The “FarAboveAll” Translation of the Old Testament / Tanakh

Version 0.29.29, 4 November, 2018

Summary

We offer a freely copyable translation of the Old Testament / Tanakh based on the Masoretic Text. The translation follows the Masoretic text, ketiv or qeré (which will be indicated), and vowels (but we retain freedom regarding word grouping), except that the changes made by the Sopherim are reversed (see Companion Bible Appendices 32 and 33). Textual and explanatory remarks may be made in the notes. Our translation may be freely copied (see copyright notices below).

Copyright

There are three areas of copyright to consider: the copyright of sources used, the copyright of fonts used, and the copyright of our own work.

Copyright of sources used

The Hebrew / Aramaic text as starting material is the Westminster Leningrad Codex [4.18], obtained from www.tanach.us/TextFiles.

The license, as of 1 June 2011, at www.tanach.us/License.html reads: “All files in the main directory, except Tanach.zip, and all files in the following subdirectories may be used without restriction.” We have used the text files from www.tanach.us/TextFiles/, one of the subdirectories referred to as able to be used without restriction.

We remark that, according to tanach.us/Tanach.xml#Home, the files are derived “from the electronic version of the Leningrad Codex maintained by the J. Alan Groves Center for Advanced Biblical Research” who have written to us that they “make no claim on the use of the WLC”.

We nevertheless suggest that commercial publishers wishing to publish our combined Hebrew and English documents should verify the copyright position of the Hebrew text for themselves.

Copyright of fonts

The Hebrew text renders most accurately in SBL Hebrew, which is free for personal use. Commercial publishers must consult the copyright holder. The text renders reasonably in Times New Roman. In any case, commercial publishers must check and comply with font copyright issues.

Our copyright

The introduction, the English translation and notes (referred to as "this text" below) Copyright © 2009-2018 by Graham G Thomason. Anyone is permitted to copy and distribute this text or any portion of this text. It may be incorporated in a larger work, and/or quoted from, stored in a database retrieval system, photocopied, reprinted, or otherwise duplicated by anyone without prior notification, permission, compensation to the holder, or any other restrictions. All rights to this text are released to everyone and no-one can reduce these rights at any time. The permitted use or reproduction of the above-mentioned text does not imply doctrinal or theological agreement by the present author and publisher with whatever views may be maintained or promulgated by other publishers. For the purpose of assigning responsibility, it is requested that the present author's name and the title associated with this text and its availability at www.FarAboveAll.com as well as this disclaimer be retained in any subsequent reproduction of this material.
- end of quotation -

Introduction

Please see the separate introduction to this Hebrew / Aramaic text and translation.

VERSE
(MT numbering)
HEBREW/ARAMAIC ENGLISH NOTES
Gen 1:1 ‫בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ In the beginning God created heaven and earth. Rev 14:7.

God created: a plural noun with a singular verb. It is very rare for a plural verb to be used with Elohim, God, unless the word means (other) gods. Exceptions in Gen 20:13, Gen 35:7, 2 Sam 7:23.

heaven: or, the heavens. The word can also mean sky. It has a Hebrew dual ending.
Gen 1:2 ‫וְהָאָ֗רֶץ הָיְתָ֥ה תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ וְחֹ֖שֶׁךְ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י תְה֑וֹם וְר֣וּחַ אֱלֹהִ֔ים מְרַחֶ֖פֶת עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַמָּֽיִם׃‬ But the earth became desolate and deserted, and there was darkness over the surface of the deep. Now the spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the water, but: adversative use of the vav.

became: as in Gen 19:26 (and she became a pillar of salt). The earth was not created desolate, Hebrew tohu, Isa 45:18; it must have become so. This implies a time-gap between Gen 1:1 and Gen 1:2. AV differs, (was).
Gen 1:3 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֖ים יְהִ֣י א֑וֹר וַֽיְהִי־אֽוֹר׃‬ and God said, “Let there be light.” And there was light,
Gen 1:4 ‫וַיַּ֧רְא אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־הָא֖וֹר כִּי־ט֑וֹב וַיַּבְדֵּ֣ל אֱלֹהִ֔ים בֵּ֥ין הָא֖וֹר וּבֵ֥ין הַחֹֽשֶׁךְ׃‬ and God saw that the light was good. Then God made a division between the light and the darkness, that the light was good ← the light that (it was) good.
Gen 1:5 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לָאוֹר֙ י֔וֹם וְלַחֹ֖שֶׁךְ קָ֣רָא לָ֑יְלָה וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם אֶחָֽד׃ פ‬ and God called the light day, whereas the darkness he called night. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – day one. whereas: wider use of the vav.
Gen 1:6 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים יְהִ֥י רָקִ֖יעַ בְּת֣וֹךְ הַמָּ֑יִם וִיהִ֣י מַבְדִּ֔יל בֵּ֥ין מַ֖יִם לָמָֽיִם׃‬ Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the water, and let it divide one mass of water from another mass of water”,
Gen 1:7 ‫וַיַּ֣עַשׂ אֱלֹהִים֮ אֶת־הָרָקִיעַ֒ וַיַּבְדֵּ֗ל בֵּ֤ין הַמַּ֙יִם֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ מִתַּ֣חַת לָרָקִ֔יעַ וּבֵ֣ין הַמַּ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵעַ֣ל לָרָקִ֑יעַ וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ and God made the expanse and divided the water which was below the expanse from the water which was above the expanse. And so it came about,
Gen 1:8 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֧א אֱלֹהִ֛ים לָֽרָקִ֖יעַ שָׁמָ֑יִם וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם שֵׁנִֽי׃ פ‬ and God called the expanse sky. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the second day. sky: or, heaven. See Gen 1:1.
Gen 1:9 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים יִקָּו֨וּ הַמַּ֜יִם מִתַּ֤חַת הַשָּׁמַ֙יִם֙ אֶל־מָק֣וֹם אֶחָ֔ד וְתֵרָאֶ֖ה הַיַּבָּשָׁ֑ה וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ Then God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And so it came about,
Gen 1:10 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לַיַּבָּשָׁה֙ אֶ֔רֶץ וּלְמִקְוֵ֥ה הַמַּ֖יִם קָרָ֣א יַמִּ֑ים וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים כִּי־טֽוֹב׃‬ and God called the dry land earth, whereas the accumulation of water he called seas. And God saw that it was good. whereas: wider use of the vav.
Gen 1:11 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים תַּֽדְשֵׁ֤א הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ דֶּ֔שֶׁא עֵ֚שֶׂב מַזְרִ֣יעַ זֶ֔רַע עֵ֣ץ פְּרִ֞י עֹ֤שֶׂה פְּרִי֙ לְמִינ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר זַרְעוֹ־ב֖וֹ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ Then God said, “Let the earth produce grass, herbaceous vegetation bearing seed, and the fruit-bearing tree which produces fruit according to its species, which has its own intrinsic seed, on the earth.” And so it came about, produce ← “grassify”.

bearing ← seeding.
Gen 1:12 ‫וַתּוֹצֵ֨א הָאָ֜רֶץ דֶּ֠שֶׁא עֵ֣שֶׂב מַזְרִ֤יעַ זֶ֙רַע֙ לְמִינֵ֔הוּ וְעֵ֧ץ עֹֽשֶׂה־פְּרִ֛י אֲשֶׁ֥ר זַרְעוֹ־ב֖וֹ לְמִינֵ֑הוּ וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים כִּי־טֽוֹב׃‬ and the earth produced grass, herbaceous vegetation bearing seed according to its species, and the tree producing fruit, which has its own intrinsic seed according to its species. And God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:13 ‫וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם שְׁלִישִֽׁי׃ פ‬ Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the third day.
Gen 1:14 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים יְהִ֤י מְאֹרֹת֙ בִּרְקִ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם לְהַבְדִּ֕יל בֵּ֥ין הַיּ֖וֹם וּבֵ֣ין הַלָּ֑יְלָה וְהָי֤וּ לְאֹתֹת֙ וּלְמ֣וֹעֲדִ֔ים וּלְיָמִ֖ים וְשָׁנִֽים׃‬ Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky, to divide the day from the night, and let them be as signs and for appointed times and for days and years,
Gen 1:15 ‫וְהָי֤וּ לִמְאוֹרֹת֙ בִּרְקִ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם לְהָאִ֖יר עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ and they will serve as lights in the expanse of the sky, to shine on the earth.” And so it came about, serve ← be, become.
Gen 1:16 ‫וַיַּ֣עַשׂ אֱלֹהִ֔ים אֶת־שְׁנֵ֥י הַמְּאֹרֹ֖ת הַגְּדֹלִ֑ים אֶת־הַמָּא֤וֹר הַגָּדֹל֙ לְמֶמְשֶׁ֣לֶת הַיּ֔וֹם וְאֶת־הַמָּא֤וֹר הַקָּטֹן֙ לְמֶמְשֶׁ֣לֶת הַלַּ֔יְלָה וְאֵ֖ת הַכּוֹכָבִֽים׃‬ and God made the two great lights, the greater light as a ruler of the day and the smaller light as a ruler of the night, and also the stars.
Gen 1:17 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אֹתָ֛ם אֱלֹהִ֖ים בִּרְקִ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם לְהָאִ֖יר עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And God put them in the expanse of the sky to shine on the earth,
Gen 1:18 ‫וְלִמְשֹׁל֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם וּבַלַּ֔יְלָה וּֽלֲהַבְדִּ֔יל בֵּ֥ין הָא֖וֹר וּבֵ֣ין הַחֹ֑שֶׁךְ וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים כִּי־טֽוֹב׃‬ and to rule by day and by night, and to divide light from darkness. And God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:19 ‫וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם רְבִיעִֽי׃ פ‬ Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the fourth day.
Gen 1:20 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים יִשְׁרְצ֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם שֶׁ֖רֶץ נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֑ה וְעוֹף֙ יְעוֹפֵ֣ף עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ עַל־פְּנֵ֖י רְקִ֥יעַ הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ Then God said, “Let the waters teem with aquatic animals, with living beings, and let birds fly above the earth, over the expanse of the sky”, beings ← soul.
Gen 1:21 ‫וַיִּבְרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֔ים אֶת־הַתַּנִּינִ֖ם הַגְּדֹלִ֑ים וְאֵ֣ת כָּל־נֶ֣פֶשׁ הַֽחַיָּ֣ה ׀ הָֽרֹמֶ֡שֶׂת אֲשֶׁר֩ שָׁרְצ֨וּ הַמַּ֜יִם לְמִֽינֵהֶ֗ם וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־ע֤וֹף כָּנָף֙ לְמִינֵ֔הוּ וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים כִּי־טֽוֹב׃‬ and God created the great sea-monsters, and every living being that creeps, which the water teems with, according to their species, and all the winged fowl according to their species. And God saw that it was good. being ← soul.
Gen 1:22 ‫וַיְבָ֧רֶךְ אֹתָ֛ם אֱלֹהִ֖ים לֵאמֹ֑ר פְּר֣וּ וּרְב֗וּ וּמִלְא֤וּ אֶת־הַמַּ֙יִם֙ בַּיַּמִּ֔ים וְהָע֖וֹף יִ֥רֶב בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.”
Gen 1:23 ‫וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם חֲמִישִֽׁי׃ פ‬ Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the fifth day.
Gen 1:24 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים תּוֹצֵ֨א הָאָ֜רֶץ נֶ֤פֶשׁ חַיָּה֙ לְמִינָ֔הּ בְּהֵמָ֥ה וָרֶ֛מֶשׂ וְחַֽיְתוֹ־אֶ֖רֶץ לְמִינָ֑הּ וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living beings according to their species, cattle and reptiles and beasts of the earth, according to their species.” And so it came about, beings ← soul. The Hebrew is a collective singular noun, as are the words for cattle, reptiles and beasts.
Gen 1:25 ‫וַיַּ֣עַשׂ אֱלֹהִים֩ אֶת־חַיַּ֨ת הָאָ֜רֶץ לְמִינָ֗הּ וְאֶת־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ לְמִינָ֔הּ וְאֵ֛ת כָּל־רֶ֥מֶשׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֖ה לְמִינֵ֑הוּ וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים כִּי־טֽוֹב׃‬ and God made the beasts of the earth according to their species, and the cattle after their species, and all the reptiles of the ground according to their species. And God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:26 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים נַֽעֲשֶׂ֥ה אָדָ֛ם בְּצַלְמֵ֖נוּ כִּדְמוּתֵ֑נוּ וְיִרְדּוּ֩ בִדְגַ֨ת הַיָּ֜ם וּבְע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֗יִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּבְכָל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וּבְכָל־הָרֶ֖מֶשׂ הָֽרֹמֵ֥שׂ עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness, and they will subdue the fish of the sea and the birds of the sky, and the cattle, and the whole earth, and every reptile that crawls on the earth.”
Gen 1:27 ‫וַיִּבְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ אֶת־הָֽאָדָם֙ בְּצַלְמ֔וֹ בְּצֶ֥לֶם אֱלֹהִ֖ים בָּרָ֣א אֹת֑וֹ זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בָּרָ֥א אֹתָֽם׃‬ So God made man in his image. He created him in the image of God. Male and female he created them. Mark 10:6.

|| 1 Chr 1:1 (Adam).

man ← Adam.
Gen 1:28 ‫וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֹתָם֮ אֱלֹהִים֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר לָהֶ֜ם אֱלֹהִ֗ים פְּר֥וּ וּרְב֛וּ וּמִלְא֥וּ אֶת־הָאָ֖רֶץ וְכִבְשֻׁ֑הָ וּרְד֞וּ בִּדְגַ֤ת הַיָּם֙ וּבְע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וּבְכָל־חַיָּ֖ה הָֽרֹמֶ֥שֶׂת עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth, and subjugate it, and subdue the fish of the sea and the birds of the sky, and every animal that creeps over the earth.”
Gen 1:29 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים הִנֵּה֩ נָתַ֨תִּי לָכֶ֜ם אֶת־כָּל־עֵ֣שֶׂב ׀ זֹרֵ֣עַ זֶ֗רַע אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וְאֶת־כָּל־הָעֵ֛ץ אֲשֶׁר־בּ֥וֹ פְרִי־עֵ֖ץ זֹרֵ֣עַ זָ֑רַע לָכֶ֥ם יִֽהְיֶ֖ה לְאָכְלָֽה׃‬ Then God said to them, “Look, I have given you all vegetation bearing seed which is on the surface of the whole earth, and every tree which has fruit of the tree in it bearing seed. It will be for food for you,
Gen 1:30 ‫וּֽלְכָל־חַיַּ֣ת הָ֠אָרֶץ וּלְכָל־ע֨וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֜יִם וּלְכֹ֣ל ׀ רוֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל־הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ֙ נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֔ה אֶת־כָּל־יֶ֥רֶק עֵ֖שֶׂב לְאָכְלָ֑ה וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃‬ and for every beast of the earth, and for all birds of the sky, and for every reptile on the earth which has the breath of life in it; all green vegetation is for food.” And so it came about. breath ← soul.

all green vegetation: governed by the Hebrew accusative marker (’et), but this can just be used for emphasis. Compare [Ges 117i]. Alternatively, supply I have given, as in the AV. So AV differs.
Gen 1:31 ‫וַיַּ֤רְא אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וְהִנֵּה־ט֖וֹב מְאֹ֑ד וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם הַשִּׁשִּֽׁי׃ פ‬ And God saw everything that he had made, and the result was that it was very good. Then evening came to pass, and morning came to pass – the sixth day. and the result wasbehold.
Gen 2:1 ‫וַיְכֻלּ֛וּ הַשָּׁמַ֥יִם וְהָאָ֖רֶץ וְכָל־צְבָאָֽם׃‬ So heaven and the earth were completed with all their array.
Gen 2:2 ‫וַיְכַ֤ל אֱלֹהִים֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י מְלַאכְתּ֖וֹ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּ֖וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָֽׂה׃‬ And on the seventh day God had finished his workmanship which he executed. Now he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done, Heb 4:4.
Gen 2:3 ‫וַיְבָ֤רֶךְ אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־י֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י וַיְקַדֵּ֖שׁ אֹת֑וֹ כִּ֣י ב֤וֹ שָׁבַת֙ מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָ֥א אֱלֹהִ֖ים לַעֲשֽׂוֹת׃ פ‬ and God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, for on it he rested from all his workmanship which God had created in making it. in making: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 2:4 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה תוֹלְד֧וֹת הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם וְהָאָ֖רֶץ בְּהִבָּֽרְאָ֑ם בְּי֗וֹם עֲשׂ֛וֹת יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶ֥רֶץ וְשָׁמָֽיִם׃‬ These are the genealogies of heaven and the earth when they were created, on the day when the Lord God made the earth and heaven, the Lord: see Ex 6:3, Isa 42:8.
Gen 2:5 ‫וְכֹ֣ל ׀ שִׂ֣יחַ הַשָּׂדֶ֗ה טֶ֚רֶם יִֽהְיֶ֣ה בָאָ֔רֶץ וְכָל־עֵ֥שֶׂב הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה טֶ֣רֶם יִצְמָ֑ח כִּי֩ לֹ֨א הִמְטִ֜יר יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהִים֙ עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וְאָדָ֣ם אַ֔יִן לַֽעֲבֹ֖ד אֶת־הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ and every wild shrub before it was on the earth, and all wild vegetation before it had sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain onto the earth, and there was no man to till the ground. wild shrub ← shrub of the field.

wild vegetation ← vegetation of the field.
Gen 2:6 ‫וְאֵ֖ד יַֽעֲלֶ֣ה מִן־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְהִשְׁקָ֖ה אֶֽת־כָּל־פְּנֵֽי־הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ But a vapour would come up from the earth and it watered the whole surface of the ground. would come up: future / imperfective / emanative.

watered: perfect / perfective / attributive.
Gen 2:7 ‫וַיִּיצֶר֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֗ם עָפָר֙ מִן־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה וַיִּפַּ֥ח בְּאַפָּ֖יו נִשְׁמַ֣ת חַיִּ֑ים וַֽיְהִ֥י הָֽאָדָ֖ם לְנֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּֽה׃‬ So the Lord God formed man from the dust from the ground and blew the breath of life into his nostrils and the man became a living soul. 1 Cor 15:45.

man (2x)Adam.

soul: or, being. Adam did not have a soul; he was soul, and he died. The scriptural soul is not immortal, see Ezek 18:4, Ezek 18:20.
Gen 2:8 ‫וַיִּטַּ֞ע יְהוָ֧ה אֱלֹהִ֛ים גַּן־בְעֵ֖דֶן מִקֶּ֑דֶם וַיָּ֣שֶׂם שָׁ֔ם אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָצָֽר׃‬ Then the Lord God planted a garden in Eden in the east, and put the man there whom he had created.
Gen 2:9 ‫וַיַּצְמַ֞ח יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהִים֙ מִן־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה כָּל־עֵ֛ץ נֶחְמָ֥ד לְמַרְאֶ֖ה וְט֣וֹב לְמַאֲכָ֑ל וְעֵ֤ץ הַֽחַיִּים֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ הַגָּ֔ן וְעֵ֕ץ הַדַּ֖עַת ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע׃‬ And the Lord God caused to grow up from the ground every tree that is attractive to look at and good for food, and the tree of life in the middle of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. attractive to look at ← desired for appearance.
Gen 2:10 ‫וְנָהָרּ֙ יֹצֵ֣א מֵעֵ֔דֶן לְהַשְׁק֖וֹת אֶת־הַגָּ֑ן וּמִשָּׁם֙ יִפָּרֵ֔ד וְהָיָ֖ה לְאַרְבָּעָ֥ה רָאשִֽׁים׃‬ Now a river goes out from Eden to water the garden, and from there it divides itself and has become four spring sources. spring sources ← heads.
Gen 2:11 ‫שֵׁ֥ם הָֽאֶחָ֖ד פִּישׁ֑וֹן ה֣וּא הַסֹּבֵ֗ב אֵ֚ת כָּל־אֶ֣רֶץ הַֽחֲוִילָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־שָׁ֖ם הַזָּהָֽב׃‬ The name of the first is Pison; it is the one which goes round the whole land of Havilah where there is gold. Pison ← Pishon, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 2:12 ‫וּֽזֲהַ֛ב הָאָ֥רֶץ הַהִ֖וא ט֑וֹב שָׁ֥ם הַבְּדֹ֖לַח וְאֶ֥בֶן הַשֹּֽׁהַם׃‬ And the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and onyx there too.
Gen 2:13 ‫וְשֵֽׁם־הַנָּהָ֥ר הַשֵּׁנִ֖י גִּיח֑וֹן ה֣וּא הַסּוֹבֵ֔ב אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֶ֥רֶץ כּֽוּשׁ׃‬ And the name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes round all the land of Cush. Cush: According to [CB], the Akkadian Kas, not AV's Ethiopia. So AV differs.
Gen 2:14 ‫וְשֵׁ֨ם הַנָּהָ֤ר הַשְּׁלִישִׁי֙ חִדֶּ֔קֶל ה֥וּא הַֽהֹלֵ֖ךְ קִדְמַ֣ת אַשּׁ֑וּר וְהַנָּהָ֥ר הָֽרְבִיעִ֖י ה֥וּא פְרָֽת׃‬ And the name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes east to Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
Gen 2:15 ‫וַיִּקַּ֛ח יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֑ם וַיַּנִּחֵ֣הוּ בְגַן־עֵ֔דֶן לְעָבְדָ֖הּ וּלְשָׁמְרָֽהּ׃‬ And the Lord God took the man and set him down in the garden of Eden to tend it and to keep it. tend ← work so also cultivate.
Gen 2:16 ‫וַיְצַו֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהִ֔ים עַל־הָֽאָדָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר מִכֹּ֥ל עֵֽץ־הַגָּ֖ן אָכֹ֥ל תֹּאכֵֽל׃‬ And the Lord God commanded the man and said, “You can freely eat from every tree of the garden, you can freely eat ← to eat you will eat, infinitive absolute.
Gen 2:17 ‫וּמֵעֵ֗ץ הַדַּ֙עַת֙ ט֣וֹב וָרָ֔ע לֹ֥א תֹאכַ֖ל מִמֶּ֑נּוּ כִּ֗י בְּי֛וֹם אֲכָלְךָ֥ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ מ֥וֹת תָּמֽוּת׃‬ but you shall not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, for on the day that you eat from it, you will surely die.” you will surely die ← to die you will die, infinitive absolute.
Gen 2:18 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהִ֔ים לֹא־ט֛וֹב הֱי֥וֹת הָֽאָדָ֖ם לְבַדּ֑וֹ אֶֽעֱשֶׂהּ־לּ֥וֹ עֵ֖זֶר כְּנֶגְדּֽוֹ׃‬ And the Lord God said, “It is not right for man to be on his own. I will make him a helper as his counterpart.”
Gen 2:19 ‫וַיִּצֶר֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֜ים מִן־הָֽאֲדָמָ֗ה כָּל־חַיַּ֤ת הַשָּׂדֶה֙ וְאֵת֙ כָּל־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיָּבֵא֙ אֶל־הָ֣אָדָ֔ם לִרְא֖וֹת מַה־יִּקְרָא־ל֑וֹ וְכֹל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִקְרָא־ל֧וֹ הָֽאָדָ֛ם נֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּ֖ה ה֥וּא שְׁמֽוֹ׃‬ Now the Lord God had formed from the ground every wild animal and all birds of the sky, and he brought them to the man to see what he would call them, and whatever the man called each living being, that was its name. call ... called ← call for himself ... called for himself.

whatever ← everything that.

being ← soul.
Gen 2:20 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א הָֽאָדָ֜ם שֵׁמ֗וֹת לְכָל־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּלְע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וּלְכֹ֖ל חַיַּ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה וּלְאָדָ֕ם לֹֽא־מָצָ֥א עֵ֖זֶר כְּנֶגְדּֽוֹ׃‬ And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the sky and to every wild animal, but no helper was found for man as his counterpart. gave ← called.

was found ← one / he found. Impersonal use.
Gen 2:21 ‫וַיַּפֵּל֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֧ים ׀ תַּרְדֵּמָ֛ה עַל־הָאָדָ֖ם וַיִּישָׁ֑ן וַיִּקַּ֗ח אַחַת֙ מִצַּלְעֹתָ֔יו וַיִּסְגֹּ֥ר בָּשָׂ֖ר תַּחְתֶּֽנָּה׃‬ Then the Lord God caused a slumber to fall on the man, and he fell asleep, and he took one of his ribs, and closed the flesh after it.
Gen 2:22 ‫וַיִּבֶן֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֧ים ׀ אֶֽת־הַצֵּלָ֛ע אֲשֶׁר־לָקַ֥ח מִן־הָֽאָדָ֖ם לְאִשָּׁ֑ה וַיְבִאֶ֖הָ אֶל־הָֽאָדָֽם׃‬ Then the Lord God built the rib which he had taken from the man into a woman, and brought her to the man.
Gen 2:23 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֮ הָֽאָדָם֒ זֹ֣את הַפַּ֗עַם עֶ֚צֶם מֵֽעֲצָמַ֔י וּבָשָׂ֖ר מִבְּשָׂרִ֑י לְזֹאת֙ יִקָּרֵ֣א אִשָּׁ֔ה כִּ֥י מֵאִ֖ישׁ לֻֽקֳחָה־זֹּֽאת׃‬ And the man said,

“This time it is bone from my bones

And flesh from my flesh.

This one will be called woman,

For from man she was taken.”

she ← this.
Gen 2:24 ‫עַל־כֵּן֙ יַֽעֲזָב־אִ֔ישׁ אֶת־אָבִ֖יו וְאֶת־אִמּ֑וֹ וְדָבַ֣ק בְּאִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וְהָי֖וּ לְבָשָׂ֥ר אֶחָֽד׃‬ On account of this a man will leave his father and his mother, and he will cleave to his wife, and they will become one flesh. Matt 19:5, Mark 10:7-8, 1 Cor 6:16, Eph 5:31.
Gen 2:25 ‫וַיִּֽהְי֤וּ שְׁנֵיהֶם֙ עֲרוּמִּ֔ים הָֽאָדָ֖ם וְאִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וְלֹ֖א יִתְבֹּשָֽׁשׁוּ׃‬ Now the two of them were naked – the man and his wife – but they were not ashamed.
Gen 3:1 ‫וְהַנָּחָשׁ֙ הָיָ֣ה עָר֔וּם מִכֹּל֙ חַיַּ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־הָ֣אִשָּׁ֔ה אַ֚ף כִּֽי־אָמַ֣ר אֱלֹהִ֔ים לֹ֣א תֹֽאכְל֔וּ מִכֹּ֖ל עֵ֥ץ הַגָּֽן׃‬ Now the serpent was more cunning than all the other wild animals which the Lord God had made, and he said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” every: or, as is more usual in a negative sentence, any.
Gen 3:2 ‫וַתֹּ֥אמֶר הָֽאִשָּׁ֖ה אֶל־הַנָּחָ֑שׁ מִפְּרִ֥י עֵֽץ־הַגָּ֖ן נֹאכֵֽל׃‬ Then the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat from the fruit of the trees of the garden,
Gen 3:3 ‫וּמִפְּרִ֣י הָעֵץ֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּתוֹךְ־הַגָּן֒ אָמַ֣ר אֱלֹהִ֗ים לֹ֤א תֹֽאכְלוּ֙ מִמֶּ֔נּוּ וְלֹ֥א תִגְּע֖וּ בּ֑וֹ פֶּן־תְּמֻתֽוּן׃‬ but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it, and you shall not touch it, lest you die.’ ” lest you die: a weaker statement than that of Gen 2:17 (you will surely die).
Gen 3:4 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הַנָּחָ֖שׁ אֶל־הָֽאִשָּׁ֑ה לֹֽא־מ֖וֹת תְּמֻתֽוּן׃‬ Then the serpent said to the woman, “You certainly will not die. you: plural.
Gen 3:5 ‫כִּ֚י יֹדֵ֣עַ אֱלֹהִ֔ים כִּ֗י בְּיוֹם֙ אֲכָלְכֶ֣ם מִמֶּ֔נּוּ וְנִפְקְח֖וּ עֵֽינֵיכֶ֑ם וִהְיִיתֶם֙ כֵּֽאלֹהִ֔ים יֹדְעֵ֖י ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע׃‬ For God knows that on the day when you eat from it, your eyes will be opened, and you will become like God, knowing good and evil.” you: plural.
Gen 3:6 ‫וַתֵּ֣רֶא הָֽאִשָּׁ֡ה כִּ֣י טוֹב֩ הָעֵ֨ץ לְמַאֲכָ֜ל וְכִ֧י תַֽאֲוָה־ה֣וּא לָעֵינַ֗יִם וְנֶחְמָ֤ד הָעֵץ֙ לְהַשְׂכִּ֔יל וַתִּקַּ֥ח מִפִּרְי֖וֹ וַתֹּאכַ֑ל וַתִּתֵּ֧ן גַּם־לְאִישָׁ֛הּ עִמָּ֖הּ וַיֹּאכַֽל׃‬ Then the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was an object of pleasure to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable for imparting wisdom, and she took some of its fruit and ate it, and gave some to her husband also, who was with her, and he ate it.
Gen 3:7 ‫וַתִּפָּקַ֙חְנָה֙ עֵינֵ֣י שְׁנֵיהֶ֔ם וַיֵּ֣דְע֔וּ כִּ֥י עֵֽירֻמִּ֖ם הֵ֑ם וַֽיִּתְפְּרוּ֙ עֲלֵ֣ה תְאֵנָ֔ה וַיַּעֲשׂ֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם חֲגֹרֹֽת׃‬ And the eyes of both of them were opened, and they became aware that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. aprons: or, girdings.
Gen 3:8 ‫וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֞וּ אֶת־ק֨וֹל יְהוָ֧ה אֱלֹהִ֛ים מִתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ בַּגָּ֖ן לְר֣וּחַ הַיּ֑וֹם וַיִּתְחַבֵּ֨א הָֽאָדָ֜ם וְאִשְׁתּ֗וֹ מִפְּנֵי֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהִ֔ים בְּת֖וֹךְ עֵ֥ץ הַגָּֽן׃‬ Then they heard the voice of the Lord God as he was walking about in the garden in the breeze of the day. And the man hid himself, as did his wife, from the presence of the Lord God in the midst of the trees of the garden. trees ← tree. Collective usage of the singular.
Gen 3:9 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֛א יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־הָֽאָדָ֑ם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֖וֹ אַיֶּֽכָּה׃‬ Then the Lord God called out to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”
Gen 3:10 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אֶת־קֹלְךָ֥ שָׁמַ֖עְתִּי בַּגָּ֑ן וָאִירָ֛א כִּֽי־עֵירֹ֥ם אָנֹ֖כִי וָאֵחָבֵֽא׃‬ And he said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I am naked, and I hid myself.”
Gen 3:11 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מִ֚י הִגִּ֣יד לְךָ֔ כִּ֥י עֵירֹ֖ם אָ֑תָּה הֲמִן־הָעֵ֗ץ אֲשֶׁ֧ר צִוִּיתִ֛יךָ לְבִלְתִּ֥י אֲכָל־מִמֶּ֖נּוּ אָכָֽלְתָּ׃‬ Then he said, “Who has told you that you are naked? Have you eaten from the tree which I commanded you not to eat from?”
Gen 3:12 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הָֽאָדָ֑ם הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָתַ֣תָּה עִמָּדִ֔י הִ֛וא נָֽתְנָה־לִּ֥י מִן־הָעֵ֖ץ וָאֹכֵֽל׃‬ Then the man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me – she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
Gen 3:13 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֧ה אֱלֹהִ֛ים לָאִשָּׁ֖ה מַה־זֹּ֣את עָשִׂ֑ית וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה הַנָּחָ֥שׁ הִשִּׁיאַ֖נִי וָאֹכֵֽל׃‬ Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate it.”
Gen 3:14 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ יְהֹוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֥ים ׀ אֶֽל־הַנָּחָשׁ֮ כִּ֣י עָשִׂ֣יתָ זֹּאת֒ אָר֤וּר אַתָּה֙ מִכָּל־הַבְּהֵמָ֔ה וּמִכֹּ֖ל חַיַּ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה עַל־גְּחֹנְךָ֣ תֵלֵ֔ךְ וְעָפָ֥ר תֹּאכַ֖ל כָּל־יְמֵ֥י חַיֶּֽיךָ׃‬ At this the Lord God said to the serpent,

“Because you have done this,

You are more cursed than all the cattle

And than all the wild animals.

You will go on your belly

And eat dust all the days of your life.

at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 3:15 ‫וְאֵיבָ֣ה ׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה וּבֵ֥ין זַרְעֲךָ֖ וּבֵ֣ין זַרְעָ֑הּ ה֚וּא יְשׁוּפְךָ֣ רֹ֔אשׁ וְאַתָּ֖ה תְּשׁוּפֶ֥נּוּ עָקֵֽב׃ ס‬

And I will put enmity between you and the woman,

And between your seed and her seed.

It will crush your head,

But you will crush it in the heel.”

it ... it: or, he ... him.
Gen 3:16 ‫אֶֽל־הָאִשָּׁ֣ה אָמַ֗ר הַרְבָּ֤ה אַרְבֶּה֙ עִצְּבוֹנֵ֣ךְ וְהֵֽרֹנֵ֔ךְ בְּעֶ֖צֶב תֵּֽלְדִ֣י בָנִ֑ים וְאֶל־אִישֵׁךְ֙ תְּשׁ֣וּקָתֵ֔ךְ וְה֖וּא יִמְשָׁל־בָּֽךְ׃ ס‬ To the woman he said,

I will greatly increase your labour pains

And your childbirth.

In pain you will give birth to sons,

And your desire will be to your husband,

And he will rule over you.”

Allusions to this verse in 1 Cor 14:34, 1 Tim 2:15.

I will greatly increase: or, I will certainly increase, infinitive absolute.

childbirth ← pregnancy, conception, standing for the outcome of it.
Gen 3:17 ‫וּלְאָדָ֣ם אָמַ֗ר כִּֽי־שָׁמַעְתָּ֮ לְק֣וֹל אִשְׁתֶּךָ֒ וַתֹּ֙אכַל֙ מִן־הָעֵ֔ץ אֲשֶׁ֤ר צִוִּיתִ֙יךָ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֹ֥א תֹאכַ֖ל מִמֶּ֑נּוּ אֲרוּרָ֤ה הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּֽעֲבוּרֶ֔ךָ בְּעִצָּבוֹן֙ תֹּֽאכֲלֶ֔נָּה כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֥י חַיֶּֽיךָ׃‬ And to the man he said,

“Because you have heeded the voice of your wife,

And eaten from the tree

About which I commanded you by saying,

‘You shall not eat from it’,

The ground is cursed because of you.

In sorrow you will eat from it

All the days of your life.

by saying: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 3:18 ‫וְק֥וֹץ וְדַרְדַּ֖ר תַּצְמִ֣יחַֽ לָ֑ךְ וְאָכַלְתָּ֖ אֶת־עֵ֥שֶׂב הַשָּׂדֶֽה׃‬

And it will cause thorns and brambles to spring up to you,

And you will eat the vegetation of the field.

Gen 3:19 ‫בְּזֵעַ֤ת אַפֶּ֙יךָ֙ תֹּ֣אכַל לֶ֔חֶם עַ֤ד שֽׁוּבְךָ֙ אֶל־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה כִּ֥י מִמֶּ֖נָּה לֻקָּ֑חְתָּ כִּֽי־עָפָ֣ר אַ֔תָּה וְאֶל־עָפָ֖ר תָּשֽׁוּב׃‬

By the sweat of your face you will eat bread,

Until you return to the ground,

For from it you were taken

– For you are dust –

And to dust you will return.”

bread: standing for food in general.
Gen 3:20 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֧א הָֽאָדָ֛ם שֵׁ֥ם אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ חַוָּ֑ה כִּ֛י הִ֥וא הָֽיְתָ֖ה אֵ֥ם כָּל־חָֽי׃‬ And the man called his wife Eve, for she became the mother of everyone living. called ← called the name of.

Eve ... living: Hebrew Havah ... hai. The respective roots havah and hayah are essentially the same, denoting living.
Gen 3:21 ‫וַיַּעַשׂ֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֜ים לְאָדָ֧ם וּלְאִשְׁתּ֛וֹ כָּתְנ֥וֹת ע֖וֹר וַיַּלְבִּשֵֽׁם׃ פ‬ Then the Lord God made coats of skin for the man and for his wife, and he clothed them.
Gen 3:22 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהִ֗ים הֵ֤ן הָֽאָדָם֙ הָיָה֙ כְּאַחַ֣ד מִמֶּ֔נּוּ לָדַ֖עַת ט֣וֹב וָרָ֑ע וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ פֶּן־יִשְׁלַ֣ח יָד֗וֹ וְלָקַח֙ גַּ֚ם מֵעֵ֣ץ הַֽחַיִּ֔ים וְאָכַ֖ל וָחַ֥י לְעֹלָֽם׃‬ Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, in knowing good and evil, and now, lest he should stretch out his hand and also take anything from the tree of life, and eat it, and live age-abidingly ....” in knowing: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 3:23 ‫וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵ֛הוּ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים מִגַּן־עֵ֑דֶן לַֽעֲבֹד֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֻקַּ֖ח מִשָּֽׁם׃‬ And the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden to till the ground from which he had been taken. from which ← from where.
Gen 3:24 ‫וַיְגָ֖רֶשׁ אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֑ם וַיַּשְׁכֵּן֩ מִקֶּ֨דֶם לְגַן־עֵ֜דֶן אֶת־הַכְּרֻבִ֗ים וְאֵ֨ת לַ֤הַט הַחֶ֙רֶב֙ הַמִּתְהַפֶּ֔כֶת לִשְׁמֹ֕ר אֶת־דֶּ֖רֶךְ עֵ֥ץ הַֽחַיִּֽים׃ ס‬ So he drove the man out and stationed the cherubim and a flaming sword which rotated at the east of the Garden of Eden to guard the way to the tree of life. a flaming sword ← a flame of the sword. Taken as a Hebraic genitive, the sense is a fencing flame (the word fencing being unfortunately ambiguous in English).

the way to ← the way of.
Gen 4:1 ‫וְהָ֣אָדָ֔ם יָדַ֖ע אֶת־חַוָּ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וַתַּ֙הַר֙ וַתֵּ֣לֶד אֶת־קַ֔יִן וַתֹּ֕אמֶר קָנִ֥יתִי אִ֖ישׁ אֶת־יְהוָֽה׃‬ And Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived, and she bore Cain, and she said, “I have got a man – the Lord.” Adam: or, the man.

I have got a man – the Lord: thinking she had got the promised seed (Gen 3:15). See [CB]. Alternatively, a man with (the help of) the Lord. The word ’et can be an accusative marker, in this verse putting the Lord in apposition to a man, or sociative, with (the help of).
Gen 4:2 ‫וַתֹּ֣סֶף לָלֶ֔דֶת אֶת־אָחִ֖יו אֶת־הָ֑בֶל וַֽיְהִי־הֶ֙בֶל֙ רֹ֣עֵה צֹ֔אן וְקַ֕יִן הָיָ֖ה עֹבֵ֥ד אֲדָמָֽה׃‬ Then she gave birth again, to his brother, Abel. Now Abel became a shepherd of small cattle, whereas Cain became a tiller of the ground. Abel ← Hebel, (Habel in pause). The pausal form is a special pronunciation when the word comes before a major break, e.g. at the half-way divider of a verse, or at the end of a verse. We retain the AV / traditional English name.

whereas: wider use of the vav.
Gen 4:3 ‫וַֽיְהִ֖י מִקֵּ֣ץ יָמִ֑ים וַיָּבֵ֨א קַ֜יִן מִפְּרִ֧י הָֽאֲדָמָ֛ה מִנְחָ֖ה לַֽיהוָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass, after a number of days, that Cain brought some fruit of the ground as an offering to the Lord. after a number of days ← from an end of days.
Gen 4:4 ‫וְהֶ֨בֶל הֵבִ֥יא גַם־ה֛וּא מִבְּכֹר֥וֹת צֹאנ֖וֹ וּמֵֽחֶלְבֵהֶ֑ן וַיִּ֣שַׁע יְהוָ֔ה אֶל־הֶ֖בֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתֽוֹ׃‬ And Abel also brought an offering, from the firstlings of his small cattle, and from their fat. And the Lord looked upon Abel and his offering with favour. Abel: see Gen 4:2.

also: associate this with Abel. Not only did Cain bring an offering, but Abel did also. This is not a reference to an additional offering.
Gen 4:5 ‫וְאֶל־קַ֥יִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָת֖וֹ לֹ֣א שָׁעָ֑ה וַיִּ֤חַר לְקַ֙יִן֙ מְאֹ֔ד וַֽיִּפְּל֖וּ פָּנָֽיו׃‬ But he did not look upon Cain and his offering with favour, and it infuriated Cain greatly, and he became crestfallen. he became crestfallen ← his face fell.
Gen 4:6 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־קָ֑יִן לָ֚מָּה חָ֣רָה לָ֔ךְ וְלָ֖מָּה נָפְל֥וּ פָנֶֽיךָ׃‬ And the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you infuriated and why are you crestfallen?
Gen 4:7 ‫הֲל֤וֹא אִם־תֵּיטִיב֙ שְׂאֵ֔ת וְאִם֙ לֹ֣א תֵיטִ֔יב לַפֶּ֖תַח חַטָּ֣את רֹבֵ֑ץ וְאֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ תְּשׁ֣וּקָת֔וֹ וְאַתָּ֖ה תִּמְשָׁל־בּֽוֹ׃‬ If you do well, is there not exaltation? And if you do not do well, a sin-offering is lying at the door, and its desire is towards you, and you may rule over it.” sin-offering: as in Ex 29:14, Lev 4:8, Ezek 40:39 etc. Constructed with a masculine participle (rovets). Not the AV's sin here, so AV differs. See also 2 Cor 5:21.
Gen 4:8 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר קַ֖יִן אֶל־הֶ֣בֶל אָחִ֑יו וַֽיְהִי֙ בִּהְיוֹתָ֣ם בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה וַיָּ֥קָם קַ֛יִן אֶל־הֶ֥בֶל אָחִ֖יו וַיַּהַרְגֵֽהוּ׃‬ Then Cain spoke to Abel his brother, and it came to pass while they were in the field that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him. Abel (2x): see Gen 4:2.

The murder is referred to in 1 John 3:12. Consider that Cain is of the wicked one and that there are two births in Gen 4:1-2, with no mention of twins, and only one “knowing” by Adam.
Gen 4:9 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־קַ֔יִן אֵ֖י הֶ֣בֶל אָחִ֑יךָ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי הֲשֹׁמֵ֥ר אָחִ֖י אָנֹֽכִי׃‬ At this the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” And he said, “I don't know. Am I my brother's keeper?” at this: wider use of the vav.

Abel: see Gen 4:2.
Gen 4:10 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֑יתָ ק֚וֹל דְּמֵ֣י אָחִ֔יךָ צֹעֲקִ֥ים אֵלַ֖י מִן־הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ Whereupon he said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground. whereupon: wider use of the vav.
Gen 4:11 ‫וְעַתָּ֖ה אָר֣וּר אָ֑תָּה מִן־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּצְתָ֣ה אֶת־פִּ֔יהָ לָקַ֛חַת אֶת־דְּמֵ֥י אָחִ֖יךָ מִיָּדֶֽךָ׃‬ So now you are more cursed than the ground which opened its mouth to receive the blood of your brother at your hand.
Gen 4:12 ‫כִּ֤י תַֽעֲבֹד֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה לֹֽא־תֹסֵ֥ף תֵּת־כֹּחָ֖הּ לָ֑ךְ נָ֥ע וָנָ֖ד תִּֽהְיֶ֥ה בָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ When you till the ground, it will not give you its vigour any more; a nomad and a fugitive you will be on the earth.”
Gen 4:13 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר קַ֖יִן אֶל־יְהוָ֑ה גָּד֥וֹל עֲוֺנִ֖י מִנְּשֹֽׂא׃‬ Then Cain said to the Lord “My iniquity is too great to bear.
Gen 4:14 ‫הֵן֩ גֵּרַ֨שְׁתָּ אֹתִ֜י הַיּ֗וֹם מֵעַל֙ פְּנֵ֣י הָֽאֲדָמָ֔ה וּמִפָּנֶ֖יךָ אֶסָּתֵ֑ר וְהָיִ֜יתִי נָ֤ע וָנָד֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ וְהָיָ֥ה כָל־מֹצְאִ֖י יַֽהַרְגֵֽנִי׃‬ Look, you have driven me out today from the face of the ground, and I will be hiding from your presence. And I have become a nomad and a fugitive on the earth, and it will come to pass that anyone who finds me will kill me.” anyone ← everyone.
Gen 4:15 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר ל֣וֹ יְהוָ֗ה לָכֵן֙ כָּל־הֹרֵ֣ג קַ֔יִן שִׁבְעָתַ֖יִם יֻקָּ֑ם וַיָּ֨שֶׂם יְהוָ֤ה לְקַ֙יִן֙ א֔וֹת לְבִלְתִּ֥י הַכּוֹת־אֹת֖וֹ כָּל־מֹצְאֽוֹ׃‬ Then the Lord said to him, “That is why anyone who kills Cain will have vengeance taken on him seven times over.” And the Lord put a sign on Cain so that no-one who found him should strike him. anyone ← everyone.

no-one ← not ... everyone.
Gen 4:16 ‫וַיֵּ֥צֵא קַ֖יִן מִלִּפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב בְּאֶֽרֶץ־נ֖וֹד קִדְמַת־עֵֽדֶן׃‬ So Cain departed from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod to the east of Eden.
Gen 4:17 ‫וַיֵּ֤דַע קַ֙יִן֙ אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וַתַּ֖הַר וַתֵּ֣לֶד אֶת־חֲנ֑וֹךְ וַֽיְהִי֙ בֹּ֣נֶה עִ֔יר וַיִּקְרָא֙ שֵׁ֣ם הָעִ֔יר כְּשֵׁ֖ם בְּנ֥וֹ חֲנֽוֹךְ׃‬ And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived, and bore Enoch, and he became a builder of a city, and he called the city after the name of his son, Enoch. Enoch (2x)Hanoch, but we retain the AV / tradional English name.

he ... he: i.e. presumably, he (Enoch) became a builder of a city, and he (Cain) called the city ... Enoch.
Gen 4:18 ‫וַיִּוָּלֵ֤ד לַֽחֲנוֹךְ֙ אֶת־עִירָ֔ד וְעִירָ֕ד יָלַ֖ד אֶת־מְחֽוּיָאֵ֑ל וּמְחִיּיָאֵ֗ל יָלַד֙ אֶת־מְת֣וּשָׁאֵ֔ל וּמְתוּשָׁאֵ֖ל יָלַ֥ד אֶת־לָֽמֶךְ׃‬ Then Irad was born to Enoch, and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methusael, and Methusael begot Lamech. Enoch: see Gen 4:17.

Mehujael (second occurrence in verse)Mehijael.

Methusael (2x)Methushael, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

Lamech ← Lemech, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. AV's Lamech is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2. The name is not in pause in the next verse.
Gen 4:19 ‫וַיִּֽקַּֽח־ל֥וֹ לֶ֖מֶךְ שְׁתֵּ֣י נָשִׁ֑ים שֵׁ֤ם הָֽאַחַת֙ עָדָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית צִלָּֽה׃‬ Now Lamech took for himself two wives; the name of one was Adah and the name of the other was Zillah. Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 4:20 ‫וַתֵּ֥לֶד עָדָ֖ה אֶת־יָבָ֑ל ה֣וּא הָיָ֔ה אֲבִ֕י יֹשֵׁ֥ב אֹ֖הֶל וּמִקְנֶֽה׃‬ And Adah bore Jabal. He became the father of those who live in tents and have cattle. those who live ... and havehim who lives ... and (has).
Gen 4:21 ‫וְשֵׁ֥ם אָחִ֖יו יוּבָ֑ל ה֣וּא הָיָ֔ה אֲבִ֕י כָּל־תֹּפֵ֥שׂ כִּנּ֖וֹר וְעוּגָֽב׃‬ And the name of his brother was Jubal. He became the father of all those who play the harp and flute.
Gen 4:22 ‫וְצִלָּ֣ה גַם־הִ֗וא יָֽלְדָה֙ אֶת־תּ֣וּבַל קַ֔יִן לֹטֵ֕שׁ כָּל־חֹרֵ֥שׁ נְחֹ֖שֶׁת וּבַרְזֶ֑ל וַֽאֲח֥וֹת תּֽוּבַל־קַ֖יִן נַֽעֲמָֽה׃‬ And Zillah also gave birth, to Tubal-cain, a sharpener of all copper and iron cutters. And the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
Gen 4:23 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר לֶ֜מֶךְ לְנָשָׁ֗יו עָדָ֤ה וְצִלָּה֙ שְׁמַ֣עַן קוֹלִ֔י נְשֵׁ֣י לֶ֔מֶךְ הַאְזֵ֖נָּה אִמְרָתִ֑י כִּ֣י אִ֤ישׁ הָרַ֙גְתִּי֙ לְפִצְעִ֔י וְיֶ֖לֶד לְחַבֻּרָתִֽי׃‬ And Lamech said to his wives,

“Adah and Zillah,

Hear my voice.

You wives of Lamech,

Listen to my saying,

For I have killed a man to my wounding,

And a youth to my scarring.

Lamech (2x): see Gen 4:18.
Gen 4:24 ‫כִּ֥י שִׁבְעָתַ֖יִם יֻקַּם־קָ֑יִן וְלֶ֖מֶךְ שִׁבְעִ֥ים וְשִׁבְעָֽה׃‬

Inasmuch as Cain will be avenged seven times over,

So Lamech will be seventy-seven times.”

Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 4:25 ‫וַיֵּ֨דַע אָדָ֥ם עוֹד֙ אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֔ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ שֵׁ֑ת כִּ֣י שָֽׁת־לִ֤י אֱלֹהִים֙ זֶ֣רַע אַחֵ֔ר תַּ֣חַת הֶ֔בֶל כִּ֥י הֲרָג֖וֹ קָֽיִן׃‬ Then Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son, and she called him Seth, “For,” she said, “God has appointed me another seed instead of Abel, because Cain killed him.” || 1 Chr 1:1.

Seth ← Sheth, but we retain the AV / traditional name. The meaning is he appoints, or he has appointed.

Abel: see Gen 4:2.
Gen 4:26 ‫וּלְשֵׁ֤ת גַּם־הוּא֙ יֻלַּד־בֵּ֔ן וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ אֱנ֑וֹשׁ אָ֣ז הוּחַ֔ל לִקְרֹ֖א בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָֽה׃ פ‬ And to Seth also a son was born, and he called him Enos. At that time people began to call on the name of the Lord. || 1 Chr 1:1.

Seth: see Gen 4:25.

Enos ← Enosh, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

people began: or, it was begun.
Gen 5:1 ‫זֶ֣ה סֵ֔פֶר תּוֹלְדֹ֖ת אָדָ֑ם בְּי֗וֹם בְּרֹ֤א אֱלֹהִים֙ אָדָ֔ם בִּדְמ֥וּת אֱלֹהִ֖ים עָשָׂ֥ה אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ This is the book of the genealogy of Adam, on the day God created Adam. In the likeness of God he made him.
Gen 5:2 ‫זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בְּרָאָ֑ם וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֹתָ֗ם וַיִּקְרָ֤א אֶת־שְׁמָם֙ אָדָ֔ם בְּי֖וֹם הִבָּֽרְאָֽם׃ ס‬ Male and female he created them, and he blessed them, and he called them Adam on the day of their being created. he called them ← he called their name.

Adam: or man, mankind. The Hebrew uses the word name, which is why we choose the name Adam.
Gen 5:3 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י אָדָ֗ם שְׁלֹשִׁ֤ים וּמְאַת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בִּדְמוּת֖וֹ כְּצַלְמ֑וֹ וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ שֵֽׁת׃‬ And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his likeness, as an image of himself, and he called him Seth. Seth: see Gen 4:25.
Gen 5:4 ‫וַיִּֽהְי֣וּ יְמֵי־אָדָ֗ם אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־שֵׁ֔ת שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵאֹ֖ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then the days of Adam after begetting Seth were eight hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. begetting ← his begetting of.

Seth: see Gen 4:25.
Gen 5:5 ‫וַיִּֽהְי֞וּ כָּל־יְמֵ֤י אָדָם֙ אֲשֶׁר־חַ֔י תְּשַׁ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died. that Adam lived ← of Adam which he lived.
Gen 5:6 ‫וַֽיְחִי־שֵׁ֕ת חָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־אֱנֽוֹשׁ׃‬ And Seth lived one hundred and five years and begot Enos. Seth: see Gen 4:25.

Enos: see Gen 4:26.
Gen 5:7 ‫וַֽיְחִי־שֵׁ֗ת אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־אֱנ֔וֹשׁ שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֔ים וּשְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Seth lived eight hundred and seven years after begetting Enos, and he begot sons and daughters. Seth: see Gen 4:25.

begetting ← his begetting of.

Enos: see Gen 4:26.
Gen 5:8 ‫וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵי־שֵׁ֔ת שְׁתֵּ֤ים עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּתְשַׁ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died. Seth: see Gen 4:25.
Gen 5:9 ‫וַֽיְחִ֥י אֱנ֖וֹשׁ תִּשְׁעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־קֵינָֽן׃‬ And Enos lived ninety years and begot Cainan. Enos: see Gen 4:26.
Gen 5:10 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י אֱנ֗וֹשׁ אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־קֵינָ֔ן חֲמֵ֤שׁ עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Enos lived eight hundred and fifteen years after begetting Cainan, and he begot sons and daughters. || 1 Chr 1:2.

Enos: see Gen 4:26.

begetting Cainan ← his begetting of Cainan.
Gen 5:11 ‫וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵ֣י אֱנ֔וֹשׁ חָמֵ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וּתְשַׁ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years, and he died. Enos: see Gen 4:26.
Gen 5:12 ‫וַֽיְחִ֥י קֵינָ֖ן שִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־מַֽהֲלַלְאֵֽל׃‬ And Cainan lived seventy years and begot Mahalaleel. || 1 Chr 1:2.

Mahalaleel ← Mahalal'el, the syllable “lal” being closed. But we retain the AV / taditional English name.
Gen 5:13 ‫וַיְחִ֣י קֵינָ֗ן אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־מַֽהֲלַלְאֵ֔ל אַרְבָּעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Cainan lived eight hundred and forty years after begetting Mahalaleel, and he begot sons and daughters. begetting ← his begetting of.

Mahalaleel: see Gen 5:12.
Gen 5:14 ‫וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵ֣י קֵינָ֔ן עֶ֣שֶׂר שָׁנִ֔ים וּתְשַׁ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died.
Gen 5:15 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י מַֽהֲלַלְאֵ֔ל חָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים וְשִׁשִּׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־יָֽרֶד׃‬ And Mahalaleel lived sixty-five years and begot Jared. || 1 Chr 1:2.

Mahalaleel: see Gen 5:12.

Jared ← Jered, but we retain the AV / traditional name. Jared is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2. The name is not in pause in Gen 5:16.
Gen 5:16 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י מַֽהֲלַלְאֵ֗ל אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־יֶ֔רֶד שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Mahalaleel lived eight hundred and thirty years after begetting Jared and he begot sons and daughters. Mahalaleel: see Gen 5:12.

begetting ← his begetting of.

Jared: see Gen 5:15.
Gen 5:17 ‫וַיִּהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵ֣י מַהֲלַלְאֵ֔ל חָמֵ֤שׁ וְתִשְׁעִים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died. Mahalaleel: see Gen 5:12.
Gen 5:18 ‫וַֽיְחִי־יֶ֕רֶד שְׁתַּ֧יִם וְשִׁשִּׁ֛ים שָׁנָ֖ה וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־חֲנֽוֹךְ׃‬ And Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years and begot Enoch. || 1 Chr 1:3.

Jared: see Gen 5:15.

Enoch: see Gen 4:17.
Gen 5:19 ‫וַֽיְחִי־יֶ֗רֶד אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־חֲנ֔וֹךְ שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Jared lived eight hundred years after begetting Enoch, and he begot sons and daughters. Jared: see Gen 5:15.

begetting ← his begetting of.

Enoch: see Gen 4:17.
Gen 5:20 ‫וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵי־יֶ֔רֶד שְׁתַּ֤יִם וְשִׁשִּׁים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּתְשַׁ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ פ‬ So all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years, and he died. Jared: see Gen 5:15.
Gen 5:21 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י חֲנ֔וֹךְ חָמֵ֥שׁ וְשִׁשִּׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־מְתוּשָֽׁלַח׃‬ And Enoch lived sixty-five years and begot Methuselah. || 1 Chr 1:3.

Enoch: see Gen 4:17.

Methuselah ← Methushelah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. The name means (when he is) dead then he (God) will send (the flood).
Gen 5:22 ‫וַיִּתְהַלֵּ֨ךְ חֲנ֜וֹךְ אֶת־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֗ים אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־מְתוּשֶׁ֔לַח שְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Now Enoch walked with God for three hundred years after begetting Methuselah, and he begot sons and daughters. Enoch: see Gen 4:17.

begetting ← his begetting of.

Methuselah: see Gen 5:21.
Gen 5:23 ‫וַיְהִ֖י כָּל־יְמֵ֣י חֲנ֑וֹךְ חָמֵ֤שׁ וְשִׁשִּׁים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָֽה׃‬ So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. Enoch: see Gen 4:17.
Gen 5:24 ‫וַיִּתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ חֲנ֖וֹךְ אֶת־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים וְאֵינֶ֕נּוּ כִּֽי־לָקַ֥ח אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים׃ פ‬ And Enoch walked with God, and disappeared, for God had taken him. Enoch: see Gen 4:17.

and disappeared ← and he (was) not (there).
Gen 5:25 ‫וַיְחִ֣י מְתוּשֶׁ֔לַח שֶׁ֧בַע וּשְׁמֹנִ֛ים שָׁנָ֖ה וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־לָֽמֶךְ׃‬ And Methuselah lived one hundred and eighty-seven years and begot Lamech. || 1 Chr 1:3.

Methuselah: see Gen 5:21.

Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 5:26 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י מְתוּשֶׁ֗לַח אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־לֶ֔מֶךְ שְׁתַּ֤יִם וּשְׁמוֹנִים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁבַ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Methuselah lived seven hundred and eighty-two years after begetting Lamech, and he begot sons and daughters. Methuselah: see Gen 5:21.

begetting ← his begetting of.

Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 5:27 ‫וַיִּהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵ֣י מְתוּשֶׁ֔לַח תֵּ֤שַׁע וְשִׁשִּׁים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּתְשַׁ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ פ‬ So all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he died. Methuselah: see Gen 5:21.

nine hundred and sixty-nine years: no-one made it to a thousand years – a day in God's sight. See Gen 2:17 on the day that you eat from it; Ps 90:4 for a thousand years in your eyes (are) as a day; 2 Pet 3:8 with the Lord ... a thousand years (is) as one day.
Gen 5:28 ‫וַֽיְחִי־לֶ֕מֶךְ שְׁתַּ֧יִם וּשְׁמֹנִ֛ים שָׁנָ֖ה וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד בֵּֽן׃‬ And Lamech lived one hundred and eighty-two years, and he begot a son. Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 5:29 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֧א אֶת־שְׁמ֛וֹ נֹ֖חַ לֵאמֹ֑ר זֶ֠ה יְנַחֲמֵ֤נוּ מִֽמַּעֲשֵׂ֙נוּ֙ וּמֵעִצְּב֣וֹן יָדֵ֔ינוּ מִן־הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֵֽרְרָ֖הּ יְהוָֽה׃‬ And he called him Noah, and said, “This son will give us relief from our labour and from the toil of our hands – from the ground which the Lord cursed.” || 1 Chr 1:4.
Gen 5:30 ‫וַֽיְחִי־לֶ֗מֶךְ אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־נֹ֔חַ חָמֵ֤שׁ וְתִשְׁעִים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וַחֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵאֹ֖ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃‬ Then Lamech lived five hundred and ninety-five years after begetting Noah, and he begot sons and daughters. Lamech: see Gen 4:18.

begetting Noah ← his begetting of Noah.
Gen 5:31 ‫וַֽיְהִי֙ כָּל־יְמֵי־לֶ֔מֶךְ שֶׁ֤בַע וְשִׁבְעִים֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וּשְׁבַ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ ס‬ So all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy-seven years, and he died. Lamech: see Gen 4:18.
Gen 5:32 ‫וַֽיְהִי־נֹ֕חַ בֶּן־חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֣וֹלֶד נֹ֔חַ אֶת־שֵׁ֖ם אֶת־חָ֥ם וְאֶת־יָֽפֶת׃‬ And Noah was five hundred years old when he begot Shem, Ham and Japheth. || 1 Chr 1:4.

Japheth ← Jepheth, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Japheth is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2. The name is not in pause in Gen 7:13.
Gen 6:1 ‫וַֽיְהִי֙ כִּֽי־הֵחֵ֣ל הָֽאָדָ֔ם לָרֹ֖ב עַל־פְּנֵ֣י הָֽאֲדָמָ֑ה וּבָנ֖וֹת יֻלְּד֥וּ לָהֶֽם׃‬ And it came to pass when man began to increase on the surface of the ground that daughters were born to them,
Gen 6:2 ‫וַיִּרְא֤וּ בְנֵי־הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־בְּנ֣וֹת הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֥י טֹבֹ֖ת הֵ֑נָּה וַיִּקְח֤וּ לָהֶם֙ נָשִׁ֔ים מִכֹּ֖ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּחָֽרוּ׃‬ and the sons of God saw man's daughters – how good-looking they were – and they took wives to themselves from everyone they chose. the sons of God: here, angels, as in Job 1:6, Job 38:7.
Gen 6:3 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה לֹֽא־יָד֨וֹן רוּחִ֤י בָֽאָדָם֙ לְעֹלָ֔ם בְּשַׁגַּ֖ם ה֣וּא בָשָׂ֑ר וְהָי֣וּ יָמָ֔יו מֵאָ֥ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֖ים שָׁנָֽה׃‬ And the Lord said, “My spirit will not strive with man age-abidingly in his waywardness. He is flesh, and his days will be one hundred and twenty years.” in his waywardness ← in their being-wayward, from the verb shagag. An alternative interpretation is in that indeed, from be + sha (=she) + gam.

be: or, become.
Gen 6:4 ‫הַנְּפִלִ֞ים הָי֣וּ בָאָרֶץ֮ בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵם֒ וְגַ֣ם אַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֗ן אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָבֹ֜אוּ בְּנֵ֤י הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־בְּנ֣וֹת הָֽאָדָ֔ם וְיָלְד֖וּ לָהֶ֑ם הֵ֧מָּה הַגִּבֹּרִ֛ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר מֵעוֹלָ֖ם אַנְשֵׁ֥י הַשֵּֽׁם׃ פ‬ There were Nephilim on the earth in those days, and after that too, when the sons of God went into the daughters of man who bore them offspring. They are the heroes who since antiquity have been men of renown. Nephilim ← the Nephilim, the progeny of fallen angels. The Hebrew root n‑p‑l means to fall. Referred to in Num 13:33. Compare 1 Pet 3:19-20, 2 Pet 2:10, Jude 1:6 angels who did not keep their own dominion. See also Matt 24:37 But as the days of Noah were etc. See also 2 Pet 2:10 linking spirits not from God and false prophets.

since antiquity ← from the age.
Gen 6:5 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא יְהוָ֔ה כִּ֥י רַבָּ֛ה רָעַ֥ת הָאָדָ֖ם בָּאָ֑רֶץ וְכָל־יֵ֙צֶר֙ מַחְשְׁבֹ֣ת לִבּ֔וֹ רַ֥ק רַ֖ע כָּל־הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And the Lord saw that man's evil on the earth was great, and every conception of the thoughts of his heart was nothing but evil all day long. See note on James 4:5, where this verse may be alluded to.

nothing but ← only.
Gen 6:6 ‫וַיִּנָּ֣חֶם יְהוָ֔ה כִּֽי־עָשָׂ֥ה אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֖ם בָּאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּתְעַצֵּ֖ב אֶל־לִבּֽוֹ׃‬ And the Lord grieved over having made man on the earth and he was distressed in his heart.
Gen 6:7 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה אֶמְחֶ֨ה אֶת־הָאָדָ֤ם אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָ֙אתִי֙ מֵעַל֙ פְּנֵ֣י הָֽאֲדָמָ֔ה מֵֽאָדָם֙ עַד־בְּהֵמָ֔ה עַד־רֶ֖מֶשׂ וְעַד־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם כִּ֥י נִחַ֖מְתִּי כִּ֥י עֲשִׂיתִֽם׃‬ And the Lord said, “I will wipe man that I created off the face of the earthboth man and beast and reptile and birds of the sky, for I am grieved over having made them.” earth ← ground.

both man and beast ← from man up to beast. Compare 1 Sam 15:3, 2 Ki 25:26, 2 Chr 15:13, Esth 1:5, Esth 1:20.
Gen 6:8 ‫וְנֹ֕חַ מָ֥צָא חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃ פ‬ But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.
Gen 6:9 ‫אֵ֚לֶּה תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת נֹ֔חַ נֹ֗חַ אִ֥ישׁ צַדִּ֛יק תָּמִ֥ים הָיָ֖ה בְּדֹֽרֹתָ֑יו אֶת־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֖ים הִֽתְהַלֶּךְ־נֹֽחַ׃‬ This is the lineage of Noah. Noah was a righteous man; he was pure in his genealogy. Noah walked with God. genealogy ← generations. Noah was of pure adamic pedigree (not nephilimic at all).
Gen 6:10 ‫וַיּ֥וֹלֶד נֹ֖חַ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה בָנִ֑ים אֶת־שֵׁ֖ם אֶת־חָ֥ם וְאֶת־יָֽפֶת׃‬ And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. Japheth: see Gen 5:32.
Gen 6:11 ‫וַתִּשָּׁחֵ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ לִפְנֵ֣י הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים וַתִּמָּלֵ֥א הָאָ֖רֶץ חָמָֽס׃‬ Now the earth became corrupt before God, and the earth became full of violence.
Gen 6:12 ‫וַיַּ֧רְא אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־הָאָ֖רֶץ וְהִנֵּ֣ה נִשְׁחָ֑תָה כִּֽי־הִשְׁחִ֧ית כָּל־בָּשָׂ֛ר אֶת־דַּרְכּ֖וֹ עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃ ס‬ And God looked at the earth and saw that it had become corrupt, for all flesh had gone a corrupt way on the earth. and saw that ← and behold.

had gone a corrupt way ← corrupted its way.
Gen 6:13 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֜ים לְנֹ֗חַ קֵ֤ץ כָּל־בָּשָׂר֙ בָּ֣א לְפָנַ֔י כִּֽי־מָלְאָ֥ה הָאָ֛רֶץ חָמָ֖ס מִפְּנֵיהֶ֑ם וְהִנְנִ֥י מַשְׁחִיתָ֖ם אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is full of violence because of them. So I am about to bring ruin on them with the earth. I am about to ← behold me.

bring ruin on: the same word as for had gone a corrupt way in Gen 6:12.
Gen 6:14 ‫עֲשֵׂ֤ה לְךָ֙ תֵּבַ֣ת עֲצֵי־גֹ֔פֶר קִנִּ֖ים תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֣ה אֶת־הַתֵּבָ֑ה וְכָֽפַרְתָּ֥ אֹתָ֛הּ מִבַּ֥יִת וּמִח֖וּץ בַּכֹּֽפֶר׃‬ Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. You shall make the ark in cells and you shall cover it inside and outside with pitch. gopher wood: perhaps cedar beams, or beams of cypress, or pine. But there are other words for all these trees (erez=cedar, berosh=cypress, oren=pine / mountain ash).
Gen 6:15 ‫וְזֶ֕ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֖ה אֹתָ֑הּ שְׁלֹ֧שׁ מֵא֣וֹת אַמָּ֗ה אֹ֚רֶךְ הַתֵּבָ֔ה חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים אַמָּה֙ רָחְבָּ֔הּ וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים אַמָּ֖ה קוֹמָתָֽהּ׃‬ And this is how you will make it: the length of the ark will be three hundred cubits. Its width will be fifty cubits, and its height will be thirty cubits. cubit (3x): about 18 inches or 45 cm.
Gen 6:16 ‫צֹ֣הַר ׀ תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֣ה לַתֵּבָ֗ה וְאֶל־אַמָּה֙ תְּכַלֶ֣נָּה מִלְמַ֔עְלָה וּפֶ֥תַח הַתֵּבָ֖ה בְּצִדָּ֣הּ תָּשִׂ֑ים תַּחְתִּיִּ֛ם שְׁנִיִּ֥ם וּשְׁלִשִׁ֖ים תַּֽעֲשֶֽׂהָ׃‬ You will make a skylight for the ark and finish it one cubit projecting above, and you will make a door to the ark on the side of it. You will make it with a lower, a second and a third deck. cubit: about 18 inches or 45 cm.

make: or, place.
Gen 6:17 ‫וַאֲנִ֗י הִנְנִי֩ מֵבִ֨יא אֶת־הַמַּבּ֥וּל מַ֙יִם֙ עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ לְשַׁחֵ֣ת כָּל־בָּשָׂ֗ר אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ֙ ר֣וּחַ חַיִּ֔ים מִתַּ֖חַת הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם כֹּ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־בָּאָ֖רֶץ יִגְוָֽע׃‬ And as for me, I am about to bring a flood of water on the earth, to bring to ruin all flesh on it that has the breath of life in it under heaven. Everything that is on the earth will expire. I am about to ← behold me.

a flood ← the flood.
Gen 6:18 ‫וַהֲקִמֹתִ֥י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י אִתָּ֑ךְ וּבָאתָ֙ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֔ה אַתָּ֕ה וּבָנֶ֛יךָ וְאִשְׁתְּךָ֥ וּנְשֵֽׁי־בָנֶ֖יךָ אִתָּֽךְ׃‬ And I will set up my covenant with you, and you will go into the ark – you, and your sons, and your wife, and your sons' wives with you.
Gen 6:19 ‫וּמִכָּל־הָ֠חַי מִֽכָּל־בָּשָׂ֞ר שְׁנַ֧יִם מִכֹּ֛ל תָּבִ֥יא אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֖ה לְהַחֲיֹ֣ת אִתָּ֑ךְ זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה יִֽהְיֽוּ׃‬ And you will bring two of every species of every living thing of all flesh into the ark to preserve them alive with you – male and female they shall be –
Gen 6:20 ‫מֵהָע֣וֹף לְמִינֵ֗הוּ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ לְמִינָ֔הּ מִכֹּ֛ל רֶ֥מֶשׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֖ה לְמִינֵ֑הוּ שְׁנַ֧יִם מִכֹּ֛ל יָבֹ֥אוּ אֵלֶ֖יךָ לְהַֽחֲיֽוֹת׃‬ of birds according to their species, and of cattle according to their species, and of all reptiles of the ground according to their species. Two of everything will come to you to preserve them alive.
Gen 6:21 ‫וְאַתָּ֣ה קַח־לְךָ֗ מִכָּל־מַֽאֲכָל֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֵֽאָכֵ֔ל וְאָסַפְתָּ֖ אֵלֶ֑יךָ וְהָיָ֥ה לְךָ֛ וְלָהֶ֖ם לְאָכְלָֽה׃‬ And you are to take with you all kinds of food that are eaten, and gather it up, and it will be food for you and for them.” gather it up ← gather (it) to you.
Gen 6:22 ‫וַיַּ֖עַשׂ נֹ֑חַ כְּ֠כֹל אֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֥ה אֹת֛וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים כֵּ֥ן עָשָֽׂה׃ ס‬ And Noah did it. Everything that God commanded him, he duly carried out. everything ← according to everything.

duly ← thus.
Gen 7:1 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ לְנֹ֔חַ בֹּֽא־אַתָּ֥ה וְכָל־בֵּיתְךָ֖ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֑ה כִּֽי־אֹתְךָ֥ רָאִ֛יתִי צַדִּ֥יק לְפָנַ֖י בַּדּ֥וֹר הַזֶּֽה׃‬ And the Lord said to Noah, “Go, you and all your household, into the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation. seen: or, regarded.
Gen 7:2 ‫מִכֹּ֣ל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָ֣ה הַטְּהוֹרָ֗ה תִּֽקַּח־לְךָ֛ שִׁבְעָ֥ה שִׁבְעָ֖ה אִ֣ישׁ וְאִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָ֡ה אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א טְהֹרָ֥ה הִ֛וא שְׁנַ֖יִם אִ֥ישׁ וְאִשְׁתּֽוֹ׃‬ From every clean beast, take along seven and seven, the male and its mate. And from the beasts which are not clean, a pair, the male and its mate. along ← to yourself.
Gen 7:3 ‫גַּ֣ם מֵע֧וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם שִׁבְעָ֥ה שִׁבְעָ֖ה זָכָ֣ר וּנְקֵבָ֑ה לְחַיּ֥וֹת זֶ֖רַע עַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Also from the birds of the sky, take seven and seven, male and female, to preserve seed alive on the face of all the earth.
Gen 7:4 ‫כִּי֩ לְיָמִ֨ים ע֜וֹד שִׁבְעָ֗ה אָֽנֹכִי֙ מַמְטִ֣יר עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם וְאַרְבָּעִ֖ים לָ֑יְלָה וּמָחִ֗יתִי אֶֽת־כָּל־הַיְקוּם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשִׂ֔יתִי מֵעַ֖ל פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ For in seven days' time I will be sending rain over the earth, for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe out every living thing which I made from the face of the earth.” living thing ← existing thing, but here referring to what is alive.
Gen 7:5 ‫וַיַּ֖עַשׂ נֹ֑חַ כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֖הוּ יְהוָֽה׃‬ And Noah did everything that the Lord commanded him. everything ← according to everything.
Gen 7:6 ‫וְנֹ֕חַ בֶּן־שֵׁ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וְהַמַּבּ֣וּל הָיָ֔ה מַ֖יִם עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Now Noah was six hundred years old when the flood took place with water over the earth.
Gen 7:7 ‫וַיָּ֣בֹא נֹ֗חַ וּ֠בָנָיו וְאִשְׁתּ֧וֹ וּנְשֵֽׁי־בָנָ֛יו אִתּ֖וֹ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֑ה מִפְּנֵ֖י מֵ֥י הַמַּבּֽוּל׃‬ And Noah and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives went with him into the ark because of the water of the flood.
Gen 7:8 ‫מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ הַטְּהוֹרָ֔ה וּמִן־הַ֨בְּהֵמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֵינֶ֖נָּה טְהֹרָ֑ה וּמִ֨ן־הָע֔וֹף וְכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־רֹמֵ֖שׂ עַל־הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ Those from the clean beasts, and from the beasts which are not clean, and from the birds, and everything that creeps on the ground
Gen 7:9 ‫שְׁנַ֨יִם שְׁנַ֜יִם בָּ֧אוּ אֶל־נֹ֛חַ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֖ה זָכָ֣ר וּנְקֵבָ֑ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־נֹֽחַ׃‬ came two by two to Noah into the ark, male and female, as God had instructed Noah.
Gen 7:10 ‫וַֽיְהִ֖י לְשִׁבְעַ֣ת הַיָּמִ֑ים וּמֵ֣י הַמַּבּ֔וּל הָי֖וּ עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And it came to pass after seven days that the floodwater came over the earth. came ← became.
Gen 7:11 ‫בִּשְׁנַ֨ת שֵׁשׁ־מֵא֤וֹת שָׁנָה֙ לְחַיֵּי־נֹ֔חַ בַּחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י בְּשִׁבְעָֽה־עָשָׂ֥ר י֖וֹם לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֗ה נִבְקְעוּ֙ כָּֽל־מַעְיְנֹת֙ תְּה֣וֹם רַבָּ֔ה וַאֲרֻבֹּ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם נִפְתָּֽחוּ׃‬ In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month – on this day – all the founts of the great deep were split open, and the floodgates of heaven were opened.
Gen 7:12 ‫וַֽיְהִ֥י הַגֶּ֖שֶׁם עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם וְאַרְבָּעִ֖ים לָֽיְלָה׃‬ And the rain came over the earth for forty days and forty nights. came ← became.
Gen 7:13 ‫בְּעֶ֨צֶם הַיּ֤וֹם הַזֶּה֙ בָּ֣א נֹ֔חַ וְשֵׁם־וְחָ֥ם וָיֶ֖פֶת בְּנֵי־נֹ֑חַ וְאֵ֣שֶׁת נֹ֗חַ וּשְׁלֹ֧שֶׁת נְשֵֽׁי־בָנָ֛יו אִתָּ֖ם אֶל־הַתֵּבָֽה׃‬ On this very day Noah went into the ark, as did Shem and Ham and Japheth, Noah's sons, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them. Japheth: see Gen 5:32.
Gen 7:14 ‫הֵ֜מָּה וְכָל־הַֽחַיָּ֣ה לְמִינָ֗הּ וְכָל־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ לְמִינָ֔הּ וְכָל־הָרֶ֛מֶשׂ הָרֹמֵ֥שׂ עַל־הָאָ֖רֶץ לְמִינֵ֑הוּ וְכָל־הָע֣וֹף לְמִינֵ֔הוּ כֹּ֖ל צִפּ֥וֹר כָּל־כָּנָֽף׃‬ They and all the wild animals according to their species, and all the cattle according to their species and all the reptiles which creep on the earth according to their species, and all the birds according to their species – all fowl of every wing.
Gen 7:15 ‫וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ אֶל־נֹ֖חַ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֑ה שְׁנַ֤יִם שְׁנַ֙יִם֙ מִכָּל־הַבָּשָׂ֔ר אֲשֶׁר־בּ֖וֹ ר֥וּחַ חַיִּֽים׃‬ So they came to Noah, to the ark, two by two, from all the kinds of flesh in which there is the breath of life.
Gen 7:16 ‫וְהַבָּאִ֗ים זָכָ֨ר וּנְקֵבָ֤ה מִכָּל־בָּשָׂר֙ בָּ֔אוּ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיִּסְגֹּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה בַּֽעֲדֽוֹ׃‬ And those that came were male and female; from every kind of flesh they came, as God had instructed him. Then the Lord closed up after him.
Gen 7:17 ‫וַֽיְהִ֧י הַמַּבּ֛וּל אַרְבָּעִ֥ים י֖וֹם עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּרְבּ֣וּ הַמַּ֗יִם וַיִּשְׂאוּ֙ אֶת־הַתֵּבָ֔ה וַתָּ֖רָם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And the flood took place for forty days on the earth, and the water increased and bore up the ark, and it was lifted up above the earth.
Gen 7:18 ‫וַיִּגְבְּר֥וּ הַמַּ֛יִם וַיִּרְבּ֥וּ מְאֹ֖ד עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַתֵּ֥לֶךְ הַתֵּבָ֖ה עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַמָּֽיִם׃‬ And the water gained strength, and increased greatly over the earth, while the ark went on the surface of the water.
Gen 7:19 ‫וְהַמַּ֗יִם גָּֽבְר֛וּ מְאֹ֥ד מְאֹ֖ד עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיְכֻסּ֗וּ כָּל־הֶֽהָרִים֙ הַגְּבֹהִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־תַּ֖חַת כָּל־הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ And the water gained greater and greater strength over the earth, and all the high mountains which are below all the heavens were covered.
Gen 7:20 ‫חֲמֵ֨שׁ עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה אַמָּה֙ מִלְמַ֔עְלָה גָּבְר֖וּ הַמָּ֑יִם וַיְכֻסּ֖וּ הֶהָרִֽים׃‬ The water grew to fifteen cubits upwards, and it covered the mountains. cubit: about 18 inches or 45 cm.
Gen 7:21 ‫וַיִּגְוַ֞ע כָּל־בָּשָׂ֣ר ׀ הָרֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל־הָאָ֗רֶץ בָּע֤וֹף וּבַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּבַ֣חַיָּ֔ה וּבְכָל־הַשֶּׁ֖רֶץ הַשֹּׁרֵ֣ץ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְכֹ֖ל הָאָדָֽם׃‬ And all flesh which creeps over the earth expired, with birds and with beasts and with animals, and with all aquatic life which teems on the earth, and all mankind. mankind ← man, or Adam.
Gen 7:22 ‫כֹּ֡ל אֲשֶׁר֩ נִשְׁמַת־ר֨וּחַ חַיִּ֜ים בְּאַפָּ֗יו מִכֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר בֶּחָֽרָבָ֖ה מֵֽתוּ׃‬ Everything that had the breath of the spirit of life in its nostrils, everything which was on dry land, died. everything ← from everything, perhaps meaning (the bulk) of everything, excepting what was in the ark.
Gen 7:23 ‫וַיִּ֜מַח אֶֽת־כָּל־הַיְק֣וּם ׀ אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י הָֽאֲדָמָ֗ה מֵאָדָ֤ם עַד־בְּהֵמָה֙ עַד־רֶ֙מֶשׂ֙ וְעַד־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיִּמָּח֖וּ מִן־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִשָּׁ֧אֶר אַךְ־נֹ֛חַ וַֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ בַּתֵּבָֽה׃‬ And he wiped out every living thing which was on the surface of the earth, both man and beasts and reptiles and the birds of the sky. And they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those with him in the ark remained. living thing: see Gen 7:4.

earth ← ground.
Gen 7:24 ‫וַיִּגְבְּר֥וּ הַמַּ֖יִם עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת יֽוֹם׃‬ And the water held sway over the earth for one hundred and fifty days.
Gen 8:1 ‫וַיִּזְכֹּ֤ר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־נֹ֔חַ וְאֵ֤ת כָּל־הַֽחַיָּה֙ וְאֶת־כָּל־הַבְּהֵמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ בַּתֵּבָ֑ה וַיַּעֲבֵ֨ר אֱלֹהִ֥ים ר֙וּחַ֙ עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וַיָּשֹׁ֖כּוּ הַמָּֽיִם׃‬ And God remembered Noah and all the livestock and all the beasts that were with him in the ark, and God caused a spirit to pass over the earth, and the waters abated. spirit: or, wind.
Gen 8:2 ‫וַיִּסָּֽכְרוּ֙ מַעְיְנֹ֣ת תְּה֔וֹם וַֽאֲרֻבֹּ֖ת הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם וַיִּכָּלֵ֥א הַגֶּ֖שֶׁם מִן־הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ And the founts of the deep were closed off, as were the floodgates of heaven, and the rain was held back from the heavens.
Gen 8:3 ‫וַיָּשֻׁ֧בוּ הַמַּ֛יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָ֖רֶץ הָל֣וֹךְ וָשׁ֑וֹב וַיַּחְסְר֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם מִקְצֵ֕ה חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת יֽוֹם׃‬ And the water receded from the earth, and kept receding, and the water diminished after one hundred and fifty days. after ← at the end of.
Gen 8:4 ‫וַתָּ֤נַח הַתֵּבָה֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י בְּשִׁבְעָה־עָשָׂ֥ר י֖וֹם לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ עַ֖ל הָרֵ֥י אֲרָרָֽט׃‬ Then the ark came to rest in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.
Gen 8:5 ‫וְהַמַּ֗יִם הָיוּ֙ הָל֣וֹךְ וְחָס֔וֹר עַ֖ד הַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָֽעֲשִׂירִ֑י בָּֽעֲשִׂירִי֙ בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ נִרְא֖וּ רָאשֵׁ֥י הֶֽהָרִֽים׃‬ And the water kept on diminishing until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first day of the month the summits of the mountains were seen.
Gen 8:6 ‫וַֽיְהִ֕י מִקֵּ֖ץ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֑וֹם וַיִּפְתַּ֣ח נֹ֔חַ אֶת־חַלּ֥וֹן הַתֵּבָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָֽׂה׃‬ Then it came to pass after forty days that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made, after ← at the end of.
Gen 8:7 ‫וַיְשַׁלַּ֖ח אֶת־הָֽעֹרֵ֑ב וַיֵּצֵ֤א יָצוֹא֙ וָשׁ֔וֹב עַד־יְבֹ֥שֶׁת הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ and he sent out a raven, and it kept going out and coming back again until the water dried up on the earth. a raven ← the raven, perhaps denoting the raven which had been appointed for this purpose beforehand.
Gen 8:8 ‫וַיְשַׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־הַיּוֹנָ֖ה מֵאִתּ֑וֹ לִרְאוֹת֙ הֲקַ֣לּוּ הַמַּ֔יִם מֵעַ֖ל פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ And he sent out a dove to see if the water had ebbed away on the surface of the ground. sent out ← sent from with him.

a dove ← the dove.
Gen 8:9 ‫וְלֹֽא־מָצְאָה֩ הַיּוֹנָ֨ה מָנ֜וֹחַ לְכַף־רַגְלָ֗הּ וַתָּ֤שָׁב אֵלָיו֙ אֶל־הַתֵּבָ֔ה כִּי־מַ֖יִם עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יָדוֹ֙ וַיִּקָּחֶ֔הָ וַיָּבֵ֥א אֹתָ֛הּ אֵלָ֖יו אֶל־הַתֵּבָֽה׃‬ But the dove did not find a resting place for the sole of its foot, and it came back to him – to the ark – for there was water over the surface of the whole earth. And he stretched out his hand and took it and brought it in, into the ark. brought it in ← brought it to himself.
Gen 8:10 ‫וַיָּ֣חֶל ע֔וֹד שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֛סֶף שַׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־הַיּוֹנָ֖ה מִן־הַתֵּבָֽה׃‬ And he waited for another seven days, and again he sent out the dove from the ark. another ← yet another; still another.
Gen 8:11 ‫וַתָּבֹ֨א אֵלָ֤יו הַיּוֹנָה֙ לְעֵ֣ת עֶ֔רֶב וְהִנֵּ֥ה עֲלֵה־זַ֖יִת טָרָ֣ף בְּפִ֑יהָ וַיֵּ֣דַע נֹ֔חַ כִּי־קַ֥לּוּ הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, there was a fresh olive leaf in its mouth. So Noah knew that the water had ebbed away from the surface of the earth. evening ← evening time.
Gen 8:12 ‫וַיִּיָּ֣חֶל ע֔וֹד שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים וַיְשַׁלַּח֙ אֶת־הַיּוֹנָ֔ה וְלֹֽא־יָסְפָ֥ה שׁוּב־אֵלָ֖יו עֽוֹד׃‬ And he waited for another seven days, and sent out the dove, and it did not come back to him again. another ← yet another; still another.

again ← yet again.
Gen 8:13 ‫וַֽ֠יְהִי בְּאַחַ֨ת וְשֵׁשׁ־מֵא֜וֹת שָׁנָ֗ה בָּֽרִאשׁוֹן֙ בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ חָֽרְב֥וּ הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֣ל הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיָּ֤סַר נֹ֙חַ֙ אֶת־מִכְסֵ֣ה הַתֵּבָ֔ה וַיַּ֕רְא וְהִנֵּ֥ה חָֽרְב֖וּ פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, that the water dried up from the earth, and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked around, and what he saw was that the surface of the ground had become dry. what he saw was that ← behold.
Gen 8:14 ‫וּבַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י בְּשִׁבְעָ֧ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֛ים י֖וֹם לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ יָבְשָׁ֖ה הָאָֽרֶץ׃ ס‬ And in the second month on the twenty-seventh day of the month the earth became dry.
Gen 8:15 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־נֹ֥חַ לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ And God spoke to Noah and said,
Gen 8:16 ‫צֵ֖א מִן־הַתֵּבָ֑ה אַתָּ֕ה וְאִשְׁתְּךָ֛ וּבָנֶ֥יךָ וּנְשֵֽׁי־בָנֶ֖יךָ אִתָּֽךְ׃‬ “Go out of the ark, you and your wife, and your sons, and your sons' wives with you.
Gen 8:17 ‫כָּל־הַחַיָּ֨ה אֲשֶֽׁר־אִתְּךָ֜ מִכָּל־בָּשָׂ֗ר בָּע֧וֹף וּבַבְּהֵמָ֛ה וּבְכָל־הָרֶ֛מֶשׂ הָרֹמֵ֥שׂ עַל־הָאָ֖רֶץ *הוצא **הַיְצֵ֣א אִתָּ֑ךְ וְשָֽׁרְצ֣וּ בָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָר֥וּ וְרָב֖וּ עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Bring out with you all the livestock which is with you, the specimens from all the kinds of flesh, on the birds and on the beasts and on all the reptiles which creep on the earth, so that they may teem on the earth, and be fruitful and increase on the earth.” bring out: this is the sense of both ketiv (hotse) and qeré (haytse).

flesh, on ... on ... on: it is as if Hebrew sees the animals etc. in skeletal form with flesh on them.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 8:18 ‫וַיֵּ֖צֵא־נֹ֑חַ וּבָנָ֛יו וְאִשְׁתּ֥וֹ וּנְשֵֽׁי־בָנָ֖יו אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ So Noah came out, as did his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him.
Gen 8:19 ‫כָּל־הַֽחַיָּ֗ה כָּל־הָרֶ֙מֶשׂ֙ וְכָל־הָע֔וֹף כֹּ֖ל רוֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם יָצְא֖וּ מִן־הַתֵּבָֽה׃‬ All the livestock, all the reptiles and all the birds, everything that creeps on the earth, according to their families, came out of the ark.
Gen 8:20 ‫וַיִּ֥בֶן נֹ֛חַ מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַֽיהוָ֑ה וַיִּקַּ֞ח מִכֹּ֣ל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָ֣ה הַטְּהוֹרָ֗ה וּמִכֹּל֙ הָע֣וֹף הַטָּהֹ֔ר וַיַּ֥עַל עֹלֹ֖ת בַּמִּזְבֵּֽחַ׃‬ Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and he took sacrificial victims from all the clean beasts and from all the clean birds, and made burnt offerings on the altar.
Gen 8:21 ‫וַיָּ֣רַח יְהוָה֮ אֶת־רֵ֣יחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־לִבּ֗וֹ לֹֽא־אֹ֠סִף לְקַלֵּ֨ל ע֤וֹד אֶת־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּעֲב֣וּר הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֠י יֵ֣צֶר לֵ֧ב הָאָדָ֛ם רַ֖ע מִנְּעֻרָ֑יו וְלֹֽא־אֹסִ֥ף ע֛וֹד לְהַכּ֥וֹת אֶת־כָּל־חַ֖י כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִֽׂיתִי׃‬ And the Lord smelled the sweet fragrance, and the Lord said in his heart,

“I will not curse the ground again because of man,

For the imagination of the heart of man is evil from his youth on,

And I will not strike everything living again,

As I have done,

See note on James 4:5, where this verse may be alluded to.

again ← yet again.
Gen 8:22 ‫עֹ֖ד כָּל־יְמֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ זֶ֡רַע וְ֠קָצִיר וְקֹ֨ר וָחֹ֜ם וְקַ֧יִץ וָחֹ֛רֶף וְי֥וֹם וָלַ֖יְלָה לֹ֥א יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ׃‬

As long as all the days of the earth

– Seed time and harvest time,

And cold and hot,

And summer and winter,

And day and night –

Do not cease.”

Gen 9:1 ‫וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֱלֹהִ֔ים אֶת־נֹ֖חַ וְאֶת־בָּנָ֑יו וַיֹּ֧אמֶר לָהֶ֛ם פְּר֥וּ וּרְב֖וּ וּמִלְא֥וּ אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase and fill the earth.
Gen 9:2 ‫וּמוֹרַאֲכֶ֤ם וְחִתְּכֶם֙ יִֽהְיֶ֔ה עַ֚ל כָּל־חַיַּ֣ת הָאָ֔רֶץ וְעַ֖ל כָּל־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם בְּכֹל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּרְמֹ֧שׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֛ה וּֽבְכָל־דְּגֵ֥י הַיָּ֖ם בְּיֶדְכֶ֥ם נִתָּֽנוּ׃‬ And fear of you and dread of you will be innate to all the animals of the earth, and to all the birds of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the ground, and to all the fish of the sea. They have been delivered into your hand. innate to ← upon.
Gen 9:3 ‫כָּל־רֶ֙מֶשׂ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הוּא־חַ֔י לָכֶ֥ם יִהְיֶ֖ה לְאָכְלָ֑ה כְּיֶ֣רֶק עֵ֔שֶׂב נָתַ֥תִּי לָכֶ֖ם אֶת־כֹּֽל׃‬ Every reptile that lives will be food for you, like the green vegetables. I have given you everything.
Gen 9:4 ‫אַךְ־בָּשָׂ֕ר בְּנַפְשׁ֥וֹ דָמ֖וֹ לֹ֥א תֹאכֵֽלוּ׃‬ But you shall not eat flesh with its source of life – its blood. source of life ← soul.
Gen 9:5 ‫וְאַ֨ךְ אֶת־דִּמְכֶ֤ם לְנַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶם֙ אֶדְרֹ֔שׁ מִיַּ֥ד כָּל־חַיָּ֖ה אֶדְרְשֶׁ֑נּוּ וּמִיַּ֣ד הָֽאָדָ֗ם מִיַּד֙ אִ֣ישׁ אָחִ֔יו אֶדְרֹ֖שׁ אֶת־נֶ֥פֶשׁ הָֽאָדָֽם׃‬ And I will surely require your blood, in return for lives you take. At the hand of every animal I will require it, and at the hand of man, at the hand of each man's brother, I will require the life of man. lives you take ... life ← your souls ... soul.
Gen 9:6 ‫שֹׁפֵךְ֙ דַּ֣ם הָֽאָדָ֔ם בָּֽאָדָ֖ם דָּמ֣וֹ יִשָּׁפֵ֑ךְ כִּ֚י בְּצֶ֣לֶם אֱלֹהִ֔ים עָשָׂ֖ה אֶת־הָאָדָֽם׃‬

As for him who sheds the blood of man,

By man his blood will be shed,

For in the image of God he made man.

Rev 13:10 (allusion).
Gen 9:7 ‫וְאַתֶּ֖ם פְּר֣וּ וּרְב֑וּ שִׁרְצ֥וּ בָאָ֖רֶץ וּרְבוּ־בָֽהּ׃ ס‬

As for you,

Be fruitful and increase and teem on the earth

And increase on it.”

Gen 9:8 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־נֹ֔חַ וְאֶל־בָּנָ֥יו אִתּ֖וֹ לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him and said,
Gen 9:9 ‫וַאֲנִ֕י הִנְנִ֥י מֵקִ֛ים אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י אִתְּכֶ֑ם וְאֶֽת־זַרְעֲכֶ֖ם אַֽחֲרֵיכֶֽם׃‬ “As for me, I am about to set up my covenant with you and with your seed after you, I am about to ← behold me.
Gen 9:10 ‫וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־נֶ֤פֶשׁ הַֽחַיָּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתְּכֶ֔ם בָּע֧וֹף בַּבְּהֵמָ֛ה וּֽבְכָל־חַיַּ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ אִתְּכֶ֑ם מִכֹּל֙ יֹצְאֵ֣י הַתֵּבָ֔ה לְכֹ֖ל חַיַּ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ and with every living thing which is with you, with birds, with cattle, with all earthly life, with you, both everything that came out of the ark and all earthly life. living thing ← soul of life.

and all earthly life: referring to life descended from what came out of the ark.
Gen 9:11 ‫וַהֲקִמֹתִ֤י אֶת־בְּרִיתִי֙ אִתְּכֶ֔ם וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֧ת כָּל־בָּשָׂ֛ר ע֖וֹד מִמֵּ֣י הַמַּבּ֑וּל וְלֹֽא־יִהְיֶ֥ה ע֛וֹד מַבּ֖וּל לְשַׁחֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And I will set up my covenant with you, that no more will all flesh be cut off by the water of a flood, and there will not be a flood any more bringing the earth to ruin.”
Gen 9:12 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֣י נֹתֵ֗ן בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם וּבֵ֛ין כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתְּכֶ֑ם לְדֹרֹ֖ת עוֹלָֽם׃‬ And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant which I give between myself and you and with all living beings which are with you, for age-abiding generations. living beings ← living soul.
Gen 9:13 ‫אֶת־קַשְׁתִּ֕י נָתַ֖תִּי בֶּֽעָנָ֑ן וְהָֽיְתָה֙ לְא֣וֹת בְּרִ֔ית בֵּינִ֖י וּבֵ֥ין הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ I put my bow in the clouds and it will be a sign of a covenant between myself and the earth. bow: i.e. rainbow.

clouds ← cloud.
Gen 9:14 ‫וְהָיָ֕ה בְּעַֽנְנִ֥י עָנָ֖ן עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְנִרְאֲתָ֥ה הַקֶּ֖שֶׁת בֶּעָנָֽן׃‬ And it will come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow will appear in the cloud.
Gen 9:15 ‫וְזָכַרְתִּ֣י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֗י אֲשֶׁ֤ר בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם וּבֵ֛ין כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּ֖ה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂ֑ר וְלֹֽא־יִֽהְיֶ֨ה ע֤וֹד הַמַּ֙יִם֙ לְמַבּ֔וּל לְשַׁחֵ֖ת כָּל־בָּשָֽׂר׃‬ And I will remember my covenant which is between myself and you, and with all living beings – with all flesh – and there will not be any floodwater any more to bring all flesh to ruin. living beings ← soul of life.
Gen 9:16 ‫וְהָיְתָ֥ה הַקֶּ֖שֶׁת בֶּֽעָנָ֑ן וּרְאִיתִ֗יהָ לִזְכֹּר֙ בְּרִ֣ית עוֹלָ֔ם בֵּ֣ין אֱלֹהִ֔ים וּבֵין֙ כָּל־נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֔ה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And the bow will be in the cloud, and I will see it, so as to remember the age-abiding covenant between God and all living beings with all flesh that is on the earth.” be ← become.

living beings ← soul of life.
Gen 9:17 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־נֹ֑חַ זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֲקִמֹ֔תִי בֵּינִ֕י וּבֵ֥ין כָּל־בָּשָׂ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃ פ‬ And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have set up between myself and all flesh which is on the earth.”
Gen 9:18 ‫וַיִּֽהְי֣וּ בְנֵי־נֹ֗חַ הַיֹּֽצְאִים֙ מִן־הַתֵּבָ֔ה שֵׁ֖ם וְחָ֣ם וָיָ֑פֶת וְחָ֕ם ה֖וּא אֲבִ֥י כְנָֽעַן׃‬ Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth. And Ham is the father of Canaan. Japheth: see Gen 5:32.
Gen 9:19 ‫שְׁלֹשָׁ֥ה אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵי־נֹ֑חַ וּמֵאֵ֖לֶּה נָֽפְצָ֥ה כָל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated. populated ← scattered, strewn over.
Gen 9:20 ‫וַיָּ֥חֶל נֹ֖חַ אִ֣ישׁ הָֽאֲדָמָ֑ה וַיִּטַּ֖ע כָּֽרֶם׃‬ Then Noah took up being a cultivator of the ground, and he planted a vineyard. took up being ← began (as).
Gen 9:21 ‫וַיֵּ֥שְׁתְּ מִן־הַיַּ֖יִן וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר וַיִּתְגַּ֖ל בְּת֥וֹךְ אָהֳלֹֽה׃‬ And he drank from the wine and became drunk, and he uncovered himself inside his tent.
Gen 9:22 ‫וַיַּ֗רְא חָ֚ם אֲבִ֣י כְנַ֔עַן אֵ֖ת עֶרְוַ֣ת אָבִ֑יו וַיַּגֵּ֥ד לִשְׁנֵֽי־אֶחָ֖יו בַּחֽוּץ׃‬ Now Ham the father of Canaan saw the nakedness of his father, and he told his two brothers outside. saw the nakedness of his father: an expression meaning lying with his father's wife (Lev 20:11). This could explain Noah's attitude towards Ham and ↴
Gen 9:23 ‫וַיִּקַּח֩ שֵׁ֨ם וָיֶ֜פֶת אֶת־הַשִּׂמְלָ֗ה וַיָּשִׂ֙ימוּ֙ עַל־שְׁכֶ֣ם שְׁנֵיהֶ֔ם וַיֵּֽלְכוּ֙ אֲחֹ֣רַנִּ֔ית וַיְכַסּ֕וּ אֵ֖ת עֶרְוַ֣ת אֲבִיהֶ֑ם וּפְנֵיהֶם֙ אֲחֹ֣רַנִּ֔ית וְעֶרְוַ֥ת אֲבִיהֶ֖ם לֹ֥א רָאֽוּ׃‬ So Shem and Japheth took a mantle and put it on both of their shoulders and walked backwards and covered the nakedness of their father, while their faces were directed backwards, and they did not see the nakedness of their father. ↳ Canaan in the following verses. The literal events here could have a deeper story to tell as well.

Japheth: see Gen 5:32.

a mantle ← the mantle.
Gen 9:24 ‫וַיִּ֥יקֶץ נֹ֖חַ מִיֵּינ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֕דַע אֵ֛ת אֲשֶׁר־עָ֥שָׂה־ל֖וֹ בְּנ֥וֹ הַקָּטָֽן׃‬ Then Noah awoke from his wine stupor and knew what his youngest son had done to him.
Gen 9:25 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אָר֣וּר כְּנָ֑עַן עֶ֥בֶד עֲבָדִ֖ים יִֽהְיֶ֥ה לְאֶחָֽיו׃‬ And he said,

“Cursed be Canaan.

He shall be a servant of servants

To his brothers.”

Gen 9:26 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר בָּר֥וּךְ יְהֹוָ֖ה אֱלֹ֣הֵי שֵׁ֑ם וִיהִ֥י כְנַ֖עַן עֶ֥בֶד לָֽמוֹ׃‬ And he said,

“Blessed be the Lord God of Shem,

And may Canaan be his servant.

Gen 9:27 ‫יַ֤פְתְּ אֱלֹהִים֙ לְיֶ֔פֶת וְיִשְׁכֹּ֖ן בְּאָֽהֳלֵי־שֵׁ֑ם וִיהִ֥י כְנַ֖עַן עֶ֥בֶד לָֽמוֹ׃‬

May God enlarge Japheth

And may he dwell in the tents of Shem,

And may Canaan be his servant.”

enlarge Japheth: cognate words in Hebrew (yaft ... yefet). On the form Japheth, see Gen 5:32.
Gen 9:28 ‫וַֽיְחִי־נֹ֖חַ אַחַ֣ר הַמַּבּ֑וּל שְׁלֹ֤שׁ מֵאוֹת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וַֽחֲמִשִּׁ֖ים שָׁנָֽה׃‬ And Noah lived for three hundred and fifty years after the flood.
Gen 9:29 ‫וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ כָּל־יְמֵי־נֹ֔חַ תְּשַׁ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה וַחֲמִשִּׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּמֹֽת׃ פ‬ So all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years, and he died.
Gen 10:1 ‫וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת בְּנֵי־נֹ֔חַ שֵׁ֖ם חָ֣ם וָיָ֑פֶת וַיִּוָּלְד֥וּ לָהֶ֛ם בָּנִ֖ים אַחַ֥ר הַמַּבּֽוּל׃‬ Now this is the lineage of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth, and sons and daughters were born to them after the flood. Japheth: see Gen 5:32.
Gen 10:2 ‫בְּנֵ֣י יֶ֔פֶת גֹּ֣מֶר וּמָג֔וֹג וּמָדַ֖י וְיָוָ֣ן וְתֻבָ֑ל וּמֶ֖שֶׁךְ וְתִירָֽס׃‬ The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras. || 1 Chr 1:5.

Japheth: see Gen 5:32.
Gen 10:3 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י גֹּ֑מֶר אַשְׁכֲּנַ֥ז וְרִיפַ֖ת וְתֹגַרְמָֽה׃‬ And the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah. || 1 Chr 1:6.
Gen 10:4 ‫וּבְנֵ֥י יָוָ֖ן אֱלִישָׁ֣ה וְתַרְשִׁ֑ישׁ כִּתִּ֖ים וְדֹדָנִֽים׃‬ And the sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim. || 1 Chr 1:7.
Gen 10:5 ‫מֵ֠אֵלֶּה נִפְרְד֞וּ אִיֵּ֤י הַגּוֹיִם֙ בְּאַרְצֹתָ֔ם אִ֖ישׁ לִלְשֹׁנ֑וֹ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖ם בְּגוֹיֵהֶֽם׃‬ From these the coastlands of the Gentiles were separated into their lands, each one according to his language, by their families in their nations.
Gen 10:6 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י חָ֑ם כּ֥וּשׁ וּמִצְרַ֖יִם וּפ֥וּט וּכְנָֽעַן׃‬ And the sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Phut and Canaan. || 1 Chr 1:8.

Cush ... Mizraim ... Phut: connected with Ethiopia ... Egypt ... Libya. See [CB] for more such connections.

Phut ← Put, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Phut is the lenited form (ph for p).
Gen 10:7 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י כ֔וּשׁ סְבָא֙ וַֽחֲוִילָ֔ה וְסַבְתָּ֥ה וְרַעְמָ֖ה וְסַבְתְּכָ֑א וּבְנֵ֥י רַעְמָ֖ה שְׁבָ֥א וּדְדָֽן׃‬ And the sons of Cush were Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and Raamah and Sabtechah. And the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. || 1 Chr 1:9.

Sabtechah ← Sabtecha, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. The word ends in aleph, not . Compare Gen 10:28, Sheba, and Gen 10:30, Mesha, where the AV correctly omits the .
Gen 10:8 ‫וְכ֖וּשׁ יָלַ֣ד אֶת־נִמְרֹ֑ד ה֣וּא הֵחֵ֔ל לִֽהְי֥וֹת גִּבֹּ֖ר בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And Cush begot Nimrod. He started to become mighty in the land. || 1 Chr 1:10.
Gen 10:9 ‫הֽוּא־הָיָ֥ה גִבֹּֽר־צַ֖יִד לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה עַל־כֵּן֙ יֵֽאָמַ֔ר כְּנִמְרֹ֛ד גִּבּ֥וֹר צַ֖יִד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃‬ He became a mighty hunter before the Lord. On account of that there is a saying, “Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” there is a saying ← it is said.
Gen 10:10 ‫וַתְּהִ֨י רֵאשִׁ֤ית מַמְלַכְתּוֹ֙ בָּבֶ֔ל וְאֶ֖רֶךְ וְאַכַּ֣ד וְכַלְנֵ֑ה בְּאֶ֖רֶץ שִׁנְעָֽר׃‬ And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon and Erech and Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar. Babylon ← Babel.

Shinar: Babylonia.
Gen 10:11 ‫מִן־הָאָ֥רֶץ הַהִ֖וא יָצָ֣א אַשּׁ֑וּר וַיִּ֙בֶן֙ אֶת־נִ֣ינְוֵ֔ה וְאֶת־רְחֹבֹ֥ת עִ֖יר וְאֶת־כָּֽלַח׃‬ From that land Asshur emerged, and he built Nineveh and Rehoboth city and Calah, emerged: or, went out.
Gen 10:12 ‫וְֽאֶת־רֶ֔סֶן בֵּ֥ין נִֽינְוֵ֖ה וּבֵ֣ין כָּ֑לַח הִ֖וא הָעִ֥יר הַגְּדֹלָֽה׃‬ and Resen between Nineveh and Calah. This is the great city. great: perhaps greatest, as the definite article is used for the superlative in Hebrew, as in Gen 9:24 (youngest son).
Gen 10:13 ‫וּמִצְרַ֡יִם יָלַ֞ד אֶת־לוּדִ֧ים וְאֶת־עֲנָמִ֛ים וְאֶת־לְהָבִ֖ים וְאֶת־נַפְתֻּחִֽים׃‬ And Mizraim begot Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim, || 1 Chr 1:11.
Gen 10:14 ‫וְֽאֶת־פַּתְרֻסִ֞ים וְאֶת־כַּסְלֻחִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָצְא֥וּ מִשָּׁ֛ם פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים וְאֶת־כַּפְתֹּרִֽים׃ ס‬ and Pathrusim and Casluhim from whom the Philistines and the Caphtorites emerged. || 1 Chr 1:12.

from whom ← from where.

Philistines ← Pelishtim, but we retain the traditional English name. AV here= Philistim; later Philistines.

Caphtorites: AV= Caphtorims.
Gen 10:15 ‫וּכְנַ֗עַן יָלַ֛ד אֶת־צִידֹ֥ן בְּכֹר֖וֹ וְאֶת־חֵֽת׃‬ And Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn and Heth, || 1 Chr 1:13.

Sidon: the AV convention would be Zidon, as in the AV in Gen 49:13 and some other places, but we retain Sidon.
Gen 10:16 ‫וְאֶת־הַיְבוּסִי֙ וְאֶת־הָ֣אֱמֹרִ֔י וְאֵ֖ת הַגִּרְגָּשִֽׁי׃‬ and the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite, || 1 Chr 1:14.

Jebusite (and the other demonyms): the sense is plural, Jebusites (etc.), but we retain the singular for its somewhat poetic effect. Compare Ex 15:1 (note).

Amorite ← Emorite.
Gen 10:17 ‫וְאֶת־הַֽחִוִּ֥י וְאֶת־הַֽעַרְקִ֖י וְאֶת־הַסִּינִֽי׃‬ and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite, || 1 Chr 1:15.
Gen 10:18 ‫וְאֶת־הָֽאַרְוָדִ֥י וְאֶת־הַצְּמָרִ֖י וְאֶת־הַֽחֲמָתִ֑י וְאַחַ֣ר נָפֹ֔צוּ מִשְׁפְּח֖וֹת הַֽכְּנַעֲנִֽי׃‬ and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite. Then afterwards the families of the Canaanites spread out. || 1 Chr 1:16.
Gen 10:19 ‫וַֽיְהִ֞י גְּב֤וּל הַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ מִצִּידֹ֔ן בֹּאֲכָ֥ה גְרָ֖רָה עַד־עַזָּ֑ה בֹּאֲכָ֞ה סְדֹ֧מָה וַעֲמֹרָ֛ה וְאַדְמָ֥ה וּצְבֹיִ֖ם עַד־לָֽשַׁע׃‬ And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon as one goes to Gerar as far as Gaza, as one goes to Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboim, as far as Lasha. Sidon: see Gen 10:15.

Sodom ← Sedom, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

Gomorrah ← Amorah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

Lasha ← Lesha, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Lasha is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2.
Gen 10:20 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה בְנֵי־חָ֔ם לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖ם לִלְשֹֽׁנֹתָ֑ם בְּאַרְצֹתָ֖ם בְּגוֹיֵהֶֽם׃ ס‬ These were the sons of Ham by their families, by their languages, in their territories, in their nations.
Gen 10:21 ‫וּלְשֵׁ֥ם יֻלַּ֖ד גַּם־ה֑וּא אֲבִי֙ כָּל־בְּנֵי־עֵ֔בֶר אֲחִ֖י יֶ֥פֶת הַגָּדֽוֹל׃‬ And to Shem also offspring were born. He is the father of all the sons of Eber the brother of Japheth the elder. Japheth: see Gen 5:32.

the elder: or, the great.
Gen 10:22 ‫בְּנֵ֥י שֵׁ֖ם עֵילָ֣ם וְאַשּׁ֑וּר וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד וְל֥וּד וַֽאֲרָֽם׃‬ The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arphaxad and Lud and Aram. || 1 Chr 1:17.

Asshur ← Ashshur. English does not naturally have a representation for double sh.

Arphaxad ← Arpacshad, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Arphaxad is wrongly lenited (ph for p).
Gen 10:23 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י אֲרָ֑ם ע֥וּץ וְח֖וּל וְגֶ֥תֶר וָמַֽשׁ׃‬ And the sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. || 1 Chr 1:17.
Gen 10:24 ‫וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד יָלַ֣ד אֶת־שָׁ֑לַח וְשֶׁ֖לַח יָלַ֥ד אֶת־עֵֽבֶר׃‬ And Arphaxad begot Salah, and Salah begot Eber. || 1 Chr 1:18.

Arphaxad: see Gen 10:22.

Salah (2x)Shelah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Salah is pausal (see Gen 4:2) and it has a sin for a shin.
Gen 10:25 ‫וּלְעֵ֥בֶר יֻלַּ֖ד שְׁנֵ֣י בָנִ֑ים שֵׁ֣ם הָֽאֶחָ֞ד פֶּ֗לֶג כִּ֤י בְיָמָיו֙ נִפְלְגָ֣ה הָאָ֔רֶץ וְשֵׁ֥ם אָחִ֖יו יָקְטָֽן׃‬ And by Eber two sons were begotten. The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth became divided, and the name of his brother was Joktan. || 1 Chr 1:19.

Peleg: the Hebrew (and Aramaic) root p‑l‑g means to divide, as in Ps 55:10 (Ps 55:9AV) and Dan 2:41.
Gen 10:26 ‫וְיָקְטָ֣ן יָלַ֔ד אֶת־אַלְמוֹדָ֖ד וְאֶת־שָׁ֑לֶף וְאֶת־חֲצַרְמָ֖וֶת וְאֶת־יָֽרַח׃‬ And Joktan begot Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah || 1 Chr 1:20.

Sheleph ... Jerah: the AV correctly normalizes the pausal forms here (Shaleph, Jarah) but not in Gen 4:2, Gen 4:18 etc.
Gen 10:27 ‫וְאֶת־הֲדוֹרָ֥ם וְאֶת־אוּזָ֖ל וְאֶת־דִּקְלָֽה׃‬ and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah, || 1 Chr 1:21.
Gen 10:28 ‫וְאֶת־עוֹבָ֥ל וְאֶת־אֲבִֽימָאֵ֖ל וְאֶת־שְׁבָֽא׃‬ and Obal and Abimael and Sheba, || 1 Chr 1:22.
Gen 10:29 ‫וְאֶת־אוֹפִ֥ר וְאֶת־חֲוִילָ֖ה וְאֶת־יוֹבָ֑ב כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י יָקְטָֽן׃‬ and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab. All of these were the sons of Joktan, || 1 Chr 1:23.
Gen 10:30 ‫וַֽיְהִ֥י מוֹשָׁבָ֖ם מִמֵּשָׁ֑א בֹּאֲכָ֥ה סְפָ֖רָה הַ֥ר הַקֶּֽדֶם׃‬ and their dwelling place was from Mesha as one goes to Sephar, the mountain of the east.
Gen 10:31 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה בְנֵי־שֵׁ֔ם לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖ם לִלְשֹׁנֹתָ֑ם בְּאַרְצֹתָ֖ם לְגוֹיֵהֶֽם׃‬ These were the sons of Shem by their families, by their languages, in their territories, by their nations. languages ← tongues.
Gen 10:32 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה מִשְׁפְּחֹ֧ת בְּנֵי־נֹ֛חַ לְתוֹלְדֹתָ֖ם בְּגוֹיֵהֶ֑ם וּמֵאֵ֜לֶּה נִפְרְד֧וּ הַגּוֹיִ֛ם בָּאָ֖רֶץ אַחַ֥ר הַמַּבּֽוּל׃ פ‬ These were the families of the sons of Noah by their family histories in their nations, and from these the nations separated off on the earth after the flood.
Gen 11:1 ‫וַֽיְהִ֥י כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ שָׂפָ֣ה אֶחָ֑ת וּדְבָרִ֖ים אֲחָדִֽים׃‬ Now the whole earth was of one language and one vocabulary. one language ← one lip.

one vocabulary ← one (in plural) words, i.e. one set of words.
Gen 11:2 ‫וַֽיְהִ֖י בְּנָסְעָ֣ם מִקֶּ֑דֶם וַֽיִּמְצְא֥וּ בִקְעָ֛ה בְּאֶ֥רֶץ שִׁנְעָ֖ר וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָֽׁם׃‬ And it came to pass as they migrated eastwards that they found a valley in the land of Shinar and dwelt there. eastwards: as [BDB]. The preposition min loses its force of from in this expression.

Shinar: Babylonia.
Gen 11:3 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֗הוּ הָ֚בָה נִלְבְּנָ֣ה לְבֵנִ֔ים וְנִשְׂרְפָ֖ה לִשְׂרֵפָ֑ה וַתְּהִ֨י לָהֶ֤ם הַלְּבֵנָה֙ לְאָ֔בֶן וְהַ֣חֵמָ֔ר הָיָ֥ה לָהֶ֖ם לַחֹֽמֶר׃‬ And they said to each other, “Come on, let's make bricks and fire them thoroughly.” And they had bricks for stone, and they had bitumen for mortar. fire them thoroughly ← fire (them) to a firing.
Gen 11:4 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ הָ֣בָה ׀ נִבְנֶה־לָּ֣נוּ עִ֗יר וּמִגְדָּל֙ וְרֹאשׁ֣וֹ בַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְנַֽעֲשֶׂה־לָּ֖נוּ שֵׁ֑ם פֶּן־נָפ֖וּץ עַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And they said, “Come on, let's build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the sky, and make ourselves a reputation, so that we are not scattered over the surface of all of the earth.” the sky: or, heaven.
Gen 11:5 ‫וַיֵּ֣רֶד יְהוָ֔ה לִרְאֹ֥ת אֶת־הָעִ֖יר וְאֶת־הַמִּגְדָּ֑ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּנ֖וּ בְּנֵ֥י הָאָדָֽם׃‬ Then the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of Adam had built.
Gen 11:6 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה הֵ֣ן עַ֤ם אֶחָד֙ וְשָׂפָ֤ה אַחַת֙ לְכֻלָּ֔ם וְזֶ֖ה הַחִלָּ֣ם לַעֲשׂ֑וֹת וְעַתָּה֙ לֹֽא־יִבָּצֵ֣ר מֵהֶ֔ם כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָזְמ֖וּ לַֽעֲשֽׂוֹת׃‬ And the Lord said, “Behold, there is one people and one language for all of them, and this is what they have undertaken to do. Now nothing that they devise will be infeasible for them to do. this is what they have undertaken to do ← this (is) their beginning to do.

infeasible for ← cut off from.
Gen 11:7 ‫הָ֚בָה נֵֽרְדָ֔ה וְנָבְלָ֥ה שָׁ֖ם שְׂפָתָ֑ם אֲשֶׁר֙ לֹ֣א יִשְׁמְע֔וּ אִ֖ישׁ שְׂפַ֥ת רֵעֵֽהוּ׃‬ Come now, let us go down and confound their language there, so that one will not understand the language of another.” confound: from the Hebrew root b‑l‑l. See Gen 11:9.

understand ← hear.
Gen 11:8 ‫וַיָּ֨פֶץ יְהוָ֥ה אֹתָ֛ם מִשָּׁ֖ם עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַֽיַּחְדְּל֖וּ לִבְנֹ֥ת הָעִֽיר׃‬ So the Lord scattered them from there over the surface of the whole earth, and they stopped building the city.
Gen 11:9 ‫עַל־כֵּ֞ן קָרָ֤א שְׁמָהּ֙ בָּבֶ֔ל כִּי־שָׁ֛ם בָּלַ֥ל יְהוָ֖ה שְׂפַ֣ת כָּל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וּמִשָּׁם֙ הֱפִיצָ֣ם יְהוָ֔ה עַל־פְּנֵ֖י כָּל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃ פ‬ For that reason they called it Babel, because the Lord confounded the language of the whole earth there, and from there the Lord scattered them over the surface of the whole earth. Babel: from the Hebrew root b‑l‑l (rather than b‑b‑l), which means to mix, to confound.
Gen 11:10 ‫אֵ֚לֶּה תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת שֵׁ֔ם שֵׁ֚ם בֶּן־מְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֔ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁ֑ד שְׁנָתַ֖יִם אַחַ֥ר הַמַּבּֽוּל׃‬ This is the lineage of Shem. Shem was one hundred years old when he begot Arphaxad, two years after the flood. Arphaxad: see Gen 10:22.
Gen 11:11 ‫וַֽיְחִי־שֵׁ֗ם אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁ֔ד חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Arphaxad, Shem lived for five hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters. || 1 Chr 1:24.

Arphaxad: see Gen 10:22.
Gen 11:12 ‫וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֣ד חַ֔י חָמֵ֥שׁ וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־שָֽׁלַח׃‬ And Arphaxad lived for thirty-five years and begot Salah. || 1 Chr 1:24.

Arphaxad: see Gen 10:22.

Salah: see Gen 10:24.
Gen 11:13 ‫וַֽיְחִ֣י אַרְפַּכְשַׁ֗ד אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־שֶׁ֔לַח שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Salah, Arphaxad lived for four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. Salah: see Gen 10:24.

Arphaxad: see Gen 10:22.
Gen 11:14 ‫וְשֶׁ֥לַח חַ֖י שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־עֵֽבֶר׃‬ And Salah lived for thirty years and begot Eber. Salah: see Gen 10:24.
Gen 11:15 ‫וַֽיְחִי־שֶׁ֗לַח אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־עֵ֔בֶר שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Eber, Salah lived for four hundred and three years, and he begot sons and daughters. Salah: see Gen 10:24.
Gen 11:16 ‫וַֽיְחִי־עֵ֕בֶר אַרְבַּ֥ע וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־פָּֽלֶג׃‬ And Eber lived for thirty-four years and begot Peleg. || 1 Chr 1:25.
Gen 11:17 ‫וַֽיְחִי־עֵ֗בֶר אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־פֶּ֔לֶג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Peleg, Eber lived for four hundred and thirty years, and he begot sons and daughters.
Gen 11:18 ‫וַֽיְחִי־פֶ֖לֶג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־רְעֽוּ׃‬ And Peleg lived for thirty years and begot Reu. || 1 Chr 1:25.
Gen 11:19 ‫וַֽיְחִי־פֶ֗לֶג אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־רְע֔וּ תֵּ֥שַׁע שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Reu, Peleg lived for two hundred and nine years, and he begot sons and daughters.
Gen 11:20 ‫וַיְחִ֣י רְע֔וּ שְׁתַּ֥יִם וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־שְׂרֽוּג׃‬ And Reu lived for thirty-two years and begot Serug. || 1 Chr 1:26.
Gen 11:21 ‫וַיְחִ֣י רְע֗וּ אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־שְׂר֔וּג שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Serug, Reu lived for two hundred and seven years, and he begot sons and daughters.
Gen 11:22 ‫וַיְחִ֥י שְׂר֖וּג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־נָחֽוֹר׃‬ And Serug lived for thirty years and begot Nahor. || 1 Chr 1:26.
Gen 11:23 ‫וַיְחִ֣י שְׂר֗וּג אַחֲרֵ֛י הוֹלִיד֥וֹ אֶת־נָח֖וֹר מָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Nahor, Serug lived for two hundred years, and he begot sons and daughters.
Gen 11:24 ‫וַיְחִ֣י נָח֔וֹר תֵּ֥שַׁע וְעֶשְׂרִ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־תָּֽרַח׃‬ And Nahor lived for twenty-nine years and begot Terah. || 1 Chr 1:26.
Gen 11:25 ‫וַיְחִ֣י נָח֗וֹר אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־תֶּ֔רַח תְּשַֽׁע־עֶשְׂרֵ֥ה שָׁנָ֖ה וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת׃ ס‬ Then after he begot Terah, Nahor lived for one hundred and nineteen years, and he begot sons and daughters.
Gen 11:26 ‫וַֽיְחִי־תֶ֖רַח שִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֙וֹלֶד֙ אֶת־אַבְרָ֔ם אֶת־נָח֖וֹר וְאֶת־הָרָֽן׃‬ And Terah lived for seventy years and begot Abram, Nahor and Haran. || 1 Chr 1:27.
Gen 11:27 ‫וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת תֶּ֔רַח תֶּ֚רַח הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־אַבְרָ֔ם אֶת־נָח֖וֹר וְאֶת־הָרָ֑ן וְהָרָ֖ן הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־לֽוֹט׃‬ This is the lineage of Terah. Terah begot Abram, Nahor and Haran, and Haran begot Lot.
Gen 11:28 ‫וַיָּ֣מָת הָרָ֔ן עַל־פְּנֵ֖י תֶּ֣רַח אָבִ֑יו בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מוֹלַדְתּ֖וֹ בְּא֥וּר כַּשְׂדִּֽים׃‬ But Haran died before Terah his father in his native land, in Ur of the Chaldees.
Gen 11:29 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַבְרָ֧ם וְנָח֛וֹר לָהֶ֖ם נָשִׁ֑ים שֵׁ֤ם אֵֽשֶׁת־אַבְרָם֙ שָׂרָ֔י וְשֵׁ֤ם אֵֽשֶׁת־נָחוֹר֙ מִלְכָּ֔ה בַּת־הָרָ֥ן אֲבִֽי־מִלְכָּ֖ה וַֽאֲבִ֥י יִסְכָּֽה׃‬ And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram's wife was Sarai and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of Iscah. took ← took to themselves.
Gen 11:30 ‫וַתְּהִ֥י שָׂרַ֖י עֲקָרָ֑ה אֵ֥ין לָ֖הּ וָלָֽד׃‬ Now Sarai was barren – she did not have any offspring.
Gen 11:31 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח תֶּ֜רַח אֶת־אַבְרָ֣ם בְּנ֗וֹ וְאֶת־ל֤וֹט בֶּן־הָרָן֙ בֶּן־בְּנ֔וֹ וְאֵת֙ שָׂרַ֣י כַּלָּת֔וֹ אֵ֖שֶׁת אַבְרָ֣ם בְּנ֑וֹ וַיֵּצְא֨וּ אִתָּ֜ם מֵא֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֗ים לָלֶ֙כֶת֙ אַ֣רְצָה כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ עַד־חָרָ֖ן וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָֽׁם׃‬ And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot Haran's son, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, the wife of Abram his son, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldees to go to the land of Canaan, and they went as far as Haran and dwelt there. Haran ... Haran: the person is spelled with a ; the place with a heth. There is no connection between them. The place is mentioned in Acts 7:2.
Gen 11:32 ‫וַיִּהְי֣וּ יְמֵי־תֶ֔רַח חָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה וַיָּ֥מָת תֶּ֖רַח בְּחָרָֽן׃ ס‬ And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years. Then Terah died in Haran.
Gen 12:1 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַרְאֶֽךָּ׃‬ Then the Lord said to Abram,

Get going out of your land

And your native country

And from your father's house

To the land which I will show you.

Acts 7:3.

get going ← go for yourself.
Gen 12:2 ‫וְאֶֽעֶשְׂךָ֙ לְג֣וֹי גָּד֔וֹל וַאֲבָ֣רֶכְךָ֔ וַאֲגַדְּלָ֖ה שְׁמֶ֑ךָ וֶהְיֵ֖ה בְּרָכָֽה׃‬

And I will make you a great nation,

And I will bless you

And make your name great,

And you must become a blessing.

you must become: imperative mood of the verb.
Gen 12:3 ‫וַאֲבָֽרֲכָה֙ מְבָ֣רְכֶ֔יךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ֖ אָאֹ֑ר וְנִבְרְכ֣וּ בְךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָאֲדָמָֽה׃‬

And I will bless those who bless you,

But I will curse him who reviles you.

But all the families of the earth

Will be blessed through you.”

Acts 3:25, Gal 3:8.

earth ← ground.
Gen 12:4 ‫וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אַבְרָ֗ם כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֔ה וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ אִתּ֖וֹ ל֑וֹט וְאַבְרָ֗ם בֶּן־חָמֵ֤שׁ שָׁנִים֙ וְשִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה בְּצֵאת֖וֹ מֵחָרָֽן׃‬ Then Abram set off as the Lord had told him, and Lot went with him. Now Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran.
Gen 12:5 ‫וַיִּקַּ֣ח אַבְרָם֩ אֶת־שָׂרַ֨י אִשְׁתּ֜וֹ וְאֶת־ל֣וֹט בֶּן־אָחִ֗יו וְאֶת־כָּל־רְכוּשָׁם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָכָ֔שׁוּ וְאֶת־הַנֶּ֖פֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר־עָשׂ֣וּ בְחָרָ֑ן וַיֵּצְא֗וּ לָלֶ֙כֶת֙ אַ֣רְצָה כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אַ֥רְצָה כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their property which they had accumulated, and the livestock which they had acquired in Haran, and they set off to go to the land of Canaan, and into the land of Canaan they came. livestock ← soul. Perhaps standing for servants, e.g. the shepherds of Gen 13:7.

acquired ← made.

the land of Canaan ... the land of Canaan: so-called otiose usage, but perhaps elegant in Hebrew. The effect is ameliorated in English by a variation of word order.
Gen 12:6 ‫וַיַּעֲבֹ֤ר אַבְרָם֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ עַ֚ד מְק֣וֹם שְׁכֶ֔ם עַ֖ד אֵל֣וֹן מוֹרֶ֑ה וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י אָ֥ז בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And Abram crossed through the land to the place of Shechem, to the oaks of Moreh, but the Canaanite was then in the land. Shechem: AV= Sichem here, but elsewhere (e.g. Gen 33:18) Shechem.
Gen 12:7 ‫וַיֵּרָ֤א יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לְזַ֨רְעֲךָ֔ אֶתֵּ֖ן אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֑את וַיִּ֤בֶן שָׁם֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ לַיהוָ֖ה הַנִּרְאֶ֥ה אֵלָֽיו׃‬ Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “I will give this land to your seed.” At this he built an altar there to the Lord who had appeared to him. at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 12:8 ‫וַיַּעְתֵּ֨ק מִשָּׁ֜ם הָהָ֗רָה מִקֶּ֛דֶם לְבֵֽית־אֵ֖ל וַיֵּ֣ט אָהֳלֹ֑ה בֵּֽית־אֵ֤ל מִיָּם֙ וְהָעַ֣י מִקֶּ֔דֶם וַיִּֽבֶן־שָׁ֤ם מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה וַיִּקְרָ֖א בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָֽה׃‬ Then he moved from there to a mountain to the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent with Beth-el to the west and Ai to the east, and he built an altar there to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord. a mountain ← the mountain.

Ai ← the Ai. AV= Hai, but AV elsewhere (e.g. Josh 7:2) Ai.
Gen 12:9 ‫וַיִּסַּ֣ע אַבְרָ֔ם הָל֥וֹךְ וְנָס֖וֹעַ הַנֶּֽגְבָּה׃ פ‬ Then Abram moved on, and kept on moving southwards.
Gen 12:10 ‫וַיְהִ֥י רָעָ֖ב בָּאָ֑רֶץ וַיֵּ֨רֶד אַבְרָ֤ם מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ לָג֣וּר שָׁ֔ם כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down to Egypt to stay there, for the famine in the land was severe.
Gen 12:11 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִקְרִ֖יב לָב֣וֹא מִצְרָ֑יְמָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־שָׂרַ֣י אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ הִנֵּה־נָ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֛י אִשָּׁ֥ה יְפַת־מַרְאֶ֖ה אָֽתְּ׃‬ And it came to pass, as he got near entering Egypt that he said to Sarai his wife, “Look, I ask you, I know that you are a beautiful woman in appearance, I ask youplease; a particle of entreaty (Hebrew na).
Gen 12:12 ‫וְהָיָ֗ה כִּֽי־יִרְא֤וּ אֹתָךְ֙ הַמִּצְרִ֔ים וְאָמְר֖וּ אִשְׁתּ֣וֹ זֹ֑את וְהָרְג֥וּ אֹתִ֖י וְאֹתָ֥ךְ יְחַיּֽוּ׃‬ and it will be the case that when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife’, and they will kill me and keep you alive.
Gen 12:13 ‫אִמְרִי־נָ֖א אֲחֹ֣תִי אָ֑תְּ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יִֽיטַב־לִ֣י בַעֲבוּרֵ֔ךְ וְחָיְתָ֥ה נַפְשִׁ֖י בִּגְלָלֵֽךְ׃‬ Say, would you, that you are my sister so that it will go well with me on your account, and I myself will live because of you.” would you: the particle of entreaty as in Gen 12:12.

I myself ← my soul.
Gen 12:14 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כְּב֥וֹא אַבְרָ֖ם מִצְרָ֑יְמָה וַיִּרְא֤וּ הַמִּצְרִים֙ אֶת־הָ֣אִשָּׁ֔ה כִּֽי־יָפָ֥ה הִ֖וא מְאֹֽד׃‬ And it came to pass, when Abram went to Egypt, that when the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful,
Gen 12:15 ‫וַיִּרְא֤וּ אֹתָהּ֙ שָׂרֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה וַיְהַֽלְל֥וּ אֹתָ֖הּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה וַתֻּקַּ֥ח הָאִשָּׁ֖ה בֵּ֥ית פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ and Pharaoh's princes saw her, and commended her to Pharaoh. And the woman was taken to Pharaoh's house.
Gen 12:16 ‫וּלְאַבְרָ֥ם הֵיטִ֖יב בַּעֲבוּרָ֑הּ וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר֙ וַחֲמֹרִ֔ים וַעֲבָדִים֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וַאֲתֹנֹ֖ת וּגְמַלִּֽים׃‬ And it went well with Abram on her account, and he had sheep and cattle and donkeys and menservants and maidservants and she-asses and camels.
Gen 12:17 ‫וַיְנַגַּ֨ע יְהוָ֧ה ׀ אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֛ה נְגָעִ֥ים גְּדֹלִ֖ים וְאֶת־בֵּית֑וֹ עַל־דְּבַ֥ר שָׂרַ֖י אֵ֥שֶׁת אַבְרָֽם׃‬ Then the Lord afflicted Pharaoh with great plagues, along with his household, because of the matter of Sarai, Abram's wife.
Gen 12:18 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֤א פַרְעֹה֙ לְאַבְרָ֔ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מַה־זֹּ֖את עָשִׂ֣יתָ לִּ֑י לָ֚מָּה לֹא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֔י כִּ֥י אִשְׁתְּךָ֖ הִֽוא׃‬ So Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?
Gen 12:19 ‫לָמָ֤ה אָמַ֙רְתָּ֙ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֔וא וָאֶקַּ֥ח אֹתָ֛הּ לִ֖י לְאִשָּׁ֑ה וְעַתָּ֕ה הִנֵּ֥ה אִשְׁתְּךָ֖ קַ֥ח וָלֵֽךְ׃‬ Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?’, so that I took her for her to be my wife? So now, here is your wife. Take her and go.” so that: consecutive (result) use of the vav.

here isbehold.
Gen 12:20 ‫וַיְצַ֥ו עָלָ֛יו פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֲנָשִׁ֑ים וַֽיְשַׁלְּח֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ וְאֶת־אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לֽוֹ׃‬ And Pharaoh gave his men instructions concerning him, and sent him off with his wife and everything that was his.
Gen 13:1 ‫וַיַּעַל֩ אַבְרָ֨ם מִמִּצְרַ֜יִם ה֠וּא וְאִשְׁתּ֧וֹ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֛וֹ וְל֥וֹט עִמּ֖וֹ הַנֶּֽגְבָּה׃‬ So Abram went up from Egypt – he and his wife and everything that was his – as did Lot with him, to the south. everything: including servants (Gen 13:7).

to the south: i.e. of Israel. But it is possible to go predominantly southwards from the north-east of Egypt to the south of Israel.
Gen 13:2 ‫וְאַבְרָ֖ם כָּבֵ֣ד מְאֹ֑ד בַּמִּקְנֶ֕ה בַּכֶּ֖סֶף וּבַזָּהָֽב׃‬ Now Abram was well-endowed with cattle, with silver and with gold. well-endowed ← very heavy.
Gen 13:3 ‫וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְמַסָּעָ֔יו מִנֶּ֖גֶב וְעַד־בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל עַד־הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁר־הָ֨יָה שָׁ֤ם *אהלה **אָֽהֳלוֹ֙ בַּתְּחִלָּ֔ה בֵּ֥ין בֵּֽית־אֵ֖ל וּבֵ֥ין הָעָֽי׃‬ And he went on his journeys from the south as far as to Beth-el, to the place where his tent was at the start, between Beth-el and Ai, his tent: qeré; the ketiv has a , usually a feminine pronominal suffix, but rarely a masculine suffix.

Ai ← the Ai. See Gen 12:8.
Gen 13:4 ‫אֶל־מְקוֹם֙ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ אֲשֶׁר־עָ֥שָׂה שָׁ֖ם בָּרִאשֹׁנָ֑ה וַיִּקְרָ֥א שָׁ֛ם אַבְרָ֖ם בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָֽה׃‬ to the place of the altar which he had made at the start, and Abram called on the name of the Lord there.
Gen 13:5 ‫וְגַם־לְל֔וֹט הַהֹלֵ֖ךְ אֶת־אַבְרָ֑ם הָיָ֥ה צֹאן־וּבָקָ֖ר וְאֹהָלִֽים׃‬ And Lot also, who went with Abram, had sheep and oxen and tents,
Gen 13:6 ‫וְלֹא־נָשָׂ֥א אֹתָ֛ם הָאָ֖רֶץ לָשֶׁ֣בֶת יַחְדָּ֑ו כִּֽי־הָיָ֤ה רְכוּשָׁם֙ רָ֔ב וְלֹ֥א יָֽכְל֖וּ לָשֶׁ֥בֶת יַחְדָּֽו׃‬ and the land did not support them living together, for their property was considerable, and they could not live together.
Gen 13:7 ‫וַֽיְהִי־רִ֗יב בֵּ֚ין רֹעֵ֣י מִקְנֵֽה־אַבְרָ֔ם וּבֵ֖ין רֹעֵ֣י מִקְנֵה־ל֑וֹט וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ וְהַפְּרִזִּ֔י אָ֖ז יֹשֵׁ֥ב בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And there arose a dispute between the shepherds of Abram's livestock and the shepherds of Lot's livestock, while the Canaanite and the Perizzite were already dwelling in the land. arose ← became.

already ← then.
Gen 13:8 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַבְרָ֜ם אֶל־ל֗וֹט אַל־נָ֨א תְהִ֤י מְרִיבָה֙ בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֔יךָ וּבֵ֥ין רֹעַ֖י וּבֵ֣ין רֹעֶ֑יךָ כִּֽי־אֲנָשִׁ֥ים אַחִ֖ים אֲנָֽחְנוּ׃‬ Then Abram said to Lot, “Please don't let there be a dispute between me and you, or between my shepherds and your shepherds, for we are kinsmen. kinsmen ← men brothers.
Gen 13:9 ‫הֲלֹ֤א כָל־הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ הִפָּ֥רֶד נָ֖א מֵעָלָ֑י אִם־הַשְּׂמֹ֣אל וְאֵימִ֔נָה וְאִם־הַיָּמִ֖ין וְאַשְׂמְאִֽילָה׃‬ Is not all the land before you? Separate yourself from me, would you. If you go to the left, then I will go to the right, and if you go to the right, then I will go to the left.”
Gen 13:10 ‫וַיִּשָּׂא־ל֣וֹט אֶת־עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּרְא֙ אֶת־כָּל־כִּכַּ֣ר הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן כִּ֥י כֻלָּ֖הּ מַשְׁקֶ֑ה לִפְנֵ֣י ׀ שַׁחֵ֣ת יְהוָ֗ה אֶת־סְדֹם֙ וְאֶת־עֲמֹרָ֔ה כְּגַן־יְהוָה֙ כְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם בֹּאֲכָ֖ה צֹֽעַר׃‬ At this Lot lifted up his eyes and saw the whole tract of the Jordan – that all of it was a well-watered area – (before the Lord had brought Sodom and Gomorrah to ruin) like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt as one goes to Zoar. at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 13:11 ‫וַיִּבְחַר־ל֣וֹ ל֗וֹט אֵ֚ת כָּל־כִּכַּ֣ר הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן וַיִּסַּ֥ע ל֖וֹט מִקֶּ֑דֶם וַיִּפָּ֣רְד֔וּ אִ֖ישׁ מֵעַ֥ל אָחִֽיו׃‬ So Lot chose the whole tract of the Jordan for himself, and Lot moved eastwards, and they separated from each other.
Gen 13:12 ‫אַבְרָ֖ם יָשַׁ֣ב בְּאֶֽרֶץ־כְּנָ֑עַן וְל֗וֹט יָשַׁב֙ בְּעָרֵ֣י הַכִּכָּ֔ר וַיֶּאֱהַ֖ל עַד־סְדֹֽם׃‬ Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan whereas Lot dwelt among the cities of the tract of land and lived in tents as far as Sodom. whereas: wider use of the vav.
Gen 13:13 ‫וְאַנְשֵׁ֣י סְדֹ֔ם רָעִ֖ים וְחַטָּאִ֑ים לַיהוָ֖ה מְאֹֽד׃‬ Now the men of Sodom were evil and sinners against the Lord to a great degree.
Gen 13:14 ‫וַֽיהוָ֞ה אָמַ֣ר אֶל־אַבְרָ֗ם אַחֲרֵי֙ הִפָּֽרֶד־ל֣וֹט מֵֽעִמּ֔וֹ שָׂ֣א נָ֤א עֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ וּרְאֵ֔ה מִן־הַמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֣ה שָׁ֑ם צָפֹ֥נָה וָנֶ֖גְבָּה וָקֵ֥דְמָה וָיָֽמָּה׃‬ And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot had been separated from him, “Raise your eyes now and look, from the place where you are, northwards and southwards and eastwards and westwards.
Gen 13:15 ‫כִּ֧י אֶת־כָּל־הָאָ֛רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה רֹאֶ֖ה לְךָ֣ אֶתְּנֶ֑נָּה וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֖ עַד־עוֹלָֽם׃‬ For all the land which you see I will give you, and to your seed, age-abidingly. Acts 7:5.
Gen 13:16 ‫וְשַׂמְתִּ֥י אֶֽת־זַרְעֲךָ֖ כַּעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֑רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ אִם־יוּכַ֣ל אִ֗ישׁ לִמְנוֹת֙ אֶת־עֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ גַּֽם־זַרְעֲךָ֖ יִמָּנֶֽה׃‬ And I will make your seed like the dust of the earth, such that if a man can count the dust of the earth, then your seed will be able to be counted too.
Gen 13:17 ‫ק֚וּם הִתְהַלֵּ֣ךְ בָּאָ֔רֶץ לְאָרְכָּ֖הּ וּלְרָחְבָּ֑הּ כִּ֥י לְךָ֖ אֶתְּנֶֽנָּה׃‬ Arise and walk about in the land, in its length and in its breadth, for I will give it to you.”
Gen 13:18 ‫וַיֶּאֱהַ֣ל אַבְרָ֗ם וַיָּבֹ֛א וַיֵּ֛שֶׁב בְּאֵלֹנֵ֥י מַמְרֵ֖א אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּחֶבְר֑וֹן וַיִּֽבֶן־שָׁ֥ם מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַֽיהוָֽה׃ פ‬ And Abram lived in a tent, and he arrived at, and dwelt in, the oak woods of Mamre, which are in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.
Gen 14:1 ‫וַיְהִ֗י בִּימֵי֙ אַמְרָפֶ֣ל מֶֽלֶךְ־שִׁנְעָ֔ר אַרְי֖וֹךְ מֶ֣לֶךְ אֶלָּסָ֑ר כְּדָרְלָעֹ֙מֶר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ עֵילָ֔ם וְתִדְעָ֖ל מֶ֥לֶךְ גּוֹיִֽם׃‬ Now it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of nations, Shinar: Babylonia.

nations: Kurdish tribes, according [CB] quoting an Assyrian tablet.
Gen 14:2 ‫עָשׂ֣וּ מִלְחָמָ֗ה אֶת־בֶּ֙רַע֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ סְדֹ֔ם וְאֶת־בִּרְשַׁ֖ע מֶ֣לֶךְ עֲמֹרָ֑ה שִׁנְאָ֣ב ׀ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַדְמָ֗ה וְשֶׁמְאֵ֙בֶר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ *צביים **צְבוֹיִ֔ים וּמֶ֥לֶךְ בֶּ֖לַע הִיא־צֹֽעַר׃‬ that they made war on Bera king of Sodom, and Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemebar king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. Zeboiim: ketiv; the qeré is either Zebiim or scriptio defectiva spelling for Zeboiim.
Gen 14:3 ‫כָּל־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ חָֽבְר֔וּ אֶל־עֵ֖מֶק הַשִּׂדִּ֑ים ה֖וּא יָ֥ם הַמֶּֽלַח׃‬ All these joined forces at the Valley of the Siddim, which is the Salt Sea.
Gen 14:4 ‫שְׁתֵּ֤ים עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה עָבְד֖וּ אֶת־כְּדָרְלָעֹ֑מֶר וּשְׁלֹשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵ֥ה שָׁנָ֖ה מָרָֽדוּ׃‬ For twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
Gen 14:5 ‫וּבְאַרְבַּע֩ עֶשְׂרֵ֨ה שָׁנָ֜ה בָּ֣א כְדָרְלָעֹ֗מֶר וְהַמְּלָכִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֔וֹ וַיַּכּ֤וּ אֶת־רְפָאִים֙ בְּעַשְׁתְּרֹ֣ת קַרְנַ֔יִם וְאֶת־הַזּוּזִ֖ים בְּהָ֑ם וְאֵת֙ הָֽאֵימִ֔ים בְּשָׁוֵ֖ה קִרְיָתָֽיִם׃‬ And in the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and attacked the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emites in Shaveh-kiriathaim, Rephaim: see [CB, App. 25].

Emites: AV= Emims.
Gen 14:6 ‫וְאֶת־הַחֹרִ֖י בְּהַרְרָ֣ם שֵׂעִ֑יר עַ֚ד אֵ֣יל פָּארָ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־הַמִּדְבָּֽר׃‬ and the Horites in their Mount Seir, up to El-paran which is by the desert. Horites ← Horite. Collective usage of the singular. This usage frequently applies, including in the next verse.
Gen 14:7 ‫וַ֠יָּשֻׁבוּ וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ אֶל־עֵ֤ין מִשְׁפָּט֙ הִ֣וא קָדֵ֔שׁ וַיַּכּ֕וּ אֶֽת־כָּל־שְׂדֵ֖ה הָעֲמָלֵקִ֑י וְגַם֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֱמֹרִ֔י הַיֹּשֵׁ֖ב בְּחַֽצְצֹ֥ן תָּמָֽר׃‬ Then they returned and came to En-mishpat, which is Kadesh, and attacked all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who were living in Hazezon-tamar. Amorites: see Gen 10:16.
Gen 14:8 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֨א מֶֽלֶךְ־סְדֹ֜ם וּמֶ֣לֶךְ עֲמֹרָ֗ה וּמֶ֤לֶךְ אַדְמָה֙ וּמֶ֣לֶךְ *צביים **צְבוֹיִ֔ם וּמֶ֥לֶךְ בֶּ֖לַע הִוא־צֹ֑עַר וַיַּֽעַרְכ֤וּ אִתָּם֙ מִלְחָמָ֔ה בְּעֵ֖מֶק הַשִּׂדִּֽים׃‬ And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela which is Zoar came out and arrayed themselves in battle against them in the Valley of Siddim, Zeboiim: a similar situation to that of Gen 14:2.

against ← with. But to fight with, if without context, is ambiguous in many languages including English, Hebrew (this verse), Greek (Rev 12:17), Latin, Dutch and French, colloquially at least, since it may be taken as to fight together with.
Gen 14:9 ‫אֵ֣ת כְּדָרְלָעֹ֜מֶר מֶ֣לֶךְ עֵילָ֗ם וְתִדְעָל֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ גּוֹיִ֔ם וְאַמְרָפֶל֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ שִׁנְעָ֔ר וְאַרְי֖וֹךְ מֶ֣לֶךְ אֶלָּסָ֑ר אַרְבָּעָ֥ה מְלָכִ֖ים אֶת־הַחֲמִשָּֽׁה׃‬ against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar – four kings against five. against ... against ← with ... with, as in Gen 14:8.
Gen 14:10 ‫וְעֵ֣מֶק הַשִׂדִּ֗ים בֶּֽאֱרֹ֤ת בֶּאֱרֹת֙ חֵמָ֔ר וַיָּנֻ֛סוּ מֶֽלֶךְ־סְדֹ֥ם וַעֲמֹרָ֖ה וַיִּפְּלוּ־שָׁ֑מָּה וְהַנִּשְׁאָרִ֖ים הֶ֥רָה נָּֽסוּ׃‬ Now the Valley of Siddim consisted of bitumen pit after bitumen pit, and the king of Sodom and of Gomorrah fled and fell there, and the rest fled to a mountain. bitumen pit after bitumen pit ← pits pits of bitumen.

a mountain ← the mountain, perhaps standing for a range of mountains.
Gen 14:11 ‫וַ֠יִּקְחוּ אֶת־כָּל־רְכֻ֨שׁ סְדֹ֧ם וַעֲמֹרָ֛ה וְאֶת־כָּל־אָכְלָ֖ם וַיֵּלֵֽכוּ׃‬ And they took all the property of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their food, and went away.
Gen 14:12 ‫וַיִּקְח֨וּ אֶת־ל֧וֹט וְאֶת־רְכֻשׁ֛וֹ בֶּן־אֲחִ֥י אַבְרָ֖ם וַיֵּלֵ֑כוּ וְה֥וּא יֹשֵׁ֖ב בִּסְדֹֽם׃‬ And they took Lot, the son of Abram's brother who dwelt in Sodom, and his property, and went their way.
Gen 14:13 ‫וַיָּבֹא֙ הַפָּלִ֔יט וַיַּגֵּ֖ד לְאַבְרָ֣ם הָעִבְרִ֑י וְהוּא֩ שֹׁכֵ֨ן בְּאֵֽלֹנֵ֜י מַמְרֵ֣א הָאֱמֹרִ֗י אֲחִ֤י אֶשְׁכֹּל֙ וַאֲחִ֣י עָנֵ֔ר וְהֵ֖ם בַּעֲלֵ֥י בְרִית־אַבְרָֽם׃‬ Now an escapee came and told Abram the Hebrew about it, while he was living in the oak woods of Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner, and they were party to a covenant with Abram. an escapee ← the escapee.

Amorite: see Gen 10:16.
Gen 14:14 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע אַבְרָ֔ם כִּ֥י נִשְׁבָּ֖ה אָחִ֑יו וַיָּ֨רֶק אֶת־חֲנִיכָ֜יו יְלִידֵ֣י בֵית֗וֹ שְׁמֹנָ֤ה עָשָׂר֙ וּשְׁלֹ֣שׁ מֵא֔וֹת וַיִּרְדֹּ֖ף עַד־דָּֽן׃‬ And when Abram heard that his brother had been taken captive, he led out his trained men, born in the household – three hundred and eighteen of them – and they pursued them as far as Dan. brother: standing for nephew.
Gen 14:15 ‫וַיֵּחָלֵ֨ק עֲלֵיהֶ֧ם ׀ לַ֛יְלָה ה֥וּא וַעֲבָדָ֖יו וַיַּכֵּ֑ם וַֽיִּרְדְּפֵם֙ עַד־חוֹבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר מִשְּׂמֹ֖אל לְדַמָּֽשֶׂק׃‬ And he divided himself against them at night – he and his servants – and attacked them and pursued them to Hobah which is to the left of Damascus.
Gen 14:16 ‫וַיָּ֕שֶׁב אֵ֖ת כָּל־הָרְכֻ֑שׁ וְגַם֩ אֶת־ל֨וֹט אָחִ֤יו וּרְכֻשׁוֹ֙ הֵשִׁ֔יב וְגַ֥ם אֶת־הַנָּשִׁ֖ים וְאֶת־הָעָֽם׃‬ And he recovered all the property, and he also recovered Lot his brother and his property, and also the women and the people. brother: standing for nephew, as in Gen 14:14.
Gen 14:17 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֣א מֶֽלֶךְ־סְדֹם֮ לִקְרָאתוֹ֒ אַחֲרֵ֣י שׁוּב֗וֹ מֵֽהַכּוֹת֙ אֶת־כְּדָרלָעֹ֔מֶר וְאֶת־הַמְּלָכִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֑וֹ אֶל־עֵ֣מֶק שָׁוֵ֔ה ה֖וּא עֵ֥מֶק הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃‬ Then the king of Sodom came out to confront him, after he had returned from attacking Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, to the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King.
Gen 14:18 ‫וּמַלְכִּי־צֶ֙דֶק֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ שָׁלֵ֔ם הוֹצִ֖יא לֶ֣חֶם וָיָ֑יִן וְה֥וּא כֹהֵ֖ן לְאֵ֥ל עֶלְיֽוֹן׃‬ And Melchizedek the king of Salem brought out bread and wine. Now he is a priest to the Most High God. Ps 110:4, Heb 5:6, Heb 7:1, Heb 7:17, Heb 7:21.

Melchizedek ← Malchi-zedek, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

Salem ← Shalem, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 14:19 ‫וַֽיְבָרְכֵ֖הוּ וַיֹּאמַ֑ר בָּר֤וּךְ אַבְרָם֙ לְאֵ֣ל עֶלְי֔וֹן קֹנֵ֖ה שָׁמַ֥יִם וָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And he blessed him and said,

“Blessed be Abram to the Most High God

Who possesses heaven and earth.

Gen 14:20 ‫וּבָרוּךְ֙ אֵ֣ל עֶלְי֔וֹן אֲשֶׁר־מִגֵּ֥ן צָרֶ֖יךָ בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ וַיִּתֶּן־ל֥וֹ מַעֲשֵׂ֖ר מִכֹּֽל׃‬

And blessed be the Most High God

Who has disarmed your adversaries by your hand.”

And he gave him a tithe of everything.
Gen 14:21 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר מֶֽלֶךְ־סְדֹ֖ם אֶל־אַבְרָ֑ם תֶּן־לִ֣י הַנֶּ֔פֶשׁ וְהָרְכֻ֖שׁ קַֽח־לָֽךְ׃‬ And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people but keep the property.” people ← soul.

keep ← take for yourself.
Gen 14:22 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אַבְרָ֖ם אֶל־מֶ֣לֶךְ סְדֹ֑ם הֲרִימֹ֨תִי יָדִ֤י אֶל־יְהוָה֙ אֵ֣ל עֶלְי֔וֹן קֹנֵ֖ה שָׁמַ֥יִם וָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “As I raise my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth,
Gen 14:23 ‫אִם־מִחוּט֙ וְעַ֣ד שְׂרֽוֹךְ־נַ֔עַל וְאִם־אֶקַּ֖ח מִכָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לָ֑ךְ וְלֹ֣א תֹאמַ֔ר אֲנִ֖י הֶעֱשַׁ֥רְתִּי אֶת־אַבְרָֽם׃‬ I most certainly will not take as much as a thread or a shoe-latchet, or anything that is yours, so that you cannot say, ‘I made Abram rich’, I most certainly will not take ← if I take, an oath formula, in full in 2 Sam 3:35, standing for if I ... may God do this to me.

as much as a thread or a shoe-latchet ← from a thread to a shoe-latchet.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 14:24 ‫בִּלְעָדַ֗י רַ֚ק אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָֽכְל֣וּ הַנְּעָרִ֔ים וְחֵ֙לֶק֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָלְכ֖וּ אִתִּ֑י עָנֵר֙ אֶשְׁכֹּ֣ל וּמַמְרֵ֔א הֵ֖ם יִקְח֥וּ חֶלְקָֽם׃ ס‬ except for what the lads have eaten, and the contingent of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol and Mamre – they may take their portion.”
Gen 15:1 ‫אַחַ֣ר ׀ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֗לֶּה הָיָ֤ה דְבַר־יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם בַּֽמַּחֲזֶ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר אַל־תִּירָ֣א אַבְרָ֗ם אָנֹכִי֙ מָגֵ֣ן לָ֔ךְ שְׂכָרְךָ֖ הַרְבֵּ֥ה מְאֹֽד׃‬ After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision and said, “Do not fear, Abram. I am your shield and very much your reward.” came ← became.
Gen 15:2 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אַבְרָ֗ם אֲדֹנָ֤י יֱהוִה֙ מַה־תִּתֶּן־לִ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י הוֹלֵ֣ךְ עֲרִירִ֑י וּבֶן־מֶ֣שֶׁק בֵּיתִ֔י ה֖וּא דַּמֶּ֥שֶׂק אֱלִיעֶֽזֶר׃‬ Then Abram said, “My Lord, Lord, what will you give me, for I go childless, and the superintendent of my house is Eliezer of Damascus.” superintendent ← son of possession.

Damascus ← Damesek, but we retain the AV / modern name.
Gen 15:3 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אַבְרָ֔ם הֵ֣ן לִ֔י לֹ֥א נָתַ֖תָּה זָ֑רַע וְהִנֵּ֥ה בֶן־בֵּיתִ֖י יוֹרֵ֥שׁ אֹתִֽי׃‬ And Abram said, “Look, you have not given me any seed, and look, a member of my household staff will inherit from me.” member ← son.
Gen 15:4 ‫וְהִנֵּ֨ה דְבַר־יְהוָ֤ה אֵלָיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֹ֥א יִֽירָשְׁךָ֖ זֶ֑ה כִּי־אִם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֵצֵ֣א מִמֵּעֶ֔יךָ ה֖וּא יִֽירָשֶֽׁךָ׃‬ Then what happened was that the word of the Lord came to him and said, “This man will not inherit from you, but it is rather he who will come out of your inward parts who will inherit from you.” what happened was that ← behold.
Gen 15:5 ‫וַיּוֹצֵ֨א אֹת֜וֹ הַח֗וּצָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַבֶּט־נָ֣א הַשָּׁמַ֗יְמָה וּסְפֹר֙ הַכּ֣וֹכָבִ֔ים אִם־תּוּכַ֖ל לִסְפֹּ֣ר אֹתָ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ כֹּ֥ה יִהְיֶ֖ה זַרְעֶֽךָ׃‬ And he brought him outside and said, “Just look up to the sky and count the stars, if you can count them.” And he said to him, “So shall your seed be.” Rom 4:18, Heb 11:12.

This verse shows that the seed has a plural meaning “in the flesh”, as well as being the seed “as speaking of one” leading to Christ (Gal 3:16).
Gen 15:6 ‫וְהֶאֱמִ֖ן בַּֽיהוָ֑ה וַיַּחְשְׁבֶ֥הָ לּ֖וֹ צְדָקָֽה׃‬ And he believed the Lord, and he imputed it to him as righteousness. Rom 4:3, Rom 4:22, Gal 3:6, James 2:23.
Gen 15:7 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֵלָ֑יו אֲנִ֣י יְהוָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר הוֹצֵאתִ֙יךָ֙ מֵא֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֔ים לָ֧תֶת לְךָ֛ אֶת־הָאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּ֖את לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ׃‬ And he said to him, “I am the Lord who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give you this land, for you to inherit it.”
Gen 15:8 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהוִ֔ה בַּמָּ֥ה אֵדַ֖ע כִּ֥י אִֽירָשֶֽׁנָּה׃‬ At this he said, “My Lord, Lord, by what token will I know that I will inherit it?” at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 15:9 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֗יו קְחָ֥ה לִי֙ עֶגְלָ֣ה מְשֻׁלֶּ֔שֶׁת וְעֵ֥ז מְשֻׁלֶּ֖שֶׁת וְאַ֣יִל מְשֻׁלָּ֑שׁ וְתֹ֖ר וְגוֹזָֽל׃‬ And he said to him, “Take for me a three-year-old cow-calf and a three-year-old goat-kid, and a three-year-old ram, and a turtle-dove and a young pigeon.”
Gen 15:10 ‫וַיִּֽקַּֽח־ל֣וֹ אֶת־כָּל־אֵ֗לֶּה וַיְבַתֵּ֤ר אֹתָם֙ בַּתָּ֔וֶךְ וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אִישׁ־בִּתְר֖וֹ לִקְרַ֣את רֵעֵ֑הוּ וְאֶת־הַצִפֹּ֖ר לֹ֥א בָתָֽר׃‬ So he took all these together and cut them in pieces down the middle, and put each piece opposite its counterpart, but he did not cut the birds up.
Gen 15:11 ‫וַיֵּ֥רֶד הָעַ֖יִט עַל־הַפְּגָרִ֑ים וַיַּשֵּׁ֥ב אֹתָ֖ם אַבְרָֽם׃‬ Then the birds of prey descended on the carcases, but Abram drove them away.
Gen 15:12 ‫וַיְהִ֤י הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ לָב֔וֹא וְתַרְדֵּמָ֖ה נָפְלָ֣ה עַל־אַבְרָ֑ם וְהִנֵּ֥ה אֵימָ֛ה חֲשֵׁכָ֥ה גְדֹלָ֖ה נֹפֶ֥לֶת עָלָֽיו׃‬ Now the sun was on the point of setting, and a slumber fell on Abram, and what happened was that dread – a great darkness – fell on him. what happened was that ← behold.
Gen 15:13 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְאַבְרָ֗ם יָדֹ֨עַ תֵּדַ֜ע כִּי־גֵ֣ר ׀ יִהְיֶ֣ה זַרְעֲךָ֗ בְּאֶ֙רֶץ֙ לֹ֣א לָהֶ֔ם וַעֲבָד֖וּם וְעִנּ֣וּ אֹתָ֑ם אַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָֽה׃‬ And he said to Abram, “Know with certainty that your seed will be outsiders in a land which is not theirs, and they will serve them; and they will afflict them for four hundred years. Acts 7:6.

know with certainty: infinitive absolute.

outsiders ← (temporary) residents. Singular, but collective usage, with plural verbs following.
Gen 15:14 ‫וְגַ֧ם אֶת־הַגּ֛וֹי אֲשֶׁ֥ר יַעֲבֹ֖דוּ דָּ֣ן אָנֹ֑כִי וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵ֥ן יֵצְא֖וּ בִּרְכֻ֥שׁ גָּדֽוֹל׃‬ But also that I will judge the people whom they serve, and after that they will go out with considerable property. Acts 7:7.
Gen 15:15 ‫וְאַתָּ֛ה תָּב֥וֹא אֶל־אֲבֹתֶ֖יךָ בְּשָׁל֑וֹם תִּקָּבֵ֖ר בְּשֵׂיבָ֥ה טוֹבָֽה׃‬ And you will go to your fathers in peace – you will be buried in a good old age. fathers: i.e. forefathers.

old age ← grey hair.
Gen 15:16 ‫וְד֥וֹר רְבִיעִ֖י יָשׁ֣וּבוּ הֵ֑נָּה כִּ֧י לֹא־שָׁלֵ֛ם עֲוֺ֥ן הָאֱמֹרִ֖י עַד־הֵֽנָּה׃‬ And the fourth generation will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not full so far.” Amorite: see Gen 10:16.
Gen 15:17 ‫וַיְהִ֤י הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ בָּ֔אָה וַעֲלָטָ֖ה הָיָ֑ה וְהִנֵּ֨ה תַנּ֤וּר עָשָׁן֙ וְלַפִּ֣יד אֵ֔שׁ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָבַ֔ר בֵּ֖ין הַגְּזָרִ֥ים הָאֵֽלֶּה׃‬ Then as the sun set, a thick darkness came on, and then there appeared a furnace of smoke and a fiery flame which passed between these pieces. then there appeared ← behold.

a fiery flame ← a flame of fire, a Hebraic genitive.
Gen 15:18 ‫בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא כָּרַ֧ת יְהוָ֛ה אֶת־אַבְרָ֖ם בְּרִ֣ית לֵאמֹ֑ר לְזַרְעֲךָ֗ נָתַ֙תִּי֙ אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֔את מִנְּהַ֣ר מִצְרַ֔יִם עַד־הַנָּהָ֥ר הַגָּדֹ֖ל נְהַר־פְּרָֽת׃‬ On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your seed I have given this land, from the River of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates,
Gen 15:19 ‫אֶת־הַקֵּינִי֙ וְאֶת־הַקְּנִזִּ֔י וְאֵ֖ת הַקַּדְמֹנִֽי׃‬ and the Kenites and the Kenizzites and the Kadmonites
Gen 15:20 ‫וְאֶת־הַחִתִּ֥י וְאֶת־הַפְּרִזִּ֖י וְאֶת־הָרְפָאִֽים׃‬ and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Rephaim Rephaim: see [CB, App. 25].
Gen 15:21 ‫וְאֶת־הָֽאֱמֹרִי֙ וְאֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֔י וְאֶת־הַגִּרְגָּשִׁ֖י וְאֶת־הַיְבוּסִֽי׃ ס‬ and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Girgashites and the Jebusites.” Amorites: see Gen 10:16.
Gen 16:1 ‫וְשָׂרַי֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת אַבְרָ֔ם לֹ֥א יָלְדָ֖ה ל֑וֹ וְלָ֛הּ שִׁפְחָ֥ה מִצְרִ֖ית וּשְׁמָ֥הּ הָגָֽר׃‬ Now Sarai, Abram's wife, had not given birth of anyone to him, and she had an Egyptian maidservant whose name was Hagar.
Gen 16:2 ‫וַתֹּ֨אמֶר שָׂרַ֜י אֶל־אַבְרָ֗ם הִנֵּה־נָ֞א עֲצָרַ֤נִי יְהוָה֙ מִלֶּ֔דֶת בֹּא־נָא֙ אֶל־שִׁפְחָתִ֔י אוּלַ֥י אִבָּנֶ֖ה מִמֶּ֑נָּה וַיִּשְׁמַ֥ע אַבְרָ֖ם לְק֥וֹל שָׂרָֽי׃‬ And Sarai said to Abram, “Look now, the Lord has prevented me from giving birth. So go into my maidservant. Perhaps I will be built up from her.” And Abram heeded Sarai. be built up: i.e. have a family.

heeded ← heard to the voice of.
Gen 16:3 ‫וַתִּקַּ֞ח שָׂרַ֣י אֵֽשֶׁת־אַבְרָ֗ם אֶת־הָגָ֤ר הַמִּצְרִית֙ שִׁפְחָתָ֔הּ מִקֵּץ֙ עֶ֣שֶׂר שָׁנִ֔ים לְשֶׁ֥בֶת אַבְרָ֖ם בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וַתִּתֵּ֥ן אֹתָ֛הּ לְאַבְרָ֥ם אִישָׁ֖הּ ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ So Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maidservant, after the passing of ten years of Abram dwelling in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband to be his wife. passing ← end.
Gen 16:4 ‫וַיָּבֹ֥א אֶל־הָגָ֖ר וַתַּ֑הַר וַתֵּ֙רֶא֙ כִּ֣י הָרָ֔תָה וַתֵּקַ֥ל גְּבִרְתָּ֖הּ בְּעֵינֶֽיהָ׃‬ And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And she saw that she had conceived, and her mistress was made light of in her eyes.
Gen 16:5 ‫וַתֹּ֨אמֶר שָׂרַ֣י אֶל־אַבְרָם֮ חֲמָסִ֣י עָלֶיךָ֒ אָנֹכִ֗י נָתַ֤תִּי שִׁפְחָתִי֙ בְּחֵיקֶ֔ךָ וַתֵּ֙רֶא֙ כִּ֣י הָרָ֔תָה וָאֵקַ֖ל בְּעֵינֶ֑יהָ יִשְׁפֹּ֥ט יְהוָ֖ה בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֶֽיׄךָ׃‬ Then Sarai said to Abram, “My injuriousness be upon you. I gave my maidservant into your bosom, and she saw that she had conceived, and I am made light of in her eyes. May the Lord judge between me and you.” you: with a supralinear dot. See [CB, appendix 31]. [CB] says this should read her.
Gen 16:6 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַבְרָ֜ם אֶל־שָׂרַ֗י הִנֵּ֤ה שִׁפְחָתֵךְ֙ בְּיָדֵ֔ךְ עֲשִׂי־לָ֖הּ הַטּ֣וֹב בְּעֵינָ֑יִךְ וַתְּעַנֶּ֣הָ שָׂרַ֔י וַתִּבְרַ֖ח מִפָּנֶֽיהָ׃‬ To this Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your maidservant is in your hand. Do to her what is right in your sight.” Then Sarai oppressed her and she fled from her presence. to this: wider use of the vav.

sight ← eyes.
Gen 16:7 ‫וַֽיִּמְצָאָ֞הּ מַלְאַ֧ךְ יְהוָ֛ה עַל־עֵ֥ין הַמַּ֖יִם בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר עַל־הָעַ֖יִן בְּדֶ֥רֶךְ שֽׁוּר׃‬ But the angel of the Lord found her at a source of water in the desert, at the source on the road to Shur.
Gen 16:8 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֗ר הָגָ֞ר שִׁפְחַ֥ת שָׂרַ֛י אֵֽי־מִזֶּ֥ה בָ֖את וְאָ֣נָה תֵלֵ֑כִי וַתֹּ֕אמֶר מִפְּנֵי֙ שָׂרַ֣י גְּבִרְתִּ֔י אָנֹכִ֖י בֹּרַֽחַת׃‬ And he said, “Hagar, Sarai's maidservant, where have you come from and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from Sarai my mistress.” from ← from the face of.
Gen 16:9 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהּ֙ מַלְאַ֣ךְ יְהוָ֔ה שׁ֖וּבִי אֶל־גְּבִרְתֵּ֑ךְ וְהִתְעַנִּ֖י תַּ֥חַת יָדֶֽיהָ׃‬ Then the angel of the Lord said to her, “Go back to your mistress and submit yourself under her hands.”
Gen 16:10 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהּ֙ מַלְאַ֣ךְ יְהוָ֔ה הַרְבָּ֥ה אַרְבֶּ֖ה אֶת־זַרְעֵ֑ךְ וְלֹ֥א יִסָּפֵ֖ר מֵרֹֽב׃‬ Then the angel of the Lord said to her, “I will very much increase your seed, and they will not be able to be counted for their abundance.” I will very much increase: infinitive absolute.

they ← it.
Gen 16:11 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהּ֙ מַלְאַ֣ךְ יְהוָ֔ה הִנָּ֥ךְ הָרָ֖ה וְיֹלַ֣דְתְּ בֵּ֑ן וְקָרָ֤את שְׁמוֹ֙ יִשְׁמָעֵ֔אל כִּֽי־שָׁמַ֥ע יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־עָנְיֵֽךְ׃‬ Then the angel of the Lord said to her,

You see that you are pregnant,

And you will give birth to a son,

And you will call him Ishmael,

Because the Lord has heard your affliction.

you see that ← behold you.

Ishmael ← God hears.
Gen 16:12 ‫וְה֤וּא יִהְיֶה֙ פֶּ֣רֶא אָדָ֔ם יָד֣וֹ בַכֹּ֔ל וְיַ֥ד כֹּ֖ל בּ֑וֹ וְעַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־אֶחָ֖יו יִשְׁכֹּֽן׃‬

And he will be a wild ass of a man;

His hand will be against everyone

And everyone's hand will be against him,

And he will dwell alongside all his brothers.”

Gen 16:13 ‫וַתִּקְרָ֤א שֵׁם־יְהוָה֙ הַדֹּבֵ֣ר אֵלֶ֔יהָ אַתָּ֖ה אֵ֣ל רֳאִ֑י כִּ֣י אָֽמְרָ֗ה הֲגַ֥ם הֲלֹ֛ם רָאִ֖יתִי אַחֲרֵ֥י רֹאִֽי׃‬ And she called the Lord who had been speaking to her, “You are the God of a vision.” For she said, “Can I still see, right here, after my vision?”
Gen 16:14 ‫עַל־כֵּן֙ קָרָ֣א לַבְּאֵ֔ר בְּאֵ֥ר לַחַ֖י רֹאִ֑י הִנֵּ֥ה בֵין־קָדֵ֖שׁ וּבֵ֥ין בָּֽרֶד׃‬ That is why they call the well Beer-lahai-roi. It is located between Kadesh and Bered. Beer-lahai-roi ← (the) well of living (after) seeing.

it is located ← behold.
Gen 16:15 ‫וַתֵּ֧לֶד הָגָ֛ר לְאַבְרָ֖ם בֵּ֑ן וַיִּקְרָ֨א אַבְרָ֧ם שֶׁם־בְּנ֛וֹ אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָ֥ה הָגָ֖ר יִשְׁמָעֵֽאל׃‬ And Hagar gave birth to a son to Abram, and Abram called his son whom Hagar had borne Ishmael. || 1 Chr 1:28.
Gen 16:16 ‫וְאַבְרָ֕ם בֶּן־שְׁמֹנִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֵׁ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֑ים בְּלֶֽדֶת־הָגָ֥ר אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל לְאַבְרָֽם׃ ס‬ Now Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael to Abram.
Gen 17:1 ‫וַיְהִ֣י אַבְרָ֔ם בֶּן־תִּשְׁעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְתֵ֣שַׁע שָׁנִ֑ים וַיֵּרָ֨א יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־אַבְרָ֗ם וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ אֲנִי־אֵ֣ל שַׁדַּ֔י הִתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ לְפָנַ֖י וֶהְיֵ֥ה תָמִֽים׃‬ And when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before me and be with integrity, integrity ← integral, whole, without defect.
Gen 17:2 ‫וְאֶתְּנָ֥ה בְרִיתִ֖י בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ וְאַרְבֶּ֥ה אוֹתְךָ֖ בִּמְאֹ֥ד מְאֹֽד׃‬ and I will perform my covenant between myself and you, and I will increase you very greatly.” perform ← give; put; do; make (as in Gen 17:5).
Gen 17:3 ‫וַיִּפֹּ֥ל אַבְרָ֖ם עַל־פָּנָ֑יו וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתּ֛וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Then Abram fell face down, and God spoke with him and said, face down ← on his face.
Gen 17:4 ‫אֲנִ֕י הִנֵּ֥ה בְרִיתִ֖י אִתָּ֑ךְ וְהָיִ֕יתָ לְאַ֖ב הֲמ֥וֹן גּוֹיִֽם׃‬ As for me, behold, my covenant is with you, and you will become the father of a multitude of nations.
Gen 17:5 ‫וְלֹא־יִקָּרֵ֥א ע֛וֹד אֶת־שִׁמְךָ֖ אַבְרָ֑ם וְהָיָ֤ה שִׁמְךָ֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם כִּ֛י אַב־הֲמ֥וֹן גּוֹיִ֖ם נְתַתִּֽיךָ׃‬ And you will no longer be called Abram, but your name will be Abraham, for I will make you the father of a multitude of nations. Rom 4:17.

you ← your name.

Abraham ← father of a multitude, or, supplying a repetition of the beth to give Abrabham, the meaning becomes father of a great multitude.
Gen 17:6 ‫וְהִפְרֵתִ֤י אֹֽתְךָ֙ בִּמְאֹ֣ד מְאֹ֔ד וּנְתַתִּ֖יךָ לְגוֹיִ֑ם וּמְלָכִ֖ים מִמְּךָ֥ יֵצֵֽאוּ׃‬ And I will make you extremely fruitful and I will constitute you as nations, and kings will come out of you. extremely ← to very very.
Gen 17:7 ‫וַהֲקִמֹתִ֨י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֜י בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֗ךָ וּבֵ֨ין זַרְעֲךָ֧ אַחֲרֶ֛יךָ לְדֹרֹתָ֖ם לִבְרִ֣ית עוֹלָ֑ם לִהְי֤וֹת לְךָ֙ לֵֽאלֹהִ֔ים וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֖ אַחֲרֶֽיךָ׃‬ And I will set up my covenant between myself and you and your seed after you for their generations, as an age-abiding covenant, so as to be God to you, and to your seed after you.
Gen 17:8 ‫וְנָתַתִּ֣י לְ֠ךָ וּלְזַרְעֲךָ֨ אַחֲרֶ֜יךָ אֵ֣ת ׀ אֶ֣רֶץ מְגֻרֶ֗יךָ אֵ֚ת כָּל־אֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן לַאֲחֻזַּ֖ת עוֹלָ֑ם וְהָיִ֥יתִי לָהֶ֖ם לֵאלֹהִֽים׃‬ And I will give you and your seed after you the land in which you are resident – the whole of the land of Canaan – as an age-abiding possession, and I will be God to them.” in which you are resident ← of your residence.
Gen 17:9 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם וְאַתָּ֖ה אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֣י תִשְׁמֹ֑ר אַתָּ֛ה וְזַרְעֲךָ֥ אַֽחֲרֶ֖יךָ לְדֹרֹתָֽם׃‬ Then God said to Abraham, “And you shall keep my covenant, you and your seed after you, for their generations.
Gen 17:10 ‫זֹ֣את בְּרִיתִ֞י אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּשְׁמְר֗וּ בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם וּבֵ֥ין זַרְעֲךָ֖ אַחֲרֶ֑יךָ הִמּ֥וֹל לָכֶ֖ם כָּל־זָכָֽר׃‬ This is my covenant which you shall keep between myself and you, and with your seed after you: for all males among you to be circumcised. among you ← of yours, or, for you.
Gen 17:11 ‫וּנְמַלְתֶּ֕ם אֵ֖ת בְּשַׂ֣ר עָרְלַתְכֶ֑ם וְהָיָה֙ לְא֣וֹת בְּרִ֔ית בֵּינִ֖י וּבֵינֵיכֶֽם׃‬ And you will be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and it will be a sign of a covenant between me and you.
Gen 17:12 ‫וּבֶן־שְׁמֹנַ֣ת יָמִ֗ים יִמּ֥וֹל לָכֶ֛ם כָּל־זָכָ֖ר לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶ֑ם יְלִ֣יד בָּ֔יִת וּמִקְנַת־כֶּ֙סֶף֙ מִכֹּ֣ל בֶּן־נֵכָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹ֥א מִֽזַּרְעֲךָ֖ הֽוּא׃‬ And at eight days old, every male among you will be circumcised in your generations, whether born in the household or bought for money, including any foreigner who is not of your seed. among you ← of yours or, for you.

or: disjunctive use of the vav.

including ← from, i.e. giving part of the range of people included. Compare Ex 11:5.

any ← every.
Gen 17:13 ‫הִמּ֧וֹל ׀ יִמּ֛וֹל יְלִ֥יד בֵּֽיתְךָ֖ וּמִקְנַ֣ת כַּסְפֶּ֑ךָ וְהָיְתָ֧ה בְרִיתִ֛י בִּבְשַׂרְכֶ֖ם לִבְרִ֥ית עוֹלָֽם׃‬ He who is born in your household and he who is bought for your money absolutely must be circumcised, and my covenant will be in your flesh as an age-abiding covenant. absolutely must be circumcised: infinitive absolute.
Gen 17:14 ‫וְעָרֵ֣ל ׀ זָכָ֗ר אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹֽא־יִמּוֹל֙ אֶת־בְּשַׂ֣ר עָרְלָת֔וֹ וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מֵעַמֶּ֑יהָ אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י הֵפַֽר׃ ס‬ And as for any uncircumcised male, whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised – that person will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.” person ... his ← soul (fem) ... her (=its).
Gen 17:15 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם שָׂרַ֣י אִשְׁתְּךָ֔ לֹא־תִקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמָ֖הּ שָׂרָ֑י כִּ֥י שָׂרָ֖ה שְׁמָֽהּ׃‬ Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you will not call her Sarai, but her name will be Sarah.
Gen 17:16 ‫וּבֵרַכְתִּ֣י אֹתָ֔הּ וְגַ֨ם נָתַ֧תִּי מִמֶּ֛נָּה לְךָ֖ בֵּ֑ן וּבֵֽרַכְתִּ֙יהָ֙ וְהָֽיְתָ֣ה לְגוֹיִ֔ם מַלְכֵ֥י עַמִּ֖ים מִמֶּ֥נָּה יִהְיֽוּ׃‬ And I will bless her, and I will also give you a son by her, and I will bless her, and she will give rise to nations; kings of peoples will spring up from her.” will give rise to nations ← will become for.

will spring up ← will become.
Gen 17:17 ‫וַיִּפֹּ֧ל אַבְרָהָ֛ם עַל־פָּנָ֖יו וַיִּצְחָ֑ק וַיֹּ֣אמֶר בְּלִבּ֗וֹ הַלְּבֶ֤ן מֵאָֽה־שָׁנָה֙ יִוָּלֵ֔ד וְאִ֨ם־שָׂרָ֔ה הֲבַת־תִּשְׁעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה תֵּלֵֽד׃‬ Then Abraham fell face down and laughed, and said in his heart, “Will a child be born to a one-hundred-year-old, and will Sarah who is ninety years old give birth?” face down ← on his face.
Gen 17:18 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶל־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים ל֥וּ יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל יִחְיֶ֥ה לְפָנֶֽיךָ׃‬ And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael would live before you!”
Gen 17:19 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים אֲבָל֙ שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתְּךָ֗ יֹלֶ֤דֶת לְךָ֙ בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥אתָ אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ יִצְחָ֑ק וַהֲקִמֹתִ֨י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֥י אִתּ֛וֹ לִבְרִ֥ית עוֹלָ֖ם לְזַרְע֥וֹ אַחֲרָֽיו׃‬ And God said, “Nevertheless, Sarah your wife will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac, and I will set up my covenant with him, as an age-abiding covenant to his seed after him. || 1 Chr 1:28.

Isaac ← Yizhak, (he laughs, or, he will laugh), but we retain the AV name.
Gen 17:20 ‫וּֽלְיִשְׁמָעֵ֘אל שְׁמַעְתִּיךָ֒ הִנֵּ֣ה ׀ בֵּרַ֣כְתִּי אֹת֗וֹ וְהִפְרֵיתִ֥י אֹת֛וֹ וְהִרְבֵּיתִ֥י אֹת֖וֹ בִּמְאֹ֣ד מְאֹ֑ד שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֤ר נְשִׂיאִם֙ יוֹלִ֔יד וּנְתַתִּ֖יו לְג֥וֹי גָּדֽוֹל׃‬ But as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and I will make him fruitful, and make him numerous to a very great degree. He will beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.
Gen 17:21 ‫וְאֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י אָקִ֣ים אֶת־יִצְחָ֑ק אֲשֶׁר֩ תֵּלֵ֨ד לְךָ֤ שָׂרָה֙ לַמּוֹעֵ֣ד הַזֶּ֔ה בַּשָּׁנָ֖ה הָאַחֶֽרֶת׃‬ But I will set up my covenant with Isaac whom Sarah will bear to you, at this time of year in another year.”
Gen 17:22 ‫וַיְכַ֖ל לְדַבֵּ֣ר אִתּ֑וֹ וַיַּ֣עַל אֱלֹהִ֔ים מֵעַ֖ל אַבְרָהָֽם׃‬ Then he finished speaking with him, and God went up away from Abraham.
Gen 17:23 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בְּנ֗וֹ וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־יְלִידֵ֤י בֵיתוֹ֙ וְאֵת֙ כָּל־מִקְנַ֣ת כַּסְפּ֔וֹ כָּל־זָכָ֕ר בְּאַנְשֵׁ֖י בֵּ֣ית אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיָּ֜מָל אֶת־בְּשַׂ֣ר עָרְלָתָ֗ם בְּעֶ֙צֶם֙ הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ So Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all those born in his household, and all those bought for his money – every male among the men of Abraham's household – and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin on that very day, as God had told him.
Gen 17:24 ‫וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם בֶּן־תִּשְׁעִ֥ים וָתֵ֖שַׁע שָׁנָ֑ה בְּהִמֹּל֖וֹ בְּשַׂ֥ר עָרְלָתֽוֹ׃‬ And Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
Gen 17:25 ‫וְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בְּנ֔וֹ בֶּן־שְׁלֹ֥שׁ עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה שָׁנָ֑ה בְּהִ֨מֹּל֔וֹ אֵ֖ת בְּשַׂ֥ר עָרְלָתֽוֹ׃‬ And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
Gen 17:26 ‫בְּעֶ֙צֶם֙ הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה נִמּ֖וֹל אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְיִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל בְּנֽוֹ׃‬ On that very day Abraham and Ishmael his son were circumcised,
Gen 17:27 ‫וְכָל־אַנְשֵׁ֤י בֵיתוֹ֙ יְלִ֣יד בָּ֔יִת וּמִקְנַת־כֶּ֖סֶף מֵאֵ֣ת בֶּן־נֵכָ֑ר נִמֹּ֖לוּ אִתּֽוֹ׃ פ‬ as were all the men of his household – born in the household or bought for money from a foreigner – they were circumcised with him.
Gen 18:1 ‫וַיֵּרָ֤א אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֔ה בְּאֵלֹנֵ֖י מַמְרֵ֑א וְה֛וּא יֹשֵׁ֥ב פֶּֽתַח־הָאֹ֖הֶל כְּחֹ֥ם הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ Then the Lord appeared to him in the oak woods of Mamre, while he was sitting at the entrance of his tent in the heat of the day.
Gen 18:2 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֤א עֵינָיו֙ וַיַּ֔רְא וְהִנֵּה֙ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה אֲנָשִׁ֔ים נִצָּבִ֖ים עָלָ֑יו וַיַּ֗רְא וַיָּ֤רָץ לִקְרָאתָם֙ מִפֶּ֣תַח הָאֹ֔הֶל וַיִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ אָֽרְצָה׃‬ And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was three men standing in his vicinity, and when he saw them, he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed down to the ground. what he saw wasbehold.

in his vicinity ← upon him.
Gen 18:3 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ אַל־נָ֥א תַעֲבֹ֖ר מֵעַ֥ל עַבְדֶּֽךָ׃‬ And he said, “Lord*, please, if I have found grace in your eyes, please do not pass by, away from your servant. Lord*my lords, but this is a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai [CB, Appendix 32, quoting Ginsburg's Massorah, §§107-15]. Abraham addresses ↴
Gen 18:4 ‫יֻקַּֽח־נָ֣א מְעַט־מַ֔יִם וְרַחֲצ֖וּ רַגְלֵיכֶ֑ם וְהִֽשָּׁעֲנ֖וּ תַּ֥חַת הָעֵֽץ׃‬ Do let a little water be fetched and wash your feet and rest under the tree, ↳ one person (seen from the verbal form and from the noun inflexion). But in subsequent verses Abraham addresses the three men.
Gen 18:5 ‫וְאֶקְחָ֨ה פַת־לֶ֜חֶם וְסַעֲד֤וּ לִבְּכֶם֙ אַחַ֣ר תַּעֲבֹ֔רוּ כִּֽי־עַל־כֵּ֥ן עֲבַרְתֶּ֖ם עַֽל־עַבְדְּכֶ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ כֵּ֥ן תַּעֲשֶׂ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּֽרְתָּ׃‬ and let me fetch a bit of food and refresh your hearts, and afterwards you can pass on, for that is why you came across to your servant.” Then they said, “Do so, as you have said.” food ← bread.
Gen 18:6 ‫וַיְמַהֵ֧ר אַבְרָהָ֛ם הָאֹ֖הֱלָה אֶל־שָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מַהֲרִ֞י שְׁלֹ֤שׁ סְאִים֙ קֶ֣מַח סֹ֔לֶת ל֖וּשִׁי וַעֲשִׂ֥י עֻגֽוֹת׃‬ So Abraham hurried to his tent, to Sarah, and said, “Quickly prepare three seahs of fine flour, knead it, and make bread-cake.” seah: about 2 imperial gallons or 9 litres. So Abraham prepared a large amount of food.
Gen 18:7 ‫וְאֶל־הַבָּקָ֖ר רָ֣ץ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיִּקַּ֨ח בֶּן־בָּקָ֜ר רַ֤ךְ וָטוֹב֙ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הַנַּ֔עַר וַיְמַהֵ֖ר לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Meanwhile Abraham ran to the cattle and took a calf that was tender and good and gave it to the servant-lad, and he quickly cooked it. cooked ← made.
Gen 18:8 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח חֶמְאָ֜ה וְחָלָ֗ב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵ֧ד עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם תַּ֥חַת הָעֵ֖ץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃‬ Then he took butter and milk and the calf which he had cooked, and set it before them, and he stood by them under the tree, while they ate. butter: or, buttermilk.
Gen 18:9 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵׄלָׄ֔יׄוׄ אַיֵּ֖ה שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּ֥ה בָאֹֽהֶל׃‬ And they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “Here she is, in the tent.” to him: with supralinear dots. See [CB, appendix 31].

here ← behold.
Gen 18:10 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר שׁ֣וֹב אָשׁ֤וּב אֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ כָּעֵ֣ת חַיָּ֔ה וְהִנֵּה־בֵ֖ן לְשָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וְשָׂרָ֥ה שֹׁמַ֛עַת פֶּ֥תַח הָאֹ֖הֶל וְה֥וּא אַחֲרָֽיו׃‬ Then he said, “I will certainly return to you at this time next year, and you will see that Sarah your wife will have a son.” Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him. at this time next year ← at this season as the living time (i.e. when reliving the same time of year). Compare 2 Ki 4:16.

you will see that ← behold.
Gen 18:11 ‫וְאַבְרָהָ֤ם וְשָׂרָה֙ זְקֵנִ֔ים בָּאִ֖ים בַּיָּמִ֑ים חָדַל֙ לִהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים׃‬ And Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in days, and it had ceased to be with Sarah the way it is with women.
Gen 18:12 ‫וַתִּצְחַ֥ק שָׂרָ֖ה בְּקִרְבָּ֣הּ לֵאמֹ֑ר אַחֲרֵ֤י בְלֹתִי֙ הָֽיְתָה־לִּ֣י עֶדְנָ֔ה וַֽאדֹנִ֖י זָקֵֽן׃‬ And Sarah laughed inwardly and said, “Will I have the pleasure, having grown old, my lord being old too?”
Gen 18:13 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם לָ֣מָּה זֶּה֩ צָחֲקָ֨ה שָׂרָ֜ה לֵאמֹ֗ר הַאַ֥ף אֻמְנָ֛ם אֵלֵ֖ד וַאֲנִ֥י זָקַֽנְתִּי׃‬ And the Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Will I really give birth, when I am so old?’
Gen 18:14 ‫הֲיִפָּלֵ֥א מֵיְהוָ֖ה דָּבָ֑ר לַמּוֹעֵ֞ד אָשׁ֥וּב אֵלֶ֛יךָ כָּעֵ֥ת חַיָּ֖ה וּלְשָׂרָ֥ה בֵֽן׃‬ Is anything too stupendous for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, in the season of life, and Sarah will have a son.” Rom 9:9.
Gen 18:15 ‫וַתְּכַחֵ֨שׁ שָׂרָ֧ה ׀ לֵאמֹ֛ר לֹ֥א צָחַ֖קְתִּי כִּ֣י ׀ יָרֵ֑אָה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ׀ לֹ֖א כִּ֥י צָחָֽקְתְּ׃‬ Then Sarah spoke falsely and said, “I did not laugh”, for she was afraid. But he said, “No, you did laugh.” spoke falsely: or, denied (it).
Gen 18:16 ‫וַיָּקֻ֤מוּ מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם׃‬ Then the men got up from there and peered down at the landscape of Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them on their way. to escort them on their wayto send them (away).
Gen 18:17 ‫וַֽיהֹוָ֖ה אָמָ֑ר הַֽמְכַסֶּ֤ה אֲנִי֙ מֵֽאַבְרָהָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֲנִ֥י עֹשֶֽׂה׃‬ Then the Lord said, “Do I conceal from Abraham what I do,
Gen 18:18 ‫וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הָי֧וֹ יִֽהְיֶ֛ה לְג֥וֹי גָּד֖וֹל וְעָצ֑וּם וְנִ֨בְרְכוּ ב֔וֹ כֹּ֖ל גּוֹיֵ֥י הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ considering Abraham will definitely be a great and powerful nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through him? considering ← and. A conjunction of reason, in a wider use of the vav.

will definitely be: infinitive absolute.
Gen 18:19 ‫כִּ֣י יְדַעְתִּ֗יו לְמַעַן֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְצַוֶּ֜ה אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהוָ֔ה לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט לְמַ֗עַן הָבִ֤יא יְהוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו׃‬ For I know him, in that he will command his sons and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord, to exercise justice and judgment, in order that the Lord may bring over Abraham what he has told him.”
Gen 18:20 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה זַעֲקַ֛ת סְדֹ֥ם וַעֲמֹרָ֖ה כִּי־רָ֑בָּה וְחַ֨טָּאתָ֔ם כִּ֥י כָבְדָ֖ה מְאֹֽד׃‬ And the Lord said, “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very serious,
Gen 18:21 ‫אֵֽרֲדָה־נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה הַכְּצַעֲקָתָ֛הּ הַבָּ֥אָה אֵלַ֖י עָשׂ֣וּ ׀ כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם־לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה׃‬ I will just go down and see whether what they have done is completely in accordance with their cry which has come to me, and if it is not so, I will know.” what they have done isthey have acted.

their ← its.
Gen 18:22 ‫וַיִּפְנ֤וּ מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃‬ Then the men wended their way from there and went to Sodom, while {P: the Lord was still standing in the presence of Abraham} [M: Abraham was still standing in the presence of the Lord]. An amendment by the Sopherim. We reverse the change. See [CB, App. 33]. P= ויהוה עודנו עמד לפני אברהם.
Gen 18:23 ‫וַיִּגַּ֥שׁ אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַאַ֣ף תִּסְפֶּ֔ה צַדִּ֖יק עִם־רָשָֽׁע׃‬ Then Abraham approached and said, “Will you really destroy the righteous with the wicked?
Gen 18:24 ‫אוּלַ֥י יֵ֛שׁ חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים צַדִּיקִ֖ם בְּת֣וֹךְ הָעִ֑יר הַאַ֤ף תִּסְפֶּה֙ וְלֹא־תִשָּׂ֣א לַמָּק֔וֹם לְמַ֛עַן חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים הַצַּדִּיקִ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּקִרְבָּֽהּ׃‬ Suppose there are fifty righteous inside the city. Would you really destroy it and not bear with the place for the sake of fifty righteous inside it?
Gen 18:25 ‫חָלִ֨לָה לְּךָ֜ מֵעֲשֹׂ֣ת ׀ כַּדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֗ה לְהָמִ֤ית צַדִּיק֙ עִם־רָשָׁ֔ע וְהָיָ֥ה כַצַּדִּ֖יק כָּרָשָׁ֑ע חָלִ֣לָה לָּ֔ךְ הֲשֹׁפֵט֙ כָּל־הָאָ֔רֶץ לֹ֥א יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה מִשְׁפָּֽט׃‬ Far be it from you to do such a thing, to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that it would be the same for the righteous and the wicked – far be it from you. Would the judge of the whole earth not execute justice?” so that: consecutive (result) use of the vav.
Gen 18:26 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה אִם־אֶמְצָ֥א בִסְדֹ֛ם חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים צַדִּיקִ֖ם בְּת֣וֹךְ הָעִ֑יר וְנָשָׂ֥אתִי לְכָל־הַמָּק֖וֹם בַּעֲבוּרָֽם׃‬ Then the Lord said, “If I find fifty righteous in Sodom, inside the city, then I will bear with the whole place for their sakes.”
Gen 18:27 ‫וַיַּ֥עַן אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֙לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י עָפָ֥ר וָאֵֽפֶר׃‬ Then Abraham responded and said, “Look, now that I have undertaken to speak to the Lord*, although I am but dust and ashes, Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].

responded ← answered, but no question asked, the sense being reacted, responded (to the situation). Compare Ex 15:21, Matt 11:25, Matt 22:1, Rev 17:13, and other verses where we note no question asked.
Gen 18:28 ‫א֠וּלַי יַחְסְר֞וּן חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים הַצַּדִּיקִם֙ חֲמִשָּׁ֔ה הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַחֲמִשָּֽׁה׃‬ suppose that fifty righteous should fall short by five, would you bring the whole city to ruin for want of five?” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin if I find forty-five righteous there.”
Gen 18:29 ‫וַיֹּ֨סֶף ע֜וֹד לְדַבֵּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר אוּלַ֛י יִמָּצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם אַרְבָּעִ֑ים וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה בַּעֲב֖וּר הָאַרְבָּעִֽים׃‬ Then he spoke yet again to him and said, “Suppose forty are found there.” And he said, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.”
Gen 18:30 ‫וַ֠יֹּאמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַאֲדַבֵּ֔רָה אוּלַ֛י יִמָּצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם שְׁלֹשִׁ֑ים וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה אִם־אֶמְצָ֥א שָׁ֖ם שְׁלֹשִֽׁים׃‬ Then he said, “Oh, do not let the Lord* be angry, and let me speak. Suppose thirty are found there.” And he said, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.” Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Gen 18:31 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּֽה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֙לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י אוּלַ֛י יִמָּצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֶשְׂרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים׃‬ Then he said, “Look, now that I have undertaken to speak to the Lord*, suppose twenty are found there.” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin for the sake of the twenty.” Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Gen 18:32 ‫וַ֠יֹּאמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַאֲדַבְּרָ֣ה אַךְ־הַפַּ֔עַם אוּלַ֛י יִמָּצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֲשָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּעֲב֖וּר הָעֲשָׂרָֽה׃‬ Then he said, “Oh, do not let the Lord* be angry, and I will speak just this one time. Suppose ten are found there.” And he said, “I will not bring it to ruin for the sake of the ten.” Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Gen 18:33 ‫וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהוָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ׃‬ Then the Lord went away when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham went back to his place.
Gen 19:1 ‫וַ֠יָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵ֨י הַמַּלְאָכִ֤ים סְדֹ֙מָה֙ בָּעֶ֔רֶב וְל֖וֹט יֹשֵׁ֣ב בְּשַֽׁעַר־סְדֹ֑ם וַיַּרְא־לוֹט֙ וַיָּ֣קָם לִקְרָאתָ֔ם וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ אַפַּ֖יִם אָֽרְצָה׃‬ Then two angels came to Sodom in the evening, while Lot was sitting at Sodom's gate, and Lot saw them and got up to meet them, and bowed his face to the ground. two angels ← the two angels.
Gen 19:2 ‫וַיֹּ֜אמֶר הִנֶּ֣ה נָּא־אֲדֹנַ֗י ס֣וּרוּ נָ֠א אֶל־בֵּ֨ית עַבְדְּכֶ֤ם וְלִ֙ינוּ֙ וְרַחֲצ֣וּ רַגְלֵיכֶ֔ם וְהִשְׁכַּמְתֶּ֖ם וַהֲלַכְתֶּ֣ם לְדַרְכְּכֶ֑ם וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ לֹּ֔א כִּ֥י בָרְח֖וֹב נָלִֽין׃‬ And he said, “Look, if you would, my lords, turn aside, if you would, to the house of your servant and lodge here, and wash your feet and get up early and go your way.” But they said, “No, for we can lodge in the street.”
Gen 19:3 ‫וַיִּפְצַר־בָּ֣ם מְאֹ֔ד וַיָּסֻ֣רוּ אֵלָ֔יו וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אֶל־בֵּית֑וֹ וַיַּ֤עַשׂ לָהֶם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֔ה וּמַצּ֥וֹת אָפָ֖ה וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃‬ But he urged them strongly, and they turned aside to him, and came to his house, and he prepared a feast and baked unleavened bread for them and they ate it. feast: or, drinks, which might be wine, but this would go with a meal.
Gen 19:4 ‫טֶרֶם֮ יִשְׁכָּבוּ֒ וְאַנְשֵׁ֨י הָעִ֜יר אַנְשֵׁ֤י סְדֹם֙ נָסַ֣בּוּ עַל־הַבַּ֔יִת מִנַּ֖עַר וְעַד־זָקֵ֑ן כָּל־הָעָ֖ם מִקָּצֶֽה׃‬ But before they reclined, men from the city – men from Sodom – surrounded the house, both youths and old men: all the people from its limits. limits ← end.
Gen 19:5 ‫וַיִּקְרְא֤וּ אֶל־לוֹט֙ וַיֹּ֣אמְרוּ ל֔וֹ אַיֵּ֧ה הָאֲנָשִׁ֛ים אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֥אוּ אֵלֶ֖יךָ הַלָּ֑יְלָה הוֹצִיאֵ֣ם אֵלֵ֔ינוּ וְנֵדְעָ֖ה אֹתָֽם׃‬ And they called out to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we may know them.” so that: purposive use of the vav.

know: used euphemistically.
Gen 19:6 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֧א אֲלֵהֶ֛ם ל֖וֹט הַפֶּ֑תְחָה וְהַדֶּ֖לֶת סָגַ֥ר אַחֲרָֽיו׃‬ Then Lot went out to them, to the entrance, and shut the door after him.
Gen 19:7 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אַל־נָ֥א אַחַ֖י תָּרֵֽעוּ׃‬ And he said, “My brothers, do not, please, do any wrong.
Gen 19:8 ‫הִנֵּה־נָ֨א לִ֜י שְׁתֵּ֣י בָנ֗וֹת אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹֽא־יָדְעוּ֙ אִ֔ישׁ אוֹצִֽיאָה־נָּ֤א אֶתְהֶן֙ אֲלֵיכֶ֔ם וַעֲשׂ֣וּ לָהֶ֔ן כַּטּ֖וֹב בְּעֵינֵיכֶ֑ם רַ֠ק לָֽאֲנָשִׁ֤ים הָאֵל֙ אַל־תַּעֲשׂ֣וּ דָבָ֔ר כִּֽי־עַל־כֵּ֥ן בָּ֖אוּ בְּצֵ֥ל קֹרָתִֽי׃‬ Look now, I have my two daughters who have not known a man. Let me, bring them out to you, would you, and you do what is right in your eyes, but do not do anything to these men, for there is a reason why they have come to the protection of my roof.” there is a reason why ← on account of this.

protection of my roof ← shadow of my rafter.
Gen 19:9 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ ׀ גֶּשׁ־הָ֗לְאָה וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ הָאֶחָ֤ד בָּֽא־לָגוּר֙ וַיִּשְׁפֹּ֣ט שָׁפ֔וֹט עַתָּ֕ה נָרַ֥ע לְךָ֖ מֵהֶ֑ם וַיִּפְצְר֨וּ בָאִ֤ישׁ בְּלוֹט֙ מְאֹ֔ד וַֽיִּגְּשׁ֖וּ לִשְׁבֹּ֥ר הַדָּֽלֶת׃‬ But they said, “Move away”, and they said, “This one came to stay and he is determined to judge. Now we will deal worse with you than with them.” Then they pressed the man – Lot – greatly and drew near so as to break down the door. move away ← approach further (away).

he is determined to judge: infinitive absolute.
Gen 19:10 ‫וַיִּשְׁלְח֤וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁים֙ אֶת־יָדָ֔ם וַיָּבִ֧יאוּ אֶת־ל֛וֹט אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם הַבָּ֑יְתָה וְאֶת־הַדֶּ֖לֶת סָגָֽרוּ׃‬ At this the men stretched out their hand and brought Lot in to them into the house, and shut the door, at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 19:11 ‫וְֽאֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֞ים אֲשֶׁר־פֶּ֣תַח הַבַּ֗יִת הִכּוּ֙ בַּסַּנְוֵרִ֔ים מִקָּטֹ֖ן וְעַד־גָּד֑וֹל וַיִּלְא֖וּ לִמְצֹ֥א הַפָּֽתַח׃‬ and they struck the men who were at the entrance to the house with blindness, both small and great, and they struggled to find the entrance. both small and great ← from small and to great.
Gen 19:12 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֨וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֜ים אֶל־ל֗וֹט עֹ֚ד מִֽי־לְךָ֣ פֹ֔ה חָתָן֙ וּבָנֶ֣יךָ וּבְנֹתֶ֔יךָ וְכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־לְךָ֖ בָּעִ֑יר הוֹצֵ֖א מִן־הַמָּקֽוֹם׃‬ Then the men said to Lot, “Who else is with you here? Get any son-in-law, or sons or daughters of yours and everyone whom you have in the city out of the place,
Gen 19:13 ‫כִּֽי־מַשְׁחִתִ֣ים אֲנַ֔חְנוּ אֶת־הַמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה כִּֽי־גָֽדְלָ֤ה צַעֲקָתָם֙ אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וַיְשַׁלְּחֵ֥נוּ יְהוָ֖ה לְשַׁחֲתָֽהּ׃‬ for we are about to bring this place to ruin, for their cry has become great before the Lord, and the Lord has sent us to bring it to ruin.”
Gen 19:14 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֨א ל֜וֹט וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר ׀ אֶל־חֲתָנָ֣יו ׀ לֹקְחֵ֣י בְנֹתָ֗יו וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ ק֤וּמוּ צְּאוּ֙ מִן־הַמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה כִּֽי־מַשְׁחִ֥ית יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־הָעִ֑יר וַיְהִ֥י כִמְצַחֵ֖ק בְּעֵינֵ֥י חֲתָנָֽיו׃‬ Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who had taken his daughters in marriage and said, “Get up and get out of this place, for the Lord is about to bring the city to ruin.” But he was regarded as a joker in the eyes of his sons-in-law.
Gen 19:15 ‫וּכְמוֹ֙ הַשַּׁ֣חַר עָלָ֔ה וַיָּאִ֥יצוּ הַמַּלְאָכִ֖ים בְּל֣וֹט לֵאמֹ֑ר קוּם֩ קַ֨ח אֶֽת־אִשְׁתְּךָ֜ וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּ֤י בְנֹתֶ֙יךָ֙ הַנִּמְצָאֹ֔ת פֶּן־תִּסָּפֶ֖ה בַּעֲוֺ֥ן הָעִֽיר׃‬ And as dawn arose, the angels urged Lot and said, “Get up, take your wife and your two daughters who are present here so that you are not destroyed in the city's iniquity.” are present ← are found.
Gen 19:16 ‫וַֽיִּתְמַהְמָ֓הּ ׀ וַיַּחֲזִ֨קוּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֜ים בְּיָד֣וֹ וּבְיַד־אִשְׁתּ֗וֹ וּבְיַד֙ שְׁתֵּ֣י בְנֹתָ֔יו בְּחֶמְלַ֥ת יְהוָ֖ה עָלָ֑יו וַיֹּצִאֻ֥הוּ וַיַּנִּחֻ֖הוּ מִח֥וּץ לָעִֽיר׃‬ But he took his time, and the men took him by the hand, and his wife by the hand, and his two daughters by the hand, in the Lord's mercy to him, and brought him out, and set him down outside the city.
Gen 19:17 ‫וַיְהִי֩ כְהוֹצִיאָ֨ם אֹתָ֜ם הַח֗וּצָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הִמָּלֵ֣ט עַל־נַפְשֶׁ֔ךָ אַל־תַּבִּ֣יט אַחֲרֶ֔יךָ וְאַֽל־תַּעֲמֹ֖ד בְּכָל־הַכִּכָּ֑ר הָהָ֥רָה הִמָּלֵ֖ט פֶּן־תִּסָּפֶֽה׃‬ And it came to pass as they took them outside that one said, “Escape to save your life; do not look behind you, and do not stay at any adjacent tract. Escape to the mountain so that you are not destroyed.” one said ... escape: a masculine singular subject speaking to a masculine singular person.

to save your life ← for your soul.

any ← every.
Gen 19:18 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֖וֹט אֲלֵהֶ֑ם אַל־נָ֖א אֲדֹנָֽי׃‬ Then Lot said to them, “May it not be so, Lord*. Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Gen 19:19 ‫הִנֵּה־נָ֠א מָצָ֨א עַבְדְּךָ֣ חֵן֮ בְּעֵינֶיךָ֒ וַתַּגְדֵּ֣ל חַסְדְּךָ֗ אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָשִׂ֙יתָ֙ עִמָּדִ֔י לְהַחֲי֖וֹת אֶת־נַפְשִׁ֑י וְאָנֹכִ֗י לֹ֤א אוּכַל֙ לְהִמָּלֵ֣ט הָהָ֔רָה פֶּן־תִּדְבָּקַ֥נִי הָרָעָ֖ה וָמַֽתִּי׃‬ Look now, your servant has found grace in your sight, and you have been very kind in how you have dealt with me, in keeping me alive, but I cannot escape to the mountain, in case evil comes upon me and I die. you have been very kind ← you have increased your kindness.

in keeping me alive ← preserving my soul alive. A gerundial use of the infinitive.

comes upon me ← cleaves to me.
Gen 19:20 ‫הִנֵּה־נָ֠א הָעִ֨יר הַזֹּ֧את קְרֹבָ֛ה לָנ֥וּס שָׁ֖מָּה וְהִ֣יא מִצְעָ֑ר אִמָּלְטָ֨ה נָּ֜א שָׁ֗מָּה הֲלֹ֥א מִצְעָ֛ר הִ֖וא וּתְחִ֥י נַפְשִֽׁי׃‬ Look, please, this city is nearby to flee to, and it is small. Do let me escape there. Is it not small, so that I will live?” so that: consecutive (result) use of the vav.

I will live ← my soul will live.
Gen 19:21 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו הִנֵּה֙ נָשָׂ֣אתִי פָנֶ֔יךָ גַּ֖ם לַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה לְבִלְתִּ֛י הָפְכִּ֥י אֶת־הָעִ֖יר אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּֽרְתָּ׃‬ And he said to him, “Very well, I also grant you this by not overthrowing the city of which you have spoken. very well ← behold.

I also grant you this by not overthrowing ← I have lifted your face also concerning this matter by me not overthrowing. Gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 19:22 ‫מַהֵר֙ הִמָּלֵ֣ט שָׁ֔מָּה כִּ֣י לֹ֤א אוּכַל֙ לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת דָּבָ֔ר עַד־בֹּאֲךָ֖ שָׁ֑מָּה עַל־כֵּ֛ן קָרָ֥א שֵׁם־הָעִ֖יר צֽוֹעַר׃‬ Escape there quickly, for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” This is why he called the city Zoar. Zoar ← little.
Gen 19:23 ‫הַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ יָצָ֣א עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְל֖וֹט בָּ֥א צֹֽעֲרָה׃‬ The sun had risen on the city when Lot arrived in Zoar.
Gen 19:24 ‫וַֽיהוָ֗ה הִמְטִ֧יר עַל־סְדֹ֛ם וְעַל־עֲמֹרָ֖ה גָּפְרִ֣ית וָאֵ֑שׁ מֵאֵ֥ת יְהוָ֖ה מִן־הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ Then the Lord rained sulphur and fire on Sodom and on Gomorrah, from the Lord from heaven.
Gen 19:25 ‫וַֽיַּהֲפֹךְ֙ אֶת־הֶעָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔ל וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־הַכִּכָּ֑ר וְאֵת֙ כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵ֣י הֶעָרִ֔ים וְצֶ֖מַח הָאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ And he overthrew those cities, and the whole adjacent tract, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and the vegetation of the ground.
Gen 19:26 ‫וַתַּבֵּ֥ט אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ מֵאַחֲרָ֑יו וַתְּהִ֖י נְצִ֥יב מֶֽלַח׃‬ But his wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt. back ← from behind him.
Gen 19:27 ‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֥ם אַבְרָהָ֖ם בַּבֹּ֑קֶר אֶל־הַ֨מָּק֔וֹם אֲשֶׁר־עָ֥מַד שָׁ֖ם אֶת־פְּנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃‬ And Abraham rose early in the morning and went to the place where he had stood in the presence of the Lord.
Gen 19:28 ‫וַיַּשְׁקֵ֗ף עַל־פְּנֵ֤י סְדֹם֙ וַעֲמֹרָ֔ה וְעַֽל־כָּל־פְּנֵ֖י אֶ֣רֶץ הַכִּכָּ֑ר וַיַּ֗רְא וְהִנֵּ֤ה עָלָה֙ קִיטֹ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ כְּקִיטֹ֖ר הַכִּבְשָֽׁן׃‬ And he peered out over the landscape of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all the landscape of the adjacent tract, and looked, and what he saw was the smoke of the land going up like the smoke of a furnace. what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 19:29 ‫וַיְהִ֗י בְּשַׁחֵ֤ת אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־עָרֵ֣י הַכִּכָּ֔ר וַיִּזְכֹּ֥ר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיְשַׁלַּ֤ח אֶת־לוֹט֙ מִתּ֣וֹךְ הַהֲפֵכָ֔ה בַּהֲפֹךְ֙ אֶת־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־יָשַׁ֥ב בָּהֵ֖ן לֽוֹט׃‬ And it came to pass after God had brought the cities of the tract of land to ruin that God remembered Abraham, and he sent Lot from the scene of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot had lived. scene ← midst.
Gen 19:30 ‫וַיַּעַל֩ ל֨וֹט מִצּ֜וֹעַר וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב בָּהָ֗ר וּשְׁתֵּ֤י בְנֹתָיו֙ עִמּ֔וֹ כִּ֥י יָרֵ֖א לָשֶׁ֣בֶת בְּצ֑וֹעַר וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ בַּמְּעָרָ֔ה ה֖וּא וּשְׁתֵּ֥י בְנֹתָֽיו׃‬ And Lot went up from Zoar and lived in the mountain, as did his two daughters with him, for he was afraid to live in Zoar, and he lived in a cave – he and his two daughters.
Gen 19:31 ‫וַתֹּ֧אמֶר הַבְּכִירָ֛ה אֶל־הַצְּעִירָ֖ה אָבִ֣ינוּ זָקֵ֑ן וְאִ֨ישׁ אֵ֤ין בָּאָ֙רֶץ֙ לָב֣וֹא עָלֵ֔ינוּ כְּדֶ֖רֶךְ כָּל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then the firstborn daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old and there is not a man in the land to come into us after the manner of the whole earth.
Gen 19:32 ‫לְכָ֨ה נַשְׁקֶ֧ה אֶת־אָבִ֛ינוּ יַ֖יִן וְנִשְׁכְּבָ֣ה עִמּ֑וֹ וּנְחַיֶּ֥ה מֵאָבִ֖ינוּ זָֽרַע׃‬ Come, let us give our father wine to drink and lie with him, and we will preserve seed from our father.”
Gen 19:33 ‫וַתַּשְׁקֶ֧יןָ אֶת־אֲבִיהֶ֛ן יַ֖יִן בַּלַּ֣יְלָה ה֑וּא וַתָּבֹ֤א הַבְּכִירָה֙ וַתִּשְׁכַּ֣ב אֶת־אָבִ֔יהָ וְלֹֽא־יָדַ֥ע בְּשִׁכְבָ֖הּ וּבְקׄוּמָֽהּ׃‬ So they gave their father wine to drink on that night, and the firstborn came and lay with her father, while he was unaware of that she was lying with him or of her getting up again. her getting up: with supralinear dots. See [CB, appendix 31]. [BHS] also marks was unaware with a dot, but it is not in [WLC].
Gen 19:34 ‫וַֽיְהִי֙ מִֽמָּחֳרָ֔ת וַתֹּ֤אמֶר הַבְּכִירָה֙ אֶל־הַצְּעִירָ֔ה הֵן־שָׁכַ֥בְתִּי אֶ֖מֶשׁ אֶת־אָבִ֑י נַשְׁקֶ֨נּוּ יַ֜יִן גַּם־הַלַּ֗יְלָה וּבֹ֙אִי֙ שִׁכְבִ֣י עִמּ֔וֹ וּנְחַיֶּ֥ה מֵאָבִ֖ינוּ זָֽרַע׃‬ And it came to pass on the next day that the firstborn daughter said to the younger, “Look, last night I lay with my father. Let us give him wine to drink tonight as well, and you come and lie with him, and we will preserve seed from our father.”
Gen 19:35 ‫וַתַּשְׁקֶ֜יןָ גַּ֣ם בַּלַּ֧יְלָה הַה֛וּא אֶת־אֲבִיהֶ֖ן יָ֑יִן וַתָּ֤קָם הַצְּעִירָה֙ וַתִּשְׁכַּ֣ב עִמּ֔וֹ וְלֹֽא־יָדַ֥ע בְּשִׁכְבָ֖הּ וּבְקֻמָֽהּ׃‬ So that night too they gave their father wine to drink and the younger daughter got up and lay with him, while he was unaware that she was lying with him or of her getting up again. [CB, appendix 31] lists this verse as having supraliear dots, but [WLC] does not appear to have them.
Gen 19:36 ‫וַֽתַּהֲרֶ֛יןָ שְׁתֵּ֥י בְנֽוֹת־ל֖וֹט מֵאֲבִיהֶֽן׃‬ And the two daughters of Lot conceived from their father,
Gen 19:37 ‫וַתֵּ֤לֶד הַבְּכִירָה֙ בֵּ֔ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ מוֹאָ֑ב ה֥וּא אֲבִֽי־מוֹאָ֖ב עַד־הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ and the firstborn daughter gave birth to a son, and called him Moab. He is the father of Moab to this day.
Gen 19:38 ‫וְהַצְּעִירָ֤ה גַם־הִוא֙ יָ֣לְדָה בֵּ֔ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ בֶּן־עַמִּ֑י ה֛וּא אֲבִ֥י בְנֵֽי־עַמּ֖וֹן עַד־הַיּֽוֹם׃ ס‬ And the younger daughter also gave birth to a son, and called him Ben-ammi. He is the father of the sons of Ammon up to this day.
Gen 20:1 ‫וַיִּסַּ֨ע מִשָּׁ֤ם אַבְרָהָם֙ אַ֣רְצָה הַנֶּ֔גֶב וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב בֵּין־קָדֵ֖שׁ וּבֵ֣ין שׁ֑וּר וַיָּ֖גָר בִּגְרָֽר׃‬ When Abraham moved on from there to the land of the south, he dwelt between Kadesh and Shur, and stayed in Gerar.
Gen 20:2 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֶל־שָׂרָ֥ה אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֑וא וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח אֲבִימֶ֙לֶךְ֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ גְּרָ֔ר וַיִּקַּ֖ח אֶת־שָׂרָֽה׃‬ And Abraham said about Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” Then Abimelech the king of Gerar sent servants and took Sarah.
Gen 20:3 ‫וַיָּבֹ֧א אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶל־אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ בַּחֲל֣וֹם הַלָּ֑יְלָה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ הִנְּךָ֥ מֵת֙ עַל־הָאִשָּׁ֣ה אֲשֶׁר־לָקַ֔חְתָּ וְהִ֖וא בְּעֻ֥לַת בָּֽעַל׃‬ But God came to Abimelech in a dream at night and said to him, “Look, you are as good as dead on account of the woman whom you have taken, for she is married to a husband.”
Gen 20:4 ‫וַאֲבִימֶ֕לֶךְ לֹ֥א קָרַ֖ב אֵלֶ֑יהָ וַיֹּאמַ֕ר אֲדֹנָ֕י הֲג֥וֹי גַּם־צַדִּ֖יק תַּהֲרֹֽג׃‬ But Abimelech had not come near to her and he said, “Lord*, will you kill a people even if it is righteous? Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Gen 20:5 ‫הֲלֹ֨א ה֤וּא אָֽמַר־לִי֙ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֔וא וְהִֽיא־גַם־הִ֥וא אָֽמְרָ֖ה אָחִ֣י ה֑וּא בְּתָם־לְבָבִ֛י וּבְנִקְיֹ֥ן כַּפַּ֖י עָשִׂ֥יתִי זֹֽאת׃‬ Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister?’ And she herself also said, ‘He is my brother.’ I did this in the integrity of my heart and in the innocence of my hands.”
Gen 20:6 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ אֵלָ֨יו הָֽאֱלֹהִ֜ים בַּחֲלֹ֗ם גַּ֣ם אָנֹכִ֤י יָדַ֙עְתִּי֙ כִּ֤י בְתָם־לְבָבְךָ֙ עָשִׂ֣יתָ זֹּ֔את וָאֶחְשֹׂ֧ךְ גַּם־אָנֹכִ֛י אֽוֹתְךָ֖ מֵחֲטוֹ־לִ֑י עַל־כֵּ֥ן לֹא־נְתַתִּ֖יךָ לִנְגֹּ֥עַ אֵלֶֽיהָ׃‬ At this God said to him in a dream, “I too know that you did this in the integrity of your heart, so I – my very self – restrained you from sinning against me. That is why I did not let you touch her. at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 20:7 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה הָשֵׁ֤ב אֵֽשֶׁת־הָאִישׁ֙ כִּֽי־נָבִ֣יא ה֔וּא וְיִתְפַּלֵּ֥ל בַּֽעַדְךָ֖ וֶֽחְיֵ֑ה וְאִם־אֵֽינְךָ֣ מֵשִׁ֗יב דַּ֚ע כִּי־מ֣וֹת תָּמ֔וּת אַתָּ֖ה וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־לָֽךְ׃‬ So now, return the man's wife to him, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you shall live, but if you do not return her, know that you will certainly die, along with everyone who is yours.” you shall live ← live (imperative).

you will certainly die: infinitive absolute.
Gen 20:8 ‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם אֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַיִּקְרָא֙ לְכָל־עֲבָדָ֔יו וַיְדַבֵּ֛ר אֶת־כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֥ים הָאֵ֖לֶּה בְּאָזְנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּֽירְא֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים מְאֹֽד׃‬ Then Abimelech got up early in the morning and called all his servants and related all these things in their audience, and the men became very fearful. in their audience ← in their ears.
Gen 20:9 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ לְאַבְרָהָ֗ם וַיֹּ֨אמֶר ל֜וֹ מֶֽה־עָשִׂ֤יתָ לָּ֙נוּ֙ וּמֶֽה־חָטָ֣אתִי לָ֔ךְ כִּֽי־הֵבֵ֧אתָ עָלַ֛י וְעַל־מַמְלַכְתִּ֖י חֲטָאָ֣ה גְדֹלָ֑ה מַעֲשִׂים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־יֵֽעָשׂ֔וּ עָשִׂ֖יתָ עִמָּדִֽי׃‬ And Abimelech called for Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us, and in what way have I sinned against you, that you should bring a great punishment for sin on me and my kingdom? You have done things to me which ought not to be done.” things ← deeds.

ought not to be done ← are not done.
Gen 20:10 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם מָ֣ה רָאִ֔יתָ כִּ֥י עָשִׂ֖יתָ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה׃‬ Then Abimelech said to Abraham, “What did you have in view when you did this thing?”
Gen 20:11 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם כִּ֣י אָמַ֗רְתִּי רַ֚ק אֵין־יִרְאַ֣ת אֱלֹהִ֔ים בַּמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה וַהֲרָג֖וּנִי עַל־דְּבַ֥ר אִשְׁתִּֽי׃‬ And Abraham said, “It is because I said to myself, ‘There is surely no fear of God in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife.’
Gen 20:12 ‫וְגַם־אָמְנָ֗ה אֲחֹתִ֤י בַת־אָבִי֙ הִ֔וא אַ֖ךְ לֹ֣א בַת־אִמִּ֑י וַתְּהִי־לִ֖י לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ And she really is my sister; she is the daughter of my father but not the daughter of my mother. And she became my wife.
Gen 20:13 ‫וַיְהִ֞י כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר הִתְע֣וּ אֹתִ֗י אֱלֹהִים֮ מִבֵּ֣ית אָבִי֒ וָאֹמַ֣ר לָ֔הּ זֶ֣ה חַסְדֵּ֔ךְ אֲשֶׁ֥ר תַּעֲשִׂ֖י עִמָּדִ֑י אֶ֤ל כָּל־הַמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָב֣וֹא שָׁ֔מָּה אִמְרִי־לִ֖י אָחִ֥י הֽוּא׃‬ And it came to pass when God made me move out of my father's house that I said to her, ‘This is a favour for you which you will do for me: in every place to which we go, say of me, «He is my brother.» ’ ” God made: a rare case of a plural verb with Elohim (God) as subject. See note on Gen 1:1.
Gen 20:14 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח אֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ צֹ֣אן וּבָקָ֗ר וַעֲבָדִים֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לְאַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיָּ֣שֶׁב ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ת שָׂרָ֥ה אִשְׁתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then Abimelech took sheep and cattle and menservants and maidservants and gave them to Abraham, and returned Sarah his wife to him.
Gen 20:15 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ הִנֵּ֥ה אַרְצִ֖י לְפָנֶ֑יךָ בַּטּ֥וֹב בְּעֵינֶ֖יךָ שֵֽׁב׃‬ And Abimelech said to him, “Behold, my land is before you. Dwell where it is good in your sight.”
Gen 20:16 ‫וּלְשָׂרָ֣ה אָמַ֗ר הִנֵּ֨ה נָתַ֜תִּי אֶ֤לֶף כֶּ֙סֶף֙ לְאָחִ֔יךְ הִנֵּ֤ה הוּא־לָךְ֙ כְּס֣וּת עֵינַ֔יִם לְכֹ֖ל אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתָּ֑ךְ וְאֵ֥ת כֹּ֖ל וְנֹכָֽחַת׃‬ And to Sarah he said, “Look, I have given a thousand pieces of silver to your brother. Look, he is a covering of the eyes to all who are with you, and with everyone.” And so she was reproved. brother: a fine piece of irony to reprove Sarah.
Gen 20:17 ‫וַיִּתְפַּלֵּ֥ל אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶל־הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיִּרְפָּ֨א אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶת־אֲבִימֶ֧לֶךְ וְאֶת־אִשְׁתּ֛וֹ וְאַמְהֹתָ֖יו וַיֵּלֵֽדוּ׃‬ Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed the breach with Abimelech and his wife and his maidservants, and they gave birth.
Gen 20:18 ‫כִּֽי־עָצֹ֤ר עָצַר֙ יְהוָ֔ה בְּעַ֥ד כָּל־רֶ֖חֶם לְבֵ֣ית אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ עַל־דְּבַ֥ר שָׂרָ֖ה אֵ֥שֶׁת אַבְרָהָֽם׃ ס‬ For the Lord had utterly shut up every womb in the house of Abimelech because of the case of Sarah the wife of Abraham. utterly shut up: infinitive absolute.
Gen 21:1 ‫וַֽיהוָ֛ה פָּקַ֥ד אֶת־שָׂרָ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר אָמָ֑ר וַיַּ֧עַשׂ יְהוָ֛ה לְשָׂרָ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֵּֽר׃‬ Then the Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as he had said. as he had said ... as he had said: otiose, but see Gen 12:5.
Gen 21:2 ‫וַתַּהַר֩ וַתֵּ֨לֶד שָׂרָ֧ה לְאַבְרָהָ֛ם בֵּ֖ן לִזְקֻנָ֑יו לַמּוֹעֵ֕ד אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ And Sarah conceived and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the time of year which God had told him.
Gen 21:3 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶֽת־שֶׁם־בְּנ֧וֹ הַנּֽוֹלַד־ל֛וֹ אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָה־לּ֥וֹ שָׂרָ֖ה יִצְחָֽק׃‬ And Abraham called his son who was born to him, whom Sarah had borne to him, Isaac. || 1 Chr 1:28.
Gen 21:4 ‫וַיָּ֤מָל אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת־יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ בֶּן־שְׁמֹנַ֖ת יָמִ֑ים כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ And Abraham circumcised Isaac his son when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him.
Gen 21:5 ‫וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם בֶּן־מְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה בְּהִוָּ֣לֶד ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ת יִצְחָ֥ק בְּנֽוֹ׃‬ Now Abraham was a hundred years old when Isaac his son was born to him.
Gen 21:6 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר שָׂרָ֔ה צְחֹ֕ק עָ֥שָׂה לִ֖י אֱלֹהִ֑ים כָּל־הַשֹּׁמֵ֖עַ יִֽצְחַק־לִֽי׃‬ And Sarah said, “God has made me a laughing matter. Everyone who hears will laugh about me.”
Gen 21:7 ‫וַתֹּ֗אמֶר מִ֤י מִלֵּל֙ לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם הֵינִ֥יקָה בָנִ֖ים שָׂרָ֑ה כִּֽי־יָלַ֥דְתִּי בֵ֖ן לִזְקֻנָֽיו׃‬ And she said, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah will suckle sons – for I have given birth to a son in his old age.”
Gen 21:8 ‫וַיִּגְדַּ֥ל הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַיִּגָּמַ֑ל וַיַּ֤עַשׂ אַבְרָהָם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֣ה גָד֔וֹל בְּי֖וֹם הִגָּמֵ֥ל אֶת־יִצְחָֽק׃‬ So the child grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day when Isaac was weaned. held ← made.
Gen 21:9 ‫וַתֵּ֨רֶא שָׂרָ֜ה אֶֽת־בֶּן־הָגָ֧ר הַמִּצְרִ֛ית אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָ֥ה לְאַבְרָהָ֖ם מְצַחֵֽק׃‬ Then Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian woman, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking, mocking: agreeing with Hagar's son, Ishmael.
Gen 21:10 ‫וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם גָּרֵ֛שׁ הָאָמָ֥ה הַזֹּ֖את וְאֶת־בְּנָ֑הּ כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יִירַשׁ֙ בֶּן־הָאָמָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את עִם־בְּנִ֖י עִם־יִצְחָֽק׃‬ and she said to Abraham, “Drive this maidservant and her son out, for the son of this maidservant will not have any inheritance with my son – with Isaac.” Gal 4:30.
Gen 21:11 ‫וַיֵּ֧רַע הַדָּבָ֛ר מְאֹ֖ד בְּעֵינֵ֣י אַבְרָהָ֑ם עַ֖ל אוֹדֹ֥ת בְּנֽוֹ׃‬ But the matter was very hurtful in Abraham's eyes, because of his son.
Gen 21:12 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֗ם אַל־יֵרַ֤ע בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ עַל־הַנַּ֣עַר וְעַל־אֲמָתֶ֔ךָ כֹּל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תֹּאמַ֥ר אֵלֶ֛יךָ שָׂרָ֖ה שְׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹלָ֑הּ כִּ֣י בְיִצְחָ֔ק יִקָּרֵ֥א לְךָ֖ זָֽרַע׃‬ But God said to Abraham, “Don't let it be hurtful in your eyes concerning the lad or your maidservant. As for everything that Sarah says to you, heed her, for your seed will be called in Isaac. Rom 9:7, Gal 3:16, Heb 11:18.

heed her ← hear her voice.

called: i.e. acknowledged.
Gen 21:13 ‫וְגַ֥ם אֶת־בֶּן־הָאָמָ֖ה לְג֣וֹי אֲשִׂימֶ֑נּוּ כִּ֥י זַרְעֲךָ֖ הֽוּא׃‬ But I will make the son of the maidservant a nation too, for he is your seed.”
Gen 21:14 ‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֣ם אַבְרָהָ֣ם ׀ בַּבֹּ֡קֶר וַיִּֽקַּֽח־לֶחֶם֩ וְחֵ֨מַת מַ֜יִם וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הָ֠גָר שָׂ֧ם עַל־שִׁכְמָ֛הּ וְאֶת־הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֶ֑הָ וַתֵּ֣לֶךְ וַתֵּ֔תַע בְּמִדְבַּ֖ר בְּאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע׃‬ Then Abraham got up early in the morning and took bread and a skin-bottle of water and gave them to Hagar, putting them on her shoulder, and he took the child, and sent her away. And she departed and wandered in the desert of Beer-sheba.
Gen 21:15 ‫וַיִּכְל֥וּ הַמַּ֖יִם מִן־הַחֵ֑מֶת וַתַּשְׁלֵ֣ךְ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד תַּ֖חַת אַחַ֥ד הַשִּׂיחִֽם׃‬ Then the water from the skin-bottle ran out, and she threw the child under one of the shrubs.
Gen 21:16 ‫וַתֵּלֶךְ֩ וַתֵּ֨שֶׁב לָ֜הּ מִנֶּ֗גֶד הַרְחֵק֙ כִּמְטַחֲוֵ֣י קֶ֔שֶׁת כִּ֣י אָֽמְרָ֔ה אַל־אֶרְאֶ֖ה בְּמ֣וֹת הַיָּ֑לֶד וַתֵּ֣שֶׁב מִנֶּ֔גֶד וַתִּשָּׂ֥א אֶת־קֹלָ֖הּ וַתֵּֽבְךְּ׃‬ And she went and sat down by herself opposite at about a bow-shot's distance, for she said, “Let me not see the death of the child.” And she sat opposite and raised her voice and wept.
Gen 21:17 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע אֱלֹהִים֮ אֶת־ק֣וֹל הַנַּעַר֒ וַיִּקְרָא֩ מַלְאַ֨ךְ אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ אֶל־הָגָר֙ מִן־הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ מַה־לָּ֣ךְ הָגָ֑ר אַל־תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כִּֽי־שָׁמַ֧ע אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶל־ק֥וֹל הַנַּ֖עַר בַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הוּא־שָֽׁם׃‬ But God heard the voice of the lad, and the angel of God called out to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not be afraid, because God has heard the voice of the lad, where he is.
Gen 21:18 ‫ק֚וּמִי שְׂאִ֣י אֶת־הַנַּ֔עַר וְהַחֲזִ֥יקִי אֶת־יָדֵ֖ךְ בּ֑וֹ כִּֽי־לְג֥וֹי גָּד֖וֹל אֲשִׂימֶֽנּוּ׃‬ Get up and take the lad up and take hold of him with your hand, for I will make him a great nation.”
Gen 21:19 ‫וַיִּפְקַ֤ח אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־עֵינֶ֔יהָ וַתֵּ֖רֶא בְּאֵ֣ר מָ֑יִם וַתֵּ֜לֶךְ וַתְּמַלֵּ֤א אֶת־הַחֵ֙מֶת֙ מַ֔יִם וַתַּ֖שְׁקְ אֶת־הַנָּֽעַר׃‬ Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water, and she went and filled the skin-bottle with water, and gave the lad some to drink.
Gen 21:20 ‫וַיְהִ֧י אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־הַנַּ֖עַר וַיִּגְדָּ֑ל וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיְהִ֖י רֹבֶ֥ה קַשָּֽׁת׃‬ And God was with the lad, and he grew up, and he dwelt in the desert, and became great as an archer. great: the Masoretic form is from root r-b-h, to become great, not r-b-b, to shoot arrows, despite the ↴
Gen 21:21 ‫וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּמִדְבַּ֣ר פָּארָ֑ן וַתִּֽקַּֽח־ל֥וֹ אִמּ֛וֹ אִשָּׁ֖ה מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃ פ‬ And he dwelt in the desert of Paran, and his mother took a wife from the land of Egypt for him. ↳ cognate meanings of archer and to shoot arrows. Hebrew frequently employs a play on words.
Gen 21:22 ‫וַֽיְהִי֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔וא וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־צְבָא֔וֹ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר אֱלֹהִ֣ים עִמְּךָ֔ בְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֖ה עֹשֶֽׂה׃‬ And it came to pass at that time that Abimelech and Phichol the commander of his army spoke to Abraham and said, “God is with you in everything you do. Phichol ← Pichol, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Phichol is the lenited form (ph for p).
Gen 21:23 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה הִשָּׁ֨בְעָה לִּ֤י בֵֽאלֹהִים֙ הֵ֔נָּה אִם־תִּשְׁקֹ֣ר לִ֔י וּלְנִינִ֖י וּלְנֶכְדִּ֑י כַּחֶ֜סֶד אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂ֤יתִי עִמְּךָ֙ תַּעֲשֶׂ֣ה עִמָּדִ֔י וְעִם־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־גַּ֥רְתָּה בָּֽהּ׃‬ So now, swear to me by God here that you most certainly will not act falsely towards me or my progeny or my posterity, and that according to the kindness which I have shown you, you will show me the same, and with the land in which you dwelt.” you most certainly will not act falsely ← if you act falsely, an oath formula, in full in 2 Sam 3:35, standing for if you ... may God do this to you.

shown ... show ← done with ... do with.
Gen 21:24 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם אָנֹכִ֖י אִשָּׁבֵֽעַ׃‬ And Abraham said, “I swear it.”
Gen 21:25 ‫וְהוֹכִ֥חַ אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶת־אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ עַל־אֹדוֹת֙ בְּאֵ֣ר הַמַּ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר גָּזְל֖וּ עַבְדֵ֥י אֲבִימֶֽלֶךְ׃‬ Then Abraham reproved Abimelech on the issue of a well of water which Abimelech's servants had seized possession of.
Gen 21:26 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי מִ֥י עָשָׂ֖ה אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה וְגַם־אַתָּ֞ה לֹא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֗י וְגַ֧ם אָנֹכִ֛י לֹ֥א שָׁמַ֖עְתִּי בִּלְתִּ֥י הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And Abimelech said, “I don't know who did this thing, and you haven't told me either, and I didn't hear about it until today either.” until ← except.
Gen 21:27 ‫וַיִּקַּ֤ח אַבְרָהָם֙ צֹ֣אן וּבָקָ֔ר וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לַאֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ וַיִּכְרְת֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם בְּרִֽית׃‬ Then Abraham took sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech and the two of them made a covenant. made ← cut.
Gen 21:28 ‫וַיַּצֵּ֣ב אַבְרָהָ֗ם אֶת־שֶׁ֛בַע כִּבְשֹׂ֥ת הַצֹּ֖אן לְבַדְּהֶֽן׃‬ And Abraham placed seven ewe-lambs of the flock on their own,
Gen 21:29 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם מָ֣ה הֵ֗נָּה שֶׁ֤בַע כְּבָשֹׂת֙ הָאֵ֔לֶּה אֲשֶׁ֥ר הִצַּ֖בְתָּ לְבַדָּֽנָה׃‬ at which Abimelech said to Abraham, “What are they – these seven ewe-lambs which you have placed on their own?” at which: wider use of the vav.
Gen 21:30 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר כִּ֚י אֶת־שֶׁ֣בַע כְּבָשֹׂ֔ת תִּקַּ֖ח מִיָּדִ֑י בַּעֲבוּר֙ תִּֽהְיֶה־לִּ֣י לְעֵדָ֔ה כִּ֥י חָפַ֖רְתִּי אֶת־הַבְּאֵ֥ר הַזֹּֽאת׃‬ To which he said, “They are so that you may take the seven ewe-lambs from my hand in order for it to be a testimony to me that I dug this well.” to which: wider use of the vav.
Gen 21:31 ‫עַל־כֵּ֗ן קָרָ֛א לַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע כִּ֛י שָׁ֥ם נִשְׁבְּע֖וּ שְׁנֵיהֶֽם׃‬ For this reason he called the place Beer-sheba, because the two of them swore there. Beer-sheba ← (the) well of swearing.
Gen 21:32 ‫וַיִּכְרְת֥וּ בְרִ֖ית בִּבְאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיָּ֣קָם אֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־צְבָא֔וֹ וַיָּשֻׁ֖בוּ אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּֽים׃‬ And they made a covenant in Beer-sheba, and Abimelech and Phichol the commander of his army arose and returned to the land of the Philistines. made ← cut.

Phichol ← Pichol. See Gen 21:22.
Gen 21:33 ‫וַיִּטַּ֥ע אֶ֖שֶׁל בִּבְאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיִּ֨קְרָא־שָׁ֔ם בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָ֖ה אֵ֥ל עוֹלָֽם׃‬ And he planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and he called on the name of the Lord there – the age-abiding God.
Gen 21:34 ‫וַיָּ֧גָר אַבְרָהָ֛ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים יָמִ֥ים רַבִּֽים׃ פ‬ And Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for many days.
Gen 22:1 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וְהָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים נִסָּ֖ה אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ Then it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham”, and he said, “Here I am.” here I ambehold me.
Gen 22:2 ‫וַיֹּ֡אמֶר קַח־נָ֠א אֶת־בִּנְךָ֨ אֶת־יְחִֽידְךָ֤ אֲשֶׁר־אָהַ֙בְתָּ֙ אֶת־יִצְחָ֔ק וְלֶךְ־לְךָ֔ אֶל־אֶ֖רֶץ הַמֹּרִיָּ֑ה וְהַעֲלֵ֤הוּ שָׁם֙ לְעֹלָ֔ה עַ֚ל אַחַ֣ד הֶֽהָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֹמַ֥ר אֵלֶֽיךָ׃‬ And he said, “Now take your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and get going to the land of Moriah, and offer him up there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I will tell you.”
Gen 22:3 ‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם אַבְרָהָ֜ם בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַֽיַּחֲבֹשׁ֙ אֶת־חֲמֹר֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת־שְׁנֵ֤י נְעָרָיו֙ אִתּ֔וֹ וְאֵ֖ת יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֑וֹ וַיְבַקַּע֙ עֲצֵ֣י עֹלָ֔ה וַיָּ֣קָם וַיֵּ֔לֶךְ אֶל־הַמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־אָֽמַר־ל֥וֹ הָאֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ So Abraham got up early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two servant-lads with him, and Isaac his son, and chopped pieces of wood for the burnt offering and got up and went to the place which God had told him.
Gen 22:4 ‫בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֗י וַיִּשָּׂ֨א אַבְרָהָ֧ם אֶת־עֵינָ֛יו וַיַּ֥רְא אֶת־הַמָּק֖וֹם מֵרָחֹֽק׃‬ On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from a distance.
Gen 22:5 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶל־נְעָרָ֗יו שְׁבוּ־לָכֶ֥ם פֹּה֙ עִֽם־הַחֲמ֔וֹר וַאֲנִ֣י וְהַנַּ֔עַר נֵלְכָ֖ה עַד־כֹּ֑ה וְנִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה וְנָשׁ֥וּבָה אֲלֵיכֶֽם׃‬ Then Abraham said to his servant-lads, “You remain here with the donkey, but I and the lad will go over there and worship, and we will come back to you.”
Gen 22:6 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת־עֲצֵ֣י הָעֹלָ֗ה וַיָּ֙שֶׂם֙ עַל־יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֣ח בְּיָד֔וֹ אֶת־הָאֵ֖שׁ וְאֶת־הַֽמַּאֲכֶ֑לֶת וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם יַחְדָּֽו׃‬ And Abraham took pieces of wood for the burnt offering, and loaded them onto Isaac his son, and took fire and a knife in his hand. And the two of them went together.
Gen 22:7 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יִצְחָ֜ק אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֤ם אָבִיו֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אָבִ֔י וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֶּ֣נִּֽי בְנִ֑י וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּ֤ה הָאֵשׁ֙ וְהָ֣עֵצִ֔ים וְאַיֵּ֥ה הַשֶּׂ֖ה לְעֹלָֽה׃‬ Then Isaac spoke to Abraham his father, and said, “My father”, and he said, “Here I am, my son.” Then he said, “Here are the fire and the pieces of wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” here I ambehold me.

here arebehold.
Gen 22:8 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֱלֹהִ֞ים יִרְאֶה־לּ֥וֹ הַשֶּׂ֛ה לְעֹלָ֖ה בְּנִ֑י וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם יַחְדָּֽו׃‬ And Abraham said, “God will provide himself with the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two of them went together.
Gen 22:9 ‫וַיָּבֹ֗אוּ אֶֽל־הַמָּקוֹם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָֽמַר־ל֣וֹ הָאֱלֹהִים֒ וַיִּ֨בֶן שָׁ֤ם אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ אֶת־הָעֵצִ֑ים וַֽיַּעֲקֹד֙ אֶת־יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ וַיָּ֤שֶׂם אֹתוֹ֙ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ מִמַּ֖עַל לָעֵצִֽים׃‬ And they came to the place which God had said, and Abraham built an altar there, and he arrayed the pieces of wood, and bound Isaac his son, and put him on the altar, on top of the pieces of wood. an altar ← the altar. An unexpected definite article; compare 2 Ki 4:1, 2 Ki 8:15, 2 Ki 9:36, 2 Ki 14:14, 2 Ki 17:25, 2 Ki 23:3 and other references to this verse.
Gen 22:10 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת־יָד֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֖ח אֶת־הַֽמַּאֲכֶ֑לֶת לִשְׁחֹ֖ט אֶת־בְּנֽוֹ׃‬ And Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife, to slay his son. See note on Heb 11:17.
Gen 22:11 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֵלָ֜יו מַלְאַ֤ךְ יְהוָה֙ מִן־הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֣ם ׀ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ Then the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham.” And he said, “Here I am.” here I ambehold me.
Gen 22:12 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אַל־תִּשְׁלַ֤ח יָֽדְךָ֙ אֶל־הַנַּ֔עַר וְאַל־תַּ֥עַשׂ ל֖וֹ מְא֑וּמָּה כִּ֣י ׀ עַתָּ֣ה יָדַ֗עְתִּי כִּֽי־יְרֵ֤א אֱלֹהִים֙ אַ֔תָּה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֛כְתָּ אֶת־בִּנְךָ֥ אֶת־יְחִידְךָ֖ מִמֶּֽנִּי׃‬ And he said, “Do not stretch out your hand to the lad, and do not do anything to him, for now I know that you are a fearer God, for you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me.” for: causal use of the vav, perhaps under the influence of the previous causal conjunction, כִּי, ki.
Gen 22:13 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֨א אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת־עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּרְא֙ וְהִנֵּה־אַ֔יִל אַחַ֕ר נֶאֱחַ֥ז בַּסְּבַ֖ךְ בְּקַרְנָ֑יו וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ אַבְרָהָם֙ וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת־הָאַ֔יִל וַיַּעֲלֵ֥הוּ לְעֹלָ֖ה תַּ֥חַת בְּנֽוֹ׃‬ Then Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and there was a ram behind him caught in a thicket by its horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it as a burnt offering instead of his son. there wasbehold.
Gen 22:14 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֧א אַבְרָהָ֛ם שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יִרְאֶ֑ה אֲשֶׁר֙ יֵאָמֵ֣ר הַיּ֔וֹם בְּהַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה יֵרָאֶֽה׃‬ And Abraham called that place Jehovah-jireh, as it is said today, “In the mountain of the Lord, provision will be made.” Jehovah-jireh ← Yhwh will provide, or, the Lord will provide. We retain the established name.
Gen 22:15 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֛א מַלְאַ֥ךְ יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם שֵׁנִ֖ית מִן־הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ Then the angel of the Lord called out from heaven to Abraham a second time,
Gen 22:16 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר בִּ֥י נִשְׁבַּ֖עְתִּי נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה כִּ֗י יַ֚עַן אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָשִׂ֙יתָ֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ אֶת־בִּנְךָ֥ אֶת־יְחִידֶֽךָ׃‬ and said, “By myself I have sworn, says the Lord, because you have done this thing and did not withhold your son – your only son –
Gen 22:17 ‫כִּֽי־בָרֵ֣ךְ אֲבָרֶכְךָ֗ וְהַרְבָּ֨ה אַרְבֶּ֤ה אֶֽת־זַרְעֲךָ֙ כְּכוֹכְבֵ֣י הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְכַח֕וֹל אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־שְׂפַ֣ת הַיָּ֑ם וְיִרַ֣שׁ זַרְעֲךָ֔ אֵ֖ת שַׁ֥עַר אֹיְבָֽיו׃‬ that I will greatly bless you and greatly increase your seed, like the stars of the sky and like the sand which is on the sea-shore, and your seed will inherit the gate of its enemies. Heb 6:14, Heb 11:12.

greatly bless ... greatly increase: both infinitive absolute.

inherit ... its enemies: singular verb and possessive pronoun (seed treated as grammatically singular).
Gen 22:18 ‫וְהִתְבָּרֲכ֣וּ בְזַרְעֲךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל גּוֹיֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ עֵ֕קֶב אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁמַ֖עְתָּ בְּקֹלִֽי׃‬ And all the nations of the earth will be blessed through your seed, because you have obeyed me.” Acts 3:25, Gal 3:8.

obeyed me ← heard my voice.
Gen 22:19 ‫וַיָּ֤שָׁב אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶל־נְעָרָ֔יו וַיָּקֻ֛מוּ וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ יַחְדָּ֖ו אֶל־בְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב אַבְרָהָ֖ם בִּבְאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע׃ פ‬ Then Abraham returned to his servant-lads, and they got up and they went together to Beer-sheba. And Abraham remained in Beer-sheba.
Gen 22:20 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחֲרֵי֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וַיֻּגַּ֥ד לְאַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר הִ֠נֵּה יָלְדָ֨ה מִלְכָּ֥ה גַם־הִ֛וא בָּנִ֖ים לְנָח֥וֹר אָחִֽיךָ׃‬ And it came to pass after these things that it was reported to Abraham as follows, “Behold, Milcah also has borne sons to Nahor your brother: as follows ← to say, or more loosely, saying.
Gen 22:21 ‫אֶת־ע֥וּץ בְּכֹר֖וֹ וְאֶת־בּ֣וּז אָחִ֑יו וְאֶת־קְמוּאֵ֖ל אֲבִ֥י אֲרָֽם׃‬ Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, Huz ← Uz, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Huz is an irregular transliteration of the ayin as .
Gen 22:22 ‫וְאֶת־כֶּ֣שֶׂד וְאֶת־חֲז֔וֹ וְאֶת־פִּלְדָּ֖שׁ וְאֶת־יִדְלָ֑ף וְאֵ֖ת בְּתוּאֵֽל׃‬ and Chesed and Hazo and Pildash and Jidlaph and Bethuel.”
Gen 22:23 ‫וּבְתוּאֵ֖ל יָלַ֣ד אֶת־רִבְקָ֑ה שְׁמֹנָ֥ה אֵ֙לֶּה֙ יָלְדָ֣ה מִלְכָּ֔ה לְנָח֖וֹר אֲחִ֥י אַבְרָהָֽם׃‬ Now Bethuel begot Rebekah. Milcah bore these eight to Nahor the brother of Abraham, Rebekah ← Ribkah, but we retain the traditional spelling.
Gen 22:24 ‫וּפִֽילַגְשׁ֖וֹ וּשְׁמָ֣הּ רְאוּמָ֑ה וַתֵּ֤לֶד גַּם־הִוא֙ אֶת־טֶ֣בַח וְאֶת־גַּ֔חַם וְאֶת־תַּ֖חַשׁ וְאֶֽת־מַעֲכָֽה׃ ס‬ and his concubine, whose name was Reumah, also gave birth, to Tebah and Gaham and Thahash and Maachah. Thahash ← Tahash, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Thahash is the lenited form (th for t).
Gen 23:1 ‫וַיִּהְיוּ֙ חַיֵּ֣י שָׂרָ֔ה מֵאָ֥ה שָׁנָ֛ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֑ים שְׁנֵ֖י חַיֵּ֥י שָׂרָֽה׃‬ Now Sarah's life was for one hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of Sarah.
Gen 23:2 ‫וַתָּ֣מָת שָׂרָ֗ה בְּקִרְיַ֥ת אַרְבַּ֛ע הִ֥וא חֶבְר֖וֹן בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וַיָּבֹא֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם לִסְפֹּ֥ד לְשָׂרָ֖ה וְלִבְכֹּתָֽהּ׃‬ And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan, and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.
Gen 23:3 ‫וַיָּ֙קָם֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם מֵעַ֖ל פְּנֵ֣י מֵת֑וֹ וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֶל־בְּנֵי־חֵ֖ת לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Then Abraham arose from looking at the sight of his deceased and he spoke to the sons of Heth and said, sight ← face, but also what is seen (surface, scene etc.).
Gen 23:4 ‫גֵּר־וְתוֹשָׁ֥ב אָנֹכִ֖י עִמָּכֶ֑ם תְּנ֨וּ לִ֤י אֲחֻזַּת־קֶ֙בֶר֙ עִמָּכֶ֔ם וְאֶקְבְּרָ֥ה מֵתִ֖י מִלְּפָנָֽי׃‬ I am an outsider and a temporary resident with you. Give me a burial plot amid you, so that I may bury my dead out of my sight.” Heb 11:13.

plot ← possession.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 23:5 ‫וַיַּעֲנ֧וּ בְנֵי־חֵ֛ת אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֥ר לֽוֹ׃‬ At this the sons of Heth answered Abraham and said to him, at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 23:6 ‫שְׁמָעֵ֣נוּ ׀ אֲדֹנִ֗י נְשִׂ֨יא אֱלֹהִ֤ים אַתָּה֙ בְּתוֹכֵ֔נוּ בְּמִבְחַ֣ר קְבָרֵ֔ינוּ קְבֹ֖ר אֶת־מֵתֶ֑ךָ אִ֣ישׁ מִמֶּ֔נּוּ אֶת־קִבְר֛וֹ לֹֽא־יִכְלֶ֥ה מִמְּךָ֖ מִקְּבֹ֥ר מֵתֶֽךָ׃‬ “Hear us, my lord. You are a mighty prince in our midst. Bury your dead in a choice burial place of ours. No-one will withhold his burial place from you, stopping you from burying your dead.” a mighty prince ← a prince of God, but this is an idiom using Elohim, God, for an extreme quality. Compare Gen 30:8, Ex 9:28, 1 Sam 14:15, Job 1:16, Song 8:6, Jonah 3:3. In the NT similarly at Acts 7:20, 2 Cor 10:4, 2 Cor 11:2.

a choice burial place of ours ← the choice of our burial places.
Gen 23:7 ‫וַיָּ֧קָם אַבְרָהָ֛ם וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ לְעַם־הָאָ֖רֶץ לִבְנֵי־חֵֽת׃‬ Then Abraham arose and bowed to the people of the land – to the sons of Heth.
Gen 23:8 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתָּ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־יֵ֣שׁ אֶֽת־נַפְשְׁכֶ֗ם לִקְבֹּ֤ר אֶת־מֵתִי֙ מִלְּפָנַ֔י שְׁמָע֕וּנִי וּפִגְעוּ־לִ֖י בְּעֶפְר֥וֹן בֶּן־צֹֽחַר׃‬ And he spoke to them and said, “If you have the willingness to let me bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and make request on my behalf with Ephron the son of Zohar, willingness ← soul.
Gen 23:9 ‫וְיִתֶּן־לִ֗י אֶת־מְעָרַ֤ת הַמַּכְפֵּלָה֙ אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֖ר בִּקְצֵ֣ה שָׂדֵ֑הוּ בְּכֶ֨סֶף מָלֵ֜א יִתְּנֶ֥נָּה לִ֛י בְּתוֹכְכֶ֖ם לַאֲחֻזַּת־קָֽבֶר׃‬ for him to give me the cave of Machpelah which he has, which is at the end of his field, for him to give it to me against full payment – a burial place as a possession in your midst.”
Gen 23:10 ‫וְעֶפְר֥וֹן יֹשֵׁ֖ב בְּת֣וֹךְ בְּנֵי־חֵ֑ת וַיַּעַן֩ עֶפְר֨וֹן הַחִתִּ֤י אֶת־אַבְרָהָם֙ בְּאָזְנֵ֣י בְנֵי־חֵ֔ת לְכֹ֛ל בָּאֵ֥י שַֽׁעַר־עִיר֖וֹ לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Now Ephron was dwelling among the sons of Heth, and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the audience of the sons of Heth – of all those who had come to the gate of his city, and he said,
Gen 23:11 ‫לֹֽא־אֲדֹנִ֣י שְׁמָעֵ֔נִי הַשָּׂדֶה֙ נָתַ֣תִּי לָ֔ךְ וְהַמְּעָרָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־בּ֖וֹ לְךָ֣ נְתַתִּ֑יהָ לְעֵינֵ֧י בְנֵי־עַמִּ֛י נְתַתִּ֥יהָ לָּ֖ךְ קְבֹ֥ר מֵתֶֽךָ׃‬ “No, my lord; hear me. I will give you the field and the cave which is in it. I will give it to you. In the sight of the sons of my people I hereby give it to you to bury your dead.” sight ← eyes.

to bury: or, as the imperative, bury.
Gen 23:12 ‫וַיִּשְׁתַּ֙חוּ֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם לִפְנֵ֖י עַ֥ם הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And Abraham bowed before the people of the land.
Gen 23:13 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֨ר אֶל־עֶפְר֜וֹן בְּאָזְנֵ֤י עַם־הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אַ֛ךְ אִם־אַתָּ֥ה ל֖וּ שְׁמָעֵ֑נִי נָתַ֜תִּי כֶּ֤סֶף הַשָּׂדֶה֙ קַ֣ח מִמֶּ֔נִּי וְאֶקְבְּרָ֥ה אֶת־מֵתִ֖י שָֽׁמָּה׃‬ Then he spoke to Ephron in the audience of the people of the land and said, “If only you would hear me, I will give money for the field. Take it from me and let me bury my dead there.”
Gen 23:14 ‫וַיַּ֧עַן עֶפְר֛וֹן אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֥ר לֽוֹ׃‬ Whereupon Ephron answered Abraham and said to him, whereupon: wider use of the vav.
Gen 23:15 ‫אֲדֹנִ֣י שְׁמָעֵ֔נִי אֶרֶץ֩ אַרְבַּ֨ע מֵאֹ֧ת שֶֽׁקֶל־כֶּ֛סֶף בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵֽינְךָ֖ מַה־הִ֑וא וְאֶת־מֵתְךָ֖ קְבֹֽר׃‬ “My lord, hear me. The land is worth four hundred shekels of silver. What is that between me and you? So bury your dead.” shekels: a shekel was about 10 drams or 16 grams, and could apply to other metals and products.
Gen 23:16 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע אַבְרָהָם֮ אֶל־עֶפְרוֹן֒ וַיִּשְׁקֹ֤ל אַבְרָהָם֙ לְעֶפְרֹ֔ן אֶת־הַכֶּ֕סֶף אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֶּ֖ר בְּאָזְנֵ֣י בְנֵי־חֵ֑ת אַרְבַּ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ שֶׁ֣קֶל כֶּ֔סֶף עֹבֵ֖ר לַסֹּחֵֽר׃‬ Then Abraham complied with Ephron, and Abraham weighed out to Ephron the money which he had specified, in the audience of the sons of Heth: four hundred shekels of silver, current to the merchant. complied with ← hearkened to.

money: or, silver.

specified ← said.
Gen 23:17 ‫וַיָּ֣קָם ׀ שְׂדֵ֣ה עֶפְר֗וֹן אֲשֶׁר֙ בַּמַּכְפֵּלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר לִפְנֵ֣י מַמְרֵ֑א הַשָּׂדֶה֙ וְהַמְּעָרָ֣ה אֲשֶׁר־בּ֔וֹ וְכָל־הָעֵץ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּכָל־גְּבֻל֖וֹ סָבִֽיב׃‬ So Ephron's field, which is at Machpelah, which is before Mamre – the field and the cave which was in it, and all the trees which were in the field, which were within all its boundary around it – was confirmed
Gen 23:18 ‫לְאַבְרָהָ֥ם לְמִקְנָ֖ה לְעֵינֵ֣י בְנֵי־חֵ֑ת בְּכֹ֖ל בָּאֵ֥י שַֽׁעַר־עִירֽוֹ׃‬ as Abraham's, as his purchase, in the eyes of the sons of Heth, with all those who had come to the gate of his city.
Gen 23:19 ‫וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן֩ קָבַ֨ר אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת־שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֗וֹ אֶל־מְעָרַ֞ת שְׂדֵ֧ה הַמַּכְפֵּלָ֛ה עַל־פְּנֵ֥י מַמְרֵ֖א הִ֣וא חֶבְר֑וֹן בְּאֶ֖רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And after that, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan.
Gen 23:20 ‫וַיָּ֨קָם הַשָּׂדֶ֜ה וְהַמְּעָרָ֧ה אֲשֶׁר־בּ֛וֹ לְאַבְרָהָ֖ם לַאֲחֻזַּת־קָ֑בֶר מֵאֵ֖ת בְּנֵי־חֵֽת׃ ס‬ And the field was confirmed, including the cave which is in it, as Abraham's, as a burial place, as an acquisition from the sons of Heth.
Gen 24:1 ‫וְאַבְרָהָ֣ם זָקֵ֔ן בָּ֖א בַּיָּמִ֑ים וַֽיהוָ֛ה בֵּרַ֥ךְ אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֖ם בַּכֹּֽל׃‬ Now Abraham was old – he was advanced in days – and the Lord blessed Abraham in everything.
Gen 24:2 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֗ם אֶל־עַבְדּוֹ֙ זְקַ֣ן בֵּית֔וֹ הַמֹּשֵׁ֖ל בְּכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֑וֹ שִֽׂים־נָ֥א יָדְךָ֖ תַּ֥חַת יְרֵכִֽי׃‬ And Abraham said to his senior household servant who was in charge of everything that he had, “Please put your hand under my thigh,
Gen 24:3 ‫וְאַשְׁבִּ֣יעֲךָ֔ בַּֽיהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וֵֽאלֹהֵ֖י הָאָ֑רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹֽא־תִקַּ֤ח אִשָּׁה֙ לִבְנִ֔י מִבְּנוֹת֙ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֔י אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י יוֹשֵׁ֥ב בְּקִרְבּֽוֹ׃‬ and I will adjure you by the Lord God of heaven and the God of the earth, not to get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites in whose midst I dwell, not to get ← you shall not get.
Gen 24:4 ‫כִּ֧י אֶל־אַרְצִ֛י וְאֶל־מוֹלַדְתִּ֖י תֵּלֵ֑ךְ וְלָקַחְתָּ֥ אִשָּׁ֖ה לִבְנִ֥י לְיִצְחָֽק׃‬ but rather that you will go to my land and my native place to get a wife for my son, for Isaac.” to get ← and you will get.
Gen 24:5 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ הָעֶ֔בֶד אוּלַי֙ לֹא־תֹאבֶ֣ה הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה לָלֶ֥כֶת אַחֲרַ֖י אֶל־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֑את הֶֽהָשֵׁ֤ב אָשִׁיב֙ אֶת־בִּנְךָ֔ אֶל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָצָ֥אתָ מִשָּֽׁם׃‬ And the servant said to him, “What if the woman will not be willing to follow me to this land? Should I under any circumstances bring your son back to the land which you departed from?” What if ← perhaps, or, it could be that. Interrogative in Gen 24:39.

Should I under any circumstances bring ... back: infinitive absolute.
Gen 24:6 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו אַבְרָהָ֑ם הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֔ פֶּן־תָּשִׁ֥יב אֶת־בְּנִ֖י שָֽׁמָּה׃‬ Then Abraham said to him, “Be careful not to bring my son back there.
Gen 24:7 ‫יְהוָ֣ה ׀ אֱלֹהֵ֣י הַשָּׁמַ֗יִם אֲשֶׁ֨ר לְקָחַ֜נִי מִבֵּ֣ית אָבִי֮ וּמֵאֶ֣רֶץ מֽוֹלַדְתִּי֒ וַאֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּר־לִ֜י וַאֲשֶׁ֤ר נִֽשְׁבַּֽע־לִי֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לְזַ֨רְעֲךָ֔ אֶתֵּ֖ן אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֑את ה֗וּא יִשְׁלַ֤ח מַלְאָכוֹ֙ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ֥ אִשָּׁ֛ה לִבְנִ֖י מִשָּֽׁם׃‬ The Lord God of heaven who took me from my father's house and from my native land, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, and who said, ‘To your seed I will give this land’ – he will send his angel before you and you will get a wife for my son from there.
Gen 24:8 ‫וְאִם־לֹ֨א תֹאבֶ֤ה הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ לָלֶ֣כֶת אַחֲרֶ֔יךָ וְנִקִּ֕יתָ מִשְּׁבֻעָתִ֖י זֹ֑את רַ֣ק אֶת־בְּנִ֔י לֹ֥א תָשֵׁ֖ב שָֽׁמָּה׃‬ And if the woman is not willing to follow you, you will be absolved from this oath of mine, only you shall not bring my son back there.” absolved ← innocent.
Gen 24:9 ‫וַיָּ֤שֶׂם הָעֶ֙בֶד֙ אֶת־יָד֔וֹ תַּ֛חַת יֶ֥רֶךְ אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֲדֹנָ֑יו וַיִּשָּׁ֣בַֽע ל֔וֹ עַל־הַדָּבָ֖ר הַזֶּֽה׃‬ So the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master and swore to him on this matter.
Gen 24:10 ‫וַיִּקַּ֣ח הָ֠עֶבֶד עֲשָׂרָ֨ה גְמַלִּ֜ים מִגְּמַלֵּ֤י אֲדֹנָיו֙ וַיֵּ֔לֶךְ וְכָל־ט֥וּב אֲדֹנָ֖יו בְּיָד֑וֹ וַיָּ֗קָם וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ אֶל־אֲרַ֥ם נַֽהֲרַ֖יִם אֶל־עִ֥יר נָחֽוֹר׃‬ Then the servant took ten camels from his master's camels and departed, with all his master's wealth in his hand, and arose and went to Mesopotamia, to Nahor's city.
Gen 24:11 ‫וַיַּבְרֵ֧ךְ הַגְּמַלִּ֛ים מִח֥וּץ לָעִ֖יר אֶל־בְּאֵ֣ר הַמָּ֑יִם לְעֵ֣ת עֶ֔רֶב לְעֵ֖ת צֵ֥את הַשֹּׁאֲבֹֽת׃‬ And he made the camels kneel outside the city at the water well at evening time, at the time when the women who draw water come out.
Gen 24:12 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֓ר ׀ יְהוָ֗ה אֱלֹהֵי֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם הַקְרֵה־נָ֥א לְפָנַ֖י הַיּ֑וֹם וַעֲשֵׂה־חֶ֕סֶד עִ֖ם אֲדֹנִ֥י אַבְרָהָֽם׃‬ And he said, “Lord God of my master Abraham, please bring it about before me today, that you act kindly with my master Abraham.
Gen 24:13 ‫הִנֵּ֛ה אָנֹכִ֥י נִצָּ֖ב עַל־עֵ֣ין הַמָּ֑יִם וּבְנוֹת֙ אַנְשֵׁ֣י הָעִ֔יר יֹצְאֹ֖ת לִשְׁאֹ֥ב מָֽיִם׃‬ Look, I am standing at a source of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water.
Gen 24:14 ‫וְהָיָ֣ה הַֽנַּעֲרָ֗ אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֹמַ֤ר אֵלֶ֙יהָ֙ הַטִּי־נָ֤א כַדֵּךְ֙ וְאֶשְׁתֶּ֔ה וְאָמְרָ֣ה שְׁתֵ֔ה וְגַם־גְּמַלֶּ֖יךָ אַשְׁקֶ֑ה אֹתָ֤הּ הֹכַ֙חְתָּ֙ לְעַבְדְּךָ֣ לְיִצְחָ֔ק וּבָ֣הּ אֵדַ֔ע כִּי־עָשִׂ֥יתָ חֶ֖סֶד עִם־אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ So let it come to pass that the girl to whom I say, ‘Please tilt your pitcher so that I may drink’, and she says, ‘Drink, and I will give your camels water to drink too’, that you will have appointed her for your servant, for Isaac, and that by that I will know that you have acted kindly towards my master.” so that: purposive use of the vav.

acted kindly ← done kindness.
Gen 24:15 ‫וַֽיְהִי־ה֗וּא טֶרֶם֮ כִּלָּ֣ה לְדַבֵּר֒ וְהִנֵּ֧ה רִבְקָ֣ה יֹצֵ֗את אֲשֶׁ֤ר יֻלְּדָה֙ לִבְתוּאֵ֣ל בֶּן־מִלְכָּ֔ה אֵ֥שֶׁת נָח֖וֹר אֲחִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְכַדָּ֖הּ עַל־שִׁכְמָֽהּ׃‬ And this came to pass before he had finished speaking, and what happened was that out came Rebekah, who was born to Bethuel the son of Milcah the wife of Nahor the brother of Abraham, with her pitcher on her shoulder. what happened was that ← behold.
Gen 24:16 ‫וְהַֽנַּעֲרָ֗ טֹבַ֤ת מַרְאֶה֙ מְאֹ֔ד בְּתוּלָ֕ה וְאִ֖ישׁ לֹ֣א יְדָעָ֑הּ וַתֵּ֣רֶד הָעַ֔יְנָה וַתְּמַלֵּ֥א כַדָּ֖הּ וַתָּֽעַל׃‬ And the girl was very good-looking, a virgin, for no man had known her, and she came down to the source and filled her pitcher, and came up.
Gen 24:17 ‫וַיָּ֥רָץ הָעֶ֖בֶד לִקְרָאתָ֑הּ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הַגְמִיאִ֥ינִי נָ֛א מְעַט־מַ֖יִם מִכַּדֵּֽךְ׃‬ Then the servant ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a little water from your pitcher to drink.”
Gen 24:18 ‫וַתֹּ֖אמֶר שְׁתֵ֣ה אֲדֹנִ֑י וַתְּמַהֵ֗ר וַתֹּ֧רֶד כַּדָּ֛הּ עַל־יָדָ֖הּ וַתַּשְׁקֵֽהוּ׃‬ And she said, “Drink, my lord.” And she acted quickly and lowered her pitcher onto her hand and gave him water to drink.
Gen 24:19 ‫וַתְּכַ֖ל לְהַשְׁקֹת֑וֹ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר גַּ֤ם לִגְמַלֶּ֙יךָ֙ אֶשְׁאָ֔ב עַ֥ד אִם־כִּלּ֖וּ לִשְׁתֹּֽת׃‬ Then when she had finished giving him water to drink, she said, “I will draw water for your camels too, until they finish drinking.”
Gen 24:20 ‫וַתְּמַהֵ֗ר וַתְּעַ֤ר כַּדָּהּ֙ אֶל־הַשֹּׁ֔קֶת וַתָּ֥רָץ ע֛וֹד אֶֽל־הַבְּאֵ֖ר לִשְׁאֹ֑ב וַתִּשְׁאַ֖ב לְכָל־גְּמַלָּֽיו׃‬ And she acted quickly and emptied her pitcher into the trough and ran to the well again to draw water, and drew it for all his camels.
Gen 24:21 ‫וְהָאִ֥ישׁ מִשְׁתָּאֵ֖ה לָ֑הּ מַחֲרִ֕ישׁ לָדַ֗עַת הַֽהִצְלִ֧יחַ יְהוָ֛ה דַּרְכּ֖וֹ אִם־לֹֽא׃‬ And the man was astonished at her, and was dumbfounded in knowing whether the Lord had made his journey successful or not. in knowing: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 24:22 ‫וַיְהִ֗י כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר כִּלּ֤וּ הַגְּמַלִּים֙ לִשְׁתּ֔וֹת וַיִּקַּ֤ח הָאִישׁ֙ נֶ֣זֶם זָהָ֔ב בֶּ֖קַע מִשְׁקָל֑וֹ וּשְׁנֵ֤י צְמִידִים֙ עַל־יָדֶ֔יהָ עֲשָׂרָ֥ה זָהָ֖ב מִשְׁקָלָֽם׃‬ And it came to pass, when the camels had finished drinking, that the man took a golden earring of half a shekel in weight, and two bracelets of gold of ten shekels in weight for her hands. earring: perhaps, nosering. See Gen 24:47.
Gen 24:23 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ בַּת־מִ֣י אַ֔תְּ הַגִּ֥ידִי נָ֖א לִ֑י הֲיֵ֧שׁ בֵּית־אָבִ֛יךְ מָק֥וֹם לָ֖נוּ לָלִֽין׃‬ And he said, “Whose daughter are you? Do tell me, is there room in your father's house for us to lodge there?”
Gen 24:24 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו בַּת־בְּתוּאֵ֖ל אָנֹ֑כִי בֶּן־מִלְכָּ֕ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָלְדָ֖ה לְנָחֽוֹר׃‬ And she said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah whom she bore to Nahor.”
Gen 24:25 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו גַּם־תֶּ֥בֶן גַּם־מִסְפּ֖וֹא רַ֣ב עִמָּ֑נוּ גַּם־מָק֖וֹם לָלֽוּן׃‬ And she said to him, “We also have plenty of straw and fodder and also room to lodge.”
Gen 24:26 ‫וַיִּקֹּ֣ד הָאִ֔ישׁ וַיִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ לַֽיהוָֽה׃‬ Then the man bowed his head and worshipped the Lord.
Gen 24:27 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר בָּר֤וּךְ יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵי֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹֽא־עָזַ֥ב חַסְדּ֛וֹ וַאֲמִתּ֖וֹ מֵעִ֣ם אֲדֹנִ֑י אָנֹכִ֗י בַּדֶּ֙רֶךְ֙ נָחַ֣נִי יְהוָ֔ה בֵּ֖ית אֲחֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ And he said, “Blessed be the Lord God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his kindness and truth towards my master. As for me, the Lord has led me along the way to the house of my master's brothers.” towards ← from with.
Gen 24:28 ‫וַתָּ֙רָץ֙ הַֽנַּעֲרָ֔ וַתַּגֵּ֖ד לְבֵ֣ית אִמָּ֑הּ כַּדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה׃‬ Then the girl ran and told her mother's household these things. these things ← as these things, the ke perhaps denoting precision. Compare [AnLx, כְּ II (c)], noting intensity.
Gen 24:29 ‫וּלְרִבְקָ֥ה אָ֖ח וּשְׁמ֣וֹ לָבָ֑ן וַיָּ֨רָץ לָבָ֧ן אֶל־הָאִ֛ישׁ הַח֖וּצָה אֶל־הָעָֽיִן׃‬ Now Rebekah had a brother whose name was Laban, and Laban ran to the man outside, to the water-source.
Gen 24:30 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כִּרְאֹ֣ת אֶת־הַנֶּ֗זֶם וְֽאֶת־הַצְּמִדִים֮ עַל־יְדֵ֣י אֲחֹתוֹ֒ וּכְשָׁמְע֗וֹ אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֞י רִבְקָ֤ה אֲחֹתוֹ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר כֹּֽה־דִבֶּ֥ר אֵלַ֖י הָאִ֑ישׁ וַיָּבֹא֙ אֶל־הָאִ֔ישׁ וְהִנֵּ֛ה עֹמֵ֥ד עַל־הַגְּמַלִּ֖ים עַל־הָעָֽיִן׃‬ And it came to pass, when he saw the ring and the bracelets on his sister's hands, and when he heard the account of Rebekah his sister, who said, “The man spoke to me like this”, that he went to the man, and there he was, standing with the camels at the water-source. account ← words.

there he wasbehold.
Gen 24:31 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר בּ֖וֹא בְּר֣וּךְ יְהוָ֑ה לָ֤מָּה תַעֲמֹד֙ בַּח֔וּץ וְאָנֹכִי֙ פִּנִּ֣יתִי הַבַּ֔יִת וּמָק֖וֹם לַגְּמַלִּֽים׃‬ And he said, “Come, you who are blessed of the Lord. Why should you stand outside, when I have prepared the house, and there is a place for the camels.”
Gen 24:32 ‫וַיָּבֹ֤א הָאִישׁ֙ הַבַּ֔יְתָה וַיְפַתַּ֖ח הַגְּמַלִּ֑ים וַיִּתֵּ֨ן תֶּ֤בֶן וּמִסְפּוֹא֙ לַגְּמַלִּ֔ים וּמַ֙יִם֙ לִרְחֹ֣ץ רַגְלָ֔יו וְרַגְלֵ֥י הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then the man came to the house and untied the camels, and gave straw and fodder to the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him.
Gen 24:33 ‫*ויישם **וַיּוּשַׂ֤ם לְפָנָיו֙ לֶאֱכֹ֔ל וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֹכַ֔ל עַ֥ד אִם־דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי דְּבָרָ֑י וַיֹּ֖אמֶר דַּבֵּֽר׃‬ And {K: he set a meal before him} [Q: a meal was set before him] to eat, and he said, “I will not eat until I have explained my mission.” And he said, “Explain it.” explained my mission ← spoken my things, words.
Gen 24:34 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֑ר עֶ֥בֶד אַבְרָהָ֖ם אָנֹֽכִי׃‬ And he said, “I am Abraham's servant.
Gen 24:35 ‫וַיהוָ֞ה בֵּרַ֧ךְ אֶת־אֲדֹנִ֛י מְאֹ֖ד וַיִּגְדָּ֑ל וַיִּתֶּן־ל֞וֹ צֹ֤אן וּבָקָר֙ וְכֶ֣סֶף וְזָהָ֔ב וַעֲבָדִם֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וּגְמַלִּ֖ים וַחֲמֹרִֽים׃‬ And the Lord has blessed my master very much and he has become great, and he has given him sheep and cattle and silver and gold and menservants and maidservants and camels and donkeys.
Gen 24:36 ‫וַתֵּ֡לֶד שָׂרָה֩ אֵ֨שֶׁת אֲדֹנִ֥י בֵן֙ לַֽאדֹנִ֔י אַחֲרֵ֖י זִקְנָתָ֑הּ וַיִּתֶּן־לּ֖וֹ אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לֽוֹ׃‬ And Sarah my master's wife has given birth to a son to my master, after her old age, and he has given him everything he has.
Gen 24:37 ‫וַיַּשְׁבִּעֵ֥נִי אֲדֹנִ֖י לֵאמֹ֑ר לֹא־תִקַּ֤ח אִשָּׁה֙ לִבְנִ֔י מִבְּנוֹת֙ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֔י אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י יֹשֵׁ֥ב בְּאַרְצֽוֹ׃‬ And my master has made me swear, and he said, ‘You shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell.
Gen 24:38 ‫אִם־לֹ֧א אֶל־בֵּית־אָבִ֛י תֵּלֵ֖ךְ וְאֶל־מִשְׁפַּחְתִּ֑י וְלָקַחְתָּ֥ אִשָּׁ֖ה לִבְנִֽי׃‬ You absolutely must go to the house of my father and to my family to get a wife for my son.’ you absolutely must go ← if you do not go. An oath formula, in full in 2 Sam 3:35, standing for if you do not ... may God do this to you.
Gen 24:39 ‫וָאֹמַ֖ר אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֑י אֻלַ֛י לֹא־תֵלֵ֥ךְ הָאִשָּׁ֖ה אַחֲרָֽי׃‬ Then I said to my master, ‘What if the woman will not follow me?’ what if: see Gen 24:5.
Gen 24:40 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֵלָ֑י יְהוָ֞ה אֲשֶׁר־הִתְהַלַּ֣כְתִּי לְפָנָ֗יו יִשְׁלַ֨ח מַלְאָכ֤וֹ אִתָּךְ֙ וְהִצְלִ֣יחַ דַּרְכֶּ֔ךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ֤ אִשָּׁה֙ לִבְנִ֔י מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתִּ֖י וּמִבֵּ֥ית אָבִֽי׃‬ And he said to me, ‘The Lord before whom I walk will send his angel with you and will make your journey successful and you will get a wife for my son from my family and the household of my father. journey ← way.
Gen 24:41 ‫אָ֤ז תִּנָּקֶה֙ מֵאָ֣לָתִ֔י כִּ֥י תָב֖וֹא אֶל־מִשְׁפַּחְתִּ֑י וְאִם־לֹ֤א יִתְּנוּ֙ לָ֔ךְ וְהָיִ֥יתָ נָקִ֖י מֵאָלָתִֽי׃‬ Then you will be absolved from my oath – when you go to my family. For if they do not give you a wife, you will be absolved from my oath.’
Gen 24:42 ‫וָאָבֹ֥א הַיּ֖וֹם אֶל־הָעָ֑יִן וָאֹמַ֗ר יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵי֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם אִם־יֶשְׁךָ־נָּא֙ מַצְלִ֣יחַ דַּרְכִּ֔י אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י הֹלֵ֥ךְ עָלֶֽיהָ׃‬ When I came to the source today, I said, ‘Lord God of my master Abraham, if you would make my journey which I am going on successful, journey ← way.
Gen 24:43 ‫הִנֵּ֛ה אָנֹכִ֥י נִצָּ֖ב עַל־עֵ֣ין הַמָּ֑יִם וְהָיָ֤ה הָֽעַלְמָה֙ הַיֹּצֵ֣את לִשְׁאֹ֔ב וְאָמַרְתִּ֣י אֵלֶ֔יהָ הַשְׁקִֽינִי־נָ֥א מְעַט־מַ֖יִם מִכַּדֵּֽךְ׃‬ when I am standing at a source of water, let it be so that the virgin who comes out to draw water, and I say to her, «Please give me a little water from your pitcher», when ← behold.
Gen 24:44 ‫וְאָמְרָ֤ה אֵלַי֙ גַּם־אַתָּ֣ה שְׁתֵ֔ה וְגַ֥ם לִגְמַלֶּ֖יךָ אֶשְׁאָ֑ב הִ֣וא הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־הֹכִ֥יחַ יְהוָ֖ה לְבֶן־אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ and she says to me, «Both you drink and I will also draw water for your camels», that she is the woman whom the Lord has appointed for my master's son.’
Gen 24:45 ‫אֲנִי֩ טֶ֨רֶם אֲכַלֶּ֜ה לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־לִבִּ֗י וְהִנֵּ֨ה רִבְקָ֤ה יֹצֵאת֙ וְכַדָּ֣הּ עַל־שִׁכְמָ֔הּ וַתֵּ֥רֶד הָעַ֖יְנָה וַתִּשְׁאָ֑ב וָאֹמַ֥ר אֵלֶ֖יהָ הַשְׁקִ֥ינִי נָֽא׃‬ Then before I had finished speaking in my heart, behold, Rebekah came out with her pitcher on her shoulder, and came down to the source and drew water, and I said to her, ‘Please give me some water to drink.’
Gen 24:46 ‫וַתְּמַהֵ֗ר וַתּ֤וֹרֶד כַּדָּהּ֙ מֵֽעָלֶ֔יהָ וַתֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁתֵ֔ה וְגַם־גְּמַלֶּ֖יךָ אַשְׁקֶ֑ה וָאֵ֕שְׁתְּ וְגַ֥ם הַגְּמַלִּ֖ים הִשְׁקָֽתָה׃‬ And she quickly lowered her pitcher from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I will also give your camels water to drink’, so I drank, and she also gave the camels water to drink. from her shoulderfrom on her.
Gen 24:47 ‫וָאֶשְׁאַ֣ל אֹתָ֗הּ וָאֹמַר֮ בַּת־מִ֣י אַתְּ֒ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר בַּת־בְּתוּאֵל֙ בֶּן־נָח֔וֹר אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָֽלְדָה־לּ֖וֹ מִלְכָּ֑ה וָאָשִׂ֤ם הַנֶּ֙זֶם֙ עַל־אַפָּ֔הּ וְהַצְּמִידִ֖ים עַל־יָדֶֽיהָ׃‬ Then I asked her and said, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ And she said, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor whom Milcah bore to him.’ Then I put the earring on her face and the bracelets on her hands. earring on her face: or, nosering on her nose.
Gen 24:48 ‫וָאֶקֹּ֥ד וָֽאֶשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה לַיהוָ֑ה וָאֲבָרֵ֗ךְ אֶת־יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵי֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֤ר הִנְחַ֙נִי֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ אֱמֶ֔ת לָקַ֛חַת אֶת־בַּת־אֲחִ֥י אֲדֹנִ֖י לִבְנֽוֹ׃‬ Then I bowed the head and worshipped the Lord and I blessed the Lord God of my master Abraham who has led me along the way of truth to get the daughter of my master's brother for his son.
Gen 24:49 ‫וְ֠עַתָּה אִם־יֶשְׁכֶ֨ם עֹשִׂ֜ים חֶ֧סֶד וֶֽאֱמֶ֛ת אֶת־אֲדֹנִ֖י הַגִּ֣ידוּ לִ֑י וְאִם־לֹ֕א הַגִּ֣ידוּ לִ֔י וְאֶפְנֶ֥ה עַל־יָמִ֖ין א֥וֹ עַל־שְׂמֹֽאל׃‬ And now, if you will deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me, and if not, tell me, and I will turn to the right or to the left accordingly.”
Gen 24:50 ‫וַיַּ֨עַן לָבָ֤ן וּבְתוּאֵל֙ וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מֵיְהוָ֖ה יָצָ֣א הַדָּבָ֑ר לֹ֥א נוּכַ֛ל דַּבֵּ֥ר אֵלֶ֖יךָ רַ֥ע אוֹ־טֽוֹב׃‬ Then Laban and Bethuel answered and said, “The matter has originated from the Lord. We cannot speak bad or good to you. originated ← gone out.
Gen 24:51 ‫הִנֵּֽה־רִבְקָ֥ה לְפָנֶ֖יךָ קַ֣ח וָלֵ֑ךְ וּתְהִ֤י אִשָּׁה֙ לְבֶן־אֲדֹנֶ֔יךָ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָֽה׃‬ Look, Rebekah is before you. Take her and go, and she shall be the wife of your master's son, as the Lord has spoken.”
Gen 24:52 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁמַ֛ע עֶ֥בֶד אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶת־דִּבְרֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ אַ֖רְצָה לַֽיהוָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass, when Abraham's servant heard their words, that he worshipped the Lord facing the ground. facing the ground ← earthwards.
Gen 24:53 ‫וַיּוֹצֵ֨א הָעֶ֜בֶד כְּלֵי־כֶ֨סֶף וּכְלֵ֤י זָהָב֙ וּבְגָדִ֔ים וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לְרִבְקָ֑ה וּמִ֨גְדָּנֹ֔ת נָתַ֥ן לְאָחִ֖יהָ וּלְאִמָּֽהּ׃‬ Then the servant brought out articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothes, and gave them to Rebekah, and he gave valuable items to her brother and to her mother.
Gen 24:54 ‫וַיֹּאכְל֣וּ וַיִּשְׁתּ֗וּ ה֛וּא וְהָאֲנָשִׁ֥ים אֲשֶׁר־עִמּ֖וֹ וַיָּלִ֑ינוּ וַיָּק֣וּמוּ בַבֹּ֔קֶר וַיֹּ֖אמֶר שַׁלְּחֻ֥נִי לַֽאדֹנִֽי׃‬ Then they ate and drank – he and the men who were with him – and they lodged there, and arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me off to my master.”
Gen 24:55 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אָחִ֙יהָ֙ וְאִמָּ֔הּ תֵּשֵׁ֨ב הַנַּעֲרָ֥ אִתָּ֛נוּ יָמִ֖ים א֣וֹ עָשׂ֑וֹר אַחַ֖ר תֵּלֵֽךְ׃‬ But her brother and her mother said, “Let the girl stay with us for ten days or so, and after that she can go.”
Gen 24:56 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ אַל־תְּאַחֲר֣וּ אֹתִ֔י וַֽיהוָ֖ה הִצְלִ֣יחַ דַּרְכִּ֑י שַׁלְּח֕וּנִי וְאֵלְכָ֖ה לַֽאדֹנִֽי׃‬ Then he said to them, “Do not delay me, considering that the Lord has made my journey successful. Send me off and I will go to my master.” considering: causal use of the vav.

journey ← way.
Gen 24:57 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ נִקְרָ֣א לַֽנַּעֲרָ֑ וְנִשְׁאֲלָ֖ה אֶת־פִּֽיהָ׃‬ Then they said, “We will call the girl and ask her opinion.” opinion ← mouth.
Gen 24:58 ‫וַיִּקְרְא֤וּ לְרִבְקָה֙ וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלֶ֔יהָ הֲתֵלְכִ֖י עִם־הָאִ֣ישׁ הַזֶּ֑ה וַתֹּ֖אמֶר אֵלֵֽךְ׃‬ So they called Rebekah and said to her, “Will you go with this man?” And she said, “I will go.”
Gen 24:59 ‫וַֽיְשַׁלְּח֛וּ אֶת־רִבְקָ֥ה אֲחֹתָ֖ם וְאֶת־מֵנִקְתָּ֑הּ וְאֶת־עֶ֥בֶד אַבְרָהָ֖ם וְאֶת־אֲנָשָֽׁיו׃‬ So they sent Rebekah their sister off, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his men.
Gen 24:60 ‫וַיְבָרֲכ֤וּ אֶת־רִבְקָה֙ וַיֹּ֣אמְרוּ לָ֔הּ אֲחֹתֵ֕נוּ אַ֥תְּ הֲיִ֖י לְאַלְפֵ֣י רְבָבָ֑ה וְיִירַ֣שׁ זַרְעֵ֔ךְ אֵ֖ת שַׁ֥עַר שֹׂנְאָֽיו׃‬ And they blessed Rebekah and said to her,

“You are our sister.

Become thousands times ten thousand,

And may your seed inherit

The gate of those who hate it.”

thousands times ← thousands of.
Gen 24:61 ‫וַתָּ֨קָם רִבְקָ֜ה וְנַעֲרֹתֶ֗יהָ וַתִּרְכַּ֙בְנָה֙ עַל־הַגְּמַלִּ֔ים וַתֵּלַ֖כְנָה אַחֲרֵ֣י הָאִ֑ישׁ וַיִּקַּ֥ח הָעֶ֛בֶד אֶת־רִבְקָ֖ה וַיֵּלַֽךְ׃‬ Then Rebekah arose, as did her maidservants, and they rode on the camels and followed the man. So the servant took Rebekah and departed.
Gen 24:62 ‫וְיִצְחָק֙ בָּ֣א מִבּ֔וֹא בְּאֵ֥ר לַחַ֖י רֹאִ֑י וְה֥וּא יוֹשֵׁ֖ב בְּאֶ֥רֶץ הַנֶּֽגֶב׃‬ Now Isaac was coming back from a trip to the well of Lahai-roi, for he dwelt in the land of the south. from a trip to ← from coming.
Gen 24:63 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֥א יִצְחָ֛ק לָשׂ֥וּחַ בַּשָּׂדֶ֖ה לִפְנ֣וֹת עָ֑רֶב וַיִּשָּׂ֤א עֵינָיו֙ וַיַּ֔רְא וְהִנֵּ֥ה גְמַלִּ֖ים בָּאִֽים׃‬ And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the approach of evening, and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was camels coming. approach ← turning.

what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 24:64 ‫וַתִּשָּׂ֤א רִבְקָה֙ אֶת־עֵינֶ֔יהָ וַתֵּ֖רֶא אֶת־יִצְחָ֑ק וַתִּפֹּ֖ל מֵעַ֥ל הַגָּמָֽל׃‬ And Rebekah lifted up her eyes and saw Isaac, and she dismounted from the camel. dismounted: or, fell.
Gen 24:65 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֶל־הָעֶ֗בֶד מִֽי־הָאִ֤ישׁ הַלָּזֶה֙ הַהֹלֵ֤ךְ בַּשָּׂדֶה֙ לִקְרָאתֵ֔נוּ וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הָעֶ֖בֶד ה֣וּא אֲדֹנִ֑י וַתִּקַּ֥ח הַצָּעִ֖יף וַתִּתְכָּֽס׃‬ Then she said to the servant, “Who is that man coming across in the field towards us?” And the servant said, “He is my master.” Then she took her veil and covered herself.
Gen 24:66 ‫וַיְסַפֵּ֥ר הָעֶ֖בֶד לְיִצְחָ֑ק אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָֽׂה׃‬ And the servant recounted to Isaac all the things that he had done.
Gen 24:67 ‫וַיְבִאֶ֣הָ יִצְחָ֗ק הָאֹ֙הֱלָה֙ שָׂרָ֣ה אִמּ֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֧ח אֶת־רִבְקָ֛ה וַתְּהִי־ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּׁ֖ה וַיֶּאֱהָבֶ֑הָ וַיִּנָּחֵ֥ם יִצְחָ֖ק אַחֲרֵ֥י אִמּֽוֹ׃ פ‬ Then Isaac brought her to the tent of his mother Sarah, and he took Rebekah, and she became his wife, and he loved her, and Isaac was comforted after his mother had gone.
Gen 25:1 ‫וַיֹּ֧סֶף אַבְרָהָ֛ם וַיִּקַּ֥ח אִשָּׁ֖ה וּשְׁמָ֥הּ קְטוּרָֽה׃‬ Then Abraham took a wife again, and her name was Keturah.
Gen 25:2 ‫וַתֵּ֣לֶד ל֗וֹ אֶת־זִמְרָן֙ וְאֶת־יָקְשָׁ֔ן וְאֶת־מְדָ֖ן וְאֶת־מִדְיָ֑ן וְאֶת־יִשְׁבָּ֖ק וְאֶת־שֽׁוּחַ׃‬ And she bore him Zimran and Jokshan and Medan and Midian and Ishbak and Shuah. || 1 Chr 1:32.
Gen 25:3 ‫וְיָקְשָׁ֣ן יָלַ֔ד אֶת־שְׁבָ֖א וְאֶת־דְּדָ֑ן וּבְנֵ֣י דְדָ֔ן הָי֛וּ אַשּׁוּרִ֥ם וּלְטוּשִׁ֖ים וּלְאֻמִּֽים׃‬ And Jokshan begot Sheba and Dedan, and the sons of Dedan became the Asshurim and the Letushim and Leummim. || 1 Chr 1:32.
Gen 25:4 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י מִדְיָ֗ן עֵיפָ֤ה וָעֵ֙פֶר֙ וַחֲנֹ֔ךְ וַאֲבִידָ֖ע וְאֶלְדָּעָ֑ה כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י קְטוּרָֽה׃‬ And the sons of Midian were Ephah and Epher and Hanoch and Abidah and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah. || 1 Chr 1:33.

Hanoch: the same name as Enoch in Gen 4:17, but here the AV matches the Hebrew.

Abidah ← Abida, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 25:5 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֧ן אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֖וֹ לְיִצְחָֽק׃‬ But Abraham gave everything he had to Isaac.
Gen 25:6 ‫וְלִבְנֵ֤י הַפִּֽילַגְשִׁים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם נָתַ֥ן אַבְרָהָ֖ם מַתָּנֹ֑ת וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵ֞ם מֵעַ֨ל יִצְחָ֤ק בְּנוֹ֙ בְּעוֹדֶ֣נּוּ חַ֔י קֵ֖דְמָה אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ קֶֽדֶם׃‬ Nevertheless to the sons of Abraham's concubines Abraham gave presents, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he was still alive, eastwards, to the land of the east. nevertheless: concessive use of the vav.
Gen 25:7 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה יְמֵ֛י שְׁנֵֽי־חַיֵּ֥י אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־חָ֑י מְאַ֥ת שָׁנָ֛ה וְשִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְחָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִֽים׃‬ And these were the days of the years of the life of Abraham which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years.
Gen 25:8 ‫וַיִּגְוַ֨ע וַיָּ֧מָת אַבְרָהָ֛ם בְּשֵׂיבָ֥ה טוֹבָ֖ה זָקֵ֣ן וְשָׂבֵ֑עַ וַיֵּאָ֖סֶף אֶל־עַמָּֽיו׃‬ And Abraham expired and died at a good old age, old and satisfied, then he was gathered to his people. old age ← grey hair.
Gen 25:9 ‫וַיִּקְבְּר֨וּ אֹת֜וֹ יִצְחָ֤ק וְיִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ בָּנָ֔יו אֶל־מְעָרַ֖ת הַמַּכְפֵּלָ֑ה אֶל־שְׂדֵ֞ה עֶפְרֹ֤ן בֶּן־צֹ֙חַר֙ הַֽחִתִּ֔י אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י מַמְרֵֽא׃‬ And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave at Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre
Gen 25:10 ‫הַשָּׂדֶ֛ה אֲשֶׁר־קָנָ֥ה אַבְרָהָ֖ם מֵאֵ֣ת בְּנֵי־חֵ֑ת שָׁ֛מָּה קֻבַּ֥ר אַבְרָהָ֖ם וְשָׂרָ֥ה אִשְׁתּֽוֹ׃‬ – the field which Abraham bought from the sons of Heth. There Abraham was buried, as was Sarah his wife.
Gen 25:11 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחֲרֵי֙ מ֣וֹת אַבְרָהָ֔ם וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב יִצְחָ֔ק עִם־בְּאֵ֥ר לַחַ֖י רֹאִֽי׃ ס‬ And it came to pass after the death of Abraham that God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac dwelt near the well of Lahai-roi.
Gen 25:12 ‫וְאֵ֛לֶּה תֹּלְדֹ֥ת יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל בֶּן־אַבְרָהָ֑ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָלְדָ֜ה הָגָ֧ר הַמִּצְרִ֛ית שִׁפְחַ֥ת שָׂרָ֖ה לְאַבְרָהָֽם׃‬ This is the lineage of Ishmael the son of Abraham, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's maidservant, bore to Abraham.
Gen 25:13 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה שְׁמוֹת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׁמָעֵ֔אל בִּשְׁמֹתָ֖ם לְתוֹלְדֹתָ֑ם בְּכֹ֤ר יִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ נְבָיֹ֔ת וְקֵדָ֥ר וְאַדְבְּאֵ֖ל וּמִבְשָֽׂם׃‬ Now these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their genealogy: the firstborn of Ishmael was Nebajoth, then Kedar and Adbeel and Mibsam, || 1 Chr 1:29.
Gen 25:14 ‫וּמִשְׁמָ֥ע וְדוּמָ֖ה וּמַשָּֽׂא׃‬ and Mishma and Dumah and Massa, || 1 Chr 1:30.
Gen 25:15 ‫חֲדַ֣ד וְתֵימָ֔א יְט֥וּר נָפִ֖ישׁ וָקֵֽדְמָה׃‬ Hadad and Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. || 1 Chr 1:30, 1 Chr 1:31.

Hadad: AV= Hadar. In this case of a consonantal discrepancy we do not adopt the AV rendering.
Gen 25:16 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה הֵ֞ם בְּנֵ֤י יִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ וְאֵ֣לֶּה שְׁמֹתָ֔ם בְּחַצְרֵיהֶ֖ם וּבְטִֽירֹתָ֑ם שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר נְשִׂיאִ֖ם לְאֻמֹּתָֽם׃‬ These were the sons of Ishmael, and those were their names by their villages and by their castles – twelve princes of their nations. || 1 Chr 1:31.
Gen 25:17 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה שְׁנֵי֙ חַיֵּ֣י יִשְׁמָעֵ֔אל מְאַ֥ת שָׁנָ֛ה וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֑ים וַיִּגְוַ֣ע וַיָּ֔מָת וַיֵּאָ֖סֶף אֶל־עַמָּֽיו׃‬ And these were the years of the life of Ishmael: one hundred and thirty-seven years, and he expired and died, and he was gathered to his people.
Gen 25:18 ‫וַיִּשְׁכְּנ֨וּ מֵֽחֲוִילָ֜ה עַד־שׁ֗וּר אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י מִצְרַ֔יִם בֹּאֲכָ֖ה אַשּׁ֑וּרָה עַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־אֶחָ֖יו נָפָֽל׃ פ‬ And they dwelt from Havilah to Shur, which is alongside Egypt as you go to Assyria, and he fell alongside all his brothers. he fell: [CB] explains this as he had an inheritance, and from that he dwelt.
Gen 25:19 ‫וְאֵ֛לֶּה תּוֹלְדֹ֥ת יִצְחָ֖ק בֶּן־אַבְרָהָ֑ם אַבְרָהָ֖ם הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־יִצְחָֽק׃‬ Now this is the lineage of Isaac the son of Abraham. Abraham begot Isaac,
Gen 25:20 ‫וַיְהִ֤י יִצְחָק֙ בֶּן־אַרְבָּעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה בְּקַחְתּ֣וֹ אֶת־רִבְקָ֗ה בַּת־בְּתוּאֵל֙ הָֽאֲרַמִּ֔י מִפַּדַּ֖ן אֲרָ֑ם אֲח֛וֹת לָבָ֥ן הָאֲרַמִּ֖י ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah the daughter of Bethuel the Aramaean from Padan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramaean, as his wife. Padan-aram ← Paddan-aram, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Padan-aram ignores the dagesh forte in the daleth.
Gen 25:21 ‫וַיֶּעְתַּ֨ר יִצְחָ֤ק לַֽיהוָה֙ לְנֹ֣כַח אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ כִּ֥י עֲקָרָ֖ה הִ֑וא וַיֵּעָ֤תֶר לוֹ֙ יְהוָ֔ה וַתַּ֖הַר רִבְקָ֥ה אִשְׁתּֽוֹ׃‬ And Isaac entreated the Lord on behalf of his wife, for she was barren, and the Lord was entreated by him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
Gen 25:22 ‫וַיִּתְרֹֽצֲצ֤וּ הַבָּנִים֙ בְּקִרְבָּ֔הּ וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אִם־כֵּ֔ן לָ֥מָּה זֶּ֖ה אָנֹ֑כִי וַתֵּ֖לֶךְ לִדְרֹ֥שׁ אֶת־יְהוָֽה׃‬ And the sons struggled together inside her, and she said, “If it is like this, why is it this way with me?” And she went to inquire of the Lord.
Gen 25:23 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה לָ֗הּ שְׁנֵ֤י *גיים **גוֹיִם֙ בְּבִטְנֵ֔ךְ וּשְׁנֵ֣י לְאֻמִּ֔ים מִמֵּעַ֖יִךְ יִפָּרֵ֑דוּ וּלְאֹם֙ מִלְאֹ֣ם יֶֽאֱמָ֔ץ וְרַ֖ב יַעֲבֹ֥ד צָעִֽיר׃‬ And the Lord said to her,

There are two nations in your womb,

And two peoples will be separated from your belly.

And one people will prevail over the other people,

And the elder will serve the younger.”

nations: the ketiv is apparently an alternative spelling or a misspelling with a yod in place of a vav.

Rom 9:12.
Gen 25:24 ‫וַיִּמְלְא֥וּ יָמֶ֖יהָ לָלֶ֑דֶת וְהִנֵּ֥ה תוֹמִ֖ם בְּבִטְנָֽהּ׃‬ And her days to when she should give birth were completed, and it was the case that there were twins in her womb. it was the case that ← behold.
Gen 25:25 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֤א הָרִאשׁוֹן֙ אַדְמוֹנִ֔י כֻּלּ֖וֹ כְּאַדֶּ֣רֶת שֵׂעָ֑ר וַיִּקְרְא֥וּ שְׁמ֖וֹ עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ And the first came out red-haired – all over him was a cloak of hair – and they called him Esau. Esau ← hairy, rough (Arabic; as Hebrew not attested elsewhere in the OT/Tanakh).
Gen 25:26 ‫וְאַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֞ן יָצָ֣א אָחִ֗יו וְיָד֤וֹ אֹחֶ֙זֶת֙ בַּעֲקֵ֣ב עֵשָׂ֔ו וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ יַעֲקֹ֑ב וְיִצְחָ֛ק בֶּן־שִׁשִּׁ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה בְּלֶ֥דֶת אֹתָֽם׃‬ And after that his brother came out, and his hand was holding on to Esau'a heel, and they called him Jacob. And, Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them. || 1 Chr 1:34.

Jacob ← Ja'acob, but we retain the AV / traditional name. The meaning is he takes by the heel, he supplants.
Gen 25:27 ‫וַֽיִּגְדְּלוּ֙ הַנְּעָרִ֔ים וַיְהִ֣י עֵשָׂ֗ו אִ֛ישׁ יֹדֵ֥עַ צַ֖יִד אִ֣ישׁ שָׂדֶ֑ה וְיַעֲקֹב֙ אִ֣ישׁ תָּ֔ם יֹשֵׁ֖ב אֹהָלִֽים׃‬ And the boys grew up, and Esau became a man skilled in hunting, a man of the open land, whereas Jacob was a straightforward man, living in tents. whereas: wider use of the vav.

straightforward: the same root as for pure, used of Noah in his genealogy.
Gen 25:28 ‫וַיֶּאֱהַ֥ב יִצְחָ֛ק אֶת־עֵשָׂ֖ו כִּי־צַ֣יִד בְּפִ֑יו וְרִבְקָ֖ה אֹהֶ֥בֶת אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ Now Isaac loved Esau because of his appetite for game, but Rebekah loved Jacob. because of his appetite for game ← for hunting (was) in his mouth.
Gen 25:29 ‫וַיָּ֥זֶד יַעֲקֹ֖ב נָזִ֑יד וַיָּבֹ֥א עֵשָׂ֛ו מִן־הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה וְה֥וּא עָיֵֽף׃‬ On an occasion Jacob had made a broth, when along came Esau from the open land, and he was tired, On an occasion ← and, but this is a wider use of the vav.
Gen 25:30 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר עֵשָׂ֜ו אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֗ב הַלְעִיטֵ֤נִי נָא֙ מִן־הָאָדֹ֤ם הָאָדֹם֙ הַזֶּ֔ה כִּ֥י עָיֵ֖ף אָנֹ֑כִי עַל־כֵּ֥ן קָרָֽא־שְׁמ֖וֹ אֱדֽוֹם׃‬ and Esau said to Jacob, “Please give me some of that very red broth to eat, for I am weary”, which is why he is called Edom. Edom ← red.
Gen 25:31 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֑ב מִכְרָ֥ה כַיּ֛וֹם אֶת־בְּכֹֽרָתְךָ֖ לִֽי׃‬ Whereupon Jacob said, “Sell me today your birthright.” whereupon: wider use of the vav.
Gen 25:32 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר עֵשָׂ֔ו הִנֵּ֛ה אָנֹכִ֥י הוֹלֵ֖ךְ לָמ֑וּת וְלָמָּה־זֶּ֥ה לִ֖י בְּכֹרָֽה׃‬ Then Esau said, “Look, I am going to die. So what good is a birthright to me?” what good iswhy this.
Gen 25:33 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֗ב הִשָּׁ֤בְעָה לִּי֙ כַּיּ֔וֹם וַיִּשָּׁבַ֖ע ל֑וֹ וַיִּמְכֹּ֥ר אֶת־בְּכֹרָת֖וֹ לְיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And Jacob said, “Swear to me this day.” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. Heb 12:16.
Gen 25:34 ‫וְיַעֲקֹ֞ב נָתַ֣ן לְעֵשָׂ֗ו לֶ֚חֶם וּנְזִ֣יד עֲדָשִׁ֔ים וַיֹּ֣אכַל וַיֵּ֔שְׁתְּ וַיָּ֖קָם וַיֵּלַ֑ךְ וַיִּ֥בֶז עֵשָׂ֖ו אֶת־הַבְּכֹרָֽה׃ ס‬ The Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil broth, and he ate, and drank, and got up, and went off. So Esau despised his birthright.
Gen 26:1 ‫וַיְהִ֤י רָעָב֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ מִלְּבַד֙ הָרָעָ֣ב הָרִאשׁ֔וֹן אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיָ֖ה בִּימֵ֣י אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיֵּ֧לֶךְ יִצְחָ֛ק אֶל־אֲבִימֶּ֥לֶךְ מֶֽלֶךְ־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים גְּרָֽרָה׃‬ Then a famine came in the land, besides the first famine which was in the days of Abraham, and Isaac went to Abimelech the king of the Philistines in Gerar. came ... was ← became ... became.

in ← to.
Gen 26:2 ‫וַיֵּרָ֤א אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֔ה וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אַל־תֵּרֵ֣ד מִצְרָ֑יְמָה שְׁכֹ֣ן בָּאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֹמַ֥ר אֵלֶֽיךָ׃‬ And the Lord appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt. Dwell in the land which I tell you.
Gen 26:3 ‫גּ֚וּר בָּאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֔את וְאֶֽהְיֶ֥ה עִמְּךָ֖ וַאֲבָרְכֶ֑ךָּ כִּֽי־לְךָ֣ וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֗ אֶתֵּן֙ אֶת־כָּל־הָֽאֲרָצֹ֣ת הָאֵ֔ל וַהֲקִֽמֹתִי֙ אֶת־הַשְּׁבֻעָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִשְׁבַּ֖עְתִּי לְאַבְרָהָ֥ם אָבִֽיךָ׃‬ Stay in this land and I will be with you, and I will bless you, for I will give you and your seed all these lands, and I will establish my oath which I swore to Abraham your father.
Gen 26:4 ‫וְהִרְבֵּיתִ֤י אֶֽת־זַרְעֲךָ֙ כְּכוֹכְבֵ֣י הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְנָתַתִּ֣י לְזַרְעֲךָ֔ אֵ֥ת כָּל־הָאֲרָצֹ֖ת הָאֵ֑ל וְהִתְבָּרֲכ֣וּ בְזַרְעֲךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל גּוֹיֵ֥י הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And I will make your seed numerous like the stars of the sky, and I will give your seed all these lands, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through your seed, Acts 3:25, Heb 11:12.
Gen 26:5 ‫עֵ֕קֶב אֲשֶׁר־שָׁמַ֥ע אַבְרָהָ֖ם בְּקֹלִ֑י וַיִּשְׁמֹר֙ מִשְׁמַרְתִּ֔י מִצְוֺתַ֖י חֻקּוֹתַ֥י וְתוֹרֹתָֽי׃‬ because Abraham obeyed me and kept my ordinance, my commandments, my statutes and my laws.” obeyed me ← heard my voice.

my ordinance: singular, although it could be re-pointed as plural, whereas the words following are plural.
Gen 26:6 ‫וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב יִצְחָ֖ק בִּגְרָֽר׃‬ So Isaac stayed in Gerar.
Gen 26:7 ‫וַֽיִּשְׁאֲל֞וּ אַנְשֵׁ֤י הַמָּקוֹם֙ לְאִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֑וא כִּ֤י יָרֵא֙ לֵאמֹ֣ר אִשְׁתִּ֔י פֶּן־יַֽהַרְגֻ֜נִי אַנְשֵׁ֤י הַמָּקוֹם֙ עַל־רִבְקָ֔ה כִּֽי־טוֹבַ֥ת מַרְאֶ֖ה הִֽיא׃‬ Then the men of the place asked him about his wife, and he said, “She is my sister”, for he was afraid to say, “my wife,” in case, he thought, “the men of the place kill me for Rebekah, for she is good-looking.”
Gen 26:8 ‫וַיְהִ֗י כִּ֣י אָֽרְכוּ־ל֥וֹ שָׁם֙ הַיָּמִ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקֵ֗ף אֲבִימֶ֙לֶךְ֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים בְּעַ֖ד הַֽחַלּ֑וֹן וַיַּ֗רְא וְהִנֵּ֤ה יִצְחָק֙ מְצַחֵ֔ק אֵ֖ת רִבְקָ֥ה אִשְׁתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then it came to pass that a long time went by for him there, and Abimelech the king of the Philistines peered out of a window and looked out and what he saw was Isaac playing with Rebekah his wife. a long time went by for him ← days were long to him.

what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 26:9 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ לְיִצְחָ֗ק וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַ֣ךְ הִנֵּ֤ה אִשְׁתְּךָ֙ הִ֔וא וְאֵ֥יךְ אָמַ֖רְתָּ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֑וא וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ יִצְחָ֔ק כִּ֣י אָמַ֔רְתִּי פֶּן־אָמ֖וּת עָלֶֽיהָ׃‬ And Abimelech called for Isaac and said, “Surely it is the case that she is your wife. So how come you said, ‘She is my sister’?” And Isaac said to him, “Because I said to myself, ‘In case I die because of her.’ ” it is the case that ← behold.
Gen 26:10 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ מַה־זֹּ֖את עָשִׂ֣יתָ לָּ֑נוּ כִּ֠מְעַט שָׁכַ֞ב אַחַ֤ד הָעָם֙ אֶת־אִשְׁתֶּ֔ךָ וְהֵבֵאתָ֥ עָלֵ֖ינוּ אָשָֽׁם׃‬ Then Abimelech said, “What is this you have done to us? One of the people nearly laid with your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us.”
Gen 26:11 ‫וַיְצַ֣ו אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ אֶת־כָּל־הָעָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר הַנֹּגֵ֜עַ בָּאִ֥ישׁ הַזֶּ֛ה וּבְאִשְׁתּ֖וֹ מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת׃‬ Then Abimelech gave commandment to all the people and said, “Anyone who touches this man or his wife will certainly be put to death.” will certainly be put to death: infinitive absolute.
Gen 26:12 ‫וַיִּזְרַ֤ע יִצְחָק֙ בָּאָ֣רֶץ הַהִ֔וא וַיִּמְצָ֛א בַּשָּׁנָ֥ה הַהִ֖וא מֵאָ֣ה שְׁעָרִ֑ים וַֽיְבָרֲכֵ֖הוּ יְהוָֽה׃‬ Then Isaac sowed in that land, and obtained in that year a hundredfold return, and the Lord blessed him. obtained ← found.

return ← measures.
Gen 26:13 ‫וַיִּגְדַּ֖ל הָאִ֑ישׁ וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ הָלוֹךְ֙ וְגָדֵ֔ל עַ֥ד כִּֽי־גָדַ֖ל מְאֹֽד׃‬ And the man became great, and kept becoming greater, until he had become very great.
Gen 26:14 ‫וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ מִקְנֵה־צֹאן֙ וּמִקְנֵ֣ה בָקָ֔ר וַעֲבֻדָּ֖ה רַבָּ֑ה וַיְקַנְא֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ פְּלִשְׁתִּֽים׃‬ And he had sheep in his possession, and cattle in his possession, and a large body of servants. And the Philistines envied him,
Gen 26:15 ‫וְכָל־הַבְּאֵרֹ֗ת אֲשֶׁ֤ר חָֽפְרוּ֙ עַבְדֵ֣י אָבִ֔יו בִּימֵ֖י אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֑יו סִתְּמ֣וּם פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וַיְמַלְא֖וּם עָפָֽר׃‬ and the Philistines blocked up all the wells which his father's servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father, and filled them with soil. soil ← dust.
Gen 26:16 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ אֶל־יִצְחָ֑ק לֵ֚ךְ מֵֽעִמָּ֔נוּ כִּֽי־עָצַֽמְתָּ־מִמֶּ֖נּוּ מְאֹֽד׃‬ Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Depart from us, for you have become much stronger than us.” than us: or, if the reader prefers, than we.
Gen 26:17 ‫וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ מִשָּׁ֖ם יִצְחָ֑ק וַיִּ֥חַן בְּנַֽחַל־גְּרָ֖ר וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב שָֽׁם׃‬ So Isaac departed from there, and encamped at the watercourse of Gerar and stayed there.
Gen 26:18 ‫וַיָּ֨שָׁב יִצְחָ֜ק וַיַּחְפֹּ֣ר ׀ אֶת־בְּאֵרֹ֣ת הַמַּ֗יִם אֲשֶׁ֤ר חָֽפְרוּ֙ בִּימֵי֙ אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֔יו וַיְסַתְּמ֣וּם פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים אַחֲרֵ֖י מ֣וֹת אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיִּקְרָ֤א לָהֶן֙ שֵׁמ֔וֹת כַּשֵּׁמֹ֕ת אֲשֶׁר־קָרָ֥א לָהֶ֖ן אָבִֽיו׃‬ Then Isaac again dug the wells of water which they had dug in the days of Abraham his father and which the Philistines had blocked up after the death of Abraham, to which he gave names, after the names which his father had given them. gave ... given ← called ... called.
Gen 26:19 ‫וַיַּחְפְּר֥וּ עַבְדֵֽי־יִצְחָ֖ק בַּנָּ֑חַל וַיִּ֨מְצְאוּ־שָׁ֔ם בְּאֵ֖ר מַ֥יִם חַיִּֽים׃‬ So Isaac's servants dug in the dry watercourse and found there a well of running water. running ← living.
Gen 26:20 ‫וַיָּרִ֜יבוּ רֹעֵ֣י גְרָ֗ר עִם־רֹעֵ֥י יִצְחָ֛ק לֵאמֹ֖ר לָ֣נוּ הַמָּ֑יִם וַיִּקְרָ֤א שֵֽׁם־הַבְּאֵר֙ עֵ֔שֶׂק כִּ֥י הִֽתְעַשְּׂק֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ׃‬ But the shepherds of Gerar quarrelled with Isaac's shepherds and said, “The water is ours”, and they called the well Esek, because they strove with him. Esek ← strife.
Gen 26:21 ‫וַֽיַּחְפְּרוּ֙ בְּאֵ֣ר אַחֶ֔רֶת וַיָּרִ֖יבוּ גַּם־עָלֶ֑יהָ וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמָ֖הּ שִׂטְנָֽה׃‬ And they dug another well, and they quarrelled over that one too, and called it Sitnah. Sitnah ← accusation, from the same root as Satan.
Gen 26:22 ‫וַיַּעְתֵּ֣ק מִשָּׁ֗ם וַיַּחְפֹּר֙ בְּאֵ֣ר אַחֶ֔רֶת וְלֹ֥א רָב֖וּ עָלֶ֑יהָ וַיִּקְרָ֤א שְׁמָהּ֙ רְחֹב֔וֹת וַיֹּ֗אמֶר כִּֽי־עַתָּ֞ה הִרְחִ֧יב יְהוָ֛ה לָ֖נוּ וּפָרִ֥ינוּ בָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then he moved from there and dug another well, which they did not quarrel over, and he called it Rehoboth, and said, “For now the Lord has given us room and we shall be fruitful in the land.” Rehoboth ← open spaces.

given us room ← widened us.
Gen 26:23 ‫וַיַּ֥עַל מִשָּׁ֖ם בְּאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע׃‬ Then he went up from there to Beer-sheba.
Gen 26:24 ‫וַיֵּרָ֨א אֵלָ֤יו יְהוָה֙ בַּלַּ֣יְלָה הַה֔וּא וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָנֹכִ֕י אֱלֹהֵ֖י אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֑יךָ אַל־תִּירָא֙ כִּֽי־אִתְּךָ֣ אָנֹ֔כִי וּבֵֽרַכְתִּ֙יךָ֙ וְהִרְבֵּיתִ֣י אֶֽת־זַרְעֲךָ֔ בַּעֲב֖וּר אַבְרָהָ֥ם עַבְדִּֽי׃‬ And the Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of Abraham your father. Do not be afraid, for I am with you, and I will bless you and I will increase your seed because of Abraham my servant.”
Gen 26:25 ‫וַיִּ֧בֶן שָׁ֣ם מִזְבֵּ֗חַ וַיִּקְרָא֙ בְּשֵׁ֣ם יְהוָ֔ה וַיֶּט־שָׁ֖ם אָהֳל֑וֹ וַיִּכְרוּ־שָׁ֥ם עַבְדֵי־יִצְחָ֖ק בְּאֵֽר׃‬ Then he built an altar there and called on the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent there, and Isaac's servants dug a well there.
Gen 26:26 ‫וַאֲבִימֶ֕לֶךְ הָלַ֥ךְ אֵלָ֖יו מִגְּרָ֑ר וַאֲחֻזַּת֙ מֵֽרֵעֵ֔הוּ וּפִיכֹ֖ל שַׂר־צְבָאֽוֹ׃‬ Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, with Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the commander of his army. Phichol ← Pichol. See Gen 21:22.
Gen 26:27 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ יִצְחָ֔ק מַדּ֖וּעַ בָּאתֶ֣ם אֵלָ֑י וְאַתֶּם֙ שְׂנֵאתֶ֣ם אֹתִ֔י וַתְּשַׁלְּח֖וּנִי מֵאִתְּכֶֽם׃‬ And Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, seeing you detest me, and sent me away from you?” seeing ← and. A conjunction of reason, in a wider use of the vav.
Gen 26:28 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ רָא֣וֹ רָאִינוּ֮ כִּֽי־הָיָ֣ה יְהוָ֣ה ׀ עִמָּךְ֒ וַנֹּ֗אמֶר תְּהִ֨י נָ֥א אָלָ֛ה בֵּינוֹתֵ֖ינוּ בֵּינֵ֣ינוּ וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ וְנִכְרְתָ֥ה בְרִ֖ית עִמָּֽךְ׃‬ To which they said, “We have clearly seen that the Lord was with you, and we said, ‘Let there be now oath between us – between us and you – and let us make a covenant with you, to which: wider use of the vav.

we have clearly seen: infinitive absolute.

make ← cut.
Gen 26:29 ‫אִם־תַּעֲשֵׂ֨ה עִמָּ֜נוּ רָעָ֗ה כַּאֲשֶׁר֙ לֹ֣א נְגַֽעֲנ֔וּךָ וְכַאֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשִׂ֤ינוּ עִמְּךָ֙ רַק־ט֔וֹב וַנְּשַׁלֵּֽחֲךָ֖ בְּשָׁל֑וֹם אַתָּ֥ה עַתָּ֖ה בְּר֥וּךְ יְהוָֽה׃‬ that you absolutely won't do us any harm, and that you will act as when we only did you good and when we sent you off in peace’, and now you are blessed by the Lord.” you absolutely won't ← if you do. An oath formula, in full in 2 Sam 3:35, standing for if you ... may God do this to you.
Gen 26:30 ‫וַיַּ֤עַשׂ לָהֶם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֔ה וַיֹּאכְל֖וּ וַיִּשְׁתּֽוּ׃‬ Then he held a banquet for them and they ate and drank. held ← made.
Gen 26:31 ‫וַיַּשְׁכִּ֣ימוּ בַבֹּ֔קֶר וַיִּשָּׁבְע֖וּ אִ֣ישׁ לְאָחִ֑יו וַיְשַׁלְּחֵ֣ם יִצְחָ֔ק וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ מֵאִתּ֖וֹ בְּשָׁלֽוֹם׃‬ And they got up early in the morning and they swore to each other, and Isaac sent them off, and they departed from him in peace. to each other ← each to his brother.
Gen 26:32 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ עַבְדֵ֣י יִצְחָ֔ק וַיַּגִּ֣דוּ ל֔וֹ עַל־אֹד֥וֹת הַבְּאֵ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָפָ֑רוּ וַיֹּ֥אמְרוּ ל֖וֹ מָצָ֥אנוּ מָֽיִם׃‬ Then it came to pass on that day that Isaac's servants came and told him about the well which they had dug, and they said to him, “We have found water.”
Gen 26:33 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֹתָ֖הּ שִׁבְעָ֑ה עַל־כֵּ֤ן שֵׁם־הָעִיר֙ בְּאֵ֣ר שֶׁ֔בַע עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה׃ ס‬ And he called it Shebah, which is why the name of the town is Beer-sheba up to this day. Shebah ← Shibah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. The meaning is oath.
Gen 26:34 ‫וַיְהִ֤י עֵשָׂו֙ בֶּן־אַרְבָּעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה וַיִּקַּ֤ח אִשָּׁה֙ אֶת־יְהוּדִ֔ית בַּת־בְּאֵרִ֖י הַֽחִתִּ֑י וְאֶת־בָּ֣שְׂמַ֔ת בַּת־אֵילֹ֖ן הַֽחִתִּֽי׃‬ Now Esau was forty years old when he took as a wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite.
Gen 26:35 ‫וַתִּהְיֶ֖יןָ מֹ֣רַת ר֑וּחַ לְיִצְחָ֖ק וּלְרִבְקָֽה׃ ס‬ But they became a source of grief to Isaac and Rebekah. a source of grief ← grief of spirit.
Gen 27:1 ‫וַיְהִי֙ כִּֽי־זָקֵ֣ן יִצְחָ֔ק וַתִּכְהֶ֥יןָ עֵינָ֖יו מֵרְאֹ֑ת וַיִּקְרָ֞א אֶת־עֵשָׂ֣ו ׀ בְּנ֣וֹ הַגָּדֹ֗ל וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ בְּנִ֔י וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ And it came to pass when Isaac was old that his eyesight was failing, and he called Esau his elder son and said to him, “My son”, and he said to him, “Here I am.” his eyesight was failing ← his eyes had become dim from seeing.

here I ambehold me.
Gen 27:2 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּה־נָ֖א זָקַ֑נְתִּי לֹ֥א יָדַ֖עְתִּי י֥וֹם מוֹתִֽי׃‬ And he said, “Look now, I am old and I do not know the day of my death.
Gen 27:3 ‫וְעַתָּה֙ שָׂא־נָ֣א כֵלֶ֔יךָ תֶּלְיְךָ֖ וְקַשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וְצֵא֙ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה וְצ֥וּדָה לִּ֖י *צידה **צָֽיִד׃‬ So now, take up your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the countryside and hunt game for me. game: the ketiv and qeré are similar words with the same meaning.
Gen 27:4 ‫וַעֲשֵׂה־לִ֨י מַטְעַמִּ֜ים כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר אָהַ֛בְתִּי וְהָבִ֥יאָה לִּ֖י וְאֹכֵ֑לָה בַּעֲב֛וּר תְּבָרֶכְךָ֥ נַפְשִׁ֖י בְּטֶ֥רֶם אָמֽוּת׃‬ And make a tasty meal the way I like it and bring it to me for me to eat, so that my whole being can bless you before I die.” my whole being ← my soul.
Gen 27:5 ‫וְרִבְקָ֣ה שֹׁמַ֔עַת בְּדַבֵּ֣ר יִצְחָ֔ק אֶל־עֵשָׂ֖ו בְּנ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ עֵשָׂו֙ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה לָצ֥וּד צַ֖יִד לְהָבִֽיא׃‬ Now Rebekah was listening when Isaac was speaking to Esau his son. Then when Esau had gone to the countryside to hunt for game to bring,
Gen 27:6 ‫וְרִבְקָה֙ אָֽמְרָ֔ה אֶל־יַעֲקֹ֥ב בְּנָ֖הּ לֵאמֹ֑ר הִנֵּ֤ה שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ אֶת־אָבִ֔יךָ מְדַבֵּ֛ר אֶל־עֵשָׂ֥ו אָחִ֖יךָ לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Rebekah spoke to Jacob her son and said, “Look, I have heard your father speaking to Esau your brother, saying,
Gen 27:7 ‫הָבִ֨יאָה לִּ֥י צַ֛יִד וַעֲשֵׂה־לִ֥י מַטְעַמִּ֖ים וְאֹכֵ֑לָה וַאֲבָרֶכְכָ֛ה לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה לִפְנֵ֥י מוֹתִֽי׃‬ ‘Bring me game and make a tasty meal for me to eat and I will bless you before the Lord before my death.’
Gen 27:8 ‫וְעַתָּ֥ה בְנִ֖י שְׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹלִ֑י לַאֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲנִ֖י מְצַוָּ֥ה אֹתָֽךְ׃‬ So now, my son, obey me with what I am commanding you. obey me ← hear my voice.
Gen 27:9 ‫לֶךְ־נָא֙ אֶל־הַצֹּ֔אן וְקַֽח־לִ֣י מִשָּׁ֗ם שְׁנֵ֛י גְּדָיֵ֥י עִזִּ֖ים טֹבִ֑ים וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂ֨ה אֹתָ֧ם מַטְעַמִּ֛ים לְאָבִ֖יךָ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר אָהֵֽב׃‬ Go now to the flock and get me two good kids of the goats from there, and I will make from them a tasty meal for your father the way he likes it.
Gen 27:10 ‫וְהֵבֵאתָ֥ לְאָבִ֖יךָ וְאָכָ֑ל בַּעֲבֻ֛ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר יְבָרֶכְךָ֖ לִפְנֵ֥י מוֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Then you will bring it to your father and he will eat, so that he blesses you before his death.”
Gen 27:11 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֶל־רִבְקָ֖ה אִמּ֑וֹ הֵ֣ן עֵשָׂ֤ו אָחִי֙ אִ֣ישׁ שָׂעִ֔ר וְאָנֹכִ֖י אִ֥ישׁ חָלָֽק׃‬ Then Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, “Look, Esau my brother is a hairy man, whereas I am a smooth man. whereas: wider use of the vav.
Gen 27:12 ‫אוּלַ֤י יְמֻשֵּׁ֙נִי֙ אָבִ֔י וְהָיִ֥יתִי בְעֵינָ֖יו כִּמְתַעְתֵּ֑עַ וְהֵבֵאתִ֥י עָלַ֛י קְלָלָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א בְרָכָֽה׃‬ Maybe my father will feel me, and I will be a mocker in his sight, and I will bring a curse on myself and not a blessing.”
Gen 27:13 ‫וַתֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ אִמּ֔וֹ עָלַ֥י קִלְלָתְךָ֖ בְּנִ֑י אַ֛ךְ שְׁמַ֥ע בְּקֹלִ֖י וְלֵ֥ךְ קַֽח־לִֽי׃‬ Then his mother said to him, “May your curse be on me, my son, but obey me and go and get me the goats.” obey me ← hear my voice.
Gen 27:14 ‫וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ וַיִּקַּ֔ח וַיָּבֵ֖א לְאִמּ֑וֹ וַתַּ֤עַשׂ אִמּוֹ֙ מַטְעַמִּ֔ים כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר אָהֵ֥ב אָבִֽיו׃‬ So he went and got them and brought them to his mother, and his mother made the tasty meal the way his father liked it.
Gen 27:15 ‫וַתִּקַּ֣ח רִ֠בְקָה אֶת־בִּגְדֵ֨י עֵשָׂ֜ו בְּנָ֤הּ הַגָּדֹל֙ הַחֲמֻדֹ֔ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתָּ֖הּ בַּבָּ֑יִת וַתַּלְבֵּ֥שׁ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹ֖ב בְּנָ֥הּ הַקָּטָֽן׃‬ Then Rebekah took the finest clothes which she had in the house of Esau her elder son, and clothed Jacob her younger son with them.
Gen 27:16 ‫וְאֵ֗ת עֹרֹת֙ גְּדָיֵ֣י הָֽעִזִּ֔ים הִלְבִּ֖ישָׁה עַל־יָדָ֑יו וְעַ֖ל חֶלְקַ֥ת צַוָּארָֽיו׃‬ And she put the skins of the kids of the goats on his hands and around the smoothness of his neck. put ← clothed.
Gen 27:17 ‫וַתִּתֵּ֧ן אֶת־הַמַּטְעַמִּ֛ים וְאֶת־הַלֶּ֖חֶם אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑תָה בְּיַ֖ד יַעֲקֹ֥ב בְּנָֽהּ׃‬ And she put the tasty meal and bread which she had made in the hand of Jacob her son.
Gen 27:18 ‫וַיָּבֹ֥א אֶל־אָבִ֖יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אָבִ֑י וַיֹּ֣אמֶר הִנֶּ֔נִּי מִ֥י אַתָּ֖ה בְּנִֽי׃‬ And he went to his father and said, “My father”, and he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?” here I ambehold me.
Gen 27:19 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶל־אָבִ֗יו אָנֹכִי֙ עֵשָׂ֣ו בְּכֹרֶ֔ךָ עָשִׂ֕יתִי כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֖רְתָּ אֵלָ֑י קֽוּם־נָ֣א שְׁבָ֗ה וְאָכְלָה֙ מִצֵּידִ֔י בַּעֲב֖וּר תְּבָרֲכַ֥נִּי נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃‬ And Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done what you told me. Get up now, and sit and eat my game, so that your whole being can bless me.” whole being ← soul.
Gen 27:20 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יִצְחָק֙ אֶל־בְּנ֔וֹ מַה־זֶּ֛ה מִהַ֥רְתָּ לִמְצֹ֖א בְּנִ֑י וַיֹּ֕אמֶר כִּ֥י הִקְרָ֛ה יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ לְפָנָֽי׃‬ Then Isaac said to his son, “How come you have been so quick in finding it, my son?” And he said, “Because the Lord your God made it happen before me.” in finding: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 27:21 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יִצְחָק֙ אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֔ב גְּשָׁה־נָּ֥א וַאֲמֻֽשְׁךָ֖ בְּנִ֑י הַֽאַתָּ֥ה זֶ֛ה בְּנִ֥י עֵשָׂ֖ו אִם־לֹֽא׃‬ The Isaac said to Jacob, “Come near, would you, and I will feel you, my son, to see if you really are my son Esau or not.” you really areyou (are) this.
Gen 27:22 ‫וַיִּגַּ֧שׁ יַעֲקֹ֛ב אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִ֖יו וַיְמֻשֵּׁ֑הוּ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הַקֹּל֙ ק֣וֹל יַעֲקֹ֔ב וְהַיָּדַ֖יִם יְדֵ֥י עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ So Jacob came near to Isaac his father, and he felt him, and he said, “The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are Esau's hands.”
Gen 27:23 ‫וְלֹ֣א הִכִּיר֔וֹ כִּֽי־הָי֣וּ יָדָ֗יו כִּידֵ֛י עֵשָׂ֥ו אָחִ֖יו שְׂעִרֹ֑ת וַֽיְבָרְכֵֽהוּ׃‬ And he did not recognize him, for his hands were like the hairy hands of Esau his brother, and he blessed him,
Gen 27:24 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אַתָּ֥ה זֶ֖ה בְּנִ֣י עֵשָׂ֑ו וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אָֽנִי׃‬ and he said, “Are you really my son Esau”, and he said, “Yes, I am.” are you really ← (are) you this.
Gen 27:25 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הַגִּ֤שָׁה לִּי֙ וְאֹֽכְלָה֙ מִצֵּ֣יד בְּנִ֔י לְמַ֥עַן תְּבָֽרֶכְךָ֖ נַפְשִׁ֑י וַיַּגֶּשׁ־לוֹ֙ וַיֹּאכַ֔ל וַיָּ֧בֵא ל֦וֹ יַ֖יִן וַיֵּֽשְׁתְּ׃‬ And he said, “Serve me some of my son's game, and I will eat it, so that my whole being can bless you.” So he served it to him, and he ate, and he brought him wine and he drank. whole being ← soul.
Gen 27:26 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו יִצְחָ֣ק אָבִ֑יו גְּשָׁה־נָּ֥א וּשְׁקָה־לִּ֖י בְּנִֽי׃‬ And Isaac his father said to him, “Come close, would you, and kiss me, my son.”
Gen 27:27 ‫וַיִּגַּשׁ֙ וַיִּשַּׁק־ל֔וֹ וַיָּ֛רַח אֶת־רֵ֥יחַ בְּגָדָ֖יו וַֽיְבָרֲכֵ֑הוּ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר רְאֵה֙ רֵ֣יחַ בְּנִ֔י כְּרֵ֣יחַ שָׂדֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בֵּרֲכ֖וֹ יְהוָֽה׃‬ So he came close and kissed him, and he smelled the smell of his clothing, and he blessed him, and he said,

“See, the smell of my son

Is as the smell of the countryside

Which the Lord has blessed.

Gen 27:28 ‫וְיִֽתֶּן־לְךָ֙ הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים מִטַּל֙ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וּמִשְׁמַנֵּ֖י הָאָ֑רֶץ וְרֹ֥ב דָּגָ֖ן וְתִירֹֽשׁ׃‬

So may God give you the dew of heaven

And the fatness of the earth,

And abundance of corn and new wine.

Gen 27:29 ‫יַֽעַבְד֣וּךָ עַמִּ֗ים *וישתחו **וְיִֽשְׁתַּחֲו֤וּ לְךָ֙ לְאֻמִּ֔ים הֱוֵ֤ה גְבִיר֙ לְאַחֶ֔יךָ וְיִשְׁתַּחֲוּ֥וּ לְךָ֖ בְּנֵ֣י אִמֶּ֑ךָ אֹרְרֶ֣יךָ אָר֔וּר וּֽמְבָרֲכֶ֖יךָ בָּרֽוּךְ׃‬

Nations will serve you

And peoples will bow down to you;

Be master over your brothers,

And the sons of your mother will bow down to you.

Those who curse you will be cursed,

And those who bless you will be blessed.”

will bow down: the ketiv is a shorter form of the qeré.

those who curse you (etc.): compare Num 24:9.

The verse has discordancies in number, or collective usage: Those who curse (plural) you (will be) cursed (singular), and those who bless (plural) you (will be) blessed (singular).
Gen 27:30 ‫וַיְהִ֗י כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר כִּלָּ֣ה יִצְחָק֮ לְבָרֵ֣ךְ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹב֒ וַיְהִ֗י אַ֣ךְ יָצֹ֤א יָצָא֙ יַעֲקֹ֔ב מֵאֵ֥ת פְּנֵ֖י יִצְחָ֣ק אָבִ֑יו וְעֵשָׂ֣ו אָחִ֔יו בָּ֖א מִצֵּידֽוֹ׃‬ And it came to pass, when Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had only just left the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came back from his hunting. only just: infinitive absolute of to go out.

left the presence ← gone out from with face of.
Gen 27:31 ‫וַיַּ֤עַשׂ גַּם־הוּא֙ מַטְעַמִּ֔ים וַיָּבֵ֖א לְאָבִ֑יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְאָבִ֗יו יָקֻ֤ם אָבִי֙ וְיֹאכַל֙ מִצֵּ֣יד בְּנ֔וֹ בַּעֲב֖וּר תְּבָרֲכַ֥נִּי נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃‬ And he also made a tasty meal and brought it to his father, and he said to his father, “Let my father get up and eat his son's game, so that your whole being can bless me.” whole being ← soul.
Gen 27:32 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֛וֹ יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִ֖יו מִי־אָ֑תָּה וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אֲנִ֛י בִּנְךָ֥ בְכֹֽרְךָ֖ עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ Then Isaac said to him, “Who are you?” And he said, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.”
Gen 27:33 ‫וַיֶּחֱרַ֨ד יִצְחָ֣ק חֲרָדָה֮ גְּדֹלָ֣ה עַד־מְאֹד֒ וַיֹּ֡אמֶר מִֽי־אֵפ֡וֹא ה֣וּא הַצָּֽד־צַיִד֩ וַיָּ֨בֵא לִ֜י וָאֹכַ֥ל מִכֹּ֛ל בְּטֶ֥רֶם תָּב֖וֹא וָאֲבָרֲכֵ֑הוּ גַּם־בָּר֖וּךְ יִהְיֶֽה׃‬ Then Isaac trembled, trembling very greatly, and said, “Who was it then who hunted game and brought it to me, which I ate all of before you came, and I blessed him, and he will be duly blessed.” trembled, trembling very greatly ← trembled a very great trembling.

duly ← also.
Gen 27:34 ‫כִּשְׁמֹ֤עַ עֵשָׂו֙ אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֣י אָבִ֔יו וַיִּצְעַ֣ק צְעָקָ֔ה גְּדֹלָ֥ה וּמָרָ֖ה עַד־מְאֹ֑ד וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְאָבִ֔יו בָּרֲכֵ֥נִי גַם־אָ֖נִי אָבִֽי׃‬ When Esau heard his father's words, het let out a very loud and bitter cry, and said to his father, “Bless me too, my father.”
Gen 27:35 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר בָּ֥א אָחִ֖יךָ בְּמִרְמָ֑ה וַיִּקַּ֖ח בִּרְכָתֶֽךָ׃‬ But he said, “Your brother came deceitfully and took your blessing.”
Gen 27:36 ‫וַיֹּ֡אמֶר הֲכִי֩ קָרָ֨א שְׁמ֜וֹ יַעֲקֹ֗ב וַֽיַּעְקְבֵ֙נִי֙ זֶ֣ה פַעֲמַ֔יִם אֶת־בְּכֹרָתִ֣י לָקָ֔ח וְהִנֵּ֥ה עַתָּ֖ה לָקַ֣ח בִּרְכָתִ֑י וַיֹּאמַ֕ר הֲלֹא־אָצַ֥לְתָּ לִּ֖י בְּרָכָֽה׃‬ And he said, “Isn't this why he is called Jacob? For he has supplanted me twice now. He has taken my birthright, and now he has gone and taken my blessing.” And he said, “Haven't you reserved a blessing for me?” isn't this why(is) that.

he has gone and taken ← behold he has taken.
Gen 27:37 ‫וַיַּ֨עַן יִצְחָ֜ק וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְעֵשָׂ֗ו הֵ֣ן גְּבִ֞יר שַׂמְתִּ֥יו לָךְ֙ וְאֶת־כָּל־אֶחָ֗יו נָתַ֤תִּי לוֹ֙ לַעֲבָדִ֔ים וְדָגָ֥ן וְתִירֹ֖שׁ סְמַכְתִּ֑יו וּלְכָ֣ה אֵפ֔וֹא מָ֥ה אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֖ה בְּנִֽי׃‬ Then Isaac answered and said to Esau, “Look, I have appointed him master over you, and I have assigned all his brothers as servants to him, and I have sustained him with corn and new wine. So then, what can I do for you, my son?” assigned ← given, put.
Gen 27:38 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר עֵשָׂ֜ו אֶל־אָבִ֗יו הַֽבְרָכָ֨ה אַחַ֤ת הִֽוא־לְךָ֙ אָבִ֔י בָּרֲכֵ֥נִי גַם־אָ֖נִי אָבִ֑י וַיִּשָּׂ֥א עֵשָׂ֛ו קֹל֖וֹ וַיֵּֽבְךְּ׃‬ At this Esau said to his father, “Is your blessing just a single one, my father? Bless me, me too, my father.” And Esau raised his voice and wept. at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 27:39 ‫וַיַּ֛עַן יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִ֖יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֑יו הִנֵּ֞ה מִשְׁמַנֵּ֤י הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה מֽוֹשָׁבֶ֔ךָ וּמִטַּ֥ל הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם מֵעָֽל׃‬ Then Isaac his father answered and said to him,

“Behold, your dwelling place will be the fatness of the land

And benefiting from the dew of heaven above.

will be the fatness: [CB] proposes (far) from the fatness. The issue is whether מִשְׁמַנֵּי is one word, fatness, or the preposition מִ attached to the word שְׁמַנְּי (perhaps re-pointed as שַׁמְנֵי). [CB] also proposes (far) from the dew. But the words are as in Gen 27:28.
Gen 27:40 ‫וְעַל־חַרְבְּךָ֣ תִֽחְיֶ֔ה וְאֶת־אָחִ֖יךָ תַּעֲבֹ֑ד וְהָיָה֙ כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר תָּרִ֔יד וּפָרַקְתָּ֥ עֻלּ֖וֹ מֵעַ֥ל צַוָּארֶֽךָ׃‬

And you will live by your sword,

And serve your brother,

But it will come to pass

That as you roam around,

You will break off his yoke from your neck.”

roam around: root r-w-d; AV differs, incorrectly taking the root as r-d-h, to have dominion.
Gen 27:41 ‫וַיִּשְׂטֹ֤ם עֵשָׂו֙ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹ֔ב עַל־הַ֨בְּרָכָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בֵּרֲכ֖וֹ אָבִ֑יו וַיֹּ֨אמֶר עֵשָׂ֜ו בְּלִבּ֗וֹ יִקְרְבוּ֙ יְמֵי֙ אֵ֣בֶל אָבִ֔י וְאַֽהַרְגָ֖ה אֶת־יַעֲקֹ֥ב אָחִֽי׃‬ At this Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said in his heart, “The days of mourning for my father are approaching, and I will kill Jacob my brother.” at this: wider use of the vav.

said in his heart: an expression of resolving. In view of the next verse, the servants could either read his heart, or they heard about his intentions from other things he said out loud.
Gen 27:42 ‫וַיֻּגַּ֣ד לְרִבְקָ֔ה אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֥י עֵשָׂ֖ו בְּנָ֣הּ הַגָּדֹ֑ל וַתִּשְׁלַ֞ח וַתִּקְרָ֤א לְיַעֲקֹב֙ בְּנָ֣הּ הַקָּטָ֔ן וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו הִנֵּה֙ עֵשָׂ֣ו אָחִ֔יךָ מִתְנַחֵ֥ם לְךָ֖ לְהָרְגֶֽךָ׃‬ But the words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah, so she sent for and called Jacob her younger son and said to him, “Look, Esau your brother is consoling himself over you, plotting to kill you.
Gen 27:43 ‫וְעַתָּ֥ה בְנִ֖י שְׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹלִ֑י וְק֧וּם בְּרַח־לְךָ֛ אֶל־לָבָ֥ן אָחִ֖י חָרָֽנָה׃‬ So now, my son, obey me, and get up and flee to Laban my brother in Haran. obey me ← hear my voice.

flee ← flee for yourself, so get fleeing.
Gen 27:44 ‫וְיָשַׁבְתָּ֥ עִמּ֖וֹ יָמִ֣ים אֲחָדִ֑ים עַ֥ד אֲשֶׁר־תָּשׁ֖וּב חֲמַ֥ת אָחִֽיךָ׃‬ And stay with him for several days until your brother's fury subsides
Gen 27:45 ‫עַד־שׁ֨וּב אַף־אָחִ֜יךָ מִמְּךָ֗ וְשָׁכַח֙ אֵ֣ת אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂ֣יתָ לּ֔וֹ וְשָׁלַחְתִּ֖י וּלְקַחְתִּ֣יךָ מִשָּׁ֑ם לָמָ֥ה אֶשְׁכַּ֛ל גַּם־שְׁנֵיכֶ֖ם י֥וֹם אֶחָֽד׃‬ – until your brother's anger recedes from you and he forgets what you did to him – and I will send for you and take you back from there. Why should I be bereaved of the two of you on one day.”
Gen 27:46 ‫וַתֹּ֤אמֶר רִבְקָה֙ אֶל־יִצְחָ֔ק קַ֣צְתִּי בְחַיַּ֔י מִפְּנֵ֖י בְּנ֣וֹת חֵ֑ת אִם־לֹקֵ֣חַ יַ֠עֲקֹב אִשָּׁ֨ה מִבְּנֽוֹת־חֵ֤ת כָּאֵ֙לֶּה֙ מִבְּנ֣וֹת הָאָ֔רֶץ לָ֥מָּה לִּ֖י חַיִּֽים׃‬ Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am fed up with my life because of the daughters of Heth. If Jacob were to take a wife from the daughters of Heth like these – from the daughters of the land – what purpose would my life have?”
Gen 28:1 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֥א יִצְחָ֛ק אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֹת֑וֹ וַיְצַוֵּ֙הוּ֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ לֹֽא־תִקַּ֥ח אִשָּׁ֖ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ The Isaac called for Jacob, and blessed him, and gave him commandment, and said to him, “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan.
Gen 28:2 ‫ק֥וּם לֵךְ֙ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֔ם בֵּ֥יתָה בְתוּאֵ֖ל אֲבִ֣י אִמֶּ֑ךָ וְקַח־לְךָ֤ מִשָּׁם֙ אִשָּׁ֔ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת לָבָ֖ן אֲחִ֥י אִמֶּֽךָ׃‬ Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother's father, and take a wife from there, from the daughters of Laban your mother's brother. Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 28:3 ‫וְאֵ֤ל שַׁדַּי֙ יְבָרֵ֣ךְ אֹֽתְךָ֔ וְיַפְרְךָ֖ וְיַרְבֶּ֑ךָ וְהָיִ֖יתָ לִקְהַ֥ל עַמִּֽים׃‬

And may God Almighty bless you,

And make you fruitful and increase you,

So that you become a people who are a convocation.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 28:4 ‫וְיִֽתֶּן־לְךָ֙ אֶת־בִּרְכַּ֣ת אַבְרָהָ֔ם לְךָ֖ וּלְזַרְעֲךָ֣ אִתָּ֑ךְ לְרִשְׁתְּךָ֙ אֶת־אֶ֣רֶץ מְגֻרֶ֔יךָ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן אֱלֹהִ֖ים לְאַבְרָהָֽם׃‬

And may he give the blessing of Abraham

To you and to your seed with you,

So that you inherit the land you are staying in,

Which God gave to Abraham.”

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 28:5 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יִצְחָק֙ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹ֔ב וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֑ם אֶל־לָבָ֤ן בֶּן־בְּתוּאֵל֙ הָֽאֲרַמִּ֔י אֲחִ֣י רִבְקָ֔ה אֵ֥ם יַעֲקֹ֖ב וְעֵשָֽׂו׃‬ Then Isaac sent Jacob off, and he went to Padan-aram, to Laban the son of Bethuel the Aramaean, the brother of Rebekah the mother of Jacob and Esau. Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 28:6 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא עֵשָׂ֗ו כִּֽי־בֵרַ֣ךְ יִצְחָק֮ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹב֒ וְשִׁלַּ֤ח אֹתוֹ֙ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֔ם לָקַֽחַת־ל֥וֹ מִשָּׁ֖ם אִשָּׁ֑ה בְּבָרֲכ֣וֹ אֹת֔וֹ וַיְצַ֤ו עָלָיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֹֽא־תִקַּ֥ח אִשָּׁ֖ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and had sent him to Padan-aram to get himself a wife from there, when he blessed him, and commanded him, saying, “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan”, Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 28:7 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֶל־אָבִ֖יו וְאֶל־אִמּ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ פַּדֶּ֥נָֽה אֲרָֽם׃‬ and that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and went to Padan-aram. Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 28:8 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא עֵשָׂ֔ו כִּ֥י רָע֖וֹת בְּנ֣וֹת כְּנָ֑עַן בְּעֵינֵ֖י יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִֽיו׃‬ And Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan were considered bad in the eyes of Isaac his father, Esau's wives:
Gen 26:34 Judith d. of Beeri
   (continued ↴)
Gen 28:9 ‫וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ עֵשָׂ֖ו אֶל־יִשְׁמָעֵ֑אל וַיִּקַּ֡ח אֶֽת־מָחֲלַ֣ת ׀ בַּת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֨אל בֶּן־אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֲח֧וֹת נְבָי֛וֹת עַל־נָשָׁ֖יו ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃ ס‬ so Esau went to Ishmael and took Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael the son of Abraham, the sister of Nabajoth, as wife along with his other wives. ↳ (continuation)
Gen 26:34 Bashemath d. of Elon
Gen 28:9 Mahalah d. of Ishmael
Gen 36:2 Adah d. of Elon
Gen 36:2 Aholibamah d. of Anab
Gen 36:3 Bashemath d. of Ishmael.
Gen 28:10 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֥א יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִבְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ חָרָֽנָה׃‬ So Jacob went out from Beer-sheba and went to Haran.
Gen 28:11 ‫וַיִּפְגַּ֨ע בַּמָּק֜וֹם וַיָּ֤לֶן שָׁם֙ כִּי־בָ֣א הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ וַיִּקַּח֙ מֵאַבְנֵ֣י הַמָּק֔וֹם וַיָּ֖שֶׂם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֑יו וַיִּשְׁכַּ֖ב בַּמָּק֥וֹם הַהֽוּא׃‬ And he arrived at the place and lodged there, because the sun was setting, and he took some of the place's stones and placed them as a pillow, and lay down in that place.
Gen 28:12 ‫וַֽיַּחֲלֹ֗ם וְהִנֵּ֤ה סֻלָּם֙ מֻצָּ֣ב אַ֔רְצָה וְרֹאשׁ֖וֹ מַגִּ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמָ֑יְמָה וְהִנֵּה֙ מַלְאֲכֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים עֹלִ֥ים וְיֹרְדִ֖ים בּֽוֹ׃‬ And he had a dream and what he saw was a ladder placed on the earth, whose top reached to heaven, and he also saw that the angels of God were ascending and descending by it. what he saw wasbehold.

he also saw that ← behold.
Gen 28:13 ‫וְהִנֵּ֨ה יְהוָ֜ה נִצָּ֣ב עָלָיו֮ וַיֹּאמַר֒ אֲנִ֣י יְהוָ֗ה אֱלֹהֵי֙ אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֔יךָ וֵאלֹהֵ֖י יִצְחָ֑ק הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֤ר אַתָּה֙ שֹׁכֵ֣ב עָלֶ֔יהָ לְךָ֥ אֶתְּנֶ֖נָּה וּלְזַרְעֶֽךָ׃‬ And behold, the Lord was standing by it and he said, “I am the Lord God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. I will give the land on which you are lying to you and to your seed. by it: or, on it, or by him.

father: i.e. forefather.
Gen 28:14 ‫וְהָיָ֤ה זַרְעֲךָ֙ כַּעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָרַצְתָּ֛ יָ֥מָּה וָקֵ֖דְמָה וְצָפֹ֣נָה וָנֶ֑גְבָּה וְנִבְרֲכ֥וּ בְךָ֛ כָּל־מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָאֲדָמָ֖ה וּבְזַרְעֶֽךָ׃‬ And your seed will become as the dust of the earth, and you will forge your way westwards and eastwards, and northwards and southwards, and through you all the families of the earth will be blessed, and through your seed. Acts 3:25.

earth ← ground.
Gen 28:15 ‫וְהִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֜י עִמָּ֗ךְ וּשְׁמַרְתִּ֙יךָ֙ בְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־תֵּלֵ֔ךְ וַהֲשִׁ֣בֹתִ֔יךָ אֶל־הָאֲדָמָ֖ה הַזֹּ֑את כִּ֚י לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱזָבְךָ֔ עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִם־עָשִׂ֔יתִי אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי לָֽךְ׃‬ And look, I am with you, and I will guard you everywhere you go, and I will bring you back to this land, for I will not leave you until I have carried out what I have told you.” land ← ground.
Gen 28:16 ‫וַיִּיקַ֣ץ יַעֲקֹב֮ מִשְּׁנָתוֹ֒ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָכֵן֙ יֵ֣שׁ יְהוָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹ֥א יָדָֽעְתִּי׃‬ Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “The Lord is certainly in this place, yet I did not know it.” yet: concessive use of the vav.
Gen 28:17 ‫וַיִּירָא֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר מַה־נּוֹרָ֖א הַמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה אֵ֣ין זֶ֗ה כִּ֚י אִם־בֵּ֣ית אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְזֶ֖ה שַׁ֥עַר הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃‬ And he was afraid, and he said, “How fearful this place is. This is nothing but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.”
Gen 28:18 ‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם יַעֲקֹ֜ב בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַיִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־הָאֶ֙בֶן֙ אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣ם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֔יו וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֹתָ֖הּ מַצֵּבָ֑ה וַיִּצֹ֥ק שֶׁ֖מֶן עַל־רֹאשָֽׁהּ׃‬ The Jacob got up early in the morning and took the stone which he had placed as his pillow, and set it up as a pillar, and poured oil on top of it.
Gen 28:19 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֛א אֶת־שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל וְאוּלָ֛ם ל֥וּז שֵׁם־הָעִ֖יר לָרִאשֹׁנָֽה׃‬ And he called that place Beth-el, but the name of the city was initially Luz.
Gen 28:20 ‫וַיִּדַּ֥ר יַעֲקֹ֖ב נֶ֣דֶר לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־יִהְיֶ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֜ים עִמָּדִ֗י וּשְׁמָרַ֙נִי֙ בַּדֶּ֤רֶךְ הַזֶּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָנֹכִ֣י הוֹלֵ֔ךְ וְנָֽתַן־לִ֥י לֶ֛חֶם לֶאֱכֹ֖ל וּבֶ֥גֶד לִלְבֹּֽשׁ׃‬ Then Jacob made a vow and said, “If God will be with me and keep me on this way which I am going, and give me bread to eat and clothing to wear, made ← vowed.
Gen 28:21 ‫וְשַׁבְתִּ֥י בְשָׁל֖וֹם אֶל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑י וְהָיָ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה לִ֖י לֵאלֹהִֽים׃‬ and I return in peace to the house of my father, the Lord will be my God,
Gen 28:22 ‫וְהָאֶ֣בֶן הַזֹּ֗את אֲשֶׁר־שַׂ֙מְתִּי֙ מַצֵּבָ֔ה יִהְיֶ֖ה בֵּ֣ית אֱלֹהִ֑ים וְכֹל֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּתֶּן־לִ֔י עַשֵּׂ֖ר אֲעַשְּׂרֶ֥נּוּ לָֽךְ׃‬ and this stone which I have set up as a pillar will be the house of God, and I will rigorously give you a tenth of everything you give me.” rigorously give you a tenth: infinitive absolute.
Gen 29:1 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֥א יַעֲקֹ֖ב רַגְלָ֑יו וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ אַ֥רְצָה בְנֵי־קֶֽדֶם׃‬ Then Jacob got going again and went to the land of the easterners. got going ← lifted his feet.
Gen 29:2 ‫וַיַּ֞רְא וְהִנֵּ֧ה בְאֵ֣ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֗ה וְהִנֵּה־שָׁ֞ם שְׁלֹשָׁ֤ה עֶדְרֵי־צֹאן֙ רֹבְצִ֣ים עָלֶ֔יהָ כִּ֚י מִן־הַבְּאֵ֣ר הַהִ֔וא יַשְׁק֖וּ הָעֲדָרִ֑ים וְהָאֶ֥בֶן גְּדֹלָ֖ה עַל־פִּ֥י הַבְּאֵֽר׃‬ And he looked and what he saw was a well in the field, and there were three flocks of sheep there lying by it, because it was from that well that they gave the flocks to drink, and there was a large stone on the opening of the well. what he saw wasbehold.

there werebehold.
Gen 29:3 ‫וְנֶאֶסְפוּ־שָׁ֣מָּה כָל־הָעֲדָרִ֗ים וְגָלֲל֤וּ אֶת־הָאֶ֙בֶן֙ מֵעַל֙ פִּ֣י הַבְּאֵ֔ר וְהִשְׁק֖וּ אֶת־הַצֹּ֑אן וְהֵשִׁ֧יבוּ אֶת־הָאֶ֛בֶן עַל־פִּ֥י הַבְּאֵ֖ר לִמְקֹמָֽהּ׃‬ When all the flocks had gathered there, the shepherds rolled away the stone from the opening of the well and gave the sheep drink, then they put the stone back on the opening of the well in its place.
Gen 29:4 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהֶם֙ יַעֲקֹ֔ב אַחַ֖י מֵאַ֣יִן אַתֶּ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מֵחָרָ֖ן אֲנָֽחְנוּ׃‬ And Jacob said to them, “My brothers, where are you from?” And they said, “We are from Haran.”
Gen 29:5 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֔ם הַיְדַעְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־לָבָ֣ן בֶּן־נָח֑וֹר וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ יָדָֽעְנוּ׃‬ Then he said to them, “Do you know Laban the son of Nahor?” And they said, “Yes, we know him.”
Gen 29:6 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לָהֶ֖ם הֲשָׁל֣וֹם ל֑וֹ וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ שָׁל֔וֹם וְהִנֵּה֙ רָחֵ֣ל בִּתּ֔וֹ בָּאָ֖ה עִם־הַצֹּֽאן׃‬ He then said, “Is he well?” and they said, “Yes, he is well. And look, Rachel his daughter is coming with the sheep.” is he well ← (does he have) peace.

he is well ← (he has) peace.
Gen 29:7 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֵ֥ן עוֹד֙ הַיּ֣וֹם גָּד֔וֹל לֹא־עֵ֖ת הֵאָסֵ֣ף הַמִּקְנֶ֑ה הַשְׁק֥וּ הַצֹּ֖אן וּלְכ֥וּ רְעֽוּ׃‬ But he said, “Look, it is still high day. It is not the time for gathering the cattle. Give the sheep drink and go to tend them.”
Gen 29:8 ‫וַיֹּאמְרוּ֮ לֹ֣א נוּכַל֒ עַ֣ד אֲשֶׁ֤ר יֵאָֽסְפוּ֙ כָּל־הָ֣עֲדָרִ֔ים וְגָֽלֲלוּ֙ אֶת־הָאֶ֔בֶן מֵעַ֖ל פִּ֣י הַבְּאֵ֑ר וְהִשְׁקִ֖ינוּ הַצֹּֽאן׃‬ They then said, “We can't do that until all the flocks have been gathered, and they roll away the stone on the opening of the well; then we give the sheep drink.”
Gen 29:9 ‫עוֹדֶ֖נּוּ מְדַבֵּ֣ר עִמָּ֑ם וְרָחֵ֣ל ׀ בָּ֗אָה עִם־הַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאָבִ֔יהָ כִּ֥י רֹעָ֖ה הִֽוא׃‬ While he was still speaking with them, Rachel came with the sheep which her father had, for she was a shepherdess.
Gen 29:10 ‫וַיְהִ֡י כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ רָאָ֨ה יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶת־רָחֵ֗ל בַּת־לָבָן֙ אֲחִ֣י אִמּ֔וֹ וְאֶת־צֹ֥אן לָבָ֖ן אֲחִ֣י אִמּ֑וֹ וַיִּגַּ֣שׁ יַעֲקֹ֗ב וַיָּ֤גֶל אֶת־הָאֶ֙בֶן֙ מֵעַל֙ פִּ֣י הַבְּאֵ֔ר וַיַּ֕שְׁקְ אֶת־צֹ֥אן לָבָ֖ן אֲחִ֥י אִמּֽוֹ׃‬ And it came to pass when Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, that Jacob approached and rolled the stone away from the opening of the well, and gave drink to the sheep of Laban the brother of his mother.
Gen 29:11 ‫וַיִּשַּׁ֥ק יַעֲקֹ֖ב לְרָחֵ֑ל וַיִּשָּׂ֥א אֶת־קֹל֖וֹ וַיֵּֽבְךְּ׃‬ Then Jacob kissed Rachel and raised his voice and wept,
Gen 29:12 ‫וַיַּגֵּ֨ד יַעֲקֹ֜ב לְרָחֵ֗ל כִּ֣י אֲחִ֤י אָבִ֙יהָ֙ ה֔וּא וְכִ֥י בֶן־רִבְקָ֖ה ה֑וּא וַתָּ֖רָץ וַתַּגֵּ֥ד לְאָבִֽיהָ׃‬ and when Jacob told Rachel that he was the brother of her father, and that he was Rebekah's son, she ran and told her father. brother: standing for nephew, as in Gen 14:14.
Gen 29:13 ‫וַיְהִי֩ כִשְׁמֹ֨עַ לָבָ֜ן אֶת־שֵׁ֣מַע ׀ יַעֲקֹ֣ב בֶּן־אֲחֹת֗וֹ וַיָּ֤רָץ לִקְרָאתוֹ֙ וַיְחַבֶּק־לוֹ֙ וַיְנַשֶּׁק־ל֔וֹ וַיְבִיאֵ֖הוּ אֶל־בֵּית֑וֹ וַיְסַפֵּ֣ר לְלָבָ֔ן אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה׃‬ And it came to pass when Laban heard the report of Jacob his sister's son that he ran to meet him and embraced him and kissed him, and brought him into his house. And he told Laban all these things.
Gen 29:14 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ לָבָ֔ן אַ֛ךְ עַצְמִ֥י וּבְשָׂרִ֖י אָ֑תָּה וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב עִמּ֖וֹ חֹ֥דֶשׁ יָמִֽים׃‬ Then Laban said to him, “You are simply my bone and my flesh.” And he stayed with him for a full month. simply ← only; but; surely.

a full month ← a month of days.
Gen 29:15 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָבָן֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב הֲכִי־אָחִ֣י אַ֔תָּה וַעֲבַדְתַּ֖נִי חִנָּ֑ם הַגִּ֥ידָה לִּ֖י מַה־מַּשְׂכֻּרְתֶּֽךָ׃‬ Then Laban said to Jacob, “Are you not my brother? So should you work for nothing? Tell me what your wages should be.” are you not: constructed with an interrogative particle pressuring for an answer of yes.

brother: standing for nephew, as in Gen 29:12.
Gen 29:16 ‫וּלְלָבָ֖ן שְׁתֵּ֣י בָנ֑וֹת שֵׁ֤ם הַגְּדֹלָה֙ לֵאָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַקְּטַנָּ֖ה רָחֵֽל׃‬ Now Laban had two daughters. The name of the elder one was Leah and the name of the younger one was Rachel.
Gen 29:17 ‫וְעֵינֵ֥י לֵאָ֖ה רַכּ֑וֹת וְרָחֵל֙ הָֽיְתָ֔ה יְפַת־תֹּ֖אַר וִיפַ֥ת מַרְאֶֽה׃‬ And Leah's eyes were pale, but Rachel was of an attractive figure and beautiful in appearance. pale ← soft, weak.
Gen 29:18 ‫וַיֶּאֱהַ֥ב יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־רָחֵ֑ל וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אֶֽעֱבָדְךָ֙ שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֔ים בְּרָחֵ֥ל בִּתְּךָ֖ הַקְּטַנָּֽה׃‬ Now Jacob loved Rachel, and he said, “I will serve you for seven years, for Rachel your younger daughter.”
Gen 29:19 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָבָ֗ן ט֚וֹב תִּתִּ֣י אֹתָ֣הּ לָ֔ךְ מִתִּתִּ֥י אֹתָ֖הּ לְאִ֣ישׁ אַחֵ֑ר שְׁבָ֖ה עִמָּדִֽי׃‬ And Laban said, “It is better that I give her to you than that I give her to another man. Remain with me.”
Gen 29:20 ‫וַיַּעֲבֹ֧ד יַעֲקֹ֛ב בְּרָחֵ֖ל שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֑ים וַיִּהְי֤וּ בְעֵינָיו֙ כְּיָמִ֣ים אֲחָדִ֔ים בְּאַהֲבָת֖וֹ אֹתָֽהּ׃‬ So Jacob worked for seven years for Rachel, and they were only like a few days in his sight, with his love for her.
Gen 29:21 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֤ב אֶל־לָבָן֙ הָבָ֣ה אֶת־אִשְׁתִּ֔י כִּ֥י מָלְא֖וּ יָמָ֑י וְאָב֖וֹאָה אֵלֶֽיהָ׃‬ Then Jacob said to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my days have been fulfilled, so that I may go in to her.” so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 29:22 ‫וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ף לָבָ֛ן אֶת־כָּל־אַנְשֵׁ֥י הַמָּק֖וֹם וַיַּ֥עַשׂ מִשְׁתֶּֽה׃‬ Then Laban gathered all the men of the place and gave a banquet. gave ← made.
Gen 29:23 ‫וַיְהִ֣י בָעֶ֔רֶב וַיִּקַּח֙ אֶת־לֵאָ֣ה בִתּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֵ֥א אֹתָ֖הּ אֵלָ֑יו וַיָּבֹ֖א אֵלֶֽיהָ׃‬ And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter and brought her to him, and he went in to her.
Gen 29:24 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֤ן לָבָן֙ לָ֔הּ אֶת־זִלְפָּ֖ה שִׁפְחָת֑וֹ לְלֵאָ֥ה בִתּ֖וֹ שִׁפְחָֽה׃‬ And Laban had given her Zilpah his maidservant – to Leah his daughter, as a maidservant.
Gen 29:25 ‫וַיְהִ֣י בַבֹּ֔קֶר וְהִנֵּה־הִ֖וא לֵאָ֑ה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֶל־לָבָ֗ן מַה־זֹּאת֙ עָשִׂ֣יתָ לִּ֔י הֲלֹ֤א בְרָחֵל֙ עָבַ֣דְתִּי עִמָּ֔ךְ וְלָ֖מָּה רִמִּיתָֽנִי׃‬ Then it transpired in the morning that she was in fact Leah. And he said to Laban, “What is this you have done to me? Did I not work for you for Rachel? So why have you deceived me?” she was in fact ← behold she (was).
Gen 29:26 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָבָ֔ן לֹא־יֵעָשֶׂ֥ה כֵ֖ן בִּמְקוֹמֵ֑נוּ לָתֵ֥ת הַצְּעִירָ֖ה לִפְנֵ֥י הַבְּכִירָֽה׃‬ To which Laban said, “It is not done like that in our place, to give the younger before the firstborn. to which: wider use of the vav.
Gen 29:27 ‫מַלֵּ֖א שְׁבֻ֣עַ זֹ֑את וְנִתְּנָ֨ה לְךָ֜ גַּם־אֶת־זֹ֗את בַּעֲבֹדָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תַּעֲבֹ֣ד עִמָּדִ֔י ע֖וֹד שֶֽׁבַע־שָׁנִ֥ים אֲחֵרֽוֹת׃‬ Fulfil seven years and we will give you her as well in return for the work you will do for me, for another seven years besides.” seven yearsa week of this.

Others read the first “seven” as referring to a bridal week (of days), so that Jacob is given Rachel a week after he is given Leah, after which he fulfils the seven years. Compare Judg 14:12-18. But here ↴
Gen 29:28 ‫וַיַּ֤עַשׂ יַעֲקֹב֙ כֵּ֔ן וַיְמַלֵּ֖א שְׁבֻ֣עַ זֹ֑את וַיִּתֶּן־ל֛וֹ אֶת־רָחֵ֥ל בִּתּ֖וֹ ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ So Jacob did so, and fulfilled these seven years for her, and he gave him Rachel his daughter as a wife. ↳ the injunction for Jacob to fulfil another seven years (explicitly years ending v.27) is immediately followed by vav consecutive forms: so Jacob did so, and fulfilled ... and he (Laban) gave, which implies Jacob's fulfilling was prior to Laban's giving. A consequence is that Leah was childless for seven years, but we ↴
Gen 29:29 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֤ן לָבָן֙ לְרָחֵ֣ל בִּתּ֔וֹ אֶת־בִּלְהָ֖ה שִׁפְחָת֑וֹ לָ֖הּ לְשִׁפְחָֽה׃‬ Then Laban gave Rachel Bilhah his maidservant, as a maidservant for her. ↳ have here God very explicitly determining when wombs are closed and opened. We also feel that Laban was not the kind of man to give Rachel “on credit”.
Gen 29:30 ‫וַיָּבֹא֙ גַּ֣ם אֶל־רָחֵ֔ל וַיֶּאֱהַ֥ב גַּֽם־אֶת־רָחֵ֖ל מִלֵּאָ֑ה וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ד עִמּ֔וֹ ע֖וֹד שֶֽׁבַע־שָׁנִ֥ים אֲחֵרֽוֹת׃‬ And he also went in to Rachel, and he loved Rachel too, more than Leah, and he worked another seven years besides for him.
Gen 29:31 ‫וַיַּ֤רְא יְהוָה֙ כִּֽי־שְׂנוּאָ֣ה לֵאָ֔ה וַיִּפְתַּ֖ח אֶת־רַחְמָ֑הּ וְרָחֵ֖ל עֲקָרָֽה׃‬ Now when the Lord saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.
Gen 29:32 ‫וַתַּ֤הַר לֵאָה֙ וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֔ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ רְאוּבֵ֑ן כִּ֣י אָֽמְרָ֗ה כִּֽי־רָאָ֤ה יְהוָה֙ בְּעָנְיִ֔י כִּ֥י עַתָּ֖ה יֶאֱהָבַ֥נִי אִישִֽׁי׃‬ And Leah conceived and bore a son, and she called him Reuben, for, she said, “Because the Lord has considered my affliction, for now my husband will love me.” || 1 Chr 2:1.

Reuben ← see a son.
Gen 29:33 ‫וַתַּ֣הַר עוֹד֮ וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּן֒ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר כִּֽי־שָׁמַ֤ע יְהוָה֙ כִּֽי־שְׂנוּאָ֣ה אָנֹ֔כִי וַיִּתֶּן־לִ֖י גַּם־אֶת־זֶ֑ה וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ שִׁמְעֽוֹן׃‬ And she conceived again and bore a son, and she said, “Because the Lord has heard that I am hated, and has given me this one too.” And she called him Simeon. || 1 Chr 2:1.

Simeon ← Shimon, meaning hearing, with a closed first syllable and a shin, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 29:34 ‫וַתַּ֣הַר עוֹד֮ וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּן֒ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר עַתָּ֤ה הַפַּ֙עַם֙ יִלָּוֶ֤ה אִישִׁי֙ אֵלַ֔י כִּֽי־יָלַ֥דְתִּי ל֖וֹ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה בָנִ֑ים עַל־כֵּ֥ן קָרָֽא־שְׁמ֖וֹ לֵוִֽי׃‬ And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Now this time my husband will bond with me because I have borne him three sons”, which is why she called him Levi. || 1 Chr 2:1.

bond ← be joined.

Levi ← adhesion.
Gen 29:35 ‫וַתַּ֨הַר ע֜וֹד וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֗ן וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַפַּ֙עַם֙ אוֹדֶ֣ה אֶת־יְהוָ֔ה עַל־כֵּ֛ן קָרְאָ֥ה שְׁמ֖וֹ יְהוּדָ֑ה וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד מִלֶּֽדֶת׃‬ And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “This time I will thank the Lord”, which is why she called him Judah. Then she stopped bearing. || 1 Chr 2:1.

Judah ← Jehudah, meaning thanked.
Gen 30:1 ‫וַתֵּ֣רֶא רָחֵ֗ל כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יָֽלְדָה֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב וַתְּקַנֵּ֥א רָחֵ֖ל בַּאֲחֹתָ֑הּ וַתֹּ֤אמֶר אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹב֙ הָֽבָה־לִּ֣י בָנִ֔ים וְאִם־אַ֖יִן מֵתָ֥ה אָנֹֽכִי׃‬ And Rachel saw that she had not borne to Jacob, and Rachel became jealous of her sister, and she said to Jacob, “Give me sons, and if there aren't any, I am dead.”
Gen 30:2 ‫וַיִּֽחַר־אַ֥ף יַעֲקֹ֖ב בְּרָחֵ֑ל וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֲתַ֤חַת אֱלֹהִים֙ אָנֹ֔כִי אֲשֶׁר־מָנַ֥ע מִמֵּ֖ךְ פְּרִי־בָֽטֶן׃‬ At this Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel, and he said, “Am I in place of God who has held back fruit of the womb from you?” at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 30:3 ‫וַתֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּ֛ה אֲמָתִ֥י בִלְהָ֖ה בֹּ֣א אֵלֶ֑יהָ וְתֵלֵד֙ עַל־בִּרְכַּ֔י וְאִבָּנֶ֥ה גַם־אָנֹכִ֖י מִמֶּֽנָּה׃‬ Then she said, “Look, here is my maidservant Bilhah. Go in to her and she shall bear on my knees, and I too will obtain sons through her.” obtain sons ← be built. The word for son is from the same root as to build (b-n-h).
Gen 30:4 ‫וַתִּתֶּן־ל֛וֹ אֶת־בִּלְהָ֥ה שִׁפְחָתָ֖הּ לְאִשָּׁ֑ה וַיָּבֹ֥א אֵלֶ֖יהָ יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And she gave him Bilhah her maidservant as a wife, and Jacob went in to her,
Gen 30:5 ‫וַתַּ֣הַר בִּלְהָ֔ה וַתֵּ֥לֶד לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב בֵּֽן׃‬ and Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son.
Gen 30:6 ‫וַתֹּ֤אמֶר רָחֵל֙ דָּנַ֣נִּי אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְגַם֙ שָׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹלִ֔י וַיִּתֶּן־לִ֖י בֵּ֑ן עַל־כֵּ֛ן קָרְאָ֥ה שְׁמ֖וֹ דָּֽן׃‬ And Rachel said, “God has judged me and also heard my voice and given me a son”, which is why she called him Dan. || 1 Chr 2:2.

Dan ← judge.
Gen 30:7 ‫וַתַּ֣הַר ע֔וֹד וַתֵּ֕לֶד בִּלְהָ֖ה שִׁפְחַ֣ת רָחֵ֑ל בֵּ֥ן שֵׁנִ֖י לְיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ Then Bilhah Rachel's maidservant conceived again and bore a second son to Jacob.
Gen 30:8 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר רָחֵ֗ל נַפְתּוּלֵ֨י אֱלֹהִ֧ים ׀ נִפְתַּ֛לְתִּי עִם־אֲחֹתִ֖י גַּם־יָכֹ֑לְתִּי וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ נַפְתָּלִֽי׃‬ And Rachel said, “I have wrestled with mighty wrestlings with my sister, and have also prevailed”, so she called him Naphtali. || 1 Chr 2:2.

mighty wrestlings ← wrestlings of God, but this is an idiom using Elohim, God, for an extreme quality. See Gen 23:6.

Naphtali ← my wrestling.
Gen 30:9 ‫וַתֵּ֣רֶא לֵאָ֔ה כִּ֥י עָמְדָ֖ה מִלֶּ֑דֶת וַתִּקַּח֙ אֶת־זִלְפָּ֣ה שִׁפְחָתָ֔הּ וַתִּתֵּ֥ן אֹתָ֛הּ לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ Then when Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she took Zilpah her maidservant and gave her to Jacob as a wife.
Gen 30:10 ‫וַתֵּ֗לֶד זִלְפָּ֛ה שִׁפְחַ֥ת לֵאָ֖ה לְיַעֲקֹ֥ב בֵּֽן׃‬ And Zilpah Leah's maidservant bore Jacob a son.
Gen 30:11 ‫וַתֹּ֥אמֶר לֵאָ֖ה *בגד **בָּ֣א **גָ֑ד וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ גָּֽד׃‬ And Leah said, “{K: This is by good fortune} [Q: Good fortune has come].” And she called him Gad. || 1 Chr 2:2.

Gad ← good fortune. AV differs, interpreting it as troop, a word derived from the same, or a homonymic, root (g-d-d).
Gen 30:12 ‫וַתֵּ֗לֶד זִלְפָּה֙ שִׁפְחַ֣ת לֵאָ֔ה בֵּ֥ן שֵׁנִ֖י לְיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ Then Zilpah, Leah's maidservant, bore a second son to Jacob.
Gen 30:13 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לֵאָ֔ה בְּאָשְׁרִ֕י כִּ֥י אִשְּׁר֖וּנִי בָּנ֑וֹת וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ אָשֵֽׁר׃‬ And Leah said, “This is with my happiness, for the daughters will pronounce me happy.” And she called him Asher. || 1 Chr 2:2.

Asher ← happy.
Gen 30:14 ‫וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ רְאוּבֵ֜ן בִּימֵ֣י קְצִיר־חִטִּ֗ים וַיִּמְצָ֤א דֽוּדָאִים֙ בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה וַיָּבֵ֣א אֹתָ֔ם אֶל־לֵאָ֖ה אִמּ֑וֹ וַתֹּ֤אמֶר רָחֵל֙ אֶל־לֵאָ֔ה תְּנִי־נָ֣א לִ֔י מִדּוּדָאֵ֖י בְּנֵֽךְ׃‬ Now Reuben went out in the days of the wheat harvest and found some mandrakes in a field and brought them to Leah his mother. And Rachel said to Leah, “Please give me some of your son's mandrakes.”
Gen 30:15 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לָ֗הּ הַמְעַט֙ קַחְתֵּ֣ךְ אֶת־אִישִׁ֔י וְלָקַ֕חַת גַּ֥ם אֶת־דּוּדָאֵ֖י בְּנִ֑י וַתֹּ֣אמֶר רָחֵ֗ל לָכֵן֙ יִשְׁכַּ֤ב עִמָּךְ֙ הַלַּ֔יְלָה תַּ֖חַת דּוּדָאֵ֥י בְנֵֽךְ׃‬ But she said to her, “Is it a small thing that you should take my husband and then take my son's mandrakes too?” And Rachel said, “Here is why he will lie with you tonight: in return for your son's mandrakes.”
Gen 30:16 ‫וַיָּבֹ֨א יַעֲקֹ֣ב מִן־הַשָּׂדֶה֮ בָּעֶרֶב֒ וַתֵּצֵ֨א לֵאָ֜ה לִקְרָאת֗וֹ וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֵלַ֣י תָּב֔וֹא כִּ֚י שָׂכֹ֣ר שְׂכַרְתִּ֔יךָ בְּדוּדָאֵ֖י בְּנִ֑י וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב עִמָּ֖הּ בַּלַּ֥יְלָה הֽוּא׃‬ Then Jacob came back from the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and she said, “You will go in to me, for I have expressly hired you with my son's mandrakes.” And he lay with her that night. expressly hired: infinitive absolute.
Gen 30:17 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֥ע אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־לֵאָ֑ה וַתַּ֛הַר וַתֵּ֥לֶד לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב בֵּ֥ן חֲמִישִֽׁי׃‬ And God hearkened to Leah, and she conceived, and bore Jacob her fifth son.
Gen 30:18 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לֵאָ֗ה נָתַ֤ן אֱלֹהִים֙ שְׂכָרִ֔י אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥תִּי שִׁפְחָתִ֖י לְאִישִׁ֑י וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ יִשָּׂשכָֽר׃‬ And Leah said, “God has given me my hire, because I gave my maidservant to my husband.” And she called him Issachar. || 1 Chr 2:1.

Issachar ← hired, or, obtained by hire.
Gen 30:19 ‫וַתַּ֤הַר עוֹד֙ לֵאָ֔ה וַתֵּ֥לֶד בֵּן־שִׁשִּׁ֖י לְּיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ Then Leah conceived again, and she bore her sixth son to Jacob.
Gen 30:20 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לֵאָ֗ה זְבָדַ֨נִי אֱלֹהִ֥ים ׀ אֹתִי֮ זֵ֣בֶד טוֹב֒ הַפַּ֙עַם֙ יִזְבְּלֵ֣נִי אִישִׁ֔י כִּֽי־יָלַ֥דְתִּי ל֖וֹ שִׁשָּׁ֣ה בָנִ֑ים וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ זְבֻלֽוּן׃‬ And Leah said, “God has endowed me with a good dowry. This time my husband will dwell with me because I have borne him six sons.” And she called him Zebulun. || 1 Chr 2:1.

Zebulun ← dwelling.
Gen 30:21 ‫וְאַחַ֖ר יָ֣לְדָה בַּ֑ת וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמָ֖הּ דִּינָֽה׃‬ And after that she bore a daughter, whom she called Dinah. Dinah ← judged.
Gen 30:22 ‫וַיִּזְכֹּ֥ר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־רָחֵ֑ל וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע אֵלֶ֙יהָ֙ אֱלֹהִ֔ים וַיִּפְתַּ֖ח אֶת־רַחְמָֽהּ׃‬ Then God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her and opened her womb.
Gen 30:23 ‫וַתַּ֖הַר וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתֹּ֕אמֶר אָסַ֥ף אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־חֶרְפָּתִֽי׃‬ And she conceived and bore a son, and she said, “God has taken my reproach away.”
Gen 30:24 ‫וַתִּקְרָ֧א אֶת־שְׁמ֛וֹ יוֹסֵ֖ף לֵאמֹ֑ר יֹסֵ֧ף יְהוָ֛ה לִ֖י בֵּ֥ן אַחֵֽר׃‬ And she called him Joseph, and she said, “The Lord will add another son to me.” || 1 Chr 2:2.

Joseph ← may he add.
Gen 30:25 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר יָלְדָ֥ה רָחֵ֖ל אֶת־יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל־לָבָ֔ן שַׁלְּחֵ֙נִי֙ וְאֵ֣לְכָ֔ה אֶל־מְקוֹמִ֖י וּלְאַרְצִֽי׃‬ And it came to pass, when Rachel bore Joseph, that Jacob said to Laban, “Send me off, and I will go to my place and my land.
Gen 30:26 ‫תְּנָ֞ה אֶת־נָשַׁ֣י וְאֶת־יְלָדַ֗י אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָבַ֧דְתִּי אֹֽתְךָ֛ בָּהֵ֖ן וְאֵלֵ֑כָה כִּ֚י אַתָּ֣ה יָדַ֔עְתָּ אֶת־עֲבֹדָתִ֖י אֲשֶׁ֥ר עֲבַדְתִּֽיךָ׃‬ Give me my wives and my children for whom I worked for you, and I will go, for you know the work I did for you.”
Gen 30:27 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ לָבָ֔ן אִם־נָ֛א מָצָ֥אתִי חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֶ֑יךָ נִחַ֕שְׁתִּי וַיְבָרֲכֵ֥נִי יְהוָ֖ה בִּגְלָלֶֽךָ׃‬ Then Laban said to him, “If now I have found grace in your eyes, stay, for I have observed how the Lord has blessed me because of you.” observed: or, divined.
Gen 30:28 ‫וַיֹּאמַ֑ר נָקְבָ֧ה שְׂכָרְךָ֛ עָלַ֖י וְאֶתֵּֽנָה׃‬ Then he said, “Specify your wages to me and I will give them.”
Gen 30:29 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו אַתָּ֣ה יָדַ֔עְתָּ אֵ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֣ר עֲבַדְתִּ֑יךָ וְאֵ֛ת אֲשֶׁר־הָיָ֥ה מִקְנְךָ֖ אִתִּֽי׃‬ And he said to him, “You know how I have worked for you, and how your cattle was with me.
Gen 30:30 ‫כִּ֡י מְעַט֩ אֲשֶׁר־הָיָ֨ה לְךָ֤ לְפָנַי֙ וַיִּפְרֹ֣ץ לָרֹ֔ב וַיְבָ֧רֶךְ יְהוָ֛ה אֹתְךָ֖ לְרַגְלִ֑י וְעַתָּ֗ה מָתַ֛י אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֥ה גַם־אָנֹכִ֖י לְבֵיתִֽי׃‬ For it was little that you had before my time, but it increased greatly, and the Lord blessed you in my tracks, but now, when will I for my part gain anything for my household?” tracks ← foot.

for my part ← also.

gain ← do.
Gen 30:31 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מָ֣ה אֶתֶּן־לָ֑ךְ וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ לֹא־תִתֶּן־לִ֣י מְא֔וּמָה אִם־תַּֽעֲשֶׂה־לִּי֙ הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה אָשׁ֛וּבָה אֶרְעֶ֥ה צֹֽאנְךָ֖ אֶשְׁמֹֽר׃‬ Then he said, “What shall I give you.” And Jacob said, “Don't give me anything except do this thing for me, and I will again tend your sheep and guard them:
Gen 30:32 ‫אֶֽעֱבֹ֨ר בְּכָל־צֹֽאנְךָ֜ הַיּ֗וֹם הָסֵ֨ר מִשָּׁ֜ם כָּל־שֶׂ֣ה ׀ נָקֹ֣ד וְטָל֗וּא וְכָל־שֶׂה־חוּם֙ בַּכְּשָׂבִ֔ים וְטָל֥וּא וְנָקֹ֖ד בָּעִזִּ֑ים וְהָיָ֖ה שְׂכָרִֽי׃‬ I will go through all your small cattle today, removing from them all the speckled and spotted sheep, and all the brown sheep among the lambs, and the spotted and speckled ones among the goats, and they will be my wages. they ← it.
Gen 30:33 ‫וְעָֽנְתָה־בִּ֤י צִדְקָתִי֙ בְּי֣וֹם מָחָ֔ר כִּֽי־תָב֥וֹא עַל־שְׂכָרִ֖י לְפָנֶ֑יךָ כֹּ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־אֵינֶנּוּ֩ נָקֹ֨ד וְטָל֜וּא בָּֽעִזִּ֗ים וְחוּם֙ בַּכְּשָׂבִ֔ים גָּנ֥וּב ה֖וּא אִתִּֽי׃‬ And what is my right will give its testimony to me in the future, when it comes before you concerning my wages. Everything that is not speckled or spotted among the goats, or brown among the lambs, will be considered stolen by me.” in the future ← on the day of tomorrow.

by me ← with me.
Gen 30:34 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לָבָ֖ן הֵ֑ן ל֖וּ יְהִ֥י כִדְבָרֶֽךָ׃‬ To this Laban said, “Agreed. Let it be according to your word.” to this: wider use of the vav.

agreed ← behold.

let it be ← if (only) it may be.
Gen 30:35 ‫וַיָּ֣סַר בַּיּוֹם֩ הַה֨וּא אֶת־הַתְּיָשִׁ֜ים הָֽעֲקֻדִּ֣ים וְהַטְּלֻאִ֗ים וְאֵ֤ת כָּל־הָֽעִזִּים֙ הַנְּקֻדּ֣וֹת וְהַטְּלֻאֹ֔ת כֹּ֤ל אֲשֶׁר־לָבָן֙ בּ֔וֹ וְכָל־ח֖וּם בַּכְּשָׂבִ֑ים וַיִּתֵּ֖ן בְּיַד־בָּנָֽיו׃‬ So on that day he removed the striped and spotted he-goats, and all the speckled and spotted she-goats, and every one that had some white on it, and all brown ones among the sheep, and he put them under his sons' care. under his sons' care ← in his sons' hand.
Gen 30:36 ‫וַיָּ֗שֶׂם דֶּ֚רֶךְ שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֔ים בֵּינ֖וֹ וּבֵ֣ין יַעֲקֹ֑ב וְיַעֲקֹ֗ב רֹעֶ֛ה אֶת־צֹ֥אן לָבָ֖ן הַנּוֹתָרֹֽת׃‬ Then he fixed a distance of three days' journey between himself and Jacob, while Jacob tended Laban's sheep which were left over.
Gen 30:37 ‫וַיִּֽקַּֽח־ל֣וֹ יַעֲקֹ֗ב מַקַּ֥ל לִבְנֶ֛ה לַ֖ח וְל֣וּז וְעֶרְמ֑וֹן וַיְפַצֵּ֤ל בָּהֵן֙ פְּצָל֣וֹת לְבָנ֔וֹת מַחְשֹׂף֙ הַלָּבָ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־הַמַּקְלֽוֹת׃‬ Then Jacob got himself a moist white-poplar rod, and an almond tree one, and a plane tree one, and he peeled off the white strippings on them, making the white part on the rods bare.
Gen 30:38 ‫וַיַּצֵּ֗ג אֶת־הַמַּקְלוֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר פִּצֵּ֔ל בָּרֳהָטִ֖ים בְּשִֽׁקֲת֣וֹת הַמָּ֑יִם אֲשֶׁר֩ תָּבֹ֨אןָ הַצֹּ֤אן לִשְׁתּוֹת֙ לְנֹ֣כַח הַצֹּ֔אן וַיֵּחַ֖מְנָה בְּבֹאָ֥ן לִשְׁתּֽוֹת׃‬ And he placed the rods which he had peeled in the channels, in the water-troughs, so that they were before the sheep when the sheep came to drink, and they became ruttish when they came to drink. so that: purposive use of the vav.

became ruttish ← were heated; compare the English on heat.
Gen 30:39 ‫וַיֶּחֱמ֥וּ הַצֹּ֖אן אֶל־הַמַּקְל֑וֹת וַתֵּלַ֣דְןָ הַצֹּ֔אן עֲקֻדִּ֥ים נְקֻדִּ֖ים וּטְלֻאִֽים׃‬ So the sheep became ruttish at the rods, and the sheep gave birth to striped and speckled and spotted young.
Gen 30:40 ‫וְהַכְּשָׂבִים֮ הִפְרִ֣יד יַעֲקֹב֒ וַ֠יִּתֵּן פְּנֵ֨י הַצֹּ֧אן אֶל־עָקֹ֛ד וְכָל־ח֖וּם בְּצֹ֣אן לָבָ֑ן וַיָּֽשֶׁת־ל֤וֹ עֲדָרִים֙ לְבַדּ֔וֹ וְלֹ֥א שָׁתָ֖ם עַל־צֹ֥אן לָבָֽן׃‬ And Jacob separated the lambs, and he matched the sheep with a view to striped young, and he matched all the brown ones with white sheep, and put his own flocks on their own, and did not put them with Laban's sheep. matched ← put the faces of.

white: AV differs, (Laban), taking the Hebrew word as a name, but Jacob is aiming for striped young from a white and a brown parent.
Gen 30:41 ‫וְהָיָ֗ה בְּכָל־יַחֵם֮ הַצֹּ֣אן הַמְקֻשָּׁרוֹת֒ וְשָׂ֨ם יַעֲקֹ֧ב אֶת־הַמַּקְל֛וֹת לְעֵינֵ֥י הַצֹּ֖אן בָּרֳהָטִ֑ים לְיַחְמֵ֖נָּה בַּמַּקְלֽוֹת׃‬ And it came to pass, whenever the strong sheep were to become ruttish, that Jacob put the rods before the eyes of the sheep in the channels, for them to become ruttish by the rods.
Gen 30:42 ‫וּבְהַעֲטִ֥יף הַצֹּ֖אן לֹ֣א יָשִׂ֑ים וְהָיָ֤ה הָעֲטֻפִים֙ לְלָבָ֔ן וְהַקְּשֻׁרִ֖ים לְיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ But with the sheep that were weak, he did not put them out, and the weak sheep were for Laban and the strong ones for Jacob.
Gen 30:43 ‫וַיִּפְרֹ֥ץ הָאִ֖ישׁ מְאֹ֣ד מְאֹ֑ד וַֽיְהִי־לוֹ֙ צֹ֣אן רַבּ֔וֹת וּשְׁפָחוֹת֙ וַעֲבָדִ֔ים וּגְמַלִּ֖ים וַחֲמֹרִֽים׃‬ So the man gained wealth most exceedingly, and he acquired many sheep and maidservants and menservants and camels and donkeys.
Gen 31:1 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֗ע אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֤י בְנֵֽי־לָבָן֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לָקַ֣ח יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאָבִ֑ינוּ וּמֵאֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאָבִ֔ינוּ עָשָׂ֕ה אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַכָּבֹ֖ד הַזֶּֽה׃‬ Then he heard the words of Laban's sons, who said, “Jacob has taken everything that our father had, and he has acquired all this glory from what our father had.” acquired ← made.
Gen 31:2 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י לָבָ֑ן וְהִנֵּ֥ה אֵינֶ֛נּוּ עִמּ֖וֹ כִּתְמ֥וֹל שִׁלְשֽׁוֹם׃‬ And when Jacob saw Laban's face, it was clear that it was not favourable to him as it had been in the past. it was clear that it wasbehold.

favourable to him ← with him.

in the past ← yesterday (and) the day before yesterday.
Gen 31:3 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֔ב שׁ֛וּב אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ אֲבוֹתֶ֖יךָ וּלְמוֹלַדְתֶּ֑ךָ וְאֶֽהְיֶ֖ה עִמָּֽךְ׃‬ And the Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers and to your native land, and I will be with you.”
Gen 31:4 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח יַעֲקֹ֔ב וַיִּקְרָ֖א לְרָחֵ֣ל וּלְלֵאָ֑ה הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה אֶל־צֹאנֽוֹ׃‬ Then Jacob sent a messenger and called for Rachel and Leah to come to the field, to his sheep.
Gen 31:5 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֗ן רֹאֶ֤ה אָנֹכִי֙ אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י אֲבִיכֶ֔ן כִּֽי־אֵינֶ֥נּוּ אֵלַ֖י כִּתְמֹ֣ל שִׁלְשֹׁ֑ם וֵֽאלֹהֵ֣י אָבִ֔י הָיָ֖ה עִמָּדִֽי׃‬ And he said to them, “I can see from your father's face that he is not favourable to me, as in the past, but the God of my father has been with me. in the past ← yesterday (and) the day before yesterday.
Gen 31:6 ‫וְאַתֵּ֖נָה יְדַעְתֶּ֑ן כִּ֚י בְּכָל־כֹּחִ֔י עָבַ֖דְתִּי אֶת־אֲבִיכֶֽן׃‬ And you know that I have served your father with all my might,
Gen 31:7 ‫וַאֲבִיכֶן֙ הֵ֣תֶל בִּ֔י וְהֶחֱלִ֥ף אֶת־מַשְׂכֻּרְתִּ֖י עֲשֶׂ֣רֶת מֹנִ֑ים וְלֹֽא־נְתָנ֣וֹ אֱלֹהִ֔ים לְהָרַ֖ע עִמָּדִֽי׃‬ but your father deceived me and changed my wages ten times, but God has not allowed him to be to my detriment.
Gen 31:8 ‫אִם־כֹּ֣ה יֹאמַ֗ר נְקֻדִּים֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה שְׂכָרֶ֔ךָ וְיָלְד֥וּ כָל־הַצֹּ֖אן נְקֻדִּ֑ים וְאִם־כֹּ֣ה יֹאמַ֗ר עֲקֻדִּים֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה שְׂכָרֶ֔ךָ וְיָלְד֥וּ כָל־הַצֹּ֖אן עֲקֻדִּֽים׃‬ If he said this, ‘Your wages will be the speckled ones’, then all the small cattle gave birth to speckled ones, and if he said this, ‘You wages will be the striped ones’, then all the small cattle gave birth to striped ones. this (2x)thus.
Gen 31:9 ‫וַיַּצֵּ֧ל אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־מִקְנֵ֥ה אֲבִיכֶ֖ם וַיִּתֶּן־לִֽי׃‬ So God delivered your father's cattle and gave it to me.
Gen 31:10 ‫וַיְהִ֗י בְּעֵת֙ יַחֵ֣ם הַצֹּ֔אן וָאֶשָּׂ֥א עֵינַ֛י וָאֵ֖רֶא בַּחֲל֑וֹם וְהִנֵּ֤ה הָֽעַתֻּדִים֙ הָעֹלִ֣ים עַל־הַצֹּ֔אן עֲקֻדִּ֥ים נְקֻדִּ֖ים וּבְרֻדִּֽים׃‬ And it came to pass at the time of the small cattle becoming ruttish that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and what I saw was that the he-goats mounting the flock were striped and speckled and dappled. what I saw was that ← behold.
Gen 31:11 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֵלַ֜י מַלְאַ֧ךְ הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים בַּחֲל֖וֹם יַֽעֲקֹ֑ב וָאֹמַ֖ר הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ And the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob’, and I said, ‘Here I am.’ here I ambehold me.
Gen 31:12 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר שָׂא־נָ֨א עֵינֶ֤יךָ וּרְאֵה֙ כָּל־הָֽעַתֻּדִים֙ הָעֹלִ֣ים עַל־הַצֹּ֔אן עֲקֻדִּ֥ים נְקֻדִּ֖ים וּבְרֻדִּ֑ים כִּ֣י רָאִ֔יתִי אֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר לָבָ֖ן עֹ֥שֶׂה לָּֽךְ׃‬ And he said, ‘Lift up your eyes now and look. All the he-goats mounting the flock are striped, speckled and dappled, for I have seen everything that Laban is doing to you.
Gen 31:13 ‫אָנֹכִ֤י הָאֵל֙ בֵּֽית־אֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֨ר מָשַׁ֤חְתָּ שָּׁם֙ מַצֵּבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר נָדַ֥רְתָּ לִּ֛י שָׁ֖ם נֶ֑דֶר עַתָּ֗ה ק֥וּם צֵא֙ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֔את וְשׁ֖וּב אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ מוֹלַדְתֶּֽךָ׃‬ I am the God of Beth-el where you anointed a pillar – where you made a vow to me. Now arise and depart from this land and return to your native land.’ ”
Gen 31:14 ‫וַתַּ֤עַן רָחֵל֙ וְלֵאָ֔ה וַתֹּאמַ֖רְנָה ל֑וֹ הַע֥וֹד לָ֛נוּ חֵ֥לֶק וְנַחֲלָ֖ה בְּבֵ֥ית אָבִֽינוּ׃‬ Then Rachel and Leah answered and said to him, “Do we still have a portion of inheritance in our father's house?
Gen 31:15 ‫הֲל֧וֹא נָכְרִיּ֛וֹת נֶחְשַׁ֥בְנוּ ל֖וֹ כִּ֣י מְכָרָ֑נוּ וַיֹּ֥אכַל גַּם־אָכ֖וֹל אֶת־כַּסְפֵּֽנוּ׃‬ Aren't we considered foreigners to him, for he has sold us and has quite completely spent our money. quite completely spent ← devoured also to devour, infinitive absolute.
Gen 31:16 ‫כִּ֣י כָל־הָעֹ֗שֶׁר אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִצִּ֤יל אֱלֹהִים֙ מֵֽאָבִ֔ינוּ לָ֥נוּ ה֖וּא וּלְבָנֵ֑ינוּ וְעַתָּ֗ה כֹּל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר אָמַ֧ר אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֵלֶ֖יךָ עֲשֵֽׂה׃‬ But all the wealth which God has transferred from our father is ours and our sons', so now, do everything which God said to you.”
Gen 31:17 ‫וַיָּ֖קָם יַעֲקֹ֑ב וַיִּשָּׂ֛א אֶת־בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶת־נָשָׁ֖יו עַל־הַגְּמַלִּֽים׃‬ So Jacob arose and lifted his sons and his wives onto the camels.
Gen 31:18 ‫וַיִּנְהַ֣ג אֶת־כָּל־מִקְנֵ֗הוּ וְאֶת־כָּל־רְכֻשׁוֹ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָכָ֔שׁ מִקְנֵה֙ קִנְיָנ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָכַ֖שׁ בְּפַדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם לָב֛וֹא אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִ֖יו אַ֥רְצָה כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And he drove all his cattle and all his property that he had acquired – his acquisition of cattle which he acquired in Padan-aramso as to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan. acquisition of cattle ← cattle of acquisition.

Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 31:19 ‫וְלָבָ֣ן הָלַ֔ךְ לִגְזֹ֖ז אֶת־צֹאנ֑וֹ וַתִּגְנֹ֣ב רָחֵ֔ל אֶת־הַתְּרָפִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְאָבִֽיהָ׃‬ Now when Laban went to shear his sheep, Rachel stole the amulets which belonged to her father. amulets: or, talismans, or, teraphim.
Gen 31:20 ‫וַיִּגְנֹ֣ב יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֶת־לֵ֥ב לָבָ֖ן הָאֲרַמִּ֑י עַל־בְּלִי֙ הִגִּ֣יד ל֔וֹ כִּ֥י בֹרֵ֖חַ הֽוּא׃‬ Then Jacob broke Laban the Aramaean's heart by not telling him that he was fleeing. broke ← stole.
Gen 31:21 ‫וַיִּבְרַ֥ח הוּא֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וַיָּ֖קָם וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ר אֶת־הַנָּהָ֑ר וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֶת־פָּנָ֖יו הַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד׃‬ So he fled, with all that were his, and arose and crossed the river and made for Mount Gilead. made for ← set his face.

Gilead ← the Gil'ad, the first syllable being closed, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 31:22 ‫וַיֻּגַּ֥ד לְלָבָ֖ן בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י כִּ֥י בָרַ֖ח יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And it was reported to Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled,
Gen 31:23 ‫וַיִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־אֶחָיו֙ עִמּ֔וֹ וַיִּרְדֹּ֣ף אַחֲרָ֔יו דֶּ֖רֶךְ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֑ים וַיַּדְבֵּ֥ק אֹת֖וֹ בְּהַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד׃‬ at which he took his brothers with him and pursued him on a journey of seven days, and caught up with him at Mount Gilead. at which: wider use of the vav.

Gilead: see Gen 31:21.
Gen 31:24 ‫וַיָּבֹ֧א אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶל־לָבָ֥ן הָאֲרַמִּ֖י בַּחֲלֹ֣ם הַלָּ֑יְלָה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ פֶּן־תְּדַבֵּ֥ר עִֽם־יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִטּ֥וֹב עַד־רָֽע׃‬ Then God came to Laban the Aramaean in a dream at night and said to him, “Be careful in speaking with Jacob, whether what you say is good or bad.” in speaking: or not to speak.

whether what you say is good or bad ← from good to bad.
Gen 31:25 ‫וַיַּשֵּׂ֥ג לָבָ֖ן אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹ֑ב וְיַעֲקֹ֗ב תָּקַ֤ע אֶֽת־אָהֳלוֹ֙ בָּהָ֔ר וְלָבָ֛ן תָּקַ֥ע אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו בְּהַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד׃‬ And Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent at the mountain, and Laban pitched his with his brothers, at Mount Gilead. Gilead: see Gen 31:21.
Gen 31:26 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָבָן֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֔יתָ וַתִּגְנֹ֖ב אֶת־לְבָבִ֑י וַתְּנַהֵג֙ אֶת־בְּנֹתַ֔י כִּשְׁבֻי֖וֹת חָֽרֶב׃‬ And Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done, breaking my heart by making off with my daughters like captives of the sword? breaking ← stealing. Gerundial use of the indicative (also by making off).
Gen 31:27 ‫לָ֤מָּה נַחְבֵּ֙אתָ֙ לִבְרֹ֔חַ וַתִּגְנֹ֖ב אֹתִ֑י וְלֹא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֔י וָֽאֲשַׁלֵּחֲךָ֛ בְּשִׂמְחָ֥ה וּבְשִׁרִ֖ים בְּתֹ֥ף וּבְכִנּֽוֹר׃‬ Why did you flee secretly and act furtively towards me and not tell me, so that I could send you off in joy with songs and drum- and harp-music? did you flee secretly ← were you hidden in fleeing.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 31:28 ‫וְלֹ֣א נְטַשְׁתַּ֔נִי לְנַשֵּׁ֥ק לְבָנַ֖י וְלִבְנֹתָ֑י עַתָּ֖ה הִסְכַּ֥לְתָּֽ עֲשֽׂוֹ׃‬ And you did not let me kiss my sons and daughters. Now you have acted foolishly in so doing.
Gen 31:29 ‫יֶשׁ־לְאֵ֣ל יָדִ֔י לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת עִמָּכֶ֖ם רָ֑ע וֵֽאלֹהֵ֨י אֲבִיכֶ֜ם אֶ֣מֶשׁ ׀ אָמַ֧ר אֵלַ֣י לֵאמֹ֗ר הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ מִדַּבֵּ֥ר עִֽם־יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִטּ֥וֹב עַד־רָֽע׃‬ It is in my power to do you harm, but the God of your father spoke to me last night and said, ‘Take care in speaking good or bad with Jacob.’ my power ← the power of my hand.

in speaking: or, not to speak. Gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 31:30 ‫וְעַתָּה֙ הָלֹ֣ךְ הָלַ֔כְתָּ כִּֽי־נִכְסֹ֥ף נִכְסַ֖פְתָּה לְבֵ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ לָ֥מָּה גָנַ֖בְתָּ אֶת־אֱלֹהָֽי׃‬ But as it is, you have gone off without more ado, because you really longed for your father's household. But why have you stolen my gods?” you have gone off without more ado ← to go you have gone, infinitive absolute.

you really longed for: infinitive absolute.
Gen 31:31 ‫וַיַּ֥עַן יַעֲקֹ֖ב וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְלָבָ֑ן כִּ֣י יָרֵ֔אתִי כִּ֣י אָמַ֔רְתִּי פֶּן־תִּגְזֹ֥ל אֶת־בְּנוֹתֶ֖יךָ מֵעִמִּֽי׃‬ Then Jacob answered and said to Laban, “I fled secretly because I was afraid, for I said to myself that you would snatch away your daughters from me.
Gen 31:32 ‫עִ֠ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּמְצָ֣א אֶת־אֱלֹהֶיךָ֮ לֹ֣א יִֽחְיֶה֒ נֶ֣גֶד אַחֵ֧ינוּ הַֽכֶּר־לְךָ֛ מָ֥ה עִמָּדִ֖י וְקַֽח־לָ֑ךְ וְלֹֽא־יָדַ֣ע יַעֲקֹ֔ב כִּ֥י רָחֵ֖ל גְּנָבָֽתַם׃‬ Whoever you find your gods with shall not live. Ascertain for yourself before our brothers what I have here and take what is yours.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them. whoever: or, whomever.
Gen 31:33 ‫וַיָּבֹ֨א לָבָ֜ן בְּאֹ֥הֶל יַעֲקֹ֣ב ׀ וּבְאֹ֣הֶל לֵאָ֗ה וּבְאֹ֛הֶל שְׁתֵּ֥י הָאֲמָהֹ֖ת וְלֹ֣א מָצָ֑א וַיֵּצֵא֙ מֵאֹ֣הֶל לֵאָ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֖א בְּאֹ֥הֶל רָחֵֽל׃‬ And Laban went into Jacob's tent, and Leah's tent, and the tent of the two maidservants, but did not find anything. Then he came out of Leah's tent and went into Rachel's tent.
Gen 31:34 ‫וְרָחֵ֞ל לָקְחָ֣ה אֶת־הַתְּרָפִ֗ים וַתְּשִׂמֵ֛ם בְּכַ֥ר הַגָּמָ֖ל וַתֵּ֣שֶׁב עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם וַיְמַשֵּׁ֥שׁ לָבָ֛ן אֶת־כָּל־הָאֹ֖הֶל וְלֹ֥א מָצָֽא׃‬ Now Rachel had taken the amulets and put them in the saddle of the camel, and she sat on them, and Laban rummaged through the whole tent, but did not find them. amulets: see Gen 31:19.
Gen 31:35 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֶל־אָבִ֗יהָ אַל־יִ֙חַר֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י כִּ֣י ל֤וֹא אוּכַל֙ לָק֣וּם מִפָּנֶ֔יךָ כִּי־דֶ֥רֶךְ נָשִׁ֖ים לִ֑י וַיְחַפֵּ֕שׂ וְלֹ֥א מָצָ֖א אֶת־הַתְּרָפִֽים׃‬ And she said to her father, “Do not let my lord be angry because I cannot rise in your presence, for it is the way of women with me.” And he searched, but did not find the amulets. do not let my lord be angry ← do not let it kindle in the eyes of my lord.

amulets: see Gen 31:19.
Gen 31:36 ‫וַיִּ֥חַר לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב וַיָּ֣רֶב בְּלָבָ֑ן וַיַּ֤עַן יַעֲקֹב֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְלָבָ֔ן מַה־פִּשְׁעִי֙ מַ֣ה חַטָּאתִ֔י כִּ֥י דָלַ֖קְתָּ אַחֲרָֽי׃‬ Then Jacob became angry and he quarrelled with Laban, and Jacob reacted and said to Laban, “What is my transgression, and what is my sin that you should pursue me so ardently? reacted ← answered, but no question asked. The semantic scope is wider than just answered.

pursue me so ardently ← be ardent after me.
Gen 31:37 ‫כִּֽי־מִשַּׁ֣שְׁתָּ אֶת־כָּל־כֵּלַ֗י מַה־מָּצָ֙אתָ֙ מִכֹּ֣ל כְּלֵי־בֵיתֶ֔ךָ שִׂ֣ים כֹּ֔ה נֶ֥גֶד אַחַ֖י וְאַחֶ֑יךָ וְיוֹכִ֖יחוּ בֵּ֥ין שְׁנֵֽינוּ׃‬ When you rummaged through all my baggage, what did you find of any of your household items? Put it here before my brothers and your brothers so they can arbitrate between the two of us. any ← all.
Gen 31:38 ‫זֶה֩ עֶשְׂרִ֨ים שָׁנָ֤ה אָנֹכִי֙ עִמָּ֔ךְ רְחֵלֶ֥יךָ וְעִזֶּ֖יךָ לֹ֣א שִׁכֵּ֑לוּ וְאֵילֵ֥י צֹאנְךָ֖ לֹ֥א אָכָֽלְתִּי׃‬ For twenty years I was with you. Your ewes and your goats did not miscarry, and I did not eat the rams of your flock. twenty ← these twenty.
Gen 31:39 ‫טְרֵפָה֙ לֹא־הֵבֵ֣אתִי אֵלֶ֔יךָ אָנֹכִ֣י אֲחַטֶּ֔נָּה מִיָּדִ֖י תְּבַקְשֶׁ֑נָּה גְּנֻֽבְתִ֣י י֔וֹם וּגְנֻֽבְתִ֖י לָֽיְלָה׃‬ I didn't bring you anything savaged by wild animals – I suffered the loss of it. You demanded it of me, whether anything with me got stolen by day or by night. anything with me got stolen ← my stolen by day and my stolen by night.
Gen 31:40 ‫הָיִ֧יתִי בַיּ֛וֹם אֲכָלַ֥נִי חֹ֖רֶב וְקֶ֣רַח בַּלָּ֑יְלָה וַתִּדַּ֥ד שְׁנָתִ֖י מֵֽעֵינָֽי׃‬ My circumstances were that by day dryness consumed me, and cold by night, and my sleep eluded my eyes. my circumstances were that ← I was.
Gen 31:41 ‫זֶה־לִּ֞י עֶשְׂרִ֣ים שָׁנָה֮ בְּבֵיתֶךָ֒ עֲבַדְתִּ֜יךָ אַרְבַּֽע־עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ בִּשְׁתֵּ֣י בְנֹתֶ֔יךָ וְשֵׁ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים בְּצֹאנֶ֑ךָ וַתַּחֲלֵ֥ף אֶת־מַשְׂכֻּרְתִּ֖י עֲשֶׂ֥רֶת מֹנִֽים׃‬ This was my lot for twenty years in your house. I worked for you for fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your small cattle, and you changed my wages ten times.
Gen 31:42 ‫לוּלֵ֡י אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִי֩ אֱלֹהֵ֨י אַבְרָהָ֜ם וּפַ֤חַד יִצְחָק֙ הָ֣יָה לִ֔י כִּ֥י עַתָּ֖ה רֵיקָ֣ם שִׁלַּחְתָּ֑נִי אֶת־עָנְיִ֞י וְאֶת־יְגִ֧יעַ כַּפַּ֛י רָאָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים וַיּ֥וֹכַח אָֽמֶשׁ׃‬ If I had not had the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the fear of Isaac, then you would have sent me away empty-handed now. God has seen my affliction and the weariness of my hands, and he censured you last night.”
Gen 31:43 ‫וַיַּ֨עַן לָבָ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֗ב הַבָּנ֨וֹת בְּנֹתַ֜י וְהַבָּנִ֤ים בָּנַי֙ וְהַצֹּ֣אן צֹאנִ֔י וְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה רֹאֶ֖ה לִי־ה֑וּא וְלִבְנֹתַ֞י מָֽה־אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֤ה לָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ הַיּ֔וֹם א֥וֹ לִבְנֵיהֶ֖ן אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָלָֽדוּ׃‬ Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters and the sons are my sons, and the small cattle is my small cattle, and everything you see is mine. Now what can I do for these daughters of mine today, or for their sons whom they have borne?
Gen 31:44 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה לְכָ֛ה נִכְרְתָ֥ה בְרִ֖ית אֲנִ֣י וָאָ֑תָּה וְהָיָ֥ה לְעֵ֖ד בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֶֽךָ׃‬ So now, come, let us make a covenant, you and I, and it will be a testimony between you and me.”
Gen 31:45 ‫וַיִּקַּ֥ח יַעֲקֹ֖ב אָ֑בֶן וַיְרִימֶ֖הָ מַצֵּבָֽה׃‬ Then Jacob took a stone and erected it as a pillar.
Gen 31:46 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֤ב לְאֶחָיו֙ לִקְט֣וּ אֲבָנִ֔ים וַיִּקְח֥וּ אֲבָנִ֖ים וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־גָ֑ל וַיֹּ֥אכְלוּ שָׁ֖ם עַל־הַגָּֽל׃‬ And Jacob said to his brothers, “Gather some stones”, and they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there on the heap.
Gen 31:47 ‫וַיִּקְרָא־ל֣וֹ לָבָ֔ן יְגַ֖ר שָׂהֲדוּתָ֑א וְיַֽעֲקֹ֔ב קָ֥רָא ל֖וֹ גַּלְעֵֽד׃‬ And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed. Jegar-sahadutha ← heap of stones (in Aramaic).

Galeed ← Gal'ed, the first syllable being closed, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 31:48 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָבָ֔ן הַגַּ֨ל הַזֶּ֥ה עֵ֛ד בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינְךָ֖ הַיּ֑וֹם עַל־כֵּ֥ן קָרָֽא־שְׁמ֖וֹ גַּלְעֵֽד׃‬ And Laban said, “This heap is a testimony between you and me today.” That is why he called it Galeed, Galeed: see Gen 31:47.
Gen 31:49 ‫וְהַמִּצְפָּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָמַ֔ר יִ֥צֶף יְהוָ֖ה בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ כִּ֥י נִסָּתֵ֖ר אִ֥ישׁ מֵרֵעֵֽהוּ׃‬ and Mizpah, in that he said, “May the Lord keep watch between you and me, for one shall be hidden from the other, Mizpah ← the Mizpah, meaning the watchtower.
Gen 31:50 ‫אִם־תְּעַנֶּ֣ה אֶת־בְּנֹתַ֗י וְאִם־תִּקַּ֤ח נָשִׁים֙ עַל־בְּנֹתַ֔י אֵ֥ין אִ֖ישׁ עִמָּ֑נוּ רְאֵ֕ה אֱלֹהִ֥ים עֵ֖ד בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֶֽךָ׃‬ that you most certainly will not oppress my daughters, and that you most certainly will not take wives in addition to my daughters. There is no man with us. See, God is a witness between you and me.” that you most certainly will not oppress ... that you most certainly will not take ← if you oppress etc. An oath formula, in full in 2 Sam 3:35, standing for if you ... may God do this to you.
Gen 31:51 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לָבָ֖ן לְיַעֲקֹ֑ב הִנֵּ֣ה ׀ הַגַּ֣ל הַזֶּ֗ה וְהִנֵּה֙ הַמַצֵּבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָרִ֖יתִי בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֶֽךָ׃‬ Then Laban said to Jacob, “Here is this heap and here is the pillar, which I cast between you and me. here is (2x)behold.
Gen 31:52 ‫עֵ֚ד הַגַּ֣ל הַזֶּ֔ה וְעֵדָ֖ה הַמַּצֵּבָ֑ה אִם־אָ֗נִי לֹֽא־אֶֽעֱבֹ֤ר אֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ אֶת־הַגַּ֣ל הַזֶּ֔ה וְאִם־אַ֠תָּה לֹא־תַעֲבֹ֨ר אֵלַ֜י אֶת־הַגַּ֥ל הַזֶּ֛ה וְאֶת־הַמַּצֵּבָ֥ה הַזֹּ֖את לְרָעָֽה׃‬ This heap is a testimony, and the pillar is a testimony, that I will not cross this heap to you and that you will not cross this heap to me, nor this pillar, with harmful intentions. with harmful intentionsfor harm.
Gen 31:53 ‫אֱלֹהֵ֨י אַבְרָהָ֜ם וֵֽאלֹהֵ֤י נָחוֹר֙ יִשְׁפְּט֣וּ בֵינֵ֔ינוּ אֱלֹהֵ֖י אֲבִיהֶ֑ם וַיִּשָּׁבַ֣ע יַעֲקֹ֔ב בְּפַ֖חַד אָבִ֥יו יִצְחָֽק׃‬ The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor judge between us – the God of their father.” And Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac.
Gen 31:54 ‫וַיִּזְבַּ֨ח יַעֲקֹ֥ב זֶ֙בַח֙ בָּהָ֔ר וַיִּקְרָ֥א לְאֶחָ֖יו לֶאֱכָל־לָ֑חֶם וַיֹּ֣אכְלוּ לֶ֔חֶם וַיָּלִ֖ינוּ בָּהָֽר׃‬ And Jacob offered a sacrifice, on the mountain, and he invited his brothers to eat bread, and they ate bread and spent the night on the mountain. offered ← sacrificed.
Gen 32:1
Gen 31:55AV
‫וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם לָבָ֜ן בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַיְנַשֵּׁ֧ק לְבָנָ֛יו וְלִבְנוֹתָ֖יו וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֶתְהֶ֑ם וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ וַיָּ֥שָׁב לָבָ֖ן לִמְקֹמֽוֹ׃‬ Then Laban got up early in the morning and kissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Laban then departed and returned to his place.
Gen 32:2
Gen 32:1AV
‫וְיַעֲקֹ֖ב הָלַ֣ךְ לְדַרְכּ֑וֹ וַיִּפְגְּעוּ־ב֖וֹ מַלְאֲכֵ֥י אֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ And Jacob went his way, and the angels of God met him.
Gen 32:3
Gen 32:2AV
‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר רָאָ֔ם מַחֲנֵ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים זֶ֑ה וַיִּקְרָ֛א שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא מַֽחֲנָֽיִם׃ פ‬ And when he saw them, Jacob said, “This is God's encampment”, and he called that place Mahanaim. Mahanaim ← two camps.
Gen 32:4
Gen 32:3AV
‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח יַעֲקֹ֤ב מַלְאָכִים֙ לְפָנָ֔יו אֶל־עֵשָׂ֖ו אָחִ֑יו אַ֥רְצָה שֵׂעִ֖יר שְׂדֵ֥ה אֱדֽוֹם׃‬ Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.
Gen 32:5
Gen 32:4AV
‫וַיְצַ֤ו אֹתָם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר כֹּ֣ה תֹאמְר֔וּן לַֽאדֹנִ֖י לְעֵשָׂ֑ו כֹּ֤ה אָמַר֙ עַבְדְּךָ֣ יַעֲקֹ֔ב עִם־לָבָ֣ן גַּ֔רְתִּי וָאֵחַ֖ר עַד־עָֽתָּה׃‬ And he instructed them and said, “Here is what you will say to my lord, to Esau, ‘This is what your servant Jacob says, «I have dwelt with Laban and I stayed there until now. here is whatthus.

this is whatthus.
Gen 32:6
Gen 32:5AV
‫וַֽיְהִי־לִי֙ שׁ֣וֹר וַחֲמ֔וֹר צֹ֖אן וְעֶ֣בֶד וְשִׁפְחָ֑ה וָֽאֶשְׁלְחָה֙ לְהַגִּ֣יד לַֽאדֹנִ֔י לִמְצֹא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֶֽיךָ׃‬ And I have acquired oxen and donkeys and sheep and menservants and maidservants. And I have sent to inform my lord to find grace in your eyes.» ’ ” I have acquired ← there became to me.

oxen and donkeys and sheep and menservants and maidservants: these words are in the singular in the Hebrew (collective usage).
Gen 32:7
Gen 32:6AV
‫וַיָּשֻׁ֙בוּ֙ הַמַּלְאָכִ֔ים אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב לֵאמֹ֑ר בָּ֤אנוּ אֶל־אָחִ֙יךָ֙ אֶל־עֵשָׂ֔ו וְגַם֙ הֹלֵ֣ךְ לִקְרָֽאתְךָ֔ וְאַרְבַּע־מֵא֥וֹת אִ֖ישׁ עִמּֽוֹ׃‬ Then the messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother, to Esau, and he also is coming to meet you, and there are four hundred men with him.”
Gen 32:8
Gen 32:7AV
‫וַיִּירָ֧א יַעֲקֹ֛ב מְאֹ֖ד וַיֵּ֣צֶר ל֑וֹ וַיַּ֜חַץ אֶת־הָעָ֣ם אֲשֶׁר־אִתּ֗וֹ וְאֶת־הַצֹּ֧אן וְאֶת־הַבָּקָ֛ר וְהַגְּמַלִּ֖ים לִשְׁנֵ֥י מַחֲנֽוֹת׃‬ At this Jacob was very afraid, and he was in a strait, and he divided the people who were with him into two, and also the sheep and the oxen and the camels, into two detachments. at this: wider use of the vav.

he was in a strait ← it straitened him.

detachments: or, encampments.
Gen 32:9
Gen 32:8AV
‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אִם־יָב֥וֹא עֵשָׂ֛ו אֶל־הַמַּחֲנֶ֥ה הָאַחַ֖ת וְהִכָּ֑הוּ וְהָיָ֛ה הַמַּחֲנֶ֥ה הַנִּשְׁאָ֖ר לִפְלֵיטָֽה׃‬ And he said, “If Esau comes against one detachment and attacks it, then the remaining detachment will be in a position to escape.”
Gen 32:10
Gen 32:9AV
‫וַיֹּאמֶר֮ יַעֲקֹב֒ אֱלֹהֵי֙ אָבִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם וֵאלֹהֵ֖י אָבִ֣י יִצְחָ֑ק יְהוָ֞ה הָאֹמֵ֣ר אֵלַ֗י שׁ֧וּב לְאַרְצְךָ֛ וּלְמוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וְאֵיטִ֥יבָה עִמָּֽךְ׃‬ And Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your land and to your native country and I will deal well with you’,
Gen 32:11
Gen 32:10AV
‫קָטֹ֜נְתִּי מִכֹּ֤ל הַחֲסָדִים֙ וּמִכָּל־הָ֣אֱמֶ֔ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִׂ֖יתָ אֶת־עַבְדֶּ֑ךָ כִּ֣י בְמַקְלִ֗י עָבַ֙רְתִּי֙ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֣ן הַזֶּ֔ה וְעַתָּ֥ה הָיִ֖יתִי לִשְׁנֵ֥י מַחֲנֽוֹת׃‬ I am of little account compared to all the acts of kindness and all the faithfulness which you have shown to your servant, for with my staff I have crossed this Jordan, but now I have become two detachments.
Gen 32:12
Gen 32:11AV
‫הַצִּילֵ֥נִי נָ֛א מִיַּ֥ד אָחִ֖י מִיַּ֣ד עֵשָׂ֑ו כִּֽי־יָרֵ֤א אָנֹכִי֙ אֹת֔וֹ פֶּן־יָב֣וֹא וְהִכַּ֔נִי אֵ֖ם עַל־בָּנִֽים׃‬ Please deliver me from the hand of my brother – from the hand of Esau – for I am afraid of him, that he comes and attacks me, and a mother with her sons.
Gen 32:13
Gen 32:12AV
‫וְאַתָּ֣ה אָמַ֔רְתָּ הֵיטֵ֥ב אֵיטִ֖יב עִמָּ֑ךְ וְשַׂמְתִּ֤י אֶֽת־זַרְעֲךָ֙ כְּח֣וֹל הַיָּ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־יִסָּפֵ֖ר מֵרֹֽב׃‬ And you have said, ‘I will certainly deal well with you, and I will make your seed like the sand of the sea which cannot be counted for its abundance.’ ” I will certainly deal well: infinitive absolute.
Gen 32:14
Gen 32:13AV
‫וַיָּ֥לֶן שָׁ֖ם בַּלַּ֣יְלָה הַה֑וּא וַיִּקַּ֞ח מִן־הַבָּ֧א בְיָד֛וֹ מִנְחָ֖ה לְעֵשָׂ֥ו אָחִֽיו׃‬ And he lodged there that night, then he took from what he could afford as a gift to Esau his brother: he could afford ← came to his hand.
Gen 32:15
Gen 32:14AV
‫עִזִּ֣ים מָאתַ֔יִם וּתְיָשִׁ֖ים עֶשְׂרִ֑ים רְחֵלִ֥ים מָאתַ֖יִם וְאֵילִ֥ים עֶשְׂרִֽים׃‬ two hundred goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,
Gen 32:16
Gen 32:15AV
‫גְּמַלִּ֧ים מֵינִיק֛וֹת וּבְנֵיהֶ֖ם שְׁלֹשִׁ֑ים פָּר֤וֹת אַרְבָּעִים֙ וּפָרִ֣ים עֲשָׂרָ֔ה אֲתֹנֹ֣ת עֶשְׂרִ֔ים וַעְיָרִ֖ם עֲשָׂרָֽה׃‬ thirty milk-giving camels and their young, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she-asses and ten foals.
Gen 32:17
Gen 32:16AV
‫וַיִּתֵּן֙ בְּיַד־עֲבָדָ֔יו עֵ֥דֶר עֵ֖דֶר לְבַדּ֑וֹ וַ֤יֹּאמֶר אֶל־עֲבָדָיו֙ עִבְר֣וּ לְפָנַ֔י וְרֶ֣וַח תָּשִׂ֔ימוּ בֵּ֥ין עֵ֖דֶר וּבֵ֥ין עֵֽדֶר׃‬ And he handed them over to his servants, each herd apart, and said to his servants, “Cross over before me and leave a space between one herd and another.”
Gen 32:18
Gen 32:17AV
‫וַיְצַ֥ו אֶת־הָרִאשׁ֖וֹן לֵאמֹ֑ר כִּ֣י יִֽפְגָּשְׁךָ֞ עֵשָׂ֣ו אָחִ֗י וִשְׁאֵֽלְךָ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לְמִי־אַ֙תָּה֙ וְאָ֣נָה תֵלֵ֔ךְ וּלְמִ֖י אֵ֥לֶּה לְפָנֶֽיךָ׃‬ And when he instructed the first, he said, “When Esau my brother meets you, and questions you, saying, ‘Who do you belong to and where are you going, and whose are these animals in front of you?’ –
Gen 32:19
Gen 32:18AV
‫וְאָֽמַרְתָּ֙ לְעַבְדְּךָ֣ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב מִנְחָ֥ה הִוא֙ שְׁלוּחָ֔ה לַֽאדֹנִ֖י לְעֵשָׂ֑ו וְהִנֵּ֥ה גַם־ה֖וּא אַחֲרֵֽינוּ׃‬ you will say, ‘They are your servant's, Jacob's. It is a present sent to my lord, to Esau. And look, he himself is behind us.’ ”
Gen 32:20
Gen 32:19AV
‫וַיְצַ֞ו גַּ֣ם אֶת־הַשֵּׁנִ֗י גַּ֚ם אֶת־הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֔י גַּ֚ם אֶת־כָּל־הַהֹ֣לְכִ֔ים אַחֲרֵ֥י הָעֲדָרִ֖ים לֵאמֹ֑ר כַּדָּבָ֤ר הַזֶּה֙ תְּדַבְּר֣וּן אֶל־עֵשָׂ֔ו בְּמֹצַאֲכֶ֖ם אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Then he instructed the second one too, and the third, and all those following the flocks, and said, “With these words you will speak to Esau, when you encounter him. with these words ← according to this word.
Gen 32:21
Gen 32:20AV
‫וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֕ם גַּ֗ם הִנֵּ֛ה עַבְדְּךָ֥ יַעֲקֹ֖ב אַחֲרֵ֑ינוּ כִּֽי־אָמַ֞ר אֲכַפְּרָ֣ה פָנָ֗יו בַּמִּנְחָה֙ הַהֹלֶ֣כֶת לְפָנָ֔י וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן֙ אֶרְאֶ֣ה פָנָ֔יו אוּלַ֖י יִשָּׂ֥א פָנָֽי׃‬ And you will say, ‘Here is your servant Jacob too, behind us.’ ” For he said, “I will appease him with the gift going ahead of me, and after that I will see his face; maybe he will treat me benevolently.” here isbehold.

him ← his face.

treat me benevolently ← lift up my face.
Gen 32:22
Gen 32:21AV
‫וַתַּעֲבֹ֥ר הַמִּנְחָ֖ה עַל־פָּנָ֑יו וְה֛וּא לָ֥ן בַּלַּֽיְלָה־הַה֖וּא בַּֽמַּחֲנֶֽה׃‬ So the gift went across in front of him, while he lodged that night in the encampment.
Gen 32:23
Gen 32:22AV
‫וַיָּ֣קָם ׀ בַּלַּ֣יְלָה ה֗וּא וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת־שְׁתֵּ֤י נָשָׁיו֙ וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּ֣י שִׁפְחֹתָ֔יו וְאֶת־אַחַ֥ד עָשָׂ֖ר יְלָדָ֑יו וַֽיַּעֲבֹ֔ר אֵ֖ת מַעֲבַ֥ר יַבֹּֽק׃‬ Then he got up that night and took his two wives and his two maidservants and his eleven boys and crossed the ford of Jabbok.
Gen 32:24
Gen 32:23AV
‫וַיִּקָּחֵ֔ם וַיַּֽעֲבִרֵ֖ם אֶת־הַנָּ֑חַל וַֽיַּעֲבֵ֖ר אֶת־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ׃‬ And he took them and brought them across the brook, and took what he had across.
Gen 32:25
Gen 32:24AV
‫וַיִּוָּתֵ֥ר יַעֲקֹ֖ב לְבַדּ֑וֹ וַיֵּאָבֵ֥ק אִישׁ֙ עִמּ֔וֹ עַ֖ד עֲל֥וֹת הַשָּֽׁחַר׃‬ But Jacob remained alone, and a man wrestled with him, until dawn arose.
Gen 32:26
Gen 32:25AV
‫וַיַּ֗רְא כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יָכֹל֙ ל֔וֹ וַיִּגַּ֖ע בְּכַף־יְרֵכ֑וֹ וַתֵּ֙קַע֙ כַּף־יֶ֣רֶךְ יַעֲקֹ֔ב בְּהֵֽאָבְק֖וֹ עִמּֽוֹ׃‬ And he saw that he could not prevail over him; and he touched his hip-bone socket, so Jacob's hip-bone became dislocated as he wrestled with him. hip-bone (second occurrence in verse)hip socket.
Gen 32:27
Gen 32:26AV
‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שַׁלְּחֵ֔נִי כִּ֥י עָלָ֖ה הַשָּׁ֑חַר וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֲשַֽׁלֵּחֲךָ֔ כִּ֖י אִם־בֵּרַכְתָּֽנִי׃‬ And he said, “Let me go, for dawn has arisen.” But he said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”
Gen 32:28
Gen 32:27AV
‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו מַה־שְּׁמֶ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And he said to him, “What is your name?” To this he said, “Jacob.” to this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 32:29
Gen 32:28AV
‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר לֹ֤א יַעֲקֹב֙ יֵאָמֵ֥ר עוֹד֙ שִׁמְךָ֔ כִּ֖י אִם־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כִּֽי־שָׂרִ֧יתָ עִם־אֱלֹהִ֛ים וְעִם־אֲנָשִׁ֖ים וַתּוּכָֽל׃‬ He then said, “You shall not be called Jacob any more, but Israel, for you have wrestled with God, and with men, and have prevailed.” || 1 Chr 1:34.

Israel ← wrestler with God.
Gen 32:30
Gen 32:29AV
‫וַיִּשְׁאַ֣ל יַעֲקֹ֗ב וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַגִּֽידָה־נָּ֣א שְׁמֶ֔ךָ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לָ֥מָּה זֶּ֖ה תִּשְׁאַ֣ל לִשְׁמִ֑י וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ אֹת֖וֹ שָֽׁם׃‬ Then Jacob asked him and said, “Please tell me your name.” To this he said, “Why are you asking my name like this?” And he blessed him there. to this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 32:31
Gen 32:30AV
‫וַיִּקְרָ֧א יַעֲקֹ֛ב שֵׁ֥ם הַמָּק֖וֹם פְּנִיאֵ֑ל כִּֽי־רָאִ֤יתִי אֱלֹהִים֙ פָּנִ֣ים אֶל־פָּנִ֔ים וַתִּנָּצֵ֖ל נַפְשִֽׁי׃‬ And Jacob called the place Peniel, “For,” he said, “I have seen God face to face, and my life was preserved.” Peniel ← face of God.

life ← soul.

preserved ← delivered.
Gen 32:32
Gen 32:31AV
‫וַיִּֽזְרַֽח־ל֣וֹ הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָבַ֖ר אֶת־פְּנוּאֵ֑ל וְה֥וּא צֹלֵ֖עַ עַל־יְרֵכֽוֹ׃‬ Then the sun rose on him, as he crossed through Penuel, and he limped on his thigh,
Gen 32:33
Gen 32:32AV
‫עַל־כֵּ֡ן לֹֽא־יֹאכְל֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶת־גִּ֣יד הַנָּשֶׁ֗ה אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־כַּ֣ף הַיָּרֵ֔ךְ עַ֖ד הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה כִּ֤י נָגַע֙ בְּכַף־יֶ֣רֶךְ יַעֲקֹ֔ב בְּגִ֖יד הַנָּשֶֽׁה׃‬ which is why the sons of Israel do not eat the thigh sinew which is on the thigh joint, up to this day, because he struck Jacob on the thigh joint in the thigh sinew. thigh sinew (2x): perhaps the sciatic nerve.
Gen 33:1 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּרְא֙ וְהִנֵּ֣ה עֵשָׂ֣ו בָּ֔א וְעִמּ֕וֹ אַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת אִ֑ישׁ וַיַּ֣חַץ אֶת־הַיְלָדִ֗ים עַל־לֵאָה֙ וְעַל־רָחֵ֔ל וְעַ֖ל שְׁתֵּ֥י הַשְּׁפָחֽוֹת׃‬ Then Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and what he saw was Esau coming, and with him were four hundred men, and he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two maidservants. what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 33:2 ‫וַיָּ֧שֶׂם אֶת־הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת וְאֶת־יַלְדֵיהֶ֖ן רִֽאשֹׁנָ֑ה וְאֶת־לֵאָ֤ה וִֽילָדֶ֙יהָ֙ אַחֲרֹנִ֔ים וְאֶת־רָחֵ֥ל וְאֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף אַחֲרֹנִֽים׃‬ And he put the maidservants and their children in front and Leah and her children behind, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. in front ← first.
Gen 33:3 ‫וְה֖וּא עָבַ֣ר לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּשְׁתַּ֤חוּ אַ֙רְצָה֙ שֶׁ֣בַע פְּעָמִ֔ים עַד־גִּשְׁתּ֖וֹ עַד־אָחִֽיו׃‬ And he crossed over before them, and bowed down to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
Gen 33:4 ‫וַיָּ֨רָץ עֵשָׂ֤ו לִקְרָאתוֹ֙ וַֽיְחַבְּקֵ֔הוּ וַיִּפֹּ֥ל עַל־צַוָּארָ֖ו וַׄיִּׄשָּׁׄקֵ֑ׄהׄוּׄ וַיִּבְכּֽוּ׃‬ And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell around his neck, and kissed him, and they wept. and kissed him: with supralinear dots. See [CB, appendix 31]. [CB] says this indicates that the Masoretes thought the Hebrew word should be omitted.
Gen 33:5 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֣א אֶת־עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּ֤רְא אֶת־הַנָּשִׁים֙ וְאֶת־הַיְלָדִ֔ים וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מִי־אֵ֣לֶּה לָּ֑ךְ וַיֹּאמַ֕ר הַיְלָדִ֕ים אֲשֶׁר־חָנַ֥ן אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־עַבְדֶּֽךָ׃‬ And he lifted up his eyes and saw the women and the children, and he said, “Who are these of yours?” And he said, “The children whom God has been so gracious as to give your servant.”
Gen 33:6 ‫וַתִּגַּ֧שְׁןָ הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת הֵ֥נָּה וְיַלְדֵיהֶ֖ן וַתִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶֽיןָ׃‬ Then the maidservants approached – they and their children – and they bowed down.
Gen 33:7 ‫וַתִּגַּ֧שׁ גַּם־לֵאָ֛ה וִילָדֶ֖יהָ וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲו֑וּ וְאַחַ֗ר נִגַּ֥שׁ יוֹסֵ֛ף וְרָחֵ֖ל וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוֽוּ׃‬ Then Leah approached too, with her children, and they bowed down, and after that Joseph and Rachel approached, and bowed down.
Gen 33:8 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מִ֥י לְךָ֛ כָּל־הַמַּחֲנֶ֥ה הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּגָ֑שְׁתִּי וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לִמְצֹא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ And he said, “Who are all this troop which I have met?” And he said, “They are to find grace in your eyes, my lord.”
Gen 33:9 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר עֵשָׂ֖ו יֶשׁ־לִ֣י רָ֑ב אָחִ֕י יְהִ֥י לְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁר־לָֽךְ׃‬ Then Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.” keep ← let be; have.
Gen 33:10 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֗ב אַל־נָא֙ אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ֥ מִנְחָתִ֖י מִיָּדִ֑י כִּ֣י עַל־כֵּ֞ן רָאִ֣יתִי פָנֶ֗יךָ כִּרְאֹ֛ת פְּנֵ֥י אֱלֹהִ֖ים וַתִּרְצֵֽנִי׃‬ But Jacob said, “No, please, if now I have found grace in your eyes, then take my gift from my hand, for it is because of it that I saw your face looking like the face of God, when you were pleased with me.
Gen 33:11 ‫קַח־נָ֤א אֶת־בִּרְכָתִי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֻבָ֣את לָ֔ךְ כִּֽי־חַנַּ֥נִי אֱלֹהִ֖ים וְכִ֣י יֶשׁ־לִי־כֹ֑ל וַיִּפְצַר־בּ֖וֹ וַיִּקָּֽח׃‬ Do take my blessing which has been brought to you, for God has been gracious to me, and because I have everything.” And he pressed him, and he accepted it.
Gen 33:12 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר נִסְעָ֣ה וְנֵלֵ֑כָה וְאֵלְכָ֖ה לְנֶגְדֶּֽךָ׃‬ And he said, “Let us move on and get going, and I will go in front of you.” he said: i.e. Esau said.
Gen 33:13 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֗יו אֲדֹנִ֤י יֹדֵ֙עַ֙ כִּֽי־הַיְלָדִ֣ים רַכִּ֔ים וְהַצֹּ֥אן וְהַבָּקָ֖ר עָל֣וֹת עָלָ֑י וּדְפָקוּם֙ י֣וֹם אֶחָ֔ד וָמֵ֖תוּ כָּל־הַצֹּֽאן׃‬ Then he said to him, “My lord knows that the children are tender, and that the flocks and dairy cattle are with me, and if they overdrive them for just one day, all the flocks will die. he said: i.e. Jacob said.

if: conditional use of the vav.
Gen 33:14 ‫יַעֲבָר־נָ֥א אֲדֹנִ֖י לִפְנֵ֣י עַבְדּ֑וֹ וַאֲנִ֞י אֶֽתְנָהֲלָ֣ה לְאִטִּ֗י לְרֶ֨גֶל הַמְּלָאכָ֤ה אֲשֶׁר־לְפָנַי֙ וּלְרֶ֣גֶל הַיְלָדִ֔ים עַ֛ד אֲשֶׁר־אָבֹ֥א אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֖י שֵׂעִֽירָה׃‬ Do let my lord go in front of his servant, and I will proceed at a gentle pace, at the speed of the cattle which are in front of me, and at the speed of the children, until I have come to my lord in Seir.” at a gentle pace ← at my gentleness.

speed (2x)foot.
Gen 33:15 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר עֵשָׂ֔ו אַצִּֽיגָה־נָּ֣א עִמְּךָ֔ מִן־הָעָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתִּ֑י וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לָ֣מָּה זֶּ֔ה אֶמְצָא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ And Esau said, “Let me station some of the people who are with me with you.” And he said, “Why have I found grace in the eyes of my lord like this?”
Gen 33:16 ‫וַיָּשָׁב֩ בַּיּ֨וֹם הַה֥וּא עֵשָׂ֛ו לְדַרְכּ֖וֹ שֵׂעִֽירָה׃‬ Then Esau returned on that day, taking the road back to Seir, taking the road ← by his road.
Gen 33:17 ‫וְיַעֲקֹב֙ נָסַ֣ע סֻכֹּ֔תָה וַיִּ֥בֶן ל֖וֹ בָּ֑יִת וּלְמִקְנֵ֙הוּ֙ עָשָׂ֣ה סֻכֹּ֔ת עַל־כֵּ֛ן קָרָ֥א שֵׁם־הַמָּק֖וֹם סֻכּֽוֹת׃ ס‬ while Jacob moved to Succoth and built himself a house there, and made booths there for his cattle, which is why he called the place Succoth. while: wider use of the vav.

Succoth ← booths.
Gen 33:18 ‫וַיָּבֹא֩ יַעֲקֹ֨ב שָׁלֵ֜ם עִ֣יר שְׁכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן בְּבֹא֖וֹ מִפַּדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם וַיִּ֖חַן אֶת־פְּנֵ֥י הָעִֽיר׃‬ Then Jacob arrived safely in the city of Shechem which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram. And he encamped in front of the city. safely ← safe; whole; complete; peaceable. AV differs, taking the word as a place name, Shalem.

Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 33:19 ‫וַיִּ֜קֶן אֶת־חֶלְקַ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר נָֽטָה־שָׁם֙ אָהֳל֔וֹ מִיַּ֥ד בְּנֵֽי־חֲמ֖וֹר אֲבִ֣י שְׁכֶ֑ם בְּמֵאָ֖ה קְשִׂיטָֽה׃‬ And he bought a parcel of land where he had pitched his tent, from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem, for one hundred kesitahs. land ← field; countryside.

Hamor the father of Shechem: see note on Acts 7:16.

kesitahs: a kesitah was a coin or weight, perhaps of silver. The word also occurs in Josh 24:32, Job 42:11.
Gen 33:20 ‫וַיַּצֶּב־שָׁ֖ם מִזְבֵּ֑חַ וַיִּ֨קְרָא־ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ל אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ ס‬ And he erected an altar there, and called it El-elohe-Israel. El-elohe-Israel ← God, the God of Israel.
Gen 34:1 ‫וַתֵּצֵ֤א דִינָה֙ בַּת־לֵאָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָלְדָ֖ה לְיַעֲקֹ֑ב לִרְא֖וֹת בִּבְנ֥וֹת הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Now Dinah, Leah's daughter, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
Gen 34:2 ‫וַיַּ֨רְא אֹתָ֜הּ שְׁכֶ֧ם בֶּן־חֲמ֛וֹר הַֽחִוִּ֖י נְשִׂ֣יא הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּקַּ֥ח אֹתָ֛הּ וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב אֹתָ֖הּ וַיְעַנֶּֽהָ׃‬ And Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, a prince of the land, saw her, and he took her, and slept with her, and violated her.
Gen 34:3 ‫וַתִּדְבַּ֣ק נַפְשׁ֔וֹ בְּדִינָ֖ה בַּֽת־יַעֲקֹ֑ב וַיֶּֽאֱהַב֙ אֶת־הַֽנַּעֲרָ֔ וַיְדַבֵּ֖ר עַל־לֵ֥ב הַֽנַּעֲרָֽ׃‬ And his desire was fixed on Dinah, Jacob's daughter, and he was in love with the girl, and he spoke kindly to the girl. desire ← soul.

kindly ← to the heart. The same expression occurs in Isa 40:2.
Gen 34:4 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁכֶ֔ם אֶל־חֲמ֥וֹר אָבִ֖יו לֵאמֹ֑ר קַֽח־לִ֛י אֶת־הַיַּלְדָּ֥ה הַזֹּ֖את לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ And Shechem spoke to Hamor his father and said, “Get me this girl for a wife.”
Gen 34:5 ‫וְיַעֲקֹ֣ב שָׁמַ֗ע כִּ֤י טִמֵּא֙ אֶת־דִּינָ֣ה בִתּ֔וֹ וּבָנָ֛יו הָי֥וּ אֶת־מִקְנֵ֖הוּ בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה וְהֶחֱרִ֥שׁ יַעֲקֹ֖ב עַד־בֹּאָֽם׃‬ And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter while his sons were with the cattle in the field, and Jacob kept silence until they came in. while: temporal use of the vav.
Gen 34:6 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֛א חֲמ֥וֹר אֲבִֽי־שְׁכֶ֖ם אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֑ב לְדַבֵּ֖ר אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him.
Gen 34:7 ‫וּבְנֵ֨י יַעֲקֹ֜ב בָּ֤אוּ מִן־הַשָּׂדֶה֙ כְּשָׁמְעָ֔ם וַיִּֽתְעַצְּבוּ֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיִּ֥חַר לָהֶ֖ם מְאֹ֑ד כִּֽי־נְבָלָ֞ה עָשָׂ֣ה בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לִשְׁכַּב֙ אֶת־בַּֽת־יַעֲקֹ֔ב וְכֵ֖ן לֹ֥א יֵעָשֶֽׂה׃‬ Then Jacob's sons came back from the field when they heard about it, and the men were aggrieved, and they became very much incensed that he had done a dishonourable thing in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, for such a thing is not done. by lying: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 34:8 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר חֲמ֖וֹר אִתָּ֣ם לֵאמֹ֑ר שְׁכֶ֣ם בְּנִ֗י חָֽשְׁקָ֤ה נַפְשׁוֹ֙ בְּבִתְּכֶ֔ם תְּנ֨וּ נָ֥א אֹתָ֛הּ ל֖וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ And Hamor spoke with them and said, “About Shechem my son – his whole being craves for your daughter. Be so good as to give her to him as a wife. whole being ← soul.
Gen 34:9 ‫וְהִֽתְחַתְּנ֖וּ אֹתָ֑נוּ בְּנֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ תִּתְּנוּ־לָ֔נוּ וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֵ֖ינוּ תִּקְח֥וּ לָכֶֽם׃‬ And let us exchange in marriage. Give us your daughters, and take our daughters for yourselves.
Gen 34:10 ‫וְאִתָּ֖נוּ תֵּשֵׁ֑בוּ וְהָאָ֙רֶץ֙ תִּהְיֶ֣ה לִפְנֵיכֶ֔ם שְׁבוּ֙ וּסְחָר֔וּהָ וְהֵֽאָחֲז֖וּ בָּֽהּ׃‬ And dwell with us, and the land will be before you. Live in it and trade in it and have your interest in it.” have your interest in it ← be held in it.
Gen 34:11 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁכֶם֙ אֶל־אָבִ֣יה וְאֶל־אַחֶ֔יהָ אֶמְצָא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵיכֶ֑ם וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר תֹּאמְר֛וּ אֵלַ֖י אֶתֵּֽן׃‬ Then Shechem said to her father and her brothers, “If I find grace in your eyes, then I will give you whatever you say to me.
Gen 34:12 ‫הַרְבּ֨וּ עָלַ֤י מְאֹד֙ מֹ֣הַר וּמַתָּ֔ן וְאֶ֨תְּנָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר תֹּאמְר֖וּ אֵלָ֑י וּתְנוּ־לִ֥י אֶת־הַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ Specify a large dowry and gift for me to give, and I will give it according to what you say to me, but give me the girl as a wife.” specify a large dowry and gift for me ← make on me the dowry and gift much.
Gen 34:13 ‫וַיַּעֲנ֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶת־שְׁכֶ֨ם וְאֶת־חֲמ֥וֹר אָבִ֛יו בְּמִרְמָ֖ה וַיְדַבֵּ֑רוּ אֲשֶׁ֣ר טִמֵּ֔א אֵ֖ת דִּינָ֥ה אֲחֹתָֽם׃‬ Then Jacob's sons answered Shechem and Hamar his father deceitfully, and they spoke so because he had defiled Dinah their sister.
Gen 34:14 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֲלֵיהֶ֗ם לֹ֤א נוּכַל֙ לַעֲשׂוֹת֙ הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה לָתֵת֙ אֶת־אֲחֹתֵ֔נוּ לְאִ֖ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־ל֣וֹ עָרְלָ֑ה כִּֽי־חֶרְפָּ֥ה הִ֖וא לָֽנוּ׃‬ And they said to them, “We cannot do this thing, giving our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it is a contemptible thing to us. who is not circumcised ← who (has) foreskin.
Gen 34:15 ‫אַךְ־בְּזֹ֖את נֵא֣וֹת לָכֶ֑ם אִ֚ם תִּהְי֣וּ כָמֹ֔נוּ לְהִמֹּ֥ל לָכֶ֖ם כָּל־זָכָֽר׃‬ But we can agree on this with you: if you become like us, in every male being circumcised,
Gen 34:16 ‫וְנָתַ֤נּוּ אֶת־בְּנֹתֵ֙ינוּ֙ לָכֶ֔ם וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֵיכֶ֖ם נִֽקַּֽח־לָ֑נוּ וְיָשַׁ֣בְנוּ אִתְּכֶ֔ם וְהָיִ֖ינוּ לְעַ֥ם אֶחָֽד׃‬ then we will give you our daughters, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people.
Gen 34:17 ‫וְאִם־לֹ֧א תִשְׁמְע֛וּ אֵלֵ֖ינוּ לְהִמּ֑וֹל וְלָקַ֥חְנוּ אֶת־בִּתֵּ֖נוּ וְהָלָֽכְנוּ׃‬ But if you do not comply with us in being circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go our way.” comply with us ← hear / hearken to us.

in being circumcised: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 34:18 ‫וַיִּֽיטְב֥וּ דִבְרֵיהֶ֖ם בְּעֵינֵ֣י חֲמ֑וֹר וּבְעֵינֵ֖י שְׁכֶ֥ם בֶּן־חֲמֽוֹר׃‬ And their words were pleasing in Hamor's sight, and the sight of Shechem the son of Hamor.
Gen 34:19 ‫וְלֹֽא־אֵחַ֤ר הַנַּ֙עַר֙ לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת הַדָּבָ֔ר כִּ֥י חָפֵ֖ץ בְּבַֽת־יַעֲקֹ֑ב וְה֣וּא נִכְבָּ֔ד מִכֹּ֖ל בֵּ֥ית אָבִֽיו׃‬ And the lad did not delay in doing the thing, because he took delight in Jacob's daughter. Now he was held in more honour than all the household of his father. in doing: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 34:20 ‫וַיָּבֹ֥א חֲמ֛וֹר וּשְׁכֶ֥ם בְּנ֖וֹ אֶל־שַׁ֣עַר עִירָ֑ם וַֽיְדַבְּר֛וּ אֶל־אַנְשֵׁ֥י עִירָ֖ם לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Then Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their city, and spoke to the men of their city, and said,
Gen 34:21 ‫הָאֲנָשִׁ֨ים הָאֵ֜לֶּה שְֽׁלֵמִ֧ים הֵ֣ם אִתָּ֗נוּ וְיֵשְׁב֤וּ בָאָ֙רֶץ֙ וְיִסְחֲר֣וּ אֹתָ֔הּ וְהָאָ֛רֶץ הִנֵּ֥ה רַֽחֲבַת־יָדַ֖יִם לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם אֶת־בְּנֹתָם֙ נִקַּֽח־לָ֣נוּ לְנָשִׁ֔ים וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֵ֖ינוּ נִתֵּ֥ן לָהֶֽם׃‬ “These men are peaceable towards us and they will dwell in the land and trade in it. And as for the land, behold, it is very wide before them. We will take their daughters to ourselves as wives, and we will give our daughters to them.
Gen 34:22 ‫אַךְ־בְּ֠זֹאת יֵאֹ֨תוּ לָ֤נוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים֙ לָשֶׁ֣בֶת אִתָּ֔נוּ לִהְי֖וֹת לְעַ֣ם אֶחָ֑ד בְּהִמּ֥וֹל לָ֙נוּ֙ כָּל־זָכָ֔ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר הֵ֥ם נִמֹּלִֽים׃‬ But the men have agreed this with us: to dwell with us, to become one people, if we have ourselves circumcised – every male – as they are circumcised.
Gen 34:23 ‫מִקְנֵהֶ֤ם וְקִנְיָנָם֙ וְכָל־בְּהֶמְתָּ֔ם הֲל֥וֹא לָ֖נוּ הֵ֑ם אַ֚ךְ נֵא֣וֹתָה לָהֶ֔ם וְיֵשְׁב֖וּ אִתָּֽנוּ׃‬ Their cattle and their possessions and all their livestock, are they not then ours? Just let us agree with them, and they will dwell with us.”
Gen 34:24 ‫וַיִּשְׁמְע֤וּ אֶל־חֲמוֹר֙ וְאֶל־שְׁכֶ֣ם בְּנ֔וֹ כָּל־יֹצְאֵ֖י שַׁ֣עַר עִיר֑וֹ וַיִּמֹּ֙לוּ֙ כָּל־זָכָ֔ר כָּל־יֹצְאֵ֖י שַׁ֥עַר עִירֽוֹ׃‬ And all those who went out to the gate of his city heard Hamor and Shechem his son, and all the males were circumcised – everyone who went out to the gate of his city.
Gen 34:25 ‫וַיְהִי֩ בַיּ֨וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֜י בִּֽהְיוֹתָ֣ם כֹּֽאֲבִ֗ים וַיִּקְח֣וּ שְׁנֵֽי־בְנֵי־יַ֠עֲקֹב שִׁמְע֨וֹן וְלֵוִ֜י אֲחֵ֤י דִינָה֙ אִ֣ישׁ חַרְבּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ עַל־הָעִ֖יר בֶּ֑טַח וַיַּֽהַרְג֖וּ כָּל־זָכָֽר׃‬ And it came to pass on the third day while they were sore, that two of Jacob's sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, each took his sword and went to the city confidently, and killed every male.
Gen 34:26 ‫וְאֶת־חֲמוֹר֙ וְאֶת־שְׁכֶ֣ם בְּנ֔וֹ הָרְג֖וּ לְפִי־חָ֑רֶב וַיִּקְח֧וּ אֶת־דִּינָ֛ה מִבֵּ֥ית שְׁכֶ֖ם וַיֵּצֵֽאוּ׃‬ And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house and left.
Gen 34:27 ‫בְּנֵ֣י יַעֲקֹ֗ב בָּ֚אוּ עַל־הַ֣חֲלָלִ֔ים וַיָּבֹ֖זּוּ הָעִ֑יר אֲשֶׁ֥ר טִמְּא֖וּ אֲחוֹתָֽם׃‬ The sons of Jacob went to the slain men and stripped the city, because they had defiled their sister.
Gen 34:28 ‫אֶת־צֹאנָ֥ם וְאֶת־בְּקָרָ֖ם וְאֶת־חֲמֹרֵיהֶּ֑ם וְאֵ֧ת אֲשֶׁר־בָּעִ֛יר וְאֶת־אֲשֶׁ֥ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֖ה לָקָֽחוּ׃‬ And they took their sheep and their oxen and their donkeys and whatever was in the city, and they took whatever was in the field.
Gen 34:29 ‫וְאֶת־כָּל־חֵילָ֤ם וְאֶת־כָּל־טַפָּם֙ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם שָׁב֖וּ וַיָּבֹ֑זּוּ וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר בַּבָּֽיִת׃‬ And they captured and stripped all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their women, and everything that was in the house.
Gen 34:30 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶל־שִׁמְע֣וֹן וְאֶל־לֵוִי֮ עֲכַרְתֶּ֣ם אֹתִי֒ לְהַבְאִישֵׁ֙נִי֙ בְּיֹשֵׁ֣ב הָאָ֔רֶץ בַּֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י וּבַפְּרִזִּ֑י וַאֲנִי֙ מְתֵ֣י מִסְפָּ֔ר וְנֶאֶסְפ֤וּ עָלַי֙ וְהִכּ֔וּנִי וְנִשְׁמַדְתִּ֖י אֲנִ֥י וּבֵיתִֽי׃‬ But Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have caused me trouble, by making me odious to the inhabitants of the land, to the Canaanite and the Perizzite, whereas I am few in number, and they could gather together against me, and attack me, and I and my household would be destroyed.” by making me odious: gerundial use of the infinitive.

inhabitants ← inhabitant (collective usage).
Gen 34:31 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֑וּ הַכְזוֹנָ֕ה יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה אֶת־אֲחוֹתֵֽנוּ׃ פ‬ But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?”
Gen 35:1 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֔ב ק֛וּם עֲלֵ֥ה בֵֽית־אֵ֖ל וְשֶׁב־שָׁ֑ם וַעֲשֵׂה־שָׁ֣ם מִזְבֵּ֔חַ לָאֵל֙ הַנִּרְאֶ֣ה אֵלֶ֔יךָ בְּבָרְחֲךָ֔ מִפְּנֵ֖י עֵשָׂ֥ו אָחִֽיךָ׃‬ Then God said to Jacob, “Arise and go up to Beth-el and live there, and make an altar there to God who appeared to you when you were fleeing from Esau your brother.” from ← from the face of.
Gen 35:2 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל־בֵּית֔וֹ וְאֶ֖ל כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִמּ֑וֹ הָסִ֜רוּ אֶת־אֱלֹהֵ֤י הַנֵּכָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּתֹכְכֶ֔ם וְהִֽטַּהֲר֔וּ וְהַחֲלִ֖יפוּ שִׂמְלֹתֵיכֶֽם׃‬ Then Jacob said to his household and to everyone who was with him, “Remove the foreign gods which are in your midst and cleanse yourselves and change your garments.
Gen 35:3 ‫וְנָק֥וּמָה וְנַעֲלֶ֖ה בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂה־שָּׁ֣ם מִזְבֵּ֗חַ לָאֵ֞ל הָעֹנֶ֤ה אֹתִי֙ בְּי֣וֹם צָֽרָתִ֔י וַיְהִי֙ עִמָּדִ֔י בַּדֶּ֖רֶךְ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָלָֽכְתִּי׃‬ Then let us arise and go up to Beth-el and I will make an altar there to God who answered me on the day when I was in a strait, but he was with me on the way I went.”
Gen 35:4 ‫וַיִּתְּנ֣וּ אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֗ב אֵ֣ת כָּל־אֱלֹהֵ֤י הַנֵּכָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּיָדָ֔ם וְאֶת־הַנְּזָמִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּאָזְנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּטְמֹ֤ן אֹתָם֙ יַעֲקֹ֔ב תַּ֥חַת הָאֵלָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עִם־שְׁכֶֽם׃‬ So they gave Jacob all the strange gods which were in their possession, and the rings which were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under the terebinth tree which was near Shechem. possession ← hand.
Gen 35:5 ‫וַיִּסָּ֑עוּ וַיְהִ֣י ׀ חִתַּ֣ת אֱלֹהִ֗ים עַל־הֶֽעָרִים֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ סְבִיבֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם וְלֹ֣א רָֽדְפ֔וּ אַחֲרֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And they moved on, and a fear of God came upon the cities which were around them, so they did not pursue the sons of Jacob. came ← became.
Gen 35:6 ‫וַיָּבֹ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב ל֗וּזָה אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן הִ֖וא בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל ה֖וּא וְכָל־הָעָ֥ם אֲשֶׁר־עִמּֽוֹ׃‬ Then Jacob arrived at Luz which is in the land of Canaan – it is Beth-el – he and all the people who were with him. at ← to. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.
Gen 35:7 ‫וַיִּ֤בֶן שָׁם֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ וַיִּקְרָא֙ לַמָּק֔וֹם אֵ֖ל בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל כִּ֣י שָׁ֗ם נִגְל֤וּ אֵלָיו֙ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים בְּבָרְח֖וֹ מִפְּנֵ֥י אָחִֽיו׃‬ And he built an altar there, and called the place El-beth-el, for God had revealed himself to him there when he was fleeing from his brother. God had revealed himself: a rare case of a plural verb with Elohim (God) as subject. See note on Gen 1:1.

from ← from the face of.
Gen 35:8 ‫וַתָּ֤מָת דְּבֹרָה֙ מֵינֶ֣קֶת רִבְקָ֔ה וַתִּקָּבֵ֛ר מִתַּ֥חַת לְבֵֽית־אֵ֖ל תַּ֣חַת הָֽאַלּ֑וֹן וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ אַלּ֥וֹן בָּכֽוּת׃ פ‬ Then Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried under Beth-el, under the oak tree, and he called it Allon-bachuth. Allon-bachuth ← oak of weeping.
Gen 35:9 ‫וַיֵּרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹב֙ ע֔וֹד בְּבֹא֖וֹ מִפַּדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם וַיְבָ֖רֶךְ אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Now God had appeared to Jacob again as he was coming from Padan-aram, and he blessed him. Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 35:10 ‫וַיֹּֽאמֶר־ל֥וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים שִׁמְךָ֣ יַעֲקֹ֑ב לֹֽא־יִקָּרֵא֩ שִׁמְךָ֨ ע֜וֹד יַעֲקֹ֗ב כִּ֤י אִם־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה שְׁמֶ֔ךָ וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ And God had said to him, “Your name is Jacob; your name will no longer be Jacob, but your name will be Israel.” And he called him Israel. Israel: see Gen 32:29 (Gen 32:28AV).
Gen 35:11 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ל֨וֹ אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֲנִ֨י אֵ֤ל שַׁדַּי֙ פְּרֵ֣ה וּרְבֵ֔ה גּ֛וֹי וּקְהַ֥ל גּוֹיִ֖ם יִהְיֶ֣ה מִמֶּ֑ךָּ וּמְלָכִ֖ים מֵחֲלָצֶ֥יךָ יֵצֵֽאוּ׃‬ And God said to him, “I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and increase. A nation and a convocation of nations will come from you, and kings will come out of your loins.
Gen 35:12 ‫וְאֶת־הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָתַ֛תִּי לְאַבְרָהָ֥ם וּלְיִצְחָ֖ק לְךָ֣ אֶתְּנֶ֑נָּה וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֥ אַחֲרֶ֖יךָ אֶתֵּ֥ן אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ I will give you the land which I gave to Abraham and to Isaac, and I will give the land to your seed after you.”
Gen 35:13 ‫וַיַּ֥עַל מֵעָלָ֖יו אֱלֹהִ֑ים בַּמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then God ascended away from him, at the place where he spoke with him.
Gen 35:14 ‫וַיַּצֵּ֨ב יַעֲקֹ֜ב מַצֵּבָ֗ה בַּמָּק֛וֹם אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ מַצֶּ֣בֶת אָ֑בֶן וַיַּסֵּ֤ךְ עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ נֶ֔סֶךְ וַיִּצֹ֥ק עָלֶ֖יהָ שָֽׁמֶן׃‬ Jacob then erected a pillar at the place where he spoke with him, a stone pillar, and he poured out a libation on it and poured oil on it.
Gen 35:15 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב אֶת־שֵׁ֣ם הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁר֩ דִּבֶּ֨ר אִתּ֥וֹ שָׁ֛ם אֱלֹהִ֖ים בֵּֽית־אֵֽל׃‬ And Jacob called the place where God had spoken to him Beth-el.
Gen 35:16 ‫וַיִּסְעוּ֙ מִבֵּ֣ית אֵ֔ל וַֽיְהִי־ע֥וֹד כִּבְרַת־הָאָ֖רֶץ לָב֣וֹא אֶפְרָ֑תָה וַתֵּ֥לֶד רָחֵ֖ל וַתְּקַ֥שׁ בְּלִדְתָּֽהּ׃‬ Then they moved on from Beth-el, and there was just a small stretch of land to go to arrive at Ephrath, when Rachel gave birth, and had difficulty in her labour.
Gen 35:17 ‫וַיְהִ֥י בְהַקְשֹׁתָ֖הּ בְּלִדְתָּ֑הּ וַתֹּ֨אמֶר לָ֤הּ הַמְיַלֶּ֙דֶת֙ אַל־תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כִּֽי־גַם־זֶ֥ה לָ֖ךְ בֵּֽן׃‬ And it came to pass as she was having difficulty in her labour, that the midwife said to her, “Do not be afraid, for this is also a son of yours.”
Gen 35:18 ‫וַיְהִ֞י בְּצֵ֤את נַפְשָׁהּ֙ כִּ֣י מֵ֔תָה וַתִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ בֶּן־אוֹנִ֑י וְאָבִ֖יו קָֽרָא־ל֥וֹ בִנְיָמִֽין׃‬ And it came to pass, as her life was departing – for she was dying – that she called him Ben-oni, but his father called him Benjamin. || 1 Chr 2:2.

life ← soul.

Ben-oni ← son of my sorrow, but the word on can also mean strength and nothingness, vanity, idol.

Benjamin ← Binjamin, meaning son of my right hand.
Gen 35:19 ‫וַתָּ֖מָת רָחֵ֑ל וַתִּקָּבֵר֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ אֶפְרָ֔תָה הִ֖וא בֵּ֥ית לָֽחֶם׃‬ Then Rachel died, and she was buried at the road to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem. Bethlehem ← Beth Lehem. Sometimes the words are hyphenated in Hebrew, as in Mic 5:1 (Mic 5:2AV). Sometimes the name is given as Bethlehem-judah, which in Hebrew is three words, Beth Lehem Judah.
Gen 35:20 ‫וַיַּצֵּ֧ב יַעֲקֹ֛ב מַצֵּבָ֖ה עַל־קְבֻרָתָ֑הּ הִ֛וא מַצֶּ֥בֶת קְבֻֽרַת־רָחֵ֖ל עַד־הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And Jacob erected a pillar at her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel's grave to this day.
Gen 35:21 ‫וַיִּסַּ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיֵּ֣ט אָֽהֳלֹ֔ה מֵהָ֖לְאָה לְמִגְדַּל־עֵֽדֶר׃‬ Then Israel moved on, and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Edar. Edar ← Eder, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Edar is not a pausal form. The meaning is flock.
Gen 35:22 ‫וַיְהִ֗י בִּשְׁכֹּ֤ן יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בָּאָ֣רֶץ הַהִ֔וא וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ רְאוּבֵ֔ן וַיִּשְׁכַּ֕ב֙ אֶת־בִּלְהָ֖ה֙ פִּילֶ֣גֶשׁ אָבִ֑֔יו וַיִּשְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵֽ֑ל פ וַיִּֽהְי֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יַעֲקֹ֖ב שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר׃‬ And it came to pass, while Israel was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine, and Israel heard it. Now Jacob's sons were twelve in number.
Gen 35:23 ‫בְּנֵ֣י לֵאָ֔ה בְּכ֥וֹר יַעֲקֹ֖ב רְאוּבֵ֑ן וְשִׁמְעוֹן֙ וְלֵוִ֣י וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה וְיִשָּׂשכָ֖ר וּזְבוּלֻֽן׃‬ Leah's sons were Jacob's firstborn, Reuben, then Simeon and Levi and Judah and Issachar and Zebulun.
Gen 35:24 ‫בְּנֵ֣י רָחֵ֔ל יוֹסֵ֖ף וּבִנְיָמִֽן׃‬ Rachel's sons were Joseph and Benjamin.
Gen 35:25 ‫וּבְנֵ֤י בִלְהָה֙ שִׁפְחַ֣ת רָחֵ֔ל דָּ֖ן וְנַפְתָּלִֽי׃‬ And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maidservant, were Dan and Naphtali.
Gen 35:26 ‫וּבְנֵ֥י זִלְפָּ֛ה שִׁפְחַ֥ת לֵאָ֖ה גָּ֣ד וְאָשֵׁ֑ר אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלַּד־ל֖וֹ בְּפַדַּ֥ן אֲרָֽם׃‬ And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's maidservant, were Gad and Asher. These were Jacob's sons who were born to him in Padan-aram. Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.
Gen 35:27 ‫וַיָּבֹ֤א יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל־יִצְחָ֣ק אָבִ֔יו מַמְרֵ֖א קִרְיַ֣ת הָֽאַרְבַּ֑ע הִ֣וא חֶבְר֔וֹן אֲשֶׁר־גָּֽר־שָׁ֥ם אַבְרָהָ֖ם וְיִצְחָֽק׃‬ Then Jacob came to Isaac his father in Mamre at Kirjath-arba – that is Hebron – where Abraham and Isaac dwelt. Kirjath-arba: AV differs somewhat, partly translating, (city of Arba).
Gen 35:28 ‫וַיִּֽהְי֖וּ יְמֵ֣י יִצְחָ֑ק מְאַ֥ת שָׁנָ֖ה וּשְׁמֹנִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה׃‬ And the days of Isaac amounted to one hundred and eighty years. amounted to ← were.
Gen 35:29 ‫וַיִּגְוַ֨ע יִצְחָ֤ק וַיָּ֙מָת֙ וַיֵּאָ֣סֶף אֶל־עַמָּ֔יו זָקֵ֖ן וּשְׂבַ֣ע יָמִ֑ים וַיִּקְבְּר֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ עֵשָׂ֥ו וְיַעֲקֹ֖ב בָּנָֽיו׃ פ‬ Then Isaac expired and died, and was gathered to his people, being old and full of days, and Esau and Jacob his sons buried him. full ← satiated.
Gen 36:1 ‫וְאֵ֛לֶּה תֹּלְד֥וֹת עֵשָׂ֖ו ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם׃‬ This is the lineage of Esau. He is Edom.
Gen 36:2 ‫עֵשָׂ֛ו לָקַ֥ח אֶת־נָשָׁ֖יו מִבְּנ֣וֹת כְּנָ֑עַן אֶת־עָדָ֗ה בַּת־אֵילוֹן֙ הַֽחִתִּ֔י וְאֶת־אָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ בַּת־עֲנָ֔ה בַּת־צִבְע֖וֹן הַֽחִוִּֽי׃‬ Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, Zibeon ← Zib'on, the first syllable being closed, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 36:3 ‫וְאֶת־בָּשְׂמַ֥ת בַּת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל אֲח֥וֹת נְבָיֽוֹת׃‬ and Bashemath, Ishmael's daughter, the sister of Nebajoth.
Gen 36:4 ‫וַתֵּ֧לֶד עָדָ֛ה לְעֵשָׂ֖ו אֶת־אֱלִיפָ֑ז וּבָ֣שְׂמַ֔ת יָלְדָ֖ה אֶת־רְעוּאֵֽל׃‬ And Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz, and Bashemath bore Reuel.
Gen 36:5 ‫וְאָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ יָֽלְדָ֔ה אֶת־*יעיש **יְע֥וּשׁ וְאֶת־יַעְלָ֖ם וְאֶת־קֹ֑רַח אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י עֵשָׂ֔ו אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלְּדוּ־ל֖וֹ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And Aholibamah bore {Q: Jeush} [K: Jeish] and Jaalam and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. Jeush ... Jeish: in Gen 36:18, the reading is Jeush.
Gen 36:6 ‫וַיִּקַּ֣ח עֵשָׂ֡ו אֶת־נָ֠שָׁיו וְאֶת־בָּנָ֣יו וְאֶת־בְּנֹתָיו֮ וְאֶת־כָּל־נַפְשׁ֣וֹת בֵּיתוֹ֒ וְאֶת־מִקְנֵ֣הוּ וְאֶת־כָּל־בְּהֶמְתּ֗וֹ וְאֵת֙ כָּל־קִנְיָנ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָכַ֖שׁ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אֶל־אֶ֔רֶץ מִפְּנֵ֖י יַעֲקֹ֥ב אָחִֽיו׃‬ And Esau took his wives and his sons and his daughters and all the people of his household, and his cattle and all his livestock and all his property which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he went to a land away from Jacob his brother. people ← souls.

away from ← from the face of.
Gen 36:7 ‫כִּֽי־הָיָ֧ה רְכוּשָׁ֛ם רָ֖ב מִשֶּׁ֣בֶת יַחְדָּ֑ו וְלֹ֨א יָֽכְלָ֜ה אֶ֤רֶץ מְגֽוּרֵיהֶם֙ לָשֵׂ֣את אֹתָ֔ם מִפְּנֵ֖י מִקְנֵיהֶֽם׃‬ For their property was too much for them to live together, and the land of their residence could not support them because of their cattle.
Gen 36:8 ‫וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב עֵשָׂו֙ בְּהַ֣ר שֵׂעִ֔יר עֵשָׂ֖ו ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם׃‬ And Esau dwelt at Mount Seir. Esau is Edom.
Gen 36:9 ‫וְאֵ֛לֶּה תֹּלְד֥וֹת עֵשָׂ֖ו אֲבִ֣י אֱד֑וֹם בְּהַ֖ר שֵׂעִֽיר׃‬ Now this is the lineage of Esau, the father of Edom in Mount Seir.
Gen 36:10 ‫אֵ֖לֶּה שְׁמ֣וֹת בְּנֵֽי־עֵשָׂ֑ו אֱלִיפַ֗ז בֶּן־עָדָה֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֔ו רְעוּאֵ֕ל בֶּן־בָּשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau. || 1 Chr 1:35.
Gen 36:11 ‫וַיִּהְי֖וּ בְּנֵ֣י אֱלִיפָ֑ז תֵּימָ֣ן אוֹמָ֔ר צְפ֥וֹ וְגַעְתָּ֖ם וּקְנַֽז׃‬ And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho and Gatam and Kenaz. || 1 Chr 1:36.
Gen 36:12 ‫וְתִמְנַ֣ע ׀ הָיְתָ֣ה פִילֶ֗גֶשׁ לֶֽאֱלִיפַז֙ בֶּן־עֵשָׂ֔ו וַתֵּ֥לֶד לֶאֱלִיפַ֖ז אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֑ק אֵ֕לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י עָדָ֖ה אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ And Timna was a concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Adah the wife of Esau. || 1 Chr 1:36.
Gen 36:13 ‫וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ בְּנֵ֣י רְעוּאֵ֔ל נַ֥חַת וָזֶ֖רַח שַׁמָּ֣ה וּמִזָּ֑ה אֵ֣לֶּ֣ה הָי֔וּ בְּנֵ֥י בָשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ And these were the sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife. || 1 Chr 1:37.
Gen 36:14 ‫וְאֵ֣לֶּה הָי֗וּ בְּנֵ֨י אָהֳלִיבָמָ֧ה בַת־עֲנָ֛ה בַּת־צִבְע֖וֹן אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֑ו וַתֵּ֣לֶד לְעֵשָׂ֔ו אֶת־*יעיש **יְע֥וּשׁ וְאֶת־יַעְלָ֖ם וְאֶת־קֹֽרַח׃‬ And these were the sons of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife. And she bore {Q: Jeush} [K: Jeish] and Jaalam and Korah to Esau. Jeush ... Jeish: see Gen 36:5.

|| 1 Chr 1:35.

Zibeon: see Gen 36:2.
Gen 36:15 ‫אֵ֖לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֣י בְנֵֽי־עֵשָׂ֑ו בְּנֵ֤י אֱלִיפַז֙ בְּכ֣וֹר עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֤וּף תֵּימָן֙ אַלּ֣וּף אוֹמָ֔ר אַלּ֥וּף צְפ֖וֹ אַלּ֥וּף קְנַֽז׃‬ These were the chieftains of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz Esau's firstborn were Chieftain Teman, Chieftain Omar, Chieftain Zepho, Chieftain Kenaz,
Gen 36:16 ‫אַלּֽוּף־קֹ֛רַח אַלּ֥וּף גַּעְתָּ֖ם אַלּ֣וּף עֲמָלֵ֑ק אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֤י אֱלִיפַז֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֔וֹם אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י עָדָֽה׃‬ Chieftain Korah, Chieftain Gatam, Chieftain Amalek. These were the chieftains descending from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were Adah's sons.
Gen 36:17 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה בְּנֵ֤י רְעוּאֵל֙ בֶּן־עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֥וּף נַ֙חַת֙ אַלּ֣וּף זֶ֔רַח אַלּ֥וּף שַׁמָּ֖ה אַלּ֣וּף מִזָּ֑ה אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֤י רְעוּאֵל֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֔וֹם אֵ֕לֶּה בְּנֵ֥י בָשְׂמַ֖ת אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ And these were the sons of Reuel the son of Esau: Chieftain Nahath, Chieftain Zerah, Chieftain Shammah, Chieftain Mizzah. These were the chieftains descending from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Bashemath the wife of Esau.
Gen 36:18 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה בְּנֵ֤י אָהֳלִֽיבָמָה֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת עֵשָׂ֔ו אַלּ֥וּף יְע֛וּשׁ אַלּ֥וּף יַעְלָ֖ם אַלּ֣וּף קֹ֑רַח אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֞י אָֽהֳלִיבָמָ֛ה בַּת־עֲנָ֖ה אֵ֥שֶׁת עֵשָֽׂו׃‬ And these were the sons of Aholibamah, Esau's wife: Chieftain Jeush, Chieftain Jaalam, Chieftain Korah. These were the chieftains descending from Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.
Gen 36:19 ‫אֵ֧לֶּה בְנֵי־עֵשָׂ֛ו וְאֵ֥לֶּה אַלּוּפֵיהֶ֖ם ה֥וּא אֱדֽוֹם׃ ס‬ These were the sons of Esau, and these were their chieftains. He is Edom.
Gen 36:20 ‫אֵ֤לֶּה בְנֵֽי־שֵׂעִיר֙ הַחֹרִ֔י יֹשְׁבֵ֖י הָאָ֑רֶץ לוֹטָ֥ן וְשׁוֹבָ֖ל וְצִבְע֥וֹן וַעֲנָֽה׃‬ These were the sons of Seir the Horite – the inhabitants of the land: Lotan and Shobal and Zibeon and Anah, || 1 Chr 1:38.

Zibeon: see Gen 36:2.
Gen 36:21 ‫וְדִשׁ֥וֹן וְאֵ֖צֶר וְדִישָׁ֑ן אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֧י הַחֹרִ֛י בְּנֵ֥י שֵׂעִ֖יר בְּאֶ֥רֶץ אֱדֽוֹם׃‬ and Dishon and Ezer and Dishan. These were the chieftains of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom. || 1 Chr 1:38.
Gen 36:22 ‫וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי־לוֹטָ֖ן חֹרִ֣י וְהֵימָ֑ם וַאֲח֥וֹת לוֹטָ֖ן תִּמְנָֽע׃‬ And Lotan's sons were Hori and Hemam, and Lotan's sister was Timna. || 1 Chr 1:39.
Gen 36:23 ‫וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ בְּנֵ֣י שׁוֹבָ֔ל עַלְוָ֥ן וּמָנַ֖חַת וְעֵיבָ֑ל שְׁפ֖וֹ וְאוֹנָֽם׃‬ These were Shobal's sons: Alvan and Manahath and Ebal, Shepho and Onam. || 1 Chr 1:40.
Gen 36:24 ‫וְאֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי־צִבְע֖וֹן וְאַיָּ֣ה וַעֲנָ֑ה ה֣וּא עֲנָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר מָצָ֤א אֶת־הַיֵּמִם֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר בִּרְעֹת֥וֹ אֶת־הַחֲמֹרִ֖ים לְצִבְע֥וֹן אָבִֽיו׃‬ And these were Zibeon's sons: Veajah and Anah – he is Anah who found the hot springs in the desert when he was tending the donkeys for Zibeon his father. || 1 Chr 1:40.

Zibeon (2x): see Gen 36:2.

Veajah: AV differs somewhat, taking the vav as copulative, (both Ajah), which is also possible.

hot springs: AV differs, (mules). Vulgate= hot waters; LXX transliterates as a name, Jamein.
Gen 36:25 ‫וְאֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי־עֲנָ֖ה דִּשֹׁ֑ן וְאָהֳלִיבָמָ֖ה בַּת־עֲנָֽה׃‬ And these were the sons of Anah: Dishon; and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. || 1 Chr 1:41.
Gen 36:26 ‫וְאֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י דִישָׁ֑ן חֶמְדָּ֥ן וְאֶשְׁבָּ֖ן וְיִתְרָ֥ן וּכְרָֽן׃‬ And these were the sons of Dishan: Hemdan and Eshban and Ithran and Cheran. || 1 Chr 1:41.

Dishan: AV differs somewhat, (Dishon), which fits the context and agrees with 1 Chr 1:41, but the text, consonantal and MT vocalized, distinguishes the name from Dishon of the previous verse. Perhaps the divine intention is to teach that the names are equivalent.
Gen 36:27 ‫אֵ֖לֶּה בְּנֵי־אֵ֑צֶר בִּלְהָ֥ן וְזַעֲוָ֖ן וַעֲקָֽן׃‬ These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan and Zaavan and Akan. || 1 Chr 1:42.
Gen 36:28 ‫אֵ֥לֶּה בְנֵֽי־דִישָׁ֖ן ע֥וּץ וַאֲרָֽן׃‬ These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. || 1 Chr 1:42.
Gen 36:29 ‫אֵ֖לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֣י הַחֹרִ֑י אַלּ֤וּף לוֹטָן֙ אַלּ֣וּף שׁוֹבָ֔ל אַלּ֥וּף צִבְע֖וֹן אַלּ֥וּף עֲנָֽה׃‬ These were the chieftains of the Horites: Chieftain Lotan, Chieftain Shobal, Chieftain Zibeon, Chieftain Anah, Zibeon: see Gen 36:2.
Gen 36:30 ‫אַלּ֥וּף דִּשֹׁ֛ן אַלּ֥וּף אֵ֖צֶר אַלּ֣וּף דִּישָׁ֑ן אֵ֣לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֧י הַחֹרִ֛י לְאַלֻּפֵיהֶ֖ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ שֵׂעִֽיר׃ פ‬ Cheiftain Dishon, Chieftain Ezer, Chieftain Dishan. These were the chieftains descending from Hori, constituting their chieftains in the land of Seir.
Gen 36:31 ‫וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ הַמְּלָכִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר מָלְכ֖וּ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱד֑וֹם לִפְנֵ֥י מְלָךְ־מֶ֖לֶךְ לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ And these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the sons of Israel.
Gen 36:32 ‫וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ בֶּאֱד֔וֹם בֶּ֖לַע בֶּן־בְּע֑וֹר וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ דִּנְהָֽבָה׃‬ And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. || 1 Chr 1:43.
Gen 36:33 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת בָּ֑לַע וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו יוֹבָ֥ב בֶּן־זֶ֖רַח מִבָּצְרָֽה׃‬ Then Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in place of him. || 1 Chr 1:44.
Gen 36:34 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת יוֹבָ֑ב וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו חֻשָׁ֖ם מֵאֶ֥רֶץ הַתֵּימָנִֽי׃‬ Then Jobab died, and Husham from the land of Temani reigned in place of him. || 1 Chr 1:45.
Gen 36:35 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת חֻשָׁ֑ם וַיִּמְלֹ֨ךְ תַּחְתָּ֜יו הֲדַ֣ד בֶּן־בְּדַ֗ד הַמַּכֶּ֤ה אֶת־מִדְיָן֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה מוֹאָ֔ב וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ עֲוִֽית׃‬ Then Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who struck Midian down in the countryside of Moab, reigned in place of him, and the name of his city was Avith. || 1 Chr 1:46.
Gen 36:36 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת הֲדָ֑ד וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו שַׂמְלָ֖ה מִמַּשְׂרֵקָֽה׃‬ Then Hadad died, and Samlah from Masrekah reigned in place of him. || 1 Chr 1:47.
Gen 36:37 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת שַׂמְלָ֑ה וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו שָׁא֖וּל מֵרְחֹב֥וֹת הַנָּהָֽר׃‬ Then Samlah died, and Saul from Rehoboth-upon-the-river reigned in place of him. || 1 Chr 1:48.

Saul ← Shaul.
Gen 36:38 ‫וַיָּ֖מָת שָׁא֑וּל וַיִּמְלֹ֣ךְ תַּחְתָּ֔יו בַּ֥עַל חָנָ֖ן בֶּן־עַכְבּֽוֹר׃‬ Then Saul died and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in place of him. || 1 Chr 1:49.
Gen 36:39 ‫וַיָּמָת֮ בַּ֣עַל חָנָ֣ן בֶּן־עַכְבּוֹר֒ וַיִּמְלֹ֤ךְ תַּחְתָּיו֙ הֲדַ֔ר וְשֵׁ֥ם עִיר֖וֹ פָּ֑עוּ וְשֵׁ֨ם אִשְׁתּ֤וֹ מְהֵֽיטַבְאֵל֙ בַּת־מַטְרֵ֔ד בַּ֖ת מֵ֥י זָהָֽב׃‬ Then Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in place of him, and the name of his city was Pau, and the name of his wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-zahab. || 1 Chr 1:50.

Me-zahab: AV= Mezahab.
Gen 36:40 ‫וְ֠אֵלֶּה שְׁמ֞וֹת אַלּוּפֵ֤י עֵשָׂו֙ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֔ם לִמְקֹמֹתָ֖ם בִּשְׁמֹתָ֑ם אַלּ֥וּף תִּמְנָ֛ע אַלּ֥וּף עַֽלְוָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף יְתֵֽת׃‬ And these are the names of the chieftains of Esau by their families and by their places, by their names: Chieftain Timnah, Chieftain Alvah, Chieftain Jetheth, || 1 Chr 1:51.

Timnah ← Timna, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Timnah is an irregular transliteration of the ayin as .
Gen 36:41 ‫אַלּ֧וּף אָהֳלִיבָמָ֛ה אַלּ֥וּף אֵלָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף פִּינֹֽן׃‬ Chieftain Aholibamah, Chieftain Elah, Chieftain Pinon, || 1 Chr 1:52.
Gen 36:42 ‫אַלּ֥וּף קְנַ֛ז אַלּ֥וּף תֵּימָ֖ן אַלּ֥וּף מִבְצָֽר׃‬ Chieftain Kenaz, Chieftain Teman, Chieftain Mibzar, || 1 Chr 1:53.
Gen 36:43 ‫אַלּ֥וּף מַגְדִּיאֵ֖ל אַלּ֣וּף עִירָ֑ם אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ אַלּוּפֵ֣י אֱד֗וֹם לְמֹֽשְׁבֹתָם֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֲחֻזָּתָ֔ם ה֥וּא עֵשָׂ֖ו אֲבִ֥י אֱדֽוֹם׃ פ‬ Chieftain Magdiel, Chieftain Iram. These were the chieftains of Edom by their dwelling places in the land of their possession, which is Esau, the father of Edom. || 1 Chr 1:54.
Gen 37:1 ‫וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב יַעֲקֹ֔ב בְּאֶ֖רֶץ מְגוּרֵ֣י אָבִ֑יו בְּאֶ֖רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And Jacob dwelt in the place of residence of his father in the land of Canaan.
Gen 37:2 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ תֹּלְד֣וֹת יַעֲקֹ֗ב יוֹסֵ֞ף בֶּן־שְׁבַֽע־עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ הָיָ֨ה רֹעֶ֤ה אֶת־אֶחָיו֙ בַּצֹּ֔אן וְה֣וּא נַ֗עַר אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י בִלְהָ֛ה וְאֶת־בְּנֵ֥י זִלְפָּ֖ה נְשֵׁ֣י אָבִ֑יו וַיָּבֵ֥א יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶת־דִּבָּתָ֥ם רָעָ֖ה אֶל־אֲבִיהֶֽם׃‬ This is the genealogy of Jacob. Joseph was seventeen years old and was tending the flock with his brothers, and he was just a lad with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives. And Joseph brought a bad report of them to their father. flock: or, small cattle. Usually sheep, but sometimes goats, as in Gen 27:9.
Gen 37:3 ‫וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל אָהַ֤ב אֶת־יוֹסֵף֙ מִכָּל־בָּנָ֔יו כִּֽי־בֶן־זְקֻנִ֥ים ה֖וּא ל֑וֹ וְעָ֥שָׂה ל֖וֹ כְּתֹ֥נֶת פַּסִּֽים׃‬ Now Israel loved Joseph the most of all his sons because he was the son of his old age to him, and he made him a long-sleeved gown. long-sleeved: or, multi-coloured.
Gen 37:4 ‫וַיִּרְא֣וּ אֶחָ֗יו כִּֽי־אֹת֞וֹ אָהַ֤ב אֲבִיהֶם֙ מִכָּל־אֶחָ֔יו וַֽיִּשְׂנְא֖וּ אֹת֑וֹ וְלֹ֥א יָכְל֖וּ דַּבְּר֥וֹ לְשָׁלֹֽם׃‬ And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him, and they could not speak peaceably to him.
Gen 37:5 ‫וַיַּחֲלֹ֤ם יוֹסֵף֙ חֲל֔וֹם וַיַּגֵּ֖ד לְאֶחָ֑יו וַיּוֹסִ֥פוּ ע֖וֹד שְׂנֹ֥א אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Then Joseph had a dream and told it to his brothers, and they hated him all the more. had a dream ← dreamt a dream.
Gen 37:6 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֑ם שִׁמְעוּ־נָ֕א הַחֲל֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָלָֽמְתִּי׃‬ And he said to them, “Do listen to this dream which I have had. had ← dreamt.
Gen 37:7 ‫וְ֠הִנֵּה אֲנַ֜חְנוּ מְאַלְּמִ֤ים אֲלֻמִּים֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה וְהִנֵּ֛ה קָ֥מָה אֲלֻמָּתִ֖י וְגַם־נִצָּ֑בָה וְהִנֵּ֤ה תְסֻבֶּ֙ינָה֙ אֲלֻמֹּ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וַתִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖יןָ לַאֲלֻמָּתִֽי׃‬ There we were binding sheaves in the middle of the field, and what happened was that my sheaf arose and stood up even, and there were your sheaves encircling it, and they bowed down to my sheaf.” there we werebehold us.

what happened was that ← behold.

there werebehold.
Gen 37:8 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמְרוּ לוֹ֙ אֶחָ֔יו הֲמָלֹ֤ךְ תִּמְלֹךְ֙ עָלֵ֔ינוּ אִם־מָשׁ֥וֹל תִּמְשֹׁ֖ל בָּ֑נוּ וַיּוֹסִ֤פוּ עוֹד֙ שְׂנֹ֣א אֹת֔וֹ עַל־חֲלֹמֹתָ֖יו וְעַל־דְּבָרָֽיו׃‬ At which his brothers said to him, “Are you really going to reign over us, or really going to rule over us?” And they hated him still more because of his dreams and because of his words. at which: wider use of the vav.

really going to reign ... really going to rule: both infinitive absolute.
Gen 37:9 ‫וַיַּחֲלֹ֥ם עוֹד֙ חֲל֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וַיְסַפֵּ֥ר אֹת֖וֹ לְאֶחָ֑יו וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּ֨ה חָלַ֤מְתִּֽי חֲלוֹם֙ ע֔וֹד וְהִנֵּ֧ה הַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ וְהַיָּרֵ֗חַ וְאַחַ֤ד עָשָׂר֙ כּֽוֹכָבִ֔ים מִֽשְׁתַּחֲוִ֖ים לִֽי׃‬ Then he dreamt again and had another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, “Look, I have had a dream again, and there were the sun and the moon and eleven stars bowing down to me.” had (2x)dreamt.

there werebehold.
Gen 37:10 ‫וַיְסַפֵּ֣ר אֶל־אָבִיו֮ וְאֶל־אֶחָיו֒ וַיִּגְעַר־בּ֣וֹ אָבִ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ מָ֛ה הַחֲל֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָלָ֑מְתָּ הֲב֣וֹא נָב֗וֹא אֲנִי֙ וְאִמְּךָ֣ וְאַחֶ֔יךָ לְהִשְׁתַּחֲוֺ֥ת לְךָ֖ אָֽרְצָה׃‬ And he told it to his father and to his brothers, and his father rebuked him, and said to him, “What is this dream you have had? Am I and your mother and your brothers really going to bow down to you to the ground?” really going to: infinitive absolute.

ground ← land.
Gen 37:11 ‫וַיְקַנְאוּ־ב֖וֹ אֶחָ֑יו וְאָבִ֖יו שָׁמַ֥ר אֶת־הַדָּבָֽר׃‬ And his brothers were envious of him, but his father kept the account under consideration.
Gen 37:12 ‫וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ אֶחָ֑יו לִרְע֛וֹת אֶׄתׄ־צֹ֥אן אֲבִיהֶ֖ם בִּשְׁכֶֽם׃‬ Then his brothers went to tend their father's flocks in Shechem. their father's flocks: with supralinear dots over the sign of the accusative. See [CB, appendix 31]. [CB] says it indicates a doubtful reading, suggesting that they had gone to feed themselves and make merry.
Gen 37:13 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶל־יוֹסֵ֗ף הֲל֤וֹא אַחֶ֙יךָ֙ רֹעִ֣ים בִּשְׁכֶ֔ם לְכָ֖ה וְאֶשְׁלָחֲךָ֣ אֲלֵיהֶ֑ם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֖וֹ הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers tending flocks in Shechem? Come, and I'll send you to them.” And he said, “Here I am.” here I ambehold me.
Gen 37:14 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ לֶךְ־נָ֨א רְאֵ֜ה אֶת־שְׁל֤וֹם אַחֶ֙יךָ֙ וְאֶת־שְׁל֣וֹם הַצֹּ֔אן וַהֲשִׁבֵ֖נִי דָּבָ֑ר וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֙הוּ֙ מֵעֵ֣מֶק חֶבְר֔וֹן וַיָּבֹ֖א שְׁכֶֽמָה׃‬ And he said to him, “Please go and see how your brothers are doing, and how the flock are doing and report back to me.” And he sent him from the Valley of Hebron, and he went to Shechem. how ... are doing (2x)the peace of.
Gen 37:15 ‫וַיִּמְצָאֵ֣הוּ אִ֔ישׁ וְהִנֵּ֥ה תֹעֶ֖ה בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה וַיִּשְׁאָלֵ֧הוּ הָאִ֛ישׁ לֵאמֹ֖ר מַה־תְּבַקֵּֽשׁ׃‬ And a man came across him seeing that he was wandering in a field, and the man asked him and said, “What are you looking for?” came across ← found.

seeing that ← and behold.
Gen 37:16 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אֶת־אַחַ֖י אָנֹכִ֣י מְבַקֵּ֑שׁ הַגִּֽידָה־נָּ֣א לִ֔י אֵיפֹ֖ה הֵ֥ם רֹעִֽים׃‬ And he said, “I am looking for my brothers. Tell me, would you, where are they tending the flocks?”
Gen 37:17 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר הָאִישׁ֙ נָסְע֣וּ מִזֶּ֔ה כִּ֤י שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ אֹֽמְרִ֔ים נֵלְכָ֖ה דֹּתָ֑יְנָה וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ יוֹסֵף֙ אַחַ֣ר אֶחָ֔יו וַיִּמְצָאֵ֖ם בְּדֹתָֽן׃‬ And the man said, “They have moved on from here, for I heard them saying, ‘Let's go to Dothan.’ ” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them in Dothan.
Gen 37:18 ‫וַיִּרְא֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ מֵרָחֹ֑ק וּבְטֶ֙רֶם֙ יִקְרַ֣ב אֲלֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּֽתְנַכְּל֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ לַהֲמִיתֽוֹ׃‬ And they saw him from a distance, and before he approached them, they plotted against him to kill him.
Gen 37:19 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־אָחִ֑יו הִנֵּ֗ה בַּ֛עַל הַחֲלֹמ֥וֹת הַלָּזֶ֖ה בָּֽא׃‬ And they said to each other, “Look, Mister Dreamer himself is coming. Mister Dreamer himself ← this master of dreams.
Gen 37:20 ‫וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ לְכ֣וּ וְנַֽהַרְגֵ֗הוּ וְנַשְׁלִכֵ֙הוּ֙ בְּאַחַ֣ד הַבֹּר֔וֹת וְאָמַ֕רְנוּ חַיָּ֥ה רָעָ֖ה אֲכָלָ֑תְהוּ וְנִרְאֶ֕ה מַה־יִּהְי֖וּ חֲלֹמֹתָֽיו׃‬ So now, come on, let's kill him and throw him into one of the pits, and we will say, ‘A wild animal has eaten him’, and we will see what becomes of his dreams.” what becomes of his dreams ← what his dreams become.
Gen 37:21 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע רְאוּבֵ֔ן וַיַּצִּלֵ֖הוּ מִיָּדָ֑ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לֹ֥א נַכֶּ֖נּוּ נָֽפֶשׁ׃‬ But Reuben heard, and delivered him from their hands, and said, “Let us not fatally strike him.” fatally ← soul.
Gen 37:22 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֣ם ׀ רְאוּבֵן֮ אַל־תִּשְׁפְּכוּ־דָם֒ הַשְׁלִ֣יכוּ אֹת֗וֹ אֶל־הַבּ֤וֹר הַזֶּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר וְיָ֖ד אַל־תִּשְׁלְחוּ־ב֑וֹ לְמַ֗עַן הַצִּ֤יל אֹתוֹ֙ מִיָּדָ֔ם לַהֲשִׁיב֖וֹ אֶל־אָבִֽיו׃‬ And Reuben said to them, “Do not shed blood. Throw him in this pit which is in the desert, and do not lay hands on him”, so as to deliver him from their hands, to take him back to his father. hands ← hand.
Gen 37:23 ‫וַֽיְהִ֕י כַּֽאֲשֶׁר־בָּ֥א יוֹסֵ֖ף אֶל־אֶחָ֑יו וַיַּפְשִׁ֤יטוּ אֶת־יוֹסֵף֙ אֶת־כֻּתָּנְתּ֔וֹ אֶת־כְּתֹ֥נֶת הַפַּסִּ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָלָֽיו׃‬ And it came to pass when Joseph came to his brothers that they stripped Joseph of his gown – his long-sleeved gown which was on him –
Gen 37:24 ‫וַיִּ֨קָּחֻ֔הוּ וַיַּשְׁלִ֥כוּ אֹת֖וֹ הַבֹּ֑רָה וְהַבּ֣וֹר רֵ֔ק אֵ֥ין בּ֖וֹ מָֽיִם׃‬ and took hold of him and threw him into the pit. Now the pit was empty – there was no water in it.
Gen 37:25 ‫וַיֵּשְׁבוּ֮ לֶֽאֱכָל־לֶחֶם֒ וַיִּשְׂא֤וּ עֵֽינֵיהֶם֙ וַיִּרְא֔וּ וְהִנֵּה֙ אֹרְחַ֣ת יִשְׁמְעֵאלִ֔ים בָּאָ֖ה מִגִּלְעָ֑ד וּגְמַלֵּיהֶ֣ם נֹֽשְׂאִ֗ים נְכֹאת֙ וּצְרִ֣י וָלֹ֔ט הוֹלְכִ֖ים לְהוֹרִ֥יד מִצְרָֽיְמָה׃‬ And they sat down to eat bread, and lifted up their eyes and looked around, and what they saw was a company of Ishmeelites coming from Gilead. And their camels were carrying spices and balsam and labdanum on their way to take it down to Egypt. what they saw wasbehold.

Ishmeelites: in Judg 8:24, AV uses Ishmaelites.

Gilead: see Gen 31:21.

on their way ← going.
Gen 37:26 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוּדָ֖ה אֶל־אֶחָ֑יו מַה־בֶּ֗צַע כִּ֤י נַהֲרֹג֙ אֶת־אָחִ֔ינוּ וְכִסִּ֖ינוּ אֶת־דָּמֽוֹ׃‬ And Judah said to his brothers, “What good is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? good ← gain.
Gen 37:27 ‫לְכ֞וּ וְנִמְכְּרֶ֣נּוּ לַיִּשְׁמְעֵאלִ֗ים וְיָדֵ֙נוּ֙ אַל־תְּהִי־ב֔וֹ כִּֽי־אָחִ֥ינוּ בְשָׂרֵ֖נוּ ה֑וּא וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֖וּ אֶחָֽיו׃‬ Come, let's sell him to the Ishmeelites, and our hand will not be on him, for he is our brother – he is our flesh.” And his brothers acquiesced. acquiesced ← heard.
Gen 37:28 ‫וַיַּֽעַבְרוּ֩ אֲנָשִׁ֨ים מִדְיָנִ֜ים סֹֽחֲרִ֗ים וַֽיִּמְשְׁכוּ֙ וַיַּֽעֲל֤וּ אֶת־יוֹסֵף֙ מִן־הַבּ֔וֹר וַיִּמְכְּר֧וּ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֛ף לַיִּשְׁמְעֵאלִ֖ים בְּעֶשְׂרִ֣ים כָּ֑סֶף וַיָּבִ֥יאוּ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף מִצְרָֽיְמָה׃‬ And the Midianite merchants passed by, and hauled him up and brought Joseph up out of the pit. And they sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver. They then brought Joseph to Egypt.
Gen 37:29 ‫וַיָּ֤שָׁב רְאוּבֵן֙ אֶל־הַבּ֔וֹר וְהִנֵּ֥ה אֵין־יוֹסֵ֖ף בַּבּ֑וֹר וַיִּקְרַ֖ע אֶת־בְּגָדָֽיו׃‬ Then Reuben returned to the pit, and when he saw that Joseph wasn't in the pit, he tore his clothes. he saw that ← behold.
Gen 37:30 ‫וַיָּ֥שָׁב אֶל־אֶחָ֖יו וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַיֶּ֣לֶד אֵינֶ֔נּוּ וַאֲנִ֖י אָ֥נָה אֲנִי־בָֽא׃‬ And he returned to his brothers and said, “The lad isn't there. And as for me, where can I go?”
Gen 37:31 ‫וַיִּקְח֖וּ אֶת־כְּתֹ֣נֶת יוֹסֵ֑ף וַֽיִּשְׁחֲטוּ֙ שְׂעִ֣יר עִזִּ֔ים וַיִּטְבְּל֥וּ אֶת־הַכֻּתֹּ֖נֶת בַּדָּֽם׃‬ Then they took Joseph's gown, and killed a buck of the goats, and dipped the gown in the blood.
Gen 37:32 ‫וַֽיְשַׁלְּח֞וּ אֶת־כְּתֹ֣נֶת הַפַּסִּ֗ים וַיָּבִ֙יאוּ֙ אֶל־אֲבִיהֶ֔ם וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ זֹ֣את מָצָ֑אנוּ הַכֶּר־נָ֗א הַכְּתֹ֧נֶת בִּנְךָ֛ הִ֖וא אִם־לֹֽא׃‬ And they took the long-sleeved gown with them and brought it to their father, and said, “We found this. So examine whether the gown is your son's or not.” took ... with them ← sent.

examine ← recognize.
Gen 37:33 ‫וַיַּכִּירָ֤הּ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ כְּתֹ֣נֶת בְּנִ֔י חַיָּ֥ה רָעָ֖ה אֲכָלָ֑תְהוּ טָרֹ֥ף טֹרַ֖ף יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ And he identified it and said, “It is my son's gown. A wild animal has eaten him. Joseph must have been torn apart.” identified ← recognized.

must have been torn apart: infinitive absolute.
Gen 37:34 ‫וַיִּקְרַ֤ע יַעֲקֹב֙ שִׂמְלֹתָ֔יו וַיָּ֥שֶׂם שַׂ֖ק בְּמָתְנָ֑יו וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֥ל עַל־בְּנ֖וֹ יָמִ֥ים רַבִּֽים׃‬ And Jacob tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son for many days.
Gen 37:35 ‫וַיָּקֻמוּ֩ כָל־בָּנָ֨יו וְכָל־בְּנֹתָ֜יו לְנַחֲמ֗וֹ וַיְמָאֵן֙ לְהִתְנַחֵ֔ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר כִּֽי־אֵרֵ֧ד אֶל־בְּנִ֛י אָבֵ֖ל שְׁאֹ֑לָה וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ אֹת֖וֹ אָבִֽיו׃‬ Then all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted, and he said, “I will go down to my son – to the grave – mourning.” And his father wept for him.
Gen 37:36 ‫וְהַ֨מְּדָנִ֔ים מָכְר֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ אֶל־מִצְרָ֑יִם לְפֽוֹטִיפַר֙ סְרִ֣יס פַּרְעֹ֔ה שַׂ֖ר הַטַּבָּחִֽים׃ פ‬ And the Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh's courtier, the head executioner. in ← into. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.

head executioner ← chief of the executioners.
Gen 38:1 ‫וַֽיְהִי֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔וא וַיֵּ֥רֶד יְהוּדָ֖ה מֵאֵ֣ת אֶחָ֑יו וַיֵּ֛ט עַד־אִ֥ישׁ עֲדֻלָּמִ֖י וּשְׁמ֥וֹ חִירָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass at that time that Judah went down leaving his brothers and turned aside to an Adullamite man whose name was Hirah. went down leavingwent down from.
Gen 38:2 ‫וַיַּרְא־שָׁ֧ם יְהוּדָ֛ה בַּת־אִ֥ישׁ כְּנַעֲנִ֖י וּשְׁמ֣וֹ שׁ֑וּעַ וַיִּקָּחֶ֖הָ וַיָּבֹ֥א אֵלֶֽיהָ׃‬ And Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man there, his name being Shuah. And he took her, and went in to her, Shuah ← Shua, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Shuah is an irregular transliteration of the ayin as . The name is spelled differently in Hebrew to the Shuah of Gen 25:2, which ends in .
Gen 38:3 ‫וַתַּ֖הַר וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ עֵֽר׃‬ and she conceived, and bore a son, and he called him Er. || 1 Chr 2:3.

he called: Judah names the firstborn; the mother names the next two.
Gen 38:4 ‫וַתַּ֥הַר ע֖וֹד וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ אוֹנָֽן׃‬ And she conceived again and bore a son and she called him Onan. || 1 Chr 2:3.
Gen 38:5 ‫וַתֹּ֤סֶף עוֹד֙ וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֔ן וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ שֵׁלָ֑ה וְהָיָ֥ה בִכְזִ֖יב בְּלִדְתָּ֥הּ אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ And she conceived yet again and bore a son, and she called him Shelah, and he was in Chezib when she bore him. || 1 Chr 2:3.
Gen 38:6 ‫וַיִּקַּ֧ח יְהוּדָ֛ה אִשָּׁ֖ה לְעֵ֣ר בְּכוֹר֑וֹ וּשְׁמָ֖הּ תָּמָֽר׃‬ And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar.
Gen 38:7 ‫וַיְהִ֗י עֵ֚ר בְּכ֣וֹר יְהוּדָ֔ה רַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה וַיְמִתֵ֖הוּ יְהוָֽה׃‬ Now Er Judah's firstborn was evil in the sight of the Lord and the Lord killed him.
Gen 38:8 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוּדָה֙ לְאוֹנָ֔ן בֹּ֛א אֶל־אֵ֥שֶׁת אָחִ֖יךָ וְיַבֵּ֣ם אֹתָ֑הּ וְהָקֵ֥ם זֶ֖רַע לְאָחִֽיךָ׃‬ And Judah said to Onan, “Go into your brother's wife and marry her as brother-in-law of the deceased and raise up seed to your brother.” marry ... as brother-in-law of the deceased: all one word in Hebrew (root y-b-m).
Gen 38:9 ‫וַיֵּ֣דַע אוֹנָ֔ן כִּ֛י לֹּ֥א ל֖וֹ יִהְיֶ֣ה הַזָּ֑רַע וְהָיָ֞ה אִם־בָּ֨א אֶל־אֵ֤שֶׁת אָחִיו֙ וְשִׁחֵ֣ת אַ֔רְצָה לְבִלְתִּ֥י נְתָן־זֶ֖רַע לְאָחִֽיו׃‬ But Onan knew that the seed would not be counted as his, and it came to pass when he went to his brother's wife, that he spilt it on the ground, so as not to give seed to his brother.
Gen 38:10 ‫וַיֵּ֛רַע בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה וַיָּ֖מֶת גַּם־אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ And what he did was evil in the eyes of the Lord, and he killed him too.
Gen 38:11 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוּדָה֩ לְתָמָ֨ר כַּלָּת֜וֹ שְׁבִ֧י אַלְמָנָ֣ה בֵית־אָבִ֗יךְ עַד־יִגְדַּל֙ שֵׁלָ֣ה בְנִ֔י כִּ֣י אָמַ֔ר פֶּן־יָמ֥וּת גַּם־ה֖וּא כְּאֶחָ֑יו וַתֵּ֣לֶךְ תָּמָ֔ר וַתֵּ֖שֶׁב בֵּ֥ית אָבִֽיהָ׃‬ Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, “Remain a widow in the house of your father until my son Shelah is grown up,” for he said, “I am concerned that he too may die like his brothers.” So Tamar went and stayed in the house of her father.
Gen 38:12 ‫וַיִּרְבּוּ֙ הַיָּמִ֔ים וַתָּ֖מָת בַּת־שׁ֣וּעַ אֵֽשֶׁת־יְהוּדָ֑ה וַיִּנָּ֣חֶם יְהוּדָ֗ה וַיַּ֜עַל עַל־גֹּֽזֲזֵ֤י צֹאנוֹ֙ ה֗וּא וְחִירָ֛ה רֵעֵ֥הוּ הָעֲדֻלָּמִ֖י תִּמְנָֽתָה׃‬ And many days went by, and the daughter of Shua, Judah's wife, died. And Judah was comforted, and he went up to those who shear his sheep – he and Hirah his friend the Adullamite – to Timnath.
Gen 38:13 ‫וַיֻּגַּ֥ד לְתָמָ֖ר לֵאמֹ֑ר הִנֵּ֥ה חָמִ֛יךְ עֹלֶ֥ה תִמְנָ֖תָה לָגֹ֥ז צֹאנֽוֹ׃‬ And it was reported to Tamar as follows, “Look, your father-in-law is going up to Timnath to shear his sheep.” as follows ← to say, or more loosely, saying.
Gen 38:14 ‫וַתָּסַר֩ בִּגְדֵ֨י אַלְמְנוּתָ֜הּ מֵֽעָלֶ֗יהָ וַתְּכַ֤ס בַּצָּעִיף֙ וַתִּתְעַלָּ֔ף וַתֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ בְּפֶ֣תַח עֵינַ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־דֶּ֣רֶךְ תִּמְנָ֑תָה כִּ֤י רָאֲתָה֙ כִּֽי־גָדַ֣ל שֵׁלָ֔ה וְהִ֕וא לֹֽא־נִתְּנָ֥ה ל֖וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃‬ And she took off her widow's clothes which were on her, and screened herself with a veil, and covered herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the way to Timnath, for she had seen that Shelah had grown up but that she had not been given to him as a wife. she had not been given to him: Tamar should have been given to Shelah to raise seed to Er. She seduces Judah so as to get seed in the same line.
Gen 38:15 ‫וַיִּרְאֶ֣הָ יְהוּדָ֔ה וַֽיַּחְשְׁבֶ֖הָ לְזוֹנָ֑ה כִּ֥י כִסְּתָ֖ה פָּנֶֽיהָ׃‬ And Judah saw her, and thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.
Gen 38:16 ‫וַיֵּ֨ט אֵלֶ֜יהָ אֶל־הַדֶּ֗רֶךְ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הָֽבָה־נָּא֙ אָב֣וֹא אֵלַ֔יִךְ כִּ֚י לֹ֣א יָדַ֔ע כִּ֥י כַלָּת֖וֹ הִ֑וא וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ מַה־תִּתֶּן־לִּ֔י כִּ֥י תָב֖וֹא אֵלָֽי׃‬ And he turned aside to her on the way and said, “Come on now, I will go in to you”, for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, “What will you give me if you go in to me.”
Gen 38:17 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָנֹכִ֛י אֲשַׁלַּ֥ח גְּדִֽי־עִזִּ֖ים מִן־הַצֹּ֑אן וַתֹּ֕אמֶר אִם־תִּתֵּ֥ן עֵרָב֖וֹן עַ֥ד שָׁלְחֶֽךָ׃‬ And he said, “I will send you a kid from the flock.” Then she said, “All right if you give me security until you have sent it.”
Gen 38:18 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מָ֣ה הָֽעֵרָבוֹן֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶתֶּן־לָּךְ֒ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר חֹתָֽמְךָ֙ וּפְתִילֶ֔ךָ וּמַטְּךָ֖ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ וַיִּתֶּן־לָּ֛הּ וַיָּבֹ֥א אֵלֶ֖יהָ וַתַּ֥הַר לֽוֹ׃‬ And he said, “What is the security that I should give you?” And she said, “Your seal and your ribbon and your staff that is in your hand.” Then he gave them to her and went in to her and she conceived by him.
Gen 38:19 ‫וַתָּ֣קָם וַתֵּ֔לֶךְ וַתָּ֥סַר צְעִיפָ֖הּ מֵעָלֶ֑יהָ וַתִּלְבַּ֖שׁ בִּגְדֵ֥י אַלְמְנוּתָֽהּ׃‬ Then she got up and went back and took off her veil that was on her and put her widow's clothes on.
Gen 38:20 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח יְהוּדָ֜ה אֶת־גְּדִ֣י הָֽעִזִּ֗ים בְּיַד֙ רֵעֵ֣הוּ הָֽעֲדֻלָּמִ֔י לָקַ֥חַת הָעֵרָב֖וֹן מִיַּ֣ד הָאִשָּׁ֑ה וְלֹ֖א מְצָאָֽהּ׃‬ And Judah sent a kid of the goats via his friend the Adullamite, to recover the security from the woman. But he could not find her. via ← by the hand of.

to recover the security from ← take the security from the hand of.
Gen 38:21 ‫וַיִּשְׁאַ֞ל אֶת־אַנְשֵׁ֤י מְקֹמָהּ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אַיֵּ֧ה הַקְּדֵשָׁ֛ה הִ֥וא בָעֵינַ֖יִם עַל־הַדָּ֑רֶךְ וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ לֹא־הָיְתָ֥ה בָזֶ֖ה קְדֵשָֽׁה׃‬ And he asked the men of her place, and said, “Where is the prostitute who was in Enaim by the road?” And they said, “There hasn't been a prostitute around here.” Enaim ← two fountains, which we with [AnLx] and [LHG] take as a place name, called Enam in Josh 15:34. AV differs, (openly), reading as with eyes.
Gen 38:22 ‫וַיָּ֙שָׁב֙ אֶל־יְהוּדָ֔ה וַיֹּ֖אמֶר לֹ֣א מְצָאתִ֑יהָ וְגַ֨ם אַנְשֵׁ֤י הַמָּקוֹם֙ אָֽמְר֔וּ לֹא־הָיְתָ֥ה בָזֶ֖ה קְדֵשָֽׁה׃‬ So he returned to Judah and said, “I could not find her, and moreover the local men said, ‘There hasn't been a prostitute around here.’ ”
Gen 38:23 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוּדָה֙ תִּֽקַּֽח־לָ֔הּ פֶּ֖ן נִהְיֶ֣ה לָב֑וּז הִנֵּ֤ה שָׁלַ֙חְתִּי֙ הַגְּדִ֣י הַזֶּ֔ה וְאַתָּ֖ה לֹ֥א מְצָאתָֽהּ׃‬ Then Judah said, “Let her take it any time, so that we do not come to be held in disdain. After all, I sent this kid, but you could not find her.” after all ← behold.
Gen 38:24 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כְּמִשְׁלֹ֣שׁ חֳדָשִׁ֗ים וַיֻּגַּ֨ד לִֽיהוּדָ֤ה לֵֽאמֹר֙ זָֽנְתָה֙ תָּמָ֣ר כַּלָּתֶ֔ךָ וְגַ֛ם הִנֵּ֥ה הָרָ֖ה לִזְנוּנִ֑ים וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוּדָ֔ה הוֹצִיא֖וּהָ וְתִשָּׂרֵֽף׃‬ Then it came to pass, after three months, that it was reported to Judah as follows: “Tamar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot, and moreover, she has become pregnant with her harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burnt.” three months: or, about three months, but not necessarily so.

as follows ← to say, or more loosely, saying.
Gen 38:25 ‫הִ֣וא מוּצֵ֗את וְהִ֨יא שָׁלְחָ֤ה אֶל־חָמִ֙יהָ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לְאִישׁ֙ אֲשֶׁר־אֵ֣לֶּה לּ֔וֹ אָנֹכִ֖י הָרָ֑ה וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַכֶּר־נָ֔א לְמִ֞י הַחֹתֶ֧מֶת וְהַפְּתִילִ֛ים וְהַמַּטֶּ֖ה הָאֵֽלֶּה׃‬ She was brought out, and she sent for her father-in-law, and said, “I became pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” And she said, “Please identify whose this seal and ribbons and staff are.” identify ← recognize.
Gen 38:26 ‫וַיַּכֵּ֣ר יְהוּדָ֗ה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ צָֽדְקָ֣ה מִמֶּ֔נִּי כִּֽי־עַל־כֵּ֥ן לֹא־נְתַתִּ֖יהָ לְשֵׁלָ֣ה בְנִ֑י וְלֹֽא־יָסַ֥ף ע֖וֹד לְדַעְתָּֽה׃‬ And Judah recognized them, and said, “She is more righteous than I am, for this is because I did not give her to Shelah my son.” And Judah did not know her any more.
Gen 38:27 ‫וַיְהִ֖י בְּעֵ֣ת לִדְתָּ֑הּ וְהִנֵּ֥ה תְאוֹמִ֖ים בְּבִטְנָֽהּ׃‬ And it came to pass at the time when she gave birth that there were twins in her womb. there werebehold.
Gen 38:28 ‫וַיְהִ֥י בְלִדְתָּ֖הּ וַיִּתֶּן־יָ֑ד וַתִּקַּ֣ח הַמְיַלֶּ֗דֶת וַתִּקְשֹׁ֨ר עַל־יָד֤וֹ שָׁנִי֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר זֶ֖ה יָצָ֥א רִאשֹׁנָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass when she gave birth, that one put out a hand, and the midwife took hold of it and tied a scarlet band round his hand, and said, “This came out first.”
Gen 38:29 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כְּמֵשִׁ֣יב יָד֗וֹ וְהִנֵּה֙ יָצָ֣א אָחִ֔יו וַתֹּ֕אמֶר מַה־פָּרַ֖צְתָּ עָלֶ֣יךָ פָּ֑רֶץ וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ פָּֽרֶץ׃‬ Then it came to pass as he withdrew his hand, that what happened was that his brother came out, and she said, “How you broke out! May the breaking out be upon you!” And he called him Pharez. || 1 Chr 2:4.

what happened was that ← behold.

Pharez ← Perez, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Pharez is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2. The name is not in pause in Ruth 4:12. The AV has also left the name lenited (ph for p). The meaning is breaking out.
Gen 38:30 ‫וְאַחַר֙ יָצָ֣א אָחִ֔יו אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־יָד֖וֹ הַשָּׁנִ֑י וַיִּקְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ זָֽרַח׃ ס‬ And afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand the scarlet band was, and he called him Zarah. || 1 Chr 2:4.

Zarah ← Zerah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Zarah is the pausal form. See Gen 4:2.
Gen 39:1 ‫וְיוֹסֵ֖ף הוּרַ֣ד מִצְרָ֑יְמָה וַיִּקְנֵ֡הוּ פּוֹטִיפַר֩ סְרִ֨יס פַּרְעֹ֜ה שַׂ֤ר הַטַּבָּחִים֙ אִ֣ישׁ מִצְרִ֔י מִיַּד֙ הַיִּשְׁמְעֵאלִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הוֹרִדֻ֖הוּ שָֽׁמָּה׃‬ So Joseph was brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, Pharaoh's official, the head executioner, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmeelites who had brought him down there. from ← from the hand of.
Gen 39:2 ‫וַיְהִ֤י יְהוָה֙ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיְהִ֖י אִ֣ישׁ מַצְלִ֑יחַ וַיְהִ֕י בְּבֵ֥ית אֲדֹנָ֖יו הַמִּצְרִֽי׃‬ And the Lord was with Joseph, and he became a prosperous man, and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian. his master ← his masters, but followed by a singular noun (the Egyptian). The plural is typical of the third, but not the first, person singular suffix. Perhaps a plural of politeness or majesty.
Gen 39:3 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא אֲדֹנָ֔יו כִּ֥י יְהוָ֖ה אִתּ֑וֹ וְכֹל֙ אֲשֶׁר־ה֣וּא עֹשֶׂ֔ה יְהוָ֖ה מַצְלִ֥יחַ בְּיָדֽוֹ׃‬ And his master saw that the Lord was with him, and how the Lord made everything he did prosper in his hand.
Gen 39:4 ‫וַיִּמְצָ֨א יוֹסֵ֥ף חֵ֛ן בְּעֵינָ֖יו וַיְשָׁ֣רֶת אֹת֑וֹ וַיַּפְקִדֵ֙הוּ֙ עַל־בֵּית֔וֹ וְכָל־יֶשׁ־ל֖וֹ נָתַ֥ן בְּיָדֽוֹ׃‬ So Joseph found grace in his eyes, and he served him, and he appointed him over his household, and put everything he had under his charge. charge ← hand.

On the liberal use of the third person pronouns (he, him, his), see the note to Gen 41:13.
Gen 39:5 ‫וַיְהִ֡י מֵאָז֩ הִפְקִ֨יד אֹת֜וֹ בְּבֵית֗וֹ וְעַל֙ כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֶשׁ־ל֔וֹ וַיְבָ֧רֶךְ יְהוָ֛ה אֶת־בֵּ֥ית הַמִּצְרִ֖י בִּגְלַ֣ל יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיְהִ֞י בִּרְכַּ֤ת יְהוָה֙ בְּכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֶשׁ־ל֔וֹ בַּבַּ֖יִת וּבַשָּׂדֶֽה׃‬ And it came to pass from when he had appointed him in his house and over everything he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian's household because of Joseph, and the blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had in the house and in the field.
Gen 39:6 ‫וַיַּעֲזֹ֣ב כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ֮ בְּיַד־יוֹסֵף֒ וְלֹא־יָדַ֤ע אִתּוֹ֙ מְא֔וּמָה כִּ֥י אִם־הַלֶּ֖חֶם אֲשֶׁר־ה֣וּא אוֹכֵ֑ל וַיְהִ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף יְפֵה־תֹ֖אַר וִיפֵ֥ה מַרְאֶֽה׃‬ And he left everything he had in Joseph's hand, and he did not know anything about his personal affairs except the food he ate. Now Joseph was well-proportioned and good-looking, his personal affairs ← everything with him.

food ← bread.
Gen 39:7 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וַתִּשָּׂ֧א אֵֽשֶׁת־אֲדֹנָ֛יו אֶת־עֵינֶ֖יהָ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֑ף וַתֹּ֖אמֶר שִׁכְבָ֥ה עִמִּֽי׃‬ and it came to pass after these things that his master's wife raised her eyes to Joseph, and said, “Lie with me.”
Gen 39:8 ‫וַיְמָאֵ֓ן ׀ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־אֵ֣שֶׁת אֲדֹנָ֔יו הֵ֣ן אֲדֹנִ֔י לֹא־יָדַ֥ע אִתִּ֖י מַה־בַּבָּ֑יִת וְכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־יֶשׁ־ל֖וֹ נָתַ֥ן בְּיָדִֽי׃‬ But he refused, and said to his master's wife, “Look, my master does not know what is in the house delegated to me, and he has put everything he has under my authority. delegated to me ← with me.

under my authority ← in my hand.
Gen 39:9 ‫אֵינֶ֨נּוּ גָד֜וֹל בַּבַּ֣יִת הַזֶּה֮ מִמֶּנִּי֒ וְלֹֽא־חָשַׂ֤ךְ מִמֶּ֙נִּי֙ מְא֔וּמָה כִּ֥י אִם־אוֹתָ֖ךְ בַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר אַתְּ־אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וְאֵ֨יךְ אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֜ה הָרָעָ֤ה הַגְּדֹלָה֙ הַזֹּ֔את וְחָטָ֖אתִי לֵֽאלֹהִֽים׃‬ There is no-one greater in this house than me, and he has not withheld anything from me except you, because you are his wife, so how can I do this great evil, and sin against God?” than me: or, if the reader prefers, than I.
Gen 39:10 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כְּדַבְּרָ֥הּ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף י֣וֹם ׀ י֑וֹם וְלֹא־שָׁמַ֥ע אֵלֶ֛יהָ לִשְׁכַּ֥ב אֶצְלָ֖הּ לִהְי֥וֹת עִמָּֽהּ׃‬ And it kept happening that when she spoke to Joseph day by day, he would not consent with her to lie with her and to be with her. consent with her ← hear / hearken to her.
Gen 39:11 ‫וַיְהִי֙ כְּהַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֥א הַבַּ֖יְתָה לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת מְלַאכְתּ֑וֹ וְאֵ֨ין אִ֜ישׁ מֵאַנְשֵׁ֥י הַבַּ֛יִת שָׁ֖ם בַּבָּֽיִת׃‬ And it came to pass around this time that he went to the house to do his business, and there were none of the men of the household there in the house. time ← day.

there were none ← (there was) not a man.
Gen 39:12 ‫וַתִּתְפְּשֵׂ֧הוּ בְּבִגְד֛וֹ לֵאמֹ֖ר שִׁכְבָ֣ה עִמִּ֑י וַיַּעֲזֹ֤ב בִּגְדוֹ֙ בְּיָדָ֔הּ וַיָּ֖נָס וַיֵּצֵ֥א הַחֽוּצָה׃‬ And she took hold of him by a garment of his and said, “Lie with me.” And he left his garment in her hand and fled and went outside.
Gen 39:13 ‫וַיְהִי֙ כִּרְאוֹתָ֔הּ כִּֽי־עָזַ֥ב בִּגְד֖וֹ בְּיָדָ֑הּ וַיָּ֖נָס הַחֽוּצָה׃‬ Then it came to pass when she saw that he had left a garment of his in her hand, and had fled outside,
Gen 39:14 ‫וַתִּקְרָ֞א לְאַנְשֵׁ֣י בֵיתָ֗הּ וַתֹּ֤אמֶר לָהֶם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר רְא֗וּ הֵ֥בִיא לָ֛נוּ אִ֥ישׁ עִבְרִ֖י לְצַ֣חֶק בָּ֑נוּ בָּ֤א אֵלַי֙ לִשְׁכַּ֣ב עִמִּ֔י וָאֶקְרָ֖א בְּק֥וֹל גָּדֽוֹל׃‬ that she called the men of her household and spoke to them and said, “Look, he has brought a Hebrew man to us to mock us. He came to me to lie with me, and I shouted with a loud voice,
Gen 39:15 ‫וַיְהִ֣י כְשָׁמְע֔וֹ כִּֽי־הֲרִימֹ֥תִי קוֹלִ֖י וָאֶקְרָ֑א וַיַּעֲזֹ֤ב בִּגְדוֹ֙ אֶצְלִ֔י וַיָּ֖נָס וַיֵּצֵ֥א הַחֽוּצָה׃‬ and it happened that when he heard that I was raising my voice and calling out, that he left his garment with me and fled and went outside.”
Gen 39:16 ‫וַתַּנַּ֥ח בִּגְד֖וֹ אֶצְלָ֑הּ עַד־בּ֥וֹא אֲדֹנָ֖יו אֶל־בֵּיתֽוֹ׃‬ And she kept his garment at her side until his master returned to the house. at her side ← with her.
Gen 39:17 ‫וַתְּדַבֵּ֣ר אֵלָ֔יו כַּדְּבָרִ֥ים הָאֵ֖לֶּה לֵאמֹ֑ר בָּֽא־אֵלַ֞י הָעֶ֧בֶד הָֽעִבְרִ֛י אֲשֶׁר־הֵבֵ֥אתָ לָּ֖נוּ לְצַ֥חֶק בִּֽי׃‬ And she spoke to him with these words and said, “The Hebrew servant whom you brought to us came to me to mock me.
Gen 39:18 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כַּהֲרִימִ֥י קוֹלִ֖י וָאֶקְרָ֑א וַיַּעֲזֹ֥ב בִּגְד֛וֹ אֶצְלִ֖י וַיָּ֥נָס הַחֽוּצָה׃‬ And it came to pass when I raised my voice and called out that he left his garment with me and fled outside.”
Gen 39:19 ‫וַיְהִי֩ כִשְׁמֹ֨עַ אֲדֹנָ֜יו אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֣י אִשְׁתּ֗וֹ אֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבְּרָ֤ה אֵלָיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר כַּדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה עָ֥שָׂהּ לִ֖י עַבְדֶּ֑ךָ וַיִּ֖חַר אַפּֽוֹ׃‬ And it came to pass when his master heard his wife's words which she spoke to him, when she said, “These are the things which your servant did to me”, that he became angry.
Gen 39:20 ‫וַיִּקַּח֩ אֲדֹנֵ֨י יוֹסֵ֜ף אֹת֗וֹ וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֙הוּ֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ית הַסֹּ֔הַר מְק֕וֹם אֲשֶׁר־*אסורי **אֲסִירֵ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֲסוּרִ֑ים וַֽיְהִי־שָׁ֖ם בְּבֵ֥ית הַסֹּֽהַר׃‬ And Joseph's master took hold of him and put him in prison – a place where the king's prisoners were imprisoned – and he was there in the prison. prisoners: the ketiv and qeré are similar words with the same meaning.
Gen 39:21 ‫וַיְהִ֤י יְהוָה֙ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיֵּ֥ט אֵלָ֖יו חָ֑סֶד וַיִּתֵּ֣ן חִנּ֔וֹ בְּעֵינֵ֖י שַׂ֥ר בֵּית־הַסֹּֽהַר׃‬ But the Lord was with Joseph, and he extended kindness to him, and gave him grace in the eyes of the chief prison officer. grace ← his grace.
Gen 39:22 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֞ן שַׂ֤ר בֵּית־הַסֹּ֙הַר֙ בְּיַד־יוֹסֵ֔ף אֵ֚ת כָּל־הָ֣אֲסִירִ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּבֵ֣ית הַסֹּ֑הַר וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֤ר עֹשִׂים֙ שָׁ֔ם ה֖וּא הָיָ֥ה עֹשֶֽׂה׃‬ And the chief prison officer put all the prisoners who were in the prison under Joseph's authority. He was in control of everything that they did there. under Joseph's authority ← in Joseph's hand.

he was in control of ← he was the doer of.
Gen 39:23 ‫אֵ֣ין ׀ שַׂ֣ר בֵּית־הַסֹּ֗הַר רֹאֶ֤ה אֶֽת־כָּל־מְא֙וּמָה֙ בְּיָד֔וֹ בַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אִתּ֑וֹ וַֽאֲשֶׁר־ה֥וּא עֹשֶׂ֖ה יְהוָ֥ה מַצְלִֽיחַ׃ ס‬ The chief prison officer didn't oversee anything that was in his charge, because the Lord was with him, and the Lord made whatever he did prosper. anything ← everything.

charge ← hand.
Gen 40:1 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה חָֽטְא֛וּ מַשְׁקֵ֥ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְהָאֹפֶ֑ה לַאֲדֹנֵיהֶ֖ם לְמֶ֥לֶךְ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And it came to pass after these things that the king of Egypt's butler and baker did wrong to their master, to the king of Egypt.
Gen 40:2 ‫וַיִּקְצֹ֣ף פַּרְעֹ֔ה עַ֖ל שְׁנֵ֣י סָרִיסָ֑יו עַ֚ל שַׂ֣ר הַמַּשְׁקִ֔ים וְעַ֖ל שַׂ֥ר הָאוֹפִֽים׃‬ And Pharaoh became angry with his two courtiers, with the head butler and with the head baker. head butler ... head baker ← chief of the butlers ... chief of the bakers.
Gen 40:3 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֨ן אֹתָ֜ם בְּמִשְׁמַ֗ר בֵּ֛ית שַׂ֥ר הַטַבָּחִ֖ים אֶל־בֵּ֣ית הַסֹּ֑הַר מְק֕וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יוֹסֵ֖ף אָס֥וּר שָֽׁם׃‬ And he put them under guard, in the house of the head executioner, in the prison – the place where Joseph was imprisoned. head executioner ← chief of the executioners.
Gen 40:4 ‫וַ֠יִּפְקֹד שַׂ֣ר הַטַּבָּחִ֧ים אֶת־יוֹסֵ֛ף אִתָּ֖ם וַיְשָׁ֣רֶת אֹתָ֑ם וַיִּהְי֥וּ יָמִ֖ים בְּמִשְׁמָֽר׃‬ And the head executioner put Joseph in charge of them. And he officiated over them, and they were under guard for many days. the head executioner: presumably not the head executioner of Gen 39:1 who had Joseph put in prison in the first place.
Gen 40:5 ‫וַיַּֽחַלְמוּ֩ חֲל֨וֹם שְׁנֵיהֶ֜ם אִ֤ישׁ חֲלֹמוֹ֙ בְּלַ֣יְלָה אֶחָ֔ד אִ֖ישׁ כְּפִתְר֣וֹן חֲלֹמ֑וֹ הַמַּשְׁקֶ֣ה וְהָאֹפֶ֗ה אֲשֶׁר֙ לְמֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲסוּרִ֖ים בְּבֵ֥ית הַסֹּֽהַר׃‬ And the two of them had a dream – each his own dream, on one night, each according to the interpretation of his dream – the king of Egypt's butler and baker who were prisoners in the prison. had ← dreamt.
Gen 40:6 ‫וַיָּבֹ֧א אֲלֵיהֶ֛ם יוֹסֵ֖ף בַּבֹּ֑קֶר וַיַּ֣רְא אֹתָ֔ם וְהִנָּ֖ם זֹעֲפִֽים׃‬ When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw them, and there they were, looking gloomy. there they werebehold them.
Gen 40:7 ‫וַיִּשְׁאַ֞ל אֶת־סְרִיסֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר אִתּ֧וֹ בְמִשְׁמַ֛ר בֵּ֥ית אֲדֹנָ֖יו לֵאמֹ֑ר מַדּ֛וּעַ פְּנֵיכֶ֥ם רָעִ֖ים הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And he questioned Pharaoh's courtiers who were with him under guard in the house of his master, and said, “Why are your expressions so downcast today?” your expressions so downcast ← your faces bad.
Gen 40:8 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו חֲל֣וֹם חָלַ֔מְנוּ וּפֹתֵ֖ר אֵ֣ין אֹת֑וֹ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֜ם יוֹסֵ֗ף הֲל֤וֹא לֵֽאלֹהִים֙ פִּתְרֹנִ֔ים סַפְּרוּ־נָ֖א לִֽי׃‬ And they said to him, “We have had a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.” Then Joseph said to them, “Are not interpretations a matter for God? Please tell me them.” had ← dreamt.
Gen 40:9 ‫וַיְסַפֵּ֧ר שַֽׂר־הַמַּשְׁקִ֛ים אֶת־חֲלֹמ֖וֹ לְיוֹסֵ֑ף וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ בַּחֲלוֹמִ֕י וְהִנֵּה־גֶ֖פֶן לְפָנָֽי׃‬ And the head butler told Joseph his dream and said to him, “In my dream, there was a vine before me. there wasbehold.
Gen 40:10 ‫וּבַגֶּ֖פֶן שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה שָׂרִיגִ֑ם וְהִ֤יא כְפֹרַ֙חַת֙ עָלְתָ֣ה נִצָּ֔הּ הִבְשִׁ֥ילוּ אַשְׁכְּלֹתֶ֖יהָ עֲנָבִֽים׃‬ And on the vine were three branches, and as it bloomed its blossom arose and its fruit ripened into grapes. its fruit ripened into grapes ← its bunches brought grapes to maturity.
Gen 40:11 ‫וְכ֥וֹס פַּרְעֹ֖ה בְּיָדִ֑י וָאֶקַּ֣ח אֶת־הָֽעֲנָבִ֗ים וָֽאֶשְׂחַ֤ט אֹתָם֙ אֶל־כּ֣וֹס פַּרְעֹ֔ה וָאֶתֵּ֥ן אֶת־הַכּ֖וֹס עַל־כַּ֥ף פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ And Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, and I pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and I put the cup in Pharaoh's hand.” hand ← palm.
Gen 40:12 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ יוֹסֵ֔ף זֶ֖ה פִּתְרֹנ֑וֹ שְׁלֹ֙שֶׁת֙ הַשָּׂ֣רִגִ֔ים שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת יָמִ֖ים הֵֽם׃‬ Then Joseph said to him, “This is the interpretation of it. The three branches are three days.
Gen 40:13 ‫בְּע֣וֹד ׀ שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֗ים יִשָּׂ֤א פַרְעֹה֙ אֶת־רֹאשֶׁ֔ךָ וַהֲשִֽׁיבְךָ֖ עַל־כַּנֶּ֑ךָ וְנָתַתָּ֤ כוֹס־פַּרְעֹה֙ בְּיָד֔וֹ כַּמִּשְׁפָּט֙ הָֽרִאשׁ֔וֹן אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיִ֖יתָ מַשְׁקֵֽהוּ׃‬ In three days' time, Pharaoh will lift your head and reinstate you in your office and you will put Pharaoh's cup in his hand as was the former custom when you were his butler. office ← base.
Gen 40:14 ‫כִּ֧י אִם־זְכַרְתַּ֣נִי אִתְּךָ֗ כַּאֲשֶׁר֙ יִ֣יטַב לָ֔ךְ וְעָשִֽׂיתָ־נָּ֥א עִמָּדִ֖י חָ֑סֶד וְהִזְכַּרְתַּ֙נִי֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְהוֹצֵאתַ֖נִי מִן־הַבַּ֥יִת הַזֶּֽה׃‬ Nevertheless, remember me who was with you, when it is going well for you, and do me a favour, would you, and mention me to Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house. favour ← kindness.
Gen 40:15 ‫כִּֽי־גֻנֹּ֣ב גֻּנַּ֔בְתִּי מֵאֶ֖רֶץ הָעִבְרִ֑ים וְגַם־פֹּה֙ לֹא־עָשִׂ֣יתִֽי מְא֔וּמָה כִּֽי־שָׂמ֥וּ אֹתִ֖י בַּבּֽוֹר׃‬ For I was brought here most furtively from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have not done anything warranting that they should put me in the pit.” most furtively: infinitive absolute.
Gen 40:16 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא שַׂר־הָאֹפִ֖ים כִּ֣י ט֣וֹב פָּתָ֑ר וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף אַף־אֲנִי֙ בַּחֲלוֹמִ֔י וְהִנֵּ֗ה שְׁלֹשָׁ֛ה סַלֵּ֥י חֹרִ֖י עַל־רֹאשִֽׁי׃‬ And when the chief baker saw that he had correctly interpreted it, he said to Joseph, “I too was in a dream of mine, and there were three baskets of white bread on my head. there werebehold.

baskets of white bread: so [BDB], [AnLx], [ST]; [MJ]= of cakes. [CB]= wicker baskets. [ST] also= transparent baskets.
Gen 40:17 ‫וּבַסַּ֣ל הָֽעֶלְי֔וֹן מִכֹּ֛ל מַאֲכַ֥ל פַּרְעֹ֖ה מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֹפֶ֑ה וְהָע֗וֹף אֹכֵ֥ל אֹתָ֛ם מִן־הַסַּ֖ל מֵעַ֥ל רֹאשִֽׁי׃‬ In the upper basket were all kinds of food for Pharaoh – baker's fare – and the birds were eating them from the basket on my head.”
Gen 40:18 ‫וַיַּ֤עַן יוֹסֵף֙ וַיֹּ֔אמֶר זֶ֖ה פִּתְרֹנ֑וֹ שְׁלֹ֙שֶׁת֙ הַסַּלִּ֔ים שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת יָמִ֖ים הֵֽם׃‬ Then Joseph responded and said, “This is the interpretation of it. The three baskets are three days.
Gen 40:19 ‫בְּע֣וֹד ׀ שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֗ים יִשָּׂ֨א פַרְעֹ֤ה אֶת־רֹֽאשְׁךָ֙ מֵֽעָלֶ֔יךָ וְתָלָ֥ה אוֹתְךָ֖ עַל־עֵ֑ץ וְאָכַ֥ל הָע֛וֹף אֶת־בְּשָׂרְךָ֖ מֵעָלֶֽיךָ׃‬ In three days' time Pharaoh will lift your head off you and hang you on a tree, and the birds will eat away at your flesh on you.”
Gen 40:20 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֗י י֚וֹם הֻלֶּ֣דֶת אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וַיַּ֥עַשׂ מִשְׁתֶּ֖ה לְכָל־עֲבָדָ֑יו וַיִּשָּׂ֞א אֶת־רֹ֣אשׁ ׀ שַׂ֣ר הַמַּשְׁקִ֗ים וְאֶת־רֹ֛אשׁ שַׂ֥ר הָאֹפִ֖ים בְּת֥וֹךְ עֲבָדָֽיו׃‬ And it came to pass on the third day, Pharaoh's birthday, that he held a banquet for all his servants, and he lifted the head of the head butler and of the head baker among his servants. lifted the head: a play on the expression, using it to mean to restore to favour in the case of the butler, but to execute in the case of the baker.
Gen 40:21 ‫וַיָּ֛שֶׁב אֶת־שַׂ֥ר הַמַּשְׁקִ֖ים עַל־מַשְׁקֵ֑הוּ וַיִּתֵּ֥ן הַכּ֖וֹס עַל־כַּ֥ף פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ And he restored the head butler to his office of butler, who put the cup in Pharaoh's hand.
Gen 40:22 ‫וְאֵ֛ת שַׂ֥ר הָאֹפִ֖ים תָּלָ֑ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר פָּתַ֛ר לָהֶ֖ם יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ But he hanged the head baker, as Joseph had interpreted for them.
Gen 40:23 ‫וְלֹֽא־זָכַ֧ר שַֽׂר־הַמַּשְׁקִ֛ים אֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף וַיִּשְׁכָּחֵֽהוּ׃ פ‬ But the head butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.
Gen 41:1 ‫וַיְהִ֕י מִקֵּ֖ץ שְׁנָתַ֣יִם יָמִ֑ים וּפַרְעֹ֣ה חֹלֵ֔ם וְהִנֵּ֖ה עֹמֵ֥ד עַל־הַיְאֹֽר׃‬ And it came to pass after two years' time, that Pharaoh had a dream, and there he was, standing at the river. after two years' time ← at the end of two years of days.

there he wasbehold.
Gen 41:2 ‫וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִן־הַיְאֹ֗ר עֹלֹת֙ שֶׁ֣בַע פָּר֔וֹת יְפ֥וֹת מַרְאֶ֖ה וּבְרִיאֹ֣ת בָּשָׂ֑ר וַתִּרְעֶ֖ינָה בָּאָֽחוּ׃‬ And what he saw was seven cows coming up out of the river, of fine appearance and with healthy flesh, and they grazed on the reeds. what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:3 ‫וְהִנֵּ֞ה שֶׁ֧בַע פָּר֣וֹת אֲחֵר֗וֹת עֹל֤וֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶן֙ מִן־הַיְאֹ֔ר רָע֥וֹת מַרְאֶ֖ה וְדַקּ֣וֹת בָּשָׂ֑ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֛דְנָה אֵ֥צֶל הַפָּר֖וֹת עַל־שְׂפַ֥ת הַיְאֹֽר׃‬ And he then saw seven other cows coming up out of the river after them, of bad appearance and lean in flesh, and they stood alongside the other cows on the bank of the river. he then saw ← behold.
Gen 41:4 ‫וַתֹּאכַ֣לְנָה הַפָּר֗וֹת רָע֤וֹת הַמַּרְאֶה֙ וְדַקֹּ֣ת הַבָּשָׂ֔ר אֵ֚ת שֶׁ֣בַע הַפָּר֔וֹת יְפֹ֥ת הַמַּרְאֶ֖ה וְהַבְּרִיאֹ֑ת וַיִּיקַ֖ץ פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then the cows of bad appearance and lean in flesh ate the seven cows which were of fine appearance and healthy. Then Pharaoh awoke.
Gen 41:5 ‫וַיִּישָׁ֕ן וַֽיַּחֲלֹ֖ם שֵׁנִ֑ית וְהִנֵּ֣ה ׀ שֶׁ֣בַע שִׁבֳּלִ֗ים עֹל֛וֹת בְּקָנֶ֥ה אֶחָ֖ד בְּרִיא֥וֹת וְטֹבֽוֹת׃‬ Then he fell asleep and dreamt a second time, and what he saw was seven ears of corn coming up on one stalk, healthy and good. what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:6 ‫וְהִנֵּה֙ שֶׁ֣בַע שִׁבֳּלִ֔ים דַּקּ֖וֹת וּשְׁדוּפֹ֣ת קָדִ֑ים צֹמְח֖וֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶֽן׃‬ Then what he saw was seven lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind, growing up after them. what he saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:7 ‫וַתִּבְלַ֙עְנָה֙ הַשִּׁבֳּלִ֣ים הַדַּקּ֔וֹת אֵ֚ת שֶׁ֣בַע הַֽשִּׁבֳּלִ֔ים הַבְּרִיא֖וֹת וְהַמְּלֵא֑וֹת וַיִּיקַ֥ץ פַּרְעֹ֖ה וְהִנֵּ֥ה חֲלֽוֹם׃‬ And the lean ears of corn swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears of corn. Then Pharaoh awoke, and realized that it was a dream. realized that it wasbehold.
Gen 41:8 ‫וַיְהִ֤י בַבֹּ֙קֶר֙ וַתִּפָּ֣עֶם רוּח֔וֹ וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח וַיִּקְרָ֛א אֶת־כָּל־חַרְטֻמֵּ֥י מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶת־כָּל־חֲכָמֶ֑יהָ וַיְסַפֵּ֨ר פַּרְעֹ֤ה לָהֶם֙ אֶת־חֲלֹמ֔וֹ וְאֵין־פּוֹתֵ֥ר אוֹתָ֖ם לְפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was disturbed and he sent for and called all the sacred scribes of Egypt, and all its wise men. And Pharaoh related his dream to them, but there was no interpreter of them to Pharaoh. sacred scribes: or, magicians.
Gen 41:9 ‫וַיְדַבֵּר֙ שַׂ֣ר הַמַּשְׁקִ֔ים אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר אֶת־חֲטָאַ֕י אֲנִ֖י מַזְכִּ֥יר הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ Then the head butler spoke with Pharaoh and said, “I remember my sins today.
Gen 41:10 ‫פַּרְעֹ֖ה קָצַ֣ף עַל־עֲבָדָ֑יו וַיִּתֵּ֨ן אֹתִ֜י בְּמִשְׁמַ֗ר בֵּ֚ית שַׂ֣ר הַטַּבָּחִ֔ים אֹתִ֕י וְאֵ֖ת שַׂ֥ר הָאֹפִֽים׃‬ Pharaoh became angry with his servants and he put me under guard in the house of the head executioner – me and the head baker.
Gen 41:11 ‫וַנַּֽחַלְמָ֥ה חֲל֛וֹם בְּלַ֥יְלָה אֶחָ֖ד אֲנִ֣י וָה֑וּא אִ֛ישׁ כְּפִתְר֥וֹן חֲלֹמ֖וֹ חָלָֽמְנוּ׃‬ And we had a dream one night, I and he. Each of us dreamt according to the interpretation of his dream.
Gen 41:12 ‫וְשָׁ֨ם אִתָּ֜נוּ נַ֣עַר עִבְרִ֗י עֶ֚בֶד לְשַׂ֣ר הַטַּבָּחִ֔ים וַנְּ֨סַפֶּר־ל֔וֹ וַיִּפְתָּר־לָ֖נוּ אֶת־חֲלֹמֹתֵ֑ינוּ אִ֥ישׁ כַּחֲלֹמ֖וֹ פָּתָֽר׃‬ And there was with us a Hebrew youth, a servant of the head executioner, and we told him our dreams and he interpreted them for us. He gave the interpretation of each one's dream.
Gen 41:13 ‫וַיְהִ֛י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר פָּֽתַר־לָ֖נוּ כֵּ֣ן הָיָ֑ה אֹתִ֛י הֵשִׁ֥יב עַל־כַּנִּ֖י וְאֹת֥וֹ תָלָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass after he had interpreted for us, that so it came about. Pharaoh restored me to my office, but hanged him.” Pharaoh: Hebrew uses pronouns, sometimes only implicitly in the verb, more freely than English, sometimes with changes of antecedent, as in Gen 39:4, where only the context makes it clear what the antecedent is in each case.
Gen 41:14 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח פַּרְעֹה֙ וַיִּקְרָ֣א אֶת־יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיְרִיצֻ֖הוּ מִן־הַבּ֑וֹר וַיְגַלַּח֙ וַיְחַלֵּ֣ף שִׂמְלֹתָ֔יו וַיָּבֹ֖א אֶל־פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Pharaoh sent for and called for Joseph, and whisked him out of the pit. Then he shaved himself and changed his clothes, and went to Pharaoh. On the liberal use of the third person pronouns (he, him, his), see the note to Gen 41:13.
Gen 41:15 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר פַּרְעֹה֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף חֲל֣וֹם חָלַ֔מְתִּי וּפֹתֵ֖ר אֵ֣ין אֹת֑וֹ וַאֲנִ֗י שָׁמַ֤עְתִּי עָלֶ֙יךָ֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר תִּשְׁמַ֥ע חֲל֖וֹם לִפְתֹּ֥ר אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream and there is no interpreter of it, and I have heard about you, that you know how to interpret a dream.” that ← saying.

you know how to interpret a dream ← you hear /understand a dream to interpret it.
Gen 41:16 ‫וַיַּ֨עַן יוֹסֵ֧ף אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֛ה לֵאמֹ֖ר בִּלְעָדָ֑י אֱלֹהִ֕ים יַעֲנֶ֖ה אֶת־שְׁל֥וֹם פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Joseph answered Pharaoh and said, “It is outside my competence. God will answer Pharaoh with peace.” Pharaoh with peace ← with Pharaoh's peace.
Gen 41:17 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֶל־יוֹסֵ֑ף בַּחֲלֹמִ֕י הִנְנִ֥י עֹמֵ֖ד עַל־שְׂפַ֥ת הַיְאֹֽר׃‬ Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream, there I was standing on the bank of the river, there I wasbehold.
Gen 41:18 ‫וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִן־הַיְאֹ֗ר עֹלֹת֙ שֶׁ֣בַע פָּר֔וֹת בְּרִיא֥וֹת בָּשָׂ֖ר וִיפֹ֣ת תֹּ֑אַר וַתִּרְעֶ֖ינָה בָּאָֽחוּ׃‬ and what I saw was seven cows coming up out of the river, with healthy flesh and of fine appearance, and they grazed on the reeds. what I saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:19 ‫וְהִנֵּ֞ה שֶֽׁבַע־פָּר֤וֹת אֲחֵרוֹת֙ עֹל֣וֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ן דַּלּ֨וֹת וְרָע֥וֹת תֹּ֛אַר מְאֹ֖ד וְרַקּ֣וֹת בָּשָׂ֑ר לֹֽא־רָאִ֧יתִי כָהֵ֛נָּה בְּכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם לָרֹֽעַ׃‬ Then what I saw was seven other cows coming up after them, poor and of very bad appearance and lean in flesh – I have never seen anything like them in the whole land of Egypt for badness. what I saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:20 ‫וַתֹּאכַ֙לְנָה֙ הַפָּר֔וֹת הָרַקּ֖וֹת וְהָרָע֑וֹת אֵ֣ת שֶׁ֧בַע הַפָּר֛וֹת הָרִאשֹׁנ֖וֹת הַבְּרִיאֹֽת׃‬ Then the lean and bad cows ate the seven former and healthy cows.
Gen 41:21 ‫וַתָּבֹ֣אנָה אֶל־קִרְבֶּ֗נָה וְלֹ֤א נוֹדַע֙ כִּי־בָ֣אוּ אֶל־קִרְבֶּ֔נָה וּמַרְאֵיהֶ֣ן רַ֔ע כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר בַּתְּחִלָּ֑ה וָאִיקָֽץ׃‬ And they went inside them, but it could not be perceived that they had gone inside them, and their appearance was as bad as it was at first. Then I awoke.
Gen 41:22 ‫וָאֵ֖רֶא בַּחֲלֹמִ֑י וְהִנֵּ֣ה ׀ שֶׁ֣בַע שִׁבֳּלִ֗ים עֹלֹ֛ת בְּקָנֶ֥ה אֶחָ֖ד מְלֵאֹ֥ת וְטֹבֽוֹת׃‬ And I saw in my dream that there were seven ears of corn coming up on one stalk, full and good. that there wereand behold.
Gen 41:23 ‫וְהִנֵּה֙ שֶׁ֣בַע שִׁבֳּלִ֔ים צְנֻמ֥וֹת דַּקּ֖וֹת שְׁדֻפ֣וֹת קָדִ֑ים צֹמְח֖וֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶֽם׃‬ Then what I saw was seven hard and lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind growing up after them. what I saw wasbehold.
Gen 41:24 ‫וַתִּבְלַ֙עְןָ֙ הָשִׁבֳּלִ֣ים הַדַּקֹּ֔ת אֵ֛ת שֶׁ֥בַע הַֽשִׁבֳּלִ֖ים הַטֹּב֑וֹת וָֽאֹמַר֙ אֶל־הַֽחַרְטֻמִּ֔ים וְאֵ֥ין מַגִּ֖יד לִֽי׃‬ And the lean ears of corn ate the seven good ears of corn. And I told it to the sacred scribes, but there was no-one who could explain it to me.” sacred scribes: See Gen 41:8.
Gen 41:25 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יוֹסֵף֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה חֲל֥וֹם פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֶחָ֣ד ה֑וּא אֵ֣ת אֲשֶׁ֧ר הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים עֹשֶׂ֖ה הִגִּ֥יד לְפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh's dream is a unity. God has told Pharaoh what he is about to do.
Gen 41:26 ‫שֶׁ֧בַע פָּרֹ֣ת הַטֹּבֹ֗ת שֶׁ֤בַע שָׁנִים֙ הֵ֔נָּה וְשֶׁ֤בַע הַֽשִּׁבֳּלִים֙ הַטֹּבֹ֔ת שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים הֵ֑נָּה חֲל֖וֹם אֶחָ֥ד הֽוּא׃‬ The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears of corn are seven years. The dream is a unity.
Gen 41:27 ‫וְשֶׁ֣בַע הַ֠פָּרוֹת הָֽרַקּ֨וֹת וְהָרָעֹ֜ת הָעֹלֹ֣ת אַחֲרֵיהֶ֗ן שֶׁ֤בַע שָׁנִים֙ הֵ֔נָּה וְשֶׁ֤בַע הַֽשִׁבֳּלִים֙ הָרֵק֔וֹת שְׁדֻפ֖וֹת הַקָּדִ֑ים יִהְי֕וּ שֶׁ֖בַע שְׁנֵ֥י רָעָֽב׃‬ The seven lean and bad cows coming up after them are seven years, and the seven lean ears of corn which were blighted by the east wind will be seven years of famine.
Gen 41:28 ‫ה֣וּא הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה אֲשֶׁ֧ר הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים עֹשֶׂ֖ה הֶרְאָ֥ה אֶת־פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ This is the account which I have spoken to Pharaoh. What God is about to do, he has shown Pharaoh.
Gen 41:29 ‫הִנֵּ֛ה שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים בָּא֑וֹת שָׂבָ֥ע גָּד֖וֹל בְּכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Behold, seven years of great abundance are coming in the whole land of Egypt.
Gen 41:30 ‫וְ֠קָמוּ שֶׁ֨בַע שְׁנֵ֤י רָעָב֙ אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ן וְנִשְׁכַּ֥ח כָּל־הַשָּׂבָ֖ע בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם וְכִלָּ֥ה הָרָעָ֖ב אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Then seven years of famine will arise after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will waste away the land.
Gen 41:31 ‫וְלֹֽא־יִוָּדַ֤ע הַשָּׂבָע֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ מִפְּנֵ֛י הָרָעָ֥ב הַה֖וּא אַחֲרֵי־כֵ֑ן כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד ה֖וּא מְאֹֽד׃‬ And the abundance will not be felt in the land on account of that famine afterwards, for it will be very severe. felt ← known.
Gen 41:32 ‫וְעַ֨ל הִשָּׁנ֧וֹת הַחֲל֛וֹם אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֖ה פַּעֲמָ֑יִם כִּֽי־נָכ֤וֹן הַדָּבָר֙ מֵעִ֣ם הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים וּמְמַהֵ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים לַעֲשֹׂתֽוֹ׃‬ And as for the dream being repeated to Pharaoh, with him dreaming twice, that is because the matter is fixed with God, and God is making haste to carry it out.
Gen 41:33 ‫וְעַתָּה֙ יֵרֶ֣א פַרְעֹ֔ה אִ֖ישׁ נָב֣וֹן וְחָכָ֑ם וִישִׁיתֵ֖הוּ עַל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ So now let Pharaoh discern a wise and prudent man and appoint him over the land of Egypt. discern ← see.
Gen 41:34 ‫יַעֲשֶׂ֣ה פַרְעֹ֔ה וְיַפְקֵ֥ד פְּקִדִ֖ים עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְחִמֵּשׁ֙ אֶת־אֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם בְּשֶׁ֖בַע שְׁנֵ֥י הַשָּׂבָֽע׃‬ Let Pharaoh do this and appoint overseers over the land, and take a fifth of the yield of the land in the seven years of abundance.
Gen 41:35 ‫וְיִקְבְּצ֗וּ אֶת־כָּל־אֹ֙כֶל֙ הַשָּׁנִ֣ים הַטֹּבֹ֔ת הַבָּאֹ֖ת הָאֵ֑לֶּה וְיִצְבְּרוּ־בָ֞ר תַּ֧חַת יַד־פַּרְעֹ֛ה אֹ֥כֶל בֶּעָרִ֖ים וְשָׁמָֽרוּ׃‬ And let them gather all the food of those good years that are coming and store corn under Pharaoh's administration – food in the cities – and guard it. those ← these.

administration ← hand.
Gen 41:36 ‫וְהָיָ֨ה הָאֹ֤כֶל לְפִקָּדוֹן֙ לָאָ֔רֶץ לְשֶׁ֙בַע֙ שְׁנֵ֣י הָרָעָ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֥ר תִּהְיֶ֖יןָ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם וְלֹֽא־תִכָּרֵ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּרָעָֽב׃‬ And the food will be a stockpile for the land, for the seven years of famine which will take place in the land of Egypt, so that the land is not cut down in the famine.” so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 41:37 ‫וַיִּיטַ֥ב הַדָּבָ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֑ה וּבְעֵינֵ֖י כָּל־עֲבָדָֽיו׃‬ And the procedure was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants.
Gen 41:38 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֶל־עֲבָדָ֑יו הֲנִמְצָ֣א כָזֶ֔ה אִ֕ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֛ר ר֥וּחַ אֱלֹהִ֖ים בּֽוֹ׃‬ And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can anyone else like this be found – a man in whom the spirit of God is?”
Gen 41:39 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר פַּרְעֹה֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף אַחֲרֵ֨י הוֹדִ֧יעַ אֱלֹהִ֛ים אוֹתְךָ֖ אֶת־כָּל־זֹ֑את אֵין־נָב֥וֹן וְחָכָ֖ם כָּמֽוֹךָ׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Consequent to God making all this known to you, there cannot be a prudent and wise man like you.
Gen 41:40 ‫אַתָּה֙ תִּהְיֶ֣ה עַל־בֵּיתִ֔י וְעַל־פִּ֖יךָ יִשַּׁ֣ק כָּל־עַמִּ֑י רַ֥ק הַכִּסֵּ֖א אֶגְדַּ֥ל מִמֶּֽךָּ׃‬ You will be over my house, and at your behest the whole of my people will be regulated. Only in the throne will I be greater than you.” behest ← mouth.
Gen 41:41 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֶל־יוֹסֵ֑ף רְאֵה֙ נָתַ֣תִּי אֹֽתְךָ֔ עַ֖ל כָּל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have appointed you over the whole land of Egypt.”
Gen 41:42 ‫וַיָּ֨סַר פַּרְעֹ֤ה אֶת־טַבַּעְתּוֹ֙ מֵעַ֣ל יָד֔וֹ וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אֹתָ֖הּ עַל־יַ֣ד יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיַּלְבֵּ֤שׁ אֹתוֹ֙ בִּגְדֵי־שֵׁ֔שׁ וַיָּ֛שֶׂם רְבִ֥ד הַזָּהָ֖ב עַל־צַוָּארֽוֹ׃‬ Then Pharaoh took his ring off his finger and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen, and put a golden chain round his neck.
Gen 41:43 ‫וַיַּרְכֵּ֣ב אֹת֗וֹ בְּמִרְכֶּ֤בֶת הַמִּשְׁנֶה֙ אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וַיִּקְרְא֥וּ לְפָנָ֖יו אַבְרֵ֑ךְ וְנָת֣וֹן אֹת֔וֹ עַ֖ל כָּל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And he had him ride in his second chariot, and they cried out before him, “Bow the knee.” And he appointed him over the whole land of Egypt.
Gen 41:44 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֛ה אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף אֲנִ֣י פַרְעֹ֑ה וּבִלְעָדֶ֗יךָ לֹֽא־יָרִ֨ים אִ֧ישׁ אֶת־יָד֛וֹ וְאֶת־רַגְל֖וֹ בְּכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent, no man in the whole land of Egypt will lift his hand or his foot.”
Gen 41:45 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֨א פַרְעֹ֣ה שֵׁם־יוֹסֵף֮ צָֽפְנַ֣ת פַּעְנֵחַ֒ וַיִּתֶּן־ל֣וֹ אֶת־אָֽסְנַ֗ת בַּת־פּ֥וֹטִי פֶ֛רַע כֹּהֵ֥ן אֹ֖ן לְאִשָּׁ֑ה וַיֵּצֵ֥א יוֹסֵ֖ף עַל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And Pharaoh called Joseph Zaphnath-paaneah, and he gave him Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On as a wife. And Joseph went out over the land of Egypt. Zaphnath-paaneah ← Zaphenath-paaneah, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Zaphnath-paaneah does not recognize the initial open syllable, as indicated by the meteg.

Poti-pherah ← Poti-phera, but we retain the AV / traditional English name. Poti-pherah is an irregular transliteration of the ayin as .

On: Heliopolis to the Greeks.
Gen 41:46 ‫וְיוֹסֵף֙ בֶּן־שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה בְּעָמְד֕וֹ לִפְנֵ֖י פַּרְעֹ֣ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרָ֑יִם וַיֵּצֵ֤א יוֹסֵף֙ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה וַֽיַּעְבֹ֖ר בְּכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Now Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and Joseph went out from Pharaoh's presence and passed through the whole land of Egypt.
Gen 41:47 ‫וַתַּ֣עַשׂ הָאָ֔רֶץ בְּשֶׁ֖בַע שְׁנֵ֣י הַשָּׂבָ֑ע לִקְמָצִֽים׃‬ And the land yielded produce by handfuls in the seven years of abundance. yielded ← made.
Gen 41:48 ‫וַיִּקְבֹּ֞ץ אֶת־כָּל־אֹ֣כֶל ׀ שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר הָיוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיִּתֶּן־אֹ֖כֶל בֶּעָרִ֑ים אֹ֧כֶל שְׂדֵה־הָעִ֛יר אֲשֶׁ֥ר סְבִיבֹתֶ֖יהָ נָתַ֥ן בְּתוֹכָֽהּ׃‬ And he gathered all the food of the seven years which elapsed in the land of Egypt, and he put food in the cities; he put the food of the city fields, which were around it, inside the city itself. elapsed ← came, or, became.
Gen 41:49 ‫וַיִּצְבֹּ֨ר יוֹסֵ֥ף בָּ֛ר כְּח֥וֹל הַיָּ֖ם הַרְבֵּ֣ה מְאֹ֑ד עַ֛ד כִּי־חָדַ֥ל לִסְפֹּ֖ר כִּי־אֵ֥ין מִסְפָּֽר׃‬ And Joseph stored corn like the sand of the sea, a very large amount, until he stopped counting, for there was no counting it. there was no counting itthere (was) no number.
Gen 41:50 ‫וּלְיוֹסֵ֤ף יֻלַּד֙ שְׁנֵ֣י בָנִ֔ים בְּטֶ֥רֶם תָּב֖וֹא שְׁנַ֣ת הָרָעָ֑ב אֲשֶׁ֤ר יָֽלְדָה־לּוֹ֙ אָֽסְנַ֔ת בַּת־פּ֥וֹטִי פֶ֖רַע כֹּהֵ֥ן אֽוֹן׃‬ And before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph, sons whom Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On bore to him. Poti-pherah: see Gen 41:45.
Gen 41:51 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֥א יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶת־שֵׁ֥ם הַבְּכ֖וֹר מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה כִּֽי־נַשַּׁ֤נִי אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־כָּל־עֲמָלִ֔י וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־בֵּ֥ית אָבִֽי׃‬ And Joseph called the first one Manasseh, “For,” he said, “God has caused me to forget all my sorrow and the whole household of my father.” Manasseh ← Menashsheh, causing to forget, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 41:52 ‫וְאֵ֛ת שֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖י קָרָ֣א אֶפְרָ֑יִם כִּֽי־הִפְרַ֥נִי אֱלֹהִ֖ים בְּאֶ֥רֶץ עָנְיִֽי׃‬ And he called the second one Ephraim, “For,” he said, “God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.” Ephraim ← double fruitfulness.
Gen 41:53 ‫וַתִּכְלֶ֕ינָה שֶׁ֖בַע שְׁנֵ֣י הַשָּׂבָ֑ע אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיָ֖ה בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Then the seven years of abundance which came to pass in the land of Egypt came to an end.
Gen 41:54 ‫וַתְּחִלֶּ֜ינָה שֶׁ֣בַע שְׁנֵ֤י הָרָעָב֙ לָב֔וֹא כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר אָמַ֣ר יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיְהִ֤י רָעָב֙ בְּכָל־הָ֣אֲרָצ֔וֹת וּבְכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם הָ֥יָה לָֽחֶם׃‬ And the seven years of famine started to come, as Joseph had said, and there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.
Gen 41:55 ‫וַתִּרְעַב֙ כָּל־אֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיִּצְעַ֥ק הָעָ֛ם אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֖ה לַלָּ֑חֶם וַיֹּ֨אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֤ה לְכָל־מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ לְכ֣וּ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף אֲשֶׁר־יֹאמַ֥ר לָכֶ֖ם תַּעֲשֽׂוּ׃‬ And when all the land of Egypt was hungry, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread, and Pharaoh said to the whole of Egypt, “Go to Joseph and do what he tells you.” do what he tells you: the same words are spoken in John 2:5.
Gen 41:56 ‫וְהָרָעָ֣ב הָיָ֔ה עַ֖ל כָּל־פְּנֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּפְתַּ֨ח יוֹסֵ֜ף אֶֽת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֤ר בָּהֶם֙ וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֣ר לְמִצְרַ֔יִם וַיֶּחֱזַ֥ק הָֽרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And the famine came over the whole face of the land, and Joseph opened up everything in it, and sold it to Egypt. And the famine became severe in the land of Egypt. came ← became; came to pass.
Gen 41:57 ‫וְכָל־הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ בָּ֣אוּ מִצְרַ֔יְמָה לִשְׁבֹּ֖ר אֶל־יוֹסֵ֑ף כִּֽי־חָזַ֥ק הָרָעָ֖ב בְּכָל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And the whole continent came to Egypt, to Joseph, to buy grain, for the famine was severe in the whole continent. continent (2x)land, or, world.
Gen 42:1 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא יַעֲקֹ֔ב כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ לְבָנָ֔יו לָ֖מָּה תִּתְרָאֽוּ׃‬ When Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at each other?”
Gen 42:2 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּ֣ה שָׁמַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם רְדוּ־שָׁ֙מָּה֙ וְשִׁבְרוּ־לָ֣נוּ מִשָּׁ֔ם וְנִחְיֶ֖ה וְלֹ֥א נָמֽוּת׃‬ And he said, “Look, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy us some from there, so we live and don't die.”
Gen 42:3 ‫וַיֵּרְד֥וּ אֲחֵֽי־יוֹסֵ֖ף עֲשָׂרָ֑ה לִשְׁבֹּ֥ר בָּ֖ר מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃‬ So Joseph's brothers went down, the ten of them, to buy corn from Egypt.
Gen 42:4 ‫וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִין֙ אֲחִ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף לֹא־שָׁלַ֥ח יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־אֶחָ֑יו כִּ֣י אָמַ֔ר פֶּן־יִקְרָאֶ֖נּוּ אָסֽוֹן׃‬ But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his brothers, for he said, “I am concerned in case misfortune should befall him.”
Gen 42:5 ‫וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לִשְׁבֹּ֖ר בְּת֣וֹךְ הַבָּאִ֑ים כִּֽי־הָיָ֥ה הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ So Israel's sons came to buy grain among those who came, for the famine came to the land of Canaan. came ← became.
Gen 42:6 ‫וְיוֹסֵ֗ף ה֚וּא הַשַּׁלִּ֣יט עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ ה֥וּא הַמַּשְׁבִּ֖יר לְכָל־עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ אֲחֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיִּשְׁתַּֽחֲווּ־ל֥וֹ אַפַּ֖יִם אָֽרְצָה׃‬ Now Joseph was the governor over the land; he was the seller of grain to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brothers came, and they bowed down to him with the face to the ground.
Gen 42:7 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו וַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם וַיִּתְנַכֵּ֨ר אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם וַיְדַבֵּ֧ר אִתָּ֣ם קָשׁ֗וֹת וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מֵאַ֣יִן בָּאתֶ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנַ֖עַן לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל׃‬ And Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but he feigned not recognizing them, and spoke harshly with them, and said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.” he feigned not recognizing them: use of hithpael for feigning, as in Josh 9:4 pretended to be travellers, 2 Sam 14:2 feign being mourners, 2 Sam 22:45 feign obedience, 1 Ki 14:5 feign to be another (person).
Gen 42:8 ‫וַיַּכֵּ֥ר יוֹסֵ֖ף אֶת־אֶחָ֑יו וְהֵ֖ם לֹ֥א הִכִּרֻֽהוּ׃‬ And Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him.
Gen 42:9 ‫וַיִּזְכֹּ֣ר יוֹסֵ֔ף אֵ֚ת הַחֲלֹמ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָלַ֖ם לָהֶ֑ם וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מְרַגְּלִ֣ים אַתֶּ֔ם לִרְא֛וֹת אֶת־עֶרְוַ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּאתֶֽם׃‬ And Joseph remembered the dreams which he had had about them, and he said to them, “You are spies. You have come to look at the vulnerability of the land.” vulnerability ← nakedness.
Gen 42:10 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו לֹ֣א אֲדֹנִ֑י וַעֲבָדֶ֥יךָ בָּ֖אוּ לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל׃‬ And they said to him, “Not so, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.
Gen 42:11 ‫כֻּלָּ֕נוּ בְּנֵ֥י אִישׁ־אֶחָ֖ד נָ֑חְנוּ כֵּנִ֣ים אֲנַ֔חְנוּ לֹא־הָי֥וּ עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ מְרַגְּלִֽים׃‬ We are all the sons of one man; we are upright – your servants are not spies.”
Gen 42:12 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֑ם לֹ֕א כִּֽי־עֶרְוַ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּאתֶ֥ם לִרְאֽוֹת׃‬ Then he said to them, “No, for you have come to look at the vulnerability of the land.” vulnerability: see Gen 42:9.
Gen 42:13 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ שְׁנֵ֣ים עָשָׂר֩ עֲבָדֶ֨יךָ אַחִ֧ים ׀ אֲנַ֛חְנוּ בְּנֵ֥י אִישׁ־אֶחָ֖ד בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְהִנֵּ֨ה הַקָּטֹ֤ן אֶת־אָבִ֙ינוּ֙ הַיּ֔וֹם וְהָאֶחָ֖ד אֵינֶֽנּוּ׃‬ Then they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers; we are the sons of one man, in the land of Canaan, and it is the case that the youngest is with our father today, and one of us is not to be found.”
Gen 42:14 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֖ם יוֹסֵ֑ף ה֗וּא אֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבַּ֧רְתִּי אֲלֵכֶ֛ם לֵאמֹ֖ר מְרַגְּלִ֥ים אַתֶּֽם׃‬ Then Joseph said to them, “As for what I said to you when I said, ‘You are spies’,
Gen 42:15 ‫בְּזֹ֖את תִּבָּחֵ֑נוּ חֵ֤י פַרְעֹה֙ אִם־תֵּצְא֣וּ מִזֶּ֔ה כִּ֧י אִם־בְּב֛וֹא אֲחִיכֶ֥ם הַקָּטֹ֖ן הֵֽנָּה׃‬ this is the means by which you will be put to the test: by the life of Pharaoh, you will not depart from here unless your youngest brother comes here.
Gen 42:16 ‫שִׁלְח֨וּ מִכֶּ֣ם אֶחָד֮ וְיִקַּ֣ח אֶת־אֲחִיכֶם֒ וְאַתֶּם֙ הֵאָ֣סְר֔וּ וְיִבָּֽחֲנוּ֙ דִּבְרֵיכֶ֔ם הַֽאֱמֶ֖ת אִתְּכֶ֑ם וְאִם־לֹ֕א חֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה כִּ֥י מְרַגְּלִ֖ים אַתֶּֽם׃‬ Send one of you to bring your brother, but you will be kept in prison, and your words will be put to the test to see if you are truthful, and if not, by the life of Pharaoh, it will show that you are spies.” you will be kept in prison ← be imprisoned! (imperative).

you are truthful ← the truth (is) in you.
Gen 42:17 ‫וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ף אֹתָ֛ם אֶל־מִשְׁמָ֖ר שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת יָמִֽים׃‬ And he rounded them up under guard for three days.
Gen 42:18 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֤ם יוֹסֵף֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֔י זֹ֥את עֲשׂ֖וּ וִֽחְי֑וּ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים אֲנִ֥י יָרֵֽא׃‬ And Joseph said this to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for I fear God.
Gen 42:19 ‫אִם־כֵּנִ֣ים אַתֶּ֔ם אֲחִיכֶ֣ם אֶחָ֔ד יֵאָסֵ֖ר בְּבֵ֣ית מִשְׁמַרְכֶ֑ם וְאַתֶּם֙ לְכ֣וּ הָבִ֔יאוּ שֶׁ֖בֶר רַעֲב֥וֹן בָּתֵּיכֶֽם׃‬ If you are upright, let one of your brothers be kept imprisoned in the prison building you are in, while you go and bring grain for the famine of your households.
Gen 42:20 ‫וְאֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֤ם הַקָּטֹן֙ תָּבִ֣יאוּ אֵלַ֔י וְיֵאָמְנ֥וּ דִבְרֵיכֶ֖ם וְלֹ֣א תָמ֑וּתוּ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ־כֵֽן׃‬ And bring your youngest brother to me, and your words will be proved true, and you will not die.” And they did so.
Gen 42:21 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־אָחִ֗יו אֲבָל֮ אֲשֵׁמִ֣ים ׀ אֲנַחְנוּ֮ עַל־אָחִינוּ֒ אֲשֶׁ֨ר רָאִ֜ינוּ צָרַ֥ת נַפְשׁ֛וֹ בְּהִתְחַֽנְנ֥וֹ אֵלֵ֖ינוּ וְלֹ֣א שָׁמָ֑עְנוּ עַל־כֵּן֙ בָּ֣אָה אֵלֵ֔ינוּ הַצָּרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת׃‬ And they said to one another, “Doubtless we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us and we did not take any notice. That is why this distress has come upon us.”
Gen 42:22 ‫וַיַּעַן֩ רְאוּבֵ֨ן אֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר הֲלוֹא֩ אָמַ֨רְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶ֧ם ׀ לֵאמֹ֛ר אַל־תֶּחֶטְא֥וּ בַיֶּ֖לֶד וְלֹ֣א שְׁמַעְתֶּ֑ם וְגַם־דָּמ֖וֹ הִנֵּ֥ה נִדְרָֽשׁ׃‬ Then Reuben answered them and said, “Did I not say this to you when I said, ‘Do not sin against the lad’? But you did not listen, and look, his blood is duly required.” duly ← also.
Gen 42:23 ‫וְהֵם֙ לֹ֣א יָֽדְע֔וּ כִּ֥י שֹׁמֵ֖עַ יוֹסֵ֑ף כִּ֥י הַמֵּלִ֖יץ בֵּינֹתָֽם׃‬ And they did not know that Joseph was listening, for there was an interpreter between them.
Gen 42:24 ‫וַיִּסֹּ֥ב מֵֽעֲלֵיהֶ֖ם וַיֵּ֑בְךְּ וַיָּ֤שָׁב אֲלֵהֶם֙ וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם וַיִּקַּ֤ח מֵֽאִתָּם֙ אֶת־שִׁמְע֔וֹן וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ר אֹת֖וֹ לְעֵינֵיהֶֽם׃‬ And he turned aside from them, and wept, and returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from them, and bound him before their eyes.
Gen 42:25 ‫וַיְצַ֣ו יוֹסֵ֗ף וַיְמַלְא֣וּ אֶת־כְּלֵיהֶם֮ בָּר֒ וּלְהָשִׁ֤יב כַּסְפֵּיהֶם֙ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־שַׂקּ֔וֹ וְלָתֵ֥ת לָהֶ֛ם צֵדָ֖ה לַדָּ֑רֶךְ וַיַּ֥עַשׂ לָהֶ֖ם כֵּֽן׃‬ And Joseph gave orders to fill their vessels with corn, and to restore each one's money in his sack, and to give them provision for the journey. This is what he did with them. journey ← way.

this ← thus.
Gen 42:26 ‫וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ אֶת־שִׁבְרָ֖ם עַל־חֲמֹרֵיהֶ֑ם וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ מִשָּֽׁם׃‬ So they lifted their grain onto their donkeys and departed from there.
Gen 42:27 ‫וַיִּפְתַּ֨ח הָאֶחָ֜ד אֶת־שַׂקּ֗וֹ לָתֵ֥ת מִסְפּ֛וֹא לַחֲמֹר֖וֹ בַּמָּל֑וֹן וַיַּרְא֙ אֶת־כַּסְפּ֔וֹ וְהִנֵּה־ה֖וּא בְּפִ֥י אַמְתַּחְתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then when one opened his sack to give fodder to his donkey at an inn, he saw his money, and there it was at the opening of his bag, there it wasbehold it.
Gen 42:28 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֶל־אֶחָיו֙ הוּשַׁ֣ב כַּסְפִּ֔י וְגַ֖ם הִנֵּ֣ה בְאַמְתַּחְתִּ֑י וַיֵּצֵ֣א לִבָּ֗ם וַיֶּֽחֶרְד֞וּ אִ֤ישׁ אֶל־אָחִיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מַה־זֹּ֛את עָשָׂ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים לָֽנוּ׃‬ and he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned to me, and here it really is, in my bag.” And their heart fainted, and they trembled, and said to each other, “What is this that God has done to us?” here it really isalso behold.

fainted ← went out.
Gen 42:29 ‫וַיָּבֹ֛אוּ אֶל־יַעֲקֹ֥ב אֲבִיהֶ֖ם אַ֣רְצָה כְּנָ֑עַן וַיַּגִּ֣ידוּ ל֔וֹ אֵ֛ת כָּל־הַקֹּרֹ֥ת אֹתָ֖ם לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ And they came to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan, and told him everything that had happened to them, and said, in ← towards. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.
Gen 42:30 ‫דִּ֠בֶּר הָאִ֨ישׁ אֲדֹנֵ֥י הָאָ֛רֶץ אִתָּ֖נוּ קָשׁ֑וֹת וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֹתָ֔נוּ כִּֽמְרַגְּלִ֖ים אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ “The man who is lord of the land spoke harshly with us and considered us spies on the land. considered us ← gave us; put us down as.
Gen 42:31 ‫וַנֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו כֵּנִ֣ים אֲנָ֑חְנוּ לֹ֥א הָיִ֖ינוּ מְרַגְּלִֽים׃‬ And we said to him, ‘We are upright; we are not spies.
Gen 42:32 ‫שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר אֲנַ֛חְנוּ אַחִ֖ים בְּנֵ֣י אָבִ֑ינוּ הָאֶחָ֣ד אֵינֶ֔נּוּ וְהַקָּטֹ֥ן הַיּ֛וֹם אֶת־אָבִ֖ינוּ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ We are twelve brothers, the sons of our father. One of us is not to be found, and the youngest is with our father in the land of Canaan today.’
Gen 42:33 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלֵ֗ינוּ הָאִישׁ֙ אֲדֹנֵ֣י הָאָ֔רֶץ בְּזֹ֣את אֵדַ֔ע כִּ֥י כֵנִ֖ים אַתֶּ֑ם אֲחִיכֶ֤ם הָֽאֶחָד֙ הַנִּ֣יחוּ אִתִּ֔י וְאֶת־רַעֲב֥וֹן בָּתֵּיכֶ֖ם קְח֥וּ וָלֵֽכוּ׃‬ Then the man who is lord of the land said to us, ‘Here is how I will know that you are upright. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take relief for the famine of your households and go, here is how ← by this.
Gen 42:34 ‫וְ֠הָבִיאוּ אֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֣ם הַקָּטֹן֮ אֵלַי֒ וְאֵֽדְעָ֗ה כִּ֣י לֹ֤א מְרַגְּלִים֙ אַתֶּ֔ם כִּ֥י כֵנִ֖ים אַתֶּ֑ם אֶת־אֲחִיכֶם֙ אֶתֵּ֣ן לָכֶ֔ם וְאֶת־הָאָ֖רֶץ תִּסְחָֽרוּ׃‬ and bring your youngest brother to me, so that I know that you are not spies – that you are upright. Then I will give you back your brother and you can trade in the land.’ ” so that: purposive use of the vav.
Gen 42:35 ‫וַיְהִ֗י הֵ֚ם מְרִיקִ֣ים שַׂקֵּיהֶ֔ם וְהִנֵּה־אִ֥ישׁ צְרוֹר־כַּסְפּ֖וֹ בְּשַׂקּ֑וֹ וַיִּרְא֞וּ אֶת־צְרֹר֧וֹת כַּסְפֵּיהֶ֛ם הֵ֥מָּה וַאֲבִיהֶ֖ם וַיִּירָֽאוּ׃‬ And it came to pass when they emptied their sacks that for each one there was his money-purse in his sack, and they saw their money-purses, they and their father, and they were afraid. there wasbehold.
Gen 42:36 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ יַעֲקֹ֣ב אֲבִיהֶ֔ם אֹתִ֖י שִׁכַּלְתֶּ֑ם יוֹסֵ֤ף אֵינֶ֙נּוּ֙ וְשִׁמְע֣וֹן אֵינֶ֔נּוּ וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֣ן תִּקָּ֔חוּ עָלַ֖י הָי֥וּ כֻלָּֽנָה׃‬ Then Jacob their father said to them, “You have bereaved me: Joseph is not to be found, and Simeon is not around, and you want to take Benjamin away. All these things are against me.”
Gen 42:37 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר רְאוּבֵן֙ אֶל־אָבִ֣יו לֵאמֹ֔ר אֶת־שְׁנֵ֤י בָנַי֙ תָּמִ֔ית אִם־לֹ֥א אֲבִיאֶ֖נּוּ אֵלֶ֑יךָ תְּנָ֤ה אֹתוֹ֙ עַל־יָדִ֔י וַאֲנִ֖י אֲשִׁיבֶ֥נּוּ אֵלֶֽיךָ׃‬ Then Reuben spoke to his father and said, “You can kill my two sons if I do not bring him to you. Put him in my charge and I will bring him back to you.” charge ← hand.
Gen 42:38 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לֹֽא־יֵרֵ֥ד בְּנִ֖י עִמָּכֶ֑ם כִּֽי־אָחִ֨יו מֵ֜ת וְה֧וּא לְבַדּ֣וֹ נִשְׁאָ֗ר וּקְרָאָ֤הוּ אָסוֹן֙ בַּדֶּ֙רֶךְ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תֵּֽלְכוּ־בָ֔הּ וְהוֹרַדְתֶּ֧ם אֶת־שֵׂיבָתִ֛י בְּיָג֖וֹן שְׁאֽוֹלָה׃‬ But he said, “My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he alone remains, and if misfortune were to befall him on the way you are going, then you would bring my old age down to the grave in grief.”
Gen 43:1 ‫וְהָרָעָ֖ב כָּבֵ֥ד בָּאָֽרֶץ׃‬ And the famine was severe in the land.
Gen 43:2 ‫וַיְהִ֗י כַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר כִּלּוּ֙ לֶאֱכֹ֣ל אֶת־הַשֶּׁ֔בֶר אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֵבִ֖יאוּ מִמִּצְרָ֑יִם וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם֙ אֲבִיהֶ֔ם שֻׁ֖בוּ שִׁבְרוּ־לָ֥נוּ מְעַט־אֹֽכֶל׃‬ And it came to pass, when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back and buy us a little food.”
Gen 43:3 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר אֵלָ֛יו יְהוּדָ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר הָעֵ֣ד הֵעִד֩ בָּ֨נוּ הָאִ֤ישׁ לֵאמֹר֙ לֹֽא־תִרְא֣וּ פָנַ֔י בִּלְתִּ֖י אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אִתְּכֶֽם׃‬ Then Judah spoke to him and said, “The man solemnly testified to us and said, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ solemnly testified: infinitive absolute.
Gen 43:4 ‫אִם־יֶשְׁךָ֛ מְשַׁלֵּ֥חַ אֶת־אָחִ֖ינוּ אִתָּ֑נוּ נֵרְדָ֕ה וְנִשְׁבְּרָ֥ה לְךָ֖ אֹֽכֶל׃‬ If you let our brother go with us, we will go down and buy you food.
Gen 43:5 ‫וְאִם־אֵינְךָ֥ מְשַׁלֵּ֖חַ לֹ֣א נֵרֵ֑ד כִּֽי־הָאִ֞ישׁ אָמַ֤ר אֵלֵ֙ינוּ֙ לֹֽא־תִרְא֣וּ פָנַ֔י בִּלְתִּ֖י אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אִתְּכֶֽם׃‬ But if you don't let him go, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”
Gen 43:6 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לָמָ֥ה הֲרֵעֹתֶ֖ם לִ֑י לְהַגִּ֣יד לָאִ֔ישׁ הַע֥וֹד לָכֶ֖ם אָֽח׃‬ Then Israel said, “Why have you treated me so badly by telling the man that you had another brother?” by telling: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Gen 43:7 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֡וּ שָׁא֣וֹל שָֽׁאַל־הָ֠אִישׁ לָ֣נוּ וּלְמֽוֹלַדְתֵּ֜נוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר הַע֨וֹד אֲבִיכֶ֥ם חַי֙ הֲיֵ֣שׁ לָכֶ֣ם אָ֔ח וַנַ֨גֶּד־ל֔וֹ עַל־פִּ֖י הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה הֲיָד֣וֹעַ נֵדַ֔ע כִּ֣י יֹאמַ֔ר הוֹרִ֖ידוּ אֶת־אֲחִיכֶֽם׃‬ And they said, “The man persistently asked about us and our family and said, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you got a brother?’ And we answered him in accordance with these things. How could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” persistently asked: infinitive absolute.

could we possibly know: infinitive absolute.
Gen 43:8 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוּדָ֜ה אֶל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אָבִ֗יו שִׁלְחָ֥ה הַנַּ֛עַר אִתִּ֖י וְנָק֣וּמָה וְנֵלֵ֑כָה וְנִֽחְיֶה֙ וְלֹ֣א נָמ֔וּת גַּם־אֲנַ֥חְנוּ גַם־אַתָּ֖ה גַּם־טַפֵּֽנוּ׃‬ Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will get up and go, and we will live and not die, neither us, nor you, nor our little ones.
Gen 43:9 ‫אָֽנֹכִי֙ אֶֽעֶרְבֶ֔נּוּ מִיָּדִ֖י תְּבַקְשֶׁ֑נּוּ אִם־לֹ֨א הֲבִיאֹתִ֤יו אֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ וְהִצַּגְתִּ֣יו לְפָנֶ֔יךָ וְחָטָ֥אתִֽי לְךָ֖ כָּל־הַיָּמִֽים׃‬ I will be security for him. You can require it from my hand if I do not bring him back to you, and set him before you, for I would be in sin before you all my days. for: causal use of the vav.
Gen 43:10 ‫כִּ֖י לוּלֵ֣א הִתְמַהְמָ֑הְנוּ כִּֽי־עַתָּ֥ה שַׁ֖בְנוּ זֶ֥ה פַעֲמָֽיִם׃‬ For if it wasn't for us delaying then we would have been back by now twice over.”
Gen 43:11 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֜ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אֲבִיהֶ֗ם אִם־כֵּ֣ן ׀ אֵפוֹא֮ זֹ֣את עֲשׂוּ֒ קְח֞וּ מִזִּמְרַ֤ת הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ בִּכְלֵיכֶ֔ם וְהוֹרִ֥ידוּ לָאִ֖ישׁ מִנְחָ֑ה מְעַ֤ט צֳרִי֙ וּמְעַ֣ט דְּבַ֔שׁ נְכֹ֣את וָלֹ֔ט בָּטְנִ֖ים וּשְׁקֵדִֽים׃‬ Then Israel their father said to them, “If it is like this, then do this: take some of the select produce of the land in your vessels and take a gift down to the man – a little balsam and a little honey, spicery and myrrh, nuts and almonds. select ← sung of.
Gen 43:12 ‫וְכֶ֥סֶף מִשְׁנֶ֖ה קְח֣וּ בְיֶדְכֶ֑ם וְאֶת־הַכֶּ֜סֶף הַמּוּשָׁ֨ב בְּפִ֤י אַמְתְּחֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ תָּשִׁ֣יבוּ בְיֶדְכֶ֔ם אוּלַ֥י מִשְׁגֶּ֖ה הֽוּא׃‬ And take double money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money that was restored in the opening of your bags – perhaps it was a mistake.
Gen 43:13 ‫וְאֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֖ם קָ֑חוּ וְק֖וּמוּ שׁ֥וּבוּ אֶל־הָאִֽישׁ׃‬ And take your brother and get up and go back to the man.
Gen 43:14 ‫וְאֵ֣ל שַׁדַּ֗י יִתֵּ֨ן לָכֶ֤ם רַחֲמִים֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הָאִ֔ישׁ וְשִׁלַּ֥ח לָכֶ֛ם אֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אַחֵ֖ר וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֑ין וַאֲנִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁכֹ֖לְתִּי שָׁכָֽלְתִּי׃‬ And may God Almighty give you favour before the man, and let you go with your other brother and with Benjamin. And as for me, if I am bereaved, I am bereaved.” favour ← mercy.
Gen 43:15 ‫וַיִּקְח֤וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁים֙ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את וּמִשְׁנֶה־כֶּ֛סֶף לָקְח֥וּ בְיָדָ֖ם וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֑ן וַיָּקֻ֙מוּ֙ וַיֵּרְד֣וּ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיַּֽעַמְד֖וּ לִפְנֵ֥י יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ So the men took this present and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin, and they got up and went down to Egypt, and they stood before Joseph.
Gen 43:16 ‫וַיַּ֨רְא יוֹסֵ֣ף אִתָּם֮ אֶת־בִּנְיָמִין֒ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לַֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־בֵּית֔וֹ הָבֵ֥א אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים הַבָּ֑יְתָה וּטְבֹ֤חַ טֶ֙בַח֙ וְהָכֵ֔ן כִּ֥י אִתִּ֛י יֹאכְל֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בַּֽצָּהֳרָֽיִם׃‬ And Joseph saw Benjamin with them, and said to him who was over his house, “Bring the men into the house, and butcher meat and prepare it, for the men will dine with me at noon.”
Gen 43:17 ‫וַיַּ֣עַשׂ הָאִ֔ישׁ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר אָמַ֣ר יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיָּבֵ֥א הָאִ֛ישׁ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בֵּ֥יתָה יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ Then the man did what Joseph had said, and brought the men into Joseph's house.
Gen 43:18 ‫וַיִּֽירְא֣וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֗ים כִּ֣י הֽוּבְאוּ֮ בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵף֒ וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ עַל־דְּבַ֤ר הַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ הַשָּׁ֤ב בְּאַמְתְּחֹתֵ֙ינוּ֙ בַּתְּחִלָּ֔ה אֲנַ֖חְנוּ מֽוּבָאִ֑ים לְהִתְגֹּלֵ֤ל עָלֵ֙ינוּ֙ וּלְהִתְנַפֵּ֣ל עָלֵ֔ינוּ וְלָקַ֧חַת אֹתָ֛נוּ לַעֲבָדִ֖ים וְאֶת־חֲמֹרֵֽינוּ׃‬ And the men were afraid when they were brought into Joseph's house, and they said, “It is because of the matter of the money which was restored in our bags at the start that we have been brought in, to rush upon us and fall upon us and take us as slaves, and our donkeys.” which was restored ← which came back.
Gen 43:19 ‫וַֽיִּגְּשׁוּ֙ אֶל־הָאִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיְדַבְּר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו פֶּ֥תַח הַבָּֽיִת׃‬ And they approached the man who was over Joseph's house and spoke to him at the door of the house,
Gen 43:20 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִ֑י יָרֹ֥ד יָרַ֛דְנוּ בַּתְּחִלָּ֖ה לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל׃‬ and they said, “Please, my lord, we really only came down from the start to buy food. we really only came down: infinitive absolute.

from the start ← in the start.
Gen 43:21 ‫וַֽיְהִ֞י כִּי־בָ֣אנוּ אֶל־הַמָּל֗וֹן וַֽנִּפְתְּחָה֙ אֶת־אַמְתְּחֹתֵ֔ינוּ וְהִנֵּ֤ה כֶֽסֶף־אִישׁ֙ בְּפִ֣י אַמְתַּחְתּ֔וֹ כַּסְפֵּ֖נוּ בְּמִשְׁקָל֑וֹ וַנָּ֥שֶׁב אֹת֖וֹ בְּיָדֵֽנוּ׃‬ And we came to an inn, and we opened our bags, and what we saw was that each man's money was in the opening of his bag – our money in full weight – and we have brought it back in our hand. what we saw was thatbehold.
Gen 43:22 ‫וְכֶ֧סֶף אַחֵ֛ר הוֹרַ֥דְנוּ בְיָדֵ֖נוּ לִשְׁבָּר־אֹ֑כֶל לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְנוּ מִי־שָׂ֥ם כַּסְפֵּ֖נוּ בְּאַמְתְּחֹתֵֽינוּ׃‬ And we have brought more money down in our hand to buy food. We don't know who put our money in our bags.” more ← other.
Gen 43:23 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ שָׁל֨וֹם לָכֶ֜ם אַל־תִּירָ֗אוּ אֱלֹ֨הֵיכֶ֜ם וֵֽאלֹהֵ֤י אֲבִיכֶם֙ נָתַ֨ן לָכֶ֤ם מַטְמוֹן֙ בְּאַמְתְּחֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם כַּסְפְּכֶ֖ם בָּ֣א אֵלָ֑י וַיּוֹצֵ֥א אֲלֵהֶ֖ם אֶת־שִׁמְעֽוֹן׃‬ And he said, “Peace to you. Do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your bags. Your money came to me.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.
Gen 43:24 ‫וַיָּבֵ֥א הָאִ֛ישׁ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בֵּ֣יתָה יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיִּתֶּן־מַ֙יִם֙ וַיִּרְחֲצ֣וּ רַגְלֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּתֵּ֥ן מִסְפּ֖וֹא לַחֲמֹֽרֵיהֶֽם׃‬ Then the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet, and he gave their donkeys fodder.
Gen 43:25 ‫וַיָּכִ֙ינוּ֙ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֔ה עַד־בּ֥וֹא יוֹסֵ֖ף בַּֽצָּהֳרָ֑יִם כִּ֣י שָֽׁמְע֔וּ כִּי־שָׁ֖ם יֹ֥אכְלוּ לָֽחֶם׃‬ Meanwhile they prepared their gift, until Joseph came out at noon, for they had heard that they would eat bread there. meanwhile: wider use of the vav.

bread: i.e. a meal.
Gen 43:26 ‫וַיָּבֹ֤א יוֹסֵף֙ הַבַּ֔יְתָה וַיָּבִ֥יאּוּ ל֛וֹ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־בְּיָדָ֖ם הַבָּ֑יְתָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ־ל֖וֹ אָֽרְצָה׃‬ Then when Joseph came home, they brought the present for him which was in their hand into the house and they bowed down to him to the ground.
Gen 43:27 ‫וַיִּשְׁאַ֤ל לָהֶם֙ לְשָׁל֔וֹם וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֲשָׁל֛וֹם אֲבִיכֶ֥ם הַזָּקֵ֖ן אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲמַרְתֶּ֑ם הַעוֹדֶ֖נּוּ חָֽי׃‬ And he asked them how they were, and said, “Is your elderly father whom you spoke of well? Is he still alive?” how they weretheir peace.
Gen 43:28 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ שָׁל֛וֹם לְעַבְדְּךָ֥ לְאָבִ֖ינוּ עוֹדֶ֣נּוּ חָ֑י וַֽיִּקְּד֖וּ *וישתחו **וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוּֽוּ׃‬ And they said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” And they bowed the head and bowed down. bowed down: ketiv and qeré as in Gen 27:29.

is well ← (there is) peace to.
Gen 43:29 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֣א עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּ֞רְא אֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֣ין אָחִיו֮ בֶּן־אִמּוֹ֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֲזֶה֙ אֲחִיכֶ֣ם הַקָּטֹ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲמַרְתֶּ֖ם אֵלָ֑י וַיֹּאמַ֕ר אֱלֹהִ֥ים יָחְנְךָ֖ בְּנִֽי׃‬ And he raised his eyes, and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother, and he said, “Is this your youngest brother about whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “God be gracious to you, my son.”
Gen 43:30 ‫וַיְמַהֵ֣ר יוֹסֵ֗ף כִּֽי־נִכְמְר֤וּ רַחֲמָיו֙ אֶל־אָחִ֔יו וַיְבַקֵּ֖שׁ לִבְכּ֑וֹת וַיָּבֹ֥א הַחַ֖דְרָה וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ שָֽׁמָּה׃‬ Then Joseph made haste, for he burned with feelings of compassion towards his brothers, and he needed to weep, and he went into a room and wept there. needed ← sought.
Gen 43:31 ‫וַיִּרְחַ֥ץ פָּנָ֖יו וַיֵּצֵ֑א וַיִּ֨תְאַפַּ֔ק וַיֹּ֖אמֶר שִׂ֥ימוּ לָֽחֶם׃‬ Then he washed his face, and went out, and restrained himself, and said, “Serve bread.” bread: standing for all kinds of food.
Gen 43:32 ‫וַיָּשִׂ֥ימוּ ל֛וֹ לְבַדּ֖וֹ וְלָהֶ֣ם לְבַדָּ֑ם וְלַמִּצְרִ֞ים הָאֹכְלִ֤ים אִתּוֹ֙ לְבַדָּ֔ם כִּי֩ לֹ֨א יוּכְל֜וּן הַמִּצְרִ֗ים לֶאֱכֹ֤ל אֶת־הָֽעִבְרִים֙ לֶ֔חֶם כִּי־תוֹעֵבָ֥ה הִ֖וא לְמִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And they served him on his own, and them on their own, and the Egyptians who ate with him on their own, for the Egyptians cannot eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians. the Egyptians (third occurrence in verse)Egypt, but see Gen 45:2.
Gen 43:33 ‫וַיֵּשְׁב֣וּ לְפָנָ֔יו הַבְּכֹר֙ כִּבְכֹ֣רָת֔וֹ וְהַצָּעִ֖יר כִּצְעִרָת֑וֹ וַיִּתְמְה֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים אִ֥ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵֽהוּ׃‬ And they sat before him, the firstborn in the firstborn's place, and the youngest in the youngest's place, and the men looked at each other with astonishment. the firstborn's placehis firstbornship.

the youngest's placehis “youngerbornship”.
Gen 43:34 ‫וַיִּשָּׂ֨א מַשְׂאֹ֜ת מֵאֵ֣ת פָּנָיו֮ אֲלֵהֶם֒ וַתֵּ֜רֶב מַשְׂאַ֧ת בִּנְיָמִ֛ן מִמַּשְׂאֹ֥ת כֻּלָּ֖ם חָמֵ֣שׁ יָד֑וֹת וַיִּשְׁתּ֥וּ וַֽיִּשְׁכְּר֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ׃‬ And he had helpings served to them in his presence, and Benjamin's helping was five times bigger than the helping of any of them, and they drank and became inebriated with him. had helpings served ← presented helpings as a gift (taking the verbal form as piel).

any ← all.
Gen 44:1 ‫וַיְצַ֞ו אֶת־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־בֵּיתוֹ֮ לֵאמֹר֒ מַלֵּ֞א אֶת־אַמְתְּחֹ֤ת הָֽאֲנָשִׁים֙ אֹ֔כֶל כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר יוּכְל֖וּן שְׂאֵ֑ת וְשִׂ֥ים כֶּֽסֶף־אִ֖ישׁ בְּפִ֥י אַמְתַּחְתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then he instructed him who was over his house and said, “Fill the men's bags with food, as much as they can carry, and put money in each one's opening of his bag.
Gen 44:2 ‫וְאֶת־גְּבִיעִ֞י גְּבִ֣יעַ הַכֶּ֗סֶף תָּשִׂים֙ בְּפִי֙ אַמְתַּ֣חַת הַקָּטֹ֔ן וְאֵ֖ת כֶּ֣סֶף שִׁבְר֑וֹ וַיַּ֕עַשׂ כִּדְבַ֥ר יוֹסֵ֖ף אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֵּֽר׃‬ But put my goblet, the silver goblet, in the opening of the bag of the youngest, and the money for his grain.” And he acted according to the words which Joseph had spoken. words ← word.
Gen 44:3 ‫הַבֹּ֖קֶר א֑וֹר וְהָאֲנָשִׁ֣ים שֻׁלְּח֔וּ הֵ֖מָּה וַחֲמֹרֵיהֶֽם׃‬ The morning dawned and the men were sent off – they and their donkeys. dawned ← became light.
Gen 44:4 ‫הֵ֠ם יָֽצְא֣וּ אֶת־הָעִיר֮ לֹ֣א הִרְחִיקוּ֒ וְיוֹסֵ֤ף אָמַר֙ לַֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־בֵּית֔וֹ ק֥וּם רְדֹ֖ף אַחֲרֵ֣י הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֑ים וְהִשַּׂגְתָּם֙ וְאָמַרְתָּ֣ אֲלֵהֶ֔ם לָ֛מָּה שִׁלַּמְתֶּ֥ם רָעָ֖ה תַּ֥חַת טוֹבָֽה׃‬ They went out of the city, and had not gone far, when Joseph said, to him who was over his house, “Get up and pursue the man and catch up with them, and say to them, ‘Why have you requited me bad for good?
Gen 44:5 ‫הֲל֣וֹא זֶ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִשְׁתֶּ֤ה אֲדֹנִי֙ בּ֔וֹ וְה֕וּא נַחֵ֥שׁ יְנַחֵ֖שׁ בּ֑וֹ הֲרֵעֹתֶ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר עֲשִׂיתֶֽם׃‬ Is not this what my master drinks from? And doesn't he keenly divine with it? You have done wrong in what you have done.’ ” keenly divine: infinitive absolute.
Gen 44:6 ‫וַֽיַּשִּׂגֵ֑ם וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם אֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה׃‬ So he caught up with them and said these things to them.
Gen 44:7 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו לָ֚מָּה יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֲדֹנִ֔י כַּדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה חָלִ֙ילָה֙ לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ מֵעֲשׂ֖וֹת כַּדָּבָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה׃‬ And they said to him, “Why does my lord say these things? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing as this.
Gen 44:8 ‫הֵ֣ן כֶּ֗סֶף אֲשֶׁ֤ר מָצָ֙אנוּ֙ בְּפִ֣י אַמְתְּחֹתֵ֔ינוּ הֱשִׁיבֹ֥נוּ אֵלֶ֖יךָ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְאֵ֗יךְ נִגְנֹב֙ מִבֵּ֣ית אֲדֹנֶ֔יךָ כֶּ֖סֶף א֥וֹ זָהָֽב׃‬ Look, we brought the money which we found in the opening of our bags back to you from the land of Canaan, so how could we steal silver or gold from the house of your lord?
Gen 44:9 ‫אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִמָּצֵ֥א אִתּ֛וֹ מֵעֲבָדֶ֖יךָ וָמֵ֑ת וְגַם־אֲנַ֕חְנוּ נִֽהְיֶ֥ה לַֽאדֹנִ֖י לַעֲבָדִֽים׃‬ Let him among your servants who is found with it die, and let the rest of us too become servants to my lord.”
Gen 44:10 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר גַּם־עַתָּ֥ה כְדִבְרֵיכֶ֖ם כֶּן־ה֑וּא אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִמָּצֵ֤א אִתּוֹ֙ יִהְיֶה־לִּ֣י עָ֔בֶד וְאַתֶּ֖ם תִּהְי֥וּ נְקִיִּֽם׃‬ And he said, “Let it duly be so now, according to your words. He who is found with it will be my servant, but the rest of you will be clear.” duly ← also.
Gen 44:11 ‫וַֽיְמַהֲר֗וּ וַיּוֹרִ֛דוּ אִ֥ישׁ אֶת־אַמְתַּחְתּ֖וֹ אָ֑רְצָה וַֽיִּפְתְּח֖וּ אִ֥ישׁ אַמְתַּחְתּֽוֹ׃‬ Then they made haste and each one brought his bag down to the ground, and each one opened his bag.
Gen 44:12 ‫וַיְחַפֵּ֕שׂ בַּגָּד֣וֹל הֵחֵ֔ל וּבַקָּטֹ֖ן כִּלָּ֑ה וַיִּמָּצֵא֙ הַגָּבִ֔יעַ בְּאַמְתַּ֖חַת בִּנְיָמִֽן׃‬ And he searched, starting with the oldest, and finishing with the youngest, and the goblet was found in Benjamin's bag. starting ← he started.

finishing ← he finished.
Gen 44:13 ‫וַֽיִּקְרְע֖וּ שִׂמְלֹתָ֑ם וַֽיַּעֲמֹס֙ אִ֣ישׁ עַל־חֲמֹר֔וֹ וַיָּשֻׁ֖בוּ הָעִֽירָה׃‬ And they tore their clothes, and each loaded his luggage on his donkey, and they returned to the city.
Gen 44:14 ‫וַיָּבֹ֨א יְהוּדָ֤ה וְאֶחָיו֙ בֵּ֣יתָה יוֹסֵ֔ף וְה֖וּא עוֹדֶ֣נּוּ שָׁ֑ם וַיִּפְּל֥וּ לְפָנָ֖יו אָֽרְצָה׃‬ And Judah and his brothers returned to Joseph's house, and he was still there, and they fell down to the ground before him.
Gen 44:15 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהֶם֙ יוֹסֵ֔ף מָֽה־הַמַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר עֲשִׂיתֶ֑ם הֲל֣וֹא יְדַעְתֶּ֔ם כִּֽי־נַחֵ֧שׁ יְנַחֵ֛שׁ אִ֖ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר כָּמֹֽנִי׃‬ And Joseph said, “What is this deed you have done? Were you not aware that a man like me keenly divines?” keenly divines: infinitive absolute.
Gen 44:16 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוּדָ֗ה מַה־נֹּאמַר֙ לַֽאדֹנִ֔י מַה־נְּדַבֵּ֖ר וּמַה־נִּצְטַדָּ֑ק הָאֱלֹהִ֗ים מָצָא֙ אֶת־עֲוֺ֣ן עֲבָדֶ֔יךָ הִנֶּנּ֤וּ עֲבָדִים֙ לַֽאדֹנִ֔י גַּם־אֲנַ֕חְנוּ גַּ֛ם אֲשֶׁר־נִמְצָ֥א הַגָּבִ֖יעַ בְּיָדֽוֹ׃‬ And Judah said, “What can we say to my lord? What can we speak and how can we justify ourselves? God has found the iniquity of your servants. Here we are as servants to my lord, both we and he in whose hand the goblet was found.” here we arebehold us.
Gen 44:17 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר חָלִ֣ילָה לִּ֔י מֵעֲשׂ֖וֹת זֹ֑את הָאִ֡ישׁ אֲשֶׁר֩ נִמְצָ֨א הַגָּבִ֜יעַ בְּיָד֗וֹ ה֚וּא יִהְיֶה־לִּ֣י עָ֔בֶד וְאַתֶּ֕ם עֲל֥וּ לְשָׁל֖וֹם אֶל־אֲבִיכֶֽם׃ פ‬ Then he said, “Far be it from me to do that. The man in whose hand the goblet was found – he will be my servant, but you go up in peace to your father.”
Gen 44:18 ‫וַיִּגַּ֨שׁ אֵלָ֜יו יְהוּדָ֗ה וַיֹּאמֶר֮ בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִי֒ יְדַבֶּר־נָ֨א עַבְדְּךָ֤ דָבָר֙ בְּאָזְנֵ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י וְאַל־יִ֥חַר אַפְּךָ֖ בְּעַבְדֶּ֑ךָ כִּ֥י כָמ֖וֹךָ כְּפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Judah approached him and said, “Please, my lord, let your servant speak a word in my lord's ears. Do not become angry with your servant, for you are like Pharaoh. you are like Pharaoh ← as you as Pharaoh.
Gen 44:19 ‫אֲדֹנִ֣י שָׁאַ֔ל אֶת־עֲבָדָ֖יו לֵאמֹ֑ר הֲיֵשׁ־לָכֶ֥ם אָ֖ב אוֹ־אָֽח׃‬ My lord asked his servants and said, ‘Have you got a father or brother?’
Gen 44:20 ‫וַנֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֔י יֶשׁ־לָ֙נוּ֙ אָ֣ב זָקֵ֔ן וְיֶ֥לֶד זְקֻנִ֖ים קָטָ֑ן וְאָחִ֨יו מֵ֜ת וַיִּוָּתֵ֨ר ה֧וּא לְבַדּ֛וֹ לְאִמּ֖וֹ וְאָבִ֥יו אֲהֵבֽוֹ׃‬ And we said to our lord, ‘We have an elderly father, and a small child of his old age, but his brother is dead, and he alone remains to his mother, and his father loves him.’ to his mother: i.e. as a son of his mother.
Gen 44:21 ‫וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־עֲבָדֶ֔יךָ הוֹרִדֻ֖הוּ אֵלָ֑י וְאָשִׂ֥ימָה עֵינִ֖י עָלָֽיו׃‬ And you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me, and let me set my eye on him.’
Gen 44:22 ‫וַנֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֔י לֹא־יוּכַ֥ל הַנַּ֖עַר לַעֲזֹ֣ב אֶת־אָבִ֑יו וְעָזַ֥ב אֶת־אָבִ֖יו וָמֵֽת׃‬ And we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, he will die.’ if: conditional use of the vav.
Gen 44:23 ‫וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־עֲבָדֶ֔יךָ אִם־לֹ֥א יֵרֵ֛ד אֲחִיכֶ֥ם הַקָּטֹ֖ן אִתְּכֶ֑ם לֹ֥א תֹסִפ֖וּן לִרְא֥וֹת פָּנָֽי׃‬ But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’
Gen 44:24 ‫וַיְהִי֙ כִּ֣י עָלִ֔ינוּ אֶֽל־עַבְדְּךָ֖ אָבִ֑י וַנַּ֨גֶּד־ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ת דִּבְרֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי׃‬ So it was that we went up to your servant our father and told him the words of my lord.
Gen 44:25 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אָבִ֑ינוּ שֻׁ֖בוּ שִׁבְרוּ־לָ֥נוּ מְעַט־אֹֽכֶל׃‬ And out father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’
Gen 44:26 ‫וַנֹּ֕אמֶר לֹ֥א נוּכַ֖ל לָרֶ֑דֶת אִם־יֵשׁ֩ אָחִ֨ינוּ הַקָּטֹ֤ן אִתָּ֙נוּ֙ וְיָרַ֔דְנוּ כִּי־לֹ֣א נוּכַ֗ל לִרְאוֹת֙ פְּנֵ֣י הָאִ֔ישׁ וְאָחִ֥ינוּ הַקָּטֹ֖ן אֵינֶ֥נּוּ אִתָּֽנוּ׃‬ And we said, ‘We cannot go down unless our youngest brother is with us, because we cannot see the man's face if our youngest brother is not with us.’ if: conditional use of the vav.
Gen 44:27 ‫וַיֹּ֛אמֶר עַבְדְּךָ֥ אָבִ֖י אֵלֵ֑ינוּ אַתֶּ֣ם יְדַעְתֶּ֔ם כִּ֥י שְׁנַ֖יִם יָֽלְדָה־לִּ֥י אִשְׁתִּֽי׃‬ And your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore two sons to me.
Gen 44:28 ‫וַיֵּצֵ֤א הָֽאֶחָד֙ מֵֽאִתִּ֔י וָאֹמַ֕ר אַ֖ךְ טָרֹ֣ף טֹרָ֑ף וְלֹ֥א רְאִיתִ֖יו עַד־הֵֽנָּה׃‬ And one went out from me, and I said, «He must have been torn apart», and I have not seen him up to now. he must have been torn apart: infinitive absolute.
Gen 44:29 ‫וּלְקַחְתֶּ֧ם גַּם־אֶת־זֶ֛ה מֵעִ֥ם פָּנַ֖י וְקָרָ֣הוּ אָס֑וֹן וְהֽוֹרַדְתֶּ֧ם אֶת־שֵׂיבָתִ֛י בְּרָעָ֖ה שְׁאֹֽלָה׃‬ And you have taken this one too from my presence, and if any misfortune should befall him, you would bring my old age down to the grave in a bad way.’ if: conditional use of the vav.
Gen 44:30 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה כְּבֹאִי֙ אֶל־עַבְדְּךָ֣ אָבִ֔י וְהַנַּ֖עַר אֵינֶ֣נּוּ אִתָּ֑נוּ וְנַפְשׁ֖וֹ קְשׁוּרָ֥ה בְנַפְשֽׁוֹ׃‬ So now, if I go to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, while one's life is bound up with the other's life, one's ... the other's ← his (Jacob's) ... his (Benjamin's).

life (2x)soul.
Gen 44:31 ‫וְהָיָ֗ה כִּרְאוֹת֛וֹ כִּי־אֵ֥ין הַנַּ֖עַר וָמֵ֑ת וְהוֹרִ֨ידוּ עֲבָדֶ֜יךָ אֶת־שֵׂיבַ֨ת עַבְדְּךָ֥ אָבִ֛ינוּ בְּיָג֖וֹן שְׁאֹֽלָה׃‬ it would happen that when he saw that the lad was not there, he would die, and your servants would bring the old age of your servant our father down to the grave in grief,
Gen 44:32 ‫כִּ֤י עַבְדְּךָ֙ עָרַ֣ב אֶת־הַנַּ֔עַר מֵעִ֥ם אָבִ֖י לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־לֹ֤א אֲבִיאֶ֙נּוּ֙ אֵלֶ֔יךָ וְחָטָ֥אתִי לְאָבִ֖י כָּל־הַיָּמִֽים׃‬ for your servant became security for the lad with my father, and said, ‘If I do not bring him to you, I will be in sin to my father all my days.’
Gen 44:33 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה יֵֽשֶׁב־נָ֤א עַבְדְּךָ֙ תַּ֣חַת הַנַּ֔עַר עֶ֖בֶד לַֽאדֹנִ֑י וְהַנַּ֖עַר יַ֥עַל עִם־אֶחָֽיו׃‬ So now, please let your servant stay instead of the lad, as a servant to my lord, and may the lad go up with his brothers.
Gen 44:34 ‫כִּי־אֵיךְ֙ אֶֽעֱלֶ֣ה אֶל־אָבִ֔י וְהַנַּ֖עַר אֵינֶ֣נּוּ אִתִּ֑י פֶּ֚ן אֶרְאֶ֣ה בָרָ֔ע אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִמְצָ֖א אֶת־אָבִֽי׃‬ For how can I go up to my father if the lad is not with me? Otherwise, I would see the harm that would come upon my father.” come upon ← find.
Gen 45:1 ‫וְלֹֽא־יָכֹ֨ל יוֹסֵ֜ף לְהִתְאַפֵּ֗ק לְכֹ֤ל הַנִּצָּבִים֙ עָלָ֔יו וַיִּקְרָ֕א הוֹצִ֥יאוּ כָל־אִ֖ישׁ מֵעָלָ֑י וְלֹא־עָ֤מַד אִישׁ֙ אִתּ֔וֹ בְּהִתְוַדַּ֥ע יוֹסֵ֖ף אֶל־אֶחָֽיו׃‬ Then Joseph could not restrain himself regarding all those standing around him, and he called out “Have everyone go out from my presence.” Then no-one was standing with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. around ← at.
Gen 45:2 ‫וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אֶת־קֹל֖וֹ בִּבְכִ֑י וַיִּשְׁמְע֣וּ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיִּשְׁמַ֖ע בֵּ֥ית פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then he raised his voice with weeping, and the Egyptians heard it, and Pharaoh's household heard it. raised ← gave.

the Egyptians ← Egypt. But there is no difference in consonantal spelling between Egypt and Egyptians, and the word often takes a plural verb, as here.
Gen 45:3 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹסֵ֤ף אֶל־אֶחָיו֙ אֲנִ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף הַע֥וֹד אָבִ֖י חָ֑י וְלֹֽא־יָכְל֤וּ אֶחָיו֙ לַעֲנ֣וֹת אֹת֔וֹ כִּ֥י נִבְהֲל֖וּ מִפָּנָֽיו׃‬ And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?” And his brothers could not answer him, for they were alarmed at his presence.
Gen 45:4 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹסֵ֧ף אֶל־אֶחָ֛יו גְּשׁוּ־נָ֥א אֵלַ֖י וַיִּגָּ֑שׁוּ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אֲנִי֙ יוֹסֵ֣ף אֲחִיכֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־מְכַרְתֶּ֥ם אֹתִ֖י מִצְרָֽיְמָה׃‬ Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Come close to me.” And they came close. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother whom you sold to Egypt.
Gen 45:5 ‫וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ אַל־תֵּעָ֣צְב֗וּ וְאַל־יִ֙חַר֙ בְּעֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם כִּֽי־מְכַרְתֶּ֥ם אֹתִ֖י הֵ֑נָּה כִּ֣י לְמִֽחְיָ֔ה שְׁלָחַ֥נִי אֱלֹהִ֖ים לִפְנֵיכֶֽם׃‬ So now, do not be grieved, and do not be angry with yourselves for selling me here, for God sent me here before you as a means of preserving life. do not be angry with yourselves ← do not be kindled in your eyes.

for selling me ← that you sold me.
Gen 45:6 ‫כִּי־זֶ֛ה שְׁנָתַ֥יִם הָרָעָ֖ב בְּקֶ֣רֶב הָאָ֑רֶץ וְעוֹד֙ חָמֵ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֵין־חָרִ֖ישׁ וְקָצִּֽיר׃‬ For it has been two years of famine in the land, and there are still five years to go in which there is no ploughing or harvest. in ← in the midst of.
Gen 45:7 ‫וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֤נִי אֱלֹהִים֙ לִפְנֵיכֶ֔ם לָשׂ֥וּם לָכֶ֛ם שְׁאֵרִ֖ית בָּאָ֑רֶץ וּלְהַחֲי֣וֹת לָכֶ֔ם לִפְלֵיטָ֖ה גְּדֹלָֽה׃‬ And God sent me before you to establish you as a remnant in the land and to preserve you alive with great deliverance.
Gen 45:8 ‫וְעַתָּ֗ה לֹֽא־אַתֶּ֞ם שְׁלַחְתֶּ֤ם אֹתִי֙ הֵ֔נָּה כִּ֖י הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיְשִׂימֵ֨נִֽי לְאָ֜ב לְפַרְעֹ֗ה וּלְאָדוֹן֙ לְכָל־בֵּית֔וֹ וּמֹשֵׁ֖ל בְּכָל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God, and he appointed me to be a father to Pharaoh, and a master over all his house, and a ruler over all the land of Egypt.
Gen 45:9 ‫מַהֲרוּ֮ וַעֲל֣וּ אֶל־אָבִי֒ וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֣ם אֵלָ֗יו כֹּ֤ה אָמַר֙ בִּנְךָ֣ יוֹסֵ֔ף שָׂמַ֧נִי אֱלֹהִ֛ים לְאָד֖וֹן לְכָל־מִצְרָ֑יִם רְדָ֥ה אֵלַ֖י אַֽל־תַּעֲמֹֽד׃‬ Make haste and go up to my father and say to him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says. God has appointed me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me and do not stay around. this is whatthus.

stay around ← stand.
Gen 45:10 ‫וְיָשַׁבְתָּ֣ בְאֶֽרֶץ־גֹּ֗שֶׁן וְהָיִ֤יתָ קָרוֹב֙ אֵלַ֔י אַתָּ֕ה וּבָנֶ֖יךָ וּבְנֵ֣י בָנֶ֑יךָ וְצֹאנְךָ֥ וּבְקָרְךָ֖ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־לָֽךְ׃‬ And you will live in the land of Goshen, and you will be near to me, you and your sons and your grandsons, and your sheep and your cattle and everything that is yours.
Gen 45:11 ‫וְכִלְכַּלְתִּ֤י אֹֽתְךָ֙ שָׁ֔ם כִּי־ע֛וֹד חָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים רָעָ֑ב פֶּן־תִּוָּרֵ֛שׁ אַתָּ֥ה וּבֵֽיתְךָ֖ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־לָֽךְ׃‬ And I will sustain you there, for there are still five years of famine, so that you don't become destitute – you and your household and everyone belonging to you.’ there are still five years of famine ← there will still (be) famine for five years.

everyone: or, everything.
Gen 45:12 ‫וְהִנֵּ֤ה עֵֽינֵיכֶם֙ רֹא֔וֹת וְעֵינֵ֖י אָחִ֣י בִנְיָמִ֑ין כִּי־פִ֖י הַֽמְדַבֵּ֥ר אֲלֵיכֶֽם׃‬ And look, your eyes see, as do my brother Benjamin's eyes, that it is my mouth that is speaking to you.
Gen 45:13 ‫וְהִגַּדְתֶּ֣ם לְאָבִ֗י אֶת־כָּל־כְּבוֹדִי֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר רְאִיתֶ֑ם וּמִֽהַרְתֶּ֛ם וְהוֹרַדְתֶּ֥ם אֶת־אָבִ֖י הֵֽנָּה׃‬ And tell my father about all my glory in Egypt, and everything you have seen, and make haste to bring my father down here.”
Gen 45:14 ‫וַיִּפֹּ֛ל עַל־צַוְּארֵ֥י בִנְיָמִֽן־אָחִ֖יו וַיֵּ֑בְךְּ וּבִנְיָמִ֔ן בָּכָ֖ה עַל־צַוָּארָֽיו׃‬ And he fell around the neck of Benjamin his brother and wept, and Benjamin wept around his neck. around (2x)on.
Gen 45:15 ‫וַיְנַשֵּׁ֥ק לְכָל־אֶחָ֖יו וַיֵּ֣בְךְּ עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם וְאַ֣חֲרֵי כֵ֔ן דִּבְּר֥וּ אֶחָ֖יו אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ And he kissed all his brothers, and wept against them, and after that his brothers spoke with him.
Gen 45:16 ‫וְהַקֹּ֣ל נִשְׁמַ֗ע בֵּ֤ית פַּרְעֹה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר בָּ֖אוּ אֲחֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיִּיטַב֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה וּבְעֵינֵ֖י עֲבָדָֽיו׃‬ And the report was heard in Pharaoh's house, where they said, “Joseph's brothers have come.” And it was a good thing in Pharaoh's eyes and in the eyes of his servants.
Gen 45:17 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר פַּרְעֹה֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף אֱמֹ֥ר אֶל־אַחֶ֖יךָ זֹ֣את עֲשׂ֑וּ טַֽעֲנוּ֙ אֶת־בְּעִ֣ירְכֶ֔ם וּלְכוּ־בֹ֖אוּ אַ֥רְצָה כְּנָֽעַן׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Tell your brothers to do this: ‘Load your beasts of burden and do a round trip to the land of Canaan, do a round trip ← go-come.
Gen 45:18 ‫וּקְח֧וּ אֶת־אֲבִיכֶ֛ם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּיכֶ֖ם וּבֹ֣אוּ אֵלָ֑י וְאֶתְּנָ֣ה לָכֶ֗ם אֶת־טוּב֙ אֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם וְאִכְל֖וּ אֶת־חֵ֥לֶב הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ and take your father, and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the goodness of the land of Egypt, and eat the fat of the land.’
Gen 45:19 ‫וְאַתָּ֥ה צֻוֵּ֖יתָה זֹ֣את עֲשׂ֑וּ קְחוּ־לָכֶם֩ מֵאֶ֨רֶץ מִצְרַ֜יִם עֲגָל֗וֹת לְטַפְּכֶם֙ וְלִנְשֵׁיכֶ֔ם וּנְשָׂאתֶ֥ם אֶת־אֲבִיכֶ֖ם וּבָאתֶֽם׃‬ And you are commanded to do this: get yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt, for your little ones, and your wives, and bring your father, and come here.
Gen 45:20 ‫וְעֵ֣ינְכֶ֔ם אַל־תָּחֹ֖ס עַל־כְּלֵיכֶ֑ם כִּי־ט֛וּב כָּל־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם לָכֶ֥ם הֽוּא׃‬ And don't let your eye grieve over your goods, for the goodness of all the land of Egypt is yours.” grieve over your goods ← pity your utensils. We take the sense to be feeling regret for the items left behind.
Gen 45:21 ‫וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־כֵן֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּתֵּ֨ן לָהֶ֥ם יוֹסֵ֛ף עֲגָל֖וֹת עַל־פִּ֣י פַרְעֹ֑ה וַיִּתֵּ֥ן לָהֶ֛ם צֵדָ֖ה לַדָּֽרֶךְ׃‬ So the sons of Israel did this and Joseph gave them wagons according to Pharaoh's bidding and he gave them provisions for the journey. this ← thus.

bidding ← mouth.
Gen 45:22 ‫לְכֻלָּ֥ם נָתַ֛ן לָאִ֖ישׁ חֲלִפ֣וֹת שְׂמָלֹ֑ת וּלְבִנְיָמִ֤ן נָתַן֙ שְׁלֹ֣שׁ מֵא֣וֹת כֶּ֔סֶף וְחָמֵ֖שׁ חֲלִפֹ֥ת שְׂמָלֹֽת׃‬ He gave all of them individually changes of clothing, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothing.
Gen 45:23 ‫וּלְאָבִ֞יו שָׁלַ֤ח כְּזֹאת֙ עֲשָׂרָ֣ה חֲמֹרִ֔ים נֹשְׂאִ֖ים מִטּ֣וּב מִצְרָ֑יִם וְעֶ֣שֶׂר אֲתֹנֹ֡ת נֹֽ֠שְׂאֹת בָּ֣ר וָלֶ֧חֶם וּמָז֛וֹן לְאָבִ֖יו לַדָּֽרֶךְ׃‬ And this is what he sent to his father: ten donkeys carrying some of the goodness of Egypt, ten she-asses carrying corn and bread and food for his father for the journey. this is whatas this.
Gen 45:24 ‫וַיְשַׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו וַיֵּלֵ֑כוּ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם אַֽל־תִּרְגְּז֖וּ בַּדָּֽרֶךְ׃‬ So he sent his brothers off, and they departed, and he said to them, “Do not be perturbed on the way.” be perturbed: see Eph 4:26, Ps 4:5 (Ps 4:4AV).
Gen 45:25 ‫וַֽיַּעֲל֖וּ מִמִּצְרָ֑יִם וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ אֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֲבִיהֶֽם׃‬ And they went up from Egypt and came to the land of Canaan, to Jacob their father.
Gen 45:26 ‫וַיַּגִּ֨דוּ ל֜וֹ לֵאמֹ֗ר ע֚וֹד יוֹסֵ֣ף חַ֔י וְכִֽי־ה֥וּא מֹשֵׁ֖ל בְּכָל־אֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם וַיָּ֣פָג לִבּ֔וֹ כִּ֥י לֹא־הֶאֱמִ֖ין לָהֶֽם׃‬ And they told him about it, and said, “Joseph is still alive”, and that he was ruler over all the land of Egypt. At this his heart became frigid, for he did not believe them. at this: wider use of the vav.
Gen 45:27 ‫וַיְדַבְּר֣וּ אֵלָ֗יו אֵ֣ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֤י יוֹסֵף֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּ֣ר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם וַיַּרְא֙ אֶת־הָ֣עֲגָל֔וֹת אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַ֥ח יוֹסֵ֖ף לָשֵׂ֣את אֹת֑וֹ וַתְּחִ֕י ר֖וּחַ יַעֲקֹ֥ב אֲבִיהֶֽם׃‬ And they told him all Joseph's words which he had spoken to them, and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived.
Gen 45:28 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל רַ֛ב עוֹד־יוֹסֵ֥ף בְּנִ֖י חָ֑י אֵֽלְכָ֥ה וְאֶרְאֶ֖נּוּ בְּטֶ֥רֶם אָמֽוּת׃‬ And Israel said, “It is great that my son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”
Gen 46:1 ‫וַיִּסַּ֤ע יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֖א בְּאֵ֣רָה שָּׁ֑בַע וַיִּזְבַּ֣ח זְבָחִ֔ים לֵאלֹהֵ֖י אָבִ֥יו יִצְחָֽק׃‬ So Israel travelled with all his belongings, and arrived at Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. at ← to. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.

offered ← sacrificed.
Gen 46:2 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמַרְאֹ֣ת הַלַּ֔יְלָה וַיֹּ֖אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֣ב ׀ יַעֲקֹ֑ב וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ And God spoke to Israel in nightly visions, and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” here I ambehold me.
Gen 46:3 ‫וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָנֹכִ֥י הָאֵ֖ל אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִ֑יךָ אַל־תִּירָא֙ מֵרְדָ֣ה מִצְרַ֔יְמָה כִּֽי־לְג֥וֹי גָּד֖וֹל אֲשִֽׂימְךָ֥ שָֽׁם׃‬ And he said, “I am God, the God of your father. Do not be afraid of going down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there.
Gen 46:4 ‫אָנֹכִ֗י אֵרֵ֤ד עִמְּךָ֙ מִצְרַ֔יְמָה וְאָנֹכִ֖י אַֽעַלְךָ֣ גַם־עָלֹ֑ה וְיוֹסֵ֕ף יָשִׁ֥ית יָד֖וֹ עַל־עֵינֶֽיךָ׃‬ I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will bring you up again without fail. And Joseph will put his hand on your eyes.” I will bring you up ... without fail: infinitive absolute.
Gen 46:5 ‫וַיָּ֥קָם יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִבְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיִּשְׂא֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶת־יַעֲקֹ֣ב אֲבִיהֶ֗ם וְאֶת־טַפָּם֙ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם בָּעֲגָל֕וֹת אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַ֥ח פַּרְעֹ֖ה לָשֵׂ֥את אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Then Jacob got up from Beer-sheba, and Israel's sons lifted Jacob their father and their little ones and their wives into the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to transport him.
Gen 46:6 ‫וַיִּקְח֣וּ אֶת־מִקְנֵיהֶ֗ם וְאֶת־רְכוּשָׁם֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר רָֽכְשׁוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ מִצְרָ֑יְמָה יַעֲקֹ֖ב וְכָל־זַרְע֥וֹ אִתּֽוֹ׃‬ And they took their cattle and their property which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt – Jacob and all his seed with him.
Gen 46:7 ‫בָּנָ֞יו וּבְנֵ֤י בָנָיו֙ אִתּ֔וֹ בְּנֹתָ֛יו וּבְנ֥וֹת בָּנָ֖יו וְכָל־זַרְע֑וֹ הֵבִ֥יא אִתּ֖וֹ מִצְרָֽיְמָה׃ ס‬ He brought his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his seed, to Egypt.
Gen 46:8 ‫וְאֵ֨לֶּה שְׁמ֧וֹת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל הַבָּאִ֥ים מִצְרַ֖יְמָה יַעֲקֹ֣ב וּבָנָ֑יו בְּכֹ֥ר יַעֲקֹ֖ב רְאוּבֵֽן׃‬ And these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt – of Jacob and his sons. Jacob's firstborn was Reuben.
Gen 46:9 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י רְאוּבֵ֑ן חֲנ֥וֹךְ וּפַלּ֖וּא וְחֶצְר֥וֹן וְכַרְמִֽי׃‬ Reuben's sons were Hanoch and Pallu and Hezron and Carmi. || 1 Chr 5:3.

Hanoch: see Gen 25:4.

Pallu: AV= Phallu here, but Pallu elsewhere, e.g. Num 26:5. Phallu is the lenited form (ph for p).
Gen 46:10 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֗וֹן יְמוּאֵ֧ל וְיָמִ֛ין וְאֹ֖הַד וְיָכִ֣ין וְצֹ֑חַר וְשָׁא֖וּל בֶּן־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִֽית׃‬ And Simeon's sons were Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Shaul the son of the Canaanite woman.
Gen 46:11 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י לֵוִ֑י גֵּרְשׁ֕וֹן קְהָ֖ת וּמְרָרִֽי׃‬ And Levi's sons were Gershon, Kohath and Merari. || 1 Chr 5:27, 1 Chr 6:1 (1 Chr 6:1AV, 1 Chr 6:16AV).

Kohath ← Kehath, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Gen 46:12 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֗ה עֵ֧ר וְאוֹנָ֛ן וְשֵׁלָ֖ה וָפֶ֣רֶץ וָזָ֑רַח וַיָּ֨מָת עֵ֤ר וְאוֹנָן֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי־פֶ֖רֶץ חֶצְר֥וֹן וְחָמֽוּל׃‬ And Judah's sons were Er and Onan and Shelah and Pharez and Zarah, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul. || Ruth 4:18, 1 Chr 2:5.

Pharez (2x): see Gen 38:29.

Zarah: see Gen 38:30.
Gen 46:13 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י יִשָׂשכָ֑ר תּוֹלָ֥ע וּפֻוָּ֖ה וְי֥וֹב וְשִׁמְרֽוֹן׃‬ And Issachar's sons were Tola and Puvah and Job and Shimron. || 1 Chr 7:1.

Puvah: AV= Phuvah here, the lenited form, and Pua in Num 26:23, Puah in 1 Chr 7:1.
Gen 46:14 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י זְבוּלֻ֑ן סֶ֥רֶד וְאֵל֖וֹן וְיַחְלְאֵֽל׃‬ And Zebulun's sons were Sered and Elon and Jahleel.
Gen 46:15 ‫אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ בְּנֵ֣י לֵאָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָֽלְדָ֤ה לְיַעֲקֹב֙ בְּפַדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֔ם וְאֵ֖ת דִּינָ֣ה בִתּ֑וֹ כָּל־נֶ֧פֶשׁ בָּנָ֛יו וּבְנוֹתָ֖יו שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וְשָׁלֹֽשׁ׃‬ Those were Leah's sons whom she bore to Jacob in Padan-aram, with Dinah his daughter. The total headcount of his sons and daughters was thirty-three. those ← these.

Padan-aram: see Gen 25:20.

the total headcount ← every soul.
Gen 46:16 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י גָ֔ד צִפְי֥וֹן וְחַגִּ֖י שׁוּנִ֣י וְאֶצְבֹּ֑ן עֵרִ֥י וַֽאֲרוֹדִ֖י וְאַרְאֵלִֽי׃‬ And Gad's sons were Ziphion and Haggi, Shuni and Ezbon, Eri and Arodi and Areli.
Gen 46:17 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י אָשֵׁ֗ר יִמְנָ֧ה וְיִשְׁוָ֛ה וְיִשְׁוִ֥י וּבְרִיעָ֖ה וְשֶׂ֣רַח אֲחֹתָ֑ם וּבְנֵ֣י בְרִיעָ֔ה חֶ֖בֶר וּמַלְכִּיאֵֽל׃‬ And Asher's sons were Jimnah and Jishvah and Jishvi and Beriah and Serah their sister. And Beriah's sons were Heber and Malchiel. || Num 26:44, Num 26:45, 1 Chr 7:30, 1 Chr 7:31.

Jishvah ... Jishvi: AV= Ishuah ... Isui here, but Jesui in Num 26:44.
Gen 46:18 ‫אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י זִלְפָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן לָבָ֖ן לְלֵאָ֣ה בִתּ֑וֹ וַתֵּ֤לֶד אֶת־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב שֵׁ֥שׁ עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה נָֽפֶשׁ׃‬ Those were the sons of Zilpah whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. And she bore these to Jacob – sixteen people. those ← these.

people ← souls.
Gen 46:19 ‫בְּנֵ֤י רָחֵל֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב יוֹסֵ֖ף וּבִנְיָמִֽן׃‬ The son's of Rachel, Jacob's wife, were Joseph and Benjamin.
Gen 46:20 ‫וַיִּוָּלֵ֣ד לְיוֹסֵף֮ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַיִם֒ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יָֽלְדָה־לּוֹ֙ אָֽסְנַ֔ת בַּת־פּ֥וֹטִי פֶ֖רַע כֹּהֵ֣ן אֹ֑ן אֶת־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה וְאֶת־אֶפְרָֽיִם׃‬ And progeny were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt, where Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah the priest of On bore Manasseh and Ephraim to him. where: or, whom (adapting the sentence).

Poti-pherah: see Gen 41:45.
Gen 46:21 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֗ן בֶּ֤לַע וָבֶ֙כֶר֙ וְאַשְׁבֵּ֔ל גֵּרָ֥א וְנַעֲמָ֖ן אֵחִ֣י וָרֹ֑אשׁ מֻפִּ֥ים וְחֻפִּ֖ים וָאָֽרְדְּ׃‬ And Benjamin's sons were Bela and Becher and Ashbel, Gera and Naaman, Ehi and Rosh, Muppim and Huppim and Ard. || 1 Chr 7:6.

Bela: AV= Belah here, but elsewhere (e.g. Num 26:38) Bela.
Gen 46:22 ‫אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י רָחֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלַּ֖ד לְיַעֲקֹ֑ב כָּל־נֶ֖פֶשׁ אַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָֽׂר׃‬ Those were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob. The total headcount was fourteen. those ← these.

total headcount ← every soul.
Gen 46:23 ‫וּבְנֵי־דָ֖ן חֻשִֽׁים׃‬ And Dan's sons were: just Hushim.
Gen 46:24 ‫וּבְנֵ֖י נַפְתָּלִ֑י יַחְצְאֵ֥ל וְגוּנִ֖י וְיֵ֥צֶר וְשִׁלֵּֽם׃‬ And Naphtali's sons were Jahzeel and Guni, Jezer and Shillem.
Gen 46:25 ‫אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י בִלְהָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן לָבָ֖ן לְרָחֵ֣ל בִּתּ֑וֹ וַתֵּ֧לֶד אֶת־אֵ֛לֶּה לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ שִׁבְעָֽה׃‬ Those were the sons of Bilhah whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bore those to Jacob. The total headcount was seven. those (2x)these.

total headcount ← every soul.
Gen 46:26 ‫כָּל־הַ֠נֶּפֶשׁ הַבָּאָ֨ה לְיַעֲקֹ֤ב מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ יֹצְאֵ֣י יְרֵכ֔וֹ מִלְּבַ֖ד נְשֵׁ֣י בְנֵי־יַעֲקֹ֑ב כָּל־נֶ֖פֶשׁ שִׁשִּׁ֥ים וָשֵֽׁשׁ׃‬ The total headcount of Jacob's family which came to Egypt – who issued from his thighs – excluding the wives of Jacob's sons – the total headcount – was sixty-six. total headcount ← every soul.

sixty-six: the 70 just listed - 4 (Er, Onan [died], Joseph, Simeon [already there]).
Gen 46:27 ‫וּבְנֵ֥י יוֹסֵ֛ף אֲשֶׁר־יֻלַּד־ל֥וֹ בְמִצְרַ֖יִם נֶ֣פֶשׁ שְׁנָ֑יִם כָּל־הַנֶּ֧פֶשׁ לְבֵֽית־יַעֲקֹ֛ב הַבָּ֥אָה מִצְרַ֖יְמָה שִׁבְעִֽים׃ פ‬ And Joseph's sons who were born to him in Egypt were two people. The total headcount of the house of Jacob that came to Egypt was seventy. people ← souls.

seventy: the sixty-six plus Joseph, Simeon and Joseph's sons (brought in Joseph's loins, as it were). For an alternative explanation, see [CB].
Gen 46:28 ‫וְאֶת־יְהוּדָ֞ה שָׁלַ֤ח לְפָנָיו֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף לְהוֹרֹ֥ת לְפָנָ֖יו גֹּ֑שְׁנָה וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אַ֥רְצָה גֹּֽשֶׁן׃‬ And he sent Judah on ahead of him to Joseph, so as to direct him to Goshen. And they came to the land of Goshen. to direct him ← to instruct his face.
Gen 46:29 ‫וַיֶּאְסֹ֤ר יוֹסֵף֙ מֶרְכַּבְתּ֔וֹ וַיַּ֛עַל לִקְרַֽאת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל אָבִ֖יו גֹּ֑שְׁנָה וַיֵּרָ֣א אֵלָ֗יו וַיִּפֹּל֙ עַל־צַוָּארָ֔יו וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ עַל־צַוָּארָ֖יו עֽוֹד׃‬ Then Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet Israel his father at Goshen, and presented himself to him and fell around his neck, and wept while still around his neck. at ← to. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.

presented himself ← appeared.
Gen 46:30 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף אָמ֣וּתָה הַפָּ֑עַם אַחֲרֵי֙ רְאוֹתִ֣י אֶת־פָּנֶ֔יךָ כִּ֥י עוֹדְךָ֖ חָֽי׃‬ And Israel said to Joseph, “I could die now, after seeing your face, for you are still alive.” seeing ← my seeing.
Gen 46:31 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹסֵ֤ף אֶל־אֶחָיו֙ וְאֶל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֔יו אֶעֱלֶ֖ה וְאַגִּ֣ידָה לְפַרְעֹ֑ה וְאֹֽמְרָ֣ה אֵלָ֔יו אַחַ֧י וּבֵית־אָבִ֛י אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּאֶֽרֶץ־כְּנַ֖עַן בָּ֥אוּ אֵלָֽי׃‬ Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘My brothers and the house of my father who were in the land of Canaan have come to me.
Gen 46:32 ‫וְהָאֲנָשִׁים֙ רֹ֣עֵי צֹ֔אן כִּֽי־אַנְשֵׁ֥י מִקְנֶ֖ה הָי֑וּ וְצֹאנָ֧ם וּבְקָרָ֛ם וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר לָהֶ֖ם הֵבִֽיאוּ׃‬ And the men are shepherds, for they are cattle-farmers, and they have brought their sheep and cattle and everything of theirs with them.’ cattle-farmers ← men of cattle.
Gen 46:33 ‫וְהָיָ֕ה כִּֽי־יִקְרָ֥א לָכֶ֖ם פַּרְעֹ֑ה וְאָמַ֖ר מַה־מַּעֲשֵׂיכֶֽם׃‬ And it will come to pass when Pharaoh calls you and says, ‘What are your occupations?’
Gen 46:34 ‫וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֗ם אַנְשֵׁ֨י מִקְנֶ֜ה הָי֤וּ עֲבָדֶ֙יךָ֙ מִנְּעוּרֵ֣ינוּ וְעַד־עַ֔תָּה גַּם־אֲנַ֖חְנוּ גַּם־אֲבֹתֵ֑ינוּ בַּעֲב֗וּר תֵּשְׁבוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ גֹּ֔שֶׁן כִּֽי־תוֹעֲבַ֥ת מִצְרַ֖יִם כָּל־רֹ֥עֵה צֹֽאן׃‬ – that you will say, ‘Your servants have been cattle-farmers from our youth up to now, both we and our fathers’, so that you may dwell in the land of Goshen, for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians.” the Egyptians ← Egypt, but see Gen 45:2.
Gen 47:1 ‫וַיָּבֹ֣א יוֹסֵף֮ וַיַּגֵּ֣ד לְפַרְעֹה֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אָבִ֨י וְאַחַ֜י וְצֹאנָ֤ם וּבְקָרָם֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר לָהֶ֔ם בָּ֖אוּ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְהִנָּ֖ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ גֹּֽשֶׁן׃‬ So Joseph came and told Pharaoh and said, “My father and my brothers and their flocks and the oxen and all their belongings have arrived from the land of Canaan, and here they are in the land of Goshen.” here they arebehold them.
Gen 47:2 ‫וּמִקְצֵ֣ה אֶחָ֔יו לָקַ֖ח חֲמִשָּׁ֣ה אֲנָשִׁ֑ים וַיַּצִּגֵ֖ם לִפְנֵ֥י פַרְעֹֽה׃‬ And he took five men from his collection of brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. collection ← end; whole.

presented them to ← placed them before.
Gen 47:3 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֛ה אֶל־אֶחָ֖יו מַה־מַּעֲשֵׂיכֶ֑ם וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה רֹעֵ֥ה צֹאן֙ עֲבָדֶ֔יךָ גַּם־אֲנַ֖חְנוּ גַּם־אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ׃‬ And Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What are your occupations?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and our fathers.” shepherds ← a shepherd.
Gen 47:4 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה לָג֣וּר בָּאָרֶץ֮ בָּאנוּ֒ כִּי־אֵ֣ין מִרְעֶ֗ה לַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְעַתָּ֛ה יֵֽשְׁבוּ־נָ֥א עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ גֹּֽשֶׁן׃‬ And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to stay temporarily in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants' flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan, so now, please, let your servants stay in the land of Goshen.”
Gen 47:5 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֔ה אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף לֵאמֹ֑ר אָבִ֥יךָ וְאַחֶ֖יךָ בָּ֥אוּ אֵלֶֽיךָ׃‬ Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph and said, “Your father and your brothers have come to you.
Gen 47:6 ‫אֶ֤רֶץ מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ לְפָנֶ֣יךָ הִ֔וא בְּמֵיטַ֣ב הָאָ֔רֶץ הוֹשֵׁ֥ב אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אַחֶ֑יךָ יֵשְׁבוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ גֹּ֔שֶׁן וְאִם־יָדַ֗עְתָּ וְיֶשׁ־בָּם֙ אַנְשֵׁי־חַ֔יִל וְשַׂמְתָּ֛ם שָׂרֵ֥י מִקְנֶ֖ה עַל־אֲשֶׁר־לִֽי׃‬ The land of Egypt is before you. Install your father and your brothers in the best part of the land and let them stay in the land of Goshen, and if you know of any mighty men among them, appoint them as officials over the cattle that is mine.” install ← cause to dwell.
Gen 47:7 ‫וַיָּבֵ֤א יוֹסֵף֙ אֶת־יַֽעֲקֹ֣ב אָבִ֔יו וַיַּֽעֲמִדֵ֖הוּ לִפְנֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֑ה וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and set him before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
Gen 47:8 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֑ב כַּמָּ֕ה יְמֵ֖י שְׁנֵ֥י חַיֶּֽיךָ׃‬ And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the days of your life?”
Gen 47:9 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה יְמֵי֙ שְׁנֵ֣י מְגוּרַ֔י שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת שָׁנָ֑ה מְעַ֣ט וְרָעִ֗ים הָיוּ֙ יְמֵי֙ שְׁנֵ֣י חַיַּ֔י וְלֹ֣א הִשִּׂ֗יגוּ אֶת־יְמֵי֙ שְׁנֵי֙ חַיֵּ֣י אֲבֹתַ֔י בִּימֵ֖י מְגוּרֵיהֶֽם׃‬ And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of my course of life are one hundred and thirty years. The days of the years of my life have been few and bad, and they have not reached the days of the years of the life of my fathers in comparison with the days of their course of life.” course of life (2x)sojournings; temporary residence.

the days of the years of the life of: a chain of three construct states of the nouns.
Gen 47:10 ‫וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֑ה וַיֵּצֵ֖א מִלִּפְנֵ֥י פַרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from Pharaoh's presence.
Gen 47:11 ‫וַיּוֹשֵׁ֣ב יוֹסֵף֮ אֶת־אָבִ֣יו וְאֶת־אֶחָיו֒ וַיִּתֵּ֨ן לָהֶ֤ם אֲחֻזָּה֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם בְּמֵיטַ֥ב הָאָ֖רֶץ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ רַעְמְסֵ֑ס כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר צִוָּ֥ה פַרְעֹֽה׃‬ And Joseph installed his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best part of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.
Gen 47:12 ‫וַיְכַלְכֵּ֤ל יוֹסֵף֙ אֶת־אָבִ֣יו וְאֶת־אֶחָ֔יו וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יו לֶ֖חֶם לְפִ֥י הַטָּֽף׃‬ So Joseph sustained his father and his brothers and the whole household of his father, with bread, taking account of the number of little ones. bread: standing for all kinds of food.

taking account of ← according to.
Gen 47:13 ‫וְלֶ֤חֶם אֵין֙ בְּכָל־הָאָ֔רֶץ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב מְאֹ֑ד וַתֵּ֜לַהּ אֶ֤רֶץ מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ וְאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן מִפְּנֵ֖י הָרָעָֽב׃‬ And there was no bread in the whole of the land, for the famine was very severe, and the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan became weary because of the famine.
Gen 47:14 ‫וַיְלַקֵּ֣ט יוֹסֵ֗ף אֶת־כָּל־הַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ הַנִּמְצָ֤א בְאֶֽרֶץ־מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ וּבְאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן בַּשֶּׁ֖בֶר אֲשֶׁר־הֵ֣ם שֹׁבְרִ֑ים וַיָּבֵ֥א יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶת־הַכֶּ֖סֶף בֵּ֥יתָה פַרְעֹֽה׃‬ And Joseph collected all the money that was to be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, in exchange for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money to Pharaoh's house.
Gen 47:15 ‫וַיִּתֹּ֣ם הַכֶּ֗סֶף מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַיִם֮ וּמֵאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַעַן֒ וַיָּבֹאוּ֩ כָל־מִצְרַ֨יִם אֶל־יוֹסֵ֤ף לֵאמֹר֙ הָֽבָה־לָּ֣נוּ לֶ֔חֶם וְלָ֥מָּה נָמ֖וּת נֶגְדֶּ֑ךָ כִּ֥י אָפֵ֖ס כָּֽסֶף׃‬ Then the money from the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan came to an end, and all of Egypt came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence, when money has run out?” for: causal use of the vav.
Gen 47:16 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יוֹסֵף֙ הָב֣וּ מִקְנֵיכֶ֔ם וְאֶתְּנָ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם בְּמִקְנֵיכֶ֑ם אִם־אָפֵ֖ס כָּֽסֶף׃‬ And Joseph said, “Give me your cattle and I will give you bread in exchange for your cattle, if the money has run out.”
Gen 47:17 ‫וַיָּבִ֣יאוּ אֶת־מִקְנֵיהֶם֮ אֶל־יוֹסֵף֒ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן לָהֶם֩ יוֹסֵ֨ף לֶ֜חֶם בַּסּוּסִ֗ים וּבְמִקְנֵ֥ה הַצֹּ֛אן וּבְמִקְנֵ֥ה הַבָּקָ֖ר וּבַחֲמֹרִ֑ים וַיְנַהֲלֵ֤ם בַּלֶּ֙חֶם֙ בְּכָל־מִקְנֵהֶ֔ם בַּשָּׁנָ֖ה הַהִֽוא׃‬ So they brought their cattle to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread for horses and for small cattle and for bovine cattle and for donkeys, and he sustained them with bread in exchange for all their cattle in that year. bread: standing for food.
Gen 47:18 ‫וַתִּתֹּם֮ הַשָּׁנָ֣ה הַהִוא֒ וַיָּבֹ֨אוּ אֵלָ֜יו בַּשָּׁנָ֣ה הַשֵּׁנִ֗ית וַיֹּ֤אמְרוּ לוֹ֙ לֹֽא־נְכַחֵ֣ד מֵֽאֲדֹנִ֔י כִּ֚י אִם־תַּ֣ם הַכֶּ֔סֶף וּמִקְנֵ֥ה הַבְּהֵמָ֖ה אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֑י לֹ֤א נִשְׁאַר֙ לִפְנֵ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י בִּלְתִּ֥י אִם־גְּוִיָּתֵ֖נוּ וְאַדְמָתֵֽנוּ׃‬ Then that year came to an end and they came to him in the second year and said to him, “We will not hide the fact from our lord that our money has run out, as have our stocks of cattle which have gone to my lord. Nothing remains before my lord except our body and our land. nothing ← not.
Gen 47:19 ‫לָ֧מָּה נָמ֣וּת לְעֵינֶ֗יךָ גַּם־אֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ גַּ֣ם אַדְמָתֵ֔נוּ קְנֵֽה־אֹתָ֥נוּ וְאֶת־אַדְמָתֵ֖נוּ בַּלָּ֑חֶם וְנִֽהְיֶ֞ה אֲנַ֤חְנוּ וְאַדְמָתֵ֙נוּ֙ עֲבָדִ֣ים לְפַרְעֹ֔ה וְתֶן־זֶ֗רַע וְנִֽחְיֶה֙ וְלֹ֣א נָמ֔וּת וְהָאֲדָמָ֖ה לֹ֥א תֵשָֽׁם׃‬ Why should we die in your sight, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for bread so that we and our land become subservient to Pharaoh, and give us seed so that we live and do not die and the land does not become desolate.” bread: standing for food.

so that (2x): purposive use of the vav.

subservient ← slaves; servants.
Gen 47:20 ‫וַיִּ֨קֶן יוֹסֵ֜ף אֶת־כָּל־אַדְמַ֤ת מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ לְפַרְעֹ֔ה כִּֽי־מָכְר֤וּ מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ אִ֣ישׁ שָׂדֵ֔הוּ כִּֽי־חָזַ֥ק עֲלֵהֶ֖ם הָרָעָ֑ב וַתְּהִ֥י הָאָ֖רֶץ לְפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for each man in Egypt sold his field, for the famine was severe over them, and the land became Pharaoh's.
Gen 47:21 ‫וְאֶ֨ת־הָעָ֔ם הֶעֱבִ֥יר אֹת֖וֹ לֶעָרִ֑ים מִקְצֵ֥ה גְבוּל־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְעַד־קָצֵֽהוּ׃‬ And as for the people, he moved them to the cities, from one end of the territory of Egypt to the other end,
Gen 47:22 ‫רַ֛ק אַדְמַ֥ת הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים לֹ֣א קָנָ֑ה כִּי֩ חֹ֨ק לַכֹּהֲנִ֜ים מֵאֵ֣ת פַּרְעֹ֗ה וְאָֽכְל֤וּ אֶת־חֻקָּם֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר נָתַ֤ן לָהֶם֙ פַּרְעֹ֔ה עַל־כֵּ֕ן לֹ֥א מָכְר֖וּ אֶת־אַדְמָתָֽם׃‬ except that he did not buy the priests' land, for the priests had a statute from Pharaoh, and they ate by virtue of their statute which Pharaoh had given them, which is why they did not sell their land.
Gen 47:23 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יוֹסֵף֙ אֶל־הָעָ֔ם הֵן֩ קָנִ֨יתִי אֶתְכֶ֥ם הַיּ֛וֹם וְאֶת־אַדְמַתְכֶ֖ם לְפַרְעֹ֑ה הֵֽא־לָכֶ֣ם זֶ֔רַע וּזְרַעְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־הָאֲדָמָֽה׃‬ Then Joseph said to the people, “Look, today I have bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Here is seed for you, so sow the land.
Gen 47:24 ‫וְהָיָה֙ בַּתְּבוּאֹ֔ת וּנְתַתֶּ֥ם חֲמִישִׁ֖ית לְפַרְעֹ֑ה וְאַרְבַּ֣ע הַיָּדֹ֡ת יִהְיֶ֣ה לָכֶם֩ לְזֶ֨רַע הַשָּׂדֶ֧ה וּֽלְאָכְלְכֶ֛ם וְלַאֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּבָתֵּיכֶ֖ם וְלֶאֱכֹ֥ל לְטַפְּכֶֽם׃‬ And it will be the case that you will give one fifth of the produce to Pharaoh, whilst four fifths will be for yourselves, seed for the field, and for your food, and for those in your houses, and for your little ones to eat.” of ← in.

four fifths ← four parts.

seed for the field ← for seed of the field.
Gen 47:25 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ הֶחֱיִתָ֑נוּ נִמְצָא־חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י וְהָיִ֥ינוּ עֲבָדִ֖ים לְפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ And they said, “You have kept us alive. May we find grace in the eyes of my lord, and we will be servants to Pharaoh.”
Gen 47:26 ‫וַיָּ֣שֶׂם אֹתָ֣הּ יוֹסֵ֡ף לְחֹק֩ עַד־הַיּ֨וֹם הַזֶּ֜ה עַל־אַדְמַ֥ת מִצְרַ֛יִם לְפַרְעֹ֖ה לַחֹ֑מֶשׁ רַ֞ק אַדְמַ֤ת הַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ לְבַדָּ֔ם לֹ֥א הָיְתָ֖ה לְפַרְעֹֽה׃‬ So Joseph made it a statute up to this day over the land of Egypt: a fifth part is for Pharaoh, except that the priests' land alone was not Pharaoh's.
Gen 47:27 ‫וַיֵּ֧שֶׁב יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם בְּאֶ֣רֶץ גֹּ֑שֶׁן וַיֵּאָחֲז֣וּ בָ֔הּ וַיִּפְר֥וּ וַיִּרְבּ֖וּ מְאֹֽד׃‬ And Israel remained in the land of Egypt in the land of Goshen, and they had their interest in it, and they were fruitful, and they increased greatly. they had their interest ← had possession; were possessed by (with a passive verb form).
Gen 47:28 ‫וַיְחִ֤י יַעֲקֹב֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם שְׁבַ֥ע עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה שָׁנָ֑ה וַיְהִ֤י יְמֵֽי־יַעֲקֹב֙ שְׁנֵ֣י חַיָּ֔יו שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבָּעִ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת שָׁנָֽה׃‬ And Jacob lived for seventeen years in the land of Egypt, and the days of Jacob – the years of his life – were one hundred and forty-seven years.
Gen 47:29 ‫וַיִּקְרְב֣וּ יְמֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֘ל לָמוּת֒ וַיִּקְרָ֣א ׀ לִבְנ֣וֹ לְיוֹסֵ֗ף וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ שִֽׂים־נָ֥א יָדְךָ֖ תַּ֣חַת יְרֵכִ֑י וְעָשִׂ֤יתָ עִמָּדִי֙ חֶ֣סֶד וֶאֱמֶ֔ת אַל־נָ֥א תִקְבְּרֵ֖נִי בְּמִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And when Israel's days were approaching when he would die, he called for his son, for Joseph, and said to him, “If now I have found grace in your sight, put your hand now under my thigh and do with me what is kind and true: please do not bury me in Egypt. kind and true ← kindness and truth.
Gen 47:30 ‫וְשָֽׁכַבְתִּי֙ עִם־אֲבֹתַ֔י וּנְשָׂאתַ֙נִי֙ מִמִּצְרַ֔יִם וּקְבַרְתַּ֖נִי בִּקְבֻרָתָ֑ם וַיֹּאמַ֕ר אָנֹכִ֖י אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֥ה כִדְבָרֶֽךָ׃‬ And I will lie with my fathers, so bring me out of Egypt and bury me in their tomb.” And he said, “I will act according to your words.” On the liberal use of the third person pronouns (he, him, his), see the note to Gen 41:13.
Gen 47:31 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִשָּֽׁבְעָה֙ לִ֔י וַיִּשָּׁבַ֖ע ל֑וֹ וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל עַל־רֹ֥אשׁ הַמִּטָּֽה׃ פ‬ And he said, “Swear to me.” And he swore to him, and Israel bowed on the head of his bed. the head of his bed: or, top of (his) staff.
Gen 48:1 ‫וַיְהִ֗י אַחֲרֵי֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְיוֹסֵ֔ף הִנֵּ֥ה אָבִ֖יךָ חֹלֶ֑ה וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת־שְׁנֵ֤י בָנָיו֙ עִמּ֔וֹ אֶת־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה וְאֶת־אֶפְרָֽיִם׃‬ And it came to pass after these things that they said to Joseph, “Look, your father is ill.” And he took his two sons with him, Manasseh and Ephraim. they ← he, or one.
Gen 48:2 ‫וַיַּגֵּ֣ד לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּ֛ה בִּנְךָ֥ יוֹסֵ֖ף בָּ֣א אֵלֶ֑יךָ וַיִּתְחַזֵּק֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב עַל־הַמִּטָּֽה׃‬ And they told Jacob and said, “Look, your son Joseph has come to you.” And Israel perked up and sat up on his bed. they: see Gen 48:1.

perked up ← strengthened himself.
Gen 48:3 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף אֵ֥ל שַׁדַּ֛י נִרְאָֽה־אֵלַ֥י בְּל֖וּז בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וַיְבָ֖רֶךְ אֹתִֽי׃‬ Then Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me in Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me,
Gen 48:4 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלַ֗י הִנְנִ֤י מַפְרְךָ֙ וְהִרְבִּיתִ֔ךָ וּנְתַתִּ֖יךָ לִקְהַ֣ל עַמִּ֑ים וְנָ֨תַתִּ֜י אֶת־הָאָ֧רֶץ הַזֹּ֛את לְזַרְעֲךָ֥ אַחֲרֶ֖יךָ אֲחֻזַּ֥ת עוֹלָֽם׃‬ and said to me, ‘I am about to make you fruitful, and I will increase you and make you a convocation of people, and I will give this land to your seed after you as an age-abiding possession.’ I am about to ← behold me.
Gen 48:5 ‫וְעַתָּ֡ה שְׁנֵֽי־בָנֶיךָ֩ הַנּוֹלָדִ֨ים לְךָ֜ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֗יִם עַד־בֹּאִ֥י אֵלֶ֛יךָ מִצְרַ֖יְמָה לִי־הֵ֑ם אֶפְרַ֙יִם֙ וּמְנַשֶּׁ֔ה כִּרְאוּבֵ֥ן וְשִׁמְע֖וֹן יִֽהְיוּ־לִֽי׃‬ And now, your two sons who were born to you in the land of Egypt, before I came to you in Egypt – Ephraim and Manasseh – are mine. They will be mine like Reuben and Simeon. in ← to. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.
Gen 48:6 ‫וּמוֹלַדְתְּךָ֛ אֲשֶׁר־הוֹלַ֥דְתָּ אַחֲרֵיהֶ֖ם לְךָ֣ יִהְי֑וּ עַ֣ל שֵׁ֧ם אֲחֵיהֶ֛ם יִקָּרְא֖וּ בְּנַחֲלָתָֽם׃‬ And your offspring that you beget after them will be yours. They will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.
Gen 48:7 ‫וַאֲנִ֣י ׀ בְּבֹאִ֣י מִפַּדָּ֗ן מֵ֩תָה֩ עָלַ֨י רָחֵ֜ל בְּאֶ֤רֶץ כְּנַ֙עַן֙ בַּדֶּ֔רֶךְ בְּע֥וֹד כִּבְרַת־אֶ֖רֶץ לָבֹ֣א אֶפְרָ֑תָה וָאֶקְבְּרֶ֤הָ שָּׁם֙ בְּדֶ֣רֶךְ אֶפְרָ֔ת הִ֖וא בֵּ֥ית לָֽחֶם׃‬ And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died when with me in the land of Canaan on the journey when there was just a little way to go to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.” with ← at.

Bethlehem: see Gen 35:19.
Gen 48:8 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֑ף וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מִי־אֵֽלֶּה׃‬ Then when Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, “Who are these?”
Gen 48:9 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יוֹסֵף֙ אֶל־אָבִ֔יו בָּנַ֣י הֵ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־נָֽתַן־לִ֥י אֱלֹהִ֖ים בָּזֶ֑ה וַיֹּאמַ֕ר קָֽחֶם־נָ֥א אֵלַ֖י וַאֲבָרֲכֵֽם׃‬ And Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons whom God has given me here.” And he said, “Please bring them to me and I will bless them.”
Gen 48:10 ‫וְעֵינֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ כָּבְד֣וּ מִזֹּ֔קֶן לֹ֥א יוּכַ֖ל לִרְא֑וֹת וַיַּגֵּ֤שׁ אֹתָם֙ אֵלָ֔יו וַיִּשַּׁ֥ק לָהֶ֖ם וַיְחַבֵּ֥ק לָהֶֽם׃‬ Now Israel's eyes had become dim with old age, and he could not see, so he brought them near to him and kissed them and embraced them.
Gen 48:11 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף רְאֹ֥ה פָנֶ֖יךָ לֹ֣א פִלָּ֑לְתִּי וְהִנֵּ֨ה הֶרְאָ֥ה אֹתִ֛י אֱלֹהִ֖ים גַּ֥ם אֶת־זַרְעֶֽךָ׃‬ And Israel said to Joseph, “I didn't think I would see your face, but look, God has shown me your seed too.”
Gen 48:12 ‫וַיּוֹצֵ֥א יוֹסֵ֛ף אֹתָ֖ם מֵעִ֣ם בִּרְכָּ֑יו וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ לְאַפָּ֖יו אָֽרְצָה׃‬ Then Joseph took them off his knees and he bowed with his face to the ground. he: i.e. Jacob, in accordance with Joseph's dream (Gen 37:9-10). On the liberal use of the third person pronouns (he, him, his), see the note to Gen 41:13.
Gen 48:13 ‫וַיִּקַּ֣ח יוֹסֵף֮ אֶת־שְׁנֵיהֶם֒ אֶת־אֶפְרַ֤יִם בִּֽימִינוֹ֙ מִשְּׂמֹ֣אל יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְאֶת־מְנַשֶּׁ֥ה בִשְׂמֹאל֖וֹ מִימִ֣ין יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיַּגֵּ֖שׁ אֵלָֽיו׃‬ Joseph then took the two of them, Ephraim on his right, to the left of Israel, and Manasseh on his left, to the right of Israel, and brought them near him.
Gen 48:14 ‫וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל אֶת־יְמִינ֜וֹ וַיָּ֨שֶׁת עַל־רֹ֤אשׁ אֶפְרַ֙יִם֙ וְה֣וּא הַצָּעִ֔יר וְאֶת־שְׂמֹאל֖וֹ עַל־רֹ֣אשׁ מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה שִׂכֵּל֙ אֶת־יָדָ֔יו כִּ֥י מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה הַבְּכֽוֹר׃‬ And Israel stretched out his right hand and put it on Ephraim's head, he being the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh's head, acting discerningly with his hands, for Manasseh was the firstborn.
Gen 48:15 ‫וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הָֽאֱלֹהִ֡ים אֲשֶׁר֩ הִתְהַלְּכ֨וּ אֲבֹתַ֤י לְפָנָיו֙ אַבְרָהָ֣ם וְיִצְחָ֔ק הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ הָרֹעֶ֣ה אֹתִ֔י מֵעוֹדִ֖י עַד־הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה׃‬ And he blessed Joseph and said,

“God, before whom my fathers walked,

Abraham and Isaac,

The God who has been a shepherd to me

From since ever I was

Up to this day

Gen 48:16 ‫הַמַּלְאָךְ֩ הַגֹּאֵ֨ל אֹתִ֜י מִכָּל־רָ֗ע יְבָרֵךְ֮ אֶת־הַנְּעָרִים֒ וְיִקָּרֵ֤א בָהֶם֙ שְׁמִ֔י וְשֵׁ֥ם אֲבֹתַ֖י אַבְרָהָ֣ם וְיִצְחָ֑ק וְיִדְגּ֥וּ לָרֹ֖ב בְּקֶ֥רֶב הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬

– The angel who redeems me from all evil –

May he bless the lads,

And may my name and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac

Be what they are called after,

And may they teem for abundance

In the heart of the land.”

angel: or, messenger. Note how the angel of the Lord speaks with all the authority of the Lord in, e.g. Gen 22:15-16.

be what they are called after ← may ... be called by/in them. Compare Amos 9:12, quoted in James 2:7.

heart ← middle; inside.
Gen 48:17 ‫וַיַּ֣רְא יוֹסֵ֗ף כִּי־יָשִׁ֨ית אָבִ֧יו יַד־יְמִינ֛וֹ עַל־רֹ֥אשׁ אֶפְרַ֖יִם וַיֵּ֣רַע בְּעֵינָ֑יו וַיִּתְמֹ֣ךְ יַד־אָבִ֗יו לְהָסִ֥יר אֹתָ֛הּ מֵעַ֥ל רֹאשׁ־אֶפְרַ֖יִם עַל־רֹ֥אשׁ מְנַשֶּֽׁה׃‬ And Joseph saw that he had put his right hand on Ephraim's head, and it was wrong in his sight, and he took hold of his father's hand to remove it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head.
Gen 48:18 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶל־אָבִ֖יו לֹא־כֵ֣ן אָבִ֑י כִּי־זֶ֣ה הַבְּכֹ֔ר שִׂ֥ים יְמִינְךָ֖ עַל־רֹאשֽׁוֹ׃‬ And Joseph said to his father, “Not like that, my father, for this one is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”
Gen 48:19 ‫וַיְמָאֵ֣ן אָבִ֗יו וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יָדַ֤עְתִּֽי בְנִי֙ יָדַ֔עְתִּי גַּם־ה֥וּא יִֽהְיֶה־לְּעָ֖ם וְגַם־ה֣וּא יִגְדָּ֑ל וְאוּלָ֗ם אָחִ֤יו הַקָּטֹן֙ יִגְדַּ֣ל מִמֶּ֔נּוּ וְזַרְע֖וֹ יִהְיֶ֥ה מְלֹֽא־הַגּוֹיִֽם׃‬ But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a people, and he too will become great, but his younger brother will become greater than him, and his seed will become the fulness of the nations.” than him: or, if the reader prefers, than he.
Gen 48:20 ‫וַיְבָ֨רֲכֵ֜ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הַהוּא֮ לֵאמוֹר֒ בְּךָ֗ יְבָרֵ֤ךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יְשִֽׂמְךָ֣ אֱלֹהִ֔ים כְּאֶפְרַ֖יִם וְכִמְנַשֶּׁ֑ה וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֶת־אֶפְרַ֖יִם לִפְנֵ֥י מְנַשֶּֽׁה׃‬ And he blessed them on that day, and said, “In you Israel will give blessing and say, ‘May God make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh.’ ” And he put Ephraim before Manasseh. you (2x): singular.
Gen 48:21 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף הִנֵּ֥ה אָנֹכִ֖י מֵ֑ת וְהָיָ֤ה אֱלֹהִים֙ עִמָּכֶ֔ם וְהֵשִׁ֣יב אֶתְכֶ֔ם אֶל־אֶ֖רֶץ אֲבֹתֵיכֶֽם׃‬ And Israel said to Joseph, “Look, I am dying, but God will be with you and he will bring you back to the land of your fathers.
Gen 48:22 ‫וַאֲנִ֞י נָתַ֧תִּֽי לְךָ֛ שְׁכֶ֥ם אַחַ֖ד עַל־אַחֶ֑יךָ אֲשֶׁ֤ר לָקַ֙חְתִּי֙ מִיַּ֣ד הָֽאֱמֹרִ֔י בְּחַרְבִּ֖י וּבְקַשְׁתִּֽי׃ פ‬ And I have given you one portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.” portion: the same word as shoulder.

Amorite: see Gen 10:16.
Gen 49:1 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֥א יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶל־בָּנָ֑יו וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֵאָֽסְפוּ֙ וְאַגִּ֣ידָה לָכֶ֔ם אֵ֛ת אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרָ֥א אֶתְכֶ֖ם בְּאַחֲרִ֥ית הַיָּמִֽים׃‬ Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather round and I will tell you what will happen to you in the last days. to you ← with you.
Gen 49:2 ‫הִקָּבְצ֥וּ וְשִׁמְע֖וּ בְּנֵ֣י יַעֲקֹ֑ב וְשִׁמְע֖וּ אֶל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל אֲבִיכֶֽם׃‬

Assemble and listen,

You sons of Jacob,

And listen to Israel your father.

Gen 49:3 ‫רְאוּבֵן֙ בְּכֹ֣רִי אַ֔תָּה כֹּחִ֖י וְרֵאשִׁ֣ית אוֹנִ֑י יֶ֥תֶר שְׂאֵ֖ת וְיֶ֥תֶר עָֽז׃‬

Reuben, you are my firstborn,

My strength and the beginning of my vigour

– A profusion of high-standing and a profusion of power.

Gen 49:4 ‫פַּ֤חַז כַּמַּ֙יִם֙ אַל־תּוֹתַ֔ר כִּ֥י עָלִ֖יתָ מִשְׁכְּבֵ֣י אָבִ֑יךָ אָ֥ז חִלַּ֖לְתָּ יְצוּעִ֥י עָלָֽה׃ פ‬

As unrestrained as water,

Do not overflow,

For you went up to your father's bed,

Then you defiled it.

He went up to my couch.

unrestrained ← unrestrainedness.

bed ← beds.
Gen 49:5 ‫שִׁמְע֥וֹן וְלֵוִ֖י אַחִ֑ים כְּלֵ֥י חָמָ֖ס מְכֵרֹתֵיהֶֽם׃‬

Simeon and Levi are brothers –

Vessels of violence by their swords.

Gen 49:6 ‫בְּסֹדָם֙ אַל־תָּבֹ֣א נַפְשִׁ֔י בִּקְהָלָ֖ם אַל־תֵּחַ֣ד כְּבֹדִ֑י כִּ֤י בְאַפָּם֙ הָ֣רְגוּ אִ֔ישׁ וּבִרְצֹנָ֖ם עִקְּרוּ־שֽׁוֹר׃‬

Let my being not enter into their counsel.

Let my honour not be united with their convocation,

For in their anger they killed a man,

And for their pleasure they hamstrung an ox.

being ← soul.

hamstrung an ox: AV differs, (digged down a wall), reading שׁוּר, shur, a wall.
Gen 49:7 ‫אָר֤וּר אַפָּם֙ כִּ֣י עָ֔ז וְעֶבְרָתָ֖ם כִּ֣י קָשָׁ֑תָה אֲחַלְּקֵ֣ם בְּיַעֲקֹ֔ב וַאֲפִיצֵ֖ם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ ס‬

Cursed be their anger,

For it was fierce,

And their wrath,

For it was harsh.

I will divide them in Jacob

And scatter them in Israel.

Gen 49:8 ‫יְהוּדָ֗ה אַתָּה֙ יוֹד֣וּךָ אַחֶ֔יךָ יָדְךָ֖ בְּעֹ֣רֶף אֹיְבֶ֑יךָ יִשְׁתַּחֲוּ֥וּ לְךָ֖ בְּנֵ֥י אָבִֽיךָ׃‬

Judah, as for you,

Your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on your enemies' neck,

And the sons of your father will bow down to you.

Gen 49:9 ‫גּ֤וּר אַרְיֵה֙ יְהוּדָ֔ה מִטֶּ֖רֶף בְּנִ֣י עָלִ֑יתָ כָּרַ֨ע רָבַ֧ץ כְּאַרְיֵ֛ה וּכְלָבִ֖יא מִ֥י יְקִימֶֽנּוּ׃‬

Judah is a lion's cub.

From the prey, my son, you went up.

He crouched, he lay like a lion,

And like a great lion

– Who dares to arouse him?

Rev 5:5.

he crouched (etc.): compare Num 24:9.

dares to ← will, but the form admits other modal meanings.
Gen 49:10 ‫לֹֽא־יָס֥וּר שֵׁ֙בֶט֙ מִֽיהוּדָ֔ה וּמְחֹקֵ֖ק מִבֵּ֣ין רַגְלָ֑יו עַ֚ד כִּֽי־יָבֹ֣א *שילה **שִׁיל֔וֹ וְל֖וֹ יִקְּהַ֥ת עַמִּֽים׃‬

The sceptre will not depart from Judah,

Nor the statute maker from between his legs,

Until Shiloh comes,

And obedience of the nations

Will be to him.

Shiloh (qeré): the ketiv is Shilah, but a may represent an o sound; compare Gen 13:3.

sceptre: or, staff. Here it is a symbol of authority.

obedience: from the root y-k-h. AV differs, (gathering), taking the root as q-h-t.

The verse was a prophecy that ↴
Gen 49:11 ‫אֹסְרִ֤י לַגֶּ֙פֶן֙ *עירה **עִיר֔וֹ וְלַשֹּׂרֵקָ֖ה בְּנִ֣י אֲתֹנ֑וֹ כִּבֵּ֤ס בַּיַּ֙יִן֙ לְבֻשׁ֔וֹ וּבְדַם־עֲנָבִ֖ים *סותה **סוּתֽוֹ׃‬

Binding his ass-colt to the vine,

And his young of a she-ass to the choice vine,

He washed his clothes in wine

And his garment in the juice of grapes.

↳ Shiloh (the Messiah, Christ) – to whom nations will ultimately be obedient – would come from the tribe of Judah while that tribe has a visible authoritative presence.

his ass-colt ... his garment: see Gen 13:3.

young ← son.

juice ← blood.
Gen 49:12 ‫חַכְלִילִ֥י עֵינַ֖יִם מִיָּ֑יִן וּלְבֶן־שִׁנַּ֖יִם מֵחָלָֽב׃ פ‬

The red of his eyes will be from wine,

And the white of his teeth will be from milk.

Gen 49:13 ‫זְבוּלֻ֕ן לְח֥וֹף יַמִּ֖ים יִשְׁכֹּ֑ן וְהוּא֙ לְח֣וֹף אֳנִיּ֔וֹת וְיַרְכָת֖וֹ עַל־צִידֹֽן׃ ס‬

Zebulun will dwell at the coast of the sea,

And he will be a coast-line for ships.

And his border will be up to Sidon.

Sidon: see Gen 10:15.
Gen 49:14 ‫יִשָּׂשכָ֖ר חֲמֹ֣ר גָּ֑רֶם רֹבֵ֖ץ בֵּ֥ין הַֽמִּשְׁפְּתָֽיִם׃‬

Issachar is a well-built ass,

Lying between two folds.

well-built ← of bone / strength.

lying between two folds: compare the English idiom sitting on the fence.
Gen 49:15 ‫וַיַּ֤רְא מְנֻחָה֙ כִּ֣י ט֔וֹב וְאֶת־הָאָ֖רֶץ כִּ֣י נָעֵ֑מָה וַיֵּ֤ט שִׁכְמוֹ֙ לִסְבֹּ֔ל וַיְהִ֖י לְמַס־עֹבֵֽד׃ ס‬

And he saw that the resting place was good,

And that the land was pleasant.

So he set his shoulder to bear the burden,

And became a tribute-paying servant.

set ← stretched.
Gen 49:16 ‫דָּ֖ן יָדִ֣ין עַמּ֑וֹ כְּאַחַ֖ד שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬

Dan will judge his people,

As one of the tribes of Israel.

Gen 49:17 ‫יְהִי־דָן֙ נָחָ֣שׁ עֲלֵי־דֶ֔רֶךְ שְׁפִיפֹ֖ן עֲלֵי־אֹ֑רַח הַנֹּשֵׁךְ֙ עִקְּבֵי־ס֔וּס וַיִּפֹּ֥ל רֹכְב֖וֹ אָחֽוֹר׃‬

Dan will become a serpent on the way

– An adder on the road –

That bites the heels of a horse,

So the rider falls off backwards.

Gen 49:18 ‫לִֽישׁוּעָתְךָ֖ קִוִּ֥יתִי יְהוָֽה׃‬

O Lord,

I have put my hope in your salvation.

Gen 49:19 ‫גָּ֖ד גְּד֣וּד יְגוּדֶ֑נּוּ וְה֖וּא יָגֻ֥ד עָקֵֽב׃ ס‬

As for Gad,

A troop will press on him,

But he will press on the heel.

Gen 49:20 ‫מֵאָשֵׁ֖ר שְׁמֵנָ֣ה לַחְמ֑וֹ וְה֥וּא יִתֵּ֖ן מַֽעֲדַנֵּי־מֶֽלֶךְ׃ ס‬

From Asher comes his rich bread,

And he will supply royal delicacies.

rich ← fat.

supply ← give.
Gen 49:21 ‫נַפְתָּלִ֖י אַיָּלָ֣ה שְׁלֻחָ֑ה הַנֹּתֵ֖ן אִמְרֵי־שָֽׁפֶר׃ ס‬

Naphtali is a hind let loose,

Who bears words of beauty.

Gen 49:22 ‫בֵּ֤ן פֹּרָת֙ יוֹסֵ֔ף בֵּ֥ן פֹּרָ֖ת עֲלֵי־עָ֑יִן בָּנ֕וֹת צָעֲדָ֖ה עֲלֵי־שֽׁוּר׃‬

Joseph is a fruitful bough,

A fruitful bough at a water-source,

With branches where each shoots over a wall.

bough (2x)son. Also applied to a plant in Ps 80:16 (Ps 80:15AV).
Gen 49:23 ‫וַֽיְמָרֲרֻ֖הוּ וָרֹ֑בּוּ וַֽיִּשְׂטְמֻ֖הוּ בַּעֲלֵ֥י חִצִּֽים׃‬

The archers provoked him

And shot at him

And hated him.

hated: or, laid snares for.
Gen 49:24 ‫וַתֵּ֤שֶׁב בְּאֵיתָן֙ קַשְׁתּ֔וֹ וַיָּפֹ֖זּוּ זְרֹעֵ֣י יָדָ֑יו מִידֵי֙ אֲבִ֣יר יַעֲקֹ֔ב מִשָּׁ֥ם רֹעֶ֖ה אֶ֥בֶן יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬

But his bow remained in place firmly,

And the strength of his hands was with agility,

From the hands of the mighty one of Jacob,

From where the shepherd comes

– The stone of Israel.

strength ← arms; strengths.
Gen 49:25 ‫מֵאֵ֨ל אָבִ֜יךָ וְיַעְזְרֶ֗ךָּ וְאֵ֤ת שַׁדַּי֙ וִיבָ֣רְכֶ֔ךָּ בִּרְכֹ֤ת שָׁמַ֙יִם֙ מֵעָ֔ל בִּרְכֹ֥ת תְּה֖וֹם רֹבֶ֣צֶת תָּ֑חַת בִּרְכֹ֥ת שָׁדַ֖יִם וָרָֽחַם׃‬

It is from the God of your father

Who will help you,

And with the Almighty

Who will bless you with heavenly blessings above,

Blessings from the deep which lies below

– Blessings of the breasts and womb.

Gen 49:26 ‫בִּרְכֹ֣ת אָבִ֗יךָ גָּֽבְרוּ֙ עַל־בִּרְכֹ֣ת הוֹרַ֔י עַֽד־תַּאֲוַ֖ת גִּבְעֹ֣ת עוֹלָ֑ם תִּֽהְיֶ֙ין֙ לְרֹ֣אשׁ יוֹסֵ֔ף וּלְקָדְקֹ֖ד נְזִ֥יר אֶחָֽיו׃ פ‬

The blessings of your father

Have been mightier than the blessings of my parents,

Extending to the limits of the age-old hills.

They will be for Joseph's head

And for the crown of the head of the Nazarite

Among his brothers.

limits ← limit; also the word for desire.

age-old: or, age-abiding.

they will be for Joseph's head (etc.): compare Deut 33:16.

Nazarite: one set apart.

among ← of.
Gen 49:27 ‫בִּנְיָמִין֙ זְאֵ֣ב יִטְרָ֔ף בַּבֹּ֖קֶר יֹ֣אכַל עַ֑ד וְלָעֶ֖רֶב יְחַלֵּ֥ק שָׁלָֽל׃‬

Benjamin is a wolf

Which will tear quarry apart.

In the morning he will eat prey

And in the evening he will divide spoil.”

Gen 49:28 ‫כָּל־אֵ֛לֶּה שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שְׁנֵ֣ים עָשָׂ֑ר וְ֠זֹאת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֨ר לָהֶ֤ם אֲבִיהֶם֙ וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אוֹתָ֔ם אִ֛ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר כְּבִרְכָת֖וֹ בֵּרַ֥ךְ אֹתָֽם׃‬ All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them. And he blessed them. He blessed them individually, each according to his blessing.
Gen 49:29 ‫וַיְצַ֣ו אוֹתָ֗ם וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ אֲנִי֙ נֶאֱסָ֣ף אֶל־עַמִּ֔י קִבְר֥וּ אֹתִ֖י אֶל־אֲבֹתָ֑י אֶל־הַ֨מְּעָרָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּשְׂדֵ֖ה עֶפְר֥וֹן הַֽחִתִּֽי׃‬ And he instructed them, and said to them, “I am being gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave which is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, with ... in ← to ... to. Pregnant usage of the preposition.
Gen 49:30 ‫בַּמְּעָרָ֞ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר בִּשְׂדֵ֧ה הַמַּכְפֵּלָ֛ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־פְּנֵי־מַמְרֵ֖א בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן אֲשֶׁר֩ קָנָ֨ה אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת־הַשָּׂדֶ֗ה מֵאֵ֛ת עֶפְרֹ֥ן הַחִתִּ֖י לַאֲחֻזַּת־קָֽבֶר׃‬ in the cave which is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, the field which Abraham bought from Ephron the Hittite as an acquisition for a burial ground.
Gen 49:31 ‫שָׁ֣מָּה קָֽבְר֞וּ אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֗ם וְאֵת֙ שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ שָׁ֚מָּה קָבְר֣וּ אֶת־יִצְחָ֔ק וְאֵ֖ת רִבְקָ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וְשָׁ֥מָּה קָבַ֖רְתִּי אֶת־לֵאָֽה׃‬ That is where they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. That is where they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife. And that is where I buried Leah.
Gen 49:32 ‫מִקְנֵ֧ה הַשָּׂדֶ֛ה וְהַמְּעָרָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־בּ֖וֹ מֵאֵ֥ת בְּנֵי־חֵֽת׃‬ It is the field, and the cave which is in it, which were acquired from the sons of Heth.”
Gen 49:33 ‫וַיְכַ֤ל יַעֲקֹב֙ לְצַוֺּ֣ת אֶת־בָּנָ֔יו וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ף רַגְלָ֖יו אֶל־הַמִּטָּ֑ה וַיִּגְוַ֖ע וַיֵּאָ֥סֶף אֶל־עַמָּֽיו׃‬ Then Jacob finished instructing his sons, and he drew back his feet into the bed, and expired and was gathered to his people. people ← peoples.
Gen 50:1 ‫וַיִּפֹּ֥ל יוֹסֵ֖ף עַל־פְּנֵ֣י אָבִ֑יו וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ עָלָ֖יו וַיִּשַּׁק־לֽוֹ׃‬ And Joseph fell on his father's face and wept for him and kissed him.
Gen 50:2 ‫וַיְצַ֨ו יוֹסֵ֤ף אֶת־עֲבָדָיו֙ אֶת־הָרֹ֣פְאִ֔ים לַחֲנֹ֖ט אֶת־אָבִ֑יו וַיַּחַנְט֥וּ הָרֹפְאִ֖ים אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ Then Joseph instructed his servants the doctors to embalm his father. So the doctors embalmed Israel.
Gen 50:3 ‫וַיִּמְלְאוּ־לוֹ֙ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם כִּ֛י כֵּ֥ן יִמְלְא֖וּ יְמֵ֣י הַחֲנֻטִ֑ים וַיִּבְכּ֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ מִצְרַ֖יִם שִׁבְעִ֥ים יֽוֹם׃‬ And his forty days were fulfilled, for so the days of embalming are fulfilled, and the Egyptians wept for him for seventy days. the Egyptians ← Egypt, but see Gen 45:2.
Gen 50:4 ‫וַיַּֽעַבְרוּ֙ יְמֵ֣י בְכִית֔וֹ וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר יוֹסֵ֔ף אֶל־בֵּ֥ית פַּרְעֹ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם דַּבְּרוּ־נָ֕א בְּאָזְנֵ֥י פַרְעֹ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ Then when the days of his being wept for had passed, Joseph spoke to the house of Pharaoh and said, “If I have now found grace in your eyes, please have a word in Pharaoh's ear and say, your: plural.

have a word ← speak.
Gen 50:5 ‫אָבִ֞י הִשְׁבִּיעַ֣נִי לֵאמֹ֗ר הִנֵּ֣ה אָנֹכִי֮ מֵת֒ בְּקִבְרִ֗י אֲשֶׁ֨ר כָּרִ֤יתִי לִי֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן שָׁ֖מָּה תִּקְבְּרֵ֑נִי וְעַתָּ֗ה אֶֽעֱלֶה־נָּ֛א וְאֶקְבְּרָ֥ה אֶת־אָבִ֖י וְאָשֽׁוּבָה׃‬ ‘My father adjured me and said, «Look, I am dying. Bury me over there in the tomb which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan.» So now let me go up and bury my father, and I will come back.’ ”
Gen 50:6 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֑ה עֲלֵ֛ה וּקְבֹ֥ר אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִשְׁבִּיעֶֽךָ׃‬ Then Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he adjured you.”
Gen 50:7 ‫וַיַּ֥עַל יוֹסֵ֖ף לִקְבֹּ֣ר אֶת־אָבִ֑יו וַיַּֽעֲל֨וּ אִתּ֜וֹ כָּל־עַבְדֵ֤י פַרְעֹה֙ זִקְנֵ֣י בֵית֔וֹ וְכֹ֖ל זִקְנֵ֥י אֶֽרֶץ־מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ So Joseph went up to bury his father, and all Pharaoh's servants went up with him – the elders of his household – and all the elders of the land of Egypt,
Gen 50:8 ‫וְכֹל֙ בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵ֔ף וְאֶחָ֖יו וּבֵ֣ית אָבִ֑יו רַ֗ק טַפָּם֙ וְצֹאנָ֣ם וּבְקָרָ֔ם עָזְב֖וּ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ גֹּֽשֶׁן׃‬ as did all the household of Joseph, and his brothers, and the household of his father. They only left their little ones and their small cattle and their bovine cattle behind in the land of Goshen.
Gen 50:9 ‫וַיַּ֣עַל עִמּ֔וֹ גַּם־רֶ֖כֶב גַּם־פָּרָשִׁ֑ים וַיְהִ֥י הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה כָּבֵ֥ד מְאֹֽד׃‬ And both chariots and horsemen went up with him, and the company was very large. large ← heavy.
Gen 50:10 ‫וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ עַד־גֹּ֣רֶן הָאָטָ֗ד אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּעֵ֣בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן וַיִּ֨סְפְּדוּ־שָׁ֔ם מִסְפֵּ֛ד גָּד֥וֹל וְכָבֵ֖ד מְאֹ֑ד וַיַּ֧עַשׂ לְאָבִ֛יו אֵ֖בֶל שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים׃‬ And they came to the threshing floor in Atad, which is across the Jordan, and mourned there with a great and very grave mourning, and he held lamentation for his father for seven days. Atad ← the Atad.

held ← made.
Gen 50:11 ‫וַיַּ֡רְא יוֹשֵׁב֩ הָאָ֨רֶץ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֜י אֶת־הָאֵ֗בֶל בְּגֹ֙רֶן֙ הָֽאָטָ֔ד וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ אֵֽבֶל־כָּבֵ֥ד זֶ֖ה לְמִצְרָ֑יִם עַל־כֵּ֞ן קָרָ֤א שְׁמָהּ֙ אָבֵ֣ל מִצְרַ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּעֵ֥בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּֽן׃‬ And the inhabitants of the land – the Canaanites – saw the lamentation at the threshing floor of Atad, and they said, “This is a great lamentation for Egypt.” That is why he called it Abel-mizraim, which is across the Jordan. Atad ← the Atad.

Abel-mizraim ← mourning of Egypt.
Gen 50:12 ‫וַיַּעֲשׂ֥וּ בָנָ֖יו ל֑וֹ כֵּ֖ן כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּֽם׃‬ So his sons did for him as he had instructed them.
Gen 50:13 ‫וַיִּשְׂא֨וּ אֹת֤וֹ בָנָיו֙ אַ֣רְצָה כְּנַ֔עַן וַיִּקְבְּר֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ בִּמְעָרַ֖ת שְׂדֵ֣ה הַמַּכְפֵּלָ֑ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר קָנָה֩ אַבְרָהָ֨ם אֶת־הַשָּׂדֶ֜ה לַאֲחֻזַּת־קֶ֗בֶר מֵאֵ֛ת עֶפְרֹ֥ן הַחִתִּ֖י עַל־פְּנֵ֥י מַמְרֵֽא׃‬ And his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, a field which Abraham had bought as an acquisition for a burial place, from Ephron the Hittite, opposite Mamre.
Gen 50:14 ‫וַיָּ֨שָׁב יוֹסֵ֤ף מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ ה֣וּא וְאֶחָ֔יו וְכָל־הָעֹלִ֥ים אִתּ֖וֹ לִקְבֹּ֣ר אֶת־אָבִ֑יו אַחֲרֵ֖י קָבְר֥וֹ אֶת־אָבִֽיו׃‬ Then Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers, and all those who had gone up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
Gen 50:15 ‫וַיִּרְא֤וּ אֲחֵֽי־יוֹסֵף֙ כִּי־מֵ֣ת אֲבִיהֶ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ ל֥וּ יִשְׂטְמֵ֖נוּ יוֹסֵ֑ף וְהָשֵׁ֤ב יָשִׁיב֙ לָ֔נוּ אֵ֚ת כָּל־הָ֣רָעָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר גָּמַ֖לְנוּ אֹתֽוֹ׃‬ Then when Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph hates us, and fully requites us with all the evil which we did to him?” fully requites: infinitive absolute.

did: a literary word, perhaps equating to render, often denoting reciprocity, retribute.
Gen 50:16 ‫וַיְצַוּ֕וּ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף לֵאמֹ֑ר אָבִ֣יךָ צִוָּ֔ה לִפְנֵ֥י מוֹת֖וֹ לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ And they sent messengers to Joseph with a commission to say, “Your father gave a command before his death and said, sent ... with a commission ← commanded to / towards.
Gen 50:17 ‫כֹּֽה־תֹאמְר֣וּ לְיוֹסֵ֗ף אָ֣נָּ֡א שָׂ֣א נָ֠א פֶּ֣שַׁע אַחֶ֤יךָ וְחַטָּאתָם֙ כִּי־רָעָ֣ה גְמָל֔וּךָ וְעַתָּה֙ שָׂ֣א נָ֔א לְפֶ֥שַׁע עַבְדֵ֖י אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִ֑יךָ וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ יוֹסֵ֖ף בְּדַבְּרָ֥ם אֵלָֽיו׃‬ ‘Say this to Joseph, «Please forgive now the transgression of your brothers and their sin, for they did you wrong.» ’ So now, do forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him. did: see Gen 50:15.
Gen 50:18 ‫וַיֵּלְכוּ֙ גַּם־אֶחָ֔יו וַֽיִּפְּל֖וּ לְפָנָ֑יו וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ הִנֶּ֥נּֽוּ לְךָ֖ לַעֲבָדִֽים׃‬ And his brothers also went and fell down before him and said, “Here we are as your servants.” here we arebehold us.
Gen 50:19 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֛ם יוֹסֵ֖ף אַל־תִּירָ֑אוּ כִּ֛י הֲתַ֥חַת אֱלֹהִ֖ים אָֽנִי׃‬ Then Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God?
Gen 50:20 ‫וְאַתֶּ֕ם חֲשַׁבְתֶּ֥ם עָלַ֖י רָעָ֑ה אֱלֹהִים֙ חֲשָׁבָ֣הּ לְטֹבָ֔ה לְמַ֗עַן עֲשֹׂ֛ה כַּיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה לְהַחֲיֹ֥ת עַם־רָֽב׃‬ While you were devising evil against me, God devised that it should be for good, so as to make it a means of preserving a great people alive this day.
Gen 50:21 ‫וְעַתָּה֙ אַל־תִּירָ֔אוּ אָנֹכִ֛י אֲכַלְכֵּ֥ל אֶתְכֶ֖ם וְאֶֽת־טַפְּכֶ֑ם וַיְנַחֵ֣ם אוֹתָ֔ם וַיְדַבֵּ֖ר עַל־לִבָּֽם׃‬ So now, do not be afraid. I will sustain you and your little ones.” Then he comforted them and spoke kindly to them. spoke kindly to them ← spoke to their heart. Compare Isa 40:2.
Gen 50:22 ‫וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב יוֹסֵף֙ בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם ה֖וּא וּבֵ֣ית אָבִ֑יו וַיְחִ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף מֵאָ֥ה וָעֶ֖שֶׂר שָׁנִֽים׃‬ Then Joseph dwelt in Egypt – he and his father's household – and Joseph lived for one hundred and ten years.
Gen 50:23 ‫וַיַּ֤רְא יוֹסֵף֙ לְאֶפְרַ֔יִם בְּנֵ֖י שִׁלֵּשִׁ֑ים גַּ֗ם בְּנֵ֤י מָכִיר֙ בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה יֻלְּד֖וּ עַל־בִּרְכֵּ֥י יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ And Joseph saw the sons of the third generation of Ephraim. Also, the sons of Machir, Manasseh's son, were born at Joseph's knees.
Gen 50:24 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יוֹסֵף֙ אֶל־אֶחָ֔יו אָנֹכִ֖י מֵ֑ת וֵֽאלֹהִ֞ים פָּקֹ֧ד יִפְקֹ֣ד אֶתְכֶ֗ם וְהֶעֱלָ֤ה אֶתְכֶם֙ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֔את אֶל־הָאָ֕רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִשְׁבַּ֛ע לְאַבְרָהָ֥ם לְיִצְחָ֖ק וּֽלְיַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am dying, but God will assuredly visit you and bring you up from this land to the land which he swore about to Abraham and to Isaac and to Jacob.” will assuredly visit: infinitive absolute.
Gen 50:25 ‫וַיַּשְׁבַּ֣ע יוֹסֵ֔ף אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לֵאמֹ֑ר פָּקֹ֨ד יִפְקֹ֤ד אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶתְכֶ֔ם וְהַעֲלִתֶ֥ם אֶת־עַצְמֹתַ֖י מִזֶּֽה׃‬ And Joseph charged the sons of Israel solemnly and said, “God will assuredly visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.” will assuredly visit: infinitive absolute.
Gen 50:26 ‫וַיָּ֣מָת יוֹסֵ֔ף בֶּן־מֵאָ֥ה וָעֶ֖שֶׂר שָׁנִ֑ים וַיַּחַנְט֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ וַיִּ֥ישֶׂם בָּאָר֖וֹן בְּמִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Then Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
Ex 1:1 ‫וְאֵ֗לֶּה שְׁמוֹת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הַבָּאִ֖ים מִצְרָ֑יְמָה אֵ֣ת יַעֲקֹ֔ב אִ֥ישׁ וּבֵית֖וֹ בָּֽאוּ׃‬ Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt. Each man and his household came with Jacob:
Ex 1:2 ‫רְאוּבֵ֣ן שִׁמְע֔וֹן לֵוִ֖י וִיהוּדָֽה׃‬ Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah,
Ex 1:3 ‫יִשָּׂשכָ֥ר זְבוּלֻ֖ן וּבְנְיָמִֽן׃‬ Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin,
Ex 1:4 ‫דָּ֥ן וְנַפְתָּלִ֖י גָּ֥ד וְאָשֵֽׁר׃‬ Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.
Ex 1:5 ‫וַֽיְהִ֗י כָּל־נֶ֛פֶשׁ יֹצְאֵ֥י יֶֽרֶךְ־יַעֲקֹ֖ב שִׁבְעִ֣ים נָ֑פֶשׁ וְיוֹסֵ֖ף הָיָ֥ה בְמִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And the number of all the people who came out of Jacob's thighs was seventy people, while Joseph was in Egypt. all the people ... people ← every soul ... soul.

thighs ← thigh.
Ex 1:6 ‫וַיָּ֤מָת יוֹסֵף֙ וְכָל־אֶחָ֔יו וְכֹ֖ל הַדּ֥וֹר הַהֽוּא׃‬ And Joseph died, as did all his brothers and all that generation,
Ex 1:7 ‫וּבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל פָּר֧וּ וַֽיִּשְׁרְצ֛וּ וַיִּרְבּ֥וּ וַיַּֽעַצְמ֖וּ בִּמְאֹ֣ד מְאֹ֑ד וַתִּמָּלֵ֥א הָאָ֖רֶץ אֹתָֽם׃ פ‬ but the sons of Israel were fruitful and they abounded and increased and became strong in number to a very great extent, and the land was filled with them. to a very great extentto very (much) very (much).
Ex 1:8 ‫וַיָּ֥קָם מֶֽלֶךְ־חָדָ֖שׁ עַל־מִצְרָ֑יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־יָדַ֖ע אֶת־יוֹסֵֽף׃‬ And a new king arose over Egypt who had not known Joseph,
Ex 1:9 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֶל־עַמּ֑וֹ הִנֵּ֗ה עַ֚ם בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל רַ֥ב וְעָצ֖וּם מִמֶּֽנּוּ׃‬ and he said to his people, “Look, the people of the sons of Israel is more numerous and stronger than we are.
Ex 1:10 ‫הָ֥בָה נִֽתְחַכְּמָ֖ה ל֑וֹ פֶּן־יִרְבֶּ֗ה וְהָיָ֞ה כִּֽי־תִקְרֶ֤אנָה מִלְחָמָה֙ וְנוֹסַ֤ף גַּם־הוּא֙ עַל־שֹׂ֣נְאֵ֔ינוּ וְנִלְחַם־בָּ֖נוּ וְעָלָ֥ה מִן־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‬ Come on, let us act wisely with them so that they don't increase, for it might be that a war befalls us, and they might for their part be a reinforcement to those that hate us, and fight us, and go up from the land.” them ← it, referring to the people, as a whole.

for their part ← he also.

reinforcement ← supplement.

go up: i.e. go to war. Compare Judg 20:18, 2 Sam 23:9, Isa 21:2.
Ex 1:11 ‫וַיָּשִׂ֤ימוּ עָלָיו֙ שָׂרֵ֣י מִסִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיִּ֜בֶן עָרֵ֤י מִסְכְּנוֹת֙ לְפַרְעֹ֔ה אֶת־פִּתֹ֖ם וְאֶת־רַעַמְסֵֽס׃‬ And they appointed tribute-masters over them, in order to afflict them with their burdens, and they built cities of storehouses for Pharaoh, Pithom and Raamses. them ... them ... they ← it ... it, referring to the people, as a whole.

their burdens: i.e. the burdens which the Egyptians imposed.
Ex 1:12 ‫וְכַאֲשֶׁר֙ יְעַנּ֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ כֵּ֥ן יִרְבֶּ֖ה וְכֵ֣ן יִפְרֹ֑ץ וַיָּקֻ֕צוּ מִפְּנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ But the more they afflicted them, the more they increased and the more they expanded, and they felt revulsion at the sons of Israel. the more ... the more ... the more ← as ... so ... and so.
Ex 1:13 ‫וַיַּעֲבִ֧דוּ מִצְרַ֛יִם אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּפָֽרֶךְ׃‬ Then the Egyptians made the sons of Israel serve with rigour, the Egyptians ← Egypt, but see Gen 45:2.

rigour: or, oppression.
Ex 1:14 ‫וַיְמָרְר֨וּ אֶת־חַיֵּיהֶ֜ם בַּעֲבֹדָ֣ה קָשָׁ֗ה בְּחֹ֙מֶר֙ וּבִלְבֵנִ֔ים וּבְכָל־עֲבֹדָ֖ה בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה אֵ֚ת כָּל־עֲבֹ֣דָתָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־עָבְד֥וּ בָהֶ֖ם בְּפָֽרֶךְ׃‬ and they made their lives bitter with hard work, work with mortar and bricks and all kinds of outdoor work. All their work which they imposed on them was with rigour. outdoor work ← work of the field / countryside.

imposed ← worked; put to work.
Ex 1:15 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם לַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֖ת הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת אֲשֶׁ֨ר שֵׁ֤ם הָֽאַחַת֙ שִׁפְרָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית פּוּעָֽה׃‬ Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, the name of one of whom was Shiphrah, and the name of the other was Puah, the other ← the second.
Ex 1:16 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר בְּיַלֶּדְכֶן֙ אֶת־הָֽעִבְרִיּ֔וֹת וּרְאִיתֶ֖ן עַל־הָאָבְנָ֑יִם אִם־בֵּ֥ן הוּא֙ וַהֲמִתֶּ֣ן אֹת֔וֹ וְאִם־בַּ֥ת הִ֖יא וָחָֽיָה׃‬ and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, you will see the sex by the presence or absence of the testicles. If it is a son, you will kill him, but if it is a daughter, she will live.” testicles ← stones. AV differs, (stools). The consonants of the word are as for stones, and the vocalization is dual, but the vocalized word is from אֹבֶן, oben, not אֶבֶן, eben, which [BDB] give as probably referring to the midwife's stool. In Lev 21:20 אֶשֶׁךְ, eshek, is used for testicle, where AV= stones.
Ex 1:17 ‫וַתִּירֶ֤אןָ הַֽמְיַלְּדֹת֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְלֹ֣א עָשׂ֔וּ כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר אֲלֵיהֶ֖ן מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרָ֑יִם וַתְּחַיֶּ֖יןָ אֶת־הַיְלָדִֽים׃‬ But the midwives feared God, and did not do what the king of Egypt said to them, and they let the children live.
Ex 1:18 ‫וַיִּקְרָ֤א מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ לַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֔ת וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֔ן מַדּ֥וּעַ עֲשִׂיתֶ֖ן הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה וַתְּחַיֶּ֖יןָ אֶת־הַיְלָדִֽים׃‬ Then the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing and let the children live?”
Ex 1:19 ‫וַתֹּאמַ֤רְןָ הַֽמְיַלְּדֹת֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה כִּ֣י לֹ֧א כַנָּשִׁ֛ים הַמִּצְרִיֹּ֖ת הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת כִּֽי־חָי֣וֹת הֵ֔נָּה בְּטֶ֨רֶם תָּב֧וֹא אֲלֵהֶ֛ן הַמְיַלֶּ֖דֶת וְיָלָֽדוּ׃‬ And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “It is because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are lively, and before the midwife comes to them, they have given birth.”
Ex 1:20 ‫וַיֵּ֥יטֶב אֱלֹהִ֖ים לַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֑ת וַיִּ֧רֶב הָעָ֛ם וַיַּֽעַצְמ֖וּ מְאֹֽד׃‬ And God treated the midwives well, and the people increased and became very strong.
Ex 1:21 ‫וַיְהִ֕י כִּֽי־יָֽרְא֥וּ הַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֖ת אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיַּ֥עַשׂ לָהֶ֖ם בָּתִּֽים׃‬ Then it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he built up the people into family house lines. he built up the people into family house lineshe made for them houses.
Ex 1:22 ‫וַיְצַ֣ו פַּרְעֹ֔ה לְכָל־עַמּ֖וֹ לֵאמֹ֑ר כָּל־הַבֵּ֣ן הַיִּלּ֗וֹד הַיְאֹ֙רָה֙ תַּשְׁלִיכֻ֔הוּ וְכָל־הַבַּ֖ת תְּחַיּֽוּן׃ ס‬ Then Pharaoh commanded all his people and said, “As for every son born, cast him into the river, but let every daughter live.”
Ex 2:1 ‫וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ אִ֖ישׁ מִבֵּ֣ית לֵוִ֑י וַיִּקַּ֖ח אֶת־בַּת־לֵוִֽי׃‬ Now a man from the house of Levi went out and took Levi's daughter as a wife,
Ex 2:2 ‫וַתַּ֥הַר הָאִשָּׁ֖ה וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתֵּ֤רֶא אֹתוֹ֙ כִּי־ט֣וֹב ה֔וּא וַֽתִּצְפְּנֵ֖הוּ שְׁלֹשָׁ֥ה יְרָחִֽים׃‬ and the woman conceived and bore a son, and saw that he was fair, and hid him for three months. saw that he was fair ← saw him that he (was) fair.
Ex 2:3 ‫וְלֹא־יָכְלָ֣ה עוֹד֮ הַצְּפִינוֹ֒ וַתִּֽקַּֽח־לוֹ֙ תֵּ֣בַת גֹּ֔מֶא וַתַּחְמְרָ֥ה בַחֵמָ֖ר וּבַזָּ֑פֶת וַתָּ֤שֶׂם בָּהּ֙ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד וַתָּ֥שֶׂם בַּסּ֖וּף עַל־שְׂפַ֥ת הַיְאֹֽר׃‬ But when she could no longer keep him hidden, she took a reed ark for him and impregnated it with bitumen and pitch, and put the child in it, and put it in the bulrushes by the bank of the river, impregnated it: we, with [AnLx], take final he of the word as paragogic, not as a pronominal suffix (because it lacks a dagesh), which the AV does. So AV differs slightly.
Ex 2:4 ‫וַתֵּתַצַּ֥ב אֲחֹת֖וֹ מֵרָחֹ֑ק לְדֵעָ֕ה מַה־יֵּעָשֶׂ֖ה לֽוֹ׃‬ while his sister stood at a distance to see what would be done to him. see ← know.
Ex 2:5 ‫וַתֵּ֤רֶד בַּת־פַּרְעֹה֙ לִרְחֹ֣ץ עַל־הַיְאֹ֔ר וְנַעֲרֹתֶ֥יהָ הֹלְכֹ֖ת עַל־יַ֣ד הַיְאֹ֑ר וַתֵּ֤רֶא אֶת־הַתֵּבָה֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ הַסּ֔וּף וַתִּשְׁלַ֥ח אֶת־אֲמָתָ֖הּ וַתִּקָּחֶֽהָ ‬ Then Pharaoh's daughter came down to wash in the river, and her maidservants went to the riverside, and she saw the ark in among the bulrushes, and she sent a maidservant of hers to get it.
Ex 2:6 ‫וַתִּפְתַּח֙ וַתִּרְאֵ֣הוּ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד וְהִנֵּה־נַ֖עַר בֹּכֶ֑ה וַתַּחְמֹ֣ל עָלָ֔יו וַתֹּ֕אמֶר מִיַּלְדֵ֥י הָֽעִבְרִ֖ים זֶֽה׃‬ And she opened it, and saw the child, and what she saw was a boy crying, and she had compassion on him, and she said, “This is one of the Hebrews' children.” what she saw wasbehold.
Ex 2:7 ‫וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֲחֹתוֹ֮ אֶל־בַּת־פַּרְעֹה֒ הַאֵלֵ֗ךְ וְקָרָ֤אתִי לָךְ֙ אִשָּׁ֣ה מֵינֶ֔קֶת מִ֖ן הָעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת וְתֵינִ֥ק לָ֖ךְ אֶת־הַיָּֽלֶד׃‬ Then his sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, “Shall I go and call for a nurse for you from the Hebrew women to suckle the child for you?”
Ex 2:8 ‫וַתֹּֽאמֶר־לָ֥הּ בַּת־פַּרְעֹ֖ה לֵ֑כִי וַתֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ הָֽעַלְמָ֔ה וַתִּקְרָ֖א אֶת־אֵ֥ם הַיָּֽלֶד׃‬ And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Yes, go.” So the maiden went and called for the child's mother.
Ex 2:9 ‫וַתֹּ֧אמֶר לָ֣הּ בַּת־פַּרְעֹ֗ה הֵילִ֜יכִי אֶת־הַיֶּ֤לֶד הַזֶּה֙ וְהֵינִקִ֣הוּ לִ֔י וַאֲנִ֖י אֶתֵּ֣ן אֶת־שְׂכָרֵ֑ךְ וַתִּקַּ֧ח הָאִשָּׁ֛ה הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַתְּנִיקֵֽהוּ׃‬ And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Take this child away and suckle him for me, and I will give you your recompense.” So the woman took the child and suckled it.
Ex 2:10 ‫וַיִגְדַּ֣ל הַיֶּ֗לֶד וַתְּבִאֵ֙הוּ֙ לְבַת־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וַֽיְהִי־לָ֖הּ לְבֵ֑ן וַתִּקְרָ֤א שְׁמוֹ֙ מֹשֶׁ֔ה וַתֹּ֕אמֶר כִּ֥י מִן־הַמַּ֖יִם מְשִׁיתִֽהוּ׃‬ And the child grew, and she brought it to Pharaoh's daughter, and it was a son to her, and she called him Moses, and said, “For I drew him out of the water.” Moses ← Mosheh (drawing out), but we retain the AV name.
Ex 2:11 ‫וַיְהִ֣י ׀ בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵ֗ם וַיִּגְדַּ֤ל מֹשֶׁה֙ וַיֵּצֵ֣א אֶל־אֶחָ֔יו וַיַּ֖רְא בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיַּרְא֙ אִ֣ישׁ מִצְרִ֔י מַכֶּ֥ה אִישׁ־עִבְרִ֖י מֵאֶחָֽיו׃‬ And it came to pass in those days that Moses grew up and went out to his brothers, and he saw their burdens, and he saw an Egyptian man striking a Hebrew man – one of his brothers.
Ex 2:12 ‫וַיִּ֤פֶן כֹּה֙ וָכֹ֔ה וַיַּ֖רְא כִּ֣י אֵ֣ין אִ֑ישׁ וַיַּךְ֙ אֶת־הַמִּצְרִ֔י וַֽיִּטְמְנֵ֖הוּ בַּחֽוֹל׃‬ Then he looked to one side and to the other side and when he saw that there was no man there, he struck the Egyptian, and buried him in the sand. to one side and to the other side ← thus and thus.

buried ← hid, but especially in the earth.
Ex 2:13 ‫וַיֵּצֵא֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשֵּׁנִ֔י וְהִנֵּ֛ה שְׁנֵֽי־אֲנָשִׁ֥ים עִבְרִ֖ים נִצִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לָֽרָשָׁ֔ע לָ֥מָּה תַכֶּ֖ה רֵעֶֽךָ׃‬ Then he went out on the second day, and there were two Hebrew men quarrelling, and he said to the one in the wrong, “Why are you striking your colleague?” there werebehold.
Ex 2:14 ‫וַ֠יֹּאמֶר מִ֣י שָֽׂמְךָ֞ לְאִ֨ישׁ שַׂ֤ר וְשֹׁפֵט֙ עָלֵ֔ינוּ הַלְהָרְגֵ֙נִי֙ אַתָּ֣ה אֹמֵ֔ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הָרַ֖גְתָּ אֶת־הַמִּצְרִ֑י וַיִּירָ֤א מֹשֶׁה֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר אָכֵ֖ן נוֹדַ֥ע הַדָּבָֽר׃‬ To which he said, “Who appointed you a commander and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian?” At this Moses was afraid, and he said to himself, “Obviously, the incident has become well-known.” Acts 7:27, Acts 7:28, Acts 7:35.

a commander ← a man commanding.

intend ← say.
Ex 2:15 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע פַּרְעֹה֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה וַיְבַקֵּ֖שׁ לַהֲרֹ֣ג אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיִּבְרַ֤ח מֹשֶׁה֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב בְּאֶֽרֶץ־מִדְיָ֖ן וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב עַֽל־הַבְּאֵֽר׃‬ When Pharaoh heard about this incident, he wanted to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh's presence, and he dwelt in the land of Midian, and dwelt by the well. wanted ← sought, or, demanded.
Ex 2:16 ‫וּלְכֹהֵ֥ן מִדְיָ֖ן שֶׁ֣בַע בָּנ֑וֹת וַתָּבֹ֣אנָה וַתִּדְלֶ֗נָה וַתְּמַלֶּ֙אנָה֙ אֶת־הָ֣רְהָטִ֔ים לְהַשְׁק֖וֹת צֹ֥אן אֲבִיהֶֽן׃‬ Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to give their father's flocks drink.
Ex 2:17 ‫וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ הָרֹעִ֖ים וַיְגָרְשׁ֑וּם וַיָּ֤קָם מֹשֶׁה֙ וַיּ֣וֹשִׁעָ֔ן וַיַּ֖שְׁקְ אֶת־צֹאנָֽם׃‬ Then the shepherds came and drove them away, but Moses arose and saved them, and gave their flocks drink.
Ex 2:18 ‫וַתָּבֹ֕אנָה אֶל־רְעוּאֵ֖ל אֲבִיהֶ֑ן וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מַדּ֛וּעַ מִהַרְתֶּ֥ן בֹּ֖א הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And they went to Reuel their father, and he said, “How come you have come so quickly today?” how comewhy, but the word in Hebrew serves for cause (why?) and reason (how come?).

come so quickly ← hastened to come.
Ex 2:19 ‫וַתֹּאמַ֕רְןָ אִ֣ישׁ מִצְרִ֔י הִצִּילָ֖נוּ מִיַּ֣ד הָרֹעִ֑ים וְגַם־דָּלֹ֤ה דָלָה֙ לָ֔נוּ וַיַּ֖שְׁקְ אֶת־הַצֹּֽאן׃‬ And they said, “An Egyptian man rescued us from the hand of the shepherds, and he also went so far as to draw water for us, and gave our flocks water.” went so far as to draw: infinitive absolute.
Ex 2:20 ‫וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֶל־בְּנֹתָ֖יו וְאַיּ֑וֹ לָ֤מָּה זֶּה֙ עֲזַבְתֶּ֣ן אֶת־הָאִ֔ישׁ קִרְאֶ֥ן ל֖וֹ וְיֹ֥אכַל לָֽחֶם׃‬ Then he said to his daughters, “So where is he? Why did you leave the man? Invite the man to eat bread.” why ← why this, or, why then.

bread: standing for a meal.
Ex 2:21 ‫וַיּ֥וֹאֶל מֹשֶׁ֖ה לָשֶׁ֣בֶת אֶת־הָאִ֑ישׁ וַיִּתֵּ֛ן אֶת־צִפֹּרָ֥ה בִתּ֖וֹ לְמֹשֶֽׁה׃‬ And Moses was willing to dwell with the man, and he gave Zipporah his daughter to Moses as a wife.
Ex 2:22 ‫וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֔ן וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ גֵּרְשֹׁ֑ם כִּ֣י אָמַ֔ר גֵּ֣ר הָיִ֔יתִי בְּאֶ֖רֶץ נָכְרִיָּֽה׃ פ‬ And she bore him a son, and he called him Gershom, for, he said, “I was a foreigner in a foreign land.” Heb 11:13.

Gershom ← a foreigner there.
Ex 2:23 ‫וַיְהִי֩ בַיָּמִ֨ים הָֽרַבִּ֜ים הָהֵ֗ם וַיָּ֙מָת֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיֵּאָנְח֧וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מִן־הָעֲבֹדָ֖ה וַיִּזְעָ֑קוּ וַתַּ֧עַל שַׁוְעָתָ֛ם אֶל־הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים מִן־הָעֲבֹדָֽה׃‬ And it came to pass in that long period that the king of Egypt died, but the sons of Israel sighed with the workload, and cried out, and their outcry went up to God because of the workload. in that long period ← in those many days.
Ex 2:24 ‫וַיִּשְׁמַ֥ע אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־נַאֲקָתָ֑ם וַיִּזְכֹּ֤ר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־בְּרִית֔וֹ אֶת־אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶת־יִצְחָ֥ק וְאֶֽת־יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.
Ex 2:25 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיֵּ֖דַע אֱלֹהִֽים׃ ס‬ And God looked to the interests of the sons of Israel, and God acknowledged the situation.
Ex 3:1 ‫וּמֹשֶׁ֗ה הָיָ֥ה רֹעֶ֛ה אֶת־צֹ֛אן יִתְר֥וֹ חֹתְנ֖וֹ כֹּהֵ֣ן מִדְיָ֑ן וַיִּנְהַ֤ג אֶת־הַצֹּאן֙ אַחַ֣ר הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיָּבֹ֛א אֶל־הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים חֹרֵֽבָה׃‬ Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, when he drove the flock to the hinder part of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, Horeb, Jethro ← Jithro, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.
Ex 3:2 ‫וַ֠יֵּרָא מַלְאַ֨ךְ יְהֹוָ֥ה אֵלָ֛יו בְּלַבַּת־אֵ֖שׁ מִתּ֣וֹךְ הַסְּנֶ֑ה וַיַּ֗רְא וְהִנֵּ֤ה הַסְּנֶה֙ בֹּעֵ֣ר בָּאֵ֔שׁ וְהַסְּנֶ֖ה אֵינֶ֥נּוּ אֻכָּֽל׃‬ and the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a fiery flame from the middle of the bush, and he looked, and what he saw was a bush burning in the fire, but the bush was not being consumed. fiery flame ← a flame of fire, a Hebraic genitive.

what he saw wasbehold.

a bush ← the bush.
Ex 3:3 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֔ה אָסֻֽרָה־נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה אֶת־הַמַּרְאֶ֥ה הַגָּדֹ֖ל הַזֶּ֑ה מַדּ֖וּעַ לֹא־יִבְעַ֥ר הַסְּנֶֽה׃‬ And Moses said, “I will just turn aside and look at this great spectacle, so as to see why the bush isn't burnt up.”
Ex 3:4 ‫וַיַּ֥רְא יְהוָ֖ה כִּ֣י סָ֣ר לִרְא֑וֹת וַיִּקְרָא֩ אֵלָ֨יו אֱלֹהִ֜ים מִתּ֣וֹךְ הַסְּנֶ֗ה וַיֹּ֛אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֥ה מֹשֶׁ֖ה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי׃‬ And the Lord saw that he had turned aside to look, and God called out to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses.” And he said, “Here I am.”
Ex 3:5 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אַל־תִּקְרַ֣ב הֲלֹ֑ם שַׁל־נְעָלֶ֙יךָ֙ מֵעַ֣ל רַגְלֶ֔יךָ כִּ֣י הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁ֤ר אַתָּה֙ עוֹמֵ֣ד עָלָ֔יו אַדְמַת־קֹ֖דֶשׁ הֽוּא׃‬ Then he said, “Do not come near here. Take your shoes off your feet, for the place which you are standing on is holy ground.” Acts 7:33.
Ex 3:6 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אָנֹכִי֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִ֔יךָ אֱלֹהֵ֧י אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִצְחָ֖ק וֵאלֹהֵ֣י יַעֲקֹ֑ב וַיַּסְתֵּ֤ר מֹשֶׁה֙ פָּנָ֔יו כִּ֣י יָרֵ֔א מֵהַבִּ֖יט אֶל־הָאֱלֹהִֽים׃‬ And he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid of looking at God. Matt 22:32, Mark 12:26, Luke 20:37, Acts 7:32.
Ex 3:7 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה רָאֹ֥ה רָאִ֛יתִי אֶת־עֳנִ֥י עַמִּ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְאֶת־צַעֲקָתָ֤ם שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו כִּ֥י יָדַ֖עְתִּי אֶת־מַכְאֹבָֽיו׃‬ And the Lord said, “I have clearly seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and heard their cry on account of their taskmasters, for I know their pains. Acts 7:34.

clearly seen: infinitive absolute.

their ... their ... their ← its ... its ... its referring to the singular people.
Ex 3:8 ‫וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ טוֹבָה֙ וּרְחָבָ֔ה אֶל־אֶ֛רֶץ זָבַ֥ת חָלָ֖ב וּדְבָ֑שׁ אֶל־מְק֤וֹם הַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ וְהַ֣חִתִּ֔י וְהָֽאֱמֹרִי֙ וְהַפְּרִזִּ֔י וְהַחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִֽי׃‬ And I have come down to deliver them from Egypt's grip, to bring them up from that land to a good and wide land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. Acts 7:34.

them (2x)it; compare the previous verse.

grip ← hand.

flowing with ← flowing of. Wider use of the construct state.

Amorite: see Gen 10:16.
Ex 3:9 ‫וְעַתָּ֕ה הִנֵּ֛ה צַעֲקַ֥ת בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בָּ֣אָה אֵלָ֑י וְגַם־רָאִ֙יתִי֙ אֶת־הַלַּ֔חַץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר מִצְרַ֖יִם לֹחֲצִ֥ים אֹתָֽם׃‬ So now, what has happened is that the cry of the sons of Israel has come to me, and I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. what has happened is that ← behold.

the Egyptians ← Egypt, but see Gen 45:2.
Ex 3:10 ‫וְעַתָּ֣ה לְכָ֔ה וְאֶֽשְׁלָחֲךָ֖ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה וְהוֹצֵ֛א אֶת־עַמִּ֥י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃‬ So now, go, and I will send you to Pharaoh, and bring my people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.” Acts 7:34.
Ex 3:11 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר מֹשֶׁה֙ אֶל־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים מִ֣י אָנֹ֔כִי כִּ֥י אֵלֵ֖ךְ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה וְכִ֥י אוֹצִ֛יא אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Then Moses said to God, “Who am I that should go to Pharaoh and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?”
Ex 3:12 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ כִּֽי־אֶֽהְיֶ֣ה עִמָּ֔ךְ וְזֶה־לְּךָ֣ הָא֔וֹת כִּ֥י אָנֹכִ֖י שְׁלַחְתִּ֑יךָ בְּהוֹצִֽיאֲךָ֤ אֶת־הָעָם֙ מִמִּצְרַ֔יִם תַּֽעַבְדוּן֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים עַ֖ל הָהָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה׃‬ And he said, “Be assured that I will be with you, and this will be a sign to you, that I have sent you: when you bring the people out of Egypt, you will serve God on this mountain.” Acts 7:7.

that I will be with you: or, for “I am” (is) with you. See Ex 3:14.

when you bring: you-singular.

you will serve: you-plural.
Ex 3:13 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֜ה אֶל־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֗ים הִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֣י בָא֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וְאָמַרְתִּ֣י לָהֶ֔ם אֱלֹהֵ֥י אֲבוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם שְׁלָחַ֣נִי אֲלֵיכֶ֑ם וְאָֽמְרוּ־לִ֣י מַה־שְּׁמ֔וֹ מָ֥ה אֹמַ֖ר אֲלֵהֶֽם׃‬ Then Moses said to God, “Look, when I go to the sons of Israel and I say to them, ‘The God of your fathers sent me to you’, they will say to me, ‘What is his name?’ What should I say to them?” fathers: i.e. forefathers.
Ex 3:14 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶֽהְיֶ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר כֹּ֤ה תֹאמַר֙ לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה שְׁלָחַ֥נִי אֲלֵיכֶֽם׃‬ And God said to Moses, “I am what I am”, and he said, “This is what you shall say to the sons of Israel: ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ” The verse is alluded to in Luke 22:70, John 4:26, John 6:20, John 18:5, Rev 1:4, Rev 1:8.

I am (3x): or I will be.

this is whatthus.
Ex 3:15 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִצְחָ֛ק וֵאלֹהֵ֥י יַעֲקֹ֖ב שְׁלָחַ֣נִי אֲלֵיכֶ֑ם זֶה־שְּׁמִ֣י לְעֹלָ֔ם וְזֶ֥ה זִכְרִ֖י לְדֹ֥ר דֹּֽר׃‬ Then God spoke again to Moses: “This is what you will say to the sons of Israel, ‘The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob has sent me to you.’ This is my name age-abidingly, and this is my memorial from generation to generation. this is whatthus.
Ex 3:16 ‫לֵ֣ךְ וְאָֽסַפְתָּ֞ אֶת־זִקְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְאָמַרְתָּ֤ אֲלֵהֶם֙ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֤י אֲבֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ נִרְאָ֣ה אֵלַ֔י אֱלֹהֵ֧י אַבְרָהָ֛ם יִצְחָ֥ק וְיַעֲקֹ֖ב לֵאמֹ֑ר פָּקֹ֤ד פָּקַ֙דְתִּי֙ אֶתְכֶ֔ם וְאֶת־הֶעָשׂ֥וּי לָכֶ֖ם בְּמִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ Go, and gather the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord God of your fathers appeared to me, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and said, «I have certainly visited you and that which has been done to you in Egypt. I have certainly visited: infinitive absolute.
Ex 3:17 ‫וָאֹמַ֗ר אַעֲלֶ֣ה אֶתְכֶם֮ מֵעֳנִ֣י מִצְרַיִם֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ וְהַ֣חִתִּ֔י וְהָֽאֱמֹרִי֙ וְהַפְּרִזִּ֔י וְהַחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִ֑י אֶל־אֶ֛רֶץ זָבַ֥ת חָלָ֖ב וּדְבָֽשׁ׃‬ And I have said, ‹I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite, and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.› » ’ Amorite: see Gen 10:16.
Ex 3:18 ‫וְשָׁמְע֖וּ לְקֹלֶ֑ךָ וּבָאתָ֡ אַתָּה֩ וְזִקְנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶל־מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֗יִם וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֤ם אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֤י הָֽעִבְרִיִּים֙ נִקְרָ֣ה עָלֵ֔ינוּ וְעַתָּ֗ה נֵֽלֲכָה־נָּ֞א דֶּ֣רֶךְ שְׁלֹ֤שֶׁת יָמִים֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר וְנִזְבְּחָ֖ה לַֽיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ׃‬ And they will comply with you, and both you and the elders of Israel will go to the king of Egypt and say to him, ‘The Lord God of the Hebrews has met up with us, so now, kindly let us go three days' journey into the desert, so we can sacrifice to the Lord our God.’ comply with you ← hear your voice.
Ex 3:19 ‫וַאֲנִ֣י יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֠י לֹֽא־יִתֵּ֥ן אֶתְכֶ֛ם מֶ֥לֶךְ מִצְרַ֖יִם לַהֲלֹ֑ךְ וְלֹ֖א בְּיָ֥ד חֲזָקָֽה׃‬ And I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, and not so with a strong hand. not so with a strong hand: i.e. he will prevent you forcefully.
Ex 3:20 ‫וְשָׁלַחְתִּ֤י אֶת־יָדִי֙ וְהִכֵּיתִ֣י אֶת־מִצְרַ֔יִם בְּכֹל֙ נִפְלְאֹתַ֔י אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֖ה בְּקִרְבּ֑וֹ וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵ֖ן יְשַׁלַּ֥ח אֶתְכֶֽם׃‬ But I will stretch out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in its midst, and after that, he will let you go. stretch ← send.
Ex 3:21 ‫וְנָתַתִּ֛י אֶת־חֵ֥ן הָֽעָם־הַזֶּ֖ה בְּעֵינֵ֣י מִצְרָ֑יִם וְהָיָה֙ כִּ֣י תֵֽלֵכ֔וּן לֹ֥א תֵלְכ֖וּ רֵיקָֽם׃‬ And I will give this people grace in the eyes of Egypt, and it will be the case that when you go, you will not go empty-handed. give this people grace ← give the grace of this people.
Ex 3:22 ‫וְשָׁאֲלָ֨ה אִשָּׁ֤ה מִשְּׁכֶנְתָּהּ֙ וּמִגָּרַ֣ת בֵּיתָ֔הּ כְּלֵי־כֶ֛סֶף וּכְלֵ֥י זָהָ֖ב וּשְׂמָלֹ֑ת וְשַׂמְתֶּ֗ם עַל־בְּנֵיכֶם֙ וְעַל־בְּנֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וְנִצַּלְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־מִצְרָֽיִם׃‬ And a woman will ask from her neighbour, and from her that is staying in her house, for items of silver and items of gold, and clothes, and you will put them on your sons and on your daughters, and you will despoil Egypt.”
Ex 4:1 ‫וַיַּ֤עַן מֹשֶׁה֙ וַיֹּ֔אמֶר וְהֵן֙ לֹֽא־יַאֲמִ֣ינוּ לִ֔י וְלֹ֥א יִשְׁמְע֖וּ בְּקֹלִ֑י כִּ֣י יֹֽאמְר֔וּ לֹֽא־נִרְאָ֥ה אֵלֶ֖יךָ יְהוָֽה׃‬ Then Moses answered and said, “But what if they do not believe me, and do not comply with me? For they will say, ‘The Lord did not appear to you.’ ” comply with me ← hear my voice.
Ex 4:2 ‫וַיֹּ֧אמֶר אֵלָ֛יו יְהוָ֖ה *מזה **מַה־**זֶּ֣ה בְיָדֶ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מַטֶּֽה׃‬ Then the Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” And he said, “A rod.” what is that: the ketiv is an apocopated form of the qeré.
Ex 4:3 ‫וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַשְׁלִיכֵ֣הוּ אַ֔רְצָה וַיַּשְׁלִיכֵ֥הוּ אַ֖רְצָה וַיְהִ֣י לְנָחָ֑שׁ וַיָּ֥נָס מֹשֶׁ֖ה מִפָּנָֽיו׃‬ He then said, “Throw it onto the ground.” So he threw it onto the ground, and it became a serpent, and Moses fled from its presence.
Ex 4:4 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה שְׁלַח֙ יָֽדְךָ֔ וֶאֱחֹ֖ז בִּזְנָב֑וֹ וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יָדוֹ֙ וַיַּ֣חֲזֶק בּ֔וֹ וַיְהִ֥י לְמַטֶּ֖ה בְּכַפּֽוֹ׃‬ Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand and seize it by its tail.” So he stretched out his hand and seized it, and it became a rod in his palm.
Ex 4:5 ‫לְמַ֣עַן יַאֲמִ֔ינוּ כִּֽי־נִרְאָ֥ה אֵלֶ֛יךָ יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתָ֑ם אֱלֹהֵ֧י אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִצְחָ֖ק וֵאלֹהֵ֥י יַעֲקֹֽב׃‬ Do this so that they may believe that the Lord God of their fathers – the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has appeared to you.”
Ex 4:6 ‫וַיֹּאמֶר֩ יְהוָ֨ה ל֜וֹ ע֗וֹד הָֽבֵא־נָ֤א יָֽדְךָ֙ בְּחֵיקֶ֔ךָ וַיָּבֵ֥א יָד֖וֹ בְּחֵיק֑וֹ וַיּ֣וֹצִאָ֔הּ וְהִנֵּ֥ה יָד֖וֹ מְצֹרַ֥עַת כַּשָּֽׁלֶג׃‬ And the Lord said furthermore to him, “Just put your hand in your bosom.” So he put his hand in his bosom, and took it out, and what he saw was that his hand was leprous like snow. what he saw was that ← behold.
Ex 4:7 ‫וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הָשֵׁ֤ב יָֽדְךָ֙ אֶל־חֵיקֶ֔ךָ וַיָּ֥שֶׁב יָד֖וֹ אֶל־חֵיק֑וֹ וַיּֽוֹצִאָהּ֙ מֵֽחֵיק֔וֹ וְהִנֵּה־שָׁ֖בָה כִּבְשָׂרֽוֹ׃‬ And he said, “Put your hand back in your bosom.” So he put his hand back in his bosom, and took it out of his bosom, and what he saw was that it was restored like his flesh. what he saw was that ← behold.
Ex 4:8 ‫וְהָיָה֙ אִם־לֹ֣א יַאֲמִ֣ינוּ לָ֔ךְ וְלֹ֣א יִשְׁמְע֔וּ לְקֹ֖ל הָאֹ֣ת הָרִאשׁ֑וֹן וְהֶֽאֱמִ֔ינוּ לְקֹ֖ל הָאֹ֥ת הָאַחֲרֽוֹן׃‬ “And it will come to pass, if they do not believe you, and do not heed the first sign, then they will believe the last sign. heed ← hear the voice of. The fact that signs do not have voices shows the wider semantic scope of the expression.

believe ← believe the voice of.
Ex 4:9 ‫וְהָיָ֡ה אִם־לֹ֣א יַאֲמִ֡ינוּ גַּם֩ לִשְׁנֵ֨י הָאֹת֜וֹת הָאֵ֗לֶּה וְלֹ֤א יִשְׁמְעוּן֙ לְקֹלֶ֔ךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ֙ מִמֵּימֵ֣י הַיְאֹ֔ר וְשָׁפַכְתָּ֖ הַיַּבָּשָׁ֑ה וְהָי֤וּ הַמַּ֙יִם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּקַּ֣ח מִן־הַיְאֹ֔ר וְהָי֥וּ לְדָ֖ם בַּיַּבָּֽשֶׁת׃‬ And it will come to pass that if they don't even believe these two signs, and do not comply with you, that you will take some water from the river and pour it on dry land, and the water which you took from the river will become blood on the dry land.” comply with you ← hear your voice.
Ex 4:10 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֣ה אֶל־יְהוָה֮ בִּ֣י אֲדֹנָי֒ לֹא֩ אִ֨ישׁ דְּבָרִ֜ים אָנֹ֗כִי גַּ֤ם מִתְּמוֹל֙ גַּ֣ם מִשִּׁלְשֹׁ֔ם גַּ֛ם מֵאָ֥ז דַּבֶּרְךָ אֶל־עַבְדֶּ֑ךָ כִּ֧י כְבַד־פֶּ֛ה וּכְבַ֥ד לָשׁ֖וֹן אָנֹֽכִי׃‬ Then Moses said to the Lord, “Please, Lord*, I am not eloquent, nor was I yesterday or the day before, nor have I been since you spoke to your servant, for I am inarticulate and tongue-tied.” Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].

eloquent ← a man of words.

inarticulate and tongue-tied ← heavy of mouth and heavy of tongue.
Ex 4:11 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֵלָ֗יו מִ֣י שָׂ֣ם פֶּה֮ לָֽאָדָם֒ א֚וֹ מִֽי־יָשׂ֣וּם אִלֵּ֔ם א֣וֹ חֵרֵ֔שׁ א֥וֹ פִקֵּ֖חַ א֣וֹ עִוֵּ֑ר הֲלֹ֥א אָנֹכִ֖י יְהוָֽה׃‬ But the Lord said to him, “Who put a mouth in man? Or who makes a man mute or deaf or sighted or blind? Do not I, the Lord?
Ex 4:12 ‫וְעַתָּ֖ה לֵ֑ךְ וְאָנֹכִי֙ אֶֽהְיֶ֣ה עִם־פִּ֔יךָ וְהוֹרֵיתִ֖יךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר תְּדַבֵּֽר׃‬ So now, go, and I will be with your mouth, and I will instruct you as to what you will say.”
Ex 4:13 ‫וַיֹּ֖אמֶר בִּ֣י אֲדֹנָ֑י שְֽׁלַֽח־נָ֖א בְּיַד־תִּשְׁלָֽח׃‬ Then he said, “Please Lord*, send, would you, someone suitable for you to send.” Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].

someone suitable for you to send ← by the hand of (whom) you will send.
Ex 4:14 ‫וַיִּֽחַר־אַ֨ף יְהוָ֜ה בְּמֹשֶׁ֗ה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הֲלֹ֨א אַהֲרֹ֤ן אָחִ֙יךָ֙ הַלֵּוִ֔י יָדַ֕עְתִּי כִּֽי־דַבֵּ֥ר יְדַבֵּ֖ר ה֑וּא וְגַ֤ם הִנֵּה־הוּא֙ יֹצֵ֣א לִקְרָאתֶ֔ךָ וְרָאֲךָ֖ וְשָׂמַ֥ח בְּלִבּֽוֹ׃‬ At this the Lord's anger was kindled against Moses, and he said, “Is not Aaron your brother, the Levite? I know that he can speak fluently, and moreover here he is coming out to meet you, and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. at this: wider use of the vav.

Aaron ← Aharon, but we retain the AV / traditional English name.

he can speak fluently: infinitive absolute.

here he isbehold him.
Ex 4:15 ‫וְדִבַּרְתָּ֣ אֵלָ֔יו וְשַׂמְתָּ֥ אֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים בְּפִ֑יו וְאָנֹכִ֗י אֶֽהְיֶ֤ה עִם־פִּ֙יךָ֙ וְעִם־פִּ֔יהוּ וְהוֹרֵיתִ֣י אֶתְכֶ֔ם אֵ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר תַּעֲשֽׂוּן׃‬ And you will speak to him, and you will put the words in his mouth, and I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and I will instruct you as to what you are to do.
Ex 4:16 ‫וְדִבֶּר־ה֥וּא לְךָ֖ אֶל־הָעָ֑ם וְהָ֤יָה הוּא֙ יִֽהְיֶה־לְּךָ֣ לְפֶ֔ה וְאַתָּ֖ה תִּֽהְיֶה־לּ֥וֹ לֵֽאלֹהִֽים׃‬ And he will speak to the people for you, and he will be a mouth for you to have, and you will be to him as if you are God.
Ex 4:17 ‫וְאֶת־הַמַּטֶּ֥ה הַזֶּ֖ה תִּקַּ֣ח בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר תַּעֲשֶׂה־בּ֖וֹ אֶת־הָאֹתֹֽת׃ פ‬ Now take this rod in your hand, with which you will perform the signs.”
Ex 4:18 ‫וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ מֹשֶׁ֜ה וַיָּ֣שָׁב ׀ אֶל־יֶ֣תֶר חֹֽתְנ֗וֹ וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ אֵ֣לְכָה נָּ֗א וְאָשׁ֙וּבָה֙ אֶל־אַחַ֣י אֲשֶׁר־בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם וְאֶרְאֶ֖ה הַעוֹדָ֣ם חַיִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֧אמֶר יִתְר֛וֹ לְמֹשֶׁ֖ה לֵ֥ךְ לְשָׁלֽוֹם׃‬ Then Moses departed and returned to Jether his father-in-law, and he said to him, “Let me go, would you, and I will return to my brothers who are in Egypt and see if they are still alive.” Then Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” Jether: a variation on Jethro.

Jethro: see Ex 3:1.
Ex 4:19 ‫וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֤ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה֙ בְּמִדְיָ֔ן לֵ֖ךְ שֻׁ֣ב מִצְרָ֑יִם כִּי־מֵ֙תוּ֙ כָּל־הָ֣אֲנָשִׁ֔ים הַֽמְבַקְשִׁ֖ים אֶת־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃‬ Then the Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go and return to Egypt, for all the men who tried to kill you have died.” tried to kill you ← sought your soul.
Ex 4:20 ‫וַיִּקַּ֨ח מֹשֶׁ֜ה אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֣וֹ וְאֶת־בָּנָ֗יו וַיַּרְכִּבֵם֙ עַֽל־הַחֲמֹ֔ר וַיָּ֖שָׁב אַ֣רְצָה מִצְרָ֑יִם וַיִּקַּ֥ח מֹשֶׁ֛ה אֶת־מַטֵּ֥ה הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים בְּיָדֽוֹ׃‬ Then Moses took his wife and his sons, and mounted them on a donkey, and returned to the land of Egypt. And Moses took the rod of God in his hand.
Ex 4:21 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָה֮ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה֒ בְּלֶכְתְּךָ֙ לָשׁ֣וּב מִצְרַ֔יְמָה רְאֵ֗ה כָּל־הַמֹּֽפְתִים֙ אֲשֶׁר־שַׂ֣מְתִּי בְיָדֶ֔ךָ וַעֲשִׂיתָ֖ם לִפְנֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֑ה וַאֲנִי֙ אֲחַזֵּ֣ק אֶת־לִבּ֔וֹ וְלֹ֥א יְשַׁלַּ֖ח אֶת־הָעָֽם׃‬ And the Lord said to Moses, “As you go to return to Egypt, have in view all the miracles which I have put in your power and perform them before Pharaoh, and I will harden his heart, and he will not let the people go. power ← hand.

harden ← make firm.
Ex 4:22 ‫וְאָמַרְתָּ֖ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה בְּנִ֥י בְכֹרִ֖י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ And you will say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says, «Israel is my son, my firstborn. this is whatthus.
Ex 4:23 ‫וָאֹמַ֣ר אֵלֶ֗יךָ שַׁלַּ֤ח אֶת־בְּנִי֙ וְיַֽעַבְדֵ֔נִי וַתְּמָאֵ֖ן לְשַׁלְּח֑וֹ הִנֵּה֙ אָנֹכִ֣י הֹרֵ֔ג אֶת־בִּנְךָ֖ בְּכֹרֶֽךָ׃‬ And I say to you, ‹Let my son go so that he can serve me.› And if you refuse to let him go, be aware that I will kill your son, your firstborn.» ’ ” so that: purposive use of the vav.

be aware that ← behold.
Ex 4:24 ‫וַיְהִ֥י בַדֶּ֖רֶךְ בַּמָּל֑וֹן וַיִּפְגְּשֵׁ֣הוּ יְהוָ֔ה וַיְבַקֵּ֖שׁ הֲמִיתֽוֹ׃‬ And it came to pass, on the journey, at the inn, that the Lord met him, and purposed to kill him.
Ex 4:25 ‫וַתִּקַּ֨ח צִפֹּרָ֜ה צֹ֗ר וַתִּכְרֹת֙ אֶת־עָרְלַ֣ת בְּנָ֔הּ וַתַּגַּ֖ע לְרַגְלָ֑יו וַתֹּ֕אמֶר כִּ֧י חֲתַן־דָּמִ֛ים אַתָּ֖ה לִֽי׃‬ But Zipporah took a sharp stone and excised her son's foreskin, and flung it at his feet, and said, “What a bridegroom of blood you are to me!”
Ex 4:26 ‫וַיִּ֖רֶף מִמֶּ֑נּוּ אָ֚ז אָֽמְרָ֔ה חֲתַ֥ן דָּמִ֖ים לַמּוּלֹֽת׃ פ‬ Then the Lord left off from him. Then she said, “A bridegroom of blood in matters of circumcision.”
Ex 4:27 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶֽל־אַהֲרֹ֔ן לֵ֛ךְ לִקְרַ֥את מֹשֶׁ֖ה הַמִּדְבָּ֑רָה וַיֵּ֗לֶךְ וַֽיִּפְגְּשֵׁ֛הוּ בְּהַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים וַיִּשַּׁק־לֽוֹ׃‬ Then the Lord said to Aaron, “Go to meet Moses in the desert.” So he went, and met him at the mount of God, and kissed him. in ← into. Pregnant use of the locative of motion towards.
Ex 4:28 ‫וַיַּגֵּ֤ד מֹשֶׁה֙ לְאַֽהֲרֹ֔ן אֵ֛ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר שְׁלָח֑וֹ וְאֵ֥ת כָּל־הָאֹתֹ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּֽהוּ׃‬ And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord who had sent him, and all the signs with which he had commissioned him. commissioned ← commanded.
Ex 4:29 ‫וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ מֹשֶׁ֖ה וְאַהֲרֹ֑ן וַיַּ֣אַסְפ֔וּ אֶת־כָּל־זִקְנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃‬ So Moses went, as did Aaron, and they gathered all the elders of the sons of Israel together.
Ex 4:30 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אַהֲרֹ֔ן אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָאֹתֹ֖ת לְעֵינֵ֥י הָעָֽם׃‬ And Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses, and he performed the signs in the sight of the people.
Ex 4:31 ‫וַֽיַּאֲמֵ֖ן הָעָ֑ם וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֡וּ כִּֽי־פָקַ֨ד יְהוָ֜ה אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְכִ֤י רָאָה֙ אֶת־עָנְיָ֔ם וַֽיִּקְּד֖וּ וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוּֽוּ׃‬ And the people believed, and they heard that the Lord had visited the sons of Israel, and that he had seen their affliction, and they bowed down and worshipped.
Ex 5:1 ‫וְאַחַ֗ר בָּ֚אוּ מֹשֶׁ֣ה וְאַהֲרֹ֔ן וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה כֹּֽה־אָמַ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל שַׁלַּח֙ אֶת־עַמִּ֔י וְיָחֹ֥גּוּ לִ֖י בַּמִּדְבָּֽר׃‬ And afterwards Moses and Aaron came and said to Pharaoh, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘Let my people go, so that they may celebrate a festival to me in the desert.’ ” this is whatthus.

so that: purposive use of the vav.
Ex 5:2 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֔ה מִ֤י יְהוָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶשְׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹל֔וֹ לְשַׁלַּ֖ח אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל לֹ֤א יָדַ֙עְתִּי֙ אֶת־יְהוָ֔ה וְגַ֥ם אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לֹ֥א אֲשַׁלֵּֽחַ׃‬ To this Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord that I should take notice of him in letting Israel go? I do not know the Lord and I will not let Israel go either.” to this: wider use of the vav.

take notice of him ← hear his voice.

in letting: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Ex 5:3 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ אֱלֹהֵ֥י הָעִבְרִ֖ים נִקְרָ֣א עָלֵ֑ינוּ נֵ֣לֲכָה נָּ֡א דֶּרֶךְ֩ שְׁלֹ֨שֶׁת יָמִ֜ים בַּמִּדְבָּ֗ר וְנִזְבְּחָה֙ לַֽיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֔ינוּ פֶּ֨ן־יִפְגָּעֵ֔נוּ בַּדֶּ֖בֶר א֥וֹ בֶחָֽרֶב׃‬ Then they said, “The God of the Hebrews has appeared to us. Please let us go three days' journey into the desert for us to sacrifice to the Lord our God, so that he does not assail us with pestilence or with the sword.”
Ex 5:4 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם לָ֚מָּה מֹשֶׁ֣ה וְאַהֲרֹ֔ן תַּפְרִ֥יעוּ אֶת־הָעָ֖ם מִמַּֽעֲשָׂ֑יו לְכ֖וּ לְסִבְלֹתֵיכֶֽם׃‬ Whereupon the king of Egypt said to them, “Why should Moses and Aaron disrupt the people from their works? Go back to your tasks.” whereupon: wider use of the vav.

their ← its.
Ex 5:5 ‫וַיֹּ֣אמֶר פַּרְעֹ֔ה הֵן־רַבִּ֥ים עַתָּ֖ה עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ וְהִשְׁבַּתֶּ֥ם אֹתָ֖ם מִסִּבְלֹתָֽם׃‬ And Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you have made them stop their tasks.”
Ex 5:6 ‫וַיְצַ֥ו פַּרְעֹ֖ה בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא אֶת־הַנֹּגְשִׂ֣ים בָּעָ֔ם וְאֶת־שֹׁטְרָ֖יו לֵאמֹֽר׃‬ And on that day Pharaoh gave orders to the taskmasters over the people, and his foremen, and said,
Ex 5:7 ‫לֹ֣א תֹאסִפ֞וּן לָתֵ֨ת תֶּ֧בֶן לָעָ֛ם לִלְבֹּ֥ן הַלְּבֵנִ֖ים כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֑ם הֵ֚ם יֵֽלְכ֔וּ וְקֹשְׁשׁ֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם תֶּֽבֶן׃‬ “You will no longer give the people straw for making the bricks as previously. They must go and gather straw for themselves. no longer ← not add to.

previously ← yesterday (and) the day before yesterday.
Ex 5:8 ‫וְאֶת־מַתְכֹּ֨נֶת הַלְּבֵנִ֜ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֵם֩ עֹשִׂ֨ים תְּמ֤וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁם֙ תָּשִׂ֣ימוּ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם לֹ֥א תִגְרְע֖וּ מִמֶּ֑נּוּ כִּֽי־נִרְפִּ֣ים הֵ֔ם עַל־כֵּ֗ן הֵ֤ם צֹֽעֲקִים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר נֵלְכָ֖ה נִזְבְּחָ֥ה לֵאלֹהֵֽינוּ׃‬ But you will impose on them the same quantity of bricks which they were making previously. Do not reduce it, for they are lazy, which is why they are shouting out, saying, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’ previously ← yesterday (and) the day before yesterday.
Ex 5:9 ‫תִּכְבַּ֧ד הָעֲבֹדָ֛ה עַל־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים וְיַעֲשׂוּ־בָ֑הּ וְאַל־יִשְׁע֖וּ בְּדִבְרֵי־שָֽׁקֶר׃‬ Let the workload on the men be heavy, and let them work on it, and do not let them pay attention to vain words.”
Ex 5:10 ‫וַיֵּ֨צְא֜וּ נֹגְשֵׂ֤י הָעָם֙ וְשֹׁ֣טְרָ֔יו וַיֹּאמְר֥וּ אֶל־הָעָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר פַּרְעֹ֔ה אֵינֶ֛נִּי נֹתֵ֥ן לָכֶ֖ם תֶּֽבֶן׃‬ Then the taskmasters of the people went out, as did their foremen, and they spoke to the people and said, “This is what Pharaoh says. ‘I am not giving you straw. their ← its.

this is whatthus.
Ex 5:11 ‫אַתֶּ֗ם לְכ֨וּ קְח֤וּ לָכֶם֙ תֶּ֔בֶן מֵאֲשֶׁ֖ר תִּמְצָ֑אוּ כִּ֣י אֵ֥ין נִגְרָ֛ע מֵעֲבֹדַתְכֶ֖ם דָּבָֽר׃‬ You must go and get straw for yourselves from wherever you can find it, yet none of your work is to be reduced at all.’ ” none of your work ← nothing of your works.
Ex 5:12 ‫וַיָּ֥פֶץ הָעָ֖ם בְּכָל־אֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם לְקֹשֵׁ֥שׁ קַ֖שׁ לַתֶּֽבֶן׃‬ Then the people dispersed all over the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
Ex 5:13 ‫וְהַנֹּגְשִׂ֖ים אָצִ֣ים לֵאמֹ֑ר כַּלּ֤וּ מַעֲשֵׂיכֶם֙ דְּבַר־י֣וֹם בְּיוֹמ֔וֹ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר בִּהְי֥וֹת הַתֶּֽבֶן׃‬ And the taskmasters pressed them and said, “Complete your work – the daily routine – as when there was straw.”
Ex 5:14 ‫וַיֻּכּ֗וּ שֹֽׁטְרֵי֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣מוּ עֲלֵהֶ֔ם נֹגְשֵׂ֥י פַרְעֹ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר מַדּ֡וּעַ לֹא֩ כִלִּיתֶ֨ם חָקְכֶ֤ם לִלְבֹּן֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם גַּם־תְּמ֖וֹל גַּם־הַיּֽוֹם׃‬ And the foremen of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had appointed over them, were beaten, while they said, “Why have you not completed your assignment to make bricks today in the same way as previously?” assignment ← statute.

today in the same way as previously ← as the day before yesterday also yesterday also today.
Ex 5:15 ‫וַיָּבֹ֗אוּ שֹֽׁטְרֵי֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּצְעֲק֥וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר לָ֧מָּה תַעֲשֶׂ֦ה כֹ֖ה לַעֲבָדֶֽיךָ׃‬ Then the foremen of the sons of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh and said, “Why are you dealing this way with your servants? this way ← thus.
Ex 5:16 ‫תֶּ֗בֶן אֵ֤ין נִתָּן֙ לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ וּלְבֵנִ֛ים אֹמְרִ֥ים לָ֖נוּ עֲשׂ֑וּ וְהִנֵּ֧ה עֲבָדֶ֛יךָ מֻכִּ֖ים וְחָטָ֥את עַמֶּֽךָ׃‬ Straw is not given to your servants, yet they say to us, ‘Make bricks’, and look, your servants are beaten, but it is your people's fault.” yet: adversative use of the vav.
Ex 5:17 ‫וַיֹּ֛אמֶר נִרְפִּ֥ים אַתֶּ֖ם נִרְפִּ֑ים עַל־כֵּן֙ אַתֶּ֣ם אֹֽמְרִ֔ים נֵלְכָ֖ה נִזְבְּחָ֥ה לַֽיהוָֽה׃‬ And he said, “You are lazy, lazy, which is why you say, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord.’
Ex 5:18 ‫וְעַתָּה֙ לְכ֣וּ עִבְד֔וּ וְתֶ֖בֶן לֹא־יִנָּתֵ֣ן לָכֶ֑ם וְתֹ֥כֶן לְבֵנִ֖ים תִּתֵּֽנּוּ׃‬ So now, go and work, but straw will not be given to you, but you will deliver the required quantity of bricks.”
Ex 5:19 ‫וַיִּרְא֞וּ שֹֽׁטְרֵ֧י בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֹתָ֖ם בְּרָ֣ע לֵאמֹ֑ר לֹא־תִגְרְע֥וּ מִלִּבְנֵיכֶ֖ם דְּבַר־י֥וֹם בְּיוֹמֽוֹ׃‬ And the foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in a bad light when he said, “You will not reduce the quantity of your bricks in the daily routine.”
Ex 5:20 ‫וַֽיִּפְגְּעוּ֙ אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֣ה וְאֶֽת־אַהֲרֹ֔ן נִצָּבִ֖ים לִקְרָאתָ֑ם בְּצֵאתָ֖ם מֵאֵ֥ת פַּרְעֹֽה׃‬ Then they confronted Moses and Aaron, who were standing where they would meet them as they departed from Pharaoh,
Ex 5:21 ‫וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֲלֵהֶ֔ם יֵ֧רֶא יְהוָ֛ה עֲלֵיכֶ֖ם וְיִשְׁפֹּ֑ט אֲשֶׁ֧ר הִבְאַשְׁתֶּ֣ם אֶת־רֵיחֵ֗נוּ בְּעֵינֵ֤י פַרְעֹה֙ וּבְעֵינֵ֣י עֲבָדָ֔יו לָֽתֶת־חֶ֥רֶב בְּיָדָ֖ם לְהָרְגֵֽנוּ׃‬ and they said to them, “May the Lord look into you and judge you, in that you have made us odious in Pharaoh's sight, and his servants' sight, with him putting a sword in their hand to kill us.” into ← over.

made us odious ← made our odour stink.
Ex 5:22 ‫וַיָּ֧שָׁב מֹשֶׁ֛ה אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י לָמָ֤ה הֲרֵעֹ֙תָה֙ לָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֔ה לָ֥מָּה זֶּ֖ה שְׁלַחְתָּֽנִי׃‬ Then Moses returned to the Lord and said, “O Lord*, why have you brought harm on this people? Why have you sent me like this? Lord*: a change by the Sopherim from יהוה, Yhwh, to אֲדֹנָי, Adonai. See Gen 18:3 and [CB, App. 32].
Ex 5:23 ‫וּמֵאָ֞ז בָּ֤אתִי אֶל־פַּרְעֹה֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר בִּשְׁמֶ֔ךָ הֵרַ֖ע לָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֑ה וְהַצֵּ֥ל לֹא־הִצַּ֖לְתָּ אֶת־עַמֶּֽךָ׃‬ For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in your name, he has brought harm on this people, and you haven't by any means delivered your people.” by any means delivered: infinitive absolute.
Ex 6:1 ‫וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה עַתָּ֣ה תִרְאֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֖ה לְפַרְעֹ֑ה כִּ֣י בְיָ֤ד חֲזָקָה֙ יְשַׁלְּחֵ֔ם וּבְיָ֣ד חֲזָקָ֔ה יְגָרְשֵׁ֖ם מֵאַרְצֽוֹ׃ ס‬ Then the Lord said to Moses, “You will now see what I will do to Pharaoh, for with a strong hand he will let them go, and with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land.”
Ex 6:2 ‫וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו אֲנִ֥י יְהוָֽה׃‬ And God spoke to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord,
Ex 6:3 ‫וָאֵרָ֗א אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק וְאֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב בְּאֵ֣ל שַׁדָּ֑י וּשְׁמִ֣י יְהוָ֔ה לֹ֥א נוֹדַ֖עְתִּי לָהֶֽם׃‬ and I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, and my name is the Lord, but I was not known to them in that character. as ← in.

the LordYhvh. AV differs, (Jehovah). Our small capital typography indicates the original Hebrew. All New Testament quotes from the Old Testament / Tanakh containing the word read Lord. See Isa 42:8.
Ex 6:4 ‫וְגַ֨ם הֲקִמֹ֤תִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי֙ אִתָּ֔ם לָתֵ֥ת לָהֶ֖ם אֶת־אֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן אֵ֛ת אֶ֥רֶץ מְגֻרֵיהֶ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־גָּ֥רוּ בָֽהּ׃‬ And I will also set up my covenant with them, by giving them the land of Canaan – the land of their domicile where they were resident. by giving: gerundial use of the infinitive.
Ex 6:5 ‫וְגַ֣ם ׀ אֲנִ֣י שָׁמַ֗עְתִּי אֶֽת־נַאֲקַת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר מִצְרַ֖יִם מַעֲבִדִ֣ים אֹת