those of them counted in the tribe of Naphtali came to fifty-three thousand four hundred. 44These are those who were counted, whom Moses and Aaron counted with the leading men of Israel. There were twelve men – one man for each paternal house. 45And they were all the sons of Israel who were counted, according to their paternal house, from twenty years old and above – everyone who could serve in the army in Israel – 46and all those counted came to six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. 47But the Levites, according to the tribe of their fathers, were not counted among them. 48Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 49“Now you shall not count the tribe of Levi, and you shall not hold a census of them among the sons of Israel. 50But you shall appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the testimony and over all its equipment and over everything that belongs to it. They will carry the tabernacle and all its equipment. They will serve it and they will encamp around the tabernacle. 51And when the tabernacle is moved, the Levites will take it down, and when the tabernacle is pitched, the Levites will set it up, and any foreigner who comes near will be put to death. 52And the sons of Israel will pitch their camp, each one at his own encampment, and each one at his own ensign, according to their armies. 53But the Levites will encamp around the tabernacle of the testimony, and there will be no strife at the congregation of the sons of Israel, and the Levites will reliably carry out the operations of the tabernacle of the testimony.” 54And the sons of Israel acted according to everything that the Lord commanded Moses. So they acted.

Numbers Chapter 2 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 2“The sons of Israel will encamp each at his own ensign, at the insignia of their paternal house. They shall encamp at a distance around the tent of contact. 3And those encamping towards the east, towards sunrise, will be those of the ensign of the camp of Judah, according to their armies, and the leader of the sons of Judah will be Nahshon the son of Amminadab.” 4And his army and those of them who were counted came to seventy-four thousand six hundred. 5“And those encamping next to him will be the tribe of Issachar, and the leader of the sons of Issachar will be Nethaneel the son of Zuar.” 6And his army and his men who were counted came to fifty-four thousand four hundred. 7As for the tribe of Zebulun, now the leader of the sons of Zebulun will be Eliab the son of Helon.” 8And his army and his men who were counted came to fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 9All those counted of the camp of Judah came to one hundred and eighty-six thousand four hundred in their armies. “They will move camp first. 10The ensign of the camp of Reuben will be to the south, according to their armies, and the leader of the sons of Reuben will be Elizur the son of Shedeur.” 11And his army and his men who were counted came to forty-six thousand five hundred. 12“And those encamping next to him will be the tribe of Simeon, and the leader of the sons of Simeon will be Shelumiel the son of Zuri-shaddai.” 13And his army and those of them who were counted came to fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 14“As for the tribe of Gad, now the leader of the sons of Gad will be Eliasaph the son of Reuel.” 15And his army and those of them who were counted came to forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 16All those counted from the camp of Reuben came to one hundred and fifty-one thousand, four hundred and fifty, according to their armies. “And they will move camp second in line. 17And the tent of contact will move with the camp of the Levites in the middle of the camps. As they encamp, that is how they will be moved, with each man in his place according to their ensigns. 18The ensign of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies will be to the west, and the leader of the sons of Ephraim will be Elishama the son of Ammihud.” 19And his army and those of them who were counted came to forty thousand five hundred. 20“And next to him will be the tribe of Manasseh, and the chief of the sons of Manasseh will be Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.” 21And his army and those of them who were counted came to thirty-two thousand two hundred. 22“As for the tribe of Benjamin, now the leader of the sons of Benjamin will be Abidan the son of Gideoni.” 23And his army and those of them who were counted came to thirty-five thousand four hundred. 24All those counted from the camp of Ephraim came to one hundred and eight thousand one hundred, according to their armies. “And they will move third in line. 25The ensign of the camp of Dan will be to the north according to their armies, and the leader of the sons of Dan will be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.” 26And his army and those of them who were counted came to sixty-two thousand seven hundred. 27“And those who encamp next to him will be the tribe of Asher, and the leader of the sons of Asher will be Pagiel the son of Ocran.” 28And his army and those of them who were counted came to forty-one thousand five hundred. 29“As for the tribe of Naphtali, now the leader of the sons of Naphtali will be Ahira the son of Enan.” 30And his army and those of them who were counted came to fifty-three thousand four hundred. 31All those counted from the camp of Dan came to one hundred and fifty-seven thousand six hundred. “They will move camp according to their ensigns last.” 32These are the men of the sons of Israel who were counted according to their paternal house. All those counted by the camps of their armies came to six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. 33But the Levites were not counted among the sons of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 34And the sons of Israel acted according to everything that the Lord had commanded Moses. That is how they encamped according to their ensigns and that is how they moved camp, each man according to his families, according to his paternal house.

Numbers Chapter 3 

1Now this is the genealogy of Aaron and Moses, on the day when the Lord spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai. 2These are the names of the sons of Aaron. The firstborn was Nadab, then Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 3These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests who are anointed, whom he appointed to serve as priests. 4But Nadab and Abihu died before the Lord when they offered strange fire before the Lord in the Sinai desert, and they had no sons, and Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests alongside Aaron their father. 5And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 6“Bring the tribe of Levi near and set them before Aaron the priest so that they serve him. 7And they will discharge the duty he imposes, and the duty towards the whole congregation before the tent of contact, in performing the service of the tabernacle. 8And they will have charge over all the equipment of the tent of contact, and a duty to the sons of Israel, to perform the service of the tabernacle. 9And you will give the Levites to Aaron and to his sons. They are absolutely given to him from the sons of Israel. 10And you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they will be diligent in their priesthood, and any foreigner who approaches will be put to death.” 11And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 12“Note how I have taken the Levites from among the sons of Israel instead of every firstborn who opens the womb from the sons of Israel, and the Levites will be mine. 13For every firstborn is mine. On the day when I struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to myself every firstborn in Israel, both man and beast. They will be mine. I am the Lord.” 14And the Lord spoke to Moses in the Sinai desert and said, 15“Count the sons of Levi according to their paternal house, according to their families. You shall count every male from a month old and above.” 16So Moses counted them according to the instruction of the Lord, as he was commanded. 17And these were the sons of Levi by their names: Gershon and Kohath and Merari. 18And these were the sons of Gershon according to their families: Libni and Shimei. 19And the sons of Kohath according to their families were Amram and Izehar, Hebron and Uzziel. 20And the sons of Merari according to their families were Mahli and Mushi. These were of the families of Levi according to their paternal house. 21Gershon had a family branch of Libni and a family branch of Shimei. These are those of the Gershonite families. 22Those of them counted in the census of every male from a month old and upwards – those of them counted – came to seven thousand five hundred. 23The Gershonite families will encamp behind the tabernacle to the west. 24And the leader of the paternal house of the Gershonites was Eliasaph the son of Lael. 25And the duty of the sons of Gershon was in the tent of contact – the tabernacle and the tent, its covering and the screen at the door of the tent of contact, 26and the hangings of the courtyard, and the screen at the door of the courtyard which is at the tabernacle, by the altar, round about, and its guy-lines, for all its service. 27And from Kohath was the Amramite family, and the Izeharite family, and the Hebronite family, and the Uzzielite family. These were the Kohathite families, 28who were in number – every male from one month old and above – eight thousand six hundred, who were the entrusted stewards of the operations of the holy place. 29“The families of the sons of Kohath will encamp on the southern side of the tabernacle.” 30And the leader of the paternal house of the Kohathite families was Elizaphan the son of Uzziel. 31“And their duty is to the ark and the table and the lampstand and the altars and the equipment of the holy place, with which they serve, and the screen and all its service.” 32And the leader of the leaders of the Levites, Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, had oversight of the entrusted stewards of the operations of the holy place. 33And from Merari was the Mahlite family and the Mushite family. These were the families of Merari. 34And those of them counted, the number of all males, from a month old and above, came to six thousand two hundred. 35And the leader of the paternal house of the families of Merari was Zuriel the son of Abihail. “They will encamp on the northern side of the tabernacle. 36And the duty appointed to the sons of Merari is the boards of the tabernacle, and its bolts, and its columns and its sockets and all its equipment and all its service, 37and the columns of the courtyard round about, and their sockets, and their pegs and their guy-lines. 38Then those who encamp before the tabernacle on the east, to the eastern side in front of the tent of contact, will be Moses and Aaron and his sons, reliably carrying out the operations of the sanctuary, according to the duty of the sons of Israel. And any foreigner who approaches will be put to death.” 39All those of the Levites who were counted, those whom Moses and Aaron counted according to the instruction of the Lord, according to their families, every male from a month old and above, came to twenty-two thousand. 40And the Lord said to Moses, “Count every male firstborn of the sons of Israel, from one month old and above, and take the number of their names. 41And you will take the Levites for me – I am the Lord – instead of every firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the Levites' cattle instead of every firstborn among the cattle of the sons of Israel.” 42So Moses counted all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, as the Lord had commanded him. 43And all the male firstborn, by the number of the names, from one month old and above of those of them counted, came to twenty-two thousand two hundred and seventy-three. 44Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 45“Take the Levites instead of every firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the Levites' cattle instead of their cattle, and the Levites will be mine. I am the Lord. 46And as for those to be redeemed, the two hundred and seventy three who are in excess of the Levites, from the firstborn sons of Israel, 47you will take five shekels for each in the headcount. According to the holy shekel you will take them. There are twenty gerah to the shekel. 48And you will give the money to Aaron and to his sons, for those to be redeemed because they are in excess.” 49And Moses took the redemption money from those who were in excess of those redeemed by reason of the Levites. 50He took the money from the firstborn of the sons of Israel – one thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels according to the holy shekel. 51And Moses gave the money of those redeemed to Aaron and to his sons, according to the instruction of the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Numbers Chapter 4 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 2“Hold a census of the sons of Kohath among the sons of Levi according to their families, according to their paternal house, 3of those from thirty years old and above up to fifty years old – everyone who joins the army – to do work in the tent of contact. 4This is the work of the sons of Kohath in the tent of contact: to do work concerning the holy of holies. 5And Aaron and his sons will come when the camp is moved, and they will take down the screening veil and they will cover the ark of the testimony with it. 6And they will put on it a covering of badgers' skins, and they will spread out a cloth of pure blue material on it, and they will put its poles in position. 7And on the display table they will spread out a cloth of blue material, and they will put on it the dishes and spoons and bowls and vials for libations, and there will be the perpetual bread on it. 8And they will spread out over them a cloth of scarlet material, and then cover it with a cover of badgers' skins, and they will put its poles in position. 9And they will take a cloth of blue material, and cover the lampstand for illumination, and its lamps and its tongs and its snuff-dishes, and all the equipment for its oil with which they serve it. 10And they shall put it and all its equipment in a covering of badgers' skins and put that on a pole. 11And they will spread out a cloth of blue material on the golden altar, and they will cover it with a covering of badgers' skins, and they will put its poles in position. 12And they will take all the equipment for the service with which they officiate in the holy place, and put it in a cloth of blue material, and cover it in a covering of badgers' skins and they will put it on a pole. 13And they will remove the ash from the altar and then spread a cloth of purple material on it. 14And they will put on it all the equipment with which they officiate for it – the fire-shovels, the forks, the shovels, the basins – all the equipment of the altar – and they will spread out a covering of badgers' skins over it and put its poles in position. 15And Aaron and his sons will finish covering the holy things, and all the equipment of the holy place when the camp is moved. And after that the sons of Kohath will come to carry it. Then they will not touch the holy things, otherwise they will die. These charges are the burden of the sons of Kohath in the tent of contact. 16And the duty of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest is the oil of the light and the aromatic incense, and the perpetual meal-offering, and the oil for anointing, the oversight of the whole tabernacle and everything in it – of the holy place and of its equipment.” 17And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 18“Do not cut off the tribe of the families of Kohath from among the Levites. 19But do this for them, so that they live and do not die, when they approach the holy of holies: Aaron and his sons will enter, then you are to appoint each individually concerning his work and his burden. 20But they will not enter to look when the holy place is wrapped up, whereby they would die.” 21Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 22“Hold a census of the sons of Gershon – them too – according to their paternal house, according to their families. 23You will count them from thirty years old and above, up to fifty years old – everyone who comes to serve in the army – to perform work in the tent of contact. 24This is the work of the Gershonite families, for them to perform, and as a burden: 25that they will carry the curtains of the tabernacle and the tent of contact, its covering and the covering of badger's skins which is on top of it, and the screen of the door of the tent of contact, 26and the hangings of the courtyard, and the screen at the entrance gate of the courtyard which is around the tabernacle and the altar, and their guy-lines, and all the equipment for their service, and everything that is made for them, so they can perform it. 27All the work of the sons of the Gershonites will be according to the instructions of Aaron and his sons. It will be according to all their burdens and according to all their service, and you will oversee them in the discharging of all their burdens. 28This is the work of the families of the sons of the Gershonites in the tent of contact, and their duty under the control of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 29As for the sons of Merari, you will count them according to their families, according to their paternal house. 30You will count them from thirty years old and above up to fifty years old – all who come to the army – to perform the service of the tent of contact. 31And this is the duty of their burden, to see to all their service in the tent of contact, the boards of the tabernacle and its bolts and its columns and its sockets, 32and the columns of the courtyard round about, and their sockets, and their pegs, and their guy-lines – to see to all their equipment, and to see to all their serviceability. And you will count by name the items of equipment for doing the duty of their burden. 33This is the work of the families of the sons of Merari, according to all their work in the tent of contact under the control of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.” 34And Moses and Aaron and the leading men of the congregation counted the sons of the Kohathites according to their families and according to their paternal house, 35from thirty years old and above up to fifty years old – everyone who could serve in the army – for service in the tent of contact. 36And those of them counted according to their families came to two thousand seven hundred and fifty. 37These are those who were counted from the families of the Kohathites – everyone who did work in the tent of contact – whom Moses and Aaron counted, according to the instruction of the Lord, through the intermediacy of Moses. 38And as for those of the sons of Gershon who were counted, according to their families and according to their paternal house, 39from thirty years old and above up to fifty years old – everyone who could serve in the army – for service in the tent of contact, 40those of them counted according to their families, according to their paternal house – came to two thousand six hundred and thirty. 41These are those counted from the families of the sons of Gershon – everyone who serves in the tent of contact – whom Moses and Aaron counted according to the instruction of the Lord. 42And as for those counted from the families of the sons of Merari according to their families, according to their paternal house, 43from thirty years old and above, up to fifty years old – everyone who could serve in the army – for service in the tent of contact – 44those of them counted according to their families came to three thousand two hundred. 45These are those counted from the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron counted, according to the instruction of the Lord through the intermediacy of Moses. 46All those counted, whom Moses and Aaron and the leaders of Israel counted – the Levites according to their families, according to their paternal house, 47from thirty years old and above up to fifty years old, everyone who could go to perform the service of the work, and the work of the burden in the tent of contact – 48those of them counted came to eight thousand five hundred and eighty. 49He counted them according to the instruction of the Lord, through the intermediacy of Moses, each man according to his service and according to his burden. And those counted by him were those whom the Lord commanded Moses.

Numbers Chapter 5 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Command the sons of Israel that they should cast out from the camp every leper and everyone with a discharge, and everyone who has been defiled by the dead, 3Whether male or female, you will cast them out. To outside the camp you will cast them out, so that they do not defile their camps where I dwell in their midst.” 4And the sons of Israel did so, and cast them out, to outside the camp. As the Lord had spoken to Moses, so the sons of Israel did. 5Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 6“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘When a man or woman commits any of mankind's sins, in acting treacherously against the Lord, and that person has become consciously guilty, 7and they confess their sin which they committed, then he shall compensate for the damages he caused to its full value, and he will add a fifth to it and give it to him whom he has offended. 8And if a man does not have a kinsman redeemer to whom compensation for the damages can be made, the damages will be compensated to the Lord, to the priest, apart from the ram of atonement with which he atones for him. 9And every heave-offering, as with all the holy things of the sons of Israel which they present to the priest, will be his. 10And the holy things of each man will be his own, but when a man gives anything to the priest, it will be the priest's.’ ” 11Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 12“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘Anyone at all whose wife turns aside and is unfaithful to him, 13whereby a man lies with her in sexual intercourse and it is hidden from the sight of her husband, and it is concealed, and she is defiled, and there is no witness against her, and she is not caught, 14and a spirit of jealousy comes over him, and he is jealous of his wife, while she is defiled, or if a spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife while she is not defiled, 15then the man will bring his wife to the priest, and he will bring her oblation concerning herself, a tenth of an ephah of barley flour. He will not pour oil on it and he will not put frankincense on it, for it is a meal-offering for jealousy, a meal-offering for remembrance, bringing iniquity to remembrance. 16And the priest will bring her near, and he will have her stand before the Lord. 17And the priest will take holy water in an earthenware container, and the priest will take some of the dust which is on the ground of the tabernacle, and put it in the water. 18And the priest will set the woman before the Lord, and he will uncover the woman's head, and he will put the remembrance-offering in her hands – it is a jealousy-offering – and the priest will have in his hand the bitter water which causes a curse. 19And the priest will adjure her and say to the woman, «If no man has lain with you, and you have not turned aside to defilement instead of your husband, then be innocent of this bitter water which causes a curse. 20But if you have turned aside instead of being faithful to your husband, and if you have become defiled, and some man has lain with you, other than your husband», 21then the priest will adjure the woman with an imprecation of a curse, and the priest will say to the woman, «May the Lord put you under a curse and an imprecation among your people, when the Lord makes your thigh waste away and your belly swell, 22and this water which causes a curse will go into your bowels to swell the belly and to cause the thigh to waste away.» And the woman will say, «Amen, amen.» 23And the priest will write these curses in a book, and blot them out with the bitter water. 24And he will give the bitter water which causes a curse to the woman to drink, and the water which causes a curse will go into her and become bitter. 25Then the priest will take the jealousy-offering from the hand of the woman, and he will wave the offering before the Lord, and he will offer it on the altar. 26Then the priest will take a handful of the offering – her remembrance-offering – and burn it on the altar, and afterwards he will give the woman the water to drink. 27And he will give her the water to drink, and it will be the case that if she is defiled and has dealt unfaithfully with her husband, then the water which causes a curse will go into her and it will become bitter, and her belly will swell, and her thigh will waste away, and the woman will become a curse among her people. 28But if the woman is not defiled and she is clean, she will be pronounced innocent, and she will conceive offspring. 29This is the law of matters of jealousy, when a woman turns aside instead of being faithful to her husband and she becomes defiled, 30or when a spirit of jealousy comes over a man and he is jealous of his wife, and he sets his wife before the Lord, and the priest deals with her according to all this law. 31And the man will be pronounced innocent of iniquity, but the woman in question will bear her iniquity.’ ”

Numbers Chapter 6 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If a man or woman commits to making the vow of a Nazarite – to separate himself to the Lord – 3he will abstain from wine and strong drink, and he will not drink wine vinegar or strong drink vinegar nor will he drink any mashed grape juice, nor will he eat any fresh or dried grapes. 4All the days of his separation, he will not eat anything that is made from the grape vine, from the pips to the skin. 5All the days of the vow of his separation, no razor will pass over his head, until the days which he dedicated to the Lord are fulfilled; he will be holy; he will let the locks of the hair of his head grow. 6All the days of his separation to the Lord he will not go to any dead body. 7He will not defile himself for his father or for his mother or for his brother or for his sister – for them – when they die, for the separation to his God is on his head. 8All the days of his separation, he is holy to the Lord. 9And if a dying man very suddenly dies in contact with him, and defiles his dedicated head, then he will shave his head on the day of his cleansing: on the seventh day he will shave it. 10And on the eighth day he will bring two turtle-doves or two young pigeons to the priest at the entrance to the tent of contact. 11And the priest will offer one as a sin-offering, and one as a burnt offering, and he will make atonement for him, because he sinned by the dead person, and he will sanctify his head on that day. 12And he will commit the days of his separation to the Lord, and he will bring a one-year-old lamb as a guilt-offering, and the prior days will be forfeited, for he has defiled his separation. 13And this is the law of the Nazarite: on the day of fulfilling the days of his separation he will betake himself to the entrance of the tent of contact. 14And he will offer his oblation to the Lord, one one-year-old lamb without blemish as a burnt offering, and one one-year-old ewe lamb without blemish as a sin-offering, and one ram without blemish as a peace-offering, 15and a basket of unleavened bread from fine flour in cakes mixed with oil, and wafers of unleavened bread coated with oil, and their meal-offering and their libations. 16And the priest will make the offering before the Lord, and he will perform his sin-offering and his burnt offering. 17An he will offer the ram as a peace sacrifice to the Lord, with the basket of unleavened bread, and the priest will perform his meal-offering and his libation. 18And the Nazarite will shave his dedicated head at the entrance to the tent of contact, and he will take the hair of his dedicated head, and put it on the fire which is under the peace sacrifice. 19And the priest will take the boiled shoulder of the ram, and one cake of unleavened bread from the basket, and one wafer of unleavened bread, and he will put them in the hands of the Nazarite, after he has shaved his dedicated hair. 20And the priest will wave them as a wave-offering before the Lord. It is holy to the priest, with the breast of the wave-offering and with the leg of the heave-offering, and afterwards the Nazarite will drink wine. 21This is the law of the Nazarite who vows his oblation to the Lord, concerning his separation, apart from whatever else he can afford. According to the statement of his vow which he vows, so he shall do, according to the law of his separation.’ ” 22Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 23“Speak to Aaron and to his sons and say, ‘You will bless the sons of Israel in this way, saying to them,

24«May the Lord bless you and keep you.

25May the Lord cause his face to shine on you,

And may he be merciful to you.

26May the Lord lift up his face towards you

And give you peace.» ’

27And they shall propound my name to the sons of Israel, and I will bless them.”

Numbers Chapter 7 

1And it came to pass on the day when Moses had finished setting up the tabernacle and had anointed it and sanctified it and all its equipment, including the altar and all its equipment, having anointed and sanctified them, 2that the leaders of Israel, the heads of their paternal house – they were the leaders of the tribes who had supervised those who were counted – made an offering, 3and they brought their oblation before the Lord: six covered wagons and twelve oxen, one wagon for two leaders, so an ox for each one, and they offered them in front of the tabernacle. 4Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 5“Take the oblations from them, and they will be for performing the service of the tent of contact, and you will give them to the Levites, to each man according to his work.” 6So Moses took the wagons and the oxen and gave them to the Levites. 7He gave two wagons and four oxen to the sons of Gershon according to their work, 8and he gave four wagons and eight oxen to the sons of Merari according to their work, through the intermediacy of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 9But he did not give any of these to the sons of Kohath, because the work of the holy place was charged to them, that they should bear it on their shoulders. 10Then the leaders made offerings for the dedication of the altar, when it was anointed, and the leaders offered their oblation in front of the altar. 11And the Lord said to Moses, “The leaders will offer their oblation each one on his own day for the dedication of the altar.” 12And the one to offer his oblation on the first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab of the tribe of Judah. 13And his offering was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 14one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 15one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 16one goat buck for a sin-offering, 17and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 18On the second day, Nethaneel the son of Zuar, the leader of the sons of Issachar, made his offering. 19For his oblation he offered one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil as a meal-offering, 20one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 21one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 22one goat buck for a sin-offering, 23and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 24On the third day the leader of the sons of Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon, offered his oblation, 25His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 26one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 27one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 28one goat buck for a sin-offering, 29and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Eliab the son of Helon. 30On the fourth day the leader of the sons of Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur, made his offering. 31His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 32one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 33one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 34one goat buck for a sin-offering, 35and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Elizur the son of Shedeur. 36On the fifth day, the leader of the sons of Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, made his offering. 37His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 38one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 39one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 40one goat buck for a sin-offering, 41and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 42On the sixth day, the leader of the sons of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel, made his offering. 43His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 44one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 45one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 46one goat buck for a sin-offering, 47and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 48On the seventh day, the leader of the sons of Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud, made his offering. 49His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 50one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 51one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 52one goat buck for a sin-offering, 53and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Elishama the son of Ammihud. 54On the eighth day, the leader of the sons of Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, made his offering. 55His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 56one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 57one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 58one goat buck for a sin-offering, 59and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 60On the ninth day, the leader of the sons of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni, made his offering. 61His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 62one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 63one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 64one goat buck for a sin-offering, 65and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Abidan the son of Gideoni. 66On the tenth day, the leader of the sons of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, made his offering. 67His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 68one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 69one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 70one goat buck for a sin-offering, 71and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 72On the eleventh day, the leader of the sons of Asher, Pagiel the son of Ocran, made his offering. 73His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 74one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 75one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 76one goat buck for a sin-offering, 77and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Pagiel the son of Ocran. 78On the twelfth day, the leader of the sons of Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan, made his offering. 79His oblation was one silver dish whose weight was one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels according to the holy shekel, both of them being full of fine flour mixed with oil, as a meal-offering, 80one spoon weighing ten shekels of gold, filled with incense, 81one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, one one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering, 82one goat buck for a sin-offering, 83and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five one-year-old lambs. This was the oblation of Ahira the son of Enan. 84This was the dedication of the altar on the day it was anointed by the leaders of Israel, with twelve silver dishes, twelve silver basins and twelve golden spoons. 85The weight of each silver dish was one hundred and thirty shekels, and each basin weighed seventy shekels. All the silver of the objects came to two thousand four hundred shekels according to the holy shekel. 86As for the twelve golden spoons full of incense, each spoon weighed ten shekels according to the holy shekel. All the gold of the spoons came to one hundred and twenty shekels. 87All the oxen for the burnt offering came to twelve bulls. There were twelve rams, twelve one-year-old lambs, with their meal-offering, and twelve goat bucks as a sin-offering. 88And all the oxen of the peace sacrifice came to twenty-four bulls, sixty rams, sixty goats, sixty one-year-old lambs. This was the dedication of the altar after it was anointed. 89And when Moses went into the tent of contact to speak with him, he heard the voice speaking with him from the atonement cover which is over the ark of the testimony between the two cherubim when he spoke to him.

Numbers Chapter 8 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to Aaron and say to him, ‘When you light the lamps, do it at the front of the lampstand, and the seven lamps will shine.’ ” 3And Aaron did so, in front of the lampstand. He lit its lamps, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 4And this is the way the lampstand is made: it is beaten gold. Up to its shaft and up to its flower it is beaten. According to the vision which the Lord showed Moses, so he made the lampstand. 5Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 6“Take the Levites from among the sons of Israel and cleanse them. 7And this is how you will act towards them to cleanse them: sprinkle sin-offering water over them, and they shall pass a razor over all their body, and they shall wash their clothes, and they shall cleanse themselves. 8And they will take a bull-calf of the oxen and its meal-offering – fine flour mixed with oil – and you will take a second bull-calf of the oxen as a sin-offering. 9And you will have the Levites approach the tent of contact, and you will assemble the whole congregation of the sons of Israel. 10And you will have the Levites come near before the Lord, and the sons of Israel will lay their hands on the Levites, 11and Aaron will wave the Levites from the sons of Israel as a wave-offering before the Lord, and their task will be to do the Lord's work. 12And the Levites will lay their hands on the head of the bulls, and you shall offer one as a sin-offering and one as a burnt offering to the Lord, to atone for the Levites. 13And you will set the Levites before Aaron, and before his sons, and you will wave them as a wave-offering to the Lord. 14And you will separate the Levites from among the sons of Israel, and the Levites will be mine. 15And after that the Levites will come to serve the tent of contact, and you will cleanse them and wave them as a wave-offering, 16for they are wholly given to me from among the sons of Israel instead of those who open every womb. I have taken them from the firstborn of all the sons of Israel for myself. 17For every firstborn among the sons of Israel is mine, among man and among cattle. On the day when I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified them to myself. 18So I have taken the Levites instead of every firstborn among the sons of Israel, 19and I have given the Levites as people given to Aaron and to his sons from among the sons of Israel, to do the work of the sons of Israel in the tent of contact, and to atone for the sons of Israel, so that there will be no disease among the sons of Israel when the sons of Israel approach the holy place.” 20And Moses and Aaron and the whole congregation of the sons of Israel acted towards the Levites according to everything that the Lord had commanded Moses in respect of the Levites. The sons of Israel acted towards them like that. 21So the Levites had themselves propitiated for sins, and they washed their clothes, and Aaron waved them as a wave-offering before the Lord, and Aaron atoned for them to make them clean. 22Then after that the Levites came in order to carry out their duty in the tent of contact before Aaron and before his sons. As the Lord had commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so they acted towards them. 23Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 24“This is what the Levites have to do. From twenty-five years and above, each will go to engage in service, in the work of the tent of contact. 25But from fifty years he will retire from the workforce, and he will not perform the service any more, 26but he will serve with his brothers at the tent of contact, to keep guard, but he will not do any work. So you will act towards the Levites in their duties.”

Numbers Chapter 9 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses in the Sinai desert in the second year since they came out of the land of Egypt, in the first month, and said, 2“And let the sons of Israel hold the Passover festival in its season. 3On the fourteenth day of this month in the evening you will hold it, in its season. You shall hold it according to all its statutes and according to all its regulations.” 4Then Moses told the sons of Israel to keep the Passover. 5And they kept the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, in the Sinai desert. According to everything the Lord had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did. 6But there were men who were unclean by the dead body of a man, and they could not keep the Passover on that day, and on that day they came before Moses and Aaron, 7and those men said to him, “We are unclean by the dead body of a man. Why are we prevented from offering the Lord's oblation in its season among the sons of Israel?” 8At this Moses said to them, “Stand still and let me hear what the Lord commands for you.” 9And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 10“Speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘If any man of your company or of your posterity is unclean by a dead body or is on distant travels, then he will keep the Lord's Passover, but 11they will keep it in the second month on the fourteenth day in the evening. They will eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 12They will not leave any of it until the morning, and they will not break a bone of it. They will keep it according to every statute of the Passover. 13But as for any man who is clean and is not on travels, who neglects to keep the Passover, that person will be cut off from his people because he did not offer the Lord's oblation in its season. That man will bear his sin. 14And if a foreigner is lodging with you, then he will keep the Lord's Passover. He will keep it according to the statute of the Passover and according to its regulation. There will be one statute for you, both for the foreigner and for the native of the land.’ ” 15And on the day of setting up the tabernacle, a cloud covered the tabernacle, at the tent of the testimony, and in the evening there was an appearance of fire on the tabernacle until the morning. 16So it was all the time – the cloud covered it, and at night there was an appearance of fire. 17And when the cloud was taken up from the tent, then after that the sons of Israel would move, and in the place where the cloud settled, there the sons of Israel would encamp. 18At the command of the Lord, the sons of Israel would move, and at the command of the Lord they would encamp. For all the days that the cloud settled on the tabernacle, they would be encamped. 19And if the cloud stayed many days on the tabernacle, then the sons of Israel kept the Lord's charge and did not move. 20And on the occasions when the cloud was on the tabernacle for few days, they would encamp at the command of the Lord, and they would move at the command of the Lord. 21And on the occasions when the cloud was there from evening until morning, and the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they would move. Whether it was by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, they would move. 22Whether it was two days or a month or days on end that the cloud stayed on the tabernacle, remaining on it, the sons of Israel would be encamped and would not move, and when it was taken up, they would move. 23At the command of the Lord they would encamp, and at the command of the Lord they would move. They would keep the Lord's charge according to the command of the Lord through the intermediacy of Moses.

Numbers Chapter 10 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Make two silver trumpets for yourself. You will make them as beaten work, and they will be for you for convoking the congregation and for moving the camps. 3And when they blow them, all the congregation will gather round you at the entrance to the tent of contact. 4And if they blow just one trumpet, then the leaders will gather round you – the heads of the thousands of Israel. 5And when you sound a signal to move, the camps encamped on the east will move. 6And when you sound a second signal to move, then the camps encamped to the south will move. They will sound a signal to move for their journeys. 7And when you convene the assembly, you will blow, but not sound a signal to move. 8And the sons of Aaron – the priests – will blow the trumpets, and these things will be an age-abiding statute to you and to your descendants. 9And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you will sound the trumpets, and you will be remembered before the Lord your God, and you will be saved from your enemies. 10And on a joyous day of yours, and at your festivals, and on the first day of your months, you will blow the trumpets at your burnt offerings and at your peace sacrifices, and they will be a memorial to you before your God. I am the Lord your God.” 11And it came to pass in the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day of the month, that the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle of the testimony. 12So the sons of Israel moved and went on their travels from the Sinai desert, and the cloud settled in the desert of Paran. 13And they moved for the first time at the Lord's command through the intermediacy of Moses. 14And the ensign of the camp of the sons of Judah moved first in their armies, and in charge of its army was Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 15And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 16And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon. 17And the tabernacle was taken down, and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari moved, bearing the tabernacle. 18And the ensign of the camp of Reuben moved according to their armies, and in charge of its army was Elizur the son of Shedeur. 19And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zuri-shaddai. 20And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 21And the Kohathites moved – the bearers of the sanctuary – and they set the tabernacle up before the rest arrived. 22And the ensign of the camp of the sons of Ephraim moved according to their armies, and in charge of its army was Elishama the son of Ammihud. 23And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 24And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni. 25And the ensign of the camp of the sons of Dan moved, keeping the rearguard of all the camps according to their armies. And in charge of his army was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 26And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran. 27And in charge of the army of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan. 28These are the removal operations of the sons of Israel according to their armies when they move. 29And Moses said to Hobab the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law, “We are moving to the place of which the Lord said, ‘I will give it to you.’ Come with us and we will treat you well, for the Lord has spoken of well-being concerning Israel.” 30But he said to him, “I will not go. Rather, I will go to my land and to my native country.” 31Then he said, “Please do not leave us, for you know how we should encamp in the desert and you will be our eyes. 32And it will come to pass if you go with us, that we will treat you well with the same goodness with which the Lord treats us well.” 33And they moved from the mountain of the Lord, three days' journey, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord travelled in front of them for the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them. 34And the Lord's cloud was over them by day as they travelled from the camp. 35And it came to pass as the ark was travelling, that Moses said,

“Arise, O Lord,

And let your enemies be scattered,

And let those who hate you

Flee from your presence.”

36And when it rested, he said,

“Return, O Lord,

To the very many thousands of Israel.”

Numbers Chapter 11 

1Then the people started to murmur bad things in the ears of the Lord, and the Lord heard them, and his anger was kindled, and the Lord's fire burned among them and consumed at the end of the camp. 2And the people cried out to Moses, and Moses prayed to the Lord. Then the fire subsided. 3And he called that place Taberah, because the Lord's fire had burned among them there. 4Then the camp followers who were in their midst became had a strong craving, and the sons of Israel also wept again, and they said, “Who will give us meat to eat? 5We remember the fish which we ate in Egypt freely, the cucumbers and the melons, and the leeks and the onions and the garlic. 6And now our soul is dried up, and there is nothing but the manna before our eyes.” 7Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance was like the appearance of bdellium. 8The people went to and fro and gleaned it, and ground it with a handmill or crushed it in a mortar and boiled it in a pan and made it into cakes, but its taste was like the taste of oil cake. 9And when the dew came down on the camp at night, the manna came down onto it. 10And Moses heard the people weeping throughout their families, each man at the entrance to his tent, and the anger of the Lord was greatly kindled, and it was also an evil matter in Moses' eyes. 11And Moses said to the Lord, “Why are you afflicting your servant and why have I not found grace in your eyes, by putting the burden of all this people on me? 12Did I conceive all this people, or did I give birth to them? For you say to me, ‘Bear them in your bosom as a nursing father bears a baby, to the land which you swore to his fathers.’ 13For where should I get meat to give to all this people? For they weep to me and say, ‘Give us meat to eat.’ 14I cannot bear all of this people on my own, for it is too heavy for me. 15And if you deal with me in this way, then kill me, please, without ado, if I have found grace in your eyes, so that I do not see the affliction you cause.” 16Then the Lord said to Moses, “Gather for me seventy men from the elders of Israel whom you know to be elders of the people, and their foremen, and take them to the tent of contact, and they shall stand there with you. 17And I will descend and speak with you there, and I will take back some of the spirit which is on you, and I will put it on them, and they will bear the burden of the people with you, and you will not bear it on your own. 18And you will say to the people, ‘Sanctify yourselves for tomorrow, and you will eat meat, for you have wept in the ears of the Lord, saying, «Who will feed us meat, for we fared well in Egypt», and the Lord will give you meat, and you will eat it. 19You will not eat it for one day, and not for two days, and not for five days, and not for ten days, and not for twenty days, 20but for a month of days, until it comes out of your nose, and it will be a loathsome thing to you, for you have rejected the Lord, who is in your midst, and you have wept to his face, saying, «Why ever did we come out of Egypt?» ’ ” 21Then Moses said, “The people consists of six hundred thousand foot soldiers, in whose midst I am, and you have said, ‘I will give them meat, and they will eat it for a month of days.’ 22Should sheep and oxen be slaughtered for them, to suffice for them, or should all the fish of the sea be gathered for them, to suffice for them?” 23And the Lord said to Moses, “Is the hand of the Lord too short? Now you will see whether my word comes to pass for you or not.” 24Then Moses went out and told the people the words of the Lord, and he gathered seventy men from the elders of the people and stood them round the tent. 25And the Lord came down in a cloud and spoke to him, and he took back some of the spirit which was on him, and gave it to the seventy men of the elders. And it came to pass that as the spirit rested on them, they prophesied, but they did not repeat it. 26And two men remained in the camp. The name of one was Eldad and the name of the other was Medad, and the spirit rested on them, and they were in the records, and they did not go out to the tent, but prophesied in the camp. 27And a young boy ran and told Moses and said, “Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp.” 28Then Joshua the son of Nun, a servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, “My lord Moses, forbid them.” 29And Moses said to him, “Are you envious on my behalf? If only all the Lord's people were prophets, and that the Lord would put his spirit on them.” 30Then Moses joined the camp gathering – he and the elders of Israel. 31Then a wind moved from the Lord and brought quails from the sea and released them at the camp, at about a day's journey on one side and at about a day's journey on the other side, around the camp, and about two cubits high on the surface of the land. 32And the people were up all that day and all the night and all the next day, and they gathered the quail, and he who gathered little gathered ten homers, and they spread them out wholesale around the camp. 33The meat was already between their teeth before it was cut up, and the Lord's anger was kindled against the people, and the Lord struck the people with a very great blow. 34And he named that place Kibroth-hattaavah, for there they buried the people who had a craving. 35From Kibroth-hattaavah the people moved on to Hazeroth, and they stayed in Hazeroth.

Numbers Chapter 12 

1Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had taken in marriage, because he had taken an Ethiopian woman. 2And they said, “Has the Lord only ever spoken to Moses? Has he not also spoken to us?” And the Lord heard it. 3Now the man Moses was very meek, more so than any man on the face of the earth. 4Then the Lord said all of a sudden to Moses and to Aaron and to Miriam, “Go out, the three of you, to the tent of contact.” And the three of them went out. 5Then the Lord came down in a column of cloud and stood at the entrance to the tent, and he called Aaron and Miriam, and they both came out. 6And he said, “Just hear my words.

If there is a prophet of yours here,

I the Lord will make myself known to him in a vision,

And I will speak to him in a dream.

7But not so with my servant Moses.

He is faithful over all my house.

8I will speak with him mouth to mouth,

And in an appearance, and not in riddles,

And he will behold the likeness of the Lord.

Now why were you not afraid

To speak against my servant Moses?”

9And the Lord's anger was kindled against them, and he departed. 10And the cloud departed from the tent, and the next thing that happened was that Miriam became as leprous as snow, and Aaron looked at Miriam, and saw that she was leprous. 11And Aaron said to Moses, “O my lord, please do not lay sin upon us, in that we have been foolish and in that we have sinned. 12Let her not be as one dead, who when he comes out of our mother's womb, half our flesh is consumed.” 13And Moses cried out to the Lord and said, “O God, please heal her, please.” 14Then the Lord said to Moses, “If her father had just spat in her face, would she not have been ashamed for seven days? Let her be shut away for seven days outside the camp, and afterwards assimilated again.” 15So Miriam was shut away outside the camp for seven days, and the people did not move on until Miriam was assimilated again. 16And afterwards the people moved from Hazeroth, and encamped in the desert of Paran.

Numbers Chapter 13 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Send men on your behalf to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the sons of Israel. They will send one man per tribe of his fathers. They will each be a leader in that company.” 3So Moses sent them from the desert of Paran at the command of the Lord. All of them were men who were heads of the sons of Israel. 4And these are their names. For the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur. 5For the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori. 6For the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 7For the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph. 8For the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun. 9For the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu. 10For the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi. 11For the tribe of Joseph, for the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi. 12For the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli. 13For the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael. 14For the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi. 15For the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16Those are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, and Moses called Oshea the son of Nun: Joshua. 17And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and he said to them, “Go up here to the south and go up the mountain, 18and see what the land is like, and the people living on it, whether they are strong or weak, whether they are few or many, 19and what the land is like which they are living on, whether it is good or bad, and what the cities are like which they are living in, whether they are encampments or fortifications, 20and what the land is like as to whether it is fertile or barren, whether there are trees in it or not. So take courage and take some of the fruit of the land.” Now the days were the days of the firstfruits of the grapes. 21So they went up and spied out the land from the desert of Zin to Rehob, as one goes to Hamath. 22And they went up to the south and came to Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai are – Anak's offspring. And Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt. 23And they came to the Brook of Eshcol, and they cut down a branch from there, and one bunch of grapes, and they carried it by pole with two of them, with some pomegranates and some figs. 24They called that place the Brook of Eshcol because of the bunch of grapes which the sons of Israel cut down there. 25Then they came back from spying out the land after forty days. 26And they departed and came back to Moses and Aaron and the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, to the desert of Paran, to Kadesh, and they reported back to them and the whole congregation, and they showed them the fruit of the land. 27And they related it to him and said, “We came to the land to which you sent us, and indeed it is flowing with milk and honey, and this is its fruit. 28However, the people who live in the land are strong, and the cities are fortified and are very great, and we also saw the offspring of Anak there. 29Amalek lives in the land to the south, and the Hittite and the Jebusite and the Amorite live in the mountainous area, and the Canaanite lives by the sea and to the side of the Jordan.” 30Then Caleb silenced the people before Moses and he said, “We can certainly go up and inherit it, for we will certainly overpower it.” 31But the men who went up with him said, “We cannot go up to the people, for they are stronger than us.” 32And they propounded a slander to the sons of Israel concerning the land which they had spied out and they said, “The land which we crossed over to spy it out is a land which consumes its inhabitants, and all the people we saw in it were men of great stature. 33And we saw the Nephilim – the sons of Anak who spring from the Nephilim – and in our sight we were like grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.”

Numbers Chapter 14 

1Then the whole congregation rose up and gave vent to it and the people wept that night. 2And all the sons of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, and all the congregation said to them, “If only we had died in the land of Egypt, or if only we had died in this desert. 3Why is the Lord bringing us to this land to fall by the sword? Our wives and our children will be a spoil. Would it not be good for us to return to Egypt?” 4And one man would say to another, “Let us appoint a head and return to Egypt.” 5At this Moses and Aaron fell face down before the whole assembly of the congregation of the sons of Israel. 6And Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were of those who spied out the land, tore their clothes, 7and they spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, and said, “The land which we crossed to spy it out is a very very good land. 8If the Lord takes delight in us, he will bring us to this land and he will give it to us – a land which is flowing with milk and honey. 9But do not rebel against the Lord and do not fear the people of the land, for they are our warfare, and their defence is departing from them, and the Lord is with us. Do not fear them.” 10Then all the congregation spoke for stoning them, when the glory of the Lord appeared in the tent of contact to all the sons of Israel. 11And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will this people despise me? And how long will they not believe me, despite all the signs which I have performed in their midst? 12I will strike them with a plague and I will disinherit them, and I will make just you a people greater and more powerful than them.” 13Then Moses said to the Lord, “Then Egypt will hear that you brought this people up from its midst by your power, 14and they will tell of it to the inhabitant of this land, who have heard that you are the Lord in the midst of this people, and that you appeared, O Lord, eye to eye, and how your cloud would remain on them, and in the column of the cloud you would go before them by day, and in the column of fire by night. 15If you kill this people down to the last man, the Gentiles who have heard of your fame will speak and say, 16It is for lack of ability of the Lord to bring this people to the land which he promised by an oath to them that he slaughtered them in the desert.’ 17So now, please let your power be great, O Lord*, as you have spoken, and said, 18‘The Lord is longsuffering and great in mercy, bearing iniquity and transgression, but he certainly will not declare them innocent, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on sons, on the third generation and on the fourth generation.’ 19Please forgive the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of your mercy, and as you have borne with this people from Egypt to here.” 20Then the Lord said, “I have forgiven them in accordance with your request. 21But, as I live, the whole earth will be filled with the glory of the Lord. 22Nevertheless all the men who, seeing my glory and my signs which I performed in Egypt and in the desert, still tempted me these ten times and did not heed me. 23They certainly will not see the land which I swore to their fathers, and all those who despise me will not see it. 24But as for my servant Caleb, because there was a different spirit with him, and he fully followed me, I will bring him into the land which he is going to, and his seed will inherit it. 25Yet the Amalekite and the Canaanite are living in the valley. Tomorrow turn and move on to the desert in the direction of the Red Sea.” 26And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron and said, 27“How long shall I suffer this wicked congregation, who murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel with which they murmur against me. 28Say to them, ‘As I live, says the Lord, I swear that as you have spoken in my hearing, so I will deal with you. 29Your corpses will fall in this desert with all of those counted according to all your numbers, from twenty years old and above, because you murmured against me. 30I swear that you will not go to the land which I swore to settle you in, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. 31Now as for your children, whom you said would be a spoil, I will bring them in, and they will know the land which you rejected. 32But as for you, your corpses will fall in this desert. 33And your children will be shepherds in the desert for forty years, and they will bear your immoral practices until your corpses have been consumed in the desert, 34according with the number of days you spied out the land – for forty days. At a day to a year you will bear your iniquities, for forty years, and you will know how you hindered me.’ 35I the Lord have said, ‘I will certainly do this to all this wicked congregation which is gathered together against me. They will be consumed in the desert and there they will die, 36as will the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, who when they returned, murmured against him with all the congregation by propounding a slander about the land.’ ” 37And the men who propounded the evil slander about the land died in a plague before the Lord. 38But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh survived of those men who went to spy out the land. 39And Moses told these things to all the sons of Israel, and the people mourned greatly. 40And they rose early in the morning, and they were going up to the summit of the mountain and said, “Here we are and we have come up to the place which the Lord spoke of, for we have sinned.” 41Then Moses said, “Why ever are you transgressing the Lord's command? So this will not succeed. 42Do not go up, for the Lord is not in your midst, so that you do not get struck down before your enemies. 43For the Amalekite and the Canaanite are there in front of you, and you will fall by the sword, because you have turned away from following the Lord, and the Lord will not be with you.” 44But they were presumptuous in going up to the summit of the mountain when the ark of the covenant of the Lord and Moses had not moved from the midst of the camp. 45And the Amalekite came down, as did the Canaanite who lived on that mountain, and they struck them and routed them as far as Hormah.

Numbers Chapter 15 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come to the land of your dwelling places which I am giving you, 3you will perform a fire-offering to the Lord, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, by committing yourself to a vow, or in a freewill-offering, or in your festivals by making a sweet fragrance to the Lord from the oxen or from the sheep. 4And the offerer will offer his oblation to the Lord, a meal-offering of a tenth measure of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil. 5And you will put wine on the burnt offering or the sacrifice as a libation – a quarter of a hin per lamb. 6Or for a ram you will make a meal-offering of two tenth measures of fine flour mixed with a third of a hin of oil, 7and wine for the libation – a third of a hin. You will offer a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 8And when you perform the burnt offering of a bull-calf, or a sacrifice, by committing yourself to a vow, or perform peace-offerings to the Lord, 9he will offer with the bull-calf a meal-offering of three tenth measures of fine flour mixed with half a hin of oil. 10And you will offer wine as a libation – half a hin, as a fire-offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 11That is how it will be performed for one ox or for one ram or for a small cattle animal from the lambs or goats. 12For whatever number you carry out, that is how you will perform the offering for each one – according to their number. 13Every native citizen will perform these things this way by offering a fire-offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 14And if a foreigner is dwelling with you, or whoever is in your midst, throughout your generations, he will perform a fire-offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. As you do, so shall he do. 15Convocation, there will be one statute for you and for the foreigner who is temporarily resident. It is an age-abiding statute for your generations. As it is for you, so for the foreigner shall it be before the Lord. 16It will be one law and one regulation, for you and for the foreigner dwelling with you.’ ” 17Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 18“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come to the land to which I am bringing you, 19it will come to pass that when you partake of the bread of the land, you will offer a heave-offering to the Lord. 20You will offer a heave-offering of cake of the first of your groats. As a heave-offering of the threshing floor, so you will offer it. 21You will give the Lord a heave-offering of the first of your groats throughout your generations. 22And if you go astray and do not carry out all these commandments which the Lord has spoken to Moses, 23everything that the Lord commanded you through the intermediacy of Moses from the day when the Lord gave commandment and since then for your generations, 24then it will come to pass, if it was done hidden from the eyes of the congregation in a sin through ignorance, then the whole congregation will carry out a burnt offering of a bull-calf of the oxen as a sweet fragrance to the Lord, with its meal-offering and its libation according to the regulation and one kid of the goats as a sin-offering. 25And the priest will make atonement for the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, and it will be forgiven them, for it was a sin through ignorance, and they will bring their oblation – a fire-offering to the Lord, and their sin-offering – before the Lord for their sin through ignorance. 26And it will be forgiven the whole congregation of the sons of Israel and the foreigner who is temporarily resident in their midst, because all the people were in a sin of ignorance. 27And if one person sins by a sin of ignorance, then he will offer a one-year-old she-goat as a sin-offering. 28And the priest will atone for the person who has sinned through ignorance, in a sin, in a sin of ignorance before the Lord, by atoning for him, and it will be forgiven him. 29There will be one law for you, both for the native of the sons of Israel and for the foreigner who is temporarily resident in their midst – for him who commits a sin of ignorance. 30But as for any person who acts presumptuously, whether from the native citizens or the foreigners, reviling the Lord, that person will be cut off from the midst of his people. 31For he has despised the word of the Lord, and he has broken his commandment. That person will certainly be cut off – his iniquity is on him.’ ” 32Now when the sons of Israel were in the desert, they found a man collecting wood on the Sabbath day. 33And those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and to the whole congregation, 34and they put him in custody, for it had not been declared what should be done to him. 35And the Lord said to Moses, “The man will certainly be put to death. The whole congregation will stone him outside the camp.” 36So the whole congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him, and he died, according to what the Lord had commanded Moses. 37Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 38“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them that they are to make fringes on the edges of their clothes throughout their generations, and they are to put on the fringes on the edge a ribbon of blue material. 39And it will be a fringe to you, and you will see it and remember all the Lord's commandments, and you will carry them out, and not go about after your own heart and after your own eyes, in which case you would be committing whoredom going off after them, 40so that you remember to carry out all my commandments, and you will be holy to your God. 41I am the Lord your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be God to you. I am the Lord your God.”

Numbers Chapter 16 

1Then Korah the son of Izehar the son of Kohath the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, and On the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took matters into their own hands 2and rose up before Moses, with two hundred and fifty men from the sons of Israel, leaders of the congregation, respected men of the assembly, men of renown, 3and they were convened against Moses and against Aaron, and they said to them, “It is too much for you, seeing that the whole congregation is all holy, and the Lord is in their midst, so why do you elevate yourselves above the Lord's convocation?” 4And when Moses heard it, he fell face down. 5And he spoke to Korah and to the whole of his company and said, “In the morning, let the Lord make known who are his, and who is holy, and he will bring them near to him. So he will bring near to himself those whom he has chosen for himself. 6Do this: take your censers, Korah and all his company, 7and put fire in them, and put incense in them before the Lord tomorrow, and it will come to pass that the man whom the Lord chooses will be the one who is holy. It is too much for you, you sons of Levi.” 8Then Moses said to Korah, “Listen, please, you sons of Levi. 9Is it a small matter to you that the God of Israel has separated you from the congregation of Israel to bring you near to him, to do the work of the Lord's tabernacle, and to stand before the congregation to serve them? 10And he has brought you near, and all your brothers the sons of Levi with you, and yet you seek the priesthood too? 11Therefore, you and all your company which is gathered against the Lord – as regards Aaron, what is he that you should murmur against him?” 12Then Moses sent for Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, but they said, “We will not come up. 13Is it a small matter that you have brought us up from a land flowing with milk and honey to kill us in the desert? For you have most definitely set yourself up as a ruler over us. 14But you have not brought us to a land flowing with milk and honey, nor given us an inheritance of a field or a vineyard. Will you poke out the eyes of these men? We will not come up.” 15Then Moses became very angry, and he said to the Lord, “Do not respect their meal-offering. I have not taken one donkey from them, nor have I harmed a single one of them.” 16And Moses said to Korah, “You and all your company, be present before the Lord, you and they, and Aaron, tomorrow. 17And let each man take his censer, and you will put incense in them, and let each man bring his censer before the Lord – two hundred and fifty censers – and you and Aaron, each man with his censer.” 18So each man took his censer, and put fire in them, and put incense in them, and stood at the entrance to the tent of contact, as did Moses and Aaron. 19And Korah convened all the company against them, to the entrance to the tent of contact, and the glory of the Lord appeared to the whole congregation. 20Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said, 21“Be separated from the midst of this company, and I will destroy them in an instant.” 22And they fell face down and said, “O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, one man has sinned, and will you be angry with the whole congregation?” 23Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 24“Speak to the congregation and say, ‘Get away from the vicinity of the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.’ ” 25Then Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram, and the elders of Israel followed him. 26And he spoke to the congregation and said, “Please depart from the tents of these wicked men, and do not touch anything that is theirs, in case you are destroyed in all their sins.” 27So they went away from the vicinity of the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan and Abiram, while Dathan and Abiram went out and stood at the entrance of their tents with their wives and their sons and their little ones. 28Then Moses said, “By this you will know whether the Lord has sent me to do all these works, for they are not from my heart: 29if these men die as all men ordinarily die, and death is visited on them as on all men, then the Lord did not send me. 30But if the Lord produces something entirely new and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up with everything that is theirs, and they go down alive to the grave, then you will know that these men despised the Lord.” 31And it came to pass as he finished speaking all these words, that the ground under them split apart, 32and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, and their dwellings, and every man who was of Korah's company, and all their property. 33And they and all those who were of their company went down alive to the grave, and the earth covered them, and they were eliminated from the convocation. 34And all of Israel that was round about them fled at their cry, for they said, “Flee so that the earth does not swallow us up.” 35And fire went out from the Lord, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men who offered incense. 36Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 37“Say to Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest that he should lift out the censers from the blaze, and scatter the fire further away, for they are holy. 38As for the censers of these sinners against themselves, let them be made into beaten-out plates as an overlay for the altar, for they offered them before the Lord, so they have become holy, and they will serve as a sign to the sons of Israel.” 39So Eleazar the priest took the copper censers with which those who were burnt up had offered, and they beat them into an overlay for the altar, 40and as a reminder to the sons of Israel that a foreigner who is not of the seed of Aaron must not approach to burn incense before the Lord, and must not be like Korah and his company, as the Lord had said to him through the intermediacy of Moses. 41But the next day the whole congregation of the sons of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, and said, “You are killing the Lord's people.” 42And it came to pass when the congregation was convened against Moses and against Aaron, that they looked at the tent of contact, and what they saw was that the cloud had covered it and the glory of the Lord had appeared. 43Then Moses and Aaron went to the front of the tent of contact, 44and the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 45“Get away from this congregation, and I will consume them in an instant.” And they fell face down. 46And Moses said to Aaron, “Take the censer and put fire in it from the altar, and put incense in it and go quickly to the congregation and make atonement for them, for anger has gone out from the Lord. An onslaught has begun.” 47So Aaron took it as Moses had said, and he ran to the middle of the convocation, and he saw that the onslaught on the people had begun, and he took the incense, and atoned for the people. 48And he stood between the dead and the living, and the onslaught stopped. 49And those who died in the onslaught came to fourteen thousand seven hundred, excluding those who died in the incident with Korah. 50Then Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance of the tent of contact, and the onslaught stopped.

Numbers Chapter 17 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Speak to the sons of Israel and take from each of them a rod according to the paternal house, from all their leaders, according to their paternal house – twelve rods – and you will write each one's name on his rod. 3And you will write the name of Aaron on Levi's rod, for there is one rod for the head of their paternal house. 4And you will deposit them in the tent of contact in front of the testimony, where I will meet with you. 5And it will come to pass that the rod of the man whom I choose will sprout, and I will put a stop to the murmurings against me of the sons of Israel, which they murmur against you.” 6And Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and each of their leaders gave him a rod – for each leader, a rod for that leader – according to their paternal house, twelve rods, and Aaron's rod was among their rods. 7And Moses deposited the rods before the Lord at the tent of the testimony. 8And it came to pass on the next day that Moses went to the tent of the testimony, and what he saw was that Aaron's rod had sprouted, for the house of Levi, and it had produced a sprout and it had blossomed with a flower, and it had yielded almonds. 9And Moses brought out all the rods from before the Lord to all the sons of Israel, and they each saw and took his own rod. 10And the Lord said to Moses, “Bring Aaron's rod back before the testimony, as a retained item, as a sign about the rebels. And you will put an end to their murmurings against me, so that they do not die.” 11And Moses did it. As the Lord commanded him, so he acted. 12And the sons of Israel spoke to Moses, and they said, “Look, we are expiring, we are perishing, we are all perishing. 13Anyone who approaches – who approaches the tabernacle of the Lord – will die. Will we ever cease from expiring?”

Numbers Chapter 18 

1Then the Lord said to Aaron, “You and your sons and your paternal house with you will bear the iniquity of the sanctuary, and you and your sons with you will bear the iniquity of your priesthood. 2And bring your brothers up also, the tribe of Levi, your father's stock, with you, and they will join with you and serve you, as you and your sons with you serve before the tent of the testimony. 3And they will discharge the duties you give them, and the duties of the whole tent, but they will not approach the holy equipment or the altar, so that neither they nor you die. 4So they will join with you and discharge the duties of the tent of contact, in respect of all the work of the tent, and no foreigner will approach you. 5And you will discharge the duties of the holy place, and the duties of the altar, so that there will not be anger any more at the sons of Israel. 6And as for me, look, I have taken your brothers the Levites from among the sons of Israel. They are for you a gift given to the Lord to do the work of the tent of contact. 7And you and your sons with you will keep your priesthood in every matter of the altar and of the inside of the veil, and you will perform it. I am giving you the work – your priesthood – as a gift. And any foreigner who approaches will be put to death.” 8Then the Lord spoke to Aaron and said, “And for my part look, I have given you the duties of my heave-offerings. Regarding all the holy matters of the sons of Israel, I have given them as an anointing to you and your sons as an age-abiding statute. 9This is what will be yours from the holy of holies, from fire: every oblation of theirs with every meal-offering of theirs, with every sin-offering of theirs, and every guilt-offering of theirs which they render to me. It is a matter of the holy of holies to you and to your sons. 10In the holy of holies you will eat it. Every male will eat it. It will be holy to you. 11And this is yours: the heave-offering of their gift with all the wave-offerings of the sons of Israel. I have given them to you and to your sons and your daughters with you as an age-abiding statute. Everyone who is clean in your house will eat it. 12All the best of the oil, and all the best of the new wine and corn – the firstfruits of them which they give to the Lord – I have given to you. 13The firstfruits of everything in their land which they bring to the Lord will be yours. Every clean person in your house will eat it. 14And every dedicated thing in Israel will be yours. 15Everything that opens the womb of all flesh which they offer to the Lord, whether of men or cattle, will be yours, but you will most definitely redeem the firstborn of man, and you will redeem the firstborn of unclean cattle. 16And you will redeem those from one month old who are to be redeemed to him according to your valuation – money to the value of five shekels according to the holy shekel: it is twenty gerahs. 17But you will not redeem the firstborn ox or the firstborn lamb or the firstborn goat – they are holy. You will sprinkle their blood on the altar and you will burn their fat as a fire-offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 18And their meat will be yours. Just as the breast of the wave-offering and the right hand leg will be yours. 19All heave-offerings of holy things which the sons of Israel heave to the Lord I have given you and your sons and your daughters with you as an age-abiding statute. It is an age-abiding covenant of salt before the Lord for you and your seed with you.” 20Then the Lord said to Aaron, “You will not have an inheritance in their land and you will have no portion in their midst – I am your portion and your inheritance among the sons of Israel. 21And look, I have given every tithe in Israel to the sons of Levi as an inheritance, in exchange for their work which they do – the work of the tent of contact. 22And the sons of Israel will no longer approach the tent of contact, which would mean that they would bear mortal sin. 23And the Levites will do the work of the tent of contact, and they will bear their iniquity. It is an age-abiding statute for their generations, but they will not inherit any inheritance among the sons of Israel. 24For I have given the tithe of the sons of Israel which they heave to the Lord as a heave-offering to the Levites as an inheritance, which is why I have said to them, ‘They will not have an inheritance among the sons of Israel.’ ” 25Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 26“And you will speak to the Levites and say to them, ‘When you receive from the sons of Israel the tithe which I have given you from them as your inheritance, you will heave a heave-offering to the Lord from it, a tithe of a tithe. 27And it will be counted for you as your heave-offering, as grain from the threshing floor and as the fulness of the wine vat. 28So you too will offer the Lord's heave-offering from all your tithes which you receive from the sons of Israel, and you will give from it the Lord's heave-offering to Aaron the priest. 29You will offer all the Lord's heave-offering from all your gifts, from all the best of it – the sacred part of it. 30And you will say to them, «When you offer the best part of it, it will be counted for the Levites as the produce of the threshing floor and as the produce of the wine vat. 31And you will eat it in every place, you and your household, for it is your wages in exchange for your work in the tent of contact. 32And you will bear no sin on account of it, when you heave up the best part of it, and you will not profane the holy things of the sons of Israel, so that you do not die.» ’ ”

Numbers Chapter 19 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said, 2“This is the statute of the law which the Lord has commanded, saying, ‘Tell the sons of Israel to bring to you a perfect red heifer, which has no blemish, on which no yoke has gone, 3and you will give it to Eleazar the priest, and he will bring it outside the camp, and he will have it slaughtered in front of him. 4And Eleazar the priest will take some of its blood on his finger, and he will sprinkle some of its blood straight in front of the tent of contact seven times. 5And he will burn the heifer before his eyes – its skin and its flesh – and he will burn its blood with its dung. 6And the priest will take cedar wood and hyssop, and scarlet material, and he will throw them into the middle of the conflagration of the heifer. 7Then the priest will wash his clothes, and he will wash his body with water, and after that he will go to the camp, and the priest will be unclean until the evening. 8So he who burns it will wash his clothes in water and he will wash his body with water, and he will be unclean until the evening. 9And a man who is clean will collect the ashes of the heifer, and he will deposit them outside the camp in a clean place, and it will be a thing kept for the congregation of the sons of Israel, for water of impurity. It is a sin-offering. 10Then he who has collected the ashes of the heifer will wash his clothes, and he will be unclean until the evening, and it will be an age-abiding statute for the sons of Israel and for the foreigner who is temporarily resident in their midst. 11He who touches the dead body of any person will be unclean for seven days. 12He will purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he will be clean, but if he does not purify himself on the third day, then on the seventh day he will not be clean. 13Everyone who touches the dead body of a man who has died and does not purify himself defiles the Lord's tabernacle, and that person will be cut off from Israel, for the water of impurity has not been sprinkled on him. He will be unclean – his uncleanness will still be on him. 14This is the law: if a man dies in a tent, everyone who comes into the tent and everyone who is in the tent will be unclean for seven days. 15And every vessel that is open, which does not have a lid screwed on to it, is unclean. 16And anyone in an open field who touches anyone fallen by the sword or dead or a man's bone or a grave will be unclean for seven days. 17And they will take for him who is unclean some dust from the burnt sin-offering, and put running water on it in a vessel, 18and a clean man will take hyssop and dip it in the water and sprinkle it on the tent and on all the furnishings and on the people who were there, and on him who touched the bone or the fallen man or the dead or the grave. 19And he who is clean will sprinkle it on him who is unclean, on the third day and on the seventh day, and he will purify him on the seventh day and he will wash his clothes and wash himself in water and he will be clean in the evening. 20And as for any man who becomes unclean but does not expiate himself – that person will be cut off from the midst of the convocation, for he has defiled the Lord's sanctuary. The water of impurity was not sprinkled on him – he is unclean. 21And it will be an age-abiding statute to them, and he who sprinkles the water of impurity will wash his clothes, and he who touches the water of impurity will be unclean until the evening. 22And anyone whom he who is unclean touches will become unclean, and any person who touches him will become unclean until the evening.’ ”

Numbers Chapter 20 

1And the sons of Israel – the whole congregation – came to the desert of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh, and Miriam died there and was buried there. 2And there was no water for the congregation, and they convened together against Moses and against Aaron. 3And the people contended with Moses and spoke and said, “If only we had expired when our brothers expired before the Lord. 4Now why have you brought the Lord's convocation to this desert to die here – us and our cattle? 5And why have you brought us up from Egypt to bring us to this bad place? There is no place with seed or figs or vine or pomegranates, and there is no water to drink.” 6Then Moses and Aaron went from the convocation to the entrance to the tent of contact, and they fell face down, and the glory of the Lord appeared to them. 7And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 8“Take the rod and convene the congregation, you and Aaron your brother, and speak to the rock before your eyes and it will yield its water, and you will extract water from the rock for them, and you will give the congregation drink, and their cattle.” 9So Moses took the rod from its place before the Lord as he had commanded him. 10And Moses and Aaron convened the convocation to in front of the rock, and he said to them, “Hear please, you rebels. Can we extract water from this rock for you?” 11Then Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with the rod twice, whereupon much water came out, and the congregation and their cattle drank. 12Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not believe me, by sanctifying me in the eyes of the sons of Israel, you will not bring this convocation into the land which I have given them.” 13This is the water of Meribah because the sons of Israel contended with the Lord, and he was sanctified by it. 14Then Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, saying, “This is what your brother Israel says. You know all the trouble which has come our way, 15how our fathers went down to Egypt and how we dwelt in Egypt for many days, and how Egypt afflicted us and our fathers, 16and how we cried out to the Lord and how he heeded us and sent an angel and led us out of Egypt, and so here we are in Kadesh, a town at the end of your territory. 17Please let us cross your country. We will not cross by fields or by vineyards and we will not drink the water of the wells. We will take the royal route and we will not deviate to the right or to the left until we have crossed your country.” 18But Edom said to him, “You may not cross my country, otherwise I will come out against you with the sword.” 19Then the sons of Israel said to him, “We will go up by the highway, and if we drink your water – I or my cattle – then I will pay the price of it, but there is no alternative: I will cross on foot.” 20Then he said, “You may not cross.” And Edom came out against him with a considerable number of people and with a strong hand. 21And Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory, and Israel turned away from it. 22So they moved on from Kadesh, and the sons of Israel – the whole congregation – came to Mount Hor. 23Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor at the border of the land of Edom and said, 24“Aaron will be gathered to his people, for he will not go into the land which I have given to the sons of Israel, because you rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah. 25Take Aaron and Eleazar his son and bring them up Mount Hor. 26And strip Aaron of his clothes, and clothe Eleazar his son with them, and Aaron will be gathered up and die there.” 27And Moses did as the Lord had commanded, and they went up into Mount Hor in the sight of the whole of the congregation. 28And Moses stripped Aaron of his clothes, and he clothed Eleazar his son with them, and Aaron died there on the summit of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. 29And all the congregation saw that Aaron had expired, and the whole house of Israel wept for Aaron for thirty days.

Numbers Chapter 21 

1Now King Arad the Canaanite, who lived in the south, heard that Israel was coming by the route of Atharim, and he waged war against Israel, and took some of them prisoner. 2Then Israel made a vow to the Lord and said, “If you decisively deliver this people into our hands, then we will destroy their cities.” 3And the Lord heeded Israel and he delivered up the Canaanites, and they destroyed them and their cities, and they named the place Hormah. 4Then they moved from Mount Hor by the route of the Red Sea, to go round the land of Edom, but the people became discouraged on the way. 5And the people spoke against God and Moses, saying, “Why have you brought us up from Egypt for us to die in the desert? For there is no bread and no water, and our being loathes this insubstantial bread.” 6At this the Lord sent fiery serpents on the people, and they bit the people, and many people of Israel died. 7Then the people came to Moses and said, “We have sinned against the Lord and against you. Pray to the Lord that he removes the serpents from us.” And Moses prayed for the people. 8Then the Lord said to Moses, “Make yourself a fiery serpent and put it on a standard, and it will come to pass that everyone who has been bitten but who looks at it, will live.” 9So Moses made a copper serpent and put it on the standard, and it came to pass that if a serpent had bitten a man, and he beheld the copper serpent, he lived. 10Then the sons of Israel moved on, and encamped at Oboth. 11Then they moved on from Oboth and encamped at the ruins of Abarim in the desert which is alongside Moab, towards the sunrise. 12From there they moved on and encamped at the Brook of Zered. 13From there they moved on and encamped at the other side of the Arnon, which is in the desert, which comes out of the territory of the Amorites, for the Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. 14This is why it relates in the Book of the Wars of the Lord,

“Vaheb in the whirlwind

And the brooks of Arnon,

15And the outpouring of the brooks,

Which turns to the dwelling of Ar

And adjoins the border of Moab.”

16And from there they moved to Beer, which is the well where the Lord said to Moses, “Gather the people and I will give them water.” 17Then Israel sang this song,

“Spring up, O well,

Sing in response to it.

18As for the well, princes dug it,

The nobles of the people excavated it,

With lawgivers with their staffs,

And this in the desert at Mattanah.”

19And they moved from Mattanah to Nahaliel, and from Nahaliel to Bamoth, 20and from the Valley of Bamoth which is in the open country of Moab to the summit of Pisgah, which overlooks the area of Jeshimon. 21Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon the king of the Amorites, and said, 22“We would like to cross your country. We will not deviate through field or vineyard, and we will not drink well-water, but we will go by the royal road, until we have crossed your territory.” 23But Sihon did not allow Israel to cross his territory, and Sihon gathered all his people and he went out against Israel into the desert. And he went to Jahaz and fought against Israel. 24But Israel struck him by the blade of the sword, and came into possession of his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, up to the sons of Ammon, for the territory of the sons of Ammon was strongly held. 25So Israel took all these cities, and Israel lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon and all its satellite towns. 26For Heshbon is the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, and he had fought against the first king of Moab, and had taken all his land from his control as far as the Arnon. 27This is why those who speak in proverbs say,

“Come to Heshbon;

The city of Sihon

Will be built up and established.

28For fire went out from Heshbon,

A flame from the town of Sihon.

It consumed Ar of Moab,

And the lords of the heights of Arnon.

29Woe to you, Moab;

You have been ruined,

O people of Chemosh.

He has made its sons fugitives,

And taken its daughters into the captivity

Of Sihon the king of the Amorites.

30But we have shot them down;

Heshbon has been ruined up to Dibon,

And we have laid them waste

As far as Nophah

Which extends to Medeba.”

31Then Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites. 32Then Moses sent spies to spy out Jaazer, and they captured its satellite towns, and he dispossessed the Amorites who were there. 33Then they turned and went up the road to Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan came out against them – he and all his people – to the battle at Edrei. 34And the Lord said to Moses, “Do not be afraid of him, for I will deliver him and all his people into your hand, and his land, and you will deal with him as you dealt with Sihon king of the Amorites who was living in Heshbon.” 35And they struck him and his sons and all his people, so much so that he had no survivors left. And they took possession of his land.

Numbers Chapter 22 

1Then the sons of Israel moved and encamped in the arid tracts of Moab, across the Jordan at Jericho. 2And Balak the son of Zippor saw everything that Israel had done to the Amorites, 3and Moab was very afraid of the people, for it was great. And Moab felt revulsion at the sons of Israel, 4and Moab said to the elders of Midian, “The convocation will now lick up all our surroundings as the ox licks up the greenery of the field.” Now Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time, 5and he sent messengers to Balaam the son of Beor, to Pethor, which is on the river of the land of the sons of his people, to call for him, and they said, “Look, a people has come out of Egypt, and look, it has covered the surface of the land, and they are living opposite me. 6So now, please come and curse this people for me, for it is stronger than me, and maybe I will prevail and we can strike them and I can drive them from the land, for I know that what you bless is blessed and what you curse is cursed.” 7So the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian went with divining payment in their hand, and they came to Balaam and quoted Balak's words to him. 8And he said to them, “Lodge here tonight, and I will report to you according to what the Lord says to me.” So Moab's dignitaries stayed with Balaam. 9And God came to Balaam, and asked, “Who are these men with you?” 10And Balaam said to God, “Balak the son of Zippor, the king of Moab, sent them to me and they said, 11‘Look, the people who came out of Egypt have covered the surface of the land. Now please come and curse them for me, then maybe I will be able to fight them and drive them out.’ ” 12And God said to Balaam, “You shall not go with them. You shall not curse the people, for they are blessed.” 13And Balaam arose in the morning and said to Balak's dignitaries, “Go to your own country, for the Lord refuses to allow me to go with you.” 14So Moab's dignitaries arose and went to Balak and said, “Balaam refuses to go with us.” 15Then Balak sent dignitaries again, more of them, and more honourable ones, than those. 16And they came to Balaam, and they said to him, “This is what Balak the son of Zippor says, ‘Do not, please, refrain from coming to me. 17For I will certainly honour you greatly, and I will carry out everything you say to me, so please come, and curse this people for me.’ ” 18Then Balaam answered and said to the Balak's servants, “Even if Balak gives me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot transgress the word of the Lord my God, by doing anything small or great. 19And now, please remain here, you also, tonight, and I will find out what else the Lord says to me.” 20And God came to Balaam by night and said to him, “If the men come and call for you, arise and go with them, but you will surely carry out the words which I will speak to you.” 21So Balaam arose in the morning, and saddled his she-ass, and he went with Moab's dignitaries. 22Then God's anger was kindled because he went, and the angel of the Lord stationed himself on the road, in opposition to him, while he was riding on his ass, and his two servants were with him. 23And the ass saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way, with his sword drawn in his hand, and the ass turned aside from the way and went into the field. Then Balaam struck the ass to turn it to the road. 24But the angel of the Lord stood on the track of the vineyards, there being a fence on each side. 25And the ass saw the angel of the Lord, and it squeezed itself against the wall, and it squeezed Balaam's foot against the wall, and he struck it again. 26Then the angel of the Lord came across again, and stood in a narrow spot where there was no room to turn to the right or to the left. 27And the ass saw the angel of the Lord, and it lay down under Balaam, and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he struck the ass with his stick. 28Then the Lord opened the ass's mouth, and it said to Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you should strike me these three times?” 29And Balaam said to the ass, “Because you are fooling around with me. If only I had a sword in my hand, then I would kill you now.” 30Then the ass said to Balaam, “Am I not your ass upon which you have ridden for as long as you have existed up to this day? Am I in any way accustomed to behave this way to you?” And he said, “No.” 31Then the Lord unveiled Balaam's eyes, and he saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way with his sword drawn in his hand. And he bowed down and prostrated himself face down. 32Then the angel of the Lord said to him, “Why did you strike your ass those three times? Look, I have come out in opposition, because your way is perverse before me. 33And the ass saw me and turned aside before me those three times. Unless it had turned aside from me, it's you I would have killed by now, but I would have preserved it alive.” 34Then Balaam said to the angel of the Lord, “I have sinned, for I did not know that you were standing facing me on the road. So now, if this matter is wrong in your sight, I had better go back.” 35Then the angel of the Lord said to Balaam, “Go with the men; however, the word which I will speak to you is what you will speak.” So Balaam went with Balak's dignitaries. 36Then when Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at the city of Moab which is on the border at the Arnon, which is at the end of his territory. 37Then Balak said to Balaam, “Did I not specifically send men to you to call for you? Why did you not come to me? Is it credible that I should be unable to honour you?” 38Then Balaam said to Balak, “Look, I have come to you now. Am I at all able to say anything of my own? The word which God puts in my mouth, that I will say.” 39Then Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kirjath-huzoth. 40And Balak sacrificed oxen and sheep, and he sent for Balaam and for the dignitaries who were with him. 41And it came to pass in the morning that Balak took Balaam and brought him up to the heights of Baal, and from there he showed him the extent of the people.

Numbers Chapter 23 

1Then Balaam said to Balak, “Build me here seven altars, and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams.” 2And Balak did what Balaam said, and Balak and Balaam offered up a bull and a ram on each altar. 3Then Balaam said to Balak, “Stand at your burnt offering and I will go. It may happen that the Lord will meet up with me and I will tell you whatever he shows me.” And he went to a high place. 4And God came across to Balaam, and Balaam said to him, “I arranged seven altars, and I have made a burnt offering of a bull and a ram on each altar.” 5Then the Lord put a word in Balaam's mouth and said, “Return to Balak and you will speak accordingly.” 6So he returned to him, and what he saw was that he was standing at his burnt offering – he and all the dignitaries of Moab. 7And he delivered his discourse and said,

“Balak the king of Moab

Led me from Aram,

From the mountains of the east,

Saying, ‘Come, please, and curse Jacob’,

And, ‘Come and be insolent to Israel.’

8How can I curse him

Whom God has not cursed?

And how can I be insolent

To him to whom the Lord

Has not been insolent?

9For from the summit of the rocks I saw him,

And from the hills I beheld him,

Behold, a people will dwell on its own,

And it will not be reckoned among the nations.

10Who has counted the dust of Jacob,

Or the number of a quarter of Israel?

May my soul die the death of the upright,

And may my end be like him.”

11Then Balak said to Balaam, “What are you doing to me? I took you to curse my enemies, and what you have done is you have thoroughly blessed them.” 12Then he answered and said, “Am I not compelled to say what the Lord puts in my mouth?” 13Then Balak said to him, “Please come with me to another place from where you will see them. You will see the extreme end of them, but you will not see all of them, and curse them for me from there.” 14And he took him to the area of the look-out men, at the summit of Pisgah, and he built seven altars, and he offered a bull and a ram on each altar. 15Then he said to Balak, “Stand here at your burnt offering while I will be met with over there.” 16And the Lord met with Balaam, and he put a word in his mouth, and he said, “Go back to Balak, and you will speak accordingly.” 17So he went back to him, and there he was, standing at his burnt offering, and the dignitaries of Moab were with him. And Balak said to him, “What did the Lord say?” 18And he delivered his discourse and said,

“Arise, Balak, and listen

Give ear to me, O son of Zippor.

19God is not a man who might lie,

Nor a son of Adam who might change his mind.

Does he speak, and then not do it?

Or does he declare something,

And not fulfil it?

20Behold, I have received

A constraint to bless.

And he has blessed

And I cannot reverse it.

21He does not observe wickedness in Jacob,

And he does not see wrong in Israel.

The Lord his God is with him,

And the shout of the king is among them.

22The God who brought them out of Egypt

Has strength like that of a buffalo.

23For there is no enchantment against Jacob,

And no divination against Israel.

Now it will be told to Jacob,

And to Israel, what God has done.

24Behold, a people like a great lion is arising,

And like a young lion it is lifting itself up.

It does not lie down until it has eaten prey,

And has drunk the blood of the slain.”

25Then Balak said to Balaam, “Neither curse them at all nor bless them at all.” 26Then Balaam answered and said to Balak, “Did I not tell you and say, ‘Everything that the Lord says to me, that I will do?’ ” 27Then Balak said to Balaam, “Come, please, and let me take you to another place. Maybe it will be right in God's eyes for you to curse them for me from there.” 28So Balak took Balaam to the summit of Peor, which overlooks the landscape of Jeshimon. 29And Balaam said to Balak, “Build me seven altars here, and prepare for me seven bulls and seven rams here.” 30And Balak did as Balaam had said, and he offered up a bull and a ram on each altar.

Numbers Chapter 24 

1And Balaam saw that it was good in the eyes of the Lord to bless Israel, and he did not go as at other times to engage in enchantments, but he directed his face towards the desert. 2And Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel dwelling according to their tribes, and the spirit of God came upon him. 3And he delivered his discourse and said,

“Balaam the son of Beor speaks,

And the man who has an open eye declares,

4And he who heard the sayings of God,

Who saw a vision from the Almighty,

Who fell down and became of unveiled eyes,

Pronounces,

5‘How fair are your tents, Jacob!

Your dwellings, Israel!

6They are spread out like brooks,

Like gardens at the river,

Like aloes which the Lord planted,

Like cypresses at water.

7He will distil water from his buckets,

And his seed will be among much water.

And his king will be exalted above Agag,

And his kingdom will be set high up.

8The God who brought him out of Egypt,

Who has strength like that of a buffalo,

Will consume the nations which are his adversaries.

He will gnaw their bones,

And with his arrows he will pierce them.

9He crouches and lies down

Like a young lion,

And like a great lion,

Who would arouse him?

Those who bless you are blessed,

But those who curse you are cursed.’ ”

10At this Balak's anger was kindled against Balaam, and he struck his hands together, and Balak said to Balaam, “I called for you to curse my enemies, and what you have done is you have thoroughly blessed them these three times. 11So now, get away to your place. I said I would honour you greatly, and look, the Lord has held honour back from you.” 12Then Balaam said to Balak, “Did I not expressly speak to your messengers that you sent to me, and say, 13Even if Balak gives me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot transgress the word of the Lord – by doing good or bad from my heart – but that which the Lord says, I will say.’ 14And now, here I am, I am going to my people. Come, and I will inform you what this people will do to your people in the latter days.” 15And he delivered his discourse and said,

“Balaam the son of Peor speaks,

And the man who has an open eye declares,

16And he who heard the sayings of God,

And who is party to the knowledge of the Most High,

Who saw a vision of the Almighty,

Who fell down and became of unveiled eyes,

Pronounces,

17‘I will see him, but not now;

I will look upon him, but not shortly.

A star from Jacob will set foot here,

And a sceptre will arise from Israel,

Which will dash the quarters of Moab,

And overturn all the sons of Seth.

18And Edom will become an inheritance,

And an inheritance for its enemies

Is what Seir will become,

But Israel will do valiantly.

19And he who is from Jacob will have dominion,

And will destroy anyone who escapes from the city.’ ”

20And when he saw Amalek, he delivered his discourse and said,

“Amalek is the foremost of the nations,

But his final state is to perish.”

21And when he saw the Kenite, he delivered his discourse, and said,

“Your habitation is firm,

And you have situated your nest on the rock.

22Yet the Kenite is destined to be burnt up

Until Assyria takes you captive.”

23And he delivered his discourse and said,

“Woe to him who is living

When God brings it about.

24And ships will come from the Chittim,

And they will afflict Assyria,

And they will afflict Eber,

But he too is destined to perish.”

25Then Balaam got up and departed and he returned to his place, and Balak too went his way.

Numbers Chapter 25 

1And Israel stayed in Shittim, but the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab, 2and these women called the people to the sacrifices to their gods, and the people ate them, and worshipped their gods. 3Then Israel adhered to Baal-peor, and the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel. 4And the Lord said to Moses, “Take all the leaders of the people and hang them up before the Lord in the sun, so that the fury of Lord's anger may recede from Israel.” 5Then Moses said to the judges of Israel, “Let each one execute the men under his jurisdiction who adhered to Baal-peor.” 6And there was a man of the sons of Israel who came and brought a Midianite woman to his brothers, in the sight of Moses and in the sight of the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, who were weeping at the entrance to the tent of contact. 7And when Phinehas the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest saw it, he arose from the midst of the congregation, taking his spear in his hand, 8and he went after the man of Israel into the vaulted tent and thrust both of them through – the man of Israel, and the woman, in her belly – and the plague on the sons of Israel ceased. 9Now those who died in the plague came to twenty-four thousand. 10Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 11“Phinehas the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest turned my fury back from the sons of Israel, when he was zealous with my zeal in their midst, so that I did not make an end of the sons of Israel in my zeal. 12Therefore say, ‘Behold, I am giving him my covenant of peace. 13And he and his seed after him will have the covenant of an age-abiding priesthood, because he was zealous for his God, and he made atonement for the sons of Israel.’ ” 14And the name of the man of Israel who was struck down – who was struck down with the Midianite woman – was Zimri the son of Salu, a leader of the Simeonite paternal house. 15And the name of the Midianite woman who was struck down was Cozbi the daughter of Zur, who was head of the nations of his paternal house in Midian. 16Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 17“Be hostile to the Midianites and strike them down, 18for they are hostile to you, in their deceit with which they were deceitful to you in the matter of Peor and in the matter of Cozbi the daughter of the leader of Midian, their sister who was struck down on the day of the plague in the matter of Peor.”

Numbers Chapter 26 

1aAnd it came to pass after the plague, 1bthat the Lord spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, and he said, 2“Hold a census of the whole congregation of the sons of Israel from twenty years old and above, according to their paternal house – everyone who could serve in the army in Israel.” 3So Moses and Eleazar the priest addressed them in the arid tracts of Moab, by the Jordan, at Jericho, and said, 4“From twenty years old and above, as the Lord commanded Moses and the sons of Israel who came out of the land of Egypt.” 5For Reuben the firstborn of Israel: the sons of Reuben were Hanoch with the family of the Hanochites, and belonging to Pallu, the family of the Palluites, 6and belonging to Hezron, the family of the Hezronites, and belonging to Carmi, the family of the Carmites. 7These were the families of the Reubenites, and those of them counted came to forty-three thousand, seven hundred and thirty. 8And the sons of Pallu were: just Eliab. 9And the sons of Eliab were Nemuel and Dathan and Abiram. These were Dathan and Abiram who were recruited to the company which contended with Moses and Aaron, in the company of Korah, when they contended with the Lord, 10and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, with Korah in the death of the company, when the fire consumed the two hundred and fifty men, and they became a warning sign. 11But the sons of Korah did not die. 12The sons of Simeon according to their families were: belonging to Nemuel was the family of the Nemuelites, belonging to Jamin was the family of the Jaminites, belonging to Jachin was the family of the Jachinites, 13belonging to Zerah was the family of the Zarhites, and belonging to Shaul was the family of the Shaulites. 14These were the families of the Simeonites – they came to twenty-two thousand two hundred. 15The sons of Gad according to their families were: belonging to Zephon was the family of the Zephonites, belonging to Haggi was the family of the Haggites, belonging to Shuni was the family of the Shunites, 16belonging to Ozni was the family of the Oznites, belonging to Eri was the family of the Erites, 17belonging to Arod was the family of the Arodites, and belonging to Areli was the family of the Arelites. 18These were the families of the sons of Gad according to those counted – they came to forty thousand five hundred. 19The sons of Judah were Er and Onan, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. 20And the sons of Judah according to their families were: belonging to Shelah was the family of the Shelanites, belonging to Pharez was the family of the Parzites, and belonging to Zerah was the family of the Zarhites. 21And the sons of Pharez were: belonging to Hezron was the family of the Hezronites, and belonging to Hamul was the family of the Hamulites. 22These were the families of Judah according to those of them counted; they came to seventy-six thousand five hundred. 23The sons of Issachar according to their families were: belonging to Tola was the family of the Tolaites, belonging to Puvah was the family of the Punites, 24belonging to Jashub was the family of the Jashubites, and belonging to Shimron was the family of the Shimronites. 25These were the families of Issachar according to those of them counted; they came to sixty-four thousand three hundred. 26The sons of Zebulun according to their families were: belonging to Sered was the family of the Sardites, belonging to Elon was the family of the Elonites, and belonging to Jahleel was the family of the Jahleelites. 27These were the families of the Zebulunites according to those of them counted; they came to sixty thousand five hundred. 28The sons of Joseph according to their families were Manasseh and Ephraim. 29The sons of Manasseh were: belonging to Machir was the family of the Machirites, and Machir begot Gilead, and belonging to Gilead was the family of the Gileadites. 30These were the sons of Gilead: belonging to Jeezer was the family of the Jeezerites, belonging to Helek was the family of the Helekites, 31belonging to Asriel was the family of the Asrielites, belonging to Shechem was the family of the Shechemites, 32belonging to Shemida was the family of the Shemidaites, and belonging to Hepher was the family of the Hepherites. 33Now Zelophehad the son of Hepher did not have any sons – only daughters – and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. 34These were the families of Manasseh, and those of them counted came to fifty-two thousand seven hundred. 35The sons of Ephraim according to their families were: belonging to Shuthelah was the family of the Shuthalites, belonging to Becher was the family of the Bachrites, and belonging to Tahan was the family of the Tahanites. 36These were the sons of Shuthelah: belonging to Eran was the family of the Eranites. 37These were the families of the sons of Ephraim, and those of them counted came to thirty-two thousand five hundred. These were the sons of Joseph according to their families. 38The sons of Benjamin according to their families were: belonging to Bela was the family of the Belaites, belonging to Ashbel was the family of the Ashbelites, belonging to Ahiram was the family of the Ahiramites, 39belonging to Shephupham was the family of the Shuphamites, and belonging to Hupham was the family of the Huphamites. 40And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman. Belonging to Ard was the family of the Ardites, and belonging to Naaman was the family of the Naamanites. 41These were the sons of Benjamin according to their families, and those of them counted came to forty-five thousand six hundred. 42These were the sons of Dan according to their families: belonging to Shuham was the family of the Shuhamites. These were the families of Dan according to their families. 43All the families of the Shuhamites according to those of them counted came to sixty-four thousand four hundred. 44The sons of Asher according to their families were: belonging to Jimnah was the family of the Jimnites, belonging to Jishvi was the family of the Jishvites, and belonging to Beriah was the family of the Beriites. 45Of the sons of Beriah were: belonging to Heber was the family of the Heberites, and belonging to Malchiel was the family of the Malchielites. 46And the name of Asher's daughter was Sarah. 47These were the families of the sons of Asher according to those of them counted, and they came to fifty-three thousand four hundred. 48The sons of Naphtali according to their families were: belonging to Jahzeel was the family of the Jahzeelites, belonging to Guni was the family of the Gunites, 49belonging to Jezer was the family of the Jezerites, and belonging to Shillem was the family of the Shillemites. 50These were the families of Naphtali according to their families, and those of them counted came to forty-five thousand four hundred. 51These are those who were counted of the sons of Israel and they came to six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty. 52And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 53“To these the land will be divided, with an inheritance according to the number of names. 54To a large number you will give them a large inheritance; to a small number you will give them a small inheritance. Each tribe will be given its inheritance according to those of it counted. 55But by lot the land will be divided; they will inherit according to the names of the tribes of their fathers. 56According to lot their inheritance will be apportioned, between the many and the few.” 57And these are those counted of the Levites according to their families: belonging to Gershon was the family of the Gershonites, belonging to Kohath was the family of the Kohathites, and belonging to Merari was the family of the Merarites. 58These are the families of Levi: the family of Libnites, the family of Hebronites, the family of Mahlites, the family of Mushites, and the family of Korhites. And Kohath begot Amram. 59And the name of the wife of Amram was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bore to Levi in Egypt. And she bore to Amram Aaron and Moses and Miriam their sister. 60And there were born to Aaron Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, 61but Nadab and Abihu died when they offered strange fire before the Lord. 62And those of them counted came to twenty-three thousand – all the males from one month old and above – for they are not counted among the sons of Israel, for no inheritance was given to them among the sons of Israel. 63These are those counted by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who counted the sons of Israel in the arid tracts of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. 64And among these there was no man of those counted by Moses and Aaron the priest, when they counted the sons of Israel in the Sinai desert. 65For the Lord had said of them, “They will certainly die in the desert, and there did not remain a single man of them, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun.”

Numbers Chapter 27 

1Then the daughters of Zelophehad the son of Hepher the son of Gilead the son of Machir the son of Manasseh – so of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph – approached, and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah and Hoglah and Milcah and Tirzah. 2And they stood before Moses and Eleazar the priest, and before the officials and the whole congregation at the entrance to the tent of contact, and said, 3“Our father died in the desert, but he was not among the company which gathered against the Lord in Korah's company, for he died in his own sin, and he had no sons. 4Why should the name of our father be suppressed among his family because he had no son? Give us an inheritance among our father's brothers.” 5Then Moses brought their case before the Lord. 6And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 7“Zelophehad's daughters speak rightly. You must certainly give them a possession as an inheritance among their father's brothers, and you will transfer their father's inheritance to them. 8And you will speak to the sons of Israel and say, ‘If a man dies and has no son, you will transfer his inheritance to his daughter. 9And if he has no daughter, then you will give his inheritance to his brothers. 10And if he has no brothers, you will give his inheritance to his father's brothers. 11And if his father has no brothers, you will give his inheritance to the nearest kinsman to him, in his family, and he will inherit it, and it will be a statute of the justice system for the sons of Israel, as the Lord commanded Moses.’ ” 12And the Lord said to Moses, “Go up into this Mount Abarim and look at the land which I have given to the sons of Israel, 13and you will see it, and then you will be gathered to your people – you too – as Aaron your brother was gathered, 14because you rebelled against my word in the desert of Zin, in the rebellion of the congregation, my word being to sanctify me at the water before their eyes – that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the desert of Zin.” 15Then Moses spoke to the Lord and said, 16“Let the Lord God of the spirits of all flesh appoint a man over the congregation, 17who will go out before them, and who will come in before them, and who will lead them out, and who will lead them in, so that the congregation of the Lord will not be like sheep who have no shepherd.” 18And the Lord said to Moses, “Then take Joshua the son of Nun, a man with spirit in him, and lay your hand on him, 19and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before the whole congregation, and command him in their sight. 20And confer on him a share of your honour so that the whole congregation of the sons of Israel will obey him. 21And he will stand before Eleazar the priest, who will inquire for him oracularly by the decision of the Urim before the Lord. At his word they will go out, and at his word they will come in, he and all the sons of Israel with him, and the whole congregation.” 22So Moses did as the Lord commanded him, and he took Joshua, and he set him before Eleazar the priest and before the whole congregation. 23And he laid his hand on him, and he commanded him according to what the Lord had said, through the intermediacy of Moses.

Numbers Chapter 28 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Command the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘You must ensure to offer my oblation to me in its season – my bread for my fire-offerings as a sweet fragrance.’ 3And you will say to them, ‘This is the fire-offering which you will offer to the Lord: two one-year-old lambs without blemish per day as a perpetual burnt offering. 4You will offer one lamb in the morning and the second lamb in the evening, 5with a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a meal-offering, mixed with a quarter of a hin of beaten oil. 6You will make a perpetual burnt offering as ordained at Mount Sinai as a sweet fragrance of a fire-offering to the Lord, 7with its libation, a quarter of a hin per lamb. Pour out the libation of strong wine to the Lord in the holy place. 8And you will offer the second lamb in the evening. You will offer it like the meal-offering of the morning and like its libation. It is a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord. 9And on the Sabbath day offer two one-year-old lambs without blemish and two tenth measures of fine flour as a meal-offering, mixed with oil, and its libation – 10a burnt offering on every Sabbath, besides the perpetual burnt offering and its libation. 11And at the start of your months, you will offer a burnt offering to the Lord: two bull-calves of the oxen, and one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs without blemish, 12and three tenth measures of fine flour, as a meal-offering, mixed with oil, per bull, and two tenth measures of fine flour for the meal-offering, mixed with oil, per ram, 13and a tenth measure of fine flour each time for the meal-offering, mixed with oil, per lamb. It is a burnt offering of a sweet fragrance – a fire-offering to the Lord. 14And their libation will be half a hin of wine per bull, and a third of a hin per ram and a quarter of a hin per lamb. This is the burnt offering of each month throughout the months of the year. 15And one buck of the goats will be offered as a sin-offering to the Lord besides the perpetual burnt offering and its libation. 16And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, it is the Lord's Passover. 17And on the fifteenth day of this month it is a festival. For seven days unleavened bread will be eaten. 18On the first day it is a holy convocation. You will not engage in any kind of work. 19And you will offer a fire-offering – a burnt offering to the Lord. You will use two bull-calves of the oxen, and one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs, without blemish. 20And their meal-offering will be fine flour mixed with oil. You will offer three tenth measures per bull and two tenth measures per ram. 21You will offer a tenth measure each time per lamb, for the seven lambs, 22and one goat as a sin-offering, to atone for you. 23You will carry these out apart from the burnt offering in the morning which is a perpetual burnt offering. 24You will act according to these instructions each day for seven days, as bread of a fire-offering, as a sweet fragrance to the Lord. It will be done in addition to the perpetual burnt offering and its libation. 25And on the seventh day you will hold a holy convocation, and you will not engage in any kind of work. 26And on the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a new meal-offering to the Lord, on your Festival of Weeks, you will hold a holy convocation, and you will not engage in any kind of work. 27And you will offer a burnt offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord: two bull-calves of the oxen, one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs, 28with their meal-offering of fine flour mixed with oil: three tenth measures per bull, two tenth measures per ram, 29and one tenth measure each time per lamb for each of the seven lambs, 30and one buck of the goats to atone for you. 31You will do this apart from the perpetual burnt offering and its meal-offering. You will use animals without blemish with their libations.

Numbers Chapter 29 

1And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you will hold a holy convocation. You will not engage in any kind of work; it will be a day of blowing of ramshorns to you. 2And you will perform a burnt offering as a sweet fragrance to the Lord: one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs, without blemish, 3with their meal-offering of fine flour mixed with oil: three tenth measures per bull, two tenth measures per ram, 4and one tenth measure per lamb for each of the seven lambs, 5and one buck of the goats as a sin-offering to atone for you, 6apart from the burnt offering of the month and its meal-offering and the perpetual burnt offering and its meal-offering and their libations according to their regulation, as a sweet fragrance – a fire-offering to the Lord. 7And on the tenth day of this seventh month you will hold a holy convocation, and you will afflict yourselves, and you will not do any work. 8And you will offer a burnt offering to the Lord, a sweet fragrance: one bull-calf of the oxen, one ram, and seven one-year-old rams. You will use animals without blemish. 9And their meal-offering will be fine flour mixed with oil: three tenth measures per bull, two tenth measures per ram, 10and one tenth measure for each lamb for each of the seven lambs, 11and one buck of the goats as a sin-offering, apart from the sin-offering of the atonement, and the perpetual burnt offering and its meal-offering and their libations. 12And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you will hold a holy convocation; you will not engage in any kind of work, and you will celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days. 13And you will offer a burnt offering, a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord: thirteen bull-calves of the oxen, two rams and fourteen one-year-old lambs. They will be without blemish, 14and their meal-offering: fine flour mixed with oil, three tenth measures per bull for the thirteen bulls, two tenth measures per ram for each of the two rams, 15and a tenth measure for each lamb, for the fourteen lambs, 16and one buck of the goats as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 17And on the second day, you will offer twelve bull-calves of the oxen, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 18and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 19and one buck of the goats as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering and its meal-offering and their libations. 20And on the third day, you will offer eleven bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 21and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 22and one goat as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 23And on the fourth day, you will offer ten bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 24and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 25and one buck of the goats as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 26And on the fifth day, you will offer nine bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 27and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 28and one goat as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 29And on the sixth day, you will offer eight bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 30and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 31and one goat as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 32And on the seventh day, you will offer seven bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old lambs without blemish, 33and their meal-offering and their libations, to go with the bulls, with the rams, and with the lambs by their number, according to the regulation, 34and one goat as a sin-offering, apart from the perpetual burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 35And on the eighth day you will hold a solemn assembly. You will not engage in any kind of work. 36And you will offer a burnt offering, a fire-offering of a sweet fragrance to the Lord: one bull, one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs without blemish, 37and their meal-offering and their libations to go with the bull, with the ram and with the lambs by their number according to the regulation, 38and one goat as a sin-offering, apart from the ongoing burnt offering, and its meal-offering and its libation. 39You will do these things for the Lord at your appointed times, apart from your vows and your freewill-offerings, your burnt offerings and your meal-offerings, and your libations and your peace-offerings.’ ” 40And Moses told the sons of Israel everything that the Lord had commanded Moses.

Numbers Chapter 30 

1And Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel and said, “This is the matter which the Lord has commanded. 2If a man makes a vow to the Lord or swears an oath, so imposing an obligation on himself, he shall not break his word – he shall act according to everything that comes out of his mouth. 3And if a woman makes a vow to the Lord, and she imposes an obligation on herself in her father's house in her youth, 4and her father hears her vow and her obligation which she imposed on herself, and her father remains silent with her, then all her vows will stand, and the whole of her obligation which she imposed on herself will stand. 5But if her father disallows her on the day when he hears it, none of her vows and obligations which she imposed on herself will stand, and the Lord will pardon her, for her father has disallowed her. 6And if it is the case that she has a husband, and she has vows imposed on her, or an utterance of her lips which she has imposed on herself, 7and her husband hears it, and on the day he hears it he remains silent with her, then her vows will stand, and her obligations which she imposed on herself will stand. 8But if on the day when her husband hears it, he disallows her, then he will abrogate the vow which is on her, and the utterance of her lips with which she bound herself, and the Lord will pardon her. 9And as for the vow of a widow or a divorcee, everything that she has imposed on herself will stand imposed on her. 10And if in the house of her husband she vows or imposes an obligation on herself by an oath, 11and her husband hears it and remains silent with her and does not disallow her, then all her vows and all the obligation which she imposed on herself will stand. 12But if it is the case that her husband abrogates them on the day he hears it – all the utterance of her lips in respect of her vows and the obligation on herself – then it will not stand: her husband abrogated them and the Lord will pardon her. 13As regards every vow and every oath of an obligation to afflict oneself, her husband may let it stand or her husband may abrogate it. 14But if it is the case that her husband remains silent with her from day to day, then he has let all her vows stand, or has let all her obligations on herself stand, for he remained silent with her on the day he heard them. 15But if on the contrary he abrogates them a while after he heard them, then he will bear her iniquity.” 16These are the statutes which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between a father and his daughter in her youth, in the house of her father.

Numbers Chapter 31 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Take vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites, and afterwards you will be gathered to your people.” 3So Moses spoke to the people and said, “Let a group of your men be armed for war, and confront Midian, to take the Lord's vengeance on Midian. 4You will send a thousand men for each and every tribe – for all the tribes of Israel – to war.” 5So one thousand men per tribe, from the thousands of Israel, were handed over – twelve thousand men armed for war. 6And Moses sent them – a thousand per tribe, with Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest – to war. And he had the holy instruments and the trumpets for sounding in his hand. 7And they went to war against Midian, as the Lord had commanded Moses, and they killed all males. 8And they killed the kings of Midian among those defeated by them, Evi and Rekem and Zur and Hur and Reba – the five kings of Midian – and they killed Balaam the son of Beor with the sword. 9And the sons of Israel took the women of Midian captive, and their children, and they plundered all their cattle and all their property and all their wealth. 10And they burned with fire all their cities in their inhabited areas, and all their palaces. 11And they took all the spoil and all the booty by way of people and cattle. 12And they brought the captives and the booty and the spoil to Moses and Eleazar the priest and to the congregation of the sons of Israel at the camp in the arid tracts of Moab, which were by the Jordan at Jericho. 13And Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the leaders of the congregation went out to meet them, outside the camp. 14But Moses was angry with the officers in the army – the commanders of a thousand and the commanders of a hundred – who came from the army which fought the war. 15And Moses said to them, “Have you kept all the females alive? 16Look, they came to the sons of Israel in the incident with Balaam, to stir up treachery against the Lord in the affair of Peor, and there was a plague in the Lord's congregation. 17So now, kill all the males among the children, and kill every woman who has known a man in lying with a male. 18But keep all the female children who have not known lying with a male, alive, for yourselves. 19And encamp outside the camp for seven days, everyone who kills a person and everyone who touches those killed. Purify yourselves, you and your captives, on the third day and on the seventh day. 20And purify every item of clothing and every hide, and every product of goats and every wooden article.” 21Then Eleazar the priest said to the men of the army who went to war, “This is the statute of the law which the Lord commanded Moses. 22But as for the gold and the silver, the copper, the iron, the tin and the lead – 23every item that can go through fire – pass it through fire and it will be clean, but it will be purified by water of impurity, and pass everything that cannot go through fire through the water. 24And you will wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you will be clean, and afterwards you can come to the camp.” 25Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 26“Hold a census of the captives taken – of the people and the cattle – you and Eleazar the priest, and the paternal heads of the congregation, 27and divide what was taken into two, between those who undertook the war, who went out in the army, and the whole congregation. 28And you will raise a levy for the Lord from the men of war who went out to battle: one individual in five hundred, from men and from the oxen, and from the donkeys and from the sheep. 29You will take it from their half and give it to Eleazar the priest, as a heave-offering to the Lord. 30And of the half for the sons of Israel you will take one part in fifty from men, from oxen, from donkeys and from sheep – from all cattle – and give them to the Levites who reliably carry out the operations of the Lord's tabernacle.” 31And Moses and Eleazar the priest acted according to what the Lord had commanded Moses. 32And what was taken – the remainder of the plunder which the people of the army plundered – amounted to six hundred and seventy-five thousand sheep, 33and seventy-two thousand oxen, 34and sixty-one thousand donkeys, 35and people, from the women who had not known lying with a male: thirty-two thousand people in all. 36And for the half, the part which went out to battle, the number of sheep amounted to three hundred and thirty-seven thousand, five hundred. 37And the levy to the Lord from the sheep was six hundred and seventy-five. 38And the oxen amounted to thirty-six thousand, and their levy to the Lord was seventy-two. 39And the donkeys amounted to thirty thousand five hundred, and their levy to the Lord was sixty-one. 40And the people amounted to sixteen thousand, and the levy to the Lord was thirty-two people. 41And Moses gave the levy as a heave-offering for the Lord to Eleazar the priest, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 42And of the half of the sons of Israel whom Moses divided from the men who fought, 43half of the congregation: from the sheep the number amounted to three hundred and thirty-seven thousand, five hundred, 44and the oxen amounted to thirty-six thousand, 45and the donkeys amounted to thirty thousand five hundred, 46and the persons amounted to sixteen thousand. 47And Moses took from the half of the sons of Israel one part in fifty from the persons and from the cattle, and gave them to the Levites who kept the observance of the Lord's tabernacle as the Lord had commanded Moses. 48Then the officers who were over the thousands of the army – the commanders of a thousand and the commanders of a hundred – approached Moses 49and said to Moses, “Your servants have held a census of the men of war who were under our authority, and not a man of us is missing. 50And we have performed the Lord's oblation, each one who found an item of gold – a chain or a bracelet, a ring or an earring or a brooch – to atone for ourselves before the Lord.” 51And Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from them – all the items of craftsmanship. 52And all the gold of the heave-offering which they heaved to the Lord amounted to sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from the commanders of a thousand from the commanders of a hundred. 53The men of the army took spoil – each for himself. 54And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold from the commanders of a thousand and the commanders of a hundred and brought it to the tent of contact, as a memorial to the sons of Israel before the Lord.

Numbers Chapter 32 

1Now the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad had a lot of cattle – a very great quantity – and when they saw the land of Jaazer and the land of Gilead, they saw that the place was a place for cattle. 2And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben came and spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the priest, and to the leaders of the congregation, and said, 3“Ataroth and Dibon and Jaazer and Nimrah and Heshbon and Elealeh and Shebam and Nebo and Beon – 4the land which the Lord struck before the congregation of Israel – is a land of cattle, and your servants have cattle.” 5And they said, “If we have found grace in your eyes, let this land be given to your servants as a possession, and do not have us cross the Jordan.” 6Then Moses said to the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben, “Should your brothers go to war, while you stay here? 7Now why should you discourage the sons of Israel from crossing to the land which the Lord has given them? 8Your fathers behaved the same way when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land, 9when they went up to the Brook of Eshcol and saw the land, but they discouraged the sons of Israel so that they wouldn't go to the land which the Lord has given them, 10so that the Lord's wrath was kindled on that day, and he swore and said, 11‘The men who came up from Egypt, from twenty years old and above, will certainly not see the land which I swore to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob, for they have not fully followed me, 12except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite and Joshua the son of Nun, for they have fully followed the Lord.’ 13And the Lord's wrath was kindled against Israel, and he caused them to wander in the desert for forty years, until the whole generation which had done wrong in the eyes of the Lord had come to an end. 14And look, you have risen up in place of your fathers – the progeny of sinful men – to add more to the angry fury of the Lord towards Israel. 15If you turn away from following him, then he will leave them again in the desert, and you will bring the whole of this people to ruin.” 16But they approached him and said, “We will build sheepfolds for our livestock here, and cities for our little ones. 17And we will arm ourselves swiftly before the sons of Israel, until we have brought them to their place, while our little ones remain in fortified cities, because of the inhabitants of the land. 18We will not return to our houses until the sons of Israel have received their inheritance – each man his inheritance. 19For we will not inherit with them on the far side of the Jordan, for our inheritance has come to us on the eastern side of the Jordan.” 20Then Moses said to them, “If you do this thing, if you arm yourselves before the Lord for war, 21and every armed man of yours crosses the Jordan before the Lord until he has dispossessed his enemies from before him, 22and the land is subdued before the Lord, and afterwards you return, then you will be guiltless with the Lord and with Israel, and this land will be yours as a possession before the Lord. 23But if you were not to act this way, then in that case you would be sinning against the Lord. And be aware that as for your sin, it would find you out. 24Build yourselves cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep, and do what you have pronounced.” 25Then the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben spoke to Moses and said, “Your servants will do as my lord commands. 26Our little ones, our wives, our cattle and all our livestock will be there in the cities of Gilead, 27and your servants will cross, every one in the army, armed for battle before the Lord, as my lord says.” 28And concerning them Moses commanded Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the paternal heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel, 29and Moses said to them, “If the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben cross the Jordan with you – every one armed for war before the Lord – and the land is subdued before you, then you will give them the land of Gilead as a possession. 30But if they do not cross armed with you, then they will have a possession among you in the land of Canaan.” 31And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben answered and said, “What the Lord said to your servants, we will do. 32We will cross armed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, and we will have the possession of our inheritance on the other side of the Jordan from there.” 33And Moses gave them – the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben and the half-tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph – the kingdom of Sihon the king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land with its cities, in the territories of the cities of the land round about. 34And the sons of Gad built Dibon and Ataroth and Aroer, 35and Atroth-shophan and Jaazer and Jogbehah, 36and Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran – fortified cities – and sheepfolds. 37And the sons of Reuben built Heshbon and Elealeh and Kirjathaim, 38and Nebo and Baal-meon (the names being changed) and Sibmah, and they called the cities which they had built by changed names. 39And the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead and captured it and dispossessed the Amorite who was in it. 40And Moses gave Gilead to Machir the son of Manasseh, and he lived in it. 41Then Jair the son of Manasseh went out and captured their villages and called them the villages of Jair. 42And Nobah went out and captured Kenath and its satellite villages, and he called it Nobah after his own name.

Numbers Chapter 33 

1These are the moves of the sons of Israel who came out of the land of Egypt according to their armies through the agency of Moses and Aaron. 2For Moses recorded their departures per move of theirs according to the instruction of the Lord. And these are their moves by their departures. 3Now they moved from Rameses in the first month on the fifteenth day of the first month. On the first day after the Passover, the sons of Israel departed with a high hand in the eyes of all Egypt. 4And Egypt buried those among their own whom the Lord struck down – all the firstborn – and the Lord executed judgments on their gods. 5And the sons of Israel moved from Rameses and encamped at Succoth. 6Then they moved from Succoth and encamped at Etham which is at the edge of the desert. 7Then they moved from Etham and they returned to Pi-hahiroth which is near Baal-zephon, and they encamped in front of Migdol. 8Then they moved from the proximity of Hahiroth, and crossed through the middle of the sea into the desert, and they went three days' journey in the desert of Etham, and they encamped at Marah. 9Then they moved from Marah and came to Elim, and in Elim were twelve sources of water and seventy palm trees, and they encamped there. 10Then they moved from Elim and encamped at the Red Sea. 11Then they moved from the Red Sea and encamped at the desert of Sin. 12Then they moved from the desert of Sin and encamped at Dophkah. 13Then they moved from Dophkah and encamped at Alush. 14Then they moved from Alush and encamped at Rephidim, but there was no water there for the people to drink. 15Then they moved from Rephidim and encamped in the Sinai Desert. 16Then they moved from the Sinai Desert and encamped at Kibroth-hattaavah. 17Then they moved from Kibroth-hattaavah and encamped at Hazeroth. 18Then they moved from Hazeroth and encamped at Rithmah. 19Then they moved from Rithmah and encamped at Rimmon-parez. 20Then they moved from Rimmon-parez and encamped at Libnah. 21Then they moved from Libnah and encamped at Rissah. 22Then they moved from Rissah and encamped at Kehelathah. 23Then they moved from Kehelathah and encamped at Mount Shapher. 24Then they moved from Mount Shapher and encamped at Haradah. 25Then they moved from Haradah and encamped at Makheloth. 26Then they moved from Makheloth and encamped at Tahath. 27Then they moved from Tahath and encamped at Tarah. 28Then they moved from Tarah and encamped at Mithcah. 29Then they moved from Mithcah and encamped at Hashmonah. 30Then they moved from Hashmonah and encamped at Moseroth. 31Then they moved from Moseroth and encamped at Bene-jaakan. 32Then they moved from Bene-jaakan and encamped at Hor-hagidgad. 33Then they moved from Hor-hagidgad and encamped at Jotbathah. 34Then they moved from Jotbathah and encamped at Ebronah. 35Then they moved from Ebronah and encamped at Ezion-gaber. 36Then they moved from Ezion-gaber and encamped in the desert of Zin, which is Kadesh. 37Then they moved from Kadesh and encamped at Mount Hor, at the edge of the land of Edom. 38And Aaron the priest went up Mount Hor according to the instruction of the Lord, and he died there, in the fortieth year after the exodus of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month. 39And Aaron was one hundred and twenty-three years old when he died at Mount Hor. 40And the Canaanite heard it – King Arad – when he was living in the south, in the land of Canaan, when the sons of Israel came. 41Then they moved from Mount Hor and encamped at Zalmonah. 42Then they moved from Zalmonah and encamped at Punon. 43Then they moved from Punon and encamped at Oboth. 44Then they moved from Oboth and encamped at the ruins of Abarim in the territory of Moab. 45Then they moved from “The Ruins” and encamped at Dibon-gad. 46Then they moved from Dibon-gad and encamped at Almon-diblathaim. 47Then they moved from Almon-diblathaim and encamped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo. 48Then they moved from the mountains of Abarim and encamped in the arid tracts of Moab, by the Jordan at Jericho. 49Then they encamped at the Jordan, from Beth-jeshimoth to Abel-shittim, in the arid tracts of Moab. 50Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the arid tracts of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, and said, 51“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you have crossed the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52you will dispossess all the inhabitants of the land in front of you, and you will destroy all their effigies and you will destroy all their cast images, and you will demolish all their idolatrous raised sites. 53And you will dispossess the land, and you will dwell in it, for I have given you the land, to inherit it. 54And you will inherit the land by lot, according to your families. To a large one you will give a large inheritance, and to a small one you will give a small inheritance. Wherever his lot falls, he will have it. You will inherit according to your paternal tribes. 55But if you do not dispossess the inhabitant of the land before you, then it will come to pass that those of them that you let remain will be thorns in your eyes and spikes in your sides, and they will be hostile to you in the land in which you live. 56And it will come to pass, that as I thought to do to them, I will do to you.’ ”

Numbers Chapter 34 

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 2“Command the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land of Canaan – this is the land which falls to you as an inheritance – the land of Canaan according to its borders, 3you will have the southern quarter of the desert of Zin alongside Edom, and your southern border will be from the edge of the Dead Sea eastward. 4And your border will turn from the south, to the ascent of Akrabbim, and will cross to Zin, and its extremities at the south will be Kadesh-barnea, and it will excurse to Hazar-addar and cross to Azmon. 5And the border will turn from Azmon to the River of Egypt, and its extremities will be to the sea. 6And as for your western border, your border will be the Great Sea, and this will be your western border. 7And this will be your northern border: from the Great Sea you will mark out a line for yourselves to Mount Hor. 8From Mount Hor you will mark out the route to Hamath, and the extremities of the border will be to Zedad. 9And the border will excurse to Ziphron and its extremities will be at Hazar-enan. This will be your northern border. 10And you will mark out for yourselves the border eastwards from Hazar-enan to Shepham. 11And the border will go down from Shepham to Riblah to the east of Ain, and the border will go down and encompass Lake Chinnereth to the east. 12And the border will go down the Jordan, and its extremities will be the Dead Sea. This will be your land according to its borders around it.’ ” 13And Moses commanded the sons of Israel and said, “This is the land which you will inherit by lot which the Lord has commanded, to be given to the nine and a half tribes. 14For the tribe of the sons of the Reubenites, according to their paternal house, and the tribe of the sons of the Gadites, according to their paternal house, received their inheritance, and half of the tribe of Manasseh received their inheritance. 15Two and a half tribes received their inheritance on the other side of the Jordan from the rest, from Jericho eastwards, to the sunrise.” 16And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 17“These are the names of the men who will allot the land to you as an inheritance: Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun. 18And you will take one leader per tribe to inherit the land. 19And these are the names of the men: for the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 20And for the tribe of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud. 21And for the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon. 22And for the tribe of the sons of Dan, the leader is Bukki the son of Jogli. 23For the sons of Joseph, for the tribe of Manasseh, the leader is Hanniel the son of Ephod. 24And for the tribe of the sons of Ephraim, the leader is Kemuel the son Shiphtan. 25And for the tribe of the sons of Zebulun, the leader is Elizaphan the son of Parnach. 26And for the tribe of the sons of Issachar, the leader is Paltiel the son of Azzan. 27And for the tribe of the sons of Asher, the leader is Ahihud the son of Shelomi. 28And for the tribe of the sons of Naphtali, the leader is Pedahel the son of Ammihud.” 29These are those whom the Lord commanded to allot the inheritance to the sons of Israel in the land of Canaan.

Numbers Chapter 35 

1And the Lord spoke to Moses in the arid tracts of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, and said, 2“Command the sons of Israel that they must give to the Levites a contribution from the inheritance which comes into their possession, cities to dwell in, and you must give pasture for the cities around them to the Levites. 3And the cities will be for them to dwell in, and the pasture lands will be for their cattle and for their property and for all their livestock. 4And the pastures of the cities which you will give to the Levites will measure one thousand cubits from the wall of the city outwards round about it. 5And you will measure from outside the city on the eastern side two thousand cubits, and on the southern side two thousand cubits, and on the western side two thousand cubits, and on the northern side two thousand cubits, with the city in the centre. This will be for their city pastures. 6And as for the cities which you will give to the Levites, there are six cities of refuge which you will give for the manslayer to flee to, and in addition to them you will give forty-two cities. 7All the cities which you will give to the Levites amount to forty-eight cities – them with their pasture lands. 8And as for the cities which you will give from the possessions of the sons of Israel, you will give more from him who has many, and give less from him who has few. Each will give from his cities to the Levites according to his inheritance which they inherit.” 9And the Lord spoke to Moses and said, 10“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you cross the Jordan to the land of Canaan, 11you will select suitable cities for yourselves. They will be your cities of refuge, and a manslayer – one who strikes a person by accident – will flee there. 12And they will be your cities of refuge from the avenger, so that the manslayer does not die before he stands before the congregation for judgment. 13And the cities which you give will be your six cities of refuge. 14You will give three cities on the far side of the Jordan and you will give three cities in the land of Canaan. They will be cities of refuge. 15These six cities will be for refuge – for the sons of Israel and for the foreigner and the temporary resident among them – for everyone who strikes a person by accident, to flee there. 16But if he strikes him with an iron implement and he dies, he is a manslayer. The manslayer will certainly be put to death. 17And if it is the throwing of a stone by which he is killed – he strikes him and he dies – he is a manslayer. The manslayer will certainly be put to death. 18Or if it is a wooden hand-instrument by which he is killed – he strikes him and he dies – then he is a manslayer. The manslayer will certainly be put to death. 19The avenger of blood is the one who will kill the manslayer. When he meets with him, he will kill him. 20And if he thrusts him through out of hatred, or casts something at him on purpose and he dies, 21or he strikes him with his hand out of enmity and he dies, then the striker will certainly be put to death – he is a manslayer. The avenger of blood will kill the manslayer when he meets him. 22But if he accidentally without enmity thrusts him through or casts any item at him not on purpose, 23of if it is by any stone that he is killed, not seeing him when he throws it on him, and he dies, and he is not at enmity with him, and did not mean him harm, 24then the congregation will judge between the striker and the avenger of blood according to these principles. 25And the congregation may save the manslayer from the hand of the avenger of blood, and the congregation may refer him to his city of refuge where he fled to, and he will live in it until the death of the high priest who was anointed with holy oil. 26But if the manslayer goes out at all from the boundary of his city of refuge to where he fled, 27and the avenger of blood finds him, outside the boundary of his city of refuge, and the avenger of blood kills the manslayer, then he will not be guilty of blood. 28For he must stay in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest, and after the death of the high priest, the manslayer may return to the land of his possession. 29And these things will be a statute of justice to you for your generations in all your dwelling places. 30As for anyone who strikes a person: on the testimony of witnesses one will execute the manslayer, but just one witness will not provide testimony against a person for conviction to be put to death. 31And you will not take a ransom for the life of the manslayer, who is punishable by death, for he will certainly be put to death. 32And you will not take a ransom from anyone in exchange for fleeing to his city of refuge, so as to live in the land again, before the death of the priest. 33And you will not desecrate the land which you are in, for it is the blood that desecrates the land, and there is no expiation for the land of the blood which was shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. 34And you will not make the land which you are living in unclean, in the midst of which I dwell. For I, the Lord dwell in the midst of the sons of Israel.’ ”

Numbers Chapter 36 

1Then the heads of the fathers of the family of the sons of Gilead the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of the sons of Joseph, approached and spoke before Moses and before the leaders – the paternal heads of the sons of Israel. 2And they said, “The Lord commanded my lord to give the land in inheritance by lot to the sons of Israel, and my lord was commanded by the Lord to give the inheritance of Zelophehad our brother to his daughters. 3And if they become wives to any of the sons of the tribes of the sons of Israel, then their inheritance is by reduction of the inheritance of our fathers, and it is added to the inheritance of the tribe of which they became part, and there is a reduction in the allotment of our inheritance. 4And if it is the Jubilee of the sons of Israel, then their inheritance is added to the tribe of which they became part, and their inheritance is by reduction of the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers.” 5Then Moses commanded the sons of Israel according to the instruction of the Lord, and he said, “The tribe of the sons of Joseph speaks well. 6This is the word which the Lord commands the daughters of Zelophehad, and he says, ‘Let them be wives to whomever they like, but let them be wives to the family of the tribe of their father. 7And the inheritance of the sons of Israel will not go round from tribe to tribe. For everyone of the sons of Israel will stick to the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. 8And every daughter who inherits an inheritance from the tribes of the sons of Israel will be a wife to someone from a family of the tribe of her father, so that the sons of Israel all inherit the inheritance of their fathers. 9And the inheritance will not go round from one tribe to another tribe, for each member of the tribes of the sons of Israel will stick to his inheritance.’ ” 10As the Lord commanded Moses, so the daughters of Zelophehad did. 11And Mahlah, Tirzah and Hoglah and Milcah and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, became wives of the sons of their uncles. 12And they became wives to husbands from the families of the sons of Manasseh the son of Joseph, and their inheritance was in the tribe of the family of their father. 13These were the commandments and the injunctions which the Lord commanded the sons of Israel through the intermediacy of Moses in the arid tracts of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.

Deuteronomy  

Deuteronomy Chapter 1 

1These are the words which Moses spoke to the whole of Israel across the Jordan in the desert, in the arid tract opposite the Red Sea, between Paran and Tophel, and Laban and Hazeroth and Di-zahab, 2eleven days' journey from Horeb, by the route of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea. 3Now it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, according to everything that the Lord had commanded him to pass on to them, 4after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan who lived in Ashtaroth in Edrei. 5Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses started to expound this law, and he said, 6“The Lord our God spoke to us at Horeb and said, ‘You have dwelt long enough at this mountain. 7Wend your way and get yourselves moving and go to the mount of the Amorites and all its neighbouring areas in the arid tract, on the mountain, and in the lowland, and in the south and at the coast of the sea – the land of the Canaanite, and Lebanon – as far the great river, the River Euphrates. 8Look, I have put the land in front of you. Come and take possession of the land which the Lord swore to your fathers – to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob – that he would give it to them and to their seed after them.’ 9And I spoke to you at that time and said, ‘I cannot bear you on my own. 10The Lord your God has increased you and here you are today like the stars of the sky in abundance.’ 11(May the Lord, the God of your fathers, increase you to be a thousand times what you are, and may he bless you, as he has said to you.) 12‘How can I bear your vexatiousness and your burdensomeness and your strife on my own? 13Appoint for yourselves wise, intelligent and knowledgeable men according to your tribes, and I will set them up as your heads.’ 14And you answered me and said, ‘The matter which you have spoken is right to do.’ 15So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men, and I appointed them as heads over you, commanders of a thousand and commanders of a hundred and commanders of fifty and commanders of ten, and officers, according to your tribes. 16And I instructed your judges at that time, and I said, ‘Hear the case between your brothers and judge justly between a man and his brother and the foreigner with him. 17You shall not show partiality in judgment: you shall hear the small in the same way as the great; you shall not be afraid of any man, for judgment is of concern to God, and if a case is too hard for you, bring it to me and I will hear it.’ 18Then I commanded you at that time as to all the things that you should do. 19Then we moved from Horeb and we went through all that great and fearful desert which you have seen – the way of the mount of the Amorites – as the Lord our God commanded us, and we came to Kadesh-barnea. 20And I said to you, ‘You have come to the mount of the Amorites which the Lord our God is giving us. 21See, the Lord your God has put the land in front of you. Go up and take possession of it as the Lord God of your fathers has said to you. Do not fear and do not be afraid.’ 22And you all approached me and said, ‘We will send men on ahead of us and they will investigate the land for us and report back to us on the way by which we should go up, and on the cities to which we should go.’ 23And I approved of the matter, and I took twelve of your men, one man per tribe. 24And they wended their way, and they went up to the mountain, and they came to the Brook of Eshcol, and they spied it out. 25And they took some of the fruit of the land in their hand, and they brought it down to us, and they reported back to us, and they said, ‘The land which the Lord our God is giving us is good.’ 26But you were not willing to go up, and you resisted the instruction of the Lord your God. 27And you rebelled in your tents, and you said, ‘In his hatred of us the Lord has brought us out of the land of Egypt to deliver us into the hand of the Amorite to destroy us. 28To where can we go up? Our brothers have made us faint-hearted and they said, «The people are greater and more powerful than we are, the cities are large and fortified to the sky, and we have also seen the sons of the Anakites there.» ’ 29But I said to you, ‘Do not be terrified and do not fear them. 30The Lord your God who goes before you – he will fight for you, just as everything that he did with you in Egypt before your eyes, 31and in the desert, where you have seen that the Lord your God put up with you as a man puts up with his own son, in all the way you went, as far as you arriving at this place.’ 32Yet in this matter you do not believe the Lord your God, 33who goes before you on the way, to search out a place for you, for you to encamp, in fire at night to show you the way you must go, and in a cloud by day. 34Now when the Lord heard the sound of your words, he became angry, and he swore and said, 35‘Assuredly not a man among these men – this evil generation – will see the good land which I swore to give your fathers, 36except Caleb the son of Jephunneh. He will see it, and I will give him the land which he has trodden on, and his sons, because he has been fully committed to the Lord.’ 37The Lord also became angry with me, because of you, and he said, ‘Neither will you go there. 38Joshua the son of Nun, who is standing before you – he will go there. Strengthen him, because he will enable Israel to inherit it. 39But your little ones, whom you said would be spoil, and your sons who do not currently know good and evil – they will go in there, and I will give it to them, and they will take possession of it. 40But as for you, wend your way and move to the desert by the way of the Red Sea.’ 41Then you answered and said to me, ‘We have sinned against the Lord; we will go up and fight according to everything that the Lord our God commands us.’ And each of you girded on his weapons of war, and you presumed to go up the mountain. 42And the Lord said to me, ‘Say to them, «You shall not go up, and you shall not fight, for I am not in your midst, so that you do not get struck down by your enemies.» ’ 43So I spoke to you, but you would not listen, and you rebelled against the instruction of the Lord, and you acted insolently and went up the mountain. 44And the Amorite who lives on that mountain came out against you and pursued you as bees do, and routed you in Seir and as far as Hormah. 45Then you came back and wept before the Lord, but the Lord did not heed you and did not hearken to you. 46And you dwelt in Kadesh for many days; such were the days you dwelt there.

Deuteronomy Chapter 2 

1Then we turned and moved to the desert by the way of the Red Sea, as the Lord had said to me, and we went round Mount Seir for many days. 2And the Lord spoke to me and said, 3‘You have gone round this mountain long enough. Take a turn northwards. 4And command the people and say, «You will be crossing the territory of your brothers – the sons of Esau who live in Seir – and they will be afraid of you, so you will be very much on your guard. 5Do not engage them, for I will not give you any of their land, not even the print of a footstep, for I have given Mount Seir as a possession to Esau. 6You may buy food for money from them and eat it, and you may also purchase water for money from them and drink it. 7For the Lord your God has blessed you in every work of your hand. He knows your walk in this great desert. For forty years now the Lord your God has been with you; you have lacked nothing.» ’ 8And we crossed through the territory of our brothers – the sons of Esau – who live in Seir, by the way of the arid tract from Elath and Ezion-gaber, and we turned and crossed by the way of the desert of Moab. 9Then the Lord said to me, ‘Do not cause distress to Moab and do not engage them in war, for I will not give you any of his land as a possession, for I have given Ar to the sons of Lot as a possession. 10The Emites inhabited it in times past. They were as great and numerous and powerful as the Anakites. 11They too are considered Rephaim, like the Anakites, and the Moabites call them Emites. 12And the Horites dwelt in Seir in times past, but the sons of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them in their advance, and they dwelt there instead of them, just as Israel did to the land of its possession which the Lord gave them. 13Now get up and get crossing the Zered Brook.’ And we duly crossed the Zered brook. 14And the time in which we went from Kadesh-barnea until we had crossed the Zered brook was thirty-eight years – until the whole generation of the men of war had come to an end and was not in the camp, as the Lord had sworn to them. 15Moreover the hand of the Lord was against them, to drive them out of the midst of the camp until they had come to an end. 16And it came to pass when all the men of war had come to an end, by dying in the midst of the people, 17that the Lord spoke to me, and said, 18‘You are crossing the territory of Moab today, that is, Ar, 19and you will go near, but opposite, the sons of Ammon. Do not cause them distress and do not engage them, for I will not give you any of the land of the sons of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to the sons of Lot as a possession.’ 20This is also considered the land of the Rephaim. The Rephaim lived there in times past, and the Ammonites call them Zamzummites 21– a people as great and numerous as the Anakites – but the Lord destroyed them at their advance, and they dispossessed them and they dwelt there instead of them, 22just as he did for the sons of Esau who dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed the Horites at their advance and dispossessed them, and they have been living there instead of them up to this day. 23And as for the Avites who dwelt in Hazerim and as far as Gaza, the Caphtorites who came from Caphtor destroyed them and dwelt there instead of them. 24‘Get up and move on and cross the River Arnon. Look, I have put Sihon king of Heshbon, the Amorite, in your power, so begin to possess his land and engage him in battle. 25This day I will begin to put dread of you and fear of you among the nations under the whole of heaven, when they hear your reputation and they tremble and reel in front of you.’ 26And I sent messengers from the desert of Kedemoth to Sihon king of Heshbon with peaceful words, saying, 27‘Let me cross your land. I will only go by the main roads; I will not deviate to the right or to the left. 28You will sell me food for money so that I can eat, and you will give me water for money so that I can drink, but let me cross on foot, 29as the sons of Esau did for me, who live in Seir, and the Moabites who live in Ar, until I have crossed the Jordan into the land which the Lord our God is giving us.’ 30But Sihon the king of Heshbon was not willing to let us pass through his land, for the Lord your God had hardened his spirit, and had made his heart obstinate, so that he could put him in your power, as it is to this day. 31And the Lord said to me, ‘Look, I have started to put Sihon and his land in front of you. Make a start and possess it – to possess his land.’ 32Then Sihon came out to confront us – he and all his people – to battle at Jahaz. 33And the Lord our God put him in front of us, and we defeated him and his son and all his people. 34And we captured all his cities at that time, and we utterly destroyed the men and the women and the children in every city. We did not leave a single survivor, 35except that we took cattle as spoil for ourselves, and the booty of the cities which we had captured, 36from Aroer which is on the bank of the River Arnon, and the city which is at the river, and as far as Gilead. There was no town that was too strong for us – the Lord our God placed everything in front of us, 37except that you did not approach the sons of Ammon, not any place on the River Jabbok, nor the cities of the mountain range, nor anything that the Lord our God forbad us.

Deuteronomy Chapter 3 

1Then we turned and went up by the way of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan came out to confront us – he and all his people – to battle at Edrei. 2And the Lord said to me, ‘Do not fear him, for I have handed him over to you, and all his people, and his land. And you will do to him what you did to Sihon the king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon.’ 3And the Lord our God also handed Og the king of Bashan over to us, and all his people, and we defeated him to the extent that no survivor remained to him. 4And we captured all his cities at that time – there was no town that we did not capture from them – sixty cities, the whole region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5All of these were cities fortified with a high wall, gates and bolts, apart from the very many open rural towns, 6and we utterly destroyed them, as we did to Sihon the king of Heshbon, in utterly destroying in every city the men, the women, and the little ones. 7And we took all the cattle and booty of the towns as spoil for ourselves. 8And at that time we took the land from the two Amorite kings who were across the Jordan, from the River Arnon to Mount Hermon. 9(The Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, and the Amorites call it Shenir.) 10We took all the cities of the plain and all Gilead and all Bashan as far as Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 11For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim. Note how his bed was a bed of iron – is it not in Rabbath of the sons of Ammon? Its length is nine cubits and its width is four cubits, according to the common cubit. 12And we took possession of this land at that time, from Aroer which is on the River Arnon, and half of Mount Gilead and its cities, and I gave them to the Reubenites and the Gadites. 13And I gave the remainder of Gilead and all of Bashan, the kingdom of Og, to half of the tribe of Manasseh – all the region of Argob with all of Bashan. That is called the land of the Rephaim. 14Jair the son of Manasseh captured the whole of the region of Argob as far as the border with the Geshurites and Maachathites, and he called them after his own name: Bashan-havoth-jair, as it is up to this day. 15And I gave Gilead to Machir. 16And I gave the region from Gilead to the River Arnon to the Reubenites and the Gadites, the mid-line of the river as a border up to the River Jabbok, the border of the sons of Ammon. 17And the arid tract and the Jordan, whose border is from Chinnereth to the sea of the arid tract, the Salt Sea, under Ashdoth-pisgah to the east. 18And I commanded you at that time, and said, ‘The Lord your God has given you this land to possess. You will cross it armed before your brothers the sons of Israel – all those who are soldiers. 19But your wives and your children and your cattle – I know that you have a lot of cattle – will stay in your cities which I have given you, 20until the Lord settles your brothers like you, and they too have taken possession of the land which the Lord your God is giving them across the Jordan, and each man will return to his possession which I will have given you.’ 21And I commanded Joshua at that time and I said, ‘Your eyes see everything the Lord your God has done to these two kings. The Lord will do likewise to all the kingdoms to which you cross. 22Do not fear them, for it is the Lord your God himself who will be fighting for you.’ 23And I pleaded with the Lord at that time and I said, 24‘My Lord the Lord, you have begun to show your servant your greatness and your strong hand, so who else is God in heaven or on earth who can do anything comparable to your works and your mighty deeds? 25Please let me cross so that I may see the good land which is across the Jordan, this good mountain, and Lebanon.’ 26But the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, and he did not hear me, and the Lord said to me, ‘It is sufficient for you. Do not speak to me any more about this matter. 27Go up to the summit of Pisgah and lift up your eyes westward and northward and southward and eastward and see with your eyes, for you will not cross this Jordan. 28And command Joshua and strengthen him, and encourage him, because he will cross in front of this people and he will cause them to inherit the land which you will see.’ 29Then we stayed in the valley opposite Beth-peor.

Deuteronomy Chapter 4 

1So now, Israel, listen to the statutes and the regulations which I am teaching you to do, so that you may live and come and possess the land which the Lord God of your fathers is giving you. 2You shall not add to the injunction which I am commanding you, and you shall not take anything out of it, so that you keep the commandments of the Lord your God with which I am commanding you. 3Your eyes have seen what the Lord has done in Baal-peor, for the Lord your God eradicated from your midst every man who followed Baal-peor. 4But you who adhere to the Lord your God are all alive today. 5Look, I have taught you statutes and regulations according to what the Lord my God commanded me, namely that you should act accordingly inside the land to which you are going, to possess it. 6So you must keep them and do them, for it is your wisdom and understanding in the eyes of the nations which will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Only this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ 7For what great nation is there that has gods close to it, as the Lord our God is in all our calling out to him? 8And what great nation is there that has statutes and righteous regulations according to all this law which I am placing before you today? 9But be on your guard and watch out for your life very alertly, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen, and so that they do not depart from your heart any of the days of your life. And you shall make them known to your sons and to your grandsons. 10On the day when you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb, when the Lord said to me, ‘Assemble the people to me and I will cause them to hear my words, so that they may learn to fear me all the days that they live on the earth, and to teach their sons’, 11they approached and stood below the mountain while the mountain was burning with fire up to the heart of heaven – it was darkness and cloud and gloom. 12And the Lord spoke to you from the middle of the fire, and you heard the voice of the words, but you did not see the image – there was just the voice. 13And he told you his covenant which he commanded you to do – the ten commandments – and he wrote them on two stone tablets. 14And at that time the Lord commanded me to teach you statutes and regulations, for you to carry them out, in the land to which you are crossing in order take possession of it. 15And take great care for your lives, for you did not see any image on the day when the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the middle of the fire, 16not to act corruptly or make yourselves an idol, an image of any figure, a likeness of anything male or female, 17a likeness of any cattle that is on earth, a likeness of any winged bird which flies in the sky, 18a likeness of any creeping animal on the ground, or a likeness of any fish that is in the water below the surface of the earth. 19And take great care not to lift up your eyes towards the sky and see the sun and the moon and the stars – the whole array of the sky – and you are induced to worship them and to serve them, which the Lord your God apportioned to all nations under the whole sky. 20And the Lord took you, and brought you out of the iron furnace – out of Egypt – to be a people to him, an inheritance, as you are today. 21But the Lord became angry with me because of you, and he swore that I would not cross the Jordan, and that I would not go to the good land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. 22For I am to die in this land. I will not be crossing the Jordan, but you will be crossing, and you will take possession of that good land. 23Take care not to forget the covenant of the Lord your God which he made with you, by you making for yourselves an idol, an image of anything that the Lord your God has forbidden you. 24For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God. 25If when you have begotten sons and grandsons, and have grown old in the land, you cause corruption or you make an idol – an image of anything – or do wrong in the eyes of the Lord your God, so as to provoke him, 26I call heaven and earth to witness against you today that you will certainly perish swiftly in the land which you are crossing the Jordan to inherit – you will not have a long time in it, but be utterly destroyed. 27And the Lord will scatter you among the nations, and you will remain few in number among the nations to which the Lord will drive you. 28And you will serve gods there, the work of men's hands, wood and stone which do not see and do not hear, and do not eat and cannot smell. 29And you will seek from there the Lord your God, and you will find him if you search him out with all your heart and all your soul. 30When you are in adversity, all these things will come upon you in the last days, and you will return to the Lord your God and you will heed him. 31For the Lord your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon you and he will not let you go to ruin, and he will not forget the covenant of your fathers which he swore to them. 32So ask, please, about the former days which were before you, from the day when God created man on the earth, and from one end of the sky to the other end of the sky, whether such a great thing as this has ever taken place, or whether anything like it has been heard of. 33Has any people heard the voice of God speaking from the middle of fire, as you have heard, and have they lived? 34Or has God ventured to go and take to himself any other nation from the middle of a nation, with trials and signs and wonders, and by war, with a strong hand and an outstretched arm and with great awesome things, as everything that the Lord your God has done with you in Egypt before your eyes? 35You have been shown, so as to know, that the Lord is God; there is no other besides him. 36From heaven he has caused you to hear his voice, to instruct you, and on the earth he has shown you his great fire, and you have heard his words from the middle of the fire. 37And because he loved your fathers, he chose his seed after him, and he brought you out of Egypt in front of him by his great power, 38so that you might dispossess nations greater and more powerful than yourself at your advance, to bring you in, and to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is this day. 39And you shall know today, and you will reflect in your heart that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth below – there is no other. 40And you shall keep his statutes and his commandments which I command you today, so that things may go well with you, and with your sons after you, and in order that you may have a long time on the land which the Lord your God is giving you for all time.” 41Then Moses allocated three cities across the Jordan on the east, 42for the manslayer who has killed his neighbour unintentionally to flee to, when he had not hated him in the past, so that he may flee to one of these cities and live: 43Bezer in the desert, in the plain country for the Reubenites, and Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites, and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites. 44And this is the law which Moses put before the sons of Israel. 45These are the testimonies and the statutes and the regulations which Moses told the sons of Israel when they came out of Egypt, 46across the Jordan in the valley opposite Beth-peor in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel defeated when they came out of Egypt. 47And they took possession of his land, and of the land of Og king of Bashan – two kings of the Amorites who were across the Jordan on the east, 48from Aroer which is on the bank of the River Arnon to Mount Sion, which is Hermon, 49and the whole arid tract across the Jordan on the east, and to the sea of the arid tract under Ashdoth-pisgah.

Deuteronomy Chapter 5 

1Then Moses called the whole of Israel and said to them, “Hear O Israel, the statutes and the regulations which I am speaking in your ears today. And you shall learn them, and you will ensure that you carry them out. 2The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. 3It is not with our fathers that the Lord made this covenant, but with us – those of us who are all alive here today. 4The Lord spoke face to face with you, at the mountain, from the middle of the fire. 5I was standing between the Lord and you at that time to tell you the word of the Lord, (for you were afraid of the fire and you did not go up the mountain), and he said, 6‘I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of slavery. 7You shall not have any other gods besides me. 8You shall not make yourself any engraved image or any image of what is in heaven above or of what is on the earth below, or of what is in the water below the surface of the earth. 9You shall not worship them and you shall not serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the sons and on those of the third generation, and on those of the fourth generation, of those who hate me, 10and showing kindness to thousands, to those who love me and to those who keep my commandments. 11You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him who takes his name in vain innocent. 12Keep the Sabbath day, to sanctify it, as the Lord your God has commanded you. 13For six days you shall work and carry out all your business, 14but the seventh day is the Lord your God's Sabbath. You shall not do any work on itneither you nor your son nor your daughter, neither your manservant nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your foreigner who is within your gates, so that your manservant and maidservant may have rest, as you do. 15And remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, but the Lord your God brought you out of there with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm. On account of this the Lord your God commands you to keep the Sabbath day. 16Honour your father and your mother, according to what the Lord your God has commanded you, in order that your days may be long and in order that it may go well with you on the land which the Lord your God is giving you. 17You shall not commit murder. 18You shall not commit adultery. 19You shall not steal. 20You shall not give a false testimony against your neighbour. 21You shall not covet your neighbour's wife and you shall not be envious of your neighbour's house, his field or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything which is your neighbour's.’ 22The Lord spoke these words to the whole of your convocation at the mountain from the middle of the fire, the cloud and the thick darkness, with a loud voice. And he did not add to them, and he wrote them on two tablets of stone, and he gave them to me. 23And it came to pass that when you heard the sound from the middle of the darkness, and the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, all you who are heads of your tribes, and your elders. 24And you said, ‘Behold, the Lord our God has shown us his glory and his greatness, and we have heard his voice from the middle of the fire. This day, we have seen that God speaks with man and he lives. 25So now, why should we die? For this great fire will consume us. If we go on to hear the voice of the Lord our God any more, then we will die. 26For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the middle of the fire as we have, and has lived? 27You go near and listen to everything that the Lord our God says, then you can tell us everything that the Lord our God says to you, and we will hear it and do it.’ 28And the Lord heard the sound of your words when you spoke to me, and the Lord said to me, ‘I have heard the sound of the words of this people who spoke to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken. 29If only they had a heart like this: to fear me and to keep all my commandments all the time, so that it would go well with them and with their sons, age-abidingly. 30Go and say to them, «Now go back to your tents.» 31But you, stand here with me, and I will tell you the whole body of commandments and the statutes and the regulations which you shall teach them to do in the land which I am giving them, so that they take possession of it.’ 32And you will ensure that you act as the Lord your God has commanded you. You shall not deviate to the right or to the left. 33You shall walk in every way which the Lord your God commands you, so that you may live, and it may go well with you, and you may live long in the land which you will be taking possession of.

Deuteronomy Chapter 6 

1And this is the body of commandments, and these are the statutes and regulations which the Lord your God has commanded me to teach you, for you to do them in the land which you are crossing over to take possession of, 2so that you may fear the Lord your God, in keeping all his statutes and his commandments which I am commanding you – you and your son and your son's son – all the days of your life, so that your days are prolonged. 3So hear, O Israel, and ensure you do them, so that it goes well with you, and so that you may increase greatly, as the Lord God of your fathers said to you, in a land flowing with milk and honey. 4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. 5And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. 6And these things which I am commanding you today shall be on your heart. 7And you will educate your sons, and you will talk about them when you sit down in your house, and when you walk on the road, and when you lie down, and when you get up. 8And you shall bind them on your hand as a sign, and they will be phylacteries between your eyes. 9And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. 10And it will come to pass that the Lord your God will bring you to the land which he swore to your fathers – to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – to give to you, great and fine cities which you did not build, 11and houses full of all kinds of good things which you did not fill them with, and wells hewn out which you did not hew, vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant, and you will eat and be satisfied. 12Be on your guard not to forget the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt – out of the house of slavery. 13You shall fear the Lord your God and serve him, and swear by his name. 14You shall not go after other gods – any of the gods of the nations which are round about you, 15for the Lord your God in your midst is a jealous God, so that the anger of the Lord your God is not kindled against you, and he obliterates you from the face of the earth. 16You shall not tempt the Lord your God, as you tempted him in Massah. 17You shall absolutely keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he has commanded you. 18And you shall do what is upright and good in the eyes of the Lord, so that it goes well with you, and you come and take possession of the good land which the Lord swore to your fathers, 19driving out all your enemies before you, as the Lord has said. 20For your son will ask you tomorrow, saying, ‘What are the testimonies and the statutes and the regulations which the Lord our God commanded you?’ 21And you will say to your son, ‘We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand. 22And the Lord gave signs and wonders, great and noxious ones in Egypt, against Pharaoh and against all his house in your sight. 23And he brought us out of there in order to bring us in, to give us the land which he swore to our fathers. 24And the Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God, for our good, all our days, so that he might preserve us alive, as it is this day. 25And we shall have righteousness if we ensure we keep all this body of commandments before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us.’

Deuteronomy Chapter 7 

1When the Lord your God brings you to the land to which you are going to take possession of, he will drive out many nations before you, the Hittite, the Girgashite and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite – seven nations more populous and stronger than you. 2And the Lord your God will put them in front of you, and you will conquer them, and you shall completely obliterate them. You shall not make a covenant with them and you shall not show them mercy. 3And you shall not intermarry with them. You shall not give your daughter to a son of theirs, and you shall not take a daughter of theirs for your son. 4For this would cause your son to depart from following me, and they would serve other gods, and the anger of the Lord would be kindled against you, and he would quickly destroy you. 5But you shall rather deal this way with them: you shall tear down their altars, and you will smash their statues, and you will cut down their phallic parks, and you will burn their carved images with fire. 6For you are a holy people to the Lord your God. The Lord your God chose you to be to him a people who are a special acquisition, out of all the peoples that are on the face of the earth. 7Not because of your greater population than all the nations did the Lord desire you, but he chose you because you are the fewest of all the nations. 8For it was because of the Lord's love for you, and because of his keeping the oath which he swore to your fathers, that the Lord brought you out with a strong hand, and he redeemed you from the house of slavery – from the hand of Pharaoh the king of Egypt, 9and so that you will know that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God, keeping the covenant and maintaining mercy to those that love him and to those who keep his body of commandments for a thousand generations, 10but requiting those who hate him to their face, destroying them. He will not be slow with him who hates him; he will requite him to his face. 11So you shall keep the body of commandments and the statutes and the regulations which I command you this day to do. 12And it will come to pass, provided you obey these regulations and keep them, and do them, that the Lord your God will keep the covenant with you and maintain the mercy which he swore to your fathers. 13And he will love you and bless you and multiply you, and he will bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground – your corn and your new wine and your new oil, the offspring of your oxen and the issue of your flock on the land which he swore to your fathers to give to you. 14You will be more blessed than any of the nations. There will not be anyone sterile or barren among you or among your cattle. 15And the Lord will remove from you every illness and every evil disease of Egypt which you have known. He will not lay them on you, but will put them on all those who hate you. 16And you will devour all the nations which the Lord your God gives to you. Your eye will not show pity to them and you will not serve their gods, for that is a snare to you. 17If you say in your heart, ‘These nations are more numerous than me. How will I be able to dispossess them?’ – 18you shall not fear them. You shall plainly remember what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt. 19As with the great trials which your eyes saw, and the signs and the wonders, and the strong hand and the outstretched arm, when the Lord your God brought you out, so the Lord your God will do to all the people you are afraid of. 20And the Lord your God will also send the hornet against them, until those that remain and those that hide from you have perished. 21You will not be terrified of them, for the Lord your God is in your midst – a great and fearsome God. 22And the Lord your God will drive out those nations before you little by little. You will not be able to make an end of them quickly in case the wild animals increase against you. 23And the Lord your God will place them before you, and he will rout them with a great rout, until they have been destroyed. 24And he will deliver their kings into your hand, and you will obliterate their name from under heaven. No man shall stand to face you until you have destroyed them. 25You will burn the carved images of their gods with fire. You shall not desire the silver and gold on them, or take it for yourself, in case you are ensnared by it, for it is an abomination to the Lord your God. 26You shall not bring an abomination into your house, in case you become an accursed thing like it. You shall utterly abhor it and thoroughly abominate it, for it is an accursed thing.

Deuteronomy Chapter 8 

1You shall ensure that you do the whole body of commandments, so that you live and increase, and enter in, and take possession of the land which the Lord swore to your fathers. 2And you shall remember the whole of the way the Lord your God made you go for these forty years in the desert, in order to humble you, and to test you, so as to know what is in your heart, whether you will keep his commandments or not. 3And he humbled you, and he allowed you to hunger, then he fed you with manna which you did not know, nor have your fathers known it, so as to make it known to you that man shall not live by bread alone, but man shall live by every utterance of the mouth of the Lord. 4Your clothing did not wear out on you, and your feet did not swell, for these forty years, 5so that you should acknowledge with your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so the Lord your God has been disciplining you. 6And you shall keep the commandments of the Lord your God, by walking in his ways and fearing him. 7For the Lord your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of brooks of water, springs and underground water issuing in the valley and mountains, 8a land of wheat and barley and vines and figs and pomegranates, a land of oil-bearing olives and honey, 9a land that knows no scarcity. You will eat bread in it, you will lack nothing in it – a land whose stones are iron-bearing, and from whose hills you can mine copper. 10And you will eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless the Lord your God on the good land which he has given you. 11Be on your guard not to forget the Lord your God, by not keeping his commandments and his regulations and his statutes which I am commanding you today, 12lest you eat and are satisfied, and you build fine houses and live in them, 13and your cattle and flocks increase, and your silver and gold increase, and everything you have increases, 14and your heart becomes haughty, and you forget the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt – out of the house of slavery. 15He it is who made you go in the great and fearsome desert of the fiery serpent and the scorpion, in a thirsty land where there is no water, who produced water for you from a rock of flint, 16who fed you with manna in the desert, which your fathers did not know, so as to humble you and so as to test you, to make things go well for you in your latter time. 17Yet you say in your heart, ‘My own power and the strength of my hand made me this wealth.’ 18But you shall remember the Lord your God. For it is he who gives you the power to generate wealth, so that he sets up his covenant which he swore to your fathers, as it stands this day. 19But it will come to pass, if you clean forget the Lord your God, and follow after other gods, and serve them and worship them – I testify against you today – you will certainly perish. 20As with the nations which the Lord is destroying in front of you, so you will perish, because you didn't heed the Lord your God.

Deuteronomy Chapter 9 

1Hear, O Israel, you are crossing the Jordan today, to enter to dispossess nations greater and stronger than yourself with cities which are large and fortified to the sky. 2The sons of the Anakites are a large and tall people whom you know, and of whom you have heard it said, ‘Who can stand in the face of the sons of Anak?’ 3So know today that the Lord your God is he who is crossing in front of you – a consuming fire. He will destroy them and he will subdue them at your advance, and you will dispossess them and destroy them quickly as the Lord has told you. 4Do not say in your heart when the Lord your God drives them out at your advance, saying, ‘Because of my righteousness the Lord brought me to take possession of this land’, but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is dispossessing them at your advance. 5It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you are entering in to possess their land, but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord your God is dispossessing them at your advance, and in order to establish the word which the Lord swore to your fathers – to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. 6And you will know that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is giving you this good land to possess, for you are a stiff-necked people. 7Remember – do not forget – that by which you provoked the Lord your God to anger in the desert. From the day when you came out of the land of Egypt up to your coming to this place, you have been rebelling against the Lord. 8At Horeb you provoked the Lord and the Lord became angry with you to the point of destroying you. 9When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets – the tablets of the covenant which the Lord made with you – I remained in the mountain for forty days and forty nights. I ate no bread and I drank no water. 10And the Lord gave me the two tablets of stone, written by the finger of God, and on them was a record of all the words which the Lord spoke with you at the mountain from the middle of the fire on the day of the convocation. 11And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights that the Lord gave me the two stone tablets – the tablets of the covenant. 12And the Lord said to me, ‘Arise and go down from here quickly, for your people whom you brought out of Egypt have acted corruptly. They have quickly departed from the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a cast image.’ 13And the Lord spoke to me and said, ‘I have seen this people, and look, it is a stiff-necked people. 14Leave off me and I will destroy them, and I will blot out their name from under heaven, and I will make you into a more powerful and numerous people than them.’ 15Then I turned and went down from the mountain, while the mountain was burning with fire, and I had the two tablets of the covenant in my two hands. 16And I looked, and what I saw was that you had sinned against the Lord your God – you had made yourselves a cast calf. You had quickly departed from the way which the Lord commanded you. 17Then I took hold of two tablets and threw them out of my two hands and broke them in your sight, 18and I fell down before the Lord as at first, for forty days and forty nights. I did not eat bread and I did not drink water for all your sin by which you sinned in doing wrong in the eyes of the Lord so as to provoke him. 19For I was afraid because of the anger and fury by which the Lord had become irate over you to the point of destroying you, but the Lord listened to me that time too. 20Nevertheless the Lord became very angry with Aaron, to the point of destroying him, but I prayed for Aaron too at that time. 21And as for your sin in that you made the calf, I took it and burnt it in fire and crushed it and ground it down until it was as fine as dust, then I cast its dust into the brook which went down the mountain. 22And in Taberah and in Massah and in Kibroth-hattaavah you provoked the Lord to anger, 23and when the Lord sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, ‘Go up and take possession of the land which I have given you’, you rebelled against the word of the Lord your God, and you did not believe him, nor did you obey him. 24You have been rebelling against the Lord since the day I first knew you. 25So I fell down before the Lord for the forty days and forty nights, during which I was fallen down, for the Lord had said that he was on the point of destroying you. 26And I prayed to the Lord and I said, ‘My Lord the Lord, do not destroy your people and your inheritance whom you redeemed by your greatness when you brought them out of Egypt with a strong hand. 27Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Do not pay attention to the stubbornness of this people or to their wickedness or to their sin, 28so that people do not say that it is because the Lord is not able to bring them from the land out of which you brought us, to the land which he told them, and that because of his hatred of them he brought them out to kill them in the desert. 29And they are your people and your inheritance whom you brought out by your great strength and with your outstretched arm.’

Deuteronomy Chapter 10 

1At that time the Lord said to me, ‘Hew yourself two stone tablets like the first ones, and come up the mountain to me, and make yourself an ark of wood, 2and I will write on the tablets the words which were on the first tablets which you broke, and you will put them in the ark.’ 3So I made an ark of acacia wood and I hewed two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I went up the mountain with the two tablets in my hands. 4And he wrote on the tablets, the same as the first writing, the ten matters which the Lord spoke to you at the mountain from the middle of the fire on the day of the convocation, and the Lord gave them to me. 5Then I turned round and went down from the mountain, and I put the tablets in the ark which I had made, and they were there, as the Lord had commanded me. 6Then the sons of Israel moved from Beeroth of the sons of Jaakan to Mosera. Aaron died there and he was buried there, and Eleazar his son carried out the office of priest instead of him. 7From there they removed to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of brooks of water. 8At that time the Lord separated the Levite tribe to bear the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord, to serve him and to bless his name, up to this day. 9For this reason Levi did not have a share and an inheritance with his brothers – it is the Lord who is his inheritance, as the Lord your God said to him. 10Then I stayed on the mountain for the same number of days as previously – forty days and forty nights – and the Lord heard me that time too; the Lord was willing not to destroy you. 11Then the Lord said to me, ‘Arise, go on your journey before the people, and they shall enter and take possession of the land about which I swore to their fathers that I would give it to them.’ 12So now, O Israel, what does the Lord your God ask of you, but to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his paths and to love him, and to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, 13to keep the Lord's commandments and his statutes which I am commanding you today, for your well-being? 14Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens, the earth and everything in it are the Lord your God's. 15But the Lord fixed upon your fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them – you – above all nations, as it is this day. 16So circumcise the foreskin of your hearts and no longer stiffen your necks. 17For the Lord your God is the God of gods and Lord of lords, the most great and mighty and fearsome God, who does not show partiality and does not accept a bribe, 18who executes justice for the orphan and the widow, and who loves the foreigner in giving him bread and clothing. 19So you shall love the foreigner, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 20You shall fear the Lord your God, you shall serve him and cleave to him and swear by his name. 21He is your praise and he is your God who performed these great and fearsome things with you present, which your eyes saw. 22Your fathers who went down to Egypt were seventy persons, but now the Lord your God has made you like the stars of the sky in multitude.

Deuteronomy Chapter 11 

1And you shall love the Lord your God, and you shall keep his charge and his statutes and his regulations and his commandments all the time. 2And you shall know today that it is not with your sons that he was active, who do not know and who did not see the discipline of the Lord your God, his greatness, his strong hand and his outstretched arm, 3and his signs and his deeds which he did in the middle of Egypt to Pharaoh the king of Egypt and to all his land, 4and what he did to the army of Egypt, to its horses and to its chariot fleet, when he made the water of the Red Sea overflow on top of them, when they were pursuing you, and the Lord destroyed them, as it stands up to this day, 5and what he did for you in the desert, until you came to this place, 6and what he did to Dathan and to Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben, when the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, and their houses and their tents and all the property that was at their feet in the midst of all Israel, 7for it is your eyes that have seen all the great work of the Lord which he has done. 8So keep the whole body of commandments which I am commanding you today, so that you may be strong, and enter in, and take possession of the land to which you are crossing over in order to take possession of it, 9and so that you prolong your days on the land about which the Lord swore to your fathers that he would give it to them and to their seed – a land flowing with milk and honey. 10For the land to which you are going, to take possession of it, is not like the land of Egypt from where you came out, where you sowed your seed and watered it on foot like a vegetable garden, 11but the land to which you are crossing over to take possession of it is a land of mountains and valleys. It drinks water by rain from the sky, 12a land which the Lord your God cares for. The eyes of the Lord your God are continually on it, from the start of the year to the end of the year. 13And it shall come to pass, if you diligently obey my commandments which I am commanding you today, to love the Lord your God and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, 14then I will give rain on your land in its season, the early rain and the latter rain, and you will gather your grain, and your new wine, and your new oil. 15And I will put grass in your field for your cattle and you will eat and be satisfied. 16Be on your guard that your heart is not deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods, and worship them, 17and the Lord's anger is kindled against you, and he restrains the sky, so that there will be no rain, and the soil will not yield its produce, and you quickly perish on the good land which the Lord is giving you. 18And you shall impress these words of mine on your heart and on your soul, and you will bind them as a sign on your hand, and they will be phylacteries between your eyes. 19And you will teach them to your sons, by speaking about them when you sit down in your house, and when you walk on the road, and when you lie down and when you get up. 20And you will write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates, 21in order that your days may be many, and the days of your sons, on the land about which the Lord swore to your fathers that he would give it to them, as the days of heaven on the earth. 22For if you diligently keep this whole body of commandments which I am commanding you to carry out: to love the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways and to cleave to him, 23then the Lord will dispossess all these nations at your advance, and you will take possession of nations greater and more powerful than yourselves. 24All the space which the sole of your foot treads on will be yours. Your border will be from the desert of Lebanon, from the river – the River Euphrates – to the Western Sea. 25No man will be able to stand before you. The Lord your God will put fear of you and awe of you on the face of the whole land on which you tread, as he has told you. 26Behold, I set before you today a blessing and a curse – 27the blessing provided you obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you today, 28but the curse if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God and you depart from the way which I command you today, in following other gods which you have not known. 29And it will come to pass that the Lord your God will bring you to the land to which you are coming, to take possession of it, and you will place the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal. 30Are they not across Jordan, behind the road of the setting of the sun, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the tract opposite Gilgal beside the oak woods of Moreh? 31When you cross the Jordan to enter and take possession of the land which the Lord your God is giving you, and you take possession of it, and dwell in it, 32then you shall ensure that you carry out all the statutes and regulations which I am placing before you today.

Deuteronomy Chapter 12 

1These are the statutes and the regulations which you must ensure you carry out in the land which the Lord God of your fathers has given you to take possession of for all the days you live on the land. 2You will completely destroy all the places where the nations which you dispossess served their gods – on the high mountains and on the hills and under every flourishing tree. 3And you will demolish their altars, and break up their statues, and burn their phallic parks with fire, and cut up the idols of their gods, and eradicate their name from that place. 4You will not do so to the Lord your God, 5but as for the place which the Lord your God has chosen from all your tribes to establish his name there, you will seek his dwelling, and go there. 6And you will bring your burnt offerings there, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and the heave-offering of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill-offerings, and the firstlings of your oxen and your flocks. 7And you will eat there before the Lord your God, and you will rejoice in everything you turn your hand to – you and your households – because the Lord your God will bless you. 8You shall not do anything that we are doing here today, each man doing whatever is right in his own eyes. 9For up to now you have not come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God is giving you, 10but you will cross the Jordan and you will dwell in the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. And he will give you rest from all your enemies round about, and you will dwell in safety. 11And it will come to pass that you will bring everything that I command you to the place where the Lord your God has chosen to have his name seated, your burnt offerings and your sacrifices and your tithes and the heave-offering of your hand, and your whole selection of vows which you make to the Lord. 12And you will rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your sons and your daughters and your menservants and your maidservants and the Levite who is within your gates, for he has no part or inheritance with you. 13Be on your guard not to offer your burnt offerings in any arbitrary place you see, 14but in the place that the Lord chooses in the territory of one of your tribes – there you will offer your burnt offerings, and there you will perform everything that I command you. 15However, for everything your soul desires, you may sacrifice and eat meat as a blessing of the Lord your God which he has given you within any of your gates. The unclean and the clean may eat it, if it is such as the roebuck and the gazelle. 16But you shall not consume the blood. You will pour it out on the ground like water. 17You shall not be able to eat within your gates the tithe of your corn or your new wine or your new oil or the firstlings of your oxen or your sheep, or any of your vows which you have made, or your freewill-offerings or the heave-offering of your hand. 18But you will eat it before the Lord your God in the place which the Lord your God chooses – you and your son and your daughter and your manservant and your maidservant and the Levite who is within your gates – and you will rejoice before the Lord your God in everything you turn your hand to. 19Be on your guard not to forsake the Levite all your days on your land. 20When the Lord your God widens your territory, as he has said to you, and you say, ‘I will eat meat’ – for your being longs to eat meat – then every time your being so longs, you shall eat meat. 21If the place which the Lord your God has chosen to establish his name is too far for you, then you will sacrifice animals from your oxen and your sheep which the Lord has given you, as I have commanded you, and you will eat within your gates whatever your being desires. 22But as the roebuck and the gazelle are eaten, so shall you eat them. The unclean and the clean shall eat them alike. 23But be steadfast not to consume the blood, for the blood is the soul, and you shall not consume the soul with the meat. 24You shall not consume it; you must pour it out on the ground like water. 25You shall not consume it, so that things go well for you and your sons after you, for you will do what is upright in the eyes of the Lord. 26But as for your holy things which you have, and your vows, you shall take them and come to the place which the Lord has chosen. 27And you shall perform your burnt offerings – the flesh and the blood – on the altar of the Lord your God. And the blood of your sacrifices will be poured out on the altar of the Lord your God, whereas you may eat the meat. 28Ensure you obey all these things which I am commanding you, so that it goes well with you and with your sons after you, age-abidingly – that you do what is good and upright in the eyes of the Lord your God. 29For the Lord your God will cut off the nations to which you are going, to dispossess them at your advance, and you will dispossess them, and you will dwell in their land. 30Be on your guard not to be ensnared into following them, after they have been destroyed in front of you, and not to seek their gods, saying, ‘How these nations served their gods! So I too will do likewise.’ 31You shall not do likewise to the Lord your God, for they did for their gods everything that is an abomination to the Lord, things which he hates, for they even burnt their sons and their daughters with fire for their gods. 32As regards the whole injunction which I am commanding you, you will ensure you carry it out. You shall not add to it and you shall not take anything from it.

Deuteronomy Chapter 13 

1If a prophet arises in your midst, or one who has a dream, and he gives you a sign or a wonder, 2and the sign or the wonder takes place, which he told you, when he said, ‘Let us follow other gods which you do not know, and serve them’, 3then you will not hearken to the words of that prophet, or to that dreamer of the dream, for the Lord your God is testing you, so as to know whether you love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 4You will follow the Lord your God, and you will fear him, and you will keep his commandments, and you will obey him and serve him and cleave to him. 5And that prophet or that dreamer of the dream will be put to death, for he has propounded apostasy against the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you from the house of slavery, by driving you from the way which the Lord your God commanded you to go on. So you will eradicate the evil out of your midst. 6If your brother – your mother's son – or your son or your daughter, or the wife of your bosom, or a neighbour who is like yourself, secretly entices you, saying, ‘Let us go and serve other gods’, which you have not known, neither you nor your fathers, 7any of the gods of the nations which are around you, near to you or far from you, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth – 8you shall not hold him dear and you shall not hearken to him, and your eye will not pity him, and you shall not have compassion on him, and you shall not cover him, 9but you will without fail kill him; your hand will be the first to be on him, to put him to death, and the hand of all the people will follow afterwards. 10And you will stone him so that he dies, for he tried to drive you from being with the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt – out of the house of slaves. 11And all Israel will hear and fear, and will not do such a wicked thing as this again in its midst. 12If you hear it said in one of your cities which the Lord your God is giving you, to dwell there, 13Some worthless men have come out from your midst and have subverted the inhabitants of their city, saying, «Let us go and serve other gods which you have not known» ’, 14then you will seek and search and ask diligently, and if it is true, the matter is established, and this abomination has been committed in your midst, 15you will without fail strike the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword. Obliterate it and everyone in it, and its cattle, with the edge of the sword. 16And you will gather all its spoil onto the middle of its street and burn it with fire – the city and all its spoil completely – to the Lord your God, and it will be an age-abiding mound of ruins; it will not be built again. 17And nothing of the condemned place shall cleave to your hand, so that the Lord returns from the fury of his anger and shows you mercy, and is merciful to you, and multiplies you, as he swore to your fathers. 18For you shall obey the Lord your God, by keeping all his commandments which I am commanding you today, by doing what is upright in the eyes of the Lord your God.

Deuteronomy Chapter 14 

1You are sons of the Lord your God. You shall not make incisions on yourselves and you shall not make a bald patch between your eyes for the dead. 2For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people who are a special acquisition for himself from all the nations which are on the face of the earth. 3You shall not eat any abominable thing. 4These are the cattle which you may eat: the ox, the herded lamb, the herded goat, 5the roebuck, the mountain gazelle, the fallow deer, the wild goat, the antelope, the wild ox, the giraffe, 6and all cattle that divides the hoof and is cloven footed with two hoof divisions and which chews the cud amongst the cattle. Such you may eat. 7But you shall not eat the following of those that chew the cud or of those that divide the cloven hoof: the camel and the hare and the rock hyrax, for they chew the cud, but do not divide the hoof; they are unclean to you. 8And the pig, for it divides the hoof, but it does not chew the cud; it is unclean to you. You shall not eat their flesh and you shall not touch their carcase. 9You may eat the following of everything in water: everything that has a fin and scales you may eat. 10But everything that does not have a fin and scales you shall not eat. It is unclean to you. 11You may eat every clean bird, 12but the following birds are those you shall not eat: the eagle, the osprey, the sea-eagle, 13the buzzard and the kite and the vulture, according to its kind, 14and every raven, according to its kind, 15and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-gull, and the hawk, according to its kind, 16the little owl and the great owl and the common owl, 17the pelican, the aquiline vulture and the cormorant, 18and the stork, and the heron, after its kind, and the hoopoe and the bat, 19and all swarming insects that fly – they are unclean to you: they shall not be eaten. 20You may eat any clean bird. 21You shall not eat any carcase. You may give it to the foreigner who is in your gates, and he may eat it, or you may sell it to the foreigner, for you are a holy people to the Lord your God. You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 22You will make a point of tithing all the produce of your seed which comes up in the field year by year. 23And you will eat before the Lord your God, in the place where he chooses to seat his name, the tithe of your corn, your new wine, and your new oil, and the firstlings of your oxen and your sheep, in order that you learn to fear the Lord your God at all times. 24Now if the way is too much for you, because you are not able to carry it, if the place where the Lord your God has chosen to place his name is too far away for you, (for the Lord your God blesses you), 25then you will exchange it for money, and you will bind the money to your hand, and you will go to the place which the Lord your God has chosen. 26And you will exchange the money for anything that your being desires – for oxen and sheep and wine and strong drink, and everything your being asks for – and you will eat it there before the Lord your God, and you and your house will rejoice. 27And as for the Levite who is within your gates, you will not desert him, for he has no share or inheritance with you. 28At the end of three years you will bring out the whole tithe of your produce in that year and deposit it at your gates. 29And the Levite will come, because he has no share or inheritance with you, and the foreigner, and the orphan, and the widow, who are within your gates, and they will eat and be satisfied, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands that you undertake.

Deuteronomy Chapter 15 

1At the end of seven years you will hold a remission. 2And this is the nature of the remission. Every creditor who has lent to his neighbour will cancel the debt. He shall not exact payment from his neighbour or his brother, because the Lord's remission has been called. 3You may exact payment from a foreigner, but you shall cancel the debt of whatever your brother has of yours, 4except that there will be no poor among you, for the Lord will certainly bless you in the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance to take possession of, 5but only if you diligently obey the Lord your God by ensuring to do this whole body of commandments with which I am commanding you today. 6For the Lord your God has blessed you, as he has spoken to you, and you shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow, so you shall rule many nations, but they shall not rule you. 7If any one of your brothers is poor in any one of your gates in your land which the Lord your God is giving you, you will not harden your heart and you will not shut your hand to your poor brother. 8Rather, you will definitely open your hand to him, and you will definitely lend him sufficient for his need which he suffers. 9Be on your guard that there should be no thought in a base-minded heart of yours whereby you say, ‘The seventh year has come near, the year of the remission’ and your eye is ill-disposed towards your poor brother, and you do not give him anything, and he calls out to the Lord against you, and a sin will be counted against you. 10You will definitely give him what he needs; your heart will not be in bad grace when you give it to him, for it is on account of this matter that the Lord your God will bless you in all your work and in all your undertaking. 11For there will never be a lack of poor in the midst of the land, which is why I am commanding you, saying, ‘You shall definitely open your hand to your brother and your poor and your needy in your land.’ 12If a Hebrew brother of yours, or a Hebrew woman is sold to you, and serves you for six years, then in the seventh year you will let him go free from you, 13and when you let him go free from you, you shall not release him empty-handed. 14You will make a point of generously bestowing on him some of your flock and your threshing floor, and your wine vats. You will give him from what the Lord your God has blessed you with. 15And you will remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, but the Lord your God redeemed you, which is why I am commanding you this thing today. 16And it shall come to pass, if he says to you, ‘I shall not go away from you’ because he loves you and your house, because it was fine for him with you, 17then you will take an awl, and apply it to his ear and to the door, and he will be your permanent servant. And you will also do likewise in respect of your maidservant. 18It will not be hard in your sight when you let him go free from you, for it is replacement wages of a hired servant – he has served six years – and the Lord your God will bless you in everything you do. 19You shall sanctify to the Lord your God every male firstling that is given birth to among your cattle and your sheep. You shall not work with the firstborn of your oxen, and you shall not shear the firstborn of your sheep. 20You will eat it before the Lord your God year by year in the place which the Lord chooses – you and your household. 21If it has any blemish – being lame or blind – any bad feature, you shall not sacrifice it to the Lord your God. 22You shall eat it within your gates – the unclean and the clean person alike – whether it be gazelle or roebuck. 23But you shall not consume its blood; you shall pour it on the ground like water.

Deuteronomy Chapter 16 

1Keep the month of Abib, and celebrate the Lord your God's Passover, for in the month of Abib the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night. 2And you shall sacrifice the Passover to the Lord your God, sheep and oxen, in the place where the Lord chooses to seat his name. 3And you shall not eat anything leavened with it. For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread with it, bread of affliction, for you went out of the land of Egypt in haste, so that you remember the day of your exodus from the land of Egypt all the days of your life. 4And no leaven will be seen by you in all your territory for seven days, and none of the flesh which you sacrifice in the evening on the first day will remain until morning. 5You shall not sacrifice the Passover in any arbitrary one of your gates which the Lord your God is giving you, 6but in the place where the Lord your God chooses to seat his name. That is where you will sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset, in the season of your exodus from Egypt. 7And you will boil it and eat it in the place which the Lord your God chooses, and in the morning you will wend your way and go to your tents. 8For six days you will eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there will be a solemn assembly to the Lord your God. You will not carry out any work. 9You will count out seven weeks. From the start of the sickle going in the corn, you will start counting seven weeks. 10And you will celebrate the Festival of Weeks to the Lord your God, with a quantity of freewill-offering from your resources which you may give, according as the Lord your God blesses you. 11And you will rejoice before the Lord your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite who is within your gates, and the foreigner, and the orphan, and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where the Lord your God chooses to seat his name. 12And you will remember that you were a slave in Egypt, so you will keep and perform these statutes. 13You will celebrate your Festival of Tabernacles for seven days when you gather in from your threshing floor and your wine vat. 14And you will rejoice in your festival, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, and the foreigner, and the orphan, and the widow, who are within your gates. 15For seven days you will celebrate the festival to the Lord your God, in the place which the Lord chooses, for the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hand, and you will be joyful in all respects. 16Three times per year all your male population will see the face of the Lord your God in the place which he chooses at the Festival of Unleavened Bread and at the Festival of Weeks and at the Festival of Tabernacles. And they shall not appear in the presence of the Lord empty-handed. 17Each man will come with a gift according to his resources, according to the blessing of the Lord your God which he has given you. 18You will appoint yourselves judges and officials at all your gates, which the Lord your God is giving you by your tribes, and they will judge the people with righteous judgment. 19You shall not pervert judgment, you shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the words of the righteous. 20You shall pursue justice and nothing but justice, so that you may live and possess the land which the Lord your God is giving you. 21You shall not plant phallic parks of any tree for yourself alongside the altar of the Lord your God, which you might make for yourself, 22and you shall not set up any stone image for yourself, which the Lord your God hates.

Deuteronomy Chapter 17 

1You shall not sacrifice to the Lord your God an ox or a sheep which has a blemish – any bad feature – for that is an abomination to the Lord your God. 2If a man or a woman is found in your midst within any of your gates which the Lord your God is giving you, who does what is wrong in the eyes of the Lord your God, by transgressing his covenant, 3or if he departs and serves other gods and worships them, either the sun or the moon, or any of the array of heaven, which I have not commanded, 4and if a case is reported to you, and you hear it, and you inquire diligently, and if it is true – if the matter is confirmed – that this abomination has been committed in Israel, 5then you will bring out to the gates that man or that woman who did this evil thing – the man or the woman – and you will stone them so that they die. 6On the attestation of two witnesses or three witnesses, he who is on a capital charge will be put to death. He shall not be put to death on the attestation of one witness. 7The hand of the witnesses will be on him first, to put him to death, and the hand of all the people afterwards, and you will eradicate the evil, out of your midst. 8If a case is too difficult for you in judgment between blood shed by the parties, between accusations made by the parties, or between violence committed by the parties – the words of the contentions at your gates – then you will arise and go up to the place which the Lord your God chooses. 9And you will go to the priests – the Levites – and to the judge who is in office in those days, and you will inquire, and they will tell you the judicial verdict. 10And you will act according to the verdict which they tell you from that place, which the Lord chooses, and you will ensure that you do everything that they instruct you. 11You shall act according to the law about which they instruct you, and according to the judgment which they tell you. You shall not deviate either to the right or to the left from the pronouncement which they tell you. 12And as for the man who acts defiantly, by not obeying the priest who stands ready to serve the Lord your God there, or the judge, that man shall die, and you will eradicate the evil from Israel. 13And all the people will hear it, and fear, and they will not act defiantly any more. 14When you come to the land which the Lord your God is giving you, and you take possession of it, and live in it, and you say, ‘Let me appoint a king over me like all the peoples which are around me’, 15you will certainly appoint a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses, and you will appoint a king over you from the midst of your brothers. You cannot appoint a foreign man, who is not your brother, over you. 16But he shall not acquire masses of horses, and he shall not make the people return to Egypt in order to increase the number of horses, but the Lord has said to you, ‘You shall not return by that way any more.’ 17And he shall not acquire a large number of wives for himself, so that his heart does not swerve, and he shall not acquire a vast amount of silver and gold for himself. 18And it shall come to pass, as he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write out for himself a copy of this law in a book in the presence of the Levite priests. 19And it will be with him, and he will read it all the days of his life, in order to learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, by carrying them out, 20so that his heart does not become haughtier than that of his brothers, and so that he does not deviate from the body of commandments to the right or to the left, so that he may prolong his days over his kingdom – he and his sons in the midst of Israel.

Deuteronomy Chapter 18 

1The Levite priests – the whole tribe of Levi – will have no share or inheritance with Israel. They will eat the Lord's fire-offerings and his inheritance. 2So Levi will have no inheritance in the midst of his brothers. It is the Lord who is his inheritance, in accordance with what he has said to him. 3And this will be the priest's right from the people – from those who carry out a sacrifice, whether it is an ox or a sheep – they will give the priest a shoulder and the cheeks and the stomach. 4You will give him the firstfruit of your corn, of your new wine, and of your new oil, and the first fleeces of your sheep. 5For the Lord your God chose him of all your tribes, to stand and serve in the name of the Lord – him and his sons, day after day. 6And if a Levite comes from any of your gates, from anywhere in all Israel where he lives, and comes with all enthusiasm to the place which the Lord chooses, 7and serves in the name of the Lord his God, as do all his brothers the Levites who stand there before the Lord, 8they will eat similar portions, besides the proceeds of his paternal property. 9When you come into the land which the Lord your God is giving you, you shall not learn to do anything like the abominations of those nations. 10There will not be found among you anyone making his son or daughter pass through fire, anyone practising occult arts, or a fortune-teller from clouds, or a diviner, or a sorcerer, 11or a spellbinder, or a medium of family spirits, or a wizard, or anyone seeking contact with the dead. 12For everyone who does these things is an abomination to the Lord, and it is on account of these abominations that the Lord your God is dispossessing them in front of you. 13You will have integrity with the Lord your God. 14For these nations which you are dispossessing obey the fortune-tellers from clouds and those who practice occult arts, but as for you, the Lord your God has not permitted you to do so. 15The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your midst, from your brothers. Him you will hear, 16in accordance with everything that you asked for from the Lord your God at Horeb on the day of the convocation, when you said, ‘Let me not hear the voice of the Lord my God again, nor see this great fire any longer, so that I do not die’, 17after which the Lord said to me, ‘They have done well with what they have spoken.’ 18I will raise up to them a prophet from the midst of their brothers like you, and I will put my words in his mouth, and he will speak to them everything that I command him. 19And it will come to pass for any man who does not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, that I will require justice from him. 20But as for any prophet who is presumptuous by speaking in my name anything that I did not command him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods – then that prophet shall die. 21And if you say in your heart, ‘How shall we know whether it is a word which the Lord did not speak to him?’ the answer is this: 22when the prophet speaks in the name of the Lord and the matter does not come to pass, and it does not come about, then it is something that the Lord did not speak, and the prophet spoke it in presumption, and you shall not fear him.

Deuteronomy Chapter 19 

1When the Lord your God cuts off the nations whose land the Lord your God is giving you, so that you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses, 2you will separate out three cities for yourself inside your land which the Lord your God is giving you to take possession of. 3You will prepare the way for yourself, and divide in three parts the territory of your land which the Lord your God will give you as an inheritance, and it will come to pass that any manslayer can flee there. 4And these are the circumstances when the manslayer may flee there and live: when he strikes his neighbour unintentionally and he did not hate him in the past. 5Or when he goes into a forest with his neighbour to cut wood, and his hand drives the axe to cut the wood and the iron head comes off the handle and hits his neighbour and he dies, then he will flee to one of these cities and may live, 6lest the avenger of blood pursues the manslayer, because his heart has flared up, and he catches up with him, because the way is long, and he strikes him dead, whereas he deserved no sentence of death, because he had not hated him in the past. 7That is why I am commanding you, saying, ‘You shall separate out three cities for yourself.’ 8And when the Lord your God broadens your territory as he swore to your fathers, and gives you all the land which he said he would give to your fathers, 9if you keep this whole body of commandments, by carrying out what I am commanding you today, to love the Lord your God and to walk in his ways day after day, then you will add three more cities to these three. 10And no innocent blood shall be shed in the midst of your land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, so that blood guilt would be on you. 11But if there is a man who hates his neighbour and he ambushes him and rises up against him, and he strikes him lethally, and he dies, and the man flees to one of these cities, 12then the elders of his city will send for him, and they will take him from there, and deliver him into the hands of the avenger of blood, and he will die. 13Your eye will not show pity on him, and you will eradicate the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, so that things go well for you. 14You shall not move the boundary with your neighbour, which will be marked out initially in your inheritance which you will inherit in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to take possession of. 15One witness against a man shall not stand for any iniquity or any sin – for any sinfulness by which he sins. A case will stand at the attestation of two witnesses or at the attestation of three witnesses. 16If a false witness against a man rises up, to testify against him deviously, 17then the two men who have a quarrel will stand before the Lord, before the priests and the judges who are in office in those days, 18and the judges will investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness – he has testified falsely against his brother – 19then you will deal with him as he planned to deal with his brother, and so you will eradicate the evil from your midst. 20And those who remain will hear and fear, and they will not do such an evil thing as this again in your midst. 21And your eye will show no pity. A life for a life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot.

Deuteronomy Chapter 20 

1When you go out to war against your enemies, and you see horses and chariots – a people greater than you – you shall not fear them, for the Lord your God, who brought you up from the land of Egypt, is with you. 2And it will come to pass, when you engage in battle, that the priest will approach and speak to the people, 3and he will say to them, ‘Hear, O Israel, you are engaging in battle against your enemies today. Do not let your heart be faint, do not be afraid, and do not be alarmed, and do not be terrified in the face of them. 4For it is the Lord your God who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.’ 5And the officers will speak to the people and say, ‘What man builds a new house and does not dedicate it? Let him go and return to his house, so that he does not die in battle and another man dedicates it. 6And what man plants a vineyard and does not profane it? Let him go and return to his house, so that he does not die in battle and another man profanes it. 7And what man betroths a wife and does not take her in marriage? Let him go and return to his house, so that he does not die in battle and another man takes her in marriage.’ 8And the officers will further speak to the people, and they will say, ‘What man is fearful and faint-hearted? Let him go and return to his house, so that his brothers' hearts should not become faint like his heart.’ 9And it will come to pass when the officers have finished speaking to the people, that they shall appoint the commanders of the armies at the head of the people. 10When you approach a city to do battle against it, you will proclaim peace to it. 11And it will be the case that if it answers you with peace and opens up to you, that all the people present in it will be yours under tribute, and they will serve you. 12But if it does not submit in peace to you, but wages war on you, then you will besiege it. 13And the Lord your God will deliver it into your hand, and you will strike down all its male population by the edge of the sword. 14But you will take for yourselves as booty the women and children and cattle and everything in the city – all its spoil – and you will eat the spoil of your enemies which the Lord your God has given you. 15You will act like this with all the cities which are very remote from you, which are not of the following peoples, 16(and you will certainly not allow any living thing to live of these peoples which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance), 17for you will completely obliterate them: the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite and the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, as the Lord your God has commanded you, 18so that they do not teach you to do the same as any of their abominations, which they perform for their gods, whereby you would be sinning against the Lord your God. 19For you will besiege the city for many days doing battle against it, to capture it. You will not destroy its trees by applying an axe to them, for you will eat from them. So you will not cut them down, for is the wild tree a man who can confront you in the siege? 20But as for a tree which you know not to be a fruit tree, you may destroy it and cut it down, and build a siege engine against the city which is waging war with you, until its fall.

Deuteronomy Chapter 21 

1If a slain man is found on the ground which the Lord your God is giving you to inherit, having fallen in the field, and it is not known who struck him, 2then your elders and your judges will come out and measure the distance to the cities which are around the slain man. 3And it will take place in the nearest city to the slain man that the elders of that city will take a calf of the oxen, which has not been put to work – which has not drawn anything in a yoke – 4and the elders of that city will bring the calf down to an area with a constantly flowing brook, which is neither tilled nor sown, and there they will break the neck of the calf – at the brook, 5and the priests – the sons of Levi – will approach, for it is they whom the Lord your God has chosen to serve him and to bless in the name of the Lord, and according to their pronouncement every quarrel and every case of violence will be resolved. 6And all the elders of that city who are closely related to the slain man will wash their hands over the calf which has had its neck broken at the brook, 7and they will testify and say, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, and our eyes did not see anything. 8Make atonement for your people Israel, O Lord, whom you redeemed, and do not lay innocent blood to their charge in the midst of your people Israel.’ And the blood-guilt will be atoned for for them. 9And you will eradicate the shedding of innocent blood from your midst, for you will do what is upright in the eyes of the Lord. 10If you go out to war against your enemies, and the Lord your God delivers them into your hand, and you take them into their captivity, 11and you see in the body of captives a beautiful woman, and you desire her, and you wish to take her as your wife, 12then you will bring her into your house, and shave her head and attend to her nails, 13and she will remove her captive's garment from herself, and she shall dwell in your house, and she will weep for her father and her mother for a month of days, then after that you may go to her and marry her and she will be your wife. 14And it will come to pass, if you are not pleased with her, that you will send her away as she wishes. And you will certainly not sell her for money. You shall not trade her, since you have ravished her. 15If a man has two wives, one loved and one hated, and they bare him sons – the one loved and the one hated – and the firstborn son is of the one hated, 16then it shall come to pass that on the day when he leaves his inheritance to his sons – what he possesses – he will not be able to designate as firstborn the son of the one loved in preference to the firstborn son of the one hated, 17but he shall recognize the firstborn – the son of the one hated – by giving him a double share of whatever he happens to have, for that man is the first child of his vigour: he has the right of the firstborn. 18If a man has a refractory and rebellious son, who does not obey his father or his mother, and they chasten him, but he does not listen to them, 19then his father and his mother will take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city and to the gate of his locality, 20and they will say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is refractory and rebellious; he does not obey us. He is profligate and dissolute.’ 21Then all the men of the city will stone him and he will die, and you will eradicate the evil from your midst, and all Israel will hear and fear. 22If there is a conviction against a man – a capital charge – and he is put to death, then you will hang him on a tree. 23His corpse will not remain on the tree all night, but you will make a point of burying him on that day, for a person hanging is an object of curse to God, and you will not defile your land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.

Deuteronomy Chapter 22 

1You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep going astray and ignore them. You will make a point of returning them to your brother. 2And if your brother is not a near relation to you and you do not know him, then you will accommodate the animal in your household, and it will be with you until your brother searches for it, when you will return it to him. 3And you will do likewise with his donkey and you will do likewise with his garment, and you will do likewise with every lost item of your brother's which he has lost and which you find. You are not permitted to feign ignorance. 4You shall not see your brother's donkey or his ox fall by the way and ignore them. You will make a point of getting it up with him. 5There shall be no item of men's kit on a woman, and a man shall not wear a woman's clothing, for anyone doing these things is an abomination to the Lord your God. 6If you come across a bird's nest in any tree or on the ground – a brood or eggs – and the mother bird is lying on the brood or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young. 7You will be sure to let the mother go but you can take the young away, so that things go well with you, and you prolong your days. 8If you build a new house, then you shall make a parapet for your roof, so that you do not incur blood-guilt in your house if anyone falls from it. 9You shall not sow your vineyard with diverse species, so that the fulness of the seed which you sow and the produce of the vineyard are not profaned. 10You shall not plough with an ox and a donkey together. 11You shall not wear compositely threaded material – wool and flax together. 12You will make yourself tassels on the four sides of your vesture with which you cover yourself. 13If a man takes a wife, and goes in to her, but hates her, 14and he fabricates pretexts against her, and publicizes a scandal against her, and says, ‘I took this wife and I went close to her, but I found her not to be a virgin’, 15then the father of the girl and her mother will take and bring out evidence of the virginity of the girl to the elders of the city at the gate. 16And the father of the girl shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man as a wife but he hates her. 17And look, he has fabricated pretexts, saying, «I did not find your daughter to be a virgin, and this is the evidence of the virginity of my daughter.» ’ And they will spread the cloth before the elders of the city. 18And the elders of the city will take the man and chastise him, 19and fine him a hundred pieces of silver, and they will give them to the father of the girl, for he publicized a scandal against a virgin of Israel. And she shall be his wife; he shall not be able to divorce her all his days. 20But if this matter is true – the evidence of the girl's virginity is not found – 21then they will take the girl out to the door of her father's house, and the men of the city will stone her and she will die, because she committed a folly in Israel by fornicating in her father's house, and you will eradicate the evil from your midst. 22If a man is found lying with a woman who is married to a husband, then they shall die – indeed both of them – the man lying with the woman, and the woman, and you will eradicate the evil from Israel. 23If a virgin girl is betrothed to a man, and another man finds her in the city and lies with her, 24then you will bring both of them out to the gate of that city and stone them and they will die: the girl because she did not cry out in the city, and the man because he ravished his neighbour's future wife, and you will eradicate the evil from your midst. 25But if the man finds the betrothed girl in the field, and the man overpowers her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her will die, 26and you will not do anything to the girl. The girl has not committed a capital sin, for as a man rises up against his neighbour and strikes him dead, so is this matter. 27For he found her in the field, and the betrothed girl cried out, but she did not have a deliverer. 28If a man finds a virgin girl who is not betrothed, and seizes her and lies with her